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Atoll / Generic
Documentation Version: Software Version:
R-ACP-CB-v3.12, April 2010 Actix Radioplan ACP v3.12.8 Actix Radioplan v3.12.8
The content of this manual is provided for information only, is subject to change without notice, and should not be construed as a commitment by Actix. Actix assumes no responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies that appear in this documentation. Copyright © 2003–2010 by Actix GmbH. All rights reserved. Trademark Notice Radioplan is a registered trademark of Actix GmbH in the European Union. Actix and the Actix logo are trademarks of Actix Ltd. All other product or brand names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders. Contact: Actix GmbH Altmarkt 10 D-01067 Dresden Germany tel.: +49 (0) 351 404 29 – 0 fax: +49 (0) 351 404 29 – 50 e-mail: email@example.com www.actix.com Actix Ltd 200, Hammersmith Road Hammersmith London, W6 7DL United Kingdom www.actix.com
1 AIM OF THIS DOCUMENT ...............................................................................5 2 IMPORT OF PLANNING DATA FROM ATOLL ...........................................................6
2.1 PREPARATION IN ATOLL ...................................................................................... 6 2.2 STARTING RADIOPLAN ........................................................................................ 7 2.3 IMPORT PROCESS IN RADIOPLAN ............................................................................ 7 2.4 IMPORTED PROJECT IN RADIOPLAN ......................................................................... 9
3 IMPORT AND USE OF DRIVE TEST MEASUREMENTS .............................................. 11
3.1 IMPORT OF MEASUREMENT DATA .......................................................................... 11 3.2 COMPARISON OF PLANNING DATA AND MEASUREMENTS ............................................... 13 3.2.1 Comparison of the pilot RSCP values for the best servers .......................... 14 3.2.2 Comparison of the best serving cell areas ................................................ 15 3.2.3 Finding exchanged sectors and temporarily correcting them ...................... 16 3.2.4 Comparison of the pilot RSCP values for a single cell ................................ 18 3.3 PATHLOSS TUNING .......................................................................................... 20 3.4 REUSE OF THE TUNED PREDICTIONS ...................................................................... 23
4 TRAFFIC MATRIX GENERATION FROM CELL COUNTERS .......................................... 24
4.1 PREPARATIONS IN THE RADIOPLAN PROJECT............................................................. 24 4.2 TRAFFIC MATRIX GENERATION WIZARD.................................................................. 24
5 AUTOMATIC RADIO NETWORK OPTIMIZATION .................................................... 27
5.1 CONFIGURATION OF THE OPTIMIZATION CAPABILITIES ................................................ 27 5.1.1 Sites ................................................................................................... 27 5.1.2 Antenna definitions ............................................................................... 28 5.1.3 Cell parameters.................................................................................... 29 5.2 GENERAL CONFIGURATION OF THE OPTIMIZATION ...................................................... 30 5.2.1 General Settings .................................................................................. 30 5.2.2 Network Layer(s) and Active Cells .......................................................... 31 5.2.3 Clutter-specific coverage targets ............................................................ 31 5.2.4 Traffic matrix and traffic-relevant area .................................................... 32 5.2.5 Analysis settings .................................................................................. 32 5.2.6 Area definition and initial analysis .......................................................... 34 5.2.7 Duplicate the project ............................................................................ 35 5.2.8 Start the optimization: Optimization Wizard ............................................. 35 5.3 CAPACITY AND COVERAGE OPTIMIZATION ............................................................... 36 5.3.1 Configuration of the optimization algorithm ............................................. 36 5.4 SITE SELECTION OPTIMIZATION: MINIMUM NUMBER OF SITES AND CELLS ......................... 39 5.4.1 Preparative steps, specifics .................................................................... 39 5.4.2 Configuration of the optimization algorithm ............................................. 40 5.5 SITE SELECTION OPTIMIZATION: INSERTING A NEW SITE AND ANTENNA HEIGHT OPTIMIZATION .................................................................................................... 41 5.5.1 Preparative steps, specifics .................................................................... 42 5.5.2 Configuration of the optimization algorithm ............................................. 43
5.6 SITE INTEGRATION OPTIMIZATION: INSERTING NEW SITES ........................................... 44 5.6.1 Preparative steps, specifics .................................................................... 45 5.6.2 Configuration of the optimization algorithm ............................................. 45 5.7 PROGRESS AND ANALYSIS DURING THE OPTIMIZATION ................................................ 47 5.8 ANALYSIS AND REPORTING OF THE OPTIMIZATION RESULTS .......................................... 47 5.9 MULTI-LAYER OPTIMIZATION WITH CONSTRAINT LAYERS ............................................. 49
6 UPDATING THE PLANNING DATA IN ATOLL ........................................................ 52
6.1 UPDATE THE RADIO NETWORK CONFIGURATION ........................................................ 52 6.2 TUNE ATOLL PREDICTIONS ................................................................................. 53
7 ANNEX .................................................................................................. 55
7.1 PLOTS OF ARBITRARY CELL SPECIFIC DATA ............................................................. 55
8 ABBREVIATIONS ....................................................................................... 57 9 REFERENCES ........................................................................................... 57
Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook
Aim of this Document 5
1 Aim of this Document
This document represents a short guide for the operation of the Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) tool in the radio network optimization process based on planning data imported from Atoll [A-UM]. The Radioplan ACP supports multi-technology optimization including UMTS, GSM, cdma2000, iDEN, WiMAX, and LTE. In this document, the optimization process is presented with the main focus on a UMTS network. The operation of the Radioplan ACP will be explained step by step for the following workflow:
Import of the planning data from the radio network planning tool Atoll Import and use of the drive test measurement data for: ▫ ▫ Comparative analysis of the planning data and measurement data Pathloss tuning and
Traffic Matrix Generation from Cell Counters Automatic radio network optimization ▫ ▫ ▫ Configuration of the optimization capabilities Configuration of the optimization Site selection optimization: Minimum number of sites and cells or Site selection optimization: Inserting a new site as well as antenna height optimization …or Capacity and coverage optimization (i.e. antenna parameter reconfiguration) …or Site integration optimization Progress and analysis during the optimization Analysis and reporting of the optimization results
Export of the optimization changes to the radio network planning tool Atoll
Import of Planning Data
Import of Drive Test Measurements and Comparative Analysis
Pathloss Tuning using Measurements
Traffic Matrix Generation from Cell Counters
Export of Optimization Changes
The customer-specific adjustments in the Radioplan ACP for CustomerXYZ, described in [XYZ], are assumed for this specification. This generic document is intended for customization according to the specifics of each customer’s planning and optimization guidelines, process implementation, and workflow. Further information for the operation of the Radioplan ACP optimization tool can be found in the product manuals, see chapter 9.
The Computation Zone should contain a larger area around the Focus Zone such that.1 Preparation in Atoll It is assumed that the Geo data of the traffic is located in a folder which Radioplan can access. then the value for Number of transmitters to recalculate should be equal to 0 / Number. Candidate sites for site selection or integration should be activated.g. Such a filter can be removed under e. the following steps are to be performed in Atoll: Open the respective Atoll project. Confirm that the references to the clutter map and the Digital Elevation Model (DEM) map are valid: e. the specified Source File should be valid.actix. Define the spatial limitation of the radio network to be optimized through the Computation Zone and the Focus Zone: ▫ ▫ The Focus Zone should contain the target area for optimization. 2. This data must be imported from the planning tool. during the optimization. In order to import an Atoll project into Radioplan.com . Confirm that a filter does not hide sites which should be imported into Radioplan.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import of Planning Data from Atoll 6 2 Import of Planning Data from Atoll The radio network optimization in Radioplan is based on planning data. Atoll version 2. click Statistics.0 or later is assumed for the following description.g. Confirm that all transmitters which are to be imported into Radioplan are activated: ▫ ▫ Indoor transmitters should be deactivated. Sites Remove the Polygon Filter or by removing the Filtering Zone defined in the Geo tab. The one-time preparation of this data is described in [R-Atoll]. under Transmitters Properties Propagation.8. in Geo tab Properties of the respective clutter or DEM map. Confirm that the pathloss data is valid for all active transmitters: e. www. Embedded maps are supported as well.g. relevant influences from/on stations outside of the Focus Zone are taken into consideration.
. Select the Atoll host or indicate that Atoll runs locally and click Connect .. 2. from the menu.2 Starting Radioplan In Atoll.3 Import Process in Radioplan To start the import process in Radioplan for an Atoll project.actix. Radioplan can be started by clicking on the Actix Radioplan icon selecting Tools Launch Actix Radioplan from the menu.com . select File Import Atoll Project.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import of Planning Data from Atoll 7 2. www. This opens the Connect to Atoll host dialog. or by This opens the Radioplan application window.
If a traffic matrix is imported. the import process starts. This process is logged in the message window at the bottom of the Radioplan application window. All other settings should remain unchanged. all potential errors and warnings will be shown. The coordinate systems (projection and display) are taken from the Atoll project.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import of Planning Data from Atoll 8 This opens the Atoll Import Project via COM dialog. www.com .actix. After clicking OK for these settings. so normally no changes need to be applied. At the same time. If the Traffic Matrices field is empty or not pointing to the associated traffic data. the Coordinate Systems dialog shows up. A more detailed description can be found in [R-Atoll]. then shortly after the import process has been started the Atoll traffic import dialog shows up. It lists each imported traffic file together with the matching name of the traffic map item from the Atoll Geo tab tree. then the appropriate Traffic data must be selected with the respective button . By clicking OK.
from the menu. For a multi-technology network optimization in the Radioplan ACP.4 Imported Project in Radioplan The planning data from the imported project can now be inspected (e.g.g. or Vector Image. the association between the File Name and the Configuration can be defined by clicking the corresponding button. the projects can be merged in Radioplan using Merge Projects..g. each technologyspecific Atoll project (e. the imported project is automatically opened and displayed in the main Radioplan window. Further additional raster data (e.actix. 2. For more information refer to [R-UG]. Traffic) by selecting File Import Raster Image. After clicking OK the import process continues.. DEM. land maps or vector data such as streets) can be imported in addition to the automatically imported geo data (Clutter. Otherwise.. Atoll can now be closed. from the project name context menu of either of the Radioplan projects..Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import of Planning Data from Atoll 9 If the matching is correct. for UMTS and for GSM) has to be imported separately. by clicking the icon for the clutter matrix). www.com .. nothing needs to be changed. When the import process is finished. Then..
the display settings can be adjusted by selecting Tools Display Settings from the menu. Even in the event of a crash no changes in the project configuration data will be lost. there is no “Save” button in Radioplan since the imported and input data is immediately written to a database. Should individual layers need to be saved. However.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import of Planning Data from Atoll 10 Furthermore. The project is now ready to be optimized (more in chapter 5). This is described in the Radioplan User Guide [R-UG]. In contrast to Atoll. all graphical illustrations will be deleted when Radioplan is closed or when the user changes to another project. The functions File Load Project Data and Save Project Data instead refer to a directory structure with binary and ASCII data for the exchange of individual projects between Radioplan databases.com . this can be accomplished by selecting Lock from the context menu of the appropriate layer (also see [R-UG]). www.actix. In order to save memory. it is recommended that measurement data be used in order to increase the accuracy and reliability of the imported planning data (more on this in the next chapter).
The measurement data from one project in Radioplan can also be accessed by other projects for analysis and pathloss tuning. UMTS scanner measurements in Agilent ASCII format will be used as an example for the following description. The handling of all other data formats is similar. The handling of measurements for other technologies is similar. then the measurement data does not need to be imported again. In addition to this. For the correct assignment of the measurements to the cells during the import.actix. see [R-Meas].1 Import of Measurement Data During the measurement data import. pilot RSCP measurements for UMTS or CDMA projects and BCCH carrier RxLev measurements for GSM or iDEN projects. the Import Measurement Data dialog appears where the appropriate import plugin must be chosen. 3. In order to perform pathloss tuning it is necessary to have e. in the menu. Then. the network status in the Radioplan project must be the same as in the real network at the time of the measurements (e.g. All measurement data to be imported should be in the same folder so that it can be assigned to a single Radioplan result set. examined.g. This will be explained in more detail in the next section. www. UMTS or CDMA code plan or GSM frequency plan and color codes).. UMTS measurements will be used as example for the following generic description. The import of measurement data is started by selecting File Import Measurements.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 11 3 Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements Radioplan has the capability to use scanner measurements from drive tests in order to increase the accuracy of the input data for the radio network optimization. and compared to the planning data..com . further scanner and other mobile (UE or MS) measurements can be imported. Measurement data can be imported from a variety of formats of different measurement systems. UMTS or CDMA measurements are assigned to the cell of the Radioplan project where the measured Scrambling Code is configured and GSM or iDEN measurements are assigned to the cell where the measured frequency channel number and color code are configured. If measurement data that was imported in one project is needed in another one.
The goal is to import outdoor ground-level measurements into Radioplan. All other settings should remain unchanged. but rather serve the purpose of deriving other quantities (e. If the same scrambling code is configured in multiple UMTS or CDMA cells or the same frequency channel number and color code are configured in multiple GSM or iDEN cells. For the parameters RSCP Threshold [dBm]. www. the appropriate measurement import dialog will appear where the following settings are necessary: The measurement data must be selected.actix. Ec/Io Threshold [dB] and RSCP Overlap [dB] planning specific values can be given.) from UMTS or CDMA measurements. The flag Restrict Data Import to Simulation Area should be set if the measurements cover a much larger area than the simulation area or if faulty GPS coordinates are presumed. The progress bar at the bottom of the display shows the progress of the import process. The selected measurement data will be imported after confirming the dialog by clicking Open. then the measurements will be assigned to the closest cell based on the geometric distance. pilot pollution etc. do not have a direct influence on the measurement data import.g.com . however. it will reference the measured scrambling code or frequency channel number and color code. The flag Map Cell Names … must be selected. Measurement data where the detected scrambling code or frequency channel number and color code are not configured in any cell in the Radioplan project is also imported. These values.g. for pathloss tuning). An explicit name for the Radioplan Result Set can be given in the field Result Set Title (optional). The parameter Cable Loss [dB] refers to the attenuation in the cable before the antenna of the measurement system. respectively. Selecting multiple files is possible by using the <Shift> and <Ctrl> keys. If the flag Import Mobile Measurements is set then (if applicable) UE measurement data contained in the files will be imported in addition to the scanner measurements and thus be available for display and analysis. With this name one can distinguish between multiple result sets in the same or different projects when using the measurements (e. It can also correct a systematic measurement error (offset) during the import.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 12 After selecting the import plugin and confirming it by clicking OK. A more detailed description can be found in [R-Meas]. Instead of pointing to a cell.
deviations between the planning data and the situation in the real network can be identified and.actix.com . corrected before the optimization. the result sets of all projects in the Radioplan database will be shown. where necessary. the imported measurements will be located in a new result set in the Results tab. Thereby. Measurement data can be used which was imported in another Radioplan project by selecting Show Results of all Projects from the context menu of the project name in the Results tab.2 Comparison of Planning Data and Measurements The imported measurements can now be compared with the predictions of the Radioplan project. Thus. www. 3.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 13 After the import process.
If the mouse pointer is kept still over the plot then the Tooltip with the values in both layers will be shown. The predictions plot must then be chosen as Reference Layer in the hereby opened dialog. “legend presets”). in order to illustrate the difference obtained from measurements minus predictions. In the hereby opened Create Configuration Data Plot dialog. the minimum received power level to be displayed (Min.actix.com . the legends can easily be carried over to other plots. for the predictions and for the measurements. the entry Coincide with other Layer. from the context menu of the result set name and then.1 Comparison of the pilot RSCP values for the best servers The pilot RSCP predictions of the best servers can be displayed by clicking the icon Plot Received Power . The difference between both plots can be illustrated in another plot. among others. must be chosen from the context menu of . In order to display the plots then on top of each other. i. select Best Pilot RSCP [dBm]. DL Rx Power [dBm]) and the resolution (Pixel Size [m]) can be set for this plot.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 14 3.. see [R-UG] (“color palette”. In order to secure the created plots for further evaluation they can be fixed: for this select Lock from the context menu from each plot name. www. By using legend templates.. For example. The pilot RSCP measurements of the best servers can be displayed through the Best Pilot RSCP Default Plot: for this select Create Default Plots. both plots should have the same legend.e. Additionally. in the opened dialog. both of them must be activated in the list of the Layers tab. In order to compare the two created plots... the pixel resolution (Bin Size [m]) and the Area Filter for the display of the measurement data can be selected. The numbering used begins in the layer list at the top. Here the measurements should be listed above the predictions so that the measurement routes are displayed in front with the predictions as background.2. by means of the displayed colors.
otherwise the difference plot will be shown in the main window. the Surface Plot view can be restored by clicking on the icon Surface Plot from the Standard toolbar. the plot can be limited to the Simulation Area or Analysis Area (see also [R-UG]). www. in the Analysis Area.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 15 The DIFFERENCE function is already preset.. The measured best serving cell areas can be displayed through the Best Serving Cell Default Plot: select Create Default Plots. a histogram can be created from the plot: for this select Histogram from Surface Plot Histogram (Analysis Area) from the context menu of the active difference plot view in the main window. At the bottom of the histogram.2. 3.. In the latter case. The goal of the pathloss tuning will be to reduce the deviation between the predictions and the measurements through a modification of the pathloss predictions. This color allocation applies to all best server plots (predictions as well as measurements).g. from the context menu of the result set name and then select Best Serving Cell [Cell] from the hereby opened dialog.com . the mean and the standard deviation are shown. By default. the color allocation in Radioplan is automatically set based on the Cell IDs in the project. In addition to this. If the <Shift> button is held while selecting this entry then the histogram will be opened in a separate window.actix. For the statistical evaluation of the difference.2 Comparison of the best serving cell areas The predicted best serving cell areas can be displayed by clicking on the icon Plot Best Serving Cell . The color allocation can be shown by activating the icon Draw Additional Legend or it can be hidden by deactivating the icon. e.
too. different colors in the joint display of both plots.g. The EQUAL function is recommended instead of the difference function in order to coincide both plots. www. as described in section 3.2. for the predictions and for the measurements. Exchanged sectors can often be found. with the help of the Pathloss Tuning Overview dialog.2.3. If there are errors in the planning data or in the installation of the actual network (e. Still. If the mouse pointer is kept still above the plot then the Tooltip with the values in both layers will be shown. then Radioplan could assign the measurement data to the wrong cell. the measurement data must be correctly assigned to its cells (sectors) in the planning data. can easily be recognized.3 Finding exchanged sectors and temporarily correcting them In order to perform pathloss tuning.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 16 In order to secure the created plots for further evaluation they can be fixed: for this select Lock from the context menu from each plot name. The Tooltip also shows the different best server names. see section 3.com . the most reliable method is to compare the predicted with the measured best serving cell areas. and .2. exchanged feeders). Then. In order to show the two created plots on top of each other. both must be active in the list in the Layers tab . 3. This takes place on the basis of the corresponding UMTS and CDMA scrambling codes or GSM and iDEN frequency channel numbers and color codes.actix. Such errors in the network configuration can be found with the help of Radioplan.
the plot must be regenerated.g.actix.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 17 Some mismatch is of course always possible due to differences between measurements and predictions. this can be done as follows: The assignment of the imported measurement data to the respective cells must be exchanged: by selecting Edit. which then takes the newly assigned Tooltips due to the exchanged cell names into account. In order to show the new assignment.. if the best server colors of two co-site cells are exchanged for the drive test routes compared to the underlying predicted best serving cell areas. Such cases of exchanged sectors must be corrected before the pathloss tuning in Radioplan. then it is a clear indicator for exchanged sectors. in the context menu of the result set name and changing the cell name in the New Value column in the opened dialog Edit Result Set Identifiers (here e. If there is just one or only a few such cases.: Cell12B and Cell12C) – see below.com . However.. www.
4 Comparison of the pilot RSCP values for a single cell Pilot RSCP predictions and measurements can also be compared for individual cells for a more detailed analysis. (The other RSCP … result set parameters should not be used for this plot!) The respective cell must be chosen from the ID list in the hereby opened Parameters for Active Project dialog.2. The pilot RSCP measurements of a cell can be displayed by double-clicking on the parameter RSCP . In the Configurations tab. Dist. the resolution (Pixel Size / Avg. [m]) and the Spatial Restrictions.com .actix. one with the cell name in it) in the hereby opened Create Configuration Data Plot dialog.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 18 This correction enables the correct execution of the pathloss tuning in Radioplan. In addition to this. the pilot RSCP predictions of a cell can be shown by selecting Show Received Power in the context menu of the individual cell (here e. It is recommended that a meaningful Plot Title is given (e. Moreover. among others. switching off the Overwrite existing Layer flag ensures that a previously generated non-locked plot showing a (Best) Pilot Power is not overwritten. It is of course understood that cases of exchanged sectors will be independently corrected in the real network and/or in the original planning data. can be chosen for the plot.Cell [dBm] in the Results tab.: Cell02A). www. A more detailed description can be found in [R-UG].g. 3.g. The other settings should remain unchanged.
By using legend templates. “legend presets”).Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 19 In order to compare the two created plots by means of the displayed colors. in the list If the mouse pointer is kept still over the plot then the Tooltip with the values in both layers will be shown. A difference plot and the statistical analysis can be performed in the same way as was described for the pilot RSCP values of the best servers. see [R-UG] (“color palette”. www.actix. In order to display the plots then on top of each other.com . both plots must have the same legend. the legends can easily be carried over to other plots. both must be activated of the Layers tab.
The Measurement Data Bin Size [m] should be set equal to (but not smaller than) the pixel size of the pathloss matrices.e. the raster will be shown as a graphical layer Tuning Grid (Control Points) according to the configured control points. the Pathloss Tuning dialog will be opened where the following settings are necessary: Choose the project from which the imported measurements are to be used. The automatic pathloss tuning in Radioplan directly corrects the predicted pathloss matrices for UMTS and CDMA based on the pilot RSCP measurements and for GSM and iDEN based on the BCCH carrier measurements from the drive tests. It serves the purpose of condensing the measurements before pathloss tuning. All other settings should usually remain unchanged. Thus. the result set(s) must be marked (here: in blue).com . from the main menu. the measurements are preprocessed and thereby cellwise compared to the pathloss matrices. After confirming the dialog with OK. Choose one or more result sets with the measurements to be used for pathloss tuning. By choosing Measurements Tune Pathloss Matrices.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 20 3. By clicking Show Grid of Control Points. A more detailed description can be found in [R-Meas].. The result is a statistical overview per cell in the Pathloss Tuning Overview dialog. www.3 Pathloss Tuning The measurement data is used before the radio network optimization in order to increase the reliability of the pathloss data. i. The Resolution of Control Points should be set to about the mean distance between the streets of the drive test.. then the corresponding “before” plots must be created before the tuning.actix. if a “beforeafter” comparison is desired. It is a precondition that the measurements are correctly assigned to the cells in the planning data – as described before.
Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 21 By double-clicking on the head of a column in that dialog. This will highlight and center the cell‟s site in the Radioplan main window (in the background). the comment Check Difference is used. including those from the Pathloss Tuning Overview dialogs. the appropriate cell can be marked and the Find Selected Cell button should be pressed. In order to localize the problem cases.1. each of the preprocessed cells is classified. Local Shadowing) and. the cause for the large deviations should be determined in the cells with the comment Check Difference. all cell-specific values. then it could be that this cell was not turned on during the drive test or that the UMTS and CDMA scrambling code or GSM and iDEN frequency channel number or color code do not correspond to the configured values in the planning data. see section 7. the entire table can be sorted. a recommended pre-selection of the cells to be tuned is given (the flags: Enable Tuning. The Global Offset [dB] is the mean value of all differences (measurements minus the co-located predictions) for all bins with measurements. Based on the number of measurement bins per cell (columns Number of Measurements Bins for Global Tuning or … for Local Shadowing) and their distribution over the cell area. with the next double-click. If a cell without measurements (No Measurements) is found directly in the area that should be covered by the drive test. These flags can be individually modified by the user. also Global Offset Correction). whereas a negative value may indicate a too optimistic prediction. www. Before confirming the dialog. If there were Not Enough Measurements for a cell then further measurements should be performed. In addition to this. in Radioplan. If this is not possible then the cell could also be tuned with a similar Global Offset to the cells surrounding it. if Enable Global Calibration had been checked before in the Pathloss Tuning dialog. can be displayed as a “Cell Visual” or a “Mapped Surface Plot”. In the last column Comment. In order to see the main window. For cells with especially large deviations between the measurements and the predictions (more than +/-10 dB Global Offset).com . A positive value may indicate a too pessimistic prediction on average.actix. descending order. for the clicked parameter in ascending or. the Pathloss Tuning Overview dialog can be minimized.
After confirming the settings in the Pathloss Tuning Overview dialog with Commit. The reason is that. see section 3. 6. For that purpose.5m above the ground e. Differences between the configuration of the planning data and the real network (antenna type. according to the Radioplan pathloss tuning method. e. has been reduced. 2. a new comparison can be made between the pilot RSCP measurements and the tuned pilot RSCP predictions . If Global Offset Correction is enabled. by exchanged sectors (switched feeders) or changes in the UMTS and CDMA code plan or GSM and iDEN frequency plan and color codes This must be avoided. azimuth.actix. through a tunnel. as described in section 3. the tuning for a cell can also be completely turned off by deactivating the Enable Tuning flag. e. downtilt. pilot power. Large deviations to the normal outdoor received level during the drive test at 1. Incorrect configuration of the measurement system Perform a new drive test or correct a systematic error during the import of the measurements by setting the appropriate cable loss. the flag Filter Measurement by Analysis Area must be set.g. it is recommended to perform a site audit. or over a high bridge The parts of the drive test in the tunnel or on a high bridge can be factored out through the definition of sub-polygons in the Analysis Area of the Radioplan project. the contents of the table in the Pathloss Tuning Overview dialog should be copied via the clipboard (<Ctrl>-C) and archived in another application before executing the pathloss tuning.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 22 Possible causes for large mean deviations (Global Offset [dB]) between measurements and predictions are: 1. close to a noise reduction wall. In order to save the settings that are used for the pathloss tuning. www. This means that all plots of the configuration data will now use the tuned predictions.g. the pathloss tuning is executed and directly changes the pathloss matrices in the Radioplan project. in the Pathloss Tuning dialog. as well as the standard deviation.2. 5.com .g. see section 3. the values in the Pathloss Tuning Overview dialog can be edited. the tuned pilot RSCP predictions of the best As a result. all areas of each pathloss matrix without measurements will be modified by the respective Global Offset. If the points 2 to 6 can be excluded with a high probability then an inexplicably large Global Offset can be manually corrected based on the values in surrounding cells with similar antenna installations. DL cable loss) In case of doubt. clutter and building data This is the main reason for the pathloss tuning. by clicking on the icon Plot Received Power servers will be displayed now. In case of doubt. 4. by driving next to a large truck. Thus. 3. Then.1. Thus possibly large jumps between the tuned and unchanged pathloss matrices must be accepted. Wrong assignment of the measurements to the cells in the planning data.1 for the measurements and the original predictions. modifications at areas without a crossing drive test will be limited to a maximum change of +/-10 dB.2. Low number of measurement data for the corresponding cell and poor measurement coverage of the area where the cell should be well received Collect further measurements if possible.g. Limited accuracy of the prediction model and its input parameters like e. The histogram created from the difference plot should show that the mean error.3. it is strongly recommended to limit the Global Offset to +/-10dB.
Thereby the tuned predictions will automatically be assigned to the corresponding cells based on their cell name and will replace the untuned pathloss matrices if they match the position. see also [R-UG].wpl.actix.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 23 3.com . from the menu and enter the intended folder.. www..4 Reuse of the Tuned Predictions If the pathloss predictions for a cell in a Radioplan project are tuned once. This way the tuned predictions can be reused in other Radioplan projects where the respective cells are contained: after the import of the planning data with the untuned predictions select File Import Import Tuned Predictions. The pathloss matrices of the Radioplan project will then be saved in the given folder in the Radioplan format *. dimension and resolution of the existing untuned pathloss matrices... from the menu and then the corresponding folder with the tuned predictions. they can be archived: in the project with the tuned predictions select File Export Export Tuned Predictions.
g. instead a traffic map can be created in Radioplan from cell counter traffic values (switch data). throughput) depends on the input data and the configuration of the respective Service Profile. optionally: If a map other than clutter shall be used for traffic weighting. to which the generated traffic matrix shall be attached to. Erlang. Define the Simulation Area such that it includes the best serving areas of the cells to be considered.1 Preparations in the Radioplan Project Before starting the Traffic Matrix Generation. It is started by selecting Tools Traffic Matrix Generation . In contrast to such type of traffic maps created in a planning tool. population) as well as an Rx Power cut-off threshold for the serving area can be applied. The traffic is spread to the best serving cell areas. number of users. weighting by clutter and other maps (e. Typically. but any other data (e. Thereby. the traffic value represents Erlang or the number of users. This opens the first page of the wizard. the traffic map in Radioplan can be created for the best serving cell areas based on the tuned predictions. or *. Define a Service Profile as part of the Radioplan project user configuration.csv. What kind of traffic values the matrix contains (e. The cell traffic values can either be loaded from a text file (*.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Traffic Matrix Generation from Cell Counters 24 4 Traffic Matrix Generation from Cell Counters If not available as part of the planning data import. The values in a Radioplan traffic matrix always represent spatial densities: <anything> / km2 .g. In either case the data must be provided in 2 columns: in the 1st column: the cell name (as defined in the Radioplan project) in the 2nd column: the traffic value of that cell. 4. *. the following preparative steps are required: Select the network layer(s) and activate the cells for the best server calculation: The traffic matrix is created for the active cells of the selected network layer(s).2 Traffic Matrix Generation Wizard A 3-page wizard guides the user through the traffic matrix generation.txt. A set of profiles representing a generic user can be created easily by selecting Add Generic User Profiles from the context menu of the User folder in the project tree.actix. 4.com .dat) or be copied via the clipboard into the table. www. throughput) can be used as well. it must be displayed as a surface plot in the Radioplan Layers tab. data rate.g.
▫ By clicking Next the second page of the wizard is shown. www. Customized weighting factors are shown automatically. the traffic weighting can be specified: In the table. This layer has to be created before starting the Traffic Matrix Generation wizard (see section 4. Below the table. the cells without traffic values will remain deactivated in the Radioplan project as a result of the traffic matrix generation. eventually Check Input Data again.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Traffic Matrix Generation from Cell Counters 25 Then the input data should be checked by clicking the Check Input Data button. Consider all Cells : The traffic matrix generation assumes zero traffic for the undefined cells. Here. the opened message box says “Traffic Input Data are valid” and. weighting factors can be defined per clutter class. and proceed by clicking Next. the second page of the wizard is shown. If each active cell in the active network layer(s) of the Radioplan project is associated with a traffic value. Otherwise. by clicking Next . thus creating zero traffic in their best serving areas.com . they can be edited by the user. There are two scenarios to cope with missing traffic values: ▫ Consider Cells with Traffic Value only : The traffic matrix generation will be executed as if only the cells with a traffic value would be active. a raster layer can be selected for the weighting. By checking Permanently deactivate Cells without Traffic Value . Nevertheless.1).actix. the opened message box indicates that cells without traffic value were found and these cells are listed with “no Value found” in the table. Then the following options are possible: Simply add the missing traffic values by editing the respective fields in the grid.
the created traffic matrix can be plotted automatically at the end of the generation process. can be specified. The unit. By clicking Run the traffic matrix is generated and attached to the specified Service Profile. This profile has to be created before starting the Traffic Matrix Generation wizard (see section 4. can be excluded from the traffic matrix generation. which only applies to that plot. the following calculation and output options can be defined: The resolution of the traffic matrix to be created. In any case. Optionally. The Service Profile must be specified to which the created traffic matrix is attached. the weights just inhomogeneously spread the cell traffic value to the pixels of the cell‟s best serving area while the total traffic in the cell area remains the same.1). The traffic can be scaled by a factor. Here. areas where a cell is best server. Assuming that no traffic could be served from such areas.actix. there is also no traffic spread to those areas from the cell counter traffic. By clicking Next the third and last page of the wizard is shown. www.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Traffic Matrix Generation from Cell Counters 26 Both methods can be used independently or in combination. Optionally. but still a minimum received power is not exceeded.com .
Moreover. entire antenna mast must be turned. e.1 Configuration of the Optimization Capabilities The general optimization capabilities of the radio network configuration to be optimized are defined in the Radioplan project.1. The flag Lock Angle between Cells during Azimuth Optimization must be activated for sites with an antenna installation with coupled azimuths. Then. 5.1 Sites By double-clicking on the corresponding site name in the configuration tree or by choosing Settings. new sites can be integrated in an existing network. The flag Is Reconfigurable must be deactivated for sites whose antenna configurations and transmit powers are not allowed to be changed at all by the optimization. the antenna configurations (electrical and mechanical tilt..Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 27 5 Automatic Radio Network Optimization By the automatic optimization using the Radioplan ACP. this goal is reached particularly through the choice of appropriate sites as well as of initial cell parameters. if applicable. In this dialog the site-specific optimization capabilities can be defined. The changes to the site location or antenna configuration are generally limited technically or by regulatory restrictions.actix. the beacon signal transmit powers of the cells can be changed. in the context menu of that site. and type/pattern) and. 5.com . azimuth. In the pre-rollout phase.. These optimization capabilities provide the outermost range for the changes by the Radioplan ACP. the antenna azimuth of any cell at this site can only be changed for all cells together without changing the azimuth relations between the cells. In the post-rollout phase. the Site Settings dialog will be opened. an improved radio network configuration is generated which maximizes the coverage and minimizes the interference and.g. www. thus maximizes capacity and service quality.
followed by Planned for Acquisition sites. the antenna definition with the appropriate electrical tilt can be substituted. The parameter Rollout Status can serve two purposes.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 28 The flag Is Removable during Site Selection must be activated for sites which are not necessary. the antenna definitions should apply a defined naming scheme. An antenna family is made up of a set of antenna definitions for the same antenna model just with different electrical tilts.1): In Capacity and Coverage as well as Site Integration optimization: Cost parameters (“RPI” thresholds. In general.2 Antenna definitions In order to optimize the electrical tilt. In the “Remove Redundant Sites/Cells” task of a Site Selection: Removable sites are prioritized: Not Existent sites are examined at first.actix. Already existing sites should normally not be removed. alternative site candidates can be grouped together for the “Site Candidate Groups” task of the site selection optimization. During the optimization. The term Existent refers for example to existing 2G sites in a 3G network plan that may or may not be used for the 3G network.com .3. www. but different antenna heights. of course. if “Consider Configured Rollout Status of Sites” is enabled in the Cost Control settings (refer to section 5. cost and effort limits) are only applied to changes at the Existent sites. i. 5. These may also be site candidates at the same location.1. and finally by Existent sites. for example: <antenna family name>_<electrical tilt [°]> <antenna family name>_T<electrical tilt [°]> Many further naming schemes can be customized in the planning tool import module. Therefore. they are allowed to be removed from the radio network configuration during site selection optimization. By means of the parameter Site Candidate Group. the antenna families are defined automatically during the import of the planning data. These parameters can also be defined for multiple sites at once in the Site Settings Overview dialog by selecting Settings Overview… from the context menu of an arbitrary site or by selecting the menu entry File Current Project Site Settings.e. the antenna definitions in Radioplan should be combined in families.
e. Antenna definitions that do not have a corresponding family are found in the No Family folder. the original antenna definition of a cell can then be replaced with an antenna definition from up to 5 fixed antenna groups for a cell. the antenna definitions in Radioplan must be put into groups. In order to optimize the antenna type. Further change limitations are possible in the configuration of the optimization algorithm. This flag can be used to define additional constraints in case of multi-band and multi-technology antennas. i.. In this dialog the cell-specific optimization capabilities can be defined. the range of values for each cell and its reconfigurable parameters can be defined in Radioplan. In the Optimization tab. The Shared flag indicates whether the respective cell parameter can be changed only together for all of a site‟s cells that share this antenna.com .actix. in the context menu of that cell. Antenna groups are defined by the parameter Alternative Antenna Group in the Antenna Settings dialog. All antennas in a group should be given the same group name which can be freely defined by the user.. by exchanging the antennas used. i.1. If the optimization capabilities of the cell parameters are already defined in the planning data. If the antenna definitions for an antenna family are not available. electrical tilt optimization can be performed instead using the Additional Electrical Downtilt (AEDT) approximation (refer to [R-ACP] for details). During the optimization. see section 5. An antenna group is made up of a set of antenna definitions of different antenna models. the Cell Settings dialog will be opened.1. of different antenna families.3. 5. A further prerequisite for this is that the site is configured as “Reconfigurable”. they can normally be imported automatically from the planning tool. antenna family or in the Antennas folder or by selecting the menu entry File Current Project Antenna Settings. During the optimization. These parameters can also be defined for multiple antennas at once in the Antenna Settings Overview dialog by selecting Settings Overview… from the context menu of an arbitrary antenna. only the reconfigurable parameters of the cells can be changed and these parameters can only be changed within their defined range of values. www. They should include the technical limitations of the changes for each antenna installation and therefore represent the largest range possible.e. By double-clicking on the corresponding cell name in the configuration tree or by choosing Settings.3 Cell parameters For the optimization of cell parameters. the reconfigurable parameters and their corresponding range of values can be set.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 29 The corresponding antenna definitions for defined antenna families are sorted in the Antennas folder in the configuration tree in a subfolder for each antenna family.
com .2 General Configuration of the Optimization Before the optimization can be started through the Optimization Wizard.ini file by the menu entry Optimization Load Configuration … .2. which are defined in the Analysis Settings and in the Run Optimization wizard. 5.3. several underlying settings should be defined or the appropriate configuration should be verified. They can be opened by the menu entry Tools General Settings…. All optimization settings.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 30 Parameter-dependent costs have to be defined for the ACP in the Optimization Wizard. see section 5. refer to [R-ACP]. Note however that the pixel size applied internally to all optimization calculations is a separate parameter in the Analysis Settings. The Noise Floor can be defined for each technology. or by selecting the menu entry File Current Project Cell Optimization Settings (for all cells across all technologies and their technology-independent parameters).5.1 General Settings From the General Settings. It is used for calculations and plots of interference (RSSI) or signal-to-interference ratios (Ec/Io and C/I). see section 5. 5. can also be loaded from an *. It is recommended to restrict the plots to the simulation area in order to speed up the plots. The pixel size in the Raster Matrix Display Settings determines the display resolution of all surface plots.2. For more information. www. These parameters can be defined for multiple cells at once in the Cell Optimization Settings Overview dialog by selecting Optimization Settings Overview… from the context menu of an arbitrary cell (for the technology of that cell).1.actix. the highlighted parameters are also relevant for the optimization.
2. They can also be defined at the page of the Optimization Wizard for the Target Layers Settings. The Clutter Classes Settings dialog can be opened by double-clicking Clutter Classes in the configuration tree under the folder Environment Clutter.: for GSM and iDEN the Minimum RxLev_DL [dBm] and Minimum C/I [dB] and for UMTS and CDMA the Minimum Pilot RSCP [dBm] and Minimum Pilot Ec/Io [dB] . with multiple GSM frequency bands. see section 5. see section 5. which is opened by clicking the icon (tooltip Manage Network Layers) from the Surface Plots toolbar. Radioplan supports projects with multiple technologies (CDMA. one or more Target Layers for optimization are defined by the checked boxes in the Network Layers dialog. its Active flag must be enabled in front of the respective cell symbol in the Radioplan Configuration tree or in the Active column of the Cell Settings Overview dialog. from the menu. For more information on creating and modifying network layers in Radioplan. These parameters can be defined in the Analysis Settings dialog.2 Network Layer(s) and Active Cells The network configuration to be optimized includes the selected network layer(s) and their active cells. refer to [R-UG]. www. LTE) as well as hierarchical cell structures by means of multiple network layers.actix. UMTS.3 Clutter-specific coverage targets In order to determine the portion of the covered area.com . Usually. the clutter-specific offsets are generally automatically defined. the network layer to be optimized can be selected from the combobox In case of multi-layer projects.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 31 5. these parameters can additionally be defined for the Constraint Layers at the respective page of the Optimization Wizard.3. For a cell to be considered by the Radioplan ACP. their definition is a result from the planning data import. clutter-specific target thresholds can be defined for the GSM and iDEN BCCH carrier RxLev_DL and C/I or for the UMTS and CDMA pilot RSCP and Ec/Io. Constraint layers for optimization are defined at a later stage in the Optimization Wizard (refer to section 5. Restrictions to the selection apply. i. Clutter-specific offsets (relative to that base target) can be defined in the Clutter Classes Settings dialog..e.9. iDEN.2.9). 5. A base target for each coverage criterion is defined for the entire project area for each technology. which can be opened by the entry Optimization Analysis Settings.2. e. The effective target is the sum of the base target and the offset. For a (mono-layer) Radioplan ACP optimization. in the Surface Plots toolbar. WiMAX. see section 5.g.. GSM. Since the planning data import allows them to be preconfigured. In case of multi-layer optimization.5.
4 Traffic matrix and traffic-relevant area For Radioplan ACP. Despite the displayed unit “Erl/km2”. Both flags are contained in the Analysis Settings as well as in the Target Layers Settings page of the Optimization Wizard.2.2.9. it is usually imported as part of the planning data. can be analyzed using the analysis plots from the Optimization menu.2.3. Typically. see chapter 2. the interpretation of the traffic matrix values may depend on the service profile. Moreover. a UE Profile is assigned to ALL network layers. they represent a number of users simultaneously active with that service.actix. As default.. see section 5. most of the analysis settings can also affect the optimization results. see chapter 4.2. The Analysis Settings dialog is opened by the menu entry Optimization Analysis Settings.. A traffic matrix is attached to a Service Profile in the User / Service Profiles subfolder of the configuration tree.. In case of multi-layer optimization. Furthermore. for CDMA and UMTS network layers: www. A traffic matrix can also be created easily from cell counter traffic values using the Traffic Matrix Generation. In case of a multi-layer project.5 and 5. Pixels without traffic may be excluded from optimization. Moreover. e. which can be opened by double-clicking on the corresponding UE Profile name in the configuration tree or by choosing Settings. if areas without traffic shall not be optimized and even disregarded by the optimization. these traffic flags can additionally be defined for the Constraint Layers at the respective page of the Optimization Wizard. For the consideration of a traffic matrix.. the main function of a traffic matrix is to determine the significance of an area for optimization.5 Analysis settings One or more network layer(s) selected for optimization. the total traffic effective to optimization can be displayed for any technology by the menu entry Optimization (…) Analysis Plots Absolute Traffic and for UMTS and CDMA additionally by the menu entry Optimization CDMA & UMTS Analysis Plots Equivalent Traffic per Pixel. in the context menu of that UE Profile. 5. respectively. Then. This means that its traffic is shared out equally among all optimized network layers in the project.com . It can be displayed by the entry Show this Matrix from its context menu.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 32 5. In order to use the traffic matrices for optimization the Consider Traffic Distribution flag must be activated. If no traffic matrix is available. If traffic data is available. High traffic values increase the significance of optimization of the respective pixels accordingly.g. the traffic of a UE Profile can be scaled by the Service Portion in the UE Profile Settings. A UE Profile is activated by checking its box in the configuration tree. see sections 5. The Analysis Settings are the basis for the analysis. still an optimization for an assumed homogeneous traffic distribution is possible. a UE Profile with its traffic can be assigned to a specific Network Layer. see section 5.. The contents of the dialog depend on the technology of the Network Layer(s) selected for optimization. its Service Profile must be referenced by an active UE Profile.2. then the Mask Regions With Zero Traffic flag must be activated.
This value should not be smaller than the pixel resolution of the input data. the corresponding parameters Minimum RxLev_DL [dBm] and Minimum C/I [dB] are available.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 33 The value Calculation Pixel Size [m] significantly determines the relative processing time as well as the amount of RAM needed for the optimization. And with Selection of Reconfigurable Cells… Cells Within Margin in Analysis Area. e. For GSM and iDEN layers. It controls the trade-off between the primary target “maximum interference minimization” (= 0%) and the side constraint “maximum traffic load balancing” (= 100%).e. the same Ec/Io value is harder to achieve. In this respect. By selecting one of the other options.2. some cells may also be located outside of the Analysis Area as long as they are best server at some point within the Analysis Area polygon. different settings of the optimizer or constraints) in a short amount of time before the best settings are used for the actual optimization using a finer resolution. This means that in a quite full network it is more important to achieve a balanced traffic load in all cells even if not all changes to reduce the interference are possible as they would be in a rather empty network.g. a larger value. since for a higher load. even more cells outside of the Analysis Area may be reconfigured as long as they are received at some point within the Analysis Area polygon within the configured margin below the best server. Using even larger values is also good for comparing optimization strategies with each other (i. The parameter DCH Network Load has two purposes for CDMA and UMTS layers: It is used for calculating the interference (Io) for Ec/Io. the cells whose reconfiguration should be evaluated for reaching an optimal network configuration in the Analysis Area are limited to cells within the Analysis Area polygon only. 50 m. With Selection of Reconfigurable Cells… Best Cells in Analysis Area. For very large areas. The parameters Minimum Pilot RSCP [dBm] and Minimum Pilot Ec/Io [dB] are the projectwide basis for the consideration of the clutter-specific coverage targets for CDMA and UMTS pilot RSCP and pilot Ec/Io. www. the Radioplan ACP selects these cells automatically. Constraint: Traffic Load Balancing Target: Interference Minimization Maximum Interference Minimization for 0% Network Load Maximum Traffic Load Balancing for 100% Network Load By selecting Selection of Reconfigurable Cells… Cells Located in Analysis Area.actix. the Minimum Pilot Ec/Io [dB] parameter should be defined taking the DCH Network Load into consideration. especially the pathloss matrices. can be chosen as long as the smallest cell area can still be represented by several pixels. Doubling the pixel size reduces the processing time by a factor of 4. see section 5.com .3.
The Simulation Area mainly determines the calculation time.com .actix. The entire area to be considered (“Simulation Area”) should be larger than the “Analysis Area” in order to avoid a negative effect on the border regions during the optimization.. the drawing mode is deactivated.. 5. different targets and combinations of them are possible. An area can be a combination of multiple subpolygons. It activates the Add or Modify Area drawing mode . only active Site Candidate Groups within this area are optimized. but also the optimization constraints: The entire area is calculated in order to take into account any interdependencies with the Analysis Area. By selecting another tool mode. By the option Add. and double-clicking sets the last corner. this area determines which cells are actually allowed to be changed during the optimization. It is one of the optimization constraints to in no way allow the initial conditions in the Simulation Area to worsen with respect to the optimization criteria applied in the Analysis Area. By selecting Replace. an area can be composed of several polygons. Moreover. only sites within this area.6 Area definition and initial analysis The “Analysis Area” sets the optimization focus. in the context menu of the Areas folder in the configuration tree. Hence. They can be imported in vector data formats by the entry Import. They can be drawn in Radioplan by selecting Add New Area in the context menu of the Areas folder in the configuration tree. the corners are determined by simply clicking the left mouse button.2. which are defined as “Removable”. An open polygon is automatically closed by connecting the beginning and ending points.e. Mask Regions With Zero Traffic can be checked in order to disregard any zero-traffic areas. i.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 34 Activating Consider Traffic Distribution is strongly recommended if a reliable traffic map is available in the project. after drawing a new polygon the shown dialog appears. The optimization target shall be maximized in the Analysis Area. then normally these are automatically imported. see [R-UG] for further information. During the site selection optimization. when editing an existing polygon. Depending on the type of optimization. Any area in the Areas folder can then be set as Analysis Area or as Simulation Area by the respective context menu entries. In the drawing mode a new polygon can be drawn or by selecting Edit this Area on an existing area. the Pointer . e. it is the main target area for optimization in the Radioplan ACP. Further information can be found in [R-ACP]. Both areas can be configured in several ways: Assuming the corresponding area definitions are contained in the planning data. Optionally. are allowed to be switched off. www. an existing polygon can be changed.g. The Analysis Area determines the optimization capabilities and targets: Through the Selection of Reconfigurable Cells in the Analysis Settings. When drawing a new polygon. a new area is created and replaces the existing one.
The Remove Present Plots flag in the Plot Options serves the purpose of deleting all previously generated (but not locked) optimization plots before the automatic plots are generated. the user can select a predefined optimization template. In the Project Settings dialog. but lock them again before switching to the duplicate project. it can be useful to unlock the plots in the original project before the duplication.. from the context menu. On the other hand. but not the Results data. here e. These plots are automatically generated during the optimization in order to give an overview of the individual improvements during the process and after the optimization. all data of the Configuration and the Results tabs remain saved in the original project. The appearance of this page depends on the technology of the Network Layer(s) selected for optimization (see section 5.. the new duplicate project contains all Configuration data and all locked plots.2. no step will be forgotten and the user is guided through the initialization process. In order to change the name of the project one can either double-click the project name again or select Settings.2. This can be done either by clicking the Run Optimization icon or by selecting Optimization Run Optimization from the menu.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 35 5.2).7 Duplicate the project The optimization should be performed with a copy of the Radioplan project. In this way. A selection of analysis plots is available in the Automatic Plots section. If no template shall be used. The optimization algorithm must be chosen in the Optimization Task section. A copy of the project is created by selecting Duplicate Project from the context menu of the project which is to be copied. At the first page of the Optimization Wizard.2.g. which is opened.com . Therefore. but only the plots which are locked (with Lock) are saved. The project copy has the same name as the original project with the exception that the copy has an additional time stamp. The new project is opened by double-clicking on the name of the project copy. for UMTS. www. When switching to the duplicated project. The flag Automatic Plot Update causes the plots to be continuously refreshed during the optimization. then Show Optimization Wizard must be activated and the Next button leads to the Optimization Task page of the wizard. the parameter Project Title can be edited. 5.8 Start the optimization: Optimization Wizard All necessary optimization settings can be reviewed step by step with the help of the Optimization Wizard. The Optimization Wizard must be opened to configure and to start the optimization.actix.
5.40° through the optimization. The RPI values determine how large the benefit of a parameter change has to be before the optimization algorithm will accept the change.actix.3.3 Capacity and Coverage Optimization In order to maximize the coverage for a radio network configuration or to secure the coverage and to minimize the interference (and.1 Capacity and Coverage Optimizer Settings At the Optimization Task page of the Optimization Wizard. Then. see section 5. as applicable. can be changed to achieve these goals. Thus. Number of Optimization Runs of 2 will result in a possible maximum azimuth change of +/. This trade-off is controlled by the user through setting the possible range of values (Parameter Space) and the RPI values (Required Performance Improvement) and is illustrated in the adjoining figure. www. the Capacity and Coverage Optimizer Settings dialog is opened by clicking the Configure Optimizer button. The Radioplan ACP optimization result is a trade-off between performance improvement and implementation costs. Max. values of 2 for Max. at the beginning of each optimization run.com .3. 5.1 Configuration of the optimization algorithm All optimization settings. the user can select the cell parameters to be optimized. The cell specific antenna configurations and the transmit powers. The step size is defined for each parameter in each cell: typically 1° for tilt steps and 10° for azimuth steps. for example. By the Optimize checkboxes. The costs implied by the implementation of these changes in the live network are considered as a constraint. Steps Up and Down for Azimuth (Phi) together with a Max. 5. The user can also decide at any time during the optimization whether to use this function by clicking the icon Request Plot Update During Optimization Run .1. if applicable. The RPI value is a measure for the relative improvement of the objective function for coverage and/or capacity. Steps Down define a search window.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 36 however. by that.2. in conjunction with Max. can also be loaded from an *. Capacity and Coverage must be chosen as the optimization algorithm. relative to the current setting of the corresponding parameter for each cell.1. Steps Up and Max. result in the possible range of values for changing a parameter relative to the initial value of the cell.3.ini file by the menu entry Optimization Load Configuration … . Number of Optimization Runs. a capacity and coverage optimization is performed. see section 5. maximize the capacity and quality).8. These settings. which are defined in the Run Optimization wizard. this causes extra calculation time.
Further changes to the electrical tilt are already more difficult for the optimization (RPI=1). see section 5. Therefore. In case of Area and Traffic both calculations apply. 5x and 50x as much as RET respectively) because their implementation in the network is considerably more costly. see section 5. just click again Next to get to the page with the Settings for Target Network Layers. only the single indicated goal is followed even if there is a loss to the other.g. just with a different emphasis.com .) The „Settings for Target Network Layers‟ page mainly contains the Analysis Settings that were already configured through the Optimization menu. www. generally both criteria increase when RSCP preferred or Ec/Io preferred is selected.01) should be configured for a “Greenfield” optimization or for the optimization of the initial settings of a fill-in site. changes to the Remote Electrical Tilt (RET) are very easy (RPI=0. The following page is opened by clicking Next at the current wizard page. Area only counts the covered pixels only.e. As the objectives of reducing interference increasing coverage are not always contradictive. It is recommended to activate Use Clutter Dependent (…) Coverage Constraints in order to ensure that those coverage target percentages are equally applied to all clutter classes. (…) Covered Traffic define the target percentages for coverage in the Analysis Area. For each coverage calculation method. and changes to the mechanical tilt or to the azimuth even more (e. whereas Traffic only accumulates the traffic values in the covered pixels.actix. Further information can be found in [R-ACP]. Namely. 0.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 37 A small RPI value (0 … <1) leads to many changes whereas a large RPI value (>1 … 10) only allows a few changes with a large benefit.2. respectively.9. both of these settings should only be used as an exception. The option Preferred Objective gives the user the possibility to choose between maximum coverage (UMTS and CDMA: RSCP or GSM and iDEN: RxLev_DL) and minimum interference / maximum capacity (UMTS and CDMA: Ec/Io or GSM and iDEN: Overlap) as the preference. the Min. as low costs are associated with their implementation. (…) Covered Area and Min. RPI=5 for mechanical tilt. i.1). For the outer settings (…) only. the defined ratio of the pixels in the Analysis Area should be covered (Covered Area) or the defined ratio of the traffic should be covered by the covered pixels in the Analysis Area (Covered Traffic).5. Parameter Space maximum Performance Improvement large medium small medium low lowest Cost for Implementation high RPI Values The example shown above refers to an existing network. i. The option Preferred Coverage Objective gives the user the possibility to choose the coverage definition.g. For a single-layer optimization. In contrast to that. (For the specifics of multi-layer optimization with Constraint Layers. By clicking OK. as there are normally no costs for the changes at this stage. the settings are applied and saved in the Radioplan project. very low RPI values (e.e.
see section 5. With according user rights the defined optimization settings can now also be saved as a new optimization template. see section 5. the Cost Control Settings page is opened by clicking Next again.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 38 Then. An activated Consider configured Rollout Status of Sites flag has two effects: In the Remove Redundant Sites/Cells tasks during a site selection optimization.2 Cost Control Settings The core Radioplan ACP concept of cost control are the “RPI” values.1. the optimization will not perform any changes that would exceed these limits. Finally. In order to cope with a limited budget. also limits for the optimization process can be defined.1. Additionally. During a Capacity and Coverage optimization costs and efforts are only accumulated for “Existent” sites. www.com . the final Configuration Summary page is opened. However. 5. different priorities of removable sites are considered.3. the cost and effort associated with each type of optimization change can be configured and the accumulated cost and effort can be monitored so that a rough estimation of the implementation cost and effort is possible. By clicking Next at this page.3.4. By activating the options Use Cost Limit and Use Effort Limit and setting appropriate limits.2. the optimization is started by clicking Run at the Configuration Summary page. see section 5. if no constraint network layers were selected.8.1.1.actix. even without a configured limit it is easy to derive the set of changes for a limited budget after a completed optimization by means of the Optimization Progress chart.
see chapter 2.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 39 220.127.116.11 Import of the planning data Every set of data for all sites must be created in the planning tool including all site and transmitter/cell parameters. 5. Likewise.1. pilot pollution. especially all predicted pathloss data.com . the Is Removable flag is activated by default for all sites.1. and imported into Radioplan. if during the “Remove Redundant Sites/Cells” task of the site selection optimization certain sites should be kept in the optimized radio network configuration.2 Configuration of the optimization capabilities In a newly imported Radioplan project. live network if two radio networks are merged or shared. a radio network design can be validated and the initially planned number of new sites and cells can be automatically reduced until the minimum required coverage target has been reached. However. see section 5.4. etc.1 Preparative steps.4 Site Selection Optimization: Minimum Number of Sites and Cells In the pre-rollout phase. the antenna properties of the radio network configuration.1. this optimization scenario can be used to consolidate a post-rollout. The parameter Rollout Status can be used to prioritize the “removable” sites. then their Is Removable flag must be deactivated. 5.1. specifics 5. In the pre-rollout scenario. especially the tilts.actix. www. cell overlapping. should not be pre-optimized with the goal of minimizing interference.
which is given in the optimization configuration (Min.2 Configuration of the optimization algorithm All optimization settings.6.4.2. www.4.g. At the Optimization Task page of the Optimization Wizard.actix.com .3) in order to maximize the coverage and capacity with clear emphasis on the coverage. Therefore. it is therefore sufficient to define an Analysis Area which includes all these sites.ini file by the menu entry Optimization Load Configuration … .g. If it should be checked in the radio network configuration with minimum sites which cells can still be removed then the flag Remove Redundant Cells must be activated as well. 95 %).1.3 Area definition All sites that shall be tested (“Removable”) must be located in the Analysis Area. In defining the Analysis Area it should also be considered that it determines optimization capabilities and targets. in the Analysis Settings dialog (see section 5. which are defined in the Run Optimization wizard.2. 5. then the site selection algorithm will begin with an optimization of the cell parameters in order to raise the coverage at first. Since the CDMA and UMTS Pilot RSCP Coverage or GSM and iDEN RxLev_DL Coverage remains the same in the best case (however it mostly decreases) when sites are removed... the Consider Initial (…) Coverage Area Only flag must be activated.2.8. Then. Site Selection must be chosen as the optimization algorithm. If this option is not used and the Pilot RSCP or RxLev_DL Coverage in the Analysis Area before the optimization is less than the required percentage (e. see section 5.4. can also be loaded from an *. For the “Remove Redundant Sites/Cells” function of the site selection optimization. 5. Required (…) Covered Area [%] and/or … Covered Traffic [%]). In order to minimize the number of sites in connection with an optimization of the coverage for the remaining sites.5). see section 5. the constraints for the antenna parameter changes should be set as freely as possible in order to give the optimization algorithm the largest amount of flexibility. e.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 40 The cell parameters of all sites remaining after site and cell removals can be optimized according to their optimization capabilities (see section 5. the site selection optimization can be performed such that only the initial coverage area is considered.2. button opens the Capacity and Coverage Optimizer Settings dialog. For the pre-rollout scenario. the flags Remove Redundant Sites and Capacity and Coverage must be activated. see section 5. the Site Selection Settings dialog is opened by clicking the Configure Optimizer button. Clicking the Configure Capacity and Coverage Optimizer.1.
if the respective cell constraints shall be considered. Electrical Tilt. high values for the parameters Max. if by that any DL cell transmit power would exceed the a cell‟s Maximum Output Power. the highlighted parameters in the Site Selection Settings dialog are relevant. The flag Check Maximum Users per Cell should be activated.1. However. These statistics are then additionally reported in the Extended Network Statistics tables of the Optimization Summary. that would increase the number of users at any cell above the cell‟s constraint.actix.3. Steps Down as well as low RPI values (e. If the flag Show Extended Summary Statistics is enabled.1. In addition to this. those settings should be defined according to the cost of the changes. Thereby. 0. Mech.1. a large search window is recommended. The site selection Business Rules dialog is opened by clicking the Configure Business Rules… button in the Site Selection Settings dialog. Furthermore. no optimization parameter change is accepted.5 Site Selection Optimization: Inserting a new Site and Antenna Height Optimization In case multiple alternative candidates (“Site Candidate Group”) are available for a new site (a. For that purpose.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 41 Therefore. search ring). By activating the flag Limit Capacity Optimization to Surrounding Cells. see section 5. By clicking OK the settings are accepted and saved in the Radioplan project. Steps Up and Max. as shown in section 5.e.1). The Minimum Site Count defines the minimum target number of sites.k. More information on this can be found in [R-ACP]. since there are no cost for changing the initial settings of a planned site in the computer. Multiple new sites can be chosen and optimized at once. For further steps see section 5. Then. it can be prevented that the tool proposes undesired changes of cells far away from removed sites or cells. a site or cell is not removed.3.com . By activating the flag Check Cell Load. www.5. The flag Avoid Large Coverage Gaps should always be activated in order to ensure that any uncovered pixels or areas are evenly distributed in the optimization area.g. the best site can be chosen based on coverage and capacity. the initial cell parameters of the new site and the existing sites in the surrounding will be optimized as well. for the post-rollout scenario.a. i. then no further sites will be removed. the built-in Performance Predictor calculates certain UMTS network performance statistics based on Monte-Carlo simulations for the status before and after optimization. Tilt (Theta). If it is reached during optimization. all antenna parameters (Antenna Type. Remote Electrical Tilt and Azimuth (Phi) flags) should be activated if possible.2. the built-in Performance Predictor estimates the absolute DL cell transmit powers using the Equivalent Traffic per Pixel. 5.
5.3 Configuration of the optimization capabilities In the case of exclusively optimizing the antenna height. search ring) must be declared as a candidate group.actix.. In this way the pathloss predictions for the new site are corrected with a constant offset which. In order to avoid this. Afterwards.1. fewer parameter changes (e. measurement data is not available for a planned site. is used for the neighboring cells as well. the flags Enable Tuning and Global Offset Correction for the cells of the new site must be activated..k. as described in Annex 7.. Since. Within each candidate group. on average.1.1. A Global Offset should be applied that is typical for sites in the vicinity with similar antenna heights. all flags in the corresponding column can be deactivated as follows: first deactivate the flag in the first row of the table. As a result.g. then these tuned predictions can be easily imported into the Radioplan project after the planning data import. 5.5. see section 3. from the context menu of an arbitrary cell. in general. especially all predicted pathloss data. the flags Reconfigurable Mechanical Tilt.. 5. In the opened Cell Optimization Settings Overview dialog. see chapter 2. and. then automatic antenna height optimization can be performed. together with the planning data of the existing sites.a. Up to 10 groups can be distinguished in the optimization. at least at one site the Transmitter Activated flags of all cells must be enabled.1 Preparative steps. unbalanced best server areas from the new site and the existing sites could result in an unrealistic optimization result.2 Pathloss tuning If the pathloss predictions for the existing sites were already tuned and saved. For getting a quick overview of those characteristics of surrounding cells. In this case. First. This can be accomplished by selecting File Import Import Tuned Predictions. Reconfigurable Azimuth and Reconfigurable Antenna Type for all cells are to be deactivated. the UMTS and CDMA pilot RSCP or GSM and iDEN RxLev_DL values of the new site are possibly not directly comparable to the existing sites.3. only changes to the electrical tilt) from optimization are desired for existing sites than are possible in a newly planned site. each group of alternative candidates for a new site (a. This is done by choosing Optimization Settings Overview.3. see section 5.1. can be configured as follows. All site candidates‟ Transmitter Activated flags may be enabled as well.5. see section 5. the optimization capabilities of the cell parameters. The Local Shadowing flags for these cells should be deactivated. In addition to the description in section 3.5. instead of with measurements. Normally. be imported into Radioplan.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 42 If the alternative candidates are just variations of the same site with different antenna heights. www. that cell-specific data can be plotted using a Cell Visual. Otherwise. The site parameter Site Candidate Group serves this purpose.5.1. the candidate groups are automatically recognized based on the equal site coordinates. specifics 5. The Enable Tuning flag is automatically deactivated for the Already Tuned predictions. from the menu.1.com .1. the Global Offset [dB] value for the cells of the new site can be edited in the Pathloss Tuning Overview dialog.3. it is possible to tune the pathloss predictions for the new site with a Global Offset.1 Import of the planning data Every set of data for all site candidates must be created in the planning tool including all site and transmitter/cell parameters.
the Cell Optimization Settings Overview dialog is opened for the cells in the chosen area. which are defined in the Run Optimization wizard.2 Configuration of the optimization algorithm All optimization settings.5.6. all cells that are relevant for the optimization of the Analysis Area are shown. 5. If the Simulation Area is larger than the colored illustration of the cell areas.ini file by the menu entry Optimization Load Configuration … . In determining the size of the Simulation Area.1.5. Thus. Only the Reconfigurable Electrical Tilt flag remains activated for all cells (as well as the Reconfigurable (…) Power flag since this option is typically not used in the optimization in connection with antenna parameter changes). optimization capabilities for the cells of the new site candidates can individually be expanded by clicking the Configure Sites or Cells icon and surrounding the site candidates with a polygon in the configuration mode. it should also be considered that it determines optimization capabilities and targets. which is created by the menu entry Optimization (…) Analysis Settings Best Cell Areas Relevant Cells. Now.2.actix.2. Then. can also be loaded from an *.4 Area definition All site candidates must be located in the Analysis Area. the Reconfigurable (. 5. see section 5. the deactivated status is copied down the entire column. it is therefore sufficient to define an Analysis Area that contains all site candidates to be optimized. it makes sense to reduce the size of the Simulation Area such that only the sites with colored cell areas are included.2. The margin (default: 15 dB) is configurable in the Analysis Settings. If the <Ctrl> button is pressed while closing the polygon with a double-click.5. For the “Site Candidates Group” function of the site selection optimization.com . Site Selection must be chosen as the optimization algorithm. In defining the Analysis Area.8..Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 43 then click on the head of the table to mark the entire column and finally by selecting Fill Down from the context menu of an arbitrary element in the column (shortcut: <Ctrl>-D). see section 5. At the Optimization Task page of the Optimization Wizard. This minimizes the calculation time for the optimization.2. the Relevant Cells plot can help. In this plot. only the best server areas of those cells are shown that are received in the Analysis Area within a given margin below the power received from the best cell.6. see section 5. Here. the Site Selection Settings dialog is opened by clicking the Configure Optimizer button. www. see section 5. The Analysis Area or the Simulation Area can be modified by selecting Edit this Area from their context menu.) flags can be reactivated as necessary in order to optimize the initial cell parameters in conjunction with the site candidate selection..
Further information can be found in [R-ACP]. Optimize Site Candidates and Capacity and Coverage must be activated for a site candidate selection in conjunction with an optimization of the initial cell parameters as well as the coverage and capacity of the surrounding. the highlighted parameters are relevant. the Alternative Antenna Heights only flag should be activated.3. Then the candidate groups will automatically be recognized and the antenna height will be optimized. Nevertheless. Provided that the different optimization capabilities at the existing sites and at the new site candidates are configured as in section 5. changes to the electrical tilt are then only allowed at the existing sites. Mech. This can be done in the pre-rollout phase as well as during the drive-test-based optimization immediately after the site installation. 5.g. see section 5. Thus. The Capacity and Coverage Optimizer Settings dialog is opened by clicking the Configure Capacity and Coverage Optimizer.com . It is based on the Capacity and Coverage optimization. Remote Electrical Tilt and Azimuth (Phi) flags) can be activated here.actix. just with different antenna heights. 0.1).3. all antenna parameters (Antenna Type. button. For further steps see section 5.3. if one or more already selected sites are to be integrated in an existing network by an according antenna parameter optimization of the new sites and the existing sites. If the site candidates only involve groups of sites at the same location. Tilt (Theta). all changes may be made easy by low RPI values (e.5. By clicking OK the settings are accepted and saved in the Radioplan project. www. Furthermore. Electrical Tilt. as there are no costs for changing the initial settings of a planned site candidate. the Site Integration is a simplified optimization process for the case that there are no alternative candidate locations anymore.6 Site Integration Optimization: Inserting new Sites In contrast to the Site Candidate Groups task of the Site Selection optimization. then the site integration optimization can be applied.1. In addition to this.5...Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 44 The flags Site Candidate Groups.1. see section 5.
5.1. no cost will be assumed for any parameter change. The Analysis Area or the Simulation Area can be modified by selecting Edit this Area from their context menu.6.6. For existing sites the Rollout Status must be set to “Existent” to ensure that the inherent cost thresholds (“RPI”.2 Pathloss tuning If the new sites have been installed already and drive tests have been carried out as part of the integration / optimization effort.8.2. the Site Integration Settings dialog is opened by clicking the Configure Optimizer button.3.1. 5.1. 5.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 45 5. Which sites are to be integrated.4.com . will be defined later in the Run Optimization wizard. see chapter 3. At the Optimization Task page of the Optimization Wizard. see also section 5. the Relevant Cells plot can help.1 Preparative steps. www.2.6. Then.3.6. the drive test measurements can be used for pathloss tuning. For the other rollout states as well as for the sites to be integrated. see section 5. Site Integration must be chosen as the optimization algorithm.actix. see section 5.1 Import of the planning data All data sets of all new and the existing sites including all site and transmitter/cell parameters. see chapter 2.. see section 18.104.22.168 Configuration of the optimization capabilities The cell optimization settings should reflect the actual reconfiguration capabilities as accurate as possible. It contains the same settings like the Capacity and Coverage optimization.ini file by the menu entry Optimization Load Configuration … .4 Area definition All sites to be integrated must be located in the Analysis Area.1. which are defined in the Run Optimization wizard. specifics 5.6. it should include at least the sites to be integrated plus the area around them. where the optimization effort should be focused. can also be loaded from an *. In determining the size of the Simulation Area.1) are applied during the optimization to any change at these sites.1. see section 5.6. especially all predicted pathloss data. 5. The Simulation Area should include a buffer zone of a few tiers of surrounding sites.6.2 Configuration of the optimization algorithm All optimization settings. which may be interdependent with the sites to be integrated. And for more information.1. refer to [R-ACP].2. see section 5.1. must be imported from the planning tool into Radioplan. Since the Analysis Area also determines optimization capabilities and targets. which is created by the menu entry Optimization (…) Analysis Plots Best Cell Areas Relevant Cells.1.
com .2. then clicking Next opens the Site Integration page.3.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 46 5.1 Sites to be integrated If Site Integration has been selected at the Optimization Task page of the wizard.6.1.1 and 5. All sites selected as “To Be Integrated” as well as all other sites with a Rollout Status other than “Existent” will be considered to imply no cost for changes.3. www. By clicking Next. where the sites “To Be Integrated” have to be selected.actix.2.1. For reference. the same optimization wizard pages still follow as described for the Capacity and Coverage optimization in sections 5. the configured Rollout Status of each site is displayed.
7 Progress and Analysis During the Optimization At the beginning of the optimization.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 47 5.actix..1. the pilot RSCP and the pilot Ec/Io are the applicable measures). the plots selected at the second Optimization Wizard page (Automatic Optimization Plots) are created for both the initial state of the optimization . in terms of the Covered Area and Covered Traffic improvements of the applicable measure in the Analysis Area (AA). for UMTS.2 5. alternatively. The following example is the result of a UMTS coverage and capacity optimization. The performance improvements can be displayed over the evaluation steps of the optimization algorithm or.3. The plots can be updated during the optimization by clicking the Request Plot Update During Optimization Run icon of the optimization toolbar. The optimization progress. The automatic update is activated or deactivated by the menu entry Optimization Automatic Plot Update . can be observed in the Optimization Progress Chart (here. see section 5. The values given at the beginning of the lines run until 100% and give the ratio of the already checked parameters to the entire amount of parameters to be checked in all optimization runs.3. over the accumulated costs or effort of the changes.. (Running Opt.. During the running optimization. The costs depend on the settings defined in the Cost Control Settings.). see section 5.com .) and for the changed state during the running optimization .8 Analysis and Reporting of the Optimization Results The end of the optimization is indicated by the automatic opening of the . Results dialog. (Begin Opt. This window is opened by clicking the Optimization Progress Chart icon... optimization progress is continuously logged in the Optimization tab of the message window.. www.
actix. www. the changed cells as well as the tilt and azimuth changes can be displayed by clicking the buttons Overview. Results dialog is minimized. respectively.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 48 The . For site selection optimization. complete optimization result. Tilt and Azimuth. also any intermediate result can easily be selected and analyzed further in exactly the same manner like the final result by clicking the Pick Intermediate Results from History Dialog button. These plots can be seen best when the ... Then. whether final or intermediate.. the intermediate optimization results for every point can be shown in the Optimization Results dialog by a right mouse click on the point and selecting Show in Results Dialog… . the Active State is also reconfigurable for each cell. For any result. Results dialog contains a table with all the cells of the project as well as the reconfigurable cell parameters.com . Instead of the final. Changes to a parameter are highlighted in green. which opens the Optimization Progress Chart ..
9 Multi-Layer Optimization with Constraint Layers In case of multi-band and multi-technology antennas. www. the entire table can be easily marked by clicking on the upper left element. <Ctrl>-v) to another application (e. by the menu entry Tools Radioplan KPI Analysis .. button or via the clipboard (<Ctrl>-<Shift>-c. the Optimization Summary Report.8: one for the original (.. you are prompted by the query (“Do you want to write the new settings to the database?”). In the list of the Layers tab.g. (End Opt.. see [R-UG]: Layer Slide Show function ( icon) or generating a difference plot (the entry Coincide with other Layer. While a capacity and coverage optimization is performed on one or more target layers. A direct comparison of the situation before and after the optimization can be performed easily with the help of the following Radioplan functions. The changed Azimuth values are applied to the displayed cell symbols only after Submit New Values is confirmed. Further information can be found in [R-ACP]. (Begin Opt. Results dialog. a standardized KPI analysis can be performed. In order to close the Radioplan application after the optimization or in order to switch the Radioplan project. the optimization results are saved in the active Radioplan project and thus available for further analysis. MS Excel or a text editor).)).. e.actix. i. Results dialog must be closed: therefore click the Close Dialog button and if Submit New Values was already performed as described above.g. Results dialog. which should be confirmed with Yes.. If the .. an antenna parameter change may affect at the same time more than one frequency band or technology..e...Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 49 The available overview of all changes should be saved from here: to text file (TAB-delimited ASCII) by clicking the Save Changelist... two layers are provided for each type of plot as previously selected in the Optimization Wizard. the ... Results dialog is minimized then the automatically generated optimization plots can be evaluated.com . Among others.. then the button Close (Retain Last Submitted Values) can be clicked in the Dismiss Optimization Results dialog.. is opened by clicking the Summary Report button in the . 5. Since the contents of the Radioplan database will be changed by executing Submit New Values.)) and one for the optimized network configuration (.2. This report contains a summary of the most important optimization settings as well as the optimization results (parameter changes and performance statistics). see section 5.. in the context menu of a plot name) By clicking the Submit New Values button in the . Therefore. the multi-layer optimization ensures that the change of a target layer antenna that is shared with a constraint layer does not degrade the performance of that constraint layer. for copying. An overview table of the optimization results. a multi-layer optimization distinguishes Target and Constraint network layers.
WiMAX. And CDMA or UMTS constraint layers must have the same frequency band. iDEN.2. They define. All target network layers for optimization must have the same technology (either CDMA. must be defined beforehand by the cells‟ Shared flags. GSM. then there comes after the Target Layer Settings page an additional page for the Constraint Layer Settings (here e. for GSM). then one or more network layers to be considered as constraint can be selected from the list below.2. all constraint network layers must have the same technology.1. or LTE). If constraint layers have been selected at the Multi-Layer Optimization page of the optimization wizard.g. The target network layer(s) for optimization is/are defined by the selected Network Layers. www. see section 5. Then.1. Like the target network layers. see section 5. this property applies to all cells in all network layers at this site. a multi-layer optimization can consider such parameter dependencies as additional constraint to a capacity and coverage optimization.1. if the Lock Angle between Cells during Azimuth Optimization flag is activated at a site.actix. then the possible constraint layers are shown at the second page of the Optimization Wizard. Moreover. UMTS.com .Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 50 Whether an antenna parameter at a cell in one network layer is shared with other network layers.3. see section 5. If the Radioplan project contains more network layers than those selected as target. see section 5. If the Consider Constraints by Shared Antenna Parameters box is checked. which performance must be maintained in the constraint layer(s) while optimizing the target layer(s). And CDMA or UMTS target layers must have the same frequency band.3.
www.actix.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 51 Further information can be found in [R-ACP].com .
Then. . www. open the respective project in Atoll that shall be updated by the network optimization results from Radioplan ACP. This opens the Select the Atoll project to update dialog.. This opens the Connect to Atoll host dialog.com .0 or later is assumed for the following description. Select the Atoll host or indicate that Atoll runs locally and click Connect .actix.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Updating the Planning Data in Atoll 52 6 Updating the Planning Data in Atoll Atoll version 2. In order to store the optimized radio network configuration after verification in the planning database. the changes to the radio network configuration through Radioplan ACP optimization can be transferred to Atoll by selecting the menu entry File Export Update Atoll Project. Before the export from Radioplan ACP. this opens the Update Atoll Project (Submit Changes) dialog.1 Update the Radio Network Configuration The optimization results are saved in the Radioplan database and can be further analyzed from there. 6. the changes can be transferred to Atoll. After an automatic comparison of the network configurations in the Atoll project and in Radioplan project. Make the selection from the dropdown list of the projects currently open in Atoll and click OK..8.
the tuning function can be called by the menu entry File Export… Tune Atoll Predictions… . In addition to this. the corresponding pathloss data in Atoll is invalid and must be recalculated. Atoll prediction tuning by Radioplan is subject to the following requirements: The Atoll pathloss maps must be saved in a directory (\.losses folder of the Atoll project and the select Pathloss.com .losses). The Radioplan settings are transferred to the Atoll project by confirming with Commit. This opens the Tune Atoll Predictions dialog. they must not be embedded in the Atoll project.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Updating the Planning Data in Atoll 53 The table contains the result of that comparison showing all the reconfigurable parameters and their current values in the Atoll and Radioplan (formerly “WiNeS”) projects. The prediction files to be tuned must not be locked by any open Atoll project. Then.2 Tune Atoll Predictions The changes to the pathloss predictions through Radioplan Pathloss Tuning can also be transferred to the original Atoll predictions. It should be noted that in Atoll the changes are initially only in RAM and must still be saved. That directory must be accessible to the Radioplan application. browse to the \.dbf file. then only the cells with different settings in Atoll and Radioplan are listed. In the opened dialog. which lists the Atoll transmitters and corresponding pathloss files that can be tuned. If the flag Hide unchanged cells is set.actix. i. 6.e. www. after changing the transmitter parameters.
com . please refer to [R-Atoll]. For more information.actix. both types of pathloss matrices are tuned: those calculated for the main propagation model as well as those calculated for the extended propagation model. Thereby. these Atoll pathloss files are changed to the status of the tuned Radioplan pathloss matrices.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Updating the Planning Data in Atoll 54 By clicking Commit. further data analysis and processing in Atoll is based on the same status of the data like in Radioplan after pathloss tuning and network optimization. www. Then.
the first cell in the Embedded Clipboard must be selected by clicking on it (without activating the cursor in the cell though). i. Global Offset [dB] in column E) as well as string values (e. the column must be given that contains the cell name (here: column B. e.g. Numerical values (e. e. “E”).g.com . column 02).g. for: performance counters from the live network cell-specific data from other tools. where one column contains the cell name and further columns contain the cell-specific values. in order to avoid the contents affecting the plots (here: row 1) In the Cell Name field. The surface plot is created as follows: mark the column with the values to be displayed by clicking on the column header (e. Now the “Embedded Clipboard” must first be opened by selecting Edit Embedded Clipboard (Table) from the menu. In order to insert it. the data of the Pathloss Tuning Overview dialog The data must be available in tabular form. then this line from the table should be set as a Header Row field. see section 3.1 Plots of Arbitrary Cell Specific Data Surface plots can be created for arbitrary cell specific data in Radioplan. The cell-specific data must be copied into this table. make the following settings: ▫ ▫ If the data contains a header. select Graph Selection Mapped Surface Plot (Colored Best Cell Area) from the context menu of an arbitrary element inside this column.g.e. e. www. Comment in column K) can be displayed. simulation results from a planning tool the data of all cell-based tables in Radioplan. The following example uses data that was copied from the Pathloss Tuning Overview dialog (including the column headers).3. in the Create Surface Plot from Table dialog.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Annex 55 7 Annex 7.actix.g.g. which is now opened.
Raster Layer: The cell-specific data is mapped to the Best Server areas that are visible in the plot. Clutter Statistics etc. For both types of plots. the typical Radioplan display functions are available. When displaying numerical values.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Annex 56 ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ A name for the surface plot can be given. in the field Caption and Tree Label. e.) ▫ Cell Visual: The cell-specific data is mapped to a wedge-like form. typical Radioplan analysis and export functions of such surface plots are available. The cell visual is colored according to the values for each cell and based on the used legend. for the Raster Layer type (right figure).g. which replaces the cell symbol (normally a simple arrow).actix.com . ▫ By confirming with OK. Histogram. including: Tool tips Legend and Layer Settings Furthermore. including: Coinciding with other layers Functions of the Layer context menu. the surface plot is created in the Radioplan main window. Cell Statistics. The Pixel Size for the plot can be specified. www. the legend in the created plot is only shown if a unit is given in the Unit field. The plot can best be viewed if the Embedded Clipboard is minimized. Here the Best Server areas are filled with values and colors according to the values for each cell and based on the used legend. Select the type of the Mapped Surface Plots: (Note that the Raster Layer takes more time to generate than the Cell Visual.
Actix Radioplan. Version 3. User Guide. Actix Radioplan. Actix GmbH.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Abbreviations 57 8 Abbreviations ARFCN ASM BCCH BSIC CDMA COM DEM GSM iDEN LTE MS PCPICH RET RSCP RSSI UE UMTS UTRAN WiMAX Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number Atoll Synchronization Module Broadcast Control Channel Base Station Identity Code Code Division Multiple Access Component Object Model Digital Elevation Model Global System for Mobile Communication Integrated Digital Enhanced Network Long-Term Evolution Mobile Stations Primary Common Pilot Channel Remote Electrical Tilt(ing) Received Signal Code Power Received Signal Strength Indicator User Equipment Universal Mobile Telecommunications System UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access 9 References [A-UM] [R-Atoll] Atoll. October 2009. Germany. Germany.8.12. Actix Radioplan.actix. Actix Radioplan. Forsk. Global RF Planning Solution. Version 3. Actix GmbH.12. Measurements Guide. Atoll Synchronization Guide. [R-Meas] [R-ACP] [R-UG] www. Version 3. February 2010. Actix GmbH. Dresden. Dresden. Version 3. December 2009. Germany. Actix GmbH.6. Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) User Guide. Germany. Dresden.12. June 2009. Dresden. User Manual.com .12. France.
com .Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook References 58 www.actix.
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