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Atoll / Generic
Documentation Version: Software Version:
R-ACP-CB-v3.12, April 2010 Actix Radioplan ACP v3.12.8 Actix Radioplan v3.12.8
The content of this manual is provided for information only, is subject to change without notice, and should not be construed as a commitment by Actix. Actix assumes no responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies that appear in this documentation. Copyright © 2003–2010 by Actix GmbH. All rights reserved. Trademark Notice Radioplan is a registered trademark of Actix GmbH in the European Union. Actix and the Actix logo are trademarks of Actix Ltd. All other product or brand names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders. Contact: Actix GmbH Altmarkt 10 D-01067 Dresden Germany tel.: +49 (0) 351 404 29 – 0 fax: +49 (0) 351 404 29 – 50 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org www.actix.com Actix Ltd 200, Hammersmith Road Hammersmith London, W6 7DL United Kingdom www.actix.com
1 AIM OF THIS DOCUMENT ...............................................................................5 2 IMPORT OF PLANNING DATA FROM ATOLL ...........................................................6
2.1 PREPARATION IN ATOLL ...................................................................................... 6 2.2 STARTING RADIOPLAN ........................................................................................ 7 2.3 IMPORT PROCESS IN RADIOPLAN ............................................................................ 7 2.4 IMPORTED PROJECT IN RADIOPLAN ......................................................................... 9
3 IMPORT AND USE OF DRIVE TEST MEASUREMENTS .............................................. 11
3.1 IMPORT OF MEASUREMENT DATA .......................................................................... 11 3.2 COMPARISON OF PLANNING DATA AND MEASUREMENTS ............................................... 13 3.2.1 Comparison of the pilot RSCP values for the best servers .......................... 14 3.2.2 Comparison of the best serving cell areas ................................................ 15 3.2.3 Finding exchanged sectors and temporarily correcting them ...................... 16 3.2.4 Comparison of the pilot RSCP values for a single cell ................................ 18 3.3 PATHLOSS TUNING .......................................................................................... 20 3.4 REUSE OF THE TUNED PREDICTIONS ...................................................................... 23
4 TRAFFIC MATRIX GENERATION FROM CELL COUNTERS .......................................... 24
4.1 PREPARATIONS IN THE RADIOPLAN PROJECT............................................................. 24 4.2 TRAFFIC MATRIX GENERATION WIZARD.................................................................. 24
5 AUTOMATIC RADIO NETWORK OPTIMIZATION .................................................... 27
5.1 CONFIGURATION OF THE OPTIMIZATION CAPABILITIES ................................................ 27 5.1.1 Sites ................................................................................................... 27 5.1.2 Antenna definitions ............................................................................... 28 5.1.3 Cell parameters.................................................................................... 29 5.2 GENERAL CONFIGURATION OF THE OPTIMIZATION ...................................................... 30 5.2.1 General Settings .................................................................................. 30 5.2.2 Network Layer(s) and Active Cells .......................................................... 31 5.2.3 Clutter-specific coverage targets ............................................................ 31 5.2.4 Traffic matrix and traffic-relevant area .................................................... 32 5.2.5 Analysis settings .................................................................................. 32 5.2.6 Area definition and initial analysis .......................................................... 34 5.2.7 Duplicate the project ............................................................................ 35 5.2.8 Start the optimization: Optimization Wizard ............................................. 35 5.3 CAPACITY AND COVERAGE OPTIMIZATION ............................................................... 36 5.3.1 Configuration of the optimization algorithm ............................................. 36 5.4 SITE SELECTION OPTIMIZATION: MINIMUM NUMBER OF SITES AND CELLS ......................... 39 5.4.1 Preparative steps, specifics .................................................................... 39 5.4.2 Configuration of the optimization algorithm ............................................. 40 5.5 SITE SELECTION OPTIMIZATION: INSERTING A NEW SITE AND ANTENNA HEIGHT OPTIMIZATION .................................................................................................... 41 5.5.1 Preparative steps, specifics .................................................................... 42 5.5.2 Configuration of the optimization algorithm ............................................. 43
5.6 SITE INTEGRATION OPTIMIZATION: INSERTING NEW SITES ........................................... 44 5.6.1 Preparative steps, specifics .................................................................... 45 5.6.2 Configuration of the optimization algorithm ............................................. 45 5.7 PROGRESS AND ANALYSIS DURING THE OPTIMIZATION ................................................ 47 5.8 ANALYSIS AND REPORTING OF THE OPTIMIZATION RESULTS .......................................... 47 5.9 MULTI-LAYER OPTIMIZATION WITH CONSTRAINT LAYERS ............................................. 49
6 UPDATING THE PLANNING DATA IN ATOLL ........................................................ 52
6.1 UPDATE THE RADIO NETWORK CONFIGURATION ........................................................ 52 6.2 TUNE ATOLL PREDICTIONS ................................................................................. 53
7 ANNEX .................................................................................................. 55
7.1 PLOTS OF ARBITRARY CELL SPECIFIC DATA ............................................................. 55
8 ABBREVIATIONS ....................................................................................... 57 9 REFERENCES ........................................................................................... 57
Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook
Aim of this Document 5
1 Aim of this Document
This document represents a short guide for the operation of the Actix Radioplan Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) tool in the radio network optimization process based on planning data imported from Atoll [A-UM]. The Radioplan ACP supports multi-technology optimization including UMTS, GSM, cdma2000, iDEN, WiMAX, and LTE. In this document, the optimization process is presented with the main focus on a UMTS network. The operation of the Radioplan ACP will be explained step by step for the following workflow:
Import of the planning data from the radio network planning tool Atoll Import and use of the drive test measurement data for: ▫ ▫ Comparative analysis of the planning data and measurement data Pathloss tuning and
Traffic Matrix Generation from Cell Counters Automatic radio network optimization ▫ ▫ ▫ Configuration of the optimization capabilities Configuration of the optimization Site selection optimization: Minimum number of sites and cells or Site selection optimization: Inserting a new site as well as antenna height optimization …or Capacity and coverage optimization (i.e. antenna parameter reconfiguration) …or Site integration optimization Progress and analysis during the optimization Analysis and reporting of the optimization results
Export of the optimization changes to the radio network planning tool Atoll
Import of Planning Data
Import of Drive Test Measurements and Comparative Analysis
Pathloss Tuning using Measurements
Traffic Matrix Generation from Cell Counters
Export of Optimization Changes
The customer-specific adjustments in the Radioplan ACP for CustomerXYZ, described in [XYZ], are assumed for this specification. This generic document is intended for customization according to the specifics of each customer’s planning and optimization guidelines, process implementation, and workflow. Further information for the operation of the Radioplan ACP optimization tool can be found in the product manuals, see chapter 9.
com .Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import of Planning Data from Atoll 6 2 Import of Planning Data from Atoll The radio network optimization in Radioplan is based on planning data. The Computation Zone should contain a larger area around the Focus Zone such that.1 Preparation in Atoll It is assumed that the Geo data of the traffic is located in a folder which Radioplan can access.g. www.g. Candidate sites for site selection or integration should be activated. Confirm that the references to the clutter map and the Digital Elevation Model (DEM) map are valid: e. the following steps are to be performed in Atoll: Open the respective Atoll project.0 or later is assumed for the following description. Confirm that a filter does not hide sites which should be imported into Radioplan. 2. Atoll version 2.8. Such a filter can be removed under e. click Statistics. This data must be imported from the planning tool. in Geo tab Properties of the respective clutter or DEM map.actix. In order to import an Atoll project into Radioplan. Embedded maps are supported as well. The one-time preparation of this data is described in [R-Atoll]. the specified Source File should be valid. Sites Remove the Polygon Filter or by removing the Filtering Zone defined in the Geo tab. under Transmitters Properties Propagation. Define the spatial limitation of the radio network to be optimized through the Computation Zone and the Focus Zone: ▫ ▫ The Focus Zone should contain the target area for optimization.g. during the optimization. Confirm that the pathloss data is valid for all active transmitters: e. relevant influences from/on stations outside of the Focus Zone are taken into consideration. Confirm that all transmitters which are to be imported into Radioplan are activated: ▫ ▫ Indoor transmitters should be deactivated. then the value for Number of transmitters to recalculate should be equal to 0 / Number.
.com .. Radioplan can be started by clicking on the Actix Radioplan icon selecting Tools Launch Actix Radioplan from the menu. select File Import Atoll Project.actix.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import of Planning Data from Atoll 7 2. 2. www. Select the Atoll host or indicate that Atoll runs locally and click Connect . from the menu. or by This opens the Radioplan application window. This opens the Connect to Atoll host dialog.2 Starting Radioplan In Atoll.3 Import Process in Radioplan To start the import process in Radioplan for an Atoll project.
so normally no changes need to be applied. the Coordinate Systems dialog shows up. If a traffic matrix is imported. then the appropriate Traffic data must be selected with the respective button . This process is logged in the message window at the bottom of the Radioplan application window. then shortly after the import process has been started the Atoll traffic import dialog shows up. After clicking OK for these settings.com . all potential errors and warnings will be shown. If the Traffic Matrices field is empty or not pointing to the associated traffic data. It lists each imported traffic file together with the matching name of the traffic map item from the Atoll Geo tab tree. www. All other settings should remain unchanged. The coordinate systems (projection and display) are taken from the Atoll project. At the same time. By clicking OK.actix.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import of Planning Data from Atoll 8 This opens the Atoll Import Project via COM dialog. A more detailed description can be found in [R-Atoll]. the import process starts.
nothing needs to be changed. by clicking the icon for the clutter matrix). the association between the File Name and the Configuration can be defined by clicking the corresponding button. For more information refer to [R-UG]... or Vector Image. Then.com . www.g. for UMTS and for GSM) has to be imported separately. 2.4 Imported Project in Radioplan The planning data from the imported project can now be inspected (e. each technologyspecific Atoll project (e. DEM. After clicking OK the import process continues.g.. land maps or vector data such as streets) can be imported in addition to the automatically imported geo data (Clutter. from the menu... For a multi-technology network optimization in the Radioplan ACP. Otherwise. Atoll can now be closed. Traffic) by selecting File Import Raster Image. the imported project is automatically opened and displayed in the main Radioplan window.actix.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import of Planning Data from Atoll 9 If the matching is correct. from the project name context menu of either of the Radioplan projects.g. the projects can be merged in Radioplan using Merge Projects.. Further additional raster data (e. When the import process is finished.
com . The functions File Load Project Data and Save Project Data instead refer to a directory structure with binary and ASCII data for the exchange of individual projects between Radioplan databases. In contrast to Atoll. This is described in the Radioplan User Guide [R-UG]. In order to save memory. there is no “Save” button in Radioplan since the imported and input data is immediately written to a database.actix. www. it is recommended that measurement data be used in order to increase the accuracy and reliability of the imported planning data (more on this in the next chapter). Even in the event of a crash no changes in the project configuration data will be lost. this can be accomplished by selecting Lock from the context menu of the appropriate layer (also see [R-UG]). the display settings can be adjusted by selecting Tools Display Settings from the menu. all graphical illustrations will be deleted when Radioplan is closed or when the user changes to another project. Should individual layers need to be saved. However.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import of Planning Data from Atoll 10 Furthermore. The project is now ready to be optimized (more in chapter 5).
The measurement data from one project in Radioplan can also be accessed by other projects for analysis and pathloss tuning. UMTS scanner measurements in Agilent ASCII format will be used as an example for the following description. All measurement data to be imported should be in the same folder so that it can be assigned to a single Radioplan result set.g. the network status in the Radioplan project must be the same as in the real network at the time of the measurements (e.actix. The handling of all other data formats is similar. In addition to this.g. see [R-Meas].. the Import Measurement Data dialog appears where the appropriate import plugin must be chosen. For the correct assignment of the measurements to the cells during the import.com . UMTS measurements will be used as example for the following generic description.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 11 3 Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements Radioplan has the capability to use scanner measurements from drive tests in order to increase the accuracy of the input data for the radio network optimization. The handling of measurements for other technologies is similar. Measurement data can be imported from a variety of formats of different measurement systems. then the measurement data does not need to be imported again. www. in the menu. further scanner and other mobile (UE or MS) measurements can be imported. In order to perform pathloss tuning it is necessary to have e.. UMTS or CDMA code plan or GSM frequency plan and color codes). 3. This will be explained in more detail in the next section. Then. pilot RSCP measurements for UMTS or CDMA projects and BCCH carrier RxLev measurements for GSM or iDEN projects.1 Import of Measurement Data During the measurement data import. If measurement data that was imported in one project is needed in another one. examined. and compared to the planning data. The import of measurement data is started by selecting File Import Measurements. UMTS or CDMA measurements are assigned to the cell of the Radioplan project where the measured Scrambling Code is configured and GSM or iDEN measurements are assigned to the cell where the measured frequency channel number and color code are configured.
The parameter Cable Loss [dB] refers to the attenuation in the cable before the antenna of the measurement system. Instead of pointing to a cell. pilot pollution etc. however. The progress bar at the bottom of the display shows the progress of the import process. It can also correct a systematic measurement error (offset) during the import. With this name one can distinguish between multiple result sets in the same or different projects when using the measurements (e. If the same scrambling code is configured in multiple UMTS or CDMA cells or the same frequency channel number and color code are configured in multiple GSM or iDEN cells. respectively.com . The flag Restrict Data Import to Simulation Area should be set if the measurements cover a much larger area than the simulation area or if faulty GPS coordinates are presumed. then the measurements will be assigned to the closest cell based on the geometric distance. Selecting multiple files is possible by using the <Shift> and <Ctrl> keys. for pathloss tuning). All other settings should remain unchanged. The selected measurement data will be imported after confirming the dialog by clicking Open.actix. The goal is to import outdoor ground-level measurements into Radioplan. For the parameters RSCP Threshold [dBm]. A more detailed description can be found in [R-Meas]. An explicit name for the Radioplan Result Set can be given in the field Result Set Title (optional). These values. www. The flag Map Cell Names … must be selected. do not have a direct influence on the measurement data import.g. the appropriate measurement import dialog will appear where the following settings are necessary: The measurement data must be selected. Ec/Io Threshold [dB] and RSCP Overlap [dB] planning specific values can be given.) from UMTS or CDMA measurements. it will reference the measured scrambling code or frequency channel number and color code.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 12 After selecting the import plugin and confirming it by clicking OK.g. Measurement data where the detected scrambling code or frequency channel number and color code are not configured in any cell in the Radioplan project is also imported. but rather serve the purpose of deriving other quantities (e. If the flag Import Mobile Measurements is set then (if applicable) UE measurement data contained in the files will be imported in addition to the scanner measurements and thus be available for display and analysis.
2 Comparison of Planning Data and Measurements The imported measurements can now be compared with the predictions of the Radioplan project. deviations between the planning data and the situation in the real network can be identified and. where necessary. the imported measurements will be located in a new result set in the Results tab.com . 3.actix. www. Thereby. Measurement data can be used which was imported in another Radioplan project by selecting Show Results of all Projects from the context menu of the project name in the Results tab. the result sets of all projects in the Radioplan database will be shown.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 13 After the import process. Thus. corrected before the optimization.
In order to secure the created plots for further evaluation they can be fixed: for this select Lock from the context menu from each plot name. in order to illustrate the difference obtained from measurements minus predictions.2.. the legends can easily be carried over to other plots. the entry Coincide with other Layer. for the predictions and for the measurements.actix. www. must be chosen from the context menu of . The numbering used begins in the layer list at the top. by means of the displayed colors. the minimum received power level to be displayed (Min.. from the context menu of the result set name and then. By using legend templates.. select Best Pilot RSCP [dBm]. “legend presets”).com . In the hereby opened Create Configuration Data Plot dialog.1 Comparison of the pilot RSCP values for the best servers The pilot RSCP predictions of the best servers can be displayed by clicking the icon Plot Received Power . see [R-UG] (“color palette”. In order to compare the two created plots. among others.. The pilot RSCP measurements of the best servers can be displayed through the Best Pilot RSCP Default Plot: for this select Create Default Plots. DL Rx Power [dBm]) and the resolution (Pixel Size [m]) can be set for this plot. Additionally. i.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 14 3. Here the measurements should be listed above the predictions so that the measurement routes are displayed in front with the predictions as background. In order to display the plots then on top of each other.e. the pixel resolution (Bin Size [m]) and the Area Filter for the display of the measurement data can be selected. The difference between both plots can be illustrated in another plot. If the mouse pointer is kept still over the plot then the Tooltip with the values in both layers will be shown. both plots should have the same legend. in the opened dialog. For example. The predictions plot must then be chosen as Reference Layer in the hereby opened dialog. both of them must be activated in the list of the Layers tab.
By default. At the bottom of the histogram.com .2. In the latter case. If the <Shift> button is held while selecting this entry then the histogram will be opened in a separate window.2 Comparison of the best serving cell areas The predicted best serving cell areas can be displayed by clicking on the icon Plot Best Serving Cell . The goal of the pathloss tuning will be to reduce the deviation between the predictions and the measurements through a modification of the pathloss predictions. This color allocation applies to all best server plots (predictions as well as measurements).. the mean and the standard deviation are shown.g. For the statistical evaluation of the difference. otherwise the difference plot will be shown in the main window. 3. from the context menu of the result set name and then select Best Serving Cell [Cell] from the hereby opened dialog. The color allocation can be shown by activating the icon Draw Additional Legend or it can be hidden by deactivating the icon. the color allocation in Radioplan is automatically set based on the Cell IDs in the project. the plot can be limited to the Simulation Area or Analysis Area (see also [R-UG]). e..actix. The measured best serving cell areas can be displayed through the Best Serving Cell Default Plot: select Create Default Plots. In addition to this. in the Analysis Area. the Surface Plot view can be restored by clicking on the icon Surface Plot from the Standard toolbar. www. a histogram can be created from the plot: for this select Histogram from Surface Plot Histogram (Analysis Area) from the context menu of the active difference plot view in the main window.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 15 The DIFFERENCE function is already preset.
see section 3. and .Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 16 In order to secure the created plots for further evaluation they can be fixed: for this select Lock from the context menu from each plot name. Such errors in the network configuration can be found with the help of Radioplan. The Tooltip also shows the different best server names.com .3. then Radioplan could assign the measurement data to the wrong cell. the most reliable method is to compare the predicted with the measured best serving cell areas. exchanged feeders).2. different colors in the joint display of both plots. 3. both must be active in the list in the Layers tab . for the predictions and for the measurements. too.2. can easily be recognized. Exchanged sectors can often be found. If the mouse pointer is kept still above the plot then the Tooltip with the values in both layers will be shown. The EQUAL function is recommended instead of the difference function in order to coincide both plots. In order to show the two created plots on top of each other. www. as described in section 3.3 Finding exchanged sectors and temporarily correcting them In order to perform pathloss tuning. If there are errors in the planning data or in the installation of the actual network (e.actix. the measurement data must be correctly assigned to its cells (sectors) in the planning data.g.2. Still. with the help of the Pathloss Tuning Overview dialog. This takes place on the basis of the corresponding UMTS and CDMA scrambling codes or GSM and iDEN frequency channel numbers and color codes. Then.
this can be done as follows: The assignment of the imported measurement data to the respective cells must be exchanged: by selecting Edit. If there is just one or only a few such cases..Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 17 Some mismatch is of course always possible due to differences between measurements and predictions. Such cases of exchanged sectors must be corrected before the pathloss tuning in Radioplan. the plot must be regenerated. www.g.. in the context menu of the result set name and changing the cell name in the New Value column in the opened dialog Edit Result Set Identifiers (here e. then it is a clear indicator for exchanged sectors. However.com . which then takes the newly assigned Tooltips due to the exchanged cell names into account. In order to show the new assignment. if the best server colors of two co-site cells are exchanged for the drive test routes compared to the underlying predicted best serving cell areas.: Cell12B and Cell12C) – see below.actix.
The pilot RSCP measurements of a cell can be displayed by double-clicking on the parameter RSCP . Dist. the pilot RSCP predictions of a cell can be shown by selecting Show Received Power in the context menu of the individual cell (here e.actix. In the Configurations tab.4 Comparison of the pilot RSCP values for a single cell Pilot RSCP predictions and measurements can also be compared for individual cells for a more detailed analysis. It is of course understood that cases of exchanged sectors will be independently corrected in the real network and/or in the original planning data. can be chosen for the plot. Moreover. [m]) and the Spatial Restrictions. the resolution (Pixel Size / Avg. switching off the Overwrite existing Layer flag ensures that a previously generated non-locked plot showing a (Best) Pilot Power is not overwritten.: Cell02A). among others.2. www.g. (The other RSCP … result set parameters should not be used for this plot!) The respective cell must be chosen from the ID list in the hereby opened Parameters for Active Project dialog.Cell [dBm] in the Results tab. In addition to this.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 18 This correction enables the correct execution of the pathloss tuning in Radioplan. one with the cell name in it) in the hereby opened Create Configuration Data Plot dialog.com . The other settings should remain unchanged. It is recommended that a meaningful Plot Title is given (e. A more detailed description can be found in [R-UG]. 3.g.
the legends can easily be carried over to other plots. By using legend templates. “legend presets”). in the list If the mouse pointer is kept still over the plot then the Tooltip with the values in both layers will be shown. In order to display the plots then on top of each other.actix. both plots must have the same legend. www. A difference plot and the statistical analysis can be performed in the same way as was described for the pilot RSCP values of the best servers.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 19 In order to compare the two created plots by means of the displayed colors. both must be activated of the Layers tab. see [R-UG] (“color palette”.com .
A more detailed description can be found in [R-Meas]. All other settings should usually remain unchanged. The Measurement Data Bin Size [m] should be set equal to (but not smaller than) the pixel size of the pathloss matrices. i. the raster will be shown as a graphical layer Tuning Grid (Control Points) according to the configured control points. www. the measurements are preprocessed and thereby cellwise compared to the pathloss matrices. The automatic pathloss tuning in Radioplan directly corrects the predicted pathloss matrices for UMTS and CDMA based on the pilot RSCP measurements and for GSM and iDEN based on the BCCH carrier measurements from the drive tests. Thus. the Pathloss Tuning dialog will be opened where the following settings are necessary: Choose the project from which the imported measurements are to be used.. After confirming the dialog with OK.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 20 3. The result is a statistical overview per cell in the Pathloss Tuning Overview dialog. Choose one or more result sets with the measurements to be used for pathloss tuning. The Resolution of Control Points should be set to about the mean distance between the streets of the drive test. It is a precondition that the measurements are correctly assigned to the cells in the planning data – as described before. then the corresponding “before” plots must be created before the tuning. if a “beforeafter” comparison is desired. from the main menu. By choosing Measurements Tune Pathloss Matrices. the result set(s) must be marked (here: in blue).com .actix. It serves the purpose of condensing the measurements before pathloss tuning.3 Pathloss Tuning The measurement data is used before the radio network optimization in order to increase the reliability of the pathloss data.e. By clicking Show Grid of Control Points..
Local Shadowing) and. all cell-specific values. can be displayed as a “Cell Visual” or a “Mapped Surface Plot”. then it could be that this cell was not turned on during the drive test or that the UMTS and CDMA scrambling code or GSM and iDEN frequency channel number or color code do not correspond to the configured values in the planning data. for the clicked parameter in ascending or. This will highlight and center the cell‟s site in the Radioplan main window (in the background).Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 21 By double-clicking on the head of a column in that dialog. If a cell without measurements (No Measurements) is found directly in the area that should be covered by the drive test. In order to see the main window. The Global Offset [dB] is the mean value of all differences (measurements minus the co-located predictions) for all bins with measurements. also Global Offset Correction). if Enable Global Calibration had been checked before in the Pathloss Tuning dialog.1. with the next double-click. whereas a negative value may indicate a too optimistic prediction. in Radioplan. If there were Not Enough Measurements for a cell then further measurements should be performed. In the last column Comment. see section 7. In addition to this. including those from the Pathloss Tuning Overview dialogs. each of the preprocessed cells is classified.actix. In order to localize the problem cases. Based on the number of measurement bins per cell (columns Number of Measurements Bins for Global Tuning or … for Local Shadowing) and their distribution over the cell area. If this is not possible then the cell could also be tuned with a similar Global Offset to the cells surrounding it. descending order. the appropriate cell can be marked and the Find Selected Cell button should be pressed. the comment Check Difference is used. Before confirming the dialog. the cause for the large deviations should be determined in the cells with the comment Check Difference. a recommended pre-selection of the cells to be tuned is given (the flags: Enable Tuning. the Pathloss Tuning Overview dialog can be minimized. www. These flags can be individually modified by the user. A positive value may indicate a too pessimistic prediction on average. the entire table can be sorted. For cells with especially large deviations between the measurements and the predictions (more than +/-10 dB Global Offset).com .
Thus possibly large jumps between the tuned and unchanged pathloss matrices must be accepted. In order to save the settings that are used for the pathloss tuning. it is strongly recommended to limit the Global Offset to +/-10dB. Incorrect configuration of the measurement system Perform a new drive test or correct a systematic error during the import of the measurements by setting the appropriate cable loss.1 for the measurements and the original predictions. the pathloss tuning is executed and directly changes the pathloss matrices in the Radioplan project.1. the contents of the table in the Pathloss Tuning Overview dialog should be copied via the clipboard (<Ctrl>-C) and archived in another application before executing the pathloss tuning.g. as well as the standard deviation. by clicking on the icon Plot Received Power servers will be displayed now. through a tunnel.2. a new comparison can be made between the pilot RSCP measurements and the tuned pilot RSCP predictions . see section 3. the tuned pilot RSCP predictions of the best As a result. in the Pathloss Tuning dialog.g. all areas of each pathloss matrix without measurements will be modified by the respective Global Offset. Differences between the configuration of the planning data and the real network (antenna type. If the points 2 to 6 can be excluded with a high probability then an inexplicably large Global Offset can be manually corrected based on the values in surrounding cells with similar antenna installations.actix. For that purpose. close to a noise reduction wall. e. according to the Radioplan pathloss tuning method.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 22 Possible causes for large mean deviations (Global Offset [dB]) between measurements and predictions are: 1. 2. it is recommended to perform a site audit. the flag Filter Measurement by Analysis Area must be set. The histogram created from the difference plot should show that the mean error. azimuth. the tuning for a cell can also be completely turned off by deactivating the Enable Tuning flag. After confirming the settings in the Pathloss Tuning Overview dialog with Commit. Large deviations to the normal outdoor received level during the drive test at 1.g. pilot power. see section 3. 3. Then. e. the values in the Pathloss Tuning Overview dialog can be edited. Wrong assignment of the measurements to the cells in the planning data.5m above the ground e. modifications at areas without a crossing drive test will be limited to a maximum change of +/-10 dB. as described in section 3. or over a high bridge The parts of the drive test in the tunnel or on a high bridge can be factored out through the definition of sub-polygons in the Analysis Area of the Radioplan project. downtilt. by exchanged sectors (switched feeders) or changes in the UMTS and CDMA code plan or GSM and iDEN frequency plan and color codes This must be avoided. clutter and building data This is the main reason for the pathloss tuning.g. has been reduced. Thus. 4. 6.3. If Global Offset Correction is enabled.com . Low number of measurement data for the corresponding cell and poor measurement coverage of the area where the cell should be well received Collect further measurements if possible. The reason is that. In case of doubt. by driving next to a large truck. This means that all plots of the configuration data will now use the tuned predictions. 5. DL cable loss) In case of doubt. Limited accuracy of the prediction model and its input parameters like e.2. www.
they can be archived: in the project with the tuned predictions select File Export Export Tuned Predictions. This way the tuned predictions can be reused in other Radioplan projects where the respective cells are contained: after the import of the planning data with the untuned predictions select File Import Import Tuned Predictions.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Import and Use of Drive Test Measurements 23 3. dimension and resolution of the existing untuned pathloss matrices.4 Reuse of the Tuned Predictions If the pathloss predictions for a cell in a Radioplan project are tuned once... The pathloss matrices of the Radioplan project will then be saved in the given folder in the Radioplan format *. www. from the menu and enter the intended folder..actix. Thereby the tuned predictions will automatically be assigned to the corresponding cells based on their cell name and will replace the untuned pathloss matrices if they match the position..wpl. from the menu and then the corresponding folder with the tuned predictions.com . see also [R-UG].
Define the Simulation Area such that it includes the best serving areas of the cells to be considered.csv. Thereby. 4. 4.com .g. Erlang. population) as well as an Rx Power cut-off threshold for the serving area can be applied. The values in a Radioplan traffic matrix always represent spatial densities: <anything> / km2 . the traffic map in Radioplan can be created for the best serving cell areas based on the tuned predictions. www.dat) or be copied via the clipboard into the table.actix. instead a traffic map can be created in Radioplan from cell counter traffic values (switch data). Typically. The cell traffic values can either be loaded from a text file (*.2 Traffic Matrix Generation Wizard A 3-page wizard guides the user through the traffic matrix generation. What kind of traffic values the matrix contains (e. the following preparative steps are required: Select the network layer(s) and activate the cells for the best server calculation: The traffic matrix is created for the active cells of the selected network layer(s).g. to which the generated traffic matrix shall be attached to. weighting by clutter and other maps (e. throughput) depends on the input data and the configuration of the respective Service Profile. but any other data (e. throughput) can be used as well. it must be displayed as a surface plot in the Radioplan Layers tab. In contrast to such type of traffic maps created in a planning tool.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Traffic Matrix Generation from Cell Counters 24 4 Traffic Matrix Generation from Cell Counters If not available as part of the planning data import.txt. It is started by selecting Tools Traffic Matrix Generation . or *. data rate. The traffic is spread to the best serving cell areas.g.1 Preparations in the Radioplan Project Before starting the Traffic Matrix Generation. optionally: If a map other than clutter shall be used for traffic weighting. *. A set of profiles representing a generic user can be created easily by selecting Add Generic User Profiles from the context menu of the User folder in the project tree. In either case the data must be provided in 2 columns: in the 1st column: the cell name (as defined in the Radioplan project) in the 2nd column: the traffic value of that cell. the traffic value represents Erlang or the number of users. Define a Service Profile as part of the Radioplan project user configuration. This opens the first page of the wizard. number of users.
Consider all Cells : The traffic matrix generation assumes zero traffic for the undefined cells. eventually Check Input Data again.1). Then the following options are possible: Simply add the missing traffic values by editing the respective fields in the grid. Here. ▫ By clicking Next the second page of the wizard is shown. Below the table.com . This layer has to be created before starting the Traffic Matrix Generation wizard (see section 4. weighting factors can be defined per clutter class. www. Customized weighting factors are shown automatically.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Traffic Matrix Generation from Cell Counters 25 Then the input data should be checked by clicking the Check Input Data button. a raster layer can be selected for the weighting. the second page of the wizard is shown. the opened message box indicates that cells without traffic value were found and these cells are listed with “no Value found” in the table. There are two scenarios to cope with missing traffic values: ▫ Consider Cells with Traffic Value only : The traffic matrix generation will be executed as if only the cells with a traffic value would be active. the cells without traffic values will remain deactivated in the Radioplan project as a result of the traffic matrix generation. by clicking Next .actix. Nevertheless. the opened message box says “Traffic Input Data are valid” and. they can be edited by the user. and proceed by clicking Next. Otherwise. If each active cell in the active network layer(s) of the Radioplan project is associated with a traffic value. thus creating zero traffic in their best serving areas. By checking Permanently deactivate Cells without Traffic Value . the traffic weighting can be specified: In the table.
Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Traffic Matrix Generation from Cell Counters 26 Both methods can be used independently or in combination.actix. The traffic can be scaled by a factor. can be excluded from the traffic matrix generation. By clicking Run the traffic matrix is generated and attached to the specified Service Profile. In any case. the weights just inhomogeneously spread the cell traffic value to the pixels of the cell‟s best serving area while the total traffic in the cell area remains the same. there is also no traffic spread to those areas from the cell counter traffic. but still a minimum received power is not exceeded. the following calculation and output options can be defined: The resolution of the traffic matrix to be created. The unit. Optionally. which only applies to that plot.com . Optionally. Assuming that no traffic could be served from such areas. www. can be specified. Here. This profile has to be created before starting the Traffic Matrix Generation wizard (see section 4.1). The Service Profile must be specified to which the created traffic matrix is attached. the created traffic matrix can be plotted automatically at the end of the generation process. areas where a cell is best server. By clicking Next the third and last page of the wizard is shown.
and type/pattern) and. the antenna azimuth of any cell at this site can only be changed for all cells together without changing the azimuth relations between the cells.1 Sites By double-clicking on the corresponding site name in the configuration tree or by choosing Settings. The changes to the site location or antenna configuration are generally limited technically or by regulatory restrictions. an improved radio network configuration is generated which maximizes the coverage and minimizes the interference and. In the pre-rollout phase. thus maximizes capacity and service quality.. In this dialog the site-specific optimization capabilities can be defined. In the post-rollout phase. Moreover.actix.1. in the context menu of that site. if applicable.. this goal is reached particularly through the choice of appropriate sites as well as of initial cell parameters. www. The flag Lock Angle between Cells during Azimuth Optimization must be activated for sites with an antenna installation with coupled azimuths.com . Then. new sites can be integrated in an existing network. These optimization capabilities provide the outermost range for the changes by the Radioplan ACP. the antenna configurations (electrical and mechanical tilt. entire antenna mast must be turned. 5. The flag Is Reconfigurable must be deactivated for sites whose antenna configurations and transmit powers are not allowed to be changed at all by the optimization.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 27 5 Automatic Radio Network Optimization By the automatic optimization using the Radioplan ACP. the Site Settings dialog will be opened.1 Configuration of the Optimization Capabilities The general optimization capabilities of the radio network configuration to be optimized are defined in the Radioplan project. 5. the beacon signal transmit powers of the cells can be changed.g. e. azimuth.
they are allowed to be removed from the radio network configuration during site selection optimization. During the optimization. but different antenna heights.3. By means of the parameter Site Candidate Group. The parameter Rollout Status can serve two purposes. i. the antenna definitions should apply a defined naming scheme. the antenna definition with the appropriate electrical tilt can be substituted. In the “Remove Redundant Sites/Cells” task of a Site Selection: Removable sites are prioritized: Not Existent sites are examined at first. In general.1.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 28 The flag Is Removable during Site Selection must be activated for sites which are not necessary. alternative site candidates can be grouped together for the “Site Candidate Groups” task of the site selection optimization. if “Consider Configured Rollout Status of Sites” is enabled in the Cost Control settings (refer to section 5.2 Antenna definitions In order to optimize the electrical tilt. for example: <antenna family name>_<electrical tilt [°]> <antenna family name>_T<electrical tilt [°]> Many further naming schemes can be customized in the planning tool import module. Already existing sites should normally not be removed. cost and effort limits) are only applied to changes at the Existent sites. of course. The term Existent refers for example to existing 2G sites in a 3G network plan that may or may not be used for the 3G network. These may also be site candidates at the same location. 5. www. and finally by Existent sites. Therefore. An antenna family is made up of a set of antenna definitions for the same antenna model just with different electrical tilts.1): In Capacity and Coverage as well as Site Integration optimization: Cost parameters (“RPI” thresholds.e. the antenna families are defined automatically during the import of the planning data. These parameters can also be defined for multiple sites at once in the Site Settings Overview dialog by selecting Settings Overview… from the context menu of an arbitrary site or by selecting the menu entry File Current Project Site Settings. followed by Planned for Acquisition sites.com . the antenna definitions in Radioplan should be combined in families.actix.
com . the Cell Settings dialog will be opened. electrical tilt optimization can be performed instead using the Additional Electrical Downtilt (AEDT) approximation (refer to [R-ACP] for details). the original antenna definition of a cell can then be replaced with an antenna definition from up to 5 fixed antenna groups for a cell.. If the optimization capabilities of the cell parameters are already defined in the planning data. the range of values for each cell and its reconfigurable parameters can be defined in Radioplan.3. i. of different antenna families.1. All antennas in a group should be given the same group name which can be freely defined by the user. A further prerequisite for this is that the site is configured as “Reconfigurable”. by exchanging the antennas used. in the context menu of that cell. the reconfigurable parameters and their corresponding range of values can be set.1. In this dialog the cell-specific optimization capabilities can be defined. 5..actix. During the optimization. They should include the technical limitations of the changes for each antenna installation and therefore represent the largest range possible. These parameters can also be defined for multiple antennas at once in the Antenna Settings Overview dialog by selecting Settings Overview… from the context menu of an arbitrary antenna. During the optimization. Antenna groups are defined by the parameter Alternative Antenna Group in the Antenna Settings dialog. In the Optimization tab. only the reconfigurable parameters of the cells can be changed and these parameters can only be changed within their defined range of values.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 29 The corresponding antenna definitions for defined antenna families are sorted in the Antennas folder in the configuration tree in a subfolder for each antenna family. www. This flag can be used to define additional constraints in case of multi-band and multi-technology antennas. In order to optimize the antenna type.3 Cell parameters For the optimization of cell parameters. If the antenna definitions for an antenna family are not available. antenna family or in the Antennas folder or by selecting the menu entry File Current Project Antenna Settings. they can normally be imported automatically from the planning tool. see section 5. Antenna definitions that do not have a corresponding family are found in the No Family folder. By double-clicking on the corresponding cell name in the configuration tree or by choosing Settings.e. Further change limitations are possible in the configuration of the optimization algorithm.e. the antenna definitions in Radioplan must be put into groups. An antenna group is made up of a set of antenna definitions of different antenna models. i. The Shared flag indicates whether the respective cell parameter can be changed only together for all of a site‟s cells that share this antenna.
see section 5. several underlying settings should be defined or the appropriate configuration should be verified. 5.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 30 Parameter-dependent costs have to be defined for the ACP in the Optimization Wizard.ini file by the menu entry Optimization Load Configuration … . which are defined in the Analysis Settings and in the Run Optimization wizard.2.1. can also be loaded from an *. Note however that the pixel size applied internally to all optimization calculations is a separate parameter in the Analysis Settings. They can be opened by the menu entry Tools General Settings….1 General Settings From the General Settings.2 General Configuration of the Optimization Before the optimization can be started through the Optimization Wizard. It is used for calculations and plots of interference (RSSI) or signal-to-interference ratios (Ec/Io and C/I). It is recommended to restrict the plots to the simulation area in order to speed up the plots. see section 5. These parameters can be defined for multiple cells at once in the Cell Optimization Settings Overview dialog by selecting Optimization Settings Overview… from the context menu of an arbitrary cell (for the technology of that cell). The pixel size in the Raster Matrix Display Settings determines the display resolution of all surface plots. or by selecting the menu entry File Current Project Cell Optimization Settings (for all cells across all technologies and their technology-independent parameters).actix. refer to [R-ACP]. 5. All optimization settings. For more information.5. www. the highlighted parameters are also relevant for the optimization.3.2. The Noise Floor can be defined for each technology.com .
its Active flag must be enabled in front of the respective cell symbol in the Radioplan Configuration tree or in the Active column of the Cell Settings Overview dialog.actix. which is opened by clicking the icon (tooltip Manage Network Layers) from the Surface Plots toolbar. The effective target is the sum of the base target and the offset.e. They can also be defined at the page of the Optimization Wizard for the Target Layers Settings. For a (mono-layer) Radioplan ACP optimization.5. iDEN. A base target for each coverage criterion is defined for the entire project area for each technology. Since the planning data import allows them to be preconfigured. clutter-specific target thresholds can be defined for the GSM and iDEN BCCH carrier RxLev_DL and C/I or for the UMTS and CDMA pilot RSCP and Ec/Io.2 Network Layer(s) and Active Cells The network configuration to be optimized includes the selected network layer(s) and their active cells. see section 5. see section 5. the clutter-specific offsets are generally automatically defined. The Clutter Classes Settings dialog can be opened by double-clicking Clutter Classes in the configuration tree under the folder Environment Clutter. which can be opened by the entry Optimization Analysis Settings. These parameters can be defined in the Analysis Settings dialog. For more information on creating and modifying network layers in Radioplan. LTE) as well as hierarchical cell structures by means of multiple network layers. these parameters can additionally be defined for the Constraint Layers at the respective page of the Optimization Wizard.2.9).9.com . their definition is a result from the planning data import.: for GSM and iDEN the Minimum RxLev_DL [dBm] and Minimum C/I [dB] and for UMTS and CDMA the Minimum Pilot RSCP [dBm] and Minimum Pilot Ec/Io [dB] . Usually.. Radioplan supports projects with multiple technologies (CDMA. GSM. Constraint layers for optimization are defined at a later stage in the Optimization Wizard (refer to section 5.2. e. For a cell to be considered by the Radioplan ACP.3 Clutter-specific coverage targets In order to determine the portion of the covered area. 5.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 31 5. in the Surface Plots toolbar. the network layer to be optimized can be selected from the combobox In case of multi-layer projects. i. www. UMTS.. one or more Target Layers for optimization are defined by the checked boxes in the Network Layers dialog. see section 5. Clutter-specific offsets (relative to that base target) can be defined in the Clutter Classes Settings dialog. In case of multi-layer optimization. Restrictions to the selection apply.2.g.3. WiMAX. with multiple GSM frequency bands. from the menu. refer to [R-UG].
if areas without traffic shall not be optimized and even disregarded by the optimization. Typically. The Analysis Settings dialog is opened by the menu entry Optimization Analysis Settings. Moreover. the total traffic effective to optimization can be displayed for any technology by the menu entry Optimization (…) Analysis Plots Absolute Traffic and for UMTS and CDMA additionally by the menu entry Optimization CDMA & UMTS Analysis Plots Equivalent Traffic per Pixel. The Analysis Settings are the basis for the analysis.2. then the Mask Regions With Zero Traffic flag must be activated. most of the analysis settings can also affect the optimization results. Then.actix..g. a UE Profile is assigned to ALL network layers. the main function of a traffic matrix is to determine the significance of an area for optimization.. they represent a number of users simultaneously active with that service. Despite the displayed unit “Erl/km2”. A UE Profile is activated by checking its box in the configuration tree. Both flags are contained in the Analysis Settings as well as in the Target Layers Settings page of the Optimization Wizard. In case of a multi-layer project. see section 5. the traffic of a UE Profile can be scaled by the Service Portion in the UE Profile Settings.5 Analysis settings One or more network layer(s) selected for optimization.com .5 and 5.2. see sections 5. High traffic values increase the significance of optimization of the respective pixels accordingly. A traffic matrix is attached to a Service Profile in the User / Service Profiles subfolder of the configuration tree. It can be displayed by the entry Show this Matrix from its context menu. the interpretation of the traffic matrix values may depend on the service profile. 5. see section 5. can be analyzed using the analysis plots from the Optimization menu. For the consideration of a traffic matrix. respectively..2. it is usually imported as part of the planning data. still an optimization for an assumed homogeneous traffic distribution is possible.2. As default. In order to use the traffic matrices for optimization the Consider Traffic Distribution flag must be activated. see chapter 4. Pixels without traffic may be excluded from optimization. in the context menu of that UE Profile. A traffic matrix can also be created easily from cell counter traffic values using the Traffic Matrix Generation.. a UE Profile with its traffic can be assigned to a specific Network Layer. This means that its traffic is shared out equally among all optimized network layers in the project. its Service Profile must be referenced by an active UE Profile.2. e.9.3. see chapter 2. which can be opened by double-clicking on the corresponding UE Profile name in the configuration tree or by choosing Settings. If no traffic matrix is available. Moreover. Furthermore.. In case of multi-layer optimization. The contents of the dialog depend on the technology of the Network Layer(s) selected for optimization.4 Traffic matrix and traffic-relevant area For Radioplan ACP. If traffic data is available.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 32 5. these traffic flags can additionally be defined for the Constraint Layers at the respective page of the Optimization Wizard. for CDMA and UMTS network layers: www.
e. For very large areas. By selecting one of the other options. even more cells outside of the Analysis Area may be reconfigured as long as they are received at some point within the Analysis Area polygon within the configured margin below the best server. Using even larger values is also good for comparing optimization strategies with each other (i.com . Doubling the pixel size reduces the processing time by a factor of 4. different settings of the optimizer or constraints) in a short amount of time before the best settings are used for the actual optimization using a finer resolution.g. 50 m. especially the pathloss matrices. For GSM and iDEN layers.actix. The parameter DCH Network Load has two purposes for CDMA and UMTS layers: It is used for calculating the interference (Io) for Ec/Io. This value should not be smaller than the pixel resolution of the input data. Constraint: Traffic Load Balancing Target: Interference Minimization Maximum Interference Minimization for 0% Network Load Maximum Traffic Load Balancing for 100% Network Load By selecting Selection of Reconfigurable Cells… Cells Located in Analysis Area. And with Selection of Reconfigurable Cells… Cells Within Margin in Analysis Area. the cells whose reconfiguration should be evaluated for reaching an optimal network configuration in the Analysis Area are limited to cells within the Analysis Area polygon only.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 33 The value Calculation Pixel Size [m] significantly determines the relative processing time as well as the amount of RAM needed for the optimization. the same Ec/Io value is harder to achieve. www. This means that in a quite full network it is more important to achieve a balanced traffic load in all cells even if not all changes to reduce the interference are possible as they would be in a rather empty network. some cells may also be located outside of the Analysis Area as long as they are best server at some point within the Analysis Area polygon. The parameters Minimum Pilot RSCP [dBm] and Minimum Pilot Ec/Io [dB] are the projectwide basis for the consideration of the clutter-specific coverage targets for CDMA and UMTS pilot RSCP and pilot Ec/Io.2. In this respect. can be chosen as long as the smallest cell area can still be represented by several pixels. the corresponding parameters Minimum RxLev_DL [dBm] and Minimum C/I [dB] are available. a larger value. see section 5. the Radioplan ACP selects these cells automatically.e. since for a higher load. It controls the trade-off between the primary target “maximum interference minimization” (= 0%) and the side constraint “maximum traffic load balancing” (= 100%). the Minimum Pilot Ec/Io [dB] parameter should be defined taking the DCH Network Load into consideration. With Selection of Reconfigurable Cells… Best Cells in Analysis Area.3.
Hence. 5. a new area is created and replaces the existing one. Optionally. The entire area to be considered (“Simulation Area”) should be larger than the “Analysis Area” in order to avoid a negative effect on the border regions during the optimization. Both areas can be configured in several ways: Assuming the corresponding area definitions are contained in the planning data. see [R-UG] for further information. By selecting Replace. then normally these are automatically imported.e. but also the optimization constraints: The entire area is calculated in order to take into account any interdependencies with the Analysis Area.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 34 Activating Consider Traffic Distribution is strongly recommended if a reliable traffic map is available in the project. the corners are determined by simply clicking the left mouse button. different targets and combinations of them are possible. Depending on the type of optimization. In the drawing mode a new polygon can be drawn or by selecting Edit this Area on an existing area. It is one of the optimization constraints to in no way allow the initial conditions in the Simulation Area to worsen with respect to the optimization criteria applied in the Analysis Area. By the option Add. By selecting another tool mode. and double-clicking sets the last corner. the drawing mode is deactivated. an area can be composed of several polygons. An open polygon is automatically closed by connecting the beginning and ending points.actix. only active Site Candidate Groups within this area are optimized. e. Any area in the Areas folder can then be set as Analysis Area or as Simulation Area by the respective context menu entries.g. it is the main target area for optimization in the Radioplan ACP. The Analysis Area determines the optimization capabilities and targets: Through the Selection of Reconfigurable Cells in the Analysis Settings. During the site selection optimization. Mask Regions With Zero Traffic can be checked in order to disregard any zero-traffic areas. When drawing a new polygon.. in the context menu of the Areas folder in the configuration tree. It activates the Add or Modify Area drawing mode . The optimization target shall be maximized in the Analysis Area. when editing an existing polygon.2. an existing polygon can be changed. Moreover. the Pointer . this area determines which cells are actually allowed to be changed during the optimization. which are defined as “Removable”.com . Further information can be found in [R-ACP]. after drawing a new polygon the shown dialog appears. www.. i. are allowed to be switched off. The Simulation Area mainly determines the calculation time. An area can be a combination of multiple subpolygons. They can be imported in vector data formats by the entry Import. They can be drawn in Radioplan by selecting Add New Area in the context menu of the Areas folder in the configuration tree. only sites within this area.6 Area definition and initial analysis The “Analysis Area” sets the optimization focus.
all data of the Configuration and the Results tabs remain saved in the original project. The Remove Present Plots flag in the Plot Options serves the purpose of deleting all previously generated (but not locked) optimization plots before the automatic plots are generated. but only the plots which are locked (with Lock) are saved. At the first page of the Optimization Wizard. the new duplicate project contains all Configuration data and all locked plots. This can be done either by clicking the Run Optimization icon or by selecting Optimization Run Optimization from the menu. These plots are automatically generated during the optimization in order to give an overview of the individual improvements during the process and after the optimization. If no template shall be used.2). but not the Results data. In this way. the parameter Project Title can be edited. from the context menu. When switching to the duplicated project.2.2. On the other hand.2..Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 35 5. The new project is opened by double-clicking on the name of the project copy.g. The project copy has the same name as the original project with the exception that the copy has an additional time stamp. A selection of analysis plots is available in the Automatic Plots section. the user can select a predefined optimization template. but lock them again before switching to the duplicate project.7 Duplicate the project The optimization should be performed with a copy of the Radioplan project. it can be useful to unlock the plots in the original project before the duplication. www. The Optimization Wizard must be opened to configure and to start the optimization.com . which is opened. In the Project Settings dialog. The flag Automatic Plot Update causes the plots to be continuously refreshed during the optimization. The optimization algorithm must be chosen in the Optimization Task section. no step will be forgotten and the user is guided through the initialization process. The appearance of this page depends on the technology of the Network Layer(s) selected for optimization (see section 5. In order to change the name of the project one can either double-click the project name again or select Settings.actix.8 Start the optimization: Optimization Wizard All necessary optimization settings can be reviewed step by step with the help of the Optimization Wizard. here e. A copy of the project is created by selecting Duplicate Project from the context menu of the project which is to be copied. for UMTS. Therefore. then Show Optimization Wizard must be activated and the Next button leads to the Optimization Task page of the wizard.. 5.
The cell specific antenna configurations and the transmit powers. this causes extra calculation time. as applicable. The step size is defined for each parameter in each cell: typically 1° for tilt steps and 10° for azimuth steps.1 Configuration of the optimization algorithm All optimization settings. the Capacity and Coverage Optimizer Settings dialog is opened by clicking the Configure Optimizer button.40° through the optimization. see section 5.com . Steps Down define a search window.8. can be changed to achieve these goals. 5. Capacity and Coverage must be chosen as the optimization algorithm. Max. at the beginning of each optimization run.3. in conjunction with Max. The costs implied by the implementation of these changes in the live network are considered as a constraint. Steps Up and Max.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 36 however. maximize the capacity and quality). The RPI value is a measure for the relative improvement of the objective function for coverage and/or capacity. see section 5.3. a capacity and coverage optimization is performed.actix. By the Optimize checkboxes. the user can select the cell parameters to be optimized. These settings. relative to the current setting of the corresponding parameter for each cell. 5.2.3. result in the possible range of values for changing a parameter relative to the initial value of the cell. This trade-off is controlled by the user through setting the possible range of values (Parameter Space) and the RPI values (Required Performance Improvement) and is illustrated in the adjoining figure. Then. Number of Optimization Runs. for example. 5. The RPI values determine how large the benefit of a parameter change has to be before the optimization algorithm will accept the change.1.1. by that. can also be loaded from an *. if applicable. Thus.3 Capacity and Coverage Optimization In order to maximize the coverage for a radio network configuration or to secure the coverage and to minimize the interference (and. Number of Optimization Runs of 2 will result in a possible maximum azimuth change of +/. Steps Up and Down for Azimuth (Phi) together with a Max. www. The Radioplan ACP optimization result is a trade-off between performance improvement and implementation costs. which are defined in the Run Optimization wizard. values of 2 for Max. The user can also decide at any time during the optimization whether to use this function by clicking the icon Request Plot Update During Optimization Run .1 Capacity and Coverage Optimizer Settings At the Optimization Task page of the Optimization Wizard.ini file by the menu entry Optimization Load Configuration … .
Further information can be found in [R-ACP]. see section 5. Area only counts the covered pixels only. The option Preferred Objective gives the user the possibility to choose between maximum coverage (UMTS and CDMA: RSCP or GSM and iDEN: RxLev_DL) and minimum interference / maximum capacity (UMTS and CDMA: Ec/Io or GSM and iDEN: Overlap) as the preference. generally both criteria increase when RSCP preferred or Ec/Io preferred is selected. For each coverage calculation method.5. the defined ratio of the pixels in the Analysis Area should be covered (Covered Area) or the defined ratio of the traffic should be covered by the covered pixels in the Analysis Area (Covered Traffic). RPI=5 for mechanical tilt.) The „Settings for Target Network Layers‟ page mainly contains the Analysis Settings that were already configured through the Optimization menu. i. The option Preferred Coverage Objective gives the user the possibility to choose the coverage definition.1). (…) Covered Area and Min. the Min. and changes to the mechanical tilt or to the azimuth even more (e.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 37 A small RPI value (0 … <1) leads to many changes whereas a large RPI value (>1 … 10) only allows a few changes with a large benefit.2. as low costs are associated with their implementation. For the outer settings (…) only. very low RPI values (e. In case of Area and Traffic both calculations apply.9. The following page is opened by clicking Next at the current wizard page. (For the specifics of multi-layer optimization with Constraint Layers. both of these settings should only be used as an exception. By clicking OK. For a single-layer optimization. It is recommended to activate Use Clutter Dependent (…) Coverage Constraints in order to ensure that those coverage target percentages are equally applied to all clutter classes.e. Namely.01) should be configured for a “Greenfield” optimization or for the optimization of the initial settings of a fill-in site.g. just click again Next to get to the page with the Settings for Target Network Layers. whereas Traffic only accumulates the traffic values in the covered pixels.actix. As the objectives of reducing interference increasing coverage are not always contradictive. 0. Parameter Space maximum Performance Improvement large medium small medium low lowest Cost for Implementation high RPI Values The example shown above refers to an existing network. only the single indicated goal is followed even if there is a loss to the other. www. Therefore. 5x and 50x as much as RET respectively) because their implementation in the network is considerably more costly. In contrast to that. i. as there are normally no costs for the changes at this stage. respectively. changes to the Remote Electrical Tilt (RET) are very easy (RPI=0. Further changes to the electrical tilt are already more difficult for the optimization (RPI=1). just with a different emphasis. see section 5.com . (…) Covered Traffic define the target percentages for coverage in the Analysis Area.g. the settings are applied and saved in the Radioplan project.e.
Additionally.2. see section 5.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 38 Then. With according user rights the defined optimization settings can now also be saved as a new optimization template. different priorities of removable sites are considered.1. see section 5.actix.3. 5. the final Configuration Summary page is opened. During a Capacity and Coverage optimization costs and efforts are only accumulated for “Existent” sites.1.com .2 Cost Control Settings The core Radioplan ACP concept of cost control are the “RPI” values. By activating the options Use Cost Limit and Use Effort Limit and setting appropriate limits. www.3.4.1. also limits for the optimization process can be defined. In order to cope with a limited budget. even without a configured limit it is easy to derive the set of changes for a limited budget after a completed optimization by means of the Optimization Progress chart. By clicking Next at this page. the optimization will not perform any changes that would exceed these limits. the optimization is started by clicking Run at the Configuration Summary page. the cost and effort associated with each type of optimization change can be configured and the accumulated cost and effort can be monitored so that a rough estimation of the implementation cost and effort is possible. An activated Consider configured Rollout Status of Sites flag has two effects: In the Remove Redundant Sites/Cells tasks during a site selection optimization. if no constraint network layers were selected.1. However. Finally.8. the Cost Control Settings page is opened by clicking Next again. see section 5.
the antenna properties of the radio network configuration. specifics 5. should not be pre-optimized with the goal of minimizing interference. Likewise. the Is Removable flag is activated by default for all sites.1. a radio network design can be validated and the initially planned number of new sites and cells can be automatically reduced until the minimum required coverage target has been reached. www. especially all predicted pathloss data. then their Is Removable flag must be deactivated. this optimization scenario can be used to consolidate a post-rollout. In the pre-rollout scenario. live network if two radio networks are merged or shared. see section 5. 5.actix.1. especially the tilts.4.4.com . if during the “Remove Redundant Sites/Cells” task of the site selection optimization certain sites should be kept in the optimized radio network configuration.1. etc.1 Preparative steps. and imported into Radioplan.1 Import of the planning data Every set of data for all sites must be created in the planning tool including all site and transmitter/cell parameters. cell overlapping.2 Configuration of the optimization capabilities In a newly imported Radioplan project. see chapter 2. However.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 39 5. pilot pollution.4.1. 5. The parameter Rollout Status can be used to prioritize the “removable” sites.4 Site Selection Optimization: Minimum Number of Sites and Cells In the pre-rollout phase.
ini file by the menu entry Optimization Load Configuration … .4. 95 %).2.. the constraints for the antenna parameter changes should be set as freely as possible in order to give the optimization algorithm the largest amount of flexibility. in the Analysis Settings dialog (see section 5. button opens the Capacity and Coverage Optimizer Settings dialog. can also be loaded from an *.8. For the pre-rollout scenario. the Consider Initial (…) Coverage Area Only flag must be activated.. e. the site selection optimization can be performed such that only the initial coverage area is considered. In order to minimize the number of sites in connection with an optimization of the coverage for the remaining sites. the Site Selection Settings dialog is opened by clicking the Configure Optimizer button. Therefore. In defining the Analysis Area it should also be considered that it determines optimization capabilities and targets. which is given in the optimization configuration (Min.3 Area definition All sites that shall be tested (“Removable”) must be located in the Analysis Area. see section 5.6. the flags Remove Redundant Sites and Capacity and Coverage must be activated.2. Required (…) Covered Area [%] and/or … Covered Traffic [%]).2.2.com .g. Since the CDMA and UMTS Pilot RSCP Coverage or GSM and iDEN RxLev_DL Coverage remains the same in the best case (however it mostly decreases) when sites are removed.3) in order to maximize the coverage and capacity with clear emphasis on the coverage. Site Selection must be chosen as the optimization algorithm.4.1. Then. At the Optimization Task page of the Optimization Wizard. 5.actix. then the site selection algorithm will begin with an optimization of the cell parameters in order to raise the coverage at first. see section 5. which are defined in the Run Optimization wizard. For the “Remove Redundant Sites/Cells” function of the site selection optimization. If this option is not used and the Pilot RSCP or RxLev_DL Coverage in the Analysis Area before the optimization is less than the required percentage (e. 5. Clicking the Configure Capacity and Coverage Optimizer.4.2 Configuration of the optimization algorithm All optimization settings.1.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 40 The cell parameters of all sites remaining after site and cell removals can be optimized according to their optimization capabilities (see section 5. see section 5.g. it is therefore sufficient to define an Analysis Area which includes all these sites. www.5). If it should be checked in the radio network configuration with minimum sites which cells can still be removed then the flag Remove Redundant Cells must be activated as well.
com . Tilt (Theta).5 Site Selection Optimization: Inserting a new Site and Antenna Height Optimization In case multiple alternative candidates (“Site Candidate Group”) are available for a new site (a.a. i.1. Electrical Tilt. 5.3. a large search window is recommended. Thereby. all antenna parameters (Antenna Type. Multiple new sites can be chosen and optimized at once. The Minimum Site Count defines the minimum target number of sites.actix. For that purpose. Remote Electrical Tilt and Azimuth (Phi) flags) should be activated if possible. the best site can be chosen based on coverage and capacity. if the respective cell constraints shall be considered.k. If it is reached during optimization.1).Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 41 Therefore. 0. Furthermore. the built-in Performance Predictor estimates the absolute DL cell transmit powers using the Equivalent Traffic per Pixel. see section 5. If the flag Show Extended Summary Statistics is enabled. those settings should be defined according to the cost of the changes. search ring). These statistics are then additionally reported in the Extended Network Statistics tables of the Optimization Summary. In addition to this. By activating the flag Check Cell Load. Then. then no further sites will be removed. if by that any DL cell transmit power would exceed the a cell‟s Maximum Output Power. The site selection Business Rules dialog is opened by clicking the Configure Business Rules… button in the Site Selection Settings dialog. no optimization parameter change is accepted.1. the built-in Performance Predictor calculates certain UMTS network performance statistics based on Monte-Carlo simulations for the status before and after optimization. The flag Check Maximum Users per Cell should be activated. the initial cell parameters of the new site and the existing sites in the surrounding will be optimized as well. Steps Up and Max. it can be prevented that the tool proposes undesired changes of cells far away from removed sites or cells. Mech. By clicking OK the settings are accepted and saved in the Radioplan project. that would increase the number of users at any cell above the cell‟s constraint.2. the highlighted parameters in the Site Selection Settings dialog are relevant. since there are no cost for changing the initial settings of a planned site in the computer. However. For further steps see section 5. as shown in section 5. The flag Avoid Large Coverage Gaps should always be activated in order to ensure that any uncovered pixels or areas are evenly distributed in the optimization area.g. for the post-rollout scenario. Steps Down as well as low RPI values (e.e. More information on this can be found in [R-ACP].3. a site or cell is not removed. By activating the flag Limit Capacity Optimization to Surrounding Cells. www.5. high values for the parameters Max.1.
the optimization capabilities of the cell parameters. on average. unbalanced best server areas from the new site and the existing sites could result in an unrealistic optimization result.1. measurement data is not available for a planned site. in general.5. 5. In this way the pathloss predictions for the new site are corrected with a constant offset which.1. as described in Annex 7. A Global Offset should be applied that is typical for sites in the vicinity with similar antenna heights. This is done by choosing Optimization Settings Overview. then automatic antenna height optimization can be performed. see section 3. the UMTS and CDMA pilot RSCP or GSM and iDEN RxLev_DL values of the new site are possibly not directly comparable to the existing sites. Up to 10 groups can be distinguished in the optimization. fewer parameter changes (e. is used for the neighboring cells as well. specifics 5.k.3.3. especially all predicted pathloss data. Normally.5. the candidate groups are automatically recognized based on the equal site coordinates. then these tuned predictions can be easily imported into the Radioplan project after the planning data import. at least at one site the Transmitter Activated flags of all cells must be enabled. from the context menu of an arbitrary cell. it is possible to tune the pathloss predictions for the new site with a Global Offset. In this case. all flags in the corresponding column can be deactivated as follows: first deactivate the flag in the first row of the table.3.5. Within each candidate group.1. Afterwards.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 42 If the alternative candidates are just variations of the same site with different antenna heights. The Local Shadowing flags for these cells should be deactivated.1 Preparative steps. The Enable Tuning flag is automatically deactivated for the Already Tuned predictions.. instead of with measurements. For getting a quick overview of those characteristics of surrounding cells. In the opened Cell Optimization Settings Overview dialog. Reconfigurable Azimuth and Reconfigurable Antenna Type for all cells are to be deactivated. 5. only changes to the electrical tilt) from optimization are desired for existing sites than are possible in a newly planned site.1. www. the Global Offset [dB] value for the cells of the new site can be edited in the Pathloss Tuning Overview dialog. can be configured as follows.1 Import of the planning data Every set of data for all site candidates must be created in the planning tool including all site and transmitter/cell parameters. Since. from the menu.g.5.1.2 Pathloss tuning If the pathloss predictions for the existing sites were already tuned and saved.. be imported into Radioplan.. search ring) must be declared as a candidate group. Otherwise. The site parameter Site Candidate Group serves this purpose.3 Configuration of the optimization capabilities In the case of exclusively optimizing the antenna height. see section 5. First.a. the flags Enable Tuning and Global Offset Correction for the cells of the new site must be activated. that cell-specific data can be plotted using a Cell Visual.actix. As a result. All site candidates‟ Transmitter Activated flags may be enabled as well. together with the planning data of the existing sites.. see section 5. 5. This can be accomplished by selecting File Import Import Tuned Predictions. the flags Reconfigurable Mechanical Tilt. and. each group of alternative candidates for a new site (a.1.1. In order to avoid this. In addition to the description in section 3. see chapter 2.com .
5. The margin (default: 15 dB) is configurable in the Analysis Settings. The Analysis Area or the Simulation Area can be modified by selecting Edit this Area from their context menu. Then. it makes sense to reduce the size of the Simulation Area such that only the sites with colored cell areas are included. the Cell Optimization Settings Overview dialog is opened for the cells in the chosen area. see section 5.. Only the Reconfigurable Electrical Tilt flag remains activated for all cells (as well as the Reconfigurable (…) Power flag since this option is typically not used in the optimization in connection with antenna parameter changes). This minimizes the calculation time for the optimization. Now.2.2. In this plot.2 Configuration of the optimization algorithm All optimization settings. Thus. optimization capabilities for the cells of the new site candidates can individually be expanded by clicking the Configure Sites or Cells icon and surrounding the site candidates with a polygon in the configuration mode. For the “Site Candidates Group” function of the site selection optimization.6.2. it is therefore sufficient to define an Analysis Area that contains all site candidates to be optimized.5.5. it should also be considered that it determines optimization capabilities and targets. If the Simulation Area is larger than the colored illustration of the cell areas. see section 5. the deactivated status is copied down the entire column. all cells that are relevant for the optimization of the Analysis Area are shown. www. see section 5. If the <Ctrl> button is pressed while closing the polygon with a double-click. Site Selection must be chosen as the optimization algorithm.1. the Relevant Cells plot can help.6. In determining the size of the Simulation Area. which is created by the menu entry Optimization (…) Analysis Settings Best Cell Areas Relevant Cells.com .4 Area definition All site candidates must be located in the Analysis Area.2.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 43 then click on the head of the table to mark the entire column and finally by selecting Fill Down from the context menu of an arbitrary element in the column (shortcut: <Ctrl>-D). see section 5. 5. only the best server areas of those cells are shown that are received in the Analysis Area within a given margin below the power received from the best cell. the Reconfigurable (. At the Optimization Task page of the Optimization Wizard.8.. the Site Selection Settings dialog is opened by clicking the Configure Optimizer button. Here. which are defined in the Run Optimization wizard. can also be loaded from an *.actix. In defining the Analysis Area.) flags can be reactivated as necessary in order to optimize the initial cell parameters in conjunction with the site candidate selection.ini file by the menu entry Optimization Load Configuration … .5.
If the site candidates only involve groups of sites at the same location. Furthermore.. changes to the electrical tilt are then only allowed at the existing sites. The Capacity and Coverage Optimizer Settings dialog is opened by clicking the Configure Capacity and Coverage Optimizer. Nevertheless. all changes may be made easy by low RPI values (e. the highlighted parameters are relevant. It is based on the Capacity and Coverage optimization. www.5. Electrical Tilt. if one or more already selected sites are to be integrated in an existing network by an according antenna parameter optimization of the new sites and the existing sites. the Alternative Antenna Heights only flag should be activated.. This can be done in the pre-rollout phase as well as during the drive-test-based optimization immediately after the site installation.5.1).com .3. 5.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 44 The flags Site Candidate Groups. the Site Integration is a simplified optimization process for the case that there are no alternative candidate locations anymore. 0. button. Provided that the different optimization capabilities at the existing sites and at the new site candidates are configured as in section 5. then the site integration optimization can be applied. For further steps see section 5. Optimize Site Candidates and Capacity and Coverage must be activated for a site candidate selection in conjunction with an optimization of the initial cell parameters as well as the coverage and capacity of the surrounding.3. Mech. Thus. Then the candidate groups will automatically be recognized and the antenna height will be optimized. Further information can be found in [R-ACP]. Tilt (Theta). In addition to this.g. Remote Electrical Tilt and Azimuth (Phi) flags) can be activated here.actix. see section 5.3. all antenna parameters (Antenna Type.6 Site Integration Optimization: Inserting new Sites In contrast to the Site Candidate Groups task of the Site Selection optimization. as there are no costs for changing the initial settings of a planned site candidate. see section 5. just with different antenna heights.1. By clicking OK the settings are accepted and saved in the Radioplan project.1.
It contains the same settings like the Capacity and Coverage optimization.6. For existing sites the Rollout Status must be set to “Existent” to ensure that the inherent cost thresholds (“RPI”.com . see section 5. Which sites are to be integrated. 5. can also be loaded from an *. where the optimization effort should be focused. which are defined in the Run Optimization wizard.6.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 45 5. Since the Analysis Area also determines optimization capabilities and targets. 5. Site Integration must be chosen as the optimization algorithm.1.5.2. 5. the drive test measurements can be used for pathloss tuning. no cost will be assumed for any parameter change.1..6. must be imported from the planning tool into Radioplan. The Simulation Area should include a buffer zone of a few tiers of surrounding sites.6. the Relevant Cells plot can help. At the Optimization Task page of the Optimization Wizard. which may be interdependent with the sites to be integrated.2 Configuration of the optimization algorithm All optimization settings. see chapter 3.1. see section 5. Then. refer to [R-ACP].4 Area definition All sites to be integrated must be located in the Analysis Area.2 Pathloss tuning If the new sites have been installed already and drive tests have been carried out as part of the integration / optimization effort.3 Configuration of the optimization capabilities The cell optimization settings should reflect the actual reconfiguration capabilities as accurate as possible.ini file by the menu entry Optimization Load Configuration … .1) are applied during the optimization to any change at these sites. will be defined later in the Run Optimization wizard. which is created by the menu entry Optimization (…) Analysis Plots Best Cell Areas Relevant Cells.1.8. And for more information. see chapter 2. see section 5. see section 126.96.36.199. it should include at least the sites to be integrated plus the area around them.1. www.4. specifics 5. The Analysis Area or the Simulation Area can be modified by selecting Edit this Area from their context menu.1. see section 5.actix.2. For the other rollout states as well as for the sites to be integrated.1. especially all predicted pathloss data.6. 5. see also section 5. In determining the size of the Simulation Area.6.6.1 Preparative steps.1 Import of the planning data All data sets of all new and the existing sites including all site and transmitter/cell parameters. the Site Integration Settings dialog is opened by clicking the Configure Optimizer button.6.3.
For reference.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 46 5.1 Sites to be integrated If Site Integration has been selected at the Optimization Task page of the wizard. www.2. then clicking Next opens the Site Integration page.1.6. where the sites “To Be Integrated” have to be selected.3.3.com .2.1. By clicking Next. the same optimization wizard pages still follow as described for the Capacity and Coverage optimization in sections 5. the configured Rollout Status of each site is displayed.actix.1 and 5. All sites selected as “To Be Integrated” as well as all other sites with a Rollout Status other than “Existent” will be considered to imply no cost for changes.
.) and for the changed state during the running optimization . can be observed in the Optimization Progress Chart (here.. The automatic update is activated or deactivated by the menu entry Optimization Automatic Plot Update .1. The values given at the beginning of the lines run until 100% and give the ratio of the already checked parameters to the entire amount of parameters to be checked in all optimization runs. optimization progress is continuously logged in the Optimization tab of the message window.). The costs depend on the settings defined in the Cost Control Settings. www. see section 5.2 5.. the plots selected at the second Optimization Wizard page (Automatic Optimization Plots) are created for both the initial state of the optimization .3.actix. This window is opened by clicking the Optimization Progress Chart icon. see section 5.3. During the running optimization. Results dialog.... The plots can be updated during the optimization by clicking the Request Plot Update During Optimization Run icon of the optimization toolbar. The following example is the result of a UMTS coverage and capacity optimization.8 Analysis and Reporting of the Optimization Results The end of the optimization is indicated by the automatic opening of the .com . (Begin Opt.7 Progress and Analysis During the Optimization At the beginning of the optimization. alternatively. The optimization progress. over the accumulated costs or effort of the changes. (Running Opt. in terms of the Covered Area and Covered Traffic improvements of the applicable measure in the Analysis Area (AA). The performance improvements can be displayed over the evaluation steps of the optimization algorithm or. for UMTS.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 47 5. the pilot RSCP and the pilot Ec/Io are the applicable measures).
whether final or intermediate. These plots can be seen best when the . Tilt and Azimuth. Changes to a parameter are highlighted in green. Then. For any result. also any intermediate result can easily be selected and analyzed further in exactly the same manner like the final result by clicking the Pick Intermediate Results from History Dialog button. respectively. the changed cells as well as the tilt and azimuth changes can be displayed by clicking the buttons Overview. Results dialog contains a table with all the cells of the project as well as the reconfigurable cell parameters. Instead of the final.actix. which opens the Optimization Progress Chart . the Active State is also reconfigurable for each cell. www. the intermediate optimization results for every point can be shown in the Optimization Results dialog by a right mouse click on the point and selecting Show in Results Dialog… ...Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 48 The . complete optimization result..com . Results dialog is minimized. For site selection optimization..
Since the contents of the Radioplan database will be changed by executing Submit New Values.. While a capacity and coverage optimization is performed on one or more target layers.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 49 The available overview of all changes should be saved from here: to text file (TAB-delimited ASCII) by clicking the Save Changelist. a standardized KPI analysis can be performed. by the menu entry Tools Radioplan KPI Analysis ..)).e.. If the .. see section 5. is opened by clicking the Summary Report button in the .)) and one for the optimized network configuration (. Results dialog must be closed: therefore click the Close Dialog button and if Submit New Values was already performed as described above..2.9 Multi-Layer Optimization with Constraint Layers In case of multi-band and multi-technology antennas. you are prompted by the query (“Do you want to write the new settings to the database?”)..g.. A direct comparison of the situation before and after the optimization can be performed easily with the help of the following Radioplan functions.. In the list of the Layers tab. Results dialog..g.. the multi-layer optimization ensures that the change of a target layer antenna that is shared with a constraint layer does not degrade the performance of that constraint layer.com . an antenna parameter change may affect at the same time more than one frequency band or technology. a multi-layer optimization distinguishes Target and Constraint network layers. two layers are provided for each type of plot as previously selected in the Optimization Wizard.. (Begin Opt.8: one for the original (. see [R-UG]: Layer Slide Show function ( icon) or generating a difference plot (the entry Coincide with other Layer.actix. in the context menu of a plot name) By clicking the Submit New Values button in the . <Ctrl>-v) to another application (e.. Therefore. button or via the clipboard (<Ctrl>-<Shift>-c. Further information can be found in [R-ACP]. In order to close the Radioplan application after the optimization or in order to switch the Radioplan project. 5.. An overview table of the optimization results. Results dialog.. then the button Close (Retain Last Submitted Values) can be clicked in the Dismiss Optimization Results dialog. i. This report contains a summary of the most important optimization settings as well as the optimization results (parameter changes and performance statistics). Among others. for copying.. the Optimization Summary Report. www. the . The changed Azimuth values are applied to the displayed cell symbols only after Submit New Values is confirmed. e. (End Opt. Results dialog is minimized then the automatically generated optimization plots can be evaluated. which should be confirmed with Yes.. the optimization results are saved in the active Radioplan project and thus available for further analysis. MS Excel or a text editor). the entire table can be easily marked by clicking on the upper left element.
or LTE). see section 5. all constraint network layers must have the same technology. see section 5. Like the target network layers. iDEN. If the Radioplan project contains more network layers than those selected as target. WiMAX. for GSM). They define.g.2. The target network layer(s) for optimization is/are defined by the selected Network Layers. UMTS. GSM. Then.1. then one or more network layers to be considered as constraint can be selected from the list below.actix.2. And CDMA or UMTS target layers must have the same frequency band. must be defined beforehand by the cells‟ Shared flags.com .3. which performance must be maintained in the constraint layer(s) while optimizing the target layer(s).3.1. If the Consider Constraints by Shared Antenna Parameters box is checked. www. then there comes after the Target Layer Settings page an additional page for the Constraint Layer Settings (here e. this property applies to all cells in all network layers at this site. see section 5.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 50 Whether an antenna parameter at a cell in one network layer is shared with other network layers.1. then the possible constraint layers are shown at the second page of the Optimization Wizard. If constraint layers have been selected at the Multi-Layer Optimization page of the optimization wizard. if the Lock Angle between Cells during Azimuth Optimization flag is activated at a site. see section 5. Moreover. All target network layers for optimization must have the same technology (either CDMA. a multi-layer optimization can consider such parameter dependencies as additional constraint to a capacity and coverage optimization. And CDMA or UMTS constraint layers must have the same frequency band.
actix. www.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Automatic Radio Network Optimization 51 Further information can be found in [R-ACP].com .
this opens the Update Atoll Project (Submit Changes) dialog. the changes to the radio network configuration through Radioplan ACP optimization can be transferred to Atoll by selecting the menu entry File Export Update Atoll Project. open the respective project in Atoll that shall be updated by the network optimization results from Radioplan ACP.1 Update the Radio Network Configuration The optimization results are saved in the Radioplan database and can be further analyzed from there. In order to store the optimized radio network configuration after verification in the planning database. After an automatic comparison of the network configurations in the Atoll project and in Radioplan project. the changes can be transferred to Atoll.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Updating the Planning Data in Atoll 52 6 Updating the Planning Data in Atoll Atoll version 2. www.8. Make the selection from the dropdown list of the projects currently open in Atoll and click OK.0 or later is assumed for the following description. Select the Atoll host or indicate that Atoll runs locally and click Connect . Then..actix. 6. . This opens the Select the Atoll project to update dialog. Before the export from Radioplan ACP.com . This opens the Connect to Atoll host dialog..
Atoll prediction tuning by Radioplan is subject to the following requirements: The Atoll pathloss maps must be saved in a directory (\. www. 6. It should be noted that in Atoll the changes are initially only in RAM and must still be saved. they must not be embedded in the Atoll project. In the opened dialog. Then. browse to the \.losses folder of the Atoll project and the select Pathloss.dbf file.losses). the corresponding pathloss data in Atoll is invalid and must be recalculated. The prediction files to be tuned must not be locked by any open Atoll project.2 Tune Atoll Predictions The changes to the pathloss predictions through Radioplan Pathloss Tuning can also be transferred to the original Atoll predictions. The Radioplan settings are transferred to the Atoll project by confirming with Commit.com . then only the cells with different settings in Atoll and Radioplan are listed. That directory must be accessible to the Radioplan application. In addition to this. the tuning function can be called by the menu entry File Export… Tune Atoll Predictions… .Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Updating the Planning Data in Atoll 53 The table contains the result of that comparison showing all the reconfigurable parameters and their current values in the Atoll and Radioplan (formerly “WiNeS”) projects. after changing the transmitter parameters. which lists the Atoll transmitters and corresponding pathloss files that can be tuned.e. i. If the flag Hide unchanged cells is set. This opens the Tune Atoll Predictions dialog.actix.
Then. further data analysis and processing in Atoll is based on the same status of the data like in Radioplan after pathloss tuning and network optimization. www. both types of pathloss matrices are tuned: those calculated for the main propagation model as well as those calculated for the extended propagation model. please refer to [R-Atoll].Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Updating the Planning Data in Atoll 54 By clicking Commit.actix. these Atoll pathloss files are changed to the status of the tuned Radioplan pathloss matrices. Thereby.com . For more information.
www. The following example uses data that was copied from the Pathloss Tuning Overview dialog (including the column headers).g. Numerical values (e.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Annex 55 7 Annex 7. simulation results from a planning tool the data of all cell-based tables in Radioplan. Now the “Embedded Clipboard” must first be opened by selecting Edit Embedded Clipboard (Table) from the menu.g. the data of the Pathloss Tuning Overview dialog The data must be available in tabular form.1 Plots of Arbitrary Cell Specific Data Surface plots can be created for arbitrary cell specific data in Radioplan. for: performance counters from the live network cell-specific data from other tools.3. which is now opened. select Graph Selection Mapped Surface Plot (Colored Best Cell Area) from the context menu of an arbitrary element inside this column. column 02). The surface plot is created as follows: mark the column with the values to be displayed by clicking on the column header (e. Comment in column K) can be displayed. then this line from the table should be set as a Header Row field. where one column contains the cell name and further columns contain the cell-specific values. i.g.g.e.g. in order to avoid the contents affecting the plots (here: row 1) In the Cell Name field. e.actix. “E”). e. the first cell in the Embedded Clipboard must be selected by clicking on it (without activating the cursor in the cell though).com . The cell-specific data must be copied into this table. the column must be given that contains the cell name (here: column B. see section 3.g. in the Create Surface Plot from Table dialog. e. Global Offset [dB] in column E) as well as string values (e. In order to insert it. make the following settings: ▫ ▫ If the data contains a header.
Histogram. Raster Layer: The cell-specific data is mapped to the Best Server areas that are visible in the plot. ▫ By confirming with OK. the typical Radioplan display functions are available.actix. The Pixel Size for the plot can be specified. When displaying numerical values. including: Tool tips Legend and Layer Settings Furthermore. which replaces the cell symbol (normally a simple arrow). The cell visual is colored according to the values for each cell and based on the used legend. Clutter Statistics etc. Select the type of the Mapped Surface Plots: (Note that the Raster Layer takes more time to generate than the Cell Visual. in the field Caption and Tree Label. www. including: Coinciding with other layers Functions of the Layer context menu. Here the Best Server areas are filled with values and colors according to the values for each cell and based on the used legend. e. for the Raster Layer type (right figure).com . For both types of plots. typical Radioplan analysis and export functions of such surface plots are available.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Annex 56 ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ A name for the surface plot can be given. Cell Statistics.g. the surface plot is created in the Radioplan main window. the legend in the created plot is only shown if a unit is given in the Unit field. The plot can best be viewed if the Embedded Clipboard is minimized.) ▫ Cell Visual: The cell-specific data is mapped to a wedge-like form.
December 2009. Actix GmbH. User Manual. User Guide. Dresden. Version 3.8.Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook Abbreviations 57 8 Abbreviations ARFCN ASM BCCH BSIC CDMA COM DEM GSM iDEN LTE MS PCPICH RET RSCP RSSI UE UMTS UTRAN WiMAX Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number Atoll Synchronization Module Broadcast Control Channel Base Station Identity Code Code Division Multiple Access Component Object Model Digital Elevation Model Global System for Mobile Communication Integrated Digital Enhanced Network Long-Term Evolution Mobile Stations Primary Common Pilot Channel Remote Electrical Tilt(ing) Received Signal Code Power Received Signal Strength Indicator User Equipment Universal Mobile Telecommunications System UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access 9 References [A-UM] [R-Atoll] Atoll.com .12. Atoll Synchronization Guide. Actix Radioplan. Global RF Planning Solution. Germany. Dresden. Actix Radioplan.12. Dresden.12. Version 3. Germany. [R-Meas] [R-ACP] [R-UG] www. Actix GmbH. Version 3. Actix GmbH. Version 3. Forsk. February 2010.12.6. Actix GmbH. Measurements Guide.actix. October 2009. June 2009. Actix Radioplan. Automatic Cell Planning (ACP) User Guide. Dresden. France. Actix Radioplan. Germany. Germany.
com .Actix Radioplan ACP Cookbook References 58 www.actix.
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