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SUNNY ARTICULATION & PHONOLOGY TEST KIT
Barb ara Fernandes M.S; CCC - SLP

Table of Contents
2011-2014
All rights reserved to Smarty Ears

Overview ......................................................................................................................................... 1 Uses ............................................................................................................................................. 1 Features ....................................................................................................................................... 1 Areas assessed by SAPT ............................................................................................................. 3 Administration Consideration ..................................................................................................... 3 Administration and scoring directions are included in the following portions of the manual. ... 3 How to use it ................................................................................................................................... 4 Administration Time ................................................................................................................... 4 Adding Users .............................................................................................................................. 4 Administering an assessment ...................................................................................................... 5 Phonemic composition information: ........................................................................................... 6 Understanding the testing screen ................................................................................................ 8 Adjusting Settings ........................................................................................................................... 9 Transition Type ......................................................................................................................... 10 Voice Recording Type .............................................................................................................. 10 Written Cues: ............................................................................................................................ 10 Documenting errors ...................................................................................................................... 11 Screening................................................................................................................................... 11 Full Evaluation .......................................................................................................................... 12 Adding noted during test administration................................................................................... 14 Interpreting Results ....................................................................................................................... 15 Raw Score ................................................................................................................................. 16 Intelligibility Rating .................................................................................................................. 16 Preview Results ......................................................................................................................... 17 a. Position in the word ........................................................................................................... 17 b. Manner of articulation........................................................................................................ 18 c. Voicing features ................................................................................................................. 19 d. Words ................................................................................................................................. 19 e. Place of Articulation .......................................................................................................... 20 f. Total percentage of error .................................................................................................... 20 Sharing Results ............................................................................................................................. 21 E-mailing Results ...................................................................................................................... 21 Reviewing notes ........................................................................................................................ 28 Editing notes ............................................................................................................................. 28 Preview Recordings .................................................................................................................. 28 Printing results .......................................................................................................................... 29 R – Screener .................................................................................................................................. 30 Administration Time ................................................................................................................. 30 Administration of the SAPT-R ................................................................................................. 30 Phonemes Targeted ................................................................................................................... 30 Documenting Errors .................................................................................................................. 30 Interpreting Results of the SAPT-R .......................................................................................... 31 Sample SAPT-Report................................................................................................................ 33 Frequently asked questions ........................................................................................................... 37 1. I cannot hear the any sound on this application ................................................................. 37 Support .......................................................................................................................................... 38
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References ..................................................................................................................................... 39

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

Overview
The Sunny Articulation & Phonology Test (SAPT) is an individually administered clinical tool for screening, identification, diagnosis, and follow-up evaluation of articulation skills in English speaking individuals. The SAPT was designed and developed by Barbara Fernandes and published by Smarty Ears Apps, LLC. The SAPT can be used with individuals of all age groups. The SAPT is a unique tool that provides qualitative information for both sounds in words and sounds in sentences. The Sunny Articulation & Phonology Test is compatible with the iPad, iPhone, & iPod touch running iOS 5.1 or above.

Uses The Sunny Articulation Phonology Test can be used to: - Collect information regarding an individual’s articulation skills; - Supplement data of a standardized articulation measure; - Determine the presence of an articulation disorder; - Measure treatment efficacy; - Articulation screening; - Determine intelligibility differences between sounds in words and sounds in sentences

Features a. Ability to enter students’ information and track their progress over time; b. Tests all phonemes in the English language including clusters, vowels, and vocalic /r/; c. Offers four testing options: screening, full assessment, full assessment with vowels, and /r/ screener. d. Ability to record student’s production, review them live and even months after the administration; e. Administrator’s phonetic display of targets can be rotated to work across from client or beside client; f. Ability to e-mail voice recording files; g. E-mail test results immediately after its administration; h. Export test results to the Therapy Report Center for central data storage i. Automatic analyses of phonemes based on: a. Position in the word
Sunny Articulation Phon ology Test Kit 1 Smarty Ears

Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

b. Manner of Articulation c. Voicing features d. Words e. Place of Articulation f. Error Type a. Deletions ( initial, medial, final) b. Substitutions c. Distortions d. Consonant Cluster Reductions e. Fronting f. Backing g. Gliding h. Devoicing g. Vowels a. Tongue advancement b. Tongue height c. Lip Rounding h. Sentences a. Position in word b. Manner of articulation c. Place of articulation j. Optional automatic positive feedback to student throughout administration; i. A sample recording of the targeted word is available when you touch the image; j. Compatible with iPad running iOS 5.1 or later; k. Add notes throughout the assessment

l. Hide written words m. Option between one continuous recording throughout the assessment or multiple recordings.
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Sunny Articulation Phonology Test Kit

Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

Areas assessed by SAPT The SAPT aids in obtaining a complete picture of a client’s overall speech sound abilities by assessing and analyzing errors according to both articulation and phonology. An examinee may have difficulties with the movement of the speech mechanisms to produce a sound (articulation), with the understanding and application of the correct phonological rules or patterns for production (phonology), or a combination of both. In addition to standard consonants, the SAPT allows the professional to examine vowels in words. Recognizing that many clients are able to produce single words correct, yet have a breakdown in the coordination of speech sounds in sentences, SAPT provides a screening for all phonemes in sentences. Finally, with the /r/ screener with vocalic /r/, initial /r/, and /r/ blends, the professional is able to determine exactly which /r/ sound is in error (see image 1.0). An understanding of the specific types of errors made by a child will result in an intervention plan that can more appropriately target the child’s underlying speech deficiency.

image 1.0

Administration Consideration Administration and scoring directions are included in the following portions of the manual.

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

How to use it
Administration Time

Administration time for the screening is between 4 to 8 minutes. Administration of the full assessment is from 9 to 20 minutes. The administration time varies depending on the child’s attention span, the use of sample recordings for target words, the use of the recording feature, and whether or not vowels and sentences are assessed.

Adding Users

In order to administer the Sunny Articulation Phonology Test Kit, the speech-language pathologist must first enter the name and the date of birth of the student being tested. In order to enter a new student click on the “add student” on the main menu (see image 1.1)

image 1.1

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

image 1.2

A pop up screen will allow you to enter the student’s name, date of birth, gender, and mark if English is first language (image 1.2). This information will be displayed on the report. After you enter the requested information, click “Done” to save the information. This process will need to be repeated for every new student.

Administering an assessment The SAPT has four possible assessment options: 1) 2) 3) 4) Screening Full evaluation Full evaluation with 15 vowel targets /r/ screener

The professional must make certain the desired assessment is surrounded by the white square to show that it is selected. image 1.3

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

Phonemic composition information:

The SAPT has the following phonemic target breakdown.
TOTAL NUMBER OF WORDS SCREENER 30 TOTAL NUMBER OF WORDS FULL ASSESSMENT 46

Phonemes

65

Phonemes

103

Initial

26

Initial

40

Medial

21

Medial

27

Final

18

Final

36

Fricative

21

Fricative

30

Plosive

18

Plosive

30

Nasal

8

Nasal

16

Liquids

6

Liquids

14

Glide

4

Glide

1

Affricate

3

Affricate

4

Clusters

5

Clusters

8

Voiced

35

Voiced

56

Voiceless
Sunny Articulation Phonology Test Kit

26

Voiceless

39
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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

TOTAL NUMBER OF WORDS R - SCREENER

42

Phonemes

42

Vocalic
Initial

20

6

Medial

7

Final

7

Prevocalic Blends

10

12

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

Understanding the testing screen

image 1.4

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

Adjusting Settings
Users can access the settings of the SAPT App on the main menu, by clicking the settings button on the upper right side of the screen.

image 1.5

A menu will drop down for your selection where the professional has the following choices: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) Turning transition audio on/off Select Transition type Select voice recording type Select if the written word is shown at the bottom of the screen Insert the evaluator’s name Show the evaluator’s name on the report Include phoneme acquisition timeline on the report

image 1.6
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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

Transition Type Transition sounds refer to the sounds that are played when the user advances to the next image during the assessment. This can be either a tone or a praise audio and can be turned on or off.

Voice Recording Type The SAPT App contains two options for voice recording: Single Audio File: Selecting this option will allow SLPs to record one single voice file throughout the assessment by simply pressing the record/pause button for each desired production. At the end of the assessment, there will be one audio file containing all the recordings. Per Word: Selecting this option will allow the SLP to record several voice files and save each one individually.

Written Cues: It is possible to turn off the written target word below each image by turning the “Display written word” button OFF. image 1.7

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

Documenting errors
Screening Recording errors on the SAPT is very simple. Each transcribed word is composed of phonemes colored in black and in green (see image below).

The black phonemes on each transcribed word are not targeted and therefore are not touch sensitive. The green phonemes are the targeted phonemes in each word and therefore touch sensitive. When the student’s product is not accurate, the speech-language pathologist must tap the phoneme to indicate that the production was not accurate (see image 2.1). The SAPT will respond to this gesture by transforming the tapped phoneme to red (see image 2.1).

image 2.1

image 2.2

If the production is accurate, do not tap any phoneme; just proceed to the next screen.

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

Full Evaluation The full assessment option has the same basic concepts of the “screening” option for recording errors. However, in the full assessment, when a phoneme is selected as an error, a pop up menu displays for the SLP to choose which type of error the client made. Simply select the appropriate option (see images 2.3 and 2.4)

image 2.3

A pop-up menu will display to select the type of error:

image 2.4
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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

When the SLP chooses “substituted” as the error, a window pops up to select the substituted phoneme (see images 2.5 and 2.6)

image 2.5

image 2.6 Simply tap on the button to select the specific phoneme the client used in place of the target phoneme. This information will be saved and interpreted by the SAPT. If the production is accurate, do not tap any phoneme; just proceed to the next screen.
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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

Adding noted during test administration Users are able to enter notes throughout the testing session. Each note will be saved per session. For example: If the student is saying the target word “scissors” and you notice that the student is producing a lateral /s/ you may simply write “lateral /s/” on the note screen. The notes page will display all the notes for that testing session. In addition, the notes will display on the home page with the testing information (see images 2.7 and 2.8).

image 2.7

As you can see here, the notes are readily available with the rest of the testing data.

image 2.8

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

Interpreting Results
The Sunny Articulation Phonology Test presents the results in six different categories: a. Position in the word b. Manner of Articulation c. Voicing features d. Words errors e. Place of articulation f. Error type

Once you finish administration of SAPT, you will find a screen indicating that the assessment has been completed. See image below:

image 3.1

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

Raw Score The raw score is the number of targeted phonemes minus the number of errors.

image 3.2

Intelligibility Rating Many times, how well a client is able to be understood changes dramatically from single word and conversational speech. The SAPT now includes an intelligibility rating for the SLP to estimate at the end of the assessment. There are two types of intelligibility: Single word and Conversational Speech. The home screen test information box provides both kinds of intelligibility at a glance (see images 3.3 and 3.4).

image 3.3

image 3.4

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

Preview Results

In order to access the result information, tap on the box associated with the assessment administered and select “Preview Results” (see image 3.5)

image 3.5

a.

Position in the word

The phonemes are analyzed based on position in the word. The overall accuracy under this tab is organized here.

image 3.6

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

b. Manner of articulation

The manner of articulation tab, analyzes all the manner of articulation in English. The phonemes are also broken down individually which allows for identification of errors that frequently occur to one phoneme or word location within the same manner of articulation.

image 3.7

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

c. Voicing features

Phonemes are analyzed according to their voice under the “voicing” tab.

image 3.7

d. Words

The words tab provides information regarding the words targeted on the assessment as well as the errors produced by the student. The phonemes are color coded to indicate whether a phoneme was produced correctly or not. Black phonemes were not targeted. Green phonemes indicate that the phoneme was targeted and the student produced it correctly. Red phonemes indicate errors. Following the red phonemes is the error type as selected by the SLP. image 3.8

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

e. Place of Articulation

The Sunny Articulation Phonology Test provides automatic analysis of the errors marked by the SLP.

A second Place of Articulation graph is available for errors in sentences in the “sentences” tab and discussed in the “Sentences Subtest” section.

image 3.9

f. Total percentage of error

The total percentage of error is the percentage of phonemes marked as misarticulated.

image 3.10

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

Sharing Results
E-mailing Results Speech-Language Pathologists can e-mail the results of the assessment immediately after the assessment. To email the results information, tap on the “share” button from anywhere on the Results screen (see image 4.1).

Image 4.1

A pop up screen will display with options for reviewing notes, sharing results by e-mail, exporting the results to the Therapy Report Center, or opening in another app of your choice (e.g., dropbox, PDF viewer). Users can e-mail the results to themselves in order to save for their records and keep a backup of the student’s assessment, or to send to the parents. The e-mail is set up as a simple report and can be edited text or a PDF. See a sample report below:

Image 4.2
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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

Reviewing notes

Speech-Language Pathologists can review the notes taken during the assessment by clicking on the “share” button and the review notes button.

Editing notes Speech-Language pathologists can edit notes after the assessment is completed by tapping on the “edit notes” button from the home screen.

Image 4.3

Preview Recordings

If you recorded the voice of the client during the assessment, it is possible to access those recordings by accessing the “Preview recordings” button.

Image 4.3
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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

Printing results

Users must own a printer with air printing capabilities in order to print from the iPad. Click here to learn more about Air Printing from Apple.

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

R – Screener
Administration Time

Administration time for the Sunny Articulation & Phonology Test Kit – R Screener (SAPT-R) is between 5 to 15 minutes. The administration time varies depending on the child ’s attention span, the use of sample recordings for target words, the use of the recording feature, and whether or not vowels and sentences are assessed.

Administration of the SAPT-R

Administration of the SAPT-R is identical to that of the SAPT.

Phonemes Targeted

The SAPT-R has 42 targeted /r/ phonemes. Of these, 12 are r-blends, 10 are prevocalic /r/, 2 are “rl” words, and the remainder are the 6 vocalic /r/ in all positions of words (e.g., “airplane, stairs, and mare” complete the “air” voca lic /r/).

Documenting Errors

Documenting errors on the SAPT-R is done in the same way as the full-assessment. Simply tap the /r/ sound in error. A pop-up window will display where the SLP can determine which type of error occurred. See the images below.

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

This information will be saved, interpreted by the SAPT-R, and available in the report. If the production is accurate, do not tap any phoneme; just proceed to the next screen.

Interpreting Results of the SAPT-R

The SAPT-R presents the results in four different categories: a. Position in the word b. Type of /r/ (e.g., prevocalic, blend, vocalic) c. Words errors d. Error type

Once you finish administration of the SAPT-R, you will find a screen indicating that the assessment has been completed. See image below:

To preview the results, tap on the preview button.

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

Four tabs represent the four areas assessed by the SAPT-R.

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

Sample SAPT-Report A sample SAPT-R report is provided on the following pages.

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

Frequently asked questions
1. I cannot hear the any sound on this application

The iPad has a volume button that allows you to turn the volume of the app up and down and a silent button. Make sure you check both buttons. Both the volume and the silent buttons must be turned up.

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

Support
E-mail: contact@smartyearsapps.com Twitter @smartyears Website: http://www.smartyearsapps.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/smartyears

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Barbara Fernandes M.S; CCC-SLP

References
Bowen, Caroline, (1998). Typical speech development: A gradual acquisition of the speech sound system . Retrieved from http://speech-language- therapy.com/acquisition.html (9-25-2011). Lowe, R.J. (2000) ALPHA (Assessment Link Between Phonology and Articulation Phonology) Revised Test of Phonology. (2000) Mifflinville, PA: ALPHA Speech & Language Resources Shipley, K.G. & McAfee, J.G.,(1998). Assessment in speech-language pathology: A resource manual (2nd edition). San Diego, CA: Singular Publishing Group.Hegde, M.N., (2001).

Pocket Guide to Assessment in Speech-Language Pathology (2nd edition). San Diego, CA: Singular Publishing Group.

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