Axia College Material

Appendix B Ethical Theories Chart
Complete the chart below using information from the weekly readings and additional research if necessary. Include APA formatted in-text citations when applicable and list all references at the bottom of the page.

Ethical Theory

Utilitarianism

Deontological

Virtue ethics

The doctrine that actions are right if they are useful or for the benefit of a majority
Definition

is an approach to ethics that judges the morality of an action based on the action's adherence to a rule or rules. Deontologists look at rules[1] and duties.

describes the character of a moral agent as a driving force for ethical behaviour, rather than rules or which derives rightness or wrongness from the outcome of the act itself rather than character. The difference between these three approaches to morality tends to lie more in the way moral dilemmas are approached than in the moral conclusions reached
Plato / Aristotle

C. D. Broad's
Ethical thinker associated with theory

Jeremy bentham, Xavier Weisenreder and John Stuart Mill. The idea that the rightness of the actions are solely determined by the consequences that follow that action

Decision-making process Is the idea that the moral worth of an action is based on how

This is the thought that the intentions behind the actions

XMGT 216

org/wiki/Deontological http://en.wikipedia.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utilitarianism http://en.wikipedia.the majority will be affected determine weather the action was correct or not Workplace example The termination of 1 or 2 higher paid employees to keep more people employed When you make a decision at work with the best intention however the results are a negative no matter what the intentions of thoughts behind the actions it was wrong when trying to help someone out with their work so that they could go home early but at the end of the day just causing more work to do and ends up making the person stay late but this was an ok action because the moral intentions were good natured Reference: http://en.org/wiki/Virtue_ethics XMGT 216 .

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