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Grade: 3 Unit 1: Matter and Energy Science Homework Student Number:

Name: _____________________________ Room: _____ Date: __________________ Grade: 3 Unit 1: Matter and Energy Science Homework ______________________________________________________________________ Homework packet link: Investigation 1 Part 1: Energy Sources 1. Which one of the following are examples of stored energy? (Mark all the correct answers.) _____ battery _____ light bulb _____ gasoline _____ food _____ wire

2. What two types of energy do we get from the Sun? ____________________ and ____________________ 3. What is fuel? (Circle the one best answer.) a. Energy from the Sun b. Heat c. Stored energy 4. What is fuel used for? Fuel is ________________ to make things happen. 5. What is the source of most Earths energy? (Circle the correct answer.) a. The Sun b. The moon c. Water

6. Draw a line from each living things or object in the left column to the source of the energy it uses in the right column. 1

Grade: 3 Unit 1: Matter and Energy Science Homework

Investigation 1 Part 2: Converting Energy 7. What forms of energy are food and fossil fuels converted into? a. Food is converted into __________________ and motion energy by organisms. b. Fuels are converted into _____________________, ____________________, and motion energy when they burn. 8. Oil, coal, and natural gas are called ___________________ fuels. 9. The burning gas heats water to make steam. The steam turns _________________ to make electricity in your home and school. 2

Grade: 3 Unit 1: Matter and Energy Science Homework 10. Coal, wood, gasoline, paper, and natural gas are all different sources of ______________ energy. 11. Where do animals get energy to grow and keep warm? (Circle the one best answer.) a. Food b. Heat c. Water d. Rest e. Electricity 12. What do people use energy for? (Mark all the correct answers.) _____ to ride a bike _____ to read a book _____ to heat a house _____ to power a car _____ to build a birdhouse 13. Stored energy in batteries can be converted to what other forms of energy? a. Heat b. ________________________ c. ________________________ d. ________________________ 14. Park has a flashlight that wont light up, and he thought the light bulb didnt have any energy stored in it. His sister, Li Mei, told him that the flashlight isnt where the energy is stored. a. Where is the stored energy in a flashlight? ______________________________ b. What is the energy converted to? ______________________________________ 15. Show the energy conversions. Use arrows to connect Each Energy Action with the Stored-Energy Source that causes it. Each energy source may cause more than one action. Stored-Energy Source Energy Action 3

Grade: 3 Unit 1: Matter and Energy Science Homework

Sun Candle Gasoline Battery Apple Wood

Light Muscle Movement Heat Electricity Chemicals Motion

Investigation 1 Part 3: Energy on the Move 16. Energy transferred from the tone generator to the rice. a. How was the energy transferred to the rice? ____________ ____________ transferred the energy through the air. b. What evidence do you have to know that energy was transferred? The rice _____________________. 17. How is energy carried from one place to another? (Mark all the correct answers.) _____ electric current _____ chemical energy _____ fuel _____ waves _____ moving objects Investigation 2 Part 1: Reflected Light 18. If a mirror is placed on the line next to the picture of the snail below, which of the following would show the image of the snail in the mirror? (Circle the one best answer.)

Grade: 3 Unit 1: Matter and Energy Science Homework

19. Aiyana set four mirrors around a barrier as shown below, but she found she could not see the object on the other side.

20. What types of surfaces reflect light best? ___________________________________________________________________

21. How does reflected light allow us to see an object? (Circle the one best answer.) a. Light reflects from our eyes onto an object. b. Light reflects off an object and into our eyes. 5

Grade: 3 Unit 1: Matter and Energy Science Homework c. Light reflects off the Sun to our eyes. 22. Olivia wrote in her science notebook, A mirror reflects light. But I do not make light. So how can I see myself in a mirror? Explain to Olivia how a mirror works. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 23. Draw the position of mirrors under each challenge. Draw lines to show how light reflects off the mirrors to solve the challenge: Example: Place mirrors to make light shine to the left.

a. Place mirrors to make light shine on the side of the flashlight.

b. Place mirrors to make light shine in two different directions.

c. Place mirrors to make light shine on an object behind the flashlight.

Investigation 2 Part 2: Colored Light 24. A shadow is a _________________________ where an object has ________________________. 25. What do you need to have a shadow? 6

Grade: 3 Unit 1: Matter and Energy Science Homework ______________________________ and ______________________________ 26. Which of the following are sources of light (they create their own light)? (Mark all the correct answers.) _____ the Sun _____ a burning match _____ a mirror _____ the Moon _____ your eyes _____ stars 27. Which of the following objects would appear black in a room lit with only red light? (Circle the one correct answer.) a. A white block b. A blue chair c. A red ball 28. What happens to objects when you look at them with a colored light? The color of the objects ________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 29. What direction do shadows always point? (Circle the one best answer.) a. Toward the Sun b. Away from the Sun c. To the left Investigation 3 Part 1: Fact of the Matter 30. Look at the list of matter below. Put an S in front of each solid, an L in front of each liquid, and a G in front of each gas. _____ rock _____ air _____ plastic cup _____ juice _____ shirt _____ oil _____ sand _____ helium inside a balloon _____ gasoline

31. What are the characteristics of the following types of matter? a. Solid ___________________________________________________________________ b. Liquid 7

Grade: 3 Unit 1: Matter and Energy Science Homework ___________________________________________________________________ c. Gas ___________________________________________________________________ 32. John and Tony go to the circus. They see a lion, a giraffe, and an elephant. John, Tony and the animals are matter because they ____________________. a. take up space b. are breathing c. are at the circus 33. John buys Tony balloons to take home from the circus. Which state of matter is the helium inside the balloon? a. gas b. solid c. liquid Investigation 3 Part 2: Weighty Matters 34. Why is it important to use a standard unit when making measurements? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 35. What is the best unit to be used when recording the mass of a bicycle? (Circle the one best answer.) a. kilogram b. gram c. liter

36. Orenda and Akia each used marbles to weigh the same apple. Both used the correct procedure. Their results are shown below.

Grade: 3 Unit 1: Matter and Energy Science Homework Orenda Akia 33 marbles 60 marbles a. Since they weighed the same apple, why do you think they got different results? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ b. What could they do to make their results more useful for other students? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 37. Look at the picture below.

a. Which of the following could be the mass of the ball? (Circle the one best answer.) A. B. 20 grams 30 grams

C. 40 grams b. Why do you think that is the mass of the ball? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ Investigation 3 Part 3: A Matter of Volume 38. What is the volume of water in the graduated cylinder shown at right? (Each increment equals 1 mL)

Grade: 3 Unit 1: Matter and Energy Science Homework

39. A graduated cylinder is used for measuring (Circle the one best answer.) a. Mass. b. Volume. c. Temperature. Investigation 4 Part 1: Measuring Temperature 40. What is the temperature shown in the thermometer?

41. What measuring tool should be used to measure the temperature of a cup of water? (Circle the one best answer.) a. thermometer b. balance c. graduated cylinder 42. What units are used in the metric system for reporting temperature? a. milliliters b. degrees Celsius c. centimeters

Investigation 4 Part 2: Melting and Evaporation 43. Emmet tried to melt a sugar cube in a cup set in hot water. After 5 minutes the sugar did not melt. He said, Sugar wont melt. What could Emmet do to try to melt the sugar? (Circle the one best answer.) a. Leave the cup wit the sugar in the hot water longer. 10

Grade: 3 Unit 1: Matter and Energy Science Homework b. Use less sugar in the cup. c. Add more heat by putting the sugar over a flame. 44. What happens to the atoms in a liquid when it is heated? (Circle the one best answer.) a. The atoms move slower. b. The atoms move the same speed. c. The atoms move faster. 45. In ancient times, scholars thought all matter was made of only four elements. What are the four ancient elements? (Mark the four correct answers.) _____ oxygen _____ water _____ fire _____ atoms _____ earth _____ air 46. What is the smallest particle that makes up elements? (Circle the one best answer.) a. Matter b. Air c. Atom 47. Different types of atoms, such as gold, oxygen, and hydrogen, are called (Circle the one best answer.) a. elements. b. earth. c. air. 48. Alanna was heating some water for tea in a teapot on the stove. She left to answer the telephone and forgot about the water in the teapot. When she came back, the teapot was empty. a. What happened to the water in the teapot? The water in the teapot ___________________________. b. Why did this happen? ____________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ Investigation 4 Part 3: Reactions 49. Read your Science Resources book from pages 65 through 71 and answer the following question: Why did Carlos reaction cup has less mass after the fizzing stopped? ___________________________________________________________ 11 _____ hydrogen

Grade: 3 Unit 1: Matter and Energy Science Homework ___________________________________________________________________ 50. When you pour vinegar into baking soda, it bubbles. a. What gas is inside of the bubbles? _________________________________ b. Where did the gas come from? ___________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 51. What happens to the mass when vinegar and baking soda are mixed together in an open cup? ______________________________________________________________ Why do you think that happens? ______________________________________________________________