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WAft lEPIITIEIT BASIC FIELD MAKIIAL

»• EMERICK, JR.

CONVENTIONAL SIGNS,
MILITARY SYMBOLS,
AND ABBREVIATIONS
WAR DEPARTMENT + OCTOBER 1943

WAR DEPARTMENT BASIC FIELD MANUAL

FM 21-30
ARDEN W. EMERICK, JR.

CONVENTIONAL SIGNS,
MILITARY SYMBOLS,
AND ABBREVIATIONS

This manual supersedes FM 21-30, 26 November 1941,
including C 1, 9 May 1942, and C 2, 27 July 1942.

WAR

DEPARTMENT

OCTOBER

1943

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1943
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office
Wathington, D. C. - Price S cents
2OOSS4

WAR DEPARTMENT,
WASHINGTON 25, D. C., 15 October 1943.

FM 21-30, Conventional Signs, Military Symbols, and
Abbreviations, is published for the information and guidance
of all concerned.
[A. Q. 300.7 (21 May 43).]
By ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

G. C. MARSHALL,
Chief of Staff.
OFFICIAL:
J. A. ULIO,
Major General,
The Adjutant General.
DISTRIBUTION:
B and H (5); R (10); Bn (5), 1 (10); C (10).
(For explanation of symbols see FM 21-6.)

II

.. 10 21 CHAPTER 6........................... and monuments.......... 8.. 12-20 30 PART II... obstructions....... General. Paragraphs Page CHAPTER 1.. 28—30 78 APPENDIX...... Aeronautical chart symbols.... g \2 CHAPTER 4.. Aids to navigation ... .. 7.. 14. General mapping abbreviations........... Marginal data for maps.... ................TABLE OF CONTENTS PART I.. List of military abbreviations.. 94 INDEX... Primary topographic symbols................ photomaps....... 10. Drainage................ 5................. Military abbreviations.. 3... Abbreviations used with hydrographic symbols.................. Relief. wire communication ....... Buildings. 6. 2...... marks........... Military units—size ...... Illustrations of military symbols........ Roads......................... Military mapping symbols......................... .. Military units............ Miscellaneous........................... 95 LIST OF CHARTS Chart 1..... Hydrography... dangers............. n 28 II............ 9.... Military units—identification... River works.. 23-25 39 CHAPTER 9. Topographic abbreviations..... Works of man.... ... and aerial photographs.. 4................................... Boundaries......... 11..... SECTION I............ 12..... .......... Aeronautical chart symbols. 26-27 62 PART III......... 13.............. III 3 4 7 9 12 15 17 21 23 25 26 27 36 38 . General Mapping............... 7 4 CHAPTER 3................. CHAPTER 10......................... railroads......... 1-5 ] CHAPTER 2....... 21-22 36 CHAPTER 8. CHAPTER 7....... Hydrography............ Land classification ... urban areas... Military activities.... 9 17 CHAPTER 5........................... List of references..................

Special buildings............................ Examples—Quartermaster Corps..... 30............................ Examples—Tank Destroyer.... 16............... Antiaircraft artillery activities............ Examples—Armored ............LIST OF CHARTS—Continued 15.. 19. 29........................ 36.. Obstacles ................... Examples—Chemical Warfare Service ............ 23.. 34...... traffic...... 24. Examples—Cavalry ..... 33........ Signal facilities.... Boundaries and delimited areas....... 40............ IV Weapons.. Examples—Antiaircraft Artillery........................................... posts......... Examples—Army Air Forces..... transportation..... 31....... Examples—Infantry....... 18.................................... 32.............. 22........................................................... 26...... 28... Examples—Corps of Engineers .................... 17... 21....... 39................ Examples—Ordnance Department........ ..... 38...... Air activities......... Supply. 20...................... 27.. Examples—Medical Department...... Engineer symbols........... Field and permanent fortifications..... Examples—Signal Corps........... Examples—Transportation Corps. 37.. Examples—Coast Artillery Corps........................ and centers.. Page 39 43 44 46 50 50 52 55 56 57 60 64 65 66 67 68 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 .... Chemical warfare activities................... 25...... 35... Examples—Field Artillery....

XX Division Artillery 2d Armored Division__ Division Artillery 4th Cavalry Division-. Corps Artillery III Corps. [A.—Examples— Field Artillery (page 70). WASHINGTON 25. 21 April 1944. October 1943 is changed as follows: 27. FM 21-30. C. ***** The following are added to Chart 33. 300.] 679701°—44—AGO 272 . G..7 (24 Mar 44). 1 J WAR DEPARTMENT. and abbreviations CHANGES! No.EM 21-30 C 1 BASIC FIELD MANUAL Conventional signs.. military symbols. APPLICATION OF SPECIAL SYMBOLS. D.

FM 21-30 0 1 BASIC FIELD MANUAL BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR: G. ULIO. Chief of Staff. C (10). UTC (800). Bn (5) except Bn 1 (10). 2 U. S. RTG (800). MARSHALL. DISTRIBUTION : As prescribed in paragraph 9a. The Adjutant General. FM 21-6: B and H (5). Major General. A. For explanation of symbols. G. R (10). GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1944 AGO 272 . see FM 21-6. OFFICIAL : J.

FM 21-30 C2 BASIC FIELD MANUAL CONVENTIONAL SIGNS. page 26. page 25. change "91 Fi" to "51 Ftr. C.. page 3. change "Fi" to "Ftr. Symbols for mine field areas. road blocks. (See chart 21. page 44: Fifteenth symbol. World Polyconic. and British Grids will be found in FM 21-26. 24. ninth symbol: Hospital __________________________ tottmortfp' Chart 11.) The only exceptions are the following: ***** Chart 15. State. No pipe lines are shown on topographical maps of any scale. S.—Information on grids. demolitions. page 42. tenth symbol: Self-propelled antiaircraft artillery__I/N] (SP:> Chart 17. Chart 13. 2 FM 21-30. fourth symbol. MILITARY SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS WAR DEPARTMENT CHANGES \ J WASHINGTON 25. p. AGO 169D—Feb. 622704°—45- . When colors are * * * shown in red. 15 February 1945 No. and other engineer obstacle activities. COLOR. U." Chart 16'. page 43.—Scales larger than * * * smaller." Delete twenty-second symbol. page 37: Add the following between third and fourth symbols: Coast Artillery___________ Delete note 1. change note to read as follows: NOTE. D. change note to read as follows: NOTE. are executed in green. 15 October 1943. 53. is changed as follows: Chart 1. omit wells and tanks. Domes tic. Chart 10.

21-30 C 2 Chart 17.l.___________ Harbor entrance control post. Battery B. 105-mm howit zer (100 by 200 yards). Maj»azine___Casemated battery________: Turreted battery___-_____ Shielded battery________ Mine casemate. concentration number in ( 101 symbol)________ — _—__—-_Add the following chart: Harbor defense boundary____. ©> Plot of ship's course: Target No. Battery B.6a > Cltart J-H. change "Blue" to "Green._ Loops _____________. page 45: Fourth symbol. Sono-buoys ___________ •• Heralds _________________„__.—Coast Artillery Corps activities. 105-mm howitzer (100 by 200 yards). * AGO 169D ._ ^ Plotting room." Twelfth and thirteenth symbols are changed to read as follows: Normal barrage. Add the following symbol: Artillery concentration (200 yards in diameter. 1 battleship___. —Q. Emergency barrage.

and suitable for moderate two-way traffic. first symbol : Submarine mines. page 54. * * b. (1) Traffic lanes. General characteristics of roads and bridges. 2 — Two-lane roadway having occasional onelane -defiles.PM 21-30 c a 25. 1. (This symbol indicates one 13-mine group. for each group. page 52 : First symbol. ***** Chart 21. ROAD AND BRIDGE CLASSIFICATION. As it appears * * * the mine group. "To be reproduced in green (in black if green is not available)." Symbols 14 to 19 are changed to the following : Single string of antitank mines __ -o-oooBooby-trapped antitank mine __ ^K V Double antitank mine _ _ __ __ . 2. * * * symbols and abbreviations. On topo graphic maps. controlled. Double booby-trapped antitank mine____ ___ ____ __ _ _______ Antipersonnel mine _________ Trip wire _________ ____ __ T Chart 21. delete the note.) AGO 169D 3 . * * * for light two-way traffic. change "Blue" to "Green. etc. * * * . 3." Chart 21. page 53. and a separate symbol is used .

'." Fourth symbol. page 68:. page 67: ' Third symbol. fifth and sixth symbols." add the following symbol: Pumping station. page 66: Second symbol. Avn." > Chart 30. change "Pcht" to "Prcht. Mechanized Cavalry Group" to "Proposed Park. Mechanized." Third symbol. change "18 Fi" to "18 Ftr. page 58: Under "Petroleum supply. ————__ A[/\JK>S(SP) -Chart 28." 4 AGO 169D . APPLICATION OF SPECIAL SYMBOLS.____________—^4-: 27. 105th Antiaircraft Artil lery Automatic Weapons Battalion (self-propelled) ———. Chart 29. The follow ing examples * * * the desired information." add the fol lowing symbol: Culvert______." ' Chart 26. change "1 Wpn" to "1 Wpns. last symbol: Battery A." Last symbol. change "66 Serv" to "66 Sv. because of frequent changes in Tables of Organization they'do not always represent actual units. The following diagram * * * are built up: Chart 26. page 63. page 64. First symbol. change "Park. The examples shown illustrate some of the possible com binations. Cavalry Group.-___________ =Q3=!= Under "Traffic and traffic control. change "Wpn'' to "Wpns.FM C 2 Chart 24." Seventh symbol. change "IV Fi" to "IV Ftr. change "1 Serv Avn" to "1 Sv .

_„___." Twelfth symbol. 1st Field Artillery Battalion. 57th Coast Artillery Battalion (155-mm gun) _„__.. delete entire chart and substitute the following : HD Command Post. __ _. Harbor Defense __ _ _ . page 68." Twelfth symbol. •Command Post." Sixth symbol. change "502 Pcht" to "502 Prcht._ 912th Coast Artillery Battalion (Railway)." AQO169D 5 . page 69 : Fourth symbol. Chart 31. Harbor Defense. —Examples— Coast Artillery Corps. HD-__-—_—__. Chart 31." Last symbol. Harbor Defense _ _ ____ .PM 21-30 C 2 Third symbol.____. change "126 Mtn" to "126 Mt. Observation Post._." Chart 34.. Battery A._. page 70 : Fifth symbol. Antimotor Torpedo Boat Battalion __ i _______: ____________ Searchlight Batteiy.._.._„___." Chart 33. 104th Coast Artillery Battalion. change "125 Pcht" to "125 Prcht. change designation to "Forward Observer Post. Chart 32. change "Serv" to "Sv. change "Pcht" to "Prcht. change to read: Company B.__ 98th Coast Artillery Group. page 71 : Eighth symbol. change "Wpn A" to "Wpns A. delete entire line and symbol. 2d Chemical Mortar 6 Battalion-________________ Fourth symbol.

delete entire line and symbol. page 74.__________ A Med Lab Army medical service ___ _______ A Med Sv C AGO 169D ." Chart 37. last symbol. third and eighth symbols. *****." 30. page 73: Third and eighth symbols." Tenth symbol. Antisub Comd antitank __ _________________ AT apperidix_________________________ App ***** armor-piercing-___________________ AP Army Engineer Service. change unit designation to "1st Ordnance Company (Medium Maintenance). change "Serv" to ' "Sv.. change' • ' "Tt" to "TT. antiaircraft operations officer__ AAOO antiaircraft operations room___ AAOR v antimechanized ______________ AMecz ***** Antisubmarine Command. page 7o.FM 21-30 C 2 Chart 36. _______________________ Abn * * * * * antiaircraft balloon____________ AA/B . LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND ITS USES. Chart 38. _ _______. List A * * * * * air base__________________________ AB Airborne.___________ A Engr Sv Army headquarters________________ AHQ Army medical laboratory.

AGO 169U Excl Ex 7 .FM 21-30 C 2 Army Postal Service_______________ APS ***** automatic.______________________ Auto automatic weapons.._.______________ Delv ****** E echelon.____________ Elec ***** exclusive __ executive._________________________ Colm combat (car) (zone)_______________ C (Car) (Z) ***** commercial-____________________ Com! communication._______________ Auto Wpns aviation gasoline-__-__-_________^_ Agas ***** C ***** collecting (company) (point) (station)________________.___________________ D/R defense_________________________ Def delivered or delivery.____________________ Ech electrical or electrician.__________________ Com * * * * * D dead reckoning.________ Coll (Co) (Pt) (Sta) column.

_______________ * * * final protective line.GSS general service____.._________________ forward_________________________ forward interpretation unit_______ forward observer_____.general service schools-.-._________.-___-__---_ "G * * * Fid F Lab * F Tr Ftr FCA * FPL FDC 1st Lt * FR Fwd FIU Fwd Obsr * Fr * • * * * * * .__________________ * * * field train______._______________ first )ieutenant_________._i_____-___-_-.Gen Sv general support----__-________-_-_ G/S ***** ground control interception_______ GCI group____.------__ field laboratory.__-___ Gp groupment._____________ fire-direction center._ * ._________________ fighter______-_:__________________ fighter control area.-____________________ Gpmt ***** AGO 169D .___-_____---._-------------_--_.. * * from__j____-_--.-___-_---_ * * * flash ranging..___--____...FM SI-30 C 2 • F fte!d.

______________________ Msgr meteorologist.________ Hosp howitzer_ _._ __________________ Mtgst military attach6_________ __________ Mil Att or MA ***** Mobilization Training Program. ____ MTP AGO 169D 9 . __ _ _ _ HTO holding and reconsignment point. _______________________ Machst ***** material. ________ HCO ***** hospital _ __---__-_-____. _______ HMG heavy bombardment_____ __________ HB heavy weapons company. H&S (Btry) (Co) (company) (troop) (Tr) or Hq & Sv (Btry) (Co) (Tr) heavy machine gun________.FM 21-30 C 2 H headquarters. ___ HRP horizontal control operator.. ________________________ Hwy highway transportation officer. __________ Hv Wpns Co highway. _______________________ Mech mechanized. _ __-__-_____---_______ How M machine gun_ __________________ MG machinist. ____________________ Hq headquarters and service (battery)-..___-_____-_---_______ Mecz medium (tank)___________________ M (Tk) messenger. _ _______________________ Mat mechanic.

* prisoner. _____ P & D Sec * * * *._________________________ Pris proving ground___________________ PrGr pursuit___ _____________________ Pur 10 AGO 169IJ .£M 21-30 C 2 mortar___________________ ___ ___ motorcyclist^___________________ motor gasoline__-___-________-____• motorized_ ____________________ Motor oil________________________ motor transport_________________ mo tor-tricycle ____________________ mountain.________________________ mbve____________________________ * * * Mort Mtrclt Mgas Mtz Moil MT Mtricl Mt Mv * 0 objective^_______________________ Obj observation post__________________ OP observer.________________________ Obsr officer in charge_-_________________ o/c * * * • * *• * P pack__________ _______________ Pk parachutist____ _________________ Prchst park________________________-____ Prk ***-** patrol boat_______________________ PAT Bt personnel.__________________________ Pgn pilot_______ __________________ Pit pioneer and demolition section. ____________________ Pers photograph or photographic________ Photo pigeon.

__-'--__-________..--_-____-__..-______-_ Ret ***** S Delete: sales Commissary (Battalion) Sales Comm (Bn) (Company) (Co) ***** sentenced. Sqd squadron._. ._ _________--.___'.._. SOP ***** Delete: supply point...___-_..___________. RDP * * * * * Delete: retired----_____..._.._-__..Tk AGO 1691) 11 .FM 21-30 C 2 R ***** Delete: ration distributing point. Sq staff.-_'__----.._______ shpmt shipping ticket.-.. . _ _.___-----___-__----_ ST ***** special troops __-_-____-_____._--________..-._ Tac tank--.._________.._.. .._____._________^____________ Sentd service.. Stf staging area (company).. _ _ _ _ _ SP Delete: support lino--------------.__.____________________________ Sv shipment. -._._.._.._ _ Sp Trs squad ____.. ..-._._ St Ar (Co) standing operating procedure __.....SL T tactical..__.

felephone________________________ {^teletypewriter.___ training circular..HE 21-30 c a TankDestroyer___--_--__-____-_-* * * IJDelete: telegram._________________ telegraph_________-_-______--telegraph printer________________ .____.-—__—— Wg ________________________ Wkr 12 AGO169D .___. :.: W Tk (Bn) (Tn) Wpns Carr Wpns (Tr) (Plat) Wea Wldr WP Wn -----------._.-___-_-_____________---_ Veh vertical control operator^ __________ VCO * * =1= * * * ' * * W * * * water tank (battalion) (train)_______ weapons carrier-_ __-_-_-__-_____ Weapons (troop) (platoon)______ weather____-_______„___________ welder__________________^______ white phosphorus_________________ winch________________________ * ._________________ *' * * TD * Telg Tg Tgp Tp ^ TT TTC THQ '* TCS Tlr Tn Comdr TC * V .------------------------train commander. teletype____________ teletypewriter center_____________ theater headquarters______________ : # * * traffic control station__________„___ ?tt%iler. vehicle.

. C.--.--.FM 6-130 Medical Department.._ FM 17-10 ***** Delete: Soldier's Handbook.._-. A.__---._____-__-__......__-.FM 21-30 C 2 APPENDIX LIST OF REFERENCES Mapping and Charting _...7 (11 Jau 45)] BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR : OFFICIAL: G. Reference Data-.-. Tactics and Technique.. AR 300-15 * * # * * Delete: Coast Artillery.. MARSHALL J... Reference Data--------.FM 5-30 ***** Delete: Field Artillery.__-_......__ FM-21-100 * * * * ' * [AG 300._-_-_'--__ FM 8-55 Signal Corps... FM 4-155 ***** Delete: Obstacle Technique-------... ULIO Chief of Staff Major General The Adjutant General AGO 169D 13 .---------------.._ TM 11-462 Delete: Armored Force Field Manual.._..__._. Reference Data. Reference Data..

UTC (800) . Arm & Sv Bd (2). . see FM 21-6. FA Sch (5000) . Comd & Gen Staff Sch (2000). CHQ (10) .000). PC&S (1). AAF Repl C (800). SBn (10). ETC (800) . Bn (5). Def Comd (5) . C (10) . W (5) . S (10) For explanation of symbols. T of Opns (5). J-^ AGO 169D U. Inf Sch (10. G (10) . A (10) . AGF (10).S. Engr Sch (5000). B (5). AF (&) . GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1945 . Tech Sv (2) except C of Engrs (500).FM 21-30 C 2 DISTRIBUTION : AAF (10) . R (10). USMA (800) . TT(5). ASF (2) .SvC (10) . ROTC (1) . Gen & Sp Sv Sch (800) except TD Sch (50). HD (5).

GENERAL. and sketches from aerial photographic interpretation information. 28 February 1945 FM 21-30. MILITARY SYMBOLS. These symbols are used in the annotation of aerial photographs and the prepa ration of overlays. . SIZE OF SYMBOLS. improvised symbols may be used provided they are explained in the legend and do not conflict with authorized symbols. C. The symbols listed in this chapter are pre scribed for use in photographic interpretations. 15 October 1943. The size of photo interpretation symbols shall be consistent with the scale of the finished material. 33. 3 I WAR DEPARTMENT Washington 25. terrain models. supplementary notations should be added. reports. When symbols listed herein or combinations thereof do not give complete information. AND ABBREVIATIONS CHANGES! No.BASIC FIELD MANUAL CONVENTIONAL SIGNS. D. They have been approved for joint use of the Army and Navy. ADDITIONAL SYMBOLS. In special cases where no symbols can be found that apply. 32. is changed as follows: Part IV (Added) Photo Interpretation Symbols Chapter 11 List of Photo Interpretation Symbols 31.

... ltd]* In some instances..... with number of guns (numeral on right side of ap propriate gun symbol ^ indicates number of ™* pieces in battery ) ... Location of weapon and emplacement symbols.. 0 M [ft Where possible. a. b.. Emplaced weapons —See graph 32.. •. (*) or emplacement..34........... Annotation colors. DIRECTIONS FOR ANNOTATION. BROWN Hydrography..... -^ Where the scale of a photograph is such that one symbol is used to denote a battery position containing several weapons...... Weapon or emplacement.. WEAPONS........ Combinations o'f symbols are en couraged in order to keep writ ten annota tions to a minimum... (7) 35... Caliber (numeral on left side of appropriate gun sym bol indicates caliber ^L of piece in millime<ai9 ters) . RED d...... destroyed... BLUE Defenses... the density of defenses will necessitate a "pointer" line being drawn from the sym bol to the exact loca tion of the indicated weapon .. The "gun" axis of weapon and emplacement symbols indicates their direction of fire and shall be I ~~* considered as the < top of the symbol..... para ^o^-i/o O £9 ...... the appropriate "MATERIAL IN DEX" will be added beneath the symbol.... the symool will encompass the en tire area concerned and will have a numerical indica 1j*jh tion of the number of weapons involved.. ... Material index.. Unidentified ...... Certain symbols designate areas rather than pin points—in which case they indicate the boundaries concerned.. If the type of material utilized in the construction of an emplace ment or obstacle can be determined... . General.'.£?"« Topography . BLACK Plant growth.. Cultural ..... a. Battery. C — CONCRETE M — MASONRY S — STEEL I — LOG W — WOOD E — EARTH c... .. the center of the base of the symbol is the exact location of the indicated weapon.. .

f*j * A C3... Light (less than 50Self-Drooelled fheaw) .2-40- * ^ ^ e Machine gun (6. Field artillery..) . Howitzer.. b. Tower .... dummy.. Automatic (13.. superheavy 175-mm.... Howitzer..) ... ...... o * A Medium (105-175- f.tv ^ >Rk * £ A ^^ A * -d* .) ...5—7....... heavy (over 175-mm.. Medium (105-175Light (less than 105- Ship . (120-175-mm.. * Self-propelled (heavy) . r Heavy (over 175-mm.... light (less c.. Howitzer..d.. Coast defense.. Howitzer.... Heavy (over 175-mm..) .) .. Weapon...... doubtful . .. medium (120-175-mm.) . >4 Light (less than 105Howitzer... Medium (50-75-mm. Antiaircraft.7- 6 * Self-propelled (heavy) ....). A ^ Heavy (over 7 5 -mm. Railway artillery. Railway gun on turn table.).. light (less e... Antitank....... Superheavy (over 240- Weapon..

Fire control center.... . field of fire.. . /WVVNA j A JUUUUU J~lJT-TLTl . *\» Mortar (annotate size) .. [ I] Mortar. Machine gun. /\ Observation post. . ' —i a- i * Casemate or blockhouse... A Fire control.. 240-mm. 6 P Pillbox (axis of gun indicates direction of fire. animal drawn. heavy. Infantry weapons. multi ple (annotate size) .. 1 Trench. . covered . radar. . ... Trench. K... .. ... Vehicles. Show size of gun if known. . EMPLACEMENTS.... single (annotate size) .... -—» Machine gun. light... A Fire control... visual .. . »• P covered concrete "-»—' emplacements .. the appropriate "MATERIAL INDEX" will be added beneath the sym SL Personnel shelter... communica- Example—4-gun. . heavy coast Trench (with firing bays) . . unoccup- Emplacement. Vehicle. K 36. ...... . If the type of material utilizec in the construction of the empli ment can be determined... ) . -e- Foxhole (if in quantity.. above Personnel shelter. below Emplacement. *-»—* Machine gun.g. ... outline area and an notate: Foxholes) . barrage (anno- r Rocket projector. . .. fire. . 1 Rocket projector.

...... Wire. between precisely located points) . Antitank ditch. Wire. the appropri ate "MATERIAL INDEX" will be added beneath the symbol. broad area (base of symbol indicates location of first strand..... is indicated by numerals) . etc. Wire.. Barrage balloon. .. Wire. . Mined area. or rails (plotted by posi tion) . or hedgehog. .. . r-.... xxxxxxx Tetrahedron. underwater. Stakes (plot posi tion) ... ... .// Antitank barrier . total. movable. Obstacles. Tetrahedron. land. large fixed Tetrahedron.. single.. Stakes.. K/fc Mined area... fixed... single-fence. . ramp..... Mine field gap... land. mov able (in multiple rows.. . .. fixed . double . Obstacle.. show by line) .. . piles. Obstacles. OISTACLES. ramp or hedgehog.. water ........ . concertina. Wire. .... ... b.. ramp........... Obstacles...Weapons pit (in fantry) .Demolition charge... in feet. Tetrahedron... partial .. .. fixed (in line — numeral indi cates number of tetrahedra.. demo lition. double-fence MM MM MM Mines. Depth of zone. or hedgehog. Road block.. 37. If the type of material utilized in the construction of the obstacle1 can be determined.... Road block.... ramp or hedgehog. Obstacles. . movable .. Road block. • •"••".. a. .......... concertina... .. Antitank ditch..

.. in dicate type where possible. L .... MILITARY AREAS.Stores.. Park. and show numerically the number of ve hicles) .. engineer equipment (out line area and indi cate type where possible) . TERRAIN FEATURES..—-_—. Chemical ... Retaining wall.... .... When used with wire or mines. Engineer ....... use proper symbols. use "MATERIAL INDEX" where known... area (area of stores to be in cluded in a solid ring) .......... ' Military occupation. Coal...... a... J Park... ordnance (outline area.. in dicate type where possible..... Command post. Park. Ammunition 38... .>... Barracks area... I lAMACB I Buried Bivouac area .. Blast wall (line conforms to shape of installation' protected) .. armored (outline area. and show numerically the number of ve hicles) ... and show numerically the _«....... Installations (cultural)...". .... a 39. Command post area...... Loose. motor (outline area.... indicate type where pos sible. Park. — .. number of veI *"* I hides) . New construction.

. indicate width in feet and constructional material by "MA TERIAL INDEX" ... out. Bridge.. gasometer . ----. Tank.. revetted .. Bridge.. === Road. Pipeline.. . ^ymimiii Building.. Railroad... . Road. primary (show number of lanes in figures.. Excavation. Minimum width of 1 lane is 8 ..Building.. dug-in ... ..... 47 through 49.. under construction Path or trail. water...........= Building....- Cable ... .. feet). ... electrified.. _ _ "*«•_ . Bridge. . Minimum width of 1 lane is 8 feet).... ... fuel .... Pipe line..... b... doubletrack .. buried.. . .. ponton.... W Cable..... Pipe line.... I I I I I I I Tank... see para graphs 25a.... surface.. overhead. =*»*= _ ...... . For engineer classification of roads and bridges. ELECntmiD I I I I II I Railroad.. .. ... Cemetery ... and c. Hospital. narrow gauge ... .. . Building....... pp. secondary (show number of lanes in figures. Tank.... . Railroad....... Church. Building... buried ...... . . singletrack......... Railroad. buried.

......."'in'""' __ ... '^ W I?A1 Slope ....^ _ _ _ _ .... bed.. Drainage ditch ... Cliff..... •^^^ ^~^....iiiiiin.. . Wflflfto ) ' Well • fALU HAfos""""^"" ° *•" y&fftiBr Tidal flats . 3^ b... .......... A c jj cuo /\ rut . rocky ............. .Tower...... "*^ ___^^[^_ Falls or rapids ... Dam. lumnjlr .. -'Hllll'- Pi" ^^^* I alee Windmill ..... Vj- A Well derrick . .. ...y=. —*~——» —— «—— Stream.. ..... s Culvert .... Tnrlc ~=f::. ..... unspecified or obstruction ..... . :^^^1(.cn omt Direction of flow. ..... iii.^__: Stream. >>» 8 N. . Inundated (overflowed land) ..................— —— — • .. "^_ .-* l*ake drv ^^r\ -——- River or stream . Ford.. ciAixf.. Topography... Cliff... ...

. radarcontrolled ..' Stump land .1 © fl VV Power transmission line (not obstruction)' . Tree... ELECTRONICS........ SHOUT Swamp forest. types of vege tation should be outlined and annotated with the type indi cated... . ^ .. Coniferous forest. or other. . Rice field. /r-ft.. . M Power transmission Orchard or !i' % >f ~ . •AM fOUESr Swamp or marsh. Brush.I.. Deciduous forest . . ... . •» ' '- -~ - - *f Searchlight ..Ii£... ... NOTE.. GRASS Area of specific vegetative type (on photo graphs) ... .il^... ^ Palms.c. Rain forest or jungle .r. ... . Vegetation. . Searchlight. Radio navigational aid.....—Areas containing the above.. "RjiHar *-*^-" ^{~ .. . .ransmitter.' . . . 40... . ^ Radio . ....

...... . . C^— 41... NAVAL AND HYDROGRAPHY.... . "H"1" Drydock. ***Ku *• BUOYS AND LIGHTS: Buoy. DANGERS: A Telephone or .. submarine .. etc.. .. a.. ^= Lightship. . Net. light. floating... # Hh '—^^ "Wreck awash Wreck. .... ^ K f . ^——' Drydock... bell. V^i § o VESSELS: Merchant (indicate type by "JMST" code des ignation. 10 .. See PI ^* . ANCHORAGES: I I Ship with complete CD t"""»3 Marine railway. telegraph line .. .. Transformer station T""TT"T .. Naval.... . Tower... .. sunk...

. b. Mud or silt . Lc»j Shingle. Sea wall (see also "OBSTACLES. UNDER WATER") ... .. n«.. S... . Beach studies and depth determination. .... .' Left flank (from Right flank (from KDMMHI PQ« Bed rock I """"' "CJD^ itOKACHI MOMACHI Sand... . Location and extent. ...i Pebble . L™«J BEACHES. ... nn« BEACH MATERIAL: Block or boulder . BOTTOM MATERIAL (use same designations as for "BEACH MATERIAL"): .Naval (indicate type by standard U... . * •DHACH1 P-o Center. c.. Gravel or cobble .. Kelp or seaweed .... Offshore. Gradient (slope) .... Navy designation.. See PI handbook).

$$&&?&% ' . Wave length... exposed to values in deep (above datum). C REEFS. ... \\jHsW4Pj Angle of breakers with beach...ef..... ...........•' '••'•* • Sand bar.... BARS.. unexposed '&$$$>$§*$:: (belowdaturn). Contours.......... .. ne£f/y-"—- „.. H> Rock.. <*w Edge of coral r.. Gravel or cobble . hydrographic.. . AND SHOALS: Wave height (trough to crest)... ^O watex....... yg"""..... 5 ^^^ ^fi^ VS/ Ebb.....Flood ... ^^ Edge of rock reef..... .. L . Wove and surf symbols for depth determination... Coral head..... ..... ffe^^jjjiy ^t"*^* . 0 Edge of sand bar.. . breakers from datum line .**o k ... Mud. = (^° V >——.... d...... ......... Distance of outermost Pebble .....*/ Velocity of longshore c... I%£J V—_«•*— © High water datum.-(j)—• *^-S 12 ———¥ ..urrent in knots... 7*"*^™ LOW water datum... TIDES AND CURRENTS: Soundings in feet ...„ _.. ....... Soundings in fathoms ... * '-"'••.. .-...... area.. ........... General Kelp or seaweed. .. ... H ^tSSS™4 contours . ^^rn'y-i^ Wave velocity..._ : _j p Sand. KN—Speed of current in knots..... ^ MtJ'iiWfefcj^ Subscript "o" reflects Sand bar...

.. ^^^ O O + Nadir point ... i^^^ ^r^j Airfield. Aircraft.... r r •'•f* n n Single bomb certain.. no facilities . ramp ...... No...... complete facilities ............. area of fragmentation. 43... Seaplane. Seaplane base.. Surf line. no facilities .... with crater. Aircraft....... NOTE.. refueling Landing ground..... revetment un der construction ........ Single bomb certain...... Bomb plot. DAMAGE ASSESSMENT. 8. Single bomb probable. Breakers Seaplane anchorage. certain in vicinity of One or more bombs probable in vicinity Bomb burst. a.. revetment ......... 42.. ^ * .. AIR FIELDS AND SEAPLANE BASES. complete Airfield.—Additional symbols and abbreviations for hydrographic designations should conform to those published in H.. WAVE AND SURF CONDITIONS: Seaplane base.. O. .Critical line special purposes . refueling facilities .

............. „ „ „.........:„ I Damage cleared (possible preparation for repairs)........ Construction completed . Fire alone.„„..Structural f New buildiftgs.. Agent b. . Good Cover Only Superficial Least activity. Prior damage from earlier raids.< Superficial repairs.. H.. E. .. plus fire. [ Damage repaired . .. H... ........ alone.. f Damage not repaired. .. Doubtful........ Roof Disturbance I c.. .. e.......-.... I New buildings... Damage assessment : For overlays. Medium and Poor Cover and 1st Phase . Construction in progress. _...... . Repair studies : For overlays....... ( Repair of damaged areas.. .. V Structural repairs..... E.. .......

............ cross hatch for repairs in progress... ............ Damage assessment : For photographs (color index)...... A..... . First aid repairs......... GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE G.. Repair studies : For photographs (color index)........................ H... MARSHALL Chief of Staff B34771 .... To roof disturbance...—Symbols are similar to those used on overlays with differentiation by color... solid for repairs completed.... NOTE.....—Symbols: Outline for clearance completed.................:.. H................... Fire alone....... ULIO Major General The Adjutant General U.d. alone........ E.......... C...................................... NOTE.. S.. To structural damage. Doubtful... E.. plus fire....... . To superficial damage........ GREEN PURPLE RED YELLOW e.............. New buildings. ....... Condition of area or site (clearance or no action) PURPLE GREEN YELLOW BLUE RED BLACK [AG 300...............7 (14 Feb 45)] BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR: OFFICIAL: J........

a. This manual gives in convenient form the abbreviations and general symbols which have been author ized for military use. TM 5-230.This manual supersedes FM 21-30. 3. In general. and military symbols for the use of those in the military service. and Bulletin 788. Part II contains symbols of a military nature authorized by the War Department. SIZE. and abbreviations prescribed for use on all United States maps. SCOPE. Symbols other than those shown herein may be used provided they do not conflict with any authorized symbols and are explained in a legend. The symbols vary in . including C 1. Part I of this manual deals with general topographic. 9 May 1942 and C 2. hydrographic. topographical symbols resemble the objects which they represent. Part III gives authorized military abbreviations. It contains technical symbols and instructions for the map maker. Topographical Instructions of the United States Geological Survey. PURPOSE. PARTI GENERAL MAPPING CHAPTER 1 • GENERAL 1. Persons engaged in the preparation of maps should also be guided by AR 300-15. Those whose duties require them to read foreign topo graphic and military maps should consult FM 30-22. 2. 27 July 1942. and air navigational symbols. 26 November 1941.

overlays. the symbols are reduced to their most elementary form and do not conform to scale. in the margins of all maps. . and scale are shown. natural water features by SLANT ROMAN' type. date of prep aration. On hastily prepared military maps. When less than four colors are used. the symbols assume more nearly the shape and scaled size of the object represented. natural land features by VER TICAL GOTHIC type. photomaps. the lettering may vary considerably from these standards. The symbols in this book are generally of a size suitable for use on a map of scale 1:62. and 5 which are not used will be executed in black ink.500. and works of man by SLANT GOTHIC type. For detailed information on mark ing aerial photographs see FM 30-21. source. only essential informa tion concerning the kind of map. MARGINAL DATA. the colors in the symbols shown in chapters 2. and usually in the places indicated by the encircled figures. 3. On military maps. 4. orientation. On small-scale maps. The data shown on chart 1 are given. The symbols are shown in appropriate color for a four-color map. b. 5. unless other wise noted. COLOR. 6. As the scale is increased. or aerial photographs. or italic. Civil divisions are indicated by VER TICAL ROMAN type. LETTERING. and field sketches.size with the scale of the map. where practicable. and then not neces•sarily in the margins.

S. S. 14. Series name and scale. Road destination notes as required. 11. 19. "For use by" note on foreign maps. © Credit legend. Sheet name on foreign maps. 5. Geographic index number. 20. Series number and edition dates on foreign maps. Declination diagram. 13. 23. Edition data. 8. ARMY" on U.. maps. Chart 1. S. S. maps. 9. Special legend symbols. S. 21. 2. S. maps. Edition dates for U. Projection and horizontal datum on U. 29. Latitude values. 7.© © 1. 6. 4. maps. and kilometers graphic scale on foreign maps. maps. 3. filing name. Zones of military grid. maps. Longitude values. and aerial photographs. S. Representative fraction. yards. Domestic. S. Plant imprint. Adjoining sheet names on U. 16. 27. 24. Sheet name. . Meters to feet conversion table for foreign maps. State. 12. U. 26. 22. U. Designation of military grid. 25. Glossary for foreign maps. Graphic mileage scale.—information on grids. "WAR DEPT. 14. Reliability diagram where required. 2. 3. Grid notes. Miles and yards graphic scale on U. 10. maps. Sheet name on U. 18. 14. 11. and British Grids ^ _ will be found in FM 21-25. and location. Sheet number on foreign maps. Series size on U. 17. Miles. S. photomaps. Officers note.—Marginal data for maps. World Polyconic. CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 28. maps. Contour interval. NOTE. 15. S. Projection on foreign maps—Vertical datum on U.

. Anastomosing or braided stream.. Perennial stream (small).CHAPTER 2 PRIMARY TOPOGRAPHIC SYMBOLS 7. This chapter gives the symbols used on United States maps for drainage. GENERAL. see chapter 6. Intermittent stream.. and land classifi cation.. relief. Perennial stream (large). Inter mittent stream in interior of wash will be shown if no permanent stream exists.—Drainage. Chart 2. Dark blue line indicates limit of permanent stream... For topographic abbreviations. Stream with wash. . Brown wash symbol indicates size of normal maximum channel.

... Dry Lakt .... Chart 2.... Probable drainage. Lakes and ponds: (intermittent). Lakes and ponds: (permanent)..—Drainage—Continued....Falls and rapids—large scale map... Fife Falls and rapids—small scale map.. unsurveyed.. Lakes and ponds (salt-permanent). Lake or pond (dry bed) and claypans (with appropriate text).. Waterhole....

.. Sa/rtxm ..... Chart 2.. Glacial surface moraine... form lines showing flow....—Drainage—Continued... Lakes and ponds (salt-dry) (saltpans) (with appropriate text)..... Snow field...• > J . Wells and water tanks..Lakes and ponds (salt-intermittent)..... Glaciers.. I \ Spring..

—Relief. Fills (Where high railroad or highway embankments occur. the use of hachures to represent the bank or grade is recommended instead of extensive use of depression contours covering large areas of the sheet...... >5> Depression contours...... Hachures..."0 Cuts.. Contours (approximate only)... Form lines (no definite interval). fe. Chart 3.. .Contours (blue if under water) . Tailings.) Mine dump (ore)....

or esker. A AAA AA Lava. «Boa '•' • ° Rocky land.Rocky (or use contours) . Chart 3. Moraine. .—Relief—Continued. Bluffs Other than rocky (or use contours) Sand and sand dunes. Gravel. Washes.

.. Logged-off or burned-off area......... Chart 4..... Dense woods or jungle growth.Overflowed land....—Land classification.. Marsh (if peat bog add appropriate text). Woodland (or as shown below). . Cypress swamp..... Woodland (or broadleaved trees).... Salt marsh...

Mangrove. 10 . Palmetto.Pine (or narrow leaved trees) . Palm.—land classification—Continued. Orchard. Banana. Bamboo. or Chorf 4. Cactus.

... 11 .. Chart 4. Cultivated fields in general (Scale 1:31.Vineyard. Grassland. Corn.. in general.... Rice field... Sugarcane... Cotton. Tall tropical grass. ^ «r.—Land classification—Continued.680 and larger)....

. Shores (high and low water lines and areas between) Coral reefs .. In general.. dangers..... ... Rocky ledges ... These symbols are approved by the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey.. GENERAL... For hydrographic abbreviations........ Land Gravel and rocks Chart 5... .. Shore lines] lUnsurveyed. see chapter 6... [Surveyed.. obstructions. This chapter gives hydrographic and aids to navigation symbols used on United States maps........CHAPTER 3 HYDROGRAPHY 8.—Hydrography.. 12 .

... obsfrucfions—Continued...... .... Rock awash (at any stage of the tide)..... Kelp or eel grass......... dangers. Breakers along shore.. Salt evaporator.. Rock under water..... Mud....... Land Tidal flats............ (|)) Chart 5......^L Limiting danger line....... Fishing stakes.........-•-•"""""••••••• Whirlpools and eddies............ Ice limits-shelf ice... Fish weir...... 13 .. ~^..........—Hydrography.... Overfalls and tide rips...........Shores (high and low water lines and areas' between)—Con.......

. ..._ _...... .. ______-__ Chart 5............_.... . Number of sunken wrecks..... Foul ground....................... Flood...._._. ..._..... Sunken wreck (not dangerous to surface navigation nor those over which the depth exceeds 10 fathoms)......_.................._...... ..... —»••»• No bottom at 50 fathoms...__.. ..............._....... Tidal currents' „................._....... 30-fathom line........_........ 14 ....._.......... _....._........Wreck (any portion of the hull or superstructure above low water). _......_......................._............. 4-fathom line.. ............ third hour........_„..._........ _............ 100-fathom line................._........ ... dangers... ............._....... 1% knots....................... Sunken wreck (dangerous to surface navigation).._... velocity 2 knots..._................... 5-fathom line.....«_••*......... s—^ Flood...... 2-fathom or 12-foot line... 1 knot.............._.. 50-fathom line..........._....._...._..._....... ........... .._....................... 6-fathom line...—Hydrography........... 40-fathom line........ <•»*"> (Special usage)....... '*"...._. Ebb.... Ji^U Ebb... second hour............. 50 Depth curves: 1-fathom or 6-foot line.... 10-fathom line.......... 20-fathom line... not tidal.... obstructions—Continued............. _ __ _ _ ..................._ _........ ..............._........ Current._......... 3-fathom or 18-foot line....

...............S............ V Top mark* Whistling (or use first six symbols with .............. Black..... + L.................-... Lifesaving station (Coast Guard)....... A Checkered...... .............11111 distinctive top marks) Buoy of any kind (or red buoy) ......................a.......................... * t „ „ Not lighted (sample of ........ Bell (or use first six symbols with word "bell")..... ^> Q ( Lighted......... ....................... Perch and ball. ies Lighthouse. <fe Striped vertically.......... Chart 6......... .. Lighted. „...........................f ....... IS ........... t A Striped horizontally (in general)......... + c......... Buoys. A Striped horizontally (red and black)......—Aids to navigation........•"'"' ""'"• ""* .....S........ 4* Lighthouse on small-scale chart............... ' word whistling )....... Perch and square.............................Lifesaving station (in general)..... .... (light sectors shown by dotted lines) • Light vessels showing number of mast lights .

................. ........ Chart 6......................... .......O Radio direction-finder station (radio compass station) R.... B.......... Anchorage prohibited....T.....................................—Aids /o navigation—Continued..... Dolphin.............O Radio tower.................... 16 .............. Weather Bureau signal station.................. ..... Water gage..... PIL.......... STA...........Radio station..... i For small vessels....... Leader cable....................... SIG............................ Patent slip..................<s> Range or bearing line...R...... STA.. ............S.......... -0- I Of any kind (or for large vessel)...................... R.....O Radio beacon............................. w........0 Pilot station...............Bn............... Floating drydock.............. t Mooring................................C.— ——————— Track line........ ————————— Drydock...... R...............

. ^* 27 ...... O Commercial or municipal .... Beacons : Rotating...... Rotating.......... Other features are subordinated or omitted entirely... with course lights and code .................................................. ifFlashing ........ The conventional signs for use on aero nautical charts differ from those used on topographic maps as follows: a......... with flashing code beacon ...... Airports: Unclassified ......... Flashing code .. 17 .......... Those features on the ground which are easily identi fied from high altitudes are emphasized on aeronautical charts............ All symbols are larger and more striking to the eye............ O Flight strip (landing area adjacent to highway....... t Protected anchorage with no facilities ................ .... b........................* Charf 7........... O Joint military-civil .......... Q Military field ...................... symbol indicates direction of runway) ....... TT Emergency landing field .........© Anchorage with limited facilities .. ~r Seaplane ports: Base with complete facilities ................CHAPTER 4 AERONAUTICAL CHART SYMBOLS (To be reproduced in magenta) 9m GENERAL............ —Aeronautical chart symbols.

o ^ Chart 7.. — — — — — 22° W Prominent transmission line .__ EASTERN AIR Air routes as shown on radio directionfinding charts of the United States : -^———————————^ ................ £ Controlled ........ Lines of equal magnetic declina tion ............ LF GP R • Marine navigation light (with characteristic) ...:: RESERVATION...—Aeronautical chart symbols—Continued........RED AIRWAY NO.... m Mooring mast ..! Air defense. Uncontrolled ..................... / CAUTION /x Prohibited area.... Caution area........................ zone or vital defense area (United States only) . ......... 1 Civil airways: With flight levels 0 Miles from Houston indicated .... —T—T—T—T—T—T ..... [ Night lighting facilities (place under field name) ...... . A 205 Prominent elevation (numerals indicate height • e j........——............ AREA I* AIRSPACE:|:....\ feet) . Air navigation hazards (United States only) : Danger area.....Obstruction (center of symbol marks location) ......................

..11...... A N "' (BEARINGS ARE MAGNETIC AT THE STATION) *-—275< Radio range.. Magnetic variation in this area at ground elevation differs from normal as much as 15°.... .. 19 ...... ....... . 391 LN • = :• LEBO RADIO 278 WHITEHALL RADIO 284 WW :SS Radio range (simultaneous) Control zone of intersection Airport control tower... 359H"" KNOXVILLE RADIO 278 379 AND 209 I •• NEW FLORENCE RADIO 278 Radio marker beacon (with voice). OTTOWA Nondirectional radio beacon Illill (typeH)... Radio direction finder sta^ tion.... O-*- -\ 206 AP.....IV.. To Big Springs \ 326 BZ— .......... Sj^jg- A Radio range note (at neat line) . Radio range (without voice) i Radio range (with voice)...... .. ^W 278 YJ Till WARNING Warning note.....—Aeronautical chart symbols—Continued....Radio: Radio fan marker (WINSTON Radio marker beacon (without voice) ........... RC Chart 7..

............... label) : Single track ............ Secondary road .................... &+——————I Dante ISPJ Radio communication station ______ (with radio beacon facility)....... Two or more tracks ... 0-1———__| Geneva WJY~| Radio communication station (with direction-finder facili ty) ............................................. *J*/ HAFUN Ul \ 294....................... ........... .. ® Danger curve ....... Dam or dam with lock ... — Race track .. 20 ..... Town or village . —Aeronautical chart symbols—Continued........... .. Trails.......... ............................. Main road ....... .............. Radio beacon.................. Chart 7.................. Highways: Superhighway (dual or four lanes and more) ............ O O Landmark ...................................... -^ Lookout tower ........5 *SS* >r Radio communication station.......... o*——5£—| Chicago WOR o-« Railroads (if abandoned. ......................................Radio—Continued............................ Mine. Coast guard station ........ Interurban (electric) .. Radio broadcasting station .............................. City or large town ...

Submarine... wire communication...._. ===== = = « = = = = = ============(Descriptions of the surface and widths shall be in dicated........... Railroad station of any kind....._ ——--—-—— National or U. Larger than 1:200.... __........ route.... TTTTTTTTTT T_T_T_T_T_T_T_T_T_T ______ —-———— MM >——: . GENERAL.. Electric power transmission line..000 1:200.. Telegraph and tele phone lines...... S... This chapter gives the symbols used on maps to indicate the works of man.. • : Dirt roads.... _________ .i i i ii m Chart 8...... .. Underground.... <—> Provincial or State route.... _ Ui> ® (Date of road information shown in margin on all maps.... 21 .) Trails. ..000 and smaller Primary highways _^^____^^_ ••••••••••••••• Secondary highOther surfaced roads......CHAPTER 5 WORKS OF MAN 10.. if known... See paragraph 25 and chart 19....... ..) On ground or lleS ..... for each road classification..—Roads. Tunnel (railroad or road).. railroads..—————— ——Poor pack trail or footpath.......

000 and smaller. . ELECTRIFIED H—t—.. -. . with appropriate notation. . railroads. . .— Railroads under construction may be shown either broken or solid.000 Grade.... .. .. M i i w i iT i General crossing symbol for maps 1 : 250. . . ..F.. .._ ELECTRIFIED [Double track.—.. ( ..•.. •.000 [Single track ..s.000 and smaller Qincrlo tracK ti-!>/-lc .ED RR inroad 1:250..• £CE?T<?'F'EO Narrow gage.: .„ .000 and smaller . Electric [Single track . Chart 8. I single Wide gage. i .-.. . 22 .•. .. M i [Single track .\ [Double track . RR above.]..—h ^—. „. •.. . NOTE... . . _ ...• ELE°Tg'r'E? Narrow gage.. ELECTRIFIED i i i i I I I _. \[Double 6 | | | | i i | track ...Railroads: Larger than 1 : 200. __ _.. i ......—Roads.... ^ _ _ _ ^=^ £____ • t-r>a/-lr i——o— ua«. passenger only ... . ..(^^ ^ _ _ _ _______ ^TR. wire communication—Continued. . „ \\ » »° ELECTRIFIED single tracK ..trarlf Normal gage. Railroad crossings on maps larger than 1:250.. ..... Wide gage.. ( . Normal 5gage. t: 200. Abandoned RR.-.....RR beneath. ELECTRIFY (Single track ...—K M » fc:.. ... .

.. J_1 .. Dam... Dam with lock.. wood.. steel. Capacity in tons indicated by figures.. 23 . S... T...General symbol.. Arrow denotes direction of flow Drawbridges (on large-scale 1 charts leave channel open)) Truss (W.... ' ' ' .. .... Pedestrian.......... C.—River works. ' Bridges .... concrete) Foot Suspension Arch Ponton Ferries Fords Equestrian..._ _._. girder. Chart 9.... 1 ........

. ............ Canal.««"""" .....im""" Levee (optional for War Department)........... dock and jetties...... Revetment (optional for War Depart ment) ..... abandoned.—River works—Continued.......n. 11UUI»-»"-^" ''.... Canal... 24 .. Aqueduct or canal in tunnel...... Char* 9... Earth wall.... (___ Canal lock (point upstream) ..... ditch.... River gage........... Dikes..... or open aqueduct. Buried aqueduct or water pipe... or levee.................................. ]•> Canal lock (large scale). .....Breakwater...

1:200,000 and smaller
City, first importance
(actual shape)

City, second importance
(actual shape)
City, third importance.............................. ®
Town, large .......................................©
Town, small....................................... O
Village.................................... ........o
Sample combination showing city, town,
or village, scales larger than 1 :200,000.
NOTE.—Large urban areas may be shown
in gray tint with important buildings and street system in black.

Buildings in general .
Hospital ......................................a orO
Schoolhouse or university ..................... tor • sc«

Windmill ........................................ ^
Ruins .......................................... Lb
Church or place of worship .
Fort. ....................

X

Cliff dwellings .
Chart 10.—Buildings, urban areas.

25

Cemetery (cross symbol to be used in U. S.
only) ...............................

[«?] or [£

Mine or quarry of any kind (or open cut) ...........

«

Prospect........................................

x

Shaft. ..........................................

[Opening............................ A
Mine tunneK
[Showing direction.................... r~
Oil or gas wells................................ oVo
Tanks..................................... .ly;
NOTE.—Scales larger than 1:50,000, show individual wells and
tanks. Scales 1:50,000 and larger than 1:200,000, show well and
tank farms with three or four symbols. Scales 1:200,000 and smaller,
omit wells and tanks. No pipe lines are shown on maps of any scale.

Coke ovens............................
Fence of any kind (or board fence) _.
Stone........................ ~.
Fences' Worm......................
Wire. .......................
Hedge. ...................... •„
Chart 1 1.—Miscellaneous.

26

Map boundaries
Foreign:
International...................
Intercolonial.....
State or province. .
County or district.
Note.—Use of red screen is optional.
Domestic:

National or state................
County line. ....................
Civil township, district or precinct .
Reservation line..................
(for Military, add tint)

Land-grant line..................
Metropolitan area. ...............
Cemetery, small park, etc ........... .......
U. S. township, section, and quar-|
ter-section lines (any one for town- 1
ship line alone, any two for town-[
ship and section lines)
I
Located U. S. township and section corners. .

I

Boundary monument ........... ......
D
Triangulation point or primary traverse station .

-- •-+•••
i
_ —mm_
!

Permanent bench mark (and elevation) .......
1232

Precise bench mark. ............................. P8M
1232

Intermediate bench mark (and elevation). ........... x 1232
U. S. mineral monument ........................... <*.
Observation spot (astronomical position). ............. e
Any located station or object (with explanatory note) . . . . o
Chart 12. —Boundaries, marks, and monuments.

......................... covered Cr.. estuary f.... The abbreviations listed below are prescribed for use on all United States maps........... abutment b..... cemetery con............................... fort gir........................................................ cape cem....................................CHAPTER 6 GENERAL MAPPING ABBREVIATIONS SECTION 1 TOPOGRAPHIC ABBREVIATIONS 11............................... drug store E. bottom Br................................. brick bot..... culvert DS................................. girder i................................... GENERAL................ bridge C......................... those abbreviations listed in section II and also in chapter 10 are used when appro priate: A............ Besides those listed in this section. creek cul..... concrete cov.................................... fordable Ft...................... iron 28 .... branch br.. east Est........................ arch or arroyo abut..........

......... Jc.......................... Tres................... nf........................................... ........ TG....... s............................................ PO..................................................................... RR. kp............................... qp..................... .. L........... Mt............ Sch ... LSS........... RH.......................... island junction king-post lake latitude landing lifesaving station lighthouse longitude mountain mountains north not fordable pier plank post office point queen-post river roundhouse railroad second south steel schoolhouse station stone stream tollgate third trestle truss water tank waterworks west wood 29 ........ pk............................. ................................ Long.............. LH.............. N.. W....................................... .. Pt............ WT.................................. 2d.................... WW...... Ldg...........................................I.................... p. 3d....... str............. . S........... R................................. Sta........................... tr................ Mts............ ............................... ........ St.......... Lat... w.........................................................................

........ 13........ Lt.... ................................ 30 aeronautical alternating blue destroyed every experimental fixed fixed and group flashing fixed and flashing flashing green group group flashing group occulting horizontal interrupted quick irregular • light lighthouse nautical mile . D...... The following abbreviations... G...... I Qk.. for use with hydrographic symbols... are authorized for all United States nautical maps and charts....... AERO............................ Bu.................................. Hor.......... GENERAL..... RELATING TO LIGHTS...... Exper........................................... Lt Ho.. ev............ Gp.... F Gp FL............ FL......... .. Gp Occ........ F FL.. These abbreviations are approved by the Federal Board of Surveys and Maps and are used by the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey and Hydrographic Office..... F....SECTION II ABBREVIATIONS USED WITH HYDROGRAPHIC SYMBOLS 12. Alt......................... Gp FL............... Irreg....... .......... m.......................

............ DFS.......... ..................................... FB.. ....................... ........... bank cov.... SFO.........min. VB......... .......... Rev................................ SEC. Vert....... R............. vis.. FT. R'EF............. OBSC..".... W. Priv maintd.... Occ... SB ......... fog horn fog nautophone fog siren.......... ........... ............ .......... sec..... distance finding station fog bell fog diaphone fog gong............... Temp................... FS.................... FD ........ range reflector revolving seconds sector short-long temporary unwatched vertical beam vertical visible white 14. minutes obscured occulting private light (maintained by pri vate interests... fog signal station fog trumpet fog whistle submarine fog bell (mechanical) submarine fog oscillator 15........ FN..... S-L............ ..... FW...... ................. . fog gun fog reed...... ...................... ............. covers 31 .................... Qk FL... Bk........ FH......... RELATING TO DANGERS. (U).. RELATING TO FOG SIGNALS... to be used with caution) quick flashing red............ ......................... FG........

............... ............. rep.... ........ a.................... . cinders Co.. Gl.................. doubtful existence doubtful obstruction position approximate position doubtful position reported shoal uncovers wreck wreckage 16.............. ........ ED ......... ............. Shl........ Material...... 32 coral head diatom gravel globigerina grass ............ MHW'.................. ..... ... high water HHW .... Obstr. Bld(s) .. coral Co Hd... Wk........ MLLW........... chalk Cl...... ......................... Di...... clay Cn ....... ...................... Wks.. ... higher high water low water lower low water mean high water mean higher high water mean low water mean lower low water mean sea level mean tide level 17..... .. ..................... HW..... PD.................... boulder(s) Ck... ..... MTL........................D ........... .... ... ....... Pos......................... G.. MHHW'...... . LW'........................ MLW'.. uncov............. ..... PA. ...... LLW............ RELATING TO TIDES AND CURRENTS.... ... RELATING TO QUALITY OF BOTTOM.......... MSL................. Grs...........

.... St...... Pm.......... j/if. .......................... S........................ ....... Sh...................... M....... Irg .. hrd............ black brown blue green c............................ ...... stf.... lava mud marl oysters ooze pebbles pumice rock sand shells specks sponge stones volcanic ash brk ........ Oys........ frr................ b........... 33 ....... ............... Sp........... .. ..................... Jne .......................... . It....................... glac......................... ................ Quality................................ gty ............ dk....La.................... Ml.. Spg..... broken coarse dark flinty fine glacial gritty hard large light rocky soft small speckled stiff sticky bk................................. ^»......................... fly .... ...... crs..... Rk ... Color........................................... j/ifc............... jr/>A.. Vol Ash.................... P....... iii...... sml...... Oz............. rky.........

. ..... gray red white yellow 18.... ... white T.... lookout tower LSS........... standpipe 34 ............................. lifesaving station NRC..... ..................... checkered G............ green HB............ naval radio direction-finder (radio compass station) NRS....................... wh........ nun R................... yellow 19... flagstaff F TR. red REF........... .... RELATING TO BUOYS AND BEACONS..... ....... . vertical stripes W........ brown C. .... .............. reflector VS............ FP....................... .... naval radio station PIL STA....... ................................ horizontal bands HS. beacon Br... RELATING TO STATIONS.......... pilot station R Bn.......... black Bn............. radio station R Tr..... flagpole FS........... radio beacon RS..... radio tower SIG STA.......... yl......................... ............... ........... B................ .......... can Chec............................... rd..... horizontal stripes JV".... flag tower LOOK TR........................... ..........gy.. signal station S PIPE..............

..STA... discontd.......... subm........... maintd........................ Concr............................ ... Irg.......... ......... ......................... ........................... No.... abandoned about ancient approximate between clearance concrete conspicuous corner discontinued distant electric established experimental extreme flood great large maintained middle moderate number private.................... ....................... GENERAL ADJECTIVES.... .... mid... prio . approx... dist................... sml........ fl....... extr ....................... Weather Bureau signal station 20............................... aband.................. . station WB SIG STA............ Conspic........... Cl ........... dec.......... ....... prom .. anc................. std... mod.. cor... ........................... abt................. gt ... exper. bet..........". estab........................ privately prominent small standard submerged 35 ...... ....

They are used mainly with boundary symbols. or with rectangles. or circles in conjunction with the symbols in chart 13.. and overlays. b. SIZE. sketches. Artillery...... 36 . a triangle to indicate an observa tion post.. The symbols in chart 14 are used to indicate the size of a military organization.. abbreviations are employed. See charts 17 and 26-40. Chart 13 —Military units—identification. or a circle to indicate a supply point.PART II MILITARY MAPPING SYMBOLS CHAPTER 7 MILITARY UNITS 21. IDENTIFICATION.. Army Air Forces. Where the use of the identify ing symbol of a military unit is impracticable. Armored Command. The symbols in chart 13 are used to indicate military units or their activities on maps.. These symbols are used either within a rectangle to indicate a military unit. a. triangles.. except Antiaircraft Artillery. 22. Antiaircraft Artillery..

..... t Aviation ordnance unit........................................... 2........ l£21 Chemical Warfare Service................................. Airborne units are designated by combining a gull wing symbol with the arm or service symbol............................—1..Cavalry (horse)........... I $> I Veterinary Corps....... I Chart 13.. Airborne Infantry..... NOTES............... I^Cl Medical Corps........................... For units attached to Air Forces...... I MP I Ordnance Department.................................. I E I Special (amphibian)............ Examples: Aviation signal unit........ I s I Tank destroyer....... See chart 31........................................... 37 ............................... LfLj Infantry.. LiJ Signal Corps. Mechanized. Coast Artillery Corps uses the artillery symbol....... HH Military Police....—Military units—identification—Continued......................................................................... with appropriate abbreviations....... I 3......................................... I TD I Transportation Corps................. Examples: Airborne Artillery... I ^ I Quartermaster Corps............................. I G I Engineers........................................ the arm or service symbol is placed over the Air Forces symbol...........

......................... «•• Company................................. or Air Forces flight........ I Battalion..The following symbols are placed either in boundary lines (see chart 17) or above the rectangle.......... Squad.. cavalry squadron. Ill Brigade.. 38 .. triangle........ x x Corps or Air Force... • Section. xxxx Service command........... battery................................. or circle inclosing the identifying arm or service symbol... oooo General Headquarters..... GHO Chart 14......... ooo Communications zone........... department................ x Division... II Regiment or group.......................... troop...... or command of an Air Force... ............... or Air Forces squadron...... •• Platoon.... xxx Army........................... or section of com munications zone.......—Military units—size............................................. combat team (with abbreviation CT following identifying numeral) .. or Air Forces wing................ combat command of armored division...........

When colors are used. No departures from these symbols should be made unless none of these signs applies or when the scale of a map prevents their use. a.. and those in territory occupied or controlled by the enemy are shown in red. Symbols for areas to be covered by friendly fire or gas. Symbols for gassed areas. Chart 15.. This chapter contains symbols used for military purposes on maps. military symbols representing objects in territory occupied or controlled by our forces are shown in blue. may be found in Field and Technical Manuals of the arm or service concerned. b.. 39 . or coast artillery fire-control maps. GENERAL. general.. wherever located.... are executed in blue. COLOR. such as signal wiring diagrams. Military airdrome.. charts. b. 84.—Air activities. although generally located in enemy territory. Commercial or municipal airfield.. and overlays.CHAPTER 8 MILITARY ACTIVITIES 93. Army Air Forces air base or service center. but they are used mainly on large-scale maps.. Special signs and symbols of a technical nature... These symbols are authorized for all military use. engineer construction symbols. The only exceptions are the following: O. construction blueprints. are always executed in red.

...................... splinterproof.................. 1 Autogiro or helicopter..... -) Barrage balloon ascension point........................................ V: (Type No......................................................................... Airship hangar..... Chart J5...................... Revetment.... .......................................—Air activities—Continued....................... Airship mooring mast.Night fighter airdrome.. for airplane....... + Dummy ............ '•=><=J Airship. Dummy Dispersal point for airplane... l(cx:> l Air field: NF Landing ng Satellite Auxiliary Advanced .... 2E^ Radar station..

defended area (circle shows radius of effective action) ... .... Vv Antiaircraft defended area. U c Chart J5...... _lt_ Free bombing area..... Searchlight belts...... \ AA Antiaircraft ship..................... point of arrow is /\ at position of convoy). Antiaircraft ship (top of mast placed at exact location)............( B Balloon barrage area (with number and height)........... SL _ O kA ijtricted __„-__--_ --............... Convoy (arrow indicates direction....................—Air activities—Continued... WMVW „ Prohibited Bomb line....——0 — --- -------- Prohibited flying area.... _lk_ ...

..... for separate units: 91st Fighter (o>o)9i FI Squadron.. ALT T ^T^ 'LRT I—oo—' .... Targets: PT Primary........ Aircraft patrol area. top of tower is at position)...... )RDV Rendezvous point.... jRolly Pt M Example.... Last Resort.................... Chart 15.... Rally point......—Air activities—Continued......Submarine (arrow indicates direction..... 42 Sis' ......... Alternate....

................—) Searchlight with radio detector. ................... xly Self-propelled antiaircraft artillery............ r\ Balloon..... ^ Searchlight at principal control point.... 43 ...................... _ 50 v AA ' 4....... (Type No......................7-inch antiaircraft gun...—Antiaircraft' artillery activities......... a.....7 AA 3-inch antiaircraft gun............ « Barrage balloon ascension point.......... Cf p Searchlight at subcontroi point....................... 4 4.................... Searchlight.................................... 4 3 AA 90-mm antiaircraft gun (etc......Antiaircraft unit symbol.......s Spread-beam searchlight. caliber on right)......... IrA/3 50-caliber antiaircraft machine gun.... 4soAA Chart 16........................................ Radio detector (radar).....

...................... ——<Z>OObsn ——— Limit of wheeled traffic by day..................... —— i — Battalion or similar unit................. — RRL — Limiting point........................................... —— x — Division................. —oo F< —— Observation aviation (limit of zone of re connaissance) .. __..................... _ Section........................................................ —mBrigade............ IV Corps.................. —xxCorps................................................... Company or similar unit.... —— 11 — Regiment or similar unit.............. department.............Squad. —— LfJ Prisoner of War inclosure. Fighter aviation (limit of radius of action)....... .......... —— L o Straggler line........................... — MLR —— Regimental reserve line... _ Platoon...... — oooo Rear boundary of theater of operations................ ——xxx— Army....... —— L c Line of departure...........................—Boundaries and delimited areas.... ........... ........................ — GHQ Front line................................ _.............. — OPL —— Main line of resistance....... —— N T —— Line beyond which lights on vehicles are pro hibited ........ —— ooo — Communications zone................... or section of communications zone.......................................................................... —— DY —— Limit of wheeled traffic by night...... Chart J 7.... 44 .......... »> r>i n... —xxxxService command....... _....... ——LT—— Outpost line..... Line of communication...........

.. Battery B...Defense areas (consist of boundaries broken by unit symbol): Squad....... .. Target areas (indicate caliber....... Battery B. r—y~" Emergency.... 4& ... .... Re<) Area to be gassed.. ...... 81 Primary. Platoon. Gas (see also chart 18): Area to be avoided... 105-mm howitzer ! (100 by 200 yards)........................... 81-mm............ f * —v V——^ Section ... 81-mm mortar (100 yards square)......... 60-mm mortar (50 yards square)...—Boundaries and delimited areas—Continued. Secondary................ Chart 17..( si J ameter).... Demolitions.. 8lu' Area blanketed by smoke (time effective) ..... nonpersistent.... mortar (100 yards in di. L-'-°!-H?*........... ...... Secondary.... ......... .... .. Normal....... 60-mm mortar (50 yards in diameter)................. 105-mm howitzer (100 by 200 yards). draw symbol to scale): Primary............... -.......... . ..........

.4-x RED (* •»»G» + + J-HS y M* > HS oeoo APR 14 Chart 18.. R E ofjFf... osoo APR.. 14 Area to be gassed......... gasproof.... iionpersistent BLUE C G-NP j CG (show agent.... oeoo APR.^....... + ^............ and date) ..... "ED \lP and date).... ...^^JJ^^ s osoo APR 14 Dugout.. gasproof.. V.......... Area to be avoided (show agent... H G~PF Gas: ..... 14 Mines: __ Chemical land mine.. Road-block obstacle.. H±d Demolitions.... ^.. and date) .... contaminated (show agent..... ~ ......H Area to be gassed................ and date)... vesicant contaminated (show agent..................... time.... time.............. time....Arsenal (chemical warfare)... persisten): (show BLUE C G _) HS agent. 4C ....APR.. ti Chemical land-mine barrier (mines ..\ emplaced but unnred)........ time. and date)...—Chemical warfare activities........ time................. 0900 APR 14 Area to be blanketed by smoke (show time _ effective and date).... I cl Building........

General read types. select granular material. or other pave ment Earth I m p r ov ed:i such as gravel. For military field sketches and topographic reconnaissance. . Type of surface All weather Physical char acteristics Paved: such as concrete. (gentle grades. sharp curves. rough surface. or poor foundation). bi tuminous. road classification is as shown in chart 8. the classification system described in this paragraph is used. On topographic maps.25. smooth surface. ' Includes roads of these materials which have had a treatment to lay dust or which are covered by a bituminous surface treatment or seal coat. The characteristics of roads and bridges are indicated by the following symbols and abbreviations: o. crushed rock. stabilized soil. ROAD BRIDGE AND CLASSIFICATION. 8 D F (probably im passible in wet weather). brick. good founda tion). Military traffic control symbols are shown in chart 24. muddy when wet material Good road A C E gradual curves. Poor road (steep grades. or other wearing Unimproved : dusty when dry.

b. General characteristics of reads and bridges.
(1) Traffic lanes.
1, 2, 3, etc. Placed after road type symbol to indicate
roadways suitable for continuous traf
fic in one, two, three, etc., lanes re
spectively.
1+ One-lane roadway having occasional
passing locations, and suitable for very
light two-way traffic.
\% One-lane roadway having frequent pass
ing location, and suitable for light twoway traffic.
2 Two-lane roadway having occasional
one-lane defiles, and suitable for mod
erate two-way traffic.
(2) Information.
W Followed by numeral indicates clearance width in
feet provided at most critical location. Symbol
is preceded by numeral to indicate more than
one such lane (for example, 2 W 9 indicates two
separate lanes, each of which provides a clear
ance width of 9 feet).
Cl Followed by numeral indicates clearance height
in feet between surface of roadway and over
head obstruction.
T Preceded by numeral indicates tonnage limitation.
(Bridges.)
Mi Preceded by numeral indicates distance in miles.
I Followed by numeral indicates average interval
of time (time-distance) in minutes required by
motor vehicles during daylight to travel section
of road shown.

c. Engineer characteristics of reads and bridges.
(1) Roads.

Concrete.......................................
k
Bituminous pavement, heavy duty................. bt
Brick or block pavement......................... br
Bituminous surface treatment (except on concrete,
brick, or block pavement), bituminous stabilized
sand or gravel, or other bituminous type not suit
able for heavy duty............................ bs
Crushed rock or macadam....................... m
Gravel.........................................
g
Stabilized soil, sand-clay, shell, cinders, disintegrated
granite, or other select material.................. sm
Earth........................................ ea
(2) Bridges.
Concrete, slab or beam..........................
k
Concrete arch.................................. ka
Steel beam..................................... sb
Steel truss...................................... st
Steel girder.................................... sg
Stone arch..................................... sa
Wood trestle................................... wo
Wood truss..................................... wot
Length........................................
1
Height above stream bed......................... ht
Panel length (trusses)............................
p
Condition (state as "excellent," "good," "fair," or
"poor.")
d. Example (see chart 19). Sketch between villages X
and Y with good, all-weather, three 9-foot lanes, concrete
road, 12 miles long, and a multiple bridge 140 feet long
consisting of 45 feet of wood truss, and 20 feet of concrete
beam and 75 feet of steel truss with 15-foot panels; 18-foot
roadway width, 22 feet above stream bed, 15-foot clearance,
capable of carrying 10 tons, and in good condition.

Road and bridge classification:

1 3 O 15'
ft I ® 75'pl5'
2 W 9 « I ® 20'
M22

Cl

15

IOT

GOOD

Special engineer landing craft:
Command and navigation, or patrol, boat. .. ~l

">•>

Landing craft, mechanized (LCM)......... =1

I K»

Salvage boat............................
Landing craft, vehicle-personnel (LCVP)...
Chart 79.—Engineer symbols.
Trench for one squad.......................
Isolated dugout............................
Dugout in trench system.................
Gasproof dugout.............................. H G"PF
Chart 20.—Field and permanent fortifications.
50

............ 14 Pillboxes: Concrete............. direction of fire known.......... ~~U I_T~ Gasproof surface shelter............. general.. general... Antitank guns.. Direction of fire known. ~1—J ^~LJ~ Underground shelter in trench system....... JLrpf Fort. 51 ........... Machine guns.. caliber unknown........ Steel turret.... .. Machine guns........... Antitank guns........ (personnel capacity indicated) Occupied Unoccupied ipj afl Occupied Unoccupied ioH 6(_j Surface shelter in trench system............... Fortified area...................Surface shelter....... (personnel capacity indicated) Underground shelter.... direction of fire unknown...... direction of fire unknown...... Chart 20...—Field and permanent fortifications—Continued. direction of fire known.................... .....

.. nonpersistent (indicate date and hour—see chart 18).....—Obstacles...... XXXXXX)C Combination band............. —x—x—*Double-apron fence....... ......... general............................... Trip-wire type antipersonnel mine \_/" Chart 21.. Double activated antitank mine.... ^isoo-i7oohrs> Mines and mine fields: Land mines: Single string of antitank mines....................... )OOOOQQOQ Four-strand fence (protective wire)................. JLfiJJUL Gas (see also chart 18): Area to be avoided... Pressure type antipersonnel mine.......... Low-wire fence. Double antitank mine...... J777V77 Blue Entanglements: Barbed wire...... SZ ... Concealed wire....... R"d Area to be gassed............................................................... High-wire fence........ Area blanketed by smoke (time effective)..........Demolitions.... _rrrr .. .. Loose wire rolls...-O-OOOActivated antitank mine. Dannert wire or concertina..............

Mines in defi nite pattern... fenced with barbed wire... Numerals indicate number of strands in fence.... Boundary of mine field unfenced..... road blocks. and mines— Land mines—Continued... unfenced --»----».. boundaries drawn to scale to_ indicate actual extent of belt...... Booby trap......Boundary of mine field...... numerals in rectangle indicate number of mines in belt. Mine belt....... the symbol will be executed in black... D in rectangle rep resents dummy mine field..... When the color green is not available...........—The color green should be used to designate mine field areas..... Example of symbols in mine field. Boundary of mine field indefinite. demolitions... Scattered mines between boundaries and between belts are indicated schematically by small circular marks.Mines and mine fields—Continued.. To be reproduced in green (in black if green is not available). A Mine detector Mine fields. Chart 21..—Obstacles—Continued.*....... 53 . —M—_„-—u..... and other en gineer obstacle activities. The color green is to be used for no other military activity.......

Its position represents the con templated disposition of the mine group... (An energized cable to aid vessels through free passages in marine mine fields. Obstacle...... 54 ...... and on charts the symbols should be correspondingly placed..... As it appears here.. Tank trap...... and a separate symbol is used for each group...... the symbol is drawn to scale.. The length of a mine group being 1. // // Tank barrier...... Antisubmarine net (with gate)... Marine nets: Torpedo net (with gate).. (This symbol indicates one 19-mine group.. // Individual.... Symbol is used on chart to show exact location..Marine mines........ the upper edge of this page is as sumed to be seaward. . controlled...... // // //' Bridge out. general: Prepared but Proposed passable Completed Roadblock........—Obstacles—Continued.) W Chemical land mine.) Leader gear.. Chart 21...800 feet.... ........

....I ture location of command post) ........ i or RS ® Radio direction—finder station (radio com pass) ................... traffic diagrams........ —) Radio intercept station .............. Radio direction—finder station...................... & Radio station (transmitting and receiving) . Msg Cen or MA Point on axis of signal communication (probable fu.... T Coml Teletypewriter central................................................... 1 1 c Message Center ....................... Information center .......................................... line route maps.................. ' Commercial switching central................ 55 ... Chart 22.......... Visual signal.......... I Nome CC NOTE......................... I i—— Examples: Artillery .. portable............—For special symbols used in signal communication for wir ing diagrams...—Signal facilities.... T Test station or cable terminal...... a" ?!5! Switching central (located at command post)........... *£* <" RC Q Radio direction—finder station.Fill JCen I Filter center .... mobile................ and signal operation maps............... I ^ Cavalry ............................... T Switching central....... see FM 24-5 and TM 11-462.... I __ r5^ Infantry ..................... I Radar station ............................^c (Type No........... .

.............................. (On large-scale shown to scale.. Chart 23............... command post or head................ /-\ Fixed underwater............ posis.................................................„....I quarters................. I | (Lower end of staff terminates at a military post or station or at an easily recognizable terrain feature near a command post or unit headquarters. general.... __ r __ _0 0____ ... SC .. &\> Replacement training center........._ _........................... follows so as to column or line facing): Line I L__J maps where troop units can be this symbol may be modified as show area occupied by units in and direction in which they are I Column Arsenal.....) Troop unit........................ [~~J Arsenal (chemical warfare)................................ _............and centers.......... Point.................. Weather station......Military post or station. OU General hospital............ OC Reception center............r ______........—Special buildings..... Training center........... O Posts: Observation. 9 ________ . any located (suitable description)..... listening........................... \-J Visual signal.....

.... !$ Engineer (arm or service symbol in circle)...'1 •£ Procurement district.. 87 ................................................-?' Ammunition (Class V supplies).................... '-. . w Remount Service.............................. V_y Proposed........ v " / Supply points: Occupied........ '^-'' Examples: Railhead....... artillery.... !-T-' Water............................... all classes................................. O Rhd Class I supplies..Debarkation or embarkation point....... '>ii-' Artillery ammunition......... ^ Water....................... ) Gasoline and oil........ headquarters.—Supply..................... small arms... '-Q- Small-arms ammunition........................... ^-^ Supply: Ammunition............................. V............................. O Chart 24...... transportation........................ II Ammunition........... traffic... LI Ammunition............ '•» Class III supplies................................................................................. M Class I............. • Railroad center.............

...................... Oil wells............................................... A Oil pipeline.......... traffic—Continued.... Bulk storage petroleum products.... ........................ W Petroleum products pipeline....... n A A A n " n » on « Trains (supply..... transportation. | Ry OTT T* C/iorf 24...... [ Traffic and traffic control: Railroad grade crossing.............................. Railway................... Submarine cable.. ................. Gas pipeline............. g°°°o° Oil-well derrick..... Submarine pipeline............ ypk T................ Railroad above road..... W pack...................... general.—Supply. Petroleum tank. Surface cable...Petroleum supply: Gas wells................ oa oo Animal-drawn......... Railroad beneath road..... motor).............................

..... Turn-around location............. Traffic post (or unit)............... Boundary between two sections of roadway.Traffic and traffic control—Continued....................... respectively.......................... traffic—Continued.. One-way traffic... Two-way traffic................... 59 ......... V A V A V National and state route markers.... Bridge....... E Marked road intersection (atlas-grid system).... Tunnel......... Alternating one-way traffic............................... traffic headquarters.......... Dispatch route (operated by schedule system). Impassable roadway................ Rotary traffic.......... transportation....... Parallel line to one-lane road indicates length of roadway where passing is possible...—Supply.. O Military route marker......................... — LT — Chart 24...... A V I V ^ I 15 A l |—' IB el Line beyond which any lights (including black out lights) are prohibited.. ......... ............ Reserved route (can be used by specific traffic only)....................

..Automatic rifle.................................. * AA ^ Sector of fire of single machine gun (arrows indicate sector of fire..... showing prin cipal direction of fire...... ---> Machine guns (arrow points in principal direction of fire): Caliber ............... • L > Caliber .................. *~AT~> Chart 25........ J^-s* Rifle.................... * AT -* 37-mm antitank gun in position with principal direction of fire............... 75-mm (caliber specified on right).... light.. *>// ^ Antitank gun.....30....... CO .... heavy.................................................. water-cooled...........50............... firing antitank grenade............... air-cooled......... •——> Caliber ................ >——> Rocket launcher. Automatic rifle (position prepared but not occu pied) . »^-> Antiaircraft. •£—--> Sector of fire of machine-gun section (two ^ guns).... AT > 37-mm antitank gun emplacement...... *AT 75-mm antitank gun in position with principal direction of fire..30.......—Weapons... antitank........ heavy solid portion on solid arrow shows danger space when fire is ^ placed on final protective line)..............

.. 37 AT Ammunition carrier............ 105 Mortar (indicate caliber) ............. or Open when em placement is un occupied.... thus............ ............ Chart 25.. tl ... indicate caliber)..... si Gun (indicate caliber) .... Howitzer or mortar ..6 Gun................. -^" 42 Crr" Tanks: Light......... 4. -Hv^ Self-propelled guns: <fe> Howitzer (tank-chassis mounted.. Gun battery ............ ...2-inch chemical mortar.. • ••• Howitzer or mortar battery .2 Cml o Medium...... ..—Weapons—Continued.... vv Heavy. or •4...............

regiments.) b. or circles _ representing. g. d. When the symbol represents either an army or a corps in its entirety. UNIT DESIGNATIONS. obser vation posts. Cm Army and air force are shown by a number spelled out. When the symbol pertains to a unit within an army or corps. C2 . The symbol for the size of the unit is placed above. Numbers designating separate battalions are shown on the right. the army or corps numeral is placed on the right. tm Numbers designating battalions in a regiment are shown on the left. separate companies. The basic symbol is placed in the center. and supply points: O. The following are general rules governing the application of these symbols to rectangles. or similar separate units are placed on the right. C. in Arabic numerals. brigades. h. groups. Corps and air force command are shown by Roman numerals.CHAPTER 9 ILLUSTRATIONS OF MILITARY SYMBOLS 26. troop units. the numeral designation is placed inside the box. Numbers designating divisions.—This chapter contains examples'* to illustrate the method of combining basic symbols and abbreviations in order to show the desired information. in Arabic numerals. in Arabic numerals. respectively. outside the box. (See chart 13. triangles.

Companies. or platoons (not sepa rate). The following examples illustrate the method of combin ing basic symbols and abbreviations in order to show the desired information. j. I. t -LL. 10). k. batteries. Abbreviations are used instead of symbols to show information that cannot be indicated by a single symbol. 27. _ This makes it infantry. and other elements of a unit which are designated by name instead of by letter (for example. troops. i This makes it a battalion of infantry. iy 502 *•" This tells what battalion of parachute infantry it is. ^1 This makes it a battalion of airborne infantry. troops. Letters designating companies. Calibers are shown by numbers placed under the symbol and the unit of measure is omitted. "Antitank Company" or "Headquarters and Service Troop"). J_L ^J Pcht ' This makes it a parachute battalion of airborne infantry. Abbreviations for explanatory purposes are shown on the right (see ch. . m. are designated by the use of the proper abbreviation on the left. or batteries are in capitals and are shown on the left. APPLICATION OF SPECIAL SYMBOLS.i. The following diagram illustrates how these symbols are built up: I——I This is a troop unit. These are only a few of the possible combinations.

........ 401st Antiaircraft Gun i Battalion. 302d Antiaircraft Balloon Battalion (low altitude)............................... 20 LAJ "9 440 Battery D..... ............... Er3 l01 "VLA Headquarters Battery.. "STLA 101st Antiaircraft Balloon Battery (separate) (very r low altitude)... matic Weapons Battalion (mobile)...... .... talion........... 228th Antiaircraft Searchlight Bat...........X 88th Antiaircraft Artillery Brigade...... 441st Antiaircraft Artillery Auto. 64 g> l05 .. 105th Antiaircraft Artillery Auto matic Weapons Battalion (self-propelled).....—Examples—Antiaircraft Artillery....... D \/-^ 441 Ml" Battery A....... H" IX\I "01 4 90 Battery C................. craft Battalion............ 119th Airborne Antiair. L±eJ 88 3d Antiaircraft Artillery Group......... Battery C.-JU Chart 26... C IX\I 228 2d Platoon..............

............ 16th Armored Engineer Battalion ... ............. A Su » fe^>l ' ... Treatment Platoon................... [ *75SP 1st Battalion.n ...... Operations Platoon.......... 1st Armored Division . Supply Battalion...... ...... C5 ........... pany. 6th Armored Infantry Regi. 1st Armored Reconnaissance Battalion ..... Headquarters Company.. °»» N^ l€ en« r 6th Armored Infantry Regiment .. ..................... 47th Armored Signal 47 1^1 °«>n Company. 1st Tank Group................... Company A.........Hqi ment ... ... A l^-*! ' r i....I X" 1st Armored Division .. 1st Armored Regiment ... LPPl 6 16th Armored Engineer Battalion .... X Combat Command A..... 1st Armored Division ................. Company A....... ISSi s Assault Gun Platoon..... Chart 27.. 1st Armored Regiment...... 47th Armored Medical Battalion. Company A...... to^J l6 Medical Detachment... A l 1st Armored Division Trains ............... T Hq HS3 ' Rcn Assault Gun Platoon.. Hq ..... Headquarters Company............ IS) ' 742d Tank Battalion (light) ................... —Examples—armored. Transportation Platoon..... .............................. 1st Battalion.... Headquarters Com ........ TrtalA h^j 4T .. IJr-*! ' I Armored Corps ..... 1^3 T42 «-> 6th Armored Artillery Group ................................|QP...........

....... [<E*E]r*Fi x 18th Fighter Wing............. ..... EEE1 l2 Gli ... '6 Rep B 15A Dep ii I <=>=>! 20 20th Air Base Security Battalion .........11... 15th Air Depot Group...XXX First Air Force......................... Wing... E°J I8F1 in 4th Reconnaissance Group ....... 23d Signal -Company. EE*=J66Serv ii 12th Glider Squadron . —Examples—Army Air Forces........... 66 ............. ............. . i i 16th Depot Repair Squadron.................... c lc<>| 321 Chart 28.... B 1*^^ 8A Spl Com ii EEE1 5 Ph Rcn 5th Photo Reconnaissance Squadron ........ £3 5 Bomb <H) r-LU-| 54th Troop Carrier Group .. e±J 54 Tr Ca" ii 66th Service Squadron .. . I00 ! 88 ""1 »•• Air Support Control B................. ... 8th Air Support Communications Squadron....... ..... l°°l 4Rc" 5th Bombardment Squadron (heavy). S3 23W« Company C...... EEEJ Firsl XX IV Fighter Command...... : ............. .............. 321st Engineer Aviation Battalion............ ......... 88th Reconnaissance Squadron...

. 5th Cavalry.................. U—1 5 Observation Post.. 5th Cavalry...... Weapons Troop.... lwP n Ux"l 14 Mortar Platoon.. Wpn E—I "* Troop E........Cavalry......... l£^l 5 89th Cavalry Mechanized Reconnaissance Squadron: ii Acting alone .... .... •J2-=» 1st Platoon... Headquarters Troop...... Troop E..... i E \£=Q ' ReB 2d Platoon.... 89 Rcn 5 Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized) 9th Cavalry Division........ 5th Cavlary Group... Mechanized ....... Troop A.Machine Gun Platoon........... 9th Cavalry......—Examples—Cavalry.. Troop A..... /\ 9 iii '&-}...... ........ Chart 29... .............. ....50 Machine Gun Section.......... l^j 89Rcn Acting as part of 5th Cavalry Group......... Mechanized ........... 14th Cavalry.... Troop A....... 2d Cavalry Brigade... •» 4 1st Tank Platoon.... 1st Reconnaissance Squadron. EA 1 Antitank Platoon. Command Post......................... Mechanized......... Weapons Troop....... P'k Park. 1st Cavalry Division...... Caliber ....... 4th Cavalry....... 1st Reconnaissance Squadron... 67 .... 14th .... .. 5th A [~xl 5 Cavalry... Mechanized Cavalry Group........

.. 10th Chemical Company.—For Antiaircraft Artillery Symbols see chart 26..«» 2d Platoon... I G I 10 Moir" Company B.... Battery E.....—Examples—Chemical Warfare Service.. B I S I 2 Bn <Sep) II 3d Battalion....... Harbor Defense..... 4 CZ] 241 HD(C) Command Post........ . . Harbor Defense. Type C....... 2d Separate Chemical Bat. I NOTE...... Maintenance . | • 1104 HO w ^ Harbor Defense Type A........ 901st Chemical Regiment.............. IV J-J Corps.. xxxx Chemical Depot....... Service ' Serv Avn S3 2 Aviation........... Chart 31....... .. L*J 9'2 Ry 1*1 57 CA 57th Coast Artillery (155-mrn gun) .............. 1st Chemical Company... Type B.......E [~^~| 24e H DIB) lery....—Examples—Coast Artillery Corps.... 241st Coast Artillery.. . . 104th Coast Artillery....... F' rsl Chart 30.. First Army....... Searchlight Battery.. ii 4th Battalion......................... ........................... 912th Coast Artillery (Railway).. 3 LjLJ 901 Proposed Chemical Warfare Supply Point....... 248th Coast Artil...

. 69 .Company A... Company.. 126th Engineer Mouni tain Battalion...... 2s[T]660 Topo 1st Platoon........ 84th Engineer ....... Battalion.. Company B... 28th Engineer Aviation ... 2 (T) First Proposed Engineer Park............... .......... 660th ....... 2\ E |39I Dtp Company B.. 195th Engineer Dump Truck .....***... Company D... . pany.......... . Camouflage Battalion...... ... II Army Corps. e[T]eoiwsup Second Boat Platoon.. 905th Engineer Heavy Ponton .—Examples—Corps of Engineers.. ............................. A l<-O|i6 Motorized Company... ... pcht [X]307 2d Platoon. A L_LJ 2 11 8th Engineer Squadron.. 801st Engineer Water Supply i Battalion... 591st .... First Army........... Pion D [Z] 591 Bt • Shore Chart 32. '(""H 195 °» Trl< 2d Platoon... .. ..... shore Pioneer Platoon.. 2B I E 184 com 2d Platoon...... Engineer Topographic Battalion........ . ....................... 531st »•• Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment. Battalion....... Company A. ZBtALfJsst ut.... Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment.... 2 LJ: xxxx Engineer Depot Number 2... 307th Airborne Engineer i Battalion.......... 2B EI3 28 2d Platoon........ 2d Engineer Combat Battalion.. B R~| 905H" P°" Parachute Company...... 391st Engineer Depot Company. .......... 16th Armored Engineer Battalion.... Prk( E }n 2d Platoon... ........ . 70th Engineer Light Ponton Com.. ................. *LL] 126 M<" Company B.. L§_1 8 Company A....... Company B........ Photomapping Company.

» Battalion.............. .......flm T i * * * i ion (horse)............ o—o Headquarters and Headquarters Battery... Pack). 2 B I * 1 7I H'0r Maintenance Section. ... 82d Field Artillery Battal.................. horse-drawn. Chart 33....... 98th tt Field Artillery Battalion (75-mm How....... I133 ! I0 Forward Observation Post.... 71st Field Artillery ..... Battery A.............. Hq LEI 1 ' Bri <> 2d Section.. B L±J IObsn » 74th Field Artillery Brigade... '.........—Examples—Field Artillery..... 4-'05 8th Field Artillery Battalion..............-U-L 10th Armored Field Artillery Group........... 4-75 Battery B..... i H" CZ] 4 Pk Gasoline Section... I — I 131 rLLLi 18th Field Artillery Group.Battery F.. Service Battery. .. armored)......... 4th Field Artillery Battalion (Pack)..... 2d Field Artillery Battalion.... 1st Field Artillery Battalion.... Battery C. UJJ 8 Headquarters and Headquarters Battery..... F [I*H 2 Div Headquarters Battery.... ................ 11 th i Field Artillery Brigade.... ... 1st Field Artillery Observation i Battalion....... .............. l_~d 125 Pcht rV-i 131st Glider Field Artillery Battalion.. LZ] 74 j-J-U 125th Field Artillery Parachute Battalion. L*J'« . ...... ... ............. Battery B....Moini c| • |98 PK itzer.... 54th Field yserv |<~»~i| 54 Artillery (105-mm Howitzer.. 1 st Division Artillery.. Hi II **lI'' Div Ammunition Train...............

. «-t-> Machine Gun Section... 81-mm Mortar Platoon......... 20th Infantry.........o^^23 pany D...... Com..... I^l 22 Mtz Company A.. I>R [XJ '» Maintenance Section...... ** Service Company... Ki ft Bog [><] 29 o o 1st Platoon... 23d Infantry. *** Headquarters Company. ....................... ........ * LP^<I 4I Observation Post... VV£>' Chart 34.. Antitank Company. 10th Infantry.... . **P3 [X] I0 Weapons Platoon.' c " [X] 6 -4-105 Ammunition and Pioneer Platoon......... ^ 27th Infantry... ....—Examples—Infantry..... [X] soz Pchi iii 22d Motorized Infantry..... 3rd Battalion......... 17th E [SX| !7 Infantry....... -4-si Proposed regimental Ammunition Supply Point............ 29th Infantry.............. H<< Intelligence and Reconnaissance Platoon.. Company B.......... Company A.. 19th Infantry. .. Company E........ 5th Infantry.....—=> 502d Parachute Infantry.... .... Moint O<3 5 Kitchen and Baggage Train.. 14th Infantry. 15th Infantry B CXj 15 -4-60 Light Machine-Gun Section......... Wpn A 60-mm Mortar Section..... ... 4th Infantry... Headquar*** ters Company... Headquarters Company *** 6th Infantry... Company 20 IS^Izo D.. 29th Infantry........... 41st Armored Infantry.Headquarters Company. 2d Platoon.. Transportation Platoon. ' AT UXCJ 4 1st Cannon Platoon. 71 .... ..

Headquarters and Service Company, 1st Medical
Regiment. .............................. H " s t±d'
Clearing Company D, .8th Medical Battalion.... D HH 8
2d Platoon, Company A, 105th Medical Am•••
bulance Battalion. ....................... 2A FF|i05
3d Platoon, Company A, 47th Medical Battal«.»
ion Armored........................... 3A ICPl 47
Clearing Platoon, Veterinary Troop, 1st Medical
Squadron................. ............

•••
xxxx
(First

First Army Medical Depot.

1st Battalion Section, Medical Detachment,
»•
175th Infantry.........................' Bn FR '" ""
Battalion Aid Station, 1st Battalion, 4th
Infantry................................

' *+- 4 ""

Ambulance Loading Post..................... ~T~ ALP
XX

Collecting Station, 1st Division...............
llth Evacuation Hospital. ................

—|— ' Co"
xxxx
—\— " Eyoc
XXX

Clearing Station, I Corps..................... H~ r Clr
Hospital Train.................................. PTJ
-xxxx
Veterinary Clearing Station, First Army. ..... V Firsl clr
•••
5th Platoon, 12th Veterinary Company. ....... 5 IAZJ 12
GHO

901st Veterinary Evacuation Hospital. ......

V 90IEvoc

Chart 35.—Examples—Medical Department.

72

i

2d Ordnance Company, Heavy Maintenance

OD i!HvMoi'"

(Army). . ............................

i
3d Ordnance Company, Heavy Maintenance (Tank) ....................... [jD 3 Hv Maint (Tk)
•»
Service Section, 28th Ordnance Company
(Medium Maintenance) .............. Serv LJJ 28 M Moint
Magazine Platoon, 51st Ordnance Company **•
(Ammunition) ........................... 'DD51 Am
•»»
3d Platoon, 95th Ordnance Company,
Railway Artillery Maintenance ........ 3 LJU 95 Moir" (Ry)
Company B, 1 9th Ordnance Battalion (Armored) .. B
Headquarters and Supply Section, 105th
Ordnance Company (Medium Maintenance). . .......................
Service Platoon, 73d Ordnance Company
(Depot) .............................

'9

••
H • s DO 105 M Moln1
, ***,
Serv I 8 1 73 ^

721st Ordnance Company (Aviation Air Base) Sil 721 4vn A B
i
DD'"**""

1st Ordnance Battalion (Medium Maintenance)................................

1st Platoon, 104th Ordnance Evacuation ...
Company. .......:.................... 'CHH Evoc
319th Ordnance Maintenance Company,
Antiaircraft .........................

i
[S 319 Moint (AA)

7th Ordnance Maintenance Battalion,
Motorized. .........................

11
nTl 7 "*•""""'

61st Ordnance Maintenance Company, Airborne.................................

,
GQ 61 Mom'

«»»
419th Ordnance Platoon, 531st Engineer
Special Brigade ....................... 4I9 QD 531 ^
Chart 36. —Examples—Ordnance Department.
73

xxxx

Class I Supply Point, Third Army, proposed. . . l'Y; Third
xxxx
Class III Railhead, Third Army, proposed. . . . (JJ Third Rhd
Second Army Quartermaster Depot Number 1
..... .'() Second
(Class III) ..........................
xxxx
.. 2 © Third
Third Army Quartermaster Depot No. 2 .....
XXX

III Corps Quartermaster Park, proposed. .....

rk '' m

Truckhead, Class I Supply, Third Army, x ?ix
,
Ji Third
proposed ............................ iv<^'

Trk Hd

Salvage Collecting Point, 3d Division, proxx.
posed............................... Solv Col "v?; 3
105th Quartermaster Car Company. ........ H°U l05Cor
2d Platoon, Company K, 48th Quartermas•••
ter Regiment (Truck) .................. 2 K DEH 48Trk
Pack Troop, 16th Quartermaster Squadron. . . E pk Li£j l6
II
681st Quartermaster Battalion (Sterilization). . I Q I 681 ster
Company A, 203d Quartermaster Battalion
(Gasoline Supply).......................

A I Q 1 203
T

Company D, 94th Quartermaster Battalion
|
(Bakery).............................. D H°3
Company A, Supply Battalion, 1st Armored
Division ......... .\..................... A SU P
Chart 37.—Examples—Quartermaster Corps.
74

....... OJ I0 Mbl Phol° Lob 3 pg~i 3|8 Rod In) 3d Intercept Platoon....... beparate Signal Operation Company..... 75 ..... Company A.............. ••• 318th Signal Battalion (Aviation)...... i I I ^ LdbJ 365 ' LLJ 20 F ' d »°< *<° ........ *•* Teletypewriter Operation Platoon.................... . Tt Opn B OH 57 59th Signal Construction Battalion...... Headquarters Company.««» Headquarters Platoon......... 83 \S*\ ' 83d Signal Troop.. 263d S 263 Opn Tt i c /-i i t-\ c-—' — < ..... 318th Signal Radio T Intelligence Company...........***..... Headquarters ••• and Headquarters Company.... .... 64th Signal Operation IaM B LjJ 64 °» n Battalion... Hq A OH 5I Radio Operation Platoon... .... I s I 59 Cons Installation and Maintenance Platoon.. 20th Signal Fixed Radio Station Company. 57th Signal Battalion ............. 51st Signal Battalion .. 51st Signal "«" OP« [jj 5I Battalion...***........ Message Cen »• ter Platoon........ 10th Signal Mobile Photographic Laboratory Unit... Company B.......... Company A... Command Post Section.. ««» Teletypewriter Operation Platoon....... 1st Cavalry Division..... 59 MX Cen Ms9 CP Battalion. 59th Armored Signal Radio Intelligence Platoon.......................... 421st Engineer Special Brigade.*—Examples—Signal Corps. 365th Airborne Signal Company .. 93d Signal Company........... Air RodInt A S m Support Command.. Chart 38...... Company B.

281st Signal Pigeon ••• Company.. ... Composite Battalion.. 657th Tank ••• Destroyer Battalion (Self propelled).... Headquarters Company... •«• 12th Tank Destroyer Group. Mbi [T] 318 Rod mi 1st Combat Platoon...—Examples—Tank Destroyer.. ' ULJ 28 ' p°n S 105th Signal Photomail Company... TO I 12 Headquarters.... 12th Tank Destroyer Group..... 657th Tank ...... I Destroyer Platoon.... Destroyer Battalion.... [™_\*rr <T> Pioneer Platoon. .. 318th •• Radio Intelligence Company..... Company D.. Company D..Mobile Direction Finding Section. Dot * [l£J 657(sp) II 827th Tank Destroyer Battalion (Towed). Position Finding Platoon....... 105 V i Hq Comp CSJ 2 AW Chart 38..***. 2d Signal Aircraft Warning Regiment.. Opn [™] I2GP Chart 39.. .***.. ... . pion D LllJ 657 2d Reconnaissance Platoon.. ..... Headquarters and Headquarters Com pany. Company A...—Examples—Signal Corps—Continued... 657th Tank Destroyer Battalion..... . .. ...... 2Rcn °LI5J 657 Operations Platoon... ........

Traffic Control Division CSto Q|y Consolidating Station H8RP Holding and Reconsignment Point . Water Division. .. Military Railway Service . Headquarters and Headquarters Company.. . . Q]y PA Port Agency Qly Port of Embarkation Qjy PE Chart 40...—Examples—Transportation Corps... .. 707th Railway Grand Division 714th Railway Operating Battalion.... xjy Transportation Corps. . <!> Transportation Corps.. . BED 70r G0 .. .. . .. . 753d Railway Shop Battalion .... „ j MRS Headquarters.. . 194th Port Company. Highway Division .... "q[WI'2P dfe] I94P .. Q)y Transportation Corps... Rail Division . I vE> I n«f*yOp | ggj res Rysx . 12th Port. ... .. Transit Storage Division Qjy re §|y R H TS Transportation Corps.. Transportation Corps...... ................

and the last four the hour. Dates with hour designations are written as follows: . «. Examples: 0001 means 1 niinute after midnight. 0630. thus: 15 Jan 1943. Time is indicated according to the 24-hour clock system. in which case the month is assumed to be the current one. DoHi. The first two digits indicate the day of the month. as explained above. the first two digits representing the hour. DATES AND HOURS. This chapter is concerned primarily with abbreviations found only in Army field work. For example: 150630 means 6:30 in the morning of the 15th day of the current month. 71 . b. 1500 means 3:00 in the afternoon. C.PART III MILITARY ABBREVIATIONS CHAPTER 10 LIST OF MILITARY ABBREVIATIONS ft. 0630 means 6:30 in the morning. the second two digits the minutes. GENERAL. A six digit number may be used. Tim*. in four-digit numbers. Dates with hours. 15 Jan 1943. Dates are written with the day preceding the name of the month. 19.

...... brigades and lower units) ........ advance message center. the letter "Z" is placed after the hour designation. All abbreviations used in field work have a capitalized initial letter. If the time is based on Green wich rather than on local time..... agent......... Kinds of abbreviations... List A acting.. advance guard .. advance.... Airborne Command.... For example: 0630Z 150630Z 30..d.....I. and messages.... Capitalisation..............................'...... aeronautical..... For abbreviations used in ad ministrative work.... airdrome.. air depot..... Punctuation........... ............ a......... LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND ITS USES. administrative (orders or officer).... field maps. air base... c....... aeronautic........ aircraft warning (company)................ adjutant (1st staff section.. Greenwich lime....... such as ft for foot.. In addition to those on the following list the Army is also authorized to use common abbreviations that are generally accepted....... .. see AR 850-150. such as field orders. .... b........ This manual contains abbre viations authorized for use infield work....... Actg S—1 Adm (O) Adv Adv Gd Adv Msg Cen Aero Agt A AB A/B Comd AW (Co) AD Adrm 79 .... ........ All abbreviations used are written without periods.. ............................. air... ..

............... ................ armorer........... armored.......... Amphibious Command .......... ambulance loading post............ airport.............. Air Support Command ......... armor-piercing....... ... Air Support Control.. ....................................... antimechanized........ ............. air intelligence (section)... ammunition supply point.................. ...... Army Postal Service... artificer. Artif ............ Antiaircraft Artillery Intelligence Service................................................. approximate...................... appendix................. American Expeditionary Forces....... amphibian truck (company) ............... AFld AF A Int (Sec) Aprt Ash ASPTC A Spt Contl or AS Contl Alt T ALP AEF Am (Tn) ASP Amph Trk (Co) Amph Comd Anl-Dr AAA AAAIS AA/B AMecz APers Antisub Comd App Approx Armd C Armd Armr AP A Engr Serv AHQ A Med (Lab) (Serv) APS Ars ..... Army headquarters.. alternate target............. Army Engineer Service .............. Army medical (laboratory) (serv ice) .. .... ..... antiaircraft balloon............. ammunition (train)............... armored car....................... .. antipersonnel............ animal-drawn ............. antiaircraft artillery............... ....................... airship.. air force......... Arsenal.....................air field .... ............... Antisubmarine Command ....

........................... Bag Bkry Bin BBTC Bar Bin (Bn) BD Co BP Bsc BFM Bn (C Tn) Bn S-l BBH" Bn S-2 BLT Bn S-3 Bn S-4 BC B Rcn BM Bel B/L Biv Blksm Bt Blr & Sm Sh Co Bmr BL Arty (Brig) (H) (LnO) •I .............................. ........ automatic weapons... boat......... bicycle...... ............. bomb line..... automatic........ .......... basic.......................... battalion supply officer.. aviation oil......... battalion adjutant...................artillery (brigade) (horse) (liaison officer)........ base point...... aviation gasoline.............. .................... balloon....... . ......... Balloon Barrage Training Center.. boiler and smith shop company... battalion landing team ...... bill of lading... bomber.................................... ........................... .... bench mark.......... Atk Auto AW Agas Aoil B baggage bakery............... blacksmith... Basic Field Manual...... battalion plans and training officer.... battalion (combat train) ....... .. barrage balloon (battalion). attack................. base depot company.. battery commander.................. battle reconnaissance................ battalion intelligence officer....... .............. bivouac........................ battalion beachhead......................

............. cemetery. brigade headquarters............................... civil (or civilian) ............................... BSTrk Bd Br Tn (Hv) (L) Brig Brig S-l Brig S-2 Brig S-3 Brig S-4 BHQ BAR Bglr BSpet C camouflage........................ central interpretation unit............ nonpersistent................... chemical agent.............................. ...... brigade adjutant.. Carbine......... ..... ......... Class I supplies................bomb service truck ... close-in.... brigade............. clearing company......................................... chief of. Chief Signal Officer............2-inch................. character......... brigade intelligence officer........ central. bugler............ car repair company................................ Chief of Transportation.2 Cml Mort C Cof CofT CSigO Civ Cl I Sup Clr Co CL Clo ........... persistent.. brigade plans and training officer. ........... brigade supply officer. chemical agent. boundary... cannon (platoon)....... bulk storage petroleum.......... Cam Cn (Plat) Cbn Cptr Car Rep Co Cem Cen CIU Char Cfr G—NP G—P 4.................. ......... .......................... carpenter.. Browning automatic rifle.................................... bridge train (heavy) (light)................. center.... chauffeur.. 4.............. chemical mortar. clothing.... chief.....

....... combat team............................ communications zone................. .......................................................... combat crew. crew chief.................. ............ detail............. demolition (squad) (officer)......... continuous wave............................ collecting (company) (point) (station).coast defense.................. contact party.. delivered or delivery.. coastal frontier.. depot.... control.... combat (car) (zone) .. commercial............... command and navigation boat............. combat group. .............. counterreconnaissance..................................... computer.............................................. .. convalescent (hospital) ................ consolidating station............................. D/R Delv Dml (Sqd) (O) Dep Des Dtl CD CF Coll (Co) (Pt) (Sta) •3 ................. ....... combat command............... current......................... composite......... communication... .......... concentration ......... deserted or desertion............... crossroads............ commissary.................. C (Car) (Z) CC CCr C GP CT C&N Bt Com] Comm Com Com Z Comp Cmptr Cone C Sta Cons Con Pty CW Contl Conv (Hosp) CoP C-Rcn CrC CR Cur D dead reckoning.................... copilot...... construction..

................... ...... eliminate...... ............. entrucking point............ drawn................. enemy aircraft....... district transportation officer.. ........ ....... distant.. . division service area ..... draftsman....... emplacement. direct support................ director....... ...... .................. division beachhead.. .... ................... engine house company...... .. erecting and machine shop company estimated time arrival........ ............. field remourit depot....... .. Duty officer........ ...... distant surveillance section ........direction finding................................... district engineer officer...................... Elec element... field train ................................................................. ........ division headquarters...... driver.. evacuation............ D/F Dir D/S Ds DS Sec DEO DTO DAO DBH DHQ DSA Drftm Dr Dvr DO E electrical or electrician .... exclusive........ ......... .......... division ammunition office... .. Elm Elim Emb Empl E/A Eng Hse Co EP Erect & Mach Sh Co ETA Evac Excl field laboratory .... fighter fighter control area .. .. . F Lab F Rmt Dep F Tn Fi FCA M ........... embarkation.... ..........

.................... general support.................................................... groupment............ . general dispensary... Har HBS Harbor Boat Service .. . ................ Fil filter center. fire-direction center........ persistent... general hospital.. flash ranging.... grand division (railway)................... fixed......... gas... ..... ................... gas. Gar G-NP G-P G-Pf Gen Disp Gen Hosp GSS Gen Serv G/S Geol Surv Gli Gr Div (Ry) Gr Reg (Bn) (Co) Grd GCI Gpmt G H H-Trk ........ gasproof. Geological Survey.......................... 85 ... ground control interception......................... half-track. ........film strip......... .................. Fil Cen final protective line ......................................... ground.... ....... ... general service............. harbor... from............ nonpersistent............. general service schools ...................... . first lieutenant..... ...... gun. FPL Fdc 1st Lt Fxd FR FIU Fr Furn G garage............. FS filter............................... glider............... furnished.............................................................. graves registration (battalion) (com pany) ... forward interpretation unit...............

........... .................................................. Kd ...................... information center.......................... interceptor........... horse-drawn.. harbor defense command.................................................... information.......................... Har Cft (Co) HDC Hq H&S (Btry) (Co) (Tr) or Hq & Serv (Btry) (Co) (Tr) Hv Wpn Co Hwy HTO H & RP HCO H H-Dr Hosp I Impregnating.................. horizontal control operator.... Impreg Incld Incl IAS Info 1C IBH IP Inst Int S-2 or Int O I Intpr J join... inclusive. initial beachead...... Include.............. highway............ hospital... headquarters and service (battery) (company) (troop) heavy weapons company....... indicated air speed...harbor craft (company)........ instrument................................................ horse....................................... Jn K killed.. initial point........ holding and reconsignment point.............. interpreter................ intelligence officer............... intelligence. headquarters............................ highway transportation officer........

.................... main supply road........ landing craft.. low altitude........ Military Railway Service..... . landing craft.............. landing craft.. military attache.............. land mine.................................................... meterologist...... tank.............. ......... major general.... mechanized........ maintenance of equipment . last resort target........... personnel..................... line of departure........ lieutenant colonel. liaison........................................ legislative........................ vehicle............L labor.......... lights...... M machinist........................ vehicle-personnel... main line of resistance............. minimum altitude...... Mobilization Training Program . material........ mobile.................. laboratory......... Lbr Lab LCM LCP LCV LCVP LCT LM LRT Leg Ln Lt Col Lt Gen LMG Lgts Lmn LD LC LWB LA Machst MLR MSR Maint of E Maint of W Maj Gen Mat M (Tk) Metgst Mil Att or MA MRS Min Alt Mbl MTP 87 .... landing craft.......................... long wheelbase.............. linemen............................................... maintenance of way......... lieutenant general. light machine gun.......................................... medium (tank).. lines of communication......................... landing craft........

.. operation ........... outpost line of resistance................................................... Pchst Prk Pty PAT Bt Photo Pgn P & D Sec S-3 Plat Pt Pon Ptbl Mtrclt Mgas Moil Mtricl Mv Mvmt Mus Nav (O) NCS NYR No ...................... outpost line.................. point............................... park............................................................ party.................................................. plans and training officer...... photograph or photographic.. ponton.............................................. number.................... not yet returned .... motor gasoline................... OP O/C 1 Pdr Opn Opr O Odly OPL OPLR P parachutist..... portable..................... O observation post.... pigeon.............. patrol boat.. operator................ N navigation (officer) .. movement.......................................... pioneer and demolition section.. order.......... ......... officer in charge.... ... .......................... motor-tricycle.............. move.................... musician.. motor oil............. orders... net control station.............................. platoon.............motorcyclist.. orderly...... one-pounder....................

.. range officer. ....... railway shop battalion (Diesel)... ................. principal.......... regimental headquarters....... ration distributing point..................... .......................... reconstruction park.............. railway traffic officer..... ................................................................. R&P Sec RADAR Rad Int (Co) Rhd RHO RR RTO Ry GD R Traf O Rg O RDP Ry Sh Bn (Dsl) Rr (Ech) (Gd) Reed Rcn (LR) (MR) Recons Prk Rcc Rd Ref Regtl S-l RBH RHQ ........... railhead officer. port of debarkation ............................ proving ground...... primary target............... postal (section) ...... reconnaissance (long range) (medium range)...... rear (echelon) (guard)... railroad. regimental beachhead....... railhead............. regimental adjutant............... QMSO R radio and panel section... railroad transportation officer........ refrigeration.. PA PD PTO Post (Sec) PT Princ Pris PG Q quartermaster supply officer.................... radio detector equipment. prisoner...... ............. recreation................ reduce or reduced ...................... port transportation officer.......... received.... radio intelligence (company)......port agency.. Railway Grand Division ................................

.. release point...................... regimental reserve line............ ............................................ regulating (station) ........... road bend..................................... Reserve......................(Bn)(Co) Salv Sn Scd Set Set C SL second lieutenant........ rejoined......... scout car........................ road junction..............:......... rocket launcher........................"...... ...... repair shop company..... 2d Lt ................................ regimental plans and training officer.....regimental intelligence officer......... rescinded....... S sales Commissary (Battalion) (Company) salvage...... retired................... .......... reporting.......... sanitary......... schedule.............. reproduction . rifle (Company)..... regimental orders..... scout.......... regimental supply officer......................................... road space............. rocketeer........................ searchlight....... Regtl S-2 RO Regtl S-3 RRL Regtl S-4 or RSO R (Sta) Reinf Rejd Rel Pt RDV Pt Rep Sh Co Repl Rpt Repro Resc Res Ret R (CO) RB RJ RS Rkt Rktr RL SalesComm.. rendezvous point........ rocket.....'....... report........ ..................... ...........:•:.......... ................ reinforced... replacement.

.................................... stevedore.... small arms. sound and flash (battalion).... staging area (company)............................... sentenced............... surgical (hospital)........................ sound locator............... ............... supply........ self-propelled mount.................... support......... semiautomatic rifle.... shipment... shop (battalion)..................................... stenographer (s)..................................................................... straggler line. supply point.... ... surrender or surrendered....... shipping ticket...................... SL surgeon.................. SP SPM SAR Sem Sent Sentd Shipt S/T Sh (Bn) SWB Sig SOI SA S BT (Co) S&F (Bn) S-L SR Specl Sp Msgr Sp Trs Stf St Ar (Co) Steno Ster Stev Stiag L Subm Sup SP Spt support line............................... sentence.......... special messenger... ....self-propelled..................................... sterilization............. staff.................. Surg Surg (Hosp) Surr Surv 91 .... signal.................... sound ranging................................... specialist.............. special troops.......... survey.... signal operations instructions........................................... submarine.......... small boat (company)..... short wheelbase.................. semimobile...................

. U/F UTC ... telegraph printer..... traffic.............. transit storage ................ trench mortar ..........switchboard...... ............ teletypewriter....... toolmaker. .. traffic control station . .... time lengths........... topographic................ training unit .......... teletypewriter center................. .. torpedo .. ... troop carrier (squadron) ...... . Sb switching central....................... truck head Tac TD Tech Telg Tgp Tt Ttc THQ TL Tlmkr Top or Topo Tor Trac Tr-Dr Traf TCS Tn Co TC TF TU TS T or 1 Vans T Co T Mort Tr (s) Tr Carr (Sq) Trk-Dr Trk Hd U unit of fire Unit Training Center 12 ..... transportation ............ troop (s) . training film .. .............................................. ......... Tank Destroyer................ training circular........ transportation company .... theater headquarters.... truck-drawn ...... telegram.. .......................... ... transport.. ......... technical... ...................................... Sw C T tactical... .......... ............... tractor...... ......... tractor-drawn.. ...... .. topographical.............. train commander ...

. VCO VLA Vis Vol W warrant ........ ............ winch...... ......... ... water supply ... volunteer. ........... .... welder ....... visual........ ........ very low altitude ........ wrecker. weapons (troop) (platoon)............ warrant officer... ....................... water tank (battalion) (train)..... .United States Army Transport..'. ............ .. ........ ............ USAT vertical control operator ..... Z/F ZTO .'............ Wrnt WO W Sup W Tk (Bn) (Tn) Wpn Catr Wpn (Tr) (Plat) Wldr Wn Wkr zone of fire ......... weapon carrier........... zone transportation officer............ .... .

Soldier's Handbook...... ................ . List of Publications for Training....... Topographic Drafting.. Authorized Abbreviations and Symbols for Military Records and Administrative Spe cial Orders Except Field Orders and Mes sages.................. Medical Department... . Tactics and Technique............................................................................. Reference Data.. Infantry Drill Regulations............. Sketching.... Coast Artillery......................... Motor Transport..... .............. Obstacle Technique............ Engineer........ Field Artillery.....APPENDIX LIST OF REFERENCES Maps and Mapping.... Signal Communication............ .. Reference Data..... Foreign Conventional Signs and Symbols....... .... ............. ......................... Reference Data.... Reference Data....... .................. AR 300-15 AR 850-15C FM 4-155 FM 5-35 FM 5-30 TM 5-226 TM 5-230 FM 6-130 FM 8-55 TM 11-462 FM 17-10 FM 21-6 FM 21-25 FM 21-26 FM 21-35 FM 21-100 FM 22-5 FM 24-5 FM 25-10 FM 30-22 ........ Carpentry..... Armored Force Field Manual.:.................... Reference Data........................... Elementary Map and Aerial Photograph Reading..... Advanced Map and Aerial Photograph Reading......................

....... Field: Examples........................................................... 25 Army... 13 Aircraft patrol area.............. aircraft................. 19 Hydrographic. chart........ 28 Unit symbols..............................'...................... 13................ 21 Antitank guns.......... 16 Antiaircraft artillery.............................................. 15 Alternate one-way traffic..... Military.................. 7 Aids to navigation............................... 15 Air routes.................. 15 Anchorage prohibited........ 6 Antiaircraft activities.............................. 13 Page SO 30 62 28 17 15 37 42 39 66 36.............. Army: Examples........................................... 7 Airship ..................... chart.............. ................ 7 Army Air Forces symbols............. chart... 14 Arsenals..................... 15 Air Forces. examples.................... 27 Identifying symbol..... 33 Identifying symbol..... 6 Airborne.. ........... 25 Antitank obstacles............. 23 Artillery.......... 15 Antipersonnel obstacles..... Armored: Examples............ 15 Antiaircraft ship......................................................................................... chart............. 9.......................... 26 Antiaircraft defended area......................................................... 14 Airports: Aeronautical chart symbols.................... 38 17 39 18 40 59 42 16 16 43 64 41 41 52 60 52 24 65 36 61 38 56 70 36 95 .. 6 Anchorages......... Topographic. 15 Air activities.... . 13 Vehicles............. Aeronautical chart symbols............................................ chart.......................................... 24 Alternate target. 21 Aqueducts.....Abbreviations: Chart Engineer bridge and road classification..................

. sea.... 6 Beacons.. ........ 14 Battalion .......... air maps...... 15 Bomb line.................................... 10 Buildings........................... .................................I........... ..... ............... air ...... 50 23 54 38 25 15 ....... .. .. ............ 14 Battery ........ ................................. chart.......................................... Cemetery.. .. .............. Cactus trees.............. . chart........ ....... ......... Cavalry: Examples. . 3 Bluffs ..................................... .... points on................................. 21 Destroyed .. ...... Bridges: 19 On engineer maps........ Canal.. Autogiro Automatic rifle................... 5 Breakers along the shore...................... ................................. Chemical Warfare Service: Examples......................................... ................ Caution area...... .... 43 41......................... ................ marks.. balloon............. Chart 15 15 25 22 Page 40 40 60 55 16 Balloon .......... chart...................................................... Cities Civil airways .. 16 4 Bamboo trees ................... Identifying symbol ............ ................... 6 Buoys....... 15. ..... and monuments........... ............. Chemical warfare activities....... ........ 43 10 10 38 38 17 15 8 41 53 27 13 24 4 9 7 10 24 18 29 13 11 18 67 37 26 46 30 13 10 10 7 68 37 25 25 18 10 25 Ascension point........... Balloon... ...... ........................ Cliff dwellings.............................. 12 Boundaries................... ............. urban areas......................... 4 Banana trees.................. 21 Booby traps................. 7 Beacons.......... Identifying symbol. Axis of signal communication........ 9 Breakwater............ 9 On topographic maps.................. ..... ............. barrage . ..... Church . 14 Brigade.....................

.................................................. Convoy............................................... Contours...... Division.......................... Depression contours........ Depth curves...... Drainage...... Dates and hours .. Coke ovens......................... hydrography...... Dolphin............ 5 5 24 13 13 57 9 7 5 97 ..... 39 38 38 56 38 38 7 41 12 11 38 11 14 9 Dam......... Demolitions.................... Examples................................................... Coral reefs... Defense area.................. limiting...... Danger area............................................................ Cypress swamp............................................................... air maps............................................. ............... .................................... Dispersal point. Identifying symbols.......................................... Communications zone................................... chart....... Currents................................. Danger line........ Corps........ Embarkation point................. aircraft ................ Debarkation point...... Dispatch route....... Color......................................................... Dense woods or jungle growth...........................................................Coast Artillery Corps: .......... Chwt 31 13 11 14 14 23 14 14 3 15 5 4 14 4 5 4 P»ge 68 37 26 2............................................ Dikes ............. Dugouts............ Drydock.................. Command post.................... Combat team......................... Eel grass......... general................................................................. Company.................................................. Dock . 24 17 21 4 3 5 9 22 24 15 14 9 6 2 6 20 23 18 13 78 57 45 52 9 7 14 24 55 59 40 38 24 16 4 16 50 Eddies and whirlpools.................. Direction finders................................. .. Combat command..... Cultivated fields........ Corn.............................................................................

... Fences............. ............................................ Glaciers . ..... Gravel .................. Special symbols ......... barbed wire ........... 17 3 22 5 5 14 6 9 3 20 20 5 15 17 44 7 55 13 13 38- Gas ........... ....... limit of radius of action ..... 98 16 23 7 51 51 14 41 44 ....... barbed wire ......... (See Artillery.............. chart ..... Form lines .... Flight ... Engineer activities ..... Hangar for airship ... Corps of: Examples.......................................................... Gravel and rocks......................... 3 15 23 7 40 56 Filter center ..................... Chart 32 13 19 19 21 5 26-40 Page 69 37 50 50 52 13 64 2 11 21 9 26 52 23 5 Fishing stakes .......................... ... ......... salt ......................... Grassland ........ Free bombing area ............Engineers................ Front-line boundary ................................... on topographic maps ............ Falls and rapids . 18 14 2 4 3 5 14 46 38 6 11 8 12 38 Hachures ................................................................................................................................... Group .... ................... Ferries .. Floating drydock............................) Fighter aviation.. General Headquarters ................................................................. Foul ground ........ Fortified area........ .. Examples of symbols for military units ..... Evaporator.. ......... Fish weir .................. Fences........................ shores ....... Entanglements................ .... Headquarters .... .......................... .. Fords ............ Fills .......................... ...... Field Artillery............................ ............ ................... Fort........................................ Identifying symbols .

....... 7 On engineer reconnaissance maps.. Machine guns...... Logged-off or burnt-off area........... Landing craft............... chart............. Page 20 50 21 25..................... 17 17 7 4 25 17 4 44 44 18 9 60 44 10 21 53 Marine mines... examples.......................... 4 19 15 3 6 21 9 50 42 8 16 53 2 24 15 15 15 13 44 Limit of wheeled traffic.... special engineer.............. ... Limiting danger line.................................. Main line of resistance................................................................................................ 23 56 Lakes and ponds...... 5 13 Laboratory............... ..................................................... dangers. 9 24 Jungle growth or dense woods............. Last resort target........ or proving ground....... 5 Ice-shelf limit.................... Lines of equal magnetic declination......................................................... aircraft... Leader gear...................... Identification of military units............ Light vessels....................................Highways: Chart On air maps............. Impassable road..................................... hydrography..............23 Howitzers....... Limiting point.......................................... military defense area................................... Leader cable................... 8 Hospital......... Lettering..................................................... Mangrove trees..... Lava... 2 5 Land classification........... Information center....................... experimental center. Levee............ Lifesaving stations..... 4 9 Kelp or eel grass....... 17 44 Line of communication............................................................................. 10.. 19 On topographic maps.... obstructions.... 25 Hydrography... .........56 61 12 5 13 24 34 22 13 36 59 71 55 Jetty............ Lighthouse... Line of departure.................................. 9 6 6 6 5 17 .................... ....... Infantry..................................

........... .....15 3 25 5 72 37 55 37 37 38 26 53 7 53 52 46 26 26 26 16 18................ ...... Oil or gas wells: On topographic maps.............................. gas................................................. Oil or gas tanks: On topographic maps................ 6 7 5 15 17 14 17 21 44 '' 52 11 24 26 58 11 24 24 4 26 57 59 10 36 13- 73 37 Observation aviation... ................. Military police............................. Mortars... air ..... ........Marine nets...................................................... Moraine...................... Mine...................... Marginal data....... .......................... Mooring.... On field sketches.............. aids to.................................................................. Mine detector....... . limit of zone of reconnais sance ....... Examples... 40 8 61 13 Navigation............................ 35 13 22 13 13 14 11 21 3 21 21 18 11 11 11 6 7................................................. Obstacles................. Mines and mine fields..... water.............................. Mine tunnel........................... Mines.... ... ....................................... marine...................... chart....... Chart 21 1 Page 53 3 Marsh............. ...... ...... ........... One-way traffic..... .. Identifying symbol................ airship .... Mooring mast. ............ On field sketches..... ................. Mud... Miscellaneous topographic symbols........................ Message center.... Mine or quarry.......... Ordnance Department: ... Military units. Navigation symbols............. Miscellaneous air navigation symbob........... ................................ Mine dump................. .............. .......... 4 9 Medical Department: Examples chart............... ........................ size... Identifying symbol ....... Orchard .. identification........ No bottom at 50 fathoms. 100 ....... Military units..

........Outpost line.............. .. ............. air maps..... Pilot station......... ... headquarters.....................................................7.. ............ 43 22.................... Relief ........... .. 16 16.................... 42 15 .... ...... ....... Reception center 94 ......................... On air maps 21 8 . Primary target........ ........ ... Rendezvous point.......... Regiment .............. ..... Prisoner of war inclosure ..................... Point. 101 ....... Posts....... Chart 17 5 4 Ptge 44 13 9 Palm trees. air maps........... .... ... Procurement district. Range or bearing line 56 23 ........... ..... 24 ....... mine........... any labeled . .. chart Identifying symbols... .................. Rally point..... Platoon: Defense area........... ..... Radar station Radiodevices. ................. Example............................ . References ........... aircraft. 38 14 ......... ...... ......... .................................... Patrol area.......... ..... Railroad crossings Railroads: 20 7 . 42 15 ... Overflowed land.............. aircraft.... On topographic maps ............. ...... Prominent elevation......... Overfalls and tide rips... Pillboxes.............................................. ............ ...... Prohibited area. ... 4 4 6 15 24 20 6 4 10 10 16 42 58 51 16 10 17 14 23 23 15 17 24 7 7 11 45 38 56 56 42 44 57 18 18 26 Quartermaster Corps: ......... Prospect....... Palmetto trees.. ... ........... ..... Petroleum supply.... Pine trees...... .... .. Paten slip... Identifying symbol.. .... aircraft.... 19.... 58 8........................... .............. ... 7 3 ........... 37 13 74 37 40 15 ....... ................ aircraft 16 6 ................ 6................. ....

...... Revetment for airplane... Sand and sand dunes.......... 19 50 7 8 8 7 5 25 3 5 24 24 10 20 21 21 17 13 60 8 12 59 59 25 4 3 1 10 7 16 15 9 8 3 25 17 43 41 17 14 25 14 11 20 5 45 38 61 38 26 51 12 Rice field...................... Shores and shore lines. River gage... river............................ Identifying symbol........................................................... chart ... 25 9 9 60 24 23 Road block............................................................ 102 38 13 ................ Chart 23 24 15 9 4 11 Rifle grenade.................................... Schoolhouse or university.......................................................................................................................... and wire communication............................ Scale... Route markers................... Revetment........... Self-propelled guns................................................ Shelters....... Rock..... Rocky land................................................................. On topographic maps................................. Roads.................................... Signal Corps: Examples..... ....... Ruins........................................... Section: Defense area..... Roadside flight strip........................................ mine........................................ Searchlight belts............... Shaft............................... 75 36 ......................... Rocket launcher....................... engineer.... Rocky ledges........................... Roads: On air maps........... 21 54 Road classification............. railroads......... Salt marsh.. Searchlight.............................................. Rotary traffic.... Reserved route..................... Service command...... River works. Identifying symbols.Page 56 59 40 24 Replacement training center................ Seaplane ports............ under water or awash......................

............ chart.............. Tidal flats................................ Trenches....................... Special buildings..... Supply............................... Submarine...................... 22 55 Tailings............................ aircraft............ Streams.............. Trains (supply............. 21 54 39 13 17 15 22 5 5 5 10 6 24 24 76 37 45 42 55 14 13 13 78 25 16 58 58 7 8 18 21 40 13 20 14 77 37 50 38 Tank Destroyer: Examples...........Size of military units.... Targets.... Straggler line................................................... Special engineer landing craft.................................................................................................................... Chart 14 2 23 19 17 14 14 17 2 15 4 5 24 Page 38 6 56 50 45 38 38 44 4 42 11 14 57 Supply point.................. Sunken wreck............................................ ............ Symbol....................................... Squadron.................... chart................... Tide rips................ 103 ................... Identifying symbol............ Squad: Defense area............... cavalry ..... 3 25 7 61 Tank barriers and tank traps.............. Track line...... and centers.......................... Transportation corps: Examples................................ Time symbols...................... Teletypewriter central........................ transportation................. and artillery........................................................... Troop... posts...... Town.... Snow field...... Identifying symbol............................ Traffic and traffic control.................................................. ..................... motor). Sugarcane............... On topographic maps.......................... Tidal currents.............'........... Tanks.. Transmission line: On air Maps............................. 24 57 Switching centrals..... mortars.. ... ....... traffic.. Target areas................

....................... Turnaround.................. identifying symbol.......................................... 25 6 23 5 10 14 4 5 60 16 56 13 25 38 9 14 104 ................. 6 2 16 5 Weapons.................... ........ ....................... Windmill......... 13 10 4 37 25 II Washes...................... Chart 4 8...............Tropical grass ...... 24 24 24 Page 11 21.................. Wrecks and wreckage..................................................... Woodland. 10 25 Veterinary crops................................. Two-way traffic.... Waterhole............. 59 59 59 University or schoolhouse.................................. . Village............ ....... Weather Bureau Signal Station................................... Whirlpools and eddies................................... ' Tunnel....................... Weather station........................................................................ 3 8 Water gage...................... ... Wing.. Vineyard.......

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