DC Machines

DMI
Operating and Maintenance Instructions
2
3
Contents
Safety
instructions
1. General ...................................................4
2. Intended use ..........................................4
3. Transport, storage .................................4
4. Installation ..............................................4
Foundation
General .......................................................11
Grouting ......................................................11
Machine
installation
Inspection ...................................................12
Lifting ..........................................................12
Assembly of coupling ................................12
Alignment of directly-coupled
machines ....................................................13
Alignment of V-belt drive ...........................14
Tightening torque of
foundation bolts .........................................14
Connection of cables .................................14
Terminal diagram .......................................15
Commissioning
Checks before start-up ..............................17
Checks during start-up ..............................17
Lubrication during start-up ........................17
Checks after 100 operating hours .............17
Observation
and maintenance
General .......................................................18
Maintance schedule ...................................19
Brushes and
commutation
Commutator
Bearings
Cleaning
Spare parts
General .......................................................20
Patina ..........................................................20
Sparking .....................................................20
Poor brush contact ....................................21
Brush wear .................................................22
Replacing worn brushes ............................22
Bedding of brushes ....................................22
General .......................................................23
Corrosive environment ..............................23
Changing the bearings ...............................24
General .......................................................26
Cleaning of windings .................................26
Recommended spare parts .......................42
5. Electrical connection and
commissioning .......................................5
6. Operation ................................................5
7. Maintenance and servicing ...................5
Insulation
resistance
Measuring insulation resistance ................19
Filter
Fans with air flters .....................................27
Machines with heat exchangers ................27
Dismantling and
reassembling
Dismantling ................................................41
Reassembling .............................................41
EC Directives
Declaration of Incorporation .....................46
EC Declaration of Conformity ....................47
Commutator out of true .............................23
Drying of windings .....................................26
Specifcation of flter material ....................27
Machine
description
General .......................................................6
Grouting-in .................................................7
General storage
precautions
General .......................................................10
Condensation .............................................10
Corrosive environment ..............................10
Vibrations ...................................................10
Shaft end protection ..................................10
Lubrication
General .......................................................25
Lubrication during start-up ........................25
Lubrication during operation .....................25
Speed control
device
Installing the speed control device ...........28
Heat exchangers
Mechanical .................................................43
Electrical .....................................................44
Commutation ..............................................45
Faults and
remedies
General .......................................................30
Air/air heat exchangers .............................30
Air/water heat exchangers ........................30
Mounting ....................................................30
Before starting ...........................................35
Verifcation of monitoring
equipment of heat exchangers .................35
Maintenance of motors
with heat exchangers ................................39
Special maintenance of
air-water heat exchangers ........................39
4
Safety instructions
These safety instructions for the operation of
direct-current machines are in conformity with
the Low-Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC.
1
General
DC machines have rotating parts and parts
which may be live even at rest, and possibly
hot surfaces.
All operations serving transport, connection,
commissioning and periodic maintenance must
be carried out by skilled, responsible techni-
cal personnel (note EN 60034; EN 50110-1/VDE
0105). Improper handling can cause serious
2
Intended use
injury and damage to property.
The applicable national, local and installation-
specifc regulations and requirements must be
taken into account.
To guarantee trouble-free operation the ABB
documentation must be followed.
These machines are intended for industrial and
commercial installations. They comply with the
standards series EN 60034 (VDE 0530). Their
use in hazardous areas is prohibited unless they
are expressly intended for such use (note addi-
tional instructions). Where, in exceptional cases,
– use in non-commercial installations – more
stringent requirements are to be met (e.g. pro-
tection against contact with children’s fngers),
these conditions must be ensured by the cus-
tomer when the machine is installed.
The machines are generally rated for ambient
temperatures of – 5 to + 40 °C and altitudes of
up to 1000 m above sea level. Take note of
different instructions on the rating plate.
Conditions on site must conform to all data
given on the rating plate.
DC machines are components for installation in
machinery as defned in the Machinery Directive
89/392/EEC. Commissioning is prohibited until
conformity of the end product with this directive
has been established (see EN 60 204-1).
DC machines meet the requirements of the low
voltage directive 73/23/EEC.
The normal operation of the DC machine must
comply with the protection requirements of the
EMC directive 89/336/EEC. The proper instal-
lation (e.g. separation of signal lines and power
cables, screened cables etc.) is the responsibil-
ity of the erector of the installation. For installa-
tions with power converters, the EMC instruc-
tions of the converter manufacturer must be
taken into account.
3
Transport,
storage
Report damage discovered after delivery to the
transport company immediately. If necessary,
stop commissioning. Tighten screwed-in ring
bolts before transport. They are designed for
the weight of the machine. Do not apply extra
loads. If necessary, use suitable, adequately di-
mensioned means of transport (e.g. rope guides).
When machines are stored, ensure a dry, dust-
free, low-vibration (V
rms
≤ 0.2 mm/s) environ-
ment (danger of bearing damage at rest). Long
storage periods reduce the grease service life
of the bearings. (Refer to the chapter “General
storage precautions”).
4
Installation
Make sure of an even supporting surface, of
solid foot or fange mounting and of exact align-
ment in case of direct coupling.
Avoid resonances in the operating speed range
and with sixfold (or, in the case of single-phase
supply, double) mains frequency which may be
caused by the assembly. Turn rotor by hand,
listen for abnormal scraping noises. Check
direction of rotation in uncoupled state (follow
Section 5.) Mount or remove output elements
(pulley, coupling) using only appropriate means
and cover them with a guard. Avoid excessive
belt tension (refer to DMI catalogue).
Before mounting the output element, make sure
the machine is balanced. The balancing method
for the machine is indicated on the shaft end
face and on the rating plate (H = half key, F =
full key).
For models with shaft ends pointing down-
ward, a canopy is recommended; for models
with shaft ends pointing upward, measures are
needed to protect against ingress of water into
the bearing.
Do not obstruct ventilation. Exhaust air, also
from neighbouring sets, must not be drawn in
again directly. Chemically polluted air, cooling
air containing dust, or low-load operation for a
prolonged period of time may negatively affect
the commutation and brush life.
Low-voltage
directive
5
Operation without excitation can lead to
dangerous overspeeds and must be prevented
by interlocking.
Vibration severities V
rms
≤ 4.5 mm/s at the
bearings are acceptable in the coupled state.
In the event of of deviations from normal opera-
tion – e.g. elevated temperatures, noise, vibra-
tions – switch off the machine in case of doubt.
Establish the cause. Consult ABB, if necessary.
Do not override protective devices even in trial
runs.
5
Electrical
connection and
commissioning
All operations must only be carried out by
skilled technical personnel on machines at rest
and isolated and provided with a safeguard to
prevent unintentional reconnection. This applies
also to auxiliary circuits (e.g. anti-condensation
heating). Remove shipping brace before
commissioning.
Check safe isolation from supply!
Exceeding tolerances according to EN 60034
(VDE 0530), i.e. voltage ± 5%, or an unfavour-
able form factor resulting from the type of
converter used, leads to increased heating and
shortens the life of the machine. Pay attention
to rating plate markings as well as to the
connection diagram.
The connection must be so made that a
permanent and safe electrical connection is
ensured (no loose wire ends). Use correct cable
terminals.
Maintain clearances between live, uninsulated
parts and between such parts and earth.
There must be no foreign objects, dirt or
moisture in the terminal box. Close unused
cable entrance holes and the box itself in a
dust- and watertight manner.
For the trial run without output elements, fx the
key to the shaft.
For the connection and installation of acces-
sories (e.g. tacho-generators, pulse generators,
brakes, temperature sensors, air-fow monitors,
brush monitors), strictly follow the correspond-
ing instructions. In case of doubt, consult ABB.
For machines with brakes, check satisfactory
functioning of the brake before commissioning.
Before commissioning, measure the insulation
resistance. With 500 V applied, the insulation
resistance value measured should not be lower
than 1 MΩ. For corrective measures, see the
chapter “Insulation resistance”.
Safety instructions
6
Operation
The ABB documentation must be followed.
For all inspection and maintenance operations,
see the chapter “Observation and mainte-
nance”.
In case of heavy dirt deposits, periodically clean
air channels. Open condensate drain holes from
time to time .
Regrease bearing assembly with a relubricating
device while the machine is running. See the
chapter “Lubrication”.
7
Maintenance
and servicing
6
Machine description
The exact type designation and the most im-
portant technical data are shown on the rating
plate located on the terminal box.
Technical data
on rating plate
Figure 1. Rating plate for DMI machine.
7
Machine description
1 Type of motor
2 Motor number (specifc for each motor)
3 Rating and performance standard
4 Mounting arrangement
5 Thermal class/Temperature rise
6 Motor weight (without cooling device)
7 Converter and/or AC supply data
9 Machine type
10 Duty cycle
11 Application
12 No. of brushes/arm on brush gear
13 Branch
14, 18, 22, 26 Mechanical power (kW) heater
15, 19, 23, 27 Armature DC voltage
16, 20, 24, 28 Armature DC current
17, 21, 25, 29 Speed (rpm)
30 Field exciter voltage
31 Field exciter current
32 Catalogue no.
33 Alternative duty cycle
34 Open row
35 No. of brushes/arm on brush gear,
alternative operation
36 Alternative machine type
37, 41, 45, 49 Mechanical power (kW) for alternative
operation
38, 42, 46, 50 Armature DC voltage for alternative
operation
39, 43, 47, 51 Armature DC current for alternative
operation
40, 44, 48, 52 Speed (rpm) for alternative operation
53 Field exciter voltage, alternative
operation
54 Field exciter current, alternative
operation
55 Open row
56 Method of cooling
57 Degree of protection
58 Valid temp. range for operation
59 Motor end for cooling air intake
60 Volume of cooling air
(for heat dissipation)
61 Static air pressure drop
62 Key type used for balancing
63 Balancing class
64 Number of phases connected to
standstill heater
65 Standstill heater voltage
66 Standstill heater power
67 Lubrication interval
68 Grease quantity
69 Bearing type at D-end
70 Bearing type at N-end
71 Manufacturing year
72 Open row
73 Valid altitude for motor operation
74, 75, 76, 77 Mechanical power (HP)
78, 79, 80, 81 Mechanical power (HP), alternative
operation
82 Open row
83 CSA logotype (if CSA approved)
8
Machine description
Description of
parts
Part
No. Description
1 Outer bear|ng oover, N-end
2 Reta|n|ng r|ng, N-end
3 Grease-s||ng d|so, N-end
4 Grease reta|n|ng r|ng, N-end
5 Bear|ng, N-end
6 lnner bear|ng oover, N-end
7 Grease n|pp|e, N-end
8 Outer bear|ng oover, D-end
9 Grease-s||ng d|so, D-end
10 Grease reta|n|ng r|ng, D-end
11 Bear|ng, D-end
12 lnner bear|ng oover, D-end
13 Grease n|pp|e, D-end
14 Bear|ng end sh|e|d, N-end
15 Gasket
16 ||ft|ng |ug
17 Bear|ng end sh|e|d, D-end
18 Brush gear, oomp|ete
19 Brush rooker
20 Ho|der for brush rooker
21 Brush-ho|der arm
Part
No. Description
43 Oounterwe|ght, D-end
44 lnspeot|on oover, oomp|ete w|th
gasket ¦state pos|t|on and type}
45 Term|na| box, oomp|ete
46 Gasket
47 Box bottom p|ate
48 Mount|ng ra||
49 Term|na| b|ook
50 Term|na| b|ook
51 Earth|ng bar
52 Gasket
53 Box frame
54 Bar ho|der
55 Oonneot|on bar
56 Box oover
57 Gasket
58 Gasket
59 Oonneot|on oover
60 Braoket for brush gear
pos|t|on|ng dev|oe
61 Sorew for push gear
pos|t|on|ng dev|oe
62* Earth|ng bar ¦on 315 & 400}
63* Spaoer/O-r|ng ¦on 315 & 400}
Part
No. Description
22 Pressure fnger spr|ng
23 Pressure fnger
24 Brush
25 Stator, oomp|ete
26 Stator frame
27 Ma|n fe|d oo||
28 Ma|n fe|d oo|| |nsu|at|on
29 lnterpo|e fe|d oo||
30 lnterpo|e fe|d oo|| |nsu|at|on
31 Oo|| support
32 Oompensat|ng w|nd|ng
33 S|ot |nsu|at|on
34 S|ot key
35 Armature, oomp|ete
36 Oounter we|ght, N-end
37 Oommutator
38 Armature oo|| support, N-end
39 Equa||z|ng w|nd|ng
40 Armature oo||
41 Armature oo|| support, D-end
42 Shaft-end key
8
9 10 11
12
36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43
15
13
17
41
35
16
9
Machine description
10
General storage precautions
General
Special attention must be given to machines
which are to be stored for a long period of time
before commissioning.
Caution
Lift all brushes and wrap protective paper around the commutator.
Condensation, corrosive gases and vibrations
should be avoided.
Condensation
Condensation in a machine may lead to
corrosion and damp windings (low insulation
readings).
If the machine is to be stored in an unheated
room, heating elements must be provided to
Vibrations and
bearings
maintain a constant temperature.
The heating element should be such that the
temperature of the machine is always at least
5 K above the ambient temperature.
Corrosive
environment
There are added complications if corrosive
gases are present which attack the commutator
surface.
The gases that gives the greatest problems and
should be avoided during storage are:
– sulphurous gases
– chlorine
– ammonia
If the machine is stored on a vibrating surface
the antifriction bearings are subject to damage.
If this is the case the bearings may have to be
replaced before the machine can be put into
operation.
If vibration cannot be avoided, turn the
armature a few times per month.
Shaft end
protection
All machines leave the factory with an anti-
corrosion coating on the shaft extension.
Caution
Store the machine in a gas-free room.
Caution
Store the machine in a vibration-free room.
Caution
The coating should be inspected by the customer and re-applied if necessary.
Caution
In order to avoid condensation, the machine should be placed in a room or in a building where the tem-
perature varies as little as possible.
11
Foundation
General
The erection of machines at the customer’s
site can be done by the customer or by
ABB personnel.
The foundation must be strong enough to bear
the machine, and to withstand torque reaction
and stresses from a belt drive, if used.
Avoid resonances in the operating speed range
and with sixfold mains frequency which may be
caused by the six pulse converter.
The mounting area of the machine must be level
and free from vibrations.
ABB does not accept responsibility regarding
foundations, as this can be infuenced by fac-
tors which are not controlled by ABB.
Caution
The foundation must be dimensioned in such a way that its own natural frequency, including the motor
weight, does not correspond to those disturbing frequencies which normally exist in a thyristor-fed DC
machine.
The mass of the foundation of a foot mounted motor should be fve times the mass of the motor or higher.
Remark
Adequate space for inspection, maintenance, electrical cables and cooling ducts must be provided.
Grouting
To ensure satisfactory results, shrink-free con-
crete should be used. The instructions supplied
by the manufacturer of the shrink-free concrete
should be followed.
Mounting blocks or foundation bolts which are
bolted to the machine must hang freely in the
mounting holes during grouting.
Make sure that there are no air pockets in the
concrete. Check that the compression strength
of the concrete and the curing time are in ac-
cordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
Grouting is normally not permitted at an
ambient temperature below + 5 °C.
DMI A, mm B, mm H, mm P, mm
180 70 120 10 200
200 80 140 10 250
225 80 140 10 250
250 90 160 10 270
280 90 160 10 270
315 160 250 15 450
400 185 280 15 450
P
H
A
B
=
B
=
Fig. 2 Foundation studs.
12
Machine installation
Inspection
It is recommended to check that:
R The erection site is clean
R The erection site is prepared for installation.
R Access is provided for inspection and
maintenance of the machine
R Air ducts, if needed, are free from foreign
matter which could be sucked into the ma-
chine during commissioning
Lifting
Always use all the lifting eyes of the machine
(two or four).
WARNING
Machines with separate heat exchanger have lifting lugs on the heat exchanger.
These are only for lifting the heat exchanger, not the entire machine.
The weight of the machine is shown on the
rating plate.
Some machines are shipped with a transport
locking device. This device should not be
removed as long as the machine remains in
storage. Remove the locking device prior to
installation of the motor.
As the machine is equipped with antifriction
bearings, it must be connected to the driven
equipment with a fexible coupling.
As standard, the armature is balanced with a
half key. The balancing method is described on
the rating plate.
When assembling the coupling halves, take into
account the following instructions:
R Remove the anti-corrosion coating from the
shaft extension.
R Follow the coupling supplier’s assembly
instructions.
Assembly of
coupling
The normal procedure of assembly is by heating
the coupling. The required heating temperature
depends on the interference ft between shaft
and coupling. For this reason a specifc tem-
perature cannot be given. Make sure that the
couplings are balanced before assembly.
A clearance of 0.2-0.3 mm is suffcient during
assembly. The armature shaft should be rotated
while the coupling cools, to avoid temperature
stresses and hence bending moments on the
shaft.
WARNING
Never use impact tools. They will damage the bearings.
Checks before
starting
installation
- DMI-motor
- Accessories in separate packages
- Maintenance Instruction, including
“Declaration of Incorporation” and
“EC Declaration of Conformity”
- Check that the rating plate is in accordance
with the order
13
Alignment of
direct coupled
machines
Good alignment ensures safe operation and long
machine life. Check the misalignment between the
coupling fanges after the machine has been in-
stalled. Maximum deviations, see fg. 3 and 4.
A common method is the use of dial indicators,
which are mounted according to fg. 5.
Machine alignment must be continued until dial
indicator readings of max. 0,05 mm are obtained.
To ensure correct alignment of the machine,
place suitable metal shims between machine feet
and mounting blocks. Installation instructions
from the suppliers of pumps, gear drives, etc. of-
ten specify the vertical and lateral displacement
of the driving shaft at operating temperature. It
is important that these instructions are observed
during alignment in order to avoid vibrations and
other disturbances during operation.
Fig. 3 Parallel alignment. A-B = max. 0.05 mm. Fig. 4 Angular alignment. A-B = max. 0.05 mm.
B
A
B
A
Fig. 5 Dial indicator for proper machine alignment.
Machine installation
14
Machine installation
Alignment of
V-belt drive
The drive should be arranged in such a way that
the lower belts are the driving ones, i. e. so that
the slack is in the upper belts. The slide rails
(accessories) are to be bolted to the machine
feet and positioned in such a way that the
tensioning screws are diagonally opposite each
other and the tensioning screw at the D-end is
located between the motor and the driven object.
Slide rails
Angle Iron
Machine
Fig. 6 Slide rail and tensioning screw
arrangement.
Fig. 7 Distance piece.
Tightening
torque of
foundation
bolts
Connection of
cables
As standard, the terminal box is mounted on the
top of DMI machines. However, the machines
can also be supplied with the terminal box
mounted on the side.
The terminal box is normally (top mounting)
mounted in such a way that the cable connec-
tion is made from the right-hand side (seen from
the drive end). Cable connection from the left-
hand side or from the non drive end or drive end
is possible by removing the terminals from A1
and A2 bar. Turn the box frame so that the ter-
minal opening faces the desired direction.
If the terminals from the main feld coils are
obstructing the main cable entrance, it is
possible to interchange positions with the
grounding bar. Make sure that all cable shoes
are connected to the same terminals as before.
The terminal box has sealed side covers for
external cable connections. For DMI 180-280
the cover can be exchanged with a standard-
ized cover or it can be bored out to suit the
customer’s cable connection.
Tightening torque for cable connections
inside the terminal box:
– 40 Nm for M10
– 84 Nm for M12
Max allowed belt tension according to DMI catalogue.
Fig. 8 Tightening torque of foundation bolts.
Foundation bolt
Mounting block
Shim 1 mm
Taper pin, nut
and washer
Machine
DMI Tightening torque *)
180 84 Nm ¦62 |b.ft}
200 205 Nm ¦150 |b.ft}
225 205 Nm ¦150 |b.ft}
250 430 Nm ¦315 |b.ft}
280 430 Nm ¦315 |b.ft}
315 745Nm ¦547lb.ft}
400 1520Nm ¦1116lb.ft}
*} Above va|ues w|thout |ubr|oat|on
45°
15
Machine installation
Terminal
diagram
Terminal diagram for DMI 180-280, standard design (shunt wound machine).
Fig. 9 Terminal diagram.
101, 102
Connection thermistors 3BSM 004640- on main
feld coil (101) and interpole feld coil series con-
nected, switch off
1)

103, 104
Connection PT 100 3BSM 004647-1 on main
feld coil
1)
105, 106
Connection PT 100 3BSM 004647-1 on interpole
feld coil
1)
111, 112
Connection thermistors 3BSM 004640- on main
feld coil (111) and interpole feld coil series con-
nected, alarm
1)

113, 114
Connection thermostats 3BSM 004641- on main
feld coil (113) and interpole feld coil series con-
nected, switch off
1)

115, 116
Connection thermostats 3BSM 004641- on main
feld coil (115) and interpole feld coil series con-
nected, alarm
1)

117, 118
Connection brush wear protection acc to order
1)

121, 122
Connection heater
1)

131, 132, 133
Connection PT 100 for bearings on D-end
1)

141, 142, 143
Connection PT 100 for bearings on D-end
1)
1)
If provided
Generator Motor
Pressure switch Filter monitor
Supply lead
”Pressure on”
”Pressure off”
Supply lead
”Filter dirty”
A
1
A
1
B
2
-
+
-
+
+
-
-
+
+
-
-
+
+
-
+
-
1
1
3
1
1
6
1
3
1
1
3
2
1
3
3
1
1
8
1
1
7
1
1
5
1
1
4
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
0
5
1
0
6
1
0
2
1
0
3
1
0
4
1
0
1
3
/
4
F1
1
2
2
1
2
1 1
F2*
5
/
6
7
/
8 2
F2 F1 A2 A1 A1
M G
A2 F2 F1
A
1
A
2
1
4
3
1
4
1
1
4
2
A1 A2 F1 F2*
1
3
2 2
1
3
”Filter not
dirty”
* Former designated F4. Changed to F2 according to IEC 60034-8.
16
Machine installation
Terminal
diagram
Terminal diagram for DMI 315 – 400, standard design (shunt wound machine).
2*
Fig. 10 Terminal diagram.
* Formerly designated F4. Changed to F2 according to IEC 60034-8.
17
Commissioning
Checks before
start-up
Before starting the motor, check that:
R the armature turns freely and no scraping
noise can be heard.
R the couplings and other mechanical
components are properly tightened.
R the cooling air inlet is located according to
the rating plate.
R the fans rotate in the correct direction.
R the cooling air has free access into and out
of the motor.
R the air inlet and outlet are at opposite ends
of the machine (if the air inlet is at the N-end
then the air outlet must be at D-end, or if the
air inlet is at the D-end then the outlet must
be at the N-end).
R all brushes, including the grounding brush
(if ordered), are in position. The spring-load-
ed pressure fngers are snapped against the
brushes and the brushes can move freely in
their pockets.
R the commutator surface has been cleaned
(if it has been exposed to corrosive gases
during storage). See the chapter “Commuta-
tor”.
R the electrical connections are tight and are
in accordance with the terminal diagram.
R the protective equipment as well as other
monitoring equipment are functioning
properly.
R the insulation resistance has been measured
and approved. See the chapter “Insulation
resistance”.
Checks during
start-up
Check the following points during the start-up:
R that the bearings are flled with grease. See
the chapter “Lubrication”.
R that the bearing temperatures show normal
values after a few hours of running. At an
ambient temperature of 20 °C the values
should be below 80 °C (measured on the
outer bearing cover).
R that no unusual bearing noise is heard.
R that all instruments show normal readings.
R the control system of the thyristor converter.
R the shape and form of the current response.
R the commutation of the machine.
R that the vibration level does not exceed 4.5
mm/s r.m.s.
WARNING
If one of the covers close to the cooling air inlet is to be opened for motor inspection while the machine is
running, observe the following:
– If the machine is equipped with a built-on fan, the air intake to the fan must be sealed off (to avoid
overheating of the fan motor).
– From the time the cover has been opened, or the fan intake has been sealed off, a maximum of three
minutes is available for inspection.
Lubrication dur-
ing start-up
Caution
Immediately after start-up of a newly-installed machine or of a machine which has been standing for a
long period, new grease must be pressed into the bearings. Follow the lubricating instructions on the rat-
ing plate and in chapter “Lubrication”.
Checks after
100 operating
hours
After 100 operating hours inspect the commuta-
tor and the brushes while the machine is at rest.
The surface of the commutator should show a
homogeneous flm (patina). The brush contact
surface should be homogeneous without patchy
discolouring.
If the results of the inspection are not satis-
factory, ABB should be consulted.
WARNING
Don’t seal air ducts to the motor with products containing silicone, as silicone oil particles will adhere to
the surface of the commutator and cause high brush wear.
Caution
It is advisable to contact ABB if there are any abnormal observations
18
Observation and maintenance
Once a month
R Inspect brushes for wear and freedom of
movement.
R Inspect the condition of the commutator.
R Check the commutation.
R Check for vibrations.
R Clean the inside of the motor with a vacuum
cleaner in combination with clean, dry com-
pressed air or by wiping off the contamina-
tion.
R Check bearing conditions.
R Check the function of thermostat regulators
for coolers.
R If necessary clean away oil or grease that
may have entered into the motor.
R If needed, exchange main air flter as well as
air leakage flter in the cooler.
R If necessary, replace the fan’s flter.
Every 4 month
R Measure the insulation resistance of the
windings using a 500 V megger (both before
and after cleaning).
R Inspect all connections including the brush
fexibles.
General
Careful maintenance is the best insurance
against failures and interruption of operation.
The maintenance schedule shown below is the
result of many years of experience.
However, the needs for maintenance can vary
widely depending on local conditions. The
schedule is therefore to be regarded as a guide
only.
Maintenance
schedule
Remark
Lubricate the bearings at intervals according to the rating plate.
Caution
The vibration should not exceed 4.5 mm/s r.m.s.
19
Measuring of
insulation
resistance
The measurement should be done with a 500 V
megger.
It is not practical to state a defnite minimum
value of the insulation resistance. In some cas-
es the machines can operate satisfactorily with
lower values than the recommended
minimum value. The recommended minimum
insulation resistance can be obtained from the
following formula (1):
R
m

= kV+1 (1)
R
m
= the lowest recommended insulation
resistance in MΩ at 40 °C
kV = the rated voltage of the machine in kV
For recalculation of the measured insulation
resistance to 40 °C, the following must be taken
into consideration: Temperature dependence
of the insulation resistance. When measuring
the insulation resistance, the temperature of the
winding should be measured at the same time
to enable the insulation resistance to be
recalculated to correspond to a temperature of
40 °C. This can be accomplished by using the
following formula (2):
R
40 °C
= K
t40 °C
x R
t
(2)

R
40 °C
= insulation resistance corrected to 40 °C
R
t
= measured insulation resistance in MΩ
at t °C
K
t40 °C

= correction factor according to the
diagram below.
Example
In the winding of a 750 V motor, the insulation
resistance has been measured as 100 MΩ at
6 °C. We obtain from the diagram:
K
t40 °C
at 6 °C = 0.1
The recommended minimum insulation
resistance R
m

according to formula (1) is:
R
m
= 0.750 + 1.0 = 1.75 MΩ
According to formula (2):
R
40 °C
= 0.1 x 100 = 10 MΩ
Conclusion
R
40 °C
is larger than R
m
and the insulation
resistance is approved.
Winding temperature at
the time of measurement
Correction factor to 40° C
for insulation resistance
Fig. 11 Correction factor.
0.1
0.05
0.5
100
-10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90100 °C
1.0
5
10
50
Insulation resistance
K
t40 °C
20
Brushes and commutation
The most common reason for sparking is poor
contact between the brush surface and the
commutator surface. It is also possible that
certain brushes which have better contact than
others take more current and therefore spark
due to overloading.
Sparking may be progressive, i.e. start with
small sparks, seemingly harmless, and then
slowly or quickly progress to more serious
sparking, especially if the commutator surface
has been burnt. It is important that the
commutator surface is inspected regularly and
any sign of increased sparking at the brush
edges is noted.
Faint sparking may occur and can be accepted
if it does not go any further than that.
General
Good commutation depends on many
infuences such as the air humidity, the gas
or oil content in the air, dust particles.
Other factors are: cooling air temperature too
low, low loads over extended periods of time or
vibrations. A critical factor for achieving good
commutation is the correct choice of brush
grade. ABB has many years of experience in the
selection of suitable types. Nevertheless, the
brush grade may have to be changed if unex-
pected operating conditions occur.
Please contact ABB if a change of brush grade
is planned.
To get the right advice, the following informa-
tion should be provided:
– Type and serial number of the machine
– Actual normal and overload current
– Description of the commutator contact
surface condition
– Brushes: grade, wear/1000h, condition
of the contact surfaces, wedging effect
(lateral wear)
– Environment: air humidity, oil mist, dust,
chemical vapours and surrounding air tem-
perature
Patina
A new commutator has a clean copper
surface. After some time of operation a patina
is formed, consisting of copper oxides mixed
with particles from the brushes which together
produce a hard, resistant coating which
protects the commutator.
A homogeneous patina, whose colour is not
relevant, produces ideal running conditions
and minimum wear.
It is important that the temperature of the con-
tact surface is suffciently high to activate the
chemical process. The temperature is primarily
dependent on the current density in the brush,
the frictional losses and the cooling air tem-
perature.
Another important fact or is the humidity of the
surrounding air, since moisture is a necessary
element in the chemical process.
A favourable water content for a satisfactory
patina is about 10 gram/m
3
.
Sparking
So called patterning may also occur, which
means that certain evenly spaced laminations,
for instance every third, acquire a dark patina
or becomes slightly blackened in parts on the
edge of lamination. Usually this may be
considered merely as a blemish, but in some
cases it may lead to fattening and damage
on the commutator surface. In certain applica-
tions there are often rapid current and speed
fuctuations. The sparking occurring in this case
is usually quite harmless.
If a motor supplied by a converter begins to
spark without apparent reason, a fault in the
converter may be suspected. Possible reasons
might be a fault in the control equipment, a fuse
etc.
Caution
Do not touch a good patina.
21
Poor brush
contact
As mentioned, poor brush contact can cause
sparking and produce burn marks on the
commutator contact surface. The following are
the most likely causes:
Vibrations
Vibrations have a decisive infuence on brush
contact. For example, unbalanced couplings or
fans with dirt deposits may lead to imbalance
error. Other causes are poor alignment of the
DC machines and vibration excitation via the
foundation. If the brushes exhibit wedging ef-
fect (lateral wear), this indicates inadmissible
vibrations.
Brushes and commutation
Low load
If the machine is permanently operated at low
load, it is advisable to reduce the number of
brushes. As the ideal current load depends on
the brush grade, ABB should be consulted in
such cases.
Humidity
Humidity is an important factor for the formation
of the patina. If the air is dry and the moisture
content less than 3 g/m
3
, normally no patina
can form. If the humidity exceeds 15 g/m
3
, the
patina becomes too thick.
Corrosive environment
Corrosive gases in the surroundings result in a
deterioration of contact between brushes and
commutator.
The problem can show up in different ways, e.g.
as sparking, high brush wear or scratched
commutator.
The gases that give the greatest problem and
should be avoided are sulphur dioxide, hydro-
gen sulphide, chlorine and ammonia.
These gases, in suffcient concentration, attack
the patina, break through it and attack the com-
mutator.
Caution
If the measured vibration level exceeds 4.5 mm/s
r.m.s. , appropriate measures should be taken to
reduce the level of vibrations.
Jammed brushes or pressure fngers
If one of the brushes does not move freely or
if it is jammed, sparking will normally not be
severe. However, if several brushes are affect-
ed, the remaining ones will be overloaded and
sparking becomes dangerous.
Worn brushes
If worn brushes are not replaced in time, the
commutator contact surface will be damaged
by the brush lead.
Caution
Do not let the brush wear down so much that the
fex attachment embedded in the brush comes
into contact with the rotating surface. This can
have serious consequences.
Oil-contaminated surfaces
The oil forms an insulating flm and the current
is transferred by small arcs. In the process the
flm is burned, leaving black spots on the
commutator contact surface.
Scratched contact surface
Cement dust or similar hard particles can
scratch the commutator surface. If construction
work is to be done near the machine, it must be
specially protected.
22
Brush wear
Brushes and commutation
Brush wear is infuenced by both mechanical
and electrical factors, and differs greatly from
one brush grade to another. It is therefore not
possible to give universal, defnitive fgures for
brush wear. The fgures given here are indica-
tive only but should not be exceeded by ma-
chines in this range.
The carbon brushes must be changed when
they have worn down to the wearmark on the
brush surface. They must be replaced by
carbon brushes of the same grade as the
original ones.
Commutator peripheral speed Approximate
brush wear
be|ow 20 m/s 3 mm/1000 h
20 – 30 m/s 5 mm/1000 h
30 – 40 m/s 7 mm/1000 h
Replacing worn
brushes
Worn brushes must be exchanged as a
complete set. All brushes must be bedded-in
after they have been placed into their holders
(refer to “Bedding-in brushes” below).
Only after bedding-in and cleaning of the entire
brush gear may the machine be started.
Fig 12 Brush.
Caution
All brushes must be present for each commutator track surface in use, otherwise brush wear will be
increased. Use only one brush grade per DC machine.
Commutation problems and consequential damage to machines equipped with different type of brush
grade than the original type or the type suggested by ABB is not covered by warranty.
Bedding-in
brushes
A medium-coarse emery cloth is used for bed-
ding-in the carbon brushes. This is done when
the machine is stationary. The emery cloth is
inserted between brushes and commutator with
the abrasive surface facing the brushes and
should slide over the curvature of the
commutator.
Fig 13 Shaping a brush.
1 Brush
2 Emery cloth
3 Commutator
After bedding-in, the commutator and the brush
gear must be cleaned, the brushes removed
from their pockets, blown clean and checked to
see that there are no abrasive particles on the
brush surface.
2
Groove or painted line on
one side shows limit of wear.
mm
23
General
Commutator
Under normal operating conditions the
commutator does not require any special
maintenance.
If the commutator surface is rough, it is
essential to check the operating conditions
such as current loading, and environmental
conditions. See the chapter “Brushes and
commutation”.
The action to be taken in the event of a defect
arising from the commutator must be deter-
mined from case to case. Only general advice
can be given.
Corrosive
environment
Inspect the commutator surface before start-up
to see if the machine has been exposed to cor-
rosive gases. If this has happened, remove the
coating with fne emery cloth, a rubber polishing
block or fne stone.
Commutator
out of true
If the commutator is badly out of true (brush
chatter) or if strong burn marks are evident,
the commutator may have to be skimmed with
a grinder or be carbide/diamond-turned on a
lathe. Centring of The axis must be centred with
reference to the bearing seats.
Roundness is very important. The total indicator
reading (TIR), on a newly-turned commutator
must not exceed 0.020 mm.
In addition, there is also a requirement that the
difference in radius from one lamination to the
next must not exceed 0.004 mm.
The surface roughness should be R
a
=1.6 µm.
After skimming, the segment insulation may
have to be undercut according to the fgure be-
low. The insulation must be cut back far enough
so that chamfering is possible.
Type Commutator diameter, D (mm)
DMI New Min Depth of wear
180 178 170 4
200 178 170 4
225 235 225 5
250 265 255 5
280 265 255 5
315 330 318 6
400 414 402 6
Fig 14 Turning down dimensions.
Fig 15 Cutting tool for turning.
The distance between the brush holder and the
commutator surface should be 2.5 ±0.5 mm. If
the distance has become larger after turning of
the commutator, the brush holder must be reset.
If the defects are slight, fne emery cloth or
rubber polishing block should be tried frst so as
not to remove more of the patina than necessary.
If the patina is of poor quality, ABB recommends
removing it completely.
If the surface is burnt to the extent that craters
have appeared, an abrasive cloth or fne grind-
stone may be used, but great care must be
taken to avoid short-circuits at the laminations.
Grinding should be done at reduced voltage.
D
MIN
Fig 16 The segment insulation must
be undercut to a depth of
1.25 ± 0.45 mm.
24
Changing
the bearings
Bearings
Disassembling
• Dismantle the motor according to
page 40.
• After removing the end shield, remove the
rotor.
• Great care should always be taken during
bearing assembly / disassembly to avoid any
damage to the bearing seating on the shaft.
• The bearing must be removed with a pur-
pose-designed extractor. See fgure below.
Figure 17. Disassembling a bearing using a purpose-designed extractor.
Assembling
• Carefully clean bearings and the inside of the
bearing covers.
• Then place the inner bearing cover on the
shaft.
• Heat the new bearing to 100 °C by induction,
by placing in an oven or dipping it in an oil
bath. Note! The new bearing must be of the
same type as shown on rating plate.
• Fit the bearing on the shaft and hold it
against the shoulder for 60 – 90 seconds.
• Remove the pressure applied and check that
the inner ring does not rotate on the shaft
• Fill the bearing with grease. Note! Use only
grease that fulfls ABB requirements, see
page 25.
• Fill the bearing covers 2/3 full before
assembly.
• Reassemble the motor according to
page 40.
Standard bearings and roller bearings
The table below shows standard bearings and
roller bearings for different DMI shaft heights.
Differences may occur due to special design
depending on application. The bearings ftted
to each specifc motor are shown on. the rating
plate.
25
General
Lubrication
Immediately after start-up of a newly installed
machine or of a machine which has been
standing for a long period, new grease must be
pressed into the bearings. Follow the lubricat-
ing instructions on the rating plate. The bearing
temperature increases initially because there is
a surplus of grease in the bearing housing. After
the surplus grease has run out of the bearing
housing, the temperature should reach normal
DMI machines should be lubricated with a
grease gun while the machine is running.
Lubrication
during start-up
running values (< 80°C at ambient 20°C) again.
Normally this takes a few hours.
If the machine is lubricated while standing
still, the old grease does not pass out through
the discharge opening. Instead it squeezes
between the seal ring and the shaft into the
machine and may cause serious contamination.
Use only high quality grease equivalent to ABB
grease.
Use a manual grease gun and lubricate while
the machine is running with the amount and
within the intervals specifed on the rating plate.
Use only high quality grease.
Lubrication
during
operation
ABB grease is equivalent to Shell Albida EMS2
with the basic data below:
NLGI-class: 2*
Soap thickener ........lithium complex
Lubrication oil ..........Synthetic polyalphaolefn
Viscosity at 40
o
C .....100-200mm
2
/s
No EP/AW-additives with harmful effects on
bearings with polyamide or brass holder are
allowed.
*) Vertical machines are recommended to use
NLGI-class 3 if the pumpability properties of the
grease allow it.

Caution
Clean the grease nipples prior to lubrication to
prevent any impurities from being pressed into
the bearings.
Remark
Lubricate only when the machine is running, pref-
erably over 300 r/min.
Remark
Lubrication intervals and amount of grease
are listed on the rating plate.
26
General
Cleaning
The windings must be dried after a wash
or if they have become damp in use or during
a standstill. Drying in an oven with good
ventilation is the most effective technique.
Unfortunately, this is not usually possible at the
motor’s operating site. Therefore, either
hot-air-blow or heating element should be used.
Adequate fresh-air exchange is essential,
whatever heating method is used.
A washed or a very wet motor should be
dismantled and the windings dried in an oven.
When drying in the oven, the temperature rise
and the maximum temperature should be
monitored carefully. The oven temperature
The most important factor in preventive main-
tenance is that everything is clean. The ma-
chine itself and the surroundings must be kept
free from dust, oil and other matter which can
come from the driven object or which can enter
through ventilation openings, etc.
Accumulated dirt on open insulated surfaces
should be removed. This is especially important
when revarnishing the windings because a new
varnish coat will trap any existing dirt beneath
the new coat.
Blowing and vaccuming are used if the dirt
is dry and can be removed easily. Vacuuming
is recommended, since blowing tends to
redistribute the dirt or move it deeper between
the insulation layers.
Wiping is used when spray-wash is not
possible. Surfaces easily reached are wiped
clean with a cloth dampened with detergent.
In cramped areas of windings, a special brush
may be more effective. Low insulation resist-
ance is often caused by dirt on insulated
surfaces, which should be carefully cleaned.
A spray wash is done with an airless high-pres-
sure spray or a conventional spray. The high-
pressure spray is more effective in removing
dirt. The detergent used should remove the dirt
without softening or damaging the insulation.
Avoid using excessive amounts of the cleaning
agent.
A dip wash can be used if the detergent does
not soften or damage the insulation. Since the
dirt is not removed mechanically in this method,
a very effective cleaning and scouring agent is
needed. A long dipping time may be required.
A water wash involves rinsing with water to
prevent the detergents from penetrating into
places where it cannot be removed. A water
wash is done if needed following the instruc-
tions given above for wiping, spray wash or dip
wash. After washing, the windings are rinsed
with clean water several times. Distilled or de-
ionised water is recommended for the fnal
rinse.
Cleaning of
windings
Drying of
windings
should be 90 °C for 12-16 hours and then 105 °C
for 6-8 hours. The rate of temperature rise of the
windings should not exceed 5 K per hour, and
the fnal temperature should not exceed 105 °C.
Good ventilation must be ensured to remove the
moisture completely.
The drying of the windings should be followed
by insulation resistance tests. At the beginning
of the drying treatment, the insulation resist-
ance decreases due to the temperature rise. As
the drying continues, however, the insulation
resistance increases until it reaches a maximum
value. Minimum insulation resistance value is
given in chapter “Insulation resistance”.
Caution
Use only detergents specially made for cleaning windings in electrical machines and which do not dam-
age the winding surface or insulation.
27
Fans with air
flters
Filter
Machines which have fans with air flters must
be checked at regular intervals and the flters
must be exchanged when necessary.
Remove the inlet protection screen and ft a
clean flter.
Remark
Note that the flter material has a different structure on each side. The side with the coarser structure
must be placed outward.
Machines
with heat
exchangers
See the chapter ”Motors equipped with heat
exchangers”
Specifcation of
flter material
If new flter material is to be bought, the
following specifcations must be met by the
vendor:
a) The flter must be made of 100% continuous
glass fbre.
b) The flter must have an open structure at the
air intake side, but the fbre structure must
get tighter toward the air-exit side.
c) Allowed air fow 3 m/sec.
d) Tests according to ASHRAE-standard 52-76,
with an air fow of 2 m/sec., must show that:
- the pressure drop through a clean flter is
less than 60 Pa.
- the flter absorbs more than 90 % at a con-
tamination rate of 850 gram/m
2
(93 % for
the air-leakage flter.
- max. air pressure drop 200 Pa.
28
Mounting the
speed control
device
Speed control device
1. Split the coupling (1) into three parts (A).
2. Make sure that grease and dirt are removed from the shaft hole.
3. Mount the part from the coupling (1a) inside the rotor shaft and tighten it with a
screwdriver.
4. Lock the part from the coupling inside the shaft with the set screw (1d).
Check the dimension.
5. Lubricate plastic parts on the middle part of the coupling (1b) with
paraffn oil and assemble it on the part inside the shaft.
6. Assemble the last part of the coupling (1c) with the shaft of the speed control device.
(6). Check the distance (B).
For Leine & Linde speed control devices:
7. Assemble the speed control device on the tachoadapter (2) with three bolts (5).
8. Assemble the adapter package on the bearing cover with four bolts and washers
(3+4). Tightening torque M6 10Nm for shaft heights 180-280 or M8 24.5 Nm
for shaft heights 315-400 with a dynamometric wrench. Be gentle when pressing
the coupling parts together. Maximum axial assembly force 100N.
29
Speed control device
For POG, REO and TDP speed control devices:
7. For shaft heights 180-280; assemble the adapter (2) on the bearing cover with four
bolts and washers (3+5). Tightening torque M6 10Nm with a dynamometric
wrench. For shaft heights 315-400; assemble the adapter (2) on the bearing
cover with four bolts and washers (3+7). Tightening torque M8 24,5Nm with a
dynamometric wrench.
8. Assemble the speed control device (6) on the tachoadapter (2) with six bolts and
washers (4+5). Be gentle when pressing the coupling parts together. Maximum
axial assembly force 100N.
30
Heat exchangers
General
The motors described in this paragraph are
similar to those already described in previous
paragraphs. The only difference is the cooling
method (code IC 86 W for air/water heat ex-
changer and IC 666 for air/air heat exchanger)
and the degree of protection that can be IP 54
or IP 55, according to customer request.
The operation of these motors requires special
care since the cooling air fows in a closed loop.
The smallest particles of carbon dust produced
by the brush wear may pass through the flter
and is circulated inside the motor and can settle
on the windings, so affecting the ground insula-
tion level. ABB recommends users to follow all
maintenance instructions described previously
and to clean the motor regularly by opening all
covers and vacuuming out all dust not held by
the fltering material.
Air/air heat
exchangers
Air/air heat exchangers are normally supplied
separately. Unless otherwise stated on the
delivery orders, the cooling equipment must
always be installed so that the cooling air enters
DMI at the N-end.
Two constant speed fans provide air circulation
for the outer and inner circuits.
Outer circuit: Ambient air is forced through the
heat exchanger by a fan. For
motors with low loads or low
ambient air temperature a thermo-
stat control is recommended.
Inner circuit: A constant speed fan circulates
the internal cooling air. Carbon
dust is fltered out by a polyamide
flter. A second flter is included
for leakage air.
Air/water heat
exchangers
A totally-enclosed motor with an air/water heat
exchanger is recommended for polluted operat-
ing environments.
The heat exchanger unit, which is supplied
separately, is located on top of the motor as
standard. Unless otherwise stated on the deliv-
ery orders, the cooling equipment must always
be installed so that the cooling air enters DMI at
the N-end (Non drive-end).
Outer circuit: As seen from the drive end, the
water connection fanges are on
the left-hand side as standard.
Thermostat control is recom-
mended on motors with low loads
or a low incoming water tempera-
ture to avoid condensation in the
cooling air circuit and to minimize
water consumption.
Inner circuit: A constant-speed fan circulates
the internal cooling air. A polya-
mide flter is provided to flter out
carbon dust. A second flter is
included for leakage air.
Mounting
Mounting of IC 666 and IC 86W heat
exchangers, DMI 180-280
1. Mount the 19x4 mm gasket (item 4) on the
DMI-machine according to the fgures below.
Note! The gasket must surround both holes
at the N-end.
2. Remove the covers A (and B if the heat
exchanger is equipped with it) from the heat
exchanger.
3. Place the heat exchanger on the
DMI-machine.
4. Mount the screws (item 2) and the washers
(item 3).
5. Assemble the covers A (and B if the heat
exchanger is equipped with it) on the heat
exchanger.
Note!
The max water pressure is 1 x 106 Pa (10 bar). The
max inlet water temperature is 25°C. A water tem-
perature rise of 8-13 K is to be expected
31
Heat exchangers
Figure 18. Mounting of heat exchanger for DMI 180-280.
Note!
Do not lift the motor and heat exchanger by
the heat exchanger’s lifting eyes.
32
Heat exchangers
Figure 19 Mounting of heat exchanger for
DMI 315 and 400.
DMI 315 and 400 prepared for IC 666 and IC
86W heat exchangers are delivered with pre-
mounted gaskets (item 1), set screws (item 2),
washers (item 3 and 4), spacers (item 5 and 6)
and hexagon nuts (item 7) according to fgure
19 as standard.
1. Remove nuts and plain washers
(item 5, 6 and 7) from the DMI machine.
2. Heat exchanger spacers must be in position
inside the punched holes at the sealing strip.
3. Remove the covers A (and B if the heat ex-
changer is equipped with it) from the heat
exchanger.
4. Place the heat exchanger on top of the DMI
machine and joint the heat exchanger at the
fat point set screws of the DMI machine
(item 2).
5. Tighten the heat exchanger with the plain
washers and nuts (item 5, 6 and 7).
6. Assemble the covers A (and B if the heat
exchanger is equipped with it) on the heat
exchanger.
Note!
Do not lift the motor and heat exchanger by the
heat exchanger’s lifting eyes
33
Heat exchangers
Specifc information about air/water heat
exchangers
Water connection of air/water heat exchanger
with air inlet at N-end (standard)
1 2
3 4
1. Water connection on right side
(seen from D-end) towards N-end.
2. Water connection on right side
(seen from D-end) towards D-end.
3. Water connection on left side (seen from
D-end) towards N-end. Label on cooling coil
shows the in- and outlet of water depend-
ing on the air direction. NB: The air direction
through the cooling coil is always towards
the fan motor.
4. Water connection on left side (seen from
D-end) towards D-end
Figure 20
34
Heat exchangers
Water connection of air-water heat exchanger
with air inlet at D-end
Figure 21
1. Water connection on left side (seen from
D-end) towards D-end.
2. Water connection on left side (seen from
D-end) towards N-end.
3. Water connection on right side (seen from
D-end) towards D-end. Label on cooling coil
shows the in- and outlet of water depend-
ing on the air direction. NB: The air direction
through the cooling coil is always towards
the fan motor.
4. Water connection on right side (seen from
D-end) towards N-end
35
Heat exchangers
Changing the water connection direction
1. Remove screws holding the cooling coil and
the cover.
2. Slide the coil out of the housing and rotate as
shown above.
3. Slide the coil into the housing and replace the
screws.
4. Replace the cover at the opposite side.
Figure 22
1. Remove screws holding the cooling coil.
2. Slide the coil out of the housing and rotate it
180° according to the picture above.
3. Slide the coil back into the housing and re-
place the screws.
Figure 23
36
Heat exchangers
• The water supply pipe system must be
fushed out before coil is connected.
• Pressure tests of pipe system, after coil is
connected, must not exceed test pressure
indicated on the rating plate.
• When heat exchanger is taken into use, all air
must be evacuated from water pipe system
and the cooling coil.
Air in the coil can be evacuated through
venting plugs on the coil headers.
• The water fow must be regulated to obtain
water fow indicated on data plate of the heat
exchanger.
• To avoid erosion damages in coil tubes do
not exceed maximum water fow.
• Check gaskets for air leakages in connection
areas such as between cooler and motor,
cable entrances or incorrectly ftted inspec-
tion covers
This is an instruction in how to verify that the
monitoring devices on the heat exchangers
are working properly. Monitoring devices (1-8)
mentioned in this chapter are optional and not
included in the heat exchanger.
Pictures and text in this chapter apply to top-
mounted air/water heat exchangers. For side-
mounted air/water heat exchangers and air/air
heat exchangers, the location of the equipment
might vary a bit. Unless noted, the principle is
however the same.
1. Filter monitor
2. Pressure switch
3. Mounting device for thermostat
4. Mounting device for Samson regulator
5. PT 100
6. Flow sensor
7. Water leakage detector
8. Terminal box
9. Housing
10. Fan motor
11. Leakage air flter
Picture 24 Location of monitoring equipment of air-water heat exchanger.
Before starting
Verifcation
of monitoring
equipment of
heat exchang-
ers
37
Heat exchangers
1
Filter monitor, HUBA 604
Function: When the flter gets too dirty, an alarm will be triggered.
Verifcation: Open the cover for the flter cassette and put a piece of cardboard (approximately
half the size of the flter) under the flter for top-mounted heat exchangers, and
on the far side from the fan for side-mounted heat exchangers. Turn the fan on
and the alarm should go off. Turn the fan off, remove the cardboard and turn the
fan back on and the flter monitor must not give an alarm.
Adjustment: The setting depends on the size of the heat exchanger. The settings from the
factory should not be changed.
Note: The pressure drop of the flter monitor is measured over the flter plus the heat exchanger
2
Pressure switch, HUBA 625
Function: When the fan stops, the pressure drops and an alarm will be trigged off.
Verifcation: Turn the fan on and the pressure switch must not give an alarm. Shut the fan
down and the alarm should go off
Adjustment: Setting is same for all sizes of heat exchangers for DMI 180-400. The settings from
the factory should not be changed
3
Thermostat, Trafag MST 9515
Function: Gives an alarm if the air intake temperature is above the maximum allowable
temperature for the specifc DC-motor
Verifcation: Open the casing and turn the adjustment knob. The alarm should go off when the
setting gets below room temperature. Remember to set the knob back to the
same position again
Adjustment: The setting is dependent on size and type of the DC-motor. The settings from the
factory should not be changed
4
Temperature regulator, Samson 43-6
Function: A self-regulated temperature regulator that requires no auxiliary energy. Sets the
water fow to obtain a set temperature
Verifcation: Only to be done by trained personnel from Samson. If done wrongly, the
thermostat might be destroyed
Adjustment: Contact ABB
5
PT100, Inor RNT8
Function: For measuring the temperature of the cooling air
Verifcation: Compare the readings with another thermometer
Adjustment: N/A
38
Heat exchangers
6
Flow sensor Unifow SW4000 or Weber 4120M
Function: Monitoring the water fow in order to lower the water consumption depending on
workload of the DMI-motor
Verifcation: Readings should say “Zero” when the valve is shut. Compare with the other fow
sensor/meter when valve is opened
Adjustment: Contact ABB
7
Leakage water detector, SIE07065
Function: Top- and side-mounted heat exchangers:
If a water leakage occurs or if there is condensation inside the heat
exchanger, water will be evacuated through the leakage air flter canal and an
alarm goes off.
Verifcation: Top-mounted heat exchangers:
Remove the make-up flter box from the heat exchanger as seen in picture 25.
Then remove the flter and the grating. The alarm must go off when touching the
sensor by hand or pouring some water on it.
Side-mounted heat exchangers:
Unscrew the detector from the heat exchanger. The alarm must go off when
touching the sensor by hand or pouring some water on it.
Adjustment: The setting depends on the type of heat exchanger. The settings from the factory
will be suffcient for most cases. However, if the humidity is high a slight
adjustment as per the attachment might be necessary on site.
7. Water leakage detector
12. Water tray
13. Leakage air flter with grating
Picture 25 The leakage air flter box removed
39
Heat exchangers
11, 12, 13: HUBA 604 — FILTER GUARD — TERMINAL 3 LIVE AT INCREASING PRESSURE
— ALARM—CLOGGED FILTER
21, 22, 23: TRAFAG MST 9515 — THERMOSTAT IN COLD AIR — TERMINAL 3 LIVE AT
INCREASING TEMPERATURE — ALARM
31, 32, 33: HUBA 625 — FAN GUARD — TERMINAL 3 LIVE AT INCREASING PRESSURE WHEN
FAN IS RUNNING (OK )— TERMINAL 2 (Nc) LIVE AT NO PRESSURE — ALARM FAN IS
NOT RUNNING
41, 42, 43: SIE SK1—HT—125 — LEAK WATER DETECTOR — “A/Q” TERMINAL LIVE WITH
WATER PRESENT — ALARM (AIR/WATER HEAT EXCHANGER ONLY)
51, 52, 53: MURPHY EL15OK1 — LEAK WATER DETECTOR — “RED” LIVE WITH WATER
PRESENT — ALARM (AIR/WATER HEAT EXCHANGER ONLY)
61, 62, 63: UNIFLOW — WATER FLOW GUARD — “BLACK” TERMINAL LIVE WHEN WATER
FLOW IS OK (AIR/WATER HEAT EXCHANGER ONLY)
71, 72, 73: WEBER 4120.13M — WATER FLOW GUARD — “BLACK” TERMINAL LIVE WHEN
WATER FLOW IS OK (AIR/WATER HEAT EXCHANGER ONLY)
81, 82, 83: INOR RNT8 — TEMPERATURE SENSOR — 3—WIRE PT100
Figure 26 Terminal diagram for heat exchangers. The terminal box of the heat exchanger is shown in fgure 24, item 8.
Terminal diagram for heat exchangers
40
Heat exchangers
In addition to the usual maintenance operations
for standard motors which have been previously
described, the totally-enclosed motors need a
supplementary maintenance program, due to
their special construction and operation: Sug-
gested activities are given below:
Check the housing (Figure 24, item 9) for paint
damage. Repair paint damage to protect
against corrosion. For information regarding
paint contact ABB.
Check fan motor (Figure 24, item 10) for unusual
noise and replace bearings if necessary. (The
fan motor is normally ftted with permanently
greased bearings free of maintenance). Keep
the motor clean and ensure free ventilation air-
fow.
Check gaskets for leakage monthly. Gaskets
need to be replaced every 2 years.
Change the air flter of the cooling air circuit
every time DC-motor brushes are changed.
If the heat exchanger is provided with a flter
monitoring device, normal pressure drop when
the flter must be changed is 200 Pa (normal set
point for flter monitor higher due to measuring
over the cooling coil and the flter). Use flter
type EU3 according to Eurovent 4/5 or similar
flter with effciency 85% according to Ashrae
52-76. Do not use a flter with higher effciency
due to its higher pressure drop.
Remark
Note that the flter material has a different struc-
ture on each side. The side with the coarser
structure is to be placed outward.
Check leakage air flter every month during frst
time of operation and change if clogged.
Due to its position, where pressure in the in-
ner air circuit is lowest, the leakage air flter will
provide substitute air if an unwanted leak has
occurred somewhere else in the air circuit.
Rapid clogging of the leakage air flter indicates
that an unwanted leak is present. If so, do the
necessary tightening and change the flter. Nor-
mally use the same flter as above.
In environments with harmful contaminations,
use flter EU5 according to Eurovent 4/5 or simi-
lar flters with effciency 90-95% according to
Ashrae 52-76.
In DC-motor heat exchangers with internal air
circuit protected by leakage air flter, the outer
surface of the cooling coil normally does not
have to be cleaned. If exceptional cases, dry
deposits can be cleaned by cautious use of
compressed air. For greasy deposits use a de-
tergent and rinse with water.
Normally cleaning the inside of tubes in the
water fow circuit is not necessary but in areas
with heavy polluted water, use a flter in the
water distribution system is recommended. If,
after long service, the heat exchanger appears
to have decreased capacity, the tubes can be
cleaned inside by re-circulation of water with
the appropriate cleaning compound. Knowledge
about type of contamination and appropriate
cleaning compound will highly beneft effciency
of such cleaning procedure. For most deposits
use of warm water is to be preferred.
Note:
• The tubes in the standard heat exchanger
cannot be mechanically cleaned on the
inside.
• To avoid corrosion, choose a cleaning agent
that does not harm the tube material.
• The standard tube material is copper.
When the cooling coil is not in operation, pro-
tect it from damage due to corrosion or freezing
in sub-zero temperatures by draining it off.
Maintenance of
motors with heat
exchangers
Special main-
tenance of air-
water heat
exchangers
41
WARNING
The armature must be dismantled or reassembled from the drive end side of the stator.
Dismantling
R Make sure the machine and fan motor are
electrically disconnected.
R Remove air ducts (if present at installation),
disconnect coupling or V-belts and dismantle
the machine from the foundation.
R Remove accessories if necessary as well as
inspection covers.
R Loosen the leads and cables inside the termi-
nal box which go to the stator.
R Disconnect leads which go to the stator from
the brush rocker.
R Remove the brushes and wrap a piece of
1 mm thick insulating material around the
commutator.
R Put blocks underneath the stator so that both
end shields are unsupported.
R Remove the terminal box.
R Remove N-end outer bearing cover.
R Place a piece of insulating material between
armature and stator.
R Unscrew the fxing bolts which tie stator and
end shield together at the N-end.
R Remove the end shield at the N-end. Do not
damage the main gasket between end shield
and stator. Do not use sharp-edged tools.
R Remove the outer bearing cover at the D-end.
R Unscrew the end shield fxing bolts at the
D-end. Use the same precautions regarding
the main gasket.
R Lift the armature out of the stator (if neces-
sary use an extension tube slipped over the
armature shaft).
R Protect the bearings against contamination
by suitable means.
R Remove the main gasket very carefully from
the stator.
R Clean the bearing covers and remove the old
grease.
Reassembling
R Wrap a piece of 1 mm thick insulating
material around the commutator.
R Place a suitable piece of insulating material
into the lower part of the stator.
R Inspect the main gaskets on the stator for
damage. Make sure that the mating surfaces
of stator and end shields are clean.
R Do not forget to fll the bearings with grease
during assembly.
R Lift the armature into the stator.
R Assemble the end shield at the D-end.
R Assemble the bearing details at the D-end.
R Assemble the end shield at the N-end.
R Remove the piece of insulating material.
R Thread the cables through the seal into the
terminal box.
R Assemble the bearing details at the N-end.
R Check that the armature turns easily.
R Fasten the leads to the brush gear.
R Assemble the terminal box and attach cables
and leads according to the terminal diagram.
R Remove the protective insulating material
from the commutator.
R Insert brushes into brush holders and check
that they can move freely in their brush hold-
er pockets.
R Assemble inspection covers including
gaskets.
R Assemble all accessories.
Tightening torque for stator bolts
Dismantling and reassembling
D-end N-end
Fig. 27
DMI Torque with oil lubrication
180 190 Nm ¦140 |b.ft}
200 190 Nm ¦140 |b.ft}
225 420 Nm ¦310 |b.ft}
250 735 Nm ¦540 |b.ft}
280 735 Nm ¦540 |b.ft}
315 420 Nm ¦310 lb.ft}
400 735 Nm ¦540 lb.ft}
42
Spare parts
Recommended
spare parts
Number of identical motors
1 2 – 4 5 – 9 10 –
Brushes ¦number of sets} 1 2 – 4 5 – 9 10 –
Brush gear - 1 1 1
Bear|ngs ¦number of sets} 1 1 1 2
Set of armature oo||s + 4 resp. 6 oommutat|ng oo||s - 1 - -
Armature, oomp|ete + ma|n fe|d oo|| + 4 resp. 6 oommutat|ng oo||s - 1 *} -
Motor, oomp|ete - - - 1
*} A|so two oompensat|ng w|nd|ngs |no|. s|ot |nsu|at|ons and s|ot keys when the maoh|ne has oompensat|ng w|nd|ngs.
Remark
Please state when ordering: motor type, motor serial number and part number.
43
Mechanical
Faults and remedies
Fault Possible cause Remedy
Rough running
When ooup|ed, maoh|ne runs
uneven|y or w|th strong v|brat|on,
w|th no fau|t when unooup|ed
Fau|t |n power transm|ss|on
oomponents or |n dr|ven equ|pment
Oheok power transm|ss|on, dr|ve
oomponents and a||gnment
Sett||ng of foundat|on Restore oorreot foundat|on |eve|,
rea||gn maoh|ne set
Transm|ss|on or dr|ven equ|pment
bad|y ba|anoed
Reba|anoe
Maoh|ne runs rough|y when
unooup|ed
Bear|ng damage
Ho|d|ng-down bo|ts |oose
Refer to bear|ng fau|ts be|ow
T|ghten and |ook
Post-mounted ooup||ng adverse|y
affeot|ng rotor ba|anoe
Reba|anoe rotor w|th ooup||ng
Damage to rolling bearings
Overheat|ng |mmed|ate|y after
start|ng or regreas|ng
Too muoh grease f||ed F||| and press |n on|y the presor|bed
amount of grease ¦See rat|ng p|ate}.
Overheat|ng automat|oa||y d|sappears
after some t|me
Overheat|ng after |ong per|od of
operat|on
Bear|ng oover sea|s rubb|ng Remaoh|ne bear|ng oover, rep|aoe
damaged sea|s
Sorap|ng, rubb|ng or knook|ng
no|ses |n bear|ng
Ohange bear|ng ¦oause to be
determ|ned by speo|a||sts}
Wh|st||ng sounds |n grease
|ubr|oated bear|ngs
Bear|ng |s dry lnjeot grease
Damage on bear|ng oage Rep|aoe bear|ng
Format|on of |ndentat|ons when
maoh|ne stat|onary
v|brat|ons be|ng transferred to
bear|ngs from externa| souroe
lso|ate motor from externa| v|brat|on or
keep rotor turn|ng oont|nuous|y
Format|on of |ndentat|ons when
maoh|ne |n operat|on
E|eotr|o ourrent fow|ng through the
bear|ng
Oonsu|t ABB
44
Faults and remedies
Electrical Fault Possible cause Remedy
Motor w||| not start at no |oad No armature vo|tage Oheok supp|y

Armature oo||s burnt out or short-
o|rou|ted
O|ear short-o|rou|t ¦genera||y
on|y poss|b|e |n speo|a||st’s or
manufaoturer’s workshop}
Brushes not mak|ng proper oontaot Oheok pressure and pos|t|on of
brushes, rep|aoe worn brushes
No exo|tat|on vo|tage Oheok supp|y
Open o|rou|t |n fe|d w|nd|ng Remedy open o|rou|t
lnterturn short-o|rou|t |n the armature
w|nd|ng
Repa|r |n workshop
Short-o|rou|t between oommutator
segments
Oheok oommutator and e||m|nate short
Motor w||| not aooept |oad Over|oad Oheok ourrent |nput and e||m|nate
over|oad
vo|tage deoreas|ng Oheok supp|y
Motor overspeed|ng and hunt|ng
under |oad
Brushes d|sp|aoed from neutra| zone |n
oppos|te d|reot|on to rotat|on pos|t|on
Set brush-braoket to mark under |oad
Fau|t |n fe|d o|rou|t E||m|nate fau|t
Aux|||ary ser|es w|nd|ng wrong|y
oonneoted
Oheok oonneot|on and oorreot
Generator not supp|y|ng vo|tage Open o|rou|t |n exo|tat|on o|rou|t Oheok exo|tat|on o|rou|t for fau|t
Short |n ma|n o|rou|t Oheok o|rou|t
Open o|rou|t or |nterturn short-o|rou|t |n
rotor w|nd|ng
Oheok w|nd|ng for open o|rou|t or
|nterturn short-o|rou|t
vo|tage drop on unregu|ated
generator on |oad |s too h|gh
Speed reduot|on of dr|ve too great Set dr|ve to norma| speed, dr|ve too
weak
lnoorreot brush sett|ng Oheok brush sett|ng, oorreot
Overheat|ng |n operat|on Over|oad Oheok vo|tage and ourrent, e||m|nate
over|oad
lnsuffo|ent ooo||ng a|r lmprove ooo||ng
Temperature of ooo||ng a|r or water too
h|gh
O|ean |nterna| and externa| a|r
passages
lnsuffo|ent ooo||ng water Oheok fow rate of ooo||ng water,
|norease |f neoessary
Ooo|er or f|ter d|rty O|ean ooo|er, ohange f|ter
45
Faults and remedies
Commutation
Type of fault Causes and remedies
Brush spark|ng at the |ead|ng edge 1 4 8 9 10 38 39
Brush spark|ng at the tra|||ng edge 1 3 22 24 37 38 39
S||ght spark|ng 1 3 4 6 8 9 14 19 22 24 28 29 33 39
v|o|ent spark|ng w|th showers 6 8 9 10 13 31 32 34 35 36 37 38
Aro or fash 1 10 22 26 35
Spark|ng of some brushes or sets of brushes 2 6 7 9 14 19 20 24 25 27 28 29 31 32 33 36 37
Burn|ng of the rear oorner of the brushes 1 4 8 14 19 27 29 30 32 35 37
v|brat|on and break|ng of the brush edges 5 12 14 23 24 25 30 32 33 36 37
Brushes wear out too fast 6 7 8 9 12 15 16 22 23 27 30 31 32 33 37 38 39
Üneven brush wear 2 6 7 12 16 20 24 27 29 30 31 32 34 37
P|a|t |nterrupt|ons and burn|ng 2 6 8 10 11 16 17 18 20 23 31 35
Grooves on the brush s|des 16 25
Grooves on the surfaoes of oontaot 6 8 17
Meta| part|o|es on the surfaoes of oontaot 14 17 20 21
Üneven oommutator wear 6 11 12 15 17 18 20 23 38 39
Grooves on the oommutator surfaoe 6 12 14 15 16 17 18 20 24 27 30 33
Symmetr|oa| sta|ns on the oommutator 1 10 13 21 28 35
Asymmetr|oa| sta|ns on the oommutator 20 34 36 37
Soored oommutator surfaoe 6 7 12 14 16 17 19 24 27 30 38 39
Possible cause Remedy
1} The brushes are out of neutra| zone Reset neutra| pos|t|on
2} Asymmetry between the brush ho|der studs Oorreot the d|stanoe between the studs
3} Oommutat|ng po|e fux too h|gh lnorease oommutat|ng po|e a|r gap
4} Oommutat|ng po|e fux too |ow Deorease oommutat|ng po|e a|r gap
5} Exoess|ve no |oad operat|on Üse su|tab|e brushes, reduoe the number of brushes
6} D|rt and o|| on the oommutator O|ean the oommutator and |dent|fy oause
7} Abras|ve dust on the brush surfaoes Remove the brushes and brush them o|ean
8} Over|oad Reduoe the |oad
9} v|brat|ons Oheok the a||gnment, reba|anoe |f neoessary
10} The armature w|nd|ng |s damaged Repa|r, rew|nd |f neoessary
11} lnadequate vent||at|on Traoe the oauses, then oonsu|t ABB |f neoessary
12} Ourrent dens|ty at the brushes |s too |ow Reduoe the number of brushes
13} Ourrent surges Ohoose su|tab|e brush types
14} The a|r |s too damp |et |n fresh a|r, se|eot su|tab|e brushes
15} The a|r |s too dry |et |n fresh a|r, se|eot su|tab|e brushes
16} Dust or sand suspended |n the a|r F|t f|ters and e||m|nate the oauses
17} Gases or ao|ds |n the a|r ¦*} |et |n fresh a|r, se|eot su|tab|e brushes
18} Exoess|ve brush fr|ot|on Reduoe brush pressure, make use of non-abras|ve brushes
19} Brushes not adapted to the oommutator Adapt the brushes perfeot|y, as prev|ous|y shown
20} D|fferent brush types Üse brushes of the same type
21} The oommutator |s sta|ned when the
maoh|ne |s not |n operat|on
Ra|se the brushes
22} Brush pressure |s too weak Rep|aoe the brush spr|ng and brush presser pad
23} Exoess|ve brush pressure Rep|aoe the brush spr|ng and brush presser pad
24} Üneven brush pressure |n d|fferent brushes Adjust pressure, rep|aoe the fau|ty brush spr|ngs |f neoessary
25} The brush ho|ders are not perpend|ou|ar
Restore the oorreot d|stanoe between brush ho|der oases
and oommutator ¦2 ÷ 2.5 mm}
26} The brushes are jammed |n the brush ho|ders O|ean the brush ho|ders
27} Too muoh p|ay |n the brush ho|der Ohange brush ho|der
28} v|brat|ons on the brush ho|der studs Re|nforoe the studs w|th |nsu|at|ng r|ngs
29} The brush ho|ders are not para||e| Adjust brush ho|ders
30} The brush ho|der oase |s too d|stant from the
oommutator
Adjust d|stanoe to about 2 ÷ 2.5 mm
31} Üneven ourrent d|str|but|on to the brushes
lnorease ourrent dens|ty, adjust pressure, make use of more
abras|ve brushes
32} M|oa |nsu|ator protrud|ng from the oommutator Smooth the m|oa |nsu|ator and the edges of the segments
33} Burrs on the oommutator segments
Remove the burrs, smooth the edges, rep|aoe brushes w|th a
more su|tab|e grade
34} Ova||zed oommutator Turn the oommutator
35} Broken so|der|ng So|der the oommutator |ugs
36} Soored oommutator Turn the oommutator
37} Protrud|ng oommutator segments
Rub the oommutator w|th a pum|oe stone, turn the
oommutator |f neoessary
38} No ohoke oo|| where needed Oonneot the ohoke oo||
39} Ohoke oo|| reaotanoe d|fferent from speo|fed one Rep|aoe the ohoke oo||
¦*} Harmfu| gases wh|oh may be present |n the a|r: su|phates, s|||oones, oh|or|ne, ammon|a. oonsu|t ABB |n these oases
46
EC Directives
Declaration of
Incorporation
47
EC Directives
EC Declaration
of Conformity
ABB Automation Technologies
DO Motors
SE-721 70 västerås, Sweden
Te|ephone: +46 ¦0}21 32 90 00
Te|efax: +46 ¦0}21 32 95 15
www.abb.oom/motors&dr|ves
3

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Contents
Safety instructions Machine description General storage precautions Foundation Machine installation Commissioning Observation and maintenance Insulation resistance Brushes and commutation Commutator Bearings Lubrication Cleaning Filter Speed control device Heat exchangers
1. General ...................................................4 2. Intended use ..........................................4 3. Transport, storage .................................4 4. Installation ..............................................4 General .......................................................6 Grouting-in .................................................7 General .......................................................10 Condensation .............................................10 Corrosive environment ..............................10 General .......................................................11 Grouting ......................................................11 Inspection ...................................................12 Lifting ..........................................................12 Assembly of coupling ................................12 Alignment of directly-coupled machines ....................................................13 Checks before start-up ..............................17 Checks during start-up ..............................17 General .......................................................18 Maintance schedule ...................................19 Measuring insulation resistance ................19 General .......................................................20 Patina ..........................................................20 Sparking .....................................................20 Poor brush contact ....................................21 General .......................................................23 Corrosive environment ..............................23 Changing the bearings ...............................24 General .......................................................25 Lubrication during start-up ........................25 General .......................................................26 Cleaning of windings .................................26 Fans with air filters .....................................27 Machines with heat exchangers ................27 Installing the speed control device ...........28 Lubrication during operation .....................25 Drying of windings .....................................26 Specification of filter material ....................27 Brush wear .................................................22 Replacing worn brushes ............................22 Bedding of brushes ....................................22 Commutator out of true .............................23 Alignment of V-belt drive ...........................14 Tightening torque of foundation bolts .........................................14 Connection of cables .................................14 Terminal diagram .......................................15 Lubrication during start-up ........................17 Checks after 100 operating hours .............17 Vibrations ...................................................10 Shaft end protection ..................................10 5. Electrical connection and commissioning .......................................5 6. Operation ................................................5 7. Maintenance and servicing ...................5

General .......................................................30 Air/air heat exchangers .............................30 Air/water heat exchangers ........................30 Mounting ....................................................30 Before starting ...........................................35 Verification of monitoring equipment of heat exchangers .................35 Dismantling ................................................41 Reassembling .............................................41 Recommended spare parts .......................42 Mechanical .................................................43 Electrical .....................................................44 Declaration of Incorporation .....................46 EC Declaration of Conformity ....................47

Maintenance of motors with heat exchangers ................................39 Special maintenance of air-water heat exchangers ........................39

Dismantling and reassembling Spare parts Faults and remedies EC Directives

Commutation ..............................................45 

Safety instructions
Low-voltage directive 1 General
These safety instructions for the operation of direct-current machines are in conformity with the Low-Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC. DC machines have rotating parts and parts which may be live even at rest, and possibly hot surfaces. All operations serving transport, connection, commissioning and periodic maintenance must be carried out by skilled, responsible technical personnel (note EN 60034; EN 50110-1/VDE 0105). Improper handling can cause serious injury and damage to property. The applicable national, local and installationspecific regulations and requirements must be taken into account. To guarantee trouble-free operation the ABB documentation must be followed.

2 Intended use

These machines are intended for industrial and commercial installations. They comply with the standards series EN 60034 (VDE 0530). Their use in hazardous areas is prohibited unless they are expressly intended for such use (note additional instructions). Where, in exceptional cases, – use in non-commercial installations – more stringent requirements are to be met (e.g. protection against contact with children’s fingers), these conditions must be ensured by the customer when the machine is installed. The machines are generally rated for ambient temperatures of – 5 to + 40 °C and altitudes of up to 1000 m above sea level. Take note of different instructions on the rating plate. Conditions on site must conform to all data given on the rating plate.

DC machines are components for installation in machinery as defined in the Machinery Directive 89/392/EEC. Commissioning is prohibited until conformity of the end product with this directive has been established (see EN 60 204-1). DC machines meet the requirements of the low voltage directive 73/23/EEC. The normal operation of the DC machine must comply with the protection requirements of the EMC directive 89/336/EEC. The proper installation (e.g. separation of signal lines and power cables, screened cables etc.) is the responsibility of the erector of the installation. For installations with power converters, the EMC instructions of the converter manufacturer must be taken into account.

3 Transport, storage

Report damage discovered after delivery to the transport company immediately. If necessary, stop commissioning. Tighten screwed-in ring bolts before transport. They are designed for the weight of the machine. Do not apply extra loads. If necessary, use suitable, adequately dimensioned means of transport (e.g. rope guides). Make sure of an even supporting surface, of solid foot or flange mounting and of exact alignment in case of direct coupling. Avoid resonances in the operating speed range and with sixfold (or, in the case of single-phase supply, double) mains frequency which may be caused by the assembly. Turn rotor by hand, listen for abnormal scraping noises. Check direction of rotation in uncoupled state (follow Section 5.) Mount or remove output elements (pulley, coupling) using only appropriate means and cover them with a guard. Avoid excessive belt tension (refer to DMI catalogue). Before mounting the output element, make sure the machine is balanced. The balancing method

When machines are stored, ensure a dry, dustfree, low-vibration (Vrms ≤ 0.2 mm/s) environment (danger of bearing damage at rest). Long storage periods reduce the grease service life of the bearings. (Refer to the chapter “General storage precautions”).

4 Installation

for the machine is indicated on the shaft end face and on the rating plate (H = half key, F = full key). For models with shaft ends pointing downward, a canopy is recommended; for models with shaft ends pointing upward, measures are needed to protect against ingress of water into the bearing. Do not obstruct ventilation. Exhaust air, also from neighbouring sets, must not be drawn in again directly. Chemically polluted air, cooling air containing dust, or low-load operation for a prolonged period of time may negatively affect the commutation and brush life. 

and watertight manner. uninsulated parts and between such parts and earth. see the chapter “Insulation resistance”. 6 Operation Operation without excitation can lead to dangerous overspeeds and must be prevented by interlocking. With 500 V applied. Maintain clearances between live. In case of heavy dirt deposits. Do not override protective devices even in trial runs. See the chapter “Lubrication”. The connection must be so made that a permanent and safe electrical connection is ensured (no loose wire ends). noise. pulse generators.5 mm/s at the bearings are acceptable in the coupled state. For all inspection and maintenance operations. fix the key to the shaft. Establish the cause.g. dirt or moisture in the terminal box. the insulation resistance value measured should not be lower than 1 MΩ. air-flow monitors. see the chapter “Observation and maintenance”. Pay attention to rating plate markings as well as to the connection diagram. vibrations – switch off the machine in case of doubt. For corrective measures. Close unused cable entrance holes and the box itself in a dust. Consult ABB. or an unfavourable form factor resulting from the type of converter used. For the trial run without output elements.Safety instructions 5 Electrical connection and commissioning All operations must only be carried out by skilled technical personnel on machines at rest and isolated and provided with a safeguard to prevent unintentional reconnection. This applies also to auxiliary circuits (e. Before commissioning. Open condensate drain holes from time to time . voltage ± 5%. Regrease bearing assembly with a relubricating device while the machine is running. For machines with brakes. 7 Maintenance and servicing The ABB documentation must be followed. periodically clean air channels. Remove shipping brace before commissioning. There must be no foreign objects. temperature sensors. brush monitors). Use correct cable terminals. leads to increased heating and shortens the life of the machine. For the connection and installation of accessories (e. strictly follow the corresponding instructions.e.  . brakes.g. tacho-generators. check satisfactory functioning of the brake before commissioning. Vibration severities Vrms ≤ 4. measure the insulation resistance. In case of doubt. elevated temperatures. anti-condensation heating). In the event of of deviations from normal operation – e. i. Check safe isolation from supply! Exceeding tolerances according to EN 60034 (VDE 0530). consult ABB.g. if necessary.

 . Rating plate for DMI machine. Figure 1.Machine description Technical data on rating plate The exact type designation and the most important technical data are shown on the rating plate located on the terminal box.

Alternative duty cycle Open row No. alternative operation Open row Method of cooling Degree of protection Valid temp. 52 Type of motor Motor number (specific for each motor) Rating and performance standard Mounting arrangement Thermal class/Temperature rise Motor weight (without cooling device) Converter and/or AC supply data Machine type Duty cycle Application No. 49 38. 22. 27 16. range for operation Motor end for cooling air intake Volume of cooling air (for heat dissipation) Static air pressure drop Key type used for balancing Balancing class Number of phases connected to standstill heater Standstill heater voltage Standstill heater power Lubrication interval Grease quantity Bearing type at D-end Bearing type at N-end Manufacturing year Open row Valid altitude for motor operation Mechanical power (HP) Mechanical power (HP). alternative operation Open row CSA logotype (if CSA approved)  . 42. 21.Machine description 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 14. 77 78. 18. 26 15. 76. 28 17. of brushes/arm on brush gear. 48. 23. 51 40. 50 39. 25. 24. 20. 47. alternative operation Field exciter current. 43. 75. 45. 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37. 81 82 83 Field exciter voltage. alternative operation Alternative machine type Mechanical power (kW) for alternative operation Armature DC voltage for alternative operation Armature DC current for alternative operation Speed (rpm) for alternative operation 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74. 79. 80. 19. 41. of brushes/arm on brush gear Branch Mechanical power (kW) heater Armature DC voltage Armature DC current Speed (rpm) Field exciter voltage Field exciter current Catalogue no. 46. 44.

1        9 10 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 19 0 1 Description Outer bearing cover. complete Counter weight.        9 0 1        9 0 1  Description Pressure finger spring Pressure finger Brush Stator. N-end Grease nipple. N-end Equalizing winding Armature coil Armature coil support. N-end Outer bearing cover. N-end Commutator Armature coil support. D-end Brush gear. D-end Grease retaining ring. N-end Grease-sling disc. D-end Grease-sling disc. N-end Inner bearing cover. N-end Retaining ring.Machine description Description of parts Part No. D-end Bearing. N-end Grease retaining ring. complete Gasket Box bottom plate Mounting rail Terminal block Terminal block Earthing bar Gasket Box frame Bar holder Connection bar Box cover Gasket Gasket Connection cover Bracket for brush gear positioning device Screw for push gear positioning device Earthing bar (on 1 & 00) Spacer/O-ring (on 1 & 00) 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 41 15 17 16 13 12 11 10 9 8  . D-end Inspection cover. D-end Grease nipple. complete Stator frame Main field coil Main field coil insulation Interpole field coil Interpole field coil insulation Coil support Compensating winding Slot insulation Slot key Armature. complete with gasket (state position and type) Terminal box. D-end Shaft-end key Part No. N-end Gasket Lifting lug Bearing end shield. complete Brush rocker Holder for brush rocker Brush-holder arm Part No. N-end Bearing. D-end Bearing end shield.       9 0 1        9 0 1 * * Description Counterweight. D-end Inner bearing cover.

Machine description 9 .

Condensation Condensation in a machine may lead to corrosion and damp windings (low insulation readings). the machine should be placed in a room or in a building where the temperature varies as little as possible. Caution In order to avoid condensation. If this is the case the bearings may have to be replaced before the machine can be put into operation. heating elements must be provided to maintain a constant temperature. 10 . If the machine is to be stored in an unheated room. Caution Store the machine in a vibration-free room. Condensation. If vibration cannot be avoided. The gases that gives the greatest problems and should be avoided during storage are: – sulphurous gases – chlorine – ammonia Caution Store the machine in a gas-free room. The heating element should be such that the temperature of the machine is always at least 5 K above the ambient temperature. Corrosive environment There are added complications if corrosive gases are present which attack the commutator surface. Shaft end protection All machines leave the factory with an anticorrosion coating on the shaft extension. corrosive gases and vibrations should be avoided. turn the armature a few times per month. Caution The coating should be inspected by the customer and re-applied if necessary. Caution Lift all brushes and wrap protective paper around the commutator.General storage precautions General Special attention must be given to machines which are to be stored for a long period of time before commissioning. Vibrations and bearings If the machine is stored on a vibrating surface the antifriction bearings are subject to damage.

Mounting blocks or foundation bolts which are bolted to the machine must hang freely in the mounting holes during grouting. as this can be influenced by factors which are not controlled by ABB. ABB does not accept responsibility regarding foundations. The foundation must be strong enough to bear the machine. does not correspond to those disturbing frequencies which normally exist in a thyristor-fed DC machine. Avoid resonances in the operating speed range and with sixfold mains frequency which may be caused by the six pulse converter. Make sure that there are no air pockets in the concrete. Grouting To ensure satisfactory results. mm 10 10 10 10 10 1 1 Fig. Check that the compression strength of the concrete and the curing time are in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. and to withstand torque reaction and stresses from a belt drive. mm 10 10 10 10 10 0 0 H. The mass of the foundation of a foot mounted motor should be five times the mass of the motor or higher.Foundation General The erection of machines at the customer’s site can be done by the customer or by ABB personnel. maintenance. electrical cables and cooling ducts must be provided. The instructions supplied by the manufacturer of the shrink-free concrete should be followed. H P = = B A B P. Caution The foundation must be dimensioned in such a way that its own natural frequency. if used. Grouting is normally not permitted at an ambient temperature below + 5 °C. mm 00 0 0 0 0 0 0 DMI 10 00  0 0 1 00 A. mm 0 0 0 90 90 10 1 B. 2 Foundation studs. 11 . including the motor weight. The mounting area of the machine must be level and free from vibrations. shrink-free concrete should be used. Remark Adequate space for inspection.

As standard. Assembly of coupling Some machines are shipped with a transport locking device. if needed.DMI-motor . including “Declaration of Incorporation” and “EC Declaration of Conformity” It is recommended to check that: R The erection site is clean R The erection site is prepared for installation. WARNING Never use impact tools. it must be connected to the driven equipment with a flexible coupling. are free from foreign matter which could be sucked into the machine during commissioning . For this reason a specific temperature cannot be given.Machine installation Checks before starting installation .Check that the rating plate is in accordance with the order Inspection Lifting Always use all the lifting eyes of the machine (two or four).3 mm is sufficient during assembly. 1 . not the entire machine. The armature shaft should be rotated while the coupling cools. The normal procedure of assembly is by heating the coupling. The required heating temperature depends on the interference fit between shaft and coupling. As the machine is equipped with antifriction bearings. WARNING Machines with separate heat exchanger have lifting lugs on the heat exchanger. the armature is balanced with a half key.Maintenance Instruction. The weight of the machine is shown on the rating plate.2-0. The balancing method is described on the rating plate. These are only for lifting the heat exchanger. They will damage the bearings.Accessories in separate packages . R Follow the coupling supplier’s assembly instructions. Make sure that the couplings are balanced before assembly. to avoid temperature stresses and hence bending moments on the shaft. take into account the following instructions: R Remove the anti-corrosion coating from the shaft extension. When assembling the coupling halves. R Access is provided for inspection and maintenance of the machine R Air ducts. Remove the locking device prior to installation of the motor. A clearance of 0. This device should not be removed as long as the machine remains in storage.

05 mm are obtained. gear drives. place suitable metal shims between machine feet and mounting blocks. etc. A common method is the use of dial indicators. 3 Parallel alignment. see fig. 3 and 4.Machine installation Alignment of direct coupled machines Good alignment ensures safe operation and long machine life. It is important that these instructions are observed during alignment in order to avoid vibrations and other disturbances during operation. To ensure correct alignment of the machine. 1 . Maximum deviations. 0. often specify the vertical and lateral displacement of the driving shaft at operating temperature. Check the misalignment between the coupling flanges after the machine has been installed. Fig. B A A B Fig.05 mm. 0. Fig. 0. which are mounted according to fig. Machine alignment must be continued until dial indicator readings of max. A-B = max. Installation instructions from the suppliers of pumps. 5 Dial indicator for proper machine alignment. 5. A-B = max.05 mm. 4 Angular alignment.

ft) (1 lb. the machines can also be supplied with the terminal box mounted on the side. The terminal box has sealed side covers for external cable connections.ft) (1 lb. Slide rails Angle Iron Machine Fig. Mounting block Connection of cables As standard.ft) Shim 1 mm 45° *) Above values without lubrication Fig. Tightening torque for cable connections inside the terminal box: – 40 Nm for M10 – 84 Nm for M12 1 . 8 Tightening torque of foundation bolts. The terminal box is normally (top mounting) mounted in such a way that the cable connection is made from the right-hand side (seen from the drive end). e. it is possible to interchange positions with the grounding bar. The slide rails (accessories) are to be bolted to the machine feet and positioned in such a way that the tensioning screws are diagonally opposite each other and the tensioning screw at the D-end is located between the motor and the driven object. For DMI 180-280 the cover can be exchanged with a standardized cover or it can be bored out to suit the customer’s cable connection. If the terminals from the main field coils are obstructing the main cable entrance. i. Make sure that all cable shoes are connected to the same terminals as before. nut and washer DMI 10 00  0 0 1 00 Tightening torque *)  Nm 0 Nm 0 Nm 0 Nm 0 Nm Nm 10Nm ( lb. Tightening torque of foundation bolts Machine Foundation bolt Taper pin. Fig. 7 Distance piece. Max allowed belt tension according to DMI catalogue. 6 Slide rail and tensioning screw arrangement.ft) (10 lb.ft) (Ib.ft) (10 lb. so that the slack is in the upper belts. Cable connection from the lefthand side or from the non drive end or drive end is possible by removing the terminals from A1 and A2 bar. the terminal box is mounted on the top of DMI machines. Turn the box frame so that the terminal opening faces the desired direction. However.ft) (111Ib.Machine installation Alignment of V-belt drive The drive should be arranged in such a way that the lower belts are the driving ones.

142. 122 Connection heater 1) 131.+ F1 F2* Supply lead 1 3 2 ”Pressure on” Supply lead ”Pressure off” 1 122 121 1 3/4 5/6 7/8 2 F1 F2* Filter monitor ”Filter dirty” 3 2 ”Filter not dirty” 101. alarm 1) 113. 118 Connection brush wear protection acc to order 1) 121.+ . 1 . A2 A1 A1 A1 B2 M G A1 F1 F2 A2 A1 F1 F2 A2 Motor Generator 143 142 141 133 132 131 118 117 116 111 106 105 104 103 102 101 115 114 113 112 Pressure switch ++.on main field coil (113) and interpole field coil series connected. 114 Connection thermostats 3BSM 004641.Machine installation Terminal diagram Terminal diagram for DMI 180-280. switch off 1) 115.on main field coil (101) and interpole field coil series connected. Changed to F2 according to IEC 60034-8. 112 Connection thermistors 3BSM 004640. * Former designated F4. standard design (shunt wound machine). 106 Connection PT 100 3BSM 004647-1 on interpole field coil 1) 111.+ +.on main field coil (111) and interpole field coil series connected.+ A1 A2 +. 116 Connection thermostats 3BSM 004641. 132. 9 Terminal diagram. 102 Connection thermistors 3BSM 004640. 133 Connection PT 100 for bearings on D-end 1) 141. alarm 1) 117. 143 Connection PT 100 for bearings on D-end 1) 1) If provided Fig. switch off 1) 103. 104 Connection PT 100 3BSM 004647-1 on main field coil 1) 105.on main field coil (115) and interpole field coil series connected.

10 Terminal diagram. Changed to F2 according to IEC 60034-8.Machine installation Terminal diagram Terminal diagram for DMI 315 – 400. standard design (shunt wound machine). 1 . 2* Fig. * Formerly designated F4.

– From the time the cover has been opened. that the vibration level does not exceed 4. WARNING Caution Don’t seal air ducts to the motor with products containing silicone. See the chapter “Lubrication”. R the cooling air has free access into and out of the motor. R the commutator surface has been cleaned (if it has been exposed to corrosive gases during storage). that all instruments show normal readings. Follow the lubricating instructions on the rating plate and in chapter “Lubrication”. or the fan intake has been sealed off. R the couplings and other mechanical components are properly tightened. R that the bearing temperatures show normal values after a few hours of running. If the results of the inspection are not satisfactory. the commutation of the machine. Checks after 100 operating hours After 100 operating hours inspect the commutator and the brushes while the machine is at rest. 1 . The surface of the commutator should show a homogeneous film (patina). R the fans rotate in the correct direction. WARNING If one of the covers close to the cooling air inlet is to be opened for motor inspection while the machine is running. The spring-loaded pressure fingers are snapped against the brushes and the brushes can move freely in their pockets.Commissioning Checks before start-up Before starting the motor. a maximum of three minutes is available for inspection.5 mm/s r. R the insulation resistance has been measured and approved. new grease must be pressed into the bearings. are in position. check that: R the armature turns freely and no scraping noise can be heard.s. See the chapter “Insulation resistance”. R all brushes. R the cooling air inlet is located according to the rating plate. R the protective equipment as well as other monitoring equipment are functioning properly. the air intake to the fan must be sealed off (to avoid overheating of the fan motor). See the chapter “Commutator”. including the grounding brush (if ordered). observe the following: – If the machine is equipped with a built-on fan. It is advisable to contact ABB if there are any abnormal observations Checks during start-up Check the following points during the start-up: R that the bearings are filled with grease. the shape and form of the current response. The brush contact surface should be homogeneous without patchy discolouring. At an ambient temperature of 20 °C the values should be below 80 °C (measured on the outer bearing cover). R the air inlet and outlet are at opposite ends of the machine (if the air inlet is at the N-end then the air outlet must be at D-end.m. R R R R R R that no unusual bearing noise is heard. R the electrical connections are tight and are in accordance with the terminal diagram. as silicone oil particles will adhere to the surface of the commutator and cause high brush wear. the control system of the thyristor converter. Lubrication during start-up Caution Immediately after start-up of a newly-installed machine or of a machine which has been standing for a long period. ABB should be consulted. or if the air inlet is at the D-end then the outlet must be at the N-end).

m. Maintenance schedule R Check bearing conditions.s. dry compressed air or by wiping off the contamination. R If needed. Caution The vibration should not exceed 4. R If necessary. replace the fan’s filter. exchange main air filter as well as air leakage filter in the cooler. Once a month R Inspect brushes for wear and freedom of movement. R Check the commutation. the needs for maintenance can vary widely depending on local conditions. R Measure the insulation resistance of the windings using a 500 V megger (both before and after cleaning). Every 4 month R Clean the inside of the motor with a vacuum cleaner in combination with clean. The schedule is therefore to be regarded as a guide only. R Inspect all connections including the brush flexibles. 1 .Observation and maintenance General Careful maintenance is the best insurance against failures and interruption of operation. R Check for vibrations. Remark Lubricate the bearings at intervals according to the rating plate. R If necessary clean away oil or grease that may have entered into the motor. However.5 mm/s r. R Check the function of thermostat regulators for coolers. R Inspect the condition of the commutator. The maintenance schedule shown below is the result of many years of experience.

the insulation resistance has been measured as 100 MΩ at 6 °C.0 0.1 x 100 = 10 MΩ Conclusion R40 °C is larger than Rm and the insulation resistance is approved.750 + 1.1 The recommended minimum insulation resistance Rm according to formula (1) is: Rm = 0. In some cases the machines can operate satisfactorily with lower values than the recommended minimum value.75 MΩ According to formula (2): R40 °C = 0.5 0 . When measuring the insulation resistance.05 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 °C Winding temperature at the time of measurement Fig. This can be accomplished by using the following formula (2): R40 °C = Kt40 °C x Rt (2) R40 °C = insulation resistance corrected to 40 °C Rt = measured insulation resistance in MΩ at t °C Kt40 °C= correction factor according to the diagram below. 19 .1 0. It is not practical to state a definite minimum value of the insulation resistance. the following must be taken into consideration: Temperature dependence of the insulation resistance. The recommended minimum insulation resistance can be obtained from the following formula (1): Rm Rm kV = kV+1 (1) = the lowest recommended insulation resistance in MΩ at 40 °C = the rated voltage of the machine in kV Example In the winding of a 750 V motor. Kt40 °C 100 50 10 Correction factor to 40° C for insulation resistance 5 1.Insulation resistance Measuring of insulation resistance The measurement should be done with a 500 V megger. For recalculation of the measured insulation resistance to 40 °C. We obtain from the diagram: Kt40 °C at 6 °C = 0.0 = 1. the temperature of the winding should be measured at the same time to enable the insulation resistance to be recalculated to correspond to a temperature of 40 °C. 11 Correction factor.

It is important that the temperature of the contact surface is sufficiently high to activate the Caution Do not touch a good patina. consisting of copper oxides mixed with particles from the brushes which together produce a hard. Please contact ABB if a change of brush grade is planned. the brush grade may have to be changed if unexpected operating conditions occur. resistant coating which protects the commutator. The temperature is primarily dependent on the current density in the brush. Possible reasons might be a fault in the control equipment. a fuse etc. Another important fact or is the humidity of the surrounding air. the following information should be provided: – Type and serial number of the machine – Actual normal and overload current – Description of the commutator contact surface condition – Brushes: grade. So called patterning may also occur. To get the right advice. low loads over extended periods of time or vibrations. In certain applications there are often rapid current and speed fluctuations. chemical vapours and surrounding air temperature chemical process. which means that certain evenly spaced laminations. dust. It is also possible that certain brushes which have better contact than others take more current and therefore spark due to overloading. but in some cases it may lead to flattening and damage on the commutator surface. condition of the contact surfaces. A critical factor for achieving good commutation is the correct choice of brush grade. If a motor supplied by a converter begins to spark without apparent reason. Faint sparking may occur and can be accepted if it does not go any further than that. dust particles. the frictional losses and the cooling air temperature. oil mist. i. and then slowly or quickly progress to more serious sparking. Sparking The most common reason for sparking is poor contact between the brush surface and the commutator surface. A homogeneous patina. Sparking may be progressive. whose colour is not relevant. seemingly harmless. wedging effect (lateral wear) – Environment: air humidity. It is important that the commutator surface is inspected regularly and any sign of increased sparking at the brush edges is noted. Patina A new commutator has a clean copper surface. since moisture is a necessary element in the chemical process.e. The sparking occurring in this case is usually quite harmless. After some time of operation a patina is formed. for instance every third. 0 . A favourable water content for a satisfactory patina is about 10 gram/m3. the gas or oil content in the air. a fault in the converter may be suspected. Nevertheless. Usually this may be considered merely as a blemish. acquire a dark patina or becomes slightly blackened in parts on the edge of lamination. produces ideal running conditions and minimum wear. wear/1000h.Brushes and commutation General Good commutation depends on many influences such as the air humidity. ABB has many years of experience in the selection of suitable types. start with small sparks. Other factors are: cooling air temperature too low. especially if the commutator surface has been burnt.

sparking will normally not be severe. if several brushes are affected. The gases that give the greatest problem and should be avoided are sulphur dioxide.5 mm/s r. Oil-contaminated surfaces Low load If the machine is permanently operated at low load. the patina becomes too thick. However.m. this indicates inadmissible vibrations. in sufficient concentration. Humidity Humidity is an important factor for the formation of the patina.Brushes and commutation Poor brush contact As mentioned. it must be specially protected.s. Scratched contact surface Cement dust or similar hard particles can scratch the commutator surface. If the humidity exceeds 15 g/m3. ABB should be consulted in such cases. Do not let the brush wear down so much that the flex attachment embedded in the brush comes into contact with the rotating surface. chlorine and ammonia. the remaining ones will be overloaded and sparking becomes dangerous. as sparking. These gases. attack the patina. unbalanced couplings or fans with dirt deposits may lead to imbalance error. Corrosive environment Corrosive gases in the surroundings result in a deterioration of contact between brushes and commutator. the commutator contact surface will be damaged by the brush lead. If the brushes exhibit wedging effect (lateral wear). Other causes are poor alignment of the DC machines and vibration excitation via the foundation. it is advisable to reduce the number of brushes. poor brush contact can cause sparking and produce burn marks on the commutator contact surface. .g. hydrogen sulphide. Caution Caution If the measured vibration level exceeds 4. If the air is dry and the moisture content less than 3 g/m3. break through it and attack the commutator. This can have serious consequences. high brush wear or scratched commutator. appropriate measures should be taken to reduce the level of vibrations. normally no patina can form. Worn brushes If worn brushes are not replaced in time. The following are the most likely causes: Vibrations Vibrations have a decisive influence on brush contact. e. In the process the film is burned. For example. leaving black spots on the commutator contact surface. 1 . The oil forms an insulating film and the current is transferred by small arcs. The problem can show up in different ways. Jammed brushes or pressure fingers If one of the brushes does not move freely or if it is jammed. If construction work is to be done near the machine. As the ideal current load depends on the brush grade.

and differs greatly from one brush grade to another. It is therefore not possible to give universal. Caution All brushes must be present for each commutator track surface in use. Use only one brush grade per DC machine. Commutation problems and consequential damage to machines equipped with different type of brush grade than the original type or the type suggested by ABB is not covered by warranty. They must be replaced by carbon brushes of the same grade as the original ones.Brushes and commutation Brush wear Brush wear is influenced by both mechanical and electrical factors. otherwise brush wear will be increased. Only after bedding-in and cleaning of the entire brush gear may the machine be started. mm 2 Groove or painted line on one side shows limit of wear. The figures given here are indicative only but should not be exceeded by machines in this range. The emery cloth is inserted between brushes and commutator with the abrasive surface facing the brushes and should slide over the curvature of the commutator. Fig 12 Brush. the brushes removed from their pockets. This is done when the machine is stationary. Commutator peripheral speed below 0 m/s 0 – 0 m/s 0 – 0 m/s Approximate brush wear  mm/1000 h  mm/1000 h  mm/1000 h Replacing worn brushes Worn brushes must be exchanged as a complete set. 1 Brush 2 Emery cloth 3 Commutator Fig 13 Shaping a brush. After bedding-in. All brushes must be bedded-in after they have been placed into their holders (refer to “Bedding-in brushes” below). definitive figures for brush wear. The carbon brushes must be changed when they have worn down to the wearmark on the brush surface. Bedding-in brushes A medium-coarse emery cloth is used for bedding-in the carbon brushes. the commutator and the brush gear must be cleaned. blown clean and checked to see that there are no abrasive particles on the brush surface.  .

on a newly-turned commutator must not exceed 0. The distance between the brush holder and the commutator surface should be 2. and environmental conditions. See the chapter “Brushes and commutation”. If the distance has become larger after turning of the commutator. Grinding should be done at reduced voltage. Fig 15 Cutting tool for turning. but great care must be taken to avoid short-circuits at the laminations.5 mm. The insulation must be cut back far enough so that chamfering is possible. Only general advice can be given. The action to be taken in the event of a defect arising from the commutator must be determined from case to case. remove the If the commutator is badly out of true (brush chatter) or if strong burn marks are evident. the segment insulation may have to be undercut according to the figure below. If the surface is burnt to the extent that craters have appeared. D (mm) New 1 1    0 1 Min 10 10    1 0 Depth of wear        DMIN Fig 14 Turning down dimensions. the commutator may have to be skimmed with a grinder or be carbide/diamond-turned on a lathe. If this has happened. an abrasive cloth or fine grindstone may be used. After skimming. Centring of The axis must be centred with reference to the bearing seats.  .004 mm.45 mm.25 ± 0.5 ±0. If the commutator surface is rough. Corrosive environment Commutator out of true Inspect the commutator surface before start-up to see if the machine has been exposed to corrosive gases. The total indicator reading (TIR). a rubber polishing block or fine stone. In addition. If the patina is of poor quality. ABB recommends removing it completely. the brush holder must be reset. Fig 16 The segment insulation must be undercut to a depth of 1. fine emery cloth or rubber polishing block should be tried first so as not to remove more of the patina than necessary. If the defects are slight.Commutator General Under normal operating conditions the commutator does not require any special maintenance.020 mm. it is essential to check the operating conditions such as current loading.6 µm. Type DMI 10 00  0 0 1 00 Commutator diameter. The surface roughness should be Ra=1. coating with fine emery cloth. there is also a requirement that the difference in radius from one lamination to the next must not exceed 0. Roundness is very important.

Disassembling a bearing using a purpose-designed extractor. see page 25. • The bearing must be removed with a purpose-designed extractor. • Fit the bearing on the shaft and hold it against the shoulder for 60 – 90 seconds. remove the rotor. • Remove the pressure applied and check that the inner ring does not rotate on the shaft • Fill the bearing with grease. • Fill the bearing covers 2/3 full before assembly. Note! The new bearing must be of the same type as shown on rating plate. • Great care should always be taken during bearing assembly / disassembly to avoid any damage to the bearing seating on the shaft. Assembling • Carefully clean bearings and the inside of the bearing covers. Differences may occur due to special design depending on application. The bearings fitted to each specific motor are shown on.Bearings Changing the bearings Disassembling • Dismantle the motor according to page 40. by placing in an oven or dipping it in an oil bath. Note! Use only grease that fulfils ABB requirements.  . • After removing the end shield. Standard bearings and roller bearings The table below shows standard bearings and roller bearings for different DMI shaft heights. the rating plate. Figure 17. • Reassemble the motor according to page 40. See figure below. • Heat the new bearing to 100 °C by induction. • Then place the inner bearing cover on the shaft.

the temperature should reach normal Use a manual grease gun and lubricate while the machine is running with the amount and within the intervals specified on the rating plate.  . After the surplus grease has run out of the bearing housing.Synthetic polyalphaolefin Viscosity at 40oC . ABB grease is equivalent to Shell Albida EMS2 with the basic data below: NLGI-class: 2* Soap thickener . Follow the lubricating instructions on the rating plate.. Lubrication during start-up Immediately after start-up of a newly installed machine or of a machine which has been standing for a long period... Lubrication during operation Caution Clean the grease nipples prior to lubrication to prevent any impurities from being pressed into the bearings... If the machine is lubricated while standing still..100-200mm2/s No EP/AW-additives with harmful effects on bearings with polyamide or brass holder are allowed.. running values (< 80°C at ambient 20°C) again...lithium complex Lubrication oil . Use only high quality grease equivalent to ABB grease.. Remark Lubrication intervals and amount of grease are listed on the rating plate.. the old grease does not pass out through the discharge opening... *) Vertical machines are recommended to use NLGI-class 3 if the pumpability properties of the grease allow it. Use only high quality grease.. new grease must be pressed into the bearings... The bearing temperature increases initially because there is a surplus of grease in the bearing housing. preferably over 300 r/min... Normally this takes a few hours.Lubrication General DMI machines should be lubricated with a grease gun while the machine is running.. Remark Lubricate only when the machine is running.. Instead it squeezes between the seal ring and the shaft into the machine and may cause serious contamination.

Blowing and vaccuming are used if the dirt is dry and can be removed easily. Surfaces easily reached are wiped clean with a cloth dampened with detergent. The oven temperature should be 90 °C for 12-16 hours and then 105 °C for 6-8 hours. A water wash is done if needed following the instructions given above for wiping. When drying in the oven. Cleaning of windings Caution Use only detergents specially made for cleaning windings in electrical machines and which do not damage the winding surface or insulation. Vacuuming is recommended. however. A washed or a very wet motor should be dismantled and the windings dried in an oven. Unfortunately. the insulation resistance increases until it reaches a maximum value. Avoid using excessive amounts of the cleaning agent. the insulation resistance decreases due to the temperature rise. etc. Drying of windings The windings must be dried after a wash or if they have become damp in use or during a standstill. The rate of temperature rise of the windings should not exceed 5 K per hour. whatever heating method is used. oil and other matter which can come from the driven object or which can enter through ventilation openings. Low insulation resistance is often caused by dirt on insulated surfaces. Distilled or deionised water is recommended for the final rinse. either hot-air-blow or heating element should be used. A dip wash can be used if the detergent does not soften or damage the insulation. the windings are rinsed with clean water several times.  . the temperature rise and the maximum temperature should be monitored carefully. Adequate fresh-air exchange is essential. After washing. A long dipping time may be required. a very effective cleaning and scouring agent is needed. The highfree from dust. As the drying continues. At the beginning of the drying treatment. In cramped areas of windings. This is especially important when revarnishing the windings because a new varnish coat will trap any existing dirt beneath the new coat. Wiping is used when spray-wash is not possible. pressure spray is more effective in removing dirt. The drying of the windings should be followed by insulation resistance tests. since blowing tends to redistribute the dirt or move it deeper between the insulation layers. Drying in an oven with good ventilation is the most effective technique. Therefore. and the final temperature should not exceed 105 °C. a special brush may be more effective. A spray wash is done with an airless high-pressure spray or a conventional spray. Minimum insulation resistance value is given in chapter “Insulation resistance”. A water wash involves rinsing with water to prevent the detergents from penetrating into places where it cannot be removed. Since the dirt is not removed mechanically in this method. Good ventilation must be ensured to remove the moisture completely. spray wash or dip wash. The detergent used should remove the dirt without softening or damaging the insulation. which should be carefully cleaned. The machine itself and the surroundings must be kept Accumulated dirt on open insulated surfaces should be removed.Cleaning General The most important factor in preventive maintenance is that everything is clean. this is not usually possible at the motor’s operating site.

must show that: . . air pressure drop 200 Pa. d) Tests according to ASHRAE-standard 52-76.Filter Fans with air filters Machines which have fans with air filters must be checked at regular intervals and the filters must be exchanged when necessary. c) Allowed air flow 3 m/sec.  . The side with the coarser structure must be placed outward.. the following specifications must be met by the vendor: a) The filter must be made of 100% continuous glass fibre. . but the fibre structure must get tighter toward the air-exit side.max. b) The filter must have an open structure at the air intake side.the pressure drop through a clean filter is less than 60 Pa. Remove the inlet protection screen and fit a clean filter.the filter absorbs more than 90 % at a contamination rate of 850 gram/m2 (93 % for the air-leakage filter. with an air flow of 2 m/sec. Machines with heat exchangers See the chapter ”Motors equipped with heat exchangers” Specification of filter material If new filter material is to be bought. Remark Note that the filter material has a different structure on each side.

2. Assemble the last part of the coupling (1c) with the shaft of the speed control device. 6. 4.5 Nm for shaft heights 315-400 with a dynamometric wrench. (6). For Leine & Linde speed control devices: 7. Lock the part from the coupling inside the shaft with the set screw (1d). Mount the part from the coupling (1a) inside the rotor shaft and tighten it with a screwdriver. Lubricate plastic parts on the middle part of the coupling (1b) with paraffin oil and assemble it on the part inside the shaft. Maximum axial assembly force 100N.  . Check the dimension. 3. Split the coupling (1) into three parts (A). Make sure that grease and dirt are removed from the shaft hole. 5. Be gentle when pressing the coupling parts together. Tightening torque M6 10Nm for shaft heights 180-280 or M8 24. 8. Assemble the adapter package on the bearing cover with four bolts and washers (3+4). Check the distance (B). Assemble the speed control device on the tachoadapter (2) with three bolts (5).Speed control device Mounting the speed control device 1.

REO and TDP speed control devices: 7. Assemble the speed control device (6) on the tachoadapter (2) with six bolts and washers (4+5). Maximum axial assembly force 100N. assemble the adapter (2) on the bearing cover with four bolts and washers (3+5). For shaft heights 315-400. Tightening torque M6 10Nm with a dynamometric wrench. Tightening torque M8 24.Speed control device For POG.5Nm with a dynamometric wrench. 9 . assemble the adapter (2) on the bearing cover with four bolts and washers (3+7). For shaft heights 180-280. 8. Be gentle when pressing the coupling parts together.

Thermostat control is recommended on motors with low loads or a low incoming water temperature to avoid condensation in the cooling air circuit and to minimize water consumption. Two constant speed fans provide air circulation for the outer and inner circuits. 0 . The max inlet water temperature is 25°C. Note! The max water pressure is 1 x 106 Pa (10 bar). A polyamide filter is provided to filter out carbon dust. is located on top of the motor as standard. Outer circuit: As seen from the drive end. Inner circuit: A constant speed fan circulates the internal cooling air. DMI 180-280 1. according to customer request. 4. The only difference is the cooling method (code IC 86 W for air/water heat exchanger and IC 666 for air/air heat exchanger) and the degree of protection that can be IP 54 or IP 55. Remove the covers A (and B if the heat exchanger is equipped with it) from the heat exchanger. Carbon dust is filtered out by a polyamide filter. Inner circuit: A constant-speed fan circulates the internal cooling air. the water connection flanges are on the left-hand side as standard. Air/air heat exchangers Air/air heat exchangers are normally supplied separately. so affecting the ground insulation level. Mount the 19x4 mm gasket (item 4) on the DMI-machine according to the figures below. which is supplied separately.Heat exchangers General The motors described in this paragraph are similar to those already described in previous paragraphs. Outer circuit: Ambient air is forced through the heat exchanger by a fan. the cooling equipment must always be installed so that the cooling air enters DMI at the N-end (Non drive-end). For motors with low loads or low ambient air temperature a thermostat control is recommended. A second filter is included for leakage air. Air/water heat exchangers A totally-enclosed motor with an air/water heat exchanger is recommended for polluted operating environments. the cooling equipment must always be installed so that the cooling air enters DMI at the N-end. Unless otherwise stated on the delivery orders. The heat exchanger unit. Assemble the covers A (and B if the heat exchanger is equipped with it) on the heat exchanger. Mount the screws (item 2) and the washers (item 3). ABB recommends users to follow all maintenance instructions described previously and to clean the motor regularly by opening all covers and vacuuming out all dust not held by the filtering material. Unless otherwise stated on the delivery orders. 3. A water temperature rise of 8-13 K is to be expected Mounting Mounting of IC 666 and IC 86W heat exchangers. The smallest particles of carbon dust produced by the brush wear may pass through the filter and is circulated inside the motor and can settle on the windings. 5. The operation of these motors requires special care since the cooling air flows in a closed loop. 2. Note! The gasket must surround both holes at the N-end. Place the heat exchanger on the DMI-machine. A second filter is included for leakage air.

1 . Figure 18.Heat exchangers Note! Do not lift the motor and heat exchanger by the heat exchanger’s lifting eyes. Mounting of heat exchanger for DMI 180-280.

Assemble the covers A (and B if the heat exchanger is equipped with it) on the heat exchanger. 6. 1. 6 and 7) from the DMI machine. 2. 4. set screws (item 2). Tighten the heat exchanger with the plain washers and nuts (item 5.Heat exchangers DMI 315 and 400 prepared for IC 666 and IC 86W heat exchangers are delivered with premounted gaskets (item 1). washers (item 3 and 4). Remove the covers A (and B if the heat exchanger is equipped with it) from the heat exchanger. 6 and 7). Note! Figure 19 Mounting of heat exchanger for DMI 315 and 400. Place the heat exchanger on top of the DMI machine and joint the heat exchanger at the flat point set screws of the DMI machine (item 2). 5. Remove nuts and plain washers (item 5. Do not lift the motor and heat exchanger by the heat exchanger’s lifting eyes  . 3. spacers (item 5 and 6) and hexagon nuts (item 7) according to figure 19 as standard. Heat exchanger spacers must be in position inside the punched holes at the sealing strip.

Water connection on right side (seen from D-end) towards D-end. 3. Label on cooling coil shows the in. Water connection on left side (seen from D-end) towards N-end.Heat exchangers Specific information about air/water heat exchangers Water connection of air/water heat exchanger with air inlet at N-end (standard) 1 2 3 4 1. Water connection on left side (seen from D-end) towards D-end Figure 20  . 2. Water connection on right side (seen from D-end) towards N-end. NB: The air direction through the cooling coil is always towards the fan motor. 4.and outlet of water depending on the air direction.

Water connection on left side (seen from D-end) towards N-end.Heat exchangers Water connection of air-water heat exchanger with air inlet at D-end 1. Water connection on right side (seen from D-end) towards D-end. NB: The air direction through the cooling coil is always towards the fan motor. Label on cooling coil shows the in. 4.and outlet of water depending on the air direction. 2. Water connection on left side (seen from D-end) towards D-end. 3. Water connection on right side (seen from D-end) towards N-end Figure 21  .

Slide the coil out of the housing and rotate it 180° according to the picture above. Slide the coil out of the housing and rotate as shown above. 4.Heat exchangers 1. 3. 2. Figure 23  . Figure 22 Changing the water connection direction 1. Remove screws holding the cooling coil. Slide the coil into the housing and replace the screws. Slide the coil back into the housing and replace the screws. Replace the cover at the opposite side. 2. 3. Remove screws holding the cooling coil and the cover.

Unless noted. • The water flow must be regulated to obtain water flow indicated on data plate of the heat exchanger. the principle is however the same. Housing 10. • When heat exchanger is taken into use. Fan motor 11. Terminal box 9. Mounting device for Samson regulator 5.Heat exchangers Before starting • The water supply pipe system must be flushed out before coil is connected. Mounting device for thermostat 4. Pictures and text in this chapter apply to topmounted air/water heat exchangers. after coil is connected. • Check gaskets for air leakages in connection areas such as between cooler and motor. PT 100 6.  . the location of the equipment might vary a bit. 1. must not exceed test pressure indicated on the rating plate. Air in the coil can be evacuated through venting plugs on the coil headers. • Pressure tests of pipe system. For sidemounted air/water heat exchangers and air/air heat exchangers. Water leakage detector 8. Leakage air filter Picture 24 Location of monitoring equipment of air-water heat exchanger. Flow sensor 7. Pressure switch 3. all air must be evacuated from water pipe system and the cooling coil. Monitoring devices (1-8) mentioned in this chapter are optional and not included in the heat exchanger. cable entrances or incorrectly fitted inspection covers Verification of monitoring equipment of heat exchangers This is an instruction in how to verify that the monitoring devices on the heat exchangers are working properly. • To avoid erosion damages in coil tubes do not exceed maximum water flow. Filter monitor 2.

The setting depends on the size of the heat exchanger. The alarm should go off when the setting gets below room temperature. HUBA 604 Function: Verification: When the filter gets too dirty. Inor RNT8 Function: Verification: Adjustment: For measuring the temperature of the cooling air Compare the readings with another thermometer N/A  . an alarm will be triggered. the thermostat might be destroyed Contact ABB 5 PT100. Shut the fan down and the alarm should go off Setting is same for all sizes of heat exchangers for DMI 180-400. The settings from the factory should not be changed Adjustment: 4 Temperature regulator. remove the cardboard and turn the fan back on and the filter monitor must not give an alarm. Samson 43-6 Function: Verification: Adjustment: A self-regulated temperature regulator that requires no auxiliary energy. the pressure drops and an alarm will be trigged off. Adjustment: Note: The pressure drop of the filter monitor is measured over the filter plus the heat exchanger 2 Pressure switch.Heat exchangers 1 Filter monitor. Trafag MST 9515 Function: Verification: Gives an alarm if the air intake temperature is above the maximum allowable temperature for the specific DC-motor Open the casing and turn the adjustment knob. Turn the fan off. Turn the fan on and the alarm should go off. Turn the fan on and the pressure switch must not give an alarm. Sets the water flow to obtain a set temperature Only to be done by trained personnel from Samson. The settings from the factory should not be changed 3 Thermostat. and on the far side from the fan for side-mounted heat exchangers. Remember to set the knob back to the same position again The setting is dependent on size and type of the DC-motor. If done wrongly. Open the cover for the filter cassette and put a piece of cardboard (approximately half the size of the filter) under the filter for top-mounted heat exchangers. The settings from the factory should not be changed. HUBA 625 Function: Verification: Adjustment: When the fan stops.

The alarm must go off when touching the sensor by hand or pouring some water on it.and side-mounted heat exchangers: If a water leakage occurs or if there is condensation inside the heat exchanger. Leakage air filter with grating Picture 25 The leakage air filter box removed  .Heat exchangers 6 Flow sensor Uniflow SW4000 or Weber 4120M Function: Verification: Adjustment: Monitoring the water flow in order to lower the water consumption depending on workload of the DMI-motor Readings should say “Zero” when the valve is shut. Then remove the filter and the grating. Side-mounted heat exchangers: Unscrew the detector from the heat exchanger. The alarm must go off when touching the sensor by hand or pouring some water on it. water will be evacuated through the leakage air filter canal and an alarm goes off. Water leakage detector 12. The settings from the factory will be sufficient for most cases. Compare with the other flow sensor/meter when valve is opened Contact ABB 7 Leakage water detector. Water tray 13. SIE07065 Function: Top. Verification: Top-mounted heat exchangers: Remove the make-up filter box from the heat exchanger as seen in picture 25. if the humidity is high a slight adjustment as per the attachment might be necessary on site. Adjustment: The setting depends on the type of heat exchanger. However. 7.

item 8. 33: HUBA 604 — FILTER GUARD — TERMINAL 3 LIVE AT INCREASING PRESSURE — ALARM—CLOGGED FILTER TRAFAG MST 9515 — THERMOSTAT IN COLD AIR — TERMINAL 3 LIVE AT INCREASING TEMPERATURE — ALARM HUBA 625 — FAN GUARD — TERMINAL 3 LIVE AT INCREASING PRESSURE WHEN FAN IS RUNNING (OK )— TERMINAL 2 (Nc) LIVE AT NO PRESSURE — ALARM FAN IS NOT RUNNING SIE SK1—HT—125 — LEAK WATER DETECTOR — “A/Q” TERMINAL LIVE WITH WATER PRESENT — ALARM (AIR/WATER HEAT EXCHANGER ONLY) MURPHY EL15OK1 — LEAK WATER DETECTOR — “RED” LIVE WITH WATER PRESENT — ALARM (AIR/WATER HEAT EXCHANGER ONLY) UNIFLOW — WATER FLOW GUARD — “BLACK” TERMINAL LIVE WHEN WATER FLOW IS OK (AIR/WATER HEAT EXCHANGER ONLY) WEBER 4120. 42. The terminal box of the heat exchanger is shown in figure 24. 72. 13: 21. 82. 53: 61. 73: 81. 22. 32.13M — WATER FLOW GUARD — “BLACK” TERMINAL LIVE WHEN WATER FLOW IS OK (AIR/WATER HEAT EXCHANGER ONLY) INOR RNT8 — TEMPERATURE SENSOR — 3—WIRE PT100 41. 62. 23: 31. 9 . 52.Heat exchangers Terminal diagram for heat exchangers 11. 43: 51. 63: 71. 12. 83: Figure 26 Terminal diagram for heat exchangers.

item 9) for paint damage. do the necessary tightening and change the filter. (The fan motor is normally fitted with permanently greased bearings free of maintenance). Check fan motor (Figure 24. item 10) for unusual noise and replace bearings if necessary. In DC-motor heat exchangers with internal air circuit protected by leakage air filter. the leakage air filter will provide substitute air if an unwanted leak has occurred somewhere else in the air circuit. If. after long service. the totally-enclosed motors need a supplementary maintenance program. 0 . If so. Check gaskets for leakage monthly. Due to its position. • The standard tube material is copper. Keep the motor clean and ensure free ventilation airflow. Remark Note that the filter material has a different structure on each side. For most deposits use of warm water is to be preferred. where pressure in the inner air circuit is lowest. Gaskets need to be replaced every 2 years. If the heat exchanger is provided with a filter monitoring device. The side with the coarser structure is to be placed outward. Normally cleaning the inside of tubes in the water flow circuit is not necessary but in areas with heavy polluted water. For information regarding paint contact ABB. the heat exchanger appears to have decreased capacity.Heat exchangers Maintenance of motors with heat exchangers In addition to the usual maintenance operations for standard motors which have been previously described. due to their special construction and operation: Suggested activities are given below: Check the housing (Figure 24. • To avoid corrosion. Special maintenance of airwater heat exchangers Check leakage air filter every month during first time of operation and change if clogged. choose a cleaning agent that does not harm the tube material. the outer surface of the cooling coil normally does not have to be cleaned. use a filter in the water distribution system is recommended. Normally use the same filter as above. Use filter type EU3 according to Eurovent 4/5 or similar filter with efficiency 85% according to Ashrae 52-76. the tubes can be cleaned inside by re-circulation of water with the appropriate cleaning compound. If exceptional cases. Note: • The tubes in the standard heat exchanger cannot be mechanically cleaned on the inside. use filter EU5 according to Eurovent 4/5 or similar filters with efficiency 90-95% according to Ashrae 52-76. Knowledge about type of contamination and appropriate cleaning compound will highly benefit efficiency of such cleaning procedure. Repair paint damage to protect against corrosion. normal pressure drop when the filter must be changed is 200 Pa (normal set point for filter monitor higher due to measuring over the cooling coil and the filter). protect it from damage due to corrosion or freezing in sub-zero temperatures by draining it off. For greasy deposits use a detergent and rinse with water. In environments with harmful contaminations. Do not use a filter with higher efficiency due to its higher pressure drop. dry deposits can be cleaned by cautious use of compressed air. Change the air filter of the cooling air circuit every time DC-motor brushes are changed. When the cooling coil is not in operation. Rapid clogging of the leakage air filter indicates that an unwanted leak is present.

R Lift the armature out of the stator (if necessary use an extension tube slipped over the armature shaft). R Remove the brushes and wrap a piece of 1 mm thick insulating material around the commutator. R Remove N-end outer bearing cover. Do not damage the main gasket between end shield and stator. R Remove the main gasket very carefully from the stator. R Protect the bearings against contamination by suitable means.ft) (10 Ib. R Assemble all accessories. WARNING The armature must be dismantled or reassembled from the drive end side of the stator. Do not use sharp-edged tools. R Unscrew the fixing bolts which tie stator and end shield together at the N-end. R Assemble the end shield at the N-end. R Assemble the end shield at the D-end. R Place a suitable piece of insulating material into the lower part of the stator.Dismantling and reassembling Dismantling R Make sure the machine and fan motor are electrically disconnected. R Remove the piece of insulating material. R Unscrew the end shield fixing bolts at the D-end. R Remove accessories if necessary as well as inspection covers. R Lift the armature into the stator.ft) (10 lb. R Put blocks underneath the stator so that both end shields are unsupported. disconnect coupling or V-belts and dismantle the machine from the foundation. R Assemble the bearing details at the D-end. R Assemble inspection covers including gaskets. R Assemble the bearing details at the N-end.ft) (0 Ib. Tightening torque for stator bolts DMI 10 00  0 0 1 00 Torque with oil lubrication 190 Nm 190 Nm 0 Nm  Nm  Nm 0 Nm  Nm (10 lb. R Remove the outer bearing cover at the D-end. R Thread the cables through the seal into the terminal box. R Assemble the terminal box and attach cables and leads according to the terminal diagram. R Loosen the leads and cables inside the terminal box which go to the stator. R Remove the protective insulating material from the commutator. R Check that the armature turns easily. R Remove the end shield at the N-end. N-end D-end Fig. R Inspect the main gaskets on the stator for damage. R Remove air ducts (if present at installation).ft) (10 lb. R Do not forget to fill the bearings with grease during assembly. 27 Reassembling R Wrap a piece of 1 mm thick insulating material around the commutator.ft) (0 lb. R Disconnect leads which go to the stator from the brush rocker. Use the same precautions regarding the main gasket. Make sure that the mating surfaces of stator and end shields are clean. R Remove the terminal box. R Insert brushes into brush holders and check that they can move freely in their brush holder pockets. R Fasten the leads to the brush gear.ft) 1 . R Clean the bearing covers and remove the old grease.ft) (0 lb. R Place a piece of insulating material between armature and stator.

complete + main field coil +  resp. slot insulations and slot keys when the machine has compensating windings.  .  commutating coils Armature.Spare parts Recommended spare parts Brushes (number of sets) Brush gear Bearings (number of sets) Set of armature coils +  resp. Remark Please state when ordering: motor type. motor serial number and part number. complete Number of identical motors 1 1 - 1 - - - 2–4  –  1 1 1 - 5–9  – 9 1 1 - 1 *) - 10 – 10 – 1  1 *) Also two compensating windings incl.  commutating coils Motor.

Overheating automatically disappears after some time Remachine bearing cover. rubbing or knocking noises in bearing Whistling sounds in grease lubricated bearings Bearing cover seals rubbing  . realign machine set Rebalance Refer to bearing faults below Tighten and lock Rebalance rotor with coupling Possible cause Remedy Overheating after long period of operation Scraping.Faults and remedies Mechanical Fault Rough running When coupled. machine runs unevenly or with strong vibration. replace damaged seals Change bearing (cause to be determined by specialists) Bearing is dry Damage on bearing cage Formation of indentations when machine stationary Formation of indentations when machine in operation Vibrations being transferred to bearings from external source Electric current flowing through the bearing Inject grease Replace bearing Isolate motor from external vibration or keep rotor turning continuously Consult ABB Check power transmission. drive components and alignment Restore correct foundation level. with no fault when uncoupled Fault in power transmission components or in driven equipment Settling of foundation Transmission or driven equipment badly balanced Machine runs roughly when uncoupled Bearing damage Holding-down bolts loose Post-mounted coupling adversely affecting rotor balance Damage to rolling bearings Overheating immediately after starting or regreasing Too much grease filled Fill and press in only the prescribed amount of grease (See rating plate).

change filter Generator not supplying voltage Open circuit in excitation circuit Short in main circuit Open circuit or interturn short-circuit in rotor winding Voltage drop on unregulated generator on load is too high Overheating in operation Speed reduction of drive too great Incorrect brush setting Overload Insufficient cooling air Temperature of cooling air or water too high Insufficient cooling water Cooler or filter dirty  .Faults and remedies Electrical Fault Motor will not start at no load Possible cause No armature voltage Armature coils burnt out or shortcircuited Brushes not making proper contact No excitation voltage Open circuit in field winding Interturn short-circuit in the armature winding Short-circuit between commutator segments Remedy Check supply Clear short-circuit (generally only possible in specialist’s or manufacturer’s workshop) Check pressure and position of brushes. replace worn brushes Check supply Remedy open circuit Repair in workshop Check commutator and eliminate short Check current input and eliminate overload Check supply Set brush-bracket to mark under load Motor will not accept load Overload Voltage decreasing Brushes displaced from neutral zone in opposite direction to rotation position Fault in field circuit Auxiliary series winding wrongly connected Motor overspeeding and hunting under load Eliminate fault Check connection and correct Check excitation circuit for fault Check circuit Check winding for open circuit or interturn short-circuit Set drive to normal speed. eliminate overload Improve cooling Clean internal and external air passages Check flow rate of cooling water. increase if necessary Clean cooler. correct Check voltage and current. drive too weak Check brush setting.

make use of non-abrasive brushes Adapt the brushes perfectly. make use of more 1) Uneven current distribution to the brushes abrasive brushes ) Mica insulator protruding from the commutator Smooth the mica insulator and the edges of the segments Remove the burrs. replace the faulty brush springs if necessary Restore the correct distance between brush holder cases and commutator ( ÷ . mm commutator Increase current density. mm) Clean the brush holders Change brush holder Reinforce the studs with insulating rings Adjust brush holders ) The brushes are jammed in the brush holders ) Too much play in the brush holder ) Vibrations on the brush holder studs 9) The brush holders are not parallel 0) The brush holder case is too distant from the Adjust distance to about  ÷ . ammonia. silicones. replace brushes with a ) Burrs on the commutator segments more suitable grade ) Ovalized commutator Turn the commutator ) Broken soldering Solder the commutator lugs ) Scored commutator Turn the commutator Rub the commutator with a pumice stone. select suitable brushes Reduce brush pressure. adjust pressure. as previously shown Use brushes of the same type Raise the brushes Replace the brush spring and brush presser pad Replace the brush spring and brush presser pad Adjust pressure. chlorine. reduce the number of brushes Clean the commutator and identify cause Remove the brushes and brush them clean Reduce the load Check the alignment. turn the ) Protruding commutator segments commutator if necessary ) No choke coil where needed Connect the choke coil 9) Choke coil reactance different from specified one Replace the choke coil (*) Harmful gases which may be present in the air: sulphates. rebalance if necessary Repair. rewind if necessary Trace the causes. select suitable brushes Let in fresh air. smooth the edges. consult ABB in these cases  . then consult ABB if necessary Reduce the number of brushes Choose suitable brush types Let in fresh air. select suitable brushes Fit filters and eliminate the causes Let in fresh air.Faults and remedies Commutation Type of fault Brush sparking at the leading edge Brush sparking at the trailing edge Slight sparking Violent sparking with showers Arc or flash Sparking of some brushes or sets of brushes Burning of the rear corner of the brushes Vibration and breaking of the brush edges Brushes wear out too fast Uneven brush wear Plait interruptions and burning Grooves on the brush sides Grooves on the surfaces of contact Metal particles on the surfaces of contact Uneven commutator wear Grooves on the commutator surface Symmetrical stains on the commutator Asymmetrical stains on the commutator Scored commutator surface Possible cause 1) The brushes are out of neutral zone ) Asymmetry between the brush holder studs ) Commutating pole flux too high ) Commutating pole flux too low ) Excessive no load operation ) Dirt and oil on the commutator ) Abrasive dust on the brush surfaces ) Overload 9) Vibrations 10) The armature winding is damaged 11) Inadequate ventilation 1) Current density at the brushes is too low 1) Current surges 1) The air is too damp 1) The air is too dry 1) Dust or sand suspended in the air 1) Gases or acids in the air (*) 1) Excessive brush friction 19) Brushes not adapted to the commutator 0) Different brush types 1) The commutator is stained when the machine is not in operation ) Brush pressure is too weak ) Excessive brush pressure ) Uneven brush pressure in different brushes ) The brush holders are not perpendicular Causes and remedies 1   9 10  9 1      9 1     9 1 19    9  9   9 10 1 1       1 10       9 1 19 0     9 1     1   1 19  9 0     1 1    0        9 1 1 1    0 1     9    1 1 0   9 0 1       10 11 1 1 1 0  1  1    1 1 1 0 1  11 1 1 1 1 0   9  1 1 1 1 1 1 0   0  1 10 1 1   0      1 1 1 1 19   0  9 Remedy Reset neutral position Correct the distance between the studs Increase commutating pole air gap Decrease commutating pole air gap Use suitable brushes.

EC Directives Declaration of Incorporation  .

EC Directives EC Declaration of Conformity  .

com/motors&drives  BSM 000-1 Edition . Elanders 0 0 .abb. Sweden Telephone: + (0)1  90 00 Telefax: + (0)1  9 1 www.ABB Automation Technologies DC Motors SE-1 0 Västerås.

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