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Business and Economic Statistics B
2009
REVISION QUESTIONS
SEMESTER II
Please note that these questions are revision questions and may not
be in the same style as the examination questions. There is no
guarantee that all parts of the syllabus are covered.
There are 62 questions here. The questions are in a random order. Brief
answers are included at the end. These are not guaranteed to be correct. If you
disagree with any answer, please check with Mr. Goodhew (Room 479) but
please bring your working to the question.
Please only consult us at our consulting times unless you have made prior
arrangements with one of us.
These questions are based upon a compilation of questions and answers made
by Diane Dancer
2
Q1. In a random sample of 500 voters in NSW, 235 thought that the prime minister was doing a good
job. In a random sample of 800 voters in Victoria, 479 thought the same. Do these data suggest
that the proportion of all voters favouring the prime minister is different in the two states? Use a
significance level of 0.01.
Q2. In a large city, 22% of the households had the afternoon paper delivered to their doors. After the
newspaper conducted an aggressive marketing campaign to increase that figure, a random sample
of 200 households was taken. Of the sample group, 61 households now have the paper delivered.
Can we conclude at the 5% significance level that the campaign was a success? Find the pvalue of
the test.
Q3. Use the Lagrange method to find the stationary value of
z = x
2
+ 4y
2
+ 6 subject to 2x  8y = 20
Q4. Data from the USA was used to estimate a time trend equation and an autoregressive equation to
forecast future values on Gross National Product. In 1989, GNP = 4117.7 and in 1990 GNP =
4155.8. Excel gave the following results.
(i) GNP
t
= 979.90 + 72.39 t and (ii) GNP
t
= 260.93 + 0.93 GNP
t1
Forecast the value of GNP (using both equations) for 1991 and 1992 when 1950 is t = 1.
Q5. Given the equation c = x  Ax where c and x are 2x1 vectors and A is a 2x2 matrix, find
(a) the c vector if x =
100
50
¸
(
¸
(
and A =
. .
. .
1 4
3 2
¸
(
¸
(
(b) the x vector if c =
500
800
¸
(
¸
(
and A =
. .
. .
1 4
3 2
¸
(
¸
(
Q6. A manufacturer of ski equipment is in the process of reviewing his accounts receivable. He has
noticed that there appears to be a seasonal pattern. Accounts receivable for the past 4 years are
shown in the table.
Year Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
1986 106 92 65 121
1987 115 100 73 135
1988 114 105 79 140
1989 121 111 82 163
(a) Calculate the seasonal indices.
(b) Calculate the smoothed series.
(c) Suppose the underlying trend series is given by the equation T
t
= 90.4 + 2.02t.
(d) Forecast the trend values for Q3 1990 and Q1 1991. Assume that 1986 Q1 is the first
period.
(e) Forecast the quarterly accounts receivable for Q3 1990 and Q1 1991.
Q7. A manufacturer of computer chips claims that more than 90% of his products conforms to
specifications. In a random sample of 1000 chips drawn from a large production run, 75 were
defective. Do the data provide sufficient evidence at the 1% level of significance to enable us to
conclude that the manufacturer's claim is true? What is the pvalue of this test? BE CAREFUL!!
Q8. Solve the following system of equations using a matrix method.
(a) 3x  4y = 13
(b) x + 5y = 2
3
Q9. In an effort to explain to customers why their electricity bills have been so high lately and how,
specifically, they could save money by reducing thermostat settings on both space heaters and
water heaters, an electricity company has collected total kilowatt consumption (in kilowatt
hours/100) figures for last year’s winter months, as well as average thermostat settings on space
heaters (in degrees Celsius) and average thermostat settings on water heaters (in degrees
Celsius).
Model fitting results for: Consumption
Independent
variable
coefficien
t
std.
error
t
value
sig.leve
l
CONSTANT 51.515 8.618 5.978 0.001
Space Heaters 0.71 1.635 0.434 0.6792
Water Heaters 1.687 0.573 2.944 0.0258
Analysis of Variance for the Full Regression
Source SS DF MS F Pvalue
Regressio
n
304.416 2 152.208 69.503 0.0001
Error 13.1397 6 2.189
(a) Write the estimated equation, including the standard errors and R
2
.
(b) Interpret the value of the coefficient for space heaters.
(c) Test the hypothesis that the model is useful for prediction. Use α = 0.05.
(d) It is believed that the slope of the variable, Water heaters, is greater than 1.0. Test this
hypothesis at the 1% significance level.
(e) Find the predicted value for the mean consumption given that space heaters are run at 24
o
C
and the water heater thermostat is set at 52
o
C
Q10. A social scientist takes a sample of 300 workers. The sample individuals are classified into one of
4 groups, referred to as “labourer”, “clerical”, “professional” and “other”. The numbers classified
in these groups are 91, 108, 76 and 25 respectively. Do these data indicate that the proportions of
labourers, clerical, professional and others are the same. Use α = 0.05.
Q11. There are 2 different variations of seasonal dummy variables and a time trend. The first quarter of
data was in Quarter 1 in 1985.
The equations are as follows.
(i) y
t
= 0.419 + 0.025 t  0.030 D1  0.084 D3  0.269 D4
(ii) y
t
= 0.025 t + 0.389 D1 + 0.419 D2 + 0.334 D3 + 0.150 D4
Forecast the estimated earnings per share for Q2 1991 and Q4 1992 using Models (i) and (ii).
Q12. A computer firm has an order for 300 Pentium computers and wishes to distribute their
manufacturing between two factories. The total cost of producing outputs q
1
from factory 1 and q
2
from Factory 2 is C = f(q
1
, q
2
) = 2q
1
2
 6q
1
q
2
+ 7q
2
2
How should the manufacturing be distributed? Show that your solution is a minimum.
Q13. Solve the following system of equations using a matrix method.
i) 3x  4y = 30
ii) 2y  x = 12
Q14. A life assurance company checks on the proportion of its policies that are cancelled within one year
in 2 regions. Of 200 policies sampled in Region A, 40 were cancelled within the first year, whereas
15 of the 50 policies were cancelled in Region B. Should the company conclude that the
proportion of policies cancelled in Region B is different to that in Region A? Use α = 0.05.
4
Q15. The quarterly sales of a department store chain were recorded for the past 4 years.
Year Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
1986 18 33 25 41
1987 22 20 36 33
1988 27 38 44 52
1989 31 26 29 45
(a) Calculate the centred 4quarterly moving average.
(b) Calculate the seasonal indices
(c) Calculate the smoothed series.
Suppose the underlying trend series is given by the equation T
t
= 25 + 0.89t.
(d) Forecast the trend values for Q2 1990 and Q3 1991. Assume that 1986 Q1 is the first period.
(e) Forecast the sales for Q2 1990 and Q3 1991.
Q16. Are “attitude towards social legislation” and “occupation” independent? Use α = 0.05.
Attitude Toward Social Legislation
Occupation Favour Neutral Oppose
Bluecollar 19 16 37
Whitecollar 15 22 46
Professional 24 11 32
Q17. A manufacturer of electric clothes dryers performs many tests on the machines before they leave
the plant. One such inspection involves measuring the air temperature as it enters the drying drum,
for a given fabric setting. When in control, the process mean is at the engineering specification of
118
o
F, with a standard deviation of .60
o
. If a sample of six dryers is checked every 90 minutes for
their air temperature, what would be the upper and lower control limits of the Xbar chart?
Q18. Quarterly sales data for caterpillar tractors was used to produce the following equations using (i) a
time trend model, (ii) and (iii) 2 different variations of seasonal dummy variables and a time trend.
The first quarter of data was in Quarter 3 in 1986.
The equations are as follows.
y
t
= 1025.02 + 50.61 t
y
t
= 921.40 + 51.34 t + 71.02 D1 + 186.89 D2 + 120.08 D3
y
t
= 51.35 t + 992.41 D1 + 1108.29 D2 + 1041.47 D3 + 921.40 D4
Forecast the estimated sales for tractors for Q3 1992 and Q4 1993 using Models (a), (b) and (c).
Q19. A bank’s proof operation station utilizes the magnetic ink symbols printed on customer cheques to
process them. If the magnetic sensor is unable to read any of the numbers, the check is rejected and
must be processed manually. To track the process rejection rate, the bank samples 500 checks per
day for several days and records the number that had to be manually processed; see the table.
Determine the process center line and control limits to start a pchart for the bank, assuming that
the sample size will remain at 500.
Day Number rejected Day Number rejected
1 5 7 4
2 4 8 8
3 10 9 2
4 7 10 5
5 3 11 8
6 3 12 7
5
Q20. A realestate agent used regression techniques in appraising the value of singlefamily homes
within a certain community which is divided into 3 neighbourhoods. The following variables were
used:
Y = selling price of a house in dollars, X
1
= total living area (in square feet),
D
2
= 1 if in neighbourhood 1 or 0 otherwise,
D
3
= 1 if in neighbourhood 2 or 0 otherwise,
D
4
= 1 if lot size is larger than the typical house lot or 0 otherwise.
1 2 3 4
ˆ
= 34185.02 + 20.92 X  2004.50 D + 4276.73 D + 8613.73 D
(89793.9) (6.89) (629.3) (770.06)
Y
R
2
= 0.8852
Part of the Anova Table
Source df Fratio Prob value
Regression 4 18.98 0.00012
Error 10
Total 14
(a) Interpret the coefficient of the variable D
4
.
(b) Interpret the coefficient of the variable, living area.
(c) Test whether the model is useful for prediction at α = 0.01.
(d) Predict the selling price of a house that is 2000 square feet, is in Neighbourhood 1and has a lot
size larger than the typical house lot.
(e) Test whether there is a positive relationship between the selling price and the total living area at
α = 0.01.
(f) Test whether the coefficient of the variable, D2, is negative at α = 0.05.
Q21. Officials of City Rail claim that less than 10% of all its trains are late. If a random sample of 70
trains shows that only 60 of them are on schedule, can we conclude that the claim is false? (Use α
= 0.10.) Be careful!!
Q22. To determine if a single die is balanced, or fair, the die was rolled 600 times. The observed
frequencies with which each of the 6 sides of the die turned up are recorded in the table. Is there
sufficient evidence to conclude at the 5% level of significance, that the die is not fair?
Face 1 2 3 4 5 6
Observed Frequency 114 92 84 101 107 102
Q23. Find the critical point(s) of the function and show whether the point(s) is a maximum, minimum or
neither. Hence calculate the value of the function at the critical point(s).
f = x
2
+ y
2
+ xy  9x + 1
Q24. Use the Lagrange method to find the stationary value of
z = 59x + 30y 2x
2
 3y
2
subject to x + 2y = 22
Q25. Find the critical point(s) of the function and show whether the point(s) is a maximum, minimum or
neither. Hence find the value of the function at the critical point(s).
f = x
2
+ 3y
2
+ 4x  9y + 3
Q26. Solve the following system of equations using a matrix method.
i) x + 5y = 27
ii) 3x  2y = 4
6
Q27. Data from the USA was used to estimate a time trend equation and an autoregressive equation to
forecast future values on Consumption. In 1989, Cons = 2656.8 and in 1990 Cons = 2682.2. Excel
gave the following results.
(i) Cons
t
= 500.94 + 49.91 t and (ii) Cons
t
= 137.96 + 0.95 Cons
t1
Forecast the value of GNP (using both equations) for 1991 and 1992 when 1950 is t = 1.
Q28. A psychology student is interested in the behaviour of prisoners as they pass through the various
stages of their sentences. He collects data on 200 attempted escapes (both successful and
unsuccessful). Each attempt is classified by the quarter of the sentence when it was made; in the
first, second, third or fourth.
Quarter 1 2 3 4
Number of Attempts 59 38 42 61
Do these results appear consistent with the hypothesis that attempted escapes are equally likely to occur in
any quarter? Use α = 0.01.
Q29. Last year in an election, a politician received 58% of the votes cast. Several months later, a survey
of 700 people revealed that 54% now supported her. Is this sufficient evidence to conclude that her
popularity has decreased? (Use α = 0.05) What is the pvalue of this test?
Q30. The tourist industry is subject to enormous seasonal variations. A hotel on the Gold Coast has
recorded its occupancy rates for the past 4 years.
Year Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
1990 .56 .70 .8 .57
1991 .58 .74 .87 .61
1992 .59 .74 .73 .60
1993 .62 .71 .81 .63
(a) Calculate the seasonal indices.
(b) Calculate the smoothed series.
(c) Suppose the underlying trend series is given by the equation T
t
= .64 +.00525t. Forecast the
trend values for Q4 1994 and Q2 1995. Assume that 1990 Q1 is the first period.
(d) Forecast the hotel occupancy rates for Q4 1994 and Q2 1995.
Q31. Find the critical point(s) of the function and show whether the point(s) is a maximum, minimum or
neither.
f = 4.5m + 5n  0.5m
2
 n
2
 0.25mn
Q32. Given the following matrices,
A =
2 0 2
1 3 1
1 1 4 −
¸
(
¸
(
(
(
B =
10 3 4
1 0 1
3 0 3
¸
(
¸
(
(
(
C =
3 1 3
0 7 2
−
¸
(
¸
(
D =
−
¸
(
¸
(
2 4 4
1 1 3
E =
6 5
4 1
2 3
¸
(
¸
(
(
(
F =
−
−
¸
(
¸
(
(
(
2 1
6 3
4 2
G = [ ] 4 2 5 H =
0
1
5
¸
(
¸
(
(
(
calculate (i) A B (ii) BA (iii) C + F (iv) GH (v) HG (vi) A + 3I
(vii) CD (viii) CD’ (ix) G’ (x) E’F
7
Q33. The following data show the number of business school graduates hired from 2 years ago who are
still with a firm, classified by degree.
Degree Number Hired Number Remaining
Bachelor 205 123
Masters 50 18
Test whether the proportions of bachelor and mastersdegree graduates who remain with the firm for 2
years are equal. Use α = 0.01.
Q34. The following question uses the model Y = β
0
+ β
1
X
1
+ ε. Complete the table. Is the model
useful for prediction at α = 0.05?
Source Sums of Squares DF Mean Sums of Squares F ratio
Regression 84.19083 1 A E
Error B C D
Total 210.1564 10
Q35. Find the critical point(s) of the function and show whether the point(s) is a maximum, minimum or
neither.
f = 2lk  l
2
+264k  10l 2k
2
Q36. The quarterly earnings of a large softdrink company have been recorded for the past 4 years.
These data are shown in the accompanying table. The seasonal estimates are S
1
= 0.84, S
2
= 1.23,
S
3
= 0.96 and S
4
= 0.97. If the series has values (y
t
) of
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
1989 63 66 82 98
1990 67
(a) Is the model additive or multiplicative? State your reasons.
(b) Calculate the seasonally adjusted series for the y values in the table.
(c) Suppose the underlying trend series is given by the equation T
t
= 61.7 + 1.18t.
(d) Forecast the trend values for Q4 1990 and Q2 1991. Assume that 1986 Q2 is the first period.
(e) Forecast the quarterly earnings for Q4 1990 and Q2 1991.
Q37. Use the Lagrange method to find the stationary value of z = x  3y xy subject to x + y = 6
Q38. In a TV commercial, the manufacturer of a toothpaste claims that less than 4 out of 5 dentists
recommend its product. In order to test this claim, a consumer group randomly samples 400
dentists and finds that 312 recommended the toothpaste. At the 5% significance level, test to
determine if there is sufficient evidence to support the claim? What is the pvalue of this test?
Q39. In a genetics experiment, Mendel crossed contrasting strains of garden peas. The details of the
experiment are below.
Characteristics Probability Outcome
Round and Yellow 9/16 315
Round and Green 3/16 101
Wrinkled and Yellow 3/16 108
Wrinkled and Green 1/16 32
According to Mendel’s theory, the 4 combinations should have occurred with the probabilities shown in
the table. Do the data support Mendel’s theory? Test using a chisquare goodness of fit test. Use α =
0.05.
8
Q40. A preelection Gallup poll on voting patterns in the next election resulted in the following table.
Test if the political party preference is the same in each state. Use α = 0.05.
State
Political Party NSW VIC QLD WA
Labour 105 120 105 70
Liberal 120 100 130 150
Democrat 25 30 15 30
Q41. Find the critical point(s) of the function and show whether the point(s) is a maximum, minimum or
neither. Hence find the value of the function at the critical point(s)
f = y  y
2
 3x 6x
2
 7
Q42. Are the events “Income Level” and “Church Attendance” independent? Use α = 0.01.
Income Level
Church Attendance Low Middle High
Never 27 48 15
Occasional 29 58 13
Regular 24 74 12
Q43. The Christmas break (December 20  January 15) is a critical period for the tourist industry in
Tasmania. If a relatively small number of people visit the island in this time, the hotels, restaurants
and other tourist attractions will suffer financial losses. A marketing analyst hired by the Chamber
of Commerce in Hobart to promote more tourism wants to analyse the factors that influence people
to come to Tasmania during the Christmas break. She believes that the crucial factors affecting
hotel vacancy rates are tied to weather conditions in the previous year i.e. the mean daily high
temperature (in degrees Celsius) and the number of rainy days during the Christmas break
Model fitting results for: vacancy
Independent variable coefficient std. error tvalue sig.level
CONSTANT 33.314 7.242 4.6 0.0006
Temperature 1.128 0.304 3.71 0.003
Rainy Days 0.267 0.507 0.527 0.6085
Analysis of Variance for the Full Regression
Source SS DF MS F Pvalue
Regressio
n
71.766 2 35.883 7.445 0.0079
Error 57.833 12 4.819
(a) Write the estimated equation, including the standard errors and R
2
.
(b) Interpret the value of the coefficient for rainy days.
(c) Test the hypothesis that the model is useful for prediction. Use α = 0.05.
(d) It is believed that the slope of the variable, temperature, is negative. Test this hypothesis at the
1% significance level.
(e) Find the predicted value for the mean vacancy rate given that the temperature is an average of
21
0
C and the average number of rainy days last year was 5.
Q44. Grade inflation occurs as an ever higher proportion of students is given high grades, particularly
HD’s. In a random sample of 100 grades this semester, 6 were HD’s, 15 were D’s, 20 were C’s, 39
were P’s and 20 were F’s. Is this consistent with the university’s policy that 3% should be HD’s,
10% D’s, 25% C’s, and 47% P’s? Use α = 0.01.
Q45. Use the Lagrange method to find the stationary value of
9
z =  2x
2
+ 5y
2
+ 7 subject to 4x  2y = 9
Q46. The following question uses the model Y = β
0
+ β
1
X
1
+ β
2
X
2
+ ε. Complete the table. Test
whether there is any relationship between the x and y variables.
Source Sums of Squares DF Mean Sums of Squares F ratio
Regression 84.19083 2 A E
Error 31.45996 5 B
Total C D
Q47. Solve the following system of equations using a matrix method.
i) 2x + 5y = 8
ii) 3x  2y = 7
Q48. A toymanufacturing company has been given a large order for small plastic whistles that will be
given away by a large fastfood hamburger chain with its kid’s meal. Seven random samples of
four whistles have been taken. The weight of each whistle has been ascertained in grams. The data
are shown here. Use these data to construct an x chart and an R chart. What managerial decisions
should be made on the basis of these findings?
Sample 1 Sample 2 Sample 3 Sample 4 Sample 5 Sample 6 Sample 7
4.1 3.6 4.0 4.6 3.9 5.1 4.6
5.2 4.3 4.8 4.8 3.8 4.7 4.4
3.9 3.9 5.1 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.0
5.0 4.6 5.3 4.7 4.9 4.3 4.5
Q49. Are the events “Age Group” and “Type of car driven” independent? Use α = 0.05.
Age Group
Type of Car Driven 16  21 22  30 31  45 46+
Sports car 10 10 12 8
Compact 10 6 6 8
Medium 12 13 20 25
Large 8 11 22 19
Q50. Cable TV subscriptions over the past few years have been growing dramatically, although
somewhat erratically. In one state in USA, the number of cable subscribers in thousands was
recorded for the past 4 years. The seasonal estimates are S
1
= 0.94, S
2
= 1.05, S
3
= 1.05 and
S
4
= 0.96.
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
1993 200 229 236 219
1994 211
(a) Is the model additive or multiplicative? State your reasons.
(b) Calculate the seasonally adjusted series for the y values in the table.
(c) Suppose the underlying trend series is given by the equation T
t
= 161.2 + 4.79t.
(d) Forecast the trend values for Q1 1996 and Q3 1998. Assume that 1990 Q3 is the first period.
(e) Forecast the quarterly earnings for Q1 1996 and Q3 1998.
Q51. In a test to evaluate the effectiveness of a new drug for combating acne, a drug company found that
120 out of a random sample of 220 acne sufferers improved after being treated with this new
preparation. The leading acne treatment has a 50% improvement rate. Can we conclude from the
data that this new drug is more effective in treating acne? (Use α = 0.01)
10
Q52. Test if the style, professional women prefer depends on their occupation. Use α = 0.05.
Style
Profession A B C D
Teller 4 10 6 10
Secretary 8 10 15 7
Entrepreneur 7 17 21 15
Socialite 11 13 28 18
Q53. A company’s products are classified as perfect, seconds or defective. A random sample of 150
products was classified as follows.
Condition of Product Number
Perfect 104
Second 38
Defective 8
Are these data consistent with the probabilities P(perfect) = 0.8 and P(second) = 0.15 at α = 0.05?
Q54. In a random sample of 100 units from an assembly line, 18 were defective. Does this provide
sufficient evidence at the 5% significance level to allow us to conclude that the defective rate
among all units exceeds 10%? What is the pvalue?
Q55. The starting salaries and Graduate Management Aptitude Test (GMAT) scores for a sample of 10
MBA’s who graduated in 1990 are analyzed and the results produced below.
Regression Analysis  Linear model: Y = β
0
+ β
1
x + ε
Dependent variable: salary Independent variable: gmat
Independent
variable
coefficient std. error t
value
Intercept 46425.9 22828.7 A
Salaries 24.1379 41.4274 B
Analysis of Variance
Source SS DF MS F
Regressio
n
6758.62 1 C E
Error 15927 8 D
(a) Complete the two tables.
(b) Is the intercept coefficient significant?
(c) Test the hypothesis that the slope coefficient is greater than 26, using α = 0.05.
(d) Is there a relationship between gmat and starting salaries.
Q56. Quarterly sales data for Johnson and Johnson was used to produce the following equations using (i)
a time trend model, (ii) and (iii) 2 different variations of seasonal dummy variables and a time trend
and (iv) an autoregressive model. The first quarter of data was in Quarter 3 in 1986.The equations
are as follows.
y
t
= 1702.25 + 64.15 t
y
t
= 1842.11 + 61.29 t  76.29 D2  164.66 D3  221.21 D4
y
t
= 61.29 t + 1842.11 D1 + 1765.81 D2 + 1677.44 D3 + 1620.9 D4
y
t
= 209.88 + 0.94 y
t1
Forecast the estimated sales for Q3 1990 and Q4 1990 using all models. The sales for Q2 1990
were 2825.
11
Q57. An auctioneer of semiantique and antique Persian rugs kept records of his weekly auctions in order
to determine the relationships among price, age of carpet, number of people attending the
auction and number of times the winning bidder had previously attended his auctions. He felt
that, with this information, he could plan his auctions better, serve his customers better and make a
higher profit for himself.
Model fitting results for: price
Independent variable coefficient std. error tvalue sig.level
CONSTANT 239.532 108.876 2.2 0.0386
Age of carpet 7.37 1.459 5.051 0.0000
Audience size 10.181 2.273 4.479 0.0002
Previous attendance 17.309 9.04 1.914 0.0686
Analysis of Variance for the Full Regression
Source SS DF MS F Pvalue
Regressio
n
5530975 3 1843658 88.2557 0.0000
Error 459579 22 20890
(a) Write the estimated equation, including the standard errors and R
2
.
(b) Interpret the value of the coefficient for age of the carpets.
(c) Test the hypothesis that the coefficients of the regressors (excluding the constant) are jointly
significant. Use α = 0.05.
(d) It is believed that the slope of the variable, Audience size, is less than 15. Test this hypothesis
at the 5% significance level.
(e) Find the predicted value for the mean price given that the age of the carpet is 80 years, the
audience size is 60 and the previous attendance is 5.
Q58. A university mathematics department has put together an exam for students who have had calculus
in high school. Those students who pass the test will be given 3 hours of university credit. For
security purposes, the department wishes to develop and rotate three different versions or forms of
the exam. A prime consideration is to have an equivalent degree of difficulty for all tests. If 120
randomly assigned students now have taken the test versions with the results given here, is it
reasonable (α = .05) to conclude that the objective of equivalent forms has been achieved?
2 . 68 , 8 . 65 , 6 . 67
3 2 1
= = = X X X
20 . 6074 , 40
3 2 1
= = = = SSE n n n
(N.B. SSE = SSW)
Q59. A large manufacturer makes valves. Currently it is producing a particular valve for use in
industrial engines. As a part of a quality control effort, the company engineers randomly sample
seven groups of 40 valves and inspect them to determine whether they are in or out of compliance.
Results are shown here. Use he information to construct a p chart. Comment on the chart.
Sample Size Number not in
Compliance
1 40 1
2 40 0
3 40 1
4 40 3
5 40 2
6 40 5
12
7 40 2
Q60. To predict the asking price of a second hand Holden, data were collected on the car’s age, condition
(rated as poor, average or excellent) and mileage and on whether the seller is an individual or a
dealer. The variables were:
y = asking price ($) X
1
= age (in years) X
2
= mileage in thousands
D
3
= 1 if the condition of the car is average and 0 otherwise
D
4
= 1 if the condition of the car is poor and 0 otherwise
S
5
= 1 if the seller is a dealer and 0 if an individual.
. Y S = 17357.4  1131.9 X  33.2 X  2556.4 D  3275.3 D
(1280.3) (274.8) (23.6) (915.1) (1112.0) (913.1)
3 4 1 2 5
7756 −
R
2
= 0.8965
Part of the Anova Table
Source df Fratio Prob value
Regression 5 43.29 0.0000
Error 25
Total 30
(a) Interpret the coefficient of the variable S
5
.
(b) Interpret the coefficient of the variable, age.
(c) Test whether the model is useful for prediction at α = 0.01.
(d) Predict the asking price for a car that’s 6 years old with 90,000 (Be careful!!)on the clock, in
excellent condition and sold by a dealer.
(e) Predict the asking price for a car that’s 5 years old with 60,000 (Be careful!!)on the clock, in
poor condition and sold by an individual.
(f) Test whether there is a negative relationship between the asking price and the mileage at α =
0.01.
(g) Test whether the coefficient of D
4
is negative at α = 0.05. Be careful with the conclusion.
Q61. Below is the output for a oneway ANOVA. Analyze the results. Include the number of treatment
levels, the sample sizes, the F value, the overall statistical significance of the test, and the values of
the means.
One way Analysis of Variance
Analysis of Variance
Source Df SS MS F P
Factor 3 1701 567 2.95 0.040
Error 61 11728 192
Total 64 13429
Level N Mean StDev
C1 18 226.73 13.59
C2 15 238.79 9.41
C3 21 232.58 12.16
C4 11 239.82 20.96
13
Very Brief Answers to Revision Questions
Semester II
Q1. Ho: p
1
− p
2
= 0 H
1
: π
1
− π
2
≠ 0 obs χ
2
= 20.6 Rej H
o
pvalue =5.65E–06
Q2. Ho: p = 0.22 H
1
: p > 0.22 obs Z = 2.90 Rej H
o
pvalue = 0.0019
Q3. x = 2 y = 2
Q4. i) 1991 GNP = 4020.28 1992 GNP = 4092.67
ii) 1991 GNP = 4125.82 1992 GNP = 4097.94
Q5. i) c =

\

.

70
10
ii) x =

\

.

1200
1450
Q6. a) 1.0920, 0.9629, 0.6941, 1.2510
c) 128.78, 132.82 d) 89.39, 145.04
Q7. Ho: p = 0.9 H
1
: p > 0.9 obs Z = 2.635 Rej H
o
p value = 0.0041
Q8. x = 3, y = 1
Q9. i) y = 51.515  0.71 sp.heat + 1.687 water heat
(8.618) (1.635) (0.573) R
2
= 0.96
iii) Ho: model not useful H
1
: model useful obs F = 69.5 Rej H
o
iv) H
0
: β
2
= 1 H
1
: β
2
> 1 obs t = 1.199 Don’t Rej H
o
v) 19.169
Q10. H
0
: p
1
= p
2
= p
3
= p
4
= 0.25 H
1
: H
0
not true obs X
2
= 51.28 Rej H
o
Q11. i) Q2 1991 y
t
= 1.069 Q4 1992 y
t
= 0.95
ii) Q2 1991 y
t
= 1.069 Q4 1992 y
t
= 0.95
Q12. q
2
= 100 q
1
= 200
Q13. x = 6 y = 3
Q14. Ho: p
2
− p
1
= 0 H
1
: π
2
− π
1
≠ 0 obs χ
2
= 2.33 Don’t Rej H
o
pvalue =0.127
Q15. b) 0.8124, 0.8332, 1.0748, 1.2797
d) 41.02, 45.47 e) 34.18, 48.87
Q16. H
0
: attitude and occupation independent H
1
: not indep. obs X
2
= 6.61 Don’t Rej H
o
Q17. LCL = 117.265, UCL = 118.735
Q18. Q3 1992 i) 2290.27 ii) 2324.98 iii) 2325.22
Q4 1993 i) 2543.32 ii) 2461.6 iii) 2461.9
Q19. Centre line 0.011, UCL = 0.025
Q20. c) H
0
: β
1
= β
2
= .. = β
4
= 0 H
1
: H
0
not true obs F =18.98 p value = 0.00012 Rej H
0
d) y = $82 634.25 e) H
0
: β
1
= 0 H
1
: β
1
> 0 obs t = 3.036 Reject H
0
f) H
0
: β
2
= 0 H
1
: β
2
> 0 obs t = 3.185 Reject H
0
Q21. H
0
: p = 0.1 H
1
: p > 0.1 obs Z = 1.196 Don’t Rej H
o
Q22. H
0
: proportions all equal to 1/6 H
1
: H
0
false obs X
2
= 5.70 Don’t Rej H
o
Q23. (6, 3) minimum
Q24. x = 14, y = 4
Q25. (2, 1.5) minimum
Q26. x = 2, y = 5
Q27. i) 1992 C = 2597.16 1992 C
t
= 2686.05
ii) 1991 C = 2647.07 1992 C
t
= 2689.71
Q28. H
0
: p
1
= p
2
= p
3
= p
4
= 0.25 H
1
: H
0
not true obs X
2
= 8.2 Don’t Rej H
o
Q29. H
0
: p = 0.58 H
1
: p < 0.58 obs Z = 2.14 Rej H
o
p = 0.0162
Q30. a) 0.8770 1.0687 1.1813 0.8730 c) 0.745, 0.7555
d) 0.65, 0.81
Q31. m = 4 n = 2, maximum
14
Q32. i)
26 6 14
16 3 10
21 3 15

\

.



ii)
27 5 39
3 1 6
9 3 18
−
−

\

.



iii) can’t do
iv) 27 v)
0 0 0
4 2 5
20 10 25

\

.



vi)
5 0 2
1 6 1
1 1 7 −

\

.



vii) can’t do
viii)
− −

\

.

14 5
36 13
ix)
4
2
5

\

.



x)
−
−

\

.

28 22
4 14
Q33. Ho: p
1
 p
2
= 0 H
1
: p
1
 p
2
≠ 0 obs Z = 3.06 Rej H
o
Q34. A = 84.19083, B = 125.96557, C = 9, D = 13.996, E = 6.015
H
0
: β
1
= 0 H
1
: β
1
≠ 0 obs F = 6.015 Rej H
o
at α = .05
Q35. k = 127, l = 122 maximum
Q36. a) multiplicative Σ s
i
= 4
b) Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
1989 75 79.7 85.4 101.0
1990 79.76
c) and d) Q4 1990 T = 84.12 Y = 81.60 Q2 1991 T = 86.48 Y = 106.37
Q37. x = 1, y = 5
Q38. H
0
: p = 0.8 H
1
: p < 0.8 obs Z = 1 Don’t Rej H
o
Q39. H
0
: p
1
= 9/16 p
2
= 3/16 p
3
= 3/16 p
4
= 1/16 H
1
: H
0
not true
obs X
2
= 0.45 Don’t Rej H
o
Q40. H
0
: Distn of party preference is the same for each state H
1
: distn is different for a t least one
state obs X
2
= 29.9 Rej H
o
Q41. ( )
1
4
1
2
, maximum
Q42. H
0
: income and church attendance independent H
1
: not independent
obs X
2
= 4.494 Don’t Rej H
o
Q43. y = 33.314  1.128 temp  0.267 rain R
2
= 0.55
(7.242) (0.304) (0.507)
iii) H
0
: β
1
= β
2
= 0 H
1
: at least one β ≠ 0 obs F = 7.445 Rej H
o
iiv) H
0
: β
3
= 0 H
1
: β
3
< 0 obs t = 3.710 Rej H
o
v) 8.291
Q44. H
0
: p
1
= 0.03 p
2
= 0.10 p
3
= 0.25 p
4
= 0.47 p
5
= 0.15 H
1
: H
0
not true
obs X
2
= 9.528 Don’t Rej H
o
Q45. x = 2
1
/
2
y =
1
/
2
Q46. a) A = 42.0954 B= 6.291992 C = 115.65079 D = 7 E = 6.6903
b) H
0
: β
1
= β
2
= 0 H
1
: H
0
is not true obs F = 6.69 Rej H
o
Q47. x = 1, y = 2
Q48. Xdbar = 4.51, LCL = 3.85, UCL = 5.17
Rbar = 0.9, LCL = 0, UCL = 2.45
Q49. H
0
: age and type of car independent H
1
: not independent obs X
2
= 9.64 Don’t Rej H
o
Q50. a) multiplicative Σ s
i
= 4
b) Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
1993 212.77 218.10 224.76 228.12
1994 224.47
c) and d) Q1 1996 T = 271.37 Y = 255.09 Q3 1998 T = 319.27 Y = 335.23
15
Q51. H
0
: π = 0.5 H
1
: π > 0.5 obs Z = 1.483 Don’t Rej H
o
Q52. H
0
: style and profession independent H
1
: not independent obs X
2
= 7.70 Don’t Rej H
o
Q53. H
0
: π
1
= 0.8 π
2
= 0.15 π
3
= 0.05 H
1
: At least one πI is different obs X
2
= 12.8 Rej H
o
Q54. H
0
: π = 0.1 H
1
: π > 0.1 obs Z = 2.67 Rej H
o
p = 0.0038
Q55. i) A = 2.034 B = 0.583 C = 6758.62 D = 1990.975 E = 3.3948
iii) t* = 2.034 significant iii) H
0
: β
= 26H
1
: β > 26 obs t = 0.04 Don’t Rej H
o
iv) H
0
: β
1
= 0 H
1
: β
1
≠ 0 F* = 3.3948 Don’t Rej H
o
Q56. a) Q3 1990 i) 2792.8 ii) 2719.38 iii) 2719.37 iv) 2865.38
b) Q4 1990 I) 2856.95 ii) 2724.12 iii) 2724.12 iv) 2903.34
Q57. i) y = 239.532 + 7.37 age + 10.181 size + 17.309 attend
(108.876) (1.459) (2.273) (9.040) R
2
= 0.92
iii) H
0
: β
1
= β
2
= β
3
= 0 H
1
: at least one β ≠ 0 obs F = 88.3 Rej H
o
iv) H
0
: β
2
= 15 H
1
: β
2
< 15 obs t = 2.120 Rej H
o
v) $1526.54
Q58. F* = 3.07, obs. F = 1.02, yes
Q59. pbar = 0.05, LCL = 0.0, UCL = .1534
Q60. c) H
0
: β
1
= β
2
= .. = β
5
= 0 H
1
: H
0
not true obs F =43.29 p value = 0.0000 Rej H
0
y = $6802.40 e) y = $6430.60 f) H
0
: β
2
= 0 H
1
: β
2
> 0 obs t = 1.407 Reject H
0
g) H
0
: β
4
= 0 H
1
: β
4
< 0 obs t = 2.945 Reject H
0
Q61. 4 levels, sizes 18, 15, 21, 11; F = 2.95, p = 0.04; means = 226.73, 238.79, 232.58, 239.82
a random sample of 200 households was taken. Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 106 92 65 121 115 100 73 135 114 105 79 140 121 111 82 163 Calculate the seasonal indices. first Q7. In a random sample of 1000 chips drawn from a large production run.8. 75 were defective. Calculate the smoothed series. Q4. Given the equation c = x . Q2. GNP = 4117. find .Q1. Year 1986 1987 1988 1989 (a) (b) (c) (d) A manufacturer of ski equipment is in the process of reviewing his accounts receivable. Do the data provide sufficient evidence at the 1% level of significance to enable us to conclude that the manufacturer's claim is true? What is the pvalue of this test? BE CAREFUL!! Q8. In a random sample of 800 voters in Victoria.4y = 13 (b) x + 5y = 2 2 . 479 thought the same. 22% of the households had the afternoon paper delivered to their doors. Forecast the trend values for Q3 1990 and Q1 1991. Do these data suggest that the proportion of all voters favouring the prime minister is different in the two states? Use a significance level of 0.1 (b) the x vector if c = and A = .93 GNP t1 (i) GNP t = 979. Q3.39 t Forecast the value of GNP (using both equations) for 1991 and 1992 when 1950 is t = 1. A manufacturer of computer chips claims that more than 90% of his products conforms to specifications. In a random sample of 500 voters in NSW. In 1989. (a) 3x .3 800 x are 2x1 vectors and A is a 2x2 matrix. Use the Lagrange method to find the stationary value of z = x2 + 4y2 + 6 subject to 2x . In a large city. Of the sample group. He has noticed that there appears to be a seasonal pattern.Ax where c and 100 .3 500 .93 + 0. Solve the following system of equations using a matrix method. Assume that 1986 Q1 is the period. Q5. Suppose the underlying trend series is given by the equation Tt = 90. Accounts receivable for the past 4 years are shown in the table.8y = 20 Data from the USA was used to estimate a time trend equation and an autoregressive equation to forecast future values on Gross National Product. 61 households now have the paper delivered.7 and in 1990 GNP = 4155.2 .1 (a) the c vector if x = and A = 50 .2 Q6. Can we conclude at the 5% significance level that the campaign was a success? Find the pvalue of the test.90 + 72. Excel gave the following results. (e) Forecast the quarterly accounts receivable for Q3 1990 and Q1 1991.01.4 . After the newspaper conducted an aggressive marketing campaign to increase that figure.4 + 2.4 . 235 thought that the prime minister was doing a good job.02t. and (ii) GNP t = 260.
189 (a) (b) (c) (d) Write the estimated equation. they could save money by reducing thermostat settings on both space heaters and water heaters.618 5.71 1. 76 and 25 respectively.Q9.419 D2 + 0.419 + 0. Water heaters. The numbers classified in these groups are 91.434 0. (e) Find the predicted value for the mean consumption given that space heaters are run at 24oC and the water heater thermostat is set at 52oC Q10.0. an electricity company has collected total kilowatt consumption (in kilowatt hours/100) figures for last year’s winter months.635 0.05.001 Space Heaters 0.x = 12 Q14. In an effort to explain to customers why their electricity bills have been so high lately and how.573 2. as well as average thermostat settings on space heaters (in degrees Celsius) and average thermostat settings on water heaters (in degrees Celsius). Use α = 0. Interpret the value of the coefficient for space heaters.687 0.leve variable t error value l CONSTANT 51. referred to as “labourer”.0258 Analysis of Variance for the Full Regression Source SS DF MS F Pvalue Regressio 304. (i) y t = 0. Solve the following system of equations using a matrix method. The first quarter of data was in Quarter 1 in 1985. “clerical”.944 0. A computer firm has an order for 300 Pentium computers and wishes to distribute their manufacturing between two factories. There are 2 different variations of seasonal dummy variables and a time trend.6792 Water Heaters 1.269 D4 (ii) y t = 0.4y = 30 ii) 2y . Use α = 0. Q12.0. whereas 15 of the 50 policies were cancelled in Region B.0.025 t + 0. The sample individuals are classified into one of 4 groups. The equations are as follows.05.515 8. specifically. A social scientist takes a sample of 300 workers.334 D3 + 0.416 2 152. tsig. Of 200 policies sampled in Region A. 40 were cancelled within the first year.05.0.978 0. q2) = 2q12 .084 D3 . is greater than 1.6q1q2 + 7q22 How should the manufacturing be distributed? Show that your solution is a minimum.208 69. 108.1397 6 2. including the standard errors and R2.0001 n Error 13. i) 3x . The total cost of producing outputs q1 from factory 1 and q2 from Factory 2 is C = f(q1. A life assurance company checks on the proportion of its policies that are cancelled within one year in 2 regions. Should the company conclude that the proportion of policies cancelled in Region B is different to that in Region A? Use α = 0.503 0.025 t . Q11. Test the hypothesis that the model is useful for prediction. “professional” and “other”. 3 .150 D4 Forecast the estimated earnings per share for Q2 1991 and Q4 1992 using Models (i) and (ii). Do these data indicate that the proportions of labourers.389 D1 + 0. clerical.030 D1 . Q13. Test this hypothesis at the 1% significance level. It is believed that the slope of the variable. Model fitting results for: Consumption Independent coefficien std. professional and others are the same.
05. If the magnetic sensor is unable to read any of the numbers.08 D3 y t = 51. y t = 1025. Assume that 1986 Q1 is the first period. Year Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 33 25 41 1986 18 20 36 33 1987 22 38 44 52 1988 27 26 29 45 1989 31 (a) (b) (c) Calculate the centred 4quarterly moving average.29 D2 + 1041.47 D3 + 921. Calculate the seasonal indices Calculate the smoothed series. Day 1 2 3 4 5 6 Number rejected 5 4 10 7 3 3 Day 7 8 9 10 11 12 Number rejected 4 8 2 5 8 7 4 .35 t + 992.41 D1 + 1108. what would be the upper and lower control limits of the Xbar chart? Q18.40 + 51. (e) Forecast the sales for Q2 1990 and Q3 1991. The quarterly sales of a department store chain were recorded for the past 4 years. (d) Forecast the trend values for Q2 1990 and Q3 1991.60o. assuming that the sample size will remain at 500.61 t y t = 921. with a standard deviation of . the check is rejected and must be processed manually.34 t + 71.40 D4 Forecast the estimated sales for tractors for Q3 1992 and Q4 1993 using Models (a). Q19. If a sample of six dryers is checked every 90 minutes for their air temperature. Q16. A manufacturer of electric clothes dryers performs many tests on the machines before they leave the plant.89t.Q15. When in control. the bank samples 500 checks per day for several days and records the number that had to be manually processed. The equations are as follows.02 D1 + 186. for a given fabric setting. (b) and (c). the process mean is at the engineering specification of 118oF. Determine the process center line and control limits to start a pchart for the bank. The first quarter of data was in Quarter 3 in 1986. To track the process rejection rate. Are “attitude towards social legislation” and “occupation” independent? Use α = 0. Suppose the underlying trend series is given by the equation Tt = 25 + 0. Quarterly sales data for caterpillar tractors was used to produce the following equations using (i) a time trend model. see the table. A bank’s proof operation station utilizes the magnetic ink symbols printed on customer cheques to process them. Attitude Toward Social Legislation Occupation Favour Neutral Oppose Bluecollar 19 16 37 Whitecollar 15 22 46 Professional 24 11 32 Q17.02 + 50.89 D2 + 120. (ii) and (iii) 2 different variations of seasonal dummy variables and a time trend. One such inspection involves measuring the air temperature as it enters the drying drum.
D2. Find the critical point(s) of the function and show whether the point(s) is a maximum. Test whether the model is useful for prediction at α = 0. minimum or neither.8852 Part of the Anova Table Source df Regression 4 Error 10 Total 14 (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) Fratio 18.73 D3 + 8613. living area.73 D 4 (89793. that the die is not fair? 1 2 3 4 5 6 Face 114 92 84 101 107 102 Observed Frequency Q23. is in Neighbourhood 1and has a lot size larger than the typical house lot.89) (629.98 Prob value 0. can we conclude that the claim is false? (Use α = 0. Predict the selling price of a house that is 2000 square feet. Officials of City Rail claim that less than 10% of all its trains are late. Q21. Find the critical point(s) of the function and show whether the point(s) is a maximum.05. The following variables were used: Y = selling price of a house in dollars. ˆ Y = 34185. f = x2 + y2 + xy .9x + 1 Q24. Use the Lagrange method to find the stationary value of z = 59x + 30y 2x2 . Hence find the value of the function at the critical point(s). Interpret the coefficient of the variable. Test whether there is a positive relationship between the selling price and the total living area at α = 0. or fair.9y + 3 Q26. Hence calculate the value of the function at the critical point(s). X1 = total living area (in square feet). The observed frequencies with which each of the 6 sides of the die turned up are recorded in the table.02 + 20. D3 = 1 if in neighbourhood 2 or 0 otherwise.92 X1 .Q20. Solve the following system of equations using a matrix method.3) (770.01. minimum or neither. If a random sample of 70 trains shows that only 60 of them are on schedule. D2 = 1 if in neighbourhood 1 or 0 otherwise.01.00012 Interpret the coefficient of the variable D4.3y2 subject to x + 2y = 22 Q25.10. Is there sufficient evidence to conclude at the 5% level of significance.06) R2 = 0.2y = 4 5 .) Be careful!! Q22. i) x + 5y = 27 ii) 3x . Test whether the coefficient of the variable. the die was rolled 600 times. D4 = 1 if lot size is larger than the typical house lot or 0 otherwise.2004.9) (6. To determine if a single die is balanced. is negative at α = 0. A realestate agent used regression techniques in appraising the value of singlefamily homes within a certain community which is divided into 3 neighbourhoods. f = x2 + 3y2 + 4x .50 D 2 + 4276.
71 Q3 .74 .62 Q2 . Cons = 2656.00525t.8 . Year 1990 1991 1992 1993 (a) (b) (c) (d) Q1 . He collects data on 200 attempted escapes (both successful and unsuccessful).56 . In 1989. f = 4.63 Calculate the seasonal indices.58 .2.0.0. 2 0 2 10 3 4 A = 1 3 1 B = 1 0 1 1 −1 4 3 0 3 3 1 −3 C = 0 7 2 −2 4 4 D = 1 1 3 6 5 E = 4 1 2 3 −2 1 F = −6 3 4 2 G = [ 4 2 5] 0 H = 1 5 calculate (i) A B (ii) BA (iii) C + F (iv) GH (v) HG (vii) CD (viii) CD’ (ix) G’ (x) E’F (vi) A + 3I 6 . Forecast the hotel occupancy rates for Q4 1994 and Q2 1995. Q29.70 . Is this sufficient evidence to conclude that her popularity has decreased? (Use α = 0. 1 2 3 4 Quarter 59 38 42 61 Number of Attempts Do these results appear consistent with the hypothesis that attempted escapes are equally likely to occur in any quarter? Use α = 0. minimum or neither. Find the critical point(s) of the function and show whether the point(s) is a maximum.Q27.96 + 0.59 . Given the following matrices.05) What is the pvalue of this test? Q30. A hotel on the Gold Coast has recorded its occupancy rates for the past 4 years. The tourist industry is subject to enormous seasonal variations. A psychology student is interested in the behaviour of prisoners as they pass through the various stages of their sentences. Excel gave the following results.5m2 .25mn Q32.57 . Q28. (i) Cons t = 500. Assume that 1990 Q1 is the first period.74 . Data from the USA was used to estimate a time trend equation and an autoregressive equation to forecast future values on Consumption.61 .64 +. Q31. Each attempt is classified by the quarter of the sentence when it was made.87 .01.8 and in 1990 Cons = 2682.91 t and (ii) Cons t = 137.5m + 5n . Forecast the trend values for Q4 1994 and Q2 1995. Last year in an election.73 .94 + 49. Several months later.81 Q4 .60 . third or fourth.n2 . in the first. a survey of 700 people revealed that 54% now supported her. Suppose the underlying trend series is given by the equation Tt = . second. Calculate the smoothed series. a politician received 58% of the votes cast.95 Cons t1 Forecast the value of GNP (using both equations) for 1991 and 1992 when 1950 is t = 1.
Is the model useful for prediction at α = 0. The quarterly earnings of a large softdrink company have been recorded for the past 4 years. The seasonal estimates are S1 = 0. test to determine if there is sufficient evidence to support the claim? What is the pvalue of this test? Q39.18t. a consumer group randomly samples 400 dentists and finds that 312 recommended the toothpaste. Do the data support Mendel’s theory? Test using a chisquare goodness of fit test. Use α = 0. Mendel crossed contrasting strains of garden peas. Complete the table. S2 = 1.05? Source Regression Error Total Sums of Squares DF 84. f = 2lk .84. Degree Bachelor Masters Number Hired 205 50 Number Remaining 123 18 Test whether the proportions of bachelor.Q33. The following question uses the model Y = β0 + β1X1 + ε.96 and S4 = 0. the 4 combinations should have occurred with the probabilities shown in the table.3y xy subject to x + y = 6 Q38. the manufacturer of a toothpaste claims that less than 4 out of 5 dentists recommend its product.19083 1 B C 210. Forecast the quarterly earnings for Q4 1990 and Q2 1991. Calculate the seasonally adjusted series for the y values in the table.and mastersdegree graduates who remain with the firm for 2 years are equal.01.05. In order to test this claim. These data are shown in the accompanying table. In a TV commercial. Forecast the trend values for Q4 1990 and Q2 1991. At the 5% significance level. The details of the experiment are below. Use the Lagrange method to find the stationary value of z = x .97. Q37.l2 +264k . minimum or neither. In a genetics experiment. 7 .7 + 1. Q34. Use α = 0.10l 2k2 Q36.1564 10 Mean Sums of Squares A D F ratio E Q35. The following data show the number of business school graduates hired from 2 years ago who are still with a firm. Find the critical point(s) of the function and show whether the point(s) is a maximum.23. Characteristics Probability Outcome Round and Yellow 9/16 315 Round and Green 3/16 101 Wrinkled and Yellow 3/16 108 Wrinkled and Green 1/16 32 According to Mendel’s theory. classified by degree. Assume that 1986 Q2 is the first period. Suppose the underlying trend series is given by the equation Tt = 61. If the series has values (yt) of 1989 1990 (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Q1 63 67 Q2 66 Q3 82 Q4 98 Is the model additive or multiplicative? State your reasons. S3 = 0.
7 Q42. Test if the political party preference is the same in each state. and 47% P’s? Use α = 0.445 0. Use α = 0.05. error tvalue sig. is negative.01. particularly HD’s. In a random sample of 100 grades this semester. minimum or neither. Q44.883 7. Hence find the value of the function at the critical point(s) f = y .0006 CONSTANT 1.304 3. 20 were C’s. Test the hypothesis that the model is useful for prediction. restaurants and other tourist attractions will suffer financial losses.003 Temperature 0. 10% D’s.71 0.242 4. the hotels.766 n 57.y2 . Test this hypothesis at the 1% significance level.819 Error (a) (b) (c) (d) Write the estimated equation.6 0.3x 6x2 . Use α = 0.January 15) is a critical period for the tourist industry in Tasmania. Q45. State NSW VIC QLD WA Political Party Labour 105 120 105 70 Liberal 120 100 130 150 Democrat 25 30 15 30 Q41.314 7. The Christmas break (December 20 .05. It is believed that the slope of the variable. Use the Lagrange method to find the stationary value of 8 . Are the events “Income Level” and “Church Attendance” independent? Use α = 0.833 12 4. 6 were HD’s. Interpret the value of the coefficient for rainy days. A preelection Gallup poll on voting patterns in the next election resulted in the following table. Income Level Low Middle High Church Attendance Never 27 48 15 Occasional 29 58 13 Regular 24 74 12 Q43. (e) Find the predicted value for the mean vacancy rate given that the temperature is an average of 210 C and the average number of rainy days last year was 5.Q40.527 0. 15 were D’s. temperature. If a relatively small number of people visit the island in this time. 39 were P’s and 20 were F’s. the mean daily high temperature (in degrees Celsius) and the number of rainy days during the Christmas break Model fitting results for: vacancy Independent variable coefficient std. Is this consistent with the university’s policy that 3% should be HD’s. 25% C’s.128 0.0079 Regressio 71.6085 Rainy Days Analysis of Variance for the Full Regression Source SS DF MS F Pvalue 2 35. She believes that the crucial factors affecting hotel vacancy rates are tied to weather conditions in the previous year i.level 33. including the standard errors and R2.507 0.e. A marketing analyst hired by the Chamber of Commerce in Hobart to promote more tourism wants to analyse the factors that influence people to come to Tasmania during the Christmas break. Find the critical point(s) of the function and show whether the point(s) is a maximum.267 0. Grade inflation occurs as an ever higher proportion of students is given high grades.01.
2y = 9 Q46.3 Sample 4 4. Test whether there is any relationship between the x and y variables. i) 2x + 5y = 8 ii) 3x . Solve the following system of equations using a matrix method. In one state in USA.8 4. In a test to evaluate the effectiveness of a new drug for combating acne.30 31 .4 4. 1993 1994 Q1 200 211 Q2 229 Q3 236 Q4 219 (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Is the model additive or multiplicative? State your reasons. The leading acne treatment has a 50% improvement rate.19083 2 31.9 5.8 4. S3 = 1.6 4.5 Q49.z = . Forecast the quarterly earnings for Q1 1996 and Q3 1998. the number of cable subscribers in thousands was recorded for the past 4 years.6 4. The following question uses the model Y = β0 + β1X1 + β2X2 + ε.6 4.3 Sample 7 4. Assume that 1990 Q3 is the first period.3 3.7 4. Seven random samples of four whistles have been taken. Cable TV subscriptions over the past few years have been growing dramatically.7 Sample 5 3. Age Group Type of Car Driven 16 .9 4.21 22 . Can we conclude from the data that this new drug is more effective in treating acne? (Use α = 0.8 5.94.05.1 5. Are the events “Age Group” and “Type of car driven” independent? Use α = 0. What managerial decisions should be made on the basis of these findings? Sample 1 4.2 3. Use these data to construct an x chart and an R chart.05 and S4 = 0.7 4.0 Sample 2 3.05.9 3.0 4.6 4.6 Sample 3 4.9 Sample 6 5.0 4. Calculate the seasonally adjusted series for the y values in the table.2 + 4.1 4.2x2 + 5y2 + 7 subject to 4x .01) 9 . The data are shown here. The weight of each whistle has been ascertained in grams. Suppose the underlying trend series is given by the equation Tt = 161. a drug company found that 120 out of a random sample of 220 acne sufferers improved after being treated with this new preparation.1 5. S2 = 1. Source Regression Error Total Sums of Squares DF 84. A toymanufacturing company has been given a large order for small plastic whistles that will be given away by a large fastfood hamburger chain with its kid’s meal.45 46+ Sports car 10 10 12 8 Compact 10 6 6 8 Medium 12 13 20 25 Large 8 11 22 19 Q50. Complete the table. although somewhat erratically.45996 5 C D Mean Sums of Squares A B F ratio E Q47.79t. Q51.8 4. Forecast the trend values for Q1 1996 and Q3 1998.96.2y = 7 Q48. The seasonal estimates are S1 = 0.
In a random sample of 100 units from an assembly line.164. Regression Analysis . 18 were defective. yt = 1702. error tvariable value Intercept 46425. The starting salaries and Graduate Management Aptitude Test (GMAT) scores for a sample of 10 MBA’s who graduated in 1990 are analyzed and the results produced below. The first quarter of data was in Quarter 3 in 1986. Quarterly sales data for Johnson and Johnson was used to produce the following equations using (i) a time trend model. Is there a relationship between gmat and starting salaries. Test if the style. professional women prefer depends on their occupation.9 D4 y t = 209.76.9 22828.4274 B Analysis of Variance Source SS DF MS F Regressio 6758. Is the intercept coefficient significant? Test the hypothesis that the slope coefficient is greater than 26. 10 . Condition of Product Number Perfect 104 Second 38 Defective 8 Are these data consistent with the probabilities P(perfect) = 0.11 D1 + 1765.94 y t1 Forecast the estimated sales for Q3 1990 and Q4 1990 using all models.15 t y t = 1842. Q56.44 D3 + 1620.Q52.Linear model: Y = β0 + β1 x + ε Dependent variable: salary Independent variable: gmat Independent coefficient std. Use α = 0.29 D2 .221.25 + 64.29 t + 1842. (ii) and (iii) 2 different variations of seasonal dummy variables and a time trend and (iv) an autoregressive model.62 1 C E n Error 15927 8 D (a) (b) (c) (d) Complete the two tables.29 t . using α = 0. seconds or defective.The equations are as follows. Style A B C D Profession Teller 4 10 6 10 Secretary 8 10 15 7 Entrepreneur 7 17 21 15 Socialite 11 13 28 18 Q53.15 at α = 0. A company’s products are classified as perfect.8 and P(second) = 0.7 A Salaries 24.88 + 0.05? Q54. The sales for Q2 1990 were 2825.1379 41.05.11 + 61.66 D3 . Does this provide sufficient evidence at the 5% significance level to allow us to conclude that the defective rate among all units exceeds 10%? What is the pvalue? Q55.21 D4 y t = 61.81 D2 + 1677. A random sample of 150 products was classified as follows.05.
Those students who pass the test will be given 3 hours of university credit. is less than 15. Currently it is producing a particular valve for use in industrial engines. Sample Size Number not in Compliance 1 0 1 3 2 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 40 40 40 40 40 40 11 . An auctioneer of semiantique and antique Persian rugs kept records of his weekly auctions in order to determine the relationships among price.0000 Audience size 10. SSE = 6074.181 2. If 120 randomly assigned students now have taken the test versions with the results given here. Results are shown here. X 3 = 68. A large manufacturer makes valves.0002 Previous attendance 17. serve his customers better and make a higher profit for himself. age of carpet.Q57. the department wishes to develop and rotate three different versions or forms of the exam.B. with this information. error tvalue sig.051 0.479 0. A prime consideration is to have an equivalent degree of difficulty for all tests. the company engineers randomly sample seven groups of 40 valves and inspect them to determine whether they are in or out of compliance. Q58.05) to conclude that the objective of equivalent forms has been achieved? X 1 = 67.459 5.37 1. As a part of a quality control effort. Model fitting results for: price Independent variable coefficient std.6.914 0. Comment on the chart.8. (d) It is believed that the slope of the variable.0686 Analysis of Variance for the Full Regression Source SS DF MS F Pvalue Regressio 5530975 3 1843658 88. He felt that. X 2 = 65.level CONSTANT 239. For security purposes.04 1. A university mathematics department has put together an exam for students who have had calculus in high school. (e) Find the predicted value for the mean price given that the age of the carpet is 80 years.2 0.309 9.532 108.05. the audience size is 60 and the previous attendance is 5.876 2. (c) Test the hypothesis that the coefficients of the regressors (excluding the constant) are jointly significant. is it reasonable (α = . Use he information to construct a p chart.273 4.2557 0.0000 n Error 459579 22 20890 (a) Write the estimated equation.0386 Age of carpet 7. number of people attending the auction and number of times the winning bidder had previously attended his auctions. including the standard errors and R2. Use α = 0. Audience size. (b) Interpret the value of the coefficient for age of the carpets.20 (N. he could plan his auctions better. SSE = SSW) Q59. Test this hypothesis at the 5% significance level.2 n1 = n2 = n3 = 40.
82 StDev 13. the overall statistical significance of the test.01. One way Analysis of Variance Analysis of Variance Source Factor Error Total Level C1 C2 C3 C4 Df 3 61 64 N 18 15 21 11 SS 1701 11728 13429 MS 567 192 F 2.41 12. age.4 D 3 .4 .73 238.6) (915.1) (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) R2 = 0.8) (23. the sample sizes.3) (274.0) (913.000 (Be careful!!)on the clock.0000 Error 25 Total 30 Interpret the coefficient of the variable S5. average or excellent) and mileage and on whether the seller is an individual or a dealer.6 S5 (1280.58 239.33. Include the number of treatment levels. To predict the asking price of a second hand Holden.7 40 2 Q60. Analyze the results. Y = 17357.040 Mean 226.01.1) (1112.96 12 .95 P 0.16 20. data were collected on the car’s age.2 X 2 . The variables were: y = asking price ($) X1 = age (in years) X2 = mileage in thousands D3 = 1 if the condition of the car is average and 0 otherwise D4 = 1 if the condition of the car is poor and 0 otherwise S5 = 1 if the seller is a dealer and 0 if an individual. in poor condition and sold by an individual.3275.2556.29 0.59 9. in excellent condition and sold by a dealer.1131.79 232. Be careful with the conclusion. Predict the asking price for a car that’s 5 years old with 60. Test whether there is a negative relationship between the asking price and the mileage at α = 0. Test whether the model is useful for prediction at α = 0. and the values of the means.9 X1 . Test whether the coefficient of D4 is negative at α = 0. Predict the asking price for a car that’s 6 years old with 90. Q61.000 (Be careful!!)on the clock. Below is the output for a oneway ANOVA.05. the F value. condition (rated as poor.3 D 4 − 775. Interpret the coefficient of the variable.8965 Part of the Anova Table Source df Fratio Prob value Regression 5 43.
7555 d) 0.6 Rej Ho pvalue =5.069 Q4 1992 yt = 0.47 e) 34.6941.0. y = 4 (2.515 .70 Don’t Rej Ho (6.02.81 m = 4 n = 2.87 H0: attitude and occupation independent H1: not indep.169 iv) H0: β2 = 1 H1: β2 > 1 2 H0: p1 = p2 = p3 = p4 = 0.71 sp.069 Q4 1992 yt = 0.90 Rej Ho pvalue = 0.39. Q20. 1.036 Reject H0 f) H0 : β2 = 0 H1: β2 > 0 obs t = 3.618) (1.8124.Very Brief Answers to Revision Questions Semester II Q1.82 1992 GNP = 4097. Q14.011.127 b) 0. 0.33 Don’t Rej Ho pvalue =0.78.1813 0.28 Rej Ho i) Q2 1991 yt = 1. 0. Q18.67 ii) 1991 GNP = 4125.0041 x = 3.687 water heat (8. Q27.22 H1: p > 0. = β4 = 0 H1: H0 not true obs F =18.04 Ho: p = 0.14 Rej Ho p = 0.25 H1: H0 not true obs X = 51. Ho: p1 − p 2 = 0 H1: π1 − π2 ≠ 0 obs χ2 = 20. Q23.05 ii) 1991 C = 2647.heat + 1.96 obs F = 69.94 1200 70 ii) x = i) c = 1450 10 a) 1. Q16.00012 Rej H0 d) y = $82 634.0162 a) 0.573) R2 = 0.9 Centre line 0. UCL = 118.635) (0. 145.745. 48.18. Q15.0687 1. Q28. Q6.2510 c) 128.2 Don’t Rej Ho H0: p = 0. 45.58 H1: p < 0. Q4.635 Rej Ho p value = 0. 132.98 p value = 0. Q10. 0.98 iii) 2325.199 Don’t Rej Ho v) 19.58 obs Z = 2. 3) minimum x = 14.32 ii) 2461. Q3.28 1992 GNP = 4092. Q30. 0.65E–06 Ho: p = 0.0019 x=2 y = 2 i) 1991 GNP = 4020. Q8.735 Q3 1992 i) 2290.9629.1 obs Z = 1. Q9. Q5.07 1992 Ct = 2689. Q25.9 obs Z = 2. 1. 1.61 Don’t Rej Ho LCL = 117. Q13.8770 1.71 H0: p1 = p2 = p3 = p4 = 0.8730 c) 0.65. Q2.22 obs Z = 2. Q22. maximum 13 .2797 d) 41.185 Reject H0 H0: p = 0.25 H1: H0 not true obs X2 = 8.82 d) 89. y = 1 i) y = 51.0920.5) minimum x = 2.1 H1: p > 0.9 H1: p > 0.95 q2 = 100 q1 = 200 x = 6 y = 3 Ho: p2 − p1 = 0 H1: π2 − π1 ≠ 0 obs χ2 = 2. obs X2 = 6.0748. Q7.6 iii) 2461. Q29.8332.25 e) H0 : β1 = 0 H1: β1 > 0 obs t = 3.196 Don’t Rej Ho H0: proportions all equal to 1/6 H1: H0 false obs X2 = 5. Q24. 1.16 1992 Ct = 2686. Q31.265. Q19. Q17. UCL = 0. Q12.5 Rej Ho iii) Ho: model not useful H1: model useful obs t = 1.025 c) H0: β1 = β2 = .95 ii) Q2 1991 yt = 1.. Q11. y = 5 i) 1992 C = 2597. Q21.27 ii) 2324.22 Q4 1993 i) 2543. Q26. 0.
12 Y = 81. H0: age and type of car independent H1: not independent obs X2 = 9.51.4 Q4 101.64 Don’t Rej Ho Q50.45 Q49.p2 = 0 H1: p1 .76 228. Q42. 2 ) maximum Q41.528 Don’t Rej Ho Q45. Q39.27 Y = 335.0 c) and d) Q4 1990 T = 84.69 Rej Ho Q47. B = 125. LCL = 0.291 iiv) H0: β 3 = 0 H1: β3 < 0 obs t = 3. LCL = 3.304) (0. y = 5 H0: p = 0.9 Rej Ho 1 1 ( 4 .47 Q37. H0: income and church attendance independent H1: not independent obs X2 = 4. UCL = 5.76 Q2 79. x = 1.015 Rej Ho at α = .06 Rej Ho Q33.15 H1: H0 not true obs X2 = 9. Q36.77 218.1. Ho: p1 .25 p4 = 0.37 x = 1. Q35.015 H0: β1 = 0 H1: β1 ≠ 0 obs F = 6.12 1994 224.05 k = 127. Q38. H0: Distn of party preference is the same for each state H1: distn is different for a t least one state obs X2 = 29.6903 b) H0: β1 = β2 = 0 H1: H0 is not true obs F = 6. a) A = 42.47 p5 = 0.507) iii) H0: β1 = β 2 = 0 H1: at least one β ≠ 0 obs F = 7. H0: p1 = 0.37 Y = 255.8 H1: p < 0.85.09 Q3 1998 T = 319. D = 13.03 p2 = 0.10 224. c) and d) Q1 1996 T = 271.0954 B= 6. x = 21/2 y = 1/2 Q46.0.267 rain Q43.17 Rbar = 0.Q32. 26 6 14 i) 16 3 10 21 3 15 27 5 39 ii) 3 − 1 6 9 − 3 18 5 0 2 vi) 1 6 1 1 − 1 7 iii) can’t do 0 0 0 iv) 27 v) 4 2 5 20 10 25 vii) can’t do − 14 − 5 viii) 36 13 4 ix) 2 5 − 28 22 x) − 4 14 obs Z = 3.60 Q2 1991 T = 86. y = 2 Q48. Q34. UCL = 2.128 temp .48 Y = 106.242) (0.23 14 .96557. Xdbar = 4.7 Q3 85.55 (7.996.p2 ≠ 0 A = 84.291992 C = 115. l = 122 maximum a) multiplicative Σ si = 4 b) 1989 1990 Q1 75 79. a) multiplicative Σ si = 4 b) Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 1993 212. C = 9.10 p3 = 0.9. R2 = 0.445 Rej Ho v) 8.8 obs Z = 1 Don’t Rej Ho H0: p1 = 9/16 p2 = 3/16 p3 = 3/16 p4 = 1/16 H1: H0 not true obs X2 = 0.45 Don’t Rej Ho Q40.710 Rej Ho Q44.494 Don’t Rej Ho y = 33.314 .65079 D = 7 E = 6. E = 6.19083.
i) A = 2.3948 Don’t Rej Ho Q56.04.583 C = 6758.Q51. 232.8 π2 = 0.876) (1.459) (2.04 Don’t Rej Ho iv) H0: β1 = 0 H1: β1 ≠ 0 F* = 3. 238.1534 Q60.07.70 Don’t Rej Ho 2 Q53.8 Rej Ho Q54.532 + 7. F = 2.82 15 . UCL = . i) y = 239.0. H0: π = 0.040) R2 = 0.05.58. 11.92 iii) H0: β1 = β 2 = β 3 = 0 H1: at least one β ≠ 0 obs F = 88.407 Reject H0 g) H0 : β4 = 0 H1: β4 < 0 obs t = 2.54 Q58.0038 Q55.62 D = 1990.1 H1: π > 0.02.3948 iii) t* = 2. pbar = 0. p = 0.975 E = 3. H0: style and profession independent H1: not independent obs X2 = 7.309 attend (108.38 iii) 2719.95 ii) 2724.034 B = 0. 4 levels. sizes 18. a) Q3 1990 i) 2792.95.05 H1: At least one πI is different obs X = 12.38 b) Q4 1990 I) 2856. yes Q59. means = 226.945 Reject H0 Q61.15 π3 = 0.34 Q57.8 ii) 2719.60 f) H0 : β2 = 0 H1: β2 > 0 obs t = 1. H0: π = 0.67 Rej Ho p = 0. c) H0: β1 = β2 = .483 Don’t Rej Ho Q52.37 age + 10.79.5 obs Z = 1. F* = 3. LCL = 0. 21.5 H1: π > 0.. 239.12 iv) 2903.37 iv) 2865. = β5 = 0 H1: H0 not true obs F =43.12 iii) 2724.120 Rej Ho v) $1526.0000 Rej H0 y = $6802.034 significant iii) H0: β = 26H1: β > 26 obs t = 0.29 p value = 0.73.40 e) y = $6430. 15.1 obs Z = 2. obs.3 Rej Ho iv) H0: β2 = 15 H1: β2 < 15 obs t = 2. F = 1.181 size + 17. H0: π1 = 0.273) (9.
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