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S. A. Ostroumov. Studying effects of some surfactants and detergents on filter-feeding bivalves.

Hydrobiologia (June 2003), 500 (1-3), pages 341-344; D:\2011\Publications.My.Texts\3.Studying.effects.of.some.surfactants.and.detergents.on.filterfeeding.bivalves\ 3.Studying.effects.of.some.surfactants.and.detergents.on.filterfeeding.bivalves.docx

Keywords: chemical, pollution, water, quality, aquatic, ecosystem, marine, self-purification, environmental, hazards, assessment, surfactants, detergents, oysters, mussels, filter-feeders, suspension feeders, Abstract. Effects of several chemicals, synthetic surfactants and chemical mixtures, on marine bivalves were studied. An anionic surfactant, sodium dodecylsulphate (SDS), and a cationic surfactant, tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide (TDTMA), inhibited the filtering activity of marine bivalves, oysters (Crassostrea gigas). Similar effects were exhibited by some chemical mixtures that included surfactants. Those mixtures inhibited the filtering activity of Crassostrea gigas and marine mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis. The new results are in agreement with the author's previous experiments, where a number of xenobiotics and/or pollutants inhibited the filtering activity of several species of marine and freshwater bivalves, e.g., it had been shown that SDS inhibited filtering activity of marine mussels Mytilus edulis (e.g., Ostroumov, 2000c, 2001a). This experimental approach is helpful in assessment of environmental hazards from man-made chemicals that can contaminate marine systems. The importance of the findings: 1) It is the first discovery of serious environmental hazards from synthetic surfactants and chemical mixtures that contain surfactants, especially in view of the fact that filtering activity of bivalves is an important part of water self-purification and the natural mechanism for maintaining water quality; 2) It is a new evidence of serious environmental hazards from relatively mild, sublethal effects of chemical pollutants; 3) It is relevant to aquaculture and mariculture. The new data discovered a new man-made impact on aquatic systems that poses a threat to aquaculture.
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CITED BY (AN EXAMPLE): Bo Liu; Zhiming Yu; Xiuxian Song View Author Profile; Fei Yang Effects of sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate and sodium dodecyl sulfate on the Mytilus galloprovincialis biomarker system Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety (July 2010), 73 (5), p. 835-841


The effects of in vivo exposure of Mytilus galloprovincialis to two anionic surfactants (SDBS and SDS) on the molecular biomarker system were studied. After continuous exposure for 72 days, activities/levels of GST, GPx and GSH were significantly higher than in corresponding control groups following exposure to 3.000mg/L SDS and SDBS. Activities of SOD and CAT were significantly inhibited by experimental SDBS (except CAT in 0.100mg/L group), but not by SDS. Statistical analysis of enzyme activities/levels suggested that there were significant positive relationships between GST and GPx, and negative relationships were found between GSH and CAT, GSH and SOD. Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) results showed that a greater genotoxic effect was observed for SDBS than for SDS. Based on the above results, the biomarker system of mussels can be affected by the two anionic surfactants (≥3.000mg/L); it was more easily affected by SDBS than by SDS.