HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED

INDUSTRIAL TRAINING REPORT (SEMESTER V) (2010-2011) AT HCL INFO, Ballard Estate, Mumbai-400001 Andheri, Marol, Mumbai-400067 BY 1. 0803076 Salil Tembe 2. 0803203 Naman Karir 3. 0803059 Pankaj Patil 4. 0803103 Tarkeshwar Gupta 5. 0803065 Divyang Potdar 6. 0803066 Prasad Rahate

ST.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE

HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED

DIPLOMA IN ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING ST. XAVIER’S TECHNICAL INSTITUTE MAHIM, MUMBAI-400 016. INDUSTRIAL TRAINING REPORT SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF DIPLOMA IN ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING BY 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 0803076 0803203 0803059 0803103 0803065 0803066 Salil Tembe Naman Karir Pankaj Patil Tarkeshwar Gupta Divyang Potdar Prasad Rahate

YEAR 2010-2011
ST.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE

HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED

ST. XAVIER’S TECHNICAL INSTITUTE MAHIM, MUMBAI-400 016. CERTIFICATE
THIS IS TO CERTIFY THAT Mr. Salil Tembe HAS SATISFACTORLY COMPLETED THE INDUSTRIAL TRAINING AT HCL Infosystems IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE DIPLOMA IN ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING COURSE CONDUCTED BY ST. XAVIER’S TECHNICAL INSTITUTE.

GUIDE

TRAINING COORDINATOR

HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT

PRINCIPAL

YEAR 2010-2011

ST.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE

XAVIER’S TECHNICAL INSTITUTE.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . Naman Karir HAS SATISFACTORLY COMPLETED THE INDUSTRIAL TRAINING AT HCL Infosystems IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE DIPLOMA IN ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING COURSE CONDUCTED BY ST. CERTIFCATE THIS IS TO CERTIFY THAT Mr.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED ST. MUMBAI-400 016. GUIDE TRAINING COORDINATOR HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT PRINCIPAL YEAR 2010-2011 ST. XAVIER’S TECHNICAL INSTITUTE MAHIM.

CERTIFCATE THIS IS TO CERTIFY THAT Mr. PankajPatil HAS SATISFACTORLY COMPLETED THE INDUSTRIAL TRAINING AT HCL Infosystems IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE DIPLOMA IN ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING COURSE CONDUCTED BY ST. GUIDE TRAINING COORDINATOR HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT PRINCIPAL YEAR 2010-2011 ST. MUMBAI-400016.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . XAVIER’S TECHNICAL INSTITUTE MAHIM.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED ST. XAVIER’S TECHNICAL INSTITUTE.

XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . CERTIFCATE THIS IS TO CERTIFY THAT Mr. MUMBAI-400016. GUIDE TRAINING COORDINATOR HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT PRINCIPAL ________________________________ YEAR 2010-2011 ST. XAVIER’S TECHNICAL INSTITUTE. Tarkeshwar Gupta HAS SATISFACTORLY COMPLETED THE INDUSTRIAL TRAINING AT HCL Infosystems IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE DIPLOMA IN ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING COURSE CONDUCTED BY ST. XAVIER’S TECHNICAL INSTITUTE MAHIM.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED ST.

XAVIER’S TECHNICAL INSTITUTE MAHIM. XAVIER’S TECHNICAL INSTITUTE. GUIDE TRAINING COORDINATOR HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT PRINCIPAL YEAR 2010-2011 ST.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE .HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED ST. Divyang Potdar HAS SATISFACTORLY COMPLETED THE INDUSTRIAL TRAINING AT HCL Infosystems IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE DIPLOMA IN ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING COURSE CONDUCTED BY ST. MUMBAI-400 016. CERTIFCATE THIS IS TO CERTIFY THAT Mr.

Prasad Rahate HAS SATISFACTORLY COMPLETED THE INDUSTRIAL TRAINING AT HCL Infosystems IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE DIPLOMA IN ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING COURSE CONDUCTED BY ST. GUIDE TRAINING COORDINATOR HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT PRINCIPAL ST. XAVIER’S TECHNICAL INSTITUTE.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED ST.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . MUMBAI-400 016. CERTIFCATE THIS IS TO CERTIFY THAT Mr. XAVIER’S TECHNICAL INSTITUTE MAHIM.

) ST. MAROSHI.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED HCL BRANCHES SECTION 1:HCL INFOSYS. MAROL.) SECTION 2:HCL SERVICE CENTER. UDYOG BHAVAN. BALLARD ESTATE. CST (W. MILLITARY ROAD. ANDHERI (E.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . NEAR SEVENTH HILL HOSPITAL.

XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE .TATA SKY SET TOP BOX Chapter 3:.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED INDEX Section 1     Chapter 1:.Block diagram Chapter 4:.Networking Section 2     Chapter 1:.Network IP addressing and interfacing Chapter 3:.Sections of HCL services Chapter 2:.The core banking system Chapter 4:.Assembling of computers Chapter 2:.Stages in STB ST.

D Mr. Our vocational training period was very nice because in between that period we learn many things which may be very useful for our future life. But our internship was in HCLservice center (andheri[e]). This HCL service center mainly repairs tata sky set top box. We are also thanks to Mr. we are also thankful to our HOD Ms. S. Badam Kishore Kumar. ArjunMalhotra. etc. SubhashArora.Bharadwaj&Arun Kumar H started Microcomp Limited. ST. The venture provided its founders money to start a company that focused on manufacturing computers. INTRODUCTION In 1976. The focus of the company was design and manufacturing of scientific calculators.B. We understood all the processes from which the STB will get repaired. We are under the H.O. The internship period was from 15thJune – 15th July. T.S.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We would like to say very thanks to principal sir Mr. Shiv Nadar.Patani to give good response.V. S.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE .Y.Ghungrad for giving us opportunity to work in Hindustan computers limited as an employee in the internship period. The manufacturers of that STB mainly Thompson group. Ghungrad So. In the earliar HCL stands for Hindustan Computers Limited but now HCL is only one name. Kamath sir who arranged all the batches.

the processor. ASSEMBLING MEANS CONNECTING ALL THE PARTS TOGETHER PARTS OF THE COMPUTER: THE PART OF COMPUTER IS AS FOLLOWS:          PLACING MOTHERBOARD. 5. PLACE THE SMPS. and also all connections for the motherboard.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . 4. Install all the drives at the appropriate drive bays and connect the drive to the motherboard and the power supply.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED SECTION 1 Chapter 1 ASSEMBLING OF COMPUTER 1. 3. and expansion cards. is embedded and the connections of all the peripherals of the computer are connected. CRT OR LCD Motherboard:A motherboard is the soul of the computer. 6. DVD WRITER. CONNECT THE RAMP. Slid back the computer case cover on the computer case and tighten it using screws. ST. Install all the components on the motherboard including memory modules. FRONT PANNEL OF CABINET I/O DEVICES. HARD DISK. Connect the computer to the main power supply. processor. 2. PLACEING THE PROCESSOR. This is the most important entity. Install the power supply at its proper location in the computer case and connect it to the motherboard. Attach all the external devices and peripherals to the computer case and the main power supply.

It consists of:• • • • • • • • • • • • • • Processor (CPU) RAM PCI Slots AGP Slots IDE Slots (Hard disk and CD ROM) ATX Connectors (Power Supply) North Bridge South Bridge CMOS Battery PS/2 Connectors Parallel Port USB Port Serial Port LAN Port ST.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED Basically a motherboard is a PCB circuit which has the basic things required for the processing and for the applications of the computers.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE .

Motherboard frequency.e. Figures show the placing of processor.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED • • VGA Port Audio and Microphone Jack PROCESSOR: The processor is the Central Processing Unit. ST. It is a digital component.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . Its clock frequency is generally a multiple of the system frequency i.

XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . The latest RAM is DDR 3. It is Random Access Memory. INSTALLING OF DRIVE: Different types of external drives commonly found in a PC are:    HARD DISK DRIVE FLOPPY DISK DRIVE. ST. The RAM must be places in such a way that the slots get aligned with the slots on the DIMM slot on the board. Greatest the RAM size fastest is the operation. More force would probably damage it. any piece data can be accessed at a constant time. ETC. As the name suggests. regardless of its place in the physical memory. [found only in old computers] ANY OPTICAL DISK DRIVE LIKE CD-ROM DRIVE.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED PLACING OF RAM ON THE MOTHERBOARD  RAM It is a part of computer data storage (memory). The Hard disk drive must be connected in order to make the system boot. Not much force must be used if the RAM slot doesn‟t get connected properly. Check if the RAM is being inserted properly in the DIMM slots.

HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED HDDs are available in SATA. The output voltage of SMPS does not exceeds 20volts  Identify and fit the screws that are holding the power supply to the computer case. PATA. iSCSI. IDE. giving support to the power supply fit the remaining screws. It divides the power and distributes to the other peripherals. ST. This prevents the power supply from falling in the computer case. For different motherboard different types of SMPS are used with different power specifications. the best practice to fit the screws is to first fit he first few initial screws. from the back of the computer case. SATA has a faster transfer rate while the iSCSI has even more transfer rate and thus it is used in server systems. Then. As the power supply is quite heavy.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . SMPS [Switching Mode power Supply] It is the block of circuit that supplies main power to the motherboard. PATA is outdated and seldom used in modern devices. It uses 24 pins Molex connector. eSATA.

and if it is 0. 8. it is ignored. followed by 64.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED Chapter 2 Network Interfacing and IP addressing  A network interface card (NIC) is a hardware device that handles an interface to a computer network and allows a network-capable device to access that network. IPv6 is short for "Internet Protocol Version 6". it is counted as its decimal value. An IP address is a logical address that is assigned by software residing in a server or router (see DHCP). 2. left to right. If all the bits in the octet are 1. 16. If all the bits are 0. which are referred to as octets. the logical IP address is converted to a physical address by a function within the TCP/IP protocol software (see ARP). 32. and 1.  Each bit in the octet can be either a 1 or a 0. 4. Each bit in each octet is assigned a decimal value. IP Version 4 ("IPv4"). In order to locate a device in the network. The physical address is actually built into the hardware (see MAC address)  An IPv4 address is composed of four sets of 8 binary bits. The result is that IP addresses are 32 bits in length. If the value is 1. IPv6 is the "next generation" protocol designed by the IETF (The Internet Engineering Task Force) to replace the current version Internet Protocol.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . the value is 255. the value of the octet is 0. ST. The leftmost bit has a value of 128. which is  128+64+32+16+8+4+2+1.

MAC addresses are 12-digit hexadecimal numbers (48 bits in length). Class B network number values begin at 128 and end at 191.384 networks by using the first two octets for the network ID.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . Class C: Class C addresses are used in small local area networks (LANs). In class C address three bits are always set and fixed to 1 1 0.255. Class C allows for approximately 2 million networks by using the first three octets for the network ID. Class A allows for 126 networks by using the first octet for the network ID. The two bits in the first octet are always set and fixed to 1 0. which then complete network ID. They uniquely identify an adapter on a LAN.255.0.000 hosts per network. Classes of IP Addresses:Private IP Class A Class B Class C First Private IP 10. Class C network number values begin at 192 and end at 223. together with the next octet.1 Last Private IP 10. Class D and E: Classes D and E are not allocated to hosts.254 192. Class B allows for 16.254  Class A: Class A addresses are specified to networks with large number of total hosts. The remaining 6 bits. The first bit in this octet.31. Class A network number values begin at 1 and end at 127. and class E addresses are not available for general use: they are reserved for future purposes.168. The 8 bits of the last octet represent the host ID allowing for 254 hosts per one network. The 16 bits in the third and fourth octet represent host ID.0.255. And next seven bits in the octet is all set to one. Class B: Class B addresses are specified to medium to large sized of networks.255.0. complete network ID.168.1 172. And in the first three octets 21 bits complete the total network ID. Class D addresses are used for multicasting.254 172.1 192.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED   The MAC address is a unique value associated with a network adapter. MAC addresses are also known as hardware addresses or physical addresses. The 24 bits in the remaining octets represent the hosts ID.    ST. is always set and fixed to zero.0. allowing 126 networks and approximately 17 million hosts per network. allowing for approximately 65.16.

Core Banking System: The core banking system can be simplified into “basic” banking system. Andheri. While the IBM is popular for manufacturing super computers and highly efficient small business servers. Main thing to learn from these bank visits was how the backend of the banking system works. etc. are recorded and processed ST. etc. Core means basic. interest. Different devices used in bank were networked computers (connected in Star topology). If yes. Purpose of branch server: Every transaction that occurred on the networked branch computer was done on this server. Syndicate bank has around 78 branches in and around Mumbai. which had Intel Xeon server processor. Vashi. Ulhasnagar. Transactions such as cash deposit in customer account. Because of this we had a chance to travel to almost all places of Mumbai. Virar. new accounts.e. Dell manufactures blade servers which are highly efficient and they consume very less power. Over that. To understand this CBS we will go from the bottom level i. Different server manufacturers are DELL. and this system works at a very simplified level of operation. loans.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED Chapter 3 The Core Banking System One of the tasks given to us during the training period at HCL was to survey the computers located at different branches of Syndicate Bank. The kind of servers used in syndicate bank at branch level were IBM xSeries servers. Every bank branch has at least one IBM server or whatever server the Bank regional office IT section decides. scanners and all this was connected to a IBM xSeries Server. The work that was given to us was to check if the computers at the branch location were under the annual maintenance contract of HCL. IBM. This work was divided among the 9 students that were working at the Ballard Estate office of HCL. the blade server has multiple cores and can serve enormous amounts of requests. then take down the computer details and mark it down on the list. the bank branch to the Reserve bank level. Vasai. Nalasopara. etc. cash withdraw. Masjid Bunder. network printers. passbook printers.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . HP. were some of the places we had to visit for AMC. Nerul. and stick a label which marked that the computer is in AMC of HCL.

HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED on the server. we come to the Regional office. The regional office is a head office of that particular bank. because after all the data is going to be logged to the regional office.) The client computer is connected to the server by a software program called „FlexCube‟. Several clients are connected to this main server cluster. The networked computers have no real meaning in processing other than acting as client computers in a cloud. Mumbai. The branch server forwards this transaction data to the regional office. This enables the customer to deposit money at some other branch of syndicate bank. Reserve bank servers Connected to all banks Main office server Owned by bank Local storage server Backups Branch server Owned by bank Branch Server Owned by bank Branch server Owned by bank Such a type of computing environment is found at almost every Syndicate bank or any other bank which has implemented the CBS. The main office has several servers. while the server has a flexcube server process running. Cuff Parade. That is why you can have access to your bank account anywhere in Mumbai or outside belonging to a particular bank. ST. The client computer uses the flexcube client software. The regional office has a database of all the transactions that occur in its branches. For syndicate bank. (Cloud is a computing environment where clients have very little processing power and most of the processing is done remotely on the server. This office maintains every record of the transaction that has occurred in any of its branches. Every bank branch is connected to this regional office by means of a leased internet connection. Every transaction is carried out by means of this software. As we move on upwards. All the transactions that occur in the syndicate bank branches are recorded and logged at the main office servers. Flexcube is a very popular software and it is used almost every bank where a CBS architecture is used. it is located in Maker Tower. A cloud is becoming a very popular architecture in business computing.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . As the transaction occurs in any of the bank branch it is logged on the branch server.

The reserve bank servers are large in quantity. ST. Such a system is also helpful in efficient internet banking system. much more than the main bank office servers. The transfer of the bank transactions that occurred in its bank branches is initiated. Every transaction is sent to the reserve bank server. etc. SBI. after the bank shuts down. Saraswat bank. we see that there are several back up servers. Tens of servers all used to record and log the transaction of every bank in the nation. We now reach the topmost level of the CBS. This prevents interrupts in the bank transaction and normal operation. the Main office server initiates a transfer. At night. These servers are partially responsible for determining the economic strength of the nation. Such an architecture of is commonly used for different banks such as Cosmos bank. Nothing much about it is known.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . We find the Reserve bank servers. ICICI. These backup servers are found at regional office which takes daily backups of all the data logged into the servers.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED As we move upwards.

FEATURES OF NETWORKING:-        Fast Speed. Resource Sharing. fundamentally. Centralized Software Management. Workgroup Computing. Security. Any machine capable of communicating on the network is a device or node. Low Cost. ST. A computer network is a collection of interconnected autonomous computers.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED Chapter 4 NETWORKING A network is. Electronic Mail.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . a system of senders and receivers.

b) Distributed computing model :Distributed computing is a field of computer science that studies distributed MODEL 2. for example. A computer program that runs in a distributed system is called a distributed program. A distributed system consists of multiple autonomous computers that communicate through a computer network. school. The computer itself may control all the peripherals directly (if they are physically connected to the central computer). though sometimes one building will contain a few small LANs (perhaps one per room). BASED ON TOPOLOGIES 4. In TCP/IP networking. and occasionally a LAN will span a group of nearby buildings. BASED ON SERVER CENTRIC  BASED ON COMPUTING MODEL a) Centralized computing model :-Centralized computing is computing done at a central location. and distributed programming is the process of writing such programs. or they may be attached via a terminal server.Local Area Network A LAN connects network devices over a relatively short distance. using terminals that are attached to a central computer.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED TYPES OF NETWORK:1. if the terminals have the capability. The terminals may be text terminals or thin clients. ST. they may be able to connect to the central computer over the network.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . Alternatively. The computers interact with each other in order to achieve a common goal. LAN . BASED ON GEO-GRAPHICAL AREA systems. A networked office building. b) Collaborative computing model :Collaborative computing is a fertile melange of technologies and techniques which facilitate people working together via computer-assisted means. or home usually contains a single LAN. BASED ON COMPUTING CONDITION 3. a LAN is often but not always implemented as a single IP subnet.

Signals are transmitted from a sending computer through the hub to all computers.links high-performance computers with high-speed connections in a cluster configuration. In IP networking. A WAN is a geographically-dispersed collection of LANs. a WAN spans a large physical distance. Also known as Cluster Area Network.Wide Area Network As the term implies.  System Area Network . such as on a university or local business campus.  Campus Area Network . In this the RJ 45 connector are use.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED WAN .  Storage Area Network .a network spanning a physical area larger than a LAN but smaller than a WAN. Offers centralized resources and management. Network topologies: a) Star :Computers are connected by cable segments to a centralized component.connects servers to data storage devices through a technology like Fibre Channel.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . spanning the Earth. called a hub.a network spanning multiple LANs but smaller than a MAN. such as a city. the router maintains both a LAN address and a WAN address. A network device called a routerconnects LANs to a WAN. ST. The Internet is the largest WAN.  Metropolitan Area Network . A MAN is typically owned an operated by a single entity such as a government body or large corporation.

Communication controlled by each device on network. It is connected by fiber optic cable. devices form a ring. no terminated ends. Message pass around the ring.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED Bus :Single cable acts as backbone to link all devices in the network.. Also sharing of work is possible . ST. It isconnected by co-axial cable . b) Ring :In this. but it share the work in loop only .Single loop of cable.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . No central controller.

Examples: Windows for Workgroups ST. All above topologies are connected then it is called as hybrid-mesh. In this also sharing of work is possible . It is simple logical but complex physical topology. PEER TO PEER NETWORK Allow users to share resources and files located on their computers and to access shared resources found on other computers. Example.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED c) Mesh :In this . Hybrid-mesh :It is nothing but collection or group of two or more than two topologies. Based on server centric 1. every device has dedicated point to point link to every other device. Group of bus and star topology .XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . All computers are considered equal. Means anyone can share work with other.

The file servers become the heart of the system. CLIENT/SERVER NETWORK Allow the network to centralize functions and applications in one or more dedicated file servers.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . Examples: Windows 2000 Server.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED 2. ST.

XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . ST. These STB's(set-up boxes) come from the entire country & they are about 200-300 or more STB's a week from around India. We worked in Tata sky department of HCL during one month of industrial training.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED SECTION 2 Chapter 1 HCL SERVICE CENTER (Andheri) Set-up box is manufactured by THOMPSONS-marketed by Tata-Sky & serviced and repaired by HCL.

ST.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED Chapter 2 TATA SKY Set Top Box TATA SKY Set Top Box mainly classified in twotypes as follows 1]MPEG-4 2] MPEG-2 MPEG-2 is sub-grouped into 2 types A] Surya b] Saturn MPEG-4 is quite advantageous rather than MPEG-2 because MPEG-4 has storing capability up to certain limit. And outer look of MPEG-4 is also attractive than MPEG-2.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE .

XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE .HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED Chapter 3 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF STB THE SECTIONS OF STB:  POWER SUPPLY UNIT:-Power supply section is an external adapter to supply +12v dc to PCB. The DS340 unit has single chip processor STi5202 which has an internal video DAC that directly creates composite video waveforms.k1. KEYPAD SECTION:-keypad section consist of connector JX101 with corresponding keyboard matrix line k0. SIGNAL SECTION: .k2. AUDIO AND VIDIO SECTION:-Audio section must be amplified by U101 and tune to a channel with known signal.k3   ST.The RF SIGNAL is feed from the F-connectors and amplified by UZ181and demodulated by UF117.

XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . 6.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED IMPORTANT PARTS IN STB 1. ST. 8. 4. 5. 3. REGULATORS IC FLASH SDRAM MAIN IC (STi5202) AUDIO IC VIDIO IC SMART CARD SLOT Internal Circuit of a Set-Top Box. 7. 2. POWER IC‟S7.

• Punching of STB • Repairing of the STB.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED Chapter 4 STAGES IN STB The STB passed through following process:• • • • • Cleaning Process QMC Process Repairing Process Soaking Process Final Checking Process THE FLOWCHART OF STB PROCESSES • Cleaning of the STB. After going through this all processes the STB will get finally dispatch for sale. • Soaking process. • Quality check • Panel changing. • Final check. ST.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE .

3) Unscrewed and screws of MPEG-2 and MPEG-4 are separated. 2) MPEG-2 (Saturn. 5) Then finally cleaning is started.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED 1. 4) With the help of a tweezers the card reader slot is opened. In cleaning section we have to clean STB with IPA. CLEANING PROCESS Cleaning takes place in the following manner:1) Boxes are opened are removed from the bubble bag. Surya) & MPEG-4 are separately stacked.  Theses are some cleaning products by which the STB mismarks are clean. Colin and cloths. Physical damage and liquid damage should be checked. After cleaning process all the STB goes towards QMC process for various checkpoints. ST.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . We also have to check the cosmetic as per Tata Sky Visual criteria.

QC PROCESS As per STB comes from cleaning process. Check for power on self test. Check audio with both ports. Check signal quality and signal strength. Check the cosmetic as per Tata Sky Visual Criteria. STB goes for repairing process ST. we checked the query of STB and identify the fault for it. Check for rust on broad and connector.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . Checking for rust on connectors. The following checkpoints should be checked         Check for Digicard detecting.  After going from QC process.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED 2. Check the latest software version.

HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED 3. REPAIRING PROCESS These are some normally occurring problems in STB     Repairing of DEAD UNIT Repairing of NO SIGNAL Repairing of NO SIGNAL(Audio) Repairing of Smart Card fault Some major problems can be occurs in STB are as follows  Satellite Link problem In repairing section mainly two types of STB comes for repairing i. SURYA and MPEG-4 because production of SATURN is stopped by Tata Sky Set Top Box.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . ST.e.

IV. If the problem is not found in audio cable then problem must be within Ic U6. REPARING OF DEAD UNIT Whenever STB get dead. II. STB goes for soaking process and if any fault found in soaking. REPARING OF NO AUDIO In no audio signal problem must be within Audio cable. Excluding this frequency can‟t be link by receiver at earth station. If there are no visual defaults problem must be within Ic U1. The firstly we checked for 12v at power adaptor voltage and if problem is not there in supply then problem must be within capacitor C403 and C404. again it comes for repairing process. REPARING OF SMART CARD FAULT In smart card fault connectors J1 and J6 must be damaged or pushed. problem must be within power supply section of STB.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED I. ST. REPAIRING OF NO SIGNAL The problem for no signal must be within signal cable and excluding this the frequency must be within 9750MHz-10600. After repairing process.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . III.

SOAKING PROCESS In this process STB are set for soaking process for more than 4 hours. forward the STB to final testing process. In this process we checked for following stages:    Video freezing Audio distortion Keypad section Signal strength and signal quality checking If this test fails. ST.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . then forward the product to pervious repair stages. This is final checking before STB get dispatch from service center.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED 4. If this test passes.

FINAL TESTING PROCESS This is the final process before dispatchingSTB. Tata sky sell this STB as new one and this recycling process goes on. and Nds.HINDUSTAN COMPUTERS LIMITED 5. STB get dispatch from service center of STB. The checkpoints for the final testing process is as follows      Check serial no. ST.XAVIERS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE . No Panel changing Checking of audio section Checking of video section Checking of keypad section After this process.

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