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# Code No.

M0103

Set No. 1

**IV B.Tech. I Semester Supplementary Examinations, March 2010
**

REMOTE SENSING AND GIS APPLICATIONS (Civil Engineering) Max Marks: 80 Answer any Five Questions All Questions carry equal marks ******* 1. (a) Briefly explain the requirements of aerial photographs for stereoscopic viewing. (b) Describe the procedure for parallax measurements for height. 2. Describe the physical processes involved and parameters derived in (a) Visible (b) Thermal (c) Microwave (d) Short wave infrared parts of electromagnetic spectrum. 3. Explain in detail the basic elements of image interpretation. 4. (a) Explain spatial and non-spatial data with suitable example. (b) Explain any 4 components of GIS. 5. (a) Explain advantages of Raster GIS. (b) Explain disadvantages of Vector GIS. 6. Explain buffering, intersection, overlay and clip operations in GIS. 7. Explain various levels of landuse / landcover classification. 8. Describe any 8 watershed characteristics in detail.

Time: 3 Hours

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Code No. M0103

Set No.2

**IV B.Tech. I Semester Supplementary Examinations, March 2010
**

REMOTE SENSING AND GIS APPLICATIONS (Civil Engineering) Max Marks: 80 Answer any Five Questions All Questions carry equal marks *******

Time: 3 Hours

1. (a) What are the major advantages of digital images over traditional hard copy images? (b) Describe the procedure for parallax measurements for height. 2. Explain the following (a) Energy interactions with earth surface features. (b) Spatial resolution and spectral resolution. 3. What are the basic elements of interpretation for terrain evaluation? 4. Describe categories of GIS. 5. Explain data collection, data input, data analysis and data output modules in GIS. 6. Explain different methods of vector data storage. 7. (a) Describe any 2 surface water body mapping methods. (b) Describe any 2 drought indices in detail. 8. Describe any 8 drainage morphometric parameters in detail.

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Code No. M0103

Set No. 3

**IV B.Tech. I Semester Supplementary Examinations, March 2010
**

REMOTE SENSING AND GIS APPLICATIONS (Civil Engineering) Max Marks: 80 Answer any Five Questions All Questions carry equal marks ******* 1. (a) Describe the procedure for parallax measurements for height. (b) Explain different types of aerial photographs. 2. Explain these earth resource satellites (a) Indian Remote Sensing satellite (RESOURCESAT) – P6 (b) NOAA 3. List various image enhancement techniques and explain each in detail. 4. (a) What are the components of GIS. (b) Describe any 8 fundamental operations of GIS. 5. Describe with neat sketch describe raster and vector data representation. 6. Describe Visual Analysis Methods (VAM). 7. Write a neat flow chart diagram explain the methodology in flood impact assessment and monitoring using RS & GIS techniques. 8. Explain how Remote Sensing & GIS techniques are used in reservoir sedimentation.

Time: 3 Hours

1 of 1

Code No. M0103

Set No. 4

**IV B.Tech. I Semester Supplementary Examinations, March 2010
**

REMOTE SENSING AND GIS APPLICATIONS (Civil Engineering) Max Marks: 80 Answer any Five Questions All Questions carry equal marks ******* 1. (a) List various photogrammetric activities describe any one in detail. (b) Explain how aerial photographs are used in stereoscopy. 2. Explain the following (a) Radiometric resolution and temporal resolution. (b) Energy interactions in the atmosphere 3. (a) Explain the basic character of digital image (c) Write a note on geometric correction methods 4. (a) What are the components of GIS (b) Describe any 8 fundamental operations of GIS 5. Discuss various types of Raster GIS models 6. Explain the following advanced tools of GIS analysis along with suitable examples (a) Network Analysis (b) Terrain Analysis (c) Spatial Operation (d) Proximity Analysis 7. Write a neat flow chart diagram explain the methodology in drought impact assessment and monitoring using RS & GIS techniques 8. Explain how Remote Sensing & GIS techniques are used in identification of sites for artificial recharge structures for ground water development

Time: 3 Hours

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Code No: M0202/R05

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, March 2010 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. Compare Ybus and Zbus along with applications? Explain why Ybus is more popularly used in CMPS? [16] 2. Derive expression for a partial network adding a link to form Zbus . [16]

3. Explain the Algorithm of GS method for load ﬂow solution. Also discuss the eﬀect of acceleration factor on the same method. [16] 4. (a) Explain physically justiﬁable assumptions and additional assumptions utilized in FDLF. (b) Explain how computational burden can be reduced drastically of ∆V correction variable is replaced by (∆V/V) in N-R Polar form. [8+8] 5. (a) Prove that Zpu(new) = Zpu(old) ×

(M V A)Base(new) (M V A)Base(old)

×

(KVLL )2 Base old (KVLL )2 Base old

(b) Obtain pu impedance diagram of the power system of ﬁgure 5. Choose base quantities as 15 MVA and 33 KV. Generator: 30 MVA, 10.5 KV, X = 1.6 ohms. Transformers T1 & T2 : 15 MVA, 33/11 KV, X = 15 ohms referred to HV Transmission line: 20 ohms / phase Load: 40 MW, 6.6 KV, 0.85 lagging p.f. [4+12]

Figure 5 6. Draw zero sequence network for the system shown in ﬁgure 6. [16]

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when a fault occurs which reduces delivered power to 0. (b) A generator having H = 6 MJ / MVA through a reactive network.0 pu power at 0.8 pf lag to an inﬁnite bus as shown in ﬁgure 7.6 pu. (a) Determine steady state stability limit. The generator is delivering power of 1.1 secs ﬁnd the rotor angle at the end of this time interval. 1 Figure 6 7. Determine angular acceleration of the generator with respect to motor. Inertia constant of the generator is 2. A 50 Hz generator delivers 1. (a) State and justify the assumptions made in deriving swing equation.0 pu to the motor.Code No: M0202/R05 Set No.5 MJ / MVA. [16] Figure 7 8. [6+10] 2 of 2 . (b) If load increases by 2% what is the acceleration power (c) If acceleration power in (ii) is constant for 0.

2 IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. For the given network shown in ﬁgure 1d connections form: (a) Graph (b) Tree (c) Co-tree (d) Cut-set.2 2-4 (4) 0.5 Mutual Bus code Impedence 1-2 (1) 0.Code No: M0202/R05 Set No. The system has an oﬀ nominal tap ratio transformer between buses 3 and 5 as shown in ﬁgure 3 if the transformer outage takes place.2 2-4 0. how are the YBU S elements are modiﬁed. [16] Figure 1d 2.1 3. form the Zbus using removal of element formulae (take bus 4 as reference): [16] Element 1 2 3 4 5 6 Self Bus code Impedance 1-2 0. [16] 1 of 3 . The YBus of a 5-bus system is (5×5)matrix.4 1-3 0.5 2-4 0. March 2010 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. Form the Zbus for the given network connections and remove the element-2.6 1-2 0.4 3-4 0.

5 KV.6 KV. (b) Explain point by point method of determine swing curve. Generator: 30 MVA. [6+10] [16] 2 of 3 . X = 15 ohms referred to HV Transmission line: 20 ohms / phase Load: 40 MW. [4+12] Figure 5 6. 2 Figure 3 4. 8. Choose base quantities as 15 MVA and 33 KV. [16] 5. B = 20 + j140. Draw negative and zero sequence networks for the system shown in ﬁgure 6.016. (a) What are the assumptions made in deriving swing equation. 33/11 KV.6 ohms. Transformers T1 & T2 : 15 MVA. 10. Explain step-by-step algorithm of N-R (Polar form) algorithm including P-V buses. X = 1. 0.85 lagging p. Find steady state stability limit if |VS | = |VR | = 220KV (b) Deﬁne “synchronizing coeﬃcient”. (a) A transmission line has generalized circuit constants A = 0. [16] Figure 6 7. 6.93 + j0.Code No: M0202/R05 Set No. (a) Prove that Zpu(new) = Zpu(old) × (M V A)Base(new) (M V A)Base(old) × (KVLL )2 Base old (KVLL )2 Base old (b) Obtain pu impedance diagram of the power system of ﬁgure 5.f.

2 3 of 3 .Code No: M0202/R05 Set No.

[16] 5. Form Ybus for the network by direct inspection method: Element E-A E-B A-B B-C A-D C-F D-F Positive sequence reactance 0.2 [16] 2-4 (4) 0. an component is given by zab zac zbb zbc with Zab = Zba .4 3-4 0.2 2-4 0.04 0.4 1-3 0.Code No: M0202/R05 Set No.1 3.05 0. 3 IV B. [16] 4. (a) Impedance of zaa Z abc = zba zca 012 Find Z . 1 of 2 .04 0. Element 1 2 3 4 5 6 Self Buscode Impedance 1-2 0. (a) Justify the assumption that load currents and line charging currents are negligible in short circuit analysis.02 0. Connected between two buses. Zac = Zca .5 Mutual Buscode Impedence 1-2 (1) 0.07 0.10 [16] 2. Derive N-R (Polar form) equations and N-R (Rectangular form) equations and explain diﬀerence between these methods. March 2010 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. (b) What is short circuit capacity and derive an expression for SCcapacity?[10+6] 6. zcb zcc (b) Power in a 3 phase circuit Pabc is expressed in symmetrical components P012 .6 1-2 0. [8+8] Show that Pabc = P012 .5 2-4 0.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. Explain clearly how the nodal admittance matrix of a system is changed when an on-load tap changing transformer is introduced in a line. Form the Zbus for the given network connections (take bus 1 as reference).03 0. Zbc = Zcb .

0. (b) Explain point by point method of determine swing curve. 3 (b) Two turbo alternators with ratings given below are connected via a short line. [6+10] 2 of 2 .85 pf lag. (a) What are the assumptions made in deriving swing equation. 60 MW. 80 MW. moment of inertia 10. 50 Hz. 0. Machine 1: 4 pole.000 kg-m2 . [16] 8. (a) Deﬁne steady state stability. 000 kg-m2 Machine 2: 2 pole.8 pf lag.Code No: M0202/R05 7. moment of inertia 30. 50 Hz. Set No. Calculate the inertia constant of single equivalent machine on a base of 200 MVA.

u impedance of a 3 phase transformer referred to LV is xT .[4+6+6] 6. 4 IV B.18) j0. given Base KVLL and Base MVA3−φ (b) P.006 2-3 (0. (b) For the power system shown in ﬁgure 4b compute [B ] and [B ] matrices.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations.u) Half line charging admittance (P. Show that abc = 012 . Explain the treatment of PV buses in Gauss-Seidel load ﬂow method. [6+10] Bus code Impedances (P.u) 1-2 (0. Prove Ybus =At [y]A using singular transformation.Code No: M0202/R05 Set No.12) j0. What is the eﬀect of Q-limit enforcement on rate of convergence of the method? [16] 4. (a) Explain FDLF method with importance of [B ] and [B ] matrices. [16] [16] 3.005 1-3 (0.04+j0. March 2010 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1.06) j0.005 Figure 4b 5. Find pu impedance referred to HV side. (a) Pabc is 3 phase power in a circuit and P012 is power in the same circuit in terms of symmetrical components.02+j0. (c) P. 1 of 2 . What is its pu impedance on Base KVLL (new) and Base MVA3−φ (new). Derive expression for a partial network adding a link to form Zbus . (a) Derive an expression for Base impedance. 2.06+j0.u impedance of an element is Zpu on a given Base KVLL and Base MVA3−φ .

0 pu is connected at bus 3. Ic = -3 .j5 Amp. phase sequence is abc. Determine the sequence components of currents. [16] Figure 7 8. [8+8] 7. 4 (b) The line currents in a 3 phase supply to an un balanced load are respectively Ia = 10 + j20. [8+8] 2 of 2 .Code No: M0202/R05 Set No.j10. (b) Explain methods of improving transient stability. Determine steady state stability limit with and without capacitive reactance assuming internal voltages of generator and motor to be 1.0 pu respectively.1 pu and 1. In the system shown in ﬁgure 7 a capacitive reactance of 1. (a) Explain point by point method of solving swing equation. Ib = 12 .

polygon. A rectangle of size 25 mm X 40 mm. [16] 3. Calculate the transformed (rotation of 300 ) coordinates of the following. ﬁllet / chamfer. (b) Describe the advantages of NC manufacturing. (a) How would you classify software? (b) What are the automation achievements for the four types of production. rectangle. [16] 2.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. (a) Distinguish between NC tooling and conventional tooling. Circle / ellipse. All dimensions are in mm.Code No: N0302/R05 Set No. March 2010 CAD-CAM ( Common to Mechanical Engineering. Metallurgy & Material Technology. What are the limitations in utilizing the sweep method for geometric construction? [16] 4. [8+8] 6. [16] 5. Develop the form code of the Optiz system for the parts shown in ﬁgure 6 ﬁgure 6a. mirror. point. Explain the following facilities in Autodesk inventor with an example Line / spline. arc. 1 IV B. [8+8] Figure 6 (a) Part drawing 1 of 2 . Production Engineering and Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. hole center.

[16] 8. What are the inputs required for MRP? Explain them. 1 Figure 6a (b) Part drawing 7. [16] 2 of 2 . Why are not the JIT concepts implemented in Indian and Western foreign Industries? Explain.Code No: N0302/R05 Set No.

(b) Estimate the requirement of all items required to produce 200 units of X. B and C. (a) What is the structure of a computing system? (b) What do you understand by the CPU? [16] 2. 100 units of B. Production Engineering and Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. Subassembly A consists of 3 units of D. but its origin passes through a point (Xc Yc ) Obtain the necessary transformation matrix in 2 dimensions. How do you reduce the inter-cellular movement among Machine cells? [16] 7. determine the net requirement of all items to produce 200 units of X. Component D requires 2 units of J and 1 unit of K.Code No: N0302/R05 Set No. 150 units of D and 200 units of J already available in inventory. How do you model an object. March 2010 CAD-CAM ( Common to Mechanical Engineering. which is irregular. [16] 8. Compare the JIT production system and Conventional system with respect to the following: (a) Quality control and Inspection and (b) WIP inventory. Metallurgy & Material Technology. 1unit of G and 3 units of H are needed. To make B. 4 units of E and one unit of F.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. [16] 3. 2 IV B. [8+8] 1 of 1 . How do you plan for a drawing in AutoCAD. as the blade of a propeller type windmill? [16] 4. (c) If there are 50 units of A. How do they diﬀer from traditional manufacturing? [16] 6. Subassembly C requires 2 units of J and 3 units of F. Explain the various stages involved in NC manufacturing. [16] 5. (a) Construct the product structure tree for the ﬁnished product. An object is to be rotated about an axis parallel to X axis. A ﬁnished product X is assembled from 3 subassemblies: A.

Explain the relative advantages of the methods. determine how many of each product will be made by the cell (b) What is the utilization of each machine in the cell? Part A B C D E Operation time (min) Machine 1 Machine 2 Machine 3 4 15 10 15 18 7 26 20 15 15 20 10 8 16 10 [16] 1 of 2 . March 2010 CAD-CAM ( Common to Mechanical Engineering.Code No: N0302/R05 Set No. The cell is set up to produce a family of ﬁve parts (A. D. 3 IV B. (a) If 35 hrs /week are worked. What are the types of surfaces that CAD/CAM systems use? 4. (a) Explain the working of BTR type of interface used in DNC? (b) What are the diﬀerences between CNC and DNC? [8+8] [16] [16] 6. A GT machine cell contains three machines Machine 1 feeds machine 2. Brieﬂy explain the various categories of manufacturing activities. 5. The operation times for each part at each machine are given in the table below. respectively. Production Engineering and Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. which is the key machine in the cell. Explain the basic principle of (a) the DDA algorithm and (b) Bresenham’s algorithm for the linear interpolation for graphics terminals (No derivation of the relations). and E). Write down the advantages to be gained by the adoption of CAM. C. Metallurgy & Material Technology. [16] 3. B. (a) Why does circle trimming follow the counterclockwise rule? (b) Give some examples where the layering concept is useful. Machine 2 feeds machine 3. The products are to be produced in the ratios 4 : 3 : 2 : 2 : 1.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. What are the advantages to be gained by the adoption of CAD? [16] 2.

[16] 8.Code No: N0302/R05 Set No. Explain the relative advantages and disadvantages of various layouts of FMS. How does Lean Manufacturing make a mass production system ﬂexible? 2 of 2 . 3 [16] 7.

The From-To data for the parts processed by the machines are shown in the Table below. (b) Construct the ﬂow diagram for the data. Production Engineering and Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. in the total manufacturing scene? [16] 4.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. (c) Compute the percentage of in-sequence moves and the percentage of backtracking moves in the solution. radial and angular dimensioning in AutoCAD with a neat sketch. [16] 3. (a) Describe the functioning of a central processing unit with the aid of block diagram. diameteral. showing where and how many parts enter and exit the system. What do we expect a geometric modeling system to accomplish. March 2010 CAD-CAM ( Common to Mechanical Engineering. (d) Develop a feasible layout plan for the cell. Brieﬂy explain the various graphic transformations required for manipulating the geometric information. Explain linear. (a) In what way is the structure of NC machine tools diﬀerent from conventional machine tools? Why? (b) List the types of drives used for stepless control of NC machine tool spindles. Metallurgy & Material Technology. 4 IV B. in a broad sense. (a) Determine the most logical sequence of machines for this data using Hollier Method .Code No: N0302/R05 Set No. (b) What is the importance of a CPU in a computing system? (c) How do you distinguish between a CPU and a microprocessor? [16] 2. [8+8] 6. [16] 5. From 1 2 3 4 To 1 2 3 4 0 10 0 40 0 0 0 0 50 0 0 20 0 50 0 0 [16] 1 of 2 . Four machines used to produce a family of parts are to be arranged into a GT cell.

Code No: N0302/R05 Set No. What is meant by Kaizen? How is it implemented? 2 of 2 . How does FMS diﬀer from conventional manufacturing system? What is meant by ‘ﬂexibility’ in manufacturing system? [16] 8. 4 [16] 7.

[8+8] 3. Derive the expression for the relationship between material dispersion and wavelength of the optical ﬁber with suitable examples. (a) Deﬁne equilibrium numerical aperture. (a) Discuss in detail various modes of propagation in an optical ﬁber. (c) Calculate the power coupled from the source speciﬁed above into a parabolic index graded-index ﬁber of 50µm diameter with n1 =1. Calculate the quantum eﬃciency and the output photo current from the device if the responsivity due to primary photo detection is 0. [3+8+5] 6. (b) FWHM power spectral width LED‘s become wider at longer wavelengths.32 µm. March 2010 OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1.Sr at 100mA drive current is coupled into a step index ﬁber of 50µm radius and of 0. 1 IV B. (b) An LED with circular emission region of diameter 200 µm and an axial radiance of 100 W / cm2 .6 A/W when 1011 photons per second are incident on the device.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. [16] 4. (a) Deﬁne responsivity of an APD. Compute the % diﬀerence in coupled power if the radius of the ﬁber is halved. (a) Discuss on light source materials. List out the drawbacks of a Germanium APD for use in digital ﬁber optic links.485 and ∆ = 0. (a) Explain what is meant by the critical bending radius for an optical ﬁber.5 nm and a peak wavelength of 1. Compute the power coupled into this step index ﬁber. Use the necessary physical 1 of 2 . (b) An APD with a multiplication factor of 20 operates at a wavelength of 1550 nm. Estimate the beat length within the ﬁber and comment on the result. (b) A single mode ﬁber maintains birefringent coherence over a length of 100 km when it is illuminated with an injection laser source with a spectral line width of 1.22 numerical aperture. (b) Light traveling in air strikes glass at an angle of θ1 = 330 where θ1 is measured between incoming ray and glass surface.Code No: N0402/R05 Set No. [8+8] 5. what is the refractive index of glass? What is the critical angle of the glass? [8+8] 2. Part of beam is reﬂected and part is refracted. Justify this statement. If the refracted and reﬂected beam make an angle of 900 with each other.01.

Mention the conditions for attenuation measurement.8Km ﬁber is 10mW at 850nm wavelength. Compute the attenuation (dB/Km) in the optical ﬁber at 850nm wavelength. Set No. 1 [8+8] 7.602 × 10−19 C Planck’s constant =6. (a) List and describe all the system considerations for selection of components in the design of a ﬁber optic link. [8+8] 8.Code No: N0402/R05 constants listed.6256 × 10−34 J-S. (c) Optical power output of a 2. The optical power measured when the ﬁber is cut oﬀ to 20m is 128mW. Speed of light in vacuum =3 × 108 m/s Electron charge =1. (b) Describe a procedure to carryout the power budget analysis of a ﬁber optic link. (b) Discuss the merits and drawbacks of cut back method of measurement of attenuation. [4+4+8] 2 of 2 . (a) Explain how mode ﬁlling during launching of optical power into a ﬁber eﬀects attenuation in a Fiber.

Code No: N0402/R05 Set No.22 numerical aperture. Mention the advantages of this laser.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. (a) Deﬁne equilibrium numerical aperture. March 2010 OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. (b) Determine the cut oﬀ wavelength for a step index ﬁber to suppart single mode operation when the core refractive index and core radius are 1. (c) Calculate the power coupled from the source speciﬁed above into a parabolic index graded-index ﬁber of 50µm diameter with n1 =1. laser with spectral half width δλ = 1nm is used as light source and an input signal (bit) duration ∆t1 = 1ns is introduced at the entrance end of the ﬁber. (b) What is mode coupling? Give the eﬀect of mode coupling on dispersion in graded index ﬁbers. (b) An LED with circular emission region of diameter 200 µm and an axial radiance of 100 W / cm2 . 2 IV B. (b) Write short notes on “Hetero junction structures”. Calculate: i. (a) What are macro bending losses and micro bending losses? Explain with suitable diagrams. Compute the power coupled into this step index ﬁber. 5. (a) What is a strip laser? Explain its function. [8+8] 4.01.25%. [8+8] 2. [3+8+5] 6. Compute the % diﬀerence in coupled power if the radius of the ﬁber is halved. (a) List out and elaborate the desirable features of a photo detector to be suitable for a ﬁber optic receiver.485 and ∆ = 0. (a) Draw the block diagram of an optical transmission link and explain the function of each element. The bandwidth length product of that ﬁber. [8+8] 1 of 2 . The percentage of output bit duration and ii. [8+8] 3. (a) A given ﬁber has dispersion parameter D = 20 ps nm−1 Km −1 and length L = 10 Km.Sr at 100mA drive current is coupled into a step index ﬁber of 50µm radius and of 0.46 and 4 µm respectively with the relative index diﬀerence being 0. (b) Discuss the applications of optical ﬁber system.

8Km ﬁber is 10mW at 850nm wavelength. (a) Analyse the conditions for a ﬁber optic link to be categorized as dispersion limited.08ns/nm-Km. Calculate the system rise time if there is no mode mixing in the 7Km length of the ﬁber such that mode mixing factor. (c) Optical power output of a 2. (a) Explain how mode ﬁlling during launching of optical power into a ﬁber eﬀects attenuation in a Fiber. [8+8] 7. Compute the attenuation (dB/Km) in the optical ﬁber at 850nm wavelength. [8+8] 8.Code No: N0402/R05 Set No. Dmat is given as 0. q = 1. (b) A 90 Mbps NRZ Data transmission system uses a GaAlAs laser diode having 2nm spectral width. [4+4+8] 2 of 2 . (b) Discuss the merits and drawbacks of cut back method of measurement of attenuation. 2 (b) Using necessary equations describe photo current generation and carrier multiplication processes in an Avalanche Photo Diode detector. Mention the conditions for attenuation measurement. The rise times of source with its drive circuitry and detector along with associated receiver electronics are 12ns and 15ns respectively. The optical power measured when the ﬁber is cut oﬀ to 20m is 128mW. Material dispersion factor. The transmission distance is 7 Km over a graded -index ﬁber having 800 MHz-Km bandwidth-distance product.

[8+8] 2.1 ps m−2 km−1 . (a) Deﬁne equilibrium numerical aperture. ’quantum eﬃciency’ and ’responsivity’ signify the same properties of a detector diode.25 µm and 1.55 µm are 12 ps nm−1 km−1 and 0.3 ps nm−1 km−1 respectively.485 and ∆ = 0. (b) Discuss the modulation capability of LASER diode. (a) Reason out if the two parameters. Compute the power coupled into this step index ﬁber.55 µm. Determine the wave guide dispersion at this wavelength.Sr at 100mA drive current is coupled into a step index ﬁber of 50µm radius and of 0. (b) A single mode ﬁber has a beat length in the range 7cm to 1m. Calculate the bandwidth and maximum bit rate that may be obtained on a 10 Km repeaterless link assuming that there is only polarization mode dispersion. 1 of 2 [8+8] .Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. 3 IV B. (c) Calculate the power coupled from the source speciﬁed above into a parabolic index graded-index ﬁber of 50µm diameter with n1 =1. March 2010 OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. What range of propagation constant diﬀerence does this correspond to for an operating wavelength of 1500 nm? [8+8] 3. [8+8] 4. Compare the total ﬁrst order dispersion for the ﬁber at the wavelengths 1.22 numerical aperture. [3+8+5] 6. Compare them.Code No: N0402/R05 Set No. (a) Draw the structures of fabry perot LASER diode and distributed feed back (DFB) LASER diodes. Compute the % diﬀerence in coupled power if the radius of the ﬁber is halved. (b) An LED with circular emission region of diameter 200 µm and an axial radiance of 100 W / cm2 .3 µm with a dispersion slope 0. (a) The zero dispersion wavelength for a single mode ﬁber is 1. 5. (b) Discuss brieﬂy about the leaky modes and mode coupling losses in the ﬁber optic communication. (a) Discuss mode cut oﬀ conditions in optical ﬁbers. When the material dispersion and proﬁle dispersion of the wavelength 1. (a) Draw the block schematic of a general communication system and explain the functions of each block. (b) The polarization mode dispersion in an uniformly birefringent single mode ﬁber is 250 ps km−1 .01.

q = 0. ii. [10+6] Rise time of the LED and its drive electronics = 14ns Material dispersion related rise time degradation = 21ns Bandwidth of the optical receiver = 25MHz Bandwidth-distance product of the ﬁber =400 MHz-Km Mode mixing factor.Code No: N0402/R05 Set No.7 8. Responsivity of the PIN diode at 900 nm. [8+8] 7. Received optical power if the mean photo current is 10 mA at 900 nm. [8+8] 2 of 2 . key features and beneﬁts of WDM scheme in optical links. (b) Explain in detail the operational principle. (a) Explain various factors contributing to overall optical system rise time. iii. (a) Describe eye pattern technique to assess the performance of digital ﬁber optic link. 3 (b) A PIN diode is characterized by a quantum eﬃciency of 72% at a wavelength of 900 nm. Calculate: i. Number of received photons for 1 mA mean photo generated current. (b) Calculate the system rise time for a 6 Km ﬁber optic link of following speciﬁcations.

when used for ﬁber transmission.[8+8] 5. Express the loss computed in dB also. [8+8] 2.6 couples power into an all silica optical ﬁber of 50 µm diameter and 1.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations.55 eV.15 eV at 300K.Code No: N0402/R05 Set No.6256 × 10−34 J-S Boltzman’s constant =1. n1 = 1. Derive and discuss the expressions for propagation and multi path dispersion of light through GRIN ﬁbers.458 refractive index. (b) Compute the range of quantum eﬃciency of an InGas PIN diode in the wavelength range between 1200 nm and 1600 nm if the responsivity of the diode is speciﬁed to be more than 0.38 × 1023 J/K Band gap energy of Gas = 1. Use the necessary physical constants listed. 4 IV B. a 20 µm core radius.602 × 10−19 C Planck’s constant =6. What is its dominant emission wavelength. [16] 4. (b) A GaAs source of 200 µm diameter active area and refractive index of 3. (b) Calculate the number of modes at 1550 nm and 1300 nm in a graded index optical ﬁber having a parabolic index proﬁle. [8+8] 6. (b) An LED is made with gallium arsenide dopped with aluminium and has an energy band gap of 1. (a) With neat diagrams describe the power coupling from a Surface emitting LED into a multimode ﬁber. (b) An optical signal at a speciﬁc wavelength has lost 55 percent of its power after traversing 3. 1 of 2 . (a) Describe important speciﬁcations of a semiconductor photo diode to be suitable for ﬁber optic communications. (a) List out the advantages of semiconductor laser diodes over LED. March 2010 OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1.5 km of ﬁber. [8+8] 8 Speed of light in vacuum =3 × 10 m/s Electron charge =1.46.6 A/W in the required wavelength region. (a) What is cut oﬀ condition for mode propagation in optical ﬁbers? Discuss. What is the attenuation in dB/ Km of this ﬁber? [8+8] 3. (a) Give any three applications of optical ﬁbers for instrumentation and explain them with the necessary ﬁgures. Estimate the loss in power coupling due to area and refractive index mismatch between the devices.48 and n2 = 1.

Code No: N0402/R05 Set No. (b) Compare and contrast insertion-loss technique with cut-back technique of measurement of attenuation. (a) Estimate the maximum possible link length for operation at 60Mbps and BER of 10−9 for the long haul single mode optical ﬁber system operating at 850nm and speciﬁed below.3 dB/Km Connector loss at the transmitter and receiver = 1.2dB/connector −9 = -48dBm Receiver sensitivity at 60Mbps for BER of 10 Required safety margin = 8dB (b) Is the above speciﬁed link attenuation limited for a 26 Km link length? If yes. Mean power launched from transmitter = -3dBm Attenuation in optical ﬁber cable = 2dB/Km Loss in all splices = 0. [10+6] 8. (c) What is a mode stripper? Explain the necessity of mode stripper in the measurement of attenuation in an optical ﬁber. 4 7. (a) Describe insertion-loss method of measurement of attenuation in an optical ﬁber with suitable schematics. suggest a solution for eliminating the limitation. . [8+4+4] 2 of 2 .

a) Explain Pull based data delivery mechanisms in detail. a) Explain in detail.Code No. N0504 Set No. b) What are the drawbacks of mobile and wireless devices. I Semester Supplementary Examinations. b) Explain Transmission/Time-out freezing approach. 8. a) Explain the concept Data hoarding with the help of a diagram. Max Marks: 80 1of 1 . 4. 7. Electronics & Computer Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Answer any Five Questions All Questions carry equal marks ******* 1. March 2010 MOBILE COMPUTING (Common to Computer science &Engineering. 5. b) Explain Dynamic source routing in MANETs.Tech. b) Explain in detail about Demand assigned multiple access(DAMA). a) Explain the registration of a mobile node via the foreign and direct registration with the home agent. 2. Explain wireless datagram protocol and Transaction protocol. b) Explain Directory and Hash based selective tuning techniques. b) What are the requirements for a Mobile IP? Explain. Information Technology. properties of MANET. b) Write brief notes on Data caching. 1 IV B. 3. a) What is CDMA? Explain in detail. a) Discuss the system architecture of GSM. 6. a) Explain the concept of Fast retransmit / Fast recovery in traditional TCP.

b) Explain index and distributed index based selective tuning techniques. a) Explain Snooping TCP. b) What is the purpose of DHCP? Explain client initialization via DHCP. 3. a) Discuss in detail about GSM and its services. b) Write the applications and limitations of wireless networks and mobile communications. b) Explain in detail about wireless application environment (WAE) logical model. b) Write short notes on classical aloha and slotted aloha. b) Explain the issues relating to quality of service in mobile networks. Information Technology. a) Discuss about agent advertisement and delivery. a) Explain in detail about Wireless transport layer security.Code No. a) Explain Pull based data delivery mechanisms in detail. 2 IV B. N0504 Set No. I Semester Supplementary Examinations. Electronics & Computer Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Answer any Five Questions All Questions carry equal marks ******* 1. Max Marks: 80 2.Tech. a) Explain routing complications in Mobile Ad-Hoc networks. 1of 1 . b) Describe security problems in MANETs. 7. 8. b) Write brief notes on Fast retransmit / Fast recovery of mobile transport layer. What are its advantages and disadvantages. 6. March 2010 MOBILE COMPUTING (Common to Computer science &Engineering. a) Write in detail about cache invalidation mechanisms. a) What is Spread aloha multiple access (SAMA)? Explain briefly working of SAMA. 5. 4.

b) Explain briefly about architecture reference model of Mobile computing. 2. a) Explain data cache maintenance in mobile environment. a) Write brief notes on communication asymmetry with the help of diagrams. b) Explain interleaved Push – Pull based data delivery mechanism. I Semester Supplementary Examinations. 6. a) Write the differences between Ad-Hoc networks and other networks? And explain the applications of MANETs. Answer any Five Questions All Questions carry equal marks ******* a) Explain about the protocol of GSM. 3. N0504 Set No. 7. b) Explain Indirect TCP.3 IV B. a) What is the reason for failure of MAC schemes in wireless networks? What is done in wired networks to avoid this effect? b) Explain packet reservation multiple access (PRMA).Code No. Electronics & Computer Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Max Marks: 80 1. 8. 1of 1 . 5. Information Technology. 4. March 2010 MOBILE COMPUTING (Common to Computer science &Engineering. a) Write detailed notes on IP encapsulation mechanisms.Tech. a) Explain the architecture of WAP. b) Explain Power – aware computing. What are its advantages and disadvantages. b) Explain dynamic source routing in MANETs. b) What is reverse tunneling? What additional routes do packets take if reverse tunneling is required? a) Write a brief notes on congestion control in traditional TCP. b) Explain the wireless session protocol of the session layer.

b) Explain fixed TDM pattern and its advantages.Code No. a) Write short notes on concept of Multiple access control and explain its reference model. i)Handover in GSM ii) Security services in GSM b) Explain high speed circuit switched data transmission approach. a) Define WAP and briefly explain about the features and characteristics of WAP. a) Explain the following. 2. N0504 Set No. b) Discuss about the wireless transaction protocol of the transaction layer. b) Compare several enhancements to TCP for mobility. March 2010 MOBILE COMPUTING (Common to Computer science &Engineering. 4. 1of 1 . Electronics & Computer Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any Five Questions All Questions carry equal marks ******* 1. a) Describe data transfer from a mobile node to fixed node and vice-versa. b) Write short notes on IPv6. 3. a) Write the differences between TCP and UDP.Tech. I Semester Supplementary Examinations. a) Describe the working of Mobile Ad-Hoc network.4 IV B. a) List and explain the context types in context aware computing. 5. 7. 8. b) Explain Destination sequence distance vector routing algorithm in MANETs. Information Technology. b) Write about the client server computing with adaptation. 6. b) Explain Directory and Hash based selective tuning techniques. a) Explain push based data delivery mechanisms in detail.

Code No: M0803/R05 Set No.000. (a) Describe the sum-of-the-years-digits method for determining depreciation. with an example. Explain diﬀerent items under service facilities contributing to ﬁxed capital investment. iv. What is HAZOP? Explain it by giving a case study in any process industry of your choice. [16] 2. determine the total depreciation cost during the ﬁrst year.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. Explain the modular estimate and unit-operation estimate methods in estimating ﬁxed capital investment. (a) Write about i.000. 2. Four reactors have been designed. [8+8] 7. The balance of the plant requires a write-oﬀ period of 15 years. ii. (b) The total value of a new plant is Rs. A certiﬁcate of necessity has been obtained permitting a write-oﬀ of 60% of the initial value in 5 years.00.000 is deposited at the present time with nominal interest at the rate of 10 percent compounded semiannually? [5+5+6] 5. iii. Explain the following: (a) Future worth (b) Nominal Interest rate (c) What will be the total amount available 10 years from now if Rs. Using the straight line method and assuming negligible salvage and crap value. The following data apply to the four designs: 1 of 2 . 2. [16] 4. A company must purchase one reactor to be used in an overall operation. Tax exemptions for dividends received Contributions Investment credit Capital gains tax (b) Write about the major insurance requirements for manufacturing concerns. all of which are equally capable of giving the requires service. [8+8] 6. 1 IV B. March 2010 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING PLANT DESIGN AND ECONOMICS (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. [16] 3.

1 Design 1 Design 2 Design 3 Design 4 Fixed-capital investment Rs.000 Rs.350 2.Code No: M0803/R05 Set No.000 2. (a) What is optimum economic design? Illustrate the principles of an optimum economic design by means of an example.800 2.000 Rs.12.100 and ﬁxed costs per year (all other costs are constant) If the company demands a 15% return on any unnecessary investment. (b) Describe the general procedure for optimizing a single variable. both analytically and graphically. which of the four designs should be accepted? [16] 8.000 Rs.10.16.14. [8+8] 2 of 2 .000 Sum of operating 3.

what is the net proﬁt for sales at 120% of capacity? [8+8] 4. A plant operating at 100% capacity has a net proﬁt of Rs. Capital gains tax. and the asset was assumed to have a service life of 12 years with Rs.000 and variable costs are 61% of the net sales. After the asset has been in use for 5 years.000. A company has three alternative investments which are being considered. (b) The original investment for an asset was Rs. only one of the investments can be accepted. Because all three investments are of the same type of unit and yield the same service.10. Explain the factors aﬀecting Investment and production costs.Code No: M0803/R05 Set No. Under these conditions. respectively. 2. (a) Give the three diﬀerent types of classiﬁcation of taxes and discuss about them in detail. March 2010 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING PLANT DESIGN AND ECONOMICS (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. Company policies.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. 1000. (a) Interest eﬀects in a small business (b) Explain time value of money (c) Interest in a large business. [16] [16] 3. [6+5+5] 5.000 with a 38% proﬁt tax: (a) If the ﬁxed costs are Rs. 1. the remaining service life and ﬁnal salvage value are reestimated at 10 years and Rs. (a) Distinguish between book value. 6. 10. based on the current economic situation dictate that a minimum annual return on the original investment of 15% after taxes must be predicted for any unnecessary investment with interest on investment not included 1 of 2 [10+6] . 2 IV B. Carry-back and carry-forward of losses ii. What is the break-even point? And (b) If the variable costs are increased 10% per unit at operations above 100% capacity. The risk factors are the same for all three cases. 2. (b) Explain i. Excess proﬁts tax iii.000 salvage value at the end of service life. Discuss the maintenance of accounting records. 40. what is depreciation cost during the sixth year of the total life if straight line depreciation is used? [6+10] 7. market value and replacement value.

000 10. year 3 = Rs. 30. 31. Given the following data. after taxes.000.000 8 59. ﬂow to expenses service years project (constant life.000. year 5 = Rs.000 20.Code No: M0803/R05 Set No. year 2 = Rs.000. should be made by alternative-analysis proﬁtability-evaluation method of discounted cash ﬂow. Rs. 43. 1 100. [4+12] *For investment number 1.000 15.000 tabulation* 2 170. 43. determine which investment. 2 of 2 .000. 31. [16] In-vestment num -ber Total initial ﬁxed -capital . x2 ≥ 0. Salvage value Service Annual cash Annual cash at end of life. Rs.000.40.000. end-of-year cost and proﬁt analysis is used.000 (constant) 3 210. year 4 = Rs. 30.000 21. if any.000 28.000 15. each year). Rs.000 7 52.000. . 36.000 (constant) *For investment number 1.000 10. where applicable. Solve graphically: The objective function is to maximize 3x1 + 4x2 subject to the linear constraints o 2x1 + 5x2 ≤ 10 4x1 + 3x2 ≤ 10 x1 ≥ 0.000. year 5 = Rs. for Rs. Rs. (This may be assumed to mean that other equally sound investments yielding a 15% return after taxes are available) Company policies also dictate that. year 3 = Rs. 2 as a cost. variable annual cash ﬂow to project is: year 1 = Rs. 36. year 2 = Rs.000 10.40. Working capital investment. Land value and prestartup costs can be ignored. [4+12] 8. variable annual cash ﬂow to project is: year 1 = Rs. year 4 = Rs.investment.000. for time value of money interpretations.000 5 See yearly 44. straight-line depreciation is used and.000.

Describe the total manufacturing costs. what is depreciation cost during the sixth year of the total life if straight line depreciation is used? [6+10] 7. market value and replacement value. only one of the investments can be accepted. (a) Interest eﬀects in a small business (b) Explain time value of money (c) Interest in a large business. (b) A company has three alternative investments which are being considered. [6+5+5] [5+5+6] [16] 5. (b) The original investment for an asset was Rs. Excess proﬁts tax iii. 1000. Carry-back and carry-forward of losses ii. (a) Discuss about capitalized costs method for determining proﬁtability. 6. Capital gains tax. Because all three investments are of the same type of unit and yield the same service. [16] 2. After the asset has been in use for 5 years. Under these conditions.record construction cost index (c) Chemical Engineering plant cost index. (a) Distinguish between book value. 4. 3. Company policies.Code No: M0803/R05 Set No. 2. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of diﬀerent types of heat exchangers used in chemical process industries. based on the current economic situation dictate that a minimum annual return on the original investment of 15% after taxes must be predicted for any unnecessary investment with 1 of 2 [10+6] . (a) Give the three diﬀerent types of classiﬁcation of taxes and discuss about them in detail. respectively. the remaining service life and ﬁnal salvage value are reestimated at 10 years and Rs. 10. March 2010 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING PLANT DESIGN AND ECONOMICS (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. and the asset was assumed to have a service life of 12 years with Rs.000 salvage value at the end of service life. 3 IV B. (b) Explain i.000. The risk factors are the same for all three cases.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. Write about the following: (a) Cost index (b) Engineering news .

000.000 tabulation* 2 170. ﬂow to cash num -capital . (b) Solution of simultaneous equations using a slack variable. 36.000 (constant) 3 210.000 8 59. Rs. (This may be assumed to mean that other equally sound investments yielding a 15% return after taxes are available) Company policies also dictate that. 31.000 15.000. 43. each year). should be made by alternative-analysis proﬁtability-evaluation method of capitalized costs. year 4 = Rs.000 20. straight-line depreciation is used and.Total initial Working Salvage value Service Annual cash Annual ment ﬁxed capital at end of life. for Rs.000.40. if any. end-of-year cost and proﬁt analysis is used. Land value and pre-startup costs can be ignored. Discuss the following: (a) Generalization of strategy for linear programming. [4+12] 8. after (constant Rs.000. 30. determine which investment. investment.000 10.000 21.000 10.investment. 1 100.Code No: M0803/R05 Set No. service years project expenses -ber . [8+8] 2 of 2 . life. year 3 = Rs.000 7 52. for time value of money interpretations. variable annual cash ﬂow to project is: year 1 = Rs.000 5 See yearly 44.000 15.000 (constant) *For investment number 1. 3 interest on investment not included as a cost. where applicable. Rs. taxes. In-vest. Given the following data.000. Rs.000 10.000 28. year 2 = Rs. year 5 = Rs.

4.50. 1. Explain the following: (a) Simple interest (b) Compound interest (c) Nominal and eﬀective interest rates. 4 IV B.000.500 would be deposited in this fund under an ordinary annuity plan. [16] [4+4+4+4] 5. a reserve fund will be set up under the companys jurisdiction. and insurance costs for complete protection would amount to Rs. and it is depreciated by a 6% sinking fund method.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations.50.000 per year. (b) The original cost of a property is Rs.Code No: M0803/R05 Set No. Self insurance is being considered for one portion of a chemical company. how much money would be deposited in the fund at the beginning of he program in order to have enough money accumulated to replace a complete Rs. What is the annual depreciation charge if the book value of the property after 10 years is the same as if it had been depreciated at Rs. 2. Compare the salient features of sinking fund method with straight line method for determining depreciation. The ﬁxed-capital investment involved is Rs.000. (a) Derive the expression for the asset value by the sinking fund method. [16] 6. Neglecting any charges connected with administration of the fund. 2. 2. All money in the fund can be assumed to earn interest at a compound annual rate of 5%. 2. 1 of 2 . (a) Explain rate of return on investment for proﬁtability analysis. What are the utilites? Explain their role in chemical processing and what category the cost of utilities to be included? [16] 3. Explain the diﬀerent stages in the plant design? [16] 2. March 2010 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING PLANT DESIGN AND ECONOMICS (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. Discuss the following: (a) Depreciation (b) Plant overhead costs (c) Administrative costs (d) Distribution and marketing costs. and annual insurance premiums of Rs. 30.500 per year by the straight line method? [8+8] 7.000 loss after 10 years. If self insurance is used.

4 (b) An investigation of a proposed investment has been made. (b) Describe the general procedure for optimizing a single variable. [8+8] 2 of 2 .Code No: M0803/R05 Set No. (a) Discuss about the intangible and practical considerations in optimum design. determine the standard rate of return on the investment. annual depreciation costs amount to 8% of the total investment. both analytically and graphically. The following result has been presented to management: The minimum payout period based on capital recovery using a minimum annual return of 10% as a ﬁctitious expense is 10 years. [6+10] 8. Using this information.

(a) Explain programming of a PLC with an example. Write an example program. (a) What are industrial signal controllers? (b) What is SCXI? What are the appropriate analog inputs and digital I/O that can be used with SCXI? [6+10] 3. (a) Explain how a single character can be returned from the key board in C . 1 IV B. 5. (b) Combining counter and timer circuits.Write an example program. [8+8] 4. (b) Explain a ladder logic diagram. [16] [16] [10+6] [8+8] [16] 1 of 1 . Draw typical layout diagram of mother board and explain. March 2010 PC BASED INSTRUMENTATION (Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. (b) Explain how a string of characters can be returned from the key board in C. What are the diﬀerent components included on the motherboard of a PC.Code No: M1002/R05 Set No. Explain PLC analog output applications with examples.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. 8. 6. Explain HART protocol operation with neat block diagram. Write short notes on the following: (a) Cascading counters. Discuss how relays are interfaced and controlled by PLC. [16] 2. 7.

limitations and speciﬁcations. [16] 5. What is assembly language programming? Describe in detail the Advantages and disadvantages of assembly language programming. March 2010 PC BASED INSTRUMENTATION (Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. [8+8] 6. 7. [16] 2. [16] 3. 2 IV B. Explain the applications of the following in process industries: (a) Field bus (b) HART protocol. [16] [16] [8+8] 1 of 1 .Code No: M1002/R05 Set No. Explain the PLC MOVE function and its applications. Draw typical layout diagram of mother board and explain. Explain PLC analog output applications with examples. What is RS232C interface? Explain the advantages. What are the diﬀerent components included on the motherboard of a PC. 8. (b) A motor is switches on by pressing a spring return push button start switch and the motor remains on until another spring return push button stop switch is pressed. Draw and explain the ladder diagram to represent: (a) A light is to come on if there is no input to a sensor. [16] 4. Discuss the function of various transducers and sensors and explain how they are interfaced to PLC CPU.

Explain the characteristics of a P+D controller with an example. (a) Explain programming of a PLC with an example. 3 IV B. Explain how loops and nested loops are implemented in C programming give an example for each. 7. March 2010 PC BASED INSTRUMENTATION (Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. (b) Explain a ladder logic diagram. 8. Explain computer interfacing for data acquisition and control in process control instrumentation. [16] 4.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. (a) Deﬁne state language programming of a PLC. (b) Describe the four basic components of a step in a state language programming. Describe the PLC digital bit Control system. Describe the PLC output control of motors and motor starters. 6. [16] 2. [8+8] [10+6] [16] [16] [16] 1 of 1 . (b) What are the guide lines to be followed in selecting the data acquisition & control? [8+8] 3.Code No: M1002/R05 Set No. 5. (a) What are I/O devices in Data Acquisition and Control system? Explain the function of I/O devices in detail.

7. 8. [16] 2. (a) Explain programming of a PLC with an example. What are the diﬀerent components included on the motherboard of a PC. (a) What are industrial signal controllers? (b) What is SCXI? What are the appropriate analog inputs and digital I/O that can be used with SCXI? [6+10] 3. (b) Down .Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations.counters. Draw typical layout diagram of mother board and explain. March 2010 PC BASED INSTRUMENTATION (Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. 6. 4 IV B. [16] 4. Explain discrete and analog operation of a PLC with examples. (b) Explain a ladder logic diagram. Write short notes on the following: (a) Field bus. [16] [8+8] [10+6] [8+8] 1 of 1 . Write short notes on the following PLC counters: (a) Up-counters. (a) what is the need for isolator? What type of isolator is used with PC based instruments? (b) What is Sinking device and Sourcing device? How they are connected to power supply.Code No: M1002/R05 Set No. [8+8] 5. (b) HART protocol. Describe the how to use Conﬁguration ﬁles and Device drivers in DOS.

discuss about short period dynamics. [8+8] 3. [8+8] 6. Explain the design procedure of minimum variance and moving average controllers. Consider the system G(s) = G1 (s)G2 (s) p r where G1 (s) = s+q . March 2010 ADAPTIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS ( Common to Electronics & Control Engineering and Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. [8+4+4] 2. Obtain the amplitude margin for the system and show that it is identical to the setting obtained by applying Zieler-Nichols rule. [16] 1 of 1 . ii. Construct discrete time direct and indirect self tuning algorithms for a partially known system. Show how Lyapunovs theory can be used to derive stable MRAS for linear systems. (a) Check whether the transfer function G(s) = s2 +6s+8 s2 +4s+8 is SPR. Write about certainity equivalence principle. in model description. Consider a process described the transfer function G(s)= 1+sτ e−sL . (b) Discuss about ﬁnite impulse response models. Explain in detail any two applications of gain scheduling. [16] k 7. 1 IV B. Illustrate these controllers with suitable example. [16] 8.Code No: N1301/R05 Set No.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. (b) i. (a) Discuss about regulation of a quality variable in process control system. [16] 5. (a) Explain the time varying parameters. where p and q are unknown parameters and r and t are known. (b) Explain how SPR for a system can be tested using Kalman-Yakubovich lemma. With an example. [16] 4. G2 (s) = s+t .

6. (b) Explain about linear quadratic STR. [8+8] 8. (a) Explain the adaptation of a feed forward gain. (b) Describe the Error model of the form ε = G (P ) ΦT (t) (θ0 − θ) . [8+8] 1 of 1 . (c) Write the diﬀerent steps involved in construction of an adaptive control system. March 2010 ADAPTIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS ( Common to Electronics & Control Engineering and Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. T /2 [8+8] [8+8] (b) Prove that Γ= 0 eAs dsB in a linear system with relay control. Also explain positive deﬁnite and semi deﬁnite functions (b) Explain the methods for constructing Lyapunov functions.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. 3. (a) With an example. (a) Explain Lyapunov stability. (a) Explain self tuning regulator with the help of a block diagram. 2 IV B. (b) Discuss about minimum degree pole placement design with an algorithm. (b) Write about the diﬀerent types of controller structures. (b) Discuss about statistical properties of least square estimation. [8+8] [8+8] 5. [6+5+5] 2.Code No: N1301/R05 Set No. 7. (a) Deﬁne and explain the method of describing function. (a) With an example. explain the variations in disturbance characteristics in adaptive control system.[8+8] 4. (a) Describe gain scheduling (b) Explain the working principle of gain scheduling. (a) Explain the properties of minimum variance and moving average self tuners. discuss brieﬂy how the precision of the estimate depends on the state of growth of regression vector.

March 2010 ADAPTIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS ( Common to Electronics & Control Engineering and Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. (a) State and prove Lyapunov stability theorem for time invariant systems. 7.Code No: N1301/R05 Set No. [16] 1 of 1 . kα (b) Consider a system with relay feed in a relay auto-tuner with G(s)= s(s+1)(s+α) where k = 5. a and b are unknown parameters and c and d are known. Process description ii. (a) Explain. Construct discrete time direct self tuning algorithm for the partially known system. 6. α = 10. Explain in detail any two applications of gain scheduling. MIT rule.G2 (s)= (s+d) . 3 IV B. [8+8] 3. (a) Deﬁne and explain the method of describing function. [16] 4. Obtain the value of ultimae period [8+8] Tu . (a) Explain brieﬂy the recursive least squares estimation. (b) Explain methods for ﬁnding Lyapunov functions. [4+4+8] [8+8] [8+8] [16] 8. (b) Write about diﬀerent types of controller structures. (b) Discuss about non-minimum phase systems.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. 5. how minimum variance controller can be interpreted as pole placement controller. Consider the system G(s) = G1 (s) G2 (s) b c where G1 (s)= (s+a) . d = 1 and uc = 0. With suitable explain diagram the MRAS for a ﬁrst-order system. (b) Diﬀerentiate between recursive least square estimation and extended least square estimation. (a) Explain the following: i. by describing function method. 2.

(a) Explain indirect LQG-STR algorithm based on spectral factorization. [8+8] 5.Code No: N1301/R05 Set No. equally distributed random vectors with zero mean values and covariance R1 and R2 respectively. and e(t). Consider the system G(s) = G1 (s)G2 (s) p r where G1 (s) = s+q .2. Explain the following: (a) Augmented error (b) MRAS using Lyapunov rule (c) Positive real transfer function 1 of 2 ∧ ∧ ∧ . t = 1. Construct discrete time direct and indirect self tuning algorithms for a partially known system. Show that the recursive estimates of θ are given by θ(t) = θ(t − 1) + K(t){y(t) − ϕT (t) θ(t − 1)} K(t) = ΦV P(t-1) ϕ (t-1) (R2 + ϕT ((t-1) P(t-1) ϕ(t-1))−1 P(t) = ΦV P(t-1) ΦT +R1 . [16] 4.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. (a) State and explain Lyapunov stability. [6+10] 6. Explain the following: (a) MIT rule (b) Hyper state (c) Underlying design problem (d) Certainty equivalence principle. where p and q are unknown parameters and r and t are known. t = 1. March 2010 ADAPTIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS ( Common to Electronics & Control Engineering and Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. 4 IV B. (b) Explain about indirect LQG-STR algorithm based on the Ricatti equation. are sequences of independent. Consider the following model of time varying parameters: θ(t) = ΦV θ(t − 1) + V (t) Y (t) = ΦT (t) θ(t) + e(t) where V(t).2.ΦV P (t-1)ϕ(t)(R2 + ϕT ((t)P(t-1)ϕ(t))−1 +ϕT (t)P(t-1)ϕT . [4+4+4+4] 2. G2 (s) = s+t . V V [16] 3. (b) State and prove Lyapunov stability theorem for time varying systems.

(b) What are the several ways of auto tuning? Set No.Code No: N1301/R05 (d) Kalman-Yakubovich lemma. (b) Gain scheduling can be used to compensate non-linearities . [8+8] 2 of 2 . 4 [4+4+4+4] [8+8] 8. (a) Gain scheduling can be regarded as adaptive controllers Justify. 7.Discuss. (a) Describe the function of realistic PID regulator.

March 2010 ADVANCED COMPUTATIONAL FULID DYNAMICS (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Answer any Five Questions All Questions carry equal marks ******* 1. Which averaging approach would you recommend for periodically forced unsteady flows? 2. In a flow generated by the incompressible boundary layer equation. Explain in detail the generalized coordinate approach the boundary layer for internal of external flows? 7. 1 IV B.Code No. Write short notes on computing separated flows using the boundary layer equations? 5. Discuss briefly Leap frog and dufort-frankel scheme. 3. What is the basis for this statement? 1of 1 . Plot and explain application of the Lax-Wendroff method to the inviscid Burgers Equation. I Semester Supplementary Examinations. it is often said that the Reynolds number is of the order of 1/ 2. Consider the Ordinary Differential equation Determine the leading term of the local truncation error for this method? 8. 4. Distinguish between simple transformation and generalized transformation? Max Marks: 80 6.Tech. M2110 Set No.

4. 7. Solve the poisson’s equation using Finite Difference method. Explain Crank – Napoleon algorithm. incompressible and coutte flow. I Semester Supplementary Examinations. Formulate Numerical solution for the unsteady. Max Marks: 80 1of 1 . 3. Discuss briefly the Crank Nicholson scheme applicable to the boundary layer equations. M2110 Set No. What is potential flow? Derive an equation for a potential flow past a symmetric object. Using vonNewmann stability analysis show that the first order upwind scheme is stable for time step 5. 2 IV B. What is geometric conservation law? Explain with an example. 2. Explain the difference between the following terms (a) Consistency and Convergence (b) Roundoff errors and Truncation errors (c) Shock point and parabolic point (d) Rotational Flow and Separational flow 6. March 2010 ADVANCED COMPUTATIONAL FULID DYNAMICS (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Answer any Five Questions All Questions carry equal marks ******* 1. Explain vortex panel method with the help of an example. 8.Tech. Mention its advantages.Code No.

the relative error in the root. The unsteady motion due to the impulsive acceleration of an infinite flat plate in a viscous incompressible fluid is known as the Rayleigh problem and may be solved exactly. non-linear differential equations and interpret the physical meaning of the internal structure of a normal shock wave. 7. I Semester Supplementary Examinations. 5. The equation that governs the velocity distribution is where is Max Marks: 80 the kinematic viscosity. Define terms stability. Consider appropriate limiting cases. Discuss typical travelling problem for Burgers Equation 1of 1 . Write exact linear stability condition for wave equation using Lax-Wendroff method 3. Find one of the roots of the following equation with your method of choice. Explain shock capturing methods and briefly discuss about the transonic shocks. 3 IV B. derive the set of governing first order.Code No. Using a Navier-Stokes formulation. only the velocity component parallel to the plate will be nonzero] 6. consistency and convergence? Briefly discuss the stability analysis with an example.) =0 [NOTE: If the flow is 2-D. between consecutive steps. should be less than 10-6 2.y)=0 u(t. March 2010 ADVANCED COMPUTATIONAL FULID DYNAMICS (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Answer any Five Questions All Questions carry equal marks ******* 1. 8.Tech. M2110 Set No. This equation is subject to the boundary conditions u(0. What is Reiman invariant equation? Explain the terms in detail. f(x)=x+12/tanx.0)=U t>0 u(t. 4.

Considering N-S equations in Cartesian co-ordinates without body forces as Derive time-split procedure using explicit McCormack method.Code No. Max Marks: 80 3. 4 IV B. 2. March 2010 ADVANCED COMPUTATIONAL FULID DYNAMICS (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Answer any Five Questions All Questions carry equal marks ******* 1. 8. Using mac-cromach scheme and Dirichlet boundary conditions solve Burgers equation. 6. I Semester Supplementary Examinations. 7. Using the method of characteristics to obtain the nozzle flow equations 1of 1 . inviscid gas over a two-dimensional body. Why turbulence models are used? Explain about two equation turbulence models briefly. M2110 Set No. Using the conservation principles. “derive” the governing equation for the unsteady potential flow of a compressible.Tech. Derive the Boundary Layer equations for a compressible fluid flow. Discuss LaxWandroff technique to solve hyperbolic PDE 5. 4. Discuss continuity and momentum equation with Boundary layer approximation for steady incompressible flow.

What are immuno sensors and detail about the steps involved in detecting pollutants in water by continuous ﬂow ﬁber optic immuno sensors? [16] 3. 1 IV B. [16] 7. Narrate the various likely factors contribute for the biological material stabilization in biosensors. . [16] 1 of 1 . March 2010 BIO SENSORS AND BIO ELECTRONICS (Bio-Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. What are hairpin motifs? Explain their structural organization and mention their role in biocomputer assembly. Give details about the estimation of creatinine in human serum using electropolymerised perm selective ﬁlms. [16] 2. [16] 5. What is chronoamperometric technique?. [16] 4.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. [16] 6. Explain how impedimetric nano structured DNA based biosensors measures the extent of DNA damage by various environment pollutants. [16] 8.. Explain the projections made by Creative Strategies International (CSI) for market economics of photonic biomolecular computers. Write the principle involved and fabrication of mechanical transducers.Code No: M2303/R05 Set No. How detectable chemicals of interest can be intercalate into DNA and measured for concentration of genotoxic compounds.

What are microbial sensors? Explain the construction and operation of microbial sensors with suitable examples. [16] 1 of 1 . [16] 7. [16] 6. [16] 4. Mention several optimistic and pessimistic reasons of using DNA as molecular array and memory stores in biocomputational system. 2 IV B. Mention the factors which govern the performance and eﬃciency of biosensing device.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. [16] 2.Code No: M2303/R05 Set No. [16] 5. March 2010 BIO SENSORS AND BIO ELECTRONICS (Bio-Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. Illustrate with suitable examples the operation of various calorimetric transducers system for analyzing wide range of analytes. [16] 3. [16] 8. Explain how the ﬂipping of bactriorhodopsin could serve as memory stores under photogenic conditions in biocomputers. Write about the determination of organ phosphorous pesticides ‘Fenitrothion’ using microbial based oxygen electrode. Describe the fabrication of carbon paste electrode used in biosensors. Write the mechanism of oxidative damage to DNA by hazardous compounds.

[16] 5. [16] 6.Code No: M2303/R05 Set No. 3 IV B. Give an account of potential applications of biosensors technology in analyzing various metabolites in food industry. Detail then various methods available for estimating the precision. (a) Explain the principle involved in biosensors. Give details about the fabrication and working of surface transverse wave (STW) transducers. (b) Give an account of electronic nose. Describe in detail the two light photosynthetic light systems themselves useful as processor in photonic biomolecular computers. Explain how the concentration herbicides in plants can be estimated through quartz micro ﬁber ﬁlter in optical biosensors. [16] 3. [16] 1 of 1 . [16] 7. [16] 4. Write in detail about various types of optical transducers and explain the principle of optical transducer based on their function. [16] 8.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. March 2010 BIO SENSORS AND BIO ELECTRONICS (Bio-Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. Explain the three step process of realized molecular implementation for a conceptual dynamic function. accuracy and stability of enzyme sensors. [8+8] 2.

[8+8] 2. March 2010 BIO SENSORS AND BIO ELECTRONICS (Bio-Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. [16] 6. Explain in detail about the estimation of glucose by electrochemical biosensors in blood samples from diabetics. [16] 4. Write in detail about the construction and operation of surface acoustic wave (SAW) transducers. Explain in detail the detection of air pollutants by using microbial biosensors. Describe in detail the following: (a) Immuno sensors based on label-free format. 4 IV B. Explain in detail the strategies for development of bio molecular computers. (a) Write in detail about several stability problems encountered during the operation of enzyme based biosensors. (b) Importance of imaging ellipsometry system for pathogen detection.Code No: M2303/R05 Set No. Discuss in detail high complex behavior of photonic biocomputers systems based on non linear dynamic mechanism. [16] 8. (b) Deﬁne shelf-stability and explain how one can improve the shelf-stability of biological material during the process of detection . [16] 5.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations. [16] 7. [8+8] 3. Give an account of various advantages and limitations of amperometric transducer system. [16] 1 of 1 .