Supernanny Secrets

How to be a Better Parent, using the Ideas of the Supernanny

(Discounted Edition) © Maria Lloyd, MFT 2005

Teacher? Diplomat? Accountant? Chef? Law Enforcement Officer? If you are a parent you are all of the above and more. It’s no wonder that things can get tough at times! Children are not born with manuals and they are not robots. Raising your child is likely to be both the single hardest thing you have ever done - but also the most rewarding. As a parent you are almost certainly the main role model for your children. They have no preconceived ideas as to what is right or wrong. They learn from watching us as parents. This is an extremely daunting thought; what we say and do will have an impact on our children that is long-lasting. Just remember that love and attention go a long way. Never underestimate the power of a big hug! That said, parents are human too; we have faults and we are not always in control. Fact. Just as you lose control, it appears that every other parent in the world is blissfully happy with everything in its place. This is not the case. Difficulties encountered vary greatly from parent to parent, child to child and age to age. More common problems include: sleeping, eating, tantrums and potty training, but this is by no means the end of it! From time-outs to sibling rivalry, this invaluable guide uses modern techniques to help steer you through the stormy waters of being a parent. Because parents are busy people, we have added a 2-minute tip sheet at the end of each chapter to give you the help you need, at a glance. Enjoy!

SUPERNANNY Supernanny Background ‘Supernanny’, Jo Frost, shot to fame recently in the television series ‘Supernanny’ and ‘Nanny 911’. Her follow-up book, also entitled Supernanny with its highly effective theories on parenting has captured the imagination of parents, in the UK and further afield. Jo Frost is a 34-year-old single woman, originally from London, UK. She has no children and no formal childcare qualifications – so what makes her so successful? Jo puts her success down to, “her own wonderful childhood in London and 15 years of bossing other people’s kids”. Despite her lack of formal childcare training, Jo has an unfaltering record for resolving families’ problems, both in the UK and US. It is her refreshing and down-to-earth approach that has made her a household name. It is estimated, for example, that around 8 percent of American households regularly tune in to see the nanny in action! Techniques Jo believes in consistency, firmness and consequences. She states, “Parents tolerate a lot instead of implementing a routine, boundaries and warnings”. Supernanny has a simple yet effective approach, based on action and consequence. With routines and resolve, Jo believes that she can achieve almost anything! Here are some of her top tips and rules: No spanking from parents No hitting, punching, sneaky nudging or slapping from children Use good manners No yelling, from anyone Everyone should listen to each other Everyone should speak respectfully and politely Children do chores Rewards must be earned

by the end of the two-week period significant changes are evident. The Show Before Supernanny swoops. Supernanny believes that. “to this day. “Children are children.Parents must set boundaries and stick to them Parents must show a united front Rules must be enforced. she presents the family with a schedule and a ‘naughty mat’. Parents are shown how to set boundaries and how to enforce them. parents are parents”. Any final words of wisdom from the Supernanny? “You place a warning. however. the families stand to make long-term gains – provided that they take responsibility for continuing with her routines and approach. . to ascertain the issues and true dynamics of the group. Supernanny keeps in contact with the families that she has helped and states. have a consequence and see the change”. the families are still happy with the turnaround”. for a day or two. Jo herself says that the children often rebel within the first few days of her entering the family home. she observes the family carefully. with her help. As soon as Jo enters the home. consistently Parents should share parental duties Everyone is responsible for their own stuff Sugary snacks must be rationed (and locked away!).

learnt from hands-on experience Believes in positive re-enforcement Children should be given warnings Consequences should be followed Stick to routines Offer love and affection to each member of the family.QUICK GUIDE TO … THE SUPERNANNY 15 years experience with children No formal qualifications. .

feeding on-demand type of advice offered by the British psychologist. so many theorists have come to our rescue with a deluge of practical tips and parenting solutions. “Potty Training in One Week” and “The Complete Sleep Guide for Contented Babies and Toddlers”. Penelope Leach The child-centered. What we have to bear in mind. hit the headlines back in the 1970s. when we’re tearing our hair out in desperation over our ‘impossible’ offspring. Dr. followed by “Your Baby and Child”. There are many more experts out there. as it were. Penelope Leach. as a parent. positive discipline approach. with certain notable exceptions. not through the clouded vision of a panicking parent desperate for immediate solutions! The secret of how to benefit from the wealth of experience that the experts have to offer is to pick and mix. The following famous names are just a few examples of experts who have made a huge contribution. In recent years. No single theorist will have all the answers.OTHER PARENTING EXPERTS Expert advice can sometimes seem confusing. which was translated into several languages. with so many theorists all offering their unique methods and styles of parenting. have had the luxury of developing their proven techniques from an objective standpoint. Gina Ford is best known for her practical advice on establishing routines and identifying and responding to the changing patterns and demands of the growing child. Her theories have been . Her definitive titles on parenting include “Contented Little Baby Book”. it’s up to you to develop the ideas that you. Dr. is that the experts. each with a great deal to offer. feel instinctively will work best for your child. to harmonious family life. over the years. most experts have a proven track record of parenting styles that really work. Gina Ford Fondly referred to as “the queen of routine”. with her books “Babyhood”.

worldwide for his practical. her book “Children First: What Our Society Must Do – And Is Not Doing – For Our Children” takes a broader look at the challenges facing the modernday parent. Her advice has remained. Learn. Dr. they will be better equipped to cope with behavioral problems. over the years. no-nonsense style tips and advice for parents struggling to raise their children in times of stress. Dr Spock was hailed as the pioneer of modern parenting. “Touchpoints – Your Child’s Emotional and Behavioral Development”. Dr Brazelton is particularly helpful for the working parent. as they arise.adopted by parents. of what was considered in those days to be “permissive parenting”. in a rapidly changing world. Jo Frost. He is recognized. understanding and trusting their children. today. When his book “Baby and Childcare” was first published in 1946. . More recently. actually hark back to the child rearing theories of Dr Spock. “Infants and Mothers” and “The Irreducible Needs of Children: What Every Child Must Have to Grow. as well as by Dr. and her stance on the stay-at-home mother modified considerably to address the realities of parenting. The main focus of his approach to parenting is that if parents understand why their children are behaving in a certain way. however. Berry Brazelton Texan born pediatrician Dr. and updated to reflect the rapid changes in society and the new demands and challenges facing today’s parents. both practical and thought provoking. Dr Brazelton has written numerous books on the subject of parenting including. Benjamin Spock It has been argued that the “firm but fair” techniques advocated by Supernanny and parenting guru. Tanya Byron of the popular BBC series. and Flourish”. across the globe. Spock’s theories. is another enduringly popular expert on parenting. Brazelton. “Little Angels”. T. have stood the test of time. and are today witnessing a revival in the context of allowing children to develop their own strengths through parents supporting. isolation.

a pediatrician for more than thirty years. They are living proof that not one single approach is going to be effective. Jo Frost. This team of experienced nannies all have a slightly different approach to childcare. have devoted their lives to helping parents make sense of how to bring up their children to be happy self-sufficient individuals. Dr Sears is probably best known for the parenting technique called “Attachment Parenting” – “a style of caring for your infant that brings out the best in the baby and the best in the parents”. Bill and Martha Sears Having raised eight children. . Deb. Dr Bill Sears. Their approach is largely similar to that of Supernanny. all nannies set rules for their families and use techniques such as time out and positive reinforcement. Lillian is the most experienced and takes a grandmotherly approach. Debs relies on sense of humour to win children round. Lillian. and his wife Martha. Stella and Yvonne Together they are known as Nanny 911. Despite their different approaches. in all circumstances. a registered nurse and childbirth educator.Dr. Stella and Yvonne are the disciplinarians of the team and deal with unruly children using structure and firmness.

Stella and Yvonne (team Nanny 911) each has their own approaches ranging from firm to supportive. a husband and wife team. Berry Brazelton believes that it is important to understand why children behave the way they do Dr. Deb. . Bill and Martha Sears.QUICK GUIDE TO … OTHER PARENTING EXPERTS When it comes to parenting there is always more than one opinion No one expert has all the answers What works for one parent may be a disaster for the next Gina Ford believes that routines are fundamental Dr Penelope Leach believes in positive discipline Dr Benjamin Spock believes in “firm but fair” T. together they cover all the potential areas of parenting. who focus on raising self-reliant children Lillian.

He does not realize that he may hurt himself if he jumps from the top of the stairs.MAIN BODY AGE APPROPRIATE Milestones Recognizing your child’s milestones can really help when trying to decide how to deal with behavioral issues. so don’t be a slave to the letter of parenting law! Under 2 years old A baby or young toddler knows little about self-restraint and control. this is not a fallacy. are the same and parents should be cautious of following age guidelines. too closely. Anyone who has witnessed a 9-month old trying to feed himself will be only too aware of the frustration involved! A child under the age of 2 has not established the basics of cause and effect. Dealing with a defiant 2-year old requires a very different approach to dealing with a defiant 8-year old! No two children. Capacity for understanding can vary dramatically. 2 years old We’ve all heard the phrase. Techniques aimed at a 2-year old may work very well with a 4-year old. as you feel appropriate. Dealing with a child of this age requires you to focus on prevention. but to be less advanced in other areas such as talking or reasoning. however. A 2-year old is capable of overwhelming emotions. It is not uncommon for a child to have advanced physical skills. ‘terrible twos’ – now. He has the desire to be independent but . among children. distraction and comforting. Take time to understand your children and deal with them as individuals. within the space of a short period of time. sometimes only a matter of weeks.

give clear requests and incentives. . 3 years old Independence is key for your 3-year old! He is master of his own world. This enables him to save face. don’t dwell on this behavior – it will pass. where possible. Consequences are now much more readily understood. but don’t count on consistency! Tantrums may well be replaced by sulking – quieter but not necessarily easier. A child of 3 appreciates routine and reacts well to being included in family life. by offering him choices. It is the powerful urge to explore his surroundings in his own way that leads to the infamous ‘temper tantrum’.lacks the capacity to keep himself (or others) out of danger. However. Lying and exaggerating are common in a child of 4. This can result in greater whining and sulking as well as other attention seeking behaviors. While it may feel like a relief that the tantrums are subsiding. Explain simple chores and reward his efforts. your 4-year old will have a much clearer idea of what he wants. Make sure that he understands what you expect of him. if necessary. Distraction is still the best course of action! 4 years old A 4-year old can concentrate for longer periods and with greater intensity. Dealing with a child of this age requires above all patience. this should be confined to short periods of approximately 3 minutes. feel independent and yet also allows you to direct his actions. A 3-year old is also capable of benefiting from time-out. With the tantrum stage largely behind him. he is now much keener to please. he understands that bad behavior can result in punishment. Avoid a battle of wills. Help him to understand his feelings by encouraging him to vocalize these thoughts.

where possible. General Routines When deciding on what sort of routine to set for your child. as a child of 5 is generally unable to appreciate the benefits of saving rewards! Over 6 years old As his social and academic world is expanding so too is his maturity.or full-time Requirements of other family members Your child’s personality. Make rewards small but frequent. 5 years old His understanding of consequences is now well established. Encourage this by asking your child how he thinks his actions affect others. tell him in advance what is happening. although not getting his own way may still lead to temper outbursts. Allow him time to adjust to changes. several issues need to be taken into consideration. This will help encourage his feelings of independence. He is able to reason and exercise a higher degree of self-control. . Consider implementing a behavior management system such as charts with stars. Age. He is better able to control his frustrations. however other issues you may wish to consider include: Age of any siblings Whether your child is in day-care part. Give your child verbal reminders for desirable behavior such as good manners and politeness. Offer choices. He is able to carry out simple chores and follow basic rules. A child of 5 is able to look outside himself. Feeling that he is part of the decision process is fundamental to preventing him from losing a sense of control. is of course of vital importance. Encourage this with appropriate rewards.Control is fundamental to your 4-year old.

the night before. Prepare whatever you can. As a child grows older. is one of the first things that Supernanny. during the day. it is the parents’ ability to demonstrate consistency that wins with children. For example. When your child is of school age. If your child is dawdling in the morning. Jo Frost insists upon. Try these tips to help you achieve a routine that works for you: A child under 3 will often nap at least once. If possible allow an extra half an hour. Alter your child’s bedtime to ensure that he gets up at an appropriate time for your routine. .As a general rule. encourage him to put his own socks and shoes on. stick to it! Creating a routine. he requires less sleep (although this rarely drops below 9 hours). once you’ve decided on a routine. as soon as she begins to work with a new family. give him simple chores to do in the morning to help. A few moments preparing breakfast and getting clothes ready can mean the difference between a good and bad start to the day. in good time. to get yourself up and the house organized. So. every morning. Ensure that this time is kept as regular as possible and that the sequence of events running up to the nap are consistent. play a game where you put a song on and challenge your headstrong youngster to finish dressing by the time the song has finished.

time outs will start to be effective at this age A 4-year old can concentrate better and has a vivid imagination.QUICK GUIDE TO … BEING AGE APPROPRIATE Every child is different and these rules are only a guideline A child under 2 does not understand cause and effect A 2 year-old needs choices to help prevent temper tantrums A 3 year-old benefits from distraction. watch out for the lies A 5 year-old is capable of taking others feelings into consideration A 6 year-old can exercise some self-control. . verbal reminders are key Alter your routines as your child’s age changes.

and what is about to happen. What works for one child may not work for another. Here are some suggestions to get you started: Stay-at-home mom Just because you are a stay-at-home mom and able to dedicate yourself to your child. will result in fewer tantrums and less sulks. . that you have other things that need to be done. experiment and practice until you find the right combination for you and your child. prepare and tidy up together Quiet time or nap (depending on age) Snack time and play Play together (make sure that this is quieter play so that he is calming down ready for bedtime Prepare and eat dinner Bath Book and cuddle Bedtime. prepare breakfast Get your child up and give him his breakfast Wash and dress him and discuss the day ahead Enjoy sharing the morning chores with your child Visit the shops or park Lunch for both of you. from an early age. Establishing a routine that allows your child to feel that he understands what is happening. full time. A suitable routine may look something like this: 07:00 .DAY-TO-DAY ROUTINES Children like to feel comforted and safe.07:30 07:30 – 08:00 08:00 – 08:30 08:30 – 09:30 09:30 – 12:00 12:00 – 1:00pm 1:00 – 2:30pm 2:30 – 3:30pm 3:30 – 5:00pm 5:00 – 6:00pm 6:00 – 6:30pm 6:30 – 7:00pm 7:00pm Get up and dressed. does not mean that he should become a time tyrant! It is important that he realizes.

under the same roof can be enough to test anyone’s patience! Adopt realistic expectations. Work-from-home mom Trying to entertain a toddler and earn a living. in advance. each morning. prepare breakfast . If your job requires you to make telephone calls at a certain point. It may even be possible to arrange for a friend or relative to take your child out for an hour. prepare breakfast Enjoy breakfast together Make sure that your child is washed and dressed Leave for work / day care Return from work / day care Dinner Bath Book and cuddle Bedtime. Here’s an idea for a sample routine: Night before: 06:00 – 06:30 06:30 – 07:00 07:00 – 07:30 07:30 5:30pm 5:30 – 6:00pm 6:00 – 6:30pm 6:30 – 7:00pm 7:00pm Prepare clothes and lunch (if needed) for both of you. to give you a chance to conduct business conversations without disruption. during the day. Do everything that you can do. in advance Get yourself up and dressed. it may be worth considering timing these with your child’s quiet time. everyday. PREPARATION.07:30 Get up and dressed. that you need to work at specified times. Pack any bags needed. fully. If there was one word that could summarize the working mom’s approach to routine it would be. getting yourself and your child ready to leave the house by a set time. It is not possible for a child of 3 to understand. A suitable routine may look a little like this: 07:00 .Working mom It’s a real challenge.

so that he calms down ready for bed) Prepare and eat dinner together Bath Book and cuddle Bedtime. within sight. while you work Play together (make sure that this is a quieter type of play. if the weather is fine Settle him with his toys. family and friends. contact your health care professional for further advice. it is often easy to overlook the simplest of solutions. When you feel like you’re surrounded by chaos. while you work Lunch for both of you. Where to find further advice These routines are only suggestions. Some children are happy to busy themselves alone for hours. with easy access. If you are struggling to establish a healthy routine. while you work Take a break. Don’t be afraid to ask for help from other parents.07:30 – 08:00 08:00 – 08:30 08:30 – 09:00 09:00 – 10:30 10:30 – 11:00 11:00 – 12:30 12:30 – 1:00pm 1:00 – 2:30pm 2:30 – 3:00pm 3:00 – 4:30pm 4:30 – 5:00pm 5:00 – 6:00pm 6:00 – 6:30pm 6:30 – 7:00pm 7:00pm Get your child up and give him his breakfast Wash and dress him and discuss the day ahead Enjoy sharing a few simple morning chores with your child Settle him with his favorite toys within your line of view. In reality. is the next step. again where you can keep an eye on him. when away from home. others will barely leave your side for a minute. this may . prepare and tidy up together Quiet time or nap (depending on age) Play together. Changes to schedules Once you’ve mastered a day-to-day schedule the challenges of maintaining a calm environment. outdoors. snack and play together Settle him with toys. Every child is different.

so plan any activities such as sightseeing for early in the day Children do suffer from jet lag. but not to the same extent as adults.involve taking the family on trips and holidays. this will help him realize that not everything has changed Don’t try to achieve too much. There is nothing worse than arriving back late. young children are at their best in the morning. Allow a couple of days for adjustment Keep some items such as toys and blankets consistent Try having your child’s favorite food available. involve them in your routine and tell them in advance the best time to do certain things Generally. being conscious of work the next morning and a child that won’t sleep! Family Routine It’s all well and good having a life that revolves around your child. but most families have other tasks that they need to accomplish. Come to an arrangement with a family member or another parent where you look after each other’s children for a couple of hours a week. A young child will struggle to understand why they have been in a car for several hours. we as parents. Always stop regularly and allow your child some ’time and space’ Allow yourself at least one ‘free’ day. Timings may not always fall in line with your established routine. once you return from your journey. Don’t underestimate your needs as adults. A happy parent is a real plus to any child! All too often. only ask for childcare help from family and friends when we have something important that we have to attend to. Here are some tips to help you deal with this type of disruption: Don’t underestimate your child. housework or simple relaxation. so that you can relax and please . it may be a career. Children often react well to change and will be happy to follow a new routine If you are staying with family or friends.

Give the returning parent 5 minutes to himself or herself so that they can settle back into home life. settle down with a book. . or go for a walk. here are a few key ideas to set you on the right track: Encourage the older sibling to help with your youngest. It is very tempting to bombard the parent that has been at work all day with the children. Respect the parent that works. This not only helps with the chores but also builds your older child’s self-esteem Give your children chores to do Encourage your children to play with each other. daily. This should help ensure that you both have time to yourselves. 2 or more children Organizing two or more children can present a real problem.yourself. choose games that are suitable for the age group that you are trying to entertain Resist the temptation to deal with the most demanding child most of the time. as soon as the breadwinner returns. this gives out the wrong message! Explain to your children (particularly the older ones) that they have siblings and that you cannot dedicate your time 100% to them Make sure that each child has some dedicated one-on-one time with a parent. at the end of the day. Try to keep the timing consistent so that your children each know that they will have their time. Share the chores equally so that they get done twice as quickly. Resist the temptation to cram chores into these two hours. particularly when you are outnumbered! While techniques vary substantially depending on your circumstances.

as bedtime approaches When you have more than one child.QUICK GUIDE TO … DAY-TO-DAY ROUTINES Routine is important. on his own A stay-at-home mom needs to get out of the house as much as possible Slow activities down. . such as naps and food. constant A working mom needs to do as much the night before as possible A work-from-home mom needs to have a large selection of toys that their child can play with. deal with the least demanding first to ensure equality Give older children chores State expectations clearly. on a one-toone basis Try to keep the fundamentals. no matter what other pressures you may be under Children are adaptable and can cope with changes. if introduced gradually Always make sure that you make time to spend with your child.

during childhood. Children get used to this closeness and many parents actually prefer to have their offspring close to them. might develop problems. many mothers find it a lot easier to have their baby ‘on tap’ when they are breastfeeding. during the early months. children can get very hot. There are some simple rules to follow when co-sleeping: Make sure that both parents agree that you should co-sleep Consider getting a bigger bed so that everyone can have their space NEVER share a bed with a child when you are under the influence of drugs or alcohol Keep bedding to a minimum. later in life. A baby that sleeps peacefully through the night.SLEEP Sleep may well be the area that causes most worry for parents. On the plus side. . it is never too late to change your child’s sleep routines. this is simply not the case. Problems with sleep can occur at any time. Many parenting experts attribute a wide range of behavioral problems in children to lack of sleep. Although there is no conclusive evidence as to the safety of this method. Not getting a good night’s sleep can lead to irritability. to reason objectively and to deal with situations. when you’re feeling exhausted. It is often assumed that problems with sleep are primarily the domain of babies. It is also very difficult. as parents. do not let them sleep next to each other. In fact. Dr Sears believes that cosleeping is best for the whole family. thus ensuring that all concerned get a good night’s sleep! Sharing the family bed Many families opt to have their little ones sleeping in the same bed as themselves. very quickly If you have more than one child sharing with you. calmly. inability to concentrate or reason and general grumpiness (and that’s just the children!).

it becomes much easier to explain to him what is happening and to get him involved in the decision-making process. this will give him a sense of comfort Allow him to use his room for naps during the day. The most difficult age however. however. The transition can prove traumatic for all involved. however. with perseverance. and there is nothing worse than pacing the floor at 2 am knowing that you have an important meeting in 6 hours’ time! How? Explain to your child that he is now a big boy and able to have his own room and bed. At this stage. Once your child reaches 18 months. Get him involved and take him shopping for his new bedding. It is likely that you will have disturbed sleep as you settle him into his own room. This will familiarize him with his room and make the change easier to achieve . a child of this age is sufficiently aware of his changed circumstances to suffer from separation anxiety. consider placing him in a crib next to your bed. so plan carefully and be prepared! When? A child of less than 12 months will generally adapt easily to change and. for moving your child from the family bed is between the ages of 12 and 18 months. for a while. the transition should be problem-free. that there will come a time when you no longer want to sleep-share with your child. From a personal point of view. encourage him to be excited about the new move. Here are some more tips and tricks: Depending on how anxious your child appears. you are unable to explain fully exactly what is happening. consider making the change when you have a gap in your schedule.It is likely. at first. to break the process down a little and make it seem less traumatic Place an item of your worn clothing in the bed with your child.

by filling a glass of water in advance Give him extra hugs to last all night Tell him that you will be back in 5 minutes Leave him and stay firm . refusing to go to sleep is a prime way in which he can truly apply his power. story. This lets him feel that he has control but allows you to achieve your goals Do not let your child use delaying tactics. it may be necessary to sleep in the room with him. e. for the first few nights Be consistent and be firm. once you know he is safe. Fights at bedtime can start to take over your whole day and become the time that you dread most.If your child is really defiant about sleeping in his new room. he is more likely to be unable to fall asleep Give your child plenty of warning before bed time. begin this process at least 2 hours. if he goes to bed with worries. leave him for 5 minutes.g. Return after 5 minutes. even if he is crying. anticipate all usual requests. e. re-assure him and then leave him again. every night. What is even more frustrating is that a child can develop a desire to stay awake for most of the night. bath. before he goes to bed. bed. Perseverance will eventually pay off! Getting a child to bed The nightly battle of getting your children to bed can be wearing for even the most patient of parents.g. tell him that he has 5 minutes and then it is time for his bath Keep the nightly ritual the same. in advance Remove distractions that increase his activity levels such as television or video games Allow him time to tell you about his day. Choice is a key issue when your child is trying to exercise control Consider offering him options such as which book he would like to read. Here are some suggestions for reducing stress at bedtime: Gradually slow his activities down towards bedtime. at any point! When your toddler begins to exercise control.

Most children wake several times. at different ages. but are generally able to get themselves back to sleep again. There often comes a time. give him a smiley face and let him know how pleased you are with him . While there is often no obvious reason for this. during the day. so that he does not wake up feeling itchy! If your child is old enough to articulate his feelings. all you’ve got to do is keep him there! Children start sleeping through the night. however. during the night. when your child will begin to wake. this way you will know that he is not waking because he is hungry Ensure that he is comfortable in his nightwear. For those who fail to do so. waking may be attributed to the following circumstances: A growth spurt Teething difficulties The arrival of a new sibling Starting school or day care. deal with it and leave Avoid any eye contact and do not speak to him. Getting a child to sleep through the night and to wake later Now that your child is tucked up in bed. during the night.DO NOT return until 5 minutes has elapsed. it is important that he feels no real benefit from waking up and screaming Make sure that he is well fed and clean before going to bed. This may depend on a variety of factors such as birth weight and the amount of food that he eats. ask him why he wakes up in the middle of the night and what you can do to help him sleep through Reward him when he sleeps well at night. go in see what is needed. here are some key tips: When your child cries at night.

If it becomes a persistent problem. however. go to his door and listen for another 2 to 3 minutes. once is more than enough! Bed-wetting It is perfectly normal for young children to wet the bed at night. As a night terror is generally a short and intense event. it is likely that he will have nightmares or night terrors. take the time to show him that there are no monsters under the bed or in the closet. make sure that there is at least one special toy that he is happy to see Even before he can tell the time you can tell him where the little and big hands on the clock should be before he is allowed to wake up his parents Make sure that you are pleased to see him when he does come bounding into your room. Nightmares. he often does not wake up fully. to talk to him. Ask him what has happened and what he is thinking about. normally result in him waking up fully. consider whether he is suffering from any stress . If he is worried about monsters. Take time. These are often linked to times when he is undergoing new experiences.Have a box of morning toys available for him to play with in his own room. It can be a scary time for parents as the scream is often sudden and piercing. Another good tactic is to allow him to bring his monster into you and leave it with you – be careful. such as starting school or day care. occasionally. When you hear a scream. This may alleviate some of the stress that he is feeling and may help his mind to stop racing. at the end of every day. that he does not use this as an opportunity to wander into your room in the middle of the night. it is important that he feels it is rewarding to wait! Common Sleep Problems Night terrors and nightmares As his imagination begins to work overtime. at the required time. on the other hand. allowing him the chance to re-settle himself is often the best option.

This is sometimes more for you as parents than for your child. thus enabling you to avoid triggers.or physical problems such as a urinary track infection. there is no harm in marking a smiley face chart with his successes. No matter what – always make sure that you speak to a pediatrician to eliminate the possibility that bed-wetting may be a symptom of a more serious condition such as diabetes. . While you should not punish him for bed wetting. Do not make a big fuss and do not punish him. as it is motivating to see the dry nights increase as the weeks go by. deal with it quickly and quietly. When your child wets the bed. Keeping a record of ‘dry nights’ may also be useful for identifying any pattern for wet nights.

however. within 30 minutes of bed time. gradually increase the intervals Issues such as starting child care or moving house may affect your child’s pattern Have a box of morning toys available to give you more time in the morning Do not punish a child for bedwetting Do. . before he is expected to settle for bed Work in 5 minute intervals.QUICK GUIDE TO … SLEEP Sharing a family bed is great with a younger baby who needs regular comfort and breast feeding Between the ages of 12 months and 18 months is the worst time to try and move your child from the family bed Give your child a chance to talk about his day. leaving him for 5 minutes and then returning. give a smiley face for not bedwetting Avoid drinks.

MEALS We’ve all seen it on TV. does not mean that weaning is accomplished within the space of 2 weeks. Also make sure that you yourself are not pre-occupied with weight. This. Weaning on to adult food occurs over a period of years. jolly conversation. boys are not excluded). It is crucially important if you feel that your young child is dieting unnecessarily that you get professional advice and support (not that although dieting is generally associated with girls. Other problems such as weaning your child onto adult food and food fights are generally a larger concern for most parents. make sure that you do so out of the sight of your young child. caution should be exercised when considering your older child’s eating habits. The reality is often somewhat different! From food fights to picky eaters. If you step onto the scales. Here are some ideas to help you on your way: Take one small step at a time. have dieted at some point during their life. contented family sitting around the table eating happily and making polite. aged 9. feeding time can test the patience of any parent. regularly. if a child eats only small portions this is because he simply does not need any more. Children are very good at instinctively knowing what they require. a large. however. this is not a race Encourage your child to experiment. give him variety and options . at this stage. The gradual process from milk to adult food can be frustrating for all involved. Here’s some help … Weaning The process of weaning your child begins around the age of 4 months. it is unlikely that he has decided to diet at the age of 2! However. Generally. Recent research from an eating disorder support group has estimated that 40 percent of girls.

Fussy Eaters and Food Phobias Fussy eaters. However. and don’t rush him as this may scare him into regressing Try and eat a small amount of your child’s food in front of him. if he is genuinely scared of the food this may alleviate his fears . Interchange these foods so that he is challenged but not frustrated Don’t assume that your child has the same tastes as you. visually. in general.Have a selection of ‘easy’ foods available as well as more challenging foods. clear away the plates even if he hasn’t finished. You will almost certainly be pleasantly surprised by how well he actually eats! Hunger is a common reason for your child to wake in the middle of the night so make sure that he has plenty of opportunity to eat ‘filling’ foods such as potatoes. with his evening meal Remember that he may simply be asserting his independence therefore forcing him may increase his resistance Let him see you eating the food you are offering him. so don’t fret if he doesn’t eat as much as you think he should Once the meal is over. at mealtimes. don’t assume that your child will feel the same Give your child a chance to look at his food and to consider it. make sure that there is always something that he likes as well as other items available to him Do not make a big fuss about what he eats or doesn’t eat Remember children will eat when they are hungry. allow plenty of time. can be treated in the same way as those infants experiencing weaning difficulties. there are some specific tips and tricks to help you get your child to eat his feared foods: Offer your child a choice of foods. he will be more likely to trust the food and want to try it. do not goad him or make a fuss If you are concerned about what your child is eating keep a diary covering a period of at least a week. If you hate pasta.

Always try to sit with your child when he eats. If dinner is dragging on beyond 20 minutes allow him to leave the table. several days in a row. Family meals While it may be ideal for the entire family to sit down and eat together. Avoid allowing him to eat during the 30 minutes before meal time. particularly with younger children. From throwing food to banging spoons. even if you are not eating yourself Have a box of after-dinner toys available in the dining room. he cannot interrupt . he will soon get used to the idea that he. children often seem to want to play with their food more than they want to eat it. like the rest of the family. Recognize this and do not feel that you have failed if you decide to have two sittings involving a ‘child’s dinner’. Offer him the new food along with other familiar foods. sit down with your meal and discuss the day NOT the food at the table If he begins to play with his food. sometimes this is just not practical. followed by an adult dinner’. if he continues to play. before he takes the plunge! Using utensils and food fights Playing with food can be irksome for those around your child. this will help to enforce the idea that while he does not have to participate in the family meal.Take small steps at a time. ask him whether he has finished eating. gets the evening meal prepared for him. take his meal away Resist the temptation to ask him what he would like to eat if he doesn’t seem to like the evening meal. Here are some tips for fuss-free mealtimes: Do not turn feeding time into a battle. It may take several days of looking at the new food item. not a specialist on-demand menu A child is likely to begin playing with his food if he is bored or simply not hungry.

include them in your conversation and resist the temptation to discuss the meal in front of them.Keep snacks to a minimum so that he looks forward to his main meal Remember that adult conversation is boring to most young children. .

always make sure that there is something that he likes. on the table When everyone has finished eating. if he continues to play then take his food off him – no fuss Make sure that you sit with your child when he eats. every day. . put the food on his plate. even if you are not eating Keep some after dinner toys available so that you can enjoy your meal Include your child in the conversation. remove all plates Do not talk about food at the table.QUICK GUIDE TO … MEAL TIME Take your time when it comes to weaning Interchange easy foods with more challenging foods Offer a fussy eater plenty of choices. it may take a while for him to try the food Ask a child that is playing with his food whether he has finished. discuss other issues When introducing new foods. for several days.

A child may be ready at age 18 months. Make sure that you have plenty of time available for the main training period. Potty training for the daytime is often achieved several months before a child can begin night training.POTTY TRAINING When To Start And How To Prepare There is no such time as the ‘right’ time to start potty training. or you have just moved house. free from outside distractions. How to tell if your child is ready for potty training: He tries to help when you are dressing or undressing him He is able to follow basic instructions He is aware of when he is ‘doing a poo’ (this is often evidenced by concentration or pointing to his diaper) He is able to occupy himself with toys for at least 5 minutes His diaper is often dry when you go to change him. however. take time off work to ensure that you can dedicate yourself to the task. are ready to begin training at sometime between 18 and 24 months. Equipment that you need for potty training: . or he may not be ready until after his 2nd birthday. many children continue to bed-wet for many years. Most children. the occurrence of bed-wetting should become much less frequent. If necessary. This indicates that he is establishing some bladder control Avoid training when there is a new baby in the house. Timing is key to successful potty training. In any event. although as time goes by.

As you get closer to beginning potty training.At least 2 potties. He can use this when he is traveling. but make sure that you offer lots of praise. preferably of the same color to prevent the “I want the blue one” argument. Explain to him what you are doing. If he has never seen one before it is perfectly possible that he will be scared by his poo. Put one upstairs and one downstairs (You may not have much warning at first!) A cushion with a polythene bag over it. . in the potty! A child of this age enjoys copying. Do not make him sit there until he poos. place the potty in the toilet with you so that he can sit on it. then place him on his potty. at this time. He may hold back for several days. Make the most of this and take your child with you to the toilet at every opportunity. If your child does a poo at a regular time. This is generally because they find it easier to control their bowels than their bladders. if he is successful. each day. stay calm and determined. do not get frustrated. for a period of 5 to 10 minutes. Put a pretty cover over the cushion (one that is easily washed). Tell him that it is his special cushion. Show him how hands become wet and then dry. Introduce him to the idea of wet and dry. at the same time as you use the toilet. every day. Process of potty training Children often become clean before they are dry. encourage him to join in when you are washing your own hands. or in public places Prepare a collection of toys or tapes so that he doesn’t become bored while using the potty Plenty of spare clothing – you are going to need it! Prepare your child for potty training by introducing him to the idea of ‘doing a pee or a poo’. Show him the contents of his diaper so that he is familiar with what a poo looks like.

it may be easier to leave any trousers. without his diaper. during the day. dress him in his ‘big boy underwear’. If he does a pee. In fact. This will help to reduce accidents. during the day. Remind him regularly to use his potty. at hand. such as books and tapes to encourage him to stay on the potty.During this period. On the first day of training. congratulate him. socks and shoes off for the first few days. it is not generally recommended that training commence. this will confuse him. Continue this process for several days. throughout the day. Keep a record of when he successfully uses the potty. Night training Most parents find that successful night training occurs much later than day training. take the phone off the hook – this requires 100 percent dedication Keep games low-key so that he does not become over-excited and forget about his potty altogether Once you begin training. most children will be in a position where they have only the occasional ‘accident’. from this record. Tell him that he is a big boy and encourage him to be excited by this development. Take him to the toilet with you and ask him to sit on his potty so that you can both do a pee together. for a short period. before . do not put your child back in diapers. Try getting him to sit on his potty every 15 to 30 minutes. but do not make a fuss if he does not. Introduce the big loo as soon as possible so that he is not frightened of the change. Here are some handy hints for surviving the first week of potty training: For the first day. By the end of the first 10-minute intervals. it will be possible to establish when he generally needs to pee or poo. Keep plenty of entertainment. you could also put him on his potty for 5.

Once your child is regularly waking dry and clean. for the first few days. try pretending to run out of diapers. Encourage him to use the toilet before bed and reduce the amount of fluid that he drinks. Dealing with Potty Training Problems Twins Resist the temptation to train twins together. . don’t force the issue. If he doesn’t. but are much more reluctant when it comes to pooing. Forcing night training can cause other sleep-related problems and is usually best avoided.the age of 3. It may be the excitement of the event that has led to him simply forgetting to go the toilet. If this approach works for several days. it will correct itself in time. you can explain to him that he no longer needs his diaper. Refusing to poo in a toilet or potty Many children are happy to pee in a potty. he may be prepared to forgive the lack of diaper. within an hour of bedtime. With a special toy or favorite video to hand. at the same time. Accidents while away from home Changes to routine can often lead to more accidents than usual. unless they are both ready at the same time. If they happen to be ready. Try to establish a regular time for your child to poo. there is no harm in using the occasional reminder. in a new or exciting environment. While he should be encouraged to decide for himself when he needs the toilet. try lining the potty with a diaper to encourage him to use the potty. Once you have established a regular time. providing more fruit to eat at breakfast can often assist with regularity. then enlist an extra pair of hands.

trying to undress himself. DO NOT punish him when he does not. Show your child his own poo in his nappy and take him to the toilet with you Introduce the concept of wet and dry Signs that he is ready for potty training include. or if he has an accident Night training normally happens 6 months after day training Train each twin when they are ready. take your child to his potty every 15 to 30 minutes and get him to sit on it. having a dry nappy and being able to follow instructions In the first few days. .QUICK GUIDE TO … POTTY TRAINING There is no right or wrong time to start potty training. for a short period Whenever he uses the potty congratulate him. they do not have to be trained together Keep a cushion with a protective layer for use when you are away from home or in the car. although generally this happens between the ages of 18 months and 2 years Let your child become aware of the toilet.

Tell him clearly and definitely what you want him to do. therefore. make sure that you ask your pediatrician for a hearing test. Equally frustrating can be a child that ignores you! Try the following tips to help get your child to listen to what you have to say: Give your child warning before asking him to do something. he will have to be quiet to hear what you have to say. he is yelling because he is over-excited and enjoying life. think that there is anything wrong with . A child rarely shouts just because he wants to annoy you.LANGUAGE AND SPEECH It feels like only yesterday that you were squealing with excitement at your child’s first words and now you are desperately trying to change his speech! Getting a child to listen and stop screaming He has discovered that he can make a variety of noises and he is not afraid to show you his new talent. e. please put those books back on the shelf. Tell him what will happen once he has done what you have asked him to do. If all of this does not work. he will simply learn that the person who speaks loudest is the one that is heard. Make sure that you do not yell to counteract his noise.g. Asking him generally to tidy up is confusing. Truth is. Interrupting A young child is often unable to comprehend that the world does not exist solely for his benefit and does not. Try giving him an incentive to do as he is told. It is little wonder that he ignores your request to get his shoes on when he has just reached the good bit of his new book! Make sure he understands what you are saying. By lowering your own voice. it is possible that he is not hearing you clearly. Try encouraging him to use his ‘indoor voice’.

When you are introducing this. .interrupting. but there are a few things that you can do to help in the meantime: Make sure that you set a good example. he will begin to see you talking on the phone as a positive instead of a negative thing. Making a big fuss when he swears will only encourage him to do it again. for fear of forgetting. such as a wooden spoon. If your child sees the adults around him waiting their turn to speak. So what does work? Here are some ideas: If he uses a made up word like ‘poo-poo head’ tell him that you don’t understand. If your child regularly interrupts when you are on the phone then try having a box of ‘phone toys’ that are only played with when you are on the phone. This can be something like touching his nose or holding his own hand. Stopping a child from swearing and answering back Children have a wonderful habit of blurting out inappropriate words at inappropriate times. Create a game where your child can give you a signal that he has something to say. apologize for doing so. then he will be more inclined to copy. it helps to recognize verbally that he has something to say and tell him that you will be back to hear his point soon. Children under the age of four do not have a very well developed long-term memory. as it is not a real word. Rest assured that this will improve naturally with age. just to spark the same reaction. As such they feel that they have to blurt out whatever comes into their mind immediately. On the occasions that you do accidentally interrupt either your child or another adult. By giving him something special to do when you are on the phone. Whoever is holding the item can speak and the others must be silent. Another good game is to play ‘pass the parcel’ with an item.

Tell him that the language he is using is unacceptable and that if he continues to use it there will be a punishment. with him. With an older child it is often possible to explain that such language will hurt other people’s feelings. Sometimes it is best simply to turn a blind eye and to move onto something else. Give him alternative ‘clean’ words that he can use to express his feelings. it might be because he wants to walk like a big boy. DO NOT. Answering back is often a child’s way of asserting his independence. He must not believe that this is a fun way of getting approval. Dealing with lies Children. Consider why he is answering back and respect his views. When your child is not swearing but is simply answering back defiantly. Tell him that you can see he is hurt / frustrated or upset and try and work out. The more choices he is allowed to make.Tempting as it is to laugh when your child swears. Give him the chance to help solve his own problems. Consider the following tactics: Tell him that it is unacceptable. If he declares that his buggy is stupid. tell him that you will not play with him while he uses unnecessary language. five minutes later. If you were playing with him at the time. if necessary. what can be done to improve the situation. Wherever possible give him choices. the less likely he is to resort to defiance. particularly those of pre-school age have active imaginations. it can be hard to know what to do. Make sure that you do not use bad language around your child – he will only copy. rather than aggressively shouting about it. Once you have said this. draw boundaries and stick to them. stick to your guns and apply punishment. They often struggle to differentiate between reality and fantasy and don’t actually mean . Give him a second chance to play properly. himself.

While you don’t want to encourage lying. As your child grows older. However. it is a normal phase of your child’s development. don’t tell him off for lying. Try discussing them after you have finished the book so that he can express his feelings towards the books. just ask if he can help you tidy it tell lies. Make sure that if he does tell the truth about a misdemeanor. . If you feel that your child may not be developing adequately. he is not punished. or you simply want to help him get ahead try the following: Read out loud. This is perfectly natural. listen to his stories and encourage him to tell the truth. It is unlikely that he will fully understand the difference between truth and fantasy. Phrase your questions in a way that is not accusatory. some key signs that your child is struggling to express himself include using hitting or kicking instead of words to express himself. Use stories such as ‘the boy who cried wolf’ to illustrate your point. Thank him for telling the truth and make him feel that by telling the truth he will receive a more positive reaction. He may lie because he forgets the truth or it may be a case of wishful thinking. Be patient and encourage him to tell the truth. Your child will learn primarily from listening to you. children develop at different paces. until he is at least five years old. Don’t come down too hard on him. explain to him the importance of telling the truth. but don’t get over anxious about his lies. follow the words with your finger so that he associates the words with what you are saying. Expand his collection of books to include characters and plots. Developing your child’s linguistic abilities Linguistically. so make sure that you use as wide a vocabulary as possible. If he denies spilling his juice.

follow these golden rules: It does help if you. Answer him in whichever language he uses with you. so get learning! Start as young as you can. try rephrasing discretely. so that he gets used to associating the written word with an item. Research has shown that children who speak more than one language are more able to learn a further language and more able to solve logic problems. mug. Read in the second language and converse in the language. persevere and it will work! . Bilingual children It may seem that mastering one language is challenging enough. as a parent. bring something back and have a show and tell session. Encourage him to speak to other adults and children. so that your child can be immersed in the language. Get hold of tapes. If you want to teach your child a second language. However. Label common items around the house such as chair. Find support groups for children who speak the same languages. Don’t give up. also speak the second language. make sure that you give him time. at an earlier age. as much as possible. specifically. Resist the temptation to correct his grammar overtly. let alone two.Every time you go out. Put down your newspaper and listen. DVDs and books in the second language. By interacting with other children with similar linguistic abilities he will begin to flourish. Do not force your child to speak either language. When your child wants to talk. there are proven advantages to teaching a child a second language from an early age. table. alongside your main language. whenever possible.

as this may help ease any frustrations Try to ignore lies.QUICK GUIDE TO … LANGUAGE AND SPEECH Always make sure that your child has reasonable warning when you are about to ask him to do something Be clear and definite in your instructions Praise good behavior Create a game where your child can give a signal when he wants to say something. do not interrupt or shout yourself Do not laugh when your child swears Tell your child when the language is unacceptable and state a consequence should he continues to use such language Give your child time to air his views. this is part of his developing imagination and nothing to worry you. unduly Label items around the house to help your child increase his vocabulary. . rather than interrupting Set a good example.

as he becomes more advanced. he will still enjoy puzzles and songs. Ask a friend or relative to watch you playing with your child.PLAYTIME Never underestimate the power of play! A child of any age can benefit from play. this will help you to see things as he does. Play at different ages There are no specific rules as to which games should be played. They may see some obvious ways that you can improve. Allocate specific times to dedicate to play. playing with pretend toys and singing. as well as doing simple puzzles. As he grows older. these will need to become more sophisticated. Talk to him about what you are doing. However. he should choose what to play and for how long. you will encourage him to increase his ability to solve problems. then that is the game for him. if your child seems to be enjoying himself. In a busy schedule. Ideally. By spending time playing with your child. . If your child plays on the floor. Make sure that you spend at least 10 – 15 minutes a day playing. at which age. get down on the floor with him. this is a great way of making him feel involved and of increasing his vocabulary. here are some general guidelines: By the age of 18 months. Take time to stand back and watch him interact with toys. on his terms. you should be guided entirely by your child. children will generally enjoy using crayons. However. as well as with other children. with him. Watching a child play is a great way of getting to know how his mind is working. play can often be overlooked or be something that your child is asked to do on his own. Generally. A pre-school child will also have a vivid imagination and may enjoy make believe and dressing up.

Over 4 years old Building blocks. altogether. Matching games. Sink or float. Picture book. By showing an interest. How to drag your child away from the TV In today’s modern society.After this age. Always make sure you ask permission before joining their game! Ideas of games for all ages Here are some general guidelines for games to try with your child: Under 2 years old Rolling a ball back and forward between you. they are much more likely to invite you to join them. it is difficult to prevent a child from watching TV. Bathing their dolly. Filling a box and then emptying it again. Drawing and painting. Finger puppets. the best way to find out what they like to do is to ask them. Creating a ramp to roll a ball down. 2 – 4 years old Bowling with a soft ball and empty water bottles. Finger painting. use a bowl of water and see if various items sink or float. Playing with a mirror. Making time in front of the television as productive as possible is .

miss out on other opportunities such as outdoor play and conversation. Watch TV with your child so that you can talk about the program afterwards. Have a collection of suitable videos available so that you know exactly what your child is watching. Decide on the program that they are going to watch. Tell them that they can watch it and make sure that you turn the TV off once it has finished. Don’t rely on luck to help you find a suitable program. your child’s eyes will not go square if they watch too much TV. Contrary to popular belief. however. they will. and that they can do things that people cannot. Avoid violent or bad language. Do not leave the TV on as background noise.therefore fundamental. . Make sure that you explain to your child that cartoon characters are not real people.

QUICK GUIDE TO … PLAYTIME Never underestimate the importance of play Under 2-year olds normally enjoy playing with mirrors 2. as well as drawing and painting Children over 4 years old will enjoy more complex games such as building blocks or finger painting Make sure that your child knows that cartoon characters are not real Do not have the television as background noise Treat the television as a 4-year olds normally enjoy playing with balls. .

if that is what they choose. consider some of the more general issues surrounding discipline. after all. That does not mean that you should feel alone. However. This said. generally have similar capabilities. This may lead to resistance to playing certain games or playing with certain people. in time. and. in general. their behavior is likely to be moderated so that they behave. By the age of three or four. Add to this confusion. It can be a difficult time. Before you look in any detail at your specific problems. know your child best. There are plenty of places that you can get help and support to tackle any problems that you may have. like a ‘typical’ girl or boy. it will take until at least the age of three before they realize what it actually means to be a girl or a boy. Trust your own judgment. Differences between the sexes Children. but rather something they learn. no matter which gender.DISCIPLINE GENERAL ISSUES Most parents. at some time or another. This behavior is not something that they have at birth. children understand that they are either a boy or a girl but they do not realize that they will remain this gender. You. Children will become aware that there are gender differences from about the age of two. as such. It is possible that your son might believe that wearing pink will turn him into a girl. does not treat children of different genders in the same way. Encourage your child without the use of stereotyping. society. deciding when and how to punish your child. come across issues relating to discipline. Allow your son to play with dolls and your daughter to play with toy soldiers. . the multitude of opinions from seemingly everyone you know.

Girls on the other hand generally perform better at language and verbal tasks. These can begin at a very young age. Boys also tend to be affected more with behavioral problems. At what age does a child understand right v wrong? Experts have mixed opinions on when a child fully understands consequences. more serious. whereas boys tend to hear better from one ear and see better with the left eye. and six times more boys than girls are diagnosed each year with the hyperactivity disorder ADHD. children are more likely to be interested in what it means to be a girl or a boy and may insist on wearing certain items of clothing or role-playing. Some argue that this occurs from birth. A few other interesting facts that you may wish to consider are: Girls are more likely to have body image issues. Four times more boys than girls are diagnosed as being emotionally disturbed.From the age of five. generally. until close to his second birthday. there are some physical differences between the genders that can affect behavior: Girls are usually born able to see and hear equally well in both eyes and ears. their injuries are also. The easiest way to show your child the difference between right and wrong is by . A child can understand very basic consequences. Many girls are already unhappy with their weight by the age of six. Boys are twice as likely to be injured during play. Boys are generally considered better at tasks involving spatial awareness. While most of the behavior is learnt. However. from a very early age. it is safer to assume that a child does not have any true sense of cause and effect.

Despite this. Encourage good behavior with lavish amounts of praise. For example. This final part is fundamental. Punishment As a general rule support and incentives produce better results than punishment or over-indulgence. If he does continue with his behavior. He . Do not alter the boundaries. As your child grows older. so that he can learn that his actions affect others’ feelings as well as his own. as he will soon learn that you don’t really stick to your word. Decide what behavior you simply will not tolerate. Children are great copiers and if you behave in a way in which you wish your child to behave. do not be afraid to use punishment. then tell him what the consequence is going to be if he continues. then this will encourage desirable behavior. once. Try explaining how you feel. be selective and concentrate on the things that MUST not happen and not simply on the things that irritate you. Be careful that this does not turn into bribery. ask him to stop. He will learn that he must do some things that he does not like in order to obtain the things that he does like. Do your best to ignore bad behavior. With a child under the age of two. it is easier to explain to him that certain behavior is not desirable. He is unlikely to understand fully the concept of ‘wrong’. This is not a skill that he will learn overnight. tell your child that after he has washed his hands he will be able to go to the park or have his favorite candy. personality and understanding. The method that you choose to achieve this aim depends on your child’s age. carry out the threat that you previously made. Resist the temptation to excuse his bad behavior with the notion that he is only young or is tired. If he continues to misbehave. where necessary.doing so yourself. prevention and distraction are the best ways to go. This is a powerful lesson to teach your child. Offer your child incentives to behave as you would like him to. Indeed some adults still haven’t fully mastered it! Incentives v. Decide what behavior you will not tolerate and stick to it.

however. do not beat yourself up with guilt. If he swears once at age three this does not mean that he is about to go completely off the rails! Everywhere we look we hear about unconditional love for our children. but it doesn’t mean that you will always like your child. Tell your child that you are sorry for getting as angry as you did and that it doesn’t mean that you don’t love them. He must be allowed to behave like a child. Handling Anger Once you have lost your temper. Is it through stress? In today’s society we are pushed to do more. Do not try to perfect your child. this will allow him to feel respected. This is true. Consider. Keep in mind that you are the parent and therefore any compromise will have to come primarily from you. firstly. It may be that you have unrealistic expectations of your child. so make sure that you can and do issue the punishment that you have threatened. If your child decides to reject your apology. ask his permission for a hug / handshake. that your child sees you as his role model. Remember. We feel guilty because we don’t have enough time . A toddler WILL NOT play happily on his own for hours on end and then trot happily off to bed.must learn that you will see your threats through. How you react to stressful circumstances will have a direct bearing on his reactions. his behavior will change dramatically over the years. He is a child. . but days are not getting longer. Remind yourself that you are human and as such you make mistakes.and we seem to be surrounded by ‘perfect’ parents. why you lose your temper. It is perfectly possible that you simply have a personality clash – this does not mean that you are a bad parent! Recognize your differences and learn to deal with them. Keeping your temper Easier said than done! With a screaming child it is extremely tempting to simply scream back.

defiance may be due to feeling left out of the decision making process. so don’t let it get you down. When it is your partner that is not following your routine. even in a day. If you have the opportunity. come the doting grandparents or. Lack of understanding may be causing the differences. We all make mistakes! Dealing with other adults – grandparents and the other parent You’ve been working hard all day on your child’s discipline and you really think you are getting somewhere. Give others a chance by telling them what the latest ‘trick’ is and how you are handling it. Stay firm and focused. but those things remain unacceptable to you. If you cannot get other adults to follow your lead. try to speak to the other adult before they speak to your child. try explaining to your child that he may be allowed to do certain things with Grandma. It is easy to forget how much your child changes. a serious conversation is necessary.Children forget about events like this very quickly and will be happily playing again within minutes. worse still. Tell them how you discipline your child and what challenges you are facing. out of nowhere. he will soon learn. . Then. Try explaining to the other adults what you are doing. Ask for their advice. the other parent. to spoil your child and you feel that you are back to square one. Explain what you are doing and why you are doing it.

Incentives are generally a better alternative to punishment Decide what is really important and use punishment only on these matters. at some time or another Children become aware of gender at age 2 There are some physiological differences. . and if truly necessary Do not worry too much if you lose your temper. however children of different genders are likely to behave differently Children do not understand the difference between right and wrong.QUICK GUIDE TO … GENERAL DISCIPLINE ISSUES You are not alone. until at least their second birthday. every parent has an issue with discipline. it will not effect your child in the long-term Explain to other adults the discipline rules that you are using.

By encouraging him to be open with his feelings it will help him to deal with his anger. but also reassure the aggressor. so take time to think about when and why your child bites. Not all biting is the result of loss of control. Biting Biting is in no way unusual. in other ways. you will hear that it is just a phase. almost without exception. biting or hitting get a mention. do this by separating the children. so that you can avert future occurrences. whining. Prevention is better than cure. however. Talk about what has happened and encourage him to express his feelings in other ways. this does not mean that you should simply put up with this behavior. By the time your child goes to school. as he will also be upset by the events. follow these guidelines: Make sure that everyone is safe. Give any first aid that is necessary. A great idea is to have an apple available for him to bite when he feels frustrated – a healthy and harmless alternative! . Overwhelming feelings of anger or fear that he simply cannot express verbally will often lead to him sinking his teeth in. When your child bites. Time and time again. and has been bitten back! Biting is normally the result of your child losing control. it may be a misguided show of affection or out of pure excitement. it is likely that he has bitten someone at least once. Talk to him about his feelings and also about biting. This is true. crying.COMMON PROBLEMS Whenever you speak to a parent about the troublesome behavior that they are struggling to control.

recognize his feelings. when you are in a good mood. Teach him to express himself verbally as an alternative. We all expect babies to cry. if necessary. tell him that he is whining and how annoying it is. Perhaps roaring like a lion will work – you can even join him if you are feeling tense. Alternatively. then remain calm. ask him to stop and finally ignore him. Whenever your child begins to whine. Ask him to use his normal voice. Make sure that he realizes that it is okay to feel angry. In short. Crying can be equally frustrating. suggest that he tells you why he is upset. What is not okay is the way he is expressing it. However. Tell him that you know he is angry and that he should not hit as it hurts. When he asks for something. play it back to him and discuss it with him. reprimand him and give him a reason for not doing it again. It is vital that you do not hit him back. make sure you acknowledge what he has asked for and tell him when you will do it for him. However. Hitting him back will only reinforce his idea that hitting is an acceptable way to express his feelings. Emotions are not bad things and it is important that your child feels that his emotions count. but what happens when the crying carries on for years? Crying is an expression of emotion. it is normally directed at a disciplining adult.Hitting Hitting often occurs in the same way as biting. period. give him paper and crayons so that he can draw what is . Another good idea is to tape record your child when he is whining and then. Instead of telling him not to cry. your child may not recognize that he is whining. Chances are he’ll be so amused at the idea of you both roaring that his anger will also subside! Crying / whining Whining is infuriating. offer a distraction such as a toy or a game. One of the best ways to deal with whining is to try and avoid these situations altogether. If you cannot avoid it.

He must realize that talking generates a much better result. . If all fails. ignore him when he cries about smaller things. he will get a better response. but tell him that you are happy to discuss it with him. Another idea is to explain to him that it is not a good idea to cry about small things and that if he can simply talk about issues.upsetting him. When he does stop crying (and he will) make sure that you give him 100% attention when he tries to tell you what was bothering him.

QUICK GUIDE TO … COMMON PROBLEMS Biting is very common. but this does not mean that it is okay to ignore A child normally bites because he is so frustrated he cannot express himself in any other way Encourage your child to talk about what makes him bite and give him words that will help him to express himself verbally. in the future Recognize his feelings Try to ignore whining. or at least ask that he speaks in his normal voice When a child stops crying make sure you give him 100% attention. when he tells you what is bothering him .

tell him why he has been moved. Take heart. hold him in your arms. Stay calm and sit it out – it will end! . This is particularly tempting in a public place! Some children will try to hurt people around them. though. in actual fact. but he is not yet able to express himself fully with the use of words. Preventing the tantrum in the first place is clearly the most desirable way of dealing with tantrums. kick. children can have tantrums at any age! Knowing that every parent has been there does not help when you feel that all those around you are looking down their noses at your rebellious child. Dealing with toddler tantrums A child in the middle of a full-blown tantrum will often. If he is not too violent in his tantrum. The phrase ‘terrible twos’ is a misnomer. it is likely that your child is not trying to manipulate you (particularly at a young age) but is. He will not listen to reason. scream. When you move him. Try distracting your child with a favorite toy or game. such as his bedroom. he understands more about what is going on around him. Try the following tactics: Stay close so that he does not feel he is being abandoned. overwhelmed with emotions that he does not know how to handle. If he does this. for the parent who is suffering yet another screaming fit. This is frustrating to him and often results in a sudden loss of control – the temper tantrum. No matter how much he screams. Sometimes. take him calmly to an area where he cannot hurt himself. as this will only increase his fury. however. This is little comfort. do not give him what he wants just to calm him. As he gets older. throw things and hold his breath. so don’t try and talk him round. no matter what you do. DO NOT shout at him. a child is going to tantrum.REBELLION AND TANTRUMS Very few parents get through the early years without having to deal with toddler tantrums and rebellions from their children. or others. such as younger siblings or pets.

Discuss the tantrum with your child. If. you will get a greater understanding of the cause of the tantrum and he may learn to use words rather than screams. It may help to make a note of the location. children are normally passive. consider what has just happened. By allowing him to feel in control of his own life he is much less likely to be defiant.The calm after the storm While you breathe a sigh of relief. Ask him which top he would like to wear and respect his choice. Your toddler will have largely forgotten about his outburst. By allowing him to explain. When your toddler is too young to discuss the matter. Try asking him why he was so angry. time and trigger. If tantrums become persistent and without any clear pattern. he will not understand. to eliminate any possible physical causes. Do not hold a grudge. This will help you to determine what causes your child to tantrum and may enable you to avert future tantrums. When acting defiantly. rather than actively doing something that you have told them not to do. he simply responds with. in that they simply don’t do something that they are asked to do. remind him that if he does not choose you will choose for him. you have little option but to simply move on. . This does not make it any less frustrating! Give your child choices wherever possible. after you have given him a choice. Tantrums begin and end suddenly. so don’t dwell on it or punish him. ‘No’. within minutes. make sure that you speak to your pediatrician. When a child refuses to do something Does it feel as if your child’s favorite word is ‘No’? You are not alone! A young child has little control over his life and will use defiance as a means of asserting his authority. Try to help him with words that will enable him to express himself.

When you see him doing something useful. for good and helpful behavior. By restricting the times that you insist on your child doing something. if at all possible. This means that you should praise your child five times as many times as your reprimand him. when you do insist. Pick your arguments carefully. . make a fuss of him. Distract him from the battleground. your child is much more likely to take you seriously. if you are not going to be permanently at loggerheads! Before starting a debate with your child. Try following a five to one rule. regularly. ask yourself whether it is really important.Make sure that you praise your child.

but this does not mean that it is okay to ignore A child normally bites because he is so frustrated he cannot express himself in any other way Encourage your child to talk about what makes him bite and give him words that will help him to express himself verbally. when he tells you what is bothering him . in the future Recognize his feelings Try to ignore whining. or at least ask that he speaks in his normal voice When a child stops crying make sure you give him 100% attention.QUICK GUIDE TO … COMMON PROBLEMS Biting is very common.

do so as if it were the first time. For this reason we should view giving children incentives to behave as a positive thing and not simply a case of bribery! As a parent you are largely responsible for building your child’s self esteem. Give your child chores. from a very early age. Make sure that your child associates his reward with the task that he has just completed. After he has finished washing his hands reinforce this by saying.PUNISHMENT AND INCENTIVES Knowing when to use incentives and when to use punishments is a key issue for many parents. Avoid offering incentives for things that you expect your child to do on a daily basis. Doing something that you don’t enjoy in order to be able to do something that you find fun is normal. asking your child to take his dirty clothes to the wash basket every night will encourage his independence and engender a desire to be helpful. speak slowly and maintain eye contact. It is therefore important that you practice good positive reinforcement skills: Do not confuse incentives with bribery. For example. For example. A sweet in exchange for not swearing is bribery not an incentive! Speak directly to your child when you are asking him to do something. “great you’ve washed your hands. Children have a short attention span. With many conflicting opinions on when and how to punish. If you have to repeat your instructions. tell him that you will go to the park after he has washed his hands. he may simply have forgotten what you asked him to do. We go to work so that we can afford to buy nice things. . now we can go to the park”. it is little surprise that we get confused! Incentives & positive reinforcement Incentives are a part of every day life.

A good way of telling whether your child is old enough to benefit for time-outs is if he reminds you when you break the rules! When to use time-outs? Remember that time-outs are used to help your child handle his frustration. At what age can you start using time-outs? Using time-outs when your child is under the age of two is unlikely to work. it should not be a reward. If you spot your child beginning to lose control. Time-outs should also be used when a child is adversely affecting others. when they are in time-out. Toddlers do not like to stay still and trying to confine him will almost certainly result in a game of chase. It is NOT punishment. . With older children you should warn them that if they do not stop what they are doing. Time-outs are only really useful when your child is old enough to understand the difference between right and wrong. immediately. but rather a way of helping your child to control his emotions. consider using a time-out. Equally important is that toys or videos do not surround older children. however. this is particularly important if an older child is hurting a younger sibling. While the main purpose of taking time-out is not punishment. If you are in public you can still use time out by taking your child to one side.Time-outs In reality. Where to use time-outs? It is important that the area you choose for time-outs is safe and within your line of vision. away from the ‘action’. they will be placed in time-out. equally. and allowing him time to calm down. Time-outs are an extremely useful tool. positive reinforcement does not always work and more drastic measures are needed.

If your child is having a large tantrum. re-set the clock and tell him why you are doing so. Until he is old enough to understand time-outs. time-out will only annoy him further. accurately. When time-out has finished. time-outs should last a minute for each year of your child’s life. Set a clock so that you time the period. so if he won’t stay still. you can remove yourself by going into a separate room away from your child. trying to pin him down in his time-out spot may simply make matters worse. use distraction instead. If he violates these rules. rather than insisting on him staying in the same room. take him to his time-out location. What if they persist? If your child simply refuses to stay in the time-out location. Sit next to him and if necessary hold him on your lap. but do not issue blame or maintain a grudge. Let him burn himself out. . talk to your child about why he was in timeout. DO NOT talk to him or maintain eye contact. If it is safe to do so. here are a few things that you can do: Be prepared to stay with your child in time-out. but do not enter into discussion or negotiation. As a general rule. The purpose of time-out is to allow him to have some time alone to regroup.How to enforce a time-out effectively? Warn him that he will be put in time-out if he continues to behave in the way that he is behaving. Do not allow him to play with any toys or talk to you while in time-out. get out of his space. For example a three year old should be in time-out for approximately three minutes. wherever he is. tell him why he is being put in time-out. If he persists.

by hitting him. this is largely because of its association with the word ‘naughty’. It is very difficult to persuade a child that hitting is wrong. or because you have lost control? If YOU could time-out for three minutes. during his time-out. benefit from using the naughty mat. Physical punishment (spanking) This is one of the most controversial aspects of parenting. Choosing whether to physically reprimand a child is entirely an individual’s choice. It simply marks the spot that you wish him to use. physical punishment is best avoided. To help you make your decision.Naughty mat The naughty mat is used in almost exactly the same way as a time-out. Only use the naughty mat when your child has been genuinely naughty and not simply when he has lost emotional control and needs to calm down. the naughty mat is seen as more of a punishment than time-out. would you still return and hit your child? Are there any alternative methods that you could use? . A very young child will not understand the concept of naughty and will not. consider the following issues: Are you hitting your child for his benefit. As a general rule. therefore. As a general rule.

as opposed to a time to calm down. “if you do X we can then go and do Y” is an incentive Speak clearly and directly when asking your child to do something. but is generally reserved for when your child is naughty.QUICK GUIDE TO … PUNISHMENT AND INCENTIVES Do not confuse incentives with bribery. during his time out If he refuses to stay in time out. if he does persist. . make sure he understands Time outs are not punishment but a time to regain calm Time outs should only be used on a child of at least 3 years old Give him a warning that the will be placed in time out if he persists. put him in time out. remove yourself from him so that he is on his own when he is having his tantrum Time outs should last a minute for each year of your child’s life The naughty mat is used in the same way as a time out. without any further discussion Don’t maintain eye contact and don’t discuss the situation with your child.

the best way to deal with a public tantrum is to ignore it. Sometimes. When you are out in public there are a lot more opportunities for distraction. No matter how long or bad his tantrum becomes. So stand firm. Hard as it is. When you are in public you are often giving your attention to something other than your child. try engaging the child in other activities to avert the tantrum. By misbehaving he will regain your attention. the best way to deal with a tantrum is to avoid it. While capitulating may solve the immediate problem. With all this in mind. there are often other reasons: As children tend to behave badly when they have lost control. it is little surprise that with the added excitement of being in a public place. all the activity causes an outburst. things will only get worse. DO NOT give in. children are often under the impression that they will get their own way. While this is sometimes the case.BEHAVIOR IN PUBLIC It often seems that your child acts up in public just to embarrass you. when it feels that you are in the public spotlight? Dealing with tantrums in public Just as in the home. however. This can be unnerving for a child that is used to having you to himself. Parents are generally more inclined to give in to demands in public because they are embarrassed and feel that they are being watched. how do you deal with a tantruming child. Make sure that your child cannot harm himself or others around him and simply sit it out. in the first place. long term. As a result. ignore onlookers and keep him safe. a tantrum cannot be avoided. if only they make enough of a scene. .

Stop regularly. Practical tips for awkward situations In the car: Make sure that he has distractions available to him. Try singing or playing games. you are less likely to feel pressured into keeping your child silent. as if he were in time-out. Suitable locations for time-outs include inside the car where he can be strapped safely into his seat. by the side of the shopping cart in a supermarket. as much as you. tell him where you are going and when you will get there. such as ice cream or sweets. away from the main action and tell him that he needs a time-out. It is unfair to expect a child suddenly to develop excellent dining skills just because he is in public. By going to a family-friendly. you can still use a time-out. Pick a time of day that your child is not tired because over stimulation and a tired child make a bad combination! Make sure that you set ground rules at home. so that your child can stretch his legs. If this fails. Involve him in the journey. This will help them to enjoy the dining experience. noisy restaurant.Using time out when out in public If your child is losing control in public. or in a toilet cubicle. Hold him and do not speak to him. . At a restaurant: Select your restaurant carefully. turn off any music and do not speak to him. so don’t hang around! It may be worth allowing your child to have food or drink which you do not allow at home. Take him to one side. Children have a short attention span.

When your child has a tantrum you are NOT as noticeable as you may feel.In the Wal-Mart: This is a busy and lively environment. Ask him to hold the shopping list or to look out for certain items. he will be more inclined to let you browse at your leisure. by shortening the time that you spend in the store. you are also reducing the chances of boredom taking over. Get your child to help you with the shopping. By allowing him a toy that he can only play with in the store. He may be getting bored and frustrated so. Have a special shopping toy. In any event. most people will feel nothing but sympathy with you. . consider doing several smaller shopping trips. If going shopping always results in a battle. Give him an incentive to behave by telling him that once you have finished shopping he can go and play in the park.

QUICK GUIDE TO … BEHAVIOR IN PUBLIC Bad behavior in public is common Tantrums generally happen when a child has lost control, so over stimulation in a shopping mall may well trigger an outburst Do not give in to his demands Make sure that he is safe and that those around him are also safe Use time out by taking him to a quite place, or getting him to hold onto the buggy Involve him in the journey, if you are planning on spending a long time in the car Choose your restaurants wisely Have a special car / restaurant toy.

OLDER CHILDREN As children get older, the problems that parents face become increasingly varied. Once your child starts attending school, he will be less under your control. Other role models will enter your child’s life, such as teachers and other children. DISCIPLINE Older children have an increased ability to reason and express themselves. This is not to say that the tantrums and displays of defiance have gone for good! When the naughty spot no longer works … Up until now the naughty spot has worked well. Then suddenly your child thinks the whole thing is funny. You can continue to use the naughty spot and timeouts, effectively, with some children until they are quite a bit older. They, however, are the exception and not the norm. Here are some useful alternatives for the older child: Don’t underestimate his ability to understand what you are asking him to do. Ask him to do something and give him reasons as to why he should do as you are asking. Offer an incentive by telling him what you will be doing AFTER he has done what you are asking him to do. If he continues to defy you, ask him to practice the task several times. Tell him that you are making sure that he knows what to do. He will soon realize that tasks cannot be avoided. Praise him whenever he does something you ask of him. When he appears to be resisting certain tasks, ask him to explain why he does not want to help you. There may be a fear or anxiety of which you are not aware.

Privileges and incentives The basic theory of when to use privileges and incentives remains the same, no matter what the age of your child. Be careful to ensure that your incentives do not turn into bribery. Make sure that you do not say, “if you brush your teeth…”. The word ’if’ implies that he has a choice. A child of five is astute enough to pick this up, so be careful with how you phrase your incentives! As your child’s attention span increases, rewards can be accumulated, over a longer period of time. Try creating a chart where you can add smiley faces whenever your child is well behaved. When he has accumulated ten faces he has a reward such as his favorite chocolate. Praise, praise and more praise! Peer pressure When your child starts school his social circle will increase dramatically. This is an important and exciting part of his development. However, he will also start wanting to do something or have something, simply to be the same as the others within his social group. Copying other children and wanting to be like other children is perfectly natural for your child. He is simply trying to endear himself to others. Being accepted by his friends will increase his self-esteem. It is easy, for example, to see why it is so important to him to have the right ‘kit’. If your child has made friends with someone that you consider to be a bad influence, do not ban him from playing with them. Try, instead, to encourage him to play with his other friends. Calmly explain to your child that he cannot have what he is asking for, because you have a finite budget and that other things must be bought first.

. you can give him a budget when you go to the toy store. Tell him how many dollars he has and let him choose his own priorities.When your child is old enough. This not only gives him a sense of control over his choices but also helps teach him the math.

. by talking through you may discover what he is resisting.QUICK GUIDE TO … OLDER CHILDREN – DISCIPLINE Time out and naughty spot will work until your child is a lot older Give him reasons when you ask him to do something Make him feel involved with the decisions Avoid the word “if” as it implies choice Ask him why he is reluctant to do as you ask.

make much difference to their high school grades. Pushing the issue will almost certainly only result in defiance. Try to relax and make learning fun. at this age. Whether they successfully complete this work will not generally. don’t belittle his thoughts. to do in their own time. It can be heartbreaking if your child does not enjoy going to school or has difficulties doing his schoolwork. Encourage him to come up with a plan of action for himself.SCHOOL / HOMEWORK ISSUES Every parent wants their child to do well at school. . Getting a child to do homework Young children will normally be given small homework assignments. Even those who are used to being in day-care are likely to feel anxiety when they move to ‘big’ school. Here are some tips to help you deal with the big move: Give your child plenty of time to talk to you about his fears. Common fears include: How will I get there and get home? What if I can’t find my way around the school? What if nobody likes me? What if I don’t understand what is going on? All this is perfectly normal. Dealing with school anxiety Going to school is a scary time for most young children. His independence is likely to mean that he might be reluctant to accept your suggestions.

proudly. If you have enough space. create a dedicated place for your child to do his homework. Ask him to choose how he wants to decorate the area. so that he has a sense of pride in his ‘study’. Resist the temptation to take over and do his work for him. . put it on display.Ask your child why he is reluctant to do his work and make sure you listen to the answer! If he is finding the work too difficult or too easy. speak to his teachers and ask their advice. Whenever your child produces a good bit of work. He will enjoy pleasing you and will be encouraged to do the same again.

proudly Create a dedicated study space so that he can concentrate on his work.QUICK GUIDE TO … OLDER CHILDREN – SCHOOL / HOMEWORK ISSUES Give your child plenty of time to discuss his concerns about going to school Help him to come up with a plan of action for dealing with his concerns Display good school work. .

try to resist and allow him the time and space to do what he can. They will enjoy helping and you will acquire a little helper! Children of a very young age are capable of very basic tasks. he can understand more complex tasks such as tidying up toys or putting clean clothes away. Once your child is over the age of four. What to expect from various ages: Children under the age of two are physically limited in what they can do. Praise them for even the smallest assistance they offer you. However. This will help him to understand the task and hopefully prevent frustration from lack of understanding. they can be encouraged to take dirty clothes to the wash basket.CHORES Doing chores around the house is a great way to get your child involved in what you are doing. Try some of the following tips to keep your child focused and eager to please: Demonstrate to your child what you are asking him to do. heap on the praise. Reward his effort even if the job is far from perfect! . No matter how tempting it is to jump in and help. as they will want to do more to earn your approval. When he does a task. If you have a pet you could give him the responsibility of filling up the feed bowl. A child of between two and four years old gets frustrated easily and tasks should therefore be kept simple. no matter how small. on his own. How to encourage your child to help around the house Children become easily distracted and will lose interest in protracted tasks. or to put their toys in a neat pile. Try giving him a cloth to help you dust the surfaces or ask him to help you with basic cooking tasks.

They can express themselves and can get away from the stresses of life. It may also be that he doesn’t understand and rephrasing your request may give him the clarification he needs. . Give him time to tidy his room. try rephrasing your request because being repetitive will make your child feel like you are nagging him. there is no point in having a lovely poster in a messy room. things go too far and it is necessary to get your child to tidy his room: Explain why it is important that he tidies his room. If you have a ‘smiley face chart’. after he has tidied.If he does not do what you ask him to do. Dealing with messy bedrooms For a child. Consider telling him that he can choose another poster for his wall. After all. Help him generate a sense of responsibility over his room. immediately. Ask yourself whether it really is a problem that he likes a bit of mess? If you can live with it then let it be. for example. to find old toys or so that you can clean. Sometimes however. Try not to turn the issue of how tidy your child’s bedroom is into a battleground. do not demand that it is done. their bedroom is their space. tell him that tidying his room would earn him another smiley face for his chart.

. even if he is not entirely successful If he does not do as he is asked.QUICK GUIDE TO … OLDER CHILDREN – CHORES Children of any age can do at least basic chores Give plenty of praise when your child tries to help. try rephrasing the request Encourage a sense of responsibility over his bedroom by allowing him to choose posters or color schemes Use a smiley face system to reward good behavior. such as helping around the house.

He will enjoy his apparent superiority and you may even get a little help with your new baby! . A few weeks before the new baby is due to arrive explain to him what will happen when you go into labor. as soon as possible: Wait until you have a visible bump so that he can actually see what you are talking about. Preparing siblings for a new baby It is wise to begin to prepare your older children for the new arrival. Let him touch your bump and talk to your bump. Let him choose blanket colors. An older child can be encouraged to be the big brother who needs to show the new baby how to behave. however. Older children tend to show this frustration by being aggressive. Encourage him to bond with your unborn baby. This will help him not to feel fearful when you disappear to the hospital. Tell him about any practical changes that are going to occur. he simply sees you as abandoning him for this new baby. A newborn baby requires a great deal of time. for example. For several months at least. are more likely to become clingy and regressive. so that he feels involved. as they do not understand what is happening. teasing and arguing.SIBLING RIVALRY You can hardly blame your child for feeling a little put out when his new brother or sister appears. Your older child does not automatically understand that you still love him just as much. he has been the only child in the house and is used to having you all to himself. Encourage your child to get involved in preparing for his new sibling. such as who will pick him up from school and where he will sleep. Younger children. love and attention. Explain to your child what will happen when the baby arrives.

Better still. you must of course intervene to prevent injury. Make sure that the games they play are non-competitive. How to deal with aggressive behavior towards a new baby A young child is often unable to express his feelings of hurt and anger at the new arrival. Tell him how big and grown up he is and point out what he can do for himself. such as walk and talk. This will make the other sibling feel inferior and may engender a feeling of resentment. Look for activities that they can do together. or throws things at the baby. Let him help you make decisions such as choice of clothes or books. These frustrations may boil over and he could become aggressive towards his sibling. there are some useful tips that will work at least some of the time! Never compare one sibling unfavorably with another. When older children won’t stop fighting One day they are best friends. With younger children. Encourage your older child to express his thoughts verbally or with drawings. ask your older child to help your younger child by reaching his favorite toy or helping him with his coat. the next day mortal enemies. It can be hard to know what to do when the children that you love seem intent on hurting each other. However. While this is often difficult. such as drawing or role-play. If your child hits.Once the new baby has arrived home. but . Allocate at least some time every day that is dedicated to him. give them each a dedicated area to store their favorite toys. this is often difficult to enforce. involve your older child as much as possible.

first. . only if necessary. Encourage them to sort out their difficulties on their own. Do not encourage tattling. If one child comes to tell you what the other has done. tell him that you are not interested. Separate. Give each child his dedicated time with you.any sense of personal boundaries will help to discourage fighting over toys and other belongings.

so that he is not scared by his mother’s absence Allocate at least some time daily to your older children. . each child should have his own feeling of space. so that they do not feel left out Make sure games are non-competitive Give each child an area in which to store his toys.QUICK GUIDE TO … OLDER CHILDREN – SIBLING RIVALRY Prepare your child for the new arrival. as soon as you have a tangible bump that he can see Get your child involved in the process of preparing for the new baby Explain what will happen when the new baby arrives.

In an ideal world. Overweight children The combination of sedentary hobbies and junk food. children should be doing at least one hour a day of activity such as riding a bike or walking the dog. try the following to help your child achieve a healthy weight: Increase your child’s activity level. available to children these days. better still. It is not uncommon for children to go through a chubby phase and this should cause you little concern. When these negative thoughts extend over a long period of . Keep food out of the reach of children. These issues are often ongoing and may require professional intervention. try giving smaller portions on a larger plate. This way it is easier to monitor exactly what your child is eating. means that it can be a real battle to maintain a healthy weight. Don’t underestimate the calories contained in some sodas. Look for diet versions or. Children will be children and it is difficult to cut out sweet food altogether. so that he is less likely to notice the difference. With the guidance of the health professionals. This will help you to focus on exactly what your child is eating. Dealing with depression in a child Most children go through a phase of believing that they are incapable of doing anything correctly. Ensure that the family eats at the dining table and not in front of the television. If you are concerned about your child’s weight.SELF ESTEEM AND LONGER TERM ISSUES Once your child starts associating with other children he may develop longerterm issues relating to the way he views himself and his level of self-esteem. Lead by example and take your children to the park and play ball games or teach them how to skip. sugar-free cordials or water. contact your pediatrician. Instead.

SPECIALIST NEEDS Sometimes parenting requires a different perspective. may suffer from depression. it is important that you view yourself in a positive light. By considering the issues that surround your child’s behavior it may be possible to identify a different approach to tackling those awkward situations. appear disinterested or be abnormally negative. Do not hesitate to seek advice from your pediatrician. a chemical imbalance.time. to your children. Listen to what he has to say and never suggest that his feelings are trivial. A child who is suffering from depression may be over anxious. Seek help and support from those around you. and possibly younger. Now is the time to make sure that you do not pass any problems that you may be experiencing. Not all children are the same and not all circumstances are the same. from family. How my behavior can have a long-term effect As the main role model for your child. ensure that you obtain the help that you need to overcome these feelings. . friends or professionals. stress or genetics. careful attention needs to be given to the underlying causes of this negativity. If your child appears depressed. Children as young as three. If you have any issues that affect the way you feel about yourself. take him seriously. whichever is necessary. It is not clear what causes this depression but it could result from a sudden change in his life. Professional care needs to be given to a child suffering from depression.

if you suspect depression. .QUICK GUIDE TO … OLDER CHILDREN – SELF-ESTEEM AND LONGER TERM ISSUES Always seek professional advice. if you are concerned about long-term issues If you are concerned about your child’s weight. so be careful what you say and do. consult a professional The way you see yourself will have a real effect on how your child sees himself. increase their activity level rather than encouraging dieting Keep snacks out of your child’s way Depression can happen in children as young as three.

whereas with a younger child you will have to be more vigilant for signs such as a raised temperature or rash. you should always contact a pediatrician.ILL CHILDREN AND CHILDHOOD DISEASES Most children are ill at some point during their early years. If you are in any doubt. If you feel that your child is prolonging his illness simply to get more attention. If your child suddenly seems to act up more. Convince him that being ill is boring! Dealing with more persistent illnesses It is a little harder when dealing with children will persistent illnesses. consider that he may be feeling under the weather. . An older child may be able to express that they are feeling ill. Make sure that you tell your child that you are aware of how he is feeling and that you will do what you can to help. you do have to do other things as well. Bear in mind. However. Older children may feel resentful that they are ill and other children are not. many children will see illness as an opportunity to get away with behavior that you would not normally tolerate. try telling him that once he is better he can do something that he really enjoys. Offer sympathy but do not answer your child’s every demand. While a little leniency is necessary when your child is under the weather. Dealing with childhood illnesses Misbehaving is often one of the first signs of illness. It is all too easy to attribute any bad behavior to the fact that your child is ill. that a young child is unlikely to feel the same way as an adult does when they are being sick. Children are often not as phased by their illness as the adults who have to clean them up.

As an extension of this tell him that being ill is not an excuse for bad behavior. Reinforce to your child that he is not ill because he has been naughty. Set boundaries and stick to them.Explain to your child in a matter of fact manner what their condition is and how it is treated. . regardless of illness. Try and separate his behavior from his illness.

in a matter of fact way.QUICK GUIDE TO … ILL CHILDREN AND CHILDHOOD DISEASES Relax some rules when your child is ill Misbehaving is often the first sign of an illness. about his condition Explain treatment that he will be receiving Re-enforce that illness is not an excuse for bad behavior. so a sudden change in behavior may indicate a larger problem Always get the advice of a professional. . when it comes to illness With a more persistent condition explain.

Discipline is still an important issue and while you may have to alter your expectations. Tips Research the condition that your child has. If your child has a rare condition it may be that you can get support on-line from a wider variety of people.SPECIAL NEEDS (MENTAL) Raising a child with any form of mental disorder can be exhausting for all involved. the more you learn. This can. The more you read. in a matter of fact way. what problems their sibling faces. this will make them feel special and involved. If your other children are old enough. a couple of hours a week where your child can be cared for and you can have your own space is invaluable. explain to them. Ask whether there are local support groups that will enable you to talk to other parents who have similar difficulties. they can be an invaluable source of support. Investigate local charities that offer respite care. Try to encourage your other children to help you with daily tasks. Dealing with siblings When one child is particularly demanding. Do not blame yourself or your child and make sure that you get all of the help available to you. make sure that you set your boundaries and stick to them. . Where to get help Speak to your pediatrician. in turn. Wherever possible dedicate a period of time to your other children exclusively. siblings are often sidelined. Tell them when this time is going to be. lead to your other children developing bad behavior patterns in an attempt to regain your attention.

Your child may benefit from specialist treatment and also from socializing with other similar children. Always tell your child in a factual manner about his disability. . Reinforce the importance of discipline regardless of his illness. Deal with his insecurity with as much affection as you can. Don’t expect too much from yourself. Make time for his siblings. Tips Research the options for special education. if you feel that your child has been misdiagnosed or requires more help. ask for a second opinion. They may get frustrated that they cannot join in with the games that their schoolmates are playing and this in turn may lead to disruptive or destructive behavior. SPECIAL NEEDS (PHYSICAL) Raising a child with a physical disability requires a great deal of patience and dedication. Take time to answer his questions. Problems can often be magnified when your child begins school.Follow your instincts. It is natural to feel overwhelmed. Take any help that is offered to you. as they may feel neglected or unloved if your disabled child is given all of your attention. Reinforce that you love him no matter what difficulties he faces. Be sure not to spoil your child in an attempt to compensate for his illness. Families may have to adjust their living quarters and maybe even move house in order to accommodate their child’s needs.

so that they do not feel abandoned or become jealous Do plenty of research so that you know about the condition and what you can do to self-help Resist the temptation to over-compensate with treats. .QUICK GUIDE TO … SPECIAL NEEDS Get every bit of help that you can Do not blame yourself Explain to older siblings about the conditions and what they can do to help Dedicate time to your other children.

as far as possible. remind your child that he may be able to do certain things with Dad (or Mom) but he is not allowed to do these with you. Retaining sanity A happy parent makes a happy child. is likely to vary depending on whether you chose to be on your own. Do not feel guilty about wanting to spend time on your own away from your child. tell him that you cannot speak for his absent parent and that he should ask him (or her) directly. If this is impossible. whether it is as a result of a relationship breakdown or whether you have been bereaved. Make sure that you are. Resist the temptation to offer your child rewards that are not earned. . Explain as truthfully as you can where their other parent has gone. maintaining the same standards. It can be tempting to make up for the absence of the other parent with treats. it can be hard to know which way to turn first! Discuss discipline with the other parent. If he asks a question about what his father (or mother) thinks. Do not lie to him. Resist the temptation to speak badly about his father (or mother) in front of him.SINGLE PARENTS Raising children is a difficult task. Raising them on your own can often feel impossible. If you are offered help from friends and family – take it! Be aware that your child may be feeling abandoned. Dealing with discipline when you are outnumbered When you are on your own with more than one child. How you feel about your role. as a single parent.

Explain to your child what has happened in as much detail as is appropriate for his age. In order to maintain your sanity make sure that you choose your battles wisely. It is unlikely that you will have sufficient energy (or time) to deal with every little issue. Don’t try to be perfect. If your house is a little messy – so what! . so decide on what is important and enforce those rules. Do not glorify the situation and do not tell him details that he does not need to know. Let other things go. Maintain the same discipline rules that you did before you were single (or that you would if you were not single).

QUICK GUIDE FOR … SINGLE PARENTS Do not try and do everything Accept offers of help Do not speak badly of your ex-partner Try to explain, in a matter of fact way, where the ex-partner is Choose your battles wisely, you do not have unlimited energy Make sure that you are maintaining consistent discipline; discuss your strategy with any other primary care-givers.

STEP FAMILIES “You’re not my real Dad!” Sound familiar? Then you don’t need to be told of the frustration of raising children in a stepfamily. Stepfamilies are commonplace in today’s society, but it doesn’t make it any easier when you are faced with the daily battle. Discipline issues: Make sure that both parents agree on a discipline strategy. As a stepparent, try moving the focus from your own authority and refer to them as ‘house rules’. Consistency of treatment for all children is fundamental. Give children the opportunity to express their feelings of anger or resentment. Do not interrupt and do not pass them off as silly. If they feel you really listen then you may avert an attention seeking tantrum Rivalry between the children Where there are ‘mixed families’, rivalry may be even greater than normally seen. How you deal with the rivalry is similar to other cases of sibling rivalry. However, there are a few extra tips to try: Allow children to spend time with their natural parent. Misbehavior is often due to a child feeling abandoned or replaced. Consider holding a family meeting to discuss issues that may be troubling your children and for you to inform every one of the household rules. Resist the temptation to favor a child. It can be tempting to over compensate and favor a stepchild. This will only further your own child’s feeling of abandonment. Do not try and replace the natural mother or father of your stepchild. NEVER speak about them in a derogatory manner.

QUICK GUIDE FOR … STEPFAMILIES Agree on house rules between the parents Refer to rules as house rules rather than your rules, so that the step parent is removed as the target of animosity Do not over-compensate to the stepchild by allowing him to break rules Do not try and replace the natural parent.

It is a lot easier for parents to accept a definite offer than to phone up with a request for help. they may be under considerable stress! Knowing when to offer assistance to parents can be a real issue. Children are incredibly cunning. Consider attending a parent and toddler group or even a specialist group for grandparents. even from an early age. A good approach to this scenario . If you are unsure. Resist the temptation to belittle or correct the parent's approach. such as 9am Saturday. Ranging from the occasional visit to almost full-time care. Try offering tangible assistance. whereas a grandparent who regularly cares for the children will almost certainly have to take a stricter approach. nowadays! Bearing this in mind. A visiting grandparent can afford to be a little more lenient. it is virtually impossible to define what a 'standard' grandparent does. However. Discipline techniques change and it pays to be up to date with the latest terminology. "Mommy let's me". The line. Setting the boundaries As a grandparent you are often able to be more objective when it comes to your grandchild's tantrums.GRANDPARENTS Grandparents take on a variety of different roles. in today's society. fitting into the routines and discipline that the family has set can be a real challenge. ask. Take some time to ask the parents what rules they are enforcing. will appear sooner than you think. be sensitive to the parents. Consistency will benefit everyone involved. Offer for example to take care of the children at a specified time. Disciplining your grandchild The level of discipline that you will have to enforce depends largely on how much caring you do for your grandchildren.

This can help you to ensure that you are doing what they would want. Enjoy your grandchild .is. explain to your grandchild that this is YOUR house and as such. YOUR rules apply. . Keep a record of events throughout the day to show the parents. to ask Mommy. together.particularly when they feel that they are 'helping'. Be prepared to apologize to your grandchild if indeed he was telling the truth! If there is a genuine dispute and you feel that you cannot tolerate behavior that is acceptable to the parents. to suggest to the child that you will both go.000 parents revealed that over 70% said that the best thing about grandparents is the love and attention they give to their grandchildren. if possible. particularly when you are older. It's exhausting looking after a child. Children rise to the occasion very well .a recent survey of over 3. it is also a useful way of putting any childcare suggestions that you have to them. Explain this to your grandchild and ask that he helps by playing less strenuous games.

such as specific times when you will take the children out. in terms of discipline. for an hour or two Do not exhaust yourself – play less strenuous games Rest assured that your love and attention will be the most appreciated thing that you give to your grandchildren. so that you can continue with the work Offer tangible assistance to the parents.QUICK GUIDE FOR … GRANDPARENTS Your relationship depends very much on what level of contact you have with your grandchild Set boundaries and stick to them Take time to ask the parents what they are doing. .

but very hard work! Issues that appear simple. when you leave them to tend to their brother or sister. . Having a set routine will ensure that they do not feel abandoned. therefore. As a general rule they will need more space as they get older and should. Twins rarely wake each other up with their crying so don't worry too much about this possibility. Although twins tend to sleep through the night at roughly the same age. Allow young babies to sleep in the same cot. It is not physically possible to be in two places at once. important that your twins are content with their routine. Once you have separated them. can take on a whole new dimension when you have two minds and bodies to deal with. therefore. where one child is involved. to deal with the more anxious twin first. make sure that they can still see each other. It is. particularly if one was born a lot heavier than the other. otherwise you may find yourself getting up twice as often as necessary.TWINS Having more than one child is a real joy. Remember you are human and cannot be expected to do everything. Join a local support group so that you can speak to other parents about their experiences. don't expect the house to be spotless as well! Sleeping tips for twins (or more) With more than one child. ensure that you also feed the other. it is even more important that you develop a consistent routine. this is not always the case. resist this and deal with his calmer sibling. Separating them should be done when you feel that they are ready. This will allow you more time to focus on the other twin after you are certain that one is calm. as they will feel comforted by each other’s presence. Looking after twins is a full time job. If one twin wakes up for a feed. be separated before their first birthday. Tempting as it may seem.

They are. This way they will both get an opportunity to do separate activities and to get some individual attention. Not gaining your attention and being left out of the game is punishment enough for a child. as an individual. to express his concerns. It is important that he has a chance. suggest that one twin goes to his grandparents for an hour and then allow them to swap. Never compare the twins. . individuals. When they are arguing over a prized toy. make sure that you carry it through. Resist the temptation to focus on the louder child. Try to ensure that they both get equal attention. after all. This can become a game in itself. you only have so much energy so pick your battles wisely. If you issue a threat. simply give more attention to the twin that is behaving well rather than punishing the child that is behaving badly.Discipline As your twins grow older. Make sure that each child gets some time with a parent. If you have grandparents available to help. Concentrate on issues that really matter. alone. they are likely to develop substantially different personalities. use a timer and ask one twin to count to ten while the other twin plays with the toy and then ensure that they swap over.

. safely Deal with the anxious twin first Make sure each twin gets equal one-to-one time with a parent. to discuss their individual concerns Concentrate on the important issues.QUICK GUIDE FOR … TWINS Allow them to sleep in the same cot until they are too big to do so.

are reluctant to use. Diagnosing ADHD ADHD is highly controversial. with siblings of children with ADHD being over 25% more likely to suffer from the condition. suffering from ADHD. There are some things that can be done by you at home to assist in dealing with a child with ADHD: . on average. it is becoming a real issue for many parents. Being easily distracted by things going on around him. Most sufferers are diagnosed before their seventh birthday. largely because it is so difficult to diagnose and there are no known causes. If you believe that your child has ADHD it is vital that you seek the help of a medical professional.S. Despite no definite scientific proof. although this relief is often shortlived. in detail. They will assist in your diagnosis and discuss treatment options with you. understandably. Being forgetful and often losing items. Treatment can involve multiple drugs that many parents. Generally more physically active and has trouble waiting in lines. it appears that ADHD does have a genetic link.ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER With. 4 to 12 % of children in the U. Self-help treatments It can be a relief finally to have a diagnosis. Symptoms include: A very short attention span and a reluctance to attempt any task.

consider breaking the time periods down to half days. and explain what it means and how they can help your child. so prepare him for these by telling him what will happen and how he will benefit. regularly. try to create a calm space for him. Make sure his room is kept relatively clutter free. Make sure that the rewards you offer for good behavior are instantaneous. A child with ADHD is much less able to cope with the concept of waiting for his reward. sleep and play. or even hours. They need to know when they will eat. Give them leaflets on the subject. Tell everyone who deals with your child. Separate his workspace from his play space. Routine is even more important for a child with ADHD.Explain to your child why he is having regular appointments. that he has ADHD. If you are using a smiley face system of reward. if at all possible. This will help them to feel more secure in their surroundings. . Weekly visits to the doctor may scare your child. As you child is easily distracted.

. so that they can understand how to deal with him.QUICK GUIDE TO … ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER This is a highly controversial behavioral problem Seek professional advice to help with diagnosis and treatment Make rewards more instantaneous Routines are even more important with a child that has ADHD Create a calm space for your child Explain the condition to other adults who are in regular contact with your child.

we as parents. without considering the parent. for life. however. TYPES OF PARENTING What type of parent are you? No two children are the same. Based on these four styles. Uninvolved parents: at the extreme end. your ability to be a positive influence is key. from an early age. Trying to behave in a way that is unnatural to you will serve no useful purpose. Authoritarian parent: tending more towards insisting on a high level of obedience. As role models and guardians. often without allowing the children to make any decisions for themselves. There are four main recognized different styles of parenting: Authoritative parents: tending to use positive reinforcement rather than punishment and offering clear boundaries in an assertive manner. and similarly no two parents are the same.THE PARENT It is impossible to consider parenting issues. Don't let this scare you. are the main influences on our young children. Normally. there have been dozens of tests performed to assess the impact of these parenting . How we act and react to everyday situations is likely to impact on our children. You will only end up becoming frustrated with yourself and your child. Indulgent parents: tending to allow a wide range of behavior and have a relaxed view of discipline. uninvolved parents allow their children a high degree of independence. these parents may even be considered neglectful. it is in your child's best interest for you to make sure that you are content with your role as parent. Children from uninvolved backgrounds generally perform poorly in all areas. they are more likely to develop behavioral problems. They do. therefore. As it is virtually impossible to determine what exactly triggers certain behavior. happy and healthy.styles on children. but you can be certain that by getting involved you are much more likely to raise a child who is balanced. You will see from these findings. Nobody is perfect. Authoritative parents are more likely to raise children that are generally well balanced. Getting help If you are experiencing difficulties with your own thoughts and feelings. A happy parent is far more likely to raise a happy child . have a greater problem with social skills and self-esteem. however. that being involved and doing your best will tend to produce better results compared with being uninvolved. Recognizing your natural parenting style enables you to work on your weaker areas. There is evidence. do seek medical advice. Children from authoritarian backgrounds tend to perform well in school and suffer little from behavioral problems. of the following: Children from indulgent backgrounds are less likely to suffer from depression and are socially more adept. However. Take some time to look after yourself and talk to a professional. if necessary. these results should not be taken too seriously. What causes anger in parents? Any parent who tells you that they have never lost their temper is either a saint or a liar! Anger normally arises when one of the following occurs: . both socially and in terms of behavior. It is common for parents to feel overwhelmed by the responsibility of child rearing.

This is natural. When a child fails to meet a parent's expectations of suitable behavior. through not knowing how to deal with your child's behavior.When a child disrespects his parent. it is how we. deal with it that counts. as parents. Frustration. in one form or another. . is the usual trigger for anger. All of these events are magnified when coupled with sleep deprivation. When a child has embarrassed his parents in public. From frustration.

QUICK GUIDE TO … TYPES OF PARENTING Don’t try to be something that you are not Recognise what type of parent you are and be aware of your behavior Uninvolved parents generally produce children with more problems – so get involved Look after yourself and get medical help if required. .

Take a break. It might be a hard couple of hours when you have the children all to yourself. the next time that he becomes frustrated. If there are two of you. common sense goes out of the window and we lose our temper. Don't worry if your older child sees you getting frustrated. When you feel your anger rising. the children certainly won't! The . get your partner to take the children out to the park or for a walk. you can even tell your children that you need a time-out. make sure that your child is safe and walk away. When anger becomes a way of life. If you are using this method as a way of calming your are not alone. After the eruption! Sometimes it just happens. take time out. Go for a walk. Never be too proud to ask for help .DEALING WITH ANGER Children learn from their parents. Don't dwell on your outburst. for both you and your child. try the following ideas: Change the surroundings. start a new game or just go into a different room. Anger is particularly likely to become a problem if you have worries in other areas of life such as finances or relationships. they will understand and probably be quite pleased that the same rules apply to you! It may be necessary to apologize to your children. consider forming a group so that one of you can take all of the children out one day and then swap around. A few minutes on your own may be enough to regain your composure. If a parent's response to frustration is to lash out in anger. it's how you deal with it that really matters. If this happens. There is no shame in leaving the room and going to calm down. Return the favor! If you are on your own. one can hardly blame the child for reacting in the same way. but at least you get a break in return! If you are at the end of your tether. get help. do this in a matter of fact way.

guilty feelings that plague a parent last much longer than any upset in a child. So relax, you're only human!

QUICK GUIDE TO … DEALING WITH ANGER Recognize what makes you angry; is it frustration or fear? Try changing your surroundings, to calm yourself down If there is another adult around, take a break If all else fails, make sure your child is safe and walk away, if you are angry, you will not achieve anything until you calm down Don’t feel guilty if you lose your temper, apologize if necessary and then move on.

BALANCE IN YOUR OWN LIFE It can be easy to forget that you are more than a parent. Children have a way of taking over your every minute. While it is perfectly natural for your children to be the most important thing in the world to you, it is equally important that you look after yourself. Neglecting yourself is a sure-fire way to sap your enthusiasm and energy. Over time, this will affect your children. Signs to look out for You probably know better than most when you are running low on energy. However, there are a few telltale signs that may indicate that it is time to take a step back. Eating the children's scraps instead of preparing a main meal. Social activities, if there are any, revolve entirely around school events. You get no exercise, other than looking after the children. Restoring balance Easier said than done! With an endless list of chores, it may seem impossible. Follow these steps to help restore balance in your life: Write down a list of activities that you enjoy, examples include: going for a walk on your own, going to the gym or having a long soak in the bath. From your list, tick the three that you would most like to do. Show your list to your partner or friends and ask them to help you to incorporate these activities into your daily life. If you have friends with children, suggest that you do it together, so that you can look after each other's children, in turn. Sort out the practicalities. Is there day care available at your local fitness center? Would your parents look after your children for an hour, at the

It will do no long-term harm to let the pile of ironing grow a little bit higher. take some time to regress to your childhood: Get dirty! Join your children in the sandpit. Suspend all but the essential housework for one day. and the relief will benefit you greatly. so that you can go for a coffee with a friend? By involving others. Children love imitating animals such as lions and a good shout might help relieve some of your tension.weekend. Go on to child time. Go to a big open space and practice animal noises. you are much more likely to stick to your plan. Instead of worrying about everything. Enjoying activities with your children Recharging your batteries can even be accomplished with the children around. Play loud music and dance wildly. your children will love it and you will get some exercise into the bargain. . Hold your own disco.

on a specific day. . so that you can slow down slightly and concentrate on the important things. such as having a disco or playing in the sand pit Make a rule that no housework will be done.QUICK GUIDE TO … BALANCING YOUR OWN LIFE Recognize the warning signs that you are not getting enough time to yourself Make a list of activities that you enjoy and try to make sure that you take time to fulfil some of these goals Enlist the help of friends and family Make taking time out part of your weekly routine Do some activities that are fun with your children.

There are an increasing number of fathers opting to stay at home with their children. Take advice from your partner in the spirit that it is intended. Looking after children is demanding. Knowing when to offer support to your partner is just one of the many issues that you face. Always make sure that you know what the 'current' issues are with behavior and how your partner is dealing with it. Work can also be a key issue for many fathers. Negotiate with your boss to see if you can work flexi-time or telecommute. If finances can stand it. While society is changing. Talk to your partner and your boss. They might be delighted at the prospect of going back to work! Being in full charge of a child is hard work. on a weekly basis. Decide what the most important things are to you and your family. Working to live not living to work Take time to reassess your priorities. consider hiring someone to do the lawn and any other little chores that might get in the way of your family time. and make sure that you do not lose sight of your priorities. Never contradict or undermine your partner. discuss the possibility with your partner. so do not take to heart the suspicious looks in the . where you are on your own with your children. it has not changed completely. It really doesn’t matter if the lawn grows a little too long. Learn to let go of some of the chores. in front of the children. discuss the matter away from the children so that you can present a united front. If necessary. Be aware that as a father you will see some resistance to your new role. If this appeals to you. Stick to it! Don’t be afraid to ask for help. Have an allotted time.FATHERS The role of the father is anything but easy. particularly when you are not performing the role on a daily basis. Stay at home fathers Society is changing.

Be proud. when you explain to new friends what you do.playground or the looks of pity.raising your children. Resist the temptation to make excuses for your position. You are doing the most important job on earth . . on a daily basis.

voice your thoughts. .QUICK GUIDE FOR … FATHERS Reassess your priorities Negotiate with your boss for flexible working arrangements Make the most of your time off work by spending time alone with the children If you feel like becoming a househusband.

try to follow these rules in order to ensure that your children are not adversely affected by your separation from their other parent: Never argue with your ex-partner in front of the children. The result is that a huge number of fathers and several mothers struggle to maintain contact with their children. being a parent involves being around for them at every stage of life. it is important that you make the most of it. The consistency will be comforting for your children and will allow you to be a . It can be disconcerting to arrive. Children will feel more secure with the situation if they genuinely believe that you are going to be okay. Do your best! Making the most of limited visitation If you only get to see your children for a limited time. Stick with them. You may not think that being 5 minutes late is a problem. to see that the child you left last week has a whole new repertoire of tricks up his sleeve! Rules for the absent parent Hard as it may be. the mother wins the custody battle in 90% of cases. Try to ensure that your children do not see any emotional weakness from you as a result of your separation. Always keep your promises to both your ex-partner and to your children. Maintain the disciplinary techniques that your ex-partner is using.ABSENT PARENTS In divorce. Air any grievances in private and make sure that you support your ex-partner in front of the children. Children grow at an alarming rate. but to a young child it can feel like a lifetime. one weekend.

currently.don't assume that you know their preferences. Make the most of every minute and enjoy! . Let them know that you are always there for them. You might be surprised when your child declares that he would rather play cars with you than go to an expensive theme park. Focus on what you've got and the opportunities that you have. Ask your ex-partner about their techniques. This can cause resentment from your ex-partner and can also cause discipline problems. Ask your children what they want to do . Take time to talk to your children on their own and without distractions. Resist the temptation to shower your children with gifts. rather than on what you did have or would like to have had.positive influence on their behavior. Being an effective absent parent is a real challenge. to make sure that you are doing the right thing.

don’t assume you know Take time to really talk to your children Let them know that you are there for them.QUICK GUIDE FOR … ABSENT PARENTS Always stick to access arrangements Ask your ex-partner about how they are dealing with issues such as discipline. so that you can act consistently Do not speak badly of the other parent Resist the temptation to spoil your child with treats Ask your children what they want to do with your day together. .

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