This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
the starving toiling millions. the blind. Nor is it to be the monopoly of the lettered persons nor yet of moneyed men. . a Vedic word. but emphatically including the maimed. including the farmer. meaning self-rule and self-restraint. The Swaraj of my dream recognizes no race or religious distinctions.Swaraj The word Swaraj is a sacred word. Swaraj is to be for all.
True Swaraj – Freedom from Control Self-government means continuous effort to be independent of government control. Swaraj government will be a sorry affair if people look up to it for the regulation of every detail of life. . whether it is foreign government or whether it is national.
But it will be an oceanic circle whose centre will be the individual always ready to perish for the village. till at last the whole becomes one life composed of individuals. In this structure composed of innumerable villages there will be ever widening. the latter ready to perish for the circle of villages. .Village Self-rule Every village will be a republic or Panchayat having full powers. never aggressive in their arrogance but ever humble. Life will not be a pyramid with the apex sustained by the bottom. never ascending circles. sharing the majesty of the oceanic circle of which they are integral units.
distinctions of rank would be obliterated. Intelligent physical labour is the best form of social service. If all worked for their bread.Bread Labour That millions of workers on whose labour this country lives. and a handful of seemingly big people in positions of power should be considered high – this has caused both moral and economical damage to India. . should be considered low.
When we have become village-minded. All should make it a point of honour to only use village articles whenever and wherever available.Khadi I am convinced that the revival of hand-spinning and hand-weaving will make the largest contribution to the economic and moral regeneration of India. . Khadi mentality means decentralization of the production and distribution of the necessaries of life. starvation and idleness will be unknown. we will not want imitations of the West or machine made products. but we will develop a true national taste in keeping with the vision of a new India in which pauperism.
It will welcome machines which help and impower the individuals in their work. My opposition is to the madness associated with mechanisation. In the India of My Dreams. not with machines. and place all the power in the hands of a few.Industrialization I know man can not live without industry. so I can not be against industrialization. . there will be no place for machines which displace human endeavour. Mechanisation brings about an economical system which does more harm than good.
To preserve centralization and to protect it. At this time the centres of power in India are cities like Delhi. The way of centralization is not compatible with non-violent social order.Decentralization Our aim is to bring happiness to people. . I would like to distribute this power to millions of Indian villages – so that no force can destroy it. and also to ensure their complete intellectual and moral growth. violent force becomes necessary. This can only be achieved by decentralization. Calcutta or Bombay.
Everyone should get enough work so that these basic needs can be met. . just as air and water are given to us by god.Sarvodaya In my opinion the social structure of India – not only of India but of the whole world – should be such that none has to suffer the lack of food and clothing. The means of production of life’s primary needs should be available to everyone without any hindrance.
In this India every religion will have its complete and equal place. because they go very deep. there will be no first and no last. or to put it another way. The roots of this tree cannot be shaken. The most furious of the wind can not shake it. . the first and the last would be equal.Equality of All Religions In the India of My Dreams. We are all part of a glorious tree.
In my opinion she should labour under no legal disability not suffered by men. I am uncompromising in the matter of women’s rights. I should treat the daughters and sons on a footing of perfect equality. woman has as much right to shape her own destiny as man has to shape his.Women Power In a plan of life based on non-violence. .
and perhaps better for mankind in general. The sooner. . in my opinion.Untouchability Untouchability as it is practised in Hinduism today is. and deliberately deny to them the fruits of national culture. a sin against God. therefore. the better for Hinduism. it is ended. if we desire to keep a fifth of India under perpetual subjection. Swaraj is a meaningless term. the better for India.
. and the national work in Hindi. Our biggest social service will be that we start using our provincial languages.National Language The medium of foreign language has caused great harm to our nation. Education in English has made educated Indians weak and powerless. but I do say that first we learn to respect our own culture and understand it. I am not saying that we isolate ourselves from the rest of the world or create walls around us.. The work of the province should be in the language of the province. No country can become a nation by producing copycats. .
I also hold that we shall realize this only by teaching the children a useful vocation and utilizing it as a means for cultivating their mental. .Education I am a firm believer in the principle of free and compulsory Primary Education for India. physical and spiritual faculties.
Addiction If was appointed dictator of India for one hour. whilst the latter only injure the body. the first thing I would do would be to close without compensation all the liquor shops. for. The drink and the drug evil is in many ways infinitely more worse that the evil caused by malaria and the like. the former saps both body and soul. .
Renunciation The sign of true civilization is not in increasing needs. . we should also firmly refuse to use. peaceful and healthy. nor will anyone die of hunger. there will neither be poverty in the world. and not more. One can reduce the needs by practice. but in reducing them thoughtfully and willingly. and as they are reduced – one becomes happy. The golden rule is that whatever cannot be afforded by the masses. If eveyone only takes what one needs.
Non-Violence If India accepts the way of violence. If we use non-truthful or violent means. We have to run our self-rule through the pure means of truth and non-violence. the natural result will be that all opposition will be eliminated by either suppressing them or by destroying the opponents. In a democracy. and if I am alive. . In such a situation individual freedom can not be protected. This cannot be achieved without non-violence. and have to sustain it through those means alone. the lowest and the highest should have equal opportunities for advancement. I would not like to live in India then.
that perhaps the credit for showing this path to a world thirsty for liberation will go to this ancient land of India. and is trying to find a way out of this intolearble situation. that the world is sick of blood-letting. India’s coming to her own will mean every nation doing likewise.India and the World My ambition is much higher than independence. I feel in the depth of my heart. I seek to deliver the so-called weaker races of the earth from the crushing heels of Western exploitation. and feel pleasure and pride in this belief. Through the deliverance of India. . I believe.
. I feel that India’s mission is different from that of others.Karmabhumi India is essentially karmabhumi. and not a bhogabhumi. India has a message for the whole world.