How sewing needles are made

1. The raw material is a high quality steel coil which is drawn down to the required size. 2. From the coils the wire is straightened and cut to the length of two needles. 3. Each length of wire is pointed at both ends. 4. Pairs of matching dies stamp the eye impression in the centre of the wire 5. A hole is punched through the two eyes at the centre. 6. The wires are broken into two separate needles. 7. The waste metal around the sides of the eye is clipped or ground off. 8. So far the wire has been soft, but it is now hardened 9. It is tempered to ensure the correct amount of spring in each needle. 10.The needle is scoured which both cleans it, makes it completely smooth and highly polished. 11.The needles are usually nickel plated unless a special coating such as gold or platinum is required

How Injection needles are made
Injection needles are normally made from a stainless-steel tube through a process known as tube drawing where the tube is drawn through progressively smaller dies to make the needle. The end is bevelled to create a sharp pointed tip letting the needle easily penetrate the skin.

How Aluminium foils are made
Pack rolling, wherein two stacked sheets of material are rolled at the same time, is widely used in the final pass during manufacture of aluminium foil. The resultant foil has a bright surface from the contact with the rolls and a matt surface at the interface between the two sheets. Download video from the following link. [Copy link and paste on internet explorer]

Compiled By: S K Mondal

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How bullet proof glasses are made
Bullet-resistant glass is usually constructed using polycarbonate, thermoplastic, and layers of laminated glass. The aim is to make a material with the appearance and clarity of standard glass but with effective protection from small arms. The plastic in laminate designs also provides resistance to impact from physical assault from hammers, axes, clubs, and so forth. Laminated glass layers are built from glass sheets bonded together with polyvinyl butyral, polyurethane or ethylene-vinyl acetate.

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Compiled By: S K Mondal

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