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Multiple-choice questions may continue on the next column or page – ﬁnd all choices before answering. 001 10.0 points A particle of mass 50 g and charge 28 µC is released from rest when it is 26 cm from a second particle of charge −10 µC. Determine the magnitude of the initial acceleration of the 50 g particle. Correct answer: 744.527 m/s2 . Explanation: Let : m = 50 g , q = 28 µC = 2.8 × 10−5 C , d = 26 cm = 0.26 m , Q = −10 µC = −1 × 10−5 C , ke = 8.9875 × 109 . The force exerted on the particle is |q1 | |q2 | = ma r2 q Q a = ke m d2 2.8 × 10−5 C −1 × 10−5 C = ke (0.05 kg) (0.26 m2 ) F = ke = 744.527 m/s2 . 002 10.0 points Two identical small charged spheres hang in equilibrium with equal masses as shown in the ﬁgure. The length of the strings are equal and the angle (shown in the ﬁgure) with the vertical is identical.

1

Find the magnitude of the charge on each sphere. The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 and the value of Coulomb’s constant is 8.98755 × 109 N m2 /C2 . Correct answer: 4.39635 × 10−8 C. Explanation: Let : L = 0.09 m , m = 0.03 kg , θ = 7◦ .

and

L

and

q

m

θ

a

m

q

From the right triangle in the ﬁgure above, we see that a sin θ = . L Therefore a = L sin θ = (0.09 m) sin(7◦ ) = 0.0109682 m . The separation of the spheres is r = 2 a = 0.0219365 m . The forces acting on one of the spheres are shown in the ﬁgure below.

T cos θ Fe θ T sin θ mg T θ

Because the sphere is in equilibrium, the resultant of the forces in the horizontal and vertical directions must separately add up to zero: Fx = T sin θ − Fe = 0 Fy = T cos θ − m g = 0 .

0. 0 9m

7◦ 0.03 kg 0.03 kg

98755 × 109 N m2 /C2 ) 004 10. d = F = 1 qQ ˆ.0360987 N) (0.0219365 m)2 (8. d = 6. 2 + d2 )3/2 (a For maximum x component of the force. for the electric force. d = 0 q a Q a 9. Explanation: The electron will have the greater speed on impact. 003 10. correct 4. but the electron experiences more acceleration and therefore gains more speed because of its smaller mass. the electric force between the charges has magnitude |Fe | = ke |q| = = |q|2 r2 |Fe | r 2 ke (0. d = √ correct 2 q √ 4. Imagine a proton at rest a certain distance from a negatively charged plate. The force on each will be the same. d = q a √ Q 2 = 4. From Coulomb’s law. So the x component of the force on q is Fx = 1 4 π ǫ0 1 = 4 π ǫ0 1 = 4 π ǫ0 qQ cos θ r2 qQ d √ 2 + d2 a a 2 + d2 qQd . It cannot be determined. d = 2 a 2. 2. d = 2a Q √ 5. d = a q a Q2 a 3. 3.0360987 N . after being released it collides with the plate. The proton and the electron will have the same speed on impact. ∂ Fx = 0 is required. In which case will the moving particle have the greater speed when the collision occurs? 1. d = 2 Explanation: We have the force on charge q on the x axis due to charge Q on the y axis 8.03 kg) 9.8 m/s2 tan(7◦ ) = 0. The proton will have the greater speed on impact.marhalim (mm56683) – Homework 1 – shih – (57480) 2 F sin θ Fe = F cos θ mg Fe = m g tan θ = (0.39635 × 10−8 C .0 points Charge Q is on the y axis a distance a from the origin and charge q is on the x axis a distance d from the origin. Therefore ∂d qQ a 2 − 2 d2 ∂Fx =0 = ∂d 4 π ǫ0 (a2 + d2 )5/2 . r 4 π ǫ0 r 2 where r = a2 + d2 . The electron will have the greater speed on impact.0 points Consider two charged plates with the same net charge on each. What is the value of d for which the x component of the force on q is the greatest? 1. 7. Then imagine an electron at rest the same distance from a positively charged plate.

00714955 N)]2 0. From the ﬁgure.98755 × 109 N · m2 /C2 =− 2 · (1 m)2 (1. 2 3 F4x = 005 10.5 × 10−6 C)2 (1 m)2 = −0. Correct answer: 0. 2m + 3 nC .0 points Four point charges are placed at the four corners of a square. Each side of the square has a length L.98755 × 109 N · m2 /C2 . k q2 ı F1 = − 2 ˆ L = − 8.00714955 N)2 + [−0.98755 × 109 N · m2 /C2 (1.00714955 N L F4y = − q1 = −q L q2 = q Find the magnitude of the electric force on q2 due to all three charges q1 .0 points Three positive point charges are arranged in a triangular pattern in a plane.020222 N × Find the magnitude of the net electric force on the 7 nC charge.5 × 10−6 C)2 √ × 2 = −0. as shown below.98755 × 109 N · m2 /C2 = 2 · (1 m)2 (1.030333 N .5 × 10−6 C)2 √ × 2 = 0.5 × (1 m)2 = −0.020222 N F = √ +(−0. Explanation: F1 q2 F4y F3 F4x F4 k q2 1 √ 2 L2 2 8. The Coulomb constant is 8. 2 nC + 2m 2m + 7 nC F3 = − k q2 ˆ L2 = − 8.00714955 N F 2 = (F1 + F4x )2 + (F3 + F4y )2 = (−0.marhalim (mm56683) – Homework 1 – shih – (57480) a 2 − 2 d2 = 0 a d= √ .020222 N × 10−6 C)2 006 (part 1 of 2) 10.00092009 N2 = 0.020222 N + 0.030333 N. q3 and q4 for L = 1 m and q = 1.5 µC. q4 = q q3 = q P k q2 1 √ 2 L2 2 8.98755 × 109 N · m2 /C2 (1.

The repulsive force F1 = kC q2 q1 2 r1 .57282 × 10 N 4 q1 = +2 nC = +2 × 10−9 C .3099 ◦ 23 2m . and the repulsive force F3 = kC q2 q3 2 r3 2m 15 . 0 m) .83544 × 10−8 N .56076 × 10 −9 2 1 2 N 2 = 2. θ21 = −θ23 = 45◦ . Now.35923 × 10−8 N) cos 45◦ = 2.35923 × 10−8 N) sin 45◦ = 5. −2 m) .83544 × 10−8 N. q3 = +3 nC = +3 × 10−9 C . 2 m) .98755 × 109 N · m2 /C2 . and 2 r3 = (x3 − x2 )2 + (y3 − y2 )2 = (0 − x2 )2 + (y3 − 0)2 2 = x2 + y3 = (−2 m)2 + (−2 m)2 2 = 8 m2 .98755 × 109 N · m2 /C2 7 × 10−9 C 2 × 10−9 C × 8 m2 −8 = 1. acts downward and to the right along the line connecting q2 and q1 . with counterclockwise positive)? Consider the magnitudes of the forces. Fnet = = 2.marhalim (mm56683) – Homework 1 – shih – (57480) Correct answer: 2.y The distances between the 7 nC charge and q1 and q2 are 2 r1 = (x2 − x1 )2 + (y2 − y1 )2 = (x2 − 0)2 + (0 − y1 )2 2 = x2 + y1 = (2 m)2 + (−2 m)2 2 = 8 m2 . (x3 . Explanation: Let : = 8. (x1 .57282 × 10−8 N) sin 45◦ + (2. y2 ) = (2 m. Since |x2 | = |y1 | = |y3 | . and kC = 8. q2 = +7 nC = +7 × 10−9 C .57282 × 10−8 N) cos 45◦ + (2. (x2 .98755 × 109 N · m2 /C2 7 × 10−9 C 3 × 10−9 C × 8 m2 −8 = 2. y1 ) = (0 m. 354 4 µN 11. 007 (part 2 of 2) 10.7 28 2 nC + 2m + 7 nC µN = 8.78038 × 10−8 N Fy = −F1 sin 45◦ + F3 sin 45◦ = −(1.78038 × 10−8 N + 5.5 92 3 µN + 3 nC Felectric = kC q1 q2 r2 Fnet = F1 + F3 Fnet = 2 2 Fnet. lets consider the directions of the forces. and Fx = F1 cos 45◦ + F3 cos 45◦ = (1.0 points What is the direction of this force (measured from the positive x-axis as an angle between −180◦ and 180◦ .x + Fnet. y3 ) = (0 m.56076 × 10−9 N 2 2 Fx + Fy 2 28.35923 × 10 N acts upward and to the right along the line connecting q2 and q3 .

287 N when separated by 0. the electrostatic force between the charges q1 and q2 separated by a distance r is F = ke q1 q2 .6 × 10−19 C . ◦ 5 The spheres are suddenly connected by a thin conducting wire.56076 × 10−9 N 2. Connected + + Explanation: Fy tan θ = Fx θ = arctan Fy Fx ◦ = tan−1 = 11. Explanation: Let : F1 F2 r q1 = 0. thereby acquiring a charge of −4.0625 × 1013 .0625 × 1013 . Explanation: What is the magnitude of the positive charge? Correct answer: 4.96877 × 10−6 C.044 N .marhalim (mm56683) – Homework 1 – shih – (57480) Correct answer: 11.6 × 10−19 C. Final + + The net force on the 7 nC charge is 2.0 points A plastic rod is rubbed against a wool shirt. both spheres have the same ﬁnal charges q3 .6 × 10−19 C = 3. r2 q = ne e q −4. = 0.0 points Two conducting spheres have identical radii.32757 × 10−6 C . if the ﬁrst sphere loses charges qx .3099 . Let : q = −4. (0. = 0.6 m)2 (0.287 N . From conservation of electric charges.9 µC.9 × 10 e = −1.9 µC = −4. Initial ++ ++ − − Initially both spheres have opposite charges. The charge on an electron is 1. and > |q2 | . with q1 > |q2 |.78038 × 10−8 N Now the spheres repel each other with a force of 0.044 N. which is then removed.83544 × 10−8 N acting 11. Initially they have charges of opposite sign and unequal magnitudes with the magnitude of the positive charge larger than the magnitude of the negative charge.6 m . so q1 − qx = q3 and q2 + qx = q3 . 5. The total charge is −6 C and Applying Coulomb’s law.6 m. From Coulomb’s law F2 = 2 ke q3 r2 2F r 2 2 q3 = ke q3 = r 2 F2 = ke = 1.9 × 10−6 C ne = = e −1. How many electrons are transferred from the wool shirt to the plastic rod? Correct answer: 3.3099 .044 N) 8. 008 10. the second sphere will gain charges qx . After the wire is removed. They attract each other with a force of 0.3099 ◦ above the positive x-axis. 009 (part 1 of 2) 10.98755 × 109 N · m2 /C2 .

each stand on a glass rod and are touching.0 points What is the negative charge? Correct answer: −2. 2 r 6 2) A third ball carrying a positive charge. qY is neutral and qX is positive. Explanation: 6) Then ball Y and X are separated. + X Y = 3.98755 × 10 m)2 (0. X Y q2 = q3 − qx = 1.31363 × 10−6 C . + X Y −r 2 F1 2 2 = q3 − qx ke r 2 F1 r 2 F2 2 qx = + ke ke qx = = r 2 (F1 + F2 ) ke (0. qY is negative and qX is positive. 5.32757 × 10−6 C + 3.0 points 1) Two uncharged metal balls.96877 × 10−6 C . qY is neutral and qX is negative. the ball carring the positive charge is removed. 2. 3. 10.6412 × 10−6 C = −2. 5) While Y and X remain in touch. the signs of the charge qY on Y and qX on X are 1. q1 = q3 + qx = 1.marhalim (mm56683) – Homework 1 – shih – (57480) Further −F1 = ke q1 q2 ke (q3 + qx ) (q3 − qx ) = 2 r r2 2 − q2 ke q3 x = . Y and X. 4. 011 After these procedures. Finally.32757 × 10−6 C − 3. 6. qY is positive and qX is neutral. qY is neutral and qX is neutral.6412 × 10−6 C . X Y 010 (part 2 of 2) 10.6412 × 10−6 C = 4.044 N) 9 N · m2 /C2 8. + X Y 4) Then the ground wire is disconnected. is brought near the ﬁrst two.287 3) While the positions of these balls are ﬁxed. ball Y is connected to ground. qY is positive and qX is positive.6 N + 0. X Y .31363 × 10−6 C.

E1 q1 − q2 + r1 Let : q1 = −3 nC = −3 × 10−9 C . q3 = 4.57 m What is the electric ﬁeld strength at 4.e.40323 N/C. 012 10. i.88 m 4.3 nC = 4.88 m = 3. r23 = 0.42 m)2 0.87 m)2 (4. i. the positive charges which have collected in Y are allowed to escape (they strive to the left). x = 4.98755 × 109 N · m2 /C2 × −3 × 10−9 C 4. q2 = 4. 3) . qY is positive and qX is negative.98755 × 109 N · m2 /C2 .40323 N/C in the +x direction.6 × 10−9 C .0 points Three positive charges are arranged as shown at the corners of a rectangle. 013 (part 1 of 2) 10. q3 + r2 r3 E3 + E2 7 9.88 m . Explanation: . The contribution of each charge to the total electric ﬁeld is expressed as E i = ke qi e 2 x ri (for i = 1.3 m r3 = x − r23 = 4. the free charges inside Y and X rearrange themselves. 8. qY is negative and qX is negative.42 m respectively. = 4. and ke = 8. move to X).87 m r2 = x = 4. The signs of the charge on Y and that on X are both negative.3 × 10−9 C .0 points Three point charges are arranged as shown.3 m to the right of the middle charge? The Coulomb constant is 8. qY is negative and qX is neutral..57 m = 4.e.6 nC = 4. correct Explanation: When the ball with positive charge is brought nearby.6 × 10−9 C + (4.6 nC + 0.3 m . in Y.3 m)2 4. When we ground Y.3 nC + The distances between the observing point and each charge are r1 = x + r12 = 4.3 m + 0. Now we remove the third ball with positive charge.3 m − 0. Finally we separate Y and X. whereas the positive charges are repelled and collect in the left hand side of the system Y Y. Correct answer: 4. Thus the x component of the total electric ﬁeld is Etotal = E1 + E2 + E3 q1 q2 q3 = ke 2 + r2 + r2 r1 2 3 = 8.3 × 10−9 C + (3.57 m . they share the negative charge (equally if identical). −3 nC − 4.e. The charge on X is redistributed in the system Y Y. r12 = 0.marhalim (mm56683) – Homework 1 – shih – (57480) 7.98755 × 109 N · m2 /C2 . 2. The negative charges are attracted and go to the right (i. whereas the negative charges in X are still held enthralled by the positive charge on the third ball. We break the ground.

941 N/C .x q3 q3 r2 2 sin ϕ = −ke r 3 r3 3 q3 q3 r1 = kC 2 cos ϕ = ke 3 .383 m)2 + 8. The electric ﬁeld produced by the charge q1 is along the positive y-axis.62 × 10−9 C (0.149 m)2 − 8.21115 m)3 = −48. Explanation: E1 θ Q2 E2 Q1 Let : q1 q2 q3 r2 r1 ke r2 ϕ Q3 r1 Consider the direction of E3 cos ϕ = Thus E3.24 × 10−9 C .98755 × 109 N m2 /C2 × 5. so that Enet = Enet.21115 m . The electric ﬁeld produced by the charge q3 is upward and to the left along the diagonal of Enet = (−48. Correct answer: 171.885 N/C)2 = 171.149 m)2 + (0.25 nC = 2. 2 r3 Find the magnitude of the electric ﬁeld at the fourth corner of the rectangle.98755 × 109 N m2 /C2 × r2 and r3 sin ϕ = r1 r3 E3 = 2.0 points .941 N/C. = 2.62 nC + 1.62 × 10−9 C .y The length of the diagonal is r3 = 2 2 r1 + r2 = (2.149 m .24 nC = 5. r1 (2.x = −ke E3.98755 × 109 N m2 /C2 × 2.62 nC = 2.7506 N/C .25 × 10−9 C) (0.y = 0 .383 m)2 Enet. so E 3 = ke q3 .4 2 +(164.25 × 10−9 C) (1. and = E1. = 5.25 nC 8 the rectangle.x + E3. = 0.x q3 r2 q2 = −ke 2 − ke 3 r2 r3 = − 8.y q1 q3 r1 = ke 2 + ke 3 r1 r3 = 8.21115 m)3 = 164.24 × 10−9 C (1.149 m 0.y = E1 = kc q1 2 .885 N/C .y + E3. so q2 E2.x = 0 E1.x = −E2 = −kc 2 r2 E2.98755 × 109 N m2 /C2 . = 1.marhalim (mm56683) – Homework 1 – shih – (57480) 5. and = 8. so E1. (1.98755 × 109 N m2 /C2 × = 1. 1/2 The electric ﬁeld produced by the charge q2 is along the negative x-axis.149 m) (1.25 × 10−9 C . and is directed away from the charge since q3 is positive.y Enet.x 2 + Enet. so that r3 r3 = E2.383 m + 2.24 nC + 2.383 m .7506 N/C)2 014 (part 2 of 2) 10.383 m) (1.98755 × 109 N m2/C2 . The Coulomb constant is 8.

The electric ﬁeld at the fourth corner of the rectangle is 171. acting 73.y Enet.885 N/C −48. Explanation: Enet.x ◦ = 106. with counterclockwise positive)? Correct answer: 106.471◦.7506 N/C 9 tan θ = θ = tan−1 Enet.y Enet.471 .marhalim (mm56683) – Homework 1 – shih – (57480) What is the direction of this electric ﬁeld (as an angle measured from the positive x-axis. From the positive x-axis. the angle is 106.471◦ . .529◦ above the negative x-axis.941 N/C.x = tan−1 164.

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