PreIiminary Examinations
PHYSICS
Higher 2 9745/01
Paper 1 Multiple Choice
Friday 21 September 2007 1 hour 15 minutes
Additional materials:
Multiple Choice Answer Sheet
Soft clean eraser
Soft pencil (Type B or HB is recommended)
READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST
Write in soft pencil.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Write your name and C.G. on the Answer Sheet in the spaces provided.
There are forty questions in this paper. Answer aII questions. For each question there are four
possible answers, A, B, C and D.
Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft penciI on the separate
Answer Sheet.
Read the instructions on the Answer Sheet very carefuIIy.
Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer.
Any rough working should be done in this booklet.
This question paper consists of 13 printed pages.
[Turn over
2
Data
speed of light in free space, c = .00 L 10
8
m s
1
permeability of free space, 3
o
= 46 L 10
7
H m
1
permittivity of free space, Z
o
= 8.85 L 10
12
F m
1
= (1/(6)) L 10
9
F m
1
elementary charge, e = 1.0 L 10
19
C
the Planck constant, h = . L 10
4
J s
unified atomic mass constant, u = 1. L 10
27
kg
rest mass of electron, m
e
= 9.11 L 10
1
kg
rest mass of proton, m
p
= 1.7 L 10
27
kg
molar gas constant, R = 8.1 J K
1
mol
1
the Avogadro constant, N
A
= .02 L 10
2
mol
1
the Boltzmann constant, = 1.8 L 10
2
J K
1
gravitational constant, = .7 L 10
11
N m
2
kg
2
acceleration of free fall, = 9.81 m s
2
FormuIae
uniformly accelerated motion 8 = ut + at
2
v
2
= u
2
+ 2a8
work done on/by a gas = p '
hydrostatic pressure p = 8h
gravitational potential
7
m
displacement of particle in s.h.m. =
o
sin t
velocity of particle in s.h.m. v = v
o
cos t
v =
2 2
4
resistors in series R = R
1
+ R
2
+ .
resistors in parallel ....
1 1 1
2 1
+ +
R R R
electric potential
7
"
'
4
61 4
alternating current/voltage =
4
83 t
transmission coefficient % = exp(2kd) where
2
2
8
h
) E U ( m
6
radioactive decay =
4
exp (t )
decay constant
2
1
9 . 0
t
1 What are the base units of electromotive force?
A kg m
2
s

A
1
B kg m s

C kg m
2
s
2
C
1
D kg m s
2
2 A petrol gauge in a car indicates the volume ' of fuel in the tank. ' is given by the angular
deflection of the pointer on a dial. Below are the calibration curves for the four different
gauges. For high fuel levels in the tank, which gauge would be most sensitive?
Which of the following statements is correct?
A An object can have a constant velocity even though its speed is changing.
B An object moving with constant acceleration can reverse its velocity.
C An object cannot have a constant speed if its acceleration is not zero.
D An object cannot have an instantaneous zero velocity if it is moving with a constant
acceleration.
4 An object, thrown vertically upwards, rises to a certain height and then falls back to its
starting point. Assuming that air resistance cannot be neglected, which of the following
statements is correct?
A When the object is rising, the magnitude of its deceleration is greater than the
acceleration due to gravity.
B The time of flight for the upward motion is greater than the time of flight for the
downward motion.
C The speed of the object when it is thrown up is equal its speed when it returns to the
starting point.
D The acceleration of the object at the highest point is zero.
empty
'
A
full
empty
'
B
full
empty
'
C
full
empty
'
D
full
4
5 The graph below shows the force acting on a body of 2 kg over a period of 4 s.
f the body was initially at rest, what would be its velocity after 4 s?
A 5 m s
1
B 10 m s
1
C 20 m s
1
D 40 m s
1
A particle of mass m slides down a plane with an average acceleration a. The plane
makes an angle with the horizontal. What is the average frictional force exerted by the
plane on the mass?
A m(  a) B m( + a) 83 C m(  a) 83 D m( 83  a)
7 An object resting on a horizontal frictionless surface is accelerated from rest by a constant
force from a motor. Which of the following graphs shows the variation of the motor power
! with time t?
10
0
2 4
F/N
t /8
t
!
t
!
t
!
t
!
0
0
0 0
A B
C D
5
8 The graph below shows the variation of potential energy with distance for a particle
moving in a straight line. The particle is at rest initially.
0
From this curve, we can deduce that
A there are three positions of stable equilibrium.
B this situation could not happen since negative potential energy is not physically
realisable.
C the force on the particle is greatest when the particle is near the origin.
D for a given distance, the particle can have a total energy that lies below the potential
energy curve at that point.
9 What is the mass m of the counterweight needed to balance the 1500 kg load on the
smooth incline as shown in the figure below? Assume all pulleys are frictionless and
massless.
A 177 kg B 54 kg C 50kg D 100 kg
potential
energy
distance
7
7
m
45
4
1500 kg
10 A uniform rod XY is freely hinged to the wall at X. t is held horizontal by a force F acting
from Y at an angle to the vertical as shown in the diagram. Which arrow shows the
direction of the reaction force exerted by the wall on the rod?
11 A small object of mass 0.10 kg is released from rest at the rim of a smooth semispherical
bowl of radius 20 cm. Taking = 10 m s
2
, the reaction force on the object when it passes
the bottom of the bowl is
A 1.0 N B 2.0 N C 2.5 N D .0 N
12 A car travels on a hump of radius 7 When it passes the highest point, the driver becomes
weightless instantaneously. The minimum speed of the car at the highest point is
A
2
7
B
2
7
C 7 D 7
1 The escape velocity from the Earth is v. For a planet with density four times that of the
Earth and radius twice that of the Earth, the escape velocity from the planet is
A v B 2v C 4v D 2 4 v
14 A satellite moves in an elliptical orbit around the Earth, well above the atmosphere. At the
point in its orbit nearest to the Earth's surface,
A the kinetic energy is maximum and the potential energy is minimum.
B the kinetic energy is minimum and the potential energy is maximum.
C both the kinetic energy and the potential energy are minimum.
D both the kinetic energy and the potential energy are maximum.
15 A body oscillates vertically on the end of a light vertical spring with simple harmonic motion
of frequency f and amplitude a. The total energy of the oscillations is proportional to
A f B a C
2
a D f
F A
D
C
B
X Y
7
1 An object placed on a horizontal platform is vibrating vertically in simple harmonic motion
with a frequency of 2.0 Hz. The maximum amplitude of oscillation that will allow the object
to remain in contact with the platform throughout the motion is
A 0.78 cm B 1. cm C 2.5 cm D .2 cm
17 A metal block X, of mass m, at 0
o
C comes into contact with another metal block Y, of
mass 2m, at 100
o
C. Heat conduction takes place with no loss to the surroundings. The
final equilibrium temperature of the blocks is 20
o
C. f the specific heat capacities of the
two metals are c
and c
y
respectively, then
A c
= 8
c
y
B c
= 4
c
y
C c
= 2
c
y
D c
= c
y
18 Which of the following graphs correctly describes the behaviour of a fixed mass of an ideal
gas at pressure p, volume ' and temperature %?
19 Which of the following statements is not correct?
A The internal energy of an ideal gas is the sum of the kinetic energies of the gas
molecules only.
B The internal kinetic energy of a system depends only on the absolute temperature.
C The internal potential energy of a system is a function of the atomic separation of the
atoms.
D During boiling, there is no change in internal energy of the system since the
temperature remains constant.
%
0
p'
A
'
1
0
p
B
c438ta3t %
0
'
C
%
c438ta3t p
p
0
D
%
p'
c438ta3t %
8
20 Which of the following statements is incorrect about progressive mechanical waves?
A They propagate due to interaction between the particles of the medium.
B They can be transverse or longitudinal.
C They carry energy as they propagate.
D They can always be polarized.
21 A wave pulse is travelling to the right as shown in the diagram below. The graph on the
right shows the variation with time of the displacement of a particle P as the pulse passes
it.
Which one of the following graphs represents the variation of the displacement with
positions of the particles along the path of the wave pulse at a certain instant?
A B
C D
22 A wire is stretched between two fixed points 1.2 m apart. t is set into vibration whilst a
constraint is held against the midpoint of the wire. Which are the two longest wavelengths
present on the vibrating wire?
A 1.2 m, 0.0 m
B 1.2 m, 0.80 m
C 2.4 m, 0.80 m
D 2.4 m, 1.2 m
wave pulse P
displacement of P
time
+
0

distance from
source
distance from
source
distance from
source
distance from
source
displacement
displacement
displacement
displacement
9
2 Monochromatic light of wavelength 00 nm is incident normally on a diffraction grating
having 2 10
5
lines per metre. What is the angle between the highest order diffracted
beam and the normal?
A 4
o
B 57
o
C 74
o
D 90
o
24 Two isolated point charges are separated by 0.02 m and attract each other with a force of
40 N. f they are moved apart a further 0.02 m, then the force between them is
A 10 N B 20 N C 40 N D 80 N
25 When considering an isolated, positively charged, cubical conductor, which of the following
statements is not correct?
A The electric field lines at the surface is normal to the surface.
B The electric field strength outside the cube is greater at a corner then at the centre of
a face.
C The electric field strength inside the cube is zero.
D The electric field lines outside the cube are directed away from the centre of the cube.
2 The diagram below shows a resistor made of a copper cylindrical core of crosssectional
area 2.0 X 10

m
2
which is surrounded by iron of crosssectional area 1.0 X 10

m
2
.
Given that copper and iron have resistivities of 1.7 10
~8
O m and 1.0 10
~7
O m,
respectively. The resistance per unit length of such a resistor is
A 7.8 10
~
O m
1
B 8.5 L 10
~
O m
1
C 1.5 L 10
~5
O m
1
D .9 L 10
~5
O m
1
iron layer
copper core
direction of
current flow
10
27 Which of the following statements about the e.m.f. of a cell is correct?
A t is the electrical power derived from other forms per unit charge within the cell.
B t is the electrical power changed into other forms per unit charge within the cell.
C t is the electrical energy supplied by the source per unit current delivered by the
source.
D t is the electrical energy supplied by the source per unit charge delivered by the
source.
28 A battery of e.m.f. E and negligible internal resistance is connected to two resistors, each
of resistance R, and a voltmeter, as shown below.
What is the reading on the voltmeter if the voltmeter does not have an infinite resistance?
A 0
B less than E
C E
D more than E
R R
V
E
11
29 The diagram below shows a circuit with a uniform wire XY of length 1.0 m and resistance
1.0 O connected in series with a cell of e.m.f. .0 V and internal resistance 0.50 O The
circuit is used to measure the e.m.f. generated by a thermocouple.
When the e.m.f generated by the thermocouple is 0.20 V and the galvanometer gives a
zero reading, the position of the jockey will be
A 10 cm away from X.
B 20 cm away from X.
C 80 cm away from X.
D 90 cm away from X.
0 A rectangular coil PQRS is suspended from a string, with its plane vertical. The coil has N
turns and carries a current in a uniform horizontal magnetic field which makes an angle
with the plane of the coil as shown below.
f the area of the coil is , the couple experienced by the coil is
A N sin B Ncos C
cos
N
D
N
sin
P
S
R
Q
string
.0 V
0.5 O
X Y
0.20 V
thermocouple
12
1 The figure below shows four long, straight currentcarrying wires P, Q, R and S. which are
perpendicular to the plane of the paper. They pass through the corners of a square. Point O is
the point of intersection of the diagonals of the square. The currents in all four wires have the
same magnitude. The currents in wires P, Q and R flow into the plane of the paper while that in
S flows out of the plane of the paper. Which arrow shows the direction of the resultant magnetic
field at O?
2 A circular coil has resistance R and area . The coil is placed in a uniform magnetic field
of strength such that its plane is perpendicular to the magnetic field lines. The plane of
the coil is now rotated through 90
5
. The magnitude of the charge that flows in the coil is
A
R
R
C R D zero
A horizontal straight wire of length 20 m is raised vertically through a height of .0 m in
0.20 s. The horizontal component of the Earth's magnetic field strength perpendicular to
the wire is 2.0 L 10
5
T. What is the average e.m.f. induced across the ends of the wire?
A zero B 0.24 mV C 1.2 mV D .0 mV
4 The figure below shows the variation with time of a periodic current.
What is the rootmeansquare value of the current?
A .5 A B .75 A C .97 A D 4.50 A
t / ms
0
A
4 1
5
2
8 7


P Q
R S
O
A
B
C
D
1
5 A source emits monochromatic light of wavelength at power !. Given that h is the Planck
constant and c the speed of light, the rate of emission of photons is
A
h
!c
B
c
!h
C
!
hc
D
hc
!
An ultraviolet radiation source causes the emission of photoelectrons from a zinc plate.
How would the maximum kinetic energy, E
K
, of the photoelectrons and the number of
photoelectrons emitted per second, 3, be affected by substituting a more intense source of
the same wavelength?
E
K
3
A decreases increases
B unchanged unchanged
C unchanged increases
D increases unchanged
7 Through what minimum potential difference must an electron in an Xray tube be
accelerated so that it can produce Xrays with a wavelength of 0.100 nm?
A 1.24 V B 124 V C 1.24 x 10
4
V D 1.24 x 10
V
8 An electron is incident on a potential barrier with a kinetic energy of 2.0 eV. The barrier
height is .0 eV and the transmission coefficient is 0.1. What is the reflection coefficient?
A zero B 0.25 C 0. D 0.87
9 An odine11 sample with a halflife of 2 days has a current activity of
After 9 days, the activity of the sample would be
A
1
B
8
C D 8
40 A nuclear process is represented by the equation:
X Mg Al
25
12
25
1
+
Which of the following statements about particle X is true?
A X is a nucleon.
B X is a photon.
C X has a negative charge.
D X has a positive charge.
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