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BIOTECHNOL OGY

From food to fuel to fashion

ANUPAMA CN 08CBT4057 SJASC

introduction
"Any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use.“

Thousands of years 20th century In 1917, Chaim Weizzman first used a pure microbiological culture in an industrial process, that of manufacturing corn starch using clostridium acetobutylicum, to produce acetone. Alevander Fleming Anand Chakrabarty

Red biotechnology

Modern biotechnology is being used in many areas of medicine from making vaccines and drugs to determining genetic origins of disease, producing organs for xenotranplants and developing nanomedical diagnostic methods. The revolution began with the advent of biologically-produced antibiotics and the discovery of penicillin by Alexander Fleming in 1929. Prior to this discovery, antimicrobial compounds were used to treat syphilis and

Xenotransplantation is the transplantation of living cells, tissues or organs from one species to another, such as from pigs to humans. Such cells, tissues or organs are called xenografts or xenotransplants.

Nanobiotechnology
refers to the ways that nanotechnology is used to create devices to study biological systems
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Decay-Fighting Microbes Bacteria living on teeth convert sugar into lactic acid, which erodes enamel and causes tooth decay. Florida-based company ONI BioPharma has engineered a new bacterial strain, called SMaRT, that cannot produce lactic acid—plus, it

Artificial Lymph Nodes Scientists from Japan's RIKEN Institute have developed artificial versions of lymph nodes, organs that produce immune cells for fighting infections. Though they could one day replace diseased nodes, the artificial ones may initially be used as customized immune boosters.

Nanoscale Adhesive Gecko feet are covered with nano-size hairs that exploit intermolecular forces, allowing the lizards to stick firmly to surfaces.

green BIOTECHnology
Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture.

GM crops

Biofertilizer Is a substance which contains living microorganisms which, when applied to seed, plant surfaces, or soil, colonizes the rhizosphere or the interior of the plant and promotes growth by increasing the supply or availability of

BLUE biotechology
Marine biotechnology encompasses those efforts that involve the marine resources of the world, either as the source or target of biotechnology applications.

Drug Discovery and Marine-derived Compounds Drug discovery represents one of the most promising and highly visible outcomes of marine biotechnology research.

Biochemicals produced by marine invertebrates, algae and bacteria, are very different than those from related terrestrial organisms and

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Bioherm
  ancient organic reef of moundlike form built by a variety of marine invertebrates, including corals, echinoderms, gastropods, mollusks, and others; fossil calcareous algae are prominent in some bioherms.. Bioherms and occur in sedimentary rock strata of all geological ages, providing definitive information on paleoenvironments in the vicinity of their occurrence.

Bioluminescence is the production and emission of light by a living organism. itis a naturally occurring form of

WHITE biotechnology
* Bioenergy and Biofuels     * Biomass and Biorefineries     * Food, Beverage, and Feed Processing     * Agricultural sciences and Agronomics     * Nanobiotechnology     * Synthetic Biology and Genome Engineering     * Bioremediation     * Bioprospecting and Marine Biotechnology     * Cosmeceuticals and Personal Care     * Biomaterials: Bioplastics, Biofilms     * Pulp and Paper     * Textiles     * Detergents     * Industrial Enzymes     * Biodefense     * Automotive

Biotechnology is the present in our hands to erase the mistakes of the past in order to create a better future. THANK YOU