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Electric Power System 2005

1(2)

**Computer exercise 5 5.1 Matlab: Sequence components
**

Go to www.iea.lth.se/eks/seqdemo.html and read the description. You can skip the rotating graphs and only look at the stationary phasors. Compare the following combinations with problems and solutions of Exercise 8.3: a) Single-line to ground fault: b) Line-line fault: Zr=1∠0, Zs=1e6∠0, Zt=1e6∠0, Zn=1∠0 Zr=1∠0, Zs=1∠0, Zt=1e6∠0, Zn=1e6∠0

c) Double-line to ground fault: Zr=1∠0, Zs=1∠0, Zt=1e6∠0, Zn=10∠0 Figure 5 has a tendency to appear outside the display area of the screen. If this is the case, maximize Figure 5. 5.2 Matlab: Unsymmetrical fault currents Exercise 8.1 a) gives the sequence fault currents for a zero impedance single-line to ground fault in phase A in the five-bus system used in Examples 7.5 and 9.8 in the textbook: I0=I1=I2=–j4.71 p.u. Use matrix multiplication in Matlab to transform the fault currents to phase domain. 5.3 PowerWorld: Unsymmetrical fault currents, sequence domain Go to www.iea.lth.se/eks/download/gspowerworld and download the files named Example9_8a. Note that the files Example9_8 in Chapter9.zip are incorrect. Use PowerWorld and Example9_8a to calculate the fault currents for a zero impedance single-line to ground fault in phase A. Compare with the answer of 5.2 and with Table 9.4 p 424. 5.4 Matlab: Voltages during unsymmetrical faults, phase domain Exercise 8.2 gives the sequence bus voltages at buses 2 and 5 during an unsymmetrical fault at bus 2. Use matrix multiplication in Matlab to transform these results to phase domain. a) Zero impedance single-line to ground fault in phase A: Bus 2: V0=–0.5131 p.u., V1=0.7818 p.u., V2=–0.2682 p.u. Bus 5: V0=–0.0528 p.u., V1=0.9296 p.u., V2=–0.1204 p.u. b) Zero impedance line to line fault between phases B and C: Bus 2: V0=0, V1=0.5255 p.u., V2=0.5245 p.u. Bus 5: V0=0, V1=0.8145 p.u., V2=0.2355 p.u. c) Zero impedance double line to ground fault on phases B and C: Bus 2: V0=0.4161 p.u., V1=0.4167 p.u., V2=0.4157 p.u. Bus 5: V0=0.0428 p.u., V1=0.7657 p.u., V2=0.1867 p.u.

OS

IEA

OS IEA .6 Type of grounding and effect on fault currents and voltages The network in Example 9. B and C. The fault is the first connection to ground. this does not affect the zero sequence network of the rest of the network.5 p 425. Compare the results with 5. phase domain Use PowerWorld and Example9_8a to calculate phase voltages at buses 2 and 5 during a fault at bus two in the five-bus system used in Examples 7.4 c).4 a) and Table 9.4 b). c) When the fault occurs phase A is connected to ground. b) Make the system un-grounded: Open Line Information Dialog of the transformers.Computer exercise 5 Electric Power System 2005 2(2) 5. Since phase A is now on ground potential. the line to ground voltage of phases B and C will be √3 times VF. Write down fault current (in phase A) and line to ground voltages of phases A. The voltage between the phases is still √3 times VF. B and C.8 in the textbook. 5.5 and 9. shunt capacitance makes the fault current greater than zero for an ungrounded system. but since the low voltage windings of the transformers are of delta type. In reality. Generators are also grounded. Again apply a bolted single-line to ground fault at bus 2. so the fault current will be zero. b) Zero impedance line to line fault between phases B and C. Check this numerically to see if it agrees with the value from PowerWorld in b). c) Zero impedance double line to ground fault on phases B and C. Solid grounding gives high fault current while no grouding gives high line to ground voltages of the healthy (unfaulted) phases. Compare the results with 5.5 PowerWorld: Voltages during unsymmetrical faults. Write down fault current (in phase A) and line to ground voltages of phases A. Do this for the cases below: a) Zero impedance single-line to ground fault in phase A. Designing the grounding system is a tradeoff between these two effects.8 is solidly (zero impedance) grounded through the star points of the high voltage windings of the transformers between buses 1-5 and 3-4. Compare the results with 5. a) Apply a bolted single-line to ground fault at bus 2. Go to Fault parameters and change Configuration from DeltaGrounded wye to Delta-Wye. The neutral will therefore have the voltage VF relative to ground.

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