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Yahweh Esther received the best foods, care, and beauty

Lesson 47, Biblical Commentary treatments for one year, in preparation for being
called before the king (Esth. 2:12–15). The Book
of Esther beautifully shows God's sovereignty.
Divine Appointments (Esther) Though the Jewish people faced extermination—
due to a plot by King Xerxes' highest noble,
Biblical Passage: Esther 4:1–5:3 Haman—God had already made a provision for
their rescue. Esther had no idea that God would
Supporting Passages: Esther 2:15–17; 3:8–11 use her to save her people.

Memory Verse: Esther 4:14


IMPORTANCE
Biblical Truth: God strategically placed Esther This passage demonstrates the sovereignty of
in a position to provide deliverance for the Jews. God in the most desperate of circumstances,
revealing that The Future is in God’s Hands.
Context: The kingdoms of Israel and Judah had Esther had a choice: She could speak up before
both fallen, and many Israelites had been taken the king and risk losing her own life, or she could
away from their homeland and settled in other keep silent though her people, the Jews, would
parts of the Assyrian Empire. Persia later soon get slaughtered. Mordecai implored her,
conquered Assyria, and displaced Jews found “‘For if you remain silent at this time, relief and
themselves under Persian rule. These Jews deliverance for the Jews will arise from another
would soon be exterminated by a devious plan, place, but you and your father’s family will perish.
and Esther was God’s provision for their And who knows but that you have come to royal
deliverance. God had elevated her to royalty to position for such a time as this?’” (Esth. 4:14)
fulfill His purposes. Although Esther risked her Esther believed God controls the future. After
life by entering the king’s presence, she praying and fasting, she risked her life before the
courageously requested his help to spare her king, and God delivered the Jews and Queen
people. Esther from death.

INVESTIGATION INTERPRETATION
In the third year of King Xerxes' reign, he gave a Esther 4:1–5 When Mordecai learned of a plot to
seven-day banquet for his people. On the last day extinguish all Jews living in Persia, he put on
of the banquet, the king commanded his queen, sackcloth and ashes and went out into the city
Vashti, to come before him so that he could show wailing loudly. He mourned the imminent demise
her beauty to the people. She refused, which of the Jews at the hands of an arrogant and evil
made him furious. He issued a decree that she man, Haman (Esth. 3:5–6). Since he had on
could never again appear before the king (Esth. sackcloth and ashes, Mordecai could not enter
1:12,19). the king’s gate.

A search was begun to find a new queen. Many Mourning spread throughout every province
young women were chosen. Among them was a where the Jews had received the news of their
beautiful Jewish girl, who had been adopted after fate.
her parents died by her older cousin—a man of
the tribe of Benjamin—named Mordecai. Her Esther's servant girls and eunuchs saw Mordecai
Jewish name was Hadassah; however, she was in mourning. When they told Esther about
also called Esther (Esth. 2:5–7). She was taken to Mordecai, his behavior concerned her. So she
live in the king's palace and placed in the care of sent one of the king's eunuchs, Hathach, to find
Hegai, who was in charge of the king's harem. out why Mordecai was distressed.

Mordecai strictly forbade Esther from telling Esther 4:6–8 Mordecai told Hathach about
anyone that she was Jewish. She found favor Haman's plot to destroy the Jews. He divulged
with Hegai and received preferential treatment. the exact amount of money Haman had promised

Copyright © Clarity Publishers, 2007. All rights reserved Yahweh: Lesson 47, Biblical Commentary, Page 1
Permission is granted for reproduction only for the study of
Life Bible Study curriculum by a licensed church during
the licensed year. No online or other duplication is permitted.
to contribute to the royal treasury, though the king Esther 5:1–3 After the three days of prayer and
had refused payment for Haman’s loyal service fasting, Esther dressed in her royal robes and
(Esth. 3:9–11). Mordecai also gave Hathach a prepared to go to King Xerxes. She waited “in the
copy of the king's edict to present and explain to inner court of the palace, in front of the king’s
Esther so she would understand the gravity of the hall.”
situation. Mordecai further instructed Hathach to
urge Esther to go to the king to plead for mercy When King Xerxes saw his queen, “he was
for her people. pleased with her” and extended his gold scepter.
Esther touched the tip of the scepter and the king
Esther 4:9–11 Hathach did everything Mordecai replied, “What is it, Queen Esther? What is your
had instructed him to do. He revealed Haman’s request? Even up to half the kingdom, it will be
plot to Esther as Mordecai had told it to him. given you.”

Esther told Hathach to return to Mordecai with a In today’s language, King Xerxes said, “You can
message. Hathach was to remind Mordecai that have whatever you want.” Esther wanted
“any man or woman who approaches the king in something much more than half of the kingdom.
the inner court without being summoned the king Esther used her influence, found favor with the
has but one law: that he be put to death.” An king, and saved her people. Her actions are
uninvited guest who appeared before the king remembered today as faithful Jews observe the
meant certain death. The only hope of living was Feast of Purim (Esth. 9:23–28).
if the king extended his gold scepter to the
uninvited guest. Thirty days had passed since God placed Esther in the royal court for His
even Esther, the queen, had been invited to see purpose. She was at the right place at the right
King Xerxes. It meant sure death to go before the time.
king without being summoned to do so.

Esther 4:12–14 The exchange of messages IMPLICATIONS


between Esther and Mordecai continued. When God sometimes gives His people divine
Hathach reported Esther's comments to appointments. He calls them to a specific place at
Mordecai, he sent a message back to her. a specific time for a specific purpose. Queen
Mordecai warned, “Do not think that because you Esther had such a divine appointment, and
are in the king’s house you alone of all the Jews because of her willingness to put the lives of her
will escape.” Even her royal status offered no people above her own life, the Jews were saved.
insurance. She was the queen, but also a Jew. Decisions like this are made in a moment, but
they are formed out of the true character in one’s
If she said nothing, deliverance would surely heart. When you face circumstances that seem
come “from another place” but Esther and her out of your control or feel incredibly difficult, seek
family would still likely perish at the hands of the God’s purposes. Make yourself willing and
present dynasty. Mordecai then spoke what many available for His use—to accomplish His
have often quoted: “And who knows but that you purposes that have implications beyond your
have come to royal position for such a time as imagination.
this?" God knows.
Esther was constantly learning. In order to be
Esther 4:15–17 Esther responded by asking that prepared “for such a time as this,” it is imperative
Mordecai gather all the Jews in Susa and fast for that you know God's Word. Like Esther, ask God
her for three days. She promised that she and her to reveal His plan and purpose to you. Call on
maids would also fast. The king had chosen God to give you strength and courage. Pray for
Esther as his next queen. She was now in a God's leadership in your life and expect Him to
position where she could use her influence to use you for His glory. As you humble yourself and
save her people. When this time of prayerful truly seek God, you will show the world the
preparation was complete, she would go before highest Christian maturity, and your life will
King Xerxes—even though it could mean her ultimately bring honor to God.
death. Mordecai did as Esther had instructed.

Copyright © Clarity Publishers, 2007. All rights reserved Yahweh: Lesson 47, Biblical Commentary, Page 2
Permission is granted for reproduction only for the study of
Life Bible Study curriculum by a licensed church during
the licensed year. No online or other duplication is permitted.