German Radar of World War II

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German Radar Equipment of World War II
Updated 22 March 2005

These data pages are taken from "German Naval Radar to 1945" written by Erwin F. Sieche of Vienna and published in "Warship" volumes 21 and 22 in 1982 This article copyrighted by Erwin F. Sieche All rights reserved. No part of this article may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior permission of the author.

Germal1 Naval



1. Introd_yctj_on 2. InitiaJO~vel_9J2m~nt 3. Radar Designatichl 4. Armored S~bJp~ 5_._Battl~sips h 6. Heavy_Cruis~rs LLJght Crui§~rs 8. Destroyers

9.~Small Units_a[ld_Sub_rn_ariDes
10. Con_clusioll_and_BjbJiography

I am indebted to Herr Heinz-Gerhard Schoeck who transcribed this article and permitted it to be used at this website. Herr.schceck has manY_Qther_j_l'lt~r~_stingarticle$r~garding_Naval_TechnQlQ_gya_t hi~web$it~

\ 8/20/2005

Technic - German Naval Radar - Part 1, Introduction

Page 1 of 1

German Naval Radar
by Erwin F. Sieche, Vienna Updated 17 October 1999

1. Introduction
The story of detection and ranging on metallic objects by means of reflected highfrequency radio impulses dates back to 30 April 1904, when the German engineer Christian HOlsmeyer registered German and fbreign patents for an apparatus the called the Te/emobi/oscope. The basis for his invention was not, however, new, as far back as 1886 Heinrich Hertz, then working at the University of Karlsruhe, had shown, in indoor demonstrations, that electromagnetic waves are reflected by other electric inductors. Nevertheless, HOlsmeyer was too far ahead of his invention; even Telefunken rejected an offer to buy his patents. During the First World War the son of the newspaper publisher August Scherl, Richard Scherl, also hit on the idea of using radio echoes for detection, without knowledge of HOlsmeyer's previous work. Together with a well-known contemporary sience fiction writer, Hans Dominik, he designed the Raypointer (Strahlenzieler) and successfully produced an experimental set working on a 10cm wavelength. H~ sent details of his apparatus to the Imperial German Navy in February 1916, but his suggestions rejected as 'not being importance to the war effort'. Again, the inventor was ahead of his time; technology would in fact need decades to provide the necessary operational reliability to match the far-sighted ideas of HOlsmeyer and Scher!. In the Summer of 1926, the Americans Breit and Tuve became the first to use the principles of radar to measure the returning echo of the earth's ionosphere. Also in the 1920s an international army of enthusiastic radio amateurs discovered, and brought to general attention, the field of high-frequency electromagnetic waves, and thus opened the way for a realization of the potential of radar, the idea beinqtaken up almost simultaneously in France, Great Britain the USA and Germany.



5cm valve to 300mW. Parallel trails with one-way communication (UHF-radio telephone) produced results at over 43km range . With the transmitter and receiver spaced 10m (30.hanische Apparate (GEMA) in 1934 specifically for this promising field of research.4 ft) apart. although they entered the field of electromagnetic echo-ranging from a totally different direction. NVA's original civilian contractor. Initial Development In Germany. Initial Development Page 1 of2 German Naval Radar Updated 17 October 1999 2. Work also continued on the htt". one of the leading firms in this field.//nrmur n~:nmTP!'ln" ('{)m/We:mons/WRGER 02. this was the German forerunner of sonar. As early as 1929 the Nachrichten-Versuchsabteilung (NVA: Communication trials department) at Kiel were working on a horizontal sound-plummet capable of detecting submerged targets by measuring returning sound echoes. they succeeded in trebling the emitting power of the 13.htrn 8/20/2005 . After feverish work. it was the Reichsmarine which showed interest in the development of this new ranging device. that the transmitting impulse had to be pulsed to 'clear' the receiver to allow range as well as bearing information to be obtained.Technic . Unfortunately the transmitting system proved unstable..4Bnm). decided to use the same basic principles above water by employing electromagnetic waves. produced a 50W magnetron for general sales and the German scientist purchased a few to boost their transmitters to BOW. and it was realized that the quality of the echo depended substantially on the silhouette of the target ship (broadside versus end-on). and found. and later. he initiated the foundation of the Gesellschaft fDr Elektroakustische und Met. due to the rather primitive technical possibilities of the time (a transmitting power of only 100 milliwatts). which worked on a wavelength of 4Bcm (630MHz). with each trying to overtake the achievements of the other. the echo of the trails vessel Welle (ex. NVA's scientific director. Kuhnhold now contacted Telefunken to a~ if they could take over the development in their highly skilled experimental laboratories. which could 'see behind the clouds". in trials on the old battleship Hessen.from Heligoland to Wangerooge! These results led to heavy competition between the two contractors. Dr. At the same time. Philips Eindhoven. was in the meantime stimulated by the appearance of this new competitor. Grille) could be picked up to 2km range but beyond this it faded away due to limited transmitting energy. GEMA now succeeded in producing results at 300m (914 ft) range with their improved 4Bcm set. However.Part 2.5cm Pintsch set.5cm short-wave transmissions via a parabolic dish aerial. no return echoes were obtained from metallic objects. GEMA trails at the beginning of 1925 showed that longer waves'tesulted in clearer echoes with no fading effects. Pintsch (at Berlin). Dr. in October 1934. GEMA took over the trials sets. and in 1933 NVA nranaqed to pick up echoes from 13. Rudolf Kuhnhold. As they rejected this approach. they managed to obtain a clear echo from Welle at over 12km (6. although the technical development of the necessary highenergy valves for the latter was proceeding only slowly.German Naval Radar . It was trterefore decided to build a radar set working on a 2m wavelength (150MHz) and push forward the development of the 13.

due to the need for secrecy and to the limited finance w~thwhic. As a result of the ensuing discussion. Admiral Witzell. httn·//www. and other high-ranking naval in ordqr to facilitate IFFdefinitions: 125MHz for aircraft reconnaissance. decided to develop it as an air-warning radar.Part 2. but.1 nm) range and it was.h to follow up the many proposals made. Siemens. Their 50cm set.of which more will be said later.German Naval Radar . Telefunken. and on 26 September 1935 the improved version was demonstrated in the presence of the German C in C Admiral Raeder. on a final wavelength of 1. characterized by its parabolic dish and spinning lobe. 368M Hz for the navy and 560MHz for AA-ranging. a number of important development decisions were made. it should be mentioned that Telefunken also entered te field of radar development in 1935. In the years immediately befo~e the the Se~ond World War German scientists tended towards the employment of the. This was a land service set but at a later date a few were adapted for naval use . by the less obvious codename Dezimeter Telegraphie (DeTe: decimetric telegraphy). as they did not know its true meaning. the head of the Marinewaffenamt (Naval Ordnance Department). Therefore.navweans. and thus became the ancestor of the German Seetakt set. The large gunnery training ship Bremse was obtained to serve as a radar target and good results were produced. electric bearing. Initial Development - Page 2 of2 48cm set. was the ancestor if the air-warning Wilrzburg radar. By chance this set obtained a clear return from an aircraft at 28 km (15. and with a peak power output of 8kW. '-orenz and AEG. The whole matter was so secret that only a handful of specialists actually knew the purpose of the 'grey switchboard' and the curious mattress antenna which began to appear in their ships. the sometimes misinterpreted as Deutsches Technisches Gerat (German technical device)! Hence we find this term used for the German naval radar sets in the German literature of the first half of the war. De Before being returned to GEMA.htm 8/20/2005 .8m (165MHz). his Commander of the Fleet.Technic . To improve its efficiency and bearing accuracy. Various small German firms became involved in the development of radar and valve technology expanded rapidly. on~ for each of the three services.fl~~d frequencies. the 48cm set was placed on Welle and she thus became the first German naval unit to carry a-radar set. together with a decision to replace the existing term for the system. Although it had no direct connection with naval radar. therefore. all naval radar sets were initially known to the German sailors as Te-Gerei which. development was concentrated mainly with the firms GEMA. this set was modified to a wavelength of 82cm (368-370MHz). • During February 1936 GEMA finished the above-mentioned 2m set. Admiral Carls. ultimately leading to the generation of sets known as the Freyas.

in the third system introduced. See tables below for full list. The early sets were simply called DeTe I (or sometimes set A1). to confuse matters the AA gunners of the time referred to this set as FuMG (Flak) 40T/A. The 'FMG' means Funkmessgerat (radar device). there existed no fewer than six different classifications. and due to a degree of jealousy. It was only in the second half of the war that attempts were made to introduce a uniform system of designation for radar sets. it is difficult to provide a complete record of events. for example the first set installed aboard the armored ship Admiral Graf Spee was FMG 39G (gO). 100 to 199 being reserved for naval tactical sets working on a wavelength of 80cm. from the historian's point of view. radar tower. 'adar development became very complex and.Technic . and in each case a different system of code designation was adopted. or hut. Radar Designation Page 1 of 4 German Naval Radar Updated 17 October 1999 3. 'S' means Siemens (the manufacturer). eg FuSE 62A Wilrzburg. Sometimes a code was added for the type of installation.htm 8/20/2005 . naturally used ideas developed for the equipment of one service in that of the others. 'G' is the manufacturer (GEMA). Up to this point. When the family of German radar sets begarf'to grow this was found to be insufficient. and arabic numbers were introduced. 'E' refers to the set's function (in this case Erkennung or reconnaissance). in which 'A' means stationary ground installation with mechanically rotated aerial. on top of a rangefinder battleships. '80' is the running number and Freya the set's code word.Part 3. in the surveillance radar FuSE 80 Freya. 'g' is the frequency code (335-430MHz) and '0' is the type of aerial installation (radar tower on top of the rangefinder tower). For example. In 1938 a more specific deslqnation system was introduced. QJltrainable antenna on top of bridge antenna on a yardarm [QJIGEMA [[]IT elefunken QJILorenz mlSiemens ITJIAEG G [JIJltrainable o I I G 18210 215MHz battleships. On the other hand the contractors themselves were working for all three services and. radar root integral with enlarged rangefinder tower antenna on torpedo boats version I 0120 to 150 MHz 0335 to 430 MHz ffiJI95 MHz Oland I so on I [J[J submarine [§~]fixed Table 3: hth'l'//UTUTUT mnmTf'::ln" ('. giving fuller details of the set. DeTe II and so on. For reasons of secrecy. On the one hand the needs of the three services resulted in separate development to meet their individual requirements. inter-service communication was poor. '39' is the year of introduction (1939). and subsequent development depended significantly on personal contacts between the services and the contractors' 03. 'Fu' means Funkmess (radar). Radar Designation With the outbreak of the Second World War.German Naval Radar .

giving code letters for the type of set and a running number. the Wehrmacht and the Luftwaffe employed different designations. the FMG 39G (gL) becoming FuMO 21. It should be pointed out that the above refers only to the genealogy of the naval coding systems.25 5 - n II 3 - I IICapital ships I IICapital ships ships.60 II II passive passive passive II II II 35 ~ 1. although some of the basic naval sets were the same as the landbased Will7burg (for reasons of simplicity.Part 3.25 6-8 8 .3 II II 70 100 II II 0.20 0 FuMB 7 Timor Ipa.20 II II 01 [~GcaPital II 70 0. Existing sets were recorded under this system. the codewords for the sets were retained through all the systems so a Freya. E-boats I I ! II ? ? II II II " httn:// !FUMB 3 81 81 - IG8 I~[JCJ • 20-30 1D 100 40 . and FuMB-. the FMG 39G (gP) becoming FuMO 23. destroyers IICapital ships I IISubmarines Submarines I IIDestroyers I 368 II II 20 . so only FuMO-. 0 IFuMO 21 IFuMO 23 FuMO 24/25 IFuMO 26 IFuMO 30 FuMO 61 HohentwielIFuMO 22 Frequency [MHz] II II II 368 368 368 1 Range [km] 14-18 • II II II II II I II Bearing [m] 70 m Accuracy Employment [0 +/_] ? ? 15 .15 - - IDI II - IEl ? Surv set. for example.10 368 U FuMO 63. details are given in Table 4 (which also includes the old DeTe code for clarification). the following description of the radar installation aboard German ships employ only the last designation system.German Naval Radar . sets are referred to). and so on. was always called a Freya by its operators. Hohentwiel- K FuMO 81 Berlin-S FuMO 213 Wuel7burg- 01 155656711 to 12 .Technic . etc. However.htm 8/2012005 . Prinz Eugen.navweaos. the FMG 39G (gO) for example becoming FuMO 23. Radar Designation Page 2 of 4 • Table 1: Manufacturers Table 2: Type of antenna insteltetien Frequency bands In about 1943 these designations were replaced by a standardized system.

In addition. for example. Thus a precise listing of all German naval radar sets is almost impossible. . Even a simplified listing of radar type designations.Technic .Part 3. some caution is required because in the majority of such photographs I have noted that the antennas have been carefully turned end-on so one can see that there is a mattress antenna. a report on radar (possibly including drawings and photographs of the sets in surviving German naval units). frequency and other modifications. ~owever. Moreover. There only exist about five really good postwar photographs of German warships showing their full complement of active and passive radar antennas.navweaps. would require a intensive research in German and foreign archives. one of the distinctive items on German naval units in the later period of the war was a trumpet-shaped object which might be mistaken for radar but is in fact an acoustic fog-horn. Hopefully they will eventually be•but cannot see sufficient detail to identify it. and the interviewing of surviving witnesses by a researcher export in both radio technology and naval history. resulted in the provision of a new code. As contemporary literature on Second World War German warships includes a great number of excellent pictorials (see Bibliography). the function. Thus it is not possible to guarantee complete accuracy in describing the radar installations in German warships but hoped that this article will provide stimulation for further detailed study in this complex and poorly recorded area. each installation consisted of two basic parts . Among them was. :=1==c~'a=s=s=if=ic=a=ti=o=n==:::::. http://www. allowing somebody to discover and publish them. There is one hope of full clarification: The Allied mission to Germany at the end of the Second World War produced many detailed studies of German developments. using the antenna of one set with the primary equipment of another. Radar Designation • Page 3 of 4 IBaii FuMB4 Sumatra ISeetakt II II I II - II II II passive - II II - - IDI II II II I ? II - ? I I Table 4: Particulars of the principal German radar sets The various type designations were in fact even more complex than the above indicates. yet another level of designation was possible. The reverse is also true.and as it was possible to interchange these.the set itself and the antenna .German Naval Radar . this article does not use photographs to illustrate all the variations in radar equipment in Kriegsmarine vessels but concentrates on giving general coverage by means of drawings so that the reader may try to identify the different system in his own personal library by using these as a guide.11 = II Translation IIOecimeter-Radio . For the above reasons the following description of German naval radar concentrates mainly on the visible differences in antennas. presumably.the first German codeword for radar. from the 2m x 6m mattress of the FuMO 24/25 to the small cone of the FuME 2 Wespe g.htm 8/2012005 . and no such list exists in any German literature. for every small alternation in the type of installation. copies of which are probably buried somewhere in the US and British archives. with their technical particulars. in the second half of the war the antennas in the centimetric field became so small that the are often mistaken for blocks or anemometers.

Radar . active ranging.detector. c1943 • httn· / /wwwnavweans.German Naval Radar .htm 8/20/2005 . passive detection (of enemy radar transmission). I Radar . active ldentification Friend/Foe (IFF).deceptor. active jamming.with very specialized improvements for various purposes (eg. Radar .direction 03. I I - Table 5: German Radar Coding System.detector. Radar Designation Page 4 of 4 IIOezimeter-Telegraphie (OeTe) IFunkmess (FuM) IFunkmess-Ortung (FuMO) Funkmess-Beobachtu ng (FuM B) Funkmess-Erkennung (FuME) Funkmess-Stbrsender (FuMS) Funkmess.Part 3. high-precision bearing). active deception (by means of transmitting interference signals).interference sender. Radar .Technic .Tauschunq (FuMT) IFunkmess-zusatz (FuMZ) II~ometimes misinterpreted as Oeutsches Technisches Gerat IIRadar set IIRadar . Radar .

Armored Ships Page 1 of 4 German Naval Radar Updated 17 October 1999 4. Hamish -II 04. Photographic analysis shows that the frame of this first experimental set was slightly smaller (0.8m x 1. To follow German practice there should also have been fixed Sumatra antennas but they cannot be traced in photographs.Technic . • It is noteworthy that the foretop radar of the armoured ships (later reclassified as heavy cruisers) were provided with the best positioning of any German heavy units. 1978) describes how the British Admirality sent L H Bainbridge-Bell to the River Plate to examine the radar installation aboard the wreck of the Graf Spee. in his memories (Most Secret War.Part 4. a statement I find hard to believe considering that Bainbridge-Bell had been sent half around the world to abtain the information. According to Price (Instruments of Darkness. and the foremast was removed. and replaced by a short pole mast. spaced 90° apart. may yet come to light. as in the Scharnhorst. as this report. It was situated at the highest point in the ship. Three of the four fixed Sumatra antennas. After that she had a 2m x 4m FuMO 27 mattress antenna and a Timor frame.German Naval Radar . were fitted on small horizontal lattice constructions. on the forward rangefinder_tower. and Prager that Deutschland had a Seetakt set in the autumn 1937 (which proved very useful for night navigation in Spanish waters).8m) than the final FuMO 22 frame.htm II 8/20/2005 . Trenckle says that Admirafo·Graf Spee had an experimental FuMO 22. Scheer also had a FuMO 27 antenna on the aft rangefinder tower. to provide completely unobstructed all-around coverage. but it is not known if there were fewer dipoles or alternatively if the dipoles were placed closer together. Admiral Scheer was similarly equipped before the removal of the top-heavy pyramidal armoured mast. 1967) the resultant report took one and a half years to pass through the official channels. Armored Ships Deutschland/Luetzow Class BB/CA • Both Admiral Graf Spee and Deutschland have been claimed to be the first German naval vessels to be fitted with radar. The Deutschland (renamed Lotzow in 1940) had a 2m x 6m mattress antenna for a FuMO 22 throughout her wartime career. II httn· //wwwnavweans. Kimber. R V Jones. possibly including photos of Graf Spee's installation. It adds yet another intriguing possibility of further information. From January 1942 until March 1944 she also had a Timor frame at the rear of her radar to~er. bearing in opposite directions.

German Naval Radar .later designated FuMO 22 .com/Weanons/WRGER 04. fitted in 1939.and its O.htm 8/20/2005 .3 The after rangefinder of Scheer with the 2m x 4m arVtenna of the FuMO 27 set added in 1941.8m matress antenna.1 • Picture 4.8m x 1. Armored Ships Page 2 of4 • Picture 4. The foretop of Spee with the rangefinder tower topped by a radar hut for the prototype set FMG 39 (gO) .Technic .Part 4. httn·//wwwmwweans.

was fitted on the back of the radar hut/ranqefinder tower in 1 Picture 4.//wwwn:lVweans. 1Om-ranqefmder tower carries the radar hut the antenna for the FuMO 27 The lower drawing shows the Samos which replaced the FuMO (as shown antenna for FuMB 4.German Naval Radar .Technic . three being on lattice sisters.itzow with the radar hut and 2m x 6m antenna FuMO 22 added above the ranqefinder tower in 1939.2 The foretop of 04. Armored Ships Page 3 of 4 Picture 4.htm 8/20/2005 . added to the back of in B) fitted on the original.Part 4. the tower in January 1 and bridge. • httn. Latzow was never fitted with radar extensions. Spee-type. until March 1944. She qarries four Sumatra that her foretop ranqefinder is higher antennas (toward aft and besides the above the waterline. The passive Timor antenna on her after ranqefinder tower. than those of her tower). Note the battleobservers's post above the radar hut and Note the absence of a battle-observer's post.4 forward con~!ng tower of Scheer as modified in the summer of 1940.

Armored Ships Page 4 of 4 • Next Page • • 8/20/2005 .Technic .German Naval Radar .Part 4.

5cm (368M Hz) FuMO 22 situated in an additional tower above the forward rangefinder tower. It would have been fittecron the top of the foremast or on a yardarm . under which was a smaller frame for the two rows of vertical and horizontal Timor dipoles serving the passive FuMB 4 Samos set.German Naval Radar .htm 8/2012005 . During their stay at Brest in the summer 1941 they were fitted with a FuMO 27 on the after rangefinder tower and for their 'Channel dash' in 1942 both were probably equipped with a passive Palau antenna on a small frame at the back of their rangefinder tower. however. It can also be assumed that they carried a small omni-directional round dipole FuMB 3 Bali. with a 2m x 4m mattress antenna.Articles . which thus operated in the reciprocal direction to the rangefinder and the active FuMO. The 2m x 6m mattress antenna on the front of the tower rotated with the 10. To follow standard German practice there should also have been passive Sumatra antennas somewhere on the screen around the foretop rangefinder platform.5m rangefinders so the result from both instruments could be compared. but the antenna for this set is to small to be clearly identified.marck Class • A) Scharnhorst Class In November 1939 both these vessels were equipped with an 81. Battleships _$charnhQrst Class j3_b. • http://www.navweaps. During a refit in Germany Scharnhorst received a new FuMO 26 'or 27 set. they cannot be traced in any photography. Battleships Page 1 of6 German Naval Radar Updated 17 October 5.Part 5.comlWeapons/WRGER_05.

2 Picture 5. Battleships Page 2 of6 • Picture Scharnhorst Gneiseneu being the only German capita! ships have this 'open' type.Part 5.German Naval Radar . The upper antenna is probably for FuMO 26 or 27 (2m x 6m) and the lower antenna the Timor frame for the 4 Semos. • B) Bismarck Class http://www.3 The ranqefinder tower with its vertically polarized FuMO 27 antenna (2m x fitted in the summer of 1941 . 5. structure is crowned by an open battle-observer's post.htm 8/20/2005 .1 • The FuMO 22 antenna x 6m) fitted on a new tower above the foretop tower in November 1939.Articles . Also shown (in the plan view) are the butterfly-shaped Sumatra probably fitted for the 'Channel dash' in 1 1 foretop as modified in February with a sq~are radar tower and the post.

his photographs have never been published. without interviewing eye-witnesses we cannot know that these sets were not experimental. Careful examination of Tirpitz photographs reveals a small frame of a pole on top of the foretop tower. Battleships Page 30[6 As the added weight of the radar tower resulted in a critical surplus load on the sensitive bearing engines of the rangefinder tower. The sides and the rear of the radar tower were fitted with Sumatra antennas. housing both a FuMO 23 and the optical equipment. probably Wil/Zburg-C or Wil/Zburg-D. He had a radio set.htm 8/20/2005 .German Naval Radar . Probably in January 1942 the foretop rangefinder tower was topped with an additional radar tower. it having originally been developed to submarines. fitted just abaft the mainmast (German nickname 'Wackeltopf) was raised by 2m and equipped with an AA gunnery radar. but the clarifying details are obscured in all photographs by a canvas cover.Articles . nor how effective they were under battle conditions. The installation of a fourth mattress antenna on the front of Bismarck's conning tower is the subject of controversy in German literature. was with the Norwegian resistance during the war and for ten months the spent much of his time on the top of the church tower of the Village of Alta watching the movements of the German capital ships lying in Kaa Fjord. for the Timor antennas. later moved to a bracket on the foremast to avoid interference with the FuMO 26. As previously mentioned the Wil/Zburg had originally been developed for the Luftwaffe. In about the spring or summer of 1944 Tirpitz received an enlarged 3m x 6m mattress antenna. so where are they now? • ht+n'//urnTUT mnTUTf'!Olm: ('{)m/W~::mons/WRGER 05. both these battleships were fitted with enlarged towers. The dimension of the structure appear to indicate that it had two rows of dipoles for active or passive detection. above it. but it was later navalised for the German Navy's AA shore batteries under-the following designation: FMG 39T/C (later FuSE 62C) Wil/Zburg-C became the Navy FuMO 212. and camera with a telephoto lens. carrying a FuMO 27 mattress antenna and a smaller frame. and his detailed reports to the British helped to ensure the ultimate destruction of the Tirpitz. As far as I know. probably for FuMO 26. and FMG 39T/O (later FuSE 620) Wil/Zburg-D became the Navy FuMO 213. who became famous after the war as member of Thor Heyerdahl's Kon Tiki expedition. In this connection it would be most interesting to read British intelligence reports on the ship and to see Torstein Raaby's photographs of her. Torstein Raaby. ~ The Tirpitz was re-equipped while she was based in Norway as part of the German standby force. The addition of a trainable antenna frame to supplement the fixed antennas seems logical.Part 5. but this would be the only appearance of a FuMO 30 on a German surface unit. Again in the spring or summer of 1944. It is possible that this was either an experimental installation of FuMO 30 or the later standard frame for the Palau dipoles serving a FuMB 6. This reveals a fact mat has not previously been published. However. Tirpitz had the most sophisticated radar equipment of all the larger German surface units. the third AA director. for all three gunnery rangefinders.

Picture (C) Foretop 10.12 Nov 1944}.4 The after 10. The third 3-D.German Naval Radar .Articles . 1940 .comlWeapons/WRGER_05.htm 8/2012005 .Part 5.5m ranqefinder tower and FuMO 23 antenna. stabilized AA director with the 3m diameter parabolic dish antenna of FuMO 212 or 213. http://www. The base ring on the director was raised 2m in the spring/summer of 1944 iTupitz only).12 Jan 1942.5m ranqefinder tower with FuMO 23 antennas (Tfrpttz only 1940 .navweaps. Battleships Page 4 of6 • • ~/ Picture 5.

German Naval Radar .12 November 1944 .Articles . and topped by observer's post.7 tower and radar hut supporting the large FuMO 26 antenna. Spring/Summer 1 . with FuMO 27 antenna. Picture Foretop rangefinder tower crowned by an additional radar office. On the short pole on the roof of radar hut is the Timor antenna of FuMO 4 January 1942 . not definite proof for this assumption . • Previous PaIDi http://www. (E) Possible FuMO 21 dipoles in Bismarck.12 Nov 1944 (Tirpitz).navweaps. • Picture 5. FuMO 30 Hohentwiel placed on the foremast.Spring/Summer 5. Battleships Page 5 of6 (0) Forward 7m ranqefinder tower and FuM023 antenna. 1940 .htrn 8/2012005 .

• • httn·//www..navweans.htm 8/20/2005 . Battleships Page 6 of6 Next Page .com/Weanons/WRGER05.Articles .Part 5.German Naval Radar .

German Naval Radar . Admiral Hipper had similar equipment.the 2m x 6m mattress of FuMO 22. There are astonishingly few photographs showing this ship after her recommissioning in March 1944.Part 6. below the slightly smaller Timorframe. in contrast to Bismarck. which did not commission before August 1940. ~ Two postwar photographs taken during an examination by high ranking British officers immediately after the German capitulation. while passive Sumatra antennas. the short-lived Bliicher. In her fnal configuration Prinz Eugen carried a huge 3m x 6m mattress for FuMO 26 on the face of her radar tower and an antenna on the foremast for the most sophisticated German radar set of the war .Articles . bearing in all four directions. After February 1945 she docked at Qeutsche Werke Kiel.navweaps. and the cone-shaped FuME 2 Wespe-G (2) atop the forward radar tower. for FuMO 27 sets with 2m x 4m mattresses. but no battle-observer's post. both bearing in the same direction. fitted with enlarged rangefinder towers. was. had her foretop rangefinder tower crowned by an additional radar tower tilB equipment fitted being in some way very similar to that of Tirpitz: above the 2m x 4m mattress of FuMO 26. The left one carried the active dipoles. She was. Probably during her refit after the dash.a FuMO 81 Berlin-S panoramic reconnaissance radar working on a wavelength of 6cm. From August 1944 the Prinz Eugen carried a FuMO 25 (as fitted in destroyers) on her http://www. one aft and one on the foretop. It may be assumed that there were also Bali dipoles. her foretop rangefinder was crowned by an additional radar office.This may have been an experimental set for air search and/or for AA fire control. where she was scuttled by her crew in May 1945. The passive equipment consisted of the standard Sumatra.htm 8/20/2005 . It was removed at the same tifine as Tirpitz received her superior WDrzburg. she received battle-observer's post atop the forward radar tower and a Timor frame on its rear. but probably during her refit of late 1941 to early 1942. The after rangefinder was also topped by a radar tower for a FuM027. were situated on the screen of the foretop platform."Hipper" Class The most modern unit of this class. Heavy Cruisers Page 1 of5 • German Naval Radar Updated 17 October 1999 " 6. but these are too small to be detected in photographs.2). however unique in having a special hightfinder set with an aerial consisting of two rectangular frames which could be switched in elevation. Prinz Eugen. and little information is therefore available on her final radar fit. show that Admiral Hipper was to have been equipped with a FuMO 25 similar to Prinz Eugen (as picture 7. the scaffolding and the central revolving pole being clearly visible. the right the passive 'butterfly' dipoles with vertical polarisation. Heavy Cruisers .

this set could only be used on bearings from 35° to 325°. • Picture 6.early 1942 to 3 May 1945.htm 8/20/200~ . carrying antenna FuM027.Articles . • picture 6. Heavy Cruisers Page 2 of: mainmast yardarm.comlWeapons/WRGER06. end 1941 .German Naval Radar .1 Hipper only: After 7m rangefinder tower.2 Hipper only: probably during her last (begun February 1945). FuMO 24/25 antennas added on mainmast • httn:/ /www.navweaps. although it had 360° training.Part 6. Due to its position. radar office in the base.

Heavy Cruisers Page 3 of5 Picture Prinz Eugen: FuMO on Picture 6.May 1945.Articles . During 1941/42 radar office in November 1939.htm 8/20/2005 . 27 325°). Drawing shows latter configuration.Part 6.3 mainmast platform (training 35° to Hipper and Blucher: Foretop 7m ranqefinder . with b~ttieobserver's that was added at the same time. http://www.German Naval Radar .May 1945 Hipperwas probably re-equipped FuMO 26 and other modern sets such as FuMO 63 and FuMO 81. August 1 on face of radar office and Timor frame on rear.

• Picture 6.7 Eugen: Foretop tower. August 1940 May 1 Picture 6 Prinz Eugen: Foretop ranqefinder with antenna FuMO 27.Part 6.German Naval Radar .htm 8/201200: . August 1940 . Heavy Cruisers Page 4 of~ • Picture 6. enlarged by addition of level supporting • http://www.Articles .May The hut on the roof is an battle-observer's post.5 Prinz Eugen: After 7m ranqefinder with antenna for FuMO 27.

com/Weapons/WRGER_06. August 1944 May 1945. Picture of • with detailed radar equipment. September 1942 . Heavy Cruisers Page 5 of5 • the antenna for the improved FuMO with sided 'owl for hiqht-findinq.August 1944.navweaps.9 • http://www.Part 6. 6.htm 8/20/2005 . Final configuration with FuMO antenna on foretop tower and FuMO 81 on foremast head. Prinz .German Naval Radar .Articles . Lower array is the Timor for the FuMB 4 Sames set.

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