Current Status of CDM in India

Basic Information(as of 31 March 2011)
Project Status CDM projects registered at CDM executive board CDM projects at or after the validation stage CDM projects approved by India N. of projects 630 907 1,561* Source: IGES CDM Project Database < http://www.iges.or.jp/en/cdm/report.html >, UNFCCC < http://cdm.unfccc.int/ >, NCDMA “CDM India” < http://envfor.nic.in/cdm/ > * This value is based on the information available on 1 October 2010 at CDM India website. The frequency and timing of update is not available.

Basic Data on Registered CDM Projects (as of 31 March 2011)
Registered CDM Projects N. of Projects Wind power Biomass Hydro power 168 163 76 Avg. Annual Emission Reductions (t-CO2) 36,031 38,178 58,596 Total ERs by 2012 (t-CO2) 31,111,508 36,756,190 17,657,355 Amount of Issued CERs (t-CO2) 8,127,899 7,734,883 2,306,709 Review Conducted 47 53 22 Rejected 7 15 4

Waste gas/heat utilization
Energy efficiency Cement Fuel switch Biogas Methane avoidance HFC reduction/avoidance N2O decomposition Other renewable energies Afforestation & reforestation Methane recovery & utilization Transportation PFC reduction Total

70
67 17 16 15 13 7 5 5 3 2 2 1 630

76,217
74,640 114,708 393,467 28,333 82,497 1,577,424 406,915 20,634 25,024 94,254 32,054 433,551 80,555**

35,541,907
12,715,491 16,806,437 25,617,333 2,498,072 2,433,170 82,705,821 6,137,291 406,947 637,890 1,174,219 282,811 1,301,367 273,783,807

10,295,709
1,159,585 1,253,152 3,692,386 619,129 35,444 57,568,275 155,115 0 0 88,873 82,317 0 93,119,476

33
17 2 6 3 3 2 3 2 0 0 0 0 193

7
7 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 44

Source: IGES CDM Project Database <http://www.iges.or.jp/en/cdm/report.html#db> , UNFCCC <http://cdm.unfccc.int/ > ** This value is not the total of average annual emission reduction of each project type, but average annual emission reduction of all the projects.

HFC reduction. India has various types of registered CDM projects that include energy efficiency (cement. 3.jp/en/cdm/report. steel and etc. technology) of Annex I countries. The number of registered unilateral CDM projects (at the time of registration) (as of 31 March 2011): 514 (82 %) Type of registered CDM Projects 4. waste gas/heat utilisation projects.iges.int/ > . CDM project developed by Indian stakeholders without the involvement (finance. Indian project developers implement the project by bearing transaction costs of CDM and taking on the risks of the projects. In the initial stage of CDM development in India. the price of credits issued by unilateral CDM projects tends to be higher than bilateral or multilateral CDM projects.or. One of the features of CDM in India is its large share of unilateral CDM projects. Recently numbers of Wind Power projects were registered. biomass utilisation projects. afforestation and reforestation. fuel switch. it has approved a significant number of projects. N 2O decomposition. and renewable energy (wind. as of 31 Mar. They conduct supportive activities such as information dissemination on CDM and coordination between local and national governments. which account for about 21% of all the registered projects (as of 31 March 2011). 2011) 120 HFC reduction/avoid Methane ance avoidance 1% 2% Biogas 2% Fuel switch 3% Cement 3% Energy efficiency 11% Waste gas/heat utilization 11% Hydro power 12% Biomass 26% N2O decomposition 1% Other renewable energies 1% 100 80 60 Wind power 27% 40 20 0 Source: IGES CDM Project Database <http://www. CDM promotion cells have been established at a state level. Therefore.html#db> . 1.unfccc. 630 projects have been registered by the CDM executive board.). Number of registered CDM Projects per half a year (Total: 630 projects. and transportation. The number of CDM projects registered at the CDM executive board (as of 31 March 2011): 630 2. Other than those projects. UNFCCC <http://cdm.CDM Project Information Since the establishment of the Indian DNA (Designated National Authority) in 2003. hydro) projects were mainly being implemented.

as it may deem necessary for technical and professional inputs and may co-opt other members depending upon need. financial institutions.php > . Planning Commission Joint Secretary. which consists of 6 ministries and agencies and the Planning Commission.in/constitution. ❑ to take up any environmental issues pertaining to CDM or Sustainable Development projects as may be referred to it by the Central Government. individual stakeholders for matters relating to CDM.cdmindia. Ministry of Environment and Forests Member-Secretary Director. and ❑ to recommend guidelines to the Central Government for consideration of projects and principles to be followed for according host country approval. legal profession. consultancy organizations. Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion Secretary. ❑ to interact with concerned authorities. The main role of the NCDMA is to evaluate and approve proposed projects and disseminate information related to all aspects of CDM. Climate Change. Ministry of Power Secretary. Climate Change. institutions. Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources Secretary. Finance Secretary Secretary. Ministry of Environment and Forests Source: NCDMA < http://www. Chairperson Secretary. Ministry of Environment and Forests Member Foreign Secretary NCDMA has the powers: ❑ to invite officials and experts from Government.Designated National Authority (DNA) Information (1)DNA Structure The Indian Designated National Authority is the National Clean Development Mechanism Authority (NCDMA). civil society. industry and commerce. non-governmental organizations.

❑ If NCDMA members have any preliminary queries the same is asked from the project proponents. NCDMA . ❑ The project proponent and his consultants are normally given 10-15 days notice to come to the Authority meeting and give a brief power point presentation regarding their CDM project proposals. ❑ Once the members of the Authority are satisfied. However for CPAs that need any state/central clearance. CPA-DD. replacement of bulbs. energy efficiency measures etc. 1.(2)DNA Approval Procedure Approval procedures in India are straightforward and project developers could get host country approval letters within 60 days unless proposed projects have questions from NCDMA. CPA-DD (Typical) & PCN to the NCDMA for Host Country Approval.htm > Approval Procedure for Programme of Activities (PoAs) The Coordinator/ Managing Entity (CME) of a PoA is required to submit the PoA-DD. Project proponent is required to submit the following for application: ❑ Cover letter signed by the project sponsors ❑ Project Concept Note (PCN) (one submitted through online form and 20 hard copies) ❑ Project Design Document (PDD) (one submitted through online form and 20 hard copies) ❑ Two CDs containing PCN and PDD 2. For CPAs (joining a PoA) that do not require any approval from any state/central agency e. An NCDMA meeting for project approval is held every month. the Host Country Approval is issued. the project proponent should prepare and submit some additional clarifications or information. the salient details of CPAs added on a bi-annual basis..g. . NCDMA members mainly evaluate if the project meets the national sustainable development priorities and seek clarifications during the presentation.nic. such CPAs shall be submitted to the NCDMA for approval as in the case of project based CDM activities.in/cdm/host_approval_process. the CME of the PoA shall post facto inform the Member Secretary. Submission of PCN & PDD with 2 CDs and online submissions to NCDMA Circulation among NCDMA members 60 days Presentation by Project Proponents during NCDMA Meeting Clarification / additional information from Project Proponent if required by NCDMA members Host Country Approval Letter Source: NCDMA “CDM India” < http://envfor. ❑ In cases when it is requested by NCDMA members. Approval procedures in DNA are as follows ❑ Application documents submitted by project proponent are circulated among NCDMA members.

bio-diversity friendliness. The CDM project activity should lead to transfer of environmentally safe and sound technologies that are Technological well-being: comparable to best practices in order to assist in upgradation of the technological base. removal of social disparities and contribution to provision of basic amenities to people leading to improvement in quality of life of people.in/approval_process.cdmindia. transparent. Additionality Emission Additionality Financial Additionality The project should lead to real. due to proposed activity. This should include a discussion of impact of the project activity on resource sustainability and resource degradation. The additional GHG reductions are to be calculated with reference to a baseline. The transfer of technology can be within the country as well from other developing countries also. Baselines Baselines should be precise. The CDM project activity should bring in additional investment consistent with the needs of the people.php > . Sustainable Development Indicators Social well-being Economic well-being Environmental well-being The CDM project activity should lead to alleviation of poverty by generating additional employment. economic and environmental) Baselines should include historic emission data-sets wherever available Lifetime of project cycle should be clearly mentioned Source: NCDMA < http://www.(3)DNA Approval Criteria 1. 2. reduction of levels of pollution in general. measurable and long term GHG mitigation. impact on human health. if any. The procurement of CERs should not be from Official Development Assistance (ODA) 3. comparable and workable Baselines should avoid overestimation The methodology for the determination of baselines should be homogeneous and reliable Potential errors should be indicated System boundaries of baselines should be established Interval between updates of baselines should be clearly described Role of externalities should be brought out (social.

nic. though hydro power generation is one of the main project type only in Karnataka. *** “Other renewables” includes all the renewable energy generation projects other than those already included in a pie graph. In Maharashtra. All of the six states that have over hundred approved CDM projects.561 17% 8% 8% 20% Fuel switch Solid Waste * The table and graphs are based on the information available on 1 October 2010 at CDM India website. . and Karnataka. ** 42% Maharashtra Andhra Pradesh 35% 17% 8% 15% Karnataka 29% 6% Tamil Nadu 16% 5% 17% 53% 17% 21% Categorization of project types for the breakdown is as per CDM India website. where the best wind resource in India is available. about 30% to 50% of its approved projects is wind power generation projects. The frequency and timing of update is not available. Gujarat. Tamil Nadu. In Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh.Host Country CDM Approval Information Number of Approved CDM Projects in Each State* (as of 1 October 2010) Wind Breakdown of Approved CDM Project by Types** In Six States with Over 100 Approved Projects State Andhra Pradesh Chattisgarh Gujarat Himachal Pradesh Approved Projects 134 89 185 53 18% 8% 30% 8% 36% 6% 21% 62% Hydro Biomass Other renewable*** Uttar Pradesh Gujarat Energy efficiency Industrial process 6% 8% 31% Jharkhand Karnataka Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal Total Source: NCDMA “CDM India “ < http://envfor. are located in either South or West India. In most of the six states majority of the projects are renewable energy generation. biomass projects utilizing residues from agricultural activities such as bagasse and rice husk account for a large part of its approved projects. except Uttar Pradesh.in/cdm/ > 29 169 42 239 71 74 74 194 117 34 57 1.

of (ii) < 10. ≥ 50MW (Pet coke diesel and all other fuels -) ≥ 1. All stand alone grinding units Physical Infrastructure including Environmental Services Common Effluent All projects Treatment Plants (CETPs) Common Municipal Solid Waste Management Facility (CMSWMF) All projects Source: Environmental Impact Assessment Notification by Ministry of Environment and Forests < http://envfor.nic.000T/yr All cane juice/nonmolasses based distilleries < 30 KLD Paper manufacturing industry without pulp manufacturing ≥ 5. extraction of natural resources and power generation (for a specified production capacity) Offshore and All projects onshore oil and gas exploration.000 T/yr Manufacturing / Fabrication Chemical fertilizers All projects Petro-chemical All projects complexes Distilleries (i) All Molasses based distilleries (ii) All cane juice/nonmolasses based distilleries ≥ 30 KLD Pulp & paper industry Pulp manufacturing and pulp & paper manufacturing industry B.pdf> * Excerpt of projects/activity types relevant to CDM. B. before any construction work. (ii) ≥ 10. and (c) any change in product of the projects/activities in the table below shall require prior environmental clearance from: ❑ The Central Government in the Ministry of Environment and Forests for those under Category „A‟ . or preparation of land by the project management except for securing the land. (b) expansion/ modernization/ addition of capacity of.000 ha.000 & ≥25. of culturable command culturable command area area Thermal Power Plants ≥ 500MW (coal/lignite/naphta & gas based).0 million T/yr production capacity. development & production River valley projects (i) ≥ 50MW (i) < 50MW ≥ 25MW hydroelectric power hydroelectric power generation.000 ha. and ❑ The State Environment Impact Assessment Authority (SEIAA) for those under Category „B‟ . <250. Mining. generation. Material Processing Petroleum refining All projects industry Coke oven plants ≥ 250. is started on the project/activity: Project or Activity Category with Threshold Limit A. .in/legis/eia/so1533. diesel and all other fuels) Project or Activity Category with Threshold Limit A. < 50MW ≥ 5MW (Pet coke.CDM Relevant Information Type* and Sizes of Projects/Activities Requiring EIA (Environmental Impacts Assessment ) Report (a) New start of.0 million T/yr production capacity < 500MW (coal/lignite/naphta & gas based).000 tcd cane crushing capacity Sugar Industry Materials Production Cement plants < 1.

Figures include inter-regional and cross-border electricity transfers. Orissa.CDM Relevant Information Kyoto Protocol Ratification Status Date of signature of Climate Change Convention Date of ratification of Climate Change Convention 10 June 1992 Regional Grid * 1 November 1993 Northern OM** 0. Lakshadweep ** OM: Operating Margin.jp/en/cdm/index.99 BM 0. Gujarat. Tamil Nadu.html Naoki Torii IGES Market Mechanism Group May 2011 . Tripura Southern: Andhra Pradesh. Rajasthan. Delhi. Assam.71 0. Manipur.in/ • “CDM India” (website of NCDMA) http://envfor. Madhya Pradesh.int/public/country. Jammu & Kashmir. Punjab.01 0. Goa Eastern: Bihar. *** Emission factors of Northern. Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) http://www.71 1.23 0. Mizoram.iges.01 0.cea.93 0.nic.or. Dadar & Nagar Haveli.cdmindia.00 0. Sikkim.html> Source: The Central Electricity Authority. Andaman-Nicobar North-Eastern: Arunachal Pradesh.63 OM 1. References • National CDM Authority (NCDMA) http://www. BM: Build Margin.59 OM BM OM BM OM BM India Regional Grid Emission Factors (Unit: t-CO2/MWh) 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008*** 2008-2009 2009-2010 Date of signature of Kyoto Protocol Date of ratification of Kyoto Protocol Establishment of DNA - 26 August 2002 December 2003 Western Eastern NorthEastern Sourthern 1.99 0. Maharashtra. and North-Eastern regional grids have been integrated since the publication of the 2007-2008 data.00 0.76 Source: UNFCCC <http://maindb. IGES CDM Country Guide for India <http://www.81 0.iges.97 0.unfccc.or.60 1.94 0. Eastern. Daman & Diu.jp/en/news/topic/0512cdm.70 1.70 1. Western.68 0. Ministry of Power < http://www. Kerala.in/ > * Covered region of each regional grid is as follows: Northern: Chandigarh.71 1. Pondicherry.pl?country=IN>. Uttar Pradesh.nic.63 0.99 0.97 0. Haryana. West Bengal.15 0.99 BM** 0.00 0.60 0. Nagaland.13 0.82 0.98 0. Himachal Pradesh. Uttarakhand Western: Chhattisgarh.in/cdm/ • Market Mechanism Group. Karnataka.09 0. Jharkhand. Meghalaya.

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