Daniel would particularly like to thank Darren and Janelle Whitcombe for their guidance and advice. In addition, a big thanks to the Stevens family.

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D. It’s a Dog’s Life 1 3 3 7 14 19 22 24 25 25 35 37 40 40 41 42 44 44 51 56 59 60 61 Dog Ownership and You Selecting Your Puppy or Dog Where to Adopt From Breed Groups Responsible Ownership Review of DOG 101 Caring for Your Dog DOG 102: A. E. D. Types of Training Secrets to Training Your Dog Crate Training Obedience Training and Age Selecting a Dog Trainer Review of DOG 103 i www. C. B. B. F. C.com . Bringing Your Puppy or Dog Home Diet and Nutrition Canine Growth Stages Toys for Your Dog Safe and Fun Toys to Buy Choosing Your Vet Review of DOG 102 Training Methods Revealed DOG 103: A. F. F. E. D.Table of Contents Introduction DOG 101: A. B.kingdomofpets. E. G. C.

Play-Biting Case Study: Nipping and Hand Biting F. Jumping on People Case Study: Jumping Up on People I. Jumping on Furniture Case Study: Jumping on Furniture H. B: An Introduction to Aggression Problems Aggression Continued: Treatment Program for Dominance Case Study: Aggression and Dominance Case Study: Food Bowl Aggression C. C. B. F. D. E. Digging Problems ii www.kingdomofpets. Chewing and Other Destructive Behavior Case Study: Chewing and Destructive Behavior G. Fear Biting Case Study: Fear Biting E.com . G. Secrets to Understanding Your Dog 63 63 65 67 67 69 71 73 75 75 80 87 89 91 93 94 97 99 101 102 106 108 111 112 114 115 Understanding Your Dog Dog Senses How Dogs Communicate Using Scent Guide to Body Language and Signals Guide to Facial Expressions and Vocals Wolf Instincts Review of DOG 201 Common Behavior Problems Solved DOG 202: A. Dog-On-Dog Aggression Case Study: Dogs Fighting D.DOG 201: A.

Disobedience 117 119 120 121 124 125 127 129 137 138 143 144 146 148 150 152 155 156 158 158 161 162 162 165 167 169 iii www. B. F. Barking Problems Case Study: Barking Problems O. G. Whining Case Study: Whining P.kingdomofpets.com Case Study: Disobedience K. E. D. Travel Problems Case Study: Travel Problems R.Case Study: Digging J. Thieving Case Study: Thievery Q. C. Review of DOG 202 Commands to Start DOG 203: A. Come (Recall) Sit Stage I “Okay” and “No” “Hold” and “Drop It” “Sit” – Stage II “Sit and Stay” “Down” (Drop) – Stage I . Leash-Pulling Problems Case Study: Leash-Pulling Problems N. Fear of the Leash Case Study: Fear of the Leash L: Off-Leash Problems Case Study: Off-Leash Problems M.

O. J. M. F.H. Defining Dog Whispering Dog Whispering: About the Method Dog Whispering: Interventions Dog Whispering: Corrections Dog Whispering with Common Commands The Trouble with Dog Whispering Review of DOG 301 Health-Related Problems Solved DOG 302: A. D. G. “Down” (Drop) – Stage II “Heel” – Stage I “Heel” – Stage II “Heel” – Stage III “Stand” “Wait ” “Seek” (Find) Training Program Review of DOG 203 Dog Whispering Uncovered 170 171 173 175 177 178 179 179 180 181 181 182 186 189 191 194 195 197 197 200 202 206 208 211 214 217 iv DOG 301: A. Separation Anxiety Case Study: Separation Anxiety B. E. C. P. F. N. Two Dogs in the House Case Study: Introducing a New Dog C. Allergies to Dogs Euthanasia Bad Dog Breath Cat / Dog Coexistence www. I. B. D. E.com . K.kingdomofpets. L.

B. Coprophagia (Poop Eating) 219 220 221 222 224 226 230 235 237 238 238 239 239 240 241 242 243 244 244 245 246 247 Case Study: Coprophagia H. C. H. M. J. I.com . F. E. D.Case Study: Cat Chasing G. Advanced “Sit and Stay” Stage I Advanced “Sit and Stay” Stage II More “Sit and Stay” Advanced “Seek” (Find) “Beg” “Fetch” (Retrieve) “Catch” “Shake” “Climb” “Crawl” “Roll Over” Review of DOG 303 v www. G. K. I.kingdomofpets. L. Flatulence Fleas Hot Weather and Heatstroke Jealousy Worms Review of DOG 302 Advanced Commands & Tricks DOG 303: A. L. M. J.

The second course (chapters four through six) is concerned more with improving the owner-dog connection. or simply pick and choose from the sections that interest you. We finish up this section with a chapter on basic obedience. Covering all aspects of dog ownership. For example. or 'courses. the practical demands of dog ownership. we've aimed to cover every facet of dog ownership in a simple.such as what to consider before adopting a dog. the first course (chapters one through three) deals with the introductory aspects of dog ownership .com .' Don't let the amount of information put you off . Above all. healthy dog. as well as how to recognize and solve a variety of specific problem behaviors. Secrets to Dog Training is laid out in a series of nine chapters. you're accepting complete responsibility for that dog's physical and emotional wellbeing. and that becoming an experienced. You can refer to the diagram on the next page for a visual map of the book and more details on each three-chapter 'course.Introduction Secrets to Dog Training is a complete A-Z handbook for dog owners. from choosing a puppy to understanding your dog to problem-solving to complete obedience work. we hope to take all the difficulty out of adopting a dog and let you get on with all of the fun. how to 'match-make' yourself with your perfect dog.' all of which deal with specific aspects of dog ownership. knowledgeable owner has its potential pitfalls and problem areas. You'll learn about canine communication and how to interpret body language and vocalization. Your dog depends on you for absolutely everything he needs to survive. step-bystep format.you can read this book cover to cover. as well as an extended look at additional problem behaviors and advanced obedience work. We at Secrets to Dog Training recognize that this can be a daunting task. Secrets to Dog Training is designed to improve your relationship with 1 www. When you take on the ownership of a dog.kingdomofpets. These chapters are further divided into three basic sections. as well as the information you'll require in order to raise a happy. and so on. By outlining the responsibilities at hand. The third course of Secrets to Dog Training (the final three chapters) is devoted to an introduction to and explanation of "dog whispering" techniques to further your training.

com .UNDERSTANDING DOG 101: It’s A Dog’s Life Dog Ownership and You Selecting Your Puppy or Dog Where to Adopt From Breed Groups Responsible Ownership Review of DOG 101 DOG 201: Secrets to Understanding Your Dog Understanding Your Dog Dog Senses How Dogs Communicate Using Scent Guide to Body Language and Signals Guide to Facial Expressions and Vocals Wolf Instincts Review of DOG 201 WELLBEING DOG 102: Caring for Your Dog Bringing Your Puppy or Dog Home Diet and Nutrition Canine Growth Stages Toys for Your Dog Safe and Fun Toys to Buy Choosing Your Vet Review of DOG 102 DOG 202: Common Behavior Problems An Introduction to Aggression Problems Aggression Continued: Treatment Program for Dominance Dog-On-Dog Aggression Fear Biting Play-Biting Chewing and Other Destructive Behavior Jumping on Furniture Jumping on People Digging Problems Disobedience Fear of the Leash Off-Leash Problems Leash-Pulling Problems Barking Problems Whining Thieving Travel Problems Review of Dog 202 DOG 302: Health-Related Problems Solved Separation Anxiety Two Dogs in the House Allergies Bad Dog Breath Cat / Dog Coexistence Coprophagia (Poop Eating) Flatulence Fleas Hot Weather and Heatstroke Jealousy Worms Review of DOG 302 TRAINING DOG 103: Training Methods Revealed Types of Training Secrets to Training Your Dog Crate Training Obedience Training and Age Selecting a Dog Trainer Review of DOG 103 DOG 203: Commands to Start Come (Recall) Sit Stage I Okay and No Hold and Drop It” Sit – Stage II Sit and Stay Down (Drop) – Stage I Down (Drop) – Stage II Heel – Stage I Heel – Stage II Heel – Stage III Stand Wait Seek (Find) Training Program Review of DOG 203 • • • • • • • • LEVEL 1 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • LEVEL 2 • • • • • LEVEL 3 • • • • • DOG 301: Dog Whispering Uncovered Defining Dog Whispering Dog Whispering: About the Method Dog Whispering: Interventions Dog Whispering: Corrections Dog Whispering with Common Commands The Trouble with Dog Whispering Review of DOG 301 • • • • • • • • • • • • DOG 303: Advanced Commands and Tricks • Advanced “Sit and Stay” Stage I • Advanced “Sit and Stay” Stage II • More “Sit and Stay” • Advanced “Seek” (Find) • Beg • Fetch (Retrieve) • Catch • Shake • Climb • Crawl • Jump • Roll Over • Review of DOG 303 2 www.kingdomofpets.

We’ll also consider some of the typical traits of popular dog breeds to give you an idea of what to expect.com . In order to eliminate as much of the guesswork as possible when it comes to choosing your canine companion. or a timid person who avoids confrontation at all costs? Are you a patient teacher or do you have a hair-trigger temper? Believe it or not. From there. you need to honestly evaluate yourself. A. barring accident or illness . where to find one. your lifestyle. Lastly.so it’s worth taking some time now to avoid a potential mismatch. energetic type? ● What are your basic personality traits? Are you an outspoken type who's accustomed to getting their own way. 3 www. we’ll move on to choosing a puppy: how to match yourself up with your ideal puppy.DOG 101: It’s a Dog’s Life In this section we deal with the initial considerations of dog ownership. we’ll take a look at what it means to be a responsible owner. and what you can offer in return! Here are some valid points to consider: ● How much time do you realistically have to spend with your dog? Do you work long hours? Do you have a demanding social life? Do you like to travel often? ● Have you really considered the financial implications of dog ownership? What will happen if your dog gets sick or has an accident? Is there room in your budget for the unexpected? Is there room in your small car for a big dog? ● How much time do you like to spend in physical activity each day? Are you a couch potato or an outdoorsy. starting with what you need to think about before getting a dog.kingdomofpets. what you want out of a dog. Dog Ownership and You Your dog is going to be a part of your life from between eight to twenty years. and how to deal with (and find) a good breeder. all of these traits can affect the sort of dog that will best suit you and your lifestyle.

The breed of dog that you choose will also contribute to how much time is required for exercise and training. from $15 to $45 a week. Depending on the size of your dog. inadequately socialized dog is a menace to himself. or a show-quality purebred). Not only is it inconsiderate and even cruel to leave your dog without frequent companionship and exercise. a dog-sitter. and anyone else he encounters. and affection . but it can be dangerous. a pet-quality purebred. Despite their many charms. there are many other costs which can vary hugely depending on whether you adopt from a shelter. some breeds require literally hours of exercise each day! Finances The cost involved in keeping a dog is a very real issue. or even just having a trusted neighbor drop by for half an hour a day to exercise and play with your dog. feeding. exercise. A busy work schedule is a fact of life for most of us. housebreaking. If your dog attacks somebody. your time. puppies are even more needy when it comes to demands on your time than adult dogs. doggie daycare. Here are some of the costs to consider: ● Food. grooming. and playtime. If you’re getting a puppy. buy from a pet store. You will need to plan around this obstacle. but this need not deter you from welcoming a dog into your home. some owners liken the adoption of a dog to the arrival of a new child.com . his family. socializing. Dogs need training (puppies even more so). don’t forget to factor in additional time for training. play time. Dogs are time-consuming creatures: in terms of effort and time expenditure. or get your dog from a breeder (and this will also depend on whether he or she is mixed-breed. Some breeds are more difficult to housebreak than others. Aside from the initial cost to buy a dog. When you first bring the puppy home.consider arranging for a dog-walker.Time One of the most basic needs of any dog is time .specifically. A poorly-trained. 4 www. you can be held responsible (people have been sued and have even gone to jail because they haven’t controlled their dogs properly). it’s best if you can take a few days off work to minimize the stress of adjustment.as well as checkups. and the time that’s spent simply keeping each other company. though .kingdomofpets.

for example. so that any unexpected bills do not catch you out. to a wedding. kennels. local boarding kennels. bedding. or a work function. obedience work. which will protect you in the case of unexpected surgery and chronic or long term conditions. Try speaking to your vet. YOUR DOG BUDGET Purchase price Vaccinations Dog food and treats Collars and leads Registration and/or license fees Toys Kennel. If you don’t have insurance. or enclosure Grooming Health insurance. unexpected costs can floor you when you least expect it. a funeral. whether it’s on holiday. ● Puppy school.com . pet store.● General equipment: toys. If you consider your own budget and how flexible you can afford to be when it comes to your pet. crate. collars. This costs money. chews. grooming implements. ● Medical costs. you should plan on the likelihood of your dog getting sick at some point. Also. or have skimped on a cheap plan. and any friends that have dogs . ● Registration and license. leads. You may consider pet insurance as well.kingdomofpets. and professional training if required.this will help you to get estimates for each of these items. ● Boarding costs: you’ll likely need to go away at some point. vet bills. ● Emergency costs: there are always unexpected costs when it comes to dog ownership. Checkups and inoculations at the vet are vital. spaying / neutering Boarding kennels Total $$ $/WEEK 5 www. this will help you to make a responsible choice and ensure that the dog you choose gets the care he deserves. crates. Listed below is a comprehensive checklist of the potential financial factors involved with owning a dog.

the more exercise it needs.Exercise and Activity All dogs need exercise. Of course. whereas a lot of the larger dogs (think Great Danes.” 6 www. For busy people. it’s possible to take a lot of the guesswork out of selecting a four-legged friend. if a mixed breed. Many smaller dogs have incredible stamina and a great need for intense cardiovascular exercise.kingdomofpets.there are lots of fun activities you can do to work in the necessary mileage. we’re all individuals . You’ll need to use these insights about your own personality with a bit of information on your favored breeds to narrow down your field of choices.like dogs.but if you can honestly evaluate yourself in terms of your desire for physical affection (some dogs love to cuddle!). tracking. it’s pretty hard to typify human personalities . the minimum that the average adult dog requires to maintain basic overall fitness is 30 to 45 minutes of vigorous exercise. can run over 100 miles in the course of a normal working day! To make sure that you’re exercising your dog adequately. Many of these are interactive and mentally challenging as well: just consider agility training. for example. and how comfortable you are with discipline and asserting yourself. and exceed them if it seems necessary). adhere to at least the minimum requirements. Many dogs need a lot more than this . Frisbee. fitting in an extra hour or so per day to exercise the dog can be a real chore.a Border Collie. you’ll need to research the basic exercise requirements of the breed of dog that you’ve chosen (or. or even plain old fetch. Newfoundlands) are real couch potatoes and are happy to lie about the house all day. but appearances can be deceiving. Mastiffs. It’s popularly believed that the bigger the dog. at least three or four times a week. how prepared you are to deal with stubbornness. Your Personality Your own personality ‘type’ has a great impact on whether or not you and your chosen dog are likely to enjoy any kind of emotional bond. We will look at this in greater depth in the section titled “Dog Groups.com . but certain breeds have been ‘designed’ in a way that encourages particular traits and character aspects. But spending active time with your dog doesn’t need to be drudgery . Like humans. your ability to be patient. The size of a dog doesn’t necessarily correspond with his or her energy level. It’s not really possible to predict what kind of personality your dog is going to have.

but he still has an inherent need to explore and run endlessly . whether it’s herding livestock (Border Collies).kingdomofpets.com . what the breed’s requirements are. make sure you know what you’re getting before you get it. what the more troublesome aspects of the breed are. which is nothing to be ashamed of . The best thing you can do is talk to some breeders of the particular breed that’s caught your fancy.most of us just want a dog for simple companionship. and so on) can be easily incorporated into your life . for example. Too many people are suckered into making impulse choices they later regret . how much exercise they need. after all. A Husky will do perfectly well without the opportunity to pull sledges across the snow. All breeds of dog were originally bred to do a certain job. A lot of us are attracted to particular breeds of dog because of the way that they look.which is something that a city-dweller would need to think about before adopting one. Breed Selection A purebred is a lot more than just an ordinary dog wearing a fancy suit. because this has a big impact on how well he’ll be suited to your household and lifestyle. What’s really important is that you follow up this initial attraction with a little research so you can get an idea of whether or not that particular breed’s hardwired attributes (guarding. Ask them about the types of people who do best with the breed. which deliberately emphasizes certain traits and weeds out others.B. Dog breeds have developed over thousands of years through selective breeding. these jobs have very little impact on modern-day life for the vast majority of people . but resist this temptation! Both you and your final choice of dog will be glad that you did. Of course. hunting lions in the jungle (Rhodesian Ridgebacks). But you still need to carefully consider the jobs that your preferred breed(s) of dog were intended to do. 7 www. chasing.it’s only natural to pursue the things that catch our eye. Selecting Your Puppy or Dog Choosing the right puppy is a matter of careful thought and research.because if not. herding. Basically. you both may be unhappy. tracking. pulling supplies for hundreds of miles across arctic tundra (Siberian Huskies) or simply looking pretty and keeping us humans company (the toy breeds).it’s so easy to be seduced by the very first puppy that you see.

● Screen the dogs for genetic disease. and the proposed environment for the puppy before allowing you to take one of the pups. 8 www.com .kingdomofpets. A good breeder will: ● Raise the puppies inside the house. or a vet. there are several choices open to you (both good ones and bad ones): ● Reputable breeders ● Adoption or rescue shelters REPUTABLE BREEDERS Sometimes called private breeders or noncommercial breeders.For a start. "real" breeders are in the business for the love of dogs. and doesn't have any preexisting mental or physical problems. You can also browse online. ● Question you extensively about your lifestyle. not the profit (dog-breeding is rarely a profitable business when performed ethically). ● Breed no more than a couple of litters per year. well-socialized. And there’s always the good old local library. Each individual female will be bred only once per year.kingdomofpets. and provide certification of this upon request. or in a place where they can become accustomed to humans from a young age.com/dogobediencetraining/dogbreeds/). Buying a puppy from a proper breeder ensures as much as possible that your purebred pup is healthy. More information on finding and selecting breeders is given in Section C: Selecting a Breeder. you might take a look at the Kingdom of Pets breed library: www. There is more than enough dog-breed information out there. ask your dog-owning friends. ● Restrict themselves to one or two breeds only. Where to Find Your Dog or Puppy When it comes to finding your perfect puppy or dog. experience.

dogs do feel gratitude) that they quickly form intense bonds of love and loyalty with their new owners . This is an incredible weight off a novice owner (as anyone who's ever had to housetrain a puppy will agree!). Another benefit of choosing to get your dog from a rescue shelter is that the dogs you'll find there . or adoption shelters. At the very least. depression. a new baby. looking around for familiar people and sights). they've suffered a huge trauma .RESCUE SHELTERS Rescue shelters.having effectively been 'orphaned' and will naturally need some time to adjust. etc). relationship breakup.are much less expensive than those purchased from a breeder (think $50 instead of $500).and disease-free. because they're already housetrained and have also usually been trained to some degree in obedience commands. It's estimated that an abandoned dog takes between six weeks and four months before he or she shakes off the symptoms of trauma caused by abandonment (anxiety.com .they've been discarded by their original owners for any one of a huge number of reasons (financial problems.kingdomofpets.even the purebred ones . It's true that a lot of rescue-shelter dogs are jumpy and nervous the second time around. In addition to all these benefits. The animals come to their new owners injury. and will be given an idea of the care and expense required for treatment. Often the dogs in adoption shelters are an ideal choice for first-time owners. the emotional reward that comes from taking in an abandoned animal is often the best part of all. you'll be notified of any existing conditions before purchase. Where Not To Find Your Dog There are a lot of valid reasons to avoid choosing any of the below options as the place to find your dog: 9 www. The dogs in these establishments are more often than not there through no fault of their own . Some will neuter / spay the dogs they take in. which is a fantastic bonus (especially when considering the huge number of heart-breaking genetic diseases that most purebreds are prone to). Good shelters have some form of veterinary care on hand as well. A lot of dogs adopted from shelters are so grateful to be given a second chance (yes.bonds that can be even more intense than those experienced by an owner who's raised a 'brand-new' puppy. the owners have moved house. and most all will do this as a service included in the modest adoption fee. are an excellent option for finding a pet.

PET STORES Pet stores are the only establishments supplied by puppy mills . They're usually problematic dogs to raise. The team at Kingdom of Pets strongly discourages purchasing a puppy from a puppy mill .no matter how sorry you feel for the poor puppies. These puppies are not good choices for pets. and little socialization. and the puppies raised aren't socialized or shown any affection.com . but a dog is not a commodity that can be purchased without forethought. Pups from pet stores have the same problems that puppy-mill puppies have emotional problems. as it takes a LOT of work to counteract the damage inflicted by the conditions at the mill and the pet store. the puppy's history. and stays there until he is twelve weeks old . or how to successfully rear a dog. They receive little to no exercise. information.by the time he's adopted. either by themselves or with one or two other puppies. that's more than half his life spent in virtual solitary confinement.kingdomofpets. and are usually suffering from malnutrition and a variety of other close-quarters diseases.sometimes for hundreds of miles . The average puppy arrives at a pet store at five weeks old. without a thought for preparation. and diseases. Instant gratification is hard to resist. little handling. The production of 'popular-breed' dogs is a profit-making business for some people. to do so only supports this growing business and encourages others to join in. little to no attention paid to hygiene or nutrition.● Puppy mills ● Pet stores ● Backyard breeders PUPPY MILLS Puppy mills are essentially puppy factories. which means that there is no quality of life for the dogs and puppies involved. behavioral upsets. Puppies in pet stores are confined to small glass cages. To top it all off. They almost always come with serious behavioral problems and neuroses. they're the reason that puppy mills exist.across country. These same puppies are then taken from their mothers well before they should be (usually around five weeks of age) and shipped . where they end up in a little glass box in a pet store.in effect. These puppies are also prone to disease if not unwell already. 10 www. people who buy from pet stores are often impulse-shoppers: they see a cute puppy in the store window and buy it on the spot.

which produces underweight and unhealthy pups. A good breeder won't have a problem informing you about any genetic disease the breed is prone to. where the pups have no chance to become accustomed to people and daily living. but failing to provide certification. This isn’t just an arbitrary number .kingdomofpets. which can be a major problem in an adult dog.it’s a valuable lesson. When puppies play with their littermates.com . or the wellbeing of the dogs and puppies involved. so it's not possible to screen for everything in each individual pup (which is why parents and grandparents are required to be screened). At What Age Should You Get Your Dog? It’s generally agreed that puppies need to stay with their mothers and littermates until they’re at least eight weeks of age. Common mistakes made by a typical backyard breeder might include: ● Rearing the litters away from the house. Without the opportunity to learn bite control. dogs grow up without understanding the damage that can be inflicted by a careless bite. This is how puppies learn to control the force with which they bite . 11 www. ● Breeding females too often.biting and wrestling. they play rough . and will offer advice on the best course of action should the need arise. and one most effectively taught by other dogs at a young age. Remember that plenty of genetic diseases don't show up until the dog is one or two years old. to minimize costs and maximize profits. desirable traits. Any puppy bitten too hard will squeal sharply. claiming that litters have been screened against genetic disease. but the main problem with such an early adoption is the lack of learned bite-inhibition. ● Feeding puppies on the nutritional equivalent of sawdust and water. Taking a puppy away from its litter before eight weeks is actually damaging to the pup.the reasons for doing so are convincing. and shortens the mother's lifespan. and refuse to continue playing with the biter.BACKYARD BREEDERS This is an all-encompassing term for people who breed dogs on a noncommercial level with little to no thought for genetic health. Backyard breeders sometimes prey on inexperienced buyers by making claims without backing them up: for example. All puppies must have the chance to learn those vital pack-interaction skills from their brothers and sisters.

● Personality traits are starting to emerge: you can get a better idea of what kind of dog he or she is growing up to be. it’s easy to make mistakes when confronted with a squirming. ● Your dog will never again be as physically appealing and downright adorable as he is during early puppyhood. BENEFITS OF CHOOSING A YOUNG PUPPY (8 TO 16 WEEKS) OVER AN OLDER ONE: ● The pup has no behaviors set. This is a commendable impulse. Choosing Your Puppy From a Litter Before choosing a puppy.mistakes that. not playing with the other puppies. You control the influences he or she gets and which behaviors are encouraged ● Puppies adapt readily to your life and your home. playful crowd of cute pups . it’s good to have a basic idea of canine interaction and communication if at all possible. turn out to be both exhausting and heartbreaking to deal with. Without understanding the underlying causes behind a lot of puppy behavior. ● You’re a part of the pup’s life from his first day away from his mother and siblings . but it’s important to understand the consequences of such an action before doing something you might regret. which makes housetraining a lot easier. good or bad. ● They may have had some training already in obedience work.com .this encourages a strong bond.kingdomofpets. Never underestimate the cuteness of a young puppy! BENEFITS OF CHOOSING AN OLDER PUPPY (16 WEEKS AND UP) OVER A YOUNG ONE: ● Older pups have more control over their bowels and bladder. The basic advantages of adoption for both age groups are outlined below. A lot of people make the mistake of choosing a puppy because they feel sorry for it. When there’s a pup sitting all by himself in the corner. 12 www. more often than not.You can also adopt a puppy that’s older than the standard eight to ten weeks. it’s natural to want to adopt that puppy and try to ‘fix’ him.

By all means. feisty. and is showing this by “leading” the other pups over to you. Take this opportunity to quickly check him over for possible illness.kingdomofpets.all qualities that are endearing to the right owner. bossy. or does he struggle. whimper. visit several times and at different times of the day to see how they behave when they’re playing. If there’s a pup that’s isolated from or ignored by the others.this will help you to get a feel for the ones you connect with best. and his teeth should be white and sharp. and playful. Once you’ve got an idea of the one you want. fur should be shiny and thick with no thinning or bald spots (aside from the tummy and inside of legs). If possible. take him a short distance away from the other pups (to prevent him becoming distracted) and play with him. because all too often these are the pups that grow up to be abandoned or sent to the shelter because the owners can’t cope. The dominant puppy of the litter can be just as much of a handful. but for different reasons. he might be malnourished. ears should smell sweet and look clean. but do you have enough experience with dogs to cope with these time-consuming and sometimes frustrating character traits? Spend some time with the pups .he’s dominant by nature. and try to get away? Paying attention to details like these is how you can tell what ‘type’ of personality this pup is likely to have. as well. This is usually the one that grows up to be stubborn. energetic. and tired out. Look him over from nose to tail: his skin should be smooth and free of lumps or bumps.com .A healthy.know what you’re getting into. The pup that comes romping right up to you without a care in the world isn’t just friendly . a natural alpha-dog. scrappy . adopt the ‘trouble puppy’ of the litter. normal puppy is moderately self-confident. eyes should be clear of discharge. 13 www. feeding. He might be sick. or he might have serious behavioral problems. there is a very good reason for it and one that you probably don’t want to involve yourself with. He should be involved to at least some extent with other puppies. but don’t do it out of a misguided sense of pity and charity . Is he curious or scared? Does he investigate or back away? Is he happy to be handled and stroked. wide awake.

Most shelters have a screening process for applicants. as discussed in the previous section. well-balanced dog.com . This lessens the chances of that dog being returned to the shelter again.are they clean and hygienic? Unfortunately. which makes for a pretty slim existence. But how to choose the right one? Choosing The Right Adoption Shelter This is a lot simpler than going to a breeder . which means that sometimes the dogs aren’t able to get all the exercise and human contact that they need. Regardless of how prosperous the shelter appears.you don’t have to worry about pedigree certification or following any of the other paper trails in place for purebred dogs. 14 www. you should still get a sense that the staff have a true affinity with the animals there and that the wellbeing of those animals is of paramount importance. Usually. Are the staff friendly and caring? Are they happy to answer all your questions. a lot of shelters are understaffed. Even a brief conversation with some of the staff will enable you to make sure that they care about the dogs. there are essentially two good places to get your dog from: a breeder and an adoption shelter. and that they’re genuinely committed to their work. Adoption shelters have their own standards when it comes to selecting appropriate homes for abandoned animals. and will only choose owners that they consider to be in the best interests of the animal.C. or do they make you feel as though you’re getting in the way? What about the kennels or runs for the dogs . have a look around the shelter. which is often devastating for that dog. Expect a question-answer session. A shelter with competent. it’s a safety-net that’s in place to ensure that the dogs placed out have as high a chance as possible of being matched with a suitable new owner. This isn’t necessarily the fault of the shelter.kingdomofpets. they’re run on government money and donations. caring staff is more likely to provide you with a healthy. It doesn’t take much to get an idea of how well the animals are treated and cared for by staff: stop and talk to a few of them. and retain the right to refuse applications at their discretion. Where to Adopt From So. It really boils down to whether or not you feel comfortable with the environment of the shelter. This is nothing personal.

Find out about dog shows nearby by contacting the American Kennel Club (AKC) or United Kennel Club (UKC). If you see a dog you like. but you also run the risk of purchasing a sub-quality dog from a sub-quality breeder. and have plenty of opportunity to talk to the breeders and handlers. You can see the dogs first-hand. These cater for specific breeds. they should be able to point you in the right direction of other breeders who can help.where did they get their dog? Would they recommend that breeder? ● Other breeders. how long the dog will be left alone for during the day. you should pay a visit and inspect the premises thoroughly. ask the owner for a recommendation . In return. and other matters which indicate how competent and caring an owner you're likely to be. To track down the breed you like. Pay attention to any dogs you see . there are several important questions that you'll want to ask before taking a puppy home: ● What kind of people tend to do best with this breed? 15 www.do they seem clean and well cared-for? Are they happy and sociable? Are the surroundings hygienic and clean? You can expect to be questioned by the breeder about your lifestyle and whether you've had dogs before.especially those specializing in rare breeds .Choosing A Breeder Finding a good dog breeder isn’t necessarily a difficult thing to do. This might be handy. ● Breed clubs. Some breeders .are happy to send their dogs long-distance without you being required to turn up for an interview first. including kennels. there are several resources at hand: ● Dog shows. If there are dog shows near you. go along and have a look. breeding. If you get hold of one breeder who doesn't have the right puppy for you. ● Talk to dog owners. Once you've tracked a breeder down. Where at all possible. Contact them and they will be able to tell you about the closest breeders to you. go along and have a look. and often special training and activity groups. why you chose this particular breed. whether you have a crate for the puppy. and handle showing.com .kingdomofpets.

but it never hurts to ask. as traits such as these are sometimes passed on from the mother. and so on)? ● What genetic diseases is this breed prone to? (This is something you'll probably want to check out yourself before you go to see the breeder . 16 www.kingdomofpets. and before you make a firm commitment you should ask to see the authentication papers and documentation. try to meet the mom . and learn a lot of their disposition traits and habits from her. If she’s nervous. jumpy.com . or aggressive.) ● Can you meet the parents? Meet the Parents Meeting both of the parents of the litter you’re looking at isn’t always possible . and see for yourself.and what basic temperament she has. Ask. whether she’s friendly to dogs and people .● How much exercise do the dogs need? ● Are there any special care requirements for these particular dogs. the second batch. then so much the better: you’ll get an idea of the temperament. you may want to think again before taking one of her puppies.frequently the sire (the father) has been hired out from his owners.both familiar and unfamiliar . since testing has been in place for both these ailments for the longest time. or the breed in general? ● At what stage are the pup's vaccinations up to (the first batch of shots.) ● Have the parents and grandparents of the pup been screened against these diseases? If so. At the least. both grandparents on both sides should be certified as well. you may well be paying pedigree prices so it’s worth making sure you’re getting value for money. But if you can meet both parents. can you see the certification? (For things like hip and eye problems.pups are raised by their mothers. health. and general condition of your pup’s parents. Even if you don’t care about pedigree in itself. which is a reliable forerunner of how your own puppy is likely to turn out a few years down the track. so won’t be on the premises. Authentication and Registration A pedigree puppy should already be registered by the breeder.

Ask the breeder or adoption shelter that you got your pup from what brand of food he’s accustomed to. the protection fades off over several weeks. the breeder must also provide you with registration papers to prove that the puppy has been officially re-registered in your name.com . This is to prevent them from falling prey to fatal diseases like rabies. there will have been an appointment made for vaccinations by the breeder. it’s necessary to wait until all the mother’s antibodies have worn off. allowing them to eat at will during the day. Because you shouldn’t adopt a puppy that is younger than eight weeks. since all puppies are born with worms). This should also specify whether the pup has been wormed (which he should certainly have been. and parvovirus.” This is where a bowl of food is placed out for the dogs. which are spaced out over several weeks. adenovirus. when he is due for his next round of shots and any other treatments.kingdomofpets. but to time it so that there isn’t too long of an unprotected period: it’s generally accepted that eight weeks is the ideal age for the first set of shots. as it encourages food aggression in the litter. or the vet records. Make sure you receive evidence of inoculations and checkups in the form of a vaccination card from the vet.If and when you do purchase the puppy. and is a real hindrance when it comes to 17 www. Vaccinations and General Health All puppies need three sets of inoculations. Because over-inoculation (inoculating when antibodies are already present) is harmful to dogs and puppies. Dietary Needs Puppies have delicate stomachs that are easily upset by a change in routine. and what his feeding schedule is. Beware of anyone who tells you that the puppy has been “freefed. and certify his condition at the time the vet saw him (including the absence or presence of any indicators of possible genetic disease). It’s bad practice among younger dogs.but when weaned. Nursing puppies receive antibodies to these diseases via the mother’s milk . At the least. the pup should already have had the first shots by the time you adopt him.

if you have any urgent questions . Following Up Most. The diet sheet will detail amounts and times that the puppy is fed. Many are also available for advice on health and training for some time after adoption. ● You technically can feed adult dogs on just one meal per day. Before taking the puppy home. (Of course. you may wish to consult your vet beforehand.kingdomofpets. you think your puppy or dog might be sick or injured then call the vet. make sure you ask whether you can contact the breeder or shelter if problems do occur. do so gradually: mix a little bit of the new food in with the old. and gradually increase this over a period of one to two weeks until his old food has been completely replaced. To be on the safe side.for example. a young puppy has no chance to accustom his internal clock to any sort of routine. most breeders and adoption shelters will prefer that you to return the puppy to them. Keep an eye on your dog or puppy and monitor how well he’s doing on his current brand of food. and bald patches? Are his eyes shiny and bright? Does he have lots of energy? If you feel your dog would do better on another brand or diet. and should eat until satisfied at each meal.com . not the breeder or shelter. but as a general rule of thumb: ● Pups under seven months get three meals a day. you can change him over as long as you do so gradually (as you would for a puppy). Most adoption shelters and breeders will supply you with a diet sheet and one or two days’ worth of food to get you started. So his hunger pangs and toilet needs will remain extremely unpredictable. low blood sugar. dull spots. Without a regimented feeding schedule. and bloat. ● Puppies and dogs over seven months should get two meals per day. if not all. Is his coat shiny and free of flakes. If you wish to change your pup’s food.enforcing a housebreaking schedule. but it’s best to break this up into two meals to prevent digestive upset.) 18 www. If your pup turns out to be incompatible with your lifestyle. adoption shelters and breeders will want to hear from you if problems should arise with the puppy.

These qualities make them excellent family dogs. Some information on these may assist you in narrowing down the candidates for your eventual choice of pet.kingdomofpets. Sporting Dogs Includes: Pointer. In the right hands. and requirements. Spaniel. They can be demanding pets. abilities. There are many breeds within each group. requiring plenty of mental and physical exercise to keep them happy and relaxed. Saint Bernard.com . Working Dogs Includes: Rottweiler. Doberman. protection. each having their own distinct characteristics.they’re usually eager to please and quick on the uptake. Labrador Sporting dogs are bred to work in close contact with humans. search and rescue. Some sporting dogs were bred to work fairly independently from their owners and hunters. Boxer. and so have a strong instinct to explore and roam. and police work. 19 www. as they’ve been bred to work very closely with humans. they make excellent and affectionate family dogs. Thorough training in recall is important with the sporting breeds before they’re allowed off-leash.D. Dogs in this category usually have strong guarding and territorial instincts. and good choices for a first-time owner. Weimaraner. Working breeds do best with owners who have some previous experience with dogs. which makes early and extensive socialization with humans and animals an absolute necessity. Breed Groups It’s a good idea to choose a breed of dog based on its suitability for your personality and lifestyle. Newfoundland These dogs are bred to perform serious jobs like guard work. Retriever. which makes them excellent candidates for obedience training . They tend to be highly intelligent and physically very powerful.

That means several walks per day.com . sporting dogs need plenty of exercise. Whippet. and nipping at your heels). These can be difficult to deal with. though not impossible to “untrain. Border Collie. and require plenty of mental and physical stimulation to keep them happy. As a result. Saluki Sight hounds are bred to hunt in packs. Sight hounds 20 www. complicated instruction from their handlers. they’re leggy. But their hardwired herding instincts are not uncommon (such as chasing and “rounding up” family members or other animals. Basenji. Herding Dogs Includes: German Shepherd. slim. and in some cases to protect them from predators and thieves. Greyhound. and as many opportunities to run as possible. herding breeds are usually very intelligent. both physically and mentally herding dogs must be capable of making independent decisions as well as following extensive. highly athletic. Old English Sheepdog. This is a demanding job. and extremely fast.kingdomofpets.” Hounds There are two different groups in the hound category: scent hounds and sight hounds. Sheba the German Shepherd These dogs usually make fantastic companion animals. Queensland Heeler. so they’re generally pretty sociable with other dogs. Briard. As a rule. Herding dogs are bred to control large groups of unruly and sometimes dangerous livestock. SIGHT HOUNDS Includes: Afghan.since they have little natural instinct to return to their owner once they are off! As a general rule.

Bull. as once they take off you have little chance of catching them again. Hounds need exercise Scent hounds can be very difficult to housetrain. and affectionate companions. Cairn. 21 www. gentle. With characteristically gentle. Coonhound Scent hounds were bred to track by scent. For this reason. Sight hounds tend to be sensitive in nature. Their typical independence and bossiness can make them a challenge to train. they shouldn’t be taken off-lead unless they’re thoroughly trained in the recall command. and so are predisposed to be distracted by the smells around them. and can be aloof with strangers.preferably off-lead as you can provide. Scent hounds also tend to be loud. but they make up for this sometimes-frustrating tendency by being reliably cheerful. and respond well to mild.strangers can usually come and go with little to no disturbance from a scent hound. Border Terrier. and need as much opportunity to run .should not be allowed to run off-lead without reliable recall training. they make excellent family pets. A hound that’s scented something tempting will go haring off without a backwards glance. Despite this. Airedale. funny. Thorough socialization is necessary from a young age to combat timidity and shyness. with a vigorous daily walk sufficing for the most part. Bloodhound. They also have a fairly independent streak. Miniature Schnauzer. SCENT HOUNDS Includes: Basset Hound. Skye.com . partly because they were bred to live outside in kennels with other dogs . Scent hounds don’t require huge amounts of exercise. and other breeds with the word “terrier” in the name. Terriers Includes: Jack Russell. and consistent training. Terriers are an extremely high-energy group.kingdomofpets. These dogs require a fair amount of exercise on a daily basis to keep them happy and healthy. affectionate natures. with distinctive baying and howling sounds that carry for miles. rather than sight. Foxhound.an environment with little requirement for instinctive cleanliness. they seem to have little instinct to put this vocalization to use as watchdogs .

Dogs in this breed category were bred to hunt and kill quick-moving, ferocious vermin animals (badgers, foxes, ferrets, and so on). Because of this, they have a high prey drive and will chase most small creatures that venture into their yard. They can also be aggressive with other dogs. Terriers are generally a long-lived group, with few serious genetic defects. Toy Dogs Includes: Yorkshire Terrier, Maltese, Bichon Frise, Toy Poodle, Pug, Chihuahua, Pomeranian Toy dogs are sometimes referred to as “companion breeds,” as they were bred for the sole purpose of keeping humans company. Toy dogs are usually bright, comical and affectionate, with big personalities. Toy breeds are also infamous for their difficulty in accepting housetraining rules and regulations. The cause for this inconvenient trait is generally accepted to be a combination of stubbornness and the tiny size of the dogs’ internal organs they’re so small that it can actually be physically difficult for them to control their bladders or bowels for more than a few hours at a time.

A Pomeranian on show

These dogs aren’t generally recommended for households with young children, as they don’t take kindly to rough treatment or teasing. In addition, they’re very fragile and can be seriously injured or even killed from being dropped, sat on, or trodden on.


Responsible Ownership

Owning a dog is a big responsibility. As well as the general care of your dog, which includes exercise, feeding, and frequent companionship, you must also consider your dog’s behavior both in private and public. It’s your responsibility as a dog owner to ensure that your pet behaves in an appropriate manner that complies with council bylaws and regulations.


Your dog is, effectively, an ambassador for other dogs of his breed, and for all dogs everywhere. Every time a dog behaves well in public, it helps to minimize the impact of negative publicity incurred by irresponsible dog owners and their ill-behaved, poorly trained, and inadequately socialized dogs. The basic message is this: the manner in which your dog is raised and trained doesn’t just matter to you. It matters to every person and animal that your dog encounters throughout his life. It’s your responsibility to ensure that he is trained, socialized, and taught to behave in a civilized and acceptable manner. Not only will this reflect well on you and other dog owners, but it will help to counteract the increasingly negative views and rules which are being enforced with regard to dogs. Finally, being capable of participating socially can only have a significant and positive effect on your dog’s life. General Rules for Responsible Ownership: Register, license, and microchip your dog. Ensure that he wears his collar and tags whenever he’s in public, and preferably at all times. ● Socialize him extensively with other dogs and humans from a young age. ● Ensure that he receives his shots for rabies, adenovirus, and parvovirus, and that these are kept up to date with regular checkups at the vet. ● Train him thoroughly in at least basic obedience - this is necessary if your dog is ever to venture beyond your yard. ● Make sure your property is fully fenced. ● Clean up after your dog when he relieves himself in a public place. ● If your dog begins to exhibit behavioral problems, especially those which may cause irritation or harm to others, take steps to remedy the problem. Chow Chow make great pets



Review of DOG 101

In this chapter, we looked at some of the issues that surround the initial phases of dog ownership. As a review, the main points that were covered have been outlined below. Considerations before buying a dog: ● How much time you can commit to spending with your dog. ● The financial implications of ownership. ● Your physical activity and energy level. ● Your own personality and what you would like from a companion. Selecting your puppy or dog: ● Research the breeds you like before choosing one. ● Adopt your puppy from a breeder or rescue shelter. ● Puppies miss out on valuable lessons if they’re taken from their mothers before eight weeks. ● Consider your choice of puppy carefully and make sure you understand the trouble that certain behaviors suggest. ● Visit the litter several times before making a final choice. Where to Adopt From: ● Visit the shelter or breeder and ensure that you’re happy with the level of hygiene and comfort enjoyed by the animals. ● Try to meet the puppy’s parents - at least meet the mother, if possible. ● Confirm registration of pedigree where applicable. ● Ask for proof that the puppy’s been cleared of any genetic or other diseases, and that the first set of shots has been administered. ● Confirm dietary requirements from the breeder or adoption shelter. ● Follow up with the breeder or shelter if there are problems after adoption. 24

DOG 102:

Caring for Your Dog

The arrival of a new dog into the household is an exciting time for everyone concerned. The early days together are likely to be pretty demanding. Suddenly, you’re both thrown headlong into a life together - usually without much of an idea of each other’s personalities! Where a new dog is concerned, you should always expect the unexpected. Particularly if you’ve never had a dog before, the next few weeks are most likely going to hold some surprises for you. Getting a dog is a big decision and a big commitment: it’s not every day that you take on total responsibility for another’s health and happiness. The adjustment period isn’t always easy; the sudden change in lifestyle, as well as the inevitable stresses and messes of the first couple of weeks, can be draining. To prevent these ups and downs from negatively impacting your dog’s homecoming and making the event unduly stressful for either of you, we’ve detailed some tips below on the things you may wish to plan for - both before and during your dog’s first days in your household. In this section, we’re going to give you some practical advice about the preparations you’ll need to make before bringing your new puppy or dog home. A little bit of forethought will go a long way - it doesn’t take long for the new family member to get into a lot of trouble if you haven’t done your homework! Following the advice detailed below will help you to prevent some of the common problems associated with a dog’s early days in a new house. Preparing yourself, your family, and your house will make the transition as smooth as possible for humans and dogs alike, and will make the whole experience a lot more enjoyable and stress-free for everyone concerned


Bringing Your Puppy or Dog Home
The day has finally dawned - it is time for the new family member to move in and get to know everyone properly. However, before you go rushing off in excitement, you need to ensure that everything is just right. Your new pet’s transition to his new home should be as smooth as possible to minimize the trauma for him and frustration for you. 25

The course of events during the homecoming itself will set a precedent for your dog’s mindset and emotional balance while she adjusts over the next couple of weeks and months. Don’t set her up for failure: taking a little bit of time to prepare yourself and your home for her arrival will lessen the likelihood of you getting frustrated or stressed. Your dog takes her emotional cues from you: the happier and calmer you are, the happier and calmer your dog will be. Getting everything ready and organized for such a life-changing event takes time, so thinking ahead is an absolute must. Preparing the House It is important to remember that your new pet will be in an unfamiliar environment and may therefore get in to all sorts of places that may be unsuitable or even downright dangerous. This is a particular concern if you are getting a puppy, as they can fit into places where you would not even think to look! Making sure your house is adequately puppy-proofed will not only ensure the long-term existence of your more prized possessions, but could also make the difference between life and death for your dog. A lot of tempting chewables around the house - electrical cords, bottles containing cleaners and chemicals, even some houseplants - could seriously harm or even kill your dog. Taking a few minutes before she arrives to scope the house from a puppy’s point of view should help you safeguard both your home and her health. Remove or hide the more tempting and dangerous items from her reach. Basically, removing anything that could pose a risk should be made safe and secure. Wires should be tacked along the walls or hidden underneath carpet, all cupboard doors should be securely shut, medications and cleaners should be well out of reach, and - lastly - make sure that anything you particularly value is placed off-limits, behind a closed door or above head height! If you have kids, make sure that all toys - especially small items such as pieces from a board game - are out of the way, as your dog or puppy could swallow these. Even houseplants will need to be moved out of his reach, as they could make your pet sick if he chews them. You should pre-select an area that is going to be your new dog’s space somewhere he can seek sanctuary if things get a bit hectic. This is where you should put his toys and bedding. Make sure that you also put some newspaper down around this area in case your dog or puppy has an accident, which could well happen if he is feeling nervous about his new environment.


make sure that you are using only pet friendly products in the garden in case your dog or puppy decides to chew on the grass when he does go out. speak to your vet. 27 www. out of your pet’s reach. Is it completely and securely fenced? Are any plants toxic? Do you fertilize your yard using dog-friendly chemicals? Have you recently sprayed weed killer? Do you ever set snail bait or use rat poison? Spending a little time now thinking about the hazards that your yard might present to a dog could save you both a lot of grief later on. so prevention is definitely better than a cure! Firstly. For a complete list. Plenty of the problems that a dog is likely to encounter outside are both serious and rapid-onset. ● Daffodils ● Hyacinth ● Elephant ears ● Poinsettia ● Onion ● Tomato plant ● Most lilies ● Oleander ● Rhododendron This list isn’t complete: there are a lot of plants that are poisonous to dogs. SOME COMMON PLANTS THAT ARE TOXIC TO DOGS: Here is a short list of some of the more common garden plants that are toxic to dogs.Preparing the Garden The yard poses a whole new array of possible threats for a curious new dog or puppy. Remember. Also.com . Secondly. the gap does not need to be very big for a small pup .kingdomofpets. make sure that all garden tools and chemicals are safely locked away in the garden shed. check that there are no holes or gaps in your garden fence. some dogs have sensitivities or allergies to plants that pose no problem at all to most other dogs. In addition.he could escape in an instant from a hole that you did not even realize was there.

a lot of the time you won’t know you needed a particular item until you need it right then and there! Plenty of uncomfortable situations can be avoided simply by being prepared just try taking your puppy to the vet for an emergency visit without a lead (she won’t be admitted into the waiting room) or cleaning a mess off the floor without the correct cleaning agent (it’s virtually impossible!) If you’ve never had a dog before. such as dishes. smaller rawhide bones. rubber bones. rope toys. ● Carrier/crate (you will need this in order to bring your puppy or dog home safely. as changing your pet’s diet before he has even settled in could give him an upset stomach). ● Safe dog or puppy toys (these will help him settle and take his mind off the move). this should have your dog’s name. more if possible. Therefore. ● Items for grooming (make sure any shampoos or grooming sprays are suitable for puppies unless you are getting an older dog).kingdomofpets. etc). food. some which will be suitable for unsupervised chewing (large rawhide bones.com . You can get a variety of toys. litter and tray. ● Bedding: you’ll need at least three or four towels for him to lie down on in the crate. Some of the items on your list should include: ● Puppy or dog food (the type you buy should be based upon the diet instructions provided by the breeder or vet. it is unlikely that you will have all of the necessary items required to cater for your new pet. Make sure you stick to the food recommended. and the phone number of your vet. rubber Kong® toys. anything durable that can’t have pieces chewed off and swallowed) and some which he can only play with while you’re present (soft toys. You will also need it to transport your pet to the vet for check-ups and treatment when required). 28 www.Puppy Shopping When it comes to puppies. ● Collar and leash ● Identity barrel or tag: ideally. your address and phone numbers (home and cellphone. if you’ve got one). There are some things that you will need immediately. tennis balls. ● Dishes for water and food. it is a good idea to write a list a week or so before your new pet is due to move in to ensure that you have everything you need at hand.

which actually makes the problem worse . agitated dog .and doesn’t remove the smell enough to prevent your dog from “reserving” the area for future toileting. mouth.” If you have children.and a stressed-out you! To avoid this. and eyes for any signs of discharge. and will enable you to pick up on any potential problems. Use grooming time to check your pet’s ears. If you have a small pup.on anything readily available! To preserve your possessions and sanity (not to mention safeguard your dog’s health). Start Training Early: Deal With Chewing and Biting Puppies like to chew . and rub his tummy. nose.com . 29 www. you must teach them how to properly handle your new pet. Not all of these items will be required on the actual day that your dog arrives. Children can have a habit if trying to dangle small pets when they try and pick them up and this should be avoided. and forcing the issue will always result in a frightened. When he is picked up. you need to get your dog used to physical interaction with humans. Handling and Grooming Dogs that aren’t accustomed to being handled. so that he does not feel alarmed when he has to be handled for grooming or veterinary treatment.● Cleaning agents suitable for use with animals: regular cleaning sprays and detergents aren’t suitable for use on any accidents your dog or puppy might make inside. and clipped from a young age are usually suspicious of any attempts later in life to keep them looking neat and tidy. infections. Remember to treat and praise him whenever he allows you to do this. Most of these contain ammonia. or injuries. practice opening his mouth (for very short periods of time!). accustom him to his face and jaws being touched. as well as checking his coat and skin for redness and signs of fleas or other parasites. groomed. you should make sure that his whole body is properly supported. such as infestations. you need to take steps to prevent this problem as soon as your puppy sets foot in your house. as this will ensure that you have everything you need if and when you need it. Pick up his paws and hold them in your palms. For the best grooming methods see the bonus book “Grooming Made Easy. incorrect handling could pose the risk of injury. Get him used to contact all over his body. brushed. A simple weekly grooming session will help to keep your dog or puppy clean and fresh.kingdomofpets. It will keep him relaxed and let him know what you want of him. but there are some that will be. There is certainly no harm in getting everything in one go.

but you may find him trying to bite and chew slippers. Getting your puppy or dog accustomed to ‘house rules’ will provide an effective basis for his training.kingdomofpets. as well as an unpleasant bout with diarrhea and/or vomiting. Eating Habits and Diet Changing your dog’s meal times or food type can result in an upset stomach (either vomiting or diarrhea or both. Removing the source of his chewing and being firm but calm will suffice. If you do catch your pet trying to chew or bite on something totally inappropriate.such as that new pair of shoes that cost you a week’s wages . 30 www. It will teach him to respect you and your home.) There’s also an emotional component to the feeding schedule of your dog: all dogs are happiest when their lives are routine. as you will simply frighten him and make him distrustful. furniture and anything else that crosses his path. Bear in mind that if you have anything that you really would not like to see chewed . remove the item from him and firmly say ‘No!’ Then redirect him immediately towards an appropriate chew or toy (hand him a tasty alternative). To avoid increasing your dog’s insecurity and nervousness. They like to know when to expect their meals.it is ultimately your responsibility to ensure that it is out of harm’s way. Your puppy will not know an expensive shoe from a $2 dog toy from the local pet shop. otherwise he may suffer an adverse reaction or even stop eating altogether.Chewing is fine if he is using a proper dog chew or toy. If you combine a shift to a new home and owner with a change in feeding routine (whether it’s the type of food or how often meals occur). and what kind of food they’re going to get. If and when you do change your pet’s diet it should be done gradually to allow him time to get used to the new tastes and textures. This is something you should deal with right away otherwise it could become a serious problem. shoes. You must never shout at or smack your pet for chewing on something inappropriate. This regularity helps them to organize their day and to feel more secure about life in general. how much they’re going to be fed. it’s just putting too much pressure on your dog. Praise him thoroughly as soon as his jaws close around the new toy. and will let him know who is boss.com . you need to maintain the eating schedule and food brand that he had before coming to you. so the onus is on you.

Because your puppy’s diet will be very dependent upon his breed, age and size, it is impossible to find a ‘one diet suits all’ solution, and you must therefore ensure that your pet’s diet is catered for in accordance with his own personal needs. If you have any doubts about what your dog or puppy should be eating, you should not hesitate to contact your vet and ask for advice. It is vital that your pet - especially as a puppy - receives a well-balanced and nutritious diet to promote healthy development. Your pet’s breeder should already have developed an appropriate diet for you to follow for your dog. However, if you have an older dog, or did not get your dog from a breeder, the vet will recommend an appropriate eating plan to ensure that your pet gets the vitamins and minerals that he needs. Exercise and Rest Under-exercised dogs are prone to a host of emotional and physical problems. Dogs that aren’t walked regularly are agitated, more prone to aggression, more likely to develop separation anxiety, almost guaranteed to destroy large parts of your home through destructive chewing and digging, and in general are unhappy creatures. On top of this, dogs are physically designed to be fit, active creatures. An underexercised dog will have slack, untoned muscles (making him more prone to joint dysplasia and soft-tissue strains), weak bones, and is much more likely to develop diabetes and obesity. To avoid these unpleasant problems, all you have to do is walk your dog. Exercise him regularly and as vigorously as his age and breed will permit. While some dog breeds require a lot of exercise others such as some of the larger breeds (for example, Great Danes, St. Bernards and Newfoundlands) can not be properly exercised until they are fully grown at about sixteen to eighteen months old. With these breeds, their bone growth can be adversely affected if they are exercised too much early on in their lives. Whether you have a puppy or an adult dog, he is going to need a balanced combination of regular exercise and plenty of rest. Puppies, in particular, need to get their rest so you must make sure that you do all you can to make this possible. Exercise can involve all types of physical activity, not just going for walks. Interactive play (for example, fetch) is a particularly good form of exercise, as it allows your pet to bond more closely with you. Regular walks are, of course, part of every puppy’s agenda and will provide both you and your dog with regular, healthy activity. 31

Your pet’s rest area - the place where you have his toys and bedding - should be a place where he can go to get some sleep, have a lazy hour or two, and simply chill out. We all need a little down time alone now and again, and your dog or puppy is no different. You should respect this, and make sure that any children know not to go after the puppy and try to wake him up when he is trying to sleep. Listed below are several benefits of exercise and what to watch out for when exercising your dog. ● Exercise will slow the onset of aging problems such as arthritis, rheumatism, or digestive problems. Just as exercise is recommended for the human heart and lungs, it is also recommended to keep your dog's heart in shape and respiratory system working well. ● As generally dogs like to chase things, chew and dig to relieve boredom, making your dog run around the park chasing a tennis ball may discourage him from feeling that he has to chase inappropriate objects, such as cars. Similarly, it may make him less inclined to chew things or dig holes. ● Exercise is a great stimulant, especially if your dog has been cooped up all day. It will prevent him getting bored, depressed, and frustrated. ● Do not make him do too much exercise in hot weather as dogs can overheat much easier than humans can. ● Reduce the amount of exercise you give your dog if he is suffering from anemia, a blood disorder that deprives cells of oxygen supply. Long slow walks are required if he has kennel cough. ● If he has prostate problems, he may need to be outside to urinate more often. Be careful not to overdo it, as he could be tender. ● Exercise will tire him out, which can be a good thing if he is prone to barking a lot or has problems sleeping at night. ● If he is constipated, walking and exercise will help by freeing up his digestive system and getting the blood flowing. Exercise is a great help in reducing the amount of flatulence that he produces.


● Hip dysplasia is an inherited condition common in larger dogs where the hip joint does not fit as well as it should. Excessive wear and tear on the joint can lead to arthritis in the joint, which leaves your dog with sore hind legs and a painful back. It is important that larger dogs get enough exercise to keep the hip muscles strong, but be careful not to overdo it. It is a good idea to add specific joint supplements to your large dog's food. ● If you feel that your dog is suffering from anxiety, then exercise and games can help by taking his mind off the problem. House Training A dog that’s been inadequately housetrained is likely to have recurrent issues with soiling in the house. Housetraining isn’t just something that comes with age - unless you teach him otherwise, your dog is going to spend the rest of his life urinating and defecating at will throughout your home. Fortunately, it’s not hard to housetrain your dog. You’ll need to be prepared for a month or two of concerted effort - but really, it all boils down to paying attention to your dog’s feeding and exercise schedule, and watching his body language when he’s inside. You need to be patient and understanding when housetraining your dog - just as you would when potty-training a toddler. Screaming and shouting is not the answer; instead, your must exercise diplomacy and patience. If your dog looks as though he is ready to do his business, you should quickly take him to the bathroom area, whether this is the garden or a litter tray. The signs to look out for that may indicate when your dog needs to go to the bathroom are: ● Circling and sniffing the floor ● Restless pacing In addition to these signs, there are certain times of the day when it is best to take him to the designated area, whether or not he looks as though he needs to go. This will get him into the habit of heading for the appropriate place himself when he does need to relieve himself. These times include: ● As soon as he wakes up in the morning ● After any activity, play, or exercise ● Within ten minutes of eating or drinking 33

Offering your puppy or dog praise and a treat whenever he takes himself to the designated area will reinforce this training, as he will associate doing his business in the litter tray or garden with getting treats. Housetraining is covered in more detail in the bonus book “All the House Training Methods and Tricks.” Socializing It is impossible to overemphasize the importance of adequately socializing your dog. As soon as he’s had his inoculations, he needs to meet as many different humans and dogs, in as many different types of situations, as you can introduce him to. Without this all-important social interaction, your dog will never have the chance to form a balanced, realistic view of the outside world. He will grow up to be upset and frightened by new people, dogs, and situations, because he’s never had the chance to learn that there’s nothing to be afraid of. Unsocialized dogs typically demonstrate their fear in one of two ways: they are either excessively highly-strung and nervous whenever they encounter anyone or anything new; or they react with exaggerated and unpredictable aggression in around new people and animals. Both of these reactions are undesirable and unsafe - scared dogs are just as likely to bite as aggressive ones. Even if an unsocialized dog doesn’t pose a real risk to anyone, he’ll still lead a life of relative misery - imagine being scared stupid every time you encountered a new sight or sound! In addition to this, dogs are social animals: they’re happier and more relaxed with regular opportunities to interact with other dogs. The first thing you should do in your efforts to socialize your dog is to take him to puppy preschool. This is the ideal way to initiate your dog into the real world: he gets to learn basic obedience commands while meeting plenty of new dogs and people, but in a safe, controlled environment. Bear in mind that your dog should not be allowed to mix with unvaccinated dogs until he has been fully inoculated, so if he hasn’t yet had any vaccinations you must be very wary of where he goes and which other animals he mixes with as he will be extremely susceptible to disease.



Diet and Nutrition

Up until the quite recent past, dogs were viewed more as an object than a real pet - something that lived in the yard, and was expected to eat whatever was put out for it. Today, there’s more of a trend to view our dogs as true companions: they live in the house with us, sometimes sleeping on the bed, and more owners today care about the food their dogs are getting than ever before. What you feed your dog on has a massive impact on his future health and longevity. Unfortunately, a great deal of the pet food available on the market is of a substandard quality and isn’t something that a dog can realistically thrive on for a long period of time (imagine how healthy you’d be if you ate nothing but fast food all your life!). You can avert a huge number of diseases, ameliorate the effects of others, and slow down the aging process itself, simply by feeding your dog high-quality and nutritionally sound food. Your vet will recommend the brands most suitable for your dog’s age, breed, and any medical conditions or sensitivities he may have. Meal Times Our recommendation would be that you have regular meal times for your dog as opposed to leaving food for him to eat whenever he wants. Dogs prefer constancy and routine so regular feeding times will help your dog become more relaxed and settled. Feeding your dog after you and your family have eaten will help establish and maintain your position of dominance over him. Premium Dog Food Not enough emphasis can be put on the need to feed your dog premium dog food. These premium foods should come from a specialist dog food provider, such as your pet store or the vet, as normal supermarket dog food, while often still being called “premium,” is of a lesser quality. As mentioned previously, get your local vet’s recommendation for a premium food that will suit your dog. Premium brands have high levels of protein, as the number one ingredient in their dog food is meat. While these foods may initially cost more, you will not have to 35

As soon as he is used to taking food from his bowl you should: ● Make him wait for his meal until after you have eaten. which in turn will reduce the chances of bowel cancer occurring. and plants. 36 www.kingdomofpets. weeds. as the wild dog instincts for food are never that far below the surface. you may have to persuade him to start eating. Early on though. However. This is quite normal and can add to the amount of dietary fiber your dog consumes. As long as your dog’s diet is balanced then there is no reason why you cannot feed your dog the same food for its entire life other than the fact that variety may make mealtime more interesting for him. Dogs do occasionally eat grass. ● Every now and again. with less chance of your dog suffering ill effects. your dog will eventually eat. you may find that your dog is a very fussy eater (usually this happens with smaller dogs) and will go for days without eating.feed your dog as much because of the higher nutrient level. This will lessen his possessiveness of his food and other things generally. One ingredient you should check for is dye. For puppies it is a good idea to use mealtimes as an extension of the training ground. If you can you should also avoid dog food that has preservatives listed as an ingredient. you should check the ingredients listed on the packaging of your dog food. ● Make him sit before he can start eating. This means that. Things to Watch For Many dog food manufacturers have taken a very responsible approach to providing healthy and safe dog food. as in the wild. this is not a problem for your dog. they were quite used to eating only once or twice a week and developed relatively large stomachs in which to store food. Puppies Puppies should be fed three or four times a day until they reach eight weeks old. at which time one or two feedings a day will be enough. low protein foods. they are probably just as economical as cheaper.com . Generally. More fiber means better food flow through your dog’s digestive system. Praise him while doing so and then give it back. In some cases. In addition. take his food away from him before he starts eating. in the long run. and if it is present then do not feed the food to your dog as some food dyes have been shown to cause cancer.

and you should be able to easily feel the rest of them (i. attention. at any stage of his life. and exercise that’s appropriate to his age and condition. On the other hand. Make sure that the amount of food that you give your dog is enough for him considering his size and activity level. If you are in doubt about any part of your dog’s diet. then consult a vet. such as a specific training routine that requires a food reward.com . A good basic knowledge of your dog’s development will help you to provide him with the care. without a thick padding of fat to obscure them. discipline. As a general rule: you should be able to see his last two ribs. aggression.Older Dogs (6 months plus) By the time your dog reaches 6 months old. as this is a sign that he has not been eating enough.kingdomofpets. and rambunctious dog that doesn’t know his own place in the household. you need to know the rate at which your dog will likely develop: asking too much of him at a young age would be like asking an eight year old human to attend college. C. Canine Growth Stages Your dog’s needs will change and evolve with every stage of his life. In short. insecure. If you can feel fat over your dog’s ribs then you should either feed him less or exercise him more. knowing the rate at which your dog’s learning abilities and personality develop will assist you in preventing some of the common behavioral problems (disobedience. you should be feeding him twice a day.) It is important that you do not give your dog tidbits and morsels of food outside of his regular meal times unless you have a specific reason for doing so. dominance) that are associated with accelerated or delayed learning. or obedience training) will result in a poorlybehaved. while neglecting aspects of your dog’s development (like socialization. affection. 37 www. his ribs should not be protruding out. the ribs are reasonably close to the surface.e. food. In addition to this. housetraining.

He should start to walk during this stage. He should be walking now and you should therefore be vigilant. By this age. but you should bear in mind that he still very young and will still need plenty of peaceful rest.It’s a good idea for you to arm yourself with a basic knowledge of the canine rate of development. and you can ensure he gets plenty of sleep by keeping noise to a minimum and leaving the puppy alone with his mother. you must let him get plenty of rest and let him stay close to his mother. and he will start to use his voice for yapping.com . and he will have become the dog that you will hopefully be spending many happy years with. whining. Your puppy’s temperament and personality should be fully developed by the time he reaches around twelve weeks of age. and take an interest in what is happening. your puppy will develop even more of an active interest in his environment as well as in playing and socializing with his siblings and with humans. albeit falteringly. and this is where you will start to see his personality shine through. etc. Five to Seven Weeks of Age During this stage of his life. and a time when you should avoid over-handling or picking up the pup. food. You can also start to wean the puppy at this age by providing his first taste of puppy food. The pup’s primary concerns during this stage will be warmth. New Born to Two Weeks of Age This is a very delicate time of a puppy’s life. but other than this. The weaning process should be more intense during this period of his life. 38 www. and he will start to explore further and for longer. You will find that your puppy’s interest really peaks at this stage. and sleep. and his mother will provide the first two. The third is your responsibility.kingdomofpets. Very soft strokes and speaking around him gently is fine. as he will be able to get in to a variety of places that he was not able to access previously. Three to Four Weeks of Age This is the stage at which your puppy will really start to notice the new world around him. where he can enjoy rest and sleep without disturbance. as this will help you to meet your dog’s needs as and when they arise. Below you will find the growth and developmental stages that he will go through to reach his full potential. it is okay to handle the pup more and to expose him to everyday noise.

which is something that you should encourage. training and play. and start to develop a real bond with him through exercise. you should remember that his needs are going to change in many ways.Eight to Ten Weeks of Age Your puppy should be ready for some very simple and fun training at this stage . You must never underestimate the amount of attention a dog needs. The type of food and the frequency of his meals will need to be adjusted according to his age. you should check that his dietary needs are catered for. giving you an idea of what you have let yourself in for over the next ten or fifteen years! You can now start looking into proper training for your puppy.nothing heavy. Young pups are more concerned about where they are and what is around them. his main focus is on you as his owner rather than on his environment. and some people do start to pay less attention to their dogs once they have reached adolescence. hopefully. Also. you should bear in mind that he will not be as active as he once was. His personality will start to show more strongly than ever. condition and health. However. as you want him to feel comfortable around a variety of people. and your vet will be able to provide you with information on the best food for him depending upon his age. By the time your dog grows out of puppyhood. and interaction with humans. 39 www. so you should be watchful and make sure he does not get himself in to any trouble either inside or outside the house. remember that your dog’s dietary needs will change. so do not push him into activity if he is trying to rest. exercise.com . a senior dog needs to get plenty of rest. A Senior Dog As your dog approaches his senior years. and his nutritional requirements for optimum health will need to be monitored. your attention and strokes are just an added bonus. but as he grows older his need for rest will be replaced with a need for play. Like a puppy. Eleven to Twelve Weeks of Age Your puppy should now be a fully-fledged little pet. he will need plenty of rest. You will notice that his socialization skills will develop more at this age.kingdomofpets. with good social skills and. As He Grows Older As your dog grows up. as he grows older. older puppies and dogs actually need more attention from humans than younger ones. As a puppy. He will start to really get around at this age. Again. a happy disposition.

However. Your favorite running shoes.e. less appropriate targets: the couch. it helps to pass the time and burn off excess energy. Although this toy may get a little tiresome for you if your dog is playing with and constantly squeaking it in your presence. 40 www. boredom. as without them he will have nothing to keep his mind active when he is alone or in his own private area. If your dog doesn’t have a selection of toys and chews to occupy his mouth and mind in your absence (and sometimes even in your presence!) he will direct his attentions towards other. the need to chew is still a basic aspect of almost any dog’s character. especially if he is going to be playing with them unsupervised while you are at work. It’s pleasurable for the dog. Pillows. There are many tasty and long-lasting doggy toys on the market these days. He can enjoy mental stimulation even when you are not around simply by having the right toys at his disposal.com . You should base your choice on your own lifestyle as well as your dog’s personality. and then repeatedly biting it until they ‘kill’ it (i. and disinterest. You should not deprive your pet of toys. E. and is also remarkably soothing for a dog that’s distressed or wound up. and this can lead to issues such as frustration. it is important that you check that the toys you buy for your dog are safe and suitable for his size and age. it is an excellent source of fun for him when you are away from home and he has to keep himself amused. until it is all squeaked out!). Be extremely careful about your selection of toys. Even if they’re well-exercised and enjoy nearconstant companionship. They enjoy hunting the toy down. if you are out all day and are therefore unable to supervise your dog’s play you should never buy a toy that can easily come apart as your dog could swallow parts of it and choke. And so on. Safe and Fun Toys to Buy Squeaky toys: This type of rubber toy is the source of immense delight for most dogs.D. particularly if he is left alone a great deal of the time. Most dogs need to chew on things.kingdomofpets. The television remote control. depression. Providing your dog with an adequate supply of toys is essential to keep him happy and stimulated. For example. Toys for Your Dog One of the best things you can do for your dog (as well as your own house) is to invest in a fantastic selection of delectable chewables for your dog. which will keep your dog busy all day long.

This provides an affordable way to enhance his health and his mind. Don’t just choose the closest or cheapest vet. 41 www.Rope: You can now get special ‘dog’ rope. Instead. these are toys that dogs love to chew on and the wide array available will give your dog plenty to keep him busy and entertained. all vets are definitely NOT created equal: you’ll find that your dog may get along with a particular vet. Rubber chews/bones: Again. which your dog can spend hours chewing and biting. It’s worth holding out for one that sets both you and your dog at ease. These are long-lasting and durable toys.source of entertainment for dogs. There are so many great toys available these days that you will be delighted by the choice. F. It is a good idea not to give your dog access to all of his toys every day. as you may already know from your slippers and socks. These chews enable them to do this the healthy way. and can even snuggle them when they are tired and feeling a little lonely. A routine checkup can turn from a humdrum chore into a complete nightmare if your dog becomes stressed or agitated while he’s there. as it is important to see your prospective vet’s manner with your dog. so you won’t have to spend a fortune replacing them even if he chews them on a regular basis. When it comes to different breeds and even individual dogs. Dogs love chewing and biting. so however big your dog you can get the perfect size and shape plush to give him maximum enjoyment. You want to do everything within your power to ensure that your dog is as happy and relaxed as possible at the vet clinic. You can avoid vet-related problems simply by shopping around for one that feels right for you and your dog. they are nevertheless an exciting .com . Try to take your dog along with you on these sizing up expeditions. improving their teeth and gums as well as keeping their minds active. enabling him to keep busy whenever he is alone or if he feels bored. Choosing Your Vet Your vet plays an important role in your dog’s health and wellbeing.kingdomofpets. You can get all shapes and sizes of these toys. you can spice things up for him by rotating his toys every couple of days to keep him stimulated and interested. and take a definite dislike to another. and your dog will be thrilled by the hours of fun that these toys will provide. Plush toys: Dogs love to toss and fetch plush toys.and tasty . Rawhide chews: Although these are not strictly toys. and this can improve his dental health as well as keep his mind stimulated.

● Make sure that he cannot escape from your backyard. ● Check if they provide 24-hour emergency care and that they have the facilities for emergency operations. 42 www.OTHER CONSIDERATIONS ARE ● Ask your prospective vet a few questions about your particular breed of dog. Bringing your puppy or dog home ● Prepare your house for the new arrival. ● Get and use the breeder’s diet recommendation.com .kingdomofpets. ● Check out the place in general. ● See if the staff are knowledgeable and friendly. ● Get your puppy used to other people. ● Get the puppy products that will make both your lives easier. ● Start your training early by setting and sticking to the house rules. but be careful with children handling him. Separate waiting areas specifically for dogs are an advantage especially if your dog does not mix well with other animals. with a focus on prevention through good basic care for your dog. His answers will give you an insight to his bedside manner and depth of knowledge. ● Handle and groom your puppy often. pets. and dogs as early as possible. ● Give him plenty of exercise and plenty of rest. Review of DOG 102 Dog 102 focuses on how to avoid some of the common problems that new owners have to deal with. G.

● Use premium dog food if you can. dog rope. ● If in doubt. Some examples are squeaky toys. consult your vet about your dog's dietary requirements. Canine growth stages Consider how your puppy changes into an adult dog and the effect of this on his exercise.Diet and nutrition ● Have regular meal times. ● Do they have an emergency care service? 43 www.com . and dietary requirements. health.kingdomofpets. ● Use your puppy feeding regime to reinforce your puppy training. ● Check the ingredient list for any untoward ingredients. and plush toys Choosing your vet ● Check out your vet’s bedside manner and how well he knows your breed of dog. rawhide and rubber chews. Toys for your dog Toys are a great mental and physical stimulant for your dog.

This training is based upon positive association. as well as train them effectively. At the end of this section.DOG 103: Training Methods Revealed Over the years. if you decide that you need to employ a trainer. and you must exercise patience and understanding throughout. and the ones that you use the most will often depend upon which ones your dog is most responsive to as well as which ones you feel most comfortable about using. many different training techniques have been touted as the best ‘new’ thing and usually they just fade away or cycle in and out of vogue. 44 www. we look at the proper way to use crate training and how your dog’s training regime should change with age. and can help owners to really understand their dog’s problems. A. and an overview of what these training methods entail: Dog Whispering This type of training is based around understanding the body language and behavior of your dog. and make our own recommendation as to what method is best for you and your dog. we give you the secrets to transforming your dog’s behavior. whereas others pick out the most effective one and concentrate on that.com . Dog whispering is a relatively new form of training and is fast gaining popularity with those that want to understand their pets. we give you our choice as to the most effective training technique. we look at the pluses and minuses of the different training methods that are used today. The dog whispering technique is detailed in DOG 301. It is my belief that these techniques combined with understanding your dog’s psychology will complement the training method that you choose to use. Then. Further on. in one of the most important sections of Secrets to Dog Training. There are pros and cons to all types of training.kingdomofpets. Below you will find some of the forms of training used on puppies and dogs. One thing all dog owners should remember is that training does not happen overnight. Finally. Dog whispering will enable you to ‘talk’ to him in a way that he understands. Types of Training There are many different forms of training that can be used on your dog or puppy. we give you our recommendations for choosing one. In this chapter. Some people utilize a variety of these methods.

Reward Training This is one of the most popular types of dog training at present. but the other way around. One thing to remember about reward training is that it is just that . With aversion therapy.reward training and not punishment training. and use of one should be phased out when the problem behavior. and were intended for use by professional dog-trainers. 45 www. humans are trained to associate something they should not do with something bad. They were originally designed as training aids for use on large. You should never smack or shout at your dog for not doing something you want him to do. rather than when he has done something good. Simply reward him when he does do it. Choke or Check Collar Training The team at Kingdom of Pets doesn’t recommend the use of choke (or check) collars when training your dog. because it’s so easy to misuse one unintentionally . and more humane methods available. has been corrected. they are a training tool only. Some people can make this type of training ineffective by giving their pets treats at inappropriate times rather than just throughout training. It works in the same way as aversion therapy. and works through rewarding your dog with a tasty treat whenever he does something he is supposed to. more effective.and there simply better. This is usually coupled with praise and fuss. This will make your dog think that treats will come his way whatever happens. Choke collars were never intended to replace normal collars. enabling your dog to associate that particular action with goodies and lots of love from his owner.com Check chain and leash . and this is supposed to discourage them from doing it again. Some people are not too keen on this method of training because the dog is clearly reacting to the prospect of a treat rather than out of respect for his owner. willful dogs. such as pulling on the leash. strong.kingdomofpets. hence encouraging him to continue to do it. It requires a high degree of skill to be able to use a choke collar correctly (and to know when to stop using one!). Reward training will teach your dog to associate something he should do with something good.

It’s easy to jerk too hard and hurt your dog . Dogs have died because of this. and tracheal (windpipe) injuries can be inflicted through misuse of one of these collars. A dog’s natural reaction to pressure on his neck is to exert more pressure in the opposite direction. not something to be used constantly on your dog. it will tighten. 46 www. the dog will eventually learn not to pull on the leash any more WHY THE KINGDOM OF PETS DOESN’T RECOMMEND CHOKE COLLARS Choke collars are a risky business. This is a very real hazard to the dog’s health: if that collar gets snagged on anything. not to pull on the leash) and not used again unless your dog’s leash tugging starts up again. and has a choking effect on the dog’s neck. and most people don’t know how to use them properly. as a direct result of his own actions. So if you’re not there to help him. but with subtle tugs that are timed precisely to underscore your authority. If you do decide to use a choke collar. it should be put away as soon as your dog has learned the necessary lesson (presumably. The principle behind choke-collar training is a kind of correction/reward theory: the dog will learn. When the dog tugs on the lead.not by jerking roughly. spinal.com . Some people even leave the collar on their dogs day and night.WHAT’S A CHOKE COLLAR? A choke collar (sometimes called a choke. which actions will result in a “reward” (loose collar) and which will result in a correction (tight collar. or slip collar) is a collar that’s designed to slip over the dog’s head. Correct use of a check collar After some use of the choke collar. he could panic and get into a real mess. a lot of people who don’t realize this continue to use the choke collar as a long-term walking tool. the collar tightens against itself. Unfortunately. just like a normal collar. restricted breathing). Choke collars are a training tool.or check-chain. Serious neck.or inflict long-term damage.kingdomofpets. Choke collars are intended to reinforce training commands .

If you are going to use a choke collar. barking. panting. Ideally. drinking. Head Collar Training There are several types of head collar or head “harness” leads. or the use of a head harness collar. they’re pretty risky.kingdomofpets. We’re not saying that choke collars aren’t effective . Instead of exerting dominance aggressively. The head collar is essentially a more humane version of the choke chain: the effect is the same (it teaches your dog not to pull). but this is achieved without restricting his breathing or pinching his neck.but because of their potential for easy misuse. or licking you. you’d only use one on your cherished dog while under the supervision of a professional dog trainer. which we’ll go into in more detail next). the differences are significant: primarily. We at Kingdom of Pets urge you not to use a choke collar until you’ve been properly instructed.OUR POLICY ON CHOKE COLLARS Kingdom of Pets views choke collars as a last resort only. by somebody experienced and knowledgeable. and assemble it in a manner which will be permanently choking your dog.we’ve seen some very positive results from the correct use of a choke collar. These leads have a strap that goes over the dog’s muzzle and a strap that goes around the back of his head. Yes.com .it’s easy to do it wrong if you’re unfamiliar with choke chains. Get the assistant at the vet or the pet store where you bought it to demonstrate how to put it together . they are a useful training device when used correctly . It enables you to control the direction of your dog’s forward momentum. But. every time we’ve seen good results from the use of one.and humane . it isn’t restrictive.methods of training your dog available that it seems almost barbaric to choose a method that asserts your control by stopping his breathing. in its use. If he heads off to one side 47 www. including the Gentle Leader® and the Halti®. and all other avenues have been exhausted first (such as positive reinforcement training. the head collar does its job by simply redirecting your dog’s direction of movement. without preventing him from eating. a professional trainer has been involved. again. Although the head collar resembles a muzzle at first glance. There are so many other effective . please make sure you know how to use it properly.

Rottweilers in particular) or strong dominance issues can be so frustrated by the sensation of the prong collar that they’ll actually inflict puncture wounds around their necks from pulling on it. On the corner of each link. there are very few dogs that are “suitable” candidates for prong-collar training. Prong Collar Training Prong collars are a newer type of training collar. it is important to remember that prong collars are not suitable for all dogs: ● Very aggressive or excitable dogs should not be trained with this device as they may incur injury.com . designed to dig into your dog’s skin and hurt him if he tugs on the leash. branding it as dangerous and painful for dogs. ● Dogs with a high pain threshold (most working dogs . Many trainers. the head collar swings him smoothly and effortlessly back into line again. but are shrouded in controversy with regard to whether they are humane and safe to use as training tools. made of large rectangular links.or tries to pull ahead.kingdomofpets. breeders and dog owners refuse to use this type of training. WHAT’S A PRONG COLLAR? A prong collar is a chain collar for your dog. These devices are actively painful for dogs and we at Kingdom of Pets do not support the use of prong collars. The Kingdom of Pets team strongly recommends that you try the Gentle Leader® or the Halti® before even considering a choke collar. ● Sensitive and highly-strung dogs may never manage to rebuild their trust in you after you’ve inflicted such a collar on them. ● Puppies and old dogs are not suitable candidates for the prong collar. there is a sharp prong of metal. As you can see. and probably even fewer owners who are able to use one correctly! 48 www. If you do decide to use this type of training device.

These collars can create real trauma for a dog. if the giving of the treat is coupled with clicking of the box. This method of training can be both ineffective and painful for the dog if it is not performed with the utmost care and attention. Although your dog will initially react to the treat.com .kingdomofpets. You can perform a correction with the collar without having to put yourself in the firing line. However. others have found clicker training to be a very useful and effective tool in dog training. some people are not keen on this type of training because they want their dogs to do as they are told out of respect rather than out of desperation for a treat. this will become a secondary or conditioned reinforcer. It is vital that anyone thinking of using this training method gets adequate training himself or herself before they go ahead and start administering electric shocks to the family dog. To balance the argument. Your dog will soon learn to relate to the clicking. although the minimum is the setting suggested by most trainers that use this method. with seriously aggressive tendencies. It is normally paired with something that your dog really desires such as treats. 49 www. The clicker is a plastic box with a clicking metal strip built in to it. that is hard for you to physically control. there are benefits to using electronic collars in some situations. and the use of one should always be supervised . Electric Collar Training This type of training is undoubtedly shrouded in as much if not more controversy than prong collar training. Again. With electric collar training.Clicker Training This type of training is a gentle. and one that does not use punishment or any harsh methods to train dogs. conditional training method that works through association. These collars can be very useful if you have a larger dog. and when he hears the clicks after certain actions he will know he has done something good. The intensity of the shock can be adjusted with some collars. Some people see clicker training and similar training methods as akin to bribery or brainwashing.by a trained professional. which is known as the primary reinforcer. the handler or trainer is able to administer a small electric shock to the dog in a corrective capacity.if not administered outright .

we believe them to be unnecessary and inhumane. more effective and humane. However. The Kingdom of Pets takes a strong stance against the use of electric collars . While dog whispering is an extremely humane and fantastically effective option. methods of training your dog. We detail the dog whispering technique in DOG 301.The timing of your reprimand is very important. once you have the hang of it you may find that it is an effective addition to other dog training tools. Our Recommendation Dog whispering is a fantastic option for the owner who has a smart and responsive dog. Whistle training is not always easy. The electronic collar allows you to reprimand him instantly no matter where he is. For most dogs and their owners. The most important techniques to get your dog to respond to you are actually in the next section. combined with the minimal use of treats. This has given rise to a training tool known as the ultrasonic whistle . the use of a head collar.a device used by many professional and novice dog trainers. and you may need some training yourself before you get it right.kingdomofpets. but simply to get his attention for training purposes. it does require persistence and patience on the trainer’s part. Bear in mind that you could cause both physical and psychological problems for your dog through such harsh training methods. Anyone thinking of using this method should make sure that they think long and hard before making their decision. Ultrasonic Whistle Training A dog’s sense of hearing means that he can hear sounds at frequencies that are totally inaudible to humans. You can also use the whistle for training and getting his attention from a distance. These techniques should be used in conjunction with whatever method of training that you decide to use.com . shock) and your dog will not be able to associate his action with your reprimand. The sound is not designed to harm a dog. the “Command” sections of Secrets to Dog Training. any longer than one to two between action and correction (ie. We use these methods throughout DOG 203 and DOG 303. With so many other training methods available. 50 www. will be the best bet for dog training. and strongly urge you to seek other. there are far more gentle and suitable training methods for your dog.

the chances are your dog will not associate your words with his actions. Consistency Delivering consistent messages to your dog will help him view his world as black and white rather than various shades of grey.com . Timing By timing I mean the amount of time that passes between your dog’s action (or inaction) and corresponding praise (or reprimand).kingdomofpets. which just adds another layer of confusion for your dog. It is important that all members of the family are aware of this and use the same commands themselves. and reprimand your dog with should always be the same. Remember that your dog only has the mental capacity of a toddler. 51 www. Secrets to Training Your Dog Outlined below are the critical techniques that you MUST use when training your dog. The reason for having a sole trainer is that while the commands may be the same the body language can be quite different between different people. For your dog’s early training sessions it is worthwhile having one person train him. I mean the commands that you decide to use to train. he will be much more responsive and attentive when you are training him. If the time is any longer. By consistent messages. no matter what training method you follow. whether that person is yourself or another family member. If you make your dog into a close friend by doing such things as talking to him.B. Bonding Perhaps the most important aspect of building a successful relationship with your dog will be your rapport with him. as you would not want to undermine the hard work that you have put in to training the dog by having other people confusing him. Adhering to these techniques will aid the training process immensely and ensure that you get the most out of your relationship with your dog. Spending QUALITY TIME with your dog is the key. playing with him and taking him for long walks. praise. This time should be no more than two to three seconds.

otherwise you could be in for a hard time trying to rectify those habits later on. Dogs do not have an elephant’s memory and will require refresher sessions throughout their lives so that the conditioned response that you want is not lost. note that you should always praise your dog when he has correctly done what you have asked of him. it is important that any physical correction to your dog’s response to your training command occurs within the same time frame. As part of this. prevention is far better than having to correct the action at a later stage. 52 www. it probably will not be! Remember. It makes sense not to introduce any bad habits right from the start. even if it takes him longer to come than you would have liked. It will take several repetitive training sessions for your dog to get the response you require implanted into his brain and for the action to become automatic.com . An example would be that having your puppy on the couch is cute but when he becomes a fully-grown dog. by the time he gets to you he has long forgotten what he has done wrong and now thinks that you are telling him off for coming to you! Always praise your dog when he comes to you. Do not fall into the trap of calling your dog to you to reprimand him.kingdomofpets.In the same vein. For example if your dog is not responding well to the command to sit then reissue the command as you are pushing his hindquarters down (see the Sit command in DOG 203). Repetition Dogs are creatures of habit and learn by repetition. As mentioned above.

even more so if there is a close bond between dog and owner. Praise Use praise whenever your dog has completed an exercise correctly. DOG 203 and DOG 303 outline specific exercises that you can use to stimulate and keep your dog’s interest. will produce much better and quicker results. like Beagles. Try not to over-praise your dog as excessive chatter will only serve to confuse him and may disrupt his concentration for the rest of the training session. It will take time to get results.kingdomofpets. Praise should also be delivered to your dog as soon as the desired act has been done (remember the section on timing). as a reward. do not often care for displays of affection in which case using food. If a dog wishes to communicate with you. Some types of dogs. In addition. You should ensure that you have the dog’s full attention and that you are giving your best when performing a training session. 53 www. Quality not quantity is the golden rule. you should always finish a training session on a positive note if you can. However. Attitude Be reasonable in your expectation of what your dog can achieve. Eye Contact Using eye contact can be more effective than using the spoken word . he will look directly into your eyes trying to read your intent. It is well known that dogs that do not make good eye contact can be difficult to train.com . Deliver praise verbally or with the hand by either patting or stroking him. When delivering praise look directly into the dog’s eyes so that he understands the connection between your voice or touch and his action. alternating treats with displays of affection can be a useful way of overcoming problems that your dog may have in learning some of the exercises.Session Length Keep sessions short and enjoyable so that your dog maintains concentration throughout. You may wish to settle yourself or the dog down by taking a long walk before the session commences. try not use food as a reward or bribe. Generally speaking.

while intelligent animals. SIT!” will attract your dog’s attention to the command to follow. Similarly if your dog is lying on the furniture and you say ‘Get Down’ the dog will probably not move as he has recognized only the ‘Down’ part of the command. while other dogs do best with a strong understanding of just five or six basic commands. You should gain your dog’s attention by saying his name before stating a command. It is important to know that your dog will not understand everything that you say and may misunderstand the meaning of what you say. rather than a true understanding of the word’s actual meaning. The understanding that any dog does have is more of an association between the sound you make and an action the dog has learnt to respond to the sound with. For example if you have trained your dog to respond to the command ‘Down’ it may perform the same action if you said the word ‘Drown’ due to the vocal similarities between the words. can be an effective way of training a dog to respond to different stimuli and is useful for getting your dog to respond at long distances. “Fudge…. Some dogs are able to learn vast “vocabularies”.com . This is why repetition is such an important part of training . while at the same time giving a vocal command. For example.kingdomofpets. Voice Signals Dogs. 54 www. you’re helping your dog to forge a solid association between the command and the action that goes with it. Give hand signals in front of and above the dog’s head as that is their best field of vision. will only be able to understand a few words. Use one command for one action and pronounce that command with the same tone and inflection. Eventually you can wean your dog off the vocal command so that he responds to the hand signal alone.Hand Signals Using a specific hand motion.through repetition and use of the same verbal commands.

such as a squirt from a water pistol or shaking a pebble filled can. You should ensure that you have the right size crate for your dog. A third option is to exile your dog out of the pack. You can do this by growling at your dog and sending him away from the family area. In the wild. way to give a correction.” Use a stern voice so that the dog recognizes the difference in tone from your normal voice. and age. otherwise he may start feeling restricted and anxious. This method has three steps that you take when your dog does not respond as you wish. C.com . ● Then redirect your dog with a command. ● Use something to alarm your dog.kingdomofpets. however general disobedience often occurs in non-training situations when your dog does not have a leash on. and comes in a variety of sizes. The ostracized dog would not be allowed back until the alpha dog lets him. In a pack situation if a dog steps out of line it is chastised and made aware of its transgression immediately by dogs that are superior to it in the pecking order. Crate Training Crate training is an effective method used by many dog owners to housetrain their pet as well as keep him safe from the potential dangers around the house.Punishment and Correction The importance of the trainer being seen as the pack leader in the dog’s eyes is imperative (see DOG 201 for more detail about pack behavior). Make sure that you do this while he is in the act of misbehaving. outdoors and into the backyard. ● At the same time say a loud “No!” or “Bad” or utter a sharp growling sound like “Aaahhh. Try to make your dog hold the stay for 5 minutes. 55 www. For general disobedience. It is important that the voice correction is sincere and that the delivery is consistent so that the dog associates the harsh word or words with stopping the behavior. use the “Alarm-No!-Command” method. depending on his breed. A crate is a plastic or metal pen-type construction. A head collar and leash offers an easier. the alpha dog would growl and chase the offending dog away from the pack. All good pet stores should be able to offer advice with regard to the best size and type of crate for your dog. say. size. Sit and stay is a very good choice. yet more physical.

especially as it is a requirement on aircraft. Similarly make sure that you do not leave soft toys or anything that he can chew on (even some forms of bedding) as they may become choking hazards. Lining the crate or cage with newspaper or old sheets and blankets will make your dog’s home more comfortable and make cleaning easier. Crate training is not always easy and can take time. You should ensure that there is enough room for a mature dog to maneuver around and a few inches of headspace.Your dog should be encouraged to think of his crate as a safe area . a plastic crate would be more appropriate. Choosing Your Crate We would recommend either a wire cage or a plastic crate with a wire door. ● The plastic crate is a good option if you are traveling with your dog.kingdomofpets. ● The crate or cage that you buy should have a secure catch so that. ● If your dog is easily frightened or of a nervous disposition then a wire crate gives your dog the best view of his surroundings.somewhere that he can go to get some rest or some peace and quiet. ● A plastic crate is easier to clean. ● Remember to remove your dog’s collar and leash before putting him into his crate or cage. Listed below are some factors that should be taken into account: ● The first consideration is the size of the crate or cage.com . 56 www. so patience and commitment are vital in order to successfully crate train your dog. However. putting in some toys and perhaps a comfort blanket to put him at ease. your dog is restricted to his own space and not allowed free reign of the house or a particular room. the wire grille can frighten some dogs and in these cases. There is a possibility that he could be caught by the collar. Remember your puppy will grow and it may be better for him to grow into a larger crate than out of a smaller one. if you wish. You should therefore make the crate as comfortable as possible for your dog.

It is a good idea to put his food near to the crate or just inside the crate. when he gets into the crate. Getting Your Puppy Used to the Crate The best way to get your puppy used to his crate is to use positive association . so that he is comfortably staying in the crate after his meal. and generally chill out while you get on with what you have to do.com . You can also use the crate if you have to go out for short period of time. and he could put himself in danger. and you should be patient and understanding with him.get him to associate the crate with treats. so the crate is a good way to teach him to hold it in until you take him to the designated area to do his business.Keeping Your Dog out of Mischief It is not always possible to keep an eye on your dog. Without doing this. Things to Remember About Crate Training ● It can take time: Never try and rush crate training. reward him with a treat. where he can have a rest. Be careful not to let your puppy go for too long in the crate. and then leave it closed for longer and longer periods. You should close it just while he is busy eating at first. otherwise you will make things more difficult for you and your pet. You should confine him to the crate for short period while you are actually in the house before trying it when you go out. 57 www. This will teach him control of his bodily functions and reinforce the fact that he should only do his business in the designated place. Likewise. play with his toys. As your dog gets more and more used to his crate. without getting anxious and frightened. For example. as this will help him to associate the crate with good things. It can take your dog a while to get used to it. you will not know what your puppy’s reaction is to being confined for a period of time. if you are cooking or on the phone. you could find that he starts to do this more and more and it may become a hard habit to break. toys or food. your puppy could get up to all sorts of mischief. as he may need to go to the bathroom and if he is not let out will be able to do little else but go in the crate. Once this has happened. This is a good time to put him in his crate. although this should only be when your puppy is totally used to the crate and enjoys being in it. House Training Your Puppy A puppy is unlikely to soil his own rest and play area.kingdomofpets. Shutting the door of the crate should be done gradually. you can push the food bowl further and further back until he is readily eating his meals right at the back of the crate.

and anything else that will make the dog feel more at home.a place of his own. ● Do not use the crate as punishment: Your dog should never be sent to his crate as a form of punishment. Build up the length of training time over the next few months as your puppy 58 www. ● No collars: Make sure that you take his collar off before you put him in the crate. Initially training sessions should last only a few minutes a day. your dog will take longer to get accustomed to it and will have difficulty feeling as though it’s his own special haven. with toys. remember that he will need to relieve himself quite often. give it a good scrub first.kingdomofpets. ● Be careful with young puppies: When you are using the crate for your puppy. not as a permanent measure to keep the dog from under your feet. you should make sure that he cannot be harassed by anyone while he is in his crate. although you can have several sessions per day. Remember you want his crate to seem like his safe haven. Similarly. all evening while you have dinner and get the house tidied. It may take until the dog is 5 months old before it fully understands the training exercises that you are trying to teach him. ● Make the crate comfortable: Your dog should see the crate as a safe area . You should let him out and take him to his designated area about once every hour to avoid accidents inside the crate. otherwise you may cause a choking hazard. In addition. If you’re using a pre-loved crate. and all night while you sleep. D.com . aim to make it as comfortable as possible. make sure it’s clean! If the crate that you’re using already smells like another dog’s home. Obedience Training and Age Training Puppies Puppies are most receptive to training from the age of six to eight weeks onwards and it is at this stage that basic obedience exercises should start taking place. ● If you’re using a second-hand crate. Therefore. and make sure all bedding is clean. blankets. remember your dog always needs access to fresh water so make sure that this is provided (most crates will have small bucket that attaches on the inside). Having a dog is pointless if you are going to put him in a crate all day while you work.● Monitor how long your dog is in the crate: The crate is not meant to be a place where your dog spends all of his time. The crate should be used as and when you need it.

adjusts to the training patterns and gets better at concentrating on exercises. Introduce the early training exercises to your puppy that are covered in DOG 203: Commands to Start, particularly Sit, Stay, and Recall. Training at 6 Months Old When your dog reaches the age of 6 months, he will be ready for the more formal training. If you have adhered to the programs outlined in DOG 203: Commands to Start, then your dog should be well behaved and controllable in a variety of situations. Further training will help you relate to your dog better as well as providing much-needed mental stimulus for your dog. When teaching new exercises it is preferable that you find a park or other such open land where there are as few distractions as possible. Try to make the sessions as enjoyable as possible for yourself and your dog. That way he will want to work with you and you will get the most out of each session. If your dog decides that he does not like the training session that you are trying to make him perform then chances are that you will have great difficulty in getting him to learn anything. Training an Older Dog Older dogs have well and truly formed their habits, both good and bad, and if you have acquired a dog with bad habits, you could be in for months of remedial work. You will have to be prepared to spend a lot of time and have a lot of patience with your dog. All the common canine behavioral problems and techniques for resolving them are given in DOG 202: Common Behavior Problems. COMMON BAD HABITS INCLUDE: ● Over aggression ● Cat chasing ● General disobedience ● Excessive barking ● Biting, usually through fear ● Destructive behavior, generally manifested as chewing ● Disobedience problems) towards specific 59




The usual method that people come to own older dogs is through adoption from the local pound or perhaps when the previous owner moves on and is unable to take their dog with them. However you come across your older dog, he will take more time than a younger dog to adjust to his new home, especially if he came from an abusive environment. It is important that you make him feel safe and secure. A good start is to give him his own place to eat and sleep. Make sure your dog cannot get loose as if he does get loose he may not come when called, especially if it has been traumatized by a previous owner. Keep a collar and leash on your dog as often as possible unless he is shut in a room or in his kennel or crate. It is important to establish a routine for your dog so that they come to know when feeding time is, when you will be taking them for a walk. In general, make them comfortable and relaxed in their new environment. If the dog is particularly nervous or stressed then avoid putting him in a situation that will aggravate him such as with noisy children, loud televisions, stereos, or other dogs.


Selecting a Dog Trainer

While the information in this book will enable you to train your dog without the need of classes, there may be occasions when you will require the services of a professional dog trainer. For example, if you are specifically looking at entering your dog in competitions or would like one-on-one assistance with an obedience problem outlined in this book a professional dog trainer is an option. You should consider a few things before you hire a dog trainer for your dog. ● Get recommendations from other people. Your local pet store or vet should also be able to give you good information. ● If you can afford it, take private lessons you will get much better value for money as your trainer will be focusing solely on your dog and not having to battle with ten or twelve other dogs and their owners at the same time. ● Make sure that you are personally involved in the training. It does not make sense to send your dog away for training, to be given back to you “fully” trained. Some dog trainers do offer this service but it should not be taken. At the end of the day the relationship that you are trying to form is between yourself and your dog. ● Check what methods your dog trainer is intending to use. Make sure that you are happy and comfortable using these methods. 60


Review of DOG 103

In DOG 103, we revealed the different types of training methods available and the pros and cons of each method. We looked at the secrets to making sure that your dog behaves and responds to you in the best possible way. We looked at the benefits of using a crate and how your dog’s training regime should change with age. Types of training Our recommendation for the owner who really wants to bond with and understand their dog is the dog whispering technique. However, as this method does require persistence, the combination of using a head collar with food as a reward may be easier for the inexperienced dog owner to train their dog. Secrets to training your dog ● Bond with your dog by spending quality time with him. ● Be consistent when dealing with your dog. Make his world black and white rather than shades of grey. ● Be aware that you must praise or reprimand your dog within a few seconds for him to associate it with his actions. ● Dogs learn by repetition. It will take time to for him to get a hang of what you want him to do. ● Quality not quantity is the best way for you to approach training sessions. ● Have a reasonable expectation of what your dog can do. ● Use praise whenever your dog does something right. ● Use eye contact as much as you can. ● Hand and voice signals are good ways to communicate with your dog. ● Use the Alarm-No!-Command method to reprimand a disobedient dog.


Crate training Crate training is a useful method of helping your dog’s transition into your household. You can use it to aid training and house breaking. Remember not to leave him in his crate for too long. He should never be sent to his crate as a form of punishment. Selecting a dog trainer If you feel that you need a trainer, then make sure that you know what methods they are intending to use. Get a recommendation for a trainer from other owners or your local dog club.


DOG 201:

Secrets to Understanding Your Dog

For the dog owner, this section is one of THE most important sections in this entire book. Understanding how your dog’s mind works and accommodating his natural instincts will make your relationship with him much more fulfilling for the both of you. In this chapter, we look at how the domestic dog’s development from a pack animal influences his behavior and actions toward your family. Then we look at how dogs communicate using scent, body language, facial expressions, and vocals and also how their senses work. Finally, we show you how ancient wolf instincts still play a large part in the nature of the modern-day domestic dog.


Understanding Your Dog

Pack Animals Dogs are direct descendants of the wolf, a species well known for their pack animal nature. A pack animal operates within a group of animals to form a single unit. Even though they have been domesticated for many hundreds of thousands of years, dogs have retained many of the pack animal instincts passed down by wolves. In a pack, there is a well-defined social structure where each member knows their role and position within the pack hierarchy. The personality and actions of each pack member is influenced and determined by the other pack members. This means that in a pack situation each dog knows who he takes orders from and who he is superior to. The individual pack member’s position in this hierarchy will determine where it sleeps, when it eats, and if it gets the best food. The effect of these pack animal instincts influences dogs as much today as it did thousands of years ago. For instance, when two dogs meet for the first time they need to identify which one is superior to the other. The subordinate dog will usually adopt a submissive posture, perhaps crawling up to the superior dog and rolling over on his back to expose his underbelly. If two dogs consider themselves equal, there can often be a short tussle to determine which dog is the superior one. They do this because a pack animal society cannot operate with equals, there must be a chain of command. Once formed, this chain of command will usually stay that way when the dogs next meet. If you own more than one dog then make sure that you read the section on “Two Dogs in the House,” as the techniques in this section will ensure that you don’t meddle in the formation of the hierarchy. It is quite common for fights between dogs to occur if the owner and family do not reinforce the natural hierarchy. 63

there is a pack leader. Please review the bonus book titled “Secrets to Becoming the Alpha Dog” for the best methods of setting and maintaining the pack order in your household. Dog trainers and behaviorists refer to this dominant figure as the “alpha dog” . If this relationship is not established or maintained correctly then dominance problems may well arise .if your dog can’t tell who’s in charge.a term that you’ll encounter again and again as you read this book.com . There are several ways to ensure this pack order. In the wild. 64 www. Of course. so that a healthy relationship will prosper between your dog and your family. you cannot just tell your dog that you are superior to him. The alpha dog will also get to sleep at the highest vantage point so that he can keep a lookout over the pack’s territory and the surrounding area. who is obeyed by everyone. If this pack order exists in the home then your dog will happily obey orders and be much more responsive to training. He makes the decisions for the pack.The Alpha Dog With every pack. so you must convey this by other means . thereby helping to maintain his physical condition as the best in the pack. Your dog should see itself as being subservient to you and the rest of your family. Your Dog and Your Family How do these pack animal instincts relate to your dog and your family? It is important that you are seen as the pack leader. Being physically or mentally abusive toward your dog is NOT one of them. usually a male. he will be compelled by genetics and by instinct to attempt to fill that role himself (because no pack can function without a recognized leader).specifically. the alpha dog will get to eat first and eat the best portions of the food.kingdomofpets. It is very important to establish and maintain the proper hierarchy early on in the ownerdog relationship. your actions and attitude toward your dog.

a dog will use his senses as a means of communication with humans and other animals.kingdomofpets. making it in to an effective tool for training purposes. and in customs .B. When you greet your dog. and do not see particularly well. what you had for breakfast.akin to eyesight in a human. A dog’s sense of smell is at least one hundred times better than a human’s. ten hours ago. For example. a dog’s sense of smell is far more advanced than his vision.there’s no fooling a dog’s sense of smell! Sense of Hearing Dogs can hear in frequencies that are way beyond human capacity. dogs do not have particularly good eyesight. This is why dogs are so commonly used in police and detection work. 65 www. bomb squads. Sense of Smell Sense of smell is a dog’s primary sense . Some scientists say it might be as high as one hundred million times better! The average dog has over 200 million scent receptors (whereas humans have just 5 million) and more of his brain is devoted to processing smell. Humans see much better during daylight hours than a dog. It’s the sense he relies on most of all to interact with the world around him. A dog’s hearing is so acute that he can literally hear a leaf falling off a tree! Whistle training utilizes this capacity for hearing high-pitched noises. he can tell things about your day simply by your smell: whether you hugged your child earlier in the day. and they can also hear sounds for much further away than we can. whether you’ve been outside recently. Like other mammals. And some of a dog’s senses are more developed than others. Sense of Sight In comparison with the rest of their senses. But the proportionate arrangement of rods and cones (the light receptors responsible for visual acuity and color recognition) in the retina means that they’re nearly colorblind. search and rescue. Dog Senses Canine senses are much more sensitive and finely attuned than humans. With a large corneal surface (the tough outer membrane of the eyeball) dogs have good night vision. Though like most predators they tend to respond quickly to movement.com .

If your dog seems uncomfortable when you are vacuuming or using other noisy appliances.or have their back scratched right above the root of the tail. that’s about as defined as it gets. Some pets will love being stroked and tickled. Dogs often use their paws to communicate . salt. On the other hand.kingdomofpets. you can put him in another room until you have completed your task. if we smell something really nice being cooked. start off under the chin or on the shoulder where he can see your hand (and therefore won’t feel as threatened by it). canine taste buds actually aren’t that evolved . you’ll see that he often shies away or tries to avoid you.if we smell something burning. Sense of Taste Dogs will often use their sense of smell in combination with their sense of taste in order to determine whether they like a food or not. whereas others will either not respond or will turn away. This is in the same way as humans do . Sense of Touch Like humans. we’ll often want to dip in the spoon and try some of it.their scavenging history demands a sense of taste that’s not too demanding! We have six times as many taste buds as a dog. In comparison to humans. and work up to his head. and sour. It is then over to the taste buds to verify whether this is something we like.right between the front legs . Contrary to popular belief.for example. most dogs actually don’t like being patted on the head. If you want to touch your dog’s head. we do not find it appetizing.an instinct that comes from their wild ancestors who did have to use their paws in order to survive on the wild. you may find that your dog pulls his paw away quite quickly when you touch it.All dogs have a keen sense of hearing. and this is something you should bear in mind around the house. Most dogs much prefer to be scratched gently on the chest . The acute sense of hearing of some dogs may make some noises painful for them to listen to. but those with erect ears usually have enhanced hearing because the erect ears amplify the sounds that they come across. If you watch a dog’s expression and body language when your hand is descending on his head.com . However. sensitivity to touch can vary from dog to dog. when he lifts his paw to ‘shake hands’ with you or when he scratches at the door to go out. acid. and this is because their instincts tell them that they need their paws to hunt and dig . 66 www. While they can differentiate between sweet.

Of course. The urine and fecal matter left behind by your dog will also convey information about each dog’s sexual status. In order to bond better with your dog it is a good idea to learn what some of the more common body language postures and signals mean. health. excited. and so on. a favorite chair. playful. and there are many expressions and physical attitudes that they use. he may sniff it. It can really be a big help to know when your dog is scared. How Dogs Communicate Using Scent Dogs use scent to learn more about what is going on as well as to communicate with one another. thus marking the territory as his own. in which case he is not hungry or he has decided that he is not even prepared to try food with a funny smell! C. Most people are aware that dogs will ‘mark’ their territory by urinating on a certain place: a lamppost. age. The smell of each dog’s urine and feces is as distinct to other dogs as a human face is to us! All dogs also use scent to find out more about one another as well.kingdomofpets. the deposits left behind by a female dog can tell other dogs a lot about her heat cycle. D. and is designed to let other dogs know that he is around and that this is his patch. low. a fence. For example. and you will notice that whenever your dog meets other dogs they will sniff around one another as a means of finding out information and communicating. but he may then look totally unimpressed and abandon it. and then wolf it down . On the other hand. Guide to Body Language and Signals Dogs have a very distinct and unique way of communicating. or anxious . what he wants and how he feels.or when he simply needs to be let out to do his business! Below. another more dominant dog may then come along and deposit his scent on top of your dog. 67 www.Your dog may sniff at food and then take a bite. or if you are really unlucky. A dog may use everything from his ears and fur to his tail and rump to express what sort of mood he is in. This is instinctive behavior.in which case you can safely assume that he likes it. Either he may sniff the food and then turn away immediately. you will find a selection of common postures and signals that your dog may use when trying to communicate with you.com .

something he is unfamiliar with . In addition. it could mean aggression.com . Tail right between the back legs: This indicates that your dog is scared of something or someone. He may sniff to identify a person or other animal. as dogs use their noses rather than their eyes to differentiate. this indicates anxiety. If he is slinking around with his tail like this. He may be happy and playful or he may just be happy and excited because you have just come home from work. it his tail is high up and wagging rapidly. If the tail is relaxed and still. if he is sniffing the floor. he is usually feeling happy. bouncing around with his tail wagging. Crouching: A tense body coupled with a crouching position usually means that your dog is ready to charge and attack. Raised hackles: This means that your dog is either frightened of something or that he is ready to go into battle with whatever or whoever has caused his hackles to be raised. He may sniff to find out more about a new person or dog. If the tail is wagging loosely. so it’s time to get his favorite toy and spend some time giving your dog the play and exercise he needs. Sniffing: This can occur for one of a number of reasons. fence. 68 www. If your dog is sniffing the floor in the house and is also pacing or circling. This may be coupled with a partially lowered tail. Prancing: If you notice that your dog is prancing back and forth. you should try and work out what is affecting him. or lamppost outside he may have caught on to the scent of another dog that has marked the territory.and he may be trying to work out what it is. he is probably feeling friendly and happy. and is what is known as a predatory position. Wagging tail: A wagging tail can mean a number of things from playfulness and happiness to excitement or aggression. he may need to relieve himself so you should get him to his designated area. your dog feels contented.Use of his Body to Communicate Backside in the air and tail wagging: This means that your dog is keen to play and have some fun. Rolling over: This is normally a sign of submission and may occur in the presence of humans or in the company of other dogs or animals. Your dog may sniff because he smells something unusual . Tense posture: If your dog’s body is tense and slightly lowered. He might react like this with anything from his favorite squeaky toy to a squirrel or an intruder. However.kingdomofpets.

this can also be coupled with a predatory position. as well as when he is content. or happy. The eyes are also a giveaway of how your dog is feeling. ● Ears pointing straight up may display a degree of dominance.kingdomofpets. pointing back or forwards could indicate aggression. scared. other dogs and other animals. eyes. with his head turning from side to side indicates that he is alert. The ears can tell you a lot about how your dog is feeling. excited. Guide to Facial Expressions and Vocals Although your dog will use his body to convey his moods and feelings. ● Slightly flattened and partially back ears indicate that he feels anxious. 69 www. Making yourself familiar with these actions will help you to identify and bond with your dog more closely. his head. and how he uses his head for communication (ears. Your dog’s ears alone can tell you a lot about the way he feels. Here are some common ways in which your dog will convey his feelings using his ears: ● Ears close to the head. Coupled with the use of his body language. stressed. ● Ears flattened and laid back against head usually indicate fear. It is well worth learning more about your dog’s facial expressions and vocals.com . you can learn to pick up the danger signs . and coupled with his posture. E. etc). in which case he may be just about to start the chase. face and vocals also play a very important part in his communication methods. nose. Use of the Head and Face for Communication Ears. can enable you to work out what your dog is thinking and what he is trying to say: ● Narrowed eyes can indicate aggression and challenging behavior. However. By familiarizing yourself with both body postures and facial expressions. Eyes.These are just a selection of the body postures and actions your dog may display to convey the way that he is feeling. facial expressions are an effective tool for dogs to communicate with humans. ● Ears perked up and pointing forward means that he is curious or excited. ● Perked up ears. anxious.when your dog is aggressive.

● A relaxed mouth that is slightly open is normally a friendly and relaxed gesture. ● Mouth closed or slightly open can indicate alertness or dominance. coupled with snarling. ● A slightly open mouth that makes him look as though he is grinning can actually indicate anxiety. indicates aggression. ● Wide open eyes that are intently focused on something are part of the predatory position.● Slightly narrowed eyes coupled with partially back ears can indicate anxiety. ● An open mouth coupled with panting can indicate excitement and curiosity.com . Here are some of the common vocals your dog may use: 70 www. ● Mouth open to expose teeth with drawn back lips can indicate fear. This could also be coupled with snapping. ● Wide open and staring eyes are often coupled with a dominant posture and ears up straight to convey his dominance. ● Wide open. ● Eyes narrowed with lots of white showing indicates that he is afraid or submissive. Use of Vocals for Communication Your dog will also use his voice to convey his feelings.kingdomofpets. Mouth. Your dog will also use his mouth as part of his communication. and here is what to look out for: ● Lips drawn back to expose teeth. sparkly eyes usually means that he is ready for a game and some playful fun. and this will be used in conjunction with his posture and expressions for you to get an overall picture of how he feels. ● A slightly open mouth with bared teeth may indicate that your dog is on guard. depending on his posture. ● An open mouth coupled with excited panting can indicate playfulness and eagerness.

and as such. but by observing his posture and other facial expressions you can ascertain whether he is feeling frightened. or whether he is simply on guard. ● Loud barking. ● Yapping and high-pitched barking are usually signs of friendliness. General Characteristics Some of the basic similarities between dogs and wolves include: ● Their strong sense of smell and hearing.● Snarling or growling usually indicates aggression. For example. ● A low whine coupled with a moan usually means that he is anxious. to communicate in certain situations. aggressive. developed for detecting and hunting prey. growling. nevertheless. Of course. which are inherited from their wild ancestors. hundreds of years of evolution coupled with selective breeding means that your pet dog is going to act in a far more domesticated way than you would expect a wolf to act. many dog instincts resemble those of the modern wolf. Wolf Instincts Dogs have very strong natural instincts. ● Excited barking and soft growling indicate playfulness. it is easy to notice some of the domestic dog’s wolf-like instincts. You should bear in mind that your dog’s vocals and facial expressions should be linked in with his posture in order to get a true picture of what he is trying to say and how he is feeling. ● Low growling and grunting usually indicates dominance.com . ● Excited yapping and barking indicates eagerness and curiosity. ● Their vocals. and snarling can mean that he is on guard. ● A low whine or gruff bark means that he is on alert. 71 www.kingdomofpets. such as howling and whining. The wild dog was thought to be very like the wolf as we know it today. F. ● Yelping and whining coupled with growling can indicate fear or submission. a dog may growl under a variety of circumstances.

72 www. Pack Instincts We have all heard the term ‘a pack of wolves’ and this is because wolves do live and hunt in small packs. It is simply the fact that the outsider is invading the dog’s territory that puts the dog instinctively on guard.kingdomofpets. ● Their need to pant in order to keep cool. such as hunting.com . domestic dogs are also known to be highly protective of their territory and family. and sometimes even cars and bikes. Also. Likewise. and use their senses . most dogs will make a point of trying to see them off.although their pack consists of human and perhaps other family pets. Likewise. Dogs will often display their hunting instinct when playing with toys. tails. Like wolves. if they met the same person on the street or in the park. but you will probably see signs of the hunting instinct when they see a squirrel or rabbit in the field and go wild in their eagerness to be let off the leash and give chase. dogs too are pack animals . most dogs would not look twice. they like to chase moving objects such as people running. the rubber squeaky toy is a firm dog favorite. where one takes on the job as leader (alpha) and the others follow. and one that many dogs like to pounce on and bite repeatedly until they have ‘killed’ the squeak.● The way they communicate through body language using their eyes. However. Hunting Instincts Wolves are predatory animals. the pack of wolves will communicate with one another by means of body language and vocals. etc. sexual instincts and pack instincts. and whether it is a postal worker or a burglar that’s intruding on their territory. ears.namely their sense of smell . Territorial Instincts Wolves are well known for their territorial instincts and will go to any lengths to protect what they see as their territory and pack from outside dangers. territorial behavior. most domestic dogs have no need to hunt out and pounce on wildlife. Frisbees. Thankfully.to sniff out prey before giving chase and pouncing. balls. For example. ● Their basic instincts. and you will notice that your dog also communicates with his ‘pack’ using the same sort of methods.

com . Other dogs have few territorial instincts. but most won’t even cock an eyebrow at the sight of strangers on or near your property.kingdomofpets. Dogs also have strong instincts to roam a large patch of familiar territory (“their” territory). G.they’ll gladly run forever. Roaming Instincts Wolves roam to hunt food.particularly Spitz dogs. to gather information about the resources in the area. Likewise.Sexual Instincts Wolves have strong sexual instincts. Understanding your dog The importance of the alpha dog in your dog’s mind should not be underestimated. 73 www. You should take steps to ensure that you are always seen as the top dog in the relationship. These dogs have been bred for hundreds of years to sprint cross-country for weeks at a time. if you have a female dog in heat you will probably find many prospective canine suitors hanging around your property for the duration of her cycle. but an incredibly strong instinct to explore huge areas of the surrounding territory . the sidewalk. but no guarding instincts whatsoever . Unfortunately. Review of DOG 201 DOG 201 revealed how your dog’s instincts developed from thousands of years ago when they were pack animals and how dogs communicate with humans and each other. male dogs will easily notice the scent of a female that has come into heat. Some dogs have stronger territorial instincts than others. with the lower male members of the pack left to harass the lower female pack members whenever the females come in to heat. and will allow their sense of smell to lead the way to find the female in question. or even the local park . and will defend what they consider to be their territory whether it’s their yard. The alpha male and the alpha female of the pack tend to mate. like Malamutes and Siberian Huskies. and to mark their territory.against intruders.

g. Using scent to communicate Dogs use scent to mark their territory and determine if other dogs have been in the vicinity.Dog senses Dogs tend to have keen senses that have developed from their days in the wild and through selective breeding to bring out certain senses (e. eyes. Knowing more about these characteristics will let you understand your dog much better.kingdomofpets. including: ● Pack instincts ● Territorial instincts ● Hunting instincts ● Sexual instincts ● Roaming instincts 74 www. sniffer dogs) in more recent times. and mouth will also give you an insight into his feelings and attitude. Using facial expressions and vocals to communicate Understanding how your dog communicates using his ears. Using body language and signals to communicate Dogs have numerous postures and signs that they use to communicate their feelings and emotions to humans and other dogs.com . Wolf instincts and your dog Your dog has several strong instincts that are derived from its wolf ancestors.

in their modern-day role as pets. a comfortable bed . A. shiny teeth is an effective reminder that an aggressive attitude was once a prerequisite to survival in the wild.” SOME COMMON REASONS FOR MODERN-DAY AGGRESSION IN DOGS: ● Dominance: he believes that he’s the alpha of the pack.until you see your dog yawning. or desirable. We have a much better chance of coexisting happily with our dogs when they are trained to “act civilized. we provide these things for our dogs without requiring a competitive show of aggression first. meaning that “retraining” your dog could potentially be a lot easier than you had thought. a mate. that is. Food.before dogs lived with humans. it’s up to us to teach our dogs that they no longer need to use those shiny white teeth to get what they want. Today. these problems stem from inadequate training or improper socialization. A lot of the time. It can be easy to forget that dogs are carnivorous hunters by nature . territory.kingdomofpets. and most dogs don’t realize that the types of behavior which would once have ensured them a meal and a bed are no longer necessary. or play-fighting. 75 www. ● Guarding: he’s making sure you’re not going to take his toys or food. Instinct is a powerful force though. a place in the pack. barking.DOG 202: Common Behavior Problems Solved This chapter deals with some of the more common behavior problems that your dog may have. As owners. That mouth full of sharp.com . An Introduction to Aggression Problems Dogs are essentially domesticated predators that we have invited to share our lives and homes. ● Territoriality: he’s defending “his” territory from other dogs/humans. all of these things had to be fought for and defended on a regular basis. ● Self defense: he needs to defend himself from other dogs.

Early Warning Signs: Pre-Aggression In A Dog Aggressive behavior doesn’t just happen overnight. ● Sudden disobedience: begins to ignore you and fails to obey commands that you know he understands. or growls when you come near. but all follow a designated path to aggression. or nudge you for morsels. ● Fear of new situations: he’s keyed-up and on edge from unfamiliar sights and sounds.kingdomofpets. these behaviors is because they signal that your dog is starting to think of himself as higher than you in the pack hierarchy of your house. disobedience in itself isn’t dangerous.com . WHAT MAKES THESE SIGNS DANGEROUS? Of course. 76 www. tense. May actually prevent you coming close. Some dogs arrive at the aggressive stage much more quickly than others. When he begins to question that authority. pawing. If you catch your dog doing any of these. together. or furniture guarding: becomes snappy.● Pain: he may be in pain from an injury or medical condition. ● Bothers you when you’re eating: might sit and stare at you. pace around your feet. and whining. and put a stop to. and safely. Listed below are some of the warning signs of pre-aggressive behavior. if you are alert and observant enough. Bothering you for affection or stealing tidbits of food from your plate won’t actually hurt you. by “testing” you with alpha-like behaviors such as those listed above. ● Bossiness: demands attention from you with nudging. toy. ● Food. Obedience is the surest sign that your dog accepts your authority over him. The reason that it’s so important for you to notice. the easier it is to fix yourself. it’s a definite warning sign that you are not as respected as you need to be in order for you and your dog to live happily. There is a set path to aggression that. you can notice and put a stop to. you need to take a firm stance and reassert yourself as the leader of the pack (we will deal with ways to do this shortly). An awareness of the early warning signs is very useful: the earlier you catch aggressive behavior developing.

You need to nip this attitude in the bud NOW before it evolves into truly aggressive. No alpha dog takes kindly to his status being challenged. This is dealt with in the bonus book entitled “Secrets to Becoming the Alpha Dog. Remember. Alpha dogs have a host of behaviors specific only to them . you need to become clued up on the concept of alpha status. If your dog is trying to be the alpha in the house. alpha status relates to who is seen as being in charge. then the time will come that somebody challenges his authority whether they mean to do so or not. which means that they are at their most secure and relaxed when they feel like someone is in charge (and not necessarily them). it’s only natural for him to use aggression to back himself up.com . The lead dog of the pack is called the alpha. The fact is that if your dog is permitted to see himself as the alpha. threatening behavior. Dogs are pack animals. Aggression comes into play when you do something which challenges your dog’s authority as the alpha.lesser dogs are NEVER permitted to act like alpha dogs. he’ll try to fill that role himself. We will look at ways for you to reassert your authority in ways that your dog understands. or a wash. and if nobody else is going to do it then he’ll have to. Maybe you’re just trying to get him to do something he doesn’t want to . it’s not because he “wants to” .” but in a nutshell. If he has been permitted to become established in his perceived role as the alpha dog. The important thing to remember here is to not impose any human values or motives on this canine dominance-related behavior: wolf.kingdomofpets.it’s because instinct tells him that the pack MUST have a leader to survive. and if they try to do so the alpha will defend his authority with a show of aggression. It’s his own perception of himself as the top dog in relation to you as subordinate to him that’s dictating how he acts.submit to a nail clipping. and this is when dominant-aggressive behavior begins. What To Do If Your Dog Displays Early Warning Signs First of all. it’s not whether YOU think he’s the alpha that counts here. Maybe you try and take his food off him (or he thinks you’re going to). a visit to the vet.and dog-packs have alpha leaders simply because it enables the pack to survive. Maybe you tried to push him off a comfortable piece of furniture. 77 www. If there is nobody in your house that’s taking charge in ways that are recognizable to your dog.

leaning toward you with tense posture. ears erect and pointing forwards or back. You need to clearly convey to your dog that YOU are in charge. Note the difference between the THREAT of aggression. 78 www. Later Stages Of Pre . He sure must love it when I pat him!”). is relatively complex. not him . The threat of aggression is your dog’s way of warning you to back off before he escalates things. tail switching slowly back and forth ● Growling or barking with front teeth bared ● A bite (not a play-bite) that leaves the skin unbroken What To Do If Your Dog Displays Any Of These Signs: Late stage pre-aggressive behavior is basically the final behaviors that a dog will display before he attacks someone.kingdomofpets. and actual aggression.Aggression Sometimes. A dog behaving like this toward his owners has some serious dominance problems which need to be dealt with by somebody who is experienced and confident. HERE ARE SOME CLASSIC WARNING SIGNALS OF LATE-STAGE PREAGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR: ● Deep growling.just as there are plenty of ways that thousands of dogs around the world exert alpha dominance over their owners. and that you will take no nonsense from him. and will react with some pretty forceful warning signals of his own. You can tell when things have progressed to the late stages because your dog will cease tolerating your corrections of his disobedience or dominance.The concept of alpha behavior. snarling ● Defiant barking while standing tall and large. There are many different ways that you can prove to your dog that YOU are the alpha.com . without those owners even realizing (“Oh look. and maintain it. dogs are able to progress right through the early stages of preaggressive behavior (discussed above) without anybody noticing or correcting them. including how to understand it. achieve it. Huggy Bear’s bugging me for cuddles again.

because it’s important that you absorb the information it contains.kingdomofpets. Never be afraid to ask for help! When To Hire Professional Help: ● Your dog bites you hard enough to break the skin ● You're scared ● Your dog guards food. 79 www. there’s nothing to be ashamed of in asking for further help. furniture. you may wish to consider enlisting the services of a professional trainer who has experience with aggressive dogs. If you unwittingly react to your dog’s behaviors in the wrong way.Although this chapter deals exclusively with aggression in dogs. despite our efforts to include all relevant information on dog aggression for your use. you could end up reinforcing the very behavior that you’re trying to eradicate. it could backfire and possibly result in a bite.com . it’s difficult to predict how any individual dog will react to certain techniques or methods. We’re not saying that you should give up all hope and dial your nearest dogtrainer straight away.” Read it twice if you have to. Is he obedient at all times to commands he understands? Might he be exhibiting dominant behavior? Step Two: Read our bonus book “Secrets to Becoming the Alpha Dog. On the contrary. At any point. toys. if you feel threatened or scared by your dog’s behavior. All we’re saying is that. it’s a highly complex and potentially dangerous problem and. or are too scared by the dog’s threatening behavior to follow through on something. most dogs respond extremely well to the training techniques laid out in this chapter and in our alpha-dog section. if you begin to feel like you’re in over your head. If you make a mistake. or other objects ferociously enough to stop you from coming near Why Hire Professional Help? There are two main reasons for this: ● Attempting to handle such a difficult issue on your own without immediate hands-on help could put you at risk. ● Inexperienced help could be bad for the dog’s development. A Quick Recap Step One: Observe your dog closely for signs of pre-aggressive behavior.

isolate him from the action . There’s nothing wrong in asking for help! At the same time.either outside the house or in his crate/kennel. don’t be needlessly scared . Neutering is an effective way to significantly reduce spontaneous aggression in dogs of either sex. if necessary) in public. when aggression is warranted and when it's not). 80 www. ● Use "time out. your relationship with your dog will have improved tenfold in no time. supervise him closely and restrict his activities with a leash or muzzle as necessary. for at least five or ten minutes.just start socializing now. ● Take your dog for regular checkups at the vet to make sure he's happy and healthy.chances are great that. If you think your dog might act aggressively towards people or other animals.Step Three: Consider whether you are comfortable and confident in proceeding. and from a young age. If your dog is getting revved up. ● Socialize thoroughly. B: Aggression Continued: Treatment Program for Dominance So you’re ready to proceed with treatment for your dominant and aggressive dog. with our help.com . Pain is a sure-fire way to turn a mellow dog into an aggressive one. Before starting any specific training program. Leave him there until he's cooled down. but if you've missed this age in your dog then don't despair . instead.particularly if you have a strong. big-breed dog. ● Neuter or spay your dog. Remember to use a leash (and muzzle. which teaches them how to communicate with dogs and humans. You’re aware of the importance of making sure your dog knows that every single person in the family ranks higher than he does. take a quick look over a general list of do’s and don’ts.kingdomofpets. All dogs require extensive socialization. as well as how to tell friend from foe (and thus. Don’t be overconfident here ." An overexcited dog acts in ways that he normally would not. Meeting lots of new dogs and humans is especially important between the ages of ten and sixteen weeks. Dog Aggression Do’s and Don’ts DO: ● Take precautions.

but play-fighting with an aggressive dog is a recipe for disaster. If your dog has shown signs of aggression in the past. He thinks he’s the alpha dog of the pack. your dog is feeling pretty full of himself.DON'T: ● Play-fight. the respect that your dog has for you plays a large part. but not when dealing with aggression. It takes awhile for new habits to form . or humiliate your dog. What you need to do is to take him down a notch. it's time to take further action.kingdomofpets.com . and that the rest of the family are basically his underlings. actually. A "tit for tat" approach to training an aggressive dog is counter-productive in the extreme. he DOES need his human family. give it a bit of time. Play-fighting is fine in moderation. that what he says goes. Food bribes for good behavior do not engender respect (note the difference between a bribe and a reward!) ● Punish. When it comes to anti-aggression training. ● Bribe your dog with food. Dominance-Aggression Training Program After you've applied any and all of these tips that are applicable to your dog and your situation. not him. Food treats definitely have their uses.which makes you the alpha dog. 81 www.don't expect a miracle cure overnight! ● However. Let him know that. if after a couple of weeks your dog is still acting up. abuse. play-fighting will only increase this tendency. ● The primary aspects of a training program for dominance aggression are: ● Correcting any aggressive displays without triggering further aggression ● Actively rewarding submissive behavior ● Improving obedience overall The First Two Days At the moment. as long as your dog knows the limits of such play. and that you are the source of everything he needs to survive . and will merely ensure the rapid deterioration of any remaining trust and loyalty that your dog has for you (making it more difficult for any future training to take effect).

and find it difficult to think of them as anything less than a fully-fledged member of the family. human communication techniques don’t work with dogs. and one that’s only ever used by the top dog to demonstrate displeasure with lesser-ranked dogs. unquestioned possession of his favorite toys. etc). Be prepared for his behavior to worsen before it gets better. then it should work again. The aim here is to put him into a state of emotional deprivation. the behavior that we’re trying to eradicate has probably gotten him what he wanted (a comfortable place on the couch. through consistent and repetitive actions. to be left alone while eating.clearly.kingdomofpets. Clearly he’s not going to like this. Now clearly this is going to be a struggle. You can’t explain to a dog what the problem is . You have to do what’s best for your dog. The cold shoulder is an extremely powerful tool. in fact.just to make absolutely SURE that it’s not going to have an effect. obviously). Here’s what you have to do: everyone in the household has to COMPLETELY IGNORE your dog for the next 48 hours. This means no eye contact. In your current situation. For example. We love our dogs. bark louder. and so before he gives up that useful behavior for a lost cause. right? So even though he’s been barking for the last five minutes.The quickest and most effective way to do this is to socially isolate your dog. no affection of any sort. no yelling. 82 www. what’s acceptable and what’s not. with no reaction from you. LOUDER barking is what’s needed. There is a reason for this. This may happen several times before he finally gives up. In the past. at least for the softer-hearted members of the household. Aggression training is pure tough love. maybe you didn’t notice that he was barking . Unfortunately. and it doesn’t mean the technique’s not working: just the opposite. absolutely nothing (apart from feeding and toilet breaks. which will make him a lot more receptive to the forthcoming training techniques that we’re going to subject him to. and get right in your face. he’ll very likely exaggerate it . no telling off.you have to SHOW him. He might walk closer to you. if barking loudly and angrily has worked before. this means ignoring your dog totally for the next two whole days. Pretend he’s not there: nobody can see him or hear him. not what comes easiest.com .

he’s NOT at the top of the chain of command . 83 www.this is a very effective way of demonstrating which behaviors are acceptable and will result in a reward for him. Make him sit or lie down before he gets to eat (we’ll go into this in more detail in the next section). and giving in to it will undo all the work you’ve put in over the last two days. from anyone. playtime. a meal. a chew. or otherwise bothering you.It’s very important that you DO NOT back down when things get worse. but they’re absolutely necessary for your dog to realize that. He’ll be feeling lonely. absolutely everything. affection. If you’ve just shown him that his tactics work. None of these are nice ways to feel. make him sit and stay before letting him outside.com . ignore him completely. while simultaneously emphasizing your dominant position.don’t let him initiate shows of affection by butting you. be prepared for things to get worse before they get better. shaky. It gives your dog an idea of what kinds of actions and behaviors will earn him a reward. If he does try to force you to show him attention. Try petting him only when he’s lying down and being quiet . When you are ready to show your dog some attention. you get something from him first. he has to be behaving in a way that’s worthy of reward. imagine how much worse he’ll be the next time he wants something! Basically. This is classic dominant behavior. nudging you. Before your dog gets any sort of affection. you must make sure that you do so only on your terms. and that he has to answer to you before he gets ANYTHING that he wants: a toilet break. whining. Obedience work is one of the most effective ways for you to demonstrate authority. your dog should be desperate for some attention and affection. Only show affection when YOU wish to do so . Day Three At this point. a toy. a bit confused. Before the dog gets anything. you’re also going to start working on some basic obedience commands with your dog. after all. and pretty anxious.you are. These are all great ways to constantly reinforce your authority over your dog and make him realize that he’s not the boss after all. For example.kingdomofpets. The Next Five Weeks In addition to maintaining the level of control discussed in the previous section.

” remembering to exercise these commands before granting your dog privileges like play-times.there’s no need to confuse either yourself or your dog with more than one command for now. encouraging.We’re going to work on the assumption that your dog isn’t particularly welltrained in basic obedience work (because if he was. Something challenging but achievable over the next five weeks might be to get your dog to “sit-stay” for ten minutes until you release him. there is no such thing as over-praising your dog. Any and all attention . you’re not using food as a “bribe. verbal and physical praise.kingdomofpets.but you might find that it’s easier to be consistent if you have a solid goal to work towards. If your dog obeys a command. it may help to have a concrete. you can start off with “sit” . Put a big smile on your face (dogs read facial expressions) and use a warm. and so on. and a couple of (small) treats. It helps to have some tasty treats on hand. From here. For week one. work up to “down” and “down-stay. and meals. It’s not difficult . A useful tip to bear in mind: in obedience training. gradually build up your level of command over your dog. walks. Yes. begin to include “sit-stay. you want your dog to become more obedient . Over the next several weeks. for example. Basic Aggression-Training Rules Things to remember: ● You're the boss .you just need to be patient. NOTE: if your dog hasn’t been trained in any obedience work at all. and see that everyone else follows suit. Once “sit” has been mastered. it’s unlikely that you’d have much of a problem with dominance-aggression). Give him the cold shoulder immediately. 84 www.even if it seems negative to you . before you let him outside. and happy tone of voice. If he's acting badly. ● Only reward positive behavior.is a reward for your dog. and really highlights the difference between acceptable and unacceptable behavior. too! Remember.” slowly increasing the length of time he’s in “sit” before you release him. then praise the heck out of him . Start with the easy commands first.” you’re using it to reward especially good behavior. don't yell.so act like it! Don't give your dog ANYTHING until he gives you something first.shower him in affection. achievable goal in mind. This works to balance out the cold-shoulder technique that you’re using for bad behavior. and work your way up from there. In terms of the obedience training itself. Get him to “sit” before you feed him.com . then use the techniques in Secrets to Dog Training to teach him these basic commands.

) Obedience should be markedly improved: there’s no need for fancy tricks (unless you feel ready for them!). pet. you should be noticing marked changes in your dog’s behavior. ● Use common sense. As time goes on. Don't let him off-lead in public.com .any more than this encourages your dog to think of them as "his. 85 www. which lets him know that he can "earn" your affection and attention. don't allow him off the leash. ● Don't shout at or hit your dog. Under-exercised dogs are jumpy. even in confined spaces . and praise your dog whenever you see him behaving well. If your dog has problems with guarding toys. After 5 Weeks After five weeks is up. Strong reliability with recall is absolutely imperative if you’re ever going to walk your dog off-lead. Because you’ve clearly assumed the alpha role in the house. This means tug of war." And don't leave them lying around: make a big deal out of handing your dog the toy in the morning (after he's done something for you first) and put it away at the end of the day. which gives him something positive to do instead of merely refraining from unwanted behavior. Secrets to Dog Training has instructions for teaching both of these commands. don't let him have any at all until the obedience work has started to take effect (normally one to three weeks). vigorous walk daily.” “down. ● Only allow him one toy or chew per day . he should be a lot more relaxed (because he knows he doesn’t have to try and be the boss. or games that can get out of control.● Talk to. Again. ● No aggressive games.try and take him for at least one long. “Leave it” (drop it) and the recall command (“come”) are particularly recommended.kingdomofpets.” You may wish to introduce other training commands at this time which have use beyond the scope of the immediate household. ● Exercise your dog as much as you possibly can . and “leave it” will enable you to play tug of war and other rough games with your dog while retaining your authority. tag. but your dog should be pretty dependable with the basics like “sit. It won't help. and much more prone towards aggression. he'll begin to correlate his actions with your reactions. tense.” and “stay. or rough-housing. Use a muzzle if you think it's necessary.this is a privilege which must be earned. and keep the lead short: two feet of slack is plenty. no matter what.

But there are two critical differences between your situation and that alpha dog’s situation: ● The alpha dog in a pack is widely acknowledged by all other pack members to be the alpha. His problem is that he is aggressive towards strange dogs. At the dog park.com .other dogs can see he’s the boss and accept that he is. We continue to attend classes and he is one of the best in his class. he’d be finished as the alpha. no exceptions . an alpha dog would react to a challenge (deliberate or not) with his own. He goes crazy when he sees another dog. it’s true that dogs use aggression to get what they want from each other. ● You are not a dog! Alpha dogs can respond to aggression with full confidence.if he didn’t. you’re likely to get bitten. Yes. demanding consistent obedience. so there’s a real chance that he will escalate matters with a bite. Case Study: Aggression and Dominance Pete the Doberman I have a two and a half year old Doberman called Pete. knowing that they have the muscular strength. and children. Aggression isn’t about who can bark (or yell) the loudest.it’s about DOMINANCE. strangers. I have only had him since April. agility. and teeth required to back up any displays of aggressive intent. You. do not. on the other hand. Remember. and cold-shouldering bad behavior. and he has so far spent 6 weeks being trained.thinking and acting like an alpha. and ignores the dogs that ignore him.kingdomofpets. His house manners are perfect and he is great with my cats. superior show of aggression . your dog wouldn’t have challenged you with aggression in the first place if he accepted your position as the alpha.Physical Correction: Necessary or Not? Generally speaking. If other dogs are aggressive or try to get him to back 86 www. In the wild. or who can physically bully whom . rewarding only good behavior. actual challenges are extremely rare: no dog wants to tangle with a true alpha. And the only way to prove your dominance is through your everyday interactions with your dog . a dog’s aggression will worsen if you take a harsh or rough approach to it. He ALWAYS acts like the alpha dog. getting your dog to do things for you before you do things for him. If you accept your dog’s challenge by responding to his aggression with yelling and rough handling. They respect him for a reason. Because of this. he is OK with other dogs.

female cat and last the dog. You don’t think it’s a good idea for Pete to be tangling with these other dogs. The kind of behavior exhibited by Pete sounds like classic dominance. remember that YOU are the boss! Take control of the situation. and the pecking order is me. It’s clear from his history and his reluctance to back down to other dogs that Pete is clearly accustomed to being the dominant dog of the pack. but has so far never attacked or bitten another dog. Pete is trying to protect you from these strange dogs .com . As an additional bonus. he growls and strikes an aggressive pose. It only subsides when the other dog is out of sight. He does have other dog “friends” that he is not aggressive with.Pete’s aggression towards other dogs will likely drop significantly. he lived on a farm with a pack of other dogs. any new dog is a challenge. the male cat. This is because their natural scope of reactions towards a possible threat (fight. Some days are better than others are.kingdomofpets. he gets even more excited. he is not the alpha. So. All they can do is fight. When I attempt to tell him off. Take a detour or cross the street if necessary. freeze. because you’re controlling their movements. When you’re out on a walk with Pete and he starts squaring up to another dog. 87 www. they’re often much more aggressive than they would be when off-leash. I am in charge. However. you’ll probably also find that other dogs will take a more relaxed attitude towards Pete because he will no longer smell like a male dog (and thus a threat. he barks and jumps like a maniac. Would it help if I got another dog for him to dominate? The Kingdom of Pets Response My first suggestion would be for you to neuter Pete. or flight) has been reduced: they can’t flee or freeze. In my home. like the alpha dog would. but his attitude is much the same.) When dogs are walked on a leash. so take charge and redirect his (and your) path to avoid a potential fight. It seems like he is trying to establish dominance with every dog he meets. and he was the alpha dog.down. When he sees another dog.and protection is the alpha dog’s responsibility. you’ve already got an aggressively charged situation on your hands. He does not react to the dogs in class this way. Do you have any suggestions? Before I bought him. The real problem is when he is walking on a leash. The part that concerns us is that it sounds like Pete is assuming dominance over YOU when you’re out on walks together. Neutering dogs almost always has a huge impact on aggressive behavior . just the dogs he meets on the street.

allow at least a couple of days where you put the muzzle on Pete for a few minutes at a time. We also thoroughly recommend that you read “Secrets to Becoming the Alpha Dog” and apply these techniques at home with your daily living. Obviously this won’t always be possible. but anything you can do that prevents this situation unfolding is worthwhile. The collar is especially useful for breaking that critical build-up of tension in the moments preceding a dogfight. Even though he hasn’t bitten yet. play some games with him. Because Pete’s already well into his adulthood and sounds pretty well socialized. rather then just abandoning Pete to the mercy of his instincts. you might also want to get Pete fitted with a muzzle. if you don’t already do so. In the interim period. Make sure the experience is as pleasant as possible for him: give him a treat whenever the muzzle’s put on. until you get matters sorted out satisfactorily. Most dogs dislike the sensation of a muzzle at first. as they are more humane than a lead that “teaches” by reminding the dog that you can stop his breathing. This a head collar for a dog. When you do take him to a dog park. With no heaving or tugging necessary.there’s a strap that goes around the nose. where possible. We recommend the head collar over choke/check or prong collars. so give him some time to adjust to it before taking him out . One piece of equipment worth investing in is a head collar .particularly since Pete is generally the aggressor. and praise him a lot. walk him around on the leash first and have him meet everyone there before allowing him free rein. If everything seems OK and there are no squabbles with the other dogs. gradually working up to about twenty or thirty minutes. then let him off the leash. Stay away from areas that are likely to be populated by strange dogs. almost like a bridle for a horse .kingdomofpets. This way you are proactively taking steps to avoid regrettable situations. and one that goes around the neck (which is what the leash attaches to). you can easily walk your dog away from the potential problem (and this will be particularly handy with a big dog like Pete!).most common is the Gentle Leader or Halti.Do your best to minimize the possibility of uncontrolled contact with strange dogs. it’s best to remove that temptation altogether . it seems as though additional socialization isn’t going to have much of an effect. because it’s incredibly easy to redirect a dog that’s wearing it.com . 88 www. rather than the target of other dogs’ aggression.

com . and will worsen throughout a dog’s life unless steps are taken to correct it. with every other member the alpha over Nakita. she had been demonstrating mild symptoms of food guarding (tense posture. whenever her owners came near when she was eating. and growling until they went away again.meals should be prepared at regular times. when she was given her first bone. glaring at whoever was approaching. We don’t recommend free-feeding . The Kingdom of Pets Response This is a classic case of food-guarding.Case Study: Food Bowl Aggression Food-guarding aggression is not uncommon among dogs. There are varying degrees of food-guarding.and that having people near the food bowl is a good thing. Food guarding issues begin in puppyhood. and the food bowl should be removed after twenty minutes whether the food’s been finished or not. You need to emphasize your control over the dog’s food. the family order was well established. the solution is simple and highly effective: any dog exhibiting food-guarding behavior needs to be reminded through consistent and repetitive actions that you are the provider of food .and thus are the dominant character . Until that point. a strict mealtime schedule should be enforced. the dog should be asked to sit before eating. she would guard the food bowl by stopping eating. loving character with her family. Let’s take the case of Nakita as an example. Nakita was a highly-strung female Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. The incident with the bone seemed to awaken dormant food-aggression traits in Nakita: after that. which ranges from a subtle tensing of body posture to a fully-fledged attack. Firstly. When her owners tried to take the bone away. Your goal. is to reassure your dog that you’re not there to take the food away. Fortunately. but an affectionate.kingdomofpets. an increase in eating speed when somebody approached her food bowl) but nothing actually aggressive. and to make it clear that you are actually the dispenser of food (something which will go far towards according you automatic alpha status). 89 www. when dealing with food aggression. Nakita’s food aggression was sparked at age seven months. She was very submissive by nature. In fact. It’s a classic demonstration of canine dominance. Nakita growled and snapped.

you can start the bowl-feeding technique (as above). Dog-On-Dog Aggression Aggression between dogs is a direct result of inadequate socialization. she won’t understand the difference between harmless canine interaction and actual menacing behavior. remove the food bowl straight away (if you feel that your dog may demonstrate signs of aggression when you do this. it might be more practical to use a long stick or your feet instead). When it’s reintroduced. If the dog growls. The result of this is usually either 1) a dog that's afraid of any new dogs she meets (since. but you’ll see an effect very quickly. you can stop this technique. For dogs that are particularly bothered by a human presence while eating . we recommend that you practice adding food to the bowl while the dog eats. The trick with food-guarding aggression is to make it clear to your dog that such behavior will not give her peace and privacy in which to eat . drop bits of kibble slowly into her bowl. If a dog doesn’t get to meet and mingle with enough other dogs while she’s still young. Our technique is to stand nearby with a fist full of kibble or chopped meat. If there are other members of the household.do away with the bowl altogether and feed the dog from your hands at every meal.com . She’s now a relaxed and wellmannered dog that’s happy to have anyone around while she eats. C. a dog that actually snaps at you if you approach during mealtime . and as the dog eats. this is time-consuming and a bit irritating.kingdomofpets. once every week or two) just to make sure there’s no slipping back into bad habits.Secondly. Repeat this procedure until your dog is completely relaxed about you being near the bowl. When your dog is relaxed around all members of the family. but reintroduce it periodically (say. without adequate socialization.it will make the food disappear instead! This is the technique used by Nakita’s owners. Early and thorough socialization is necessary for all dogs to prevent dog-ondog aggression later in life. start the kibble-dropping procedure again. Withhold the bowl for five minutes. Yes. sometimes within a few days. all new meetings are scary experiences for her) or 2) a dog that reacts with undiscriminating aggression toward most strange dogs (since she was never given a chance to learn how to communicate with other dogs properly. After the symptoms of aggression start to diminish. have them do the same thing. The critical age for socialization is ten to sixteen 90 www. and thus gives or takes offense unnecessarily).for example.

91 www. then there are still some options that remain. you can physically intervene in the following way: grab one of the dogs by the back legs and start to drag them back and away in a circular arc. At other times though. This is when it becomes necessary to act. In addition. a quick skirmish can escalate into a drawn-out fight.even your own one). Some owners make the mistake of reaching into the whirling midst of a fight in an attempt to physically separate the dogs. you have to remember to stay calm and.but it's easy to forget this when confronted with the immediate trauma of a dogfight. The next best result might be getting one of the dogs to back off enough to allow you to physically separate them.weeks. This is never a good idea .in a dogfight. You will be dragging them at an angle away from the fight. adrenaline's running high and your dog is not capable of thinking clearly or making good decisions. What To Do In A Dog Fight If your dog gets into a fight with another dog. will immediately follow suit. you will scare both of them into submission.no longer faced with a direct threat.com . In the best case scenario. and because they will be moving in an arc it will be very difficult for them to turn around and reach you with their jaws. not get in the middle of it.kingdomofpets. Dogs that have missed out on socialization during this stage are often either aggressive or excessively fearful toward other dogs for the remainder of their lives. you’ll often find that the other dog .human flesh stands little chance against two or more sets of aggressive canine teeth . If you do not feel confident or strong enough to pull off this method. This is common sense . ● Failing the first response. You run a serious risk of being bitten by one or both of the dogs (that's right . particularly if the dogs are wellmatched in size and/or strength. above all. SOME METHODS FOR BREAKING UP DOGFIGHTS: ● Shout loudly and angrily (“Cut it out!!!”). Sometimes fights sort themselves out in short order. Ideally you will be moving them away from the fight zone as you gently swing them in an arc. with one dog quickly conceding defeat. Often if your dog is obedient (and quite possibly not the one who initiated the aggression) then he will listen to your command to back off the encounter. when one dog backs off.

your dog takes her cues from you. so if there’s limited water to hand. take them away from each other as quickly as you can.lemon juice diluted with water is ideal.kingdomofpets. or choking your dog to get her away from potential threats. (If you own both of the dogs in question." get her to heel closely enough for you to keep the leash short but slack.no dragging. ● When another dog approaches. Here are some tips for coping with an animal-aggressive dog: ● Whenever you take your dog out. Dogs with their “blood up” for a fight will sometimes regroup and go at it again if the flow’s stopped too soon. heaving. One blanket per dog is even better. ● There are sprays available which are specifically designed to break up dogfights. be prepared to grab your dog by the collar as soon as the soaking’s stopped.● Throw a heavy blanket (or equivalent) over the dogs. but they contain citronella. You can also make effective sprays yourself . she’ll be on the lookout for danger and may over-interpret a situation. ● A bucket of cold water or a blast from the hose can be most effective in breaking up a fight . These sprays aren’t physically harmful. because this is a key point . keep your dog on a short leash. or in areas that you know to be dogpopulated. both visually and through the leash. If you’re tense and jumpy. The head collar and lead is ideal in this case as it allows you to redirect your dog's momentum with a minimum of fuss or effort . Pretend to be calm if you have to.com . then the section on “Two Dogs in the House” in DOG 302 is just what you need to read). 92 www. Both dogs will be so blinded and confused by the sudden sensory cut-off that they stop fighting. keep her under close control. which is intensely offensive to dogs. as a tight lead conveys tension to your dog. As soon as you’ve got the dogs separated.the more water the better. Preventing Fights In the lead-up to a dogfight. ● When around other dogs. your actions are critical in deciding whether the matter will culminate aggressively or peacefully. watch your own posture and body language: any tension you’re feeling will be conveyed to your own dog. If she's trained to "heel.

they’re in an adrenalized state. It isn’t enough to simply say “Quiet!” You need to provide her with an alternate channel for her energy. In a fight.kingdomofpets. having no luck. Afraid for Adele’s life.com . When you release her. headed to the local park . stay calm. In the confusion. Bill. Bill leaped straight in and tried to pull the two dogs apart. Shouting. This is why you should never get in the middle of a fight.a favorite haunt of Adele’s. who can be very aggressive toward other dogs. 93 www. Bill quickly checked the local neighborhood for her and. Bill managed to stop the fight safely by borrowing a tarp from a nearby work crew and throwing it over the dogs. Case Study: Dogs Fighting Adele is a fine looking German shorthaired pointer. Bill hit her hard on the muzzle.● If your dog sees another dog and starts to act up. and watch for your opportunity to safely and effectively intervene. Her owner. Instead. well-built fellow and did not have any other pets or children. Despite her aggression towards other animals. break her attention quickly. A five-second session in obedience training is ideal: get her to sit or lie down and stay until the other dog is gone. They immediately calmed and where separated. one day he came home to find that Adele had escaped from the yard. he was confronted with the sight of Adele locked in snarling. The Kingdom of Pets Response When people try to intervene in a dog fight. However. and Adele let go . which includes interfering hands. frenzied battle with another dog. the dogs don’t have time to stop and think about whether your intent is aggressive or not .only to resume fighting with the other dog straight away. dogs are primed to bite anything that comes within reach. Adele locked onto Bill’s forearm and bit down hard. did not particularly mind this tendency because he was a strong. Adele was an all-round obedient and loyal friend to Bill. give her a treat and some praise for exercising such self-restraint. When Bill arrived. Bill wound up being the only one with a real injury in the end. After he’d recovered from the shock of such a bite. and he handled Adele’s aggression simply by avoiding other dogs whenever they went for a run or walk. shaking her head savagely back and forth.

Dogs that are afraid cannot be forced to overcome their fears. Great Danes.and is shocked when he receives a bite on the hand for his troubles. the result is often a phobia about the cause of the scare which can last for the rest of her life.kingdomofpets. It’s pretty rare for confident and outgoing parents to produce fearful pups (another reason why it’s good to meet the parents of your pup or dog if possible!). Fear Biting A bite that’s provoked by fear occurs in a moment of sheer panic. 94 www. there’s nothing to be afraid of!” When she won’t come out. not because she’s a “dangerous dog” (although a bite that’s caused by fear is still a bite. the owner reaches in and tries to pull her out . If something happens to scare that dog during these periods.laughingly tries to coax her out from underneath the bed: “Come on.it happens because the dog is panicked and is trying to get you to back off. not less. and fear-biting is a not-uncommon reaction to this. There’s no single cause for this sensitivity: it’s come about in some cases through over-breeding. collies (particularly Border Collies). Some breeds are also prone to being highly strung and excessively sensitive to fright: a few of these are Weimaraners. A perfect example is the dog that bites during a thunderstorm. Why It Happens All dogs have a “fear-imprint” period at about eight weeks of age. and as an unwelcome side-effect of high intelligence and dependency on human companionship in other cases. Sheila. hiding in the safest place she knows. The dog is cowering under the bed. and again around twelve to fourteen weeks. and by definition. and is almost always caused by a well-meaning person who doesn’t understand just how terrified the dog in question really is. dangerous!). Fear-biting is NOT the same as aggressive biting . Dalmatians. A dog that is backed into a corner by something that she’s afraid of will become MORE panicky. Shyness and timidity tend to be passed down through the parents.com . Some dogs are genetically more prone to being “spooky” than other dogs. and her owner not understanding just how scared she is .D. and Shelties. Fear-biting happens because the dog is so panic-stricken that she’ll do anything to keep the object of her fear from coming closer.

positive way. Feed her next to it. cheerful demeanor. If she’s afraid of the vacuum cleaner then leave it out where she can see it. even though it’s unsettling. Become a treatmachine whenever she’s brave enough to approach the object of her fear (or. Just like humans. and work on getting her used to the things that scare her in a controlled.com . Because of this. it’s a manifestation of being terrified. and get used to it. as this has a relaxing effect on most dogs. the best thing you can do is to avoid that state of panic that leads to fear-biting. DO: ● Desensitize your dog to whatever it is that’s scaring her. For example. Laugh if you can manage it. reward her just for remaining calm enough not to wet herself/hyperventilate/run away). Below are some things that you should and should not do when your dog is scared. 95 www. nothing bad is actually going to happen. instinct will take over no matter how much anti-aggression training you do. a dog that’s really. Turn it on and play a game with her while it’s running. fear-biting is NOT aggression. Remember. Talk to her about nonsensical things if this helps. integrate it into her daily life. ● Counter-condition the “scared” reflex by getting her to associate whatever it is that’s scaring her with good things.kingdomofpets. sit out on the curb with her at garbage-collection time as the truck approaches. If you have access to whatever it is that’s scaring her. Here’s one way of putting things into perspective for you: a dog in the grip of a severe phobia or fear can actually feel like she’s about to die – hence the extreme fear. Get her to say hello to the garbage-men. You cannot train a panicky dog to act in any way other than how her instincts compel her to. This means getting her used to the fact that. so maintain a jolly. Ask them to give her a treat and let her sniff the truck. ● Remember that your dog takes her emotional and psychological cues from you. if she’s REALLY spooked. REALLY scared will act in ways that she otherwise would not. Remember to take it slowly. if your dog is afraid of garbage trucks. In the state of panic.How To Handle Fear-Biting You cannot train a scared dog not to bite. sniff it.

DON’T: ● Crowd a scared dog. she’ll start to believe it. Take her to obedience training. Don’t adopt a “there-there” tone of voice. Coax her towards it and try to get her to sniff it. You need to adopt a brisk. A dog that’s too far out of her comfort-zone is going to panic.● Socialize her as much as possible. The best thing you can do is to leave her alone until she’s calmed down a bit . ● Redirect your dog’s attention by distracting her from the scary thing. or force her to confront something she’s really. really scared of. ● Try to force her to do anything if she’s hiding from something. do NOT shower her with attention. ● If your dog is afraid of actual objects (buses. Be aware of her body language.she needs space. affection. When she sees you acting like everything’s fine. but cowering. matter-of-fact manner and remember to lead by example.” You need to listen to your common sense in this situation and pay attention to her body language when deciding what to do. Take her with you in day to day life as much as possible so that she can get a good idea of all the different situations. the easier it is to see that there’s nothing to be afraid of. As a general rule of thumb. and then reward her with a treat and praise for being so brave. Then give her a big hug. Special attention reinforces the idea that something’s wrong. or to fun and structured activities like agility work. When she’s scared. and prolonged hyperventilation (rapid shallow breathing) are warning signs of extreme fear. and that’s when fear-biting happens. and pats. men with beards. etc) get her to approach them where possible.kingdomofpets. some tension and whining are to be expected.com . ● Coddle her. and a tasty treat. umbrellas. 96 www. people. palm trees. or if she’s absolutely braced to resist all force. fire hydrants. The more she knows. submissive urination. and objects that the world holds. ● Take baby steps! In situations where your dog is really scared. do not force her to “get on with it. A good way to do this is with a simple obedience command: get her to “sit-stay” until the object of terror has passed by. rather than having the “scary thing” approach her. more than anything. It will be quite clear whether she’s capable of proceeding. lots of praise. or whether you need to back off a bit. and that she’s right to be scared.

Fortunately. Whenever I bring it out to sweep the floor. he’s absolutely petrified of the broom. He ended up touching Beanie a few times with the broom to prove to him that nothing bad was going to happen to him. we don’t need to know the cause of his fear of the broom to fix the problem! 97 www. Case Study: Fear Biting I have a three year old German Shepherd called Beanie that I adopted from a rescue shelter. Although Beanie is very affectionate and is normally quite calm and welladjusted. groundless fear of it. so he tied Beanie to his kennel and started sweeping around him. but it was a near thing. I’d also like to address the root cause of his fear because clearly he’s pretty disturbed about something. Clearly Beanie has some issues when it comes to the broom .it’s possible that he’s just formed a neurotic. In some cases. a fear-reaction is a very difficult thing to overcome.com . Remember to be patient and undemanding. it seems more likely that he may have been threatened or beaten with one in his previous home. but because they found him wandering the streets I’d say he’s been through some kind of traumatic experience. My sixteen year old son thought he’d better accustom Beanie to the broom. he runs away so hard that he actually skids on the wooden floor. He cowers down and wets himself too. The people at the shelter don’t know what kind of a history he had. but I’m a little nervous that he might try and bite me next time I have to take it out. Fortunately Mike didn’t get bitten because Beanie was tied up. you might never be able to remove the “ghosts” from your dog’s mind. What should I do? The Kingdom of Pets Response This is a classic case of fear-aggression. Even if there’s no apparent reason for spooked behavior.● Expect a rapid improvement in your dog’s behavior. I’ve now stopped sweeping when Beanie’s around because of the distress it causes him. but judging from the strength of his response and the fact that you say he seems quite well-adjusted apart from this problem. but Beanie just snapped and started snarling and lunging at Mike (my son).kingdomofpets.

try and get him to touch the broom as it lies on the ground. place it beside his food bowl for a few days so he begins to associate positive experiences with the broom. not less. Start off by leaving the broom just lying around. It might help to have the doors open so he can leave if he wants to. and when he feels restricted (as though he can’t escape).if he is. and then put the broom down and play a game . Repeat these last steps three or four more times over the course of several days. This will start to counteract some of the damage done by previous owners (and by his more recent experience with Mike. Remember to take it slowly and give lots of treats and praise for brave behavior. you can start putting the broom to use inside the house. Leave it there until Beanie’s had no reaction to it for at least two or three days. He should be OK with that by this stage .Mike was right in his intention to try and desensitize Beanie to the broom. Be prepared for this to take quite some time.leave it lying on the floor or propped against the wall.which clearly made Beanie more uncomfortable. which sounds as though it just reinforced the associations of powerlessness and anxiety that Beanie already has with the broom). but he went about it far too harshly and in a negative way . Pay no special attention to him. Then you can start holding it in one hand while you coax Beanie near you. You are building trust and greatly 98 www. Don’t put it away in its cabinet any more . Give it about two or three days for Beanie to accustom himself to being in such close proximity to the broom.kingdomofpets. get him to sit and stay. We suggest that you approach the matter gently. Again. Then. Remember that the real problem is probably when he sees it in someone’s hands. and then you should be able to start incorporating actual sweeping into your day when Beanie’s within sight. Give him a treat for getting this far. Bear in mind that this will probably take a relatively long time: it’s a big leap from being comfortable with the broom lying on the floor to seeing it actually in your hand. just go about sweeping. the quick fix to the problem is removing Beanie from the area whenever you need to use the broom.perhaps take the broom outside and make sweeping motions at one end of the yard while he’s at the other end. but eventually Beanie should be just fine around the broom. so that he has to run or jump over it to get the ball.com . Of course. but you are actually accomplishes a lot more by going through this training process. When he does eventually come within touching distance. start slowly . you can play fetch by throwing the ball over the broom. For example. and take things a lot more slowly.

Older dogs can also be trained not to nip. This is because they’re fresh from the litter. although in a lot of cases the behavior will resurface in moments of duress . so we have to take active steps in order to prevent this behavior from getting out of hand. and showing affection. since we get hurt a lot easier than dogs do! 99 www. Mouthing and nipping are natural behaviors for all dogs.] E. rough-housing. when playing an exciting and fast-moving game like tag. playing. and we expect that Beanie will eventually be completely okay around the broom. [NOTE: We heard back from Janet six months later. Janet’s going to keep on taking it slowly.kingdomofpets. where they play with their siblings by biting and mouthing each other. They have no concept of bite pressure or appropriateness.com . and apparently Beanie’s making excellent progress.’ It usually happens when a dog is still very young. He still gets tense when the broom’s taken out. it’s up to you to teach her not to do this any more. by the time you bring her home she’ll already have learned the basics of bite inhibition from her mother and siblings . How To Deal With Nipping Your first priority is to teach bite inhibition. but can occur in older dogs that haven’t yet been taught how not to use their mouths when playing and demonstrating affection. Like fear-biting. Play-Biting Play-biting is sometimes referred to as ‘nipping. nipping isn’t real aggression . Dogs that aren’t trained not to nip grow up to be both annoying and painful to have around. All puppies are nippy when they’re growing up. Because (as you know) you shouldn’t adopt a pup before eight to ten weeks of age.for example.it’s based on instinct and communication.but she still needs to adjust the threshold of bite pressure to suit humans. and so are an irritation to adults and a danger to young children. but he no longer hides or wets himself. They are difficult to play with. Once you bring your pup home. It’s important for you to teach your puppy or dog not to use her mouth when greeting. not a desire to inflict harm or scare people away.reducing the risk of a potentially dangerous reaction to other similar items in the future.

com . it usually helps to supply a chew (rawhide bones and pigs' ears are great) when you're petting her or playing with her. If everyone gives her the cold shoulder whenever she nips them. In all cases.about two or three minutes .) After you've squealed. In older dogs. while hands are most definitely not. (Some people squeal whenever their dog's mouth closes on any part of their anatomy. ● Be consistent. "Ah-ah-ah!" or "NO!" Give her a chew and praise her effusively as soon as her jaws close around it. in which case more nipping will result). this kind of behavior comes across as rough-housing (i. This is how puppies react when their siblings bite too hard. ● Stop encouraging your puppy to focus on your hands.e. This gives her an outlet while keeping your hands safe. 100 www. ● Never hit. no matter how gently .kingdomofpets. The close proximity between the correction for nipping and the praise for using her mouth appropriately speaks volumes to a dog: it teaches her in a clear and understandable way that chews are OK. so your dog will understand the message perfectly.TRAINING YOUR DOG NOT TO NIP ● Squeal shrilly and LOUDLY when your puppy or dog nips you too hard. shake. isolate her immediately by ceasing all contact. Because dogs and especially puppies have an innate need to use their mouths when playing. the message will come across loud and clear. correct her quickly by saying. it's unnecessary and cruel: it's much more effective to socially isolate your dog when she gets too revved-up.it's up to you whether you do this or not. This is ultimately just going to confuse the dog. Stand up. you want to play rough. and she'll learn her lesson that much more quickly. and don't make eye contact: make it perfectly clear that you're not going to play if she acts like that.to a lot of dogs.before resuming contact. turn your body completely away. and make sure everyone else in the room follows suit. and won't get the message across . Wait until your dog has calmed down . while playing. or slap your puppy for nipping. it can come across as a challenge. ● If. and spark a power-struggle. she starts snapping at your hands. It's really important that everyone who plays with your dog or puppy understands that you're training her not to nip.

he will latch onto hands.squeal loudly in pain (this shouldn’t be too hard . When he begins to mouth and nip you. He should let go in surprise when you do this. no talking. say. as they’re hardwired to use their mouths in almost all situations from birth. you need to actively correct Jacob when he starts to get nippy. you need to react like a little puppy would if it was bitten . or if he latches on to you as you walk past. and praise him lavishly when he takes it in his mouth. with every chance he can get. This means no eye contact. he may occasionally relapse into nipping behavior again. no petting. As he grows up. to really drive the message home. You can give him a treat if you like. If this is the case. I also try to stroke him while playing with his toys. ignore Jacob completely for the next few minutes. Don’t even attempt to tell him off for nipping you. feet and pants. 101 www.com . It takes some time to teach puppies not to nip. He is very nippy. I have tried to divert his attention from my hands by feeding him while petting him.milk teeth are like needles!) Then. simply repeat the response outlined above. “Ah-ah-ah!” or “NO!” loudly and firmly. and remember to stick with it.kingdomofpets. You need to make sure that everyone in the house adheres to this corrective behavior for Jacob. What can I do to get him to stop biting our hands? The Kingdom of Pets Response First of all.Case Study: Nipping and Hand Biting Jacob the Rottweiler Puppy My name is Isaiah and my partner and I have a 10 week old male Rottweiler puppy named Jacob. If Jacob nips you too hard. Quickly hand him a chew or appropriate toy. absolutely nothing.

is positively unnatural for the dog. or boxed up in a crate or kennel. We can also refer to it as “problem chewing. for social interaction and the ability to sniff around and roam .like company or exercise . To explain. A lot of dogs lead sad. and a lack of physical and mental activity. Chewing and Other Destructive Behavior Why Does It Happen? The majority of destructive and neurotic behaviors in dogs originates from loneliness. but still spend upwards of eight hours a day on their own. and a weekly walk is the most some get from their owners. it’s still not the same as being able to explore new territory. The resulting combination of loneliness and mental and physical frustration frequently results in the onset of destructive chewing in a dog.com .the occasional pat on the head. shut in a yard. boredom.” 102 www.F. When you think about it.as opposed to the chewing that takes place simply because your dog likes to chew.even when dogs have a large backyard at their disposal. Leaving such an animal by itself. Genetic. lonely lives .kingdomofpets. either inside a house. a bowl of food. it’s quite obvious that dogs are not designed to be left by themselves or cooped up for long periods of time.000 years ago.000 and 100. when we say “destructive chewing. Dogs are geared toward human companionship. Her instincts are calling out for company. many with strong working instincts and the need for plenty of exercise each day. fossil and DNA evidence leads us to believe that humans began to domesticate wolves between 15. They’re social pack animals. Other dogs are slightly better off.” this refers to the chewing that originates because your dog needs something that she’s not getting .

Take her out for a 15 minute walk.unfortunately.clearly both have their time and a place. jogging. and level of physical health. are the exceptions. As the saying goes. 103 www. but you should be able to get a fair idea from a bit of quick research. or just play a quick game of Frisbee. Take a look at the Kingdom of Pets breed library (http://www. AND get in some mileage at the same time. age. is much better than time spent just hanging out together at home . there are ways for you to help your dog adjust to a less social lifestyle: ● Get up earlier and take your dog for a walk. kingdomofpets. the need to follow the leader (you). or playing fetch. You can eat your lunch at your desk afterwards. we don’t all have the luxury of prioritizing our dog’s happiness over earning a living! However. ● If you live within walking or driving distance of work. As a general rule of thumb. spent walking.browse online. A dog that’s well-exercised is much less likely to need to occupy her time with destructive behaviors such as chewing. This is literally the best thing you can do for your dog before leaving in the morning: she gets to spend time with you. Dinner can wait until you get home. and the need to roam. Active time together.kingdomofpets. “a tired dog is a good dog. most of us have to work . most dogs need a minimum of half an hour to an hour’s vigorous exercise every day. Old or injured dogs. grab a quick snack and head out to the park with your dog. All dogs have different exercise requirements depending on their breed. but time spent exercising together fulfils three of your dog’s instinctive needs at the same time: the need for companionship.com/dogobediencetraining/dogbreeds/). Figure out your dog’s exercise needs and make sure you’re fulfilling them.” so make sure you tire your dog out as much as possible! Clearly. and some of the more sedentary breeds. Exercise and Companionship are Paramount The best prevention available for destructive behaviors such as chewing is to combine exercise with companionship. ● When you come home from work.Below are some tips for preventing destructive behavior in the first place. come home on your lunch break and check up on your dog. or ask your vet.com .

kingdomofpets. and bring out one or two new ones. 104 www. she WILL turn to whatever else is available: your sofa cushions. in particular. squeakies. In most cases. and lessens the likelihood of your possessions being targeted out of boredom. This is why so many owners come home from work to find their pillows. and textures is a good way to safeguard your own personal possessions. an assortment of rawhide chews. soft latex toys.things that smell like you. The quicker you react. Kongs®. bedding.they need something to occupy their time. This keeps things interesting for your dog. This is simply not true: chewing is a pleasurable activity in itself for most dogs. it’s an instinct to chew (a soothing activity in itself) on something that reminds her of you. ● Spend time observing your dog around the house. and marrow bones. If she ever does choose something of yours over one of her own toys. However.Redirect Your Dog’s Chewing Some people make the mistake of thinking of chewing as something that a dog will only do if she’s bored or lonely. and to minimize the desire to target your own stuff before it becomes an issue. the faster she'll learn the lesson. and jaws with. it is fair to say that dogs chew MORE when they’re lonely or bored . your favorite sneakers. shapes. or favorite jacket shredded: it’s not the dog “seeking revenge” on you for leaving her behind. if you don’t provide your dog with a fantastic variety of chews and toys to occupy her time. correct her immediately: loudly say "Ah-ah-ah!" or "NO!. hard rubber toys. Chewing Do’s and Don’ts DO: ● Buy a lot of chews and toys: ropes. mind. Straight away. A dog that’s pining for your company is also more likely to target items that she associates with you . the shrubbery. You want to be sure that she's not going to target any of your possessions before leaving her alone with them. substitute a chew for the item and praise her as soon as she takes it in her mouth. Investing in about ten to twelve chews of varying sizes.com ." or shake a soda can with a couple of dimes inside (the loud rattle is scary for most dogs). ● Rotate these toys every couple of days: put the old ones away. and chewing is a soothing activity that helps the time go by for a lot of dogs.

loneliness. ● For a dog that chews from anxiety. dogs are a bit confused about what they’re “allowed” to chew and what they’re not. Chewing is as natural to dogs as breathing. DON’T: ● EVER tell your dog off for destroying property unless you’re able to actually catch her in the act. and you really do need to catch her redhanded . but used in tandem with one or more of the other solutions listed above it's quite effective. Of course. A great way to do this is to use Bitter Apple. not to stop it altogether. The actions of owners can sometimes contribute to this confusion. Dogs have no accurate concept of time.or at least within 30 seconds of the action taking place for the reprimand to have any effect.com . however. It comes in a cream or spray. which in turn can lead to rapid and widespread destruction in the home. (And. The best you can aim for is to channel your dog’s chewing towards appropriate objects.) ● Expect to be able to train your dog not to chew. you may need to take steps to make these items unappealing. it will do no good at all to tell off or punish your dog unless you come home while the destruction is taking place. Serial Destroyers If your dog has been trained consistently and from a young age that certain objects are appropriate for chewing and others are not. which is a non-toxic chew deterrent designed especially for use with dogs. after all. and can be purchased from pet stores and some supermarkets. and/or boredom. this won't work as a sole preventative. Yelling at a dog that’s shredded something out of boredom and loneliness at some point earlier in the day might seem like a necessary vent at the time. If you come home and something’s been destroyed. In some cases. but in reality it’s actually pretty cruel: she won’t understand you. it really is your responsibility to provide your dog with chewing alternatives that are more attractive than your possessions. leaving the radio on or the TV tuned to a talk-show will give the illusion of company.● For items that your dog's already displayed a marked preference for. then you should have little trouble with destructive chewing.kingdomofpets. 105 www.

This means spending a fair amount of time in the beginning just hanging out at home with your dog and actively supervising her. and tie the loose end of the cord to a can that’s got a few dimes inside it. cast-off slippers and the shoes that you still wear every day: to her. If she starts mouthing something that’s off limits. Corrective behavior that involves scare-tactics is more effective when the correction seems to be a direct result of her own behavior. 106 www. When the pup starts to chew. you’ll need to leap in with a “NO!” and then substitute with an appropriate chew or toy straight away. ● You’ll probably need to invest some time in teaching your dog the difference between “chewable” and “non-chewable” items in the household.OPTIONS FOR SERIAL DESTROYERS ● Restrict your dog’s chewing activities to designated dog-toys ONLY. A water pistol is another good alternative to this . Put the can out of reach on a table or shelf. Praise her as soon as she closes her mouth on the chew.she is no longer allowed to chew ANYTHING but dog-toys. and that there’s a kennel included which is both waterproof and safe from the elements so she’ll be snug and cozy in cool or wet weather.kingdomofpets. This means no old towels. the can will fall down and scare the living daylights out of her. ● For example: some dogs LOVE to chew telephone wire. rather than a correction that comes from you. Make sure that there’s enough room to run about a bit. ● You can booby-trap certain objects around the house. Dogs can’t tell the difference between your old. You can also rely on your own vigilance using the can: follow her around the house and give it a good shake when you see her mouthing something inappropriate. they smell and look the same.com . Be consistent and simplify things as much as possible when teaching her what she can and can’t chew.the colder the water the better. no cast-off clothes or pillows . A good way to put a stop to this behavior is to disconnect the jack from the wall. ● Build a dog run in your yard which is big enough for your dog to stay in for a couple of hours. while you’re away during the day.

Sometimes during the day. Lucy. Dave had to figure out some ways of improving Henry’s quality of life. and felt remorseful at having to subject him to such loneliness and boredom. he never really had any company because his owner. but it still wasn’t ideal . He also built a dog run in his yard. clearly such destructive behavior was not acceptable. Dave introduced the two dogs in the local park (a neutral setting).kingdomofpets. Although Dave loved Henry. Even though a fence separated the two dogs. and allowed them to play for awhile and sort out who was the more dominant dog before Dave finalized Jazz’s adoption. Dave would come home at lunch to play with Henry. The only thing that stopped Henry from going completely round the bend with boredom and loneliness was the next-door neighbor’s dog. whom Henry got on extremely well with. Henry spent a lot of time by himself at home during the day. This arrangement suited everyone perfectly until the day that the neighbor moved house.and all the driving to and fro wasn’t convenient for Dave. without Dave having to worry that he would break free. On top of this. Unfortunately for Henry. taking Lucy with him.Case Study: Chewing and Destructive Behavior Henry is a 10 month old Golden Labrador who just loved company. which permitted Henry a good range of the garden. All this added up to a much improved quality of life for Henry. Dave. Henry had chewed through one of the boards. After having a look in a few shelters.com . and would frequently entertain himself by gnawing at shrubbery and outdoor furniture in the garden. and an exercise ball to keep Henry busy for at least some of the day. he purchased some quality dog-toys and chews. 107 www. As a solution. and became withdrawn and depressed. Henry quickly fell back into his old destructive habits. Dave found a two year old Poodle called Jazz that was accustomed to living with other dogs. Dave arranged to have Lucy around during the day to visit. he decided to get another dog as a friend for Henry. He began to get up earlier in the morning to take Henry out for a forty-five minute walk. leaving a hole big enough for him to tunnel underneath to the neighbor’s back yard. Because of this. After apologizing to the neighbor. worked full time.

Consistency is really important when it comes to issues like this: once you decide to allow him access to the couch or bed. it’s only fair that something is arranged to keep him busy and content.com . We included this case study because it does cover a range of response to this particular problem. In the case of a dog that’s left by himself for long periods of time. and a lonely dog is an unhappy dog. Before humans began to domesticate dogs. Jumping on Furniture Whether your dog is to be allowed up on the furniture or not is a pretty big decision to make. Dave was surprised and pleased to find that having two happy dogs was a lot easier then owning one bored and lonely dog! Dogs are intensely social animals that are driven by instinct to seek out company.Henry and Jazz are now the best of friends.is a privilege for a dog. This is because being allowed up on the furniture . Whatever your decision. a dog without a pack didn’t have long to survive . and we hope it helps!] G. as was the case with Henry. the addition of Jazz to his household worked just fine. you’re going to have to stick with it.even though a lot of the wilder instincts have been bred out of dogs. the need to interact socially has not. requiring careful consideration of all the possible consequences. but this isn’t to say that getting another dog is the only or best solution available to you. it’s considered good dog-training etiquette not to allow young puppies up on furniture until they’re at least five or six months old. [NOTE: We are NOT advocating the addition of a second dog as a “cure” for your first dog’s boredom and subsequent destructive behavior! Getting another dog is a huge decision to make.your territory .kingdomofpets. it’s going to be difficult for you (and confusing for your dog) if you change your mind in future! In general. In Dave’s case. This removes the need to be destructive in the first place. and it doesn’t 108 www.

If you want your dog on the couch.do any harm for him to understand that it’s not his given right to sprawl on the couch. and he also has to get off when you ask him to.particularly the bed . you have to be prepared to deal with the consequences of your decision. Not only does this prevent minor inconveniences like having books. This is why the team at Kingdom of Pets suggests that if you allow access to furniture. that’s likely a sign of his dominance over you: he can trample all over your personal turf. He has to wait for you to invite him up there . you also impose limits. but nobody ever invades his bed or crate and messes it all up.. You are permitting him to join you there. and furniture scratched and rumpled when you’re caught unprepared. Sleeping/reclining space is a big thing when it comes to sorting out pack hierarchy . The decision is entirely yours. but it also removes an ongoing opportunity for your dog to view himself as higher than you in the household hierarchy. clothes. The best thing for you to do is to emphasize the fact that he must wait for your invitation before getting up on the couch/bed/armchair. This is a fundamental rule for a harmonious household: partly because there are always going to be times when it’s inconvenient to have a dog sprawling on the couch (particularly if you have a large dog/small children/are wearing your Sunday best) and partly because it boils down to the issue of dominance. when you’re enjoying an afternoon nap.some say it’s even more indicative of alpha ranking than who eats first.kingdomofpets.you’re essentially removing your right to tell him off if he ever chooses an inopportune moment to do so (for example. and whatever decision you do make. If he’s going to be allowed up as and when he chooses.com . 109 www. then great. This means that. but he has to understand that he can’t just leap up there any old time. Make no mistake about it: he knows that the furniture . If he’s allowed up there whenever he chooses. or when he’s wet and muddy).. when you’ve got a glass of red wine balanced on the arm.is your territory. the numberone rule is that you MUST be consistent. if you decide to allow him free access to your furniture at all times .meaning that he doesn’t have to wait for an invitation before jumping up .

” 110 www. using “off” to ask your dog to both get off the couch and to stop jumping up on people. petting. “You have to be kidding me. with plentiful praise. and a small food reward or two. and will leap right up there. and use “off” for more than one situation (for example. say “Off” and point to the dog bed.basically anything comfortable!). you won’t be able to use “down” if you’ve taught him to lie down when you say it . If he hasn’t obeyed you after 30 seconds. before slowly getting up and reluctantly acceding to your request.simply pat the couch (or bed. like “on the floor.Inviting Him To Join You It won’t take much for him to understand what you want .but keep your arm pointing at the dog bed. or whatever) and.even if he doesn’t do so straight away . with an encouraging.reward him immediately and generously. wait for 30 seconds (which may seem like an eternity). or a folded quilt and some pillows . He should understand almost immediately what you want.you’ll need to come up with something new. you’ll need to physically encourage your dog to obey you. One “off” is enough . and maintain eye contact with the dog.it’s enforcing the “get down” that can sometimes be an issue! The first thing for you to do is to supply him with a comfortable alternative: you want to make it an easy decision to obey you and relinquish his spot on the couch. a length of corrugated foam wrapped in towels. Don’t repeat yourself. and will look at you with a. Before using physical encouragement. Some dogs are slow to obey commands at first. say “Up you get!” or “Come on!” or whatever phrase it is that you’ve chosen. or you can create one from a beanbag.kingdomofpets. NOTE: Plenty of owners make the mistake of thinking that dog-training commands are interchangeable. or chair. There’s no need to sound like a drill sergeant: keep your tone low but pleasant.com . Get a good dog bed and place it near the couch (you can buy one specifically designed for this purpose. Likewise. When you want your dog to get off the couch. right?” expression on his face. If he does obey you . Requesting To Disembark Getting up on the couch is rarely a problem . high-pitched voice.) Using the same command in different situations will only confuse your dog: you need to keep commands for separate circumstances clearly distinguishable from each other.

you may be demonstrating physical power. as well as making the seat uncomfortable enough so that he’ll want to bail out! Correcting Jump-Ups Until he gets the message that an invitation must always precede furniture access. but you’re making him uncomfortable enough that he’ll choose to move of his own volition. Most dogs seem to instinctively understand that this means.you’re not forcing him to get off. since from your dog’s point of view it’s a pretty big thing to ask (who wants to leave a comfortable. and then point to the dog-bed. warm spot on the couch for a dog-bed or. under his rear end so you’ve created a slight wedge effect between his rear and the couch. “Off!” in a low.not only is the collar-pulling technique not guaranteed to work with big dogs. When you drag him by the collar. you need to correct him straight away: if you actually catch him as he’s leaping up. even worse. palm-down. If you don’t catch him in the act but notice him on the furniture (when you haven’t invited him up there!) say. It’s important to always praise generously for obedience with this issue. 111 www. but it’s also a lot more effective if you can make your dog do something under his own steam rather than just hauling him about. authoritative tone. make a loud “Ah-ah-aaaahh!” sound.com . but even if yours doesn’t the split-second timing will still underline the fact that he’s not to jump up without an invitation.Physically Encouraging The “Off” For a lot of owners. Give him about 30 seconds before initiating physical encouragement. Remember: don’t repeat yourself. “Hold it right there!” Some will get off voluntarily when they hear this. your dog will probably keep jumping up on the furniture every so often without an invitation (some dogs that have been permitted free access for a prolonged period of time take months or even years to fully stop this habit). but that’s no assurance of long-term obedience! Slide your hand. This is where you repeat the “off” command once more: the physical encouragement reinforces your request.kingdomofpets. the floor?) not to mention a real sign of respect when he obeys you. If you see him doing this. This isn’t particularly constructive . Gradually push your arm forwards so the angle increases and the pressure mounts on his back end . Punctuate this with a snap of your fingers or a clap of your hands if you like. but keep pointing and maintain eye contact. the instinctive reaction for dealing with a disobedient dog is to grab him by the collar and literally drag him into the desired location.

Then the wife bought a set of satin sheets. to become “dogified” (a term that describes all the things that make you know a dog’s been there. After all.and I kid you not . dog drool. and that distinctive dog smell). Through some patience and repetition.kingdomofpets. there are plenty of confusing things that dogs must adapt to that we can’t control or simply don’t realize. Oh. they needed to provide Bella with a great new deluxe dog bed. they had to do some training to make Bella believe that it was just that! This involved praise and reward when she went to it. I also told them to spend some time hanging out right around the dog bed with Bella.they even lined it in satin! 112 www. She decided they were too nice. And this is certainly true. Bella figured it all out in a couple weeks and. However. so that she didn’t feel like she’s been banished from the only social spot of the room. the dog was allowed to sleep on the bed. and too expensive. all before they upgraded their bedding. I told them that taking away the dog’s privilege was not the problem.com . too delicate. and interrupted with a sharp “Uh uh” when she looked like she was approaching it. In fact . and that the wife shouldn’t feel bad about her decision. before the switching the sheets. But in my email to them I also explained that their pet’s confusion is no reason to avoid the satin sheets they dearly wanted. but doing so without in some way offsetting it with something else was. mud and dirt. even if the bed is placed near their existing bed. to the delight of the wife.Case Study: Jumping on Furniture There was a couple who adopted Bella. it was truly deluxe. and as for the dog bed itself. In other words. So what could they do? They were told that this would confuse the dog. The introduction of the dog bed was accompanied by a training regime in which Bella was asked “Off” the bed each time she was found there. She was wellmannered and well-loved. which she had been saving up for. a Black Labrador. The added benefit of this arrangement is that the dog develops a better sense of her own personal space. either on her own or when asked. For over a year. In addition. including dog hair.

If you’re going to 113 www. “You’re not the boss here. of course your dog is extremely happy and excited to see you come home. the dog that leaps up on the other dog is asserting dominance. it’s because the dog is excited and happy to see them.com . and bouncing around the house and yard. Your dog can’t tell the difference between your work clothes and your gardening outfit. these are: ● Dominance ● Attention-seeking A lot of owners make the mistake of applying human behavioral characteristics to their dogs: they think that. Between canines.kingdomofpets. when they return home from work and their dog jumps all over them. I am. In no particular order. and get angry with him on other days. he’s acceding dominance to the leaper. You cannot permit him to leap up on you on some days. and I expect you to submit to that. there is very little. Unfortunately. whether he’s jumping up on you or on a dog: he’s saying. panting. or whether you’re feeling rushed or playful. Your dog doesn’t think of you as a “human” . If the leapt-upon dog submits to this behavior. Yes. but he’ll demonstrate this by wagging his tail.he doesn’t realize that canine communication methods aren’t applicable! So the meaning of the action is the same. not a demonstration of emotion. it’s still pretty bad form to allow this behavior: do you really want to “agree” with your dog that he’s in charge by submissively permitting him to continue his dominant behavior? Dealing With Jumping Consistency is absolutely essential when dealing with jumping. In fact.H.” Jumping is not a behavior that you should encourage in your dog. emotional component to jumping up on a person: it’s a means of communication between dogs. not by jumping up on you. if any. Even if you have a small dog that can’t inflict harm or scare people when he rears up. Jumping on People There are two basic reasons as to why a dog will jump up on people. this isn’t entirely true.

Note: If your dog is demonstrating jumping behaviors in conjunction with other signs of dominance (for example. that way there is no reward for their actions. a bitch would enter the den and all the puppies would jump up at her and lick around her mouth because she would regurgitate food for them. so make sure you don’t react at all. TEACHING YOUR DOG NOT TO JUMP UP IS REALLY VERY SIMPLE. praise the heck out of him: give him treats. and break eye contact. “Secrets to Becoming the Alpha Dog. As soon as all four paws are on the ground. Give him the real cold shoulder: turn your body completely away. It’s important that you do not give him this validation. 114 www. your dog will actually increase his jumping . This goes for visitors.teach him not to jump up on you. and petting her. you’ll need to learn more about how to combat dominant behavior in your dog. In the wild. It is innate behavior for a puppy to first jump up at their mother. Take a look at our chapter on dominance-aggression (in Dog 202) or read the bonus book. completely ignore him.he’s looking for validation. deliberate disobedience.or furniture-guarding. (This also explains why puppies will lick your face if you let them). shower him with praise. HERE’S WHAT YOU HAVE TO DO: ● When he starts jumping. If such a behavior occurs with a young puppy. “talking back” to you when you verbally correct him). avert your face. it is important that it be reprimanded immediately. which he would normally get in the form of eye contact (and possibly attention. even negative attention is still attention. pat him lavishly. You want to make it crystal clear that four paws on the ground is what you want.kingdomofpets. many visitors unknowingly would encourage this behavior by smiling. food. ● He will probably sit down in puzzlement after about 30 seconds of fruitless leaping. too.” Case Study: Jumping Up on People Madison was a three year old Australian Shepherd who loved people but would jump up at anyone who walked through the gate. whether good or bad) from you. It’s likely that at first. Unfortunately. leaping and jumping will result in a complete snubbing.com . He’ll get the message very quickly. Remember. you need to be prepared to react the same way every time he does it .and so does everyone else in the household.

and/or if he’s still full of beans by the time you return home at the end of a walk). they would sometimes walk through the gate with a bucket of water which they had put by the letter box when they had left the yard. there was more training involved.However. 115 www. but it was the combination of training and perseverance that transformed Madison into a dog that would wait patiently until people were ready to greet her! I.com . then he’s most likely digging because he needs more stimulation in his life. If Madison came near them before they were ready to greet her. they had to reprimand her if she did jump up at them. and is trying to provide it for himself. The first thing the family had to do of course was restrain Madison before any visitors could even walk through the gate. Digging Problems ● They just like to do it ● They’re lonely and bored and on the lookout for more excitement There are two main reasons why dogs dig: It should be reasonably easy to figure out which one of the two categories your own dog falls under: if he digs throughout the day whether you’re there or not.kingdomofpets. they would just not look her in the eye and carry on as if she was not there. If you don’t really walk your dog enough (if you’re not walking him for at least half an hour a day. Thirdly. then he’s probably in the former category. or if he spends a fair bit of time by himself. This section will deal with how to control excess digging that takes place for either reason. and especially if he doesn’t dig much or at all when you’re around. and if the amount of digging he does isn’t really affected by how much exercise he gets. For example. Madison being an older dog and having been allowed to get away with the problem for so long. even if she looked as if she wanted to jump up at them. The second thing was that they had to completely ignore her when they themselves would walk through the gate. they would throw the water at her! This trick was very effective.

and if this is the case. it puffs up and irritates the dog’s eyes and nose.com . are actually bred to tunnel into the earth and drag vermin out of their burrows. Your dog’s breed (or breeds. But some dogs are capable of turning your garden into a moonscape of cratered pits in just a couple of hours . WHAT TO DO WITH A DOG THAT DIGS FOR FUN Of course.Digging For Fun Some dogs just seem to be hardwired to dig. for example. ● Allocate your dog a section of your property where digging is actively encouraged . you’ll probably want to take steps to get it under control. SOME SUGGESTIONS FOR CURBING EXCESSIVE DIGGING: ● Take preventative measures. Except in the case of dogs who like to eat poop (a condition known as “coprophagia. and from then just a sprinkling should be enough to alert your dog to its presence.kingdomofpets. ● Make the dirt unappealing. Sprinkling cayenne pepper over areas prone to being dug up is an effective way to stop that part of the yard being targeted: if you use enough. while others go nuts for just about any available piece of dirt. in the section “Health-Related Behavior Problems Solved”). so any dog with a bit of terrier in him will usually enjoy getting his paws dirty. Use a liberal hand at first. if he’s a mixture) plays a lot in this. Terriers. Breed isn’t the only deciding factor when it comes to digging preferences. there’s no harm in permitting your dog to indulge himself every once in awhile. All you have to do is scoop up a bit of solid waste and place it in a current hole. ● Use natural deterrent.” which we will deal with later on. Some don’t particularly care for it. most dogs will be put right off digging by the presence of dog poop. A dog that has no unsupervised access to your yard or certain areas of it has no opportunity to wreak destruction. though .it also seems to be largely up to the individual dog.use visual boundaries to mark it off from the rest of the 116 www.

● Companionship is on a par with plentiful exercise for its effectiveness in keeping your dog happy and free from boredom. If this isn’t possible. with a five or ten minute obedience-training session augmented by praise and treats for good behavior. nutritious entertainment . you might consider investing in a dogwalker or dog-sitter.just make sure you bake or boil them first. that’s a big step in the right direction. What To Do With A Dog That Digs From Boredom/Loneliness Digging is a moderately stimulating exercise for a bored dog: it lets him work off some excess energy.com . and various flavored items of varying textures and degrees of chewiness. ● Invest in some toys that will keep your dog active and occupied during your absence. praise him effusively and give him a treat . Some people have actually adopted a second 117 www. There are also hard plastic balls which dispense a treat if rolled over a certain number of times. Although this is a highly effective method. and grass for him to dig in. When you catch him digging in an off-limits part of the garden.yard. so you may wish to restrict this to parts of the garden that you really prize.you can encourage him to get going by having a bit of a scratch around yourself. gives him a “job” to do. in areas that their dog particularly likes to dig in. like bricks or even a rope. Take him for as long a walk as you can both manage . When he starts to dig there. if necessary. ● Some people have had a lot of success placing chicken wire a few inches underneath the ground. There are some really fun toys on the market that dogs genuinely enjoy playing with: Kong® make some good hard-rubber toys that are designed to bounce crazily around at the touch of a paw (and are very durable). immediately correct him and redirect him to the “digging allowed” area. Genuine marrowbones bought from the butcher and chopped up into sections a few inches long will provide your dog with hours of tasty. and can be self-reinforcing behavior. That’s because it’s fun. Try to tire his mind out as well. and occasionally yields tasty treats like bones. One idea is to buy (or build) a deep sandbox. If you can make it home during the day to pay a quick visit. IDEAS FOR REDUCING DIGGING THAT’S PROVOKED BY BOREDOM AND/ OR LONELINESS: ● Wear your dog out before you leave him alone.kingdomofpets.an hour or more is ideal. and fill it with a mixture of sand. earth. Burying a bone or two in the designated area also works well. it’s clearly going to be a fair amount of work for you.

when Alfie dug one up.kingdomofpets. At first. so they decided to try and sort out Alfie’s digging habit. The idea was that.instead of being put off. Cayenne pepper didn’t work either. Debbie and Dan decided to use a two-pronged approach. his life seemed pretty ideal for a dog . they still weren’t prepared to put up with a garden that was constantly full of holes and dirt piles.but obviously you’ll need to think this through VERY carefully before taking the plunge (and not least because there’s no telling whether the two will actually get on in the long term!) Case Study: Digging Alfie was a smart Golden Retriever who liked to spend his time digging holes in Debbie and Dan’s lawn and flowerbeds. In fact.clearly.dog for reasons of companionship. he just started digging somewhere else instead! Next. but Alfie wasn’t to be that easily deterred . so after a few second’s consideration. Debbie tried aversion therapy: she filled some balloons up with air until they were almost at bursting point. and they did explode in his face . Just like the dog poop solution. what with owning two boisterous dogs. and this is effective in many cases . Alfie did dig a couple up. it merely made Alfie go and dig in other places. so he had constant human companionship. they were beginning to become a bit stumped as to how to sort him out! After some consideration.com .she worked from home. waited until Alfie was otherwise occupied. while Debbie went out and 118 www. not just as a means to an end! Although Dan and Debbie knew it was unlikely that their lawns would ever be truly pristine. and he got plenty of exercise and affection. it would explode and give him a fright. Because Debbie and Dan knew that Alfie was getting plenty of vigorous exercise and lots of companionship and affection.but Alfie was a confident dog who didn’t spook easily. so Alfie never longed for canine companionship. Debbie knew that Alfie wasn’t a bored or lonely dog . he just started right back digging again. Alfie loved to dig as a fulfilling pastime in itself. She had two dogs. they tried deterring Alfie from digging in his favorite places by putting dog poop in the holes. Well. and buried them around the garden in places that Alfie liked to dig. Dan rolled his sleeves up and got to work digging up the turf of the lawn and laying out chicken-wire underneath.

started to dig up the earth and sand inside. Disobedience When we talk about disobedience.he just needs a bit more training. sand. and within a few moments was hard at work. it’s really just a minor to moderate inconvenience. but also plentiful praise from Debbie and Dan.” Even though at this stage. and after about a few minutes of digging. we’re not referring to a situation where your dog doesn’t obey you because he doesn’t fully understand the command. Problem solved! J. he started digging straight away but was quickly foiled by the unpleasant sensation of the wire on his foot pads and claws. This is not something that can be left to “fix itself. Alfie had dug up a succulent marrowbone. using their hands. and it’s not something you can blame your dog for . that’s just incomprehension.kingdomofpets. Since we’ve already discussed the importance of you being the unquestioned authority figure over your dog (see the chapter on dominance-aggression and the bonus book “Secrets to Becoming the Alpha Dog” for details on this). After a few tries in various parts of the garden.he’s just choosing to ignore you. he gave up and just sat there panting. Straight away. You both know full well that he understands you perfectly . you’ll already know that if your dog doesn’t respect you enough to obey you. This combination of strategies was what finally worked for Debbie and Dan Alfie no longer enjoyed digging up their lawn. That’s not disobedience. Debbie and Dan made sure to praise him lavishly while he did this. your dog is showing you that he doesn’t have enough respect for your authority to heed your requests and commands. it does not bode well for your future with your dog. Debbie and Dan led him over to the sandbox and. and he’d found a place to dig that not only earned him a bone. for whatever reason. Next time Alfie was let loose on the garden.com . Disobedience is when your dog out-and-out ignores a familiar. Disobedience is actually a form of passive aggression: essentially. then 119 www. and a couple of juicy bones to encourage Alfie to get to work. that’s all.bought a large sand-box which she filled with earth. Alfie quickly caught on. well-known command from you that he’s obeyed successfully at least a few times before.

● Make sure you’re controlling your dog’s food. this isn’t necessary if you’d rather do the training on your own: we are providing all of the fundamental resources you need.as was the case with Diva. a seven month old Shih Tzu. pronto! If you haven’t already done so. Remember to reward him for good behavior and obedience.just five minutes a day spent in rehashing familiar commands with your dog is an extremely effective way of reinforcing your authority and dominance. and progressed from there to an increasing reluctance to sit or stay on command. You don’t HAVE to do this though . until she turned six months old . Case Study: Disobedience Sometimes dogs become disobedient for no apparent reason . And it’s not possible to have a healthy relationship with your dog if he doesn’t consider himself below you in the chain of command. read “Secrets to Becoming the Alpha Dog” and put the tips contained within it to use straight away. ● Begin a progressive obedience-training program at home. Make your dog sit and stay before you allow him to eat. ● You can also consider a formal obedience-training class. and remove any uneaten food after fifteen or twenty minutes. Again though. owned by Lisa.and then disobedience started to creep in. as well as related behaviors 120 www. Spend some time reinforcing his understanding of the basics (see section 203 “Commands to Start”) and dedicate ten to twenty minutes a day doing this. HERE ARE SOME TIPS FOR DEALING WITH DISOBEDIENCE IN YOUR DOG: ● First of all. It started with a lack of response to the recall command. and that he knows you are.com . readily obedient to Lisa’s requests. ● Once you’ve built a solid base of communication and basic obedience with the beginner commands. you need to re-establish your dominance.kingdomofpets. Enforce a feeding schedule. A training class is just another way of keeping things new and interesting for you and your dog in a structured way. Diva had always been a pliable puppy.he’s beginning to think of himself as equal or even superior to you in the pack hierarchy which defines your relationship. you can move on to more advanced commands and “tricks” if you feel like it.

like “talking back” (barking defiantly at Lisa when she reprimanded Diva). or through exemplary good behavior. behaviors such as leaping up on the bed and couches are not to be encouraged when a dog is demonstrating dominant or disobedient behavior (and after all. was tentatively dominant behavior We advised her to take several steps with regard to Diva's behavior: 1. we discovered several contributing factors: ● Lisa was not keeping up with Diva's obedience training program. she didn't bother with daily or even weekly training sessions ● Lisa free-fed Diva throughout the day ● Lisa was not aware that some of Diva's behavior. so it was with relief that we read Lisa’s email and learned that Diva had only been acting up for a month or so. We also reminded Lisa to never feed Diva scraps from the table. Obedience training must start immediately. 3. We advised Lisa to study up on the basic obedience commands in chapter 203 of Secrets to Dog Training ("Commands to Start") and spend five to ten minutes a day on this. There's 121 www.kingdomofpets. one in the morning and one in the evening. freefeeding is not conducive towards a respectful owner-dog relationship. When a dog is exhibiting signs of disobedience and/or dominance. Any uneaten food was to be removed after twenty minutes. disobedience is really just an early sign of dominance). but also as a valuable means for Lisa of asserting her authority. and Diva was to sit and stay until released before being allowed to eat.com . After some detailed information from Lisa. This was something that we felt Lisa could be making more use of in her relationship with Diva. Finally. and to refrain from giving her treats unless Diva had earned them through obeying a command.not just in the interests of having a well-behaved dog. such as leaping up on beds and couches uninvited. since anyone who provides food is accorded alpha status pretty much automatically. It’s always best to nip these problems in the bud. We advised Lisa of the importance of keeping up Diva's training on a daily basis . at set hours. and to stick to it rigidly: two medium-sized meals a day. and of keeping this dominance fresh in Diva's mind. We advised her to begin a feeding schedule with Diva. Food is an important tool when it comes to asserting dominance. 2. After Lisa felt that Diva had got the basics sorted (at approximately three to four months of age).

You need to respect this.for example. If he wants to sniff it. the sight of the leash being brought out is something to be celebrated .just leave it lying there.or it may just be due to a simple dislike of being restrained and confined. This may be because the leash has been misused in the past . But for some dogs. and is therefore to be welcomed. he'll do it all by himself. Only move on to the next step when your dog is exhibiting absolutely no signs of tension with the current progress. it may have been used as a tool to drag the dog around with .if the dog leaps up whenever she feels like it and without waiting for your invitation. as long as you really are INVITING her to do so . this often goes far toward confirming her cockiness and exaggerated sense of social stature. Making dogs earn privileges such as couch and bed access is another highly effective way for any owner to confirm their authority. Training For Leash-Fear All you need for this training session is a couple of tasty treats chopped up into small bits. and a leash. If possible. This is really easy: all you have to do is leave the leash out in places that your dog tends to enjoy hanging out in. the more effective it will be. Right now your dog is spooked by the leash.kingdomofpets. nylon line that’s designed to just whip along behind the dog as he runs about . This is a long.com . or to allow her access . the leash is something to be feared.but on the proviso that Diva did something for Lisa first.without catching on anything. Below is detailed a simple program that will work on developing your dog’s trust. it’s not hard to train your dog to accept the leash. some patience. ● Begin by accustoming him to the sight and smell of the leash. next to his bed. and even the sight of it is going to make her tense. Don't pick it up or wag it around . K. and is useful for accustoming him to the presence of something hanging off his neck. like preferred play areas. We advised Lisa to either forbid Diva access to these areas until her behavior shaped up. like performing a "sit-stay" until released. invest in a long line.it’s usually associated with an imminent walk.even through undergrowth .no problem with inviting your dog to share your personal spaces. Fear of the Leash With a lot of dogs. and near his food bowl. 122 www. This technique works on the principle that less is definitely more! The slower you go. and take things very slowly. a collar. Fortunately. and which will slowly build her up toward accepting the leash.

● After several days to a week of leash-and-play. Let it just trail behind him . the better! We're trying to create positive associations here. walk several paces away and ask him to "come").the less your dog even notices the leash. Remember. If you've got a long line. Five minutes is fine.preferably. ● When your dog seems quite calm and confident. and clip it on. Repeat this three or four more times over the next several days. don't attempt to touch it: give him a pat and a treat for being so brave. Next time you've got him in a relaxed state. If he's jumpy. then great. and keep the play quite gentle (no Frisbee!). and this takes time. Let him sniff it and get used to it. and relax with the leash near him on the ground . and is readily obeying your requests while wearing the leash. like when you're petting him. ● Take the leash off after about ten to fifteen minutes and give him a big petting session and praise for being such a good dog.kingdomofpets. but you can go for longer than that if he seems keen. He's ready for the third step: attaching the leash to his collar. bring out the leash and hold it while you pet him.● When he's able to happily eat.but if you're using a normal leash instead of a long line. and practice the recall command as well (while he's in a sit-stay. take him for a short walk. You can try wrapping part of it around the hand that's petting him. Get him to sit-stay. when he's stopped noticing it at all you can begin to introduce the leash in a more active role. he takes his cues from you. play. keep things out in the open away from bushes and trees. Get him to sit and stay. Remember. or tension. 123 www. we're moving slowly on purpose . it's time to introduce some basic obedience commands while he's wearing the leash. and then it's time for a play session with the leash on. ● Repeat this leash-and-play step a couple of times to really desensitize him. and nononsense: make sure you don't coddle him or inadvertently reinforce his nervousness. Keep your manner brisk. whining. redirect his attention by placing him in a sit-stay for a minute or two. ● If he's accepted the previous step with no wriggling. so be calm and just get on with it. and reward his obedience with praise and a small treat. if you like.com . use that instead. cheerful. ● Once the leash is on. This will reinforce your authority over him while he's wearing the leash.

Monty’s trainer. He lived in a house with Jonny. At first. he cringed and avoided the area. Things To Avoid ● Don’t force him to rush his progress. Your own attitude has a huge impact on your dog. Molly and Peter. ● Don’t indulge his nervousness by babying him if he plays up. so reassure him that nothing’s wrong by acting bouncy and upbeat. something had to be done to combat this fear.kingdomofpets. If you think he's still a bit too tense. decided it was necessary to spend some time training him to get over his fear of the leash. but was easily spooked by new sights and sounds. Molly. After that. choosing instead to circle 124 www.com . and CERTAINLY don’t tell him off or punish him for being skittish or timid. every time he was approached with the leash. and that Jonny must never tug or pull on the leash ever again. Any pressure you put on him will be counterproductive. or shake and urinate on the floor out of fear. Monty would take off. Clearly. The whole point of this training is to ACCUSTOM him to the leash in his own time. a five year old boy. then go back a step or two and work your way back up.she made it clear to him that Monty was not to be toyed with. Act as if you haven’t even noticed that he’s nervous. You can’t force him to relax. He was friendly and affectionate. She also resolved never to let them play together without her or Peter’s supervision. she made it a priority to have a talk with Jonny about how to treat animals . Monty developed his fear of the leash when Jonny tried to take him for a walk by dragging him around on the leash. then congratulations! You've managed to overcome his fear of the leash. and his parents. Case Study: Fear of the Leash Monty was a Dachshund with a timid temperament. He will follow your lead. Before doing anything else. ● Don’t let yourself get annoyed by a prolonged lack of acceptance of the leash. She started off by just leaving the leash in the middle of the floor where Monty could see it. especially when he’s nervous. Take as much time as you need.● If he's OK with the previous step.

but as soon as they’re released they lose all manners and go haring off after any intoxicating sights and scents. After two or three more days of this. If you’ve got a fast-moving dog. The next stage of the process was for Monty to have the leash clipped on as he walked about the house. she clipped the leash onto Monty’s neck.widely around it . Monty followed Molly’s cues and. Moving very slowly.but Molly just left it lying there. and would leave it next to his bowl while he ate. Molly felt he would be able to proceed to the next stage of her training process. this is no joke (just wait until you’ve spent upwards of an hour chasing a frisky.kingdomofpets.and Jonny now knows how to play with Monty in a way that isn’t going to injure or scare him! L: Off-Leash Problems Some dogs are perfectly well-behaved while on the leash. Monty accepts the leash with no worries at all . is both incredibly useful and increasingly necessary in today’s fast-moving world.you’re a complete wreck. These days. She kept it in her hands while she was preparing Monty’s food.com . seemingly oblivious to your desperate calls for their return. while he ate. Molly’s next step was to try and teach Monty to associate the leash with good things. and while he was petted and played with (but only when Peter or Molly was able to supervise. it all worked out very well in the end. Molly tried having the leash in her lap while she petted and played with Monty. and over the course of the next several days Monty’s confidence grew enough that he was able to walk right over it without reacting. to make sure he didn’t get snagged on anything and either hurt himself or reverse the training that had taken place so far!). It took a few false starts but soon Monty was able to eat his meals without tensing up or gobbling his food down nervously. and talking calmly to Monty as though nothing was happening. 125 www. By this stage. Because Monty was so clearly relaxed. Monty’s confidence had been built up to a stage where he no longer minded sharing her lap with the leash. playful dog up and down the beach . didn’t even react to this. Because Molly was patient enough to let Monty take his own time with the leash. apart from a slight tensing. The recall command (“come”) is arguably one of the most important commands that you and your dog will ever master. Being able to call your dog and knowing that no matter what she’s doing she’ll drop what she’s doing and come to you. and she’s just getting warmed up!).

then fortunately that’s quite simple to remedy. The rest of the time.and will form a lasting impression that “come” means an angry you.There are two basic reasons for your dog’s “forgetfulness” when she’s offleash: ● She hasn’t been trained adequately in recall.com .recall” part of section 303: Advanced Commands and Tricks.after all. in the middle of a deserted playing-field).. Not good! So. but it never hurts to praise her sporadically for being such a good girl. with no distractions and plenty of safety margins (for example. ● Only train off-leash in situations that are truly safe.because if you get angry with her. You just have to put in a little bit of effort and time . Every single time. You don’t need to do this every time when your dog reliably trained in this command. ● Carry out this training in as many different locations and situations as possible.kingdomofpets. a lot of people make the mistake of being frustrated enough to tell her off when she finally DOES come . she took such a long time to come to you. 126 www. when you’re training her in “come” and she does come to you. The cardinal rule of recall training is that. Brushing Up On The Recall If your dog needs further training in the recall command. ● You’ve inadvertently taught her NOT to obey the recall command. Even if it takes several commands (or even several minutes) for her to heed your request. Correcting Previous Training Mistakes It’s pretty easy to give your dog the wrong idea when it comes to the recall command. right? Not exactly. train on-leash. If you’re asking your dog to “come” and she won’t. this is an extremely important command that you really MUST master if you ever want to let your dog run off-leash.. She’ll think you’re angry with her for coming to you . she was disobedient. you have to praise her every time she obeys you . YOU MUST MAKE A HUGE FUSS OVER HER. WHAT YOU NEED TO DO: ● Have a look at the “advanced come .after all. she doesn’t know it’s because she took such a long time coming.

Most dogs respond very well to inviting body language on your behalf. done that” bored.Step one: stop acting annoyed or angry with her for taking too long to come. just to really hammer the message home. or drop onto your knees. Step three: Brush up on basic recall training. 6. The Long Leash Method An advanced method for Recall Training. Carry out this training in a variety of different locations to keep her recall obedience razor-sharp . Step two: Treat her with exaggerated praise. 2. gentle pull on the line. and keep this up until she gets the message. but the odd dog will choose to chase squirrels or roll in the grass instead of heeding your request.com . but treating only every so often actually results in better obedience.kingdomofpets. petting. Aim for at least 10 repetitions of this exercise per day. give her lots of praise. As you call her. as if to give her a big hug. Take a look at Section 203: “A. rather than “been there. NOTE: The long line is useful for encouraging your dog to approach. 7. 3. 4. When she actually comes to you.” Period. as it keeps her interested and on her toes. If not. give her another slow. When she takes a step or two toward you. 5. Most dogs respond to this body posture. Come’ (recall)” for a training program. and sporadic treats when she does come. Praising and petting every time. Cheerily and encouragingly. Open your arms out. you can use the line to gently.and make sure you only train off-lead in safe. try letting go and see if she continues. squat down on your haunches. slowly pull her towards you.it’s only there in case she darts away and you need to grab her. or for otherwise not behaving exactly as you asked during “recall. After she’s taken a few steps. and it helps her to understand what you want during the training process. distraction-free situations. Put her on a long leash that is 20 to 30 feet long. Wait until she’s near the end of the leash and not paying attention to you. 127 www. 1. give her a treat and make a HUGE fuss over her. If this is the case. Don’t pull on the leash . Let her walk away from you. Make sure you praise her vociferously as soon as she starts to come your way. call her to you.

When you’re training a dog. an activity that they both enjoyed.she wouldn’t respond reliably to the recall command. Kristine liked to take Ella out walking in the hills around her house. The first mistake was that when Ella didn’t respond to recall. but not as a leader. We advised Kristine to combat these problem techniques by. it effectively reinforced Ella’s habit of ignoring this command. It was pretty clear to us that Ella respected Kristine as a friend.recall” part of section 303: Advanced Commands and Tricks”). say “sit” as your dog’s behind touches the ground).kingdomofpets.and Ella would just keep ignoring her. by making sure that she ALWAYS praised Ella for obeying the recall command. she’d just keep repeating the command . if Ella didn’t come straight away after being called. and secondly. We explained to Kristine that the “recall” command is both the most important command that your dog will ever know. and the beloved friend of Kristine. not subordinate to her . When Kristine kept repeating the word “come” as Ella ignored her. we found out about a couple of mistakes she was making. and Kristine worried that she’d injure herself or get into trouble. Ella was a Beagle.hence her lack of response to Kristine’s commands. After Kristine’s email. The second major problem with Kristine’s technique was that.com . Kristine wouldn’t reward or praise her for coming . As soon as Kristine unclipped it. She seemed to feel equal to Kristine.she’d be annoyed because Ella hadn’t obeyed her straight away. all Ella’s good manners seemed to evaporate . The only problem with these walks was Ella’s single-mindedness when off the leash. a dog with off-leash problems.Case Study: Off-Leash Problems Not that long ago. firstly. the Kingdom of Pets team received an email about Ella. The reason that repetition of a command when your dog is ignoring it isn’t recommended is because it teaches your dog that such a command is inherently meaningless. you generally speak the commandword AS the dog is performing the desired action (for example. and also the one that comes hardest to 128 www. Kristine wouldn’t change her behavior. brushing up on basic recall obedience (“advanced come .

infrequent walks actually reinforce that dog’s tendency to pull on the lead. the more firmly ingrained this habit becomes. 129 www. as opposed to continuing to sniff around/play/explore.com . a lot of owners end up either walking their dogs less often. In this section. Leash-Pulling Problems Leash-pulling is an issue that most owners experience with their dogs . There are several options available to you. and it should be rewarded every time.kingdomofpets. but before we look at those it’s time to examine your own behavior leading up to a walk. which means training your dog not to pull in the first place. You might be encouraging your dog to misbehave while on the leash without even realizing it. pent-up energy? To a tense and bottled-up dog. On top of all this. The average dog needs an hour to an hour and a half of physical activity every day. M. and the occasional treat. pats. Returning to you when you ask.most dogs. when the leash finally does come out he’s so excited (by the prospect of a walk) and agitated (because he’s got all this nervous energy from not being walked enough) that he’s almost incapable of NOT pulling on the leash! And the more often any dog gets the chance to pull. restricting your dog’s social contact and exercise through reducing either the number or duration of his walks is a reliable way to bring previously-dormant problems to the surface. and can turn an everyday walk with your dog into a nuisance rather than a pleasure. One of the main problems with a leash-pulling dog is that the behavior is often so frustrating for the owner that it results in fewer and fewer walks: because walking a pulling dog is both irritating and hard to do. so is it any wonder that an infrequently walked dog is agitated and full of nervous. or actually stop walking them altogether. demonstrates real loyalty and trust on behalf of your dog. We asked Kristine to make sure she always had a small pouch of tasty treats on hand during the recall training process. In short. and to make sure that she invariably rewarded Ella’s obedience with praise. the “quick fix” of not walking your dog isn’t a fix at all.it’s a very common problem. or to exaggerate any existing behavioral problems. It’s far better for both of you to address the problem at its root. we’re going to discuss how you can do this. In the case of a leash-pulling dog.

we assign human meaning to canine behavior. This behavior is counterproductive to the training techniques that we’re going to discuss below . happiness and excitement are two very different things which manifest themselves in very different ways. barking. excitement and happiness are two different things.and every time he’s able to act in this way without being corrected. For a lot of dogs. His tail might be wagging. and he might be prancing energetically about a bit. Make sure you’re giving your dog a consistent message here: overexcitement is not to be tolerated. for example. with friendly. with a racing heart and high-pitched whining/yelping. This means that before you even get out the door.kingdomofpets. happiness and excitement go hand in hand. breathing shallowly and quickly.but remember. We need to remember that.com .The key here is for you to set a precedent for your dog’s on-leash behavior by making sure he behaves himself WHENEVER that leash is in your hand whether he’s wearing it or not. A dog in this state finds it harder to give you obedience when you demand it: he’s just too woundup. it’s great that your dog is HAPPY to be going out for a walk . and unproductive for the both of you. After all.if you were to give him a command. For a dog. you need to ensure that your dog is calm and that his mindset is receptive to your leadership. At the other end of the spectrum. but he’s calm. the mere sight of the leash being brought out is a cue for instant overexcitement: whining. relaxed. to our dogs. it reinforces his habit of misbehaving in leash-related situations. Yes. an excited dog is visibly tense and bursting with nervous energy. An excited dog will leap around. that is. he’d obey you without delay. and is receptive to your authority . and bouncing around in hyperactive bursts. 130 www. to most humans. the excited behavior detailed above isn’t entirely a healthy state of being . “soft” eyes and a distinct lack of tension in his posture. A happy dog is relaxed and content in demeanor. So an excited dog might seem cute or endearing to us. Humans often make the mistake of anthropomorphizing our dogs.it’s uncomfortable for him. to a dog.

Make no mistake about it . it means it's time to "fight or flee. which is not a good thing. the association between that type of behavior in leash-related circumstances becomes more concrete.it means he's over-stimulated. and he's uncomfortably over-stimulated. when your dog's ricocheting off the walls and working himself into a frenzy of panting hyperactivity. our dogs' happiness is a major priority. you need to train him to be calm whenever the leash comes out." which is physically and psychologically unpleasant for him: his mind is heading in a million different directions at once. it doesn't mean he's HAPPY .com . Anticipation is fine.kingdomofpets. 131 www. Some minor bouncing around and energetic tail-waggling is to be expected and enjoyed! What we ARE trying to do is to point out that. ● It's unproductive for your dog because. Over-reacting and working himself up into a lather of destructive energy is not. and is one of the most rewarding aspects of ownership. and halt all progress toward the door whenever he starts to get agitated. when his body is surging with adrenaline (as it is when he's excited). It's pretty easy to do this: all you need to do is reward the behavior that you want to see repeated. ● It's unproductive for you because every time your dog misbehaves in a situation which involves a leash. This makes perfect sense when you think about it: before you can expect your dog to walk calmly beside you on the leash.by setting a solid precedent for calm good behavior as soon as the leash comes out. you're doing yourself AND your dog a big favor! Allow us to clarify the point here: we're not trying to get you to train your dog out of demonstrating happiness.Why Your Dog’s Excitement Is Unproductive ● It's unproductive for you because your dog isn't receptive to your authority and is more likely to be disobedient and troublesome. in nature. So step number one: no walking until he's relatively calm. As owners.

either wrapped around your wrist or doubled up in your palm (whichever is easiest). so don't resume your efforts until he's calm and sitting down. You're training him to learn that overexcitement equals the walk being stopped in its tracks before it even gets started. If he can't contain himself and starts wriggling around. stop what you're doing as soon as he makes a visible or audible tension signal (yipping.com . This makes it easier for you to control your dog's leeway while on the lead. ● Before you start walking. he's still very agitated: more often than not. don't force the issue . but will explode with energy as soon as you start walking. If you think your dog is "faking it. although he's managing to control himself. Now is not the time for retractable leashes or twelve-foot lines: a sixfoot standard leash is perfect.stand up straight away. then your left hand should be holding the leash six inches from where it joins the collar. You want to give your dog maybe six inches of slack.) ● A lot of dogs have learned to restrain themselves (barely) while the leash is being attached. turn around.Dealing With Leash-Pulling During A Walk ● Get him to sit-stay while you attach the leash. a dog behaving like this will take off like a shot as soon as you've released him from the "sit-stay.kingdomofpets. and keep the excess wrapped around your wrist or hand . and ignore him. Your dog might be able to sit down and submit to the leash being attached.and because you've got him on a short leash. 132 www. you don't want to give him the opportunity to rush off in a different direction. etc)." then keep an eye on him and be prepared to STOP WALKING as soon as he bolts off: reinforce the concept that him pulling the lead means a stop to the walk . he's tense and trembling. remember to keep your dog on a short leash. ● Please be aware of this behavior and remember that." and will slide into dominant leashpulling behavior as soon as you start walking. and don't try again until he's calmed down. which makes the lesson a lot clearer for him. He's emitting little yelps and whines. he has to stop walking as soon as you do. panting. until you can attach the leash with no problems. and is in your right hand. The rest of the leash stretches across your body. but he's not calm.while training for good behavior on the leash. Repeat this procedure as many times as you need to. Next time he gets keyed up as you put the lead on. and allows you more control over his movements (particularly if you have a strong or big-breed dog. If you like to walk with your dog on your left side. whining. it's a real effort for him to sit still long enough for you to attach that leash. ● A good way to hold the leash is with both hands at once.

Yes. everybody knows this." Leash-walking is completely separate from the rest of his life. straining against the leash. to trailing behind a fair distance (the lower-ranking wolves). not YOUR way.com . is exhibiting classic alphadominant behavior.kingdomofpets. the primary reason for this is dominance: he's exhibiting dominant behavior over you. and everybody sticks to it unless they're asking for trouble. your dog is straining at the leash because he wants to sniff/eat/chase something. that tries to get you to go where he wants. the alpha wolf decides where everybody goes. A dog that pulls on the leash.like so much of our dogs' misbehavior. This doesn't necessarily mean he's a "problem dog. from quite close on his/her heels (the higher-ranking wolves).and everybody else fans out behind." and in our section on dominance-aggression (which is in Dog 202: Dog Problems Solved). so it's entirely possible that he's an absolute model of deportment in all other areas while still being difficult while on the lead. So when your dog lunges on the leash and attempts to redirect you somewhere that HE wants to go. If your dog is rushing out ahead of you. Yes. This is something that all dogs know. In a wolf-pack. He or she chooses the trail for that day. The cardinal rule of travel in a wolf-pack is that nobody ever tries to get in front of the alpha dog he/she leads the way. it means he thinks he's leading 133 www. but there's more to it than simple physical desires to run and explore. This includes decisions about where the pack goes.What Does Leash-Pulling Mean? The causes for leash-pulling behavior are really very simple . but he'd know better . These are actually only secondary reasons . and trying to force you to go the way HE wants to go.because subordinate dogs follow the alpha unquestioningly. he'd still WANT to do that. we know that dogs are descended from wolves.a dog that knows you're in charge isn't going to try and challenge your authority by dragging you off to one side so he can indulge his own desires. that wolves are pack animals. and that the social structure of a wolf-pack requires a leader (the alpha) who dominates all other pack members when it comes to making decisions. it all boils down to dominance and who thinks who is in charge. and that generally "leads" you HIS way. What's Dominance Got To Do With Taking A Walk? As detailed in the bonus book on "Secrets to Becoming the Alpha Dog. and in what order the pack members travel in. and takes off in the lead position .

● Make sure he's on the leash (and that you've set a good precedent for calmness when attaching it). It's a great way of reasserting your dominance. Take a few steps (maybe five or ten) and then change direction without warning. a front yard. start walking. the local park. ● Take a few more steps in this direction.you.it doesn't matter. This is where you’ll need to use a specific strategy to overcome this problem. HERE'S WHAT YOU DO: ● Take your dog to an open space. Just because you've got a leash around his neck doesn't mean you're controlling where he's going .kingdomofpets. or just head off to one side . Make a complete about-face. Random walking is done in all sorts of places with great success . that you're in charge and you're the one who decides where the two of you are going to go. with no slack to go rushing off in a different direction. The leash should be short: you want him to be right by your side. anti-pulling training techniques. He thinks HE is.” It's a charmingly simple concept. ● Take another couple of steps before making another random direction 134 www. Now it's time to look at some active. ● Keeping the leash short. Susan Morton (Petiquette Animal Behavioral Consultancy) . with as few distractions as possible.refers to this technique as “random walking. he doesn't think you're the alpha. so you don't want to be constricted by a narrow walkway or anything like that. You need to prove to him. a playing field.a quiet cul-de-sac. and then change direction at random again.com . through consistent leadership and ongoing control. Training Techniques For A Leash-Pulling Dog So you've learned to set your expectations for the rest of the walk by rewarding only good behavior (by allowing the walk to continue) and ignoring your dog for bad behavior (which means the walk comes to a halt until he's calmed down). and the best part is that it's both highly effective AND a real mental workout for your dog: random walking forces your dog to think and to anticipate your moves.if he's tugging on the leash.who features in the Kingdom of Pets Dog Training DVD Series . instead of trying to assume leadership over you. The main requirement is that the space is open .you're going to be leading your dog in all sorts of directions.

● Feel free to jazz it up a bit: you might want to weave in and out of trees at random. because your dog's exercise needs are still very much present!) 135 www.for example. Change the location as often as you like. anything else you can think of. the dog will get home and fall asleep almost straight away: it's very mentally tiring work for a dog. Be patient. or stop and start a few times. you'll find that you can walk for longer and longer periods of time in one direction. ten steps in any one direction is plenty. much more exhausting than going for an hour-long walk even! (A word of warning: please don't try to substitute random walking for a good-quality full-length walk.the whole idea is that your dog doesn't know where you're heading next. ● Because your dog's on a short leash. or walking around the perimeter of a park . If you allow him to see where you're planning on going . As your dog gradually learns to accept your leadership (after you've taken him random walking at least a couple of times. In the majority of cases. For the technique to work. speed. which is just one more opportunity for him to see himself as the leader. stride length.you don't want him to associate "good behavior" on-leash with a particular part of town. and has to look to you for leadership.kingdomofpets. always in a different direction. most can't go for much longer than this on their first random walk. though .com .mix up the direction. Essentially. you want it to become second nature in all situations. there's nowhere else for him to go but where YOU want him to. Because this is pretty mentally taxing stuff for a dog (especially one that's not accustomed to having you dictate the direction or length of time spent in that direction). or alternate between walking and jogging. for slowly-increasing allotments of time). Don't fall into the trap of doing this too often or too early. you're pacing back and forth. You want to keep your dog guessing. Variety is the key .if you follow a discernible path. not try and assume he knows where to go . You're really making him think now. ● Keep this up for a good 10 or 15 minutes. and keep the direction changes really frequent at first: generally speaking. he'll probably try and take over again. too . he needs to follow your lead. because he has to look to you for directions. rather than assuming he knows where to go. if you're following a path.you're negating the basic rules of random walking. once you've wrapped up a random walking session. and varying the number of steps you're taking.change.

drink. if you’re starting to get frustrated. A dog wearing a head collar can do all the things that a dog wearing a muzzle cannot: he can bark. his head swings back to where you’re holding the leash. it's not something that requires vast time expenditure to have an effect: it's more your consistency with the program that counts. you're conferring "number two" status on your dog. NOTE: a head collar is emphatically NOT a muzzle (although it may sound like one. These are available at most pet stores.kingdomofpets. one of which goes around your dog’s muzzle.YOU are. and lick. Basically. pant. owners can stop using the head collar after only a few weeks/ months if they wish. then you'll start to see results pretty quickly . and revert back to a normal neck collar. The use of a head collar will not restrict your dog’s freedom at all. except in his ability to pull on the leash. or if your dog starts lagging behind) then that’s a signal to stop and take a break. If either you or your dog start to show signs of stress and/or tiredness (for example. The leash itself attaches to a small metal ring. It’s just like the bridle that you put on a horse. Most dogs learn not to tug in a very short time. and the principle holds the same for your dog: he’ll walk in the direction that he’s facing. Fortunately. If your dog tries to walk off in a different direction. with the Gentle Leader® and the Halti® being the two best-known types. 136 www. The Head Collar The head collar or head “harness” type lead can be effective as both a long-term corrective tool and a training device. In many cases. and is best done when the two of you are feeling chipper and mentally alert. The head collar is basically two nylon straps.com . ● You need to commit to this technique to achieve long-lasting results. a head collar makes it almost literally impossible for your dog to go wandering while on the leash.usually within a week.Further Tips For Random Walking ● The aim of this leash-training method is to change your dog's leadership-oriented thought processes by reinforcing the idea that HE'S not leading the way . ● Please remember that this is a demanding exercise for your dog. By forcing your dog to follow you. eat. If you can maintain your efforts with a ten or fifteen minute random walk every day or second day (although you can do it more often if you have the time and inclination). which is located just under your dog’s chin. and in a way that he can't fail to understand. from the description!). and one of which goes around the back of the neck.

just like puppies do when getting used to a neck collar. simply because it was the only way that Susan had any control over Harley while he was on the leash. we spent a few minutes random walking with Harley (to show her how it was done). they thought it best if they got a handle on his leash-tugging behavior while they still retained some control over him! We prescribed the “random walking” technique straight away. very powerful German Shepherd dog . Before starting the random walking exercise.com . in this case we were all in agreement over her use of this training device. Give him a treat or two when he’s got it on. And because you’re enjoying walking him more he gets more and longer walks. and explained that there should be no jerking or hard pulling. This was actually what forced Susan and Jeff to ask for help: since Harley still had a lot of growing to do (he was nine months when our team stepped in to help). rather than being a decision which is influenced by your dog’s comfort levels or needs. When Susan was comfortable with how to use the chain.as a working dog. You’ll need to give your dog a short while to get used to the unusual sensation of a head collar. It’s win-win! Case Study: Leash-Pulling Problems Harley is a very large. You don’t need to worry about a tugging. heaving dog. Although Harley was a lovely dog in most other ways. Even though this isn’t something that Kingdom of Pets actively promotes as a first option. and then handed the reins over to Susan. enjoy . he’s a fine healthy example of his breed.your walks with your dog will be a lot more pleasurable for both of you from now on. give him just five minutes before takings it off. TIP: Give your dog a chance to get properly used to his head collar. 137 www.kingdomofpets. So whether you use a head collar or neck collar in the long-term is entirely up to you. powerful dog. Susan practiced this technique on him using a check chain. But he won’t even notice it’s on once he’s got accustomed to it.Whether you do this or not is entirely up to you. a lot more pleasant for him if you take things slowly: the first time you put it on. and he’d actually pulled Susan over a couple of times in the past. and resulting associations. he was very difficult to control while on the leash. Above all. so he learns that the head collar is a good thing for him. Most dogs will leap around and paw at their faces the first few times they wear it. Because Harley was such a large. we ensured that Susan had the check-chain on correctly. but he was proving a bit too much for his owners (Jeff and Susan) to handle. You’ll make the initial experience.

and was staying close to her heels. Barking Problems Barking is viewed by a lot of people as a “nuisance behavior” . and would likely have bowled Susan over again if the check chain hadn’t been in use. We advised Susan to stick with her random walking technique. in Harley’s case). But as the minutes wore on. since allowing him to take the lead again would only undo the progress made so far through random walking.com . looking up at her frequently to see where she might be heading next. This doesn’t have to be a bad thing! 138 www.generally speaking.who was physically strong enough to control Harley’s lunging .At first. This isn’t the most productive viewpoint to take. Harley was quite difficult to manage. We also advised her not to try walking Harley along the straight. Harley had lost his dominance on the leash inside of ten minutes. He would start to lunge off in different directions before being checked by the chain. so we advised Susan to give it a break until the next day. we suggested that Jeff .something to be silenced at all costs. Harley was showing signs of tiredness. and to non-directional exercise like games of fetch or Frisbee until the positive effects of random walking were more habitual for the dog in question. although we warned Susan not to expect the same results on a normal lead in normal walking circumstances too early. This was a huge step forward (and one common with random walking . and was learning to concede leadership to Susan. or in places that he could guess at the direction too early on in the training program. results are quick to show themselves!). and then to use a head collar for a prolonged period of time until that person felt entirely confident walking their dog. it was possible to see the alterations in his mindset beginning to take effect: he wasn’t trying to anticipate Susan’s next direction change any more. After ten minutes of this. N. even in such a short period of time. In the case of somebody physically incapable of controlling their dog. and to gradually reintroduce a normal collar (we also suggested a head collar. Note: since Harley’s exercise requirements were considerable. But progress had been made.take him for runs or walks in normal circumstances while Susan practiced random walking every day. We recommend that you think of your dog’s barking as an attempt to communicate something to you: your dog is trying to tell you something.kingdomofpets. we would recommend restricting exercise to random walking.

for the strange dog/person outside the gate to go away. ● Teach him the "enough" or "quiet" command. a meal. problem barking . no eye contact. you need to redirect his attention so he forgets to bark. pay him NO ATTENTION WHATSOEVER . and give him a treat. IMMEDIATELY say "quiet" (or "enough" or whatever command suits you) and then praise him.no reprimands. When he starts barking. in no particular order: ● Seeing another dog ● Someone is approaching or is near the house ● Needing to go outside ● Wanting food ● Wanting to play ● Is bored and/or lonely What To Do About It Some barking is to be expected . presumably you wouldn't have chosen a dog for a pet! On the other hand.barking that's repetitive. When he's barking. and either deal with whatever it is that’s causing him to vocalize. A great deal of the reason why a dog continues to bark is because he's getting something out of it: attention.and when he's quiet. and without any apparent cause . ● Never reward barking. Why Do Dogs Bark? Below is a short list of the most common reasons that dogs bark. if you couldn't handle any barking whatsoever. humans and dogs communicate in very different ways.to figure out what it is your dog is trying to say.with our help of course .after all.isn't something that you just have to put up with.Of course. he'll stop barking . Listed below are some steps you can take to minimize your dog's barking habit. continuous.kingdomofpets. When he sits. You need to rewire this section of your dog's brain and teach him that this is no longer an effective means of communication. so it’s up to you . A great way to do this is to call him to you.com . 139 www. and break his attention by getting him to sit. no touch or speech of any sort. or correct him if necessary.

moderation is the key. Reward with praise. your dog is getting a bit too big for his boots . Take him out for a good long walk . To a bored dog that's left by himself. Ask him to be quiet. and then get him to sit or lie down. doggie day-care. If this not possible. if not more than this . consider investing in a dogsitter. HOW TO DEAL WITH BOREDOM/LONELINESS. the better . petting.you're best off reading the "Secrets to Becoming the Alpha Dog" bonus book and making sure your dog knows who's the boss. you can bet that he's barking because he's sick and tired of being left by himself. barking gives him something to do.before going out for more than three or four hours. make a big fuss over him. just until he gets the idea. If your dog's pretty well behaved when you're around.preferably forty-five minutes to an hour. The more consistent you are with this. It's a way to occupy his time and make the hours go past until something more interesting comes along. 140 www. ● Reward quiet. and that's when your dog's barking out of loneliness or boredom. If this is the case. AND THUS CURB EXCESSIVE BARKING: ● Make sure your dog is as tired as possible before leaving him alone. If this is the case. or just get a trusted neighbor to drop round at some point to play fetch and spend some time together. ● Don't just ask him to be quiet .kingdomofpets.you don't need to keep it up forever. you need to address the root cause of the problem (your dog is bored and lonely) rather than the symptoms (barking).give him something to channel his energy into.com . and/or a treat.● Don't overuse the "quiet" command . ● Some people find that their dog "talks back" to them when they ask him to be quiet by barking defiantly. Your dog still needs the opportunity to vent! Allow him to get a couple of good loud barks out before asking him to stop. ● Visit him during the day. but your neighbors are complaining of repetitive barking when you're out. The Exception To The Rule There is one scenario in which asking your dog to "be quiet" isn't really going to be effective. If your dog is being quiet.

make sure he's got a "safe place" to go to where he can retreat from the world if necessary (a kennel or crate). The idea is just to break his attention. This is a really valuable piece of equipment in dogtraining: just pop a couple of pennies into a can (the heavier the can. no heavy metal!). but obviously you wouldn't have adopted a dog if you didn't want to spend time with him.don't deprive him of that basic happiness. and just hanging out together. sometimes enough is enough . As soon as he stops barking. You can leave water pistols around the house in strategic places. Timing is really important with both these techniques: you must be sure to only use them WHILE he's barking. ● When you do get home. Alternatives For Problem Barkers Although barking is obviously an essential aspect of any dog's personality and ability to express themselves. When your dog starts barking.soup cans are great) and seal the end with duct tape. make sure you spend a good amount time with your dog: playing. 141 www. right? Your dog is at his most content as your companion . consider the hose. and keep changing them around to prevent boredom.● Make sure your dog has plenty to do. Use the shake-can. Spray him with water. praise him and give him a treat (you're praising him for stopping barking . although it may seem to you like you're actually rewarding his barking. you must praise him as soon as he stops barking. has enough food and water. give it a quick shake: the loud rattle is enough to shock most dogs into stopping.kingdomofpets. Hopefully this is self. If your dog is really stuck in his overly-vocal ways. your dog WILL understand this. here are a couple of alternate ways to get him to cease and desist: 1.com . ● Make his environment as comfortable and relaxing as possible.trust us.especially when a polite request for quiet makes no difference to the noise levels in your household. as scaring him when he's quiet is just going to undermine your goal of achieving silence. training.) 2. Put on some quiet music before going out (something soothing. the louder and more startling the noise .evident enough that we don't need to tell you. if he's outside. As with the shake-can. and that there are some toys around. You don't need to SOAK him. Tempt him with a delicious array of chews and toys. that he's warm and dry.

You might recognize it from natural insect-repellent candles and sprays. which is an essential oil that has a scent dogs find offensive in the extreme. when your dog barks. but they do little to address the cause of the barking.scent-hounds like Beagles and Bloodhounds in particular. “Debarking. he’s trying to alert you to the fact that something’s not quite right: citronella collars may get rid of the barking. 142 www. and then you can practice getting him to bark whenever someone comes to the gate or door.kingdomofpets. Finally. will NOT stop barking no matter what you do. The reason that we don't advise using these collars unless you're really at your wits’ end is simply because it's so incredibly unpleasant for the dog .” a major operation involving cutting the vocal cords. if your dog’s barking is driving you absolutely up the wall and he won’t stop no matter what you do. barking problems stem from a dog’s lack of desire to bark. even as a last resort. However.com . there’s not really any way to ingrain guarding instincts if they’re not already present naturally. A citronella collar may be the answer to your prayers. If you want your dog to alert you to the presence of strangers. but he’s not a natural watch-dog. It can also be dangerous . is inhumane and should not be considered as an option. by all means give it a shot: it’s pretty easy to teach a dog to bark on command. Having said this though. truly. let’s not forget the fact that. a citronella collar can be effective.barking is a necessary means of communication/ warning for dogs. The spray hits the dog right in the face and neck whenever he barks. you could try one of these collars. Some dogs just don’t seem to have any instinct to vocalize in the presence of strangers .and because teaching him that barking is bad no matter what the circumstances is pretty hard on him. They work by emitting a powerful whiff of citronella.One Last Option For dogs that really. as a last resort. Please Bark! Sometimes (although quite rarely).

com . you need to first create a situation in which he’ll vocalize naturally. Praise him heartily afterwards and give him a treat. encourage him to do so with a command-word like “speak. Brian decided to set up a video camera in the garden one day before he and Kelly left for work. as well. and then. He simply didn’t like being left alone.jump about and wave your arms animatedly in the air while barking. because Braden got plenty of both. while he’s barking. Whenever his owners (Kelly and Brian) went out to work. The problem was centered around Braden’s dislike of being left alone. speak!" WHILE he's doing it.TEACHING “SPEAK” To teach your dog to bark. and scratching at the door of the house.which could last for hours! We knew the problem wasn’t a lack of exercise or attention.this would result in a frenzy of barking. if you can. ● Expect to repeat this exercise at least a few times before he barks on command. The resulting footage showed what appeared to be a very anxious Braden: he’d pace around in circles. You're trying to get your dog excited here! ● If and when your dog responds to this behavior with a bark or two. It'll help if you leap around a bit too .kingdomofpets. Braden would bark up a storm . he’d also act up whenever the neighbors came too close to the fence line . and record Braden’s activity for a few hours.” ● Arrange for a friend to come round and knock loudly at the door/ring the doorbell: whatever situation you choose to spark your dog's barking is the stimulus that you're training him to respond to in future with a bark. Case Study: Barking Problems Braden is a Boxer who was driving his owners and their neighbors stone mad with his obsessive and repetitive barking. Choose wisely. say "Speak! Good boy. In addition to this. 143 www. because it's easier to teach than un-teach! ● Start barking yourself. barking repetitively. or shut him outside at night.

essentially. After warning the neighbors that they were probably in for a noisy time (and apologizing in advance!). as well as some basic “de-territorialization. meet the dog.We advised Kelly and Brian that treatment for separation anxiety. we asked Brian and Kelly to involve the neighbors in Braden’s rehabilitation.somewhere he could retreat to.starting at five minutes. they practiced leaving him alone in the house and yard . 144 www. Braden was starting to settle down during the day. They needed to get to know Braden. The first step was to create a “safe place” for Braden .it had finally become clear to him that barking wasn’t going to get him what he wanted. so that he’d recognize them and not feel compelled to defend “his” property from these strange people walking back and forth on the perimeter. bordering on the house. they told him to “go to bed. the barking had diminished significantly. safe from the distractions of passers-by and other dogs.Kelly and Brian just asked them to drop round for a few minutes.com .” saw him into his kennel. but night barking was still a problem for everybody within earshot! We asked Brian and Kelly to use “tough love” on Braden . where he could withdraw to when he needed some time out. The neighbors were also given a small supply of dog-treats. which they were asked to pass through the fence to Braden every so often over the next few weeks. which was his own private space. so if he DID start barking. and give him a treat or two. Next. They also told all neighbors what Braden’s name was. Involving the neighbors was pretty easy . By the end of the third night. just to really make sure that Braden wouldn’t feel threatened by them any more. and then ignored all barking for the rest of the night. On the second night. By this time. they worked up to half an hour. Braden had finally quieted down . they could address him by name (thus proving to Braden that they’re not strangers after all!). When he started barking. A little bit at a time. we got Brian and Kelly to desensitize Braden to their leaving.” would most likely solve Braden’s problem.kingdomofpets. Brian and Kelly shut Braden outside for the night. they had to absolutely ignore him whenever he started barking. Brian accordingly built him a kennel in the corner of the yard. Finally.

lack of confidence ● Frustrated.it’s like a nervous tic in a human. the worse that dog will feel. or a mature dog that’s learned to use whining as an effective communication tool. or affection. annoyed ● Stressed It's quite clear to most humans that whining signals distress of some kind. dogs usually “grow out of” whining by the time they reach six to eight months of age The reason that mature dogs whine when communicating with humans is because they’ve learned that whining has its own reward: it gets them what they want.if whining goes unrewarded. For those of us with a compassionate nature. we'd usually try and comfort an unhappy human with soothing words and gestures. and Kelly and Brian were relieved! O. but the truth is that the more sympathy and compassion you show to a distressed. will whine: ● Nervous or worried ● Insecure. Why Do Dogs Whine? A lot of the time. right? In reality. whining dog. reacting this way is actually the worst thing you can do for dog that's whining.com . so the same reaction should work just as well with dogs.despite a few rough nights. Below is a short list of some of the more common reasons that a puppy. and how to “un-teach” your dog to whine. Usually it’s an unconscious reaction to stress of some kind. It sounds downright cruel. It’s not something that dogs naturally do to communicate with humans .kingdomofpets. Braden was a more well-adjusted dog. it's only natural to respond to such a troubling sound with sympathy and affection .after all. whether it’s food. attention. a dog isn’t even aware that she’s doing it . 145 www. Whining Whining is a form of communication between dogs which is most common among juveniles.Brian and Kelly’s efforts had paid off . This section will deal with the causes of whining. the neighbors were happier.

because if YOU'RE so obviously concerned.our dogs look to us for emotional and psychological cues. we're going to repeat ourselves again . You can do this easily: simply ask her to do something for you. 146 www. and would react anxiously to new sights and sounds.This is because . sympathy. Pretend you can't hear it.com . utterly ignore your dog's whining. not less. If she knows more obedience commands. the whining Weimaraner.” and.and with her improved mood comes an end to the whining! Case Study: Whining This is the case of Billy.but you are going to ignore the whining. From when he was a juvenile of five months (which is when he was adopted from the Weimaraner Rescue shelter). physical exercise releases endorphins (the “feelgood” chemicals) in dogs. run through those too. or otherwise physically reinforce your dog's worry. which elevate mood.after all. she’s trying to tell you something . His owner. Combine this with the attention from you and the sheer exuberant fun of a game.right? What Not To Do For A Whining Dog ● React with alarm. This will only make things worse. Resist the temptation! ● Cuddle. Don't give any verbal reaction at all . THEN you can reward her with attention and affection (it’s appropriate now. What you need to do is to redirect your dog’s attention. A fantastic alternative is to involve her in a favorite game . because she’s earned it). The Best Thing You Can Do Completely. because she knew that Weimaraners are typically pretty sensitive dogs.kingdomofpets. the better. ● Tell your dog off. when she obeys. and make her forget whatever it was that she’s crying about.no soothing murmurs or cooing. Get her to “sit-stay. then there really must be something to worry about . or compassion to your dog's whining. If your dog is whining and you try to comfort her verbally and/or physically. You're not going to ignore your dog . She figured that.yes. Your dog will become MORE anxious. your dog won't feel better. She'll worry even more.the more active. Just like with humans. he’d always been pretty highly strung. Maisie wasn’t really fazed by this. stroke. and she’ll be feeling better in no time .

kingdomofpets. Billy would whine if he wasn’t given enough attention. she was half right: Billy didn’t get any worse. we made sure our questions covered all aspects of Billy and Maisie’s life together. about how he dealt with Billy’s crying and incessant whining. It was explained to Ed that this was actually damaging to Billy.he protested to Maisie that it seemed cruel to “just let the poor creature sob. hearing a dog in distress is upsetting! Because Maisie was a competent owner. but that he felt that distraction techniques (game playing. He was perplexed because Billy’s crying was such an ongoing problem. if he wanted to come in. According to Maisie. work habits. he’d gradually calm down and begin to explore life in a more confident manner.given ongoing stability of home life. This was beginning to get pretty wearing . Billy spent working hours (9-6. he was still a very keyed-up dog. As it turned out. We asked Maisie a few questions about her home life. Maisie’s dad loved spending time with Billy. Ed would feed him biscuits to cheer him up. or sit down with him and give him a big cuddle. if another dog approached. As it turned out. Ed. and not to comfort them as if they were a child. if a human approached. he would always seem to calm down in the short term when he got a cuddle or a cookie. and Maisie could go to work with a clear conscience and no worries about Billy’s state of mind during the day . a walk) were both a kinder and 147 www. if he was tired. if he wanted to go out. obedience work. By the time he was a year and a half old. if he was hungry. but felt that he was probably doing the right thing . He said that it was pretty heart wrenching to just ignore Billy’s crying. We heard back from Ed and Maisie after two weeks. but neither did he get any better. Monday to Friday) with Maisie’s elderly father.although Billy’s whining had never diminished in any way. This was clearly the root of the problems. Whenever Billy began to get agitated.” But Maisie asked Ed to try it our way for a week or so.until we spoke to Maisie’s Dad. and the people that Billy socialized with on a regular basis. Ed had a hard time accepting this at first . Ed said he couldn’t bear to see or hear Billy so upset. and a calm and authoritative owner. This sounded like a pretty suitable arrangement for everyone Billy got constant companionship. Maisie’s main problem with Billy was his ongoing habit of excessive whining. and if he saw anything new. lots of exercise. and that dogs need you to lead by example.com .after all.

Billy is still a very highly-strung dog. This is because. so you need to make 148 www. pure and simple. we can’t expect them to adhere to a code of moral conduct. because she doesn’t know she’s doing anything “wrong. this technically isn’t an accurate representation of your dog’s behavior. Billy’s mind was taken off his problems straight away. you can’t actually punish her for it unless you catch her IN THE ACT. and Ed got to feel like he was still doing something constructive to help Billy.com . which is something that you’re responsible for. good behavior in the face of temptation is all down to training. This was so that Billy wouldn’t feel as though he could “get something” from whining . P. this isn’t due to a welldeveloped sense of ethics on the dog’s behalf. she hasn’t done anything wrong. but he’s learned that whining isn’t necessarily going to improve his life at all. No dog is a thief. not your dog! The purpose of explaining all this is to make it clear to you that if and when your dog manages to gulp something down that’s not rightfully hers. and can refrain from eating that roast chicken that has been left out so temptingly (and foolishly) on an accessible countertop . rather than expect a game or walk every time he got upset. On the contrary. to her.he still needed to learn not to whine.more constructive option for both of them. We suggested that Ed try to ignore Billy’s whining fifty percent of the time. So. It’s true that an extremely well-trained dog is able to resist temptation. Because dogs don’t have a sense of “right” and “wrong” like humans do. although your dog might be taking food that’s not rightfully hers.but again. or to refrain from “stealing” any tempting food that’s been left out by us. Thieving When we refer to “thieving” in dogs. because no dog has the mental capacity to apply morals to her day to day behavior.kingdomofpets. we’re using a phrase that’s been coined for a dog that eats something that we humans count among our own possessions.” When we talk about thieving. and distract him with games or walks the other half of the time. period. it’s still not “thieving” in the true sense of the word.

food in between her set mealtimes. cupboards. and think about her natural drive to steal food . or dangerous within reach of those destructive little hands.the only thing your dog can learn from your negative reaction is to be more careful in future. Probably the most productive thing you can do when dealing with your dog’s natural propensity for purloining food is to “dog proof” your house. If you come across the aftermath of a bout of thievery. ● Spend a little time in your kitchen.or even hope for . more effective. would you? You wouldn’t rely on that toddler’s ability to remember your requests that she please leave your things alone . This is the only way that you can let her know that what she’s doing isn’t allowed. looking at things from your dog’s point of view. and generally to set her up for failure. and certainly kinder to prevent your dog from gobbling your food than it is to spend time and effort in planning ways to booby-trap it. reprimand.how resourceful has she been in the past? Look at the small modifications you can make to your own kitchen habits which will prevent the opportunity for mischief from even arising: add childproof latches and snaps to drawers. If your dog learns that food is available throughout the day. Think of it this way: if you had a toddler in the house. and 149 www. fridge doors. so there’s no helpful lesson to be learned . The damage has already been done. Consider her physical agility. she’ll start actively hunting for it. Assume that she will view anything tasty you leave within her reach as fair game. Your dog’s thievery should be dealt with in the exact same way. you wouldn’t leave anything valuable. Don’t ever feed her food scraps.” That’s not fair to her.the connection between her eating that chicken and you being angry absolutely crystal clear (which you can do by reprimanding her as she’s actually eating the food). or really to react in any way. It’s much easier. so that she can enjoy the food without the consequences! The best way to deal with thievery in your dog is to prevent it. and ask that other people refrain from doing so too. it will do absolutely no good to yell. HERE ARE SOME TIPS FOR PREVENTING THE FORMATION OF FOODSTEALING HABITS IN YOUR DOG: ● Your dog must not ever learn to expect .you’d just make sure there was no opportunity for her to cause trouble in the first place.kingdomofpets. and don’t ever rely on her “better instincts.com . delicate. much as new parents childproof their houses. and will almost certainly result in a spoiled meal and an angry you.

emitting a loud.it seems like a lot of work and effort on your behalf. please make sure that they inflict fright. rather than relying on your dog’s training to overcome instinct. NOT pain. and encourages scavenging for scraps. This teaches her that retribution for thievery is caused directly by her own actions.com . or one that has a secure. poking around in the trash can is a definite no-no . ● If you need to leave food out of the fridge or freezer. One comparatively harmless idea is to tie one end of a string to a solid. and for chronic thieves a booby-trap can make a difference. tempting morsel of food that’s not likely to fall apart quickly (say a hotdog) and the other end to a can with a handful of pebbles inside it. When it comes to food-thievery. Use a trash can which either has a foot-pedal to operate the lid (as 99 out of 100 dogs will never figure this out). secure bread bins (or other user-friendly containers) for you to put food in if you need to leave the kitchen when preparing a meal. Our opinion is divided on the use of booby traps though . just to set your dog up for what is essentially a scary failure. latched lid. she will cause the can to fall over . she won’t start to think about ways to get some. never hurt her. ● It’s always better to remove temptation. a pantry with a catch on the door). If she never learns how delicious human food is. Leave it somewhere out of reach (a high cupboard. For example. Invest in a couple of large.your pantry. whether you’re there to notice or not! 150 www. which has the added advantage of teaching her never to take food. You want to startle and deter your dog. especially with dogs that like to leap up on counters or tables to steal a quick tidbit. For really smelly garbage. startling rattle at the same time. this is up to you. If you do choose to set booby-traps for your dog. we believe that prevention is both a lot more effective AND a lot kinder to your dog than scaring the life out of her with a booby-trap! Of course. keep it in an outside bin that’s secure: a kitchen that smells of food scraps is too tempting for your dog and will encourage bad behavior.it teaches your dog how yummy human food is. don’t put it in full view.kingdomofpets. the cold stove. When your dog grabs the food. Our Thoughts On Booby-Traps These can be effective.

In addition to this. Whenever either of them was in the kitchen. desserts. He was allowed outside the kitchen doorway as long as he remained in a “down-stay. and was quick-moving enough to execute these maneuvers in a split second. As one final precaution. cooked meats. leaving them empty in case she or Oliver ever needed somewhere to store food in a pinch while their attention was elsewhere. able to nimbly snap morsels from high ledges and counters. whenever Marsha 151 www. as well as the fridge and pantry door. Oliver installed a childproof gate across the kitchen doorway. Rubber latches and snaps went onto all cupboards and drawers containing food items. Marsha and Oliver started by introducing “down-stay” as an anti-thievery command. a Border Collie with a real drive to take and eat food that wasn’t his. Marsha also cleared out a couple of large drawers and a cupboard.com . Benny wasn’t allowed in. In addition to this. all edible items (chopping boards with meat or vegetables. and also prevented him from getting close enough to pinch food scraps. Clearly. They bought a couple of large.the trick was to make sure he was never unsupervised in the kitchen when anything edible was left out. Benny was a very agile dog. Marsha and Oliver lived in a high-rise apartment with a small kitchen and limited counter and cupboard space. and made sure that if they had to turn their back for a few moments while cooking or preparing food. he had no problems gulping food that didn’t belong to him .Case Study: Thievery One of the emails that the Kingdom of Pets has received about food stealing concerned Benny.the point of the gate was to create a visual boundary for Benny. The fact that he could stay nearby as long as he behaved himself prevented him from feeling left out. the two owners had a rethink of their basic kitchen layout and habits. had noticed his propensity for thieving food that didn’t belong to him. but weren’t sure how to cope with it.” but as soon as he got up or tried to come inside.kingdomofpets. Obviously this wasn’t high enough to prevent Benny from jumping over it if he really wanted to . His owners. Marsha and Oliver. There wasn’t a great deal of room to “hide” larger food items from Benny’s ever-watchful eyes. We advised Marsha and Oliver to make sure they didn’t inadvertently create opportunities for Benny. sandwiches. solid bread bins from the secondhand store. he’d be banished to his crate. to remind him on an ongoing basis that. etc) went into the bread bins until they returned.

so keep the journey calm and as short as possible. and will likely have to do so for the duration of Benny’s life. Remember. and the owners report that he hasn’t stolen anything since! Q.com . However. the dog in question becomes more trustworthy and eventually begins to earn his privileges back (such as the right to enter the kitchen during cookingtime). uneventful journey around the block. Benny’s place was outside the doorway. Keep transitions between gearshifts smooth and slow. He's not feeling well.but you’ll need to use your common sense and break him in slowly! HERE ARE SOME BASIC TIPS FOR ACCUSTOMING YOUR DOG OR PUPPY TO RIDES IN THE CAR: ● Baby steps! Take frequent. starting. In a lot of cases. Benny has taken to the “no entry” rule with regard to the kitchen with no problems. Don't brake suddenly. Travel Problems This section is deals with two aspects of traveling with dogs: car sickness. accelerating and decelerating can exaggerate the queasiness of a sensitive stomach). Motion Sickness Most puppies are car-sick at first. and proceed from there. the small changes that Marsha and Oliver made had a real positive impact on the household. Start with a slow. This is because Benny had had so many opportunities to cement the habit of stealing food. over such a long period of time.kingdomofpets. the more quickly he’ll become accustomed to the sensation . that the concepts of thievery and immediate reward were too stuck in his head for him to ever be truly trustworthy around food.or Oliver were in the kitchen. your dog doesn't have a steeringwheel to hold onto. especially if the owners take steps to reverse thieving behavior early on. but almost all dogs grow out of it as they mature. ● Make things easy on your dog. Marsha and Oliver had to remain vigilant. Avoid traffic jams (the constant stopping. The more experience your dog has with car journeys. and general car safety tips. short trips. and turn corners smoothly and slowly. 152 www.

Effective travel-sickness medications for dogs include Dramamine (which is a prescription-only medicine) and Benadryl (which you can purchase over the counter). OTHER TELL-TALE SIGNS THAT YOU NEED TO TAKE A SHORT BREAK: ● Rapid. Ideally. as he'll either become agitated or over-excited depending on his expectations. weight. the more enthusiastic he'll be about car rides in the future! 153 www. not all dogs vomit when they're feeling car sick (although this is definitely the easiest way to tell that your dog's not feeling so hot). panting breath ● Excessive drooling. his motion sickness remains unabated . possibly with whites showing If your dog displays one or more of these signals. after a variety of trips and a prolonged exposure to car journeys over several months. start taking your dog on a variety of trips. ALWAYS speak to your vet before medicating your dog (and this goes for all situations. and there are several other potential complicating factors (such as the possible presence of a condition predisposing him towards an adverse reaction). Regardless of how accessible any medications are. Symptoms Of Motion Sickness Contrary to popular belief. not just car sickness!).meaning that. You don't want your dog to form rigid positive OR negative associations with car journeys. size. Five minutes will suffice before you resume your trip. both interesting and mundane.com . and some trips for regular errands. Dosages vary according to breed. some trips to less-than-thrilling places like the vet. your best bet is to pull slowly over to the side of the road and let him get out for a quick walk.it may help for you to talk to your vet about medication.kingdomofpets. ● For dogs with chronic motion sickness . age.● As his motion sickness dwindles. including wetness and/or frothiness around the lips ● Groaning ● Burping and/or hiccupping noises ● Rolling eyes. you'll strike a happy medium: some trips to "good" things like the beach or the park. and gender. but the longer you wait before getting back in the car.

stretches of road that kick up dust and debris. anything other than lying quietly in the back). but fortunately. or are involved in a car accident (no matter how mild). or while driving at high speeds. TAKE PRECAUTIONS WHILE "WINDOW-SURFING" Opinion is largely divided on whether or not you should allow your dog to stick his head out the window while the car is in motion.com . There are plenty of ways your dog can hurt himself while in the car.they can only diffuse heat through panting). HEAT KILLS A car is like a greenhouse: it heats up very. He could distract you from the road and cause an accident. Proponents of this activity argue that it's one of the greatest pleasures a dog will ever have. but while in the car they clip onto safety belts and will prevent your dog from being thrown if you need to brake suddenly. 3. very quickly. an unrestrained dog can be thrown across the car . there are things that you can do to minimize or even negate the possibility of him hurting himself. just as we are. roll the window up high enough so that a head can't be stuck out. These look like the harnesses that working dogs wear: a simple arrangement of straps.Car Safety Tips Dogs are at risk from travel-related dangers. Even contact with a wayward a bug at 35 mph can do serious harm to a dog's eye or nose. On unfamiliar roads. they can get into real trouble in a matter of minutes on a 154 www. 2.and maybe through the windshield or out the window. These harnesses can also be used everyday. which go around the chest and shoulders. He could jog your arm or leg while you're driving. while advocates of safety plead that the potential for sudden injury is huge. if your dog is active while in the car (scrambling around. but exercise due caution. We feel that you don't need to deny your dog the pleasure of poking his head out the window while you're driving. a cyclist) and make a sudden lunge. You can buy safety harnesses for dogs that are designed specifically for use while driving. Two. 1. This is for two reasons: One.kingdomofpets. but low enough to allow air to circulate freely. SAFETY-BELTS All dogs will be a lot better off if they're restrained in some way while the car is in motion. And since a dog's only means of cooling down is by panting (dogs can't sweat . as an alternative to a conventional collar. this poses a danger to you and other passengers in the car: your dog could see "prey" out the window (a cat. barking. if you have to stop suddenly.

he has access to water. Case Study: Travel Problems This is the case of the three year old Jack Russell terrier. and not displaying any of the signs of hyperthermia (overheating) such as excessive panting. Long-haired or pug-nosed dogs are at especially high risk. which reflects the sun's rays off the windshield. Invest in a reflective windshield-sheet. sunny. as well as excitement at being released from the pound. drowsiness. who had serious problems traveling in the car. but the danger is there for all dogs. 155 www. William.you need to take ALL precautions when leaving your dog in the car to avoid a potential tragedy. It was clearly the motion that was so upsetting .com . he threw up and urinated on the back seat. If you're leaving him in a parked car on a hot. He was already an adult dog when Miriam (his owner) adopted him from the pound. hyperventilation.he was OK in the car until the engine started and the wheels started turning. if possible) so that if you DO need to leave your dog in the car . or even warm-but-overcast day. On the way home from the pound. 4. or trembling. Miriam chalked this up to a combination of stress about the new experiences after so long a confinement.hot or even warm day. or for a prolonged period of time don't let him drink too much water at once. and demonstrated signs of extreme anxiety: panting. your actions before locking up can save your dog's life. Roll all the windows down a few inches.even just for ten minutes . Park in the shade. Just one or two of these steps aren't enough by themselves . but a normal plastic water bowl will do just as well. but as it turned out. Heat can kill a dog. as this can cause vomiting. She expected it to diminish after a couple of weeks. KEEP WATER AVAILABLE. at which point the nervous reaction would set in.kingdomofpets. Check on your dog every half hour or so to make sure he's OK. and wet himself in the car. William didn’t get any better at all: he continued to howl. and try to make sure that the sun won't move around to hit the car in your absence. chasing his tail. You should NEVER leave your dog unsupervised in the car for extensive periods of time. and mistrusted the car right from the start of their relationship together. Keep a big bottle of clean water in your car (out of the sun and in a cool place. If he's been in the car on a warm day. You can buy inflatable plastic bowls designed specially for traveling. vomit. and howling.

Read over the following list. And all this inside of two months! R. and then turned it off again. The first couple of times she did this. Quite soon though. as he was panting and howling. but has completely stopped all of his previous nervous behaviors. without the “coddling” effect of repeated stroking or verbal murmurings. At first. William and Miriam worked up to several trips around the block every day. she put down a thick layer of newspapers and towels throughout the car. Miriam decided to desensitize William to the car and the sensation of motion. and give him a firm but gentle squeeze which she’d maintain for a few minutes. After a couple of days of this.kingdomofpets. Miriam practiced the “arm clamp” on him: she’d drape one arm over his shoulders. Before doing anything else. and see if there’s anything you’re not quite familiar 156 www. Miriam reports that William is now a tolerably calm companion on car trips. Miriam turned the engine on. let it run for two or three minutes. Review of DOG 202 Now is your opportunity to take a moment and consider all the aspects of dog ownership and behavioral problems we’ve covered in this section. When William was able to tolerate three times round the block in one sitting. William began to calm down a little bit. but significantly less so than he was when Miriam brought him home for the first time! Over the next several weeks. He still likes a short break every twenty minutes or so.although he still panted a bit and drooled some . she kept one arm draped firmly over William to stop him scrambling about and getting more agitated. just for security’s sake). Miriam took the newspaper and towels out of the back seat (but left him one. at a snail’s pace. When Miriam could turn the car engine on without any adverse reaction from William. she practiced backing down the drive and up again . Because William was so stressed out by the engine running.driving slowly. to make any cleaning up easier! The first step was to start hanging out with William in the car for ten or fifteen minutes a day.began to sit or lie down in the back. This served to remind William that everything was OK. Clearly he was still tense. they’d just sit in the car together with the engine off. he stopped wanting to do this.com . After a few minutes of this. and .After an email consultation with the team at Kingdom of Pets. Although she hasn’t taken him on any long-distance car journeys yet.

● Barking problems: why dogs bark. a word about booby-traps. alternatives for chronic barkers. ● Whining: why your dog is whining. what to do about it. how to train your dog not to nip. ● Digging problems: why dogs dig. options for serial destroyers. what to do about it. training your dog to accept car journeys. early and advanced warning signs. ● Fear of the leash: how to desensitize your dog to leash-fear. teaching your dog to “speak” on command.com . or if there’s anything you’d like to have another look at. tips for combating disobedience in your dog. ● Fear-biting: Why it happens. and a look at some of the more common tools for achieving this goal. what NOT to do about it. what to do with a dogfight. what it means. prevention. IN THIS CHAPTER. ● Off-leash problems: practical steps for ensuring good behavior in your dog while off-lead. car safety tips. ● Disobedience: why you need to nip it in the bud. how to train your dog to accept the leash. do’s and don’ts. ● Chewing and other destructive behavior: why it happens. WE DEALT WITH THE FOLLOWING CANINE BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS: ● Aggression problems: causes. prevention. ● Play-biting: causes. how to handle it. do’s and don’ts. ● Travel problems: symptoms of carsickness.with. a treatment program for dominance/aggression. what to do about it.kingdomofpets. 157 www. ● Leash-pulling problems: a step-by-step breakdown of our recommended techniques for teaching your dog good on-leash behavior. ● Dog-on-dog aggression: causes of. ● Thieving: how to prevent it. how to control excess digging. how to prevent it.

remember to refresh your puppy’s memory about old exercises every now and again. If you are interested in a more innovative training technique. than with a puppy because older dogs are beyond the prime-learning phase of their lives. Come (Recall) The recall command. in a variety of situations and with varying levels of distraction.kingdomofpets. and with more patience. The only way to ensure that your dog will “come” every time you ask him to is to spend time . and sometimes sparingly using food as a reward. Also. That’s a pretty big ask and one of the most common complaints that we at the Kingdom of Pets hear about is centered around people’s dogs not coming when called. Start with the most basic commands first and do not be tempted to move on too quickly. A. then check out DOG 301: Dog Whispering. as far as your dog’s concerned: to help put things in perspective for you. however remember that you do have to be consistent in your commands to your puppy.practicing and training. It’s also one of the most demanding. Ideally the training outlined in this chapter will take place between the time that you acquire your puppy (at eight to ten weeks old) until he reaches six months of age and is ready for more advanced training (see DOG 303: Advanced Commands and Tricks). You will have to use these exercises and commands more regularly. to ensure that he learns to respond to “come” in every situation. or “come”. If you own an older untrained dog then start him off with the exercises and commands in this chapter.DOG 203: Commands to Start This section outlines the basic commands that you can use to train your puppy using either a normal collar/lead. As mentioned in DOG 103: Training Methods Revealed. or a gentle leader. at this stage of your puppy’s training the emphasis is on fun. 158 www. is one of the most important commands you can teach your dog.com . whenever you ask him to “come”. you’re asking him to leave something enjoyable and interesting to return to you.a lot of time .

as if for a hug. encouraging tone of voice: “Goooood boy. NOTE: The aim of the flick is not to use the leash drag him towards you. give the line a ‘flick’: a short. come!” ● If the dog doesn’t respond. and won’t respond so eagerly to it. start to vary the environments in which the training takes place. which is why it’s best to keep your voice steady and low-pitched. and you expect your commands to be obeyed. ● As soon as he reaches you. Most dogs find an erect standing posture intimidating. ● As soon as your dog starts walking towards you.kingdomofpets. It’s kind of like a poke in the chest with a forefinger: a quick physical reminder that you’re in charge. Keeping the end of it in your hand.either by allowing him to wander around. will prefer a short game with a cherished toy as an alternative to food treats: you’ll figure out which of these your dog responds best to as training progresses. upwards inflection: “(dog’s name). get that treat in his mouth as fast as you can. by putting him in a “sit-stay” and backing away yourself.THE FOLLOWING POINTERS WILL HELP YOU TO ACHIEVE A QUICK RESPONSE EVERY TIME YOU CALL YOUR DOG: ● Prepare a small baggie of tasty treats (bits of chopped up hot-dog or cheese are great. Introducing distractions is the best way of teaching your dog that he’s expected to respond to “come” every time you call.com . depending on their personality. More Advanced Training Once your dog’s reacting reliably to “come” on the long line. so he associates the praise with walking in your direction. Put a smile on your face for added effect. or alternatively. but overly-enthusiastic praise tends to distract the dog from what he’s doing. sharp tug. ● Call him to you with a cheery. Some dogs. but commercial dog-treats also work well) ● Attach a long line to your dog’s collar.not just one where he’s sitting down and is totally focused on you! 159 www. This is the most welcoming posture for dogs: greeting them “at their level” is a great way to ensure a rapid response. put some distance between yourself and your dog . what a goooood boy!” You want to praise him as he’s heading your way. and in every type of situation . ● Crouch down to the dog’s level and open your arms wide. praise him in a low.

Repeat the command and the flick until he responds . so you’re effectively teaching him to ignore the command. ● Do not repeat commands. ● Never give a command if you cannot immediately enforce it until your dog has demonstrated complete.● Use distractions. When you ask your dog to “come”. Look enticingly over your shoulder as you go. ● As your dog becomes more reliable with “come”. say the word once. Here are some pointers to help you avoid the common mistakes of teaching “come”: ● Wait until your dog is 100% reliable in a variety of situations and leash lengths before asking him to “come” off-lead. For example. chasing squirrels. For example. If he doesn’t respond. there’s nothing you can do to enforce the command. and run in the opposite direction.kingdomofpets. if you like most dogs love this. practice phasing out the use of his name: responding to commands without the signalmarker of his name as a prefix teaches him to stay alert and actively listen for your command. reinforce it with a leash flick.remember to praise and treat for good behavior. Call him to you. calling your dog to “come” while he’s playing with another dog. or is far away from you is courting failure: if he doesn’t respond. never give a command that you cannot reinforce immediately if your dog doesn’t give the desired response. Common Mistakes When Teaching “Come” When training. and it’s a great way to teach a rapid response to “come”. it will help to forge the association in his mind between the command and the desired action if you squat down and open your arms out wide.com . Most dogs respond instinctively to this. ● Keep your posture welcoming: when he’s still learning. ● Use a cheery tone of voice to make yourself an attractive prospect to your dog. reliable obedience on a long line for a lengthy period of time and in a variety of distracting situations. set up situations where he’s playing with another dog while wearing the long line. and if he doesn’t respond. give the line a flick. ● Make “come” into a game: call your dog to you. 160 www.

● Never punish your dog when he comes to you . If your dog isn’t responding to “come”. and won’t be so quick to respond. give the Sit command. he’ll become immune to the sound of it. Hold treat in fingers 2 2.you’re teaching him to run away from you. An informal method of implanting the association between the word “Sit” and the action of sitting is to say. Sit Stage I The Sit command is very useful in the early education of your puppy. B.that way. ● Never chase your dog if he doesn’t come . As he is doing this. “Sit” every time that your puppy sits on his own accord. Give him the treat once he has sat down correctly. he should be on a long line .● Don’t overuse his name: eventually. Move the treat up and over his head so that as he follows the treat he automatically sits.com .next time you ask him to “come”. YOU CAN ALSO TRY THIS BASIC METHOD: Hold a treat in your fingers where your puppy can see it in front of his face. you don’t need to chase him. he’ll remember that the last time he obeyed you he was punished.kingdomofpets. It should not take long for you to be able to just say the word “Sit” and give him praise other than the food reward. Hold treat over head 161 www. 1 1.

I mean that he no longer has to perform the last command that you gave him. This extension of playing will be invaluable as your dog matures and becomes ready for training that is more formal with the Retrieve command. D. the command itself should suffice. By this. if you have told your dog to sit then when you say the command “Okay” he knows that he can move.com . For example. in particular as a precursor to teaching your puppy how to retrieve (fetch). “Okay” and “No” “Okay” is the command that you should use to inform your puppy that he is released from training. it is an informal command that you can get your puppy familiar with just by using it. Say ‘Sit” and give treat 4 4. 162 www. “No” should be the only command that you use to express your displeasure at your puppy’s wrongdoings. see DOG 303: Advanced Commands and Tricks.kingdomofpets. Well done! C. Remember that once your dog stops the poor behavior that you are correcting you should praise him so that he can make the link between the proper behavior and your pleased response.3 3. you should use this command along with a short sharp jerk on the leash to enforce the connection between the command and his offence. If possible. You can help your dog become predisposed towards fetching by encouraging him to pick things up as a puppy. At this stage. “Hold” and “Drop It” The Hold and Drop It commands come in useful in a variety of situations. After a period of time.

the earlier the better.although. When his mouth opens place the object in it. Drop It It is likely that you will have a harder time trying to get him to let go of the object than hold it in his mouth. what are you going to do when she picks up something valuable or dangerous for a good chew? Nice "Drop it". Teaching your dog to “drop it” is a very important command to master . plush toys. You can start this training at any stage of a dog’s life . STEP ONE: ● Armed with a few tempting dog chews (rawhide bones. say the command “Fudge…. Praise him while he holds it in his mouth. whatever your dog likes to gnaw on).Hold The Hold command is taught by taking a soft object. for example a tennis ball. A certain amount of coaxing may be required such as moving your dog’s head forward with your hand. in teaching “drop it”. and a small baggie of tasty treats (small pieces of chopped-up meat or cheese are good).kingdomofpets. and placing it in his mouth while repeating the command “Fudge…. The Hold command When your dog has reached the stage where he will take the object and hold it for you. 163 www. is for your dog to open her jaws and release whatever she’s holding in her mouth.if you can’t get her to release whatever’s in her mouth on command. Hold”. take your dog somewhere where there are few distractions. Gradually increase the distance between yourself and your dog. obviously.com . Well done! Your ultimate goal. If he does not want to take the object then open his mouth by putting your hand over his muzzle and gently pressing his jowls near his back teeth forcing his mouth open. Hold” and then praise him. hold the object a few inches away from his mouth so that he has to move to get it when you command him to do so.

you can begin to phase out the treats. Last of all. praise her vociferously. hold a small piece of treat-food near her nose and say “Drop it”. Pick up the chew with the other hand. Here’s how to start phasing out the treats: ● Keep the baggie of treats nearby. but don’t hold one in your hands. and treating none of the time. If she’s no longer interested in the chew (since she knows you’ve got treats!). and so on. Give her the chew. ● Return the chew to her and repeat the exercise. you’ll still need to treat sporadically. keep your hand on the item before asking her to drop it. go and do something else until you see her pick up something else in her mouth before repeating the exercise. feed her the treat immediately while giving an enthusiastic. ● When she opens her mouth. ● Aim for 10 repetitions per day. give her a chew. build up to real-life objects: household items like remote controls. near her nose and ask her to “drop it”. the higher her quality of obedience is likely to be.kingdomofpets. but this time. THE FINAL STEPS The next step is for you to take a more active role in the “drop it” command. The wider the variety of objects that she is accustomed to dropping. and immediately give her a couple of small treats from the baggie. you’ll need to spend more time on step one. 164 www. Don’t do it all at once. If not. pencils. Allow her a few moments to really get absorbed in it. footwear. The point of this is to get her used to having human hands on and around what she considers to be “her” possessions (the ultimate sign of possession for a dog is to carry something in her mouth). ● When she drops it.● Holding a treat in one hand. Perform the commands as listed above. “Good girl!”. pinched together as if holding a treat. ● Aim for 10 repetitions of this per day until she’s reliably obedient. THE NEXT STEP When she’s reliably obedient at “drop it”. ● Hold your empty fingers.com . If she’s practiced enough with the first step of “drop it” (see above) she should obey. but studies have shown that intermittent treating is much more effective than both treating every time without fail.

Stand next to and to the right of your puppy so that you are both facing in the same direction and the puppy is on your left. “Fudge…. If you are having difficulty. At the same time as giving the command. Sit”. Place a collar and leash on your puppy. “Sit” – Stage II You can teach the Sit command more formally by using the following method.com . you may need to hold on to his collar to maintain your puppy’s concentration and to prevent him from running away. push the puppy’s hindquarters (just above his tail) down while keeping the leash upright and taut.E.kingdomofpets. 1 2 3 165 www.

It is important that you maintain eye contact with your puppy. you would like your puppy to remain in the sit position for around ten seconds. Make sure that he sits correctly before you give him his food. Repeat the command “Sit” over and over while he is sitting to reinforce the command.Ideally.com . he will understand what is required of him very quickly. Verbally release him by using the command “Okay” and be generous in your praise. If everyone in the family follows these guidelines.kingdomofpets. It is a good idea to make your puppy sit whenever you want to put his lead on and when it is time for his dinner. 4 5 166 www.

“Stay”. 1 2 3 167 www.com . Raise your index finger and say.F. If he starts to follow you then ask him to Sit again and start over. “Sit and Stay” Get your leashed puppy to sit in front of you while you are holding the leash.kingdomofpets. Look your puppy in the eye and take three steps backwards.

This command is revealed in DOG 303: Advanced Commands and Tricks. When your puppy reaches 6 months old. as he will assume that you mean for him to come to you. he will be ready for the next phase of the Sit and Stay command. as it will take time for him to differentiate between the Sit command and the Stay command.kingdomofpets. You can also start taking your eyes off him and try turning around completely. Gradually extend the distance that you walk away from him.If he has not followed you for the three steps then pause briefly before returning to him and praising him. If at any stage your puppy does not perform the Stay correctly then go back a level in the progression. Be sure not to use your puppy’s name.com . 4 5 6 168 www. You will have to be very patient with this command.

Down” or “Fudge…. Repeat this exercise ten times in a training session. in a prone position upon the ground.. 1. There are different ways of teaching your dog this command with the gentlest method being: Stand next to and to the right of your leashed puppy so that you are both facing in the same direction and the puppy is on your left. The command is often used as part of the DownStay command.. Say the command “Fudge….com . as it requires them to assume the most submissive canine position and is therefore going right against their very nature. 2. It is a difficult command for dogs to learn. Place pressure on his back with your left hand and use your right hand hold his front paws so as to place him in the down position. 4. If you do use the command “Down” for this exercise then make sure that you use a command like “Off” for these other situations. Down you go. At the end of this time release your puppy with the “Okay” command and be generous in your praise. Ideally. Some trainers prefer to use the word “Drop” as the command word so that the dog will not get confused if you inadvertently tell it to get down from your furniture for example. repeat “Drop” or “Down” over and over while your dog is in the correct position. “Down” (Drop) – Stage I The Down command is used to make your dog lie down. Drop” as soon as you are putting him in the correct position. 169 www. As per the “Sit” command.G. you would like him to hold the position for at least ten seconds. 3. Maintain eye contact with your puppy.kingdomofpets. which can be extremely useful when you need to control your dog’s excitement or if there is a threat of danger.

H. Repeat this exercise ten times in a training session. 5. you would like him to hold the position for at least ten seconds. “Down” (Drop) – Stage II If after a week of using the previous method you are still having difficulty then you may wish to use a more forceful method. 1.com . 3. At the end of this time release your puppy with the “Okay” command and be generous in your praise.kingdomofpets. Repeat “Drop” or “Down” over and over while your dog is in the correct position. pull down on the check chain with your left hand to force him down while clicking the fingers of your right hand. Again. For larger dogs instead of pulling his check chain downwards. Down” in a soft voice. Being forced down by the collar 170 www. Kneel down so that your head is close to the dogs head and give the command “Fudge… Drop” or “Fudge…. You may even have to straddle the dog when it is in the sit position and force its front legs out so that it assumes the correct position with you on top of it. 4. Again maintaining eye contact with your puppy is important. At the same time. you can get easier results by standing on the chain. 2. Place your leashed puppy in the Sit position on your left side.

be aware that puppies are generally not allowed to go into public areas until ten days after their final vaccinations. is the best place to teach this command. as you will probably need a large amount of room.com . such as a park.I. 1 2 171 www. However. at this stage. Stand next to and to the right of your puppy so that you are both facing in the same direction and the puppy is sitting on your left. The first stage of teaching your puppy to heel is to prevent him from pulling on the leash at all. “Heel” – Stage I The aim of the Heel command. is to make your puppy walk beside you without him straining on the leash. A wide-open area. which is usually at about thirteen weeks of age.kingdomofpets. You will need to have the collar and leash on your puppy.

com . Wait until the puppy stops.kingdomofpets. leading with your left leg. As soon as your puppy takes off and starts pulling on the leash. No command needs to be given at this stage as you are just trying to teach him good manners so that he can more easily understand the Heel command when the time comes to teach him fully. Do not drag the puppy back towards you. All you need to do is halt his progress.Start walking forward slowly in a straight line. stand still and pull the leash back towards you. praise him and then continue walking. If you apply this method for ten minutes at a time and for three or four times per day then within four or five days you should be ready to move on to the next phase. 3 4 5 172 www.

Praise your puppy when he walks beside you without pulling on the leash. if your puppy starts pulling on the leash then stop and snap the leash. Remember to always lead with your left leg as this gives a visual signal to your puppy that you want him to come with you. Start with the leashed puppy in the Sit position as before.kingdomofpets. Walk slowly in a straight line. 1 2 3 173 www.J. “Heel” – Stage II The next phase of teaching the Heel command gets your puppy used to you changing direction without him pulling at you with the lead. Turn around and walk in the opposite direction.com .

The puppy will soon realize that you are changing direction and will watch you for your movement before he starts his.kingdomofpets. Praise Puppy The idea behind this method is that you want to teach your puppy to respond to your movements and that there is no “forward” position that your puppy can lead you to.com . 4 5 174 www.This teaching process should continue for four days with three sessions per day lasting fifteen minutes each. It is important that you do not yank on the leash too hard as you want your puppy to respond to your movements and not when you tug on the leash.

com . Say the command “Heel” whenever the puppy requires a positive correction. 1 2 3 175 www.K. “Heel” – Stage III The third and final phase of teaching the Heel command is to introduce the actual command “Heel” to your puppy. Start with the leashed puppy in the sit position as before. Heel”.kingdomofpets. When you start walking lead with your left leg and say the command “Fudge…. This way he will form the association between “Heel” and walking by your left side.

176 www. ● Zigzag between obstacles such as a tree line or buildings. your dog will have to be well advanced with the Heel command to get the most benefit out of this exercise. In addition. the standing position is more natural for your dog than the sitting position. The Heel position L.kingdomofpets. Keep doing this so that you end up walking around a 20-yard square. These sessions should last for fifteen minutes with four sessions per day over a period of two weeks. Remember that whenever your puppy pulls the lead taut correct him by changing direction and calling him to Heel.There are several movement patterns that you can use to help teach this command and keep it interesting for your puppy. When the puppy reaches your left side.com . “Stand” The Stand command is a useful command to use with the Stay command and in fact. praise him and continue walking. ● As above but turn to your left instead of your right. ● Walk in a straight line for 20 yards and then turn to your right and walk for another 20 yards.

Stop walking and say the command “Fudge….com . Ensure that you use the command while you are doing this action. ten seconds of standing is enough. Make sure that you hold the lead close to your dog’s collar with your left hand. you want to hold the leash close to his collar with your right hand and use your left hand to hold his stomach up and prevent him from sitting. If he decides to sit then take a pace forward forcing him to get up and follow. At the end of this time release your puppy with the “Okay” command and praise him. To start with. 1 2 3 177 www.Walk with your leashed dog in the heel position. Repeat this exercise ten times in a training session. At this point. Stand”.kingdomofpets. You may wish to place the palm of your right hand in front of his nose so that he has a visual clue to associate the command with.

N. Go back inside and repeat the exercise several times. 4. 2. 1. His scenting ability can be developed further at 178 www. Wait”. turn to him and say. “Seek” (Find) Finding items by scent comes naturally to dogs. Say clearly “Fudge…. You will have to repeat this exercise a few times to get the correct result. A natural Stand position 5. If he tries to go through after you then return him to the Sit position. If you are in a park let him get a good smell of his toy and then throw it into some long grass so that he has to forage around to find it. Use a similar method as above to get him to wait until you call him. Place a long leash (about ten feet long) on your dog. Put him into the Sit position on the inside of the closed door. as their sense of smell is far superior to ours. You can use the Seek or Find command to get your puppy familiar with it. 3. such as the doorknob. say.com . heading out an open door. which creates a visual barrier and encourages him to stay where he is. The following method deals with controlling your dog in an open door situation. you can modify it for other situations. “Wait ” The Wait command is a useful controlling command in many situations. but again the emphasis should be on fun. Encourage your puppies scenting ability by doing this exercise with his favorite toy. The next extension of this training exercise is to teach your puppy to wait inside your car while you open the door. As you do so. “Fudge… Come” and let him come to you or use the lead to encourage him through the door. When you get to the stage that you can open the door and walk through it without your dog following.kingdomofpets. The leash length should allow him to go through the doorway. Now that you have formed the word association for your dog. Attach the free end to a non-movable object by a doorway leading to outside.M. Open the door and back your way through it. you can use the Wait command in situations that are more general. especially when you need your dog to think twice before. hold up your palm (like a traffic warden) towards him.

preferably three to four sessions per day.a later age.com .kingdomofpets. Try to teach your puppy the same command for three to five days in a row. as long as you always have at least two rest days. but it should be used as a guide only. ● Set the ground rules and commands for dealing with your puppy and family. he should be able to handle fifteen-minute training sessions. at this early stage of your puppy’s life any training should be informal and enjoyable. Initially each session should last for only five minutes until your puppy builds up his concentration levels. Make sure he can do the exercise that you are teaching him correctly before moving on to the next one. Some important points to remember are: ● Take time to get your puppy familiar with the lead and whatever collar you decide to use. 179 www. Training Program A training program is given in this section. ● You can train your dog for up to five days per week. ● Keep the sessions relatively informal and use a mix of the exercises listed in this section. By the time he reaches six months of age. As previously mentioned. Try to stick with the program but do not advance the training beyond your puppy’s capabilities. ● Have no more than three sessions per day with each session lasting no more than five minutes for the first two to three weeks until your puppy’s tolerance for learning builds up. ● Have at least twenty minutes rest between each daily session. see DOG 303: Advanced Commands and Tricks. ● Perform the sessions in an open area that is free from distractions. O. Stick to them. as you will have to modify it to your puppy’s individual learning capabilities.

Sit and Stay 20 minutes per day.Stage I 5 Down (Drop) . No minutes each. preferably 3 sessions of 5 Okay. 15 minutes per day. Come. preferably 3 sessions of 10 minutes each.com 12 General refresher . preferably 4 sessions of 10 minutes each. Sit . 30 minutes per day. Down preferably 3 sessions of 15 (Drop) minutes each. preferably 4 sessions of 15 All minutes each.Stage II Sit and Stay 6 Wait. Okay. preferably 3 sessions of 10 minutes each. preferably 3 sessions of 15 minutes each. preferably 3 sessions of 10 minutes each. No Sit and Stay 2 3 4 Down (Drop) .WEEK 1 EXERCISE SESSION LENGTH REFRESHER 15 minutes per day. Leave Down (Drop) 7 Heel – Stage I Wait 8 Heel – Stage II Heel 9 Heel – Stage III Sit and Stay Sit and Stay. 40 minutes per day. Hold. Wait 10 Heel – Stage III 11 Seek (Find). Heel. preferably 4 sessions of 10 minutes each. preferably 3 sessions of 5 Leave minutes each. Stand 45 minutes per day. 45 minutes per day. 30 minutes per day. Okay. 20 minutes per day. 30 minutes per day. 180 www.Stage II. Come. Hold. preferably 2 sessions of 10 minutes each. Sit . No Come.Stage I. 40 minutes per day.kingdomofpets. preferably 2 sessions of 10 minutes each. 60 minutes per day.

kingdomofpets. ● Come (Recall) ● Sit ● Okay ● No ● Hold ● Leave ● Sit and Stay ● Down (Drop) ● Heel ● Stand ● Wait ● Seek ● We also supplied a 12 week training program that you can use with your puppy or older dog to get their obedience responses razor sharp. 181 www.com . Review of DOG 203 In this section.P. we used the check chain and gentle leader training methods to teach the following commands.

Irishman Daniel Sullivan. There it was passed down again and again in the same way until this secretive method was ultimately revealed more openly. It involves understanding your dog by reading and interpreting its body language. you communicate your intentions to your dog through your body language and actions. 182 www. Dog Whispering Uncovered Defining Dog Whispering Dog whispering is probably more a general philosophy than a specific training method. Sullivan gained notoriety all over England with his uncanny ability to train and rehabilitate problem horses. the calm yet firm way the whisperer operates gives the impression that he or she has a bond with the animal that seems very natural. The phrase “dog whisperer” is a borrowing from “horse whisperer. Millan’s techniques emphasize the importance of establishing yourself as a confident and dependable leader. like horse whispering. discipline and affection. and responding to them with calm and firm guidance.” which became popular after Nicholas Evans’ 1995 novel of the same name was made into a Hollywood movie starring Robert Redford in 1998. The idea of “whispering” as a form of training and rehabilitating problem horses eventually was applied in a wider sense. Dog whispering has gained huge popularity in recent years. From an outside perspective. places a heavy investment in understanding dogs by studying their behavior.kingdomofpets.DOG 301: A. but also to domesticated pets. the approach is commonly associated with “rehabilitating” problem dogs (Millan even refers to himself as a “dog rehabilitator”). But when you really think about how dogs communicate. Millan came to the United States in the 1990s. who attracted media attention with his television series The Dog Whisperer on the National Geographic Channel. not only to cattle and livestock. he set out to help as many dog owners as he could to do the same. Originally from Mexico. In the early 1800s. productive. Realizing he had a natural ability to communicate with dogs in a healthy. in large part due to Cesar Millan. He kept his techniques mostly secret and passed them down to his prodigy Willis J. Powell. In turn. The novel centers on a real life horse trainer. or even mystical.com . who took the knowledge overseas to the Americas. and their pack instincts. Dog whispering. it’s actually not that mysterious at all.” Because Millan places heavy focus on treating troubled dogs. especially dogs. and his philosophy revolves around the principles of “exercise. and humane way. their social nature.

I’d like to share with you a collection of what I have found are the most important points to learn about the dog whispering method. In my personal experience. the result being a pet that is both obedient and happy to be that way. 2. Dog Whispering: About the Method Establishing your role as pack leader is one of the most vital parts of making this method work for you. So while it is true that an attractive quality of dog whispering is a soft-spoken and gentle demeanor.Dog whispering as a method can address a wide array of behavioral problems. An Alpha dog runs the risk of acting out with dominance aggression – without proper guidance.kingdomofpets. IN GENERAL. IT IS IMPORTANT TO UNDERSTAND TWO THINGS: 1. and overriding philosophy of dog whispering has been around as long as dogs and humans have had relationships. I have found that confident owners who establish their role as leader and are able to physically instruct their dog tend to have the most success with this approach. and there are a few things to consider in terms of its downside. Even though the term is new. B. Never shout. I have seen many owners enjoy the benefits of dog whispering. This is more a reflection of the owner’s own lack of self-control. dog whispering is not a cure for everything.com . No dog training method is about shouting at your dog.” There is still plenty of debate about whether or not dog whispering should involve establishing hierarchy and dominance. so to speak. This will involve making the dog feel secure in many different social situations and interactions (which cannot happen unless you have established your dominance). techniques. It does NOT reflect the system of any one specific “Dog Whisperer. from overly-aggressive dogs to obsessive or neurotic ones. The key is to be calm yet firm. A submissive or anxious dog runs the risk of acting out with defensive aggression. 183 www. The information on dog whispering that I’m providing is general information on my understanding of the philosophy and approach of dog whispering. this is not its defining or most important aspect. But to begin. it will always take the law into its own jaws. the methods. Of course.

or even fearful. I always say that one half of dog whispering is about reading your dog’s body language. Understanding and reading your dog’s body language is important not only for when they are trying to tell you something. An ability to prevent dog fights is almost guaranteed when you can read how dogs react during or just before greeting. and positive reinforcement. This way. when they are distressed. “freezing” on the spot.kingdomofpets. sometimes without. sniffing the ground. especially during early conditioning. dog whispering requires patient. it’s as good as saying to your dog: “You have reason to be nervous.In fact. You should reserve shouting for these moments. If your energy is nervous. through facial expression. Like other training methods. lots of repetition. These signals can be observed frequently between dogs and from dogs to humans. Their communication is primarily non-verbal (while that of humans is primarily verbal). Some dogs use some signs and not others. The other half is about your body language being read by your dog. but if we don’t recognize them. You have reason to be fearful. and especially the movement of ears and tail. much of the communication is done non-verbally – sometimes with hand signals.” Dogs also try to signal to us. we can miss the point. This is why your calm yet firm actions speak volumes to them. but also when they are trying to send a message to another dog in your presence. walking slowly. such as barking. nonviolent means. The failure of humans to recognize these signs often makes dogs resort to more extreme forms of expression.” Dogs communicate using a variety of body postures and positions through scent. and even nervous yawning.com . It makes timing your intervention or deciding to avoid the situation entirely second nature to you. Signals. It is also possible for a dog to lose this body language to an extent if it is never reinforced. licking their lips and nose. Some of the most common of these signals include: turning their head away from yours (no the dog’s not being rude). There are moments when your dog may be in imminent danger. you can expect a response when you most need one. Dogs can use a variety of gestures and signals to defuse situations of stress and send a message of “no threat. 184 www.

Being Human. Dog whispering does not involve hypnosis or magic. it often comes down to a mix of high affection. In general. and even funny. don’t be surprised when they bark back. and they can learn your distinctly human body language. and steady confidence. It is said that some dogs talk more with their bark. and other talk more with their eyes. demanding way. but only to a point! Dogs need more than your treats and your cuddles. In either case. Sadly I’ve seen that many dog owners become “control freaks” and act in a bossy. the first step in reading each other’s facial expressions is regularly establishing eye contact. This is another commonly misguided idea of the relationship between humans and dogs. The same owners tend to be the ones who get extra angry when their dog doesn’t listen or misbehaves. If you continually bark commands at them. dog whispering requires that you in some way become a student of dog behavior and dog psychology. Eye contact is one of the best ways to communicate with your dog. Simply put. But it stops short of suggesting that you should try and wag your tail to get your point across. Sometimes you need to physically intervene or make a correction with your dog. But remember that holding a direct stare without any other verbal or physical cues is likely to be read as confrontational. Dogs are intelligent enough to know that you are not a dog. Dog whispering is simply about putting that into practice in the best possible manner. 185 www. They need your guidance. With dog whispering: Dogs are not servants or slaves and should not be treated as such. This is harmless. Avoid direct eye contact when meeting new dogs. Dogs are not children and should not be treated as such. Whenever you see anyone who has “a way” with dogs.com . Many dog owners pamper their dogs as if they were surrogate children. low fear. Be a pack leader.kingdomofpets. not a control freak. you don’t become a dog whisperer by acting like a dog.Eye contact.

This is because a dominant dog will require a much different training approach than a submissive one. Give them the security that comes from a sense of purpose. Finally: Even though this is the cornerstone of all dog training systems (or at least should be). but it is essential in maintaining a healthy and secure relationship. an agility dog. I need to mention it again as absolutely essential as part of any dog whispering approach. If your dog does not have a way to channel all the energy that it has for work and play. when people ask me if my dog knows how to “shake hands” or “roll over. they will find another way to release it.kingdomofpets.” Dog whispering works as well as it does because it can take a different approach for different dogs. assertive.The use of calm. Simple as that. If you treat dogs with the respect and dignity they deserve. And chances are it won’t be a good thing.com . Dogs are social. but add that he does know a great trick that I call “don’t run in front of the bus. It is always a “custom fit” method. a show dog. or a party dog. they will enjoy behaving for you. For the same reason. a dog whispering philosophy puts more value in “life knowledge” for dogs than it does teaching them neat tricks. and non-aggressive physical force is not only ok with your dog. Now let’s look at some specific techniques. Whether they are a running or walking partner. For example. an anxious or obsessive one.” I tell them no. a watch dog. 186 www. as will an aggressive dog vs. Give them a social role. Those are some of the general ideas that motivate the philosophy of dog whispering. a herding dog. dogs are happier when they have a role and they feel like they are fulfilling it. non-violent.

C. and this is the most common response. ● Give a sit or stand command after guiding him back toward the position he’s supposed to be in. Dog Whispering: Interventions All too often the idea of “training” dogs involves correcting them when they do something inappropriate. First try verbally encouraging him back into the social circle. YOU WANT YOUR DOG TO STAND OR SIT PATIENTLY WHILE YOU SOCIALIZE. and does not have to be reprimanded or punished. You could repeatedly tug the lead. and pulling farther and farther away from you on the lead. YOU SEE SOMEONE YOU KNOW AND BEGIN TALKING. But your dog is busy sniffing a pole or something. look who it is. and dominance. Another reward might be a greeting from the person you have stopped to speak with. Basically. Praise responsiveness. and your social exchange is not all that inviting. which is appropriate now that your dog has joined the social interaction! 187 www. Then physically guide his head by the chin into an upward position.” spoken in a calm and inviting tone is the idea). an intervention means that the dog hasn’t done anything wrong. The problem is your dog is simply more interested in whatever it is sniffing. This means that they don’t always have a good idea of when they are doing something right. A correction is a strong response to a “bad” behavior.com . But this response also commonly comes with an annoyed reaction to the dog. The great thing about an intervention is that it gives you an opportunity to establish your control. even a frustrated verbal command (ex: “Get over here and SIT already!”). in a positive way. Shorten your lead. but make sure your face and tone of voice is encouraging (something like. There is a big difference between intervention (interrupting or changing behavior) and correction (negatively reinforcing behavior because it is wrong). Make eye contact. Here are two examples of effective dog whispering interventions: SUPPOSE YOU ARE OUT WALKING YOUR DOG. “Come say hello Rover. So make a proper invitation! TRY THIS INSTEAD: ● Get your dog’s attention in a calm way.kingdomofpets.

Dogs love to play.com . 188 www. without making any connection with him and without giving him any indication why he might want to join the circle. People you see in public will appreciate it too. sharp tug on the lead should be enough to maintain his position. putting enough distance between them so that they are beyond each other’s reach. Time Out” or whatever command you want them to associate with the break. a short. yet entirely positive intervention. (If one of the dogs is not yours. it will be much easier for you to intervene when you absolutely need to.kingdomofpets. It also gives you a great opportunity to exercise your role as a strong pack leader with a calm. Making desired behavior seem positive and fun in the first place is much better than forcing it then rewarding it after the fact. or they both just need a break. especially young ones. TRY THIS: ● After a good play session. It’s much different than pulling your dog back to where you want him. But there’s a time and a place for everything. if his head starts to go down and attention goes away from the circle. say “OK. using a bit of downward pressure if needed (and it likely will be with puppies or overexcited dogs).● From this point. IT NOT ONLY LETS THEM GET SOME INTENSE EXERCISE. BUT IT ALLOWS THEM A GREAT OPPORTUNITY TO SOCIALIZE. just can’t seem to get enough. If you are able to intervene in a play session at any time. DOGS PLAYING WITH OTHER DOGS. Give the “Down” command. The act of socially engaging with your dog so he behaves socially in turn is important. firm. and most dogs. an older dog tires in the presence of a younger one. Only apply as much pressure as necessary to get them to settle. be sure you explain the training exercise to the other owner first). ● Physically separate the dogs by taking them both by the collar. and sometimes things get too rowdy. and it won’t be long before they will comment on what a great relationship you have with your pet.

It is important that they know they have not done anything wrong. repeat the “Settle” command in a soft. This intervention tells them that they have not done anything wrong. you will get to the point when you can issue the “Time Out” command and separate them using voice or hand commands. The momentum will soon build again and you can decide whether or not to let them go wild with another full-blown play session! NOTE: remember to let your puppy out more after intense play sessions. Ideally. and could worsen behavior problems. because they will know that you can (and will) separate them one way or another. it reinforces your position as dominant. you can gradually release your hold. Keep talking to them in a positive way.● While they are in a down position. 189 www. This is good in that it shows them that they can interact in a more composed way. and be sure there’s plenty of water on hand. but this technique will sure make it much easier when you do. Remember to be calm and self-assured. acting in anger or frustration will defeat the whole exercise. and bring them closer to one another again. reassuring tone. You may not need to stop the play session. They will likely start playing with each other in a much more relaxed way that may involve playful pawing or nipping from their settled position.com . ● Once they have both settled.kingdomofpets. They are simply being asked to interact in a different way. but that it is time to socialize and interact in a different way. and praise them for being still. More importantly. and you can allow this and encourage it.

and eat your lunch. 190 www. you also need to remain in control. Making your dog fear you and avoid you because you are angry does not accomplish this goal. Your dog’s body language may already be suggesting fear or retreat. effective and totally humane technique you should have at your disposal.kingdomofpets.com . You come back and catch your dog in the act. and you leave your amazing sandwich on the kitchen counter. ● Take a moment to calm down. Tell her in a stern voice “That’s a very bad dog” (or whatever works for you). Dog Whispering: Corrections Sometimes it is necessary to 1) correct an inappropriate behavior and 2) send a clear message that it is inappropriate with the hope of discouraging it in the future. Just hold it firmly enough so she can’t squirm away. Although you need to send a clear message at this point. The phone rings. DON’T squeeze it. stand up on her hind legs. You may try holding on to the collar with your other hand. Never shake your dog by the snout. ● Put your hand around her snout. a loud “AHH” or a clap or both.D. Suppose you have just made yourself the best roast beef sandwich you have ever made in your sandwich-making career. Make eye contact. Your first response should be a verbal command that interrupts the behavior. Your adolescent puppy takes the opportunity to stroll into the kitchen. But there’s also a very firm. which is likely a response to your tense and possibly angry body language. HERE’S WHAT TO DO: ● Give a “Sit” command. Apply only as much pressure as necessary for her to be still.

It is also a way to establish trust by doing it in a more playful context repeatedly during the puppy stage. a puppy will get to the point where they will “freeze” as soon as your hand goes around their mouth. roll her over on to her back. In addition. dogs are very vulnerable when they are on their back. Again remember to be calm and self-assured. 191 www. they may resist again in a more overt way. and forcing the dog on to her side. and put on the hard word. but their genitals are exposed. Not only is their mobility removed.kingdomofpets. and their instincts make them extremely uncomfortable in this position. NOTE: this is not exclusively a way to discipline your dog. such as when a dog shows aggression inappropriately to humans or dogs. I reserve it for the worst behaviors. It is important to understand the logic behind this form of discipline.● Send your dog away to another room and ignore her for at least 15 minutes. and you are forcing them to submit to you. acting in anger or frustration will defeat the whole exercise. you are not only saying “You have done something wrong. When they go through adolescence. This can be achieved by taking hold of the rear leg farthest from you and the collar. but before you take hold of the dog’s snout. Through repetition. grab hold of the snout. You are giving them a reason to listen to you. Dogs use their mouths not only to express themselves but also to protect themselves. When you take control of their mouth. ● There is an escalated version of this mode of discipline. and this is their way of testing the boundaries all over again. and could worsen behavior problems. Calmly and deliberately is the idea.” you are also reinforcing your message from the position of dominance. they are vulnerable.com . or moves to start a fight with another dog: ● Follow the same steps as above. If you couple this behavior with a message of negative reinforcement. Then roll her on to her back. You don’t have to do this quickly or with great force.

Other good times to practice the command would be going outside and going to the crate. another technique involves actually walking or running excitedly a short distance in the opposite direction to get him to follow you and find out where all the fun is. becoming aggressive. we need to figure out what naturally causes the dog to approach us. Dog Whispering with Common Commands Dog whispering can be used with all of the most common training commands. By teaching a dog to come on command. As the dog is approaching you. However. praise him for “listening” to the command. you can try to be that item. and you need to recall your dog when he’s off lead. be it another dog. A pleasant firm voice is all that is necessary. feeding time is a great time to practice this command. another person. regardless of age. say: “Come. For high energy dogs. When you’re out in public. this one is the most important and should be strongly reinforced. 192 www. This command is the cornerstone of all canine training. we can prevent many potential problems including running away. or a squirrel. It is important to understand how to get the dog to come and to associate the action with the word. When the dog comes up to you for his dinner. Here I outline some of the basic training commands from the perspective of dog whispering. Continue this practice in every instance you can think of for when he would approach you naturally. It’s not hard to understand why a dog does not want to come to an angry owner.” This does not have to be shouted. This training should begin immediately upon the dog entering the household.E.com . regardless of whether or not it is feeding time. and in a way that allows both dog and owner to be more responsive to each other. that item is often the one moving the quickest. Often. simply calling “Come” to the dog and then getting angry when he does not understand is futile. Recall Command (Come) Out of all of the commands we can teach a dog. In the right situations. and even attacking another animal. as you do not want to always associate food with the command. becoming distracted. First of all. Another practice to keep in mind is that dogs tend to go to the “highest value” item. or even said in a loud voice.kingdomofpets. The most important part of your own body language is positioning yourself in an encouraging way and greeting your dog positively when it comes.

Stay It is of the utmost importance to teach your dog the “Stay” command. when 193 www. While it is thought teaching the dog to sit first is preferable.com . you might try relaxing yourself. If he responds appropriately. Never begin to teach a dog to lie down when he is excited. the incorporation of body language on your part will also help greatly in teaching your dog to both sit and to lie down.kingdomofpets.” Give him praise. While the normal use of praise through affection and treats is encouraged to help your dog learn these two vital commands. in actuality. There’s nothing more unnerving than someone standing over you and trying to get you to do something. for example. If he does not respond. Each time you see your dog begin to lay down. learning the “Down” command first makes the process go much more smoothly. Eventually. establish eye contact and say the command “Down. start giving the “Down” command when your dog is standing or sitting. and pat the spot where you want your dog to join you. In these instances your dog will already be lying down or is willing to be on his own volition. Similar to teaching a dog the “Sit” and “Down” commands. This command will assist you with making sure that your dog exhibits good manners and also helps you ensure your dog’s safety at all times. Or slide down right on the carpet. instead of “Lie Down. (It should be understood the reason the command “Down” is used. reward him with praise. So why not show your dog that you want him to relax by indicating that it is relaxation time for everyone? Go sit in your favorite recliner. The reason for this is because initially you will wish to work with your dog when he is completely relaxed and not exhibiting excitable or unruly behavior.Down and Sit These two commands can be taught to your dog using the same technique. repeat the “Down” command. He will not understand your wants and you will be more likely to become frustrated. When your dog is in a relaxed position of lying down but still alert and not asleep. Repeat this process as many times as it takes for your dog to associate the word with the action.” is because dogs respond better to one syllable commands). the “Stay” command begins when your dog is in a relaxed situation but still alert.

The intention is to teach the dog to not move from his spot and respect the barrier you have just set through the use of your hand. state: “Stay. Initially. This can work for some).” or has actually left the “barrier. as this gives the impression of a barrier and is an effective use of body language.” “Down” and “Stay” sequence from the new spot you’ve just called your dog to. you can repeat the “Sit. If he is getting excited. Make sure that you do not use food treats as a reward.the dog is sitting or lying down totally awake. tell him to stay and have him respond positively.” walk quickly in a direct line toward him with your hands extended as a barrier the same way. but all dogs will bark for a variety of reasons. there is a pressure point between the shoulder blades that will force them down easily and harmlessly. as this can increase the difficulty in future lessons. or even after the next 15 lessons. Walk a couple of feet away and turn around to see how your dog is doing. you can consider the exercise a success and the dog should be rewarded. If he is still there. When you’re having continual success. You will wish to initially approach the dog and stand about two feet away. call him to you and give him praise. (Note: for unruly dogs. making an attempt to leave the “barrier. There are breeds that are more prone toward this behavior than others are. Say “Uh uh” and repeat the “Down” command. This particular command can take some time so be patient.” The use of an outstretched open palm with fingers not splayed shown to the dog in front of his face can be quite helpful. Make sure that you leave the lesson on a good note and wait until the next day to repeat it. This will aid in your dog’s processing of the command you are teaching.com . The end result of this command is for you to be able to call out to your dog from a far off location. However. stop the lesson until you can calm down enough to continue. 194 www. manually return him to the spot. you will find yourself being able to move further and further away. Eventually. Barking Barking is an inherent part of a dog’s nature. Do not expect your dog to learn to stay at 25 feet away the first lesson. If you feel you are getting impatient. In a normal and calm voice.kingdomofpets. as long as the dog stays where you tell him after you move away two feet. most owners want to gain some control over this behavior. If necessary.

” This can be accomplished by simply waiting for the barking and then associating it positively with a “Speak” command (eventually followed by “Hush” of course). This only further incites the dog to bark louder. When the dog does as you have asked. 1. A note to remember is to always look for what your dog is barking at before stating a command. and one that unnecessarily frustrates many owners. so she needs to be shown that you do listen and appreciate her efforts. and indeed physical. Assume a relaxed posture. Dog whispering can also be used to prevent nuisance barking. but do little to stop the behavior that prompts barking.” This is a result of the nature of the dog. but also have to believe you are physically dominant. 3. Some trainers suggest training a dog to “speak” at the same time she is being trained to “hush. there’s a bit more to it… Not only do you have to act physically dominant. using the “Hush” command as detailed below. Pat your dog on the head. and you are nervous and unsure. So only “hush” your dog after you explore her alert. 2. The Trouble with Dog Whispering The method and principles of dog whispering are humane but also firm. This is your dog’s way of telling you something is not quite right. 4. you may not be able to effectively communicate direction and guidance to your dog. as she is directly responding to our “barking.Some devices such as anti-bark collars are often used to stop the noise. Turn away from the direction she is barking at. But because so much depends on sending signals through body language.kingdomofpets. If danger is not apparent. The section in DOG 202 on nuisance barking offers proven techniques to put a stop to excessive barking behavior. go to the dog and actively look to see what she is barking at. when you hear your dog bark. This means that even if you are trying to be a confident pack leader. Tell her to “Hush” in a strong yet calm and quiet voice.com . immediately give her praise. 195 www. Instead. Often we tend to yell at our dogs when they are barking. F. 5.

More a general philosophy than a specific training method. simply because spending time with your dog is the only way for you to learn each other’s body language. and this method is not suited for them. Review of DOG 301 In this chapter. you can effectively communicate with your dog. Even though busy owners can still benefit from the ideas behind dog whispering. and ● EXERCISE 196 www. in my view. we took the mystery out of dog whispering and explained it in plain and simple terms. and this method is not suited for them. there is really no way around the time demands of this method. In addition. it involves understanding your dog by reading and interpreting its body language.kingdomofpets. G.com . By paying closer attention to your own body language. We covered the basic principles of the dog whispering method and philosophy: ● Being the Leader ● Controlling your Voice ● Reading (and Using) Body Language ● Establishing your Dog’s Purpose ● Affording Respect and Dignity ● Customizing your Approach. Dog whispering takes more time than traditional training methods. rather than the use of repeated commands. This is also a matter of the size of the dog you decide to raise. Dog whispering. some owners are physically unable to carry out physical interventions or corrections effectively.Some owners are simply uncomfortable with physical interventions or corrections. involves interacting with a dog you are physically capable of controlling.

We discussed the important difference between an intervention. We learned to incorporate dog whispering methods with these common commands: ● Come (Recall) ● Down and Sit ● Stay ● Hush (Shhh) 197 www. and a correction.kingdomofpets. Several scenarios were presented along with proven techniques for making effective and humane interventions and corrections with your dog. which is negatively reinforcing an inappropriate behavior.com . which is simply interrupting a behavior so you can actively communicate with your dog as a guide and leader.

DOG 302: Health-Related Problems Solved In this section. A. hyperactive behaviors like tail-chasing. if they occur shortly after your departure (separation anxiety generally peaks within half an hour). barking.com .and these are the ones that develop separation anxiety. It’s normal for dogs to form intense emotional bonds with their pack. excessive barking and whining. Separation anxiety and the resulting behaviors occur when the dog is either isolated. gnawing at nails and skin). and if the dog greets you exaggeratedly and for a long period of time upon your return (whining. and how to cope with them.they’re social by nature. such as Weimaraners or Cocker Spaniels.kingdomofpets. it doesn’t DEFINITELY mean that they’re caused by separation anxiety. why they happen. nudging for attention. pulling out fur. digging. Which Dogs Are More Likely To Develop Separation Anxiety? Some dogs seem to be predisposed toward the state of emotional dependency which preempts separation anxiety. but some dogs REALLY don’t do well . Separation Anxiety What Is It? Separation anxiety is an intense fear or dislike of separation (usually from a family member). and detail what they are. destruction. 198 www. No dog does well when left on her own. then separation anxiety is probably the cause. You may find separation anxiety easier to understand and deal with if you bear in mind the fact that dogs are pack animals . performing extended acrobatics). The problem behaviors commonly associated with the condition include inappropriate urination or defecation (regardless of whether she’s been housetrained or not). This can be because of genetics: some breeds are simply hardwired for constant companionship. we’re going to look at some common health-related problems that dogs are prone to. or is separated from a person to which she is intensely attached. signified by withdrawal and lethargy. If your dog’s displaying any of these behaviors. However. etc). which often manifests itself as destructive behavior during the period of separation (chewing. and depression. leaping around. compulsive behaviors like repetitive licking or self-mutilation (for example.

like a shift to a new house. repeatedly. You’re going to move very. Dealing With Separation Anxiety In Your Dog What you need to do is train your dog to be more independent of you. Of course. But don’t stay out too long: return after only a few seconds. but return soon. while you’re away. ● At first. by a few seconds at a time. she’s been suffering. ● A sudden and dramatic change of circumstance. Leave frequently. The trick is to return before your dog gets stressed.kingdomofpets. ● As she learns that these short departures aren’t anything to worry about. very slowly: it’s not possible to make any progress here unless your dog is completely relaxed at each level along the way. ● A stay in a pet store or animal shelter (which usually results in a deprivation of affection and attention for the duration of the stay).Other contributing factors include: ● Early separation from mother and littermates. The way to do this is to use baby steps. resulting in a significantly decreased amount of contact with the dog. But remember. ● A sudden change in the owner’s circumstances. it also means that. It doesn’t just mean that your dog is happy to see you. ● The addition of a new family member or pet.com . Remember to increase the absences SLOWLY. and for slowly increasing lengths of time. 199 www. keep your departure times VERY short. walk out the front door and shut it. separation anxiety is a manifestation of psychological trauma. we all love it when our dogs are happy to see us. you can gradually start increasing the length of time you’re absent for. So. WHAT TO DO: ● Without making a big deal about it. a divorce or death in the family. to reduce this tendency. you need to desensitize your dog to your absence and teach her that it’s no big deal at all when you leave. You’re going to practice leaving your dog alone.

simply revert to the level of progress that she was last content with. Your smell may soothe her. (Studies have shown that stressed dogs react particularly well to baroque classical music. and she’ll be a lot happier for it. you’re encouraging her to view your departures as a really. really big deal.● If at any point your dog starts to demonstrate stress or anxiety. ● Get her a crate.kingdomofpets. NOTE: For dogs with extreme and prolonged separation anxiety. ● Mental stimulation is another fantastic way to put your dog into a tired. ● There are to be no dramatic goodbyes or greetings from now on! A simple “see you later” or a “good girl. just the ability to retreat to her own little den is soothing in itself. Take her through a quick 10 minutes of obedience work before you leave: anything that requires her to use her mind will tire her out. relaxed state. hello” is enough. which maintains its intensity no matter what you do. you will need to speak to your vet. and can help a lonely dog feel like she’s got company. but anything quiet and relaxing will do!) This will occupy the “white space” of an empty household. If you habitually make a big fuss over your dog when you leave or upon your return. Most dogs respond very well to the cosy sensation of being snug in a confined space. and make it easier for her to lie down and snooze when you’ve gone.tired dogs are more content and mellow than agitated. OTHER CALMING TECHNIQUES A few different ways to reduce the frequency and intensity of separation anxiety bouts: ● Super-exercise your dog before you leave. energetic dogs. remain at that level of progress until an absence of that length of time gets no reaction at all. Really wear her out . Make sure it’s a suitable one for unsupervised chewing or play: no golf balls or small rawhide chews that may get stuck in her throat! Try to alternate toys on a daily basis so that she doesn’t begin to associate specific toys with being alone or anxious. Keep things brief and casual. You don’t need to fasten her in. 200 www. ● Leave an item of clothing that you’ve recently worn in her bed. ● Leave the TV or radio tuned to a talk-show or to calming music.com . Before moving on again. ● Supply her with a tasty chew or favorite toy before you go out.

Medication may be required . warmth. and to see if he had any suggestions for dealing with Teddy’s behavior. discuss the details of her symptoms with you. At the same time. Teddy felt like he was being punished. Teddy’s demeanor had changed from that of a well-behaved and well-adjusted dog to that of an anxious.kingdomofpets. Sarah and Blair.your vet will need to examine your dog. whining. Sarah and Blair took Teddy to the vet. highly-strung one. being left outside can be quite traumatic for a dog . they would leave him outside during the day. and didn’t understand why. (Don’t ever medicate your dog without the advice of your vet!) Case Study: Separation Anxiety Teddy. he would destroy the outdoor furniture. been banned from the coziness and social warmth of the “den. So for the first time in his life. If they left the house with Teddy outside. The vet recommended the use of Rescue Remedy. From that day on. Essentially. The issue behind all this destructiveness was quite simple: at the relatively mature age of seven years old. For no reason that he could comprehend. Teddy was required to spend significant stretches of time outside and by himself.com . to make sure the increased stress levels weren’t affecting his health. and scratch at the walls around the door. had been an inside dog all his life until his owners. He’d started scratching at the doors. the racket became so bad that they had to let him back inside or risk the anger of the neighbors. which is a gentle herbal sedative used to encourage feelings of security and relaxation in cats and dogs. he’d been shifted from the environment that he’d known his entire life . and pacing. so he wouldn’t destroy anything. a seven year old German Shepherd. He had to earn the privilege 201 www. the doormat. and prescribe the necessary remedy. Sarah and Blair were not to reward Teddy with attention until he was sitting quietly outside without making a fuss. He had to learn that being outside alone wasn’t necessarily a bad thing. Teddy’s whole world had been tilted upside down.” After a lifetime of company. at the same time. and familiar smells.especially an older one. Within a few weeks.and. moved to a house with a large section. as well as jumping up onto the outdoor table so that he could bark at Sarah and Blair through the windows! Eventually. the vet recommended that Blair and Sarah modify their behavior where Teddy was concerned. They started leaving him inside again.

and destructive behavior.not bully his way into the house through bad behavior and excessive noise. for 30 seconds at a time. Every time Teddy started to get stressed by the length of time. Working up in 30 second increments. Over time.kingdomofpets. as well as a small selection of toys. Whenever Teddy began to behave badly and try to force his way back inside. The clear line between reward for good behavior and isolation for bad behavior soon had its effect on Teddy’s behavior: he began to learn that good behavior would earn him the attention and affection that he craved. but had learned that he no longer needed to assert himself through whining. Teddy’s behavior began to change for the better. comforting objects from inside.com . He would still have preferred to be inside with his owners all the time. they’d reduce it by a minute or two and stay at that level until he was completely comfortable before moving on. eventually he’d be let back inside.of being allowed back inside . In addition to this. While they were practicing desensitizing Teddy. He understood that if he behaved well. they gradually reached 30 minutes. they started to desensitize Teddy to the departure routine. Sarah and Blair started leaving the house. they started leaving him for one minute. so he wouldn’t feel utterly isolated. barking. Sarah and Blair would ignore him until he’d calmed down . 202 www. the vet also suggested that they leave him with some familiar.at which point they’d reward him lavishly. Sarah and Blair decided to leave his crate and bedding outside with him. with Teddy outside. When they’d done this five or six times.

a new friend for Pita! She’ll be so happy. because without a defined social ranking system they will squabble and bicker endlessly.” etc etc. The truth of the matter is that.) 203 www. Who's first? What To Expect When A New Dog Enters The Household The dogs will evaluate each other. Both dogs will match each other in terms of confident. he will turn his snout to one side. ears will be raised.for example. a certain challenges arise as the dogs sort out their social hierarchy. If this is the case. One dog will signal his submissiveness to the other. You can relax. it shows that the social order has already been sorted out. the dogs are going to “scrap” or fight.you’re really just delaying the inevitable: they’re still going to have to sort things out at some point.com . Both of their heads will be carried high. because the dogs now know how to act around each other and how to avoid unnecessary fights. the only remaining way for them to sort out who’s the boss is through a direct physical challenge. If neither dog backs down. (If they don’t get to sort things out now . his head will be carried lower than the other dog’s. and this will probably happen very quickly . when a new dog is introduced to the household.it all depends on the individual personality and leadership drive of each dog. He will not maintain eye contact. assertive body language. Two Dogs in the House A New Dog Introducing a new dog into any household is actually a lot more complex than most people imagine it to be. This tussle is entirely natural: the dogs MUST sort out who outranks whom. In short. There are two possible outcomes to this situation: 1. This may be done more forcefully than you had imagined .kingdomofpets. 2. if you separate them before matters are resolved to their satisfaction .B. eye contact will be direct and maintained. This will be signaled through his body posture. Many owners make the mistake of viewing the situation through human eyes: “Oh.often within seconds of the initial meeting.

if that’s possible). or fourth . there are a couple of things that you can do which will go far toward ensuring a smooth transition for everyone concerned: ● Extensively exercise all dogs involved prior to the meeting. introduce the new arrival to each one separately BEFORE allowing them free rein together. If you’ve brought a new dog home without allowing your existing pets to check him out first.. owners don’t have the option of introducing potential new dogs to existing pets before bringing them home. nobody would finalize the adoption of a second (or third.had had an opportunity to meet. ● When you do introduce them.. This can happen for a variety of reasons: perhaps they weren’t aware that the dogs might not get on. ● If you already have more than one dog in your house. anything that involves mental activity for your dog.Ensuring A Mellow Meeting If we lived in an ideal world.com . you might take them out separately.) dog until all canine members of the household . random walking (see our chapter on “leash problems” in Dog 202 for more on this). this places unnecessary duress on your existing dog(s). and generally to misbehave. and accept each other. An unfamiliar park with few distractions would be ideal: this way. This will allow them to work off any excess energy and agitation. perhaps the new dog came from a distant breeder and had to be shipped across country. greet. it goes without saying that we don’t live in an ideal world: in plenty of cases.kingdomofpets. Of course. ● If you have more than one dog in your house already. snappy. If you bring the new dog straight into the house without allowing them to meet each other first. territorial aggression won’t play a part in determining their reactions to each other. and if they’re in the habit of revving each other up on walks. do it in a neutral setting. and try to introduce some “brain-tiring” work too: obedience commands. Take them all for as long a walk as you can (upwards of an hour.both existing and potential . This will prevent a “pack mentality” from evolving: the presence of other dogs seems to encourage even well-mannered canines to get edgy. and calls all sorts of unwanted instincts into play (like the need to defend personal territory). 204 www. perhaps the new adoption was a spur-of-the-moment decision (although we devoutly hope not!).

A dog doesn’t “want” to be either the dominant OR the submissive dog . Until they do. Every time a situation involves more than one dog. Even if there are only two dogs involved. and then each dog is ranked. and one as the “underdog.” Something that a lot of people struggle with is the fact that neither of these positions holds any REAL value for dogs. That’s because the only cause for fighting in a dog-pack is when a lower-ranked dog attempts to muscle in on the privileges reserved for higher-ranked dogs. one is going to emerge as the alpha. ALL dogs are hardwired to “rank” those around them in relation to themselves.and which results in (you guessed it!) more fights. a highly defined and specific social structure comes into play: there’s a recognized leader (alpha). it’s in your best interests . and ALL dogs are much happier and more relaxed when they know where they stand in relation to the other pack members.to allow them to sort out their own hierarchy. which subjects all dogs to feelings of stress and insecurity . and removes the possibility of accidentally giving offense to a higher-ranked member of the pack. When all dogs are clear on their own ranking.Life In A Multi-Dog Household As owners. Social ranking tells a dog how to act in any given social situation. it’s difficult to curb our natural impulse to support and help the underdog .not to mention the best interests of your dogs . And that’s not something that anyone likes to witness. but it doesn’t apply when it comes to dogs. let alone allow to continue without stepping in. it’s imperative that we remember that our dogs are pack animals: their ingrained social actions and reactions are based around this fact.again.it doesn’t matter to him where he’s placed in the overall structure of the pack. The important thing for any dog is that he knows where his social standing is in relation to all other dogs present in the household (the pack). it’s actually a very effective way of preventing fights. As humans. their social structure is essentially in a state of chaos. So really. if we look at it from our own human perspective.com . This is an admirable impulse when we’re talking about human social interactions.kingdomofpets. the treatment of the underdog by higher-ranked dogs can resemble bullying to us. 205 www.

The more secure each dog is in his own position. ● Pay attention to who the alpha-dog is. ● If your dogs are doing each other serious harm or the fights are protracted in length (several minutes). etc)? The dog that takes the lead in the most situations is the alpha. then you’ll probably want to enlist the services of a trained canine behaviorist who can assist you in getting the dogs used to each other. Remember. you won’t feel compelled to “rescue” the underdog.if you continually intervene and attempt to impose your own social order. allow him the better space on the couch. he simply is either one or the other. since the dog jockeying hardest for alpha position is going to have to prove his dominance at a later date. It’s very important that you allow the dogs to work it out between themselves . This means putting him first: pet him first. 206 www. Frequently.kingdomofpets. your intervention will actually make things worse. the less likely it is that any dog will try to upset the social order and aim for a higher rank (which will result in fighting). and will be doing yourself and your dogs a huge favor. as well as undo the damage that your meddling has already caused to his social status. feed him first. nipping. He doesn’t prefer to be the dominant or the submissive dog. it’s only going to postpone the inevitable. ● Don’t attempt to subject a canine social structure to human values: you need to try and stay as neutral as possible. lifting a lip. If you’re not sure who the alpha dog is. and both carry the same meaning for him.com . all cases of new-dog syndrome differ wildly: it’s pretty much impossible for us to give any general advice on how to get them accustomed to each other. “dominant” and “submissive” are essentially valueless positions for a dog: he HAS to be one or the other. When you first introduce the two (or more) dogs to each other. which is why we recommend hiring a hands-on trainer in this situation). watch their interactions closely: who’s carrying their head highest? Who gets to eat first? Who walks through doorways first? Who shifts over to make room for whom? Who seems to boss whom around (nudging. (Because all dogs have such distinct and individual personalities. there will probably be a certain amount of squabbling. let him go through doors before the other dog(s). and actively reinforce his social standing. If you can bear this in mind. staring out. let him get into the car first. and so on.Ownership Rules For A Multi-Dog Household ● You MUST allow them to establish their hierarchy on their own terms.

Sam was accustomed to sleeping on Linda’s bed . and to things like which of the two ate first. or dogs that have lived together for a while and are used to each other. We made some recommendations for Linda to help reconcile the situation. Linda had to pay close attention to the body language and interactions between the two dogs.kingdomofpets. they would both accept her authority over them. 207 www. Most importantly of all. Having spent a few hours with Chico before making the decision to bring him home. as before Chico arrived on the scene. Although the dogs had seemed to accept each other on their first meeting (in the local park). and both seemed to be OK around other dogs in normal day-to-day circumstances. from the local animal shelter. we advised her to get new and comfortable beds for both dogs. and once Sam even had to be taken to the vet for a couple of stitches in his ear. However.a lively 2 year old Labrador cross. a one year old Boxer dog. A typical example of problems caused by a multi-dog household would be the case of Sam. Linda figured that neither of the dogs would have a problem forming a friendship with each other: they were both very mellow.com . as this would be traumatic for him. We asked her to pay attention to things like head position (a dog that carries his head low is submissive). and work out for herself which one was the more dominant. trouble started brewing.several times fur flew. Sam’s owner Linda decided to adopt a friend for him.Case Study: Introducing a New Dog Many people attempt to introduce a new dog to their home as company for their existing pets and have found that the dogs are aggressive towards each other. Linda was distraught . and chose a place to lie down first.she didn’t want to take Chico back to the shelter. in the form of Chico . with no apparent aggression problems. This was necessary just to make sure that should she ever need to involve herself in a dispute between the two dogs. they quickly began squabbling and snapping . but neither did she want the peace of her household to be continually disrupted in so violent and upsetting a manner. First of all. Sometimes there is also jealousy and aggression among littermates. once Chico arrived in his new home. went through doorways first. eye contact (a dog that forces or maintains eye contact is dominant).and he wasn’t happy sharing this space with a new arrival. The second step was for Linda to read our chapter on the concept of alpha status (“Secrets to Becoming the Alpha Dog”).

not a previously-dormant sense of aggression or troublemaking on Sam or Chico’s behalf! In a nutshell. we reassured her that this sort of behavior among dogs that share a household is pretty common .com . This issue was then inadvertently made worse by Linda’s actions. the problem between Sam and Chico was caused by their genetic compulsion. strange dog into Sam’s own home was a big change for him. we would generally recommend that a canine behaviorist be called in).Furthermore. (Note: we’d like to point out. as pack-animals.we explained that she had to let them sort it out for themselves. Once a social order was well established.it doesn’t mean that the dogs involved are “aggressive. We also advised Linda that. to sort out a hierarchical order. once she had seen which of the two dogs was the more dominant. We asked Linda to support the dominant dog’s social status through her own actions: she needed to start applying the alpha concept to that dog by doing things like feeding him first.made no sense to them.kingdomofpets. When life and limb are at risk between two dogs that share a house. the problem was quickly resolved . For Linda’s own peace of mind. dogs in this situation have displayed impeccable behavior around other dogs for their entire lives. Chico)’s dominant status.and future competition for the alpha role was minimized through Linda’s careful reinforcement of the dominant dog (in this case. that if the situation ever became violent enough to warrant true and urgent concern then the dogs would have to be separated. and so on. and that the instinctive need for all dogs to sort out a pack hierarchy was responsible for the mayhem in her household . to consciously reinforce that dog’s dominance over the other one. the dogs no longer felt the need to compete. we also recommended that Linda not intervene in the dogs’ way of sorting out who was the boss . which . allowing him up on the couch first.to animals genetically driven to create a social ranking . This would minimize the dominant dog’s need to underline his authority by being unnecessarily aggressive or edgy. 208 www.” or “unsafe around other dogs. By allowing them to sort out their own social order. showing him affection first. so this new behavior is often a big surprise to owners (as was the case with Sam and Chico). just as we did to Linda. She had been treating the two dogs as equals. then the likelihood of a fight breaking out over who outranked whom would be minimal.” Frequently. If Linda helped to establish which dog was perceived as the dominant one. We asked Linda to remember that the introduction of a new.

so getting a "non-shedding dog" isn't necessarily a magical cure-all for dog-lovers with allergies. more antibodies accumulate. However. When there's enough of a build-up of antibodies in your body. for those people who are allergic to fur over dander and saliva. that's when allergic symptoms like a runny nose and itchy eyes start to manifest themselves. Some examples of non-shedding dogs: ● Poodle ● Bichon Frise ● Schnauzers (standard and miniature) Establishing Whether You Might Be Allergic Allergies don't form instantly. more allergies are caused by dander and saliva than by fur and hair. produced by all breeds of dog) ● Saliva ● Hair/fur It's commonly believed that 'non-shedding' dogs (whose hair keeps growing until it's clipped. rather than shedding when it reaches a certain length) cause less allergies than standard-coated dogs. if you're repeatedly exposed to the irritant.kingdomofpets.generally to something that you’re exposed to regularly. As time goes on. they take time. 209 www.com . as it usually takes multiple exposures for an allergy to build up. Your body has to recognize an irritant (like dander) and begin to form antibodies to it.C. allergies to a dog are most often caused by: ● Dander (small particles of skin. Allergies to Dogs An allergy is a hypersensitivity of your body’s immune system to a particular substance . This isn't necessarily true: although a reduction in hair-shedding does help some people. There are three common ways that your dog can cause you to have an allergic reaction. which remain in your system. allergies caused by the presence of a pet in the home are all too common. it's definitely worth investigating non-shedding dogs. Unfortunately. In descending order.

BEFORE you take the plunge and bring the dog home. which will keep his skin and fur in good condition and prevent unnecessary shedding of either. immunotherapy can improve your reaction to the allergens: over a period of weeks or months. and that you'd like to hang out with them for awhile to see if you develop any allergic reactions. balanced diet. A less expensive way to find out whether your body has problems with dogs: think about which breeds of dog you're particularly interested in. as well as overall dryness and flakiness (which may be caused by a thyroidal imbalance). it's not that difficult to establish whether or not you've got an allergy.the more exposure you allow yourself. Visit local breeders. Clearly. All of these conditions result in excessive dryness. expose yourself to as many different types of dogs as you can . HOW TO ASCERTAIN WHETHER YOU’RE ALLERGIC 1.visit the pound. If you test positive for any of these. and spend time with any friends or relatives who have dogs). explain that you're interested in possibly adopting one of the dogs. sometimes it takes months or even years.com . the chances are higher that he'll develop a health condition which will then increase the likelihood of your developing allergies. and spend some time with them.There's no hard-and-fast rule for when an allergy will show itself: sometimes it takes minutes. you'll receive a series of shots to gradually desensitize your system to your pet's allergens. the rescue shelter. Fortunately. Preventing And Dealing With Allergies If your dog isn't as healthy or as well looked after as he could be. Things you can do to minimize the risk: ● Take good care of your dog's skin. Do this as often as you can . This is a doctor who's trained specifically in the detection and treatment of allergens. itchiness. saliva. and fur. 210 www. developing an allergy to a dog that's shared your life for this period of time would be absolutely heartbreaking. and increased shedding of dander. Check him regularly for skin conditions like eczema and mange. the better the chances of an allergy rearing its head before it's too late. (If there's no one particular breed you're interested in. 2. visit an immunotherapist. Make sure he's getting enough oils and fats. ● Feed your dog a good. If you think you might be allergic to dogs.kingdomofpets. Ask your allergist to test specifically for allergies to pet dander.

com . if not entirely negated. be careful not to overuse it. Keep an eye out for probiotic sprays . We've heard of people with relatively severe allergies who've been able to live comfortably with their dogs after purchasing one of these purifiers. especially if you have a carpet: carpets are magnets for allergens.do NOT use human shampoo or soap on your dog! The pH of human skin and hair products is completely wrong for dogs. ● Groom him regularly. this could be anywhere from once a day to once or twice a week . Generally speaking.excess production of dander and shed fur.most pet stores sell them. which results in . ● Clean your house regularly. since it removes excess skin and dander. This sounds a bit off-putting. ● Consider investing in an air purifier. and will create skin problems for him even if none existed before.● The optimum number of times to bathe your dog is once a week. A weekly wash reduces the presence of allergens in your dog's coat and skin by nearly 50 percent. Check the instructions on the packaging. When vacuuming. Any more than this actually dries his skin and coat out. ● Use a shampoo created specifically for dogs .kingdomofpets. ● There are probiotic sprays available for dogs that contain dander-eating microbes. but we have heard a lot of convincing anecdotal evidence about people whose allergies have been significantly reduced. Any less than this and he'll be accumulating irritants in his coat. because the active medication can actually dry your dog's skin out and make it itch and flake.even short-coated dogs benefit from regular grooming. which will then shed on a more or less constant basis as he moves around your house. simply by using these products. or discount department store.these are available at just about any home and garden store.you guessed it . medicated shampoos should only be used every second or third wash. 211 www. Use a high-efficiency HEPA air cleaner . as well as distributing natural skin oils evenly throughout the fur. Depending on his breed and coat length. ● If you're using a medicated shampoo. granted. but you can also browse online. use a microfilter bag in the vacuum cleaner to effectively catch all the allergens.

airborne allergens will still settle on dander-catching items like mattresses. Your dog’s bed is the number-one catcher of hair.” because essentially that’s what happens: ● First of all. she may continue breathing for some time after her heart has stopped (because the part of the brain controlling breathing is the last to succumb to the injections. or the simple unkindness of advancing age. D. A lot of dogs emit a deep.com . deep sigh as they fall completely asleep. an anesthetic overdose is administered either through the vein or via the catheter. the vet will administer a sedative. Your dog may already be asleep by the time this is done. and stick to your self-imposed boundary rules.● Create allergy-free zones in the house. sheets. which will then become airborne every time it’s disturbed. ● Keep your dog’s bedding clean by washing it frequently in hot water. and blinds. This may be done through a simple injection. cloth curtains. In particular. and all vets are trained in how to do it. The Procedure Itself Euthanasia is a common procedure.even if he’s not allowed on the bed. it’s important that you do NOT allow your pet into your room if you’re allergic . Possible Reactions That A Dog May Have A dog may have one of several reactions to the anesthetic: she may twitch or spasm a little. her heart will stop inside of a minute. her tongue may protrude.) 212 www. her eyes may roll back in her head and/or open slightly. Euthanasia The decision to say a final goodbye to your dog is a painful and deeply personal one. whether because of an untreatable injury or illness. At this point.) This sedative will relax your dog and make her very groggy and drowsy. Wash bedding at least several times a week. After the second injection. It’s also something that many dog owners will have to go through at some point. pillows. It’s often called putting a dog “to sleep. saliva. she's still aware of what's happening and will be comforted by your presence. and dander. ● Next.kingdomofpets. fur. or the vet may shave a small patch on your dog's foreleg and insert a catheter (which will prevent your dog feeling the sting of the second injection. but even if not she'll slip away very quickly.

request a quiet time of the day or the week. it’s best to make a plan of action beforehand.com . so you should check with your city council beforehand. not on your own: it would be cruel to decide against euthanizing a suffering dog. trips to the park or beach. ● Will you require someone with you for moral support? This is often a good idea . playing. simply because you can't bear to let her go.walking. burial isn’t permitted. the better for you and the less upsetting for your dog. Things To Consider Beforehand Once you’ve made the decision to go ahead with the procedure. and very personal. car rides with her head out the window. ● What would you like to do with your pet’s remains? There are several options available to you: the vet can dispose of the body for you. The main thing is to base your decision on your dog's welfare. and she can't tell it's happening. particularly if she already dislikes going to the clinic. involuntary defecation is intensely distressing: they can tell it’s “wrong. it's completely involuntary.she's unconscious and not controlling her muscles at this point. 213 www. and take care of all the practicalities. or you can take the body home with you for home burial if this is permitted in your area.kingdomofpets. ● When arranging for the euthanasia appointment.there’s a charge of approximately $200 .If your dog does react in any of these ways. eating? Is she alert and responsive to your presence still? Is she mobile? Does she still have control over her bowels and bladder (for almost all dogs. but it might be helpful to have someone waiting for you in the car or waiting room: often.” but can’t stop it from happening). The less fuss and bother.you don’t necessarily need them to attend the euthanasia itself. A lot of people find it helpful to consider the matter from their dog's point of view: is she having more bad days than good? Is she often in pain? Can she still take part in activities that she loves . people are too emotional to drive themselves home afterwards. Whatever happens. This will prevent you being overloaded directly after the event takes place.$300 dollars). In many residential areas. How To Decide When It's Necessary Deciding whether to put your dog to sleep is difficult. cremation can be arranged (your vet can also take care of this for you . you have to remember that she can't feel a thing .

you can get in touch with a grief counselor. or be seen to “overreact. In time.” This is definitely NOT something you should be concerning yourself with: everyone reacts differently. or demonstrate any variation in between. Whether it takes weeks. sleeping too much or too little.com . in many cases. and all reactions to a traumatic event like this are perfectly natural. He’s not.kingdomofpets. Your vet may well have a list of contact details for these professionals at the clinic. the feelings will diminish. their dogs are members of the family.if they aren’t sensitive enough to sympathize with your loss. If your usual vet does not make house calls (although most will for this procedure).they might fail to realize that. look in your Yellow Pages directory or speak to your doctor. or even longer. If you’re finding it hard to cope. Afterwards Losing your dog is a significant and very real loss. depression) is completely normal. You can arrange for a home euthanasia. 214 www. failing that. and will have performed the procedure many times before: he is accustomed to all sorts of reactions. it’s understandable that you’d want to make her last moments as relaxing as possible. months. don’t worry yourself about whether the vet is judging you on your reaction. This is perfectly natural. their dogs are their best friends. there’s no point adding to your load trying to convince them of your right to be upset. eating disturbance. where your dog will be able to relax in her own environment. they will be able to recommend a mobile vet service. and to be expected: to many people. eventually you’ll be able to remember your dog with nothing but fondness . a dog has been your constant companion for a long time. Some people also worry about how they’ll react while at the vet. Your vet is trained in euthanasia.and gladness that you did the right thing by her.● If your dog has a real problem with the vet. Don’t worry about these people . Some people might not comprehend why you’d be so upset about the death of your dog . show no emotion at all. They worry that they may shock the vet. A lot of people are deeply upset after losing their dog. For some people. So no matter whether you break down utterly. Experiencing the usual symptoms of grief (crying.

Lift your dog’s lip and have a look at his teeth. Unfortunately. ● He has gum disease. Bad Dog Breath Dogs are not “meant” to have bad breath . ● He has a digestive upset: either an infection.a healthy dog with clean teeth has neutral and inoffensive breath. decreased appetite. or he’s eaten something he wasn’t meant to. increased vet bills for you). and form secondary infections in his heart valves and other vital organs. Some older dogs can get funny about their mouths being opened if they’re not used to it. Some dogs are prone to tartar buildup. it’s up to us as owners to check our dogs’ teeth weekly to make sure everything’s as it should be. or there’s decaying food caught in his teeth (which will eventually cause the enamel to start rotting). There are several causes for bad breath in your dog: ● His teeth are decaying. decreased enjoyment in life. Dental problems are far more likely to be the cause for “dog breath” than anything else. but any dental problems in your dog . loss of teeth.no matter what his age .com .resulting in an estimated 80 percent of dogs older than three winding up with diseased gums or teeth. Preventing Dental Disease In Your Dog Just like us. it’s only in recent times that awareness on the necessity of dental care for our dogs has become widespread . The sooner you start doing this the better. all dogs’ teeth are different.kingdomofpets. 215 www. Because there’s no way for us to predict whether our dogs will fall into the former or latter category. whereas others will retain an enviable dentition well into old age despite an allround lack of dental care. Why Is Dental Disease So Dangerous? Aside from the obvious reasons (pain for your dog. Older dogs are particularly at risk of this. The bacterial infections that result from tartar build-up can enter your dog’s bloodstream. inflamed gums and tooth decay can actually threaten your dog’s life.E. weight loss.should be checked out by your vet to make sure there’s no risk of this happening.

kingdomofpets. and will bump and bruise his gums .your vet is used to dealing with touchy dogs. 216 www.If you can start accustoming your dog to oral examinations from a young age.but in some cases it is well worth your while. or missing teeth ● Pale or bleeding gums ● Foul breath ● Dropping food from the mouth when eating ● Eating only on one side of the mouth ● Pawing at the mouth and face ● Drooling ● Disinterest in chew toys (particularly if previously enjoyed) ● Decreased appetite ● Jerking head away or snarling when patted on the head How To Take Care Of Your Dog’s Teeth Canine tooth-brushing is a relatively new phenomenon. and you won’t need to worry about getting rattled and accidentally scratching a gum or pulling his lip too hard (which will just increase his apprehension about the procedure!). Surprisingly.the only possible exception to this is a soft-bristled child’s toothbrush. Human toothbrushes are the wrong shape and texture. Human toothpaste will actually do damage to his teeth. since there’s too much fluoride in human toothpaste for dogs.com . you’ll probably need to get his teeth checked out by the vet. many vets still don’t tell you to brush your dog’s teeth. for children five years and under (although you may have difficulty reaching the back teeth. Signs Of Dental Disease In A Dog ● Broken. if he’s a big dog!). This is going to be a lot easier for both of you . but if your older dog simply won’t allow you to have a poke around in there. and make no attempt to instigate a tooth-brushing regime at check-up time . There are special doggie tooth-brushes and toothpastes available from pet stores – don’t attempt to use a human toothbrush or paste on your dog’s teeth. discolored. then so much the better.

Giving your dog just one of these per day goes a long way towards preventing plaque and tartar build-up in your dog. Brush in small circles. They’re a characteristic green color (almost like spirulina supplements for humans) and most dogs love them. the way you would your own teeth. ● Small dogs are more prone to dental disease than big ones .com . meaning that food scraps get trapped more often.kingdomofpets. which fit over your finger like a thimble. you can introduce the brush.a few seconds at a time. Letting your dog have a good gnaw on one of these gets his saliva working (which neutralizes bad bacteria in the mouth) and also stimulates the gumline. Toothpastes are usually liverflavored. and will also keep his breath sweet. If you have a smaller dog. and make a point of sniffing his breath every few days to make sure it’s ok. too soon . preventing the formation of plaque. Just put your finger in his mouth and have a rub around on his gums. Other Tips About Teeth-Cleaning ● There are “smart treats” on the market that do wonders for your dog’s teeth. They’re also less likely to chew on tooth-saving bones and dental toys as big dogs. 217 www. ● If he’s OK with that.they have less space between their teeth. ● There’s no need to start out directly with a toothbrush. Don’t attempt to do too much. Lift his lip. remembering to treat him each time he lets you do so. ● “Dental floss” rope toys are great. which goes down a treat with most dogs. get your dog used to you prodding around in his mouth.The brushes available specifically for dogs are either short soft bristles on a long plastic stick (to enable you to reach the back molars) or are “finger glove” brushes. Be firm but gentle. Tips For Toothbrushing ● First. and then give him a treat and a “good boy!” Progress gradually to gripping his lower jaw (gently!) and opening his mouth a little bit. make sure to be extra-vigilant about checking his teeth and gums.

and will maim or kill that cat if he can catch it. fleeing creatures. Prey drive goes above and beyond the normal canine instinct to chase: most dogs will give enthusiastic chase to a running cat.kingdomofpets. In short. and of course the converse is also true. all dogs are individuals. a preydriven dog will really sprint all-out. while others are comfortable with neighborhood cats making an occasional detour through the backyard.F.com . it’s worth preparing yourself mentally for the challenges of the next few weeks. Just because a breed isn’t mentioned here doesn’t mean your cat will necessarily be safe with that breed! 218 www. real problems can develop. Even if they’re not. the average cat can take care of itself pretty well. Some members of these breeds will never show an interest in chasing your cat. so this isn’t usually cause for particular concern. SOME BREEDS THAT ARE KNOWN TO POSE A DANGER TO CATS: ● Weimaraners ● Most terriers ● Most herding breeds (Australian Cattle Dogs and Border Collies in particular) ● Pit bulls ● Akitas Of course. This means they’re strongly compelled to chase and kill small. but won’t go to extreme lengths. a strongly prey-driven dog is a danger to any and all cats it encounters. Cat / Dog Coexistence Some dogs are dedicated cat-chasers. Before introducing a dog into a household that contains a feline. What’s A Prey Drive? Some breeds have a higher “prey drive” than other dogs. But when you ask a cat and a dog to share the same living space.

● Don’t leave them alone in the house together until you’re SURE that a cease-fire . and from a breeder who’s given the go-ahead in terms of prey drive. the first step has been taken towards ensuring a mellow cat/dog coexistence. and NEVER shut them in the same room. be aware that problems can still develop later on. this does actually happen)? Is he tense. A head collar is even better: you want to stop him from lunging at the cat before his front paws even leave the ground.com .install a cat-door. ● Keep your eye on him very closely.however grudgingly . when it comes to introducing a dog into a house that contains a cat. all you can do is take pot luck. Are his eyes narrowed? Is he licking his lips in anticipation (yes.has been reached.better yet . from parents who have cohabited peacefully with cats all their lives. Even if you’re certain of the cat’s ability to escape. there’s still no guaranteeing that the dog you choose is going to be OK with your kitty. 219 www. ● Always leave the cat an “out” when leaving them alone together.kingdomofpets. Making The Introduction Here are some hard and fast rules for introducing a cat to a dog: ● The dog MUST be on a very short leash. so leave a window open or .but even if it goes well. Even if you choose a typically mellow breed of dog.Essentially. since it sets the tone for the duration of their relationship . The introduction itself is the most important part. Your cat needs to be able to get out of the house if necessary. How you allow him to behave now will set the standard for future behavior. with his ears pricked up and tail erect or switching stiffly from side to side? These are all typical postures of a prey-driven dog when confronted with potential prey. it’s likely that the dog’s efforts will be significantly more frenzied (and persistent) when you’re not around. You may need to be prepared for drastic measures (such as re-homing the cat) in order to save its life. and watch his reactions to the cat. so if you can keep him calm.

Case Study: Cat Chasing
Delray is a Poodle/Wheaton Terrier mix. At the time we received this email, Delray was two years old, and a very sweet-natured dog. Delray’s owner, Teri, also owned two Abyssinian cats that she loved very much. Unfortunately, Delray confirmed his terrier heritage by chasing them at every possible opportunity, much to the detriment of Teri: she’d made it clear to Delray that he wasn’t to chase them, but it seemed that instinct was stronger than her authority, Teri tried growling at Delray, yelling herself hoarse, and confining him to the laundry room whenever she caught him in the act of chasing them - but nothing seemed to make any difference. Even the prospect of losing an eye to a sharpclawed swipe did nothing to deter Delray. Clearly, Delray had a fairly strong prey drive. Teri confirmed that he’d always acted this way: he liked to chase cyclists, soccer balls, even cars: anything that moved was a fair target for him. Here are the recommendations that we gave Teri: ● Practice targeted obedience work with Delray over the next several months. The aim is to make him super-reliable on the commands “leave it,” “come,” and “sit” - whenever Teri caught him chasing the cats, she needed to be able to be SURE that he would obey her requests to leave them alone. ● Until the obedience work started to yield results, Delray should be kept on a head collar in the house with a line (smooth nylon line that doesn’t snag) trailing off it. If Teri caught him chasing the cats, she could redirect him simply by catching the line. ● When redirecting his attention, Teri should use the “Ah-ah-ahhh!” sound, rather than “No.” Dogs tend to respond better to this than no, and frequently will stop what they’re doing and look to the owner for direction. ● When correcting his chasing behavior, Teri shouldn’t just ask him to stop - she should give him an alternate channel for his energy. She needed to ask him to do something else, instead: for example, ask him to stop, then go to his bed and lie down. Or even the opposite: she could play a game with him on the spot. Compliance earns a big fuss and a treat. 220

With close supervision and obedience work, Delray eventually got to the point where he was capable of ignoring the cats. Although they never became friends, as some dogs and cats will, they were still able to live peacefully together with no threat to any of the cat’s lives.


Coprophagia (Poop Eating)

Coprophagia, or poop-eating, is fairly common among dogs - particularly young ones. Not a lot is known about why dogs do this, but there are several theories: ● The dog is suffering from nutritional deficiencies ● Boredom: he eats poop because there’s nothing else to do ● It just tastes good Generally speaking, the taste seems to be the deciding factor, since even some well-exercised, well-fed dogs that enjoy near-constant companionship will still eat poop with gusto on occasion. No matter what the reason, it’s a rare owner who’s happy to let their dog eat poop (whether his own, or that of another dog). Not only is it potentially dangerous, as the feces of other animals contain worms, harmful bacteria, or other parasites, but nobody wants their dog’s breath to smell like that! Tips For Stopping Poop-Eating: ● Sprinkling meat tenderizer on your dog’s food (or on the food of the animal whose feces he’s eating) makes the poop taste really unappetizing to most dogs. ● As a natural alternative to meat tenderizer, try adding small amounts of zucchini or pineapple to your dog’s diet, as most dogs find the taste of these (when digested) to be off-putting. ● Vets sell a product specifically designed for this problem, called ForBid (although there are mixed reports on its success rate). ● Probably the most effective thing you can do is to prevent him from getting the opportunity to eat it. When you take him outside for a toilet break, pick up the poop straight away. This way, you don’t have to deal with the flies and the smell – and, seeing as you’re going to have to do it anyway, why not do it straight away?


Poop-Eating When Out Walking For many dogs, the problem isn’t that they eat their own poop - they like to snack on the droppings of other dogs. This habit can turn a pleasant walk into an exercise in nausea-control! If your dog is in the habit of consuming the feces he finds along the way, there are two things you can do about it: ● Brush up on your obedience work. You want to be sure that, when you ask him to “leave it” or “come,” he’ll drop whatever he’s doing (or eating) straight away and without fail. ● When you’re walking in dog-populated areas, or along popular walking tracks, you’ll probably want to keep him on a short leash to prevent any forays into the undergrowth for edible treats.

Case Study: Coprophagia
Lady was an 18 month old Black Labrador Retriever, who had acquired a taste for other dogs’ poop. Although poop-eating is a relatively common occurrence among dogs, it’s still not a habit to be encouraged - in addition to it being a completely revolting habit. Dogs can also pick up diseases from the feces of other animals. Michelle, Lady’s owner, had tried just about everything to get Lady to stop: she’d tried aversion therapy (spraying Lady with water when she was caught approaching feces), had sprinkled cayenne pepper and Bitter Apple over the poop, and had rewarded Lady for not eating it; but nothing seemed to change her behavior for good. The poop-eating was at its worst when they were out for a walk or a run. Michelle liked to walk Lady off-lead most of the time, so she could have a really good sniff around; but for the purposes of breaking the poop-eating habit, it became necessary to walk her on-lead. We also recommended that Michelle take Lady in for a check-up at the vet, just to make sure her nutrition was up to scratch. The vet put Lady on a scientificallyformulated dry dog food, to make sure that she was getting the necessary dietary requirements. Lady ate the food with great enjoyment, but her poopeating habit remained unchanged. Finally, we suggested that Michelle practice her obedience work with Lady. Using the commands listed in section 203 “Commands to Start” of 222

Secrets to Dog Training, Michelle brushed up on the recall command (“come”) as well as “drop it.” After a couple of weeks, Lady’s behavior began to improve, both during training and while out on walks - especially when Michelle treated her sporadically, using tasty treats, for obedience! In addition to this, we suggested that Michelle alter her walking routine a little bit. Instead of walking Lady along popular dog-trails, she started taking her along less-populated areas; and, when they did walk through “doggie” parts of the park, Michelle kept Lady on-lead to prevent her darting off after any edible temptations. Although Michelle had to remain vigilant over Lady’s behavior, she was pleased with the progress that had been made: although the odd poop-eating situation was inevitable, the obedience work and use of the lead when necessary significantly decreased the frequency with which Lady was able to indulge her poop-eating habit.



All dogs will pass wind on occasion, but for some dogs the process seems never-ending (to the horror of their owners). If your dog is excessively flatulent, it could be due to any one of a number of reasons: ● She may be eating too fast and swallowing air with her food. Most of this will resurface as belches, but some air pockets will progress through the digestive tract and emerge at the other end. ● Some dogs are just prone to gassiness, no matter what they eat. ● Some breeds are prone to flatulence (including mastiffs, Boxers, and Rottweilers). ● Her food may be too rich - for example, too many table scraps - or she may be getting too much fat or insoluble fiber. ● Her diet may have changed too suddenly - if a dog’s food is switched too quickly, the result is can be vomiting, diarrhea, and flatulence. Coping With Excessive Gassiness You don’t have to live out your life with a clothes-peg over your nose - there are some things you can do to combat your dog’s gassiness. 223

● Change your dog’s food (gradually - start by mixing a handful of the new food in with the old, and slowly increase the ratio over a period of some days) to a high-quality food that’s lower in insoluble fiber. Look for one that’s lower in cellulose, for a start. Ask your vet to recommend a food: generally speaking, the brands that you can buy in supermarkets are the canine equivalent of fast food (nutritionally blank). The types of food that will actually supply your dog with the nutrition that she needs, as well as being balanced enough to negate problems like gassiness and indigestion, are only found in pet stores and at the vet. ● Reduce the amount of kibble she’s being fed, and replace it with moist food. Dry food is a major culprit when it comes to flatulence in dogs: try reducing it by half, and making up the equivalent number of calories in canned food. The volume of food will be smaller, since moist food is more dense in calories than dry kibble, so check the recommended amount on the can. Or better yet, ask your vet (dog food manufacturers can recommend that you feed your dog far more than she needs). ● Activated charcoal absorbs intestinal gas. You can buy this in tablet form (they look like little briquettes) from the pet store or from the vet. They don’t work on all dogs, but it’s worth giving them a shot. If your dog has a sensitive stomach, consult with your vet first, since they can be a bit harsh for an inflamed or sensitive stomach lining. ● Feed your dog less food, but more often: instead of one big meal, try three smaller ones a day (make sure you’re not inadvertently increasing the amount, as this will result in more gassiness as well as an eventual slide into obesity!). Simply divide the amount of her current food into three, and give her one meal at five hour intervals. ● If she’s guilty of “wolfing” down her food, you can place a number of large, smooth, rounded rocks (like the type you find at the beach) into her bowl. Pour the food over and around these stones - she has to slow down in order to avoid banging her muzzle on them. Please be sure to choose LARGE stones, as anything smaller can sometimes be mistaken for food, with detrimental results to your dog’s teeth! ● If you have more than one dog, feed them in separate rooms to ensure they’re not elbowing in on each other’s meal. Feeding dogs together encourages them to wolf down their food as quickly as possible, to ensure nobody else takes their share.


part the hair on your dog’s body and look at the skin. Checking For Fleas To check for fleas. like bloat (which is a potentially life-threatening condition) or IBD (inflammatory bowel disorder. Fleas Once your dog gets fleas.com .When There’s Cause For Concern Although the cause of flatulence is normally diet-related. it can indicate a more serious digestive problem. SIGNS TO LOOK OUT FOR: ● Gassiness accompanied by constipation (straining at stool but with nothing being produced). where your dog’s digestive tract becomes seriously inflamed). If there is a sudden increase in the amount of gas being passed. I. Fleas don’t just affect your dog: they invade the entire house (including the yard) and lay thousands of eggs. ● The stomach swells up tight and hard like a drum. and the presence of even one flea in the household means that all animals will be affected. which will soon hatch into thousands more egglaying fleas. there are times when a medical condition may be the underlying cause. whether they’re scratching or not. ● Diarrhea more than three times in 24 hours. It’s a vicious cycle! If you have more than one pet. 225 www.kingdomofpets. If your dog displays any of these symptoms. ● The dog seems withdrawn and lethargic. you’ll need to treat all of them for fleas: cat and dog fleas are interchangeable. you should take her to the vet straight away. it’s a time-consuming process to get rid of them again. These are flea droppings. There will be little black dots littering the skin that look like ground black pepper (you may need to check in several areas to make sure). These symptoms are warning signs of a more serious condition.

This is effective.kingdomofpets. the environment. Because of this.not least. and treat him monthly for fleas using a topical or internal anti-flea solution or pill. welted area which will often become infected). Where To Get Flea Treatments The most effective ones are sold at the vet. but it’s equally effective and you won’t be doing any damage to yourself. 226 www. also kill and prevent heartworm. or to your dog. ● You can vacuum the house daily (put a flea collar in the bag. not just your dog. scabies. brown-yellow grains of sand . it’s HIGHLY toxic to the environment. but there are reasons against it . What Makes It Itch? It’s not actually the bite of the flea that causes the irritation. be sure to air the house out thoroughly afterwards. so if you do choose to go with this option. so it’s more likely that you’ll just see the droppings. ear mites. Some dogs are more susceptible to flea irritation than others. and clean all surfaces with a wet cloth. curtains … everywhere. The advantage of veterinary treatments is that they usually treat more than just fleas: the more popular ones. laying eggs in the carpet. and ticks. How To Deal With Fleas There are two options open to you: ● You can fog your entire house and yard with a chemical bomb.it’s a bit more work. the dog’s bed. usually in packs containing four to six months’ worth of treatment.You may also see the fleas themselves leaping around. The team at Kingdom of Pets recommends this option above the other one . if you’ve got one). and use a micro-filter to catch any eggs). which both kills adult fleas and prevents the eggs from maturing.com . Fleas reproduce year-round in most parts of the world. you will need to treat the entire house (and yard.but they move fast. and to your dog. Many of the chemicals in these “bombs” are actually carcinogenic to humans and animals. They look like translucent. furniture. wash your dog’s bedding frequently in hot water. and will bite and lick at the affected areas repetitively until they’ve created a “hot-spot” (an inflamed. when dealing with fleas. it’s the fleas’ saliva. to you. your bed. in other words. for example. and even if it’s cold outside they’ll still be happily living out their pestilential lives inside.

Above this temperature. ● Adding “folk” remedies to your dog’s food such as B-Vitamins.in some cases . It’s alarmingly easy for dogs to reach this condition: because humans disperse heat much more effectively than dogs.Prevention is definitely better than a cure when it comes to fleas.seizures.com .when we sweat. J. Hot Weather and Heatstroke The normal body temperature of a dog is between 100. and garlic does not work against fleas as a solo remedy. and they’ll leap right back on as soon as your dog dries off. Humans benefit from a complex system of capillaries and sweat glands. Ask your vet to recommend a good anti-flea treatment. Your dog’s body has a maximum temperature at which it can function efficiently. and liver. intestine. You should start using anti-flea solutions on your dog from his first visit to the vet. Heatstroke occurs in dogs when their bodies cannot dissipate excess heat quickly enough to maintain a healthy temperature range. and also disperses heat from the blood in all the thousands of little capillaries just below the skin’s surface. which all work to disperse heat quickly . Very active cells. including hair loss. what feels like a comfortable temperature for you may actually be dangerous for your dog. In addition to this. are damaged more quickly and more severely than others. Anything below 99 degrees or above 104 degrees is dangerous. This is a very effective way of keeping overall body temperature down. unless the overall body temperature is quickly reduced. 227 www. the heat-dispersal system of a dog is pretty inefficient. ● Flea collars are a subject of some debate: they’ve been known to cause bad reactions on some dogs. allergic reactions.8 degrees Fahrenheit. What Not To Use ● Anti-flea shampoos are essentially a waste of time unless they’re used in tandem with other treatments and a stringent full-house cleaning regime. and . This is because fleas don’t just affect your dog: they’ve infested your entire house.2 and 102. it cools our skin. cells will begin to die. veterinarians are becoming increasingly unsure as to the long-term effects of keeping an anti-flea toxin right against the skin over such a long period of time. cells begin to break down and. brewer’s yeast.kingdomofpets. like the ones in the brain. Unlike us.

conditions spiral rapidly downwards. above 160 bpm. shallow panting ● Dry mouth and nose ● Rapid pulse: for a puppy.Dogs don’t sweat. HERE IS A LIST OF THE SYMPTOMS AND PROGRESSION OF HEATSTROKE: ● Rapid. wooly hat. “heatstroke” occurs when your dog’s body temperature reaches over 104 degrees Fahrenheit. an adult dog under 30 pounds. which is when cellular death begins to occur. From here. death usually results. and mittens! The Progression Of Heat Stroke Technically.but it IS important that you understand just how risky heatstroke is. difficulty maintaining balance ● Collapse ● Internal bleeding ● Organ damage ● Coma/seizures ● Death How To Avoid Heatstroke All this sounds pretty scary. And let’s not forget about the added insulating effect of a full-body coat of fur. At this temperature. either.kingdomofpets. his blood begins to thicken and clot. try wrapping yourself up in a full-length fur coat. and how quickly (and seemingly without warning) a dog can progress from perfect health to near-death in a matter of minutes. 60-100 bpm ● Purplish or grey gums and insides of cheeks ● Trouble standing and walking: shaky legs. and they don’t have a blood-cooling capillary system either. 100-160 bpm. doesn’t it! We’re not trying to scare the life out of you . an adult dog over 30 pounds. and unless the dog is treated immediately. at which point uncontrollable internal bleeding starts. The only way a dog can reduce the temperature of his body is by panting. a dog may also begin to vomit.com . If you want to find out what it feels like to be a dog on a warm day. 228 www.

In addition to this.kingdomofpets. Prevention ● Cars are the number-one culprit when it comes to canine heatstroke. but the water will also evaporate more quickly than it would if it was inside. You might also want to try leaving the faucet dripping steadily into a water bowl that you’ve placed underneath . ● If you leave your dog outside during the day. you need to leave out more than one water bowl: not only do dogs drink more when it’s warm. there’s not enough air circulation inside to maintain a healthy temperature for a dog. ● When out and about with your dog in the heat.a reliable supply of running water is a great backup. Try leaving several large buckets of cold water outside (placed strategically in the shade) and prop them up with bricks or dig them into the ground so they can’t be tipped over. but a slow drip-drip-drip is enough to make the difference if anything happens to his primary water supply. Water evaporating from his fur and skin has the same cooling effect as sweat does for humans.meaning that. make sure he’s got access to water at all times. even if you’re parked in the shade. There’s no need to leave it gushing all day.Fortunately. and the surrounding area. and make sure he can get out easily. there are plenty of things you can do. ● For outside dogs. Make sure the area of shade is large enough. and string a few layers of sheets from them so that their shade is cast over his kennel or crate. making it a very efficient means of temperature control. you’ll need to create an awning for him: dig a couple of poles into the ground around his kennel. 229 www. your car is going to get very hot VERY quickly. (Most dogs love playing around in the pool just as much as humans do!) Make sure it’s not too deep for him. and remember to take the movement of the sun into account! ● Invest in a small kiddie pool for him to splash around in (they’re cheap and durable. Don’t leave your dog in the car in hot weather. You can buy water bowls specifically designed for travel. the windshield and windows actually concentrate the heating effects of sunlight and general environmental warmth . he needs easy access to shade. you can buy them from house-and-garden stores and even supermarkets). A car is like an oven: it heats up very quickly. Some tips are listed below.com . Unless your yard is heavily populated with shade trees. Even with the windows down. both to avoid and treat heatstroke in your dog.

Lowering his temperature is your immediate priority here: hose him with cool water (NOT cold.Dealing With Heatstroke If your dog is showing any of the symptoms of heatstroke. or ice cubes to lick. some are more at risk than others: ● Long-coated or thick-coated dogs (Afghans. you should still take him in. at this temperature you should be able to treat him simply by keeping him in a cool environment and allowing him frequent small amounts of water. you can stop the cooling process.kingdomofpets. ● Once his temperature is lower than 104 degrees. Dobermans) ● Brachycephalic (pug-nosed) dogs (Pugs. Call the vet (so they’ll be expecting you) and take him in straight away. here’s what to do: ● Get him out of the heat and into the shade immediately. Dogs Particularly At Risk Although all dogs can develop heatstroke. ● Take his temperature with a glass rectal thermometer (you can put a little Vaseline on the tip to make this less unpleasant for your dog). Even if he seems OK. Pekingese) ● Puppies ● Older dogs ● Sick dogs 230 www. or wrap him in cool wet towels. ● If the temperature is at or above 104 degrees. as this will exacerbate the effects of shock). Give him SMALL amounts of water to drink (any more and he may vomit). Old English Sheepdogs) ● Dogs with a dark or black coat (Rottweilers. his condition is not so serious (although obviously this depends on the dog and the circumstance: if you’re not comfortable with his condition. he’s at immediate risk of organ damage and even death. don’t play around: take him to the vet straight away). ● For temperatures under 104 degrees Fahrenheit. If his symptoms are mild. Boxers.com . This is really important: he needs to be checked over by a professional to make sure no complications have occurred.

that dog is going to need some time to adjust to the increased demands on his temperature regulation abilities K. with cool. there are a number of other factors which can increase the danger for your dog: ● Water deprivation. it’s a shock to her to be suddenly forced to compete with another for your attention . equally “conclusively. We hear about plenty of cases where dogs act in a way that seems unmistakably jealous: they chaperone their owners when a new partner’s introduced. Whether or not dogs have the mental ability to experience complex emotions like jealousy is the subject of some debate. Overweight dogs are even less effective at keeping themselves cool than their slim counterparts ● Cardiovascular disease. clean water ● Being in an enclosed space. His water bowl should be brimming at all times of the day. they stare disconcertingly when their owners 231 www.” that dogs can and do feel these things. Studies have been done which show “conclusively” that dogs are absolutely incapable of feeling sophisticated emotions.kingdomofpets. with reduced air circulation (a small room. a car)Humidity ● Obesity. temperate conditions to somewhere that’s hot and muggy. we try to base our judgments of dogs’ relative emotional maturity on the anecdotal evidence of our clients. However.Factors That Increase The Chances Of Heatstroke The two main causes of heatstroke are exercise and environmental conditions. ● Lack of acclimatization. other studies have been done which show. So it stands to reason that a dog with impaired heart/lung function is less likely to be able to maintain a healthy temperature. If you shift a dog that’s used to cool. Jealousy Introducing a new family member or partner to your dog can be difficult at times. they push in between family members snuggled on the couch. All dogs need access to water. This is the only way they have to cool down. At Kingdom of Pets.and it’s natural for her to feel some resentment over it. Dogs keep themselves cool by panting. at all times. If your dog has become accustomed to having you all to herself.com .

When your dog acts in that way. 232 www. it’s up to you to create some! Tips For Reducing Existing Jealousy If your dog’s been feeling jealous and left out for some time now. she’s probably feeling pretty resentful of whoever it is that’s taking up all your time. If you’re not going on dog-friendly outings. and that you still want her to be involved in the things that you do. You want her to start associating that new person in your life with good times. Giving a treat when they first arrive at your house is a great way to break the ice. or be stand-offish. This isn’t something that can be done sporadically. so take her along with you both on all the fun outings you’re going on . rides in the car. implies possessiveness and the concept of ownership .kingdomofpets. One of the easiest ways to do this is to hand out treats with regularity. she’s more likely to be doing so because she’s feeling left out and wants to be involved.you need to show her through consistency in your day-to-day life that she still matters to you. on a walk. Essentially. Supply the object of jealousy with a handful of treats. At the moment. The most important thing you can do is to include her. the truth seems to be that some dogs will act in a manner that strongly resembles jealousy under the right (or wrong) circumstances. after all. you’ll most likely need to exercise some damage control. and so on. rather than actively jealous.which is a dominance issue more than anything else! All you need to do to calm your dog down is to reassure her that she’s still very much a part of your life.to the beach. or “taught” to her . What To Do About A Jealous Dog The one distinction that we’d like to make here is that “jealousy” may not be the most accurate description of how your dog is feeling.are sharing private time with that special someone. the park. whereas others will never display any behaviors like that no matter what the provocation. She may act antagonistically towards them.com . and get them to dole those treats out to your dog at sporadic intervals whenever they come around. Jealousy. and they bark and leap around distractingly when the owner is engaged in animated conversation with somebody else. That person needs to win her over before harmony among the three of you can be attained. It seems to be largely up to the individual dog.

since they’re effectively depriving her of your attention and affection. As time goes on. That will just cause her to resent that new person even more. You need to organize some playtimes for the two of them. or to push her out from between you. If she’s barking when the two of you are talking. Fetch is great. this isn’t the only thing you should be doing to create friendship between your dog and the new person. recognize her behavior for what it really is: a request to be included. Grab a couple of tennis balls. or a Frisbee.Now. You don’t need to let her oust one or both of you from the couch or bed. It’s even better if both of you do it. Interrupting If your dog is interrupting conversations by bouncing around and barking crazily. Most dogs will calm down immediately as soon as they feel included . Instead. she’s signaling that she feels left out and needs to be included. and giving her a pat every so often as you talk will calm her down.kingdomofpets. but making space for her somewhere will reassure her that she’s still part of things too.com . You’re recognizing and addressing her needs like a responsible owner should. and lean down to rub her ears or back every so often. It’s not very productive to yell at her to shut up.addressing her by name. “explaining” things to her. you’ll find that the incidences of her behaving in this way are reduced more and more until she no longer feels the need to do them at all. involve her in the conversation too . and get them to have a play session at least once or twice (just a couple minutes at a time is enough) whenever the three of you spend significant time together. but tug of war is probably best left out of the mix for now because it’s a dominance game. a rope toy. 233 www.don’t worry that you’re encouraging bad behavior. get her to lie down near your feet. The same goes for pushing in. You’re not encouraging her to misbehave. Out and out bribery won’t earn respect from your dog (although she’ll eat the treats readily enough!). If she’s not allowed on the furniture. or is leaping up on the couch and pushing in between you and someone else.

So. For safety’s sake. until she has consistently proved otherwise! The first thing you need to do is acclimatize your dog to the change in routine that a baby’s arrival brings. confused. every day. People will be up at different times of the day. because the small. Even a dog that is accustomed to small children can be confused by an infant. 234 www. you need to make sure that. they act different. your dog has the chance to accustom herself to the baby without feeling rushed. and secondly. they sound different. or resentful. quick movements and high-pitched wailing of a baby can be mistaken as prey. you should always assume your dog’s reaction to a new baby is going to be unfavorable. You can’t get a baby to dispense treats. predictably. or actions as small children. The amount of attention given to the dog may be reduced. you’ll need to do this at least a couple of weeks before the baby comes along. because babies are by no stretch of the imagination the same in appearance. that she understands that the baby is a member of the family. It’s hard for a baby to win over a dog!To a dog. As strange as it sounds. Dogs are creatures of habit: they function best when things happen at a certain time. feeble. the better. The earlier you get your dog accustomed to all this. ● If your dog is going to become an outside dog when the baby comes along. and they smell different.kingdomofpets. babies don’t resemble humans to dogs: they look different.Baby Jealousy A new baby is a very different matter.com . There will be a whole host of new smells and sounds in the house. perhaps significantly. the arrival of a new baby can be an intensely confusing and unnerving experience. so your dog doesn’t associate the newcomer with her reduced domestic privileges. smell. first of all. Food will probably be late on occasion. when introducing your dog to a newborn. Added precautions have to be taken where dogs and babies are present in the same house. You can’t get a baby to play games with your dog either. A baby is going to change all that.

have someone hold him across the room. She should be on a leash at this point (if you’re going to use a muzzle. but practice keeping her in a supervised “down-stay” in the nursery for periods of time. The Meeting Itself When your dog meets the new baby for the first time.com . This will prevent her from becoming agitated by all the hustle and bustle. Of course. whimpering. people moving about quickly. Keep the baby at a distance from the dog at first . If you have any friends or relatives with babies. Schedule the meeting for when the dog has been out for a long.you have a significant measure of control over the likely outcome of this meeting. and babbling. Play a recording of a baby crying. 235 www. But it’s a lot easier to prevent difficulty than it is to make up lost ground! Don’t fret too much though . as this is something that a lot of dogs have difficulty with. she should already have had plenty of opportunity to get used to it. it’s a habit-forming experience: how she reacts now will influence her behavior in the future. You want baby to be firmly established in his nursery before the dog comes on the scene. If it goes badly.kingdomofpets. assess your dog’s reaction to the baby: she should be interested and alert. the dog should be out of the house. get her used to the nursery and all its trappings. Lead the dog into the nursery. This will help establish the nursery as belonging to the baby. Otherwise it’s just an added stress factor). Every time she’s calm while the recording is playing. If she gets upset. and put her in a sit-stay or down-stay. ● Accustom her to babies in the flesh. ● Get her used to the sounds of a baby. the baby crying. The baby and the dog should be calm and relaxed when the meeting takes place. and so on. Keeping calm. ask her to be quiet and reward her as soon as she is. When the baby comes home for the first time. rather than equal territory. make a big fuss over her: pet her and give her a small treat.● If she’s going to remain inside. ask them to come over and hang out with you and your dog for awhile (you can put your dog on a leash or use a muzzle if you’re not totally confident about your dog’s behavior). strenuous walk . all is not lost.tired dogs are much less reactive and keyed-up than energetic ones. and with a relaxed demeanor. but not staring fixedly or with marked tenseness in her posture. she’s not going to be allowed in there when baby arrives without supervision.

small steps towards the dog. repeat this procedure over a matter of some minutes until the dog is within sniffing distance of the baby . but especially to puppies. Worms There are a variety of intestinal parasites and worms that commonly affect dogs: ● Roundworms ● Hookworms ● Whipworms ● Tapeworms ● Single-celled parasites such as giardia and coccidia How Do Dogs Get Worms? Almost all puppies are born with intestinal worms (usually roundworms). There’s nothing to be lost from taking your time with this. and a puppy’s growth can be stunted by even a small infestation.kingdomofpets. L. so keep an eye out for these. remember that a socialized and well-adjusted dog will in all likelihood welcome the arrival of a new member of the family. leaping around. she should be removed from the nursery. the person holding the baby can take one or two slow. and then again every two weeks afterwards until they’re four months old.com . you’ll have made a big effort to remain perceptive enough of her posture and behavior that you can remove her before she gets significantly upset (barking. you want these two to coexist peacefully for a number of years to come! If the dog becomes agitated or stressed at any point. 236 www.If she remains calm. all puppies should be wormed at birth. regardless of age. Again. gauge the reaction.but don’t rush it. etc) . After all. it means the pups are being well taken care of! Because of the fact that most puppies have worms. Their immune systems are immature and ineffective.early warning signs include hesitation and shying away. On the contrary. Hopefully. Above all. If all is well. It’s no cause for alarm if the breeder or shelter that you get your pup from tells you the litter is on worming medication. Worms can be harmful to all dogs. which they get from their mother either before birth or through her milk.

Dogs pick up worms from almost anywhere.com . whether she’s showing any of the symptoms or not. dull coat ● Dry. contact with rodents and dead animals. ● Appetite loss ● Weight loss ● Pot-bellied appearance ● Sporadic but persistent diarrhea and/or vomiting 237 www. THE SYMPTOMS OF A WORM INFESTATION IN YOUR DOG INCLUDE: ● Dry.the more worms she has. Worms and parasites are everywhere . flaky skin ● Lethargy: she’ll be tired and have less energy than usual (this is because the worms are sucking her blood through the walls of her intestines. or eat without washing your hands after she’s licked your hands. or in soil. and even mosquito bites. Some lie in wait on the floor of your house (having been trodden in from outside) and hibernate there in larval form until they’re picked up through the paws of your dog.kingdomofpets. she will quite possibly have an infestation of worms in her intestine. which affects iron and energy levels . and loamy earth. you can still ask your vet to check her stool for worms at least once every five months or during yearly check-ups. Keeping your dog’s worming medication up to date is in your best interests as well as hers: most of the worms and parasites that infect dogs are zoonotic (meaning that they’re transferable to you!). Others are passed on through fleas. These are then ingested by your dog when she grooms herself and licks off dirt from her fur.even if you don’t think your dog has worms. Signs That Your Dog Has Worms If you haven’t been worming your dog every three to five months. Some worms live in the feces of other animals. clean up her feces. the more tired she’ll be). You can catch worms and parasites from your dog when you pet her. sand.

The vet will check this for intestinal parasites and worms. bring in a stool sample with you in a baggie.kingdomofpets. Review of DOG 302 In this chapter. because they’re specific to the kind of worms that your dog has. it’s good practice to be in the habit of worming your dog or puppy from the day you get her: when you take her in for her first checkup at the vet (which should be done in the first two or three days of ownership). Puppies should be wormed every two weeks until sixteen weeks of age. Worming medications need to be prescribed by a vet. but they’re not recommended because. ● Separation anxiety ● Having two dogs in the house ● Allergies ● Bad dog breath ● Cat/dog coexistence ● Coprophagia (poop eating) ● Flatulence ● Fleas ● Hot weather and heatstroke ● Jealousy 238 www. without a fecal exam.Treatment For Worms Generally speaking. there’s no guarantee that you’ve treated her for the type of infestation that she actually has. we gave tips and techniques to help solve the following dog problems.com . Over-the-counter medications do exist. adult dogs need to be wormed every three to five months. and can then give you an appropriate treatment. M.

then he is ready for training that is more formal. At this stage of his life. was a fairly informal introduction to the commands for your puppy.DOG 303: Advanced Commands & Tricks Once your dog has reached the age of 6 months and has completed training in the commands taught in DOG 203: Commands to Start. At this stage. gradually increase the length of time that you require him to stay sitting. 239 www. it is important that you do not let him get up or move from his Sit position for another few seconds. Place your dog on the lead and place him in the Sit position with you standing by his right shoulder and facing in the same direction. then gently push him back into the Sit position. The Sit and Stay command is very important. as it will increase your dogs self discipline and prevent him from being sidetracked by distractions. Once you have him sitting steadily. If he stays by your side and does not move until you release him then he is ready for more demanding lessons. After this time release him with the “Okay” command and praise him. he should be a welladjusted individual who is well aware of your position as pack leader and quite used to receiving instructions and participating in training sessions. However if he still fidgets about then you must correct his behavior before moving on to these exercises.kingdomofpets. 1. This final step ensures that he will learn to maintain his position and prevent him from attempting to greet you when you move towards him. A. Stay next to your dog all the while and do not make him wait too long or else he will become fidgety of his own accord. Give the command “Stay” and step one pace away and to the right of your dog while still holding the lead. such as cats and other dogs. 3. 2.com . If your dog attempts to get up or follow you. Hold your position for four or five seconds before moving back to your dog’s side. When he will comfortably sit at your side and not attempt to move you can move on to the next progression. Advanced “Sit and Stay” Stage I The Sit and Stay exercise outlined in DOG 203: Commands to Start. It may be useful to use an open hand as a signal to help enforce the command.

If your dog moves out of the intended position. then verbally chastise him immediately and move him back into the correct position. ● Increase the distance that you step away from your dog until eventually you move far enough that you can leave the lead on the ground.B. Advanced “Sit and Stay” Stage II Once he is used to and correctly completes Stage I. ● Make sure that you are holding the lead. C. Sit and Stay with leash 240 www.kingdomofpets. ● You can also gradually increase the length of time that you get him to stay with the end target being four or five minutes. ● Lead with the right leg. More “Sit and Stay” When he has mastered the previous progression you can further his learning by using these variations.com . try making him stay in the Drop or Stand positions. ● If your dog is responding well to this extended Sit and Stay training then instead of using Sit. This can be a difficult progression for your dog to learn as he may assume that you want him to heel (where you lead with the left leg) because you are walking away from him. ● Give a clear instruction of “Stay” before you move forward. then you can progress further by stepping forwards rather than to the side.

such as a brick or a large piece of wood. Praise him when he does so. finding items by scent should come naturally to dogs as their sense of smell is much better than humans. 1. 3. 5. With your dog on a leash. Get your helper to place the three objects close together on the ground. Eventually you should be able to remove the stake. you are just trying to get your dog familiar with the routine involved.If at any time he does not respond properly to your Stay command then move back a stage in the progression until he masters it fully. If your dog breaks and tries to come towards you then chastise him immediately and restart the exercise. 241 www.com . Advanced “Seek” (Find) As mentioned in DOG 203: Commands to Start. Move away from the objects and take the toy from your dog. For this exercise. At this stage. that do not have your scent on them and that your dog cannot easily pick up or move. 4. When he reaches his toy. 2.kingdomofpets. you will need to acquire three objects. While your helper holds your dog. encourage him to smell it and pick it up. Give the command to Stay and then walk away. Command your dog to sit by the stake with you by his side. place your dog’s favorite toy amongst the objects. Point out each object to him and take him close enough that he can smell them easily. Make sure that he can see you put the toy down. The best way to avoid scent contamination is probably to get a helper so that only their scent is on the objects. D. cup your hands over his nose so that he takes in the scent of the toy that has just been in your hands. If he is not responding well to extended Stays then you might wish to try placing a stake in the ground and putting the free end of the leash over it. At this stage command him to “Seek” or “Find” and walk him up to the objects.

E. ● Use a less familiar toy. 242 www. Hold your dog’s food incentive (perhaps a small piece of cheese or a dog biscuit) just higher than your dog can reach from its seated position.kingdomofpets. Once he understands the principle of what is happening you can make the exercise more difficult. which is why you should let him see you place the article to begin with. “Beg” With this command. Start with your dog in the Sit position. If your dog tries to lift one or both of his front feet off the ground to get the food.com . Always give the reward if he makes a significant effort to perform the Beg action properly. you are trying to get your dog to lift both front feet off the ground to beg for his food. 1. 3. ● Hide his toy amongst (or under) the objects. If he attempts to stand up to get the food then get him to sit again and lift his front legs up while still holding the food above him. ● Do not let him see you place the toy.You want him to find a particular article amongst a selection of other articles. 2. It may take a while for your dog to form the association between the command and the action. then give it to him and praise him. You will need to make sure that you have sufficient scent from the toy on your hands so that he will be able to pick up the scent. so be patient and consistent. Ensure that you are comfortable with your dog’s ability at each stage before you progress on to the next one. Say the command “Beg”.

kingdomofpets. give him the Hold command.com . use his favorite toy as the object before moving on to other easily retrievable things. “Fetch” (Retrieve) To correctly teach your dog the Fetch command he must already be well trained with the Sit and Stay command and the Leave command. For a start. point to the object and say. “Fetch”. Then use Fetch to send him on his way. He should be either sitting or brought to heel. From beside your dog. Always use the Sit or Heel command before using the Leave command to get him to drop the object. Place the object on the floor two or three yards in front of your leashed dog. Initially you will need to take him to the object with the lead.F. If he does not pick the object up straight away. Once he has become accustomed to this you can increase the difficulty by throwing the object a short distance while making him Wait (you may need to hold onto his collar). 1 2 243 www.

from either the Sit or Beg position. Once he forms the association between the command and the action you can try starting him from the beg position or making him wait until you give the command before he is allowed to take the food. Praise him every time he catches the food whether he catches it off his nose or from you throwing it to him. Place the piece of food on his nose while gently holding his muzzle level in such a way that the food balances there. Start again from the sit position. Start with your dog in the Sit position. 244 www. “Catch” 3 This is a trick where your dog. Instruct your dog to Sit or Heel then issue the command “Leave”. 3. if he does then quickly pick it up and throw it to him repeating the command “Catch”.When your dog has picked the object up. As the dog attempts to catch the food say the command “Catch”. release his muzzle. 1. thereby forcing him to run towards you with the object in his mouth.com . G. 2. 4. waits until you give it the command “Catch” before throwing a piece of dog food (either a small piece of cheese or a dog biscuit) balanced on his nose into the air and into his mouth. Make sure that he does not drop it until he is in the right position and you give him the command. 5. After a few seconds. He may drop the food the first few times. run backwards to your staring position.kingdomofpets.

4. You may need to use a wooden ramp or have the top of the ladder go on to a flat roof space.H. The best way to find out which type of dog you have is to try it. If possible. but for safety reasons. ● The ladder should have solid backing on it: for example.kingdomofpets. a ladder nailed to a board or plank (so your dog’s legs can’t slip through the spaces between the rungs and get hurt). 245 www. ● With your dog attached to the leash and in the heel position climb up the ladder yourself. ● Make sure that the ladder is stable. it can gradually be raised up. Hi there! I. Say the command “Climb” as he approaches the lower rungs. It should not take long for your dog to volunteer his paw to you. make sure that once he gets to the top of the ladder that he can get down the other side easily. 3. As your dog gets used to the ladder. as it will be much easier for your dog to climb. Place your dog in the Sit position 2. Use the command “Shake” at the same time as grasping your dogs paw. “Climb” Some dogs absolutely love climbing ladders and others are resolutely scared of going anywhere near one. Also. “Shake” Most dogs will learn this command easily. you should never encourage your dog to climb a ladder that’s more than 55 degrees from the ground. Release him with “Okay” and then praise him.com . a dog’s paws are not the right shape or size to hold his weight stably on ladder rungs. use a ladder with flat steps rather than round rungs on it. You will probably have to persuade and gently pull him up with you for the first few rungs until he understands what is required of him. ● Don’t start off with the ladder in a vertical position! It should be nearhorizontal. 1. The rungs are there for traction only: unlike human feet. Repeat the command while shaking your dog’s paw.

“Crawl” Crawling is when your dog assumes the Drop (or Down) position and then crawls towards you when you call him. if not more. For this trick.● Using food treats to tempt him up the rungs is a great way to make the exercise more appealing for him. 1. it is as much. so he doesn’t need to rise up on all fours to get to it. Make sure you hold it close to the ground. and “drag” it in front of him up the ladder. After all. If your dog acts frightened and does not like the ladder then do not force him to go up it. It will take patience but if you are consistent with your message to your dog and follow the method outlined above you will achieve good results. With your left hand gently on your dogs back. so it will take awhile before he can maintain a crawl for more than a very short distance). about the dog’s enjoyment rather than your own. 1. your dog will need to know the Drop command well. J. 3. 2. Jumping is when you get your dog to jump through your arms when you have formed them into a circular shape. 246 www. When he makes the correct movement say the command “Crawl”. “Jump” Chances are that your dog will love being taught and doing this trick.kingdomofpets. K. Praise him if he manages even a little part of the movement (note: this is a difficult posture for dogs to maintain. 4. Simply hold one a few inches in front of his nose. Put a low barrier across a doorway or gateway so that your dog has to jump over it to reach the other side. Kneel down on the right side of your dog and slightly in front of him. hold a small morsel of treat just out of his reach.com . Put your dog in the Drop position.

FOR THE NEXT STAGE. Stand over or kneel beside the barrier (whether you stand or kneel will depend on the dogs height and jumping ability) with your arms in a large arc. Remember to say. 4. 4.2. 2. Praise him when he successfully jumps the barrier.kingdomofpets. You may need to use food as an incentive for this exercise. When he is about to take off over the barrier say the command “Jump”. When he has successfully completed this maneuver ten to fifteen times. Call him to you from the opposite side of the barrier. As he is rolling. Push him onto his side 3.com . 3. if you do then as soon as your dog starts responding to your Jump command start decreasing the food incentive and increasing the amount of verbal praise and hugs. Make him Sit and Wait for you on one side of the barrier. Hold the two legs that are closest to the ground and gently roll him over on his back and to the other side. 1. L. slowly close in your arms so that eventually they form a circle. 1. 247 www. move on to the next stage. Place your dog in the Drop position 2. The other family member calls him to entice the dog to jump over the barrier and your lower arm. Your dog must have learnt the Drop (or Down) command before learning this command. “Jump” when the dog takes off. YOU WILL NEED ANOTHER MEMBER OF THE FAMILY. 3. With each jump. “Roll Over” As the name of the command suggests Roll Over means that you want your dog to roll 360 degrees when he is on the ground. Complete the entire procedure twice per day for five or six days. Remove the barrier and complete a few more jumps. say the command “Roll Over”.

4. make a huge fuss over him – it’ll help the lesson to stick! M. we used the check chain and gentle leader training methods to teach the following more advanced commands.kingdomofpets.com . Review of DOG 303 In this section. and stick with it. Be prepared to be patient. ● Advanced Sit and Stay ● Advanced Seek ● Beg ● Fetch (Retrieve) ● Catch ● Shake ● Climb ● Crawl ● Jump ● Roll over 248 www. Repeat the process until he forms the association between the command and the action. 5. Praise him when he completes the roll. NOTE: This one often takes a lot of repetitions until a dog understands the meaning of the command. The first time he does it without manual assistance.

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