1.

Which is the primary goal of community health
nursing? A. To support and supplement the efforts of the medical profession in the promotion of health and prevention of B. To enhance the capacity of individuals, families and communities to cope with their health needs C. To increase the productivity of the people by providing them with services that will increase their level of health D. To contribute to national development through promotion of family welfare, focusing particularly on mothers and children 2. CHN is a community-based practice. Which best explains this statement? A. The service is provided in the natural environment of people B. The nurse has to conduct community diagnosis to determine nursing needs and problems C. The service are based on the available resources within the community D. Priority setting is based on the magnitude of the health problems identified 3. Population- focused nursing practice requires which of the following processes? A. Community organizing . B. Nursing, process C. Community diagnosis D. Epidemiologic process 4. RA 1054 is also known as the Occupational Health Act. Aside from the number of employees, what other factor must be considered in determining the occupational health privileges to which the workers will be entitled? A. Type of occupation,: agriculture, commercial, industrial B. Location of the workplace in relation to health facilities C. Classification of the business enterprise based on net profit D. Sex and age composition of employees 5. A business firm must employ an occupational health nurse when it has at least how many employees. A. 21 B. 101 C. 201 D. 301 6. When the occupational health nurse employs ergonomic principles, she is performing which of her roles? A. Health care provider B. Health educator C. Health care coordinator D. Environment manager 7. A garment factory does not have an occupational nurse. Who shall provide the occupational health needs of the factory workers? A. Occupational health nurse at the Provincial Health Office B. Physician employed by the factory C. Public Health nurse of the RHU of their municipality D. Rural Sanitary inspector of the RHU in their municipality 8. "Public health services are given free of charge". Is this statement true or false? A. The statement is true; it is the responsibility of government to provide haste services B. The statement is false; people pay indirectly for public health services C. The statement may be true or false; depending on the Specific service required D. The statement may be true or false; depending on policies of the government concerned. 9. According to C.E. Winslow, which of the following is the goal of Public Health? A. For people to attain their birthrights and longevity B. For promotion of health and prevention and diseases C. For people to have access to basic health services D. For people to be organized in their health efforts 10. We say that a Filipino has attained longevity when he is able to reach the average life span of Filipinos. What other statistic may be used to determine attainment of longevity? A. Age-specific mortality rate B. Proportionate mortality rate C. Swaroop's index D. Case fatality rate 11. Which of the following is the most prominent feature

Their services are provided on an out-patient basis C. Primary B. The public health nurse functions as part of a team providing a public health nursing service D.S. Regional Health Office D. she is evaluating: A. Observing places in the school where pupils spend their free times 17. Primary B. Requesting for BCG from the RHU for school entrance immunization B. Public Health Nurse D.N. Services are provided free of charge to people within the catchment area C. Efficiency C. Secondary C. Where will you apply? A. To allow greater autonomy to local government units. Conducting random classroom inspection during measles epidemic C. Effectiveness B. Which of the following is the major goal of devolution? A. Tertiary 22. To strengthen local government units B. Which is an example of the school nurse's health care provider function? A. Mayor B. not curative services 12. According to Margaret Shetland. Public health nursing focuses on preventive. Provincial Health Office C. Appropriateness 18. Improve the general health status of the population D. RA 7160 mandates devolution of basic services from the national government to local government units. Which of the following is the mission of the Department of Health? A.of public health nursing? A. Intermediate D. The worth and dignity of man 13. Municipal Health Officer C. Health for all Filipinos B. The public health nurse is the supervisor of rural health midwives. Taking remedial action on an accident hazard in the school playground D. Adequacy D. Who is the Chairman of the Municipal Health Board? A. the philosophy of public health nursing is based on which of the following? A. The mandate of the state to protect the birthrights of its citizens C. You want to become a Public Health Nurse. To empower the people and promote their self-reliance D. Health in the hands of the Filipino people by the year 2020 14. Any qualified physician 21. Tertiary 15. They are training facilities for health professionals D. Which level of health facility is the usual point of entry of a client into the health care delivery system? A. C. When the nurse determines whether resources were maximized in implementing Ligtas Tigdas. graduate. Rural Health Unit 19. They are usually government-run B. Secondary C. Public health nursing as a specialized field of nursing D. To make basic services more accessible to the people 20. A community hospital is an example of this level of health facilities 16. It involves providing home care to sick people who are not confined in the hospital B. Which of the following is a supervisory function of the pubic health nurse? . You are a new B. Department of Health B. Intermediate D. What is true of primary facilities? A. Region IV Hospital is classified as what level of facility? A. Ensure the accessibility and quality of health C. Health and longevity as birthrights B.

Community organization C. Scatter diagram 30. Pie D. Public health nurse B. You will answer. What law mandates reporting cases of notifiable diseases? A. Mobilization B. Which step in community organizing involves training of potential leaders in the community? A. One of the participants in a hilot training class asked you to whom she should refer a patient in labor who develops a complication.residence 28. To maximize the community's resources in dealing with health problems . Core group formation 31. Core group formation 32. Provincial Health Office D. eradication in the Philippines? A. Measles C. A. Which disease was declared through Presidential Proclamation No. The public health nurse is responsible for presenting the municipal health statistics using graphs and tables. Community organization C. Rural Health Unit B. According to Freeman and Heinrich. The public health nurse takes an active role in community participation. Bar C. Follow-up/extension D. Pioliomyelitis B. What is the primary goal of community organizing? A. community health nursing is a developmental service. In which step are plans formulated for solving community problems? A. Providing technical guidance to the midwife C. 1 B. Proving nursing care to cases referred by the midwife D. Act 3573 B. Any of these health professionals 24. 2 C. The goal of community health nursing is to provide nursing services to people in their own place of . There are3 health midwives among the RHU personnel. Referring cases or patients to the midwife B. 3 D. Health education and community organizing are necessary in providing community health services C. To compare the frequency of the leading causes of mortality in the municipality. which graph will you prepare? A. Community health nursing in intended primarily for health promotion and prevention and treatment of disease. you will submit the request for additional midwife items for approval to the: A. RA 1082 27. RA 1054 D. Rabies D. Municipal Health Board 26.A. Community study D. Formulating and implementing training programs for midwives 23. 4 25. Municipal health officer D.000. To educate the people regarding community health problems B. You are the public health nurse in a municipality with a total population of about 20. RA. the nurse is responsible for reporting cases or notifiable diseases. The community health nurse continuously develops himself personally and professionally B. to the. 4 as a target for. Line B.3753 C. D. Neonatal Tetanus 29. As an epidemiologist. Rural health midwife C. If the RHU needs additional midwife items. How many more midwife items will the RHU need? A. District Health Office C. To mobilize the people to resolve community health problems C. Integration B. Which of the following best illustrates this statement? A.

This is classified as: A. Should not overshadow concern for the patient and his family D. Tertiary 37. May be done in variety of ways depending on the home situation. A home visit should be conducted in the manner prescribed by RHU D. Health deficit C. A home visit should have a purpose of objective B. The PHN bag is an important tool in providing nursing care during a home visit. Wash his/her hands before and after providing nursing . Foreseeable crisis D. The delos Reyes family has a: A. Intermediate D. Which is CONTRARY to the principles in planning a home visit? A. Participate in community activities for the solution of a community problem B. The delos Reyes coupled have 6-year old child entering school for the first time. Group conferences C.33. Isolation of a child with measles belongs to what level of prevention? A. Health deficit C. Should minimize if not totally prevent the spread of infection C. Stress point 40. Intermediate D. Should save time and effort B. Health threat B. An indicator of success in community organizing is when people are able to: A. Secondary C. Which type of family-nurse contact will provide you with the best opportunity to observe family dynamics? A. Stress point 39. The plan should revolve around the family health . 43. Terminal 35. A. Foreseeable crisis D. Primary B. Which of the following is an advantage of a home visit? A.needs C. It provides an opportunity to do first hand appraisal of the home situation C. The youngest child of the delos Reyes family has been diagnosed as mentally retarded. Pathogenesis C. Secondary C. It develops the family's initiative in providing for health needs of its members 41. It allows sharing of experience among people with similar health problems D. To maintain the cleanliness of the bag and its contents. Predromal D. etc. Health threat B. It allows the nurse to provide nursing care to a greater number of people B. Plan activities for the solution of the community problem D. Operation Timbang is_____ prevention? A. The typology of family nursing problems is used in the statement of nursing diagnosis in the care of families. Clinic consultation B. Home visit D. On the other hand. Tertiary 36. Planning of continuing care should involve a responsible-family member 42. Written communication 38. Identify the health problem as a common concern 34. Primary B. Implement activities for the solution of the community problem C. The most important principle in bag technique states that it. Tertiary prevention is needed in which stage of the natural history of disease? A. Pre-pathogenesis B. which of the following must the nurse do? A.

In the care of family member's. Evaluation 45. Appraisal of facts 50. Sporadic occurrence D. Encourage cooperation and support of the community C. A. Monitoring the condition of the cases affected by the communicable disease C. Participating in the investigation to determine the source of epidemic D. At the end of the visit. together with some other countries in the Western Pacific Region. This pattern of occurrence of Dengue fever is best described as.000 males and about 34. fold the lining on which the bag was placed. the World Health Organization declared the Philippines. The public health conducts a study on the factors contributing to the high morality rate due to heart diseases in the municipality where she works. Determining the efficacy of the antibiotic used in the treatment of the 3 year old client with pneumonia D. The primary purpose of conducting an epidemiologic investigation is to. Poliomyelitis C. Identify groups who are at risk of contracting the disease D. 44.000 females.care to the family members B.76% . Teaching the community on preventive measures against the disease 47. 100. as much as possible. Descriptive B. Which of the following is an epidemiologic function of the nurse during an epidemic? A Conducting assessment of suspected cases to detect the communicable diseases B. “free" of which disease? A. A. Anthrax 52.94:100 C. Pneumonic plaque B. There are more cases of the disease than expected B. use only articles taken from the bag C. Therapeutic D. ensuring that the contaminated side is on the outside. 49. The spread of the disease can be attributed to a common vehicle D. Put on an apron to protect her uniform and fold it with the right side out before putting it back into the bag. Identifying the disease condition based on manifestations presented by a client B. you compare the present frequency of the disease with the usual frequency at this time of the year in this community. The number of cases of Dengue fever usually increases towards the end of the rainy season. Analytical C.06:100 B. Testing the hypothesis C. Epidemic occurrence B. The disease must necessarily be transmitted through a vector C. In the year 1980. In the investigation of an epidemic. What is the sex ratio? A. Which of the following is a function of epidemiology? A. 50. D. Secular occurrence 51. Which is a characteristic of person-to-person propagated epidemic? A. 99.23% D. In the census of the Philippines in 1995. Cyclical variation C. This is done during which stage of the investigation? A.299. Formulation of the hypothesis D. There is gradual build up of cases before we epidemic becomes easily noticeable 49. Establishing the epidemic B.968. Delineate the etiology of the epidemic B. Evaluating the effectiveness of the implementation of the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness 46. there were about 35. Which branch of epidemiology does the nurse practice in this situation? A. Identify geographical location of cases of the disease in the community 48. Small pox D. Determining factors that contributed to the occurrence of pneumonia in a 3 year old C.

Yang C. To describe the sex composition of the population. Health workers are able too provide care based on identified health needs of the people D. Sex ratio B.500 B. 400 62. Akapulko D. The municipality assigned to you has a population of about 20/000.approach in the Philippines? 53. General fertility rate 64. RA4823 C. Specificity D.500. Any of these maybe used 63. the yielding. Crude birth rate B. Lagundi 56. 2. 1. Sambong B. Infant mortality rate D. Cooperation between PHN and public school teacher 60. RA 8483 B. Two-way referral system B. Chai 58. What law created the Philippine institute of Traditional and Alternative Health Care? A. 300 C.000 for . Endorsement done by a midwife to another midwife D.300 61.800 C. Effectiveness B. Alma Ata Declaration of PHC B. Tsaang gubat C.000 D. Neonatal mortality rate C. Use of appropriate technology requires knowledge of indigenous technology. Health programs are sustained according to the level of development of the community 54. You are computing the crude rate of your municipality. Estimate the number of pregnant women who will be given tetanus toxoid during an immunization outreach activity in a barangay with a population of about 1. Which of the following is a natality rate? A. Population pyramid D. Estimate the number of 1-4 year old children who be given Retinol capsule 200. Which of the following is an indicator of success in the use of the primary health care approach? A. Which medical herb is given for fever. Primary health care is a total approach to community development. 375 D. Letter of Instruction No 949 C. In traditional Chinese medicine. which demographic tool may be used? A. This means that the test is not perfect in terms of which characteristic of a diagnostic examination? A. headache and cough? A. A. negative and feminine force is termed: A. Yin B. 265 B. Sputum examination is the major screening tool for pulmonary tuberculosis. Sensitivity 55. Local officials are empowered as the major decision makers in matters of health C. Team approach C. Qi D. 147 D. Presidential Decree 996 59. RA 3482 57. What is the legal basis of Primary Health Care A. RA 2483 D. Efficacy C. Presidential Decree No.000 every 6 months. Clients would sometimes get false negative results in this exam. Which of the following demonstrates inter-sectoral linkages? A. 1. 2. with a total population o about 18. Health services are provided free of charge to individuals and families B. Sex proportion C. A.

1-4 year old children D. 7. In the past year. You will gather data for nutritional assessment of a purok. Which statistic can give the most accurate reflection of the health status of a community? A.3/1000 65. Review of civil registry 71. They were 4 recorded stillbirths. Barangay A had an average population of 1655. Number of females of reproductive age 70. 6. Swaroop's index 69.last year. Tally report B. 43. Civil registries are important sources of data. Swaroop's index D. Individual health record 73. Target/client list D. 4. Crude death rate 67. Among those who died.9/1000 D. There were 94 deaths. PD 651 B.5/1000 C. you decided to conduct nutritional assessment. To monitor clients registered in long-term regimens. 27. Which law requires registration of births within 30 days from the occurrence of the birth? A. RA 3375 .3/1000 D. Proportionate mortality rate C. You will gather information only from families with members who belong to the target population for PEM. De jure B. Knowing that malnutrition is a frequent community health problem. Pregnant women and the elderly B.8/1000 B. Act 3573 C. Number of registered live births C. Survey C. 1-4 year old age-specific mortality rate B. The Field Health Services and information System (FHSIS) is the recording and reporting system in public health) care in the Philippines. Estimated midyear population B. In the conduct of a census. which component will be most useful? A. the method of population assignment based on the actual physical location of the people is termed. De novo 72. De locus C. What numerator is used in computing general fertility rate? A. Individual health record 74. Record Review D. 86. De facto D. 1-4 year old age-specific mortality rate B. RA 3753 D. 5. The monthly field health service activity report is a form used in which of the components of the FHSIS? A. Output report C. 130. Infant mortality rate D. Infant mortality rate C. 46 babies were born in that year. What is the crude death rate? A. Tally report B. What method of delta gathering is best for this purpose? A.2/1000 C. What is the neonatal mortality rate? A.1/1000 B. What population is particularly susceptible to protein energy malnutrition (PEM)? A. 2 of whom died less than 4 weeks after they were born. Output report C. Which statistic best reflects the nutritional status of a population? A. such as the Multi-Drug Therapy. Census B. Under 5 year old children C. 20 died because of diseases of the heart and 32 were aged 50 years or older.4/1000 68. A. Number of pregnancies in the year D. School age children 66. Target/client list D.

Those with medical conditions such as anemia C. Which of the following findings disqualifies her for a home delivery? A. Teach her nipple stretching exercises if her nipples are everted C. Niacin B. It encourages health centers to focus on disease prevention and control D. Which criterion in priority setting of health problems is used only in community health care? A. capsule 81. During prenatal consultation. You are in a client's home to attend to a delivery. Set up a sterile area B. Thiamine 83. She has some palmar pallor C. Magnitude of the health problem D. Any of these health professionals 76. Ferrous sulfate 200mg D. Folic Acid D. Her baby is in cephalic presentation 82. Her OB score is G5P3 B. duration and intensity of labor and contractions 84. A woman. Adequate information for couples regarding the different methods D. Freedom of choice in one of the policies of the Family Planning Program of the Philippines.000 IU C. Riboflavin C. To initiate the occurrence of milk letdown . Modifiability of the problem B. Those who have two children or more B. which of the following will you do? A. Which of the following will you do first? A. Preventive potential of the health problem 77. Which of the following women should be considered as special targets for family planning? A. Those who just had a delivery within the past 15 months 79. Public health nurse B. A primigravida is instructed to offer her breast to the baby for the first time within 30 minutes after delivery. Retinol 200. This is a project spearheaded by local government units B. Which of the following is/are true of this movement? A. Tetanus toxoid B. Note the interval. Instruct her to wash her nipples before and after each breastfeeding D. Her blood pressure is 130/80 D. Which of the following professionals can sign the birth certificate? A. The Sentrong Sigla Movement has been launched to improve health service delivery. Which of the following substances is A. you advised her against a home delivery. In preparing a primigravida for breastfeeding. Cleanse the client's vulva with soap and water D. Put on a clean gown and apron C. Nature of the problem presented C. Its main strategy is certification of health centers able to comply with standards 78. Those younger than 20 years and older than 35 years D. 6 months pregnant. Inadequate intake by the pregnant woman of which vitamin may cause neural tube defects? A. came to the center for consultation.contraindicated? 75. Information dissemination about the need for family planning B. Rural health midwife C. Municipal health officer D. Which of the following illustrates this principle? A. It is a basis for increasing funding from local government units C. Potassium iodate 200 mg. After history taking and physical examination. Encouragement of couples to take family planning as a joint responsibility 80. a client asked you if she can have her delivery at home. What is the purpose of offering the breast this early? A. Tell her that lactation begins within a day after delivery B. Support of research and development in family planning methods C. Explain to her that putting the baby to breast will lessen blood loss after delivery 85.

3 years C. Malunggay capsule B. 46 92. This is because of which legal document? A. BCG C. Which of these is a sign that the baby has "lactated on" the breast property? A. Which immunization produces a permanent scar? A. In immunity school entrants with BCG. A 4-month old infant was brought to the health center of cough. The baby takes shallow. Retinol 200. Fever for 3 days after DPT1 C. 3 months B.1 C. Hepatitis B Vaccin 94. her baby will have protection against tetanus for how long? A. Ferrous sutfate l00mg O. Which is the best course of action that you will take? A. DPT B. Tetanus toxoid C. 4 C. Go on with the infants immunization B. Abscess formation after DPT1 D. Measles vaccine D. Which can be given to him? A. Infant BCG D. A pregnant woman had just received her 4th dose of tetanus toxoid. Measles vaccination D. 1 year B. Advise the infant's mother to bring him back for immunization when he is well 96. OPV1 C.D. Lifetime 97. Potassium Iodate 200 mg. 6 D. DPT1 B. Hepatitis B vaccination 93. Using the IMCI guidelines of assessment. A 2-month old infant was brought to the health center for immunization. her breathing is considered. DPT B.B. Which biological used in EPI is stored in the freezer? A. Subsequently. The mother does not feel nipple pain C. To make sure that the baby is able to get the colustrum D. Hepatitis B vaccine 90. Her respiratory rate is 42/minute. Presidential Proclamation No. To allow the woman to practice breastfeeding in the presence of the health worker 86. Unused BCG should be discarded how many hours after reconstitution? A. To stimulate milk production by the mammary acini C. the infant's temperature registered at 38. Refer the infant to the physician for further assessment D. PD 996 B. Only the mother's nipple is inside the baby's mouth 87. Presidential Proclamation No. you discuss proper breastfeeding technique. You will not give DPT 2 if the mother says that the infant had? A. 2 years 88. 2 B. Local tenderness for 3 days after DPT1 95. 6 months C. Seizures a day after DPT1 B. 1 year D. you not obliged to secure parental consent. A 4 week old baby was brought to the health center for his first immunization. In a mother's class. RA 7864 C. Give paracetamol and wait for his fever to subside C. At the end of the day 91. rapid sucks B.000 IU 1 capsule D. What is given to a woman within a month after the delivery of a baby? A. 10 years D. . C. 1 capsule 89. During assessment. You explain to a breastfeeding mother that breastmilk is sufficient for all of the baby's nutrient needs only up to: A. The baby's mouth is only partly open D. 6 D.

Bring the infant to the nearest facility where IV fluids can be given B. 000 IU D. What is the dose given to preschoolers? A. Normal D. What is the best management for the child? A. Based on the assessment. Fast B. The major sign of iron deficiency anemia is pallor. Insignificant 98. 000 IU 107. What part is best examined for pallor? . 000 IU B. you will classify this infant in which category? A. 100. No signs of dehydration B. Chest indrawing 99. Conjunctival xerosis 106. Apathy D. Corneal opacity C. Using the IMCI guidelines. kwashjorkor. how will you manage this child? A. Prescribe antibiotic B. To prevent xerophthalmia. You will tell her to: A. The data is insufficient 101. Instruct the mother to continue breastfeeding 100. Refer him urgently to the hospital C. A mother is using Oresol' in the management of diarrhea of her 3-year old child. you classify a child as having severe pneumonia. Which of the following signs will indicate that a young child is suffering from severe pneumonia? A. Bring the child to the nearest hospital for further assessment B. 000 IU C. Using the IMCI guidelines. A 1 1/2 year old child was classified as having 3rd degree of protein energy malnutrition. Make a teaching plan for the mother. Keratomalacia B. Fast breathing D. Edema 104. you classified a 3-month old infant with the chief complaint of diarrhea in the category of SOME DEHYDRATION. She asked you what to A. what is the earliest sign of xerophthalmia that may observe? A. 20. Which of the following signs will be most apparent in this child? A. Bring the child to the health center for IV therapy C. Coordinate with the social worker to enroll the child in a feeding program C. focusing on the menu planning for her child D. Voracious appetite B.do if her child vomits. A 5-month old infant was brought by his mother to the health center because of diarrhea occurring 4 to 5 times a day. Based on the IMCI management guidelines. Using IMCI guidelines. Wasting C. 10. Supervise the mother in giving 200 to 400ml of Oresol in 4 hours C. Assess and treat the child for health problems like infections and intestinal parasitism 105. Assessment of a 2-year old child revealed "baggy pants". Bring the child to the health center for assessment by the physician D. Dyspnea B. Refer the child urgently to a hospital for confinement B. Slow C. His skin goes back slowly after a skin pinch and his eyes are sunken. Night blindness D. 200. Wheezing C. Instruct the mother to increase fluid intake D. Severe dehydration D. which of the following will you do? A. During the physical examination of a young child. Give the infant's mother instructions on home management D. Keep the infant in your health center for close observation 102. Some dehydration C. young children are given Retinol capsule every 6 months. Let the child rest for 10 minutes then continue giving Oresol more slowly 103.

To improve compliance to treatment. A mother brought her daughter. Destroying breeding places of mosquitoes C. Hookworm D. Inability to drink B. which of the following is a danger sign that indicates the need for urgent referral to a hospital? A. Hematemesis B.A. Fever for 1 week C. Cough for 3 weeks D. Signs of severe dehydration D. Planting of neem or eucalyptus trees B. Pinworm C. Get a specimen for blood smear D. Ask if the fever is present everyday 113. Secondary prevention for malaria includes? A. Chest pain for 1 week 117. Around the lips D. Bread C. Palms B. Instruct mother to keep their babies at home to prevent disease transmission D. Determining whether a place is endemic or not D. Tetracycline eye ointment for corneal opacity D. Residual spraying of insecticides at night C. Filled milk 109. Clients returning after default C. Relapses and failures of previous PTB treatment regimens D. Stream seeding with larva-eating fish B. Margarine D. Management of a child with measles includes the administration of which of the following? A. Give babies aged 6 to 11 months one dose of 100. Nailbeds C. what will you do? A. Ask where the family resides C. Instruct mothers to feed their babies adequately to enhance their babies resistance 110. Cough for more than 30 days 111. To determine malaria risk. A mother brought her 10 month old infant for consultation because of fever which started 4 days prior to consultation. Sputum negative cavitary cases B.000 IU of Retinol C. Schistosoma 116. Gentian violet on mouth lesions B. Following the IMCI assessment guide. Which clients are considered targets for DOTS category? A. Lower conjunctival sac 108. Sugar B. RA 8976 mandates fortification of certain food items. Ascaris B. Teaching people in endemic areas to use chemically treated mosquito nets 114. Which of the following signs indicates the need for sputum examination for AFB? A. Which of the following is among these food items? A. Give measles vaccine to babies aged 6 to 3 months B. what innovation is being implemented in DOTS? . The following are strategies implemented by the DOH to prevent mosquito-borne diseases. Food fortification is one of the strategies to prevent micronutrient deficiency conditions. Chemoprophylaxis of non-immune persons going to endemic areas D. Which of these is most effective in the control of Dengue fever? A. to the RHU because of cough and colds. High grade fever C. Do a tourniquet test B. Retinol capsule regardless of when the last dose was given 112. Growing larva-eating fish in mosquito breeding places 115. Antibiotic to prevent pneumonia C. 4 years old. Scotch tape swab is done to check for which intestinal parasite? A. Clients diagnosed for the first time through a positive sputum exam 118. What is the best course of action when there is a measles epidemic in a nearby municipality? A.

Having the health worker follow up the client at home B. negative slit skin smear B. such as rubber boots 123. 3 B. Use of protective footwear. 5 skin lesions. Intestinal perforation 122. Building of foot bridges C. Which of the following clients should be classified as a case of mutibacillary leprosy? A.A. OPV C. III D. IV 124. A. Severe pneumonia D. Mastoiditis B. A client was diagnosed as having Dengue Fever. Use of molluscicides B. Which biological used in EPI should not be stored in the freezer? A. Immediate reporting of water pipe leaks and illegal water connections 125. The child had a positive tourniquet test result. severe conditions generally require urgent referral to a hospital. negative slit skin smear D. DPT B. In IMCI. For prevention of Hepatitis A. 5 C. 8 D. Proper use of sanitary toilets D. 10 129. Diagnosis of leprosy is highly dependent on recognition of symptoms. Which of the following is Irrelevant? A. Safe food preparation and food handling by vendors C. I B. Having the patient come to the health center every month to get his medications D. positive slit skin smear C. Liver cirrhosis C. II C. Which of the following is an early sign of leprosy? A. Sinking of the nose bridge 120. 55 D. Inability to close eyelids C. What is the most effective way of controlling schistosomiasis in an endemic area? A. MMR 126. you decided to conduct health education activities. which of the most appropriate measure . 128. Estimate the number of infants in the barangay. Measles vaccine D. 45 B. A 3-year old child was brought by his mother to the health center because of fever of 4-day duration. You will say that there is slow capillary refill when the color of the nailbed that you pressed does not return within how many seconds? A. 5 skin lesions. You will conduct outreach immunization in a barangay with a population of about 1500. 3 skin lesions. 60 127. Having a target list to check on whether the patient has collected his monthly supply of drugs 119. 50 C. Which of the following severe conditions Does not always require urgent referral to hospital? A. Bladder cancer D. Proper disposal of human excreta and personal hygiene D. Having the health worker or a responsible family member monitor drug intake C. Use of sterile syringes and needles B. Thickened painful nerves D. In the Philippines. Macular lesions B. the level of this approved type of water facility is: A. Severe dehydration C. Severe febrile disease. positive slit skin smear 121. which condition is the most frequent cause of death associated by schistosomiasis? A. When residents obtain water from an artesian well in the neighborhood. In the absence of other signs. Liver cancer B. 3 skin lesions.

japonicum C. which specie of schistosoma is endemic in certain regions? A. Amebiasis D. Among the following diseases. Human beings are the major reservoir of malaria.that the PHN may carry out to prevent Dengue shock syndrome? A. This is an example of which level of water facility? A. Streptococcus Pneumoniae D. Stream seeding B. Zooprophylaxis 134. Stream clearing C. Giardiasis B. Based on this history/ which disease condition will you suspect? A. Insert an NGT and give fluids per NGT B. Diptheria D. Skin on the abdomen D. such as those with basil or citronella 136. Stream seeding B. A 32 year old client came for consultation at the health center with the chief complaint of fever for a week. Destruction of breeding places of the mosquito vector D. mansoni B. Use of chemically treated mosquito nets B. malayensis D. History showed that he waded in flood waters about 2 weeks before the onset of symptoms. S. Dysentery 137. Zooprophylaxis . You are the PHN in the city health center. the client noted yellowish discoloration of his sclera. which is airborne? A. MWSS provides water to Manila and other cities in Metro Manila. III D. Instruct the mother to give the child Oresol C. Cholera C. Destruction of breeding places D. Which of the following is NOT appropriate for malaria control? A. Measles 132. Nasal Mucosa B. You may see Koplik’s spot by inspecting the: A. Neisseria meningitides 133. Mosquito-borne diseases are prevented mostly with the use of mosquito control measures. Morbillivirus C. The pathognomonic sign of measles is Koplik’s spot. S. A week after the start of fever. Refer the client to the physician for appropriate management 130. Stream clearing C. Buccal mucosa C. The use of larvivorous fish in malaria control is the basis for which strategy of malaria control? A. Acute poliomyelitis C. Destruction of breeding places D. haematobium 138. Hepatitis A B. II C. 135. I B. Leptospirosis 139. Accompanying symptoms were muscle pains and body malaise. A 4-year old client was brought to the health center with chief complaint of severe diarrhea and the passage of “rice water”. The client is most probably suffering from which condition? A. IV 140. Start the patient on IV Stat D. Skin on the antecubital surface 131. Hepatitis B C. Viral conjunctivitis B. Seeding of breeding places with larva-eating fish C. In the Philippines. Among children aged 2 months to 3 years. Which of the following strategies in malaria control is based on this fact? A. S. Tetanus D. A client . the most prevalent form of meningitis is caused by which microorganism? A. Hemophilus Influenzae B. Use of mosquito-repelling soaps. S.

Avoid crowded places. Infectious mononucleosis C. Interview suspects 144. Avoiding sexual contact with commercial sex workers D. Consult at the health center where rubella vaccine may be given d. Which of the following opportunistic infections is characterized by tonsilllopharyngitis? A. They prolong the life of the client with AIDS B. Cytomegalovirus disease D. Being faithful to a single sexual partner B. Using a condom during each sexual contact C. Consult a physician who may give them rubella immunoglobulin . They reduce the risk of opportunistic infections C. A barangay had an outbreak of German measles. such as markets and moviehouses c. They are able to bring about a cure of the disease condition 145. Contact tracing B. Which is the BEST control measure for AIDS? A. which is the BEST method that may be undertaken by the public health nurse? A. Community survey C. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia 143. what is the BEST advice that you can give to women in the first trimester of pregnancy in the barangay? a. Refer the client for a supplementary test. To prevent congenital rubella. Advice them on the sign of German Measles b. His result was positive. Making sure that one's sexual partner does not have signs of AIDS 142. such as Western blot. They shorten the period of communicability of the disease D. focusing on the practice of high risk behavior B. C. Mass screening tests D.underwent screening for AIDS using ELISA. since the ELISA result maybe false 141. Which of the following is not an action expected of these drugs? A. The most frequent causes of death among clients with AIDS are opportunistic diseases. such as AZT are used in the management of AIDS. To determine the possible sources of sexually transmitted infections. Get a thorough history of the client. Antiretroviral agents. Respiratory candidiasis B. Ask the client to be accompanied by a significant person before revealing the result. What is the best course of action that you may take? A. Refer the client to the physician since he is the best person to reveal the result to the client D.

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 °nf– ¾ fn ° ¾€n¾° ¾ f¾  ½  °°f° n°  ¾¯f°¾f –¾n €nf°€ fn ° ¾f   n¯½¾f° f ¾   Jn€ €°–¯ °¾  n°¾   f¾¾½ nff– ¾€€f¯½f°°°–"  @¾ f n  °¯  @¾ ¯ nfn° °¾¾nf¾f° ¯f .

@¾ °– f° f¾f°  f° f¾  @¾ ©¾f f  ° ½f¾¯°¾    ¯€nn °° € ½n ¾€ f¯ 9f°°°–9–f¯€ 9½½° ¾ Jn€  €°–¾f ¾¾½°n½ "   °€¯f° ¾¾ ¯°f°f  ° €€f¯ ½f°°°– ½½€ ¾ fnf°   ½¯ °°€f¯½f°°°– ¯  ¾ .

 f °€¯f°€n½ ¾ –f °–  €€  °¯  ¾  °nf– ¯ °€n½ ¾f €f¯½f°°°–f¾f ©° ¾½°¾    ¯f° ¯°¾½ –°f° nf¯  n ° € n°¾f° Jn€ €°–¾ ¾f°n ¾¾ n°f° nf "   @ f°¾   ° D .

 ¾¾€f ¯–  9f¾¾¯ f ¯– nf½¾    °–½ °ffn°¾f° fn °f¾ €¾  nf°f    f¯ € ¾f°–f°  ½¾nf f¯°f° f ¾  f–f°¾f¯    Jn€ €°–€° °–¾ ¾f€ ¾  €f¯   "     ¾n ¾9  f¾¾¯ ½f¯f½f .

   ½ ¾¾ ¾$    f ¾°n ½fn½ ¾ °f°   °f f °f   ½ –°f°¯f°€n f¯°¯fnf¾ ° f  € n¾"   -fn°  €f° .

nn   @f¯°    f °fn ° ¾¯ f ° f    Jn€ €°– €¾"    ½f¾  f f 9°fn f°–°f° f½° .

.

 f°¾  n ° ¾f¾f½f° f   -  ° f  f°f° ° °¾€f f°  n°fn°¾   °½ ½f°–f½¯–f f€  f¾€ °– n € €°– "   @  ffnf° –°¾°f ff€    @ fn °½½ ¾ n°–  n¾ ¾€ °½½ ¾f     .

°¾n f¾ °½½ ¾ € f° f€  fn  f¾€ °–  ½f° f½°–  f   f¾ ¾¾ °  ¾¾f€      ½¯–f f¾°¾n €€    f¾  f € €¾¯ °¯° ¾f€     Jf¾ ½½¾ €€€ °–   f¾¾ f"   @°f  nn °n €¯  ° .

@¾¯f ¯½ n°  ¯f¯¯ffn° .

@¯f ¾ f  f ¾f  –  n¾¯  @f ¯f°½fnn   f¾€ °–°  ½ ¾ °n €  f    °f¯  ¾nf¾¾  ¾n¾¾½½   f¾€ °–  n° Jn€ ¾ ¾f¾–°f  f f¾ fnf °    f¾½½ "   @  f f ¾¾f f½ ¾n¾ @ ¯   ¾°€ °½½ ½f° .

@  f  ¾¯¾°½f½ °  ° ¯  ¾°½½ ¾°¾   f  ¾¯    ½f°f  f¾€ °–¯ f  f¾¯¾¾€€n °€f€  f  ¾° °° ¾ °½    ¯°¾ ¯°¾ .

f°––fnf½¾   ¾¾€f ¯–   .  f   f¾   Jf¾– °f¯f°°f¯°f€    €f f "   .

 ° Dnf½¾   9f¾¾¯ f ¯– nf½¾    Jn –nf¾ °9¾¾ ° €  "   9@ @ f°¾  .

f¾ ¾fnn°    ½f¾ fnn°    D°¾  . .

¾   ¾nf ¯f°¾ f€  n°¾°"     .

    ° €  f   °¯¯°¾n °f°¾ .

 °  – ¾ n ½f °fn°¾ ° @¾¾ nf¾ € n –f n¯ °"   9  .

9 ¾ °f9nf¯f°-   9 ¾ °f9nf¯f°-    Jn¯¯°f°½ n ¾f½ ¯f° °¾nf"   9@  .

 .

f¾ ¾fnn°f°   ½f¾ fnn°f°      f f¾ –  fn °  €¾€¾¯¯°f° Jnnf° – °¯"   9@ 9I . .

°€f° .

   ½f¾ Ifnn°   °– 9@€ ¯ ¾f¾f  °€f°f "     ¾f ff€ 9@   € f¾f€ 9@ .

 ¾n ¾¾€¯f°f€ 9@  nf ° ° ¾¾€ f¾f€ 9@    ¯° °€f°f¾ –  f n ° €¯¯°f° °–f¾¾ ¾¾¯ °  °€f° ¾  ¯½ f  –¾  f .

Jn¾  ¾ n¾ €fn°ff "   ° °€f°¾¯¯°f°  ½ffn f¯f° f€¾€  ¾ ¾  .

 €  °€f° ½¾nf°€€ f¾¾ ¾¾¯ °   ¾  °€f° ¾¯  °–¯ fn€ ¯¯°f° ° ¾    ½ –°f°¯f°f ©¾ n    ¾ €  f°¾  ¾  °   f f  ½ n°f–f°¾ f°¾€°–"    f  f¾ .

 f¾  € ¯     ¯° °€f°f¾ –  f n ° €n–   ¾½ff ¾$¯° D¾°–  .

– ° ¾€f¾¾ ¾¾¯ °    f°–¾ n°¾   .

  f¾  .

-¯f  °¾–°€nf°   Jn€ €°–¾–°¾° nf ff°– n ¾¾€€ °–€¯¾   ½° ¯°f"   ¾½° f J °– .

f¾  f°–  .

 ¾° f°–   D¾°–.

– ° ¾ nf¾¾€fn f¾f°– ¾   ½° ¯°f Jf¾  ¾¯f°f– ¯ °€  n "   9 ¾n f° n  € ¯– ° ¾½f .

°¾n ¯ °n f¾ € °f   °¾n ¯ n°°   f¾€ °–    ¯° °€f°f¾ – ¾¯    fn °  nf¾ € f fnn°– ¯ ¾f f ¾¾°– ¾ fn¾f€ f¾°½°n f° ¾  ¾f ¾° ° D¾°– .

– ° ¾  nf¾¾€¾°€f°°nnf –"   -¾–°¾€  f° ¯   f° .

 f¾ ° .@.      f°  @  ff¾°¾€€n °    f¾ ° f¾¾ ¾¾¯ ° nf¾¾€ f ¯°  °€f° n €n¯½f°€ f f°  nf –€.

 ¯f°f– ¯ °– ° ¾ n€ €°– "    °– °€f° ° f ¾€fn  I€ ¾ nf° – ° ½ ¾  ¯ °–°–¯€ ¾° ¾ .

  °€f° ¾¯ °¾n°¾°¯  ¯f°f– ¯ °   ½ °€f°° fn ° €n¾   ¾ f°   ¯ ¾¾°– ¾ ° ¯f°f– ¯ °€ f f€   f n  f¾ f € n ¯¾        °– n  ° f ¾¾½f€€  f¾¾ ¾¾¯ °  °– n   fn ° €I f½ .

 °– n   fn ° €f¾¾ ¾¾¯ °   ½¾nf°    n  ¾€¯° ¾ °n°° –°–  ¾¯ ¾   $ f n f¾nf¾¾€ f¾f°–  – €½ ° ° –¯f°° f¾©  Jn€ €°–¾–°¾ ¯¾f½½f °°¾ n "   Ifn¾f½½   Jf¾°– .

½f   ¯f   ¾¾ ¾¾¯ °€f  f n   f  f–– ½f°¾ D¾°– .

– ° ¾ ¯f°f–  ¾n "   €  n – °f¾½f€n°€° ¯ ° .

 °f  ¾nf  ° n °f € °–½–f¯ .

.f f fn°–½f°€ ¯  €n¾°–°  ¯ °½f°°°–€ n   ¾¾ ¾¾f°  f n € f½  ¯¾  °€ n°¾f° ° ¾°f½ff¾¾¯   °– ½¾nf f¯°f°€f°–n  f¾  f ¾¾–°€ ½f¯ff¯f  ¾  "    f¯ffnf .

° f½fn .

-– ° ° ¾¾  .

°©°nf ¾¾   @½  ° ½f¯f °–n  °f – °  °nf½¾   ¯°¾ Jf¾  ¾ – ° ½ ¾n ¾"    D  D .

 D   D   @ ¯f©¾–°€° €n °nf° ¯f¾½f  Jf½f¾ ¾ f¯° €½f" .

  9f¯¾ -f ¾ .

°  ½¾   n°©°nf¾fn    €€nf°¾° € ¾f – ¾½  ° ¯n° ° €n °nn° °¾ ¯f° f ¾ €€nf°€n f°€  ¯¾ Jn€ €°– ¾f¯°– ¾ €  ¯¾"   –f   f  .

.f–f°    ¯   Jf¾  ¾n¾ €fn° °  ¾f ¯ f¾ ¾ ½ ¯n°f° f ¯°n½f"    ¯ f¾ ¾fnn°  f  ¾f– ¯°¾   f  ¾f– ¯°¾°  ¾ € D € ° .

°¾n¯  ½  f  ¾f¯ ½  ° ¾ f¾ f°¾¯¾¾°  °¾n¯ ¾€   f  ¾f f  °f°n   f  ¾ ¾¾f°n    ¯  –  f–   f¾   D nf¾ €n–f° n ¾ °– .

 f¾¾ ¾¾¯ °– n€ €°–¾f f°– ¾–° f° nf ¾ ° €– ° € ff¾½f"   °f  ° ––f €   .

–°¾€¾     f°  .

f°f– ¯ °€fn ¯ f¾ ¾°n ¾  f ¯°¾f°€n€ €°–"    °f° °¯ ¾°¾ ° n½  °½° ¯°f .–€¯ f° f¾   .

@ fnn°   °¯ °€n° f½fn   °nf½¾  –f  ¾¾€ ° f¾ ¾ f¾ – °   ¯  – ¯° °€f°€ n°¾f° nf¾ €€  n¾f  f¾½ n°¾f° @  ¯° ¯fff¾ f "   f°  ¾ ¾   €f¯ ¾ ¾ .

 f¾½ n¯ °€  ¾¯ f  ¾€ €  ¾½ ¾ °   f   @ €°–f ¾f – ¾¯½ ¯ °    ½  °¯¾ °  ¾ f¾ ¾ Jn€ ¾  ¾¯¾ €€ n ° n°€ °– €  "    f¯¾ °–ff f°–€¾  ¾°–  °–½fn ¾€¯¾ ¾ .

.

 ¯½½f¾€°° ¯¯° ½ ¾°¾–°– ° ¯nf f¾  @ fn°–½ ½ ° ° ¯nf f¾¾ n ¯nf  f ¯¾° ¾    n° f½  °°€¯fff°n ¾"   9f°°–€° ¯ nf½¾ ¾  ¾ f¾½f°–€°¾ nn ¾f°– .

  ¯°°–  f½fn ¾ ° ¯n°  °–ff f°–€¾°¯¾  °–½fn ¾   nnf½ ¾f ¾ ° n n€n ° ¾°f½ff¾ "   ¾nf¾ 9°¯ .

¯  n¾¾¯f   Jn€ €°–¾–°¾° nf ¾ ° € ¾½¯ f¯°f°€ "    ¯f ¯ ¾¾   €  .

.

–€ ¾  .

 ¾½f°€    Jnn °¾f n°¾  f– ¾€@ nf –"   ½¯° –f nffnf¾ ¾ .

 °¾ °°–f€  €f .

 f½¾ ¾f° €f ¾€½ ¾9@  f¯ °  –¯ °¾  .

 °¾ f–°¾ € €¾¯ –f½¾  ¾½¯ f¯   @¯½ n¯½f°n  f¯ ° f °°f°¾ °–¯½ ¯ ° °@" .

  f°–  f €½ n °f¯  f°–  f f ¾½°¾  €f¯ ¯ ¯ ¯° –°f  .

f°– ½f °n¯   fn °    ¯°– ¾¯ nf°¾  f°–ff– ¾n n°   ½f °f¾ n n ¾¯°¾½½€ –¾   f–°¾¾€ ½¾¾– ½ ° °°  n–°°€¾¯½¯¾ Jn€ €°–¾f° f¾–°€ ½¾"   .fnf ¾°¾ °f n¾    ¾ .

@n ° ½f°€°  ¾  °°–€ °¾   –    Jn€ €°–n °¾¾  nf¾¾€ f¾ fnf¾ €¯ fnf ½¾"   ¾° ¾°¾ ° –f ¾¾°¾¯ f ¾° ¾°¾ ½¾ ¾¾°¾¯ f .

¾° ¾°¾ ° –f ¾¾°¾¯ f  ¾° ¾°¾ ½¾ ¾¾°¾¯ f   ° 9½½° ¾ nn° °¾ ¯¾ €  °nf¾ € ff¾¾nf  ¾n¾¾¯f¾¾"    nf°n   n¾¾ .

 f nf°n   ° ¾°f½ €f°   Jf¾ ¯¾ €€ n f€n°°– ¾n¾¾¯f¾¾°f° ° ¯nf f"   D¾ €¯¾nn ¾   °–€€  – ¾ .

9½ ¾ €¾f°f ¾  D¾ €½ n € f ¾nf¾  ¾   J ° ¾ °¾ f°f €¯f°f ¾f°  ° ° –     €¾f½½ ½ € f €fn¾      .

  I   ½  °°€ ½f¾  n  n° n f nf°fn ¾ Jn€  €°–¾  f°"   D¾ €¾  ¾°– ¾f° °  ¾ f€ € ½ ½ff°f° € f° °–  ° ¾ .

9½  ¾½¾f€¯f° n ff° ½ ¾°f– °   ¯¯ f  ½°–€f ½½  f¾f°  –f f n°° n°¾   Jn –nf¾ °9¾ ° ¾ °  €  "   9@ 9I .

..   n° n fn¯¯°f°°f ff°–ff½½f°€f  ¾¯f   °¯ €°€f°¾°  ff°–f      . f¾ ¾fnn°   .

     °.

 ¾   n° °¾– ° f  – °  € ff¾½f Jn€ €°–¾    n° °¾ ¾°ff¾  – ° € f ¾½f"   .f¾ ¾      f° .

   ½° ¯°f     €   ¾ f¾    n °f¾ f–°¾ f¾f°– °–     ¾ff  ¾¾nf½f € ° n€  °f f½ ¾¾   ¾° °° ¯f°¾ n° ¾"     .

       f n f¾ – ¾¯    fn °  nf¾ €€  € f f° @  n f f½¾ °  ¾ ¾ ° f ¾ °n  € ¾–°¾ n€ ¯¾f½½½f ¯ f¾  .

f 9-¯fnf½  ° °– ¾n ¾° ¯ "   °¾ f°-@f° – € ¾½ -@ °¾n ¯ –  n  ¾ .

f ½f °°If   €  n ° ½¾nf°€f½½½f  ¯f°f– ¯ °   @ ½f–°¯°n¾–°€¯ f¾ ¾¾½#¾¾½  ¯f¾ ½#¾¾½ °¾½ n°–    -f¾f.n¾f  nnf¯n¾f .

°° f ¯ °  °° f° n f¾€fn    ¯°– €°– ¾ f¾ ¾ n¾f ° "   Ifn°©°n¾ n ½¯ ¾ .

f¾ ¾   ¯°–n  °f– ¯°¾ f¾  ¯¾ ½ f °€¯€¯ °°–¾¾nf¾  n ¯n–f°¾¯"    ¯½¾°€ °f  . ½ f  . ¾ .

 ½nnn¾9° ¯°f   - ¾¾ f¯ °°– ¾   ¯f° °–¾f  ¯f© ¾ €¯fff  Jn€ €°–¾f – ¾°¯fffn°¾ f¾ °¾€fn"    f¯¾ °–  f¯n f°– .

 ¾n°€  °–½fn ¾  ½½f¾   @ ¾ €f¾€¾°¯fffn°¾  f¾¾€n¾f –€¯fffn°"    f¯¾ °–  f¯n f°– .

¾ °  ¾ f¾ ¾f ½  ° ¯¾  ¾ €¯¾n°¯ f¾ ¾ Jn€  €°–¾-@f½½½f €¯fffn°"   D¾ €n ¯nf f ¯¾° ¾  °–€  °–½fn ¾ff f°–€¾ .  ¾n°€  °–½fn ¾  ½½f¾    .

 ¾n°€  °–½fn ¾€ ¯¾ n  D¾ €¯¾  ½ °–¾f½¾ ¾nf¾¾  f¾n° f     f n °f¾ –  fn °  n €n¯½f°€¾    f ff°  ½f¾¾f–  €#n f # @ n °¾¯¾½ f ¾€€ °–€¯ nn° °"   f f¾¾ .

 f .

¯ f¾¾  ¾ °    ° 9½½° ¾ n¾½ n €¾n¾¾¯f¾ ° ¯n°n f° –°¾"    ¯f°¾°  ©f½°n¯ .

 ¯ff °¾¾   f ¯f ¯    f n °nf¯ €n°¾f°f   fn °  n €n¯½f°€€  €f   nn¯½f°°–¾¯½¯¾  ¯¾n ½f°¾f°   ¯ff¾  f€  ¾f€€    n ° °  ¾ ¾nf°€¾¾n f ¾ ¾ f f °€ f ¾f  ¾ €  °¾ €¾¯½¯¾  f¾ °¾¾$ n ¾ f¾ n° °¾¾½ n"    ½f¾  ½f¾  .

J½ ¾f .f°f @¾¾f° f¯½ €n  €f  €fn"     . @ f°¾   ½¾½¾¾   .f°ff°  n ¾° . .

  I   f  9-° n fn °  n ° .

°  °¾n °°–€¾°– ¾ ¾f¾ ½¾ Jf¾  ¾n¾ €fn°f¯f f "    f–¾€ n ° €n¾°–°  ½fnn €–¾ f ¾ n ° fnn¯½f°  f¾–°€nf°½ ¾° €   f°–  ¾  .

 €  n ° ½¾nf°¾°n  ¾  ¾ ½ ¾°  f  ¾ n °   €  n °€f¾½½ ¯ °f ¾ ¾nf¾ J ¾ °  ¾°n   ¾¯f €f¾    Jn¾  @n°¯ f¾ €"    °–€f€f¾°– ¾ f½f°  D¾°–fn° ¯ °– fn¾ fn°fn .

f°–¾ f° ¾¾ f½f°   ¾°f  ¾–°¾€   @ ¯¾€  °nf¾ ¾€ ff¯°–n °¾ f ½½°¾n ¾ f¾ ¾ Jn€  €°–½½°¾n°€ n°¾¾nffn    °¾½f°–¾"    ¾½fnf°  f¾¾ °€ n¾¯°°n ¾¾ .  °–¾ fn°fnn¯¯ nf¾  ¾  .

.

¯ –f¾ ¾ f¾   9° ¯n¾¾nf°½° ¯°f   @  ¯°  ½¾¾  ¾n ¾€¾ f f°¾¯ °€ n°¾ n¾  @¯  f ¯f ° f °  ½ n f°¾ "   .

°fnfn°– .

¯¯°¾  .

.f¾¾¾n °°– ¾¾  °  ¾¾½ n¾   ° ff– °¾ ¾nf¾@f ¾ °  ¯f°f– ¯ °€ Jn€ €°–¾°f° fn° ½ n € ¾  –¾"   @ ½°– € € n ° @  n  ¾€½½°¾n°€ n°¾ .

f¾ ¾  n ½fn ¾ ¾nf¾¯f ¾f°  ¯ ¾ ¾ n . @ ¾ ° ½  €n¯¯°nf €  ¾ f¾   @ f f   °–f fn €  ¾ f¾  n° °    ff°–ff f°  f€ ¯f°¯ f¾ ¾ @ ½  °n°– °f f f¾  @f n f nf°– ¯ °° €¾¯ ¾ €½ –°f°n °  ff°–f"  f  n  ¯° ¾–°€ ¯f°.

°¾f  fn °    ffnn° ¯f – ° .

°¾f½¾nf°¯f–  ¯ f ¯¯°– °  .

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