Passes the vertical line test - where the graph and the line should only intersect at one point Ex
A Function
Not a Function
1. Linear
A line is formed by connecting two points General form: ax + y + c = 0 Standard form: y = mx + b where m = slope of the line & b = y intercept Domain: All real numbers Range: All real numbers
Slope :
m=
D=
Point-slope form:
Two-point form:
2. Quadratic
General form: ax2+bx+c=0 where a, b, c Real Numbers and a 0 Standard form: y= (x-h)2+k where Vertex(h, k) Domain: all real numbers
Range: For parabolas facing upward: [k, +) For parabolas facing downward: (-, k]
+k
Range: For (+) semi circle: [k, k+r] (-) semi circle: [-r+k, k]
4. Absolute value Standard form: y = |x-h|+k Domain: all real numbers Range: dependent on k and where the graph is facing
5. Rational Function
General Form:
Domain: all real numbers except any x value that will make Q (x) = 0 Range: * see the graph
2.) Find the horizontal asymptotes o If degree of P(x)> Q(x), then no H.A.
o
o If degree of P(x) < Q(x), then H.A is y = 0 3.) Plot the asymptotes and test points. Then, graph.
6. Piecewise Combination of everything Domain: dependent on the domains specified in each part
I.
Even if f(-x) = f (x) or symmetric along y-axis Odd, if f(-x) = -f(x) or symmetric along x-axis and passes through the origin * y = 0 is a function that is both odd and even
II.
f (x) f-1(x)
Ex
f(x) = 5x+4
f-1(x) = (x-4)/5
III.
Operations on Functions A. (f+g) (x) = f(x) + g(x) B. (f-g) (x) = f(x) g(x) C. (fg) (x) = f(x) g(x) D. (f/g) (x) = f(x) / g(x) E. (fg) (x) = f(g(x))
* (f f-1) (x) = x