KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE

SEWING BASICS

UTILITY STITCHES

APPENDIX

Basic Sewing and Mending Machine

Operation Manual
Please visit us at http://solutions.brother.com where you can get product support and answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs).

“IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS”
When using the sewing machine, basic safety precautions should always be followed, including the following: “Read all instructions before using.”

DANGER – To reduce the risk of electric shock:
1. The sewing machine should never be left unattended when plugged in. Always unplug this sewing machine from the electrical outlet immediately after using and before cleaning. 2. Always unplug before changing the light bulb. Replace bulb with same type rated 15 watts.

WARNING – To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or injury to persons: 1. Do not allow this machine to be used as a toy. Close attention is necessary when the sewing machine is used by or near children. 2. Use this sewing machine only for its intended use as described in this manual. Use only accessories recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual. 3. Never operate this sewing machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has been dropped or damaged, or dropped into water. Return the sewing machine to the nearest authorized dealer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment. 4. Never operate the sewing machine with any of the air openings blocked. Keep the ventilation openings of the sewing machine and foot controller free from the accumulation of lint, dust and loose cloth. 5. Never drop or insert any object into any openings. 6. Do not use this machine outdoors. 7. Do not operate this machine where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being administered. 8. To disconnect, turn the main switch to the symbol “O” position which represents off, then remove plug from outlet. 9. Do not unplug by pulling on the cord. To unplug, grasp the plug and pull, not the cord. 10. Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the sewing machine needle. 11. Always use the proper needle plate. The wrong plate can cause the needle to break. 12. Do not use a bent needle. 13. Do not pull or push the fabric while stitching. It may deflect the needle causing it to break. 14. Switch the sewing machine to the off, symbol “O” position when making any adjustments in the needle area, such as threading the needle, changing the needle, threading the bobbin, or changing the presser foot. 15. Always unplug the sewing machine from the electrical outlet when removing covers, lubricating, or when making any other user service adjustments mentioned in this instruction manual. 16. This sewing machine is not intended for use by young children or impaired persons without supervision. 17. Young children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with this sewing machine. “SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS” “This sewing machine is intended for household use.”

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FOR USERS IN THE UK, EIRE, MALTA AND CYPRUS ONLY
If this machine is fitted with a three-pin non-rewireable BS plug then please read the following.

IMPORTANT
If the available socket outlet is not suitable for the plug supplied with this equipment, it should be cut off and an appropriate three-pin plug fitted. With alternative plugs an approved fuse must be fitted in the plug. NOTE The plug served from the main lead must be destroyed as a plug with bared flexible cords is hazardous if engaged in a live socket outlet. In the event of replacing the plug fuse, use a fuse approved by ASTA to BS 1362, i.e. carrying the mark, rating as marked on plug. Always replace the fuse cover, never use plugs with the fuse cover omitted. WARNING DO NOT CONNECT EITHER WIRE TO THE EARTH TERMINAL WHICH IS MARKED WITH THE LETTER ‘E’, BY THE EARTH SYMBOL OR COLOURED GREEN OR GREEN AND YELLOW. The wires in this main lead are coloured in accordance with the following code: Blue Brown Neutral Live

As the colours of the wiring in the main lead of this appliance may not correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals in your plug, proceed as follows. The wire which is coloured blue must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘N’ or coloured black or blue. The wire which is coloured brown must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘L’ or coloured red or brown.

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CONGRATULATIONS ON CHOOSING OUR MACHINE
To fully enjoy all the features, we suggest that you study the manual before using the machine.

PLEASE READ BEFORE USING THIS MACHINE
For safe operation 1. Be sure to keep your eye on the needle while sewing. Do not touch the handwheel, thread takeup lever, needle, or other moving parts. 2. Remember to turn off the power switch and unplug the cord when: • Operation is completed • Replacing or removing the needle or any other parts • A power failure occurs during use • Maintaining the machine • Leaving the machine unattended 3. Do not store anything on the foot controller. 4. Plug the machine directly into the wall. Do not use extension cords. For a longer service life 1. When storing this machine, avoid direct sunlight and high humidity locations. Do not use or store the machine near a space heater, iron, halogen lamp, or other hot objects. 2. Use only neutral soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders can damage the case and machine, and should never be used. 3. Do not drop or hit the machine. 4. Always consult the operation manual when replacing or installing any assemblies, the presser feet, needle, or other parts to assure correct installation. For repair or adjustment In the event a malfunction occurs or adjustment is required, first follow the troubleshooting table in the back of the operation manual to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem persists, please consult your local authorized Brother dealer. For additional product information and updates, visit our web site at www.brother.com The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.

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........................................................................25 General sewing procedure ............................................................................ 30 Sewing thick fabrics ......................................36 Making the buttonhole ................................................................. 11 THREADING THE MACHINE ...................................................... 24 2........................................................................................................ 6 The main parts ................................................... 32 Zigzag stitches ......................... 20 Sewing with a twin needle (Option) ............................................ 12 Lower threading ...................................................... 33 Blind hem stitching .................................................... 30 Sewing thin fabrics .......................................................................................................19 Needle precautions ............................................................... 8 Flat bed attachment ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 26 Starting to sew ......6 NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 Power supply precautions ................................................................................32 USEFUL STITCHES ............................................................................................................................................................. 28 Thread tension ..................................................................................................................................... 10 Power supply ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 11 Steadying the machine ............................................ 14 Upper threading ........................................................... 27 Sewing in reverse ........................... 30 Sewing curves ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 30 Trial sewing ............................ 6 Needle and presser foot section ............................................ KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................25 SEWING ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 36 Adjusting buitching stitching ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. SEWING BASICS .............................................................................................................................. UTILITY STITCHES ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 31 Using a free-arm style ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 28 USEFUL SEWING TIPS ...................................................................... 22 REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT ........................................... 33 Darning ............................................................................................................................. 19 Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types .................. 31 3......................................................................12 Winding the bobbin .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 25 Selecting stitching ....................................................9 USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE .................................................... 16 Drawing up the lower thread ................................................ 30 Changing the sewing direction ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 31 Sewing stretch fabrics ................................................................. 35 BUTTONHOLE SEWING ........................................................................................................................... 20 Replacing the needle ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 8 ACCESSORIES ......................................................23 Replacing the presser foot ............................................................ 19 Checking the needle ...................... 23 Removing the presser foot holder .................................. 38 4 ........................................................ 10 Foot controller ............................................................................................................. 32 Basic stitching ............................................................. 18 REPLACING THE NEEDLE ............................................................................................................. 38 Button sewing ...................................................................................—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— CONTENTS 1.......................................................

....................................................................................................43 Gathering .45 MAINTENANCE .................. 46 Cleaning the feed dogs ............................................................................................45 Oiling ............................. MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING ................... 47 Repacking the machine ............................ 46 Cleaning the shuttle race ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 41 DECORATIVE STITCHING ......................................................................................... 41 Monogramming and embroidering .......................................................................................................................................................................... 40 APPLIQUÉ.................................................ZIPPER INSERTION ....................... 43 Elastic stitching ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 48 TROUBLESHOOTING ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 53 5 .................. 45 Cleaning the machine surface .............................................................................................................50 INDEX ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 44 4................................................................................................... 43 Shell tuck stitching ............ 41 Appliqués .. 48 Bobbin case tension adjustment .......................................... 45 Changing the bulb ............................... APPENDIX ..........................................................................................................................................................

b Pattern selection dial (page 26) Turn the pattern selection dial to select the number of the stitch that you want to use.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— 1 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS The main parts a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw (page 38) Turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw to adjust buttonhole stitching when it is not uniform. c Thread take-up lever (page 16) d Upper tension control dial (page 28) This controls the tension of the upper thread. 6 . e Flat bed attachment with accessory storage (page 8 and 31) f Reverse sewing lever (page 28) Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew in the opposite direction.

Part code.K. New Zealand). XE0629-001 (Australia. XC7438-321 (Russia) 7 . o Bobbin winding pre-tension disc/thread guide (page 12 and 16) The thread guide/bobbin winding pre-tension disc is used when winding the thread onto the bobbin and threading the machine.1 g Built-in handle h Spool pin (page 12 and 16) The spool pin holds the spool of thread. l Foot controller jack/jack Insert the foot controller plug into the foot controller jack.). m Thread cutter (page 28) Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them. XC7456-321 (U. p Foot controller (page 11) Use the foot controller to control the sewing speed and to start and stop sewing. XC7359-021 (110/120V Area). j Handwheel Use the handwheel to manually raise and lower the needle. XD0852-021 (Korea). k Main power/sewing light switch (page 10) Use this switch to turn on and off the main power and sewing light. which also supplies power to this machine. n Presser foot lever (page 16) Use the presser foot lever to raise and lower the presser foot. i Bobbin winder (page 12) The bobbin winder winds thread onto the bobbin for use as the lower thread. XC7438-321 (220/240V Area).

and then pull the flat bed Lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment attachment out to remove it. 8 . h Bobbin case i Needle j Needle bar thread guide k Needle clamp screw Use the needle clamp screw to hold the needle in place. e Needle plate The needle plate is marked with guides for sewing straight seams. they may fall out. If the accessories are not in a bag.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Needle and presser foot section Flat bed attachment The accessories are stored in a compartment inside the flat bed attachment. d Feed dogs The feed dogs feed the fabric in the sewing direction. f Shuttle hook g Shuttle cover Open the shuttle cover to set the bobbin. Attach the appropriate presser foot for the selected stitching. a toward you. and be lost or damaged. c Presser foot (Zigzag) The presser foot applies pressure consistently on the fabric as the sewing takes place. b Presser foot screw Use the presser foot screw to hold the presser foot holder assembly in place. and then store the bag inside the compartment. Note ● Put the accessories in the bag. a Flat bed attachment b Storage compartment a Presser foot holder assembly The presser foot is installed onto the presser foot holder assembly.

● The screw of the presser foot holder is available through your authorized dealer.A. N This foot controller can be used on the following machine models: LS-2220/2720/1520/2125/2125i. No. 6.A.S. We have designed these accessories to help you be able to carry out most sewing tasks. / Canada Others XA5539-151 SA156 129583-021 X55467-021 130920-021 9 . 75/11 1 needle 90/14 1 needle 100/16 1 needle 7. 3.S.S.A. (Part code: 132730-122) ● A replacement for the factory-installed presser foot is available through your authorized dealer. 1 2 3 4 Part Name Buttonhole foot “A” Zipper foot “I” Button sewing foot “M” Darning plate Part Code U. (Part number: 138135-122) 1. 5 6 7 8 Part Name Bobbin (3) Needle set Screwdriver Extra spool pin Part Code U. 5.ACCESSORIES The following accessories are stored in the flat bed attachment. only) ● Foot controller: Model KD-1902. 8. 2. 1 Note (For U. 4. / Canada Others X59369-321 X59370-021 XE2137-001 XA3442-121 No.

● Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances: • When you are away from the machine • After using the machine • When the power fails during use • When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection • During electrical storms CAUTION ● Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to them. Fire or electric shock may result. electric shock. damaged. Do not subject the cord to heat. or bundled. Using other power sources may result in fire. located supply plug on the cord. twisted.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE Power supply precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the power supply. Do not place heavy objects on the cord. or lead to fire or electric shock. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord. Electric shock may result. modified. If the cord or plug is damaged. a Foot controller plug 10 . ● When unplugging the machine. forcefully bent. ● Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time. Otherwise a fire may result. Then. into the jack on the machine. The sewing lamp comes on when the machine is turned on. pulled. ● Do not allow the power cord to be cut. always turn off the main power first. Power supply a between the foot controller and the power b Set the main power switch to “I”. take the machine to your authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use. Always grasp the plug to remove it from the outlet. These things may damage the cord and cause fire or electric shock. insert the power supply plug into a wall outlet. or damage to the machine. Insert the foot controller plug. ● Do not touch the plug with wet hands. WARNING ● Use only regular household electricity for the power source.

The sewing lamp goes off when the machine is turned off. Note ● If a power outage occurs while the sewing machine is being operated. Doing so could cause a fire or an electric shock. ● A new sewing machine or one that has not been in use for a long period of time should be oiled as described on page 45. set the main power ”. Foot controller CAUTION ● When connecting the foot controller. Do not modify the plug in any way. be sure to turn off the sewing machine in order to prevent the machine from accidentally being started. CAUTION ● Do not allow pieces of cloth and dust to build up on the foot controller. turn off the sewing machine and unplug the power supply cord. 1 Slower Faster You should make sure that nothing is placed on the foot controller when the machine is not in use.c switch to “ To turn off the machine.A. When you press harder. When restarting the sewing machine. Steadying the machine If the sewing machine has been placed on an uneven surface. contact a qualified electrician to install the proper outlet. If the plug does not fit fully in the outlet. the machine will run at a low speed. After oiling. this plug is intended to fit in a polarized outlet only one way.S. only) ● This appliance has a polarized plug (one blade wider than the other). If it still does not fit. When you press the foot controller down lightly. To reduce the risk of electric shock. the machine’s speed will increase. 11 . turn the rubber cushion in the right-front corner of the base plate to adjust its height until the sewing machine is stable. (For U. When you take your foot off the foot controller. be sure to wipe off any excess oil. follow the necessary procedure to correctly operate the machine. the machine will stop. reverse the plug.

until the spring on the shaft slides into the groove of the bobbin. Actual size 11. a Pre-tension disk b Bobbin winder shaft c Bobbin CAUTION ● Only use bobbins (part code: SA156. the machine will not work properly. CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is not in the right place. If you use bobbins from other models. and Put the bobbin onto the bobbin winder shaft Pass the thread around the pre-tension disk. ● We designed the bobbin that comes with this machine. c the bobbin from the inside of the bobbin. 12 . by hand.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— THREADING THE MACHINE Winding the bobbin This section describes how to wind the thread onto the bobbin. SFB: XA5539-151).5 mm (7/16 inches) This model a then put a spool of thread on this pin. Only use the bobbin that comes with this machine or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. Using other bobbins may cause damage to the machine. Turn the bobbin clockwise. the thread may tangle on the spool pin. SFB: XA5539-151) that have been designed for this sewing machine. Pass the end of the thread through the hole on a Spring on the shaft b Groove of the bobbin e Turn on the sewing machine. 1 Pulling it in as far as possible. Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. b Other models d and slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right.

this is not a malfunction.f press the foot controller to wind the thread While holding the end of the thread. ● The needle bar does not move when you slide the bobbin winding shaft to the right. breaking the needle and resulting in injury. the machine will make a clicking sound. 1 CAUTION g Trim the excess thread above the bobbin. when the thread runs low it may tangle around the bobbin and cause the needle to break. Then stop the machine. CAUTION ● Make sure you follow the instructions carefully. 13 . and the bobbin is wound. If you do not cut the thread completely. Memo ● When the sewing machine is started or the handwheel is turned after winding the thread around the bobbin. gently j to the left and remove the bobbin. h 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 Press the foot controller to start. take your foot off the foot When the bobbin seems full and begins controller. i spinning slowly. Cut the thread. slide the bobbin winder shaft around the bobbin a few times. ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen.

If the thread unrolls in the wrong direction.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— b attachment at the front of the machine. ● The bobbin was designed specifically for this sewing machine. Use only the enclosed bobbin or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. CAUTION ● Make sure you turn the power off while threading the machine. If bobbins from other models are used. CAUTION ● Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread unrolls in the right direction. a the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) Raise the needle to its highest position by turning and raise the presser foot lever. breaking the needle and resulting in injury. 14 . it may cause the thread tension to be incorrect or break the needle. • Only use bobbins that were designed to be used with this machine. If you accidentally step on the foot controller and the machine starts to sew. Open the shuttle cover behind the flat bed Lower threading Install the bobbin wound with thread. you could be injured. and then insert the bobbin Unwind about 10 cm (4 inches) of thread into the bobbin case. SFB: XA5539-151). CAUTION ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. Actual size 11. the machine will not operate correctly.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model Other models a Bobbin case latch d from a full bobbin. a Flat bed attachment b Shuttle cover 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 c toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race.

1 a Tension spring f the bobbin case into the shuttle race.e and to the left. until it enters Pull the trailing thread through the slot. • Make sure the bobbin case finger fits into the notch at the top of the shuttle race. 15 . fully insert release the latch. CAUTION ● Make sure that the bobbin case is properly placed back into the machine. down the delivery eye under the tension spring. as shown below. a Bobbin case finger b Notch g Close the shuttle cover. If it is incorrectly installed. it will fall out from the shuttle when the machine starts to sew. and then Hold the bobbin case by the latch.

a lever. and CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is in the wrong place. a Upper tension control dial b Thread check spring 16 . • If the needle is not correctly raised. the thread may tangle on the spool pin and cause the needle to break. Be sure to turn the handwheel before threading the sewing machine. Raise the presser foot using the presser foot c then put a spool of thread on this pin. a b c d Spool pin Thread guide (rear) Thread guide (front) Thread take-up lever CAUTION ● Make sure you thread the machine properly. d guides: the rear one first. Raise the needle by turning the handwheel b toward you (counterclockwise) to raise the thread take-up lever to its highest position. a Presser foot lever e tension control dial from the right to the left Feed the upper thread through both thread Pull the thread down and around the upper so the thread picks up the thread check spring. the sewing machine can not be threaded.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Upper threading Set the upper thread and thread the needle. Otherwise. then the front one. or is set incorrectly. Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. the thread could tangle and break the needle.

1 g lever from right to left. 17 . Guide the thread through the thread take-up a Needle bar thread guide i out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread. the upper thread cannot be wrapped around the thread take-up lever.f pull it between the tension discs. then feeding the thread with your right hand. h guide above the needle. Thread the needle from front to back and pull a Thread take-up lever a 5 cm (2 inches) Note ● If the thread take-up lever is lowered. ● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may cause sewing problems. Put the thread behind the needle bar thread The thread can easily be passed behind the needle bar thread guide by holding the thread in your left hand. Make sure you raise the presser foot lever and the thread take-up lever before you feed the upper thread. While holding the thread as shown below.

Pull on the upper thread to draw up the lower a Upper thread b Lower thread 18 .KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Drawing up the lower thread a Lightly hold the end of the upper thread. turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). d threads and pull them toward the back of the Pull out about 15 cm (6 inches) of both machine under the presser foot. a Upper thread b raise the needle to its highest position by While holding the end of the upper thread. a Upper thread b Lower thread c thread.

Gabardine.) Fine corduroy. 75/11 Synthetics. Duck 100/16 Medium weight Heavyweight Knits Single knit. 19 . Organza. the thicker the thread. Bent needles can easily break. Needle precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the handling of the needle. Gingham. Refer to the following table when choosing the thread and needle appropriate for the fabric that you wish to sew. Percale. Use the same size thread for the upper (spool) and lower (bobbin) threads. Corduroy. Silk. 90/14 (Supplied with Lightweight wool. Sewing fabrics Very thin Fine tricot. 90/14 (Ball point) Jersey. ● Use the ball point needle when sewing on stretch fabrics or fabrics where skipped stitches easily occur. Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types The sewing machine needle that should be used depends on the fabric and thread thickness. Poplin. Taffeta. Failure to observe these precautions is extremely dangerous. your machine. Suitings. ● Use a 90/14 to 100/16 needle with transparent nylon threads. and the larger the needle number. ● A 75/11 needle is already installed when the sewing machine is purchased. Muslin Denim. 1 CAUTION ● Only use home sewing machine needles. Tweed.REPLACING THE NEEDLE This section provides information on sewing machine needles. Linen. Pique. Use of any other needle may bend the needle or damage the machine. Tricot Memo ● The smaller the thread number. Thin linen. Silk. Chiffon 65/9 Needle sizes Thread sizes Cotton: 80 Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Fine Mercerized Cotton Cotton: 60-80 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50 Cotton: 50-60 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50-60 Cotton: 40-50 Mercerized Heavy Duty Polyester Long Fiber Cotton Wrapped Polyester Polyester Long Fiber Lightweight Voile. Batiste Cotton. Fine lace. Be sure to read and carefully follow the instructions below. Canvas. Satin. ● Never use bent needles. Velvet. possibly resulting in injury. regardless of the fabric being sewn. Double knit. the thicker the needle.

Do not use a bent needle. 1 a Flat surface ■ Incorrect needle If the distance between the needle and the flat surface is not even. the needle is bent. thread and needle combinations are shown in the table on the previous page. If the combination of the fabric. b turning the handwheel toward you 1 2 Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). a Flat side b Needle type marking ■ Correct needle c Lower the presser foot lever. be sure to turn off the sewing machine. Replacing the needle Replace the needle as described below. CAUTION ● Before replacing the needle. a Turn off the sewing machine. thread and needle is not correct. Use the screwdriver and a needle that has been determined to be straight according to the instructions in “Checking the needle” . the needle may bend or break. the stitching may be uneven or puckered or there may be skipped stitches. otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. In addition. particularly when sewing thick fabrics (such as denim) with thin needles (such as 65/9 to 75/11). Checking the needle Sewing with a bent needle is extremely dangerous since the needle may break while the machine is being operated.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— CAUTION ● The appropriate fabric. place the flat side of the needle on a flat surface and check that the distance between the needle and the flat surface is even. a Presser foot lever 1 a Flat surface 20 . Before using the needle.

do not loosen the needle clamp screw too much. (If the needle clamp screw is loosened too much. a the needle clamp onto the needle bar so that As seen from the front of the machine. and then screw counterclockwise to remove the needle. ■ Installing the needle clamp If the needle clamp is removed.d use a screwdriver to turn the needle clamp Hold the needle with your left hand. follow the procedure below to attach it to the needle bar. and then Align the bottom edge of the needle holder tighten the needle clamp screw. a Screwdriver b Needle clamp screw • Do not apply strong force when loosening or tightening the needle clamp screw. a Needle clamp screw b Needle bar thread guide c Needle bar b with the end of the needle bar. a Needle stopper a b c d Needle bar Needle holder Needle clamp screw Align 21 . otherwise the needle may break or damage may result. e rear of the machine. slide the needle clamp screw is on the right side and the needle bar thread guide is at the bottom. otherwise certain parts of the sewing machine may be damaged. CAUTION ● Be sure to insert the needle until it touches the needle stopper and securely tighten the needle clamp screw with the screwdriver. insert the needle until it With the flat side of the needle toward the touches the needle stopper. the needle clamp (which holds the needle) may fall off. clamp screw by turning it clockwise. f use the screwdriver to tighten the needle While holding the needle with your left hand. Therefore. Note ● The needle can be removed by simply loosening the needle clamp screw about one turn.) 1 Install the twin needle in the same way.

the machine. the needle may bend or break. b Right needle thread passes in front of the needle bar thread guide. CAUTION ● Use only twin needles that have been made for this machine (part code: X57521-021). Use the thread from the first spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the needle bar thread guide is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle).KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Sewing with a twin needle (Option) We have designed your machine so you can sew with the optional twin needle and two top threads. Use the thread from the second spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the thread take-up lever is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). 22 . You can use the same color or two different colors of thread for making decorative stitches. e the machine to the thread take-up lever. the needle may bend or break. Other needles could break. See page 16 for more details. ● Do not sew with bent needles. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. thread guide. be sure to raise the needle before turning the fabric. a Left needle thread passes through the needle bar thread guide. f Do not pass the thread behind the needle bar Thread the right needle from front to back. The stitches available for twin-needle sewing are straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2. c Needle bar thread guide a First spool b Second spool c the machine to the needle bar thread guide. If the needle hits the presser foot. d Thread the left needle from front to back. ● When using the twin needle. ■ Twin needle threading a Attach the twin needle in the same way as a Attach the twin needle. See page 16 for more details. Put the second spool of thread onto the extra spool pin. b Put the extra spool pin in the hole on the top of Attach the extra spool pin. and damage the machine. The needle could break and injure you. otherwise the needle may break or the machine may be damaged. single needle (page 20). ● When changing the sewing direction. be sure to select an appropriate stitch (straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2).

be sure to turn off the sewing machine. Position the presser foot so the letter indicating the presser foot type (A. Using other any presser feet may cause an accident or injury.) is positioned to be read. I. Press the black button at the back of the If the sewing machine has been turned on. ● Always use the correct presser foot for the stitch pattern you have chosen. otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. a Presser foot holder b Shank c Pin f presser foot pin snaps into the shank in the Slowly lower the presser foot lever so that the presser foot holder. etc.REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT CAUTION ● Always turn off the power before you change the presser foot. a Presser foot lever a Presser foot lever The presser foot is attached. If you leave the power on and step on the controller. the needle may strike the presser foot and bend or break. c Raise the presser foot lever. Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). the machine will start and you may be injured. ● Only use presser feet that have been designed to be used with this machine. a turn it off. If you use the wrong presser foot. d presser foot holder to release the presser foot. 1 Replacing the presser foot Replace the presser foot as described below. a Black button b Presser foot holder CAUTION ● Before replacing the presser foot. and may cause injury. b turning the handwheel toward you e so that the presser foot pin is aligned with the Place a different presser foot below the holder shank in the holder. 23 .

■ Removing the presser foot holder a Remove the presser foot. Raise the presser foot lever to check that the ■ Attaching the presser foot holder a left side of the presser bar. b holder screw. Align the presser foot holder with the lower- Removing the presser foot holder Remove the presser foot holder when cleaning the sewing machine or when installing a presser foot that does not use the presser foot holder.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— g presser foot is securely attached. a Presser foot holder b Presser bar b your right hand. and then tighten the screw Hold the presser foot holder in place with using the screwdriver in your left hand. such as the quilting foot. Use the screwdriver to loosen the presser foot a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw Note ● If the presser foot holder is not correctly installed. a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw 24 . • For details. the thread tension will be incorrect. Use the screwdriver to remove the presser foot holder. refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23).

Select the stitch appropriate for the area to be sewn. otherwise injuries may occur. Turn on the sewing machine. Attach the presser foot appropriate for the stitch. General sewing procedure Follow the basic procedures below to sew. and then start sewing. Bent needles can easily break. 25 . In addition. otherwise injuries may occur or the needle may break. refer to “Power supply” (page 10). refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). 2 CAUTION ● While the machine is in operation. cut the threads. ● Do not pull or push the fabric too hard while sewing. possibly resulting in injuries. 2 Select the stitch. keep your hands away from all moving parts such as the needle and handwheel. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). For details on selecting a stitch. ● Make sure that the needle does not strike basting pins. 4 Start sewing. Before operating the sewing machine. ● Never use bent needles. For details on replacing the presser foot. 1 Turn on the machine. read the following precautions. otherwise the needle may break or bend. Position the fabric. 3 Attach the presser foot.2 SEWING BASICS SEWING Basic sewing operations are described below. For details on starting to sew. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). pay special attention to the needle location. For details on turning on the machine. When sewing is finished.

SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Selecting stitching Turning the stitch selection dial in either direction. 41 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Zigzag (satin) stitch 6 Straight stitch (Center needle position) Select the desired length. 35. 40. aPattern selection dial Number on dial Stitch name 4-step automatic buttonhole b Pattern ac d Page 1 36 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 32. select the desired stitch. 33. 43 7 Straight stitch (Left needle position) Stretch blind Stitch 33 8 33 9 Shell tuck stitch 43 10 Elastic stitch 44 26 .

Raise the presser foot lever. i turning the handwheel toward you a 5 cm (2 inches) j Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). 27 . and then Place the fabric under the presser foot. a Presser foot lever d the thread under the presser foot. The machine stops sewing. toward you (counterclockwise) with your right hand to lower the needle to the starting point of the stitching. f Lower the presser foot lever. a Presser foot lever g Slowly press down on the foot controller. 2 b turning the handwheel toward you Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). pass pull out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread toward the rear of the machine.Starting to sew a e fabric with your left hand. turn the handwheel While holding the end of the thread and the Turn on the sewing machine. The machine starts sewing. c Raise the presser foot lever. h Take your foot off the foot controller.

b lever. refer to “Lower threading” (page 14) and reinsert the bobbin. To sew forward. Thread tension The thread tension will affect the quality of your stitches. release the reverse sewing 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. 1 2 3 a b c d Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever 4 ■ Upper tension is too tight Loops appear on the surface of the fabric. Note ● If the bobbin thread was incorrectly inserted. ■ Correct tension Correct tension is important as too much or too little tension will weaken your seams or cause puckers on your fabric. Memo ● Before beginning to change tension adjustments make sure the upper thread and bobbin are inserted correctly.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— k and then pass the threads through the thread Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. the upper thread may be too tight. 28 . a while sewing. In this case. ● We recommend you do a test sample on a scrap of fabric before you start to sew. a Thread cutter Sewing in reverse Reverse sewing is used to lock the threads at the end of the seam or wherever reinforcement is needed. cutter on the back of the presser foot bar to cut them. You may need to adjust it when you change fabric or thread.

be sure to return the screw to its original position before the next time that the machine is used. ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops may appear on the surface of the fabric when sewing thin fabric with thin thread. If the problem persists. In this case. the upper thread may be too loose. no adjustment is needed. Note ● If the upper thread was incorrectly threaded. 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 4 2 2 3 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. For most sewing applications. Be sure not to turn the screw more than one full turn. Note ● The bobbin thread tension has been adjusted at the factory for general use. 29 . In addition. increase the tension in the bobbin by turning the screw clockwise with a small screwdriver.■ Upper tension is too loose Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. refer to “Upper threading” (page 16) and rethread. 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number.

and check the thread tension and stitch length and width. lower the needle by turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). the desired results may not be achieved. If the needle was raised. perform the trial sewing under the same conditions that will be used with your project. For the trial sewing. the needle may bend or break. Raise the presser foot lever. Since the results differ depending on the type of stitching and the number of layers of fabric sewn. be sure to raise the needle before changing the sewing direction. Turn the fabric using the needle as a pivot. Refer to these tips when sewing your project. Sewing curves Stop sewing. Lower the presser foot lever and continue CAUTION ● If fabric more than 6 mm (15/64 inches) thick is sewn or if the fabric is pushed with too much force. CAUTION ● When using the twin needle. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. select a shorter stitch length in order to obtain a finer stitch.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— USEFUL SEWING TIPS Various ways to achieve better results for your sewing projects are described below. use a piece of fabric and thread that are the same as those used for your project. and then slightly change the sewing direction to sew around the curve. c sewing. Changing the sewing direction a sewing machine. When the stitching reaches a corner. depending on the type of fabric and stitching being sewn. Trial sewing A trial piece of fabric should be sewn since. stop the Leave the needle lowered (in the fabric). the needle may bend or break. 30 . Sewing thick fabrics ■ If the fabric does not fit under the presser foot If the fabric does not fit easily under the presser foot. and then turn the b fabric. When sewing along a curve while using a zigzag stitch. raise the presser foot lever even higher to bring the presser foot to its highest position.

place thin paper or stabilizer material under the fabric and sew it together with the fabric. lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment toward you. the stitching may become misaligned or the fabric may not feed correctly. tear off any excess paper. and then pull the flat bed attachment out to remove it. To change your machine to the free-arm style.Sewing thin fabrics When sewing thin fabrics. baste the pieces of fabric together. a Basting Using a free-arm style Free-arm sewing is convenient for sewing tubular and hard-to-reach areas. If this occurs. When you have finished sewing. and then sew without stretching the fabric. 2 a Stabilizer material or paper Sewing stretch fabrics First. a Flat bed attachment 31 .

32 . They are also useful for sewing stretch materials. d When sewing is finished. • For details. Overcasting and attaching appliqués. Zigzag (satin) stitch a Select a stitch. Memo ● When sewing with a zigzag stitch. cut the thread. • For details. Stitch name Application c Start sawing. • For details. the needle may bend or break. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). use straight stitches at the beginning and end of the zigzag stitch for reinforcement. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). Select the desired width. CAUTION ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches. If the needle hits the presser foot.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— 3 UTILITY STITCHES USEFUL STITCHES Zigzag stitches You can use the zigzag stitches to join together seams and finish them in one operation. Lower the needle into the fabric at the b beginning of the stitching.

7 a Reverse the skirt or pants. • For details. and press. like the hem of a pair of trousers. e When sewing is finished. • For details. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). etc. Straight stitch (Left needle position) Basic stitching. d Lower the needle into the fabric at the Fold the fabric along the desired edge of the Start sewing. 3 Select a stitch. c beginning of the stitching. Number on dial 8 Stitch name Stretch blind Stitch Application Blind hem stitching on stretch fabrics. basic (Center needle stitching. Two stitches are available for basic stitching. etc. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). and position) sewing gathers or darning. sewing gathers or pintucks. a Right side of fabric b Bottom side b hem. <Seen from the side> a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric 33 . without the stitch showing. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26).Basic stitching Straight stitches are used for sewing plain seams. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Blind hem stitching You can use the Blind Hem Stitch to finish the edge of a project. • For details. a b Baste or pin together the fabric pieces. Attaching Straight stitch zippers. cut the thread.

h arm. Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the and then start sewing. Unfold the edge of fabric. make sure that the fabric feeds correctly. and position the <Seen from the side> <Seen from the side> a b c d e d Wrong side of fabric Right side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting stitching 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Wrong side of fabric b Basting c Edge of fabric f Select the stretch blind stitch (8).UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— c (3/16 inches) from the edge of the fabric. <Seen from the side> a b c d Wrong side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Arm 34 . g free-arm sewing possible. e fabric with the wrong side facing up. Remove the flat bed attachment and make • For details on free-arm sewing. and Use a chalk to mark on the fabric about 5 mm then baste it. Fold back the fabric inside along the basting. refer to“Using a free-arm style” (page 31).

etc. e filled with parallel stitching. basic (Center needle stitching.i catches the fold of the hem. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Attaching Straight stitch zippers. Remove the basting stitching and turn the k fabric right side up. For invisible stitching. and then lower Position the fabric so that the needle slightly the presser foot lever. b Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). alternately drawing the Start sewing while gently moving the fabric fabric away and pulling it toward you. 3 Sew along the fold of the hem. Stop sewing when the portion to be darned is 35 . a shown below. and then remove both the aNeedle bNeedle drop point cFold of hem dWrong side of fabric j Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly. make sure that both threads are the same color as the fabric. and position) sewing gathers or darning. Place the fabric to be darned under the for reinforcement. c presser foot together with a fabric underlay a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric d with your hands. Darning Reinforce points that will be subject to strain.

● When sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics. d that the middle of the front chalk line is Position the fabric under the presser foot so directly in the center of the presser foot and aligned with the two red lines on the insert. are indicated below. 36 . Step Step a (Front end of button hole) Step b (Left side) Sewn portion Use chalk to mark the position and length of 1 Step c (Back end of button hole) a Marks on fabric Step d (Right side) b outside frame back until the sliding insert Attach buttonhole foot “A” and push the reaches the front of the outside frame. Sew 5 to 6 stitches. Stitch name Application Memo ● Before sewing buttonholes. place stabilizer material under the fablic. a Reinforcement stitching c buttonhole (1). check the stitch length and width by sewing a trial buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric. as shown below.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— BUTTONHOLE SEWING Buttonholes can be sewn and buttons can be sewn on. Buttonholes are sewn from the front of the presser foot to the back. Number on dial 1 4-step automatic buttonhole Buttonholes on medium weight fabrics. a b c d Presser foot scale Pin Marks on buttonhole foot 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Mark on fabric b Red marks on the sliding insert e Start sewing. which is used for sewing buttonholes. Select stitch “a” of the 4-step automatic Making the buttonhole The names of parts of buttonhole foot “A”. a the buttonhole on the fabric. Pass the upper thread down through the hole in the presser foot.

Raise the presser foot lever. Select stitch “b” of the 4-step automatic 2 Start sewing.f of the stitching. and then use a seam ripper to cut towards the pin and open the buttonhole. m buttonhole (1). Sew the right side of the stitching sewn in step e. and then sew to the edge of the front bar tack. i side of the stitching. p stitching to prevent the stitching from being Insert a pin at the end of the buttonhole cut. do not place your hands in the cutting path. g buttonhole (1). otherwise injuries may result if the seam ripper slips. Select stitch “d” of the 4-step automatic n buttonhole until the needle reaches the Start sewing. l side of the stitching. k CAUTION ● When opening the buttonhole with the seam ripper. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. Do not use the seam ripper in any other way than how it is intended. and cut the thread. 3 Start sewing. turn the fabric 90 degrees counterclockwise. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. and then sew the length of the h chalk line. 1 a Seam ripper b Pin Select stitch “c” (same as “a”) of the 4-step j automatic buttonhole (1). For reinforcement. and then raise the needle by Stop sewing when the needle is at the left side turning the handwheel toward you. remove the 37 . select the straight stitch (6 through 10) with the desired length. o fabric. Sew 5 to 6 stitches.

8 mm (3/16 inches) b ■ If the right side is too loose compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the direction. Place the darning plate on the needle plate as ■ If the right side is too tight compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the + direction. slide the button so that the needle goes into the two holes toward the rear of the sewing machine. Buttons with 2 or with 4 holes can be attached. d the fabric. the stitching can adjusted with the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw. and then sew them in the same way. Place a button between the presser foot and • When attaching four-hole buttons.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Adjusting buitching stitching If the stitching on the two sides of the buttonhole is not uniform. a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw Distance between holes 1. a button to be attached. and then select the Measure the distance between the holes in the appropriate zigzag stitch (2. 38 . Number of dial 2 3 4 Attach the button sewing foot “M”.6 mm (1/16 inches) 3. first sew the two holes closest to you. c shown below. 3 or 4) according to the following table. Button sewing Buttons can be sewn on with the sewing machine. Then.2 mm (1/8 inches) 4.

return to step a. 39 . f 3 Start sewing. press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew a few reinforcement stitches.e (counterclockwise) to check that the needle Turn the handwheel toward you correctly goes into the two holes of the button. and Pull the upper thread at the end of the then tie it with the bobbin thread. be sure that the needle does not touch the button. leaving a length of 15 cm (6 inches). If the needle hits the button. • After sewing for about 10 seconds at a low speed. Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. otherwise the needle may bend or break. g and then cut the upper and lower threads. CAUTION ● When sewing. Use scissors to cut the upper thread and the bobbin thread at the beginning of the stitching. h stitching to the wrong side of the fabric.

Lower the needle into the notch located either on the left or right side of the zipper foot. attach the shank to the right pin of the zipper foot. and can easily position it to the right or left side of the needle. release back of the presser foot. fit the zipper foot on the other side of the zipper and continue sewing using the other side notch. attach the shank to the left pin of the zipper foot. CAUTION ● Make sure the needle does not hit the zipper during sewing. Fold the edge of the fabric 2 cm (3/4 inches) c and place the zipper under the folded section. 40 . the needle will hit the presser foot and break the needle. Attaching Straight stitch zippers. CAUTION ● Turn the handwheel by hand to make sure the needle does not hit the presser foot before you start sewing. the needle may break and you may be injured. b left or right pin of the zipper foot onto the Lower the presser foot lever and fix either the shank. If you choose a different stitch.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— ZIPPER INSERTION You can use the zipper foot “I” to sew different types of zippers. basic (Center needle stitching. etc. When sewing the right side of the zipper. and position) sewing gathers or darning. a Zipper foot “I” b Right pin for sewing the left side of the zipper c Left pin for sewing the right side of the zipper a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). The needle should be Sew from the bottom of the zipper toward the positioned on the zipper side of the foot for best results. If the needle hits the zipper. e the foot by pressing the button located at the To sew the opposite side of the zipper. When sewing the left side of the zipper. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application d top on both sides. You may also be injured.

Cut away any fabric that is left outside the Select a stitch. MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING Zigzag stitches can be used for sewing appliqués. 3 Memo ● Make reinforcing straight stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. d stitching. e Remove the basting. if necessary. Monogramming and embroidering a shown below. Stitch name Application c Carefully sew around the edge of the design. 41 . Overcasting and attaching appliqués. monogramming and embroidering. Zigzag (satin) stitch Appliqués You can create an appliqué by cutting a different piece of fabric into a shape and using it as a decoration. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches. as the needle can break. You may also be injured. a b CAUTION ● Be careful that the needle does not hit a pin during sewing. Baste the cut design to the fabric. Select the desired width.APPLIQUÉ. and then remove both the Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly.

e the presser bar. and support the outside of the hoop with your little fingers. CAUTION ● Be sure to keep your fingers away from moving parts. d the surface of the fabric facing up inside the Put the fabric in the embroidery hoop with well. sew to completely fill in the design with stitches by alternately sewing from the outline of the design to the inside and from the inside to the outline. g forefingers of both hands while pressing the Grip the hoop with the thumbs and Memo ● Be sure to keep the stitches close together. and then sew a few stitches to reinforce the stitching. c design (for embroidering) on the surface of Draw the lettering (for monogramming) or the fabric. the stitches are longer. h Start sewing. When the hoop is moved slowly. Then. Select the desired length for straight stitch (6) Memo ● When the hoop is moved quickly. i and sew a few stitches for reinforcing. fabric with the middle and third fingers. ■ Monogramming Sew the lettering at a constant speed by moving the hoop slowly. Place the project under the needle and lower f at the starting position by turning the Draw up the lower thread through the project handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). ■ Embroidering Sew along the outline of the design by moving the hoop slowly. especially needles.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— b Select a stitch. the stitches are shorter. 42 .

DECORATIVE STITCHING Various decorative stitches can be sewn with this sewing machine. d Smooth the gathers by ironing them. Gathering Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Shell tuck stitching Number on dial 9 Shell tuck stitch Shell tuck stitching The gathers that look like shells are called “shell tucks”. Unfold the fabric. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). Sew a single or multiple parallel rows of • Do not sew reverse stitches or cut the thread. Straight stitch basic stitching. Select the shell tuck stitch (9). Sew while making sure that the needle drops d down to one side. and then iron the tucks 43 . the front of blouses or cuffs made of thin fabrics. and increase • For details. They are used to decorate trims. refer to “Thread tension” (page 28). b the thread tension. etc. • For details. Fold the fabric along the bias. a Attaching zippers. (Center needle and sewing position) gathers or darning. Loosen the tension of the upper thread (to 3 b about 2). Stitch name Application a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). c stitches. Pull the bobbin threads to create gathers. c slightly off the edge of the fabric.

■ Joining fabric Put the edges of the two pieces of fabric together. Select the elastic stitch (10). sewing elastic or joining fabric. and then sew over the elastic tape while holding the tape both in front and behind the presser foot. ■ Sewing elastic tape Place the elastic tape on the fabric.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Elastic stitching Number on dial 10 Stitch name Application Mending. start sewing the edges of the two fabrics together. sewing Elastic stitching elastic tape or joining fabric. Each is explained below. Memo ● Make reinforcing reverse stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. and then place them under the presser foot with the fabric edges under the center of the presser foot. The elastic stitch can be used in 3 ways: mending. 44 . Then. and then sew over the tear. ■ Mending Place the reinforcement fabric under the tear to be mended.

b indicated below. run the machine for a short time Memo ● Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. Put 2 to 3 drops of oil at each of the points Be sure to wipe any excess oil off the machine. c Remove the face plate from the machine. 4 Loosen the face plate screw. After oiling. Note ● Hold the face plate securely while removing or attaching it.4 APPENDIX MAINTENANCE Simple sewing machine maintenance operations are described below. Oiling a Changing the bulb CAUTION Turn off the machine and unplug it. a b Turn off the machine and unplug it. 45 . If you use it more often. ● Sewing machine oil is available at your local sewing machine dealer or service center. oil every day. c at a fast speed without thread. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. ● Unplug the power supply cord before changing the bulb. ● Do not apply too much oil as it may soil the thread and fabric.

a Bobbin case latch e ring to remove it. and then wipe the surface of the machine. wipe it again with a dry cloth.APPENDIX d ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Replace the sewing light bulb. After cleaning it once with a wet cloth. Raise the needle and the presser foot. Cleaning the machine surface If the surface of the machine is dirty. b then remove the presser foot and the needle. Remove the flat bed attachment and open the Attach the face plate and fasten the screw d toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race. Slide the latch levers out from the retaining CAUTION ● Unplug the power supply cord before cleaning the machine. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. and c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. a Retaining ring b Latch lever 46 . Cleaning the shuttle race CAUTION ● Be sure to unplug the machine before cleaning it. a bulb b Loosen c Tighten e again. lightly soak a cloth in neutral detergent. squeeze it out firmly.

Clean the lint from the shuttle hook in the i same manner as described in step h. Raise the needle and the presser foot. c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. e part of the feed dogs and shuttle race body. j and push the latch levers back into position. you may get an electric shock or be injured. the presser foot and Cleaning the feed dogs CAUTION ● Make sure you unplug the machine before you clean it. Use a brush to remove any accumulated lint driver and race body. Remove the hook by grasping its center post k the needle before using the machine. Use a brush to clean the lint from the upper Reassemble the hook and the retaining ring. a Retaining ring b Driver c Race body h wipe the shuttle race in order to remove any Use a cloth dampened with machine oil to lint.f and pulling it out. Attach the needle plate by using a coin or a Retaining ring b Hook c Latch lever 47 . b then remove the presser foot and the needle. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. f screwdriver. Attach the bobbin case. and Remove the flat bed attachment and open the 4 Remove the needle plate by using a coin or d screwdriver to remove the screws. Otherwise. a Retaining ring b Hook c Hook center post g and thread from the retaining ring. hook.

● Save this packing material in case it is needed to transport this sewing machine. the thread tension must be adjusted according to the procedure described below. For most sewing applications. no adjustment is needed.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Repacking the machine Keep the carton and packing materials for future use. a Screw Bobbin case tension adjustment The bobbin thread tension has already been adjusted at the factory for general use. Note ● If the loops still appear on the surface of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension. When packing up the machine again. In this case. 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. 48 . ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops appear on the surface of the fabric. If it is not packed properly. When sewing with thin thread on thin fabrics. Therefore. approximately 30-45 degrees to increase bobbin tension. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. damage may occur during shipping. turn the screw clockwise. being careful not to over-tighten the screw. IMPORTANT ● This packing material is designed to prevent damage in transit. After you adjust the bobbin thread. Note ● Remember to return the screw to its original setting before starting your next project. the bobbin thread may be too loose. the thread tension may not be adjusted adequately with the upper tension control dial. pack it properly as described below.

After you adjust the bobbin thread. Note ● If the loops still appear on the wrong side of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension. 4 a Screw 49 . turn the screw counterclockwise being careful not to over-loosen the screw.■ Bobbin tension is too tight Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. approximately 30-45 degrees to decrease bobbin tension. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. the bobbin thread may be too tight. 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 2 3 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number. In this case.

Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. The bobbin case is scratched. The needle is bent or blunt. (for example. Use the screwdriver to firmly tighten the screw. – page 19 page 28 page 46 The upper thread tension is too tight. Move the bobbin winder shaft to the left. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. Insert the needle properly.) Replace the presser foot. contact your dealer or the nearest authorized service center. How to put it right Plug the machine in. Use the foot controller properly. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Replace the bobbin case. or the thread has come out of the guide above the needle. The bobbin winder shaft is pushed to the right. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. you have not fitted the spool properly. 36. Visit us at [http://solutions. Lightly guide the fabric.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— TROUBLESHOOTING If the machine stops operating correctly. 38. Symptom Possible cause The machine is not plugged in. 40.brother. The sewing machine does not work. You have not used the foot controller properly. You have not inserted the needle properly. in the shuttle race. You can solve most problems by yourself. Reference page 10 page 10 page 13 page 11 page 20 page 21 page 20 page 19 page 35. Turn on the main power switch. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. The needle is not appropriate for the thread you are using. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center.com]. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. You are pulling the fabric too much.Replace the needle plate. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. The thread is tangled. The area around the hole in the nee. Loosen the upper thread tension. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. 41 page 28 – – The main power switch is turned off. clean the shuttle race. – – page 12 Correct the upper threading. 50 . There are knots or tangles in the thread. The upper thread tension is too tight. the Brother Solutions Center offers the latest FAQs and troubleshooting tips. Choose a needle that is appropriate for the type of stitch. If you need additional help. thread and needle. You have not used the right combination of fabric. page 16 The upper thread breaks. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. authorized service center. Replace the needle. If the problem persists. The needle breaks. Remove the tangle thread. The presser foot you are using is not appropriate for the type of stitch that you want to sew. check the following possible problems before requesting service. The needle clamp screw is loose. for example. Remove any knots or tangles. Loosen the upper thread tension.

The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. Remove the tangled thread and clean the shuttle race. Wind the bobbin thread properly. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Correct the upper threading. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. – – page 12 page 12 – page 46 page 12 page 14 page 16 4 Correct the upper threading.Symptom Possible cause The needle is bent or blunt. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. or has a burr on it. Bobbin is set incorrectly.Replace the needle plate. The upper thread breaks. Insert the needle properly. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. The bobbin case is scratched. The thread ten. foot holder properly. page 16 page 12 page 19 page 24 page 28 page 12 page 14 page 14 51 . Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. The upper thread is too tight. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The bobbin thread is incorrectly installed. The thread tension is incorrect. The upper thread was not threaded correctly. Reference page 20 page 20 – The area around the hole in the nee. thread and needle. The thread is tangled. Replace the bobbin case. The lower thread is tangled or breaks. Replace the presser foot. Attach the presser-foot holder properly. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. How to put it right Replace the needle. Replace the bobbin. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Wind the bobbin thread properly. You have not used the right combination of fabric. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. authorised service center. The thread is tangled on the wrong side of the fabric. The bobbin is scratched or does not turn smoothly. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. You have not inserted the needle properly. Bobbin is set incorrectly. Correctly install the bobbin thread.You have not attached the pressersion is incorrect. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. You have not threaded the upper thread properly.

You have not used the right combination of fabric. How to put it right Thread the upper thread and wind the bobbin thread properly. thread and needle. page 33. 47 page 46 page 16 – The fabric is wrinkled. The bobbin case is scratched. 38. Fit the spool properly. page 45 The presser foot that you are using is not correct for the type of stitch. page 45 52 . 40. 36. Replace the needle. The thread is tangled. You have not used the right combination of fabric. Remove the needle plate cover and clean the plate and the shuttle race. Replace the bobbin case. thread and needle. Remove the tangle thread. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. Remove the tangle thread. page 12 Insufficient oiling. Insert the needle properly. Sew with stabiliser material under the fabric. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. clean the shuttle race. Correct the upper threading. The thread tension is incorrect. in the shuttle race.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Symptom Possible cause You have not threaded the upper thread properly or fitted the bobbin properly. The sewing lamp is damaged. There is a highpitched noise while sewing. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. for example. You have not used the right combination of fabric. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. If you use it more often. The thread is tangled. You have not used bobbin that has been designed for this machine. 16 – page 19 page 20 page 31 page 28 page 16 page 19 page 20 page 46. The thread tension is incorrect. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. for example. Stitches are skipped. You have not inserted the needle properly. The needle is bent or blunt. Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. Correct the upper threading. Dust has built up in the feed dogs or in the shuttle race. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. Replace the needle. Reference page 14. the stitch is too thick. in the shuttle race. The sewing light bulb does not come on. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. The needle is bent or blunt. If you are sewing thin fabric. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Clean the shuttle race. Change the sewing light bulb. oil every day. You have not fitted the spool properly. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. clean the shuttle race. The stitch is not sewn correctly. thread and needle. 41 page 28 page 46 page 19 page 46 The fabric does not feed. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. Dust has accumulated under the needle plate or in the shuttle race. You have not threaded the upper thread properly.

............................................... 46 D darning ................................................... 28 trial sewing ...........................10 monogramming ...... 8............................ 16 thread tension ......................... 22 upper tension-control dial .................................................................................................................................. 50 twin needle .............................................16 C cleaning .............................28.............................................. 41 zipper foot ............................................................................................................30 thin fabrics .............................................................................. 32....................33 blind hem stitching .......................................................................................... 47 O oiling ......................... 24 presser foot lever ................................................................................. 44 M main parts .......................................................................................................6....................................................................................................................................................................8....................33 stretch blind stitch ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 43 Z H handwheel .......45 overcasting stitches ................................. 41 extra spool pin ................ 30 troubleshooting ........................................................................ 41 S satin stitching .................................................................. 23 presser foot holder ................................ 47 flat bed attachment ........................................................................ 29........38 buttonhole foot ............ 14 bobbin case ......... 28 thread guide .......................................................................... 31 B basic stitching ........33 bobbin ......................................... 31 F U W winding the bobbin ..............................8 needle clamp screw ........................................................8.........19 shell tuck stitching ........................................................................................... 26 presser foot .............. 22 feed dogs ..................................36 T thick fabrics .....................................40 zipper insertion ................................... 19 repacking ... needles and threads .................................................................................. 16 pre-tension disk ........................9 appliqués ..................................................35 E embroidering .......................................................................................... 37 sewing machine needles ............................................... 8......................................... 19 needle bar thread guide ...............12 zigzag stitches ..................................43 shuttle hook removal ......33 stretch fabrics .....................................27 free-arm style .......................... 40 G gathering ...6 main power switch ..................................................................... 21 needle plate ............. 48 reverse sewing lever ......................12........................................................................................................47 spool pin ........................................ 31 foot controller ...................................................................................................... 7 J joining ....... 14 bobbin winder ...................................... 7...........................................................36 buttonhole sewing .............. 41 N needle ...........INDEX A accessories ... 48 upper threading ..................................... 16 straight stitch ....................................................................................................................................32 seam ripper .................................. 28 53 ....................................................................8............................................................................................................................................................ 12 button sewing .....................31 thread cutter ........................ 21.....................................47 shuttle race cleaning .............30..................32 pattern selection dial ................................. 12 P R relative chart of sewing fabrics.................................8......................................................................................................

English XE4592-001 Printed in China .

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