KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE

SEWING BASICS

UTILITY STITCHES

APPENDIX

Basic Sewing and Mending Machine

Operation Manual
Please visit us at http://solutions.brother.com where you can get product support and answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs).

“IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS”
When using the sewing machine, basic safety precautions should always be followed, including the following: “Read all instructions before using.”

DANGER – To reduce the risk of electric shock:
1. The sewing machine should never be left unattended when plugged in. Always unplug this sewing machine from the electrical outlet immediately after using and before cleaning. 2. Always unplug before changing the light bulb. Replace bulb with same type rated 15 watts.

WARNING – To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or injury to persons: 1. Do not allow this machine to be used as a toy. Close attention is necessary when the sewing machine is used by or near children. 2. Use this sewing machine only for its intended use as described in this manual. Use only accessories recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual. 3. Never operate this sewing machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has been dropped or damaged, or dropped into water. Return the sewing machine to the nearest authorized dealer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment. 4. Never operate the sewing machine with any of the air openings blocked. Keep the ventilation openings of the sewing machine and foot controller free from the accumulation of lint, dust and loose cloth. 5. Never drop or insert any object into any openings. 6. Do not use this machine outdoors. 7. Do not operate this machine where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being administered. 8. To disconnect, turn the main switch to the symbol “O” position which represents off, then remove plug from outlet. 9. Do not unplug by pulling on the cord. To unplug, grasp the plug and pull, not the cord. 10. Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the sewing machine needle. 11. Always use the proper needle plate. The wrong plate can cause the needle to break. 12. Do not use a bent needle. 13. Do not pull or push the fabric while stitching. It may deflect the needle causing it to break. 14. Switch the sewing machine to the off, symbol “O” position when making any adjustments in the needle area, such as threading the needle, changing the needle, threading the bobbin, or changing the presser foot. 15. Always unplug the sewing machine from the electrical outlet when removing covers, lubricating, or when making any other user service adjustments mentioned in this instruction manual. 16. This sewing machine is not intended for use by young children or impaired persons without supervision. 17. Young children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with this sewing machine. “SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS” “This sewing machine is intended for household use.”

1

FOR USERS IN THE UK, EIRE, MALTA AND CYPRUS ONLY
If this machine is fitted with a three-pin non-rewireable BS plug then please read the following.

IMPORTANT
If the available socket outlet is not suitable for the plug supplied with this equipment, it should be cut off and an appropriate three-pin plug fitted. With alternative plugs an approved fuse must be fitted in the plug. NOTE The plug served from the main lead must be destroyed as a plug with bared flexible cords is hazardous if engaged in a live socket outlet. In the event of replacing the plug fuse, use a fuse approved by ASTA to BS 1362, i.e. carrying the mark, rating as marked on plug. Always replace the fuse cover, never use plugs with the fuse cover omitted. WARNING DO NOT CONNECT EITHER WIRE TO THE EARTH TERMINAL WHICH IS MARKED WITH THE LETTER ‘E’, BY THE EARTH SYMBOL OR COLOURED GREEN OR GREEN AND YELLOW. The wires in this main lead are coloured in accordance with the following code: Blue Brown Neutral Live

As the colours of the wiring in the main lead of this appliance may not correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals in your plug, proceed as follows. The wire which is coloured blue must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘N’ or coloured black or blue. The wire which is coloured brown must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘L’ or coloured red or brown.

2

CONGRATULATIONS ON CHOOSING OUR MACHINE
To fully enjoy all the features, we suggest that you study the manual before using the machine.

PLEASE READ BEFORE USING THIS MACHINE
For safe operation 1. Be sure to keep your eye on the needle while sewing. Do not touch the handwheel, thread takeup lever, needle, or other moving parts. 2. Remember to turn off the power switch and unplug the cord when: • Operation is completed • Replacing or removing the needle or any other parts • A power failure occurs during use • Maintaining the machine • Leaving the machine unattended 3. Do not store anything on the foot controller. 4. Plug the machine directly into the wall. Do not use extension cords. For a longer service life 1. When storing this machine, avoid direct sunlight and high humidity locations. Do not use or store the machine near a space heater, iron, halogen lamp, or other hot objects. 2. Use only neutral soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders can damage the case and machine, and should never be used. 3. Do not drop or hit the machine. 4. Always consult the operation manual when replacing or installing any assemblies, the presser feet, needle, or other parts to assure correct installation. For repair or adjustment In the event a malfunction occurs or adjustment is required, first follow the troubleshooting table in the back of the operation manual to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem persists, please consult your local authorized Brother dealer. For additional product information and updates, visit our web site at www.brother.com The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.

3

..................................... 20 Sewing with a twin needle (Option) ............................................................................................................6 NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS ................... 26 Starting to sew ................................................................ 25 Selecting stitching .................. 35 BUTTONHOLE SEWING ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 Power supply precautions ..................................................................25 General sewing procedure ...................................... 10 Foot controller ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 30 Trial sewing ........... 31 Sewing stretch fabrics ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 22 REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT ............................................................................................................ 23 Removing the presser foot holder ........................... 36 Adjusting buitching stitching .9 USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ............................... 19 Checking the needle .....................................................................................................................................................—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— CONTENTS 1........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 28 USEFUL SEWING TIPS ... 8 ACCESSORIES .................................................................................................................................................................................... 11 THREADING THE MACHINE ................................ KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ............................................... 14 Upper threading ....................................32 USEFUL STITCHES ..................................19 Needle precautions ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 11 Steadying the machine ............................................................................................................................................... 28 Thread tension ................................................................................. 33 Blind hem stitching ......... 30 Sewing thin fabrics .................................................... 33 Darning ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 30 Sewing thick fabrics ............ 20 Replacing the needle .................... 31 3......................................... 30 Changing the sewing direction ..................................................................................................................................................... SEWING BASICS ....................................................................................................................................... 27 Sewing in reverse ................................................................................................................... 32 Zigzag stitches ................ 31 Using a free-arm style .................................................................... 32 Basic stitching ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 12 Lower threading .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 16 Drawing up the lower thread ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 19 Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types ............................................................................................ 24 2............... 38 Button sewing ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................12 Winding the bobbin .......36 Making the buttonhole ............................................................. 6 Needle and presser foot section ....................................................................................................................................... 30 Sewing curves ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... UTILITY STITCHES ................................................................. 18 REPLACING THE NEEDLE ................................................................................................................................................. 10 Power supply ..................................................................... 8 Flat bed attachment ...............23 Replacing the presser foot .............................................................................................................................................................25 SEWING ................................................................................... 6 The main parts ................................................................................................................................................................................... 38 4 ..........................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 41 DECORATIVE STITCHING .............. 46 Cleaning the shuttle race ..................... 47 Repacking the machine ............................................................................................................................................................ 45 Cleaning the machine surface ................................................................. APPENDIX ..................... 43 Shell tuck stitching ............................................................................................................................................... 40 APPLIQUÉ...................................................45 MAINTENANCE ............................................................ 45 Changing the bulb .................................................... 44 4..................................................................................................................................... 41 Appliqués ..................................................................................................................................................................... 48 Bobbin case tension adjustment .........................................................................................ZIPPER INSERTION ...............................................................45 Oiling ............................................................................... 43 Elastic stitching ................. 53 5 ........................................................................................ 41 Monogramming and embroidering ............................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Cleaning the feed dogs ............................................................................................................................................... 48 TROUBLESHOOTING ....................................................................................................................................................................50 INDEX .................................................................................................................................................................. MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING ............................................................................................43 Gathering ......................................................................................................................................

b Pattern selection dial (page 26) Turn the pattern selection dial to select the number of the stitch that you want to use. e Flat bed attachment with accessory storage (page 8 and 31) f Reverse sewing lever (page 28) Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew in the opposite direction.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— 1 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS The main parts a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw (page 38) Turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw to adjust buttonhole stitching when it is not uniform. c Thread take-up lever (page 16) d Upper tension control dial (page 28) This controls the tension of the upper thread. 6 .

k Main power/sewing light switch (page 10) Use this switch to turn on and off the main power and sewing light.). which also supplies power to this machine. XC7456-321 (U. XE0629-001 (Australia. XD0852-021 (Korea). New Zealand). p Foot controller (page 11) Use the foot controller to control the sewing speed and to start and stop sewing. n Presser foot lever (page 16) Use the presser foot lever to raise and lower the presser foot. o Bobbin winding pre-tension disc/thread guide (page 12 and 16) The thread guide/bobbin winding pre-tension disc is used when winding the thread onto the bobbin and threading the machine. m Thread cutter (page 28) Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them. Part code.K. XC7438-321 (220/240V Area). i Bobbin winder (page 12) The bobbin winder winds thread onto the bobbin for use as the lower thread. j Handwheel Use the handwheel to manually raise and lower the needle.1 g Built-in handle h Spool pin (page 12 and 16) The spool pin holds the spool of thread. l Foot controller jack/jack Insert the foot controller plug into the foot controller jack. XC7359-021 (110/120V Area). XC7438-321 (Russia) 7 .

a toward you. d Feed dogs The feed dogs feed the fabric in the sewing direction. c Presser foot (Zigzag) The presser foot applies pressure consistently on the fabric as the sewing takes place. and then pull the flat bed Lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment attachment out to remove it. Attach the appropriate presser foot for the selected stitching. e Needle plate The needle plate is marked with guides for sewing straight seams. a Flat bed attachment b Storage compartment a Presser foot holder assembly The presser foot is installed onto the presser foot holder assembly. f Shuttle hook g Shuttle cover Open the shuttle cover to set the bobbin. and then store the bag inside the compartment. b Presser foot screw Use the presser foot screw to hold the presser foot holder assembly in place. and be lost or damaged. 8 . they may fall out. Note ● Put the accessories in the bag. h Bobbin case i Needle j Needle bar thread guide k Needle clamp screw Use the needle clamp screw to hold the needle in place. If the accessories are not in a bag.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Needle and presser foot section Flat bed attachment The accessories are stored in a compartment inside the flat bed attachment.

75/11 1 needle 90/14 1 needle 100/16 1 needle 7.S. (Part code: 132730-122) ● A replacement for the factory-installed presser foot is available through your authorized dealer. N This foot controller can be used on the following machine models: LS-2220/2720/1520/2125/2125i. only) ● Foot controller: Model KD-1902. 3.S. We have designed these accessories to help you be able to carry out most sewing tasks. 1 Note (For U.A. No. 4. 1 2 3 4 Part Name Buttonhole foot “A” Zipper foot “I” Button sewing foot “M” Darning plate Part Code U.S. 5 6 7 8 Part Name Bobbin (3) Needle set Screwdriver Extra spool pin Part Code U. ● The screw of the presser foot holder is available through your authorized dealer.A. / Canada Others X59369-321 X59370-021 XE2137-001 XA3442-121 No. 5. / Canada Others XA5539-151 SA156 129583-021 X55467-021 130920-021 9 . (Part number: 138135-122) 1.A. 2. 8. 6.ACCESSORIES The following accessories are stored in the flat bed attachment.

Do not place heavy objects on the cord. pulled. ● Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances: • When you are away from the machine • After using the machine • When the power fails during use • When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection • During electrical storms CAUTION ● Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to them. or bundled. Do not subject the cord to heat. Insert the foot controller plug. or damage to the machine. modified. Fire or electric shock may result. into the jack on the machine. Using other power sources may result in fire. or lead to fire or electric shock. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord. located supply plug on the cord. These things may damage the cord and cause fire or electric shock. always turn off the main power first. ● When unplugging the machine. The sewing lamp comes on when the machine is turned on. take the machine to your authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use. Otherwise a fire may result. WARNING ● Use only regular household electricity for the power source. forcefully bent.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE Power supply precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the power supply. a Foot controller plug 10 . damaged. electric shock. twisted. insert the power supply plug into a wall outlet. Power supply a between the foot controller and the power b Set the main power switch to “I”. Always grasp the plug to remove it from the outlet. Electric shock may result. Then. ● Do not touch the plug with wet hands. ● Do not allow the power cord to be cut. ● Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time. If the cord or plug is damaged.

turn the rubber cushion in the right-front corner of the base plate to adjust its height until the sewing machine is stable. To reduce the risk of electric shock. the machine will run at a low speed. follow the necessary procedure to correctly operate the machine. Doing so could cause a fire or an electric shock. the machine’s speed will increase. After oiling. When you press harder. 11 . When you take your foot off the foot controller. (For U. If it still does not fit. set the main power ”.S. CAUTION ● Do not allow pieces of cloth and dust to build up on the foot controller. the machine will stop. be sure to wipe off any excess oil. The sewing lamp goes off when the machine is turned off. reverse the plug.c switch to “ To turn off the machine. Steadying the machine If the sewing machine has been placed on an uneven surface. When restarting the sewing machine. Note ● If a power outage occurs while the sewing machine is being operated. contact a qualified electrician to install the proper outlet. turn off the sewing machine and unplug the power supply cord. be sure to turn off the sewing machine in order to prevent the machine from accidentally being started. Foot controller CAUTION ● When connecting the foot controller. only) ● This appliance has a polarized plug (one blade wider than the other). ● A new sewing machine or one that has not been in use for a long period of time should be oiled as described on page 45. Do not modify the plug in any way. When you press the foot controller down lightly.A. 1 Slower Faster You should make sure that nothing is placed on the foot controller when the machine is not in use. If the plug does not fit fully in the outlet. this plug is intended to fit in a polarized outlet only one way.

SFB: XA5539-151). a Pre-tension disk b Bobbin winder shaft c Bobbin CAUTION ● Only use bobbins (part code: SA156. b Other models d and slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— THREADING THE MACHINE Winding the bobbin This section describes how to wind the thread onto the bobbin. Turn the bobbin clockwise.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model a then put a spool of thread on this pin. c the bobbin from the inside of the bobbin. and Put the bobbin onto the bobbin winder shaft Pass the thread around the pre-tension disk. Only use the bobbin that comes with this machine or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. 12 . If you use bobbins from other models. Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. Actual size 11. Using other bobbins may cause damage to the machine. the thread may tangle on the spool pin. CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is not in the right place. 1 Pulling it in as far as possible. ● We designed the bobbin that comes with this machine. the machine will not work properly. by hand. Pass the end of the thread through the hole on a Spring on the shaft b Groove of the bobbin e Turn on the sewing machine. SFB: XA5539-151) that have been designed for this sewing machine. until the spring on the shaft slides into the groove of the bobbin.

this is not a malfunction. breaking the needle and resulting in injury. gently j to the left and remove the bobbin. Then stop the machine. 13 . ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. slide the bobbin winder shaft around the bobbin a few times. 1 CAUTION g Trim the excess thread above the bobbin. ● The needle bar does not move when you slide the bobbin winding shaft to the right. take your foot off the foot When the bobbin seems full and begins controller. the machine will make a clicking sound. If you do not cut the thread completely. CAUTION ● Make sure you follow the instructions carefully. Memo ● When the sewing machine is started or the handwheel is turned after winding the thread around the bobbin. Cut the thread. i spinning slowly. when the thread runs low it may tangle around the bobbin and cause the needle to break. h 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 Press the foot controller to start. and the bobbin is wound.f press the foot controller to wind the thread While holding the end of the thread.

a Flat bed attachment b Shuttle cover 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 c toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model Other models a Bobbin case latch d from a full bobbin. • Only use bobbins that were designed to be used with this machine. 14 . CAUTION ● Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread unrolls in the right direction. the machine will not operate correctly. CAUTION ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. it may cause the thread tension to be incorrect or break the needle. SFB: XA5539-151). Open the shuttle cover behind the flat bed Lower threading Install the bobbin wound with thread. If bobbins from other models are used. you could be injured. Actual size 11. If you accidentally step on the foot controller and the machine starts to sew.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— b attachment at the front of the machine. If the thread unrolls in the wrong direction. CAUTION ● Make sure you turn the power off while threading the machine. breaking the needle and resulting in injury. ● The bobbin was designed specifically for this sewing machine. and then insert the bobbin Unwind about 10 cm (4 inches) of thread into the bobbin case. Use only the enclosed bobbin or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. a the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) Raise the needle to its highest position by turning and raise the presser foot lever.

down the delivery eye under the tension spring. until it enters Pull the trailing thread through the slot. it will fall out from the shuttle when the machine starts to sew. 1 a Tension spring f the bobbin case into the shuttle race. as shown below.e and to the left. a Bobbin case finger b Notch g Close the shuttle cover. • Make sure the bobbin case finger fits into the notch at the top of the shuttle race. 15 . CAUTION ● Make sure that the bobbin case is properly placed back into the machine. and then Hold the bobbin case by the latch. If it is incorrectly installed. fully insert release the latch.

a Upper tension control dial b Thread check spring 16 . a Presser foot lever e tension control dial from the right to the left Feed the upper thread through both thread Pull the thread down and around the upper so the thread picks up the thread check spring.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Upper threading Set the upper thread and thread the needle. then the front one. the thread could tangle and break the needle. a lever. a b c d Spool pin Thread guide (rear) Thread guide (front) Thread take-up lever CAUTION ● Make sure you thread the machine properly. Be sure to turn the handwheel before threading the sewing machine. d guides: the rear one first. the sewing machine can not be threaded. or is set incorrectly. and CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is in the wrong place. Raise the presser foot using the presser foot c then put a spool of thread on this pin. Raise the needle by turning the handwheel b toward you (counterclockwise) to raise the thread take-up lever to its highest position. Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. • If the needle is not correctly raised. the thread may tangle on the spool pin and cause the needle to break. Otherwise.

Guide the thread through the thread take-up a Needle bar thread guide i out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread.f pull it between the tension discs. Put the thread behind the needle bar thread The thread can easily be passed behind the needle bar thread guide by holding the thread in your left hand. Make sure you raise the presser foot lever and the thread take-up lever before you feed the upper thread. Thread the needle from front to back and pull a Thread take-up lever a 5 cm (2 inches) Note ● If the thread take-up lever is lowered. ● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may cause sewing problems. the upper thread cannot be wrapped around the thread take-up lever. then feeding the thread with your right hand. h guide above the needle. 17 . While holding the thread as shown below. 1 g lever from right to left.

turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). a Upper thread b raise the needle to its highest position by While holding the end of the upper thread. a Upper thread b Lower thread c thread. d threads and pull them toward the back of the Pull out about 15 cm (6 inches) of both machine under the presser foot.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Drawing up the lower thread a Lightly hold the end of the upper thread. Pull on the upper thread to draw up the lower a Upper thread b Lower thread 18 .

the thicker the needle. Thin linen. Suitings. Bent needles can easily break. your machine. Fine lace. regardless of the fabric being sewn. 19 . Corduroy. possibly resulting in injury. Sewing fabrics Very thin Fine tricot. Velvet. Linen. Gabardine. Duck 100/16 Medium weight Heavyweight Knits Single knit. Muslin Denim. ● Use a 90/14 to 100/16 needle with transparent nylon threads. Needle precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the handling of the needle. 1 CAUTION ● Only use home sewing machine needles. Use the same size thread for the upper (spool) and lower (bobbin) threads. ● Never use bent needles. and the larger the needle number.REPLACING THE NEEDLE This section provides information on sewing machine needles. Be sure to read and carefully follow the instructions below. Taffeta. ● Use the ball point needle when sewing on stretch fabrics or fabrics where skipped stitches easily occur. Use of any other needle may bend the needle or damage the machine. ● A 75/11 needle is already installed when the sewing machine is purchased. Pique. Silk. Failure to observe these precautions is extremely dangerous. Organza. Batiste Cotton. Percale. the thicker the thread.) Fine corduroy. Silk. Gingham. 90/14 (Ball point) Jersey. Double knit. Refer to the following table when choosing the thread and needle appropriate for the fabric that you wish to sew. 90/14 (Supplied with Lightweight wool. Satin. 75/11 Synthetics. Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types The sewing machine needle that should be used depends on the fabric and thread thickness. Tweed. Canvas. Poplin. Tricot Memo ● The smaller the thread number. Chiffon 65/9 Needle sizes Thread sizes Cotton: 80 Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Fine Mercerized Cotton Cotton: 60-80 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50 Cotton: 50-60 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50-60 Cotton: 40-50 Mercerized Heavy Duty Polyester Long Fiber Cotton Wrapped Polyester Polyester Long Fiber Lightweight Voile.

In addition. otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. Before using the needle. Do not use a bent needle. Use the screwdriver and a needle that has been determined to be straight according to the instructions in “Checking the needle” .KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— CAUTION ● The appropriate fabric. be sure to turn off the sewing machine. 1 a Flat surface ■ Incorrect needle If the distance between the needle and the flat surface is not even. CAUTION ● Before replacing the needle. If the combination of the fabric. the needle may bend or break. the needle is bent. Checking the needle Sewing with a bent needle is extremely dangerous since the needle may break while the machine is being operated. place the flat side of the needle on a flat surface and check that the distance between the needle and the flat surface is even. a Turn off the sewing machine. Replacing the needle Replace the needle as described below. the stitching may be uneven or puckered or there may be skipped stitches. b turning the handwheel toward you 1 2 Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). particularly when sewing thick fabrics (such as denim) with thin needles (such as 65/9 to 75/11). a Flat side b Needle type marking ■ Correct needle c Lower the presser foot lever. thread and needle combinations are shown in the table on the previous page. a Presser foot lever 1 a Flat surface 20 . thread and needle is not correct.

otherwise the needle may break or damage may result. and then screw counterclockwise to remove the needle. otherwise certain parts of the sewing machine may be damaged. (If the needle clamp screw is loosened too much. f use the screwdriver to tighten the needle While holding the needle with your left hand. slide the needle clamp screw is on the right side and the needle bar thread guide is at the bottom. do not loosen the needle clamp screw too much.d use a screwdriver to turn the needle clamp Hold the needle with your left hand. CAUTION ● Be sure to insert the needle until it touches the needle stopper and securely tighten the needle clamp screw with the screwdriver. ■ Installing the needle clamp If the needle clamp is removed. a the needle clamp onto the needle bar so that As seen from the front of the machine. Therefore. clamp screw by turning it clockwise. Note ● The needle can be removed by simply loosening the needle clamp screw about one turn. e rear of the machine.) 1 Install the twin needle in the same way. insert the needle until it With the flat side of the needle toward the touches the needle stopper. and then Align the bottom edge of the needle holder tighten the needle clamp screw. a Needle clamp screw b Needle bar thread guide c Needle bar b with the end of the needle bar. follow the procedure below to attach it to the needle bar. a Screwdriver b Needle clamp screw • Do not apply strong force when loosening or tightening the needle clamp screw. a Needle stopper a b c d Needle bar Needle holder Needle clamp screw Align 21 . the needle clamp (which holds the needle) may fall off.

and damage the machine. ● When changing the sewing direction. ■ Twin needle threading a Attach the twin needle in the same way as a Attach the twin needle. be sure to raise the needle before turning the fabric. thread guide. CAUTION ● Use only twin needles that have been made for this machine (part code: X57521-021).KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Sewing with a twin needle (Option) We have designed your machine so you can sew with the optional twin needle and two top threads. otherwise the needle may break or the machine may be damaged. 22 . ● When using the twin needle. Use the thread from the second spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the thread take-up lever is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). Use the thread from the first spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the needle bar thread guide is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). the needle may bend or break. ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. the machine. ● Do not sew with bent needles. Other needles could break. f Do not pass the thread behind the needle bar Thread the right needle from front to back. The needle could break and injure you. c Needle bar thread guide a First spool b Second spool c the machine to the needle bar thread guide. Put the second spool of thread onto the extra spool pin. e the machine to the thread take-up lever. a Left needle thread passes through the needle bar thread guide. If the needle hits the presser foot. You can use the same color or two different colors of thread for making decorative stitches. be sure to select an appropriate stitch (straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2). single needle (page 20). See page 16 for more details. See page 16 for more details. The stitches available for twin-needle sewing are straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2. the needle may bend or break. d Thread the left needle from front to back. b Put the extra spool pin in the hole on the top of Attach the extra spool pin. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. b Right needle thread passes in front of the needle bar thread guide.

the needle may strike the presser foot and bend or break. etc. I. Press the black button at the back of the If the sewing machine has been turned on. a turn it off. If you use the wrong presser foot. otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. ● Only use presser feet that have been designed to be used with this machine. c Raise the presser foot lever. 23 . d presser foot holder to release the presser foot. Using other any presser feet may cause an accident or injury. If you leave the power on and step on the controller. b turning the handwheel toward you e so that the presser foot pin is aligned with the Place a different presser foot below the holder shank in the holder. ● Always use the correct presser foot for the stitch pattern you have chosen. a Presser foot lever a Presser foot lever The presser foot is attached. Position the presser foot so the letter indicating the presser foot type (A. and may cause injury. Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). be sure to turn off the sewing machine. 1 Replacing the presser foot Replace the presser foot as described below. the machine will start and you may be injured. a Black button b Presser foot holder CAUTION ● Before replacing the presser foot.REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT CAUTION ● Always turn off the power before you change the presser foot.) is positioned to be read. a Presser foot holder b Shank c Pin f presser foot pin snaps into the shank in the Slowly lower the presser foot lever so that the presser foot holder.

the thread tension will be incorrect. such as the quilting foot. b holder screw. • For details. Raise the presser foot lever to check that the ■ Attaching the presser foot holder a left side of the presser bar. a Presser foot holder b Presser bar b your right hand. Align the presser foot holder with the lower- Removing the presser foot holder Remove the presser foot holder when cleaning the sewing machine or when installing a presser foot that does not use the presser foot holder. Use the screwdriver to loosen the presser foot a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw Note ● If the presser foot holder is not correctly installed. refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw 24 . Use the screwdriver to remove the presser foot holder. and then tighten the screw Hold the presser foot holder in place with using the screwdriver in your left hand. ■ Removing the presser foot holder a Remove the presser foot.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— g presser foot is securely attached.

● Do not pull or push the fabric too hard while sewing. For details on starting to sew. pay special attention to the needle location. Select the stitch appropriate for the area to be sewn. 4 Start sewing. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). 2 Select the stitch. otherwise the needle may break or bend. 1 Turn on the machine. Position the fabric. Before operating the sewing machine. refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). General sewing procedure Follow the basic procedures below to sew. When sewing is finished. keep your hands away from all moving parts such as the needle and handwheel. 25 . read the following precautions. 2 CAUTION ● While the machine is in operation. otherwise injuries may occur. ● Never use bent needles. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). Bent needles can easily break. Attach the presser foot appropriate for the stitch.2 SEWING BASICS SEWING Basic sewing operations are described below. cut the threads. For details on selecting a stitch. otherwise injuries may occur or the needle may break. possibly resulting in injuries. and then start sewing. Turn on the sewing machine. For details on turning on the machine. For details on replacing the presser foot. In addition. refer to “Power supply” (page 10). 3 Attach the presser foot. ● Make sure that the needle does not strike basting pins.

33. 40. 43 7 Straight stitch (Left needle position) Stretch blind Stitch 33 8 33 9 Shell tuck stitch 43 10 Elastic stitch 44 26 . 41 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Zigzag (satin) stitch 6 Straight stitch (Center needle position) Select the desired length. aPattern selection dial Number on dial Stitch name 4-step automatic buttonhole b Pattern ac d Page 1 36 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 32. 35. select the desired stitch.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Selecting stitching Turning the stitch selection dial in either direction.

Raise the presser foot lever. The machine stops sewing. c Raise the presser foot lever. The machine starts sewing. and then Place the fabric under the presser foot. turn the handwheel While holding the end of the thread and the Turn on the sewing machine. a Presser foot lever d the thread under the presser foot. 27 . h Take your foot off the foot controller. pass pull out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread toward the rear of the machine. i turning the handwheel toward you a 5 cm (2 inches) j Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). a Presser foot lever g Slowly press down on the foot controller. f Lower the presser foot lever.Starting to sew a e fabric with your left hand. toward you (counterclockwise) with your right hand to lower the needle to the starting point of the stitching. 2 b turning the handwheel toward you Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise).

■ Correct tension Correct tension is important as too much or too little tension will weaken your seams or cause puckers on your fabric. Note ● If the bobbin thread was incorrectly inserted. the upper thread may be too tight. ● We recommend you do a test sample on a scrap of fabric before you start to sew. You may need to adjust it when you change fabric or thread. In this case.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— k and then pass the threads through the thread Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. a while sewing. To sew forward. 1 2 3 a b c d Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever 4 ■ Upper tension is too tight Loops appear on the surface of the fabric. Thread tension The thread tension will affect the quality of your stitches. Memo ● Before beginning to change tension adjustments make sure the upper thread and bobbin are inserted correctly. a Thread cutter Sewing in reverse Reverse sewing is used to lock the threads at the end of the seam or wherever reinforcement is needed. b lever. 28 . cutter on the back of the presser foot bar to cut them. release the reverse sewing 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. refer to “Lower threading” (page 14) and reinsert the bobbin.

1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 4 2 2 3 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. Be sure not to turn the screw more than one full turn. Note ● The bobbin thread tension has been adjusted at the factory for general use. no adjustment is needed. In this case. Note ● If the upper thread was incorrectly threaded. refer to “Upper threading” (page 16) and rethread. For most sewing applications. 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number. ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops may appear on the surface of the fabric when sewing thin fabric with thin thread. be sure to return the screw to its original position before the next time that the machine is used. If the problem persists. increase the tension in the bobbin by turning the screw clockwise with a small screwdriver. 29 . In addition. the upper thread may be too loose.■ Upper tension is too loose Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric.

For the trial sewing. depending on the type of fabric and stitching being sewn. the desired results may not be achieved. When sewing along a curve while using a zigzag stitch. When the stitching reaches a corner. be sure to raise the needle before changing the sewing direction. and then slightly change the sewing direction to sew around the curve. Raise the presser foot lever. lower the needle by turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). Changing the sewing direction a sewing machine. Sewing thick fabrics ■ If the fabric does not fit under the presser foot If the fabric does not fit easily under the presser foot. Refer to these tips when sewing your project. raise the presser foot lever even higher to bring the presser foot to its highest position. If the needle was raised. Sewing curves Stop sewing. perform the trial sewing under the same conditions that will be used with your project.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— USEFUL SEWING TIPS Various ways to achieve better results for your sewing projects are described below. and check the thread tension and stitch length and width. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. Since the results differ depending on the type of stitching and the number of layers of fabric sewn. the needle may bend or break. CAUTION ● When using the twin needle. stop the Leave the needle lowered (in the fabric). use a piece of fabric and thread that are the same as those used for your project. the needle may bend or break. and then turn the b fabric. Trial sewing A trial piece of fabric should be sewn since. c sewing. 30 . select a shorter stitch length in order to obtain a finer stitch. Lower the presser foot lever and continue CAUTION ● If fabric more than 6 mm (15/64 inches) thick is sewn or if the fabric is pushed with too much force. Turn the fabric using the needle as a pivot.

the stitching may become misaligned or the fabric may not feed correctly. and then sew without stretching the fabric. When you have finished sewing. place thin paper or stabilizer material under the fabric and sew it together with the fabric. If this occurs. baste the pieces of fabric together. lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment toward you. 2 a Stabilizer material or paper Sewing stretch fabrics First.Sewing thin fabrics When sewing thin fabrics. a Basting Using a free-arm style Free-arm sewing is convenient for sewing tubular and hard-to-reach areas. tear off any excess paper. a Flat bed attachment 31 . and then pull the flat bed attachment out to remove it. To change your machine to the free-arm style.

Select the desired width.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— 3 UTILITY STITCHES USEFUL STITCHES Zigzag stitches You can use the zigzag stitches to join together seams and finish them in one operation. • For details. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). Memo ● When sewing with a zigzag stitch. cut the thread. Zigzag (satin) stitch a Select a stitch. d When sewing is finished. Overcasting and attaching appliqués. use straight stitches at the beginning and end of the zigzag stitch for reinforcement. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches. If the needle hits the presser foot. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). Stitch name Application c Start sawing. the needle may bend or break. Lower the needle into the fabric at the b beginning of the stitching. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). • For details. • For details. They are also useful for sewing stretch materials. 32 . CAUTION ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot.

sewing gathers or pintucks.Basic stitching Straight stitches are used for sewing plain seams. without the stitch showing. a b Baste or pin together the fabric pieces. like the hem of a pair of trousers. Attaching Straight stitch zippers. <Seen from the side> a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric 33 . basic (Center needle stitching. etc. Number on dial 8 Stitch name Stretch blind Stitch Application Blind hem stitching on stretch fabrics. d Lower the needle into the fabric at the Fold the fabric along the desired edge of the Start sewing. e When sewing is finished. a Right side of fabric b Bottom side b hem. • For details. • For details. Straight stitch (Left needle position) Basic stitching. c beginning of the stitching. cut the thread. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). 3 Select a stitch. • For details. etc. 7 a Reverse the skirt or pants. Two stitches are available for basic stitching. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Blind hem stitching You can use the Blind Hem Stitch to finish the edge of a project. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). and position) sewing gathers or darning. and press.

Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the and then start sewing. e fabric with the wrong side facing up.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— c (3/16 inches) from the edge of the fabric. <Seen from the side> a b c d Wrong side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Arm 34 . make sure that the fabric feeds correctly. refer to“Using a free-arm style” (page 31). and position the <Seen from the side> <Seen from the side> a b c d e d Wrong side of fabric Right side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting stitching 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Wrong side of fabric b Basting c Edge of fabric f Select the stretch blind stitch (8). and Use a chalk to mark on the fabric about 5 mm then baste it. Fold back the fabric inside along the basting. Unfold the edge of fabric. h arm. g free-arm sewing possible. Remove the flat bed attachment and make • For details on free-arm sewing.

Stop sewing when the portion to be darned is 35 . Darning Reinforce points that will be subject to strain. a shown below. For invisible stitching.i catches the fold of the hem. Place the fabric to be darned under the for reinforcement. make sure that both threads are the same color as the fabric. alternately drawing the Start sewing while gently moving the fabric fabric away and pulling it toward you. b Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Attaching Straight stitch zippers. e filled with parallel stitching. and then lower Position the fabric so that the needle slightly the presser foot lever. and position) sewing gathers or darning. basic (Center needle stitching. and then remove both the aNeedle bNeedle drop point cFold of hem dWrong side of fabric j Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly. etc. 3 Sew along the fold of the hem. c presser foot together with a fabric underlay a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric d with your hands. Remove the basting stitching and turn the k fabric right side up.

Step Step a (Front end of button hole) Step b (Left side) Sewn portion Use chalk to mark the position and length of 1 Step c (Back end of button hole) a Marks on fabric Step d (Right side) b outside frame back until the sliding insert Attach buttonhole foot “A” and push the reaches the front of the outside frame. Buttonholes are sewn from the front of the presser foot to the back. check the stitch length and width by sewing a trial buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric. a b c d Presser foot scale Pin Marks on buttonhole foot 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Mark on fabric b Red marks on the sliding insert e Start sewing. which is used for sewing buttonholes. Select stitch “a” of the 4-step automatic Making the buttonhole The names of parts of buttonhole foot “A”. place stabilizer material under the fablic. are indicated below. Pass the upper thread down through the hole in the presser foot. d that the middle of the front chalk line is Position the fabric under the presser foot so directly in the center of the presser foot and aligned with the two red lines on the insert.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— BUTTONHOLE SEWING Buttonholes can be sewn and buttons can be sewn on. Stitch name Application Memo ● Before sewing buttonholes. as shown below. Number on dial 1 4-step automatic buttonhole Buttonholes on medium weight fabrics. ● When sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics. a the buttonhole on the fabric. Sew 5 to 6 stitches. 36 . a Reinforcement stitching c buttonhole (1).

For reinforcement. remove the 37 . and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. do not place your hands in the cutting path. and then sew to the edge of the front bar tack. turn the fabric 90 degrees counterclockwise. and cut the thread. g buttonhole (1). p stitching to prevent the stitching from being Insert a pin at the end of the buttonhole cut. 3 Start sewing. select the straight stitch (6 through 10) with the desired length. k CAUTION ● When opening the buttonhole with the seam ripper. l side of the stitching. Select stitch “d” of the 4-step automatic n buttonhole until the needle reaches the Start sewing. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. m buttonhole (1). and then raise the needle by Stop sewing when the needle is at the left side turning the handwheel toward you. 1 a Seam ripper b Pin Select stitch “c” (same as “a”) of the 4-step j automatic buttonhole (1). and then use a seam ripper to cut towards the pin and open the buttonhole.f of the stitching. i side of the stitching. Do not use the seam ripper in any other way than how it is intended. Sew the right side of the stitching sewn in step e. o fabric. and then sew the length of the h chalk line. Select stitch “b” of the 4-step automatic 2 Start sewing. otherwise injuries may result if the seam ripper slips. Raise the presser foot lever. Sew 5 to 6 stitches.

a button to be attached. 38 .8 mm (3/16 inches) b ■ If the right side is too loose compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the direction.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Adjusting buitching stitching If the stitching on the two sides of the buttonhole is not uniform. the stitching can adjusted with the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw. c shown below. 3 or 4) according to the following table. and then sew them in the same way. Then. Number of dial 2 3 4 Attach the button sewing foot “M”. a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw Distance between holes 1. Place a button between the presser foot and • When attaching four-hole buttons. and then select the Measure the distance between the holes in the appropriate zigzag stitch (2.6 mm (1/16 inches) 3. slide the button so that the needle goes into the two holes toward the rear of the sewing machine. Place the darning plate on the needle plate as ■ If the right side is too tight compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the + direction. first sew the two holes closest to you. d the fabric. Buttons with 2 or with 4 holes can be attached. Button sewing Buttons can be sewn on with the sewing machine.2 mm (1/8 inches) 4.

f 3 Start sewing. • After sewing for about 10 seconds at a low speed. be sure that the needle does not touch the button. otherwise the needle may bend or break. If the needle hits the button. h stitching to the wrong side of the fabric. 39 . leaving a length of 15 cm (6 inches). and Pull the upper thread at the end of the then tie it with the bobbin thread. CAUTION ● When sewing. g and then cut the upper and lower threads. Use scissors to cut the upper thread and the bobbin thread at the beginning of the stitching.e (counterclockwise) to check that the needle Turn the handwheel toward you correctly goes into the two holes of the button. Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. return to step a. press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew a few reinforcement stitches.

Fold the edge of the fabric 2 cm (3/4 inches) c and place the zipper under the folded section. and can easily position it to the right or left side of the needle. the needle may break and you may be injured. When sewing the left side of the zipper. attach the shank to the right pin of the zipper foot. the needle will hit the presser foot and break the needle. The needle should be Sew from the bottom of the zipper toward the positioned on the zipper side of the foot for best results.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— ZIPPER INSERTION You can use the zipper foot “I” to sew different types of zippers. CAUTION ● Turn the handwheel by hand to make sure the needle does not hit the presser foot before you start sewing. a Zipper foot “I” b Right pin for sewing the left side of the zipper c Left pin for sewing the right side of the zipper a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). fit the zipper foot on the other side of the zipper and continue sewing using the other side notch. e the foot by pressing the button located at the To sew the opposite side of the zipper. When sewing the right side of the zipper. CAUTION ● Make sure the needle does not hit the zipper during sewing. release back of the presser foot. b left or right pin of the zipper foot onto the Lower the presser foot lever and fix either the shank. and position) sewing gathers or darning. Attaching Straight stitch zippers. attach the shank to the left pin of the zipper foot. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application d top on both sides. 40 . etc. If the needle hits the zipper. If you choose a different stitch. You may also be injured. Lower the needle into the notch located either on the left or right side of the zipper foot. basic (Center needle stitching.

e Remove the basting. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches. Monogramming and embroidering a shown below. Overcasting and attaching appliqués. as the needle can break. if necessary. monogramming and embroidering. d stitching. and then remove both the Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly.APPLIQUÉ. Select the desired width. Zigzag (satin) stitch Appliqués You can create an appliqué by cutting a different piece of fabric into a shape and using it as a decoration. You may also be injured. a b CAUTION ● Be careful that the needle does not hit a pin during sewing. 41 . MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING Zigzag stitches can be used for sewing appliqués. Cut away any fabric that is left outside the Select a stitch. Baste the cut design to the fabric. 3 Memo ● Make reinforcing straight stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. Stitch name Application c Carefully sew around the edge of the design.

42 . CAUTION ● Be sure to keep your fingers away from moving parts. i and sew a few stitches for reinforcing. ■ Monogramming Sew the lettering at a constant speed by moving the hoop slowly. ■ Embroidering Sew along the outline of the design by moving the hoop slowly. h Start sewing. g forefingers of both hands while pressing the Grip the hoop with the thumbs and Memo ● Be sure to keep the stitches close together. especially needles. Place the project under the needle and lower f at the starting position by turning the Draw up the lower thread through the project handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). c design (for embroidering) on the surface of Draw the lettering (for monogramming) or the fabric. fabric with the middle and third fingers. and support the outside of the hoop with your little fingers. When the hoop is moved slowly. Then. Select the desired length for straight stitch (6) Memo ● When the hoop is moved quickly.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— b Select a stitch. sew to completely fill in the design with stitches by alternately sewing from the outline of the design to the inside and from the inside to the outline. e the presser bar. the stitches are shorter. d the surface of the fabric facing up inside the Put the fabric in the embroidery hoop with well. the stitches are longer. and then sew a few stitches to reinforce the stitching.

• For details. d Smooth the gathers by ironing them. and then iron the tucks 43 . Unfold the fabric. Select the shell tuck stitch (9). Sew a single or multiple parallel rows of • Do not sew reverse stitches or cut the thread. refer to “Thread tension” (page 28). c stitches. c slightly off the edge of the fabric. Pull the bobbin threads to create gathers. Straight stitch basic stitching. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). and increase • For details. (Center needle and sewing position) gathers or darning.DECORATIVE STITCHING Various decorative stitches can be sewn with this sewing machine. Loosen the tension of the upper thread (to 3 b about 2). etc. Stitch name Application a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). Fold the fabric along the bias. Gathering Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Shell tuck stitching Number on dial 9 Shell tuck stitch Shell tuck stitching The gathers that look like shells are called “shell tucks”. They are used to decorate trims. Sew while making sure that the needle drops d down to one side. a Attaching zippers. the front of blouses or cuffs made of thin fabrics. b the thread tension.

Then. Memo ● Make reinforcing reverse stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. Select the elastic stitch (10). The elastic stitch can be used in 3 ways: mending. and then sew over the elastic tape while holding the tape both in front and behind the presser foot. sewing elastic or joining fabric. and then place them under the presser foot with the fabric edges under the center of the presser foot. sewing Elastic stitching elastic tape or joining fabric. ■ Joining fabric Put the edges of the two pieces of fabric together. ■ Mending Place the reinforcement fabric under the tear to be mended. Each is explained below.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Elastic stitching Number on dial 10 Stitch name Application Mending. start sewing the edges of the two fabrics together. and then sew over the tear. ■ Sewing elastic tape Place the elastic tape on the fabric. 44 .

oil every day. c Remove the face plate from the machine. Put 2 to 3 drops of oil at each of the points Be sure to wipe any excess oil off the machine. After oiling. If you use it more often.4 APPENDIX MAINTENANCE Simple sewing machine maintenance operations are described below. ● Do not apply too much oil as it may soil the thread and fabric. c at a fast speed without thread. ● Unplug the power supply cord before changing the bulb. b indicated below. 4 Loosen the face plate screw. run the machine for a short time Memo ● Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. 45 . ● Sewing machine oil is available at your local sewing machine dealer or service center. Oiling a Changing the bulb CAUTION Turn off the machine and unplug it. a b Turn off the machine and unplug it. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. Note ● Hold the face plate securely while removing or attaching it.

b then remove the presser foot and the needle. squeeze it out firmly. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. After cleaning it once with a wet cloth.APPENDIX d ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Replace the sewing light bulb. wipe it again with a dry cloth. Cleaning the shuttle race CAUTION ● Be sure to unplug the machine before cleaning it. a Retaining ring b Latch lever 46 . Raise the needle and the presser foot. Slide the latch levers out from the retaining CAUTION ● Unplug the power supply cord before cleaning the machine. and c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. Remove the flat bed attachment and open the Attach the face plate and fasten the screw d toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race. lightly soak a cloth in neutral detergent. a bulb b Loosen c Tighten e again. Cleaning the machine surface If the surface of the machine is dirty. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. and then wipe the surface of the machine. a Bobbin case latch e ring to remove it.

f and pulling it out. Attach the bobbin case. Use a brush to remove any accumulated lint driver and race body. Use a brush to clean the lint from the upper Reassemble the hook and the retaining ring. b then remove the presser foot and the needle. f screwdriver. Raise the needle and the presser foot. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. you may get an electric shock or be injured. and Remove the flat bed attachment and open the 4 Remove the needle plate by using a coin or d screwdriver to remove the screws. Clean the lint from the shuttle hook in the i same manner as described in step h. a Retaining ring b Driver c Race body h wipe the shuttle race in order to remove any Use a cloth dampened with machine oil to lint. Otherwise. the presser foot and Cleaning the feed dogs CAUTION ● Make sure you unplug the machine before you clean it. Remove the hook by grasping its center post k the needle before using the machine. c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. a Retaining ring b Hook c Hook center post g and thread from the retaining ring. Attach the needle plate by using a coin or a Retaining ring b Hook c Latch lever 47 . j and push the latch levers back into position. e part of the feed dogs and shuttle race body. hook.

damage may occur during shipping. In this case. pack it properly as described below. Note ● Remember to return the screw to its original setting before starting your next project. After you adjust the bobbin thread. the thread tension may not be adjusted adequately with the upper tension control dial. When sewing with thin thread on thin fabrics. IMPORTANT ● This packing material is designed to prevent damage in transit. the thread tension must be adjusted according to the procedure described below. no adjustment is needed. For most sewing applications. a Screw Bobbin case tension adjustment The bobbin thread tension has already been adjusted at the factory for general use. turn the screw clockwise. 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops appear on the surface of the fabric. Note ● If the loops still appear on the surface of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. being careful not to over-tighten the screw. When packing up the machine again. approximately 30-45 degrees to increase bobbin tension. Therefore.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Repacking the machine Keep the carton and packing materials for future use. 48 . If it is not packed properly. ● Save this packing material in case it is needed to transport this sewing machine. the bobbin thread may be too loose.

turn the screw counterclockwise being careful not to over-loosen the screw. approximately 30-45 degrees to decrease bobbin tension.■ Bobbin tension is too tight Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 2 3 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number. 4 a Screw 49 . Note ● If the loops still appear on the wrong side of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension. After you adjust the bobbin thread. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. the bobbin thread may be too tight. In this case.

contact your dealer or the nearest authorized service center. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. The needle is not appropriate for the thread you are using. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. The bobbin winder shaft is pushed to the right. Visit us at [http://solutions. Choose a needle that is appropriate for the type of stitch.brother. You are pulling the fabric too much. Replace the bobbin case. Lightly guide the fabric. – – page 12 Correct the upper threading. 41 page 28 – – The main power switch is turned off. The area around the hole in the nee. for example. Symptom Possible cause The machine is not plugged in. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched.) Replace the presser foot. check the following possible problems before requesting service. The sewing machine does not work. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Insert the needle properly. 50 . You have not used the right combination of fabric. the Brother Solutions Center offers the latest FAQs and troubleshooting tips. The presser foot you are using is not appropriate for the type of stitch that you want to sew. The needle is bent or blunt. Use the screwdriver to firmly tighten the screw. You have not inserted the needle properly. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The bobbin case is scratched. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. The thread is tangled. If the problem persists. Replace the needle.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— TROUBLESHOOTING If the machine stops operating correctly. Remove any knots or tangles. or the thread has come out of the guide above the needle. There are knots or tangles in the thread. Reference page 10 page 10 page 13 page 11 page 20 page 21 page 20 page 19 page 35. Loosen the upper thread tension. If you need additional help. thread and needle. How to put it right Plug the machine in. (for example. Remove the tangle thread. The needle clamp screw is loose. page 16 The upper thread breaks. 40. authorized service center. clean the shuttle race. in the shuttle race. Use the foot controller properly. 38. Loosen the upper thread tension. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. 36. The needle breaks. Move the bobbin winder shaft to the left. you have not fitted the spool properly. Turn on the main power switch. You have not used the foot controller properly. You can solve most problems by yourself. You have not threaded the upper thread properly.Replace the needle plate. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. – page 19 page 28 page 46 The upper thread tension is too tight. The upper thread tension is too tight.com]. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center.

Replace the presser foot. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. Replace the bobbin. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. or has a burr on it. The upper thread is too tight. The bobbin is scratched or does not turn smoothly. You have not used the right combination of fabric. You have not inserted the needle properly. Correctly install the bobbin thread. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The lower thread is tangled or breaks. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. Bobbin is set incorrectly. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. foot holder properly. Attach the presser-foot holder properly. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. The bobbin thread is incorrectly installed. The bobbin case is scratched. Insert the needle properly. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The upper thread breaks. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The thread is tangled. The thread is tangled on the wrong side of the fabric. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. How to put it right Replace the needle. authorised service center.Symptom Possible cause The needle is bent or blunt. The upper thread was not threaded correctly. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. Wind the bobbin thread properly. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. Remove the tangled thread and clean the shuttle race. Replace the bobbin case. Bobbin is set incorrectly. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. thread and needle. Reference page 20 page 20 – The area around the hole in the nee. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. – – page 12 page 12 – page 46 page 12 page 14 page 16 4 Correct the upper threading. page 16 page 12 page 19 page 24 page 28 page 12 page 14 page 14 51 . The thread ten.Replace the needle plate. Correct the upper threading. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. The thread tension is incorrect.You have not attached the pressersion is incorrect. Wind the bobbin thread properly.

thread and needle. Sew with stabiliser material under the fabric. thread and needle. page 33. page 45 The presser foot that you are using is not correct for the type of stitch. page 12 Insufficient oiling. in the shuttle race. Replace the needle. The stitch is not sewn correctly. Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. page 45 52 . Dust has accumulated under the needle plate or in the shuttle race. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. Remove the tangle thread. The thread is tangled. Replace the bobbin case. Change the sewing light bulb. There is a highpitched noise while sewing. The bobbin case is scratched. Remove the needle plate cover and clean the plate and the shuttle race. clean the shuttle race. Dust has built up in the feed dogs or in the shuttle race. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Insert the needle properly. 38. 47 page 46 page 16 – The fabric is wrinkled. The thread tension is incorrect. The thread tension is incorrect. The sewing light bulb does not come on. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Reference page 14. 16 – page 19 page 20 page 31 page 28 page 16 page 19 page 20 page 46. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. The thread is tangled. You have not used bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Stitches are skipped. 36. You have not used the right combination of fabric. thread and needle. You have not used the right combination of fabric. You have not used the right combination of fabric. Remove the tangle thread. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. How to put it right Thread the upper thread and wind the bobbin thread properly. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. Correct the upper threading. 41 page 28 page 46 page 19 page 46 The fabric does not feed. The needle is bent or blunt. Correct the upper threading. The needle is bent or blunt. the stitch is too thick. If you use it more often. Fit the spool properly. Clean the shuttle race. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. You have not fitted the spool properly. The sewing lamp is damaged. for example. oil every day. 40. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. in the shuttle race. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. If you are sewing thin fabric. clean the shuttle race. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. for example.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Symptom Possible cause You have not threaded the upper thread properly or fitted the bobbin properly. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. Replace the needle. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. You have not inserted the needle properly.

.......................................................................................................................... 41 zipper foot ...............................47 shuttle race cleaning ..............................9 appliqués ................................................43 shuttle hook removal ...............38 buttonhole foot .............................................................................. 19 repacking .... 44 M main parts ......45 overcasting stitches ........................................10 monogramming ............ 41 S satin stitching ............................................................... 8.........33 bobbin .............................................. 30 troubleshooting ............35 E embroidering ......................................................................................................... 22 upper tension-control dial ............................................................. 31 B basic stitching .......................8 needle clamp screw .......................................... 12 P R relative chart of sewing fabrics...... 47 O oiling ............. 48 upper threading ................................................................................................8............................................................28...................................................................... 21........................... 8.............................................. 29................................................................................... 28 thread guide ....................................................................6 main power switch ..........................32 pattern selection dial ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 19 needle bar thread guide ........................................................................12................................INDEX A accessories .........40 zipper insertion ....................... 22 feed dogs ..................................... 28 53 ....... 24 presser foot lever ...................8...... 48 reverse sewing lever ..................................................................... 31 foot controller ......................... 31 F U W winding the bobbin ............. 16 straight stitch ................................................................................................ 28 trial sewing ......12 zigzag stitches ....... 46 D darning .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 41 N needle ..............30........................33 stretch blind stitch .........................................................47 spool pin .................................... 40 G gathering ...................................................... 26 presser foot ...........31 thread cutter .. needles and threads .............................. 23 presser foot holder .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................32 seam ripper ..................... 14 bobbin winder ........................................................... 32....................................................................................................................... 21 needle plate .............................................................................36 T thick fabrics ............ 37 sewing machine needles .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 43 Z H handwheel ................... 7 J joining ...................................... 7............................................ 41 extra spool pin ............................................................................................................................27 free-arm style ..........................................6....................33 stretch fabrics ....................8.....................................................................................................................19 shell tuck stitching ................... 12 button sewing .............33 blind hem stitching .................. 16 thread tension .................. 16 pre-tension disk ....... 47 flat bed attachment ...........................................................36 buttonhole sewing ...............8...............30 thin fabrics ........................... 50 twin needle ..... 14 bobbin case ...................................................................16 C cleaning ......

English XE4592-001 Printed in China .