KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE

SEWING BASICS

UTILITY STITCHES

APPENDIX

Basic Sewing and Mending Machine

Operation Manual
Please visit us at http://solutions.brother.com where you can get product support and answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs).

“IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS”
When using the sewing machine, basic safety precautions should always be followed, including the following: “Read all instructions before using.”

DANGER – To reduce the risk of electric shock:
1. The sewing machine should never be left unattended when plugged in. Always unplug this sewing machine from the electrical outlet immediately after using and before cleaning. 2. Always unplug before changing the light bulb. Replace bulb with same type rated 15 watts.

WARNING – To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or injury to persons: 1. Do not allow this machine to be used as a toy. Close attention is necessary when the sewing machine is used by or near children. 2. Use this sewing machine only for its intended use as described in this manual. Use only accessories recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual. 3. Never operate this sewing machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has been dropped or damaged, or dropped into water. Return the sewing machine to the nearest authorized dealer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment. 4. Never operate the sewing machine with any of the air openings blocked. Keep the ventilation openings of the sewing machine and foot controller free from the accumulation of lint, dust and loose cloth. 5. Never drop or insert any object into any openings. 6. Do not use this machine outdoors. 7. Do not operate this machine where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being administered. 8. To disconnect, turn the main switch to the symbol “O” position which represents off, then remove plug from outlet. 9. Do not unplug by pulling on the cord. To unplug, grasp the plug and pull, not the cord. 10. Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the sewing machine needle. 11. Always use the proper needle plate. The wrong plate can cause the needle to break. 12. Do not use a bent needle. 13. Do not pull or push the fabric while stitching. It may deflect the needle causing it to break. 14. Switch the sewing machine to the off, symbol “O” position when making any adjustments in the needle area, such as threading the needle, changing the needle, threading the bobbin, or changing the presser foot. 15. Always unplug the sewing machine from the electrical outlet when removing covers, lubricating, or when making any other user service adjustments mentioned in this instruction manual. 16. This sewing machine is not intended for use by young children or impaired persons without supervision. 17. Young children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with this sewing machine. “SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS” “This sewing machine is intended for household use.”

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FOR USERS IN THE UK, EIRE, MALTA AND CYPRUS ONLY
If this machine is fitted with a three-pin non-rewireable BS plug then please read the following.

IMPORTANT
If the available socket outlet is not suitable for the plug supplied with this equipment, it should be cut off and an appropriate three-pin plug fitted. With alternative plugs an approved fuse must be fitted in the plug. NOTE The plug served from the main lead must be destroyed as a plug with bared flexible cords is hazardous if engaged in a live socket outlet. In the event of replacing the plug fuse, use a fuse approved by ASTA to BS 1362, i.e. carrying the mark, rating as marked on plug. Always replace the fuse cover, never use plugs with the fuse cover omitted. WARNING DO NOT CONNECT EITHER WIRE TO THE EARTH TERMINAL WHICH IS MARKED WITH THE LETTER ‘E’, BY THE EARTH SYMBOL OR COLOURED GREEN OR GREEN AND YELLOW. The wires in this main lead are coloured in accordance with the following code: Blue Brown Neutral Live

As the colours of the wiring in the main lead of this appliance may not correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals in your plug, proceed as follows. The wire which is coloured blue must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘N’ or coloured black or blue. The wire which is coloured brown must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘L’ or coloured red or brown.

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CONGRATULATIONS ON CHOOSING OUR MACHINE
To fully enjoy all the features, we suggest that you study the manual before using the machine.

PLEASE READ BEFORE USING THIS MACHINE
For safe operation 1. Be sure to keep your eye on the needle while sewing. Do not touch the handwheel, thread takeup lever, needle, or other moving parts. 2. Remember to turn off the power switch and unplug the cord when: • Operation is completed • Replacing or removing the needle or any other parts • A power failure occurs during use • Maintaining the machine • Leaving the machine unattended 3. Do not store anything on the foot controller. 4. Plug the machine directly into the wall. Do not use extension cords. For a longer service life 1. When storing this machine, avoid direct sunlight and high humidity locations. Do not use or store the machine near a space heater, iron, halogen lamp, or other hot objects. 2. Use only neutral soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders can damage the case and machine, and should never be used. 3. Do not drop or hit the machine. 4. Always consult the operation manual when replacing or installing any assemblies, the presser feet, needle, or other parts to assure correct installation. For repair or adjustment In the event a malfunction occurs or adjustment is required, first follow the troubleshooting table in the back of the operation manual to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem persists, please consult your local authorized Brother dealer. For additional product information and updates, visit our web site at www.brother.com The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.

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.......................................................................................................................................................................................36 Making the buttonhole .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8 Flat bed attachment ........................................................ 8 ACCESSORIES .........—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— CONTENTS 1.......................................................................... 28 USEFUL SEWING TIPS ..................................................................................................................... 31 Sewing stretch fabrics .......... 30 Sewing thick fabrics ................................ 27 Sewing in reverse .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................19 Needle precautions ...................................................................................................................................... 20 Replacing the needle ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 Power supply precautions ... 16 Drawing up the lower thread ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 25 Selecting stitching ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... UTILITY STITCHES ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 38 Button sewing .................................................6 NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS .................. 24 2............................................................................................................................................ 18 REPLACING THE NEEDLE .............................. 31 Using a free-arm style ............................................................................................................................................................................ 26 Starting to sew ....................... 32 Basic stitching ................23 Replacing the presser foot ......................... 33 Blind hem stitching ..............................................................................32 USEFUL STITCHES ................................................................................................................................................. 6 Needle and presser foot section .....12 Winding the bobbin ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 14 Upper threading ............... 23 Removing the presser foot holder ....................................................................................................................... 19 Checking the needle ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 20 Sewing with a twin needle (Option) .........................25 SEWING ................................................................................... 28 Thread tension ........................ 33 Darning ............................................................................................................................................................................. 30 Trial sewing .................................................................................................. 22 REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT ............................................................................................................................................................. 6 The main parts ............................................................................................................................................................... KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 30 Changing the sewing direction .......................................................................................... 31 3............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 30 Sewing thin fabrics .........................................9 USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ................... 35 BUTTONHOLE SEWING ... 10 Foot controller ......................................................... 19 Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types .......................................................................................25 General sewing procedure ........ 11 Steadying the machine ..................................................... 11 THREADING THE MACHINE .............................................. 36 Adjusting buitching stitching ................................................................................... 30 Sewing curves . 38 4 ....... 32 Zigzag stitches ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 12 Lower threading ............................................................................................................................................................................ SEWING BASICS .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 10 Power supply ........................

.......... 45 Cleaning the machine surface ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ZIPPER INSERTION ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................43 Gathering ..................................................................................................................................................... 41 Monogramming and embroidering ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 41 Appliqués ...................... APPENDIX ........ 43 Shell tuck stitching .................45 Oiling .......................................................................................................................... 48 TROUBLESHOOTING .................45 MAINTENANCE ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 44 4....................................................................................................................................................................... 40 APPLIQUÉ............................................ 46 Cleaning the shuttle race ................................................................... MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING ...................... 43 Elastic stitching ..... 47 Repacking the machine ............................................................................................................................................................................. 41 DECORATIVE STITCHING ........... 53 5 .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 45 Changing the bulb .. 46 Cleaning the feed dogs ........................................................ 48 Bobbin case tension adjustment .....................50 INDEX ..........................................................

6 .KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— 1 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS The main parts a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw (page 38) Turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw to adjust buttonhole stitching when it is not uniform. c Thread take-up lever (page 16) d Upper tension control dial (page 28) This controls the tension of the upper thread. b Pattern selection dial (page 26) Turn the pattern selection dial to select the number of the stitch that you want to use. e Flat bed attachment with accessory storage (page 8 and 31) f Reverse sewing lever (page 28) Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew in the opposite direction.

XC7359-021 (110/120V Area). j Handwheel Use the handwheel to manually raise and lower the needle. p Foot controller (page 11) Use the foot controller to control the sewing speed and to start and stop sewing. i Bobbin winder (page 12) The bobbin winder winds thread onto the bobbin for use as the lower thread. XC7456-321 (U. n Presser foot lever (page 16) Use the presser foot lever to raise and lower the presser foot. l Foot controller jack/jack Insert the foot controller plug into the foot controller jack. which also supplies power to this machine. Part code. m Thread cutter (page 28) Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them. o Bobbin winding pre-tension disc/thread guide (page 12 and 16) The thread guide/bobbin winding pre-tension disc is used when winding the thread onto the bobbin and threading the machine. XC7438-321 (220/240V Area). XD0852-021 (Korea). XC7438-321 (Russia) 7 .K. k Main power/sewing light switch (page 10) Use this switch to turn on and off the main power and sewing light. New Zealand). XE0629-001 (Australia.1 g Built-in handle h Spool pin (page 12 and 16) The spool pin holds the spool of thread.).

and then pull the flat bed Lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment attachment out to remove it. e Needle plate The needle plate is marked with guides for sewing straight seams. a Flat bed attachment b Storage compartment a Presser foot holder assembly The presser foot is installed onto the presser foot holder assembly. f Shuttle hook g Shuttle cover Open the shuttle cover to set the bobbin. c Presser foot (Zigzag) The presser foot applies pressure consistently on the fabric as the sewing takes place. they may fall out. If the accessories are not in a bag. h Bobbin case i Needle j Needle bar thread guide k Needle clamp screw Use the needle clamp screw to hold the needle in place. Note ● Put the accessories in the bag. and then store the bag inside the compartment.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Needle and presser foot section Flat bed attachment The accessories are stored in a compartment inside the flat bed attachment. b Presser foot screw Use the presser foot screw to hold the presser foot holder assembly in place. Attach the appropriate presser foot for the selected stitching. 8 . d Feed dogs The feed dogs feed the fabric in the sewing direction. and be lost or damaged. a toward you.

S. N This foot controller can be used on the following machine models: LS-2220/2720/1520/2125/2125i. We have designed these accessories to help you be able to carry out most sewing tasks. No. 75/11 1 needle 90/14 1 needle 100/16 1 needle 7. (Part code: 132730-122) ● A replacement for the factory-installed presser foot is available through your authorized dealer.S. only) ● Foot controller: Model KD-1902. 5. 1 2 3 4 Part Name Buttonhole foot “A” Zipper foot “I” Button sewing foot “M” Darning plate Part Code U. 1 Note (For U. (Part number: 138135-122) 1.A. 8. / Canada Others X59369-321 X59370-021 XE2137-001 XA3442-121 No.ACCESSORIES The following accessories are stored in the flat bed attachment.S. 2. ● The screw of the presser foot holder is available through your authorized dealer. / Canada Others XA5539-151 SA156 129583-021 X55467-021 130920-021 9 .A. 4. 5 6 7 8 Part Name Bobbin (3) Needle set Screwdriver Extra spool pin Part Code U. 6.A. 3.

insert the power supply plug into a wall outlet. located supply plug on the cord. ● Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time. Otherwise a fire may result. ● Do not touch the plug with wet hands. Then. WARNING ● Use only regular household electricity for the power source. always turn off the main power first. or damage to the machine. The sewing lamp comes on when the machine is turned on. Using other power sources may result in fire. Electric shock may result. take the machine to your authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use. modified. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord. pulled. or lead to fire or electric shock. or bundled. into the jack on the machine. These things may damage the cord and cause fire or electric shock. damaged. Insert the foot controller plug. If the cord or plug is damaged. ● When unplugging the machine. forcefully bent. Do not place heavy objects on the cord. ● Do not allow the power cord to be cut. Always grasp the plug to remove it from the outlet.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE Power supply precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the power supply. Do not subject the cord to heat. Fire or electric shock may result. a Foot controller plug 10 . ● Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances: • When you are away from the machine • After using the machine • When the power fails during use • When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection • During electrical storms CAUTION ● Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to them. electric shock. Power supply a between the foot controller and the power b Set the main power switch to “I”. twisted.

this plug is intended to fit in a polarized outlet only one way. CAUTION ● Do not allow pieces of cloth and dust to build up on the foot controller. the machine’s speed will increase. set the main power ”. be sure to turn off the sewing machine in order to prevent the machine from accidentally being started.c switch to “ To turn off the machine. The sewing lamp goes off when the machine is turned off. When you press harder. If it still does not fit. 1 Slower Faster You should make sure that nothing is placed on the foot controller when the machine is not in use. only) ● This appliance has a polarized plug (one blade wider than the other). the machine will run at a low speed. be sure to wipe off any excess oil. After oiling. Doing so could cause a fire or an electric shock. the machine will stop.A. follow the necessary procedure to correctly operate the machine. ● A new sewing machine or one that has not been in use for a long period of time should be oiled as described on page 45. When restarting the sewing machine. When you press the foot controller down lightly. reverse the plug. Do not modify the plug in any way. turn off the sewing machine and unplug the power supply cord. If the plug does not fit fully in the outlet.S. To reduce the risk of electric shock. When you take your foot off the foot controller. Steadying the machine If the sewing machine has been placed on an uneven surface. Note ● If a power outage occurs while the sewing machine is being operated. (For U. 11 . contact a qualified electrician to install the proper outlet. turn the rubber cushion in the right-front corner of the base plate to adjust its height until the sewing machine is stable. Foot controller CAUTION ● When connecting the foot controller.

KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— THREADING THE MACHINE Winding the bobbin This section describes how to wind the thread onto the bobbin. ● We designed the bobbin that comes with this machine. If you use bobbins from other models. 1 Pulling it in as far as possible. CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is not in the right place. and Put the bobbin onto the bobbin winder shaft Pass the thread around the pre-tension disk. Turn the bobbin clockwise. the thread may tangle on the spool pin. c the bobbin from the inside of the bobbin. Using other bobbins may cause damage to the machine. Actual size 11. by hand. until the spring on the shaft slides into the groove of the bobbin. 12 . Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. b Other models d and slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right. Pass the end of the thread through the hole on a Spring on the shaft b Groove of the bobbin e Turn on the sewing machine. SFB: XA5539-151). Only use the bobbin that comes with this machine or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. SFB: XA5539-151) that have been designed for this sewing machine. the machine will not work properly. a Pre-tension disk b Bobbin winder shaft c Bobbin CAUTION ● Only use bobbins (part code: SA156.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model a then put a spool of thread on this pin.

slide the bobbin winder shaft around the bobbin a few times. take your foot off the foot When the bobbin seems full and begins controller. 1 CAUTION g Trim the excess thread above the bobbin. ● The needle bar does not move when you slide the bobbin winding shaft to the right. Then stop the machine. breaking the needle and resulting in injury. 13 . CAUTION ● Make sure you follow the instructions carefully. Cut the thread. and the bobbin is wound. Memo ● When the sewing machine is started or the handwheel is turned after winding the thread around the bobbin. i spinning slowly. when the thread runs low it may tangle around the bobbin and cause the needle to break.f press the foot controller to wind the thread While holding the end of the thread. If you do not cut the thread completely. the machine will make a clicking sound. ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. this is not a malfunction. h 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 Press the foot controller to start. gently j to the left and remove the bobbin.

KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— b attachment at the front of the machine. CAUTION ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. If you accidentally step on the foot controller and the machine starts to sew. SFB: XA5539-151). ● The bobbin was designed specifically for this sewing machine. Open the shuttle cover behind the flat bed Lower threading Install the bobbin wound with thread. If bobbins from other models are used. CAUTION ● Make sure you turn the power off while threading the machine. Actual size 11. If the thread unrolls in the wrong direction. a the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) Raise the needle to its highest position by turning and raise the presser foot lever. • Only use bobbins that were designed to be used with this machine. breaking the needle and resulting in injury. Use only the enclosed bobbin or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. the machine will not operate correctly. CAUTION ● Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread unrolls in the right direction. you could be injured. and then insert the bobbin Unwind about 10 cm (4 inches) of thread into the bobbin case. 14 . a Flat bed attachment b Shuttle cover 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 c toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model Other models a Bobbin case latch d from a full bobbin. it may cause the thread tension to be incorrect or break the needle.

as shown below. down the delivery eye under the tension spring. until it enters Pull the trailing thread through the slot. and then Hold the bobbin case by the latch. a Bobbin case finger b Notch g Close the shuttle cover. 15 . it will fall out from the shuttle when the machine starts to sew. If it is incorrectly installed. fully insert release the latch.e and to the left. 1 a Tension spring f the bobbin case into the shuttle race. CAUTION ● Make sure that the bobbin case is properly placed back into the machine. • Make sure the bobbin case finger fits into the notch at the top of the shuttle race.

or is set incorrectly. d guides: the rear one first. Be sure to turn the handwheel before threading the sewing machine.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Upper threading Set the upper thread and thread the needle. a b c d Spool pin Thread guide (rear) Thread guide (front) Thread take-up lever CAUTION ● Make sure you thread the machine properly. the sewing machine can not be threaded. a Presser foot lever e tension control dial from the right to the left Feed the upper thread through both thread Pull the thread down and around the upper so the thread picks up the thread check spring. the thread could tangle and break the needle. Raise the needle by turning the handwheel b toward you (counterclockwise) to raise the thread take-up lever to its highest position. • If the needle is not correctly raised. then the front one. a Upper tension control dial b Thread check spring 16 . Raise the presser foot using the presser foot c then put a spool of thread on this pin. a lever. the thread may tangle on the spool pin and cause the needle to break. Otherwise. Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. and CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is in the wrong place.

h guide above the needle. then feeding the thread with your right hand. Guide the thread through the thread take-up a Needle bar thread guide i out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread. 17 . the upper thread cannot be wrapped around the thread take-up lever.f pull it between the tension discs. Make sure you raise the presser foot lever and the thread take-up lever before you feed the upper thread. Thread the needle from front to back and pull a Thread take-up lever a 5 cm (2 inches) Note ● If the thread take-up lever is lowered. While holding the thread as shown below. ● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may cause sewing problems. Put the thread behind the needle bar thread The thread can easily be passed behind the needle bar thread guide by holding the thread in your left hand. 1 g lever from right to left.

KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Drawing up the lower thread a Lightly hold the end of the upper thread. Pull on the upper thread to draw up the lower a Upper thread b Lower thread 18 . turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). d threads and pull them toward the back of the Pull out about 15 cm (6 inches) of both machine under the presser foot. a Upper thread b raise the needle to its highest position by While holding the end of the upper thread. a Upper thread b Lower thread c thread.

Muslin Denim. Pique. Double knit. Bent needles can easily break. Poplin. Use the same size thread for the upper (spool) and lower (bobbin) threads. Sewing fabrics Very thin Fine tricot. and the larger the needle number. Suitings.REPLACING THE NEEDLE This section provides information on sewing machine needles. regardless of the fabric being sewn. Batiste Cotton. Taffeta. Be sure to read and carefully follow the instructions below. Velvet. Duck 100/16 Medium weight Heavyweight Knits Single knit. 19 . ● Use the ball point needle when sewing on stretch fabrics or fabrics where skipped stitches easily occur. Silk. 90/14 (Supplied with Lightweight wool. Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types The sewing machine needle that should be used depends on the fabric and thread thickness. 90/14 (Ball point) Jersey. 1 CAUTION ● Only use home sewing machine needles. ● Use a 90/14 to 100/16 needle with transparent nylon threads. Corduroy. ● Never use bent needles. Needle precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the handling of the needle. Tricot Memo ● The smaller the thread number. Percale. Silk. Fine lace. the thicker the needle. Canvas. ● A 75/11 needle is already installed when the sewing machine is purchased. Organza. Refer to the following table when choosing the thread and needle appropriate for the fabric that you wish to sew. possibly resulting in injury.) Fine corduroy. Chiffon 65/9 Needle sizes Thread sizes Cotton: 80 Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Fine Mercerized Cotton Cotton: 60-80 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50 Cotton: 50-60 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50-60 Cotton: 40-50 Mercerized Heavy Duty Polyester Long Fiber Cotton Wrapped Polyester Polyester Long Fiber Lightweight Voile. Use of any other needle may bend the needle or damage the machine. Thin linen. Tweed. 75/11 Synthetics. Satin. Failure to observe these precautions is extremely dangerous. Gabardine. your machine. the thicker the thread. Gingham. Linen.

a Presser foot lever 1 a Flat surface 20 . CAUTION ● Before replacing the needle. b turning the handwheel toward you 1 2 Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). be sure to turn off the sewing machine. 1 a Flat surface ■ Incorrect needle If the distance between the needle and the flat surface is not even. thread and needle is not correct. the stitching may be uneven or puckered or there may be skipped stitches. Do not use a bent needle. Use the screwdriver and a needle that has been determined to be straight according to the instructions in “Checking the needle” . place the flat side of the needle on a flat surface and check that the distance between the needle and the flat surface is even. a Turn off the sewing machine.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— CAUTION ● The appropriate fabric. In addition. Checking the needle Sewing with a bent needle is extremely dangerous since the needle may break while the machine is being operated. thread and needle combinations are shown in the table on the previous page. particularly when sewing thick fabrics (such as denim) with thin needles (such as 65/9 to 75/11). the needle may bend or break. a Flat side b Needle type marking ■ Correct needle c Lower the presser foot lever. Replacing the needle Replace the needle as described below. the needle is bent. If the combination of the fabric. otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. Before using the needle.

and then Align the bottom edge of the needle holder tighten the needle clamp screw. the needle clamp (which holds the needle) may fall off. otherwise the needle may break or damage may result. insert the needle until it With the flat side of the needle toward the touches the needle stopper. clamp screw by turning it clockwise. CAUTION ● Be sure to insert the needle until it touches the needle stopper and securely tighten the needle clamp screw with the screwdriver. a the needle clamp onto the needle bar so that As seen from the front of the machine. Note ● The needle can be removed by simply loosening the needle clamp screw about one turn. follow the procedure below to attach it to the needle bar. ■ Installing the needle clamp If the needle clamp is removed.d use a screwdriver to turn the needle clamp Hold the needle with your left hand. slide the needle clamp screw is on the right side and the needle bar thread guide is at the bottom.) 1 Install the twin needle in the same way. f use the screwdriver to tighten the needle While holding the needle with your left hand. e rear of the machine. otherwise certain parts of the sewing machine may be damaged. do not loosen the needle clamp screw too much. and then screw counterclockwise to remove the needle. (If the needle clamp screw is loosened too much. a Needle stopper a b c d Needle bar Needle holder Needle clamp screw Align 21 . Therefore. a Needle clamp screw b Needle bar thread guide c Needle bar b with the end of the needle bar. a Screwdriver b Needle clamp screw • Do not apply strong force when loosening or tightening the needle clamp screw.

See page 16 for more details. Use the thread from the second spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the thread take-up lever is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). otherwise the needle may break or the machine may be damaged. e the machine to the thread take-up lever. The needle could break and injure you. the needle may bend or break. b Put the extra spool pin in the hole on the top of Attach the extra spool pin. ● When using the twin needle. The stitches available for twin-needle sewing are straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2. If the needle hits the presser foot. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. be sure to select an appropriate stitch (straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2). Use the thread from the first spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the needle bar thread guide is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). See page 16 for more details. b Right needle thread passes in front of the needle bar thread guide. the needle may bend or break. CAUTION ● Use only twin needles that have been made for this machine (part code: X57521-021). ● Do not sew with bent needles. thread guide. c Needle bar thread guide a First spool b Second spool c the machine to the needle bar thread guide. Other needles could break. f Do not pass the thread behind the needle bar Thread the right needle from front to back. single needle (page 20).KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Sewing with a twin needle (Option) We have designed your machine so you can sew with the optional twin needle and two top threads. the machine. ● When changing the sewing direction. ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. a Left needle thread passes through the needle bar thread guide. d Thread the left needle from front to back. Put the second spool of thread onto the extra spool pin. ■ Twin needle threading a Attach the twin needle in the same way as a Attach the twin needle. 22 . be sure to raise the needle before turning the fabric. and damage the machine. You can use the same color or two different colors of thread for making decorative stitches.

c Raise the presser foot lever. d presser foot holder to release the presser foot. Press the black button at the back of the If the sewing machine has been turned on. otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. and may cause injury. Using other any presser feet may cause an accident or injury. a turn it off. If you leave the power on and step on the controller. I. be sure to turn off the sewing machine. Position the presser foot so the letter indicating the presser foot type (A.REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT CAUTION ● Always turn off the power before you change the presser foot. a Presser foot lever a Presser foot lever The presser foot is attached. ● Only use presser feet that have been designed to be used with this machine. If you use the wrong presser foot. a Black button b Presser foot holder CAUTION ● Before replacing the presser foot. the machine will start and you may be injured. a Presser foot holder b Shank c Pin f presser foot pin snaps into the shank in the Slowly lower the presser foot lever so that the presser foot holder. 1 Replacing the presser foot Replace the presser foot as described below. Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). 23 .) is positioned to be read. the needle may strike the presser foot and bend or break. etc. b turning the handwheel toward you e so that the presser foot pin is aligned with the Place a different presser foot below the holder shank in the holder. ● Always use the correct presser foot for the stitch pattern you have chosen.

KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— g presser foot is securely attached. the thread tension will be incorrect. Raise the presser foot lever to check that the ■ Attaching the presser foot holder a left side of the presser bar. Use the screwdriver to loosen the presser foot a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw Note ● If the presser foot holder is not correctly installed. ■ Removing the presser foot holder a Remove the presser foot. refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). such as the quilting foot. • For details. a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw 24 . a Presser foot holder b Presser bar b your right hand. b holder screw. Align the presser foot holder with the lower- Removing the presser foot holder Remove the presser foot holder when cleaning the sewing machine or when installing a presser foot that does not use the presser foot holder. and then tighten the screw Hold the presser foot holder in place with using the screwdriver in your left hand. Use the screwdriver to remove the presser foot holder.

and then start sewing. 3 Attach the presser foot. pay special attention to the needle location. General sewing procedure Follow the basic procedures below to sew. refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). ● Make sure that the needle does not strike basting pins. In addition. For details on starting to sew. Attach the presser foot appropriate for the stitch. ● Do not pull or push the fabric too hard while sewing. 2 CAUTION ● While the machine is in operation. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). When sewing is finished. otherwise injuries may occur or the needle may break. Turn on the sewing machine. For details on replacing the presser foot. keep your hands away from all moving parts such as the needle and handwheel. For details on turning on the machine.2 SEWING BASICS SEWING Basic sewing operations are described below. read the following precautions. Position the fabric. 4 Start sewing. Bent needles can easily break. ● Never use bent needles. Select the stitch appropriate for the area to be sewn. 25 . Before operating the sewing machine. otherwise the needle may break or bend. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). 1 Turn on the machine. 2 Select the stitch. cut the threads. refer to “Power supply” (page 10). For details on selecting a stitch. possibly resulting in injuries. otherwise injuries may occur.

33.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Selecting stitching Turning the stitch selection dial in either direction. 43 7 Straight stitch (Left needle position) Stretch blind Stitch 33 8 33 9 Shell tuck stitch 43 10 Elastic stitch 44 26 . 41 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Zigzag (satin) stitch 6 Straight stitch (Center needle position) Select the desired length. 40. 35. aPattern selection dial Number on dial Stitch name 4-step automatic buttonhole b Pattern ac d Page 1 36 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 32. select the desired stitch.

and then Place the fabric under the presser foot. c Raise the presser foot lever. i turning the handwheel toward you a 5 cm (2 inches) j Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). toward you (counterclockwise) with your right hand to lower the needle to the starting point of the stitching. h Take your foot off the foot controller. The machine starts sewing. turn the handwheel While holding the end of the thread and the Turn on the sewing machine. 2 b turning the handwheel toward you Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). 27 . pass pull out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread toward the rear of the machine. Raise the presser foot lever. f Lower the presser foot lever. a Presser foot lever d the thread under the presser foot.Starting to sew a e fabric with your left hand. The machine stops sewing. a Presser foot lever g Slowly press down on the foot controller.

■ Correct tension Correct tension is important as too much or too little tension will weaken your seams or cause puckers on your fabric.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— k and then pass the threads through the thread Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. 28 . refer to “Lower threading” (page 14) and reinsert the bobbin. release the reverse sewing 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. Note ● If the bobbin thread was incorrectly inserted. You may need to adjust it when you change fabric or thread. Thread tension The thread tension will affect the quality of your stitches. a Thread cutter Sewing in reverse Reverse sewing is used to lock the threads at the end of the seam or wherever reinforcement is needed. 1 2 3 a b c d Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever 4 ■ Upper tension is too tight Loops appear on the surface of the fabric. Memo ● Before beginning to change tension adjustments make sure the upper thread and bobbin are inserted correctly. a while sewing. cutter on the back of the presser foot bar to cut them. the upper thread may be too tight. b lever. In this case. ● We recommend you do a test sample on a scrap of fabric before you start to sew. To sew forward.

29 . For most sewing applications. If the problem persists. be sure to return the screw to its original position before the next time that the machine is used. Note ● The bobbin thread tension has been adjusted at the factory for general use. the upper thread may be too loose. refer to “Upper threading” (page 16) and rethread. Be sure not to turn the screw more than one full turn. 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 4 2 2 3 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. In this case. In addition. 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number.■ Upper tension is too loose Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. no adjustment is needed. increase the tension in the bobbin by turning the screw clockwise with a small screwdriver. Note ● If the upper thread was incorrectly threaded. ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops may appear on the surface of the fabric when sewing thin fabric with thin thread.

stop the Leave the needle lowered (in the fabric). CAUTION ● When using the twin needle. If the needle was raised. the desired results may not be achieved. Sewing curves Stop sewing. 30 . the needle may bend or break. Trial sewing A trial piece of fabric should be sewn since. perform the trial sewing under the same conditions that will be used with your project. and then turn the b fabric. Lower the presser foot lever and continue CAUTION ● If fabric more than 6 mm (15/64 inches) thick is sewn or if the fabric is pushed with too much force.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— USEFUL SEWING TIPS Various ways to achieve better results for your sewing projects are described below. and then slightly change the sewing direction to sew around the curve. Changing the sewing direction a sewing machine. raise the presser foot lever even higher to bring the presser foot to its highest position. Raise the presser foot lever. Refer to these tips when sewing your project. Turn the fabric using the needle as a pivot. Since the results differ depending on the type of stitching and the number of layers of fabric sewn. When sewing along a curve while using a zigzag stitch. Sewing thick fabrics ■ If the fabric does not fit under the presser foot If the fabric does not fit easily under the presser foot. be sure to raise the needle before changing the sewing direction. depending on the type of fabric and stitching being sewn. For the trial sewing. use a piece of fabric and thread that are the same as those used for your project. and check the thread tension and stitch length and width. c sewing. lower the needle by turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). the needle may bend or break. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. When the stitching reaches a corner. select a shorter stitch length in order to obtain a finer stitch.

2 a Stabilizer material or paper Sewing stretch fabrics First. the stitching may become misaligned or the fabric may not feed correctly. a Flat bed attachment 31 . place thin paper or stabilizer material under the fabric and sew it together with the fabric. tear off any excess paper. a Basting Using a free-arm style Free-arm sewing is convenient for sewing tubular and hard-to-reach areas. To change your machine to the free-arm style. When you have finished sewing. baste the pieces of fabric together. and then pull the flat bed attachment out to remove it. If this occurs. and then sew without stretching the fabric. lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment toward you.Sewing thin fabrics When sewing thin fabrics.

cut the thread. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches. CAUTION ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. Stitch name Application c Start sawing. If the needle hits the presser foot. Lower the needle into the fabric at the b beginning of the stitching. Memo ● When sewing with a zigzag stitch. Overcasting and attaching appliqués. Zigzag (satin) stitch a Select a stitch. d When sewing is finished. • For details.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— 3 UTILITY STITCHES USEFUL STITCHES Zigzag stitches You can use the zigzag stitches to join together seams and finish them in one operation. • For details. • For details. Select the desired width. the needle may bend or break. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). They are also useful for sewing stretch materials. 32 . refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). use straight stitches at the beginning and end of the zigzag stitch for reinforcement.

Basic stitching Straight stitches are used for sewing plain seams. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). a Right side of fabric b Bottom side b hem. e When sewing is finished. cut the thread. without the stitch showing. Number on dial 8 Stitch name Stretch blind Stitch Application Blind hem stitching on stretch fabrics. etc. and position) sewing gathers or darning. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). 3 Select a stitch. a b Baste or pin together the fabric pieces. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). like the hem of a pair of trousers. <Seen from the side> a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric 33 . c beginning of the stitching. • For details. Two stitches are available for basic stitching. Straight stitch (Left needle position) Basic stitching. and press. • For details. Attaching Straight stitch zippers. sewing gathers or pintucks. • For details. 7 a Reverse the skirt or pants. etc. d Lower the needle into the fabric at the Fold the fabric along the desired edge of the Start sewing. basic (Center needle stitching. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Blind hem stitching You can use the Blind Hem Stitch to finish the edge of a project.

and position the <Seen from the side> <Seen from the side> a b c d e d Wrong side of fabric Right side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting stitching 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Wrong side of fabric b Basting c Edge of fabric f Select the stretch blind stitch (8). make sure that the fabric feeds correctly. g free-arm sewing possible.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— c (3/16 inches) from the edge of the fabric. Unfold the edge of fabric. Remove the flat bed attachment and make • For details on free-arm sewing. Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the and then start sewing. Fold back the fabric inside along the basting. e fabric with the wrong side facing up. refer to“Using a free-arm style” (page 31). h arm. <Seen from the side> a b c d Wrong side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Arm 34 . and Use a chalk to mark on the fabric about 5 mm then baste it.

a shown below. etc. alternately drawing the Start sewing while gently moving the fabric fabric away and pulling it toward you. Darning Reinforce points that will be subject to strain. and position) sewing gathers or darning. Stop sewing when the portion to be darned is 35 . Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Attaching Straight stitch zippers. For invisible stitching. and then lower Position the fabric so that the needle slightly the presser foot lever. Place the fabric to be darned under the for reinforcement.i catches the fold of the hem. basic (Center needle stitching. c presser foot together with a fabric underlay a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric d with your hands. Remove the basting stitching and turn the k fabric right side up. e filled with parallel stitching. b Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). and then remove both the aNeedle bNeedle drop point cFold of hem dWrong side of fabric j Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly. make sure that both threads are the same color as the fabric. 3 Sew along the fold of the hem.

Pass the upper thread down through the hole in the presser foot. Number on dial 1 4-step automatic buttonhole Buttonholes on medium weight fabrics.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— BUTTONHOLE SEWING Buttonholes can be sewn and buttons can be sewn on. Select stitch “a” of the 4-step automatic Making the buttonhole The names of parts of buttonhole foot “A”. a Reinforcement stitching c buttonhole (1). 36 . d that the middle of the front chalk line is Position the fabric under the presser foot so directly in the center of the presser foot and aligned with the two red lines on the insert. Buttonholes are sewn from the front of the presser foot to the back. Step Step a (Front end of button hole) Step b (Left side) Sewn portion Use chalk to mark the position and length of 1 Step c (Back end of button hole) a Marks on fabric Step d (Right side) b outside frame back until the sliding insert Attach buttonhole foot “A” and push the reaches the front of the outside frame. Sew 5 to 6 stitches. check the stitch length and width by sewing a trial buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric. a the buttonhole on the fabric. as shown below. are indicated below. ● When sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics. place stabilizer material under the fablic. which is used for sewing buttonholes. a b c d Presser foot scale Pin Marks on buttonhole foot 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Mark on fabric b Red marks on the sliding insert e Start sewing. Stitch name Application Memo ● Before sewing buttonholes.

3 Start sewing. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. and then sew to the edge of the front bar tack. select the straight stitch (6 through 10) with the desired length. and cut the thread. k CAUTION ● When opening the buttonhole with the seam ripper. otherwise injuries may result if the seam ripper slips. and then sew the length of the h chalk line. g buttonhole (1). and then use a seam ripper to cut towards the pin and open the buttonhole. p stitching to prevent the stitching from being Insert a pin at the end of the buttonhole cut. For reinforcement. Raise the presser foot lever. m buttonhole (1). turn the fabric 90 degrees counterclockwise. remove the 37 . Select stitch “d” of the 4-step automatic n buttonhole until the needle reaches the Start sewing. l side of the stitching. Sew the right side of the stitching sewn in step e. Select stitch “b” of the 4-step automatic 2 Start sewing. Sew 5 to 6 stitches. i side of the stitching. Do not use the seam ripper in any other way than how it is intended. do not place your hands in the cutting path.f of the stitching. o fabric. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. 1 a Seam ripper b Pin Select stitch “c” (same as “a”) of the 4-step j automatic buttonhole (1). and then raise the needle by Stop sewing when the needle is at the left side turning the handwheel toward you.

d the fabric.2 mm (1/8 inches) 4.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Adjusting buitching stitching If the stitching on the two sides of the buttonhole is not uniform. Then. 3 or 4) according to the following table. and then sew them in the same way. Place a button between the presser foot and • When attaching four-hole buttons. c shown below. first sew the two holes closest to you. Place the darning plate on the needle plate as ■ If the right side is too tight compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the + direction. slide the button so that the needle goes into the two holes toward the rear of the sewing machine. and then select the Measure the distance between the holes in the appropriate zigzag stitch (2. Buttons with 2 or with 4 holes can be attached. the stitching can adjusted with the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw. Number of dial 2 3 4 Attach the button sewing foot “M”.8 mm (3/16 inches) b ■ If the right side is too loose compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the direction.6 mm (1/16 inches) 3. a button to be attached. a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw Distance between holes 1. 38 . Button sewing Buttons can be sewn on with the sewing machine.

return to step a. otherwise the needle may bend or break. press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew a few reinforcement stitches. be sure that the needle does not touch the button.e (counterclockwise) to check that the needle Turn the handwheel toward you correctly goes into the two holes of the button. • After sewing for about 10 seconds at a low speed. Use scissors to cut the upper thread and the bobbin thread at the beginning of the stitching. 39 . and Pull the upper thread at the end of the then tie it with the bobbin thread. f 3 Start sewing. g and then cut the upper and lower threads. leaving a length of 15 cm (6 inches). If the needle hits the button. Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. h stitching to the wrong side of the fabric. CAUTION ● When sewing.

CAUTION ● Make sure the needle does not hit the zipper during sewing. release back of the presser foot. Attaching Straight stitch zippers. Lower the needle into the notch located either on the left or right side of the zipper foot. CAUTION ● Turn the handwheel by hand to make sure the needle does not hit the presser foot before you start sewing. and position) sewing gathers or darning. If you choose a different stitch. You may also be injured. When sewing the left side of the zipper. the needle may break and you may be injured. e the foot by pressing the button located at the To sew the opposite side of the zipper. Fold the edge of the fabric 2 cm (3/4 inches) c and place the zipper under the folded section. b left or right pin of the zipper foot onto the Lower the presser foot lever and fix either the shank. 40 . Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application d top on both sides. etc. If the needle hits the zipper. a Zipper foot “I” b Right pin for sewing the left side of the zipper c Left pin for sewing the right side of the zipper a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). When sewing the right side of the zipper.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— ZIPPER INSERTION You can use the zipper foot “I” to sew different types of zippers. and can easily position it to the right or left side of the needle. basic (Center needle stitching. the needle will hit the presser foot and break the needle. attach the shank to the left pin of the zipper foot. The needle should be Sew from the bottom of the zipper toward the positioned on the zipper side of the foot for best results. fit the zipper foot on the other side of the zipper and continue sewing using the other side notch. attach the shank to the right pin of the zipper foot.

Zigzag (satin) stitch Appliqués You can create an appliqué by cutting a different piece of fabric into a shape and using it as a decoration. Cut away any fabric that is left outside the Select a stitch. Stitch name Application c Carefully sew around the edge of the design. Baste the cut design to the fabric. 41 . a b CAUTION ● Be careful that the needle does not hit a pin during sewing. as the needle can break. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches. monogramming and embroidering. 3 Memo ● Make reinforcing straight stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. You may also be injured. MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING Zigzag stitches can be used for sewing appliqués. Overcasting and attaching appliqués. and then remove both the Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly. e Remove the basting.APPLIQUÉ. Select the desired width. Monogramming and embroidering a shown below. if necessary. d stitching.

CAUTION ● Be sure to keep your fingers away from moving parts. i and sew a few stitches for reinforcing. When the hoop is moved slowly. sew to completely fill in the design with stitches by alternately sewing from the outline of the design to the inside and from the inside to the outline. Select the desired length for straight stitch (6) Memo ● When the hoop is moved quickly. the stitches are longer. d the surface of the fabric facing up inside the Put the fabric in the embroidery hoop with well. especially needles. and support the outside of the hoop with your little fingers. c design (for embroidering) on the surface of Draw the lettering (for monogramming) or the fabric. e the presser bar. and then sew a few stitches to reinforce the stitching. fabric with the middle and third fingers. g forefingers of both hands while pressing the Grip the hoop with the thumbs and Memo ● Be sure to keep the stitches close together. the stitches are shorter. Place the project under the needle and lower f at the starting position by turning the Draw up the lower thread through the project handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). ■ Monogramming Sew the lettering at a constant speed by moving the hoop slowly. Then. h Start sewing. 42 . ■ Embroidering Sew along the outline of the design by moving the hoop slowly.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— b Select a stitch.

etc. Pull the bobbin threads to create gathers. d Smooth the gathers by ironing them. and then iron the tucks 43 . Sew while making sure that the needle drops d down to one side. Stitch name Application a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). b the thread tension. and increase • For details. c slightly off the edge of the fabric. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). Unfold the fabric. the front of blouses or cuffs made of thin fabrics. Select the shell tuck stitch (9). Sew a single or multiple parallel rows of • Do not sew reverse stitches or cut the thread. They are used to decorate trims. Gathering Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Shell tuck stitching Number on dial 9 Shell tuck stitch Shell tuck stitching The gathers that look like shells are called “shell tucks”. c stitches. Fold the fabric along the bias. refer to “Thread tension” (page 28).DECORATIVE STITCHING Various decorative stitches can be sewn with this sewing machine. Loosen the tension of the upper thread (to 3 b about 2). (Center needle and sewing position) gathers or darning. a Attaching zippers. Straight stitch basic stitching. • For details.

Then. Each is explained below. and then place them under the presser foot with the fabric edges under the center of the presser foot. Memo ● Make reinforcing reverse stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Elastic stitching Number on dial 10 Stitch name Application Mending. ■ Joining fabric Put the edges of the two pieces of fabric together. and then sew over the tear. sewing Elastic stitching elastic tape or joining fabric. The elastic stitch can be used in 3 ways: mending. sewing elastic or joining fabric. ■ Mending Place the reinforcement fabric under the tear to be mended. ■ Sewing elastic tape Place the elastic tape on the fabric. Select the elastic stitch (10). 44 . start sewing the edges of the two fabrics together. and then sew over the elastic tape while holding the tape both in front and behind the presser foot.

If you use it more often. Oiling a Changing the bulb CAUTION Turn off the machine and unplug it. a b Turn off the machine and unplug it. 45 . Put 2 to 3 drops of oil at each of the points Be sure to wipe any excess oil off the machine. oil every day. Note ● Hold the face plate securely while removing or attaching it. b indicated below. 4 Loosen the face plate screw. ● Unplug the power supply cord before changing the bulb. run the machine for a short time Memo ● Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. c Remove the face plate from the machine. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur.4 APPENDIX MAINTENANCE Simple sewing machine maintenance operations are described below. After oiling. c at a fast speed without thread. ● Do not apply too much oil as it may soil the thread and fabric. ● Sewing machine oil is available at your local sewing machine dealer or service center.

squeeze it out firmly. a bulb b Loosen c Tighten e again. a Bobbin case latch e ring to remove it. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. lightly soak a cloth in neutral detergent. Raise the needle and the presser foot. and c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. and then wipe the surface of the machine. Cleaning the machine surface If the surface of the machine is dirty. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. b then remove the presser foot and the needle. Slide the latch levers out from the retaining CAUTION ● Unplug the power supply cord before cleaning the machine. wipe it again with a dry cloth.APPENDIX d ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Replace the sewing light bulb. a Retaining ring b Latch lever 46 . Cleaning the shuttle race CAUTION ● Be sure to unplug the machine before cleaning it. After cleaning it once with a wet cloth. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. Remove the flat bed attachment and open the Attach the face plate and fasten the screw d toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race.

b then remove the presser foot and the needle. j and push the latch levers back into position. a Retaining ring b Driver c Race body h wipe the shuttle race in order to remove any Use a cloth dampened with machine oil to lint. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. Use a brush to clean the lint from the upper Reassemble the hook and the retaining ring. Attach the bobbin case. you may get an electric shock or be injured. f screwdriver. Otherwise.f and pulling it out. hook. and Remove the flat bed attachment and open the 4 Remove the needle plate by using a coin or d screwdriver to remove the screws. Raise the needle and the presser foot. a Retaining ring b Hook c Hook center post g and thread from the retaining ring. e part of the feed dogs and shuttle race body. Remove the hook by grasping its center post k the needle before using the machine. Use a brush to remove any accumulated lint driver and race body. Attach the needle plate by using a coin or a Retaining ring b Hook c Latch lever 47 . Clean the lint from the shuttle hook in the i same manner as described in step h. c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. the presser foot and Cleaning the feed dogs CAUTION ● Make sure you unplug the machine before you clean it.

a Screw Bobbin case tension adjustment The bobbin thread tension has already been adjusted at the factory for general use. In this case. approximately 30-45 degrees to increase bobbin tension. pack it properly as described below. turn the screw clockwise. the bobbin thread may be too loose. For most sewing applications. When sewing with thin thread on thin fabrics. After you adjust the bobbin thread. the thread tension must be adjusted according to the procedure described below. When packing up the machine again. ● Save this packing material in case it is needed to transport this sewing machine. Note ● If the loops still appear on the surface of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Repacking the machine Keep the carton and packing materials for future use. 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. Note ● Remember to return the screw to its original setting before starting your next project. the thread tension may not be adjusted adequately with the upper tension control dial. damage may occur during shipping. being careful not to over-tighten the screw. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. no adjustment is needed. Therefore. IMPORTANT ● This packing material is designed to prevent damage in transit. 48 . ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops appear on the surface of the fabric. If it is not packed properly.

After you adjust the bobbin thread. Note ● If the loops still appear on the wrong side of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension.■ Bobbin tension is too tight Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. approximately 30-45 degrees to decrease bobbin tension. 4 a Screw 49 . the bobbin thread may be too tight. In this case. turn the screw counterclockwise being careful not to over-loosen the screw. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 2 3 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number.

You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Loosen the upper thread tension. Remove any knots or tangles. You have not inserted the needle properly. 36. If you need additional help. How to put it right Plug the machine in. Reference page 10 page 10 page 13 page 11 page 20 page 21 page 20 page 19 page 35. The bobbin case is scratched. in the shuttle race. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. The presser foot you are using is not appropriate for the type of stitch that you want to sew. The needle is bent or blunt. The area around the hole in the nee. 50 . If the problem persists. authorized service center. The needle is not appropriate for the thread you are using. Choose a needle that is appropriate for the type of stitch. You have not used the right combination of fabric. thread and needle. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. The needle breaks.Replace the needle plate. The thread is tangled. You are pulling the fabric too much. Insert the needle properly. Use the foot controller properly. Lightly guide the fabric.com].) Replace the presser foot. or the thread has come out of the guide above the needle. Remove the tangle thread. 40. check the following possible problems before requesting service. (for example. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. The upper thread tension is too tight. 38. clean the shuttle race. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. the Brother Solutions Center offers the latest FAQs and troubleshooting tips. You have not used the foot controller properly. contact your dealer or the nearest authorized service center. Loosen the upper thread tension. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. – page 19 page 28 page 46 The upper thread tension is too tight. page 16 The upper thread breaks. Use the screwdriver to firmly tighten the screw. Symptom Possible cause The machine is not plugged in. The needle clamp screw is loose. Turn on the main power switch. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. The sewing machine does not work. for example. you have not fitted the spool properly. – – page 12 Correct the upper threading. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. The bobbin winder shaft is pushed to the right. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. You can solve most problems by yourself. Visit us at [http://solutions. Replace the needle. 41 page 28 – – The main power switch is turned off.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— TROUBLESHOOTING If the machine stops operating correctly.brother. Move the bobbin winder shaft to the left. Replace the bobbin case. There are knots or tangles in the thread.

Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. The bobbin case is scratched. or has a burr on it. How to put it right Replace the needle. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. thread and needle.Replace the needle plate. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Replace the presser foot. Attach the presser-foot holder properly. authorised service center. Correctly install the bobbin thread. Wind the bobbin thread properly. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. The upper thread breaks. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Correct the upper threading. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly.Symptom Possible cause The needle is bent or blunt. The thread ten. – – page 12 page 12 – page 46 page 12 page 14 page 16 4 Correct the upper threading. The upper thread was not threaded correctly. The thread tension is incorrect. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly.You have not attached the pressersion is incorrect. You have not inserted the needle properly. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Reference page 20 page 20 – The area around the hole in the nee. Bobbin is set incorrectly. The upper thread is too tight. The thread is tangled. You have not used the right combination of fabric. Replace the bobbin. Bobbin is set incorrectly. Replace the bobbin case. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. The thread is tangled on the wrong side of the fabric. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Remove the tangled thread and clean the shuttle race. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. page 16 page 12 page 19 page 24 page 28 page 12 page 14 page 14 51 . Wind the bobbin thread properly. The bobbin thread is incorrectly installed. The bobbin is scratched or does not turn smoothly. Insert the needle properly. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. foot holder properly. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. The lower thread is tangled or breaks.

in the shuttle race. You have not used bobbin that has been designed for this machine. thread and needle. You have not used the right combination of fabric. Reference page 14. 16 – page 19 page 20 page 31 page 28 page 16 page 19 page 20 page 46. Replace the needle. thread and needle. Change the sewing light bulb. You have not used the right combination of fabric. The needle is bent or blunt.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Symptom Possible cause You have not threaded the upper thread properly or fitted the bobbin properly. The sewing light bulb does not come on. page 12 Insufficient oiling. Insert the needle properly. Correct the upper threading. Clean the shuttle race. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. You have not used the right combination of fabric. The sewing lamp is damaged. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Correct the upper threading. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. 38. page 45 The presser foot that you are using is not correct for the type of stitch. 47 page 46 page 16 – The fabric is wrinkled. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. Stitches are skipped. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. You have not inserted the needle properly. oil every day. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. Dust has built up in the feed dogs or in the shuttle race. Remove the needle plate cover and clean the plate and the shuttle race. thread and needle. How to put it right Thread the upper thread and wind the bobbin thread properly. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. 41 page 28 page 46 page 19 page 46 The fabric does not feed. page 33. Remove the tangle thread. The bobbin case is scratched. for example. Sew with stabiliser material under the fabric. The stitch is not sewn correctly. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. 40. The thread is tangled. the stitch is too thick. The thread tension is incorrect. If you are sewing thin fabric. Replace the bobbin case. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. 36. The thread tension is incorrect. in the shuttle race. for example. Dust has accumulated under the needle plate or in the shuttle race. page 45 52 . You have not threaded the upper thread properly. There is a highpitched noise while sewing. Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. You have not fitted the spool properly. The needle is bent or blunt. If you use it more often. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Replace the needle. Fit the spool properly. The thread is tangled. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. clean the shuttle race. clean the shuttle race. Remove the tangle thread.

........................... 21 needle plate ................9 appliqués ..8..................... 7..............30.......... 46 D darning ...........................................................................................33 stretch blind stitch ............................................................................................36 buttonhole sewing ................................................................ needles and threads ........................................................................... 19 needle bar thread guide ........................47 spool pin ................................... 31 foot controller ....................30 thin fabrics ...................... 29............................................................................................ 41 zipper foot ........ 26 presser foot ......................................................47 shuttle race cleaning ...... 41 N needle ................... 30 troubleshooting ........................................................................................................... 41 S satin stitching .......................................................... 41 extra spool pin .................. 40 G gathering ..................................................10 monogramming .............................................................. 8..............................................................................43 shuttle hook removal .8...........................................................................36 T thick fabrics ..........................27 free-arm style ..32 seam ripper ............................ 8..33 bobbin ..35 E embroidering .......................................................................... 21........................................................................................................................... 12 P R relative chart of sewing fabrics...................................................................................................................................... 47 O oiling ............................................................. 37 sewing machine needles .................................................................. 22 upper tension-control dial ................ 28 53 ........... 7 J joining .16 C cleaning ................ 16 pre-tension disk ...... 23 presser foot holder ......... 14 bobbin case ................................... 44 M main parts ............................... 19 repacking .....12 zigzag stitches .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 28 thread guide .............19 shell tuck stitching ....6 main power switch .. 31 F U W winding the bobbin . 48 upper threading ......................................................40 zipper insertion .8.............................................................................................. 47 flat bed attachment ................................................................................. 32................................................................................................................32 pattern selection dial .............................................................................................................................................................31 thread cutter ....... 14 bobbin winder ..... 16 straight stitch ......................................................................................................................................................45 overcasting stitches ................. 16 thread tension ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 28 trial sewing ..38 buttonhole foot .................................................................................................. 22 feed dogs ........................................................12...........................................................33 stretch fabrics .......... 48 reverse sewing lever ...............................................8 needle clamp screw ......................................................... 31 B basic stitching ................................33 blind hem stitching ............................................................ 12 button sewing ...8................... 43 Z H handwheel ....................................................INDEX A accessories ......................................................................................................................................... 24 presser foot lever .............................................................28..6......................................... 50 twin needle ................................................................................................

English XE4592-001 Printed in China .

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