KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE

SEWING BASICS

UTILITY STITCHES

APPENDIX

Basic Sewing and Mending Machine

Operation Manual
Please visit us at http://solutions.brother.com where you can get product support and answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs).

“IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS”
When using the sewing machine, basic safety precautions should always be followed, including the following: “Read all instructions before using.”

DANGER – To reduce the risk of electric shock:
1. The sewing machine should never be left unattended when plugged in. Always unplug this sewing machine from the electrical outlet immediately after using and before cleaning. 2. Always unplug before changing the light bulb. Replace bulb with same type rated 15 watts.

WARNING – To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or injury to persons: 1. Do not allow this machine to be used as a toy. Close attention is necessary when the sewing machine is used by or near children. 2. Use this sewing machine only for its intended use as described in this manual. Use only accessories recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual. 3. Never operate this sewing machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has been dropped or damaged, or dropped into water. Return the sewing machine to the nearest authorized dealer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment. 4. Never operate the sewing machine with any of the air openings blocked. Keep the ventilation openings of the sewing machine and foot controller free from the accumulation of lint, dust and loose cloth. 5. Never drop or insert any object into any openings. 6. Do not use this machine outdoors. 7. Do not operate this machine where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being administered. 8. To disconnect, turn the main switch to the symbol “O” position which represents off, then remove plug from outlet. 9. Do not unplug by pulling on the cord. To unplug, grasp the plug and pull, not the cord. 10. Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the sewing machine needle. 11. Always use the proper needle plate. The wrong plate can cause the needle to break. 12. Do not use a bent needle. 13. Do not pull or push the fabric while stitching. It may deflect the needle causing it to break. 14. Switch the sewing machine to the off, symbol “O” position when making any adjustments in the needle area, such as threading the needle, changing the needle, threading the bobbin, or changing the presser foot. 15. Always unplug the sewing machine from the electrical outlet when removing covers, lubricating, or when making any other user service adjustments mentioned in this instruction manual. 16. This sewing machine is not intended for use by young children or impaired persons without supervision. 17. Young children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with this sewing machine. “SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS” “This sewing machine is intended for household use.”

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FOR USERS IN THE UK, EIRE, MALTA AND CYPRUS ONLY
If this machine is fitted with a three-pin non-rewireable BS plug then please read the following.

IMPORTANT
If the available socket outlet is not suitable for the plug supplied with this equipment, it should be cut off and an appropriate three-pin plug fitted. With alternative plugs an approved fuse must be fitted in the plug. NOTE The plug served from the main lead must be destroyed as a plug with bared flexible cords is hazardous if engaged in a live socket outlet. In the event of replacing the plug fuse, use a fuse approved by ASTA to BS 1362, i.e. carrying the mark, rating as marked on plug. Always replace the fuse cover, never use plugs with the fuse cover omitted. WARNING DO NOT CONNECT EITHER WIRE TO THE EARTH TERMINAL WHICH IS MARKED WITH THE LETTER ‘E’, BY THE EARTH SYMBOL OR COLOURED GREEN OR GREEN AND YELLOW. The wires in this main lead are coloured in accordance with the following code: Blue Brown Neutral Live

As the colours of the wiring in the main lead of this appliance may not correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals in your plug, proceed as follows. The wire which is coloured blue must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘N’ or coloured black or blue. The wire which is coloured brown must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘L’ or coloured red or brown.

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CONGRATULATIONS ON CHOOSING OUR MACHINE
To fully enjoy all the features, we suggest that you study the manual before using the machine.

PLEASE READ BEFORE USING THIS MACHINE
For safe operation 1. Be sure to keep your eye on the needle while sewing. Do not touch the handwheel, thread takeup lever, needle, or other moving parts. 2. Remember to turn off the power switch and unplug the cord when: • Operation is completed • Replacing or removing the needle or any other parts • A power failure occurs during use • Maintaining the machine • Leaving the machine unattended 3. Do not store anything on the foot controller. 4. Plug the machine directly into the wall. Do not use extension cords. For a longer service life 1. When storing this machine, avoid direct sunlight and high humidity locations. Do not use or store the machine near a space heater, iron, halogen lamp, or other hot objects. 2. Use only neutral soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders can damage the case and machine, and should never be used. 3. Do not drop or hit the machine. 4. Always consult the operation manual when replacing or installing any assemblies, the presser feet, needle, or other parts to assure correct installation. For repair or adjustment In the event a malfunction occurs or adjustment is required, first follow the troubleshooting table in the back of the operation manual to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem persists, please consult your local authorized Brother dealer. For additional product information and updates, visit our web site at www.brother.com The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.

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..................................................................................................................................................... 10 Power supply .......................................................25 General sewing procedure ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................23 Replacing the presser foot .............................10 Power supply precautions ................................................................................................................................................ 33 Blind hem stitching ............... 11 Steadying the machine ........................................................................................................................... 6 The main parts .................................. 20 Sewing with a twin needle (Option) .......................................................................................... SEWING BASICS ..... UTILITY STITCHES ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 30 Sewing thick fabrics .........................................................................................................12 Winding the bobbin ............................................................................9 USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ........................ 18 REPLACING THE NEEDLE ................................................................. 33 Darning .................... 27 Sewing in reverse ................................................................................... 20 Replacing the needle .......................................................... 10 Foot controller ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 38 Button sewing ............................................................................................................................................. 25 Selecting stitching ........................... 16 Drawing up the lower thread .............................................................................................. 38 4 .................................... 6 Needle and presser foot section ........................................ 32 Basic stitching ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 31 3................................................. 30 Trial sewing .............................................................................. 31 Sewing stretch fabrics ........................................................................... 19 Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types .......................................................... 26 Starting to sew ................................................................................................................. 28 USEFUL SEWING TIPS .... 32 Zigzag stitches ...........—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— CONTENTS 1............................................................................................................................................................... 35 BUTTONHOLE SEWING ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 14 Upper threading ............................................. 30 Sewing curves .................................................................... 23 Removing the presser foot holder ...................... 8 Flat bed attachment ......................................................................................................... 24 2............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 28 Thread tension .............................................................................................................................................................. 11 THREADING THE MACHINE ...........6 NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS ................................................................................................................................................................. 30 Sewing thin fabrics ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 31 Using a free-arm style ...........................32 USEFUL STITCHES ........ 12 Lower threading ...............................19 Needle precautions ......................................................................................... 30 Changing the sewing direction ............................................................... 19 Checking the needle ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 36 Adjusting buitching stitching ..........25 SEWING ......................................................................................................................................................................... 22 REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT ........................................36 Making the buttonhole ......... 8 ACCESSORIES ................................

........... 48 Bobbin case tension adjustment .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................45 Oiling ........................ 46 Cleaning the feed dogs .................................................................................................................... 47 Repacking the machine ................................................ZIPPER INSERTION . 40 APPLIQUÉ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 45 Cleaning the machine surface ............................. APPENDIX .................................................. 53 5 ..........................................................................................45 MAINTENANCE ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................43 Gathering ....................................................................... 41 DECORATIVE STITCHING ......................................................................................... 43 Shell tuck stitching ..........................................................................................................................................50 INDEX ............................................................................................................. 45 Changing the bulb .................................................................................................. 43 Elastic stitching .......................... 41 Monogramming and embroidering . MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 46 Cleaning the shuttle race ............................................................................................................................... 41 Appliqués ................... 44 4.................................................................................................................................................................. 48 TROUBLESHOOTING ..........................................................

c Thread take-up lever (page 16) d Upper tension control dial (page 28) This controls the tension of the upper thread. 6 .KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— 1 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS The main parts a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw (page 38) Turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw to adjust buttonhole stitching when it is not uniform. e Flat bed attachment with accessory storage (page 8 and 31) f Reverse sewing lever (page 28) Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew in the opposite direction. b Pattern selection dial (page 26) Turn the pattern selection dial to select the number of the stitch that you want to use.

New Zealand). XC7438-321 (Russia) 7 . XE0629-001 (Australia. which also supplies power to this machine. i Bobbin winder (page 12) The bobbin winder winds thread onto the bobbin for use as the lower thread.K. l Foot controller jack/jack Insert the foot controller plug into the foot controller jack. XC7456-321 (U. XC7359-021 (110/120V Area). XD0852-021 (Korea). m Thread cutter (page 28) Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them. n Presser foot lever (page 16) Use the presser foot lever to raise and lower the presser foot. o Bobbin winding pre-tension disc/thread guide (page 12 and 16) The thread guide/bobbin winding pre-tension disc is used when winding the thread onto the bobbin and threading the machine. XC7438-321 (220/240V Area). Part code. p Foot controller (page 11) Use the foot controller to control the sewing speed and to start and stop sewing.). k Main power/sewing light switch (page 10) Use this switch to turn on and off the main power and sewing light.1 g Built-in handle h Spool pin (page 12 and 16) The spool pin holds the spool of thread. j Handwheel Use the handwheel to manually raise and lower the needle.

Attach the appropriate presser foot for the selected stitching. d Feed dogs The feed dogs feed the fabric in the sewing direction. h Bobbin case i Needle j Needle bar thread guide k Needle clamp screw Use the needle clamp screw to hold the needle in place. a toward you. Note ● Put the accessories in the bag. and then store the bag inside the compartment. e Needle plate The needle plate is marked with guides for sewing straight seams. b Presser foot screw Use the presser foot screw to hold the presser foot holder assembly in place. f Shuttle hook g Shuttle cover Open the shuttle cover to set the bobbin. they may fall out. and then pull the flat bed Lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment attachment out to remove it. c Presser foot (Zigzag) The presser foot applies pressure consistently on the fabric as the sewing takes place. If the accessories are not in a bag. and be lost or damaged. a Flat bed attachment b Storage compartment a Presser foot holder assembly The presser foot is installed onto the presser foot holder assembly.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Needle and presser foot section Flat bed attachment The accessories are stored in a compartment inside the flat bed attachment. 8 .

2.A. ● The screw of the presser foot holder is available through your authorized dealer. 5. only) ● Foot controller: Model KD-1902. No. We have designed these accessories to help you be able to carry out most sewing tasks.S. 1 Note (For U.S. / Canada Others XA5539-151 SA156 129583-021 X55467-021 130920-021 9 .ACCESSORIES The following accessories are stored in the flat bed attachment.S. (Part code: 132730-122) ● A replacement for the factory-installed presser foot is available through your authorized dealer. N This foot controller can be used on the following machine models: LS-2220/2720/1520/2125/2125i.A. / Canada Others X59369-321 X59370-021 XE2137-001 XA3442-121 No. 8. 3. 6. 1 2 3 4 Part Name Buttonhole foot “A” Zipper foot “I” Button sewing foot “M” Darning plate Part Code U. 5 6 7 8 Part Name Bobbin (3) Needle set Screwdriver Extra spool pin Part Code U. 4. (Part number: 138135-122) 1.A. 75/11 1 needle 90/14 1 needle 100/16 1 needle 7.

Always grasp the plug to remove it from the outlet. Power supply a between the foot controller and the power b Set the main power switch to “I”. take the machine to your authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use. damaged. ● Do not allow the power cord to be cut. or damage to the machine. or bundled. These things may damage the cord and cause fire or electric shock.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE Power supply precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the power supply. ● Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances: • When you are away from the machine • After using the machine • When the power fails during use • When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection • During electrical storms CAUTION ● Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to them. insert the power supply plug into a wall outlet. If the cord or plug is damaged. Using other power sources may result in fire. Do not subject the cord to heat. Insert the foot controller plug. forcefully bent. into the jack on the machine. Electric shock may result. Fire or electric shock may result. Do not place heavy objects on the cord. ● Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time. located supply plug on the cord. modified. a Foot controller plug 10 . ● Do not touch the plug with wet hands. WARNING ● Use only regular household electricity for the power source. Then. or lead to fire or electric shock. electric shock. always turn off the main power first. twisted. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord. pulled. ● When unplugging the machine. The sewing lamp comes on when the machine is turned on. Otherwise a fire may result.

turn off the sewing machine and unplug the power supply cord. When restarting the sewing machine. If the plug does not fit fully in the outlet. be sure to wipe off any excess oil. only) ● This appliance has a polarized plug (one blade wider than the other). follow the necessary procedure to correctly operate the machine. Steadying the machine If the sewing machine has been placed on an uneven surface. the machine will stop. ● A new sewing machine or one that has not been in use for a long period of time should be oiled as described on page 45. When you press the foot controller down lightly.c switch to “ To turn off the machine. the machine’s speed will increase. If it still does not fit. (For U.A. Note ● If a power outage occurs while the sewing machine is being operated. Doing so could cause a fire or an electric shock. be sure to turn off the sewing machine in order to prevent the machine from accidentally being started. When you press harder. Do not modify the plug in any way. set the main power ”. contact a qualified electrician to install the proper outlet. To reduce the risk of electric shock. 1 Slower Faster You should make sure that nothing is placed on the foot controller when the machine is not in use.S. When you take your foot off the foot controller. Foot controller CAUTION ● When connecting the foot controller. The sewing lamp goes off when the machine is turned off. reverse the plug. After oiling. the machine will run at a low speed. CAUTION ● Do not allow pieces of cloth and dust to build up on the foot controller. turn the rubber cushion in the right-front corner of the base plate to adjust its height until the sewing machine is stable. 11 . this plug is intended to fit in a polarized outlet only one way.

Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. 1 Pulling it in as far as possible. If you use bobbins from other models.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model a then put a spool of thread on this pin. a Pre-tension disk b Bobbin winder shaft c Bobbin CAUTION ● Only use bobbins (part code: SA156. SFB: XA5539-151). Using other bobbins may cause damage to the machine. Turn the bobbin clockwise. b Other models d and slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right. by hand.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— THREADING THE MACHINE Winding the bobbin This section describes how to wind the thread onto the bobbin. 12 . until the spring on the shaft slides into the groove of the bobbin. CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is not in the right place. Actual size 11. the machine will not work properly. Only use the bobbin that comes with this machine or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. Pass the end of the thread through the hole on a Spring on the shaft b Groove of the bobbin e Turn on the sewing machine. and Put the bobbin onto the bobbin winder shaft Pass the thread around the pre-tension disk. ● We designed the bobbin that comes with this machine. c the bobbin from the inside of the bobbin. the thread may tangle on the spool pin. SFB: XA5539-151) that have been designed for this sewing machine.

Then stop the machine.f press the foot controller to wind the thread While holding the end of the thread. breaking the needle and resulting in injury. this is not a malfunction. the machine will make a clicking sound. take your foot off the foot When the bobbin seems full and begins controller. CAUTION ● Make sure you follow the instructions carefully. 1 CAUTION g Trim the excess thread above the bobbin. and the bobbin is wound. ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. ● The needle bar does not move when you slide the bobbin winding shaft to the right. when the thread runs low it may tangle around the bobbin and cause the needle to break. slide the bobbin winder shaft around the bobbin a few times. gently j to the left and remove the bobbin. If you do not cut the thread completely. i spinning slowly. Cut the thread. h 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 Press the foot controller to start. 13 . Memo ● When the sewing machine is started or the handwheel is turned after winding the thread around the bobbin.

a Flat bed attachment b Shuttle cover 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 c toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race. SFB: XA5539-151). the machine will not operate correctly. Open the shuttle cover behind the flat bed Lower threading Install the bobbin wound with thread. If you accidentally step on the foot controller and the machine starts to sew. breaking the needle and resulting in injury. 14 .KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— b attachment at the front of the machine. • Only use bobbins that were designed to be used with this machine.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model Other models a Bobbin case latch d from a full bobbin. CAUTION ● Make sure you turn the power off while threading the machine. If bobbins from other models are used. you could be injured. CAUTION ● Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread unrolls in the right direction. Actual size 11. CAUTION ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. Use only the enclosed bobbin or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. If the thread unrolls in the wrong direction. and then insert the bobbin Unwind about 10 cm (4 inches) of thread into the bobbin case. ● The bobbin was designed specifically for this sewing machine. a the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) Raise the needle to its highest position by turning and raise the presser foot lever. it may cause the thread tension to be incorrect or break the needle.

1 a Tension spring f the bobbin case into the shuttle race. CAUTION ● Make sure that the bobbin case is properly placed back into the machine. down the delivery eye under the tension spring. until it enters Pull the trailing thread through the slot. as shown below. 15 . a Bobbin case finger b Notch g Close the shuttle cover. it will fall out from the shuttle when the machine starts to sew. fully insert release the latch.e and to the left. • Make sure the bobbin case finger fits into the notch at the top of the shuttle race. If it is incorrectly installed. and then Hold the bobbin case by the latch.

Be sure to turn the handwheel before threading the sewing machine. and CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is in the wrong place. Otherwise. d guides: the rear one first. Raise the needle by turning the handwheel b toward you (counterclockwise) to raise the thread take-up lever to its highest position.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Upper threading Set the upper thread and thread the needle. a lever. a b c d Spool pin Thread guide (rear) Thread guide (front) Thread take-up lever CAUTION ● Make sure you thread the machine properly. the sewing machine can not be threaded. Raise the presser foot using the presser foot c then put a spool of thread on this pin. then the front one. or is set incorrectly. a Upper tension control dial b Thread check spring 16 . the thread may tangle on the spool pin and cause the needle to break. a Presser foot lever e tension control dial from the right to the left Feed the upper thread through both thread Pull the thread down and around the upper so the thread picks up the thread check spring. • If the needle is not correctly raised. the thread could tangle and break the needle. Pull up the spool pin as far as possible.

then feeding the thread with your right hand. ● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may cause sewing problems. h guide above the needle. 1 g lever from right to left. Put the thread behind the needle bar thread The thread can easily be passed behind the needle bar thread guide by holding the thread in your left hand. the upper thread cannot be wrapped around the thread take-up lever. While holding the thread as shown below. Guide the thread through the thread take-up a Needle bar thread guide i out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread. Make sure you raise the presser foot lever and the thread take-up lever before you feed the upper thread. Thread the needle from front to back and pull a Thread take-up lever a 5 cm (2 inches) Note ● If the thread take-up lever is lowered. 17 .f pull it between the tension discs.

d threads and pull them toward the back of the Pull out about 15 cm (6 inches) of both machine under the presser foot. turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). Pull on the upper thread to draw up the lower a Upper thread b Lower thread 18 .KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Drawing up the lower thread a Lightly hold the end of the upper thread. a Upper thread b raise the needle to its highest position by While holding the end of the upper thread. a Upper thread b Lower thread c thread.

Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types The sewing machine needle that should be used depends on the fabric and thread thickness. Suitings. Gabardine. the thicker the needle. Organza. 90/14 (Supplied with Lightweight wool. Poplin. Gingham. Refer to the following table when choosing the thread and needle appropriate for the fabric that you wish to sew. Fine lace. Pique. Velvet. ● A 75/11 needle is already installed when the sewing machine is purchased.) Fine corduroy. Chiffon 65/9 Needle sizes Thread sizes Cotton: 80 Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Fine Mercerized Cotton Cotton: 60-80 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50 Cotton: 50-60 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50-60 Cotton: 40-50 Mercerized Heavy Duty Polyester Long Fiber Cotton Wrapped Polyester Polyester Long Fiber Lightweight Voile. Tricot Memo ● The smaller the thread number. possibly resulting in injury. Tweed. Muslin Denim. Use the same size thread for the upper (spool) and lower (bobbin) threads. and the larger the needle number. Canvas.REPLACING THE NEEDLE This section provides information on sewing machine needles. Use of any other needle may bend the needle or damage the machine. 75/11 Synthetics. the thicker the thread. Silk. Be sure to read and carefully follow the instructions below. Silk. Satin. 19 . Failure to observe these precautions is extremely dangerous. Taffeta. Needle precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the handling of the needle. Bent needles can easily break. Sewing fabrics Very thin Fine tricot. Linen. your machine. Duck 100/16 Medium weight Heavyweight Knits Single knit. 90/14 (Ball point) Jersey. ● Never use bent needles. ● Use a 90/14 to 100/16 needle with transparent nylon threads. Double knit. Thin linen. regardless of the fabric being sewn. Batiste Cotton. Percale. 1 CAUTION ● Only use home sewing machine needles. ● Use the ball point needle when sewing on stretch fabrics or fabrics where skipped stitches easily occur. Corduroy.

a Presser foot lever 1 a Flat surface 20 . thread and needle combinations are shown in the table on the previous page. thread and needle is not correct. the stitching may be uneven or puckered or there may be skipped stitches. the needle may bend or break. a Turn off the sewing machine. the needle is bent. Before using the needle. Checking the needle Sewing with a bent needle is extremely dangerous since the needle may break while the machine is being operated. CAUTION ● Before replacing the needle. be sure to turn off the sewing machine. 1 a Flat surface ■ Incorrect needle If the distance between the needle and the flat surface is not even. In addition. Replacing the needle Replace the needle as described below. Use the screwdriver and a needle that has been determined to be straight according to the instructions in “Checking the needle” . otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. particularly when sewing thick fabrics (such as denim) with thin needles (such as 65/9 to 75/11). Do not use a bent needle. b turning the handwheel toward you 1 2 Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise).KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— CAUTION ● The appropriate fabric. place the flat side of the needle on a flat surface and check that the distance between the needle and the flat surface is even. a Flat side b Needle type marking ■ Correct needle c Lower the presser foot lever. If the combination of the fabric.

otherwise certain parts of the sewing machine may be damaged.) 1 Install the twin needle in the same way. CAUTION ● Be sure to insert the needle until it touches the needle stopper and securely tighten the needle clamp screw with the screwdriver. and then screw counterclockwise to remove the needle.d use a screwdriver to turn the needle clamp Hold the needle with your left hand. a Screwdriver b Needle clamp screw • Do not apply strong force when loosening or tightening the needle clamp screw. e rear of the machine. ■ Installing the needle clamp If the needle clamp is removed. Note ● The needle can be removed by simply loosening the needle clamp screw about one turn. a the needle clamp onto the needle bar so that As seen from the front of the machine. insert the needle until it With the flat side of the needle toward the touches the needle stopper. Therefore. follow the procedure below to attach it to the needle bar. a Needle stopper a b c d Needle bar Needle holder Needle clamp screw Align 21 . (If the needle clamp screw is loosened too much. do not loosen the needle clamp screw too much. the needle clamp (which holds the needle) may fall off. slide the needle clamp screw is on the right side and the needle bar thread guide is at the bottom. and then Align the bottom edge of the needle holder tighten the needle clamp screw. f use the screwdriver to tighten the needle While holding the needle with your left hand. a Needle clamp screw b Needle bar thread guide c Needle bar b with the end of the needle bar. clamp screw by turning it clockwise. otherwise the needle may break or damage may result.

a Left needle thread passes through the needle bar thread guide. d Thread the left needle from front to back. ● When changing the sewing direction. the needle may bend or break. CAUTION ● Use only twin needles that have been made for this machine (part code: X57521-021). otherwise the needle may break or the machine may be damaged. ● Do not sew with bent needles. If the needle hits the presser foot. Other needles could break. See page 16 for more details. single needle (page 20). ● When using the twin needle. The needle could break and injure you. Use the thread from the first spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the needle bar thread guide is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). be sure to select an appropriate stitch (straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2). ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. The stitches available for twin-needle sewing are straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2. Use the thread from the second spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the thread take-up lever is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle).KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Sewing with a twin needle (Option) We have designed your machine so you can sew with the optional twin needle and two top threads. be sure to raise the needle before turning the fabric. thread guide. and damage the machine. c Needle bar thread guide a First spool b Second spool c the machine to the needle bar thread guide. 22 . See page 16 for more details. e the machine to the thread take-up lever. b Right needle thread passes in front of the needle bar thread guide. f Do not pass the thread behind the needle bar Thread the right needle from front to back. the machine. b Put the extra spool pin in the hole on the top of Attach the extra spool pin. You can use the same color or two different colors of thread for making decorative stitches. Put the second spool of thread onto the extra spool pin. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. ■ Twin needle threading a Attach the twin needle in the same way as a Attach the twin needle. the needle may bend or break.

and may cause injury. If you use the wrong presser foot. Using other any presser feet may cause an accident or injury. c Raise the presser foot lever. the machine will start and you may be injured. a Black button b Presser foot holder CAUTION ● Before replacing the presser foot. If you leave the power on and step on the controller.REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT CAUTION ● Always turn off the power before you change the presser foot. d presser foot holder to release the presser foot. Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). Press the black button at the back of the If the sewing machine has been turned on. a Presser foot lever a Presser foot lever The presser foot is attached. b turning the handwheel toward you e so that the presser foot pin is aligned with the Place a different presser foot below the holder shank in the holder. be sure to turn off the sewing machine. ● Only use presser feet that have been designed to be used with this machine. 23 . a Presser foot holder b Shank c Pin f presser foot pin snaps into the shank in the Slowly lower the presser foot lever so that the presser foot holder. a turn it off. ● Always use the correct presser foot for the stitch pattern you have chosen. 1 Replacing the presser foot Replace the presser foot as described below. I. the needle may strike the presser foot and bend or break. otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. etc.) is positioned to be read. Position the presser foot so the letter indicating the presser foot type (A.

refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). b holder screw. the thread tension will be incorrect. a Presser foot holder b Presser bar b your right hand. such as the quilting foot. Raise the presser foot lever to check that the ■ Attaching the presser foot holder a left side of the presser bar.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— g presser foot is securely attached. Use the screwdriver to loosen the presser foot a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw Note ● If the presser foot holder is not correctly installed. a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw 24 . Align the presser foot holder with the lower- Removing the presser foot holder Remove the presser foot holder when cleaning the sewing machine or when installing a presser foot that does not use the presser foot holder. • For details. and then tighten the screw Hold the presser foot holder in place with using the screwdriver in your left hand. ■ Removing the presser foot holder a Remove the presser foot. Use the screwdriver to remove the presser foot holder.

General sewing procedure Follow the basic procedures below to sew. cut the threads. When sewing is finished. 4 Start sewing. otherwise injuries may occur or the needle may break. ● Never use bent needles. Attach the presser foot appropriate for the stitch. In addition. 1 Turn on the machine. read the following precautions. 2 Select the stitch. Before operating the sewing machine. Select the stitch appropriate for the area to be sewn. 25 . Position the fabric. For details on turning on the machine. For details on selecting a stitch. and then start sewing. pay special attention to the needle location. keep your hands away from all moving parts such as the needle and handwheel. Bent needles can easily break. 2 CAUTION ● While the machine is in operation. refer to “Power supply” (page 10). refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). Turn on the sewing machine. For details on starting to sew. otherwise injuries may occur. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). possibly resulting in injuries.2 SEWING BASICS SEWING Basic sewing operations are described below. For details on replacing the presser foot. refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). otherwise the needle may break or bend. ● Do not pull or push the fabric too hard while sewing. 3 Attach the presser foot. ● Make sure that the needle does not strike basting pins.

40. 33. aPattern selection dial Number on dial Stitch name 4-step automatic buttonhole b Pattern ac d Page 1 36 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 32. 43 7 Straight stitch (Left needle position) Stretch blind Stitch 33 8 33 9 Shell tuck stitch 43 10 Elastic stitch 44 26 . 35.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Selecting stitching Turning the stitch selection dial in either direction. select the desired stitch. 41 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Zigzag (satin) stitch 6 Straight stitch (Center needle position) Select the desired length.

a Presser foot lever d the thread under the presser foot. 2 b turning the handwheel toward you Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). toward you (counterclockwise) with your right hand to lower the needle to the starting point of the stitching. f Lower the presser foot lever. i turning the handwheel toward you a 5 cm (2 inches) j Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). pass pull out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread toward the rear of the machine. Raise the presser foot lever. turn the handwheel While holding the end of the thread and the Turn on the sewing machine. c Raise the presser foot lever.Starting to sew a e fabric with your left hand. The machine starts sewing. and then Place the fabric under the presser foot. The machine stops sewing. h Take your foot off the foot controller. 27 . a Presser foot lever g Slowly press down on the foot controller.

cutter on the back of the presser foot bar to cut them. Note ● If the bobbin thread was incorrectly inserted. a while sewing. Thread tension The thread tension will affect the quality of your stitches. 28 . ● We recommend you do a test sample on a scrap of fabric before you start to sew. a Thread cutter Sewing in reverse Reverse sewing is used to lock the threads at the end of the seam or wherever reinforcement is needed. release the reverse sewing 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. You may need to adjust it when you change fabric or thread. Memo ● Before beginning to change tension adjustments make sure the upper thread and bobbin are inserted correctly. ■ Correct tension Correct tension is important as too much or too little tension will weaken your seams or cause puckers on your fabric. In this case. the upper thread may be too tight. To sew forward. refer to “Lower threading” (page 14) and reinsert the bobbin. b lever. 1 2 3 a b c d Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever 4 ■ Upper tension is too tight Loops appear on the surface of the fabric.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— k and then pass the threads through the thread Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine.

1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 4 2 2 3 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number. ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops may appear on the surface of the fabric when sewing thin fabric with thin thread. refer to “Upper threading” (page 16) and rethread. If the problem persists. 29 .■ Upper tension is too loose Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. In addition. For most sewing applications. Be sure not to turn the screw more than one full turn. increase the tension in the bobbin by turning the screw clockwise with a small screwdriver. In this case. no adjustment is needed. Note ● The bobbin thread tension has been adjusted at the factory for general use. Note ● If the upper thread was incorrectly threaded. be sure to return the screw to its original position before the next time that the machine is used. the upper thread may be too loose.

For the trial sewing. When the stitching reaches a corner. If the needle was raised. the desired results may not be achieved. Turn the fabric using the needle as a pivot. Refer to these tips when sewing your project. stop the Leave the needle lowered (in the fabric). perform the trial sewing under the same conditions that will be used with your project. When sewing along a curve while using a zigzag stitch.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— USEFUL SEWING TIPS Various ways to achieve better results for your sewing projects are described below. Trial sewing A trial piece of fabric should be sewn since. c sewing. Sewing curves Stop sewing. lower the needle by turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). the needle may bend or break. Raise the presser foot lever. and then slightly change the sewing direction to sew around the curve. raise the presser foot lever even higher to bring the presser foot to its highest position. CAUTION ● When using the twin needle. the needle may bend or break. select a shorter stitch length in order to obtain a finer stitch. Sewing thick fabrics ■ If the fabric does not fit under the presser foot If the fabric does not fit easily under the presser foot. depending on the type of fabric and stitching being sewn. Lower the presser foot lever and continue CAUTION ● If fabric more than 6 mm (15/64 inches) thick is sewn or if the fabric is pushed with too much force. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. be sure to raise the needle before changing the sewing direction. and check the thread tension and stitch length and width. 30 . use a piece of fabric and thread that are the same as those used for your project. Since the results differ depending on the type of stitching and the number of layers of fabric sewn. Changing the sewing direction a sewing machine. and then turn the b fabric.

and then sew without stretching the fabric. tear off any excess paper. baste the pieces of fabric together. lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment toward you. place thin paper or stabilizer material under the fabric and sew it together with the fabric. the stitching may become misaligned or the fabric may not feed correctly. To change your machine to the free-arm style.Sewing thin fabrics When sewing thin fabrics. When you have finished sewing. 2 a Stabilizer material or paper Sewing stretch fabrics First. a Flat bed attachment 31 . If this occurs. a Basting Using a free-arm style Free-arm sewing is convenient for sewing tubular and hard-to-reach areas. and then pull the flat bed attachment out to remove it.

d When sewing is finished. Overcasting and attaching appliqués. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). Stitch name Application c Start sawing. • For details. Select the desired width. the needle may bend or break. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). They are also useful for sewing stretch materials.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— 3 UTILITY STITCHES USEFUL STITCHES Zigzag stitches You can use the zigzag stitches to join together seams and finish them in one operation. Lower the needle into the fabric at the b beginning of the stitching. If the needle hits the presser foot. cut the thread. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches. use straight stitches at the beginning and end of the zigzag stitch for reinforcement. • For details. Memo ● When sewing with a zigzag stitch. • For details. 32 . CAUTION ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. Zigzag (satin) stitch a Select a stitch.

refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). <Seen from the side> a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric 33 . Attaching Straight stitch zippers. like the hem of a pair of trousers. • For details. without the stitch showing. • For details. d Lower the needle into the fabric at the Fold the fabric along the desired edge of the Start sewing. a b Baste or pin together the fabric pieces. Straight stitch (Left needle position) Basic stitching. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). sewing gathers or pintucks. 3 Select a stitch. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). etc. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Blind hem stitching You can use the Blind Hem Stitch to finish the edge of a project. cut the thread. • For details. a Right side of fabric b Bottom side b hem.Basic stitching Straight stitches are used for sewing plain seams. c beginning of the stitching. basic (Center needle stitching. Two stitches are available for basic stitching. etc. e When sewing is finished. and position) sewing gathers or darning. and press. Number on dial 8 Stitch name Stretch blind Stitch Application Blind hem stitching on stretch fabrics. 7 a Reverse the skirt or pants.

Fold back the fabric inside along the basting. make sure that the fabric feeds correctly. g free-arm sewing possible.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— c (3/16 inches) from the edge of the fabric. Remove the flat bed attachment and make • For details on free-arm sewing. h arm. Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the and then start sewing. e fabric with the wrong side facing up. <Seen from the side> a b c d Wrong side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Arm 34 . and Use a chalk to mark on the fabric about 5 mm then baste it. Unfold the edge of fabric. and position the <Seen from the side> <Seen from the side> a b c d e d Wrong side of fabric Right side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting stitching 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Wrong side of fabric b Basting c Edge of fabric f Select the stretch blind stitch (8). refer to“Using a free-arm style” (page 31).

make sure that both threads are the same color as the fabric. etc. alternately drawing the Start sewing while gently moving the fabric fabric away and pulling it toward you. Remove the basting stitching and turn the k fabric right side up. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Attaching Straight stitch zippers. basic (Center needle stitching.i catches the fold of the hem. For invisible stitching. c presser foot together with a fabric underlay a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric d with your hands. b Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). Stop sewing when the portion to be darned is 35 . and then remove both the aNeedle bNeedle drop point cFold of hem dWrong side of fabric j Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly. Place the fabric to be darned under the for reinforcement. Darning Reinforce points that will be subject to strain. a shown below. e filled with parallel stitching. and then lower Position the fabric so that the needle slightly the presser foot lever. and position) sewing gathers or darning. 3 Sew along the fold of the hem.

a the buttonhole on the fabric. Buttonholes are sewn from the front of the presser foot to the back. Step Step a (Front end of button hole) Step b (Left side) Sewn portion Use chalk to mark the position and length of 1 Step c (Back end of button hole) a Marks on fabric Step d (Right side) b outside frame back until the sliding insert Attach buttonhole foot “A” and push the reaches the front of the outside frame. 36 . Number on dial 1 4-step automatic buttonhole Buttonholes on medium weight fabrics. Stitch name Application Memo ● Before sewing buttonholes. Select stitch “a” of the 4-step automatic Making the buttonhole The names of parts of buttonhole foot “A”. are indicated below. d that the middle of the front chalk line is Position the fabric under the presser foot so directly in the center of the presser foot and aligned with the two red lines on the insert. a Reinforcement stitching c buttonhole (1).UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— BUTTONHOLE SEWING Buttonholes can be sewn and buttons can be sewn on. check the stitch length and width by sewing a trial buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric. ● When sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics. place stabilizer material under the fablic. as shown below. a b c d Presser foot scale Pin Marks on buttonhole foot 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Mark on fabric b Red marks on the sliding insert e Start sewing. Pass the upper thread down through the hole in the presser foot. which is used for sewing buttonholes. Sew 5 to 6 stitches.

l side of the stitching. and cut the thread.f of the stitching. turn the fabric 90 degrees counterclockwise. and then use a seam ripper to cut towards the pin and open the buttonhole. 1 a Seam ripper b Pin Select stitch “c” (same as “a”) of the 4-step j automatic buttonhole (1). select the straight stitch (6 through 10) with the desired length. o fabric. Do not use the seam ripper in any other way than how it is intended. Select stitch “b” of the 4-step automatic 2 Start sewing. Select stitch “d” of the 4-step automatic n buttonhole until the needle reaches the Start sewing. Sew 5 to 6 stitches. Raise the presser foot lever. and then sew to the edge of the front bar tack. m buttonhole (1). and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. Sew the right side of the stitching sewn in step e. 3 Start sewing. otherwise injuries may result if the seam ripper slips. i side of the stitching. For reinforcement. k CAUTION ● When opening the buttonhole with the seam ripper. do not place your hands in the cutting path. and then sew the length of the h chalk line. p stitching to prevent the stitching from being Insert a pin at the end of the buttonhole cut. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. g buttonhole (1). remove the 37 . and then raise the needle by Stop sewing when the needle is at the left side turning the handwheel toward you.

the stitching can adjusted with the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw. Place the darning plate on the needle plate as ■ If the right side is too tight compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the + direction. a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw Distance between holes 1. Button sewing Buttons can be sewn on with the sewing machine.2 mm (1/8 inches) 4.6 mm (1/16 inches) 3. and then sew them in the same way. Then. Place a button between the presser foot and • When attaching four-hole buttons. Number of dial 2 3 4 Attach the button sewing foot “M”. Buttons with 2 or with 4 holes can be attached. a button to be attached.8 mm (3/16 inches) b ■ If the right side is too loose compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the direction. 3 or 4) according to the following table. c shown below. 38 . and then select the Measure the distance between the holes in the appropriate zigzag stitch (2. d the fabric. slide the button so that the needle goes into the two holes toward the rear of the sewing machine.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Adjusting buitching stitching If the stitching on the two sides of the buttonhole is not uniform. first sew the two holes closest to you.

be sure that the needle does not touch the button. Use scissors to cut the upper thread and the bobbin thread at the beginning of the stitching. g and then cut the upper and lower threads. If the needle hits the button. return to step a. • After sewing for about 10 seconds at a low speed. and Pull the upper thread at the end of the then tie it with the bobbin thread. press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew a few reinforcement stitches. Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. h stitching to the wrong side of the fabric. leaving a length of 15 cm (6 inches). otherwise the needle may bend or break.e (counterclockwise) to check that the needle Turn the handwheel toward you correctly goes into the two holes of the button. CAUTION ● When sewing. 39 . f 3 Start sewing.

release back of the presser foot. When sewing the left side of the zipper. CAUTION ● Make sure the needle does not hit the zipper during sewing. 40 . attach the shank to the right pin of the zipper foot. attach the shank to the left pin of the zipper foot. fit the zipper foot on the other side of the zipper and continue sewing using the other side notch. basic (Center needle stitching. etc. Fold the edge of the fabric 2 cm (3/4 inches) c and place the zipper under the folded section. e the foot by pressing the button located at the To sew the opposite side of the zipper. When sewing the right side of the zipper. b left or right pin of the zipper foot onto the Lower the presser foot lever and fix either the shank. the needle will hit the presser foot and break the needle. and can easily position it to the right or left side of the needle. The needle should be Sew from the bottom of the zipper toward the positioned on the zipper side of the foot for best results. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application d top on both sides. the needle may break and you may be injured. Lower the needle into the notch located either on the left or right side of the zipper foot. a Zipper foot “I” b Right pin for sewing the left side of the zipper c Left pin for sewing the right side of the zipper a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). You may also be injured. CAUTION ● Turn the handwheel by hand to make sure the needle does not hit the presser foot before you start sewing. If the needle hits the zipper. Attaching Straight stitch zippers.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— ZIPPER INSERTION You can use the zipper foot “I” to sew different types of zippers. If you choose a different stitch. and position) sewing gathers or darning.

a b CAUTION ● Be careful that the needle does not hit a pin during sewing. Select the desired width. Baste the cut design to the fabric. Stitch name Application c Carefully sew around the edge of the design. and then remove both the Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly. monogramming and embroidering. d stitching. Zigzag (satin) stitch Appliqués You can create an appliqué by cutting a different piece of fabric into a shape and using it as a decoration. 3 Memo ● Make reinforcing straight stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. Monogramming and embroidering a shown below. as the needle can break. if necessary. Cut away any fabric that is left outside the Select a stitch. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches. Overcasting and attaching appliqués. MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING Zigzag stitches can be used for sewing appliqués. e Remove the basting. 41 . You may also be injured.APPLIQUÉ.

e the presser bar. sew to completely fill in the design with stitches by alternately sewing from the outline of the design to the inside and from the inside to the outline.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— b Select a stitch. h Start sewing. g forefingers of both hands while pressing the Grip the hoop with the thumbs and Memo ● Be sure to keep the stitches close together. CAUTION ● Be sure to keep your fingers away from moving parts. fabric with the middle and third fingers. Select the desired length for straight stitch (6) Memo ● When the hoop is moved quickly. i and sew a few stitches for reinforcing. Place the project under the needle and lower f at the starting position by turning the Draw up the lower thread through the project handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). and support the outside of the hoop with your little fingers. the stitches are longer. Then. ■ Embroidering Sew along the outline of the design by moving the hoop slowly. especially needles. the stitches are shorter. d the surface of the fabric facing up inside the Put the fabric in the embroidery hoop with well. and then sew a few stitches to reinforce the stitching. 42 . When the hoop is moved slowly. ■ Monogramming Sew the lettering at a constant speed by moving the hoop slowly. c design (for embroidering) on the surface of Draw the lettering (for monogramming) or the fabric.

Loosen the tension of the upper thread (to 3 b about 2). and then iron the tucks 43 . b the thread tension. (Center needle and sewing position) gathers or darning. a Attaching zippers. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). refer to “Thread tension” (page 28). the front of blouses or cuffs made of thin fabrics. Select the shell tuck stitch (9).DECORATIVE STITCHING Various decorative stitches can be sewn with this sewing machine. d Smooth the gathers by ironing them. and increase • For details. Sew a single or multiple parallel rows of • Do not sew reverse stitches or cut the thread. Straight stitch basic stitching. They are used to decorate trims. etc. Stitch name Application a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). Pull the bobbin threads to create gathers. • For details. Gathering Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Shell tuck stitching Number on dial 9 Shell tuck stitch Shell tuck stitching The gathers that look like shells are called “shell tucks”. Unfold the fabric. c stitches. c slightly off the edge of the fabric. Sew while making sure that the needle drops d down to one side. Fold the fabric along the bias.

■ Joining fabric Put the edges of the two pieces of fabric together. start sewing the edges of the two fabrics together.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Elastic stitching Number on dial 10 Stitch name Application Mending. Memo ● Make reinforcing reverse stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. sewing elastic or joining fabric. Select the elastic stitch (10). and then sew over the elastic tape while holding the tape both in front and behind the presser foot. The elastic stitch can be used in 3 ways: mending. sewing Elastic stitching elastic tape or joining fabric. and then sew over the tear. ■ Mending Place the reinforcement fabric under the tear to be mended. Then. Each is explained below. 44 . ■ Sewing elastic tape Place the elastic tape on the fabric. and then place them under the presser foot with the fabric edges under the center of the presser foot.

Oiling a Changing the bulb CAUTION Turn off the machine and unplug it. oil every day. ● Unplug the power supply cord before changing the bulb. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. Put 2 to 3 drops of oil at each of the points Be sure to wipe any excess oil off the machine. 45 . Note ● Hold the face plate securely while removing or attaching it.4 APPENDIX MAINTENANCE Simple sewing machine maintenance operations are described below. b indicated below. a b Turn off the machine and unplug it. c at a fast speed without thread. 4 Loosen the face plate screw. ● Sewing machine oil is available at your local sewing machine dealer or service center. After oiling. c Remove the face plate from the machine. If you use it more often. run the machine for a short time Memo ● Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. ● Do not apply too much oil as it may soil the thread and fabric.

a Turn off the machine and unplug it. a bulb b Loosen c Tighten e again. b then remove the presser foot and the needle. After cleaning it once with a wet cloth. a Bobbin case latch e ring to remove it. a Retaining ring b Latch lever 46 . Cleaning the shuttle race CAUTION ● Be sure to unplug the machine before cleaning it. Cleaning the machine surface If the surface of the machine is dirty.APPENDIX d ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Replace the sewing light bulb. and c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. Raise the needle and the presser foot. and then wipe the surface of the machine. wipe it again with a dry cloth. squeeze it out firmly. Remove the flat bed attachment and open the Attach the face plate and fasten the screw d toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race. Slide the latch levers out from the retaining CAUTION ● Unplug the power supply cord before cleaning the machine. lightly soak a cloth in neutral detergent. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur.

the presser foot and Cleaning the feed dogs CAUTION ● Make sure you unplug the machine before you clean it. Remove the hook by grasping its center post k the needle before using the machine. and Remove the flat bed attachment and open the 4 Remove the needle plate by using a coin or d screwdriver to remove the screws. you may get an electric shock or be injured. Use a brush to remove any accumulated lint driver and race body. Attach the bobbin case. e part of the feed dogs and shuttle race body.f and pulling it out. a Retaining ring b Hook c Hook center post g and thread from the retaining ring. a Retaining ring b Driver c Race body h wipe the shuttle race in order to remove any Use a cloth dampened with machine oil to lint. Clean the lint from the shuttle hook in the i same manner as described in step h. Otherwise. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. j and push the latch levers back into position. Attach the needle plate by using a coin or a Retaining ring b Hook c Latch lever 47 . f screwdriver. b then remove the presser foot and the needle. hook. Use a brush to clean the lint from the upper Reassemble the hook and the retaining ring. c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. Raise the needle and the presser foot.

no adjustment is needed. For most sewing applications. Note ● If the loops still appear on the surface of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension. If it is not packed properly. the thread tension may not be adjusted adequately with the upper tension control dial. ● Save this packing material in case it is needed to transport this sewing machine. the thread tension must be adjusted according to the procedure described below. Therefore. Note ● Remember to return the screw to its original setting before starting your next project. the bobbin thread may be too loose. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Repacking the machine Keep the carton and packing materials for future use. IMPORTANT ● This packing material is designed to prevent damage in transit. approximately 30-45 degrees to increase bobbin tension. 48 . ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops appear on the surface of the fabric. a Screw Bobbin case tension adjustment The bobbin thread tension has already been adjusted at the factory for general use. being careful not to over-tighten the screw. damage may occur during shipping. pack it properly as described below. When sewing with thin thread on thin fabrics. When packing up the machine again. In this case. After you adjust the bobbin thread. turn the screw clockwise.

Note ● If the loops still appear on the wrong side of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension. In this case.■ Bobbin tension is too tight Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. After you adjust the bobbin thread. turn the screw counterclockwise being careful not to over-loosen the screw. 4 a Screw 49 . approximately 30-45 degrees to decrease bobbin tension. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 2 3 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number. the bobbin thread may be too tight.

The bobbin case is scratched. Turn on the main power switch. Remove any knots or tangles. The needle breaks. Reference page 10 page 10 page 13 page 11 page 20 page 21 page 20 page 19 page 35. The bobbin winder shaft is pushed to the right. Replace the bobbin case. You can solve most problems by yourself. – – page 12 Correct the upper threading. thread and needle. You have not used the right combination of fabric. the Brother Solutions Center offers the latest FAQs and troubleshooting tips. The area around the hole in the nee. You have not inserted the needle properly. The thread is tangled. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. 38. or the thread has come out of the guide above the needle. Visit us at [http://solutions. Remove the tangle thread. clean the shuttle race. If you need additional help. Symptom Possible cause The machine is not plugged in. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric.com]. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. you have not fitted the spool properly.brother. The needle clamp screw is loose. The needle is bent or blunt. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. – page 19 page 28 page 46 The upper thread tension is too tight. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. check the following possible problems before requesting service. Insert the needle properly. in the shuttle race. The upper thread tension is too tight. page 16 The upper thread breaks. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. The needle is not appropriate for the thread you are using. 36. contact your dealer or the nearest authorized service center. Loosen the upper thread tension. You have not used the foot controller properly. Replace the needle. You are pulling the fabric too much. (for example. The presser foot you are using is not appropriate for the type of stitch that you want to sew. 41 page 28 – – The main power switch is turned off. Use the foot controller properly. Use the screwdriver to firmly tighten the screw.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— TROUBLESHOOTING If the machine stops operating correctly.) Replace the presser foot. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. for example. The sewing machine does not work. 40. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. There are knots or tangles in the thread.Replace the needle plate. If the problem persists. Loosen the upper thread tension. authorized service center. How to put it right Plug the machine in. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. Move the bobbin winder shaft to the left. Lightly guide the fabric. 50 . Choose a needle that is appropriate for the type of stitch.

Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. The bobbin case is scratched. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. authorised service center. Correctly install the bobbin thread. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. The bobbin thread is incorrectly installed. The thread is tangled on the wrong side of the fabric. The thread ten. Attach the presser-foot holder properly. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. Replace the bobbin. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. Reference page 20 page 20 – The area around the hole in the nee. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. The upper thread was not threaded correctly. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. page 16 page 12 page 19 page 24 page 28 page 12 page 14 page 14 51 . You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. The upper thread is too tight. Remove the tangled thread and clean the shuttle race. Wind the bobbin thread properly. Bobbin is set incorrectly. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. The thread tension is incorrect. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. You have not used the right combination of fabric. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. How to put it right Replace the needle. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The bobbin is scratched or does not turn smoothly. Correct the upper threading. thread and needle. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Replace the bobbin case. Bobbin is set incorrectly. Wind the bobbin thread properly. Reset the bobbin thread correctly.Symptom Possible cause The needle is bent or blunt. The thread is tangled. foot holder properly. Insert the needle properly. You have not inserted the needle properly. or has a burr on it. The upper thread breaks.Replace the needle plate. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. The lower thread is tangled or breaks.You have not attached the pressersion is incorrect. – – page 12 page 12 – page 46 page 12 page 14 page 16 4 Correct the upper threading. Replace the presser foot.

APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Symptom Possible cause You have not threaded the upper thread properly or fitted the bobbin properly. The thread tension is incorrect. thread and needle. 38. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. page 45 The presser foot that you are using is not correct for the type of stitch. page 45 52 . Sew with stabiliser material under the fabric. Fit the spool properly. 40. Correct the upper threading. page 12 Insufficient oiling. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. 41 page 28 page 46 page 19 page 46 The fabric does not feed. clean the shuttle race. Replace the needle. The bobbin case is scratched. The thread tension is incorrect. thread and needle. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. Correct the upper threading. in the shuttle race. The thread is tangled. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. 16 – page 19 page 20 page 31 page 28 page 16 page 19 page 20 page 46. Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. You have not used the right combination of fabric. You have not used bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Remove the tangle thread. You have not used the right combination of fabric. Stitches are skipped. You have not inserted the needle properly. oil every day. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. for example. Remove the needle plate cover and clean the plate and the shuttle race. The needle is bent or blunt. The sewing light bulb does not come on. thread and needle. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. The needle is bent or blunt. page 33. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. You have not fitted the spool properly. 36. 47 page 46 page 16 – The fabric is wrinkled. Replace the bobbin case. You have not used the right combination of fabric. If you use it more often. clean the shuttle race. Dust has built up in the feed dogs or in the shuttle race. Clean the shuttle race. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. How to put it right Thread the upper thread and wind the bobbin thread properly. for example. The sewing lamp is damaged. Reference page 14. Dust has accumulated under the needle plate or in the shuttle race. The thread is tangled. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. There is a highpitched noise while sewing. The stitch is not sewn correctly. Remove the tangle thread. Replace the needle. Change the sewing light bulb. the stitch is too thick. If you are sewing thin fabric. in the shuttle race. Insert the needle properly.

.............................................. 8.......................................................................8........ 48 upper threading ..................................................................30 thin fabrics .............................................................................................................. 28 thread guide ..................32 pattern selection dial .............................................................................9 appliqués ...........................................................47 shuttle race cleaning ..............8 needle clamp screw ......................................30.... 21............................33 blind hem stitching ............................................ 19 needle bar thread guide .................................................................................................................................. 16 pre-tension disk .................................. 22 feed dogs ............................................... 16 straight stitch ..................................................38 buttonhole foot ............ 28 53 .......47 spool pin .......................................................................... 16 thread tension ............................................................................16 C cleaning .........8.................19 shell tuck stitching ...... 47 flat bed attachment .............................................................. 23 presser foot holder .. 29........................................................... 7 J joining ..................... 37 sewing machine needles ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 40 G gathering ................. 12 P R relative chart of sewing fabrics..................6.......................................... 14 bobbin case .......INDEX A accessories ...............45 overcasting stitches ...12 zigzag stitches ........ 31 foot controller ....................................................33 bobbin ...................................................................................... 41 N needle .................................................33 stretch fabrics ........................................... 8............................................................................ 46 D darning .35 E embroidering ........................... 12 button sewing ..................8............................................................................................ 44 M main parts ................................................................................................. 48 reverse sewing lever ....................................................................................................................................... 28 trial sewing ....................................................43 shuttle hook removal .............................................................................................................................................................40 zipper insertion ................................................................................ 26 presser foot ............................................................... 47 O oiling ... 7..... 31 B basic stitching ......................36 T thick fabrics .........................................8............................................................................6 main power switch .......... 41 S satin stitching . 24 presser foot lever .................................................................................................... 32..................................................... 50 twin needle .......... 21 needle plate ...................... 14 bobbin winder ....................................... 43 Z H handwheel ..................................................... 22 upper tension-control dial . 41 extra spool pin ...................................................................................................................................................................................33 stretch blind stitch ........................ 19 repacking ......12.......... 30 troubleshooting ............................................................................................................................................................................. needles and threads ...................................32 seam ripper ...............28......... 31 F U W winding the bobbin .........36 buttonhole sewing ....................................................10 monogramming .......................................31 thread cutter .......................................................... 41 zipper foot .................27 free-arm style ..................................................................................

English XE4592-001 Printed in China .

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