KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE

SEWING BASICS

UTILITY STITCHES

APPENDIX

Basic Sewing and Mending Machine

Operation Manual
Please visit us at http://solutions.brother.com where you can get product support and answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs).

“IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS”
When using the sewing machine, basic safety precautions should always be followed, including the following: “Read all instructions before using.”

DANGER – To reduce the risk of electric shock:
1. The sewing machine should never be left unattended when plugged in. Always unplug this sewing machine from the electrical outlet immediately after using and before cleaning. 2. Always unplug before changing the light bulb. Replace bulb with same type rated 15 watts.

WARNING – To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or injury to persons: 1. Do not allow this machine to be used as a toy. Close attention is necessary when the sewing machine is used by or near children. 2. Use this sewing machine only for its intended use as described in this manual. Use only accessories recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual. 3. Never operate this sewing machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has been dropped or damaged, or dropped into water. Return the sewing machine to the nearest authorized dealer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment. 4. Never operate the sewing machine with any of the air openings blocked. Keep the ventilation openings of the sewing machine and foot controller free from the accumulation of lint, dust and loose cloth. 5. Never drop or insert any object into any openings. 6. Do not use this machine outdoors. 7. Do not operate this machine where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being administered. 8. To disconnect, turn the main switch to the symbol “O” position which represents off, then remove plug from outlet. 9. Do not unplug by pulling on the cord. To unplug, grasp the plug and pull, not the cord. 10. Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the sewing machine needle. 11. Always use the proper needle plate. The wrong plate can cause the needle to break. 12. Do not use a bent needle. 13. Do not pull or push the fabric while stitching. It may deflect the needle causing it to break. 14. Switch the sewing machine to the off, symbol “O” position when making any adjustments in the needle area, such as threading the needle, changing the needle, threading the bobbin, or changing the presser foot. 15. Always unplug the sewing machine from the electrical outlet when removing covers, lubricating, or when making any other user service adjustments mentioned in this instruction manual. 16. This sewing machine is not intended for use by young children or impaired persons without supervision. 17. Young children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with this sewing machine. “SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS” “This sewing machine is intended for household use.”

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FOR USERS IN THE UK, EIRE, MALTA AND CYPRUS ONLY
If this machine is fitted with a three-pin non-rewireable BS plug then please read the following.

IMPORTANT
If the available socket outlet is not suitable for the plug supplied with this equipment, it should be cut off and an appropriate three-pin plug fitted. With alternative plugs an approved fuse must be fitted in the plug. NOTE The plug served from the main lead must be destroyed as a plug with bared flexible cords is hazardous if engaged in a live socket outlet. In the event of replacing the plug fuse, use a fuse approved by ASTA to BS 1362, i.e. carrying the mark, rating as marked on plug. Always replace the fuse cover, never use plugs with the fuse cover omitted. WARNING DO NOT CONNECT EITHER WIRE TO THE EARTH TERMINAL WHICH IS MARKED WITH THE LETTER ‘E’, BY THE EARTH SYMBOL OR COLOURED GREEN OR GREEN AND YELLOW. The wires in this main lead are coloured in accordance with the following code: Blue Brown Neutral Live

As the colours of the wiring in the main lead of this appliance may not correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals in your plug, proceed as follows. The wire which is coloured blue must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘N’ or coloured black or blue. The wire which is coloured brown must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘L’ or coloured red or brown.

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CONGRATULATIONS ON CHOOSING OUR MACHINE
To fully enjoy all the features, we suggest that you study the manual before using the machine.

PLEASE READ BEFORE USING THIS MACHINE
For safe operation 1. Be sure to keep your eye on the needle while sewing. Do not touch the handwheel, thread takeup lever, needle, or other moving parts. 2. Remember to turn off the power switch and unplug the cord when: • Operation is completed • Replacing or removing the needle or any other parts • A power failure occurs during use • Maintaining the machine • Leaving the machine unattended 3. Do not store anything on the foot controller. 4. Plug the machine directly into the wall. Do not use extension cords. For a longer service life 1. When storing this machine, avoid direct sunlight and high humidity locations. Do not use or store the machine near a space heater, iron, halogen lamp, or other hot objects. 2. Use only neutral soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders can damage the case and machine, and should never be used. 3. Do not drop or hit the machine. 4. Always consult the operation manual when replacing or installing any assemblies, the presser feet, needle, or other parts to assure correct installation. For repair or adjustment In the event a malfunction occurs or adjustment is required, first follow the troubleshooting table in the back of the operation manual to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem persists, please consult your local authorized Brother dealer. For additional product information and updates, visit our web site at www.brother.com The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.

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........................................................................................................................... 16 Drawing up the lower thread .................... 31 3........... 25 Selecting stitching .............. 27 Sewing in reverse .................................................................................... 14 Upper threading ...................................................................................25 SEWING ............................................................................................. 28 Thread tension ........................................................................................................................................12 Winding the bobbin ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8 Flat bed attachment .............................................. 30 Trial sewing ........................................................................................................ 30 Sewing thick fabrics ................................................................................................................................ 6 The main parts ........ 38 Button sewing ...................................... 20 Sewing with a twin needle (Option) ...............................................32 USEFUL STITCHES ................................................................................................................ 23 Removing the presser foot holder ................................................................................................ 19 Checking the needle .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................36 Making the buttonhole ...................................................... 22 REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT ................................................................................................................................... 10 Power supply ........................................25 General sewing procedure ..........................................................9 USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ................................ 30 Sewing thin fabrics ............................................. 28 USEFUL SEWING TIPS ......................................... 8 ACCESSORIES ............................................................................................................................................................ 36 Adjusting buitching stitching .................................... 30 Changing the sewing direction ................................................................................................................. KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE .......................... 10 Foot controller .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 11 THREADING THE MACHINE ............................................................................................................................ 32 Basic stitching ..........................................................................................................................................................................10 Power supply precautions ....... 33 Blind hem stitching .............................................................................................................23 Replacing the presser foot ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 26 Starting to sew .......................................... 24 2..... 32 Zigzag stitches ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 33 Darning ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 11 Steadying the machine ......................................................................................................................... 6 Needle and presser foot section ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 19 Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types ............ 18 REPLACING THE NEEDLE ................................................ 30 Sewing curves .............................................................................................................................................................. 20 Replacing the needle ........ 35 BUTTONHOLE SEWING ........................................................................................... 31 Sewing stretch fabrics .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................19 Needle precautions ................................................................................................................................... UTILITY STITCHES ..............6 NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS ........ 38 4 ............................................................................................................................................................................................ SEWING BASICS ........................................ 31 Using a free-arm style ......................................................................................................................—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— CONTENTS 1................. 12 Lower threading ............................................................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................................... 53 5 .................................................................................... MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING ....................................... 44 4.......................... 41 Appliqués ........................................... 48 TROUBLESHOOTING ........................................................................................50 INDEX ...................................... 40 APPLIQUÉ............................ 43 Shell tuck stitching .......................................................................................................................................43 Gathering ............................................... 48 Bobbin case tension adjustment ............... 47 Repacking the machine .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 41 Monogramming and embroidering ................................................................................................................................................................................. 43 Elastic stitching .ZIPPER INSERTION ...................................................................................................................................................................................... APPENDIX .................................................................................................................................................................. 41 DECORATIVE STITCHING .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................45 Oiling ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 45 Cleaning the machine surface .. 46 Cleaning the feed dogs ..............................................................45 MAINTENANCE .................................................... 45 Changing the bulb .............................. 46 Cleaning the shuttle race .........

c Thread take-up lever (page 16) d Upper tension control dial (page 28) This controls the tension of the upper thread.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— 1 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS The main parts a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw (page 38) Turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw to adjust buttonhole stitching when it is not uniform. e Flat bed attachment with accessory storage (page 8 and 31) f Reverse sewing lever (page 28) Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew in the opposite direction. 6 . b Pattern selection dial (page 26) Turn the pattern selection dial to select the number of the stitch that you want to use.

). i Bobbin winder (page 12) The bobbin winder winds thread onto the bobbin for use as the lower thread. Part code. p Foot controller (page 11) Use the foot controller to control the sewing speed and to start and stop sewing.K. XC7438-321 (220/240V Area). o Bobbin winding pre-tension disc/thread guide (page 12 and 16) The thread guide/bobbin winding pre-tension disc is used when winding the thread onto the bobbin and threading the machine.1 g Built-in handle h Spool pin (page 12 and 16) The spool pin holds the spool of thread. XC7438-321 (Russia) 7 . j Handwheel Use the handwheel to manually raise and lower the needle. m Thread cutter (page 28) Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them. l Foot controller jack/jack Insert the foot controller plug into the foot controller jack. XC7359-021 (110/120V Area). XE0629-001 (Australia. XC7456-321 (U. n Presser foot lever (page 16) Use the presser foot lever to raise and lower the presser foot. which also supplies power to this machine. k Main power/sewing light switch (page 10) Use this switch to turn on and off the main power and sewing light. New Zealand). XD0852-021 (Korea).

and then pull the flat bed Lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment attachment out to remove it. and be lost or damaged. If the accessories are not in a bag. c Presser foot (Zigzag) The presser foot applies pressure consistently on the fabric as the sewing takes place. and then store the bag inside the compartment. a Flat bed attachment b Storage compartment a Presser foot holder assembly The presser foot is installed onto the presser foot holder assembly. Note ● Put the accessories in the bag. f Shuttle hook g Shuttle cover Open the shuttle cover to set the bobbin. Attach the appropriate presser foot for the selected stitching. d Feed dogs The feed dogs feed the fabric in the sewing direction. b Presser foot screw Use the presser foot screw to hold the presser foot holder assembly in place. a toward you. e Needle plate The needle plate is marked with guides for sewing straight seams. 8 .KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Needle and presser foot section Flat bed attachment The accessories are stored in a compartment inside the flat bed attachment. h Bobbin case i Needle j Needle bar thread guide k Needle clamp screw Use the needle clamp screw to hold the needle in place. they may fall out.

No. (Part code: 132730-122) ● A replacement for the factory-installed presser foot is available through your authorized dealer. 75/11 1 needle 90/14 1 needle 100/16 1 needle 7. 8. / Canada Others XA5539-151 SA156 129583-021 X55467-021 130920-021 9 . ● The screw of the presser foot holder is available through your authorized dealer. 4. 1 Note (For U. 3.A.S. 5.A. We have designed these accessories to help you be able to carry out most sewing tasks.S. (Part number: 138135-122) 1. only) ● Foot controller: Model KD-1902. 6. 5 6 7 8 Part Name Bobbin (3) Needle set Screwdriver Extra spool pin Part Code U.ACCESSORIES The following accessories are stored in the flat bed attachment.S. 2. N This foot controller can be used on the following machine models: LS-2220/2720/1520/2125/2125i. / Canada Others X59369-321 X59370-021 XE2137-001 XA3442-121 No.A. 1 2 3 4 Part Name Buttonhole foot “A” Zipper foot “I” Button sewing foot “M” Darning plate Part Code U.

forcefully bent. Always grasp the plug to remove it from the outlet. twisted. take the machine to your authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use. The sewing lamp comes on when the machine is turned on. If the cord or plug is damaged. insert the power supply plug into a wall outlet. always turn off the main power first. Power supply a between the foot controller and the power b Set the main power switch to “I”. Using other power sources may result in fire. Fire or electric shock may result. located supply plug on the cord. or damage to the machine. Then. ● Do not allow the power cord to be cut.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE Power supply precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the power supply. WARNING ● Use only regular household electricity for the power source. These things may damage the cord and cause fire or electric shock. Insert the foot controller plug. Do not place heavy objects on the cord. Otherwise a fire may result. ● Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances: • When you are away from the machine • After using the machine • When the power fails during use • When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection • During electrical storms CAUTION ● Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to them. into the jack on the machine. modified. ● When unplugging the machine. electric shock. damaged. a Foot controller plug 10 . or lead to fire or electric shock. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord. Do not subject the cord to heat. Electric shock may result. ● Do not touch the plug with wet hands. pulled. ● Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time. or bundled.

When you press harder. follow the necessary procedure to correctly operate the machine. 11 . Do not modify the plug in any way. be sure to wipe off any excess oil. this plug is intended to fit in a polarized outlet only one way. the machine will run at a low speed. turn the rubber cushion in the right-front corner of the base plate to adjust its height until the sewing machine is stable. After oiling. the machine’s speed will increase. only) ● This appliance has a polarized plug (one blade wider than the other). To reduce the risk of electric shock. If the plug does not fit fully in the outlet. be sure to turn off the sewing machine in order to prevent the machine from accidentally being started. Note ● If a power outage occurs while the sewing machine is being operated.S. (For U. CAUTION ● Do not allow pieces of cloth and dust to build up on the foot controller. the machine will stop.c switch to “ To turn off the machine. When restarting the sewing machine. The sewing lamp goes off when the machine is turned off. Foot controller CAUTION ● When connecting the foot controller. When you press the foot controller down lightly. When you take your foot off the foot controller. set the main power ”. contact a qualified electrician to install the proper outlet. Steadying the machine If the sewing machine has been placed on an uneven surface.A. ● A new sewing machine or one that has not been in use for a long period of time should be oiled as described on page 45. 1 Slower Faster You should make sure that nothing is placed on the foot controller when the machine is not in use. turn off the sewing machine and unplug the power supply cord. Doing so could cause a fire or an electric shock. reverse the plug. If it still does not fit.

Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. c the bobbin from the inside of the bobbin. 1 Pulling it in as far as possible. 12 . SFB: XA5539-151) that have been designed for this sewing machine. until the spring on the shaft slides into the groove of the bobbin. ● We designed the bobbin that comes with this machine. Pass the end of the thread through the hole on a Spring on the shaft b Groove of the bobbin e Turn on the sewing machine. SFB: XA5539-151). b Other models d and slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right. the machine will not work properly. and Put the bobbin onto the bobbin winder shaft Pass the thread around the pre-tension disk. by hand. a Pre-tension disk b Bobbin winder shaft c Bobbin CAUTION ● Only use bobbins (part code: SA156. Turn the bobbin clockwise.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— THREADING THE MACHINE Winding the bobbin This section describes how to wind the thread onto the bobbin. Actual size 11. the thread may tangle on the spool pin. Only use the bobbin that comes with this machine or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. Using other bobbins may cause damage to the machine.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model a then put a spool of thread on this pin. CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is not in the right place. If you use bobbins from other models.

and the bobbin is wound. this is not a malfunction. when the thread runs low it may tangle around the bobbin and cause the needle to break.f press the foot controller to wind the thread While holding the end of the thread. the machine will make a clicking sound. breaking the needle and resulting in injury. 13 . i spinning slowly. ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. h 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 Press the foot controller to start. If you do not cut the thread completely. take your foot off the foot When the bobbin seems full and begins controller. Cut the thread. slide the bobbin winder shaft around the bobbin a few times. ● The needle bar does not move when you slide the bobbin winding shaft to the right. 1 CAUTION g Trim the excess thread above the bobbin. Then stop the machine. CAUTION ● Make sure you follow the instructions carefully. gently j to the left and remove the bobbin. Memo ● When the sewing machine is started or the handwheel is turned after winding the thread around the bobbin.

If you accidentally step on the foot controller and the machine starts to sew. and then insert the bobbin Unwind about 10 cm (4 inches) of thread into the bobbin case. ● The bobbin was designed specifically for this sewing machine. breaking the needle and resulting in injury. CAUTION ● Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread unrolls in the right direction. If bobbins from other models are used. CAUTION ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. a the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) Raise the needle to its highest position by turning and raise the presser foot lever. you could be injured. SFB: XA5539-151).KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— b attachment at the front of the machine. Use only the enclosed bobbin or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. the machine will not operate correctly. a Flat bed attachment b Shuttle cover 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 c toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race. 14 . it may cause the thread tension to be incorrect or break the needle. CAUTION ● Make sure you turn the power off while threading the machine. If the thread unrolls in the wrong direction. • Only use bobbins that were designed to be used with this machine. Actual size 11.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model Other models a Bobbin case latch d from a full bobbin. Open the shuttle cover behind the flat bed Lower threading Install the bobbin wound with thread.

1 a Tension spring f the bobbin case into the shuttle race. fully insert release the latch. If it is incorrectly installed. • Make sure the bobbin case finger fits into the notch at the top of the shuttle race. and then Hold the bobbin case by the latch. CAUTION ● Make sure that the bobbin case is properly placed back into the machine. a Bobbin case finger b Notch g Close the shuttle cover. down the delivery eye under the tension spring. until it enters Pull the trailing thread through the slot.e and to the left. it will fall out from the shuttle when the machine starts to sew. 15 . as shown below.

d guides: the rear one first. the sewing machine can not be threaded. and CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is in the wrong place. • If the needle is not correctly raised. a Upper tension control dial b Thread check spring 16 . a b c d Spool pin Thread guide (rear) Thread guide (front) Thread take-up lever CAUTION ● Make sure you thread the machine properly. a lever. Raise the presser foot using the presser foot c then put a spool of thread on this pin. the thread may tangle on the spool pin and cause the needle to break. the thread could tangle and break the needle. Raise the needle by turning the handwheel b toward you (counterclockwise) to raise the thread take-up lever to its highest position. a Presser foot lever e tension control dial from the right to the left Feed the upper thread through both thread Pull the thread down and around the upper so the thread picks up the thread check spring. then the front one. Otherwise. Be sure to turn the handwheel before threading the sewing machine. Pull up the spool pin as far as possible.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Upper threading Set the upper thread and thread the needle. or is set incorrectly.

then feeding the thread with your right hand. 1 g lever from right to left. 17 . Thread the needle from front to back and pull a Thread take-up lever a 5 cm (2 inches) Note ● If the thread take-up lever is lowered. h guide above the needle. Guide the thread through the thread take-up a Needle bar thread guide i out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread. Make sure you raise the presser foot lever and the thread take-up lever before you feed the upper thread. Put the thread behind the needle bar thread The thread can easily be passed behind the needle bar thread guide by holding the thread in your left hand. ● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may cause sewing problems. the upper thread cannot be wrapped around the thread take-up lever.f pull it between the tension discs. While holding the thread as shown below.

KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Drawing up the lower thread a Lightly hold the end of the upper thread. a Upper thread b raise the needle to its highest position by While holding the end of the upper thread. Pull on the upper thread to draw up the lower a Upper thread b Lower thread 18 . d threads and pull them toward the back of the Pull out about 15 cm (6 inches) of both machine under the presser foot. a Upper thread b Lower thread c thread. turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise).

● A 75/11 needle is already installed when the sewing machine is purchased.REPLACING THE NEEDLE This section provides information on sewing machine needles. Poplin. Thin linen. Tricot Memo ● The smaller the thread number. Linen. Fine lace. the thicker the thread. Silk. Use the same size thread for the upper (spool) and lower (bobbin) threads. Corduroy. and the larger the needle number. Sewing fabrics Very thin Fine tricot. Be sure to read and carefully follow the instructions below. Batiste Cotton. Failure to observe these precautions is extremely dangerous. Gabardine. Muslin Denim. 19 . Canvas. ● Never use bent needles. ● Use the ball point needle when sewing on stretch fabrics or fabrics where skipped stitches easily occur. Suitings. 90/14 (Ball point) Jersey. Use of any other needle may bend the needle or damage the machine. your machine. ● Use a 90/14 to 100/16 needle with transparent nylon threads. Velvet. regardless of the fabric being sewn. Gingham. Refer to the following table when choosing the thread and needle appropriate for the fabric that you wish to sew. Satin. Taffeta. 1 CAUTION ● Only use home sewing machine needles. Chiffon 65/9 Needle sizes Thread sizes Cotton: 80 Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Fine Mercerized Cotton Cotton: 60-80 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50 Cotton: 50-60 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50-60 Cotton: 40-50 Mercerized Heavy Duty Polyester Long Fiber Cotton Wrapped Polyester Polyester Long Fiber Lightweight Voile. Duck 100/16 Medium weight Heavyweight Knits Single knit. the thicker the needle. Bent needles can easily break. Tweed. Percale. Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types The sewing machine needle that should be used depends on the fabric and thread thickness.) Fine corduroy. 90/14 (Supplied with Lightweight wool. possibly resulting in injury. 75/11 Synthetics. Pique. Organza. Needle precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the handling of the needle. Silk. Double knit.

a Turn off the sewing machine. a Flat side b Needle type marking ■ Correct needle c Lower the presser foot lever. a Presser foot lever 1 a Flat surface 20 . thread and needle is not correct. place the flat side of the needle on a flat surface and check that the distance between the needle and the flat surface is even. be sure to turn off the sewing machine. Do not use a bent needle. the needle is bent. If the combination of the fabric. In addition. the needle may bend or break. Replacing the needle Replace the needle as described below. otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. CAUTION ● Before replacing the needle. 1 a Flat surface ■ Incorrect needle If the distance between the needle and the flat surface is not even. the stitching may be uneven or puckered or there may be skipped stitches. Checking the needle Sewing with a bent needle is extremely dangerous since the needle may break while the machine is being operated. Before using the needle. thread and needle combinations are shown in the table on the previous page.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— CAUTION ● The appropriate fabric. particularly when sewing thick fabrics (such as denim) with thin needles (such as 65/9 to 75/11). b turning the handwheel toward you 1 2 Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). Use the screwdriver and a needle that has been determined to be straight according to the instructions in “Checking the needle” .

and then screw counterclockwise to remove the needle. a Screwdriver b Needle clamp screw • Do not apply strong force when loosening or tightening the needle clamp screw.) 1 Install the twin needle in the same way. otherwise certain parts of the sewing machine may be damaged. clamp screw by turning it clockwise. do not loosen the needle clamp screw too much. (If the needle clamp screw is loosened too much. a Needle stopper a b c d Needle bar Needle holder Needle clamp screw Align 21 . a Needle clamp screw b Needle bar thread guide c Needle bar b with the end of the needle bar. f use the screwdriver to tighten the needle While holding the needle with your left hand. Note ● The needle can be removed by simply loosening the needle clamp screw about one turn. insert the needle until it With the flat side of the needle toward the touches the needle stopper. e rear of the machine. the needle clamp (which holds the needle) may fall off. follow the procedure below to attach it to the needle bar. ■ Installing the needle clamp If the needle clamp is removed. slide the needle clamp screw is on the right side and the needle bar thread guide is at the bottom.d use a screwdriver to turn the needle clamp Hold the needle with your left hand. Therefore. otherwise the needle may break or damage may result. CAUTION ● Be sure to insert the needle until it touches the needle stopper and securely tighten the needle clamp screw with the screwdriver. a the needle clamp onto the needle bar so that As seen from the front of the machine. and then Align the bottom edge of the needle holder tighten the needle clamp screw.

a Left needle thread passes through the needle bar thread guide. See page 16 for more details. Use the thread from the second spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the thread take-up lever is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). You can use the same color or two different colors of thread for making decorative stitches. The needle could break and injure you. Use the thread from the first spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the needle bar thread guide is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). ■ Twin needle threading a Attach the twin needle in the same way as a Attach the twin needle. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. Put the second spool of thread onto the extra spool pin. be sure to raise the needle before turning the fabric. b Put the extra spool pin in the hole on the top of Attach the extra spool pin. e the machine to the thread take-up lever. the needle may bend or break. See page 16 for more details. c Needle bar thread guide a First spool b Second spool c the machine to the needle bar thread guide.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Sewing with a twin needle (Option) We have designed your machine so you can sew with the optional twin needle and two top threads. b Right needle thread passes in front of the needle bar thread guide. CAUTION ● Use only twin needles that have been made for this machine (part code: X57521-021). be sure to select an appropriate stitch (straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2). single needle (page 20). ● Do not sew with bent needles. ● When changing the sewing direction. ● When using the twin needle. thread guide. 22 . d Thread the left needle from front to back. ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. the machine. The stitches available for twin-needle sewing are straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2. f Do not pass the thread behind the needle bar Thread the right needle from front to back. If the needle hits the presser foot. the needle may bend or break. Other needles could break. otherwise the needle may break or the machine may be damaged. and damage the machine.

Using other any presser feet may cause an accident or injury.) is positioned to be read. ● Only use presser feet that have been designed to be used with this machine. a turn it off. a Black button b Presser foot holder CAUTION ● Before replacing the presser foot. etc. a Presser foot lever a Presser foot lever The presser foot is attached. I. Press the black button at the back of the If the sewing machine has been turned on. the needle may strike the presser foot and bend or break. otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. ● Always use the correct presser foot for the stitch pattern you have chosen. 1 Replacing the presser foot Replace the presser foot as described below. b turning the handwheel toward you e so that the presser foot pin is aligned with the Place a different presser foot below the holder shank in the holder. and may cause injury. a Presser foot holder b Shank c Pin f presser foot pin snaps into the shank in the Slowly lower the presser foot lever so that the presser foot holder. 23 . Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). c Raise the presser foot lever. If you leave the power on and step on the controller. Position the presser foot so the letter indicating the presser foot type (A. If you use the wrong presser foot. d presser foot holder to release the presser foot.REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT CAUTION ● Always turn off the power before you change the presser foot. be sure to turn off the sewing machine. the machine will start and you may be injured.

Use the screwdriver to loosen the presser foot a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw Note ● If the presser foot holder is not correctly installed. a Presser foot holder b Presser bar b your right hand. Raise the presser foot lever to check that the ■ Attaching the presser foot holder a left side of the presser bar. the thread tension will be incorrect. b holder screw. such as the quilting foot. ■ Removing the presser foot holder a Remove the presser foot. refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). Align the presser foot holder with the lower- Removing the presser foot holder Remove the presser foot holder when cleaning the sewing machine or when installing a presser foot that does not use the presser foot holder. Use the screwdriver to remove the presser foot holder. and then tighten the screw Hold the presser foot holder in place with using the screwdriver in your left hand. • For details. a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw 24 .KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— g presser foot is securely attached.

refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). keep your hands away from all moving parts such as the needle and handwheel. Attach the presser foot appropriate for the stitch. ● Never use bent needles. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). possibly resulting in injuries. otherwise the needle may break or bend. and then start sewing. refer to “Power supply” (page 10). Position the fabric. Select the stitch appropriate for the area to be sewn. read the following precautions. ● Make sure that the needle does not strike basting pins. When sewing is finished. cut the threads. For details on starting to sew. 1 Turn on the machine. 3 Attach the presser foot. In addition. otherwise injuries may occur or the needle may break. 25 . 2 Select the stitch. ● Do not pull or push the fabric too hard while sewing. 2 CAUTION ● While the machine is in operation. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). otherwise injuries may occur. For details on turning on the machine. Bent needles can easily break. For details on replacing the presser foot. Turn on the sewing machine. For details on selecting a stitch.2 SEWING BASICS SEWING Basic sewing operations are described below. Before operating the sewing machine. 4 Start sewing. pay special attention to the needle location. General sewing procedure Follow the basic procedures below to sew.

aPattern selection dial Number on dial Stitch name 4-step automatic buttonhole b Pattern ac d Page 1 36 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 32. 41 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Zigzag (satin) stitch 6 Straight stitch (Center needle position) Select the desired length. 43 7 Straight stitch (Left needle position) Stretch blind Stitch 33 8 33 9 Shell tuck stitch 43 10 Elastic stitch 44 26 . 40. 33. 35. select the desired stitch.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Selecting stitching Turning the stitch selection dial in either direction.

h Take your foot off the foot controller. a Presser foot lever g Slowly press down on the foot controller. toward you (counterclockwise) with your right hand to lower the needle to the starting point of the stitching. and then Place the fabric under the presser foot. The machine stops sewing. 2 b turning the handwheel toward you Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). pass pull out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread toward the rear of the machine. f Lower the presser foot lever.Starting to sew a e fabric with your left hand. Raise the presser foot lever. turn the handwheel While holding the end of the thread and the Turn on the sewing machine. a Presser foot lever d the thread under the presser foot. 27 . i turning the handwheel toward you a 5 cm (2 inches) j Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). The machine starts sewing. c Raise the presser foot lever.

a Thread cutter Sewing in reverse Reverse sewing is used to lock the threads at the end of the seam or wherever reinforcement is needed. In this case. a while sewing. Note ● If the bobbin thread was incorrectly inserted. the upper thread may be too tight. cutter on the back of the presser foot bar to cut them. release the reverse sewing 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— k and then pass the threads through the thread Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. 1 2 3 a b c d Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever 4 ■ Upper tension is too tight Loops appear on the surface of the fabric. ■ Correct tension Correct tension is important as too much or too little tension will weaken your seams or cause puckers on your fabric. To sew forward. Memo ● Before beginning to change tension adjustments make sure the upper thread and bobbin are inserted correctly. b lever. ● We recommend you do a test sample on a scrap of fabric before you start to sew. 28 . refer to “Lower threading” (page 14) and reinsert the bobbin. You may need to adjust it when you change fabric or thread. Thread tension The thread tension will affect the quality of your stitches.

4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number. In addition. Be sure not to turn the screw more than one full turn.■ Upper tension is too loose Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. Note ● The bobbin thread tension has been adjusted at the factory for general use. increase the tension in the bobbin by turning the screw clockwise with a small screwdriver. be sure to return the screw to its original position before the next time that the machine is used. For most sewing applications. In this case. 29 . If the problem persists. Note ● If the upper thread was incorrectly threaded. ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops may appear on the surface of the fabric when sewing thin fabric with thin thread. 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 4 2 2 3 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. the upper thread may be too loose. refer to “Upper threading” (page 16) and rethread. no adjustment is needed.

For the trial sewing. and then turn the b fabric. Sewing thick fabrics ■ If the fabric does not fit under the presser foot If the fabric does not fit easily under the presser foot. Sewing curves Stop sewing. use a piece of fabric and thread that are the same as those used for your project. and then slightly change the sewing direction to sew around the curve. Raise the presser foot lever. the needle may bend or break. and check the thread tension and stitch length and width.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— USEFUL SEWING TIPS Various ways to achieve better results for your sewing projects are described below. select a shorter stitch length in order to obtain a finer stitch. the desired results may not be achieved. the needle may bend or break. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. Changing the sewing direction a sewing machine. 30 . perform the trial sewing under the same conditions that will be used with your project. c sewing. raise the presser foot lever even higher to bring the presser foot to its highest position. When sewing along a curve while using a zigzag stitch. Since the results differ depending on the type of stitching and the number of layers of fabric sewn. Turn the fabric using the needle as a pivot. Lower the presser foot lever and continue CAUTION ● If fabric more than 6 mm (15/64 inches) thick is sewn or if the fabric is pushed with too much force. be sure to raise the needle before changing the sewing direction. depending on the type of fabric and stitching being sewn. lower the needle by turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). Trial sewing A trial piece of fabric should be sewn since. When the stitching reaches a corner. If the needle was raised. stop the Leave the needle lowered (in the fabric). Refer to these tips when sewing your project. CAUTION ● When using the twin needle.

baste the pieces of fabric together. place thin paper or stabilizer material under the fabric and sew it together with the fabric. To change your machine to the free-arm style. a Basting Using a free-arm style Free-arm sewing is convenient for sewing tubular and hard-to-reach areas. tear off any excess paper. 2 a Stabilizer material or paper Sewing stretch fabrics First. and then pull the flat bed attachment out to remove it.Sewing thin fabrics When sewing thin fabrics. the stitching may become misaligned or the fabric may not feed correctly. If this occurs. lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment toward you. a Flat bed attachment 31 . and then sew without stretching the fabric. When you have finished sewing.

Zigzag (satin) stitch a Select a stitch. They are also useful for sewing stretch materials. use straight stitches at the beginning and end of the zigzag stitch for reinforcement. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches. Memo ● When sewing with a zigzag stitch.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— 3 UTILITY STITCHES USEFUL STITCHES Zigzag stitches You can use the zigzag stitches to join together seams and finish them in one operation. Stitch name Application c Start sawing. CAUTION ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. cut the thread. Overcasting and attaching appliqués. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). If the needle hits the presser foot. d When sewing is finished. the needle may bend or break. 32 . refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). • For details. • For details. • For details. Lower the needle into the fabric at the b beginning of the stitching. Select the desired width.

etc. sewing gathers or pintucks. d Lower the needle into the fabric at the Fold the fabric along the desired edge of the Start sewing. Two stitches are available for basic stitching. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Blind hem stitching You can use the Blind Hem Stitch to finish the edge of a project. and press. Number on dial 8 Stitch name Stretch blind Stitch Application Blind hem stitching on stretch fabrics. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). and position) sewing gathers or darning. <Seen from the side> a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric 33 . a b Baste or pin together the fabric pieces. c beginning of the stitching. basic (Center needle stitching. Straight stitch (Left needle position) Basic stitching. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). without the stitch showing. • For details. 7 a Reverse the skirt or pants. Attaching Straight stitch zippers. • For details. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). etc. cut the thread. • For details. like the hem of a pair of trousers. a Right side of fabric b Bottom side b hem. 3 Select a stitch. e When sewing is finished.Basic stitching Straight stitches are used for sewing plain seams.

g free-arm sewing possible. refer to“Using a free-arm style” (page 31). Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the and then start sewing. and position the <Seen from the side> <Seen from the side> a b c d e d Wrong side of fabric Right side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting stitching 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Wrong side of fabric b Basting c Edge of fabric f Select the stretch blind stitch (8).UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— c (3/16 inches) from the edge of the fabric. Unfold the edge of fabric. h arm. <Seen from the side> a b c d Wrong side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Arm 34 . Remove the flat bed attachment and make • For details on free-arm sewing. make sure that the fabric feeds correctly. e fabric with the wrong side facing up. Fold back the fabric inside along the basting. and Use a chalk to mark on the fabric about 5 mm then baste it.

Darning Reinforce points that will be subject to strain. a shown below. c presser foot together with a fabric underlay a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric d with your hands. For invisible stitching. Stop sewing when the portion to be darned is 35 . alternately drawing the Start sewing while gently moving the fabric fabric away and pulling it toward you. e filled with parallel stitching. and position) sewing gathers or darning. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Attaching Straight stitch zippers. Place the fabric to be darned under the for reinforcement. b Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). basic (Center needle stitching. Remove the basting stitching and turn the k fabric right side up. and then remove both the aNeedle bNeedle drop point cFold of hem dWrong side of fabric j Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly. etc. make sure that both threads are the same color as the fabric. and then lower Position the fabric so that the needle slightly the presser foot lever.i catches the fold of the hem. 3 Sew along the fold of the hem.

UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— BUTTONHOLE SEWING Buttonholes can be sewn and buttons can be sewn on. which is used for sewing buttonholes. Pass the upper thread down through the hole in the presser foot. Select stitch “a” of the 4-step automatic Making the buttonhole The names of parts of buttonhole foot “A”. Buttonholes are sewn from the front of the presser foot to the back. as shown below. are indicated below. check the stitch length and width by sewing a trial buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric. d that the middle of the front chalk line is Position the fabric under the presser foot so directly in the center of the presser foot and aligned with the two red lines on the insert. a b c d Presser foot scale Pin Marks on buttonhole foot 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Mark on fabric b Red marks on the sliding insert e Start sewing. place stabilizer material under the fablic. Sew 5 to 6 stitches. Step Step a (Front end of button hole) Step b (Left side) Sewn portion Use chalk to mark the position and length of 1 Step c (Back end of button hole) a Marks on fabric Step d (Right side) b outside frame back until the sliding insert Attach buttonhole foot “A” and push the reaches the front of the outside frame. a Reinforcement stitching c buttonhole (1). ● When sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics. a the buttonhole on the fabric. Stitch name Application Memo ● Before sewing buttonholes. Number on dial 1 4-step automatic buttonhole Buttonholes on medium weight fabrics. 36 .

Do not use the seam ripper in any other way than how it is intended. and then sew the length of the h chalk line. g buttonhole (1). Sew the right side of the stitching sewn in step e. do not place your hands in the cutting path. and cut the thread. m buttonhole (1). p stitching to prevent the stitching from being Insert a pin at the end of the buttonhole cut.f of the stitching. Sew 5 to 6 stitches. 1 a Seam ripper b Pin Select stitch “c” (same as “a”) of the 4-step j automatic buttonhole (1). Select stitch “b” of the 4-step automatic 2 Start sewing. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. k CAUTION ● When opening the buttonhole with the seam ripper. otherwise injuries may result if the seam ripper slips. l side of the stitching. i side of the stitching. o fabric. and then use a seam ripper to cut towards the pin and open the buttonhole. For reinforcement. Select stitch “d” of the 4-step automatic n buttonhole until the needle reaches the Start sewing. and then raise the needle by Stop sewing when the needle is at the left side turning the handwheel toward you. turn the fabric 90 degrees counterclockwise. select the straight stitch (6 through 10) with the desired length. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. Raise the presser foot lever. and then sew to the edge of the front bar tack. remove the 37 . 3 Start sewing.

38 .6 mm (1/16 inches) 3. Place a button between the presser foot and • When attaching four-hole buttons. the stitching can adjusted with the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw. first sew the two holes closest to you.8 mm (3/16 inches) b ■ If the right side is too loose compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the direction. Buttons with 2 or with 4 holes can be attached. Place the darning plate on the needle plate as ■ If the right side is too tight compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the + direction. Button sewing Buttons can be sewn on with the sewing machine. a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw Distance between holes 1. c shown below. d the fabric.2 mm (1/8 inches) 4. Then. a button to be attached. Number of dial 2 3 4 Attach the button sewing foot “M”.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Adjusting buitching stitching If the stitching on the two sides of the buttonhole is not uniform. and then select the Measure the distance between the holes in the appropriate zigzag stitch (2. 3 or 4) according to the following table. and then sew them in the same way. slide the button so that the needle goes into the two holes toward the rear of the sewing machine.

f 3 Start sewing. be sure that the needle does not touch the button. press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew a few reinforcement stitches. g and then cut the upper and lower threads. • After sewing for about 10 seconds at a low speed. otherwise the needle may bend or break. If the needle hits the button. Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. Use scissors to cut the upper thread and the bobbin thread at the beginning of the stitching. CAUTION ● When sewing. 39 . and Pull the upper thread at the end of the then tie it with the bobbin thread.e (counterclockwise) to check that the needle Turn the handwheel toward you correctly goes into the two holes of the button. leaving a length of 15 cm (6 inches). return to step a. h stitching to the wrong side of the fabric.

Attaching Straight stitch zippers. You may also be injured. If you choose a different stitch. The needle should be Sew from the bottom of the zipper toward the positioned on the zipper side of the foot for best results. and can easily position it to the right or left side of the needle. Fold the edge of the fabric 2 cm (3/4 inches) c and place the zipper under the folded section. a Zipper foot “I” b Right pin for sewing the left side of the zipper c Left pin for sewing the right side of the zipper a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). When sewing the right side of the zipper. fit the zipper foot on the other side of the zipper and continue sewing using the other side notch. Lower the needle into the notch located either on the left or right side of the zipper foot. e the foot by pressing the button located at the To sew the opposite side of the zipper. CAUTION ● Make sure the needle does not hit the zipper during sewing. attach the shank to the right pin of the zipper foot. 40 . If the needle hits the zipper.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— ZIPPER INSERTION You can use the zipper foot “I” to sew different types of zippers. CAUTION ● Turn the handwheel by hand to make sure the needle does not hit the presser foot before you start sewing. attach the shank to the left pin of the zipper foot. and position) sewing gathers or darning. release back of the presser foot. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application d top on both sides. basic (Center needle stitching. the needle may break and you may be injured. When sewing the left side of the zipper. b left or right pin of the zipper foot onto the Lower the presser foot lever and fix either the shank. etc. the needle will hit the presser foot and break the needle.

a b CAUTION ● Be careful that the needle does not hit a pin during sewing. 3 Memo ● Make reinforcing straight stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching.APPLIQUÉ. You may also be injured. Cut away any fabric that is left outside the Select a stitch. Stitch name Application c Carefully sew around the edge of the design. as the needle can break. 41 . monogramming and embroidering. and then remove both the Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches. d stitching. Monogramming and embroidering a shown below. Baste the cut design to the fabric. if necessary. Select the desired width. MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING Zigzag stitches can be used for sewing appliqués. Zigzag (satin) stitch Appliqués You can create an appliqué by cutting a different piece of fabric into a shape and using it as a decoration. e Remove the basting. Overcasting and attaching appliqués.

e the presser bar. Then. 42 . c design (for embroidering) on the surface of Draw the lettering (for monogramming) or the fabric. ■ Embroidering Sew along the outline of the design by moving the hoop slowly. g forefingers of both hands while pressing the Grip the hoop with the thumbs and Memo ● Be sure to keep the stitches close together. ■ Monogramming Sew the lettering at a constant speed by moving the hoop slowly. Select the desired length for straight stitch (6) Memo ● When the hoop is moved quickly. h Start sewing. and support the outside of the hoop with your little fingers. When the hoop is moved slowly. the stitches are shorter. i and sew a few stitches for reinforcing. especially needles. the stitches are longer. d the surface of the fabric facing up inside the Put the fabric in the embroidery hoop with well. and then sew a few stitches to reinforce the stitching. CAUTION ● Be sure to keep your fingers away from moving parts.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— b Select a stitch. sew to completely fill in the design with stitches by alternately sewing from the outline of the design to the inside and from the inside to the outline. fabric with the middle and third fingers. Place the project under the needle and lower f at the starting position by turning the Draw up the lower thread through the project handwheel toward you (counterclockwise).

a Attaching zippers. Gathering Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Shell tuck stitching Number on dial 9 Shell tuck stitch Shell tuck stitching The gathers that look like shells are called “shell tucks”. • For details. c stitches. Sew while making sure that the needle drops d down to one side. c slightly off the edge of the fabric. d Smooth the gathers by ironing them. b the thread tension.DECORATIVE STITCHING Various decorative stitches can be sewn with this sewing machine. and increase • For details. the front of blouses or cuffs made of thin fabrics. etc. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). Loosen the tension of the upper thread (to 3 b about 2). Straight stitch basic stitching. (Center needle and sewing position) gathers or darning. Sew a single or multiple parallel rows of • Do not sew reverse stitches or cut the thread. They are used to decorate trims. Pull the bobbin threads to create gathers. Select the shell tuck stitch (9). refer to “Thread tension” (page 28). and then iron the tucks 43 . Fold the fabric along the bias. Stitch name Application a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). Unfold the fabric.

Then. ■ Joining fabric Put the edges of the two pieces of fabric together. and then place them under the presser foot with the fabric edges under the center of the presser foot. and then sew over the tear. and then sew over the elastic tape while holding the tape both in front and behind the presser foot. sewing Elastic stitching elastic tape or joining fabric. The elastic stitch can be used in 3 ways: mending. sewing elastic or joining fabric. ■ Sewing elastic tape Place the elastic tape on the fabric. Memo ● Make reinforcing reverse stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. ■ Mending Place the reinforcement fabric under the tear to be mended.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Elastic stitching Number on dial 10 Stitch name Application Mending. start sewing the edges of the two fabrics together. Each is explained below. 44 . Select the elastic stitch (10).

run the machine for a short time Memo ● Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. After oiling. Oiling a Changing the bulb CAUTION Turn off the machine and unplug it. 45 . c Remove the face plate from the machine. a b Turn off the machine and unplug it. Note ● Hold the face plate securely while removing or attaching it. 4 Loosen the face plate screw.4 APPENDIX MAINTENANCE Simple sewing machine maintenance operations are described below. b indicated below. ● Do not apply too much oil as it may soil the thread and fabric. oil every day. ● Unplug the power supply cord before changing the bulb. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. If you use it more often. Put 2 to 3 drops of oil at each of the points Be sure to wipe any excess oil off the machine. c at a fast speed without thread. ● Sewing machine oil is available at your local sewing machine dealer or service center.

Cleaning the machine surface If the surface of the machine is dirty. and c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. b then remove the presser foot and the needle. Raise the needle and the presser foot.APPENDIX d ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Replace the sewing light bulb. Slide the latch levers out from the retaining CAUTION ● Unplug the power supply cord before cleaning the machine. and then wipe the surface of the machine. Cleaning the shuttle race CAUTION ● Be sure to unplug the machine before cleaning it. Remove the flat bed attachment and open the Attach the face plate and fasten the screw d toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. a bulb b Loosen c Tighten e again. wipe it again with a dry cloth. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. a Bobbin case latch e ring to remove it. After cleaning it once with a wet cloth. squeeze it out firmly. a Retaining ring b Latch lever 46 . lightly soak a cloth in neutral detergent.

a Retaining ring b Driver c Race body h wipe the shuttle race in order to remove any Use a cloth dampened with machine oil to lint. hook. Remove the hook by grasping its center post k the needle before using the machine. Clean the lint from the shuttle hook in the i same manner as described in step h. Raise the needle and the presser foot. f screwdriver. you may get an electric shock or be injured. Attach the bobbin case. j and push the latch levers back into position. the presser foot and Cleaning the feed dogs CAUTION ● Make sure you unplug the machine before you clean it. c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. Use a brush to remove any accumulated lint driver and race body. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. Otherwise. Attach the needle plate by using a coin or a Retaining ring b Hook c Latch lever 47 . Use a brush to clean the lint from the upper Reassemble the hook and the retaining ring. a Retaining ring b Hook c Hook center post g and thread from the retaining ring.f and pulling it out. e part of the feed dogs and shuttle race body. and Remove the flat bed attachment and open the 4 Remove the needle plate by using a coin or d screwdriver to remove the screws. b then remove the presser foot and the needle.

damage may occur during shipping. When packing up the machine again. When sewing with thin thread on thin fabrics. being careful not to over-tighten the screw. Note ● If the loops still appear on the surface of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension. In this case. 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. After you adjust the bobbin thread. the thread tension must be adjusted according to the procedure described below. no adjustment is needed. Note ● Remember to return the screw to its original setting before starting your next project. 48 . pack it properly as described below. turn the screw clockwise. the bobbin thread may be too loose. IMPORTANT ● This packing material is designed to prevent damage in transit. ● Save this packing material in case it is needed to transport this sewing machine. Therefore. approximately 30-45 degrees to increase bobbin tension. the thread tension may not be adjusted adequately with the upper tension control dial. If it is not packed properly. For most sewing applications. a Screw Bobbin case tension adjustment The bobbin thread tension has already been adjusted at the factory for general use.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Repacking the machine Keep the carton and packing materials for future use. ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops appear on the surface of the fabric.

4 a Screw 49 .■ Bobbin tension is too tight Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. After you adjust the bobbin thread. 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 2 3 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number. Note ● If the loops still appear on the wrong side of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension. approximately 30-45 degrees to decrease bobbin tension. the bobbin thread may be too tight. turn the screw counterclockwise being careful not to over-loosen the screw. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. In this case.

You have not inserted the needle properly. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. or the thread has come out of the guide above the needle. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. The needle is bent or blunt. You have not used the right combination of fabric. Loosen the upper thread tension. page 16 The upper thread breaks. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The bobbin winder shaft is pushed to the right. 40. in the shuttle race. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. You have not used the foot controller properly. Use the foot controller properly.com].APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— TROUBLESHOOTING If the machine stops operating correctly. Choose a needle that is appropriate for the type of stitch. for example. 41 page 28 – – The main power switch is turned off. – – page 12 Correct the upper threading. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. Reference page 10 page 10 page 13 page 11 page 20 page 21 page 20 page 19 page 35. authorized service center. Remove the tangle thread. contact your dealer or the nearest authorized service center. The sewing machine does not work. 36. Use the screwdriver to firmly tighten the screw. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Replace the needle. (for example. The area around the hole in the nee. The needle is not appropriate for the thread you are using.Replace the needle plate. the Brother Solutions Center offers the latest FAQs and troubleshooting tips. Lightly guide the fabric.brother. The needle clamp screw is loose. The upper thread tension is too tight. Replace the bobbin case. Turn on the main power switch. There are knots or tangles in the thread. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric.) Replace the presser foot. – page 19 page 28 page 46 The upper thread tension is too tight. 38. clean the shuttle race. You are pulling the fabric too much. Insert the needle properly. Symptom Possible cause The machine is not plugged in. Visit us at [http://solutions. If you need additional help. If the problem persists. Move the bobbin winder shaft to the left. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. 50 . thread and needle. The thread is tangled. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. How to put it right Plug the machine in. The needle breaks. The presser foot you are using is not appropriate for the type of stitch that you want to sew. you have not fitted the spool properly. You can solve most problems by yourself. The bobbin case is scratched. Remove any knots or tangles. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. check the following possible problems before requesting service. Loosen the upper thread tension.

You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. The thread is tangled on the wrong side of the fabric. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. The bobbin is scratched or does not turn smoothly. The bobbin thread is incorrectly installed. The upper thread is too tight. The thread is tangled. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. You have not used the right combination of fabric. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly.You have not attached the pressersion is incorrect. foot holder properly. The lower thread is tangled or breaks. The upper thread breaks. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. The thread ten. Wind the bobbin thread properly. Bobbin is set incorrectly.Replace the needle plate. or has a burr on it. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Reference page 20 page 20 – The area around the hole in the nee. authorised service center. The thread tension is incorrect. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. Bobbin is set incorrectly. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Correctly install the bobbin thread. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. How to put it right Replace the needle. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. Replace the bobbin. The bobbin case is scratched. Replace the bobbin case. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Wind the bobbin thread properly. The upper thread was not threaded correctly. Replace the presser foot. thread and needle. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. page 16 page 12 page 19 page 24 page 28 page 12 page 14 page 14 51 . Remove the tangled thread and clean the shuttle race. Correct the upper threading. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. You have not inserted the needle properly. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine.Symptom Possible cause The needle is bent or blunt. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Insert the needle properly. – – page 12 page 12 – page 46 page 12 page 14 page 16 4 Correct the upper threading. Attach the presser-foot holder properly.

Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. for example. The sewing lamp is damaged. Correct the upper threading. The stitch is not sewn correctly. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. 41 page 28 page 46 page 19 page 46 The fabric does not feed. Dust has built up in the feed dogs or in the shuttle race. oil every day. 36. Reference page 14. The sewing light bulb does not come on. Dust has accumulated under the needle plate or in the shuttle race. clean the shuttle race. thread and needle. If you are sewing thin fabric. Replace the needle. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. 40. page 45 The presser foot that you are using is not correct for the type of stitch. Change the sewing light bulb. The thread tension is incorrect. There is a highpitched noise while sewing. Stitches are skipped. Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. page 33. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. Fit the spool properly. Insert the needle properly. Remove the needle plate cover and clean the plate and the shuttle race. Clean the shuttle race. in the shuttle race. If you use it more often. How to put it right Thread the upper thread and wind the bobbin thread properly. The thread is tangled. Replace the bobbin case. thread and needle. You have not used the right combination of fabric. the stitch is too thick. The needle is bent or blunt. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. The needle is bent or blunt. Remove the tangle thread. page 45 52 . You have not used the right combination of fabric. You have not used the right combination of fabric. page 12 Insufficient oiling. You have not used bobbin that has been designed for this machine. in the shuttle race. Correct the upper threading. The thread tension is incorrect. The bobbin case is scratched. for example. 16 – page 19 page 20 page 31 page 28 page 16 page 19 page 20 page 46. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. Remove the tangle thread. thread and needle. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. Sew with stabiliser material under the fabric. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. 47 page 46 page 16 – The fabric is wrinkled. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Symptom Possible cause You have not threaded the upper thread properly or fitted the bobbin properly. Replace the needle. clean the shuttle race. 38. You have not inserted the needle properly. You have not fitted the spool properly. The thread is tangled. Adjust the tension of the upper thread.

............................ 21 needle plate ............................... 24 presser foot lever ......................................................................... 48 reverse sewing lever ...................................................................... 43 Z H handwheel ......................................................................................................................................................................... 31 B basic stitching ...43 shuttle hook removal ..........................................8..................................................................................................................................................................8 needle clamp screw ........................................27 free-arm style ................................... 41 S satin stitching ................. 44 M main parts ............................................19 shell tuck stitching ................................... 8........................... 50 twin needle .............................................................................................. 14 bobbin case .. 28 53 ....................................... 30 troubleshooting ... 41 N needle .................................................30.... 8.................................45 overcasting stitches ...........................................................33 bobbin .....................................................................................................................................................8.................................................................32 seam ripper .............................................................. 12 button sewing .....................INDEX A accessories ....................... 16 pre-tension disk ........................8...................................................8... 40 G gathering ............................................................... 22 feed dogs ........ 37 sewing machine needles .. 41 zipper foot ...........33 stretch blind stitch ..........................................................................................................................................9 appliqués ............... 14 bobbin winder ......................................10 monogramming .......................................................................................................... 28 trial sewing ..........................................................35 E embroidering ......................................... 16 straight stitch ................................... 29...............................................12 zigzag stitches .......................................................................32 pattern selection dial .......................6....................33 stretch fabrics .............12..... 48 upper threading .................................................. 7..30 thin fabrics ........6 main power switch ..................................................................................................47 spool pin .............................................................................................................................. 41 extra spool pin .... 26 presser foot ................................ 31 F U W winding the bobbin .............................31 thread cutter ....................................................................................36 buttonhole sewing ............................ 22 upper tension-control dial ........................................................................................................................................ 47 O oiling ................................................................ 19 needle bar thread guide ..................... 32.................................................................................................................................36 T thick fabrics .............. needles and threads .......................................38 buttonhole foot ................... 19 repacking ..................16 C cleaning .................................................... 16 thread tension ..40 zipper insertion ... 21....................................................................................... 23 presser foot holder .......................................................................................... 12 P R relative chart of sewing fabrics. 28 thread guide .................33 blind hem stitching .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................47 shuttle race cleaning ...................................................................................................28........ 46 D darning .......... 7 J joining ......................... 31 foot controller ....................................................... 47 flat bed attachment ..........................................

English XE4592-001 Printed in China .

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