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PLOT

in the patriotic novel Noli Me Tangere, Jose Rizal shaped the minds and opened the eyes of his fellow Filipinos to the abuse they suffered at the hands of tyrannical Spanish authorities. He proved that the pen is mightier than the sword. He symbolically painted a portrait quite similar to the conditions of the Philippines during that time. Rizal introduces the character of Juan Crisostomo Ibarra, the only son of the late Haciendero Don Rafael Ibarra. Ibarra was near perfect, he's handsome, intelligent, rich and famous. Upon his return in the Philippines, a celebration was held. A local newspaper even took note of his arrival. A picture of him at the front page bearing the words, "Imitate him" - it was a nonetheless an arrival fit for a king. Ibarra was full of hopes and desires of a better nation, he was full of new ideas which he learned from his travel in Europe. He felt that with his wealth, power and connections to the illustrious figures of society, he can make a difference. Ibarra has a bright future, he has a beautiful girlfriend named Maria Clara, the daughter of Don Santiago. Maria Clara was a symbolic representation of the ideal Filipina woman, full of grace and royalty. Somehow, Maria Clara's beauty was that of a pure and innocent child. Ibarra could have just settled down but he wasn't the type of person that would enjoy while others are suffering. He ultimately planned on building a school. With the advice of the Philosopher Tacio and the help of prominent local figures including Don Custodio, Ibarra's school was completed. However, during the inauguration of the school an assassination plot against Ibarra was revealed. Fortunately, he was saved by a mysterious man named Elias. More revelations were unveiled. From the untimely death of his father, to the real identity of Maria Clara.On the other hand, Elias approached Ibarra. Elias happens to be the courier of the rebel soldiers. The rebels want government reforms through a violent revolution. However, Ibarra does not bear the same idealism. Later, an uprising was orchestrated by

or commonly called as Ibarra. Upon finding that Padre Damaso ordered that the corpse of Ibarra's father. He also believed that evil must also exist because it is always accompanied with kindness. A shooting occurred at the Pasig river with Elias being hit by bullets. María Clara María Clara de los Santos. but during his adolescence. a Spanish friar who secretly admired Maria Clara. was to be transferred to a Chinese cemetery then dumped into a river. Ibarra didn't believe in brute force in the fight for justice. The civil guards thought that they have killed Ibarra but the latter survived. Doña Pía died when delivering Maria Clara. Those years prevented him to know what was happening to his country. Ibarra went overseas but he vowed to come back to claim what rightfully belongs to him. Don Rafael. he didn't really think of revenge at the time. Ibarra is usually able to control his temper but was once angered when his father was disrespected. Ibarra swore to take revenge to all those who destroyed his life. is the most dominant yet weakest representation of women in the setting. He swore to free the country even if that will result into loss of lives. She is seen as the daughter of Capitán Tiago and Doña Pía Alba. CHARACTERS: Crisóstomo Ibarra Crisóstomo Ibarra. The plot was to make it appear that Ibarra was the mastermind of the revolt. is a half-Filipino half-Spaniard who is the last descendant of the wealthy Spanish Don Pedro Eibarramendía. Capitán Tiago's cousin. . the name of María Clara is can be seen predominantly as image of ideal Filipina women. When thinking of Noli. The poor child only grew under the guidance and supervision of Tía Isabél. With the vast wealth and gems he has. He believed that changes could be achieved through little but organized steps. he spent seven years in Europe for education. Ibarra was arrested but escaped with the help of Elias. María Clara is the primary female character in the novel. He was born and grew up in the Philippines.Father Salvi.

so much that Crisóstomo was surprised by what the former curate had done to Don Rafaél. fierce and talkative. He is revealed to be the biological father of Maria Clara.María Clara is known to be Ibarra's lover since childhood. Due to his mother's cruelty. He was the curate for almost twenty years before he replaced by much younger Padre Salvi. María Clara discovers that her biological father is not Capitán Tiago. Capitán Tiago Don Santíago de los Santos. . of Franciscan order. He was also with the government because he always supported tax increase whenever the local officials wished. Capitán Tiago did not attain any formal education. who came from another wealthy family. is the only son of a wealthy trader in Malabon. He does not control his words when speaking and does not care if the person he is talking to feels down. the highest government position that a non-Spaniard could have in the Philippines. Padre Damaso was known to be friendly with the Ibarra family. When Ibarra was away in Europe. was the former curate of the parish church of San Diego. When the priest and his father died. Capitán Tiago decided to assist in the family business of trading before he met his wife Doña Pía Alba. in San Diego. He also managed boarding houses along Daang Anloague and Santo Cristo (in San Diego too) and had contracts for opening an opium business. they were given a daughter who shared same features as Padre Damaso. He became a servant of a Dominican priest. That was the reason he obtained the title of gobernadorcillo. Padre Dámaso Dámaso Verdolagas (commonly known as Padre Dámaso/Padre Damaso or Father Damaso). who is Maria Clara. Capitán Tiago sent Maria Clara to Beaterio de Santa Clara where she developed femininity under religion. Later in the novel. Capitán Tiago owned many properties in Pampanga. Because of their consistent devotion to Santa Clara in Obando. Padre Dámaso is described to be snobbish. but the San Diego's former curate and her known godfather Padre Dámaso instead. Laguna and especially. He is with the priests because he gave lump of money during ecclesiastical donations and always invited the parish curate every dinner. There are also issues that he and Doyna Pia had a relationship and they had a daughter which is Maria Clara. commonly known as Capitán Tiago.

Later in the Noli sequel. After a year. She feared that Tasyo would become "too educated" and lose faith and devotion to religion. Eliás Eliás came from the family which the Ibarra clan downtrodded for generations. they married. Her mother gave him two choices: either go into priesthood or stop his education. Tasyo became a widower while his mother also died. el musa de los guardias civiles e esposa de Alferez . His mother allowed him to take formal education. Doña Consolacíon Doña Consolacíon. Soon enough. Tasyo chose the latter because he had a girlfriend that time. He took most of his time reading and buying books so much that all his properties were lost and he became poor. or commonly known as Filósofo Tacio (Philosopher Tasyo) is one of the most important character in Noli. In one side. Capitán Tiago loses all his properties and becomes addicted to opium. then abruptly ordered him to stop. he is referred to as philosopher/sage (hence. Shows how Filipino mothers love their children. He grew up in a wealthy family until when he discovered something that changed his life forever. if his ideas were against what the majority thought of. Doña Victorina Doña Victorina de los Reyes de de Espadaña Sisa Narcisa is the mother of Basilio and Crispin. Filósofo Tacio was born into a wealthy Filipino family. he is considered to be Imbecile Tacio (or Tasyong Sintusinto) or Lunatic Tacio (Tasyong Baliw). El Filibusterismo. Pilosopo Tasyo) because his ideas were accurate with the minds of townspeople. which would eventually lead to his death. On the other hand. Pilósofo Tasyo Don Anastacio.

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