You are on page 1of 19

MAT 116 Final Exam - Chapter 0-2 and 6-8 NAME: ___________________________________________ 1. List all the factors of 45...

The factors of 45 are = 5,9,3,15,45,1

2. Find the prime factorization of 93. The prime factors of 93 are 31,3,1 as 93 = 31*3*1

3. Find the LCM for 4 and 20. The prime factors of 4 = 2*2*1 The prime factors of 20=2*2*5*1 The L.C.M = 2*2*5*1=20 A) 2 4. B) 4 C) 20 D) 80 15 60

Write the fraction in simplest form. We can solve this by

= 3 / 12 = 1/4

5.

Multiply.

1 1 5 1 3 4

5 1/3 = 16/3 1 = 5/4 So we get = 16/3 * 5 /4 = 20/3

MAT 116 Final Exam - Chapter 0-2 and 6-8 6. 5 1 8 2 9 3

Divide. 8

5 = 77/9 9 1 2 = 7/3 3 Dividing both we will do like 77/9 7/3 = 77/9*3/7 = 11/3 7. 23 50 We need to divide it to change it into decimal Change the fraction to a decimal.

The decimal is 0.46

8. Add.

1.44 + 4.8743

4.8743 +1.4400 6.3143 A) 5.3143 B) 6.3143 C) 5.0183 D) 5.9183

9. Evaluate. | 6 | + | 15 | . | 6 | =6 | 15 | = 15 So when we add 6 + 15 = 21 A) 21 B) 9 C) 9 D) 21

MAT 116 Final Exam - Chapter 0-2 and 6-8 10. Which of the following is not an expression? A) 4(y + 1) B) x + 2y C) ab = 6 D) a + b + c

11. Which property of the real numbers is illustrated by the following statement? 9 (7 + 11) = 9 7 + 9 11 A) B) C) D) Commutative property of multiplication Associative property of addition Associative property of multiplication Distributive property

12. Use the indicated property to write an expression that is equivalent to the following expression. 01 (commutative property of multiplication) 0.1 *1 = 1*0.1 used the commutative property of multiplication The commutative property is a*b = b*a

13.

Subtract.

5 13 8 8

5 13 = - 8/8 = -1 8 8

14. Subtract. 14 (4) 14 (4) = 14 + 4 = 18 A) 18 B) 10 C) 10 D) 18

15. Determine the range. 11, 7, 3, 21, 22 The difference between the lowest and the highest number is called range So we will subtract 22 and 3 = 22 3 = 19

MAT 116 Final Exam - Chapter 0-2 and 6-8 16. Find

x for the following set of numbers:


2, 3, 3, 6, 5, 8, 4

The sum of all the numbers = 2+3+( 3)+6+( 5)+ 8+( 4) =3 A) 6 B) 2 C) 3 D) 1

17. List the like terms in the following group of terms. 2b, 2ab2, 3a2b, 4ab2, 4ab2, 6a2 The like term pairs are 2ab2 , 4ab2, 4ab2

18. Multiply. b7

b5

the exponential property used in this is so we will get b7 b5


=

19. Divide. 10 s 3t 5 3s3t 5 3s 3t 3

MAT 116 Final Exam - Chapter 0-2 and 6-8 20. Solve. 4(7x + 10) = 3(9x 5) + 20 We will solve like-: 4*7x + 4*10= 3*9x 3* 5 + 20 28x + 40 = 27x -15 +20 28x -27x +40 = -15 +20 subtract 27x on both sides X = -15 + 20 -40 subtracting 40 on both the sides = -35 A) 35 B) 5 C) 5 D) 35

21. Find the mean and the median. 8, 6, 4, 8, 14, 18 The mean is = sum of all the numbers total numbers of observations = 8+ (6)+4+8+ 14+ 18 6 Now for finding the median 8, 6, 4, 8, 14, 18
The median is the middle value, so I'll have to rewrite the list in order:

30 / 6

8, 6, 4, 8, 14, 18 Total number of observation is even = 6 So the formula for finding the median is mean of (n/2 )th and (n/2 + 1)th term. 3rd and the 4th term = (4 + 8 )/2 = 12 / 2 = 6

MAT 116 Final Exam - Chapter 0-2 and 6-8

22. Solve.

10x 4 5x = 6 + 3x 8

10x 4 5x = 6 + 3x 8 5x 4 = 3x 2 5x 3x - 4 = -2 subtract 3x on both the sides 2x -4 = -2 2x = -2 +4 2x = 2 add 4 on both sides X=1 23. 2 x 6 = 12 5

Solve.

2 x 6 = 12 5 2 x = 12 + 6 5 2 x = 18 5 X = 18 * 5/2 = 45 A) 36 B) 36 5 C) 54 5

add 6 on both sides

D) 45

MAT 116 Final Exam - Chapter 0-2 and 6-8 24. 3x 5 x 2 = 7 3 21 3x 5 x 2 = 7 3 21

Solve:

25. Solve. 10(x 7) + 20 = 5(2x + 4) 10*(x) 10* 7 + 20 = 5*2x -5* 4 -10x 70 +20 = -10x -20 -10x +10x = 0 Hence we cannot solve this equation and find the solution for x

MAT 116 Final Exam - Chapter 0-2 and 6-8 26. Of 25 students in a class, 25 passed. What percentage of the students passed? The number of students in class = 25 Number of students passed = 25 Formula to find percentage will become = Number of students passed * 100 The number of students in class = 25/25 *100 = 100 % So 100% of the students will be passed

27. Fill in the blank with < or >.

11 ___<___ 3

28. An employee who produces x units per hour earns an hourly wage of y = 0.55x + 12 (in dollars). Find the hourly wage for an employee who produces 20 units per hour. hourly wage of y = 0.55x + 12 we need to find the hourly wage when x = 20 so, y = 0.55x + 12 y = 0.55*20 + 12 = 11.00 +12 =$ 23 A) $23.00 B) $23.50 C) $22.70 D) $23.40

MAT 116 Final Exam - Chapter 0-2 and 6-8 29. Give the coordinates of the points graphed below.

MAT 116 Final Exam - Chapter 0-2 and 6-8 30. Graph 3x + y = 3. To graph the linear equation 3x + y = 3 Y= 3 -3x X Y 0 3

subtract 3x on both sides 1 0 -1 6

10

MAT 116 Final Exam - Chapter 0-2 and 6-8 31. Find the slope of the graphed line.

According to the ordered pairs given we can choose two pairs to find the slope = (2,0) = (3,2) The slope of the equation will be = (2 -0 )/(3-2) = 2/1 = 2 So the slope is 2 (A) A) 2 B) 2 C) 1 2 D) 1 2

11

MAT 116 Final Exam - Chapter 0-2 and 6-8 32. The following pie chart represents the eye color of students in a certain class.

Other 17%

Blue 33%

Brow n 50%

What percentage of students in the class had blue eyes? The percentage of students in the class had blue eyes is given as 33%.

33. Find the slope and the y-intercept. y = 5x 4 to find the y intercept we will put x=0 into the equation y = 5x 4 y = 5x 4 y = -5*0 4 = -4 So the y intercept is (0,-4) And the slope is indicated as -5 as the equation is written in the standard for of y = mx +b so, the slope is -5 and the y intercept is -4

12

MAT 116 Final Exam - Chapter 0-2 and 6-8 34. Write the equation of the line with slope 1 and y-intercept (0, 3). Then graph 2

the line. The equation will be in the form of y = mx +b y = mx +b so we put m = -1/2 and y intercept or b = 3 y = -1/2 x + 3 graph the line we will put the convenient values of x to obtain the different values of y a) put x= 0 y = -1/2 *0+ 3 =3 The solution is (0,3) b) put x = 2 y = -1/2 *2 + 3 = -1 +3 =2 The solution is (2,2) c) put x = -2 y = -1/2 *(-2) + 3 = 1+3 =4 The solution is (-2,4) X 0 2 -2 Y 3 2 4

35. Write the equation of the line that passes through point (0, 9) with a slope of 6. The equation will be in the form of y= mx + b Put m = 6 and y intercept = -9 So, y = 6x - 9 A) y = 9x + 6 B) 9x + 6y = 0 C) y = 6x 9 D) 6y = 9

13

MAT 116 Final Exam - Chapter 0-2 and 6-8 36. Graph the inequality. x 2

Put x = 0, into the equation x 2 0 2 Which is true we will shade the portion towards the origin

37. Given f(x) = 5x 1, find f(a 1). f(a 1) = -5(a- 1) -1 = -5*a +5 -1 = -5a +4 A) 5a + 4 B) 5a 2 C) a 7

D) a + 4

14

MAT 116 Final Exam - Chapter 0-2 and 6-8 38. Solve the system by addition. x+y=6 xy=4 to solve these equations, x+y=6 (i) xy=4 (ii) 2x = 10 X=5 Put the value of x into (i) X+y=6 5+y=6 Y = 6 -5 = 1 The values of (x, y) = (5,1)

39. Solve the system by substitution. x + y = 12 y = 2x to solve these equations x + y = 12 (i) y = 2x (ii) put y = 2x into the (i) equation we will get x + y = 12 x + 2x = 12 3x = 12 X=4 Put this value into the (ii) equation , we will get Y=2*4=8 The solution is (4,8)

15

MAT 116 Final Exam - Chapter 0-2 and 6-8 40. Solve the following system of linear inequalities by graphing. x + 2y 3 2x 3y 6 a) x + 2y 3 x 3 2y subtract 2y on both the sides putting different values of y to get values of x Y 0 1 X 3 1

-1 5

Y X

2x 3y 6 2x 6+3 y add 3y on both sides X 3 + 3/2 y putting different values of y to get values of x 0 2 3 6

-2 0

These are the graphs of these two equations but we need to check which area to be shaded, so we will put y = 0,x = 0 in both the equations, 0 + 2*0 3 , 0 3 true 2*0 3*0 6, 0 6 true So we will shade the portion including the origin and in between the lines 16

MAT 116 Final Exam - Chapter 0-2 and 6-8 A) C)

B)

D)

41. Find the GCF for 14 and 21. To find the GCF Find the prime factors of 14 = 2* 7 * 1 21 = 7 *3*1 The common number = 7 So the GCF is 7 A) 1 B) 6 C) 7 D) 42

17

MAT 116 Final Exam - Chapter 0-2 and 6-8 42. Solve the system by addition. 2x + 4y = 3 4x 2y = 1 2x + 4y = 3 (i) 4x 2y = 1 (ii) Multiply the first equation (i) by (- 2) so, -4x - 8y = -6 4x -2y = 1 -10y = -5 Y = -5/-10 = 1/2 Put this value into any equation say (i) 2x + 4y = 3 2x + 4 * = 3 2x + 2 = 3 2x = 3-2 2x = 1 X = 1/2 So the solution is (x,y) = (1/2,1/2)

43. Solve the system by addition or substitution. 20x 5y = 12 y = 4x + 3 20x 5y = 12 (i) y = 4x + 3 (ii) put the value of (ii) into the (i) equation 20x 5y = 12 20x 5*(4x+3) = 12 20x 20x 15 = -12 0 15 = -12 Thus these two equations are same and cannot have any solution

18

MAT 116 Final Exam - Chapter 0-2 and 6-8 44. The difference of two numbers is 33. The second is 7 less than 3 times the first. What are the two numbers? Let the two numbers be x and y So difference will be ( x y ) = 33 Also given that, The second is 7 less than 3 times the first So ,y = 3x 7 (i) X y = 33 (ii) Put the value of y into (ii) equation X (3x 7 ) = 33 X 3x +7 = 33 -2x +7 = 33 -2x = 33 -7 -2x = 26 X = 26/-2 = -13 Second number will be find by putting the value of x into the (i) equation y = 3x 7 = 3*(-13) -7= -39 -7 = -46 the two numbers are -46,-13

45. The length of a rectangle is 8 in. more than twice its width. If the perimeter of the rectangle is 58 in., find the width of the rectangle. Let the width(w) of the rectangle be x The length (l)of the rectangle = 2x + 8 We are given perimeter = 2(l + w) = 2(2x+8 + x ) = 2(3x + 8) = 6x + 16 So 6x + 16 = 58 6x = 58 16 6x = 42 X=7 So the width of the rectangle = 7 in Length = 2*7+8 = 14+ 8 = 22 in A) 6 in. B) 7 in. C) 8 in. D) 9 in.

19