Approved Publication of California Wing, Civil Air Patrol, Auxiliary of the U.S.

Air Force

Spring, 1985

The U.S. Air Force Auxiliary (Civil Air Patrol) in California flew the equivalent of nearly 18 time around th world in 1 84 on emergency services mi sions authorized by the Air Force Rescue Coordination Center (AFRCC) and the California ffi e of Emerg n y ervices (OES), M re than 4,3 hours were flown on me 2,700 individual ortie during the year. The e missions included 05 for the AFRCC an 85 for th stale, f the 205 Air Force-order d mi ions, 35 involv d the sear h f r overdue or missing air raft and 139 wer launched to located emergency locator tran mitt r (ELT) which were not crash-a tivated or a ociaLed with downed aircraft The r maining 31 mission were involv d with mi ing individuals, tc. At the tate level, 6 OE missions involved ear he for ml ing persons. airlift of arch dogs and mountain rescu per nn It remot areas and upport of local I w enfor em nr agencie involved with disaster relief a tivities The remaining slate-authorized mi ion were condu ted for training purpo to hone the tal nt of Air Forc Auxiliary air r wand ground p r onnel, Mor than ,700 Civil Air Patrol memb r op rating m 1,100 CAP-owned and member-owned aircraft, scores of pe lal-purpo vehicles and em rgeney ornrnum ali n ration took part in the e mi in, ir Force Auxiliary memb rare n t paid ut are reimbur ed for their out-at-pocket expense for fu I, lubricant and ommer ial ommunications costs n Air For and mi ion. During the year. the auxiliary' California Wing was credited with saving six lives as iat d with 10 mi ion airraft ., md ," In a dltion to these mi ion, CAP pro ides a "live organ transp rt" ervi in area where c mmercial airlift for transplant organs is not availabl Whll much of th year' flight operation inv Ived ELT arch. thi work is especially riti al. according 10 Lt. Col

BetlY D eker. wing director of Emergency ervice , "EL'f ." Deck r explains, "while they are credited with saving many lives on a nationwid ba i ,are also a major probI m for air earch and rescue force, Unfortunat Iy, the devices are constantly being trigger d by carele handling, bad installation practi es, internal short circuits. orrosion and hard landings. "When ElT is heard by the search and r cu satellite or reported by other air raft it must be I cated and tumed off. If it i not Immediately determined t be on an airport. located by airport or law enforc m nt personnel and turned off, CAP is all d upon to conduct and air and ground ear h using very high frequen y direction finding (VHF/DF) equipment, If the non-crasha tivated signal i allowed 10 continue until battery exhaustion, it rna ks a real emergency ELT ignal in Ihe area and thus contribul to possible loss of life."

Monetary Donations
The pra lice of requesting a "monetary donation" (rom Air Force Auxiliary (Civil Air Patrol) members issued flight suits provided through the California Wing Supply Depot is unauthorized, acording to Col. Donald Biondich, wing ommander. "This practi is to cease immediately," Biondich declared" pointing out that the e flight suits have been donated to the Civil Air Patrol by the Department of Defense in accordance with current regulations and the applicable Act of Congress. Biondich said that members "should not be tax d with any monetary burden" for any surplus military equipment r upplies where the CAP has no acquisition costs. This includes any socalled donation, "For th maj rity of item hipped to units from the supply depot." he said, "we will have had no acquisition 0 ts (Contlnued , , )


PROMOTION - First regular Monday evening meeting at the new temporary trailer Ha at Whiteman Airport. The commander of the relocated San Fernando Airport Senior Squadron 35 (center) receives the gold leaves of a major_Assisting, on the left, is the former sa 35 commander, Lt. Col. Bryan Brammer. On the right is the Los Angeles Group 1 commander, Maj. Angelo Purco, who also gave an Introductory welcome speech. (photo by Maj. AI Meryman)


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by Col. Donald M. Biondich, CAP California Wing Commander


Training Exe,.cise
by Cspt. Mark A. Cartwright Members of Beach Cities Cadet Squadron 107 held their annual field training exercise (FTX) at Holtville Airport, in Imperial County. Located south of the Salton Sea near the desert community of Holtville, the airport erved as a training base during World War II. It now serves nearby crop dusters. Twenty-two cadets, and 16 senior members participated in the two-day weekend exercise. The cadets were divided into teams to compete in several events such as: ELT IDF training. compas course, and rifle range. Under the direction of Arthur Heilsberg (whose son is a cadet). an NRA recognized instructor, cadets learned the proper use of small bore rifle prior to live-firing. During firing. they were monitored for compliance with all safety directives previously covered. These same precautions were reinforced when cadets launched model rockets later in the exercise. Seven aircraft were present to provide the cadets with orientation rides. and several cadets received formal flight instruction during the weekend. Pilols present included several members from South Bay Senior Squadron 129 which also parti ipated in the exercise. Orientation in signaling devices, land navigation and M-'161AR-15 rifle orientation were provided by Lt. Kenneth Keener. U.S. Army Reserve and a former Cadet, and past member of Squadron 107. Keener also was instrumental in transporting support material in a military vehicle. lack Fulkerson (whose son is a cadet) was present to assist in food preparation for the exercise. The entire unit is grateful for the presence and assistance given by Jack Fulkerson and Arthur Heilsberg. 0

The last couple of months several events have occurred wherein CAWG's overall general effectiveness has been clearly demonstrated. The bottom line is that you are superb. You have demonsrrated that not only do we conduct ourselves as a professional organization, but that you also are looking like on This is very important. CAWG's image to local. tate and federal agencies as well as the general aviation community has soared to new heights. We are having doors opened to us that were dosed in the pa t and this is a direct result of your actions. Congratulations! Much of this has to do with the new programs and training now being implemented. The day is coming when no longer will we see a person show up at an exercise with a mile-long, plastic holder full of ratings and LS. cords. (Holder of many, master of none.) That high level of training required and cur-

The BearFactsisan unoffi ial magazine publishedquarterlyin the Interestof the m mb r of the CaliforniaWing of Civil Air Patrol It ispublishedby aprivate firm in no way connected with the Departm nl of the Air Forceor Civil Air Patrol Corporation Opinions expressed by publishers andwritersare theirown and are not to be considered official expressionby the CivilAir PatrolCorporation or the Air Force.Theappearan e of adv rtlsements in this publication. including upplements and inserts.does not constitute an endorsement by the Gvil Air PatrolCorporation or the Departm nt of theAir Forceof productsor servicesadvertised. MATERIAL FORPUBLICATION SHOULDBESENT TO:
THE EDITOR 4023 W. 176th Torrance.CA 90504 Col. Donald M. Biondich


rency required to keep that rating has elevated your ability to perform, This had a direct effect with other agencies. They know that once we are trained we maintain that tatus and, most importantly. that the training is first class. There is a new general training course that group commanders now have full responsibility to give. They also have the authority to sign specific EScards to help expedite getting members into our activities. This will help retention. The new ground team training has been accepted by National Headquarters and will have a direct influence on future policies. The observer program is off to an excellent start and also will have an Impact nationally. We have a new director of Aeropace Education. Lt. Col. Bill Glenn will need your help to carry the message of Aerospace Education as well as that of the Air Force Auxiliary. The cadet section is far above and ahead of the rest of the nation with the finest training available. Emphasis is being placed on a glider program for all cadets. It is planned to have gliders strategically located so every cadet that joins will have a chance to fly. None of this would be possible without ... an outstanding wing staff. the leadership of the Group Commanders, the front line action of the Squadron Commanders and, of course. you the member. We have pushed very hard the last two years to change procedures to make life simpler for the membership. You have supported wing. region, and national policies as professionals and it shows. If you remember, I have always maintained you were better than you gave yourselves credit for, Now you are truly showing it, I am extremely proud to represent the finest wing in the nation. Keep up the good work and I salute you. 0

Monetary Donations
(Continued. . ,)
nor maintenance costs to put the items in shape. Larger (non-expendable) items such as vehicles, electric typewriters, etc.. will have some acquisition costs associated with them. We must recover these costs from the units and these funds are, in turn, used to defray the expenses incurred as part of the wing screening. acquisition and maintenance programs." The wing commander made it clear that any unit found to be requiring/accepting payment or donations for such equipment from individual members "automatically will be suspended from receiving DOD excess property."


Maj. Charles Wiest

Director.PublicAffairs Maj. BarbaraAbels Editor
Capt Mark Cartwright



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How often has someone to whom you look for advice said: "Don't rock the boat!" Perhaps the words were "let sleeping dogs lie," or "don't make waves," or "don't fight the system." They all mean the same thing - back off. Maybe you are merely an employee seeking to communicate to your boss information or recommendations which you believe may increase production, cut costs or elevate morale. Or perhaps you are the boss himself facing the daily problems of raw material supply, customer relations or the regulatory requirements of the many 10cal, state and federal agencies in whose hands your future often rests. Then again, you may hold "office" in a fraternal, civi or trade association or organization - or you may hold a staff or command position in the Civil Air Patrol - where you are charged with guiding your fellow members in the a hievement of common goals. In one role or another, you may find fr quent reason to recall the words offered by your elders during the socalled formative years: "To get ahead, get along!" Well, all that advice which tends to say "keep your head down" isn't necessarily good advi e, according to Ed Rechtin. the top man in one of the nation's foremost think tanks - Aerospace Corporation. Rechtin recently passed on to the hundreds of s ientlsts. resear h asi tants and support personnel in his ompany orne advice which we think is good advi e. so good it is worth repeating. In the first place, Rechtin points out that in many instances those from whom you seek counsel deliver these standard admonishments in the interest of maintaining an otherwise precariou status quo. "In any case," he says, "they certainly aren't motivating or helpful They can too easily squash good ideas." How ver, there are underlying area of sense to them and, understanding thi , the individual can make progress and d 0 eHici nlly, he adds. He draws the analogy to a wellknown fact of marine engineering wave-making takes a lot of energy, energy that doe not go into efficient forwar motion but just stirs up the ea urface. And, he observes that Olympic class swimmers and divers make surprlsingly small wakes and splashes. One as-

pect of judging diving, for instance, is noting how small a splash is made on entering the water. "You can see the same thing in auto racing," he says. 'where the amateur burns rubber and amid much smoke and fury while the pro keeps as much rubber in contact with the road as possible. That's why Indianapolis tires are mooth and the Indy race track has remarkedly few streaks of rubber on it!" Rechtin also draws attention to a management analogy and a phenomenon he calls "autoshake." Autoshake is the re ult when you shock a bureaucracy. The bureaucracy goes into autoshake until internal resistance absorbs the energy in wasted motion. "The answer," he says, "is in the efficient and eHective use of one's energy. In engineering terms, energy is force times time. For the same energy, one can use a very high force for a very short time or much less for e for a longer time. "The first can excite inefficient higher order modes - autoshake - and energy dissipating turbulance; the second produces a steady push." 0, how do we use our energy efficiently to effectively implement our ideas and programs? Just as in athletics, Rechtin says. the an wer is pacing. There are times which call for bursts and times that call for endurance. He offers a few suggestions which he


feels can increase efficiency and productivity by increasing forward motion while still keeping the wave heights in check. • Be sure to understand the organization, its rules and its culture. • Give the system time to respond. Be willing to give up time if it isn't essential to the end objectives. Outwait the opposition if necessary. • Be willing to change tactics if it doesn't affect strategy and to change strategy if it doesn't aHect the end obi ctive. • B aware that there always will be resistance to change even within yourself. Be as open-minded to others' ideas as you wish others would be to yours. • Be realistic about the cost of the energy you must expend when compared with what may be accomplished. • If it is too costly, perhaps the timing is wrong, you need more allies, you have misinterpreted the situation or you may be tackling the problem the wrong way. • Don't be afraid to lose. Your better ideas may well find use elsewhere. "The next time someone says. 'Don't make waves: try to get agreement on the end objectives regardless of how 'irnpracti ai' they might seem," Rechtin concludes, adding: "Then it is only a matter of time and

Thi approach, according to Rechtin, does wonders in reducing the ineffi ient expenditure of energy. We think Mister Rechtin has something there and you don't have to be involved in high tech aerospace operations to reap the benefits. 0

On 7 October 1984, Ltc. Eugene Kunz of Group 4 made a presentation to the Pacific Gas & Electric Company for their financial support to the Civil Air Patrol. Ltc. Kunz presented a Certificate of Appreciation to the Customer Services Supervisors Jim Harrigan and Janet Tyer. ttc. Kunz is an employee of P.G.&E.


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by Lt. Col. Phillip Loper, USAF The Air Force Reserve Assistance Of· ficers and NCO's assigned to the California Wing Liaison Office have begun to take a more active role in emergency services. The first step was the assignment of Maj. John B. Doolittle, USAFR, as the coordinator for all emergency services mission assistance and reserve personnel training. Reserve personnel began to make their presence felt during the 1984 disaster relief exercises where they assisted CALO and the mission coordinator in managing the mission scenario. Plans for 1985 indude expanding that role to include mission planning for both SAR's and ORE's. Additionally, an organized training program is being developed for reservists which will include attending the AFRCC SAR Coordinator's Course; the basic SAR course developed by Lt. Col. Decker, CAWG director of Emergency Services; a session of evaluation and critique of SAR/DR missions and a period of on-the-job training. Hopefully, the expertise of these personnel will expand the capability of the Liaison Office to provide support for this essential activity and, in turn, allow the CAWG to increase the scope of funded emergency services training. 0


Call For Reservists
by Maj. Peter F. Cikalo, USAFR Help 'your' Civil Air Patrol by looking for and recommending former or current Air Force officers, CO's and Army officers. The more reservists you help recruit to the program, the more you strengthen and help develop your CAP. This program is one of the most 'flexible' in the Air Force. It allows a reservist generally to put in the amount of time when and where they want. You can usually work in an area of expertise of your choosing or one you always wanted to try within the three missions of CAP: Emergency Services, Cadet Program and Aerospace Education. This is an oustanding "community service" that will give you a good feeling while being able to earn points toward retirement. The assignment also allows numerous Air Force base privileges and can enable the reservist to be eligible for promotions. Have potential reservists contact: North California Maj. Paul Schaefer 835 Lakechime Drive Sunnyvale. CA 94089 (408) 734-1680 Southern California Lt. Col. Fred Heinemann 7862 Marin Lane Ventura, CA 93004 (80S) 659-1416

Stop, Look, Listen
by Lt. Col. C. C. Turpin California Wing Chaplain For the most part our lives are spent in a rather ordinary sort of way. We get up the same time, eat the same food, go to the same work, return home the same time, and the next day repeat the same schedule. Then suddenly something quite unexpeeled can appear to cause us to stop, look, and listen. We are forced to reevaluate many if not all things. It can be much like flying a plane. We decide to take a trip. So, off to the airport we go. Hopefully, we file a flight plan. After a careful preflight we climb in and are soon on our way. The electronics are properly functioning and we become comfortable. Perhaps we even turn on the auto pilot. Suddenly we become more alert. We see an unexpected cloud formation. We hear a new sound. We feel a vibration. all is not well. It is time to stop, look, and listen. Something may be wrong and it is time to determine what it is. It is not the time to travel on as usual. If we cannot stop we should at least slow down. Problems may not always best be solved at full speed. If it is determined that there really is no problem then we can resume our normal speed. However, if there is a problem we should seek to solve it before it becomes even larger. Something unexpected happened to me recently on my birthday. It caused me to stop. look, and listen. It scared me. It changed me - for the better I believe. I had a stroke - a totally new experience. I really didn't know how to handle it. My wise physician friend said it was time to slow down and see if we could find what caused the problem. So, off to the hospital I went for a series of examinations. Now, after proper medical treatment and rest I have made excellent recovery. I am no longer scared. I know what happened to me. I naturally remain concerned. Sometimes a little scare can help. It did me. It taught me a lesson. No longer willi take life and good health for granted. It caused me to slow down and even at times to stop. And in slowing down I gained. I gained a new appreciation of the world in which we live. I have gained new friends. Old friends have added much to my life during these eventful days. I now have a greater love for my God. He has through my friends and colleagues met my every need. His words to "Be still and know that I am God" (Psalms 46:10) are more meaningful. In other words. we are admonished to stop, look, and listen. ever take life. health, and God for granted. 0

Essay Competition
Members of the Air Force Auxiliary (Civil Air Patrol) are eligible to enter the U.s. Air Force Ira C. Eaker Essay Competition sponsored by the Air University. In addition to all active duty Air Force personnel and members of the Air Force Reserve and Air National Guard, members of CAP, the Air Force ROTC and the Air Force Academy now are eligible. First. second and third prizes of $2.000, $1,000 and $500, respectively, will be accompanied by special medallions. The essays must be between 2,O()() and 4,O()()words and must be both original and written specifically for this contest. Topic areas are military strategy and tactics, doctrine, professionalism, ethics and values. esprit de corps or any combination of these themes. Deadline for submission is June 1, 1985. Interested Air Force Auxiliary senior members and cadets should contact the Editor, Air University Review. Building 1211, Maxwell AFB, Alabama, 36112-5511 for details on format required. 0

New Frequencies Authorized By FCC
The Air Force Auxiliary (Civil Air Patrol) has been authorized use of additional aeronautical radio frequencies under Its FCC License KA97629. Frequencies 121.6, 121.7, 121.8, 121.9 and 123.0 MHz may be used by properly licensed SAR mobiles for direct communications with Federal Aviation Administration ground control stations to facilitate their movement on and about airports where a search is in progress. This authorization has been made in the interests of insuring the 5AR mobile unit's safety. These frequencies are not to be used for ground lair communications. 5AR mobiles will continue to use 122.9 and 123.1 for emergency ground/air communications in addition to certain special frequencies identified for them on a one-time. mission-to-mission basis by the mission coordinator. 0


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The Military Role In Search And Rescue
by Maj. Guillermo Lopez, USAFR Editor's Note: Major Lopez (Lt. Col. selectee) is a recently assigned lndividual Mobilization Augmentee Special Airliir Director at HQ MAC/DO, Scott AFB, IL. He is a CAP member and holds Gill Robb Wilson Award No. 45. A graduate of the CAP National Staff College and the USMC Amphibious Warfare School. He works for McDonnell Douglas in St. Louis. This paper was prepared as a writing requirement for the completion of the Army Command and General Staff College. The purpose of this paper is to inform the reader about the role of the military in search and rescue (SAR) operations. This will be accomplished by a brief history of SAR, current facilities and units, and future trends. The need for some type of SAR organization was recognized in the early fifties. Out of this need, President Eisenhower's Civil Air Patrol of 1954 vied the need for a National SAR organization. This need has been a result of the rapid increase in aviation since the end of World War II. This resulted in the publication of the National SAR Plan in 1956 by the President's Air Coordinating Committee. The National SAR Plan established the basic guidelines for the federal government's responsibillties In SAR operations worldwide. To exercise three responsibilities the SAR Plan established three regions each with a coordinator. The United States Air Force for the Inland Region (Continental United States). the United States Coast Guard for the Maritime Region, and the Unified Commands for the Overseas Region. The Air Force Chief of Staff designated the Commander of the Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Service (ARRS)as executive agent for SAR operations in the Inland Region. In carrying out his responsibilities under the SAR Plan, the Commander of ARRS further divided the Inland Region into three subregions: Eastern with headquarters at Eglin AFB, Florida; Central located at Richards Gebaur AFB, Missouri; and the Western located at McClellan AFB, California; each with a Rescue Coordination Center (RCC). In 1974 they were consolidated with the Air Force Rescue Coordination Center (AFRCC) at Scott AFB, Illinois where they are still located. The consolidation was the result of overall manpower reductions, budget consolidations, and more important. the belief that a single Rescue Coordination Center (RCC) as a focal point for federal involvement in SAR operations could better accomplish its mission. The mission of the AFRCC is to provide a rescue coordination capability to assist persons in distress, both civilian and military. In the accomplishment of the mission, the AFRCC has four functions. It acts as the single federal agency coordinator of SAR activities within the Inland Region. It processes all SAR incidents requiring federal assistance regardless of the source of the request. It is charged with developing and organizing a network capable of providing SAR assistance to persons in distress. And, finally, it formulates and formalizes agreements with federal, state. local, and private agencies having SAR capabilities. These agreements are to insure the coordination and cooperation of the different agencies involved thereby making the SAR network a viable entity. The AFRCC is physically located at Headquarters, Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Service at Scott AFB, in Belleville, Illinois. The center consists of five multi-use telephone console positions, various plotting surfaces, a giant map of the United States in which to display current missions, administrative offices, a Mission Control Center (MCC) in which to receive data from orbiting satellites, and a briefing room in which to conduct training sessions and brief visitors. The AFRCC is normally commanded by an Air Force Colonel with the title of Director, Inland SAR. The Director reports directly to the Commander, ARRS; normally an Air Force Major General or Brigadier General. The AFRCC is manned by officers rated as pilots or navigators with extensive backgrounds in rescue operations and onCommissioned Officers with background in rescue operations. The Center is manned 24 hours a day seven days a week. Personnel are divided into teams working eight-hour shifts. There is also an administrative staff to supervise and support the teams of coordinators. All these personnel must have a complete understanding of rescue procedures and techniques, and the knowledge of what resources are available to assist in any situation. The types of emergency situations AFRCC personnel deal with fall into three general categories. These are overdue or crashed aircraft. lost person, and emergency medical evacuation (MEDEVAC) of the critically ill or injured. The lost person and MEDEVAC are the most frequent but the missing aircraft is the most time consuming. Regardless of the situation, each is unique and requires the application of the proper resources at the right time. This will aid in the effective and efficient coordination of a mission. The AFRCC does not have physical SAR assets and must rely on the resources available from other sources, federal and non-federal, to conduct rescue operations. All Defense Department agencies having a SAR capability may be called on to participate in SAR operations provided it does not interfere with their primary mission. Some of these capabilities include the 39th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Wing at Eglin AFB, Florida, the 41st Rescue and Weather Reconnaissance Wing at McClellan AFB, California. the Air Force Reserve 403rd Rescue and Reconnaissance Wing at Selfridge AFB, Michigan with four reserve Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadrons, and the Air National Guard's 106tll Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Group (ARRG) at Suffolk County Airport. New York, and the 129th ARRG at Moffett Naval Air Station, California. In addition, many Army, Coast Guard, and Marine Corps units assist the AFRCC with their assets. located throughout the United States too many to be covered. The Civil Air Patrol with units in the 48 continental states and the District of Columbia, and serving as the official auxiliary of the United States Air Force flies approximately four out of five hours conducted in aerial search activities. The non-federal resources consist of the state and local agencies which possess a capability to assist in SAR operations. Agencies such as Department of Aeronautics, Departments of Emergency Services, and law enforcement agencies are very important parts of the national SAR network. There are other private, volunteer organizations such as the Mountain Rescue Association and the National Jeep SAR Association which provide extremely valuable service to the American public and without their unique capabilities many rescue rnissions would be impossible to complete in a successful manner. In the past few years the use of satellites as an aid in SAR operations has been studied. In the fall of 1976 the Canadian Department of Communication and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Joined forces in defining a joint satellite-aided SAR system demonstration program. In 1977 the program was expanded to include the French Center for National Space Stud(Continued ... )


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The Heartbreaks of Search and Rescue
by Capt. lames Marlin Three members of San Bernardino Senior Squadron 5, Lt. Col. Ru sell Kaulman, 1s1Lt. Wally Jayne, and S/M Eric Fraser took off on a blustery winter morning and reaped major T.V. network news coverage as a result of their find on ,~FRCC 8-2416 in the Big Bear Lake area. Little did I guess that when I received an alert call from Capt. Gary Liswood at 2230 that our squadron would be thrust in the limelight 0 uddenlv. I call d and alert d two flight crews from Squadron 5 to make the search in the morning. The strangest part of the story IS that the crew which made the find was two-thirds neophyte, a far a arches go. S/M Fraser wa brand new in the squadron and it was his first lime in search grid and Lt. Jayne, even though an owner of Ces na 17 N734YL and po ses or of an instrument license with many hours between Redlands and John Wayne airport, was up in a search grid a a mission pilot trainee for his first time. The only member of the flight crew with Civil Air Patrol search experience was Col. Kaufman who ha 20 years in CAP. In those 20 years, this is Kaufman' fir I find. The crew was greeted at Rialto Airport after the find by everal Los Angeles lelevi ion camera teams and interviewed. Alas and alack, of all the time to go to an event without a camera. I did! They found the mi sing Cessna 182 with five aboard - no urvlvors which reportedly took off from Big Bear Airport with no flight plan, and no radio conta I. A ording to Kaufman, this is the way II went: "Our search area grid was 200 almost straight out and south from the Big Bear Airport. Jaynes was the mission pilot trainee and on his first search. Fraser was the mission observer and also on his first search. Jaynes fir t located the four orners of the search grid and began a earch of the relatively flat terrain. Next he

The Military Role In Search & Rescue
(Continued ... ) ie and later on the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic joined the effort. The objective of the program is to achieve international cooperation in SAR missions by demonstrating that satellites can greatly improve the detection and location of distress signals. Once the sy tem is fully operational, four satellites, one from each of the participating countries, will orbit the Earth and cover any area every 90 minutes. This will allow any distress signal to be picked up by the satellite and ransrnitted to a ground station from which in turn it will be relayed to a Mission Control Center. In the United States this station will be at Scott AFB, Illinois in the AFRCC. The AFRCC has been operating since 1974.Its potential for improving SAR operations within the Inland Region has be n demonstrated time after time. The use of Computer Aided techniques developed by the Coast Guard in the early 70s and expanded by the Federal Aviation Administration have greatly reduced the hours required to find a lost aircraft. The experimental use of satellites to detect distress signals has already been used to locate downed aircraft and save lives. The AFRCC conducts over 100 SAR missions per month and investigates close to 400 SAR incidents per month. These efforts result in the saving of over 600 lives per year and the number continues to increase. These figures gratify the countless persons in the military whose cooperative spirit along with their civilian brothers make search and rescue a national asset. 0

ear hed the drainage area south and ea t of the Big Bear Dam al ng the Siberia Creek. As we passed over Siberia Creek, we heard a short ELT ignal. Fraser then though he had potted mething on a ridge ro the West of the drainage, but we had no luck. We circled some more, taking care to avoid the steep hills and noticing a sheriff's helicopter flying back and forth along th Siberia Creek far below us. We were flying approximately 600 feet above ground during the search. Again, we picked up an ElT signal. I told Jaynes to continue circling the area. It was then that I noticed something on the ridge along the Siberia Creek - we passed by the hill - some red coloring. I told Jaynes, I think I see the target, let's drop down a little lower. We lowered the flaps, and slowed to 70 knots so I could point out the target to him and Fraser. The target was confirmed at 1130 and we immediately contacted the sheriff's arch and rescue helicopter so that if there were any survivors, they would be given immediate assistance. There were none! After having an opportunity to think about th earch, I would certainly advise aircraft owners to paint their wing tips and tail sections orange or red for the better visibility." All members of the crew will be awarded the coveted 'Find" ribbon. an Bernardino Senior Squadron 5 is proud of its neophyte alrcrew and wishes them many more finds and saves. What a way to start. 0


Left to right: MIssion Pilot Trainee 1Lt. Wally Jaynes, Mission Pilot Standard Ltc. RusseD Kaufman, and Observer Trainee SM Eric Fraser. 11

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San Francisco Bay Group 2 Looking snappy in tailored uniforms, and ready for the aerospace education pan I quiz, physical fitness run, and drill competition, the an Franci co Bay Group 2 team came away from the Regional Competition at McClellan AFB with the w epstakes Award and represented Pacific Region at the National Competition. The group took Fifth Place overall, with the New York Wing Team taking Fir t Place. Stockton Senior Squadron 72 Congratulations to Capt. James W. Tockstein who has taken command of Stockton enior Squadron 72. He ucceed Capt. Mel Gall who will continue as an a tive staff member. quadron 72 also has established its own "speakers bureau." Lt. Roy Ford, Public Allairs Offi er will head the detachment. Memb r volunteering inlude: Lt. Bruce Schreiber, Lt. loseph leChuga, Lt. Grady Morgan, Captains Melvin Gall, Jim Tockstein, and John Mihoe\lich. Inland Empire Group 18 Inland Empire Group 18 bid far well to Maj. Carl Vogt of an B rnardino enior quadran 5. Maj. Vogt, also an Air Forc r ervi t. transferred to Portland Air ational Guard Base, regon. pending d activation of the 0 rd A ro pace Re cue and Recovery quadron at March AFB, Portland will pick up the AR rol and th 30 rd HC-130H re cue and re overv aircraft. Maj. Vogt is well-known to many outhern Californian as a mis ion pil t. ch ck pilot, and driving force behind the pilot training program, His absence will be definitely felL We wi h Carl and his famil the b t of lu k

UNIT NEWS**********
USAF. the Edwards AFB/CAP Liaison Offi er, wa in high prai e of the Squadron 'I 0 cadets. 0 much so, he invited them back for next year,

* ••
Glendale Cadet Squadron 27 Two cad ts from GI ndale Cadet quadran 27 w re picked by two Arneri an Legion Po ts to attend th 47th essian of the Ameri an Legion' "Boy' State." in Cadets John Ellfeldt, and Eduardo Mireles returned to their unit from Boy' tate. they have had a greater appre iation of the American form of g vernmenl. The American legion program gives each boy the opportunity to take part in running a make-believe government in acramenl. They propo e laws. pa s legislation. and do all th thing our lawmakers normally do to run the state government, Both Hollywood Po t 43, and Lo Feliz Post 527 of the Am ri an Legi n are to b ongratulated on giving young peopi thi wonderful opportunity to view and exp ri n e democracy in a tion.


of Commander E. F.Tedeschi, Skipp r of the Guid d Mis ile Frigate U Duncan, as he spoke to 15 Cadets and Senior Member of Burbank Cadet quadron 6 . Soon after the welcome, the ship pulled away from the dock at Long Beach aval ration and headed for the open sea on a "dependent's cruise." During the day, Ihe ship ircled Catalina Island. while the crew conducted readine mergen y drills, demonstrated ship maneuverability and crewmen esorted Visitors on tours of the entire hip. Enr ute back to the dock, the hip sail d past the Heli opter Carrier USS P liliu and two of the world's largest ships, the US New Jersey, and the USS Mi souri.

* .. ..
Allied Gardens Cadet Squadron 5S Ten Cadets under the leader hip of Cl2nd l1. Hickenbottom marched in this year's "Mother Goose" parade This is an annual parade held in EI Cajon. ,"5 part of the parade, the Cadets performed a drill in front of the reviewing tand. Vandenberg Composite Squadron 101 Members of the Vandenberg Compo ite Squadron 10'1 recently held a ne-dav ground earch practice exerci e in the Mount Figueroa area. The agenda included basic (v ry basic) compass and map reading cia ses. There also wa a review of ground arch techniques. a class taught two we k arlier. After the classes. the remaind r of the day was spent with hart exerci es to blain pra tical xperi n e with the different ear h techniques. The search te hnique ov red includ d creeping line, ha tv, perimeter and passive. There also was some practice in ground navigation. u Ing compa headings to tolIowa pre-determined course. The members attending al 0 got ome unexpect d practi e in emergency vehicle maintenance when they had to hang a flat lir on the van. Members attending were: Capt. Mark Brun1on, 151 Lt. Fahlsing, C/fO Fadel, C/Sg1. Taylor, CIB Taylor, ClB Wright, CIB Ayers and a new adet and C/B Mark Dumar.


* .. *
San Diego Group 3 an Di 0 Group held it fir t "Cad t Training chool" at Brown Field recently. Thi hool was designed for Cadet rg ant and blow. tudent w re placed into one of four seminar groups and all re ived instruction in basic cadel skill Drill wa al 0 rnphasized and the students participated in an innovative drill ompetitlon h Id that aturday night. The school will prepare the students for the rig r of encampment. Four m mb r of Allied Garden Cad t quadron 55 erved in the Cadet t ff. th y were C. Basile, B. Kelly, H. Hickenbottom, and C. tiles, Nine adet from Squadron 55 alt nd d a tud nl . Other unit in attendanc wr kyhawk omp ite quadron 47, and Brown Field Cadet quadran 67. Van Nuys Senior Squadron 81 Claudia & Keith Kelly, with Jim Eddingfield to k th ir airplane (C-177, and -172) and a ten d th Albuquerque International Hot Air Balloon Fiesta. Over 450 colorful h t-air balloons were pre ent. Wh n they were released into the air, they re em bled giant rainb w . In 1985. the fiesta I lat d f r ctober 5-13.


San Jose Senior Squadron 80 San Jose enior quadron 80 warmlv welcome Jim and Margaret Wolf who hav just joined Lhe unit. Wilson Citi-Cornrn radi w re recently install d in quadron 8 aircraft. giving ach aircraft acce s to any repeat r in California Wing, as well a Pacific Region. Gill Robb Wilson Cadet Squadron 130 ome 19 cad [5 from Gill Robb Wilson Cadet quadron 1 0 parti ipated in Edward AFB' Open H use and Airhow. They manned an information both, parked car, guard d air raft. and guided visitors. Lt. Bill Stockton,


.... *
Brackett Composite Squadron 64 Brackett Composite quadron 64' parti rparion at th annual Cable Air how, pons r d by he Pomona Valley Pil t' A a lation wa limited to three enior : Lt. Col. Darby, Maj. Hartwell and (Continu d ... )


Burbank Angel Cadel Squadron &3 "Wei orne aboard" was the greeting


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Logistics Improve For California Wing
The supply situation in the California Wing has improved to the point that by mid-year all remaining requisition at wing headquarters will be filled, according to Lt. Col. Ron Kenela, Director of logistics. But. Kenela warns, "considerable improvement" still is needed at the group and unit level in the areas of safeguarding and accounting for property provided by the Department of Defense (DOD). Although this property has been "donated" by military services to the Air Force Auxiliary (Civil Air Patrol) because it is onsidered to be excess to their needs. regulations provide that it must be accounted for and safeguarded in the same manner as when it was in possession of the active military establishment. "If the California Wing is to continue to receive DOD excess property suited to its mission in the quantity it has in the past:' Kenela explains, "we must prove to our national headquarters and the regional and wing liaison officers that we can respon ibly distribute, safeguard, maintain, control and account for each and every item we acquire. This can only be achieved through centralized control and through the efforts of each individual member." Kenela makes it clear he feels there is "no reason in the world" why California Wing units cannot adjust their current inventories to reflect updated and serviceable equipment and calls upon group and squadron commanders to clear their inventories of obsolete and unserviceable gear. Such equipment only "clutters up the area and adds to the inventory item and monetary acQunt." Col. Donald Biondich, wing commander. tells Bear Facts: "Two years of hard work has been ac omplished by California Wing logistics p rsonnel to bring us to our current plateau. Responsible property control is essential. We have taken too many strides forward to allow mismanagement of property by any individual or unit to set us back to the point from which we started. "Receiving equipment in CAP is not a right, it is a privilege and this privilege must be earned, Guidelines for property distribution have been published. They outline the factors which are weighed individually by the Wing Logistic officers when determining where equipment will go. Units that accomplish the most in terms of property equipment management will, in turn, receive the most." Biondich said that in the future "supply freezes" will apply to each unit on an individual basis. Units no longer will be penalized for group actions nor will groups be penalized for unit actions except that groups will be held accountable for reports from units over which they have responsibility. "Every unit," Biondich declares, "has an equal opportunity to receive property. Whether or not it chooses to do so is entirely up to the unit. But, along with the property goes the responsibility for proper management." Most of 1984 saw the California Wing Supply Depot established at Stockton and the subsequent establishment of sub-depots at McClellan AFB, Travie AFB, the Oakland aval Supply Center and in San Diego. A total of 17 logistic support personnel have been trained. They include four painters, two technicians, five mechanics, three maintenance personnel, two administrative assistants and a computer systems analyst. These personnel are responsible for refurbishing a wide variety of equipment.

UNIT NEWS****************
(Continued ... ) Capt. Welliver. Although the weather was quite good, the turnout of spectators was low due to minimal advertising and the earlier than usual date of the event. During the two days of the event, two emergency locator transmitters were accidentally activated - one at Cable and one at Brackett which Capt. Welliver received credit for locating and securing. Composite Squadron 31 The Color Guard of Composite Squadron 31, Norton Air Force Base, was entered in the San Bernardino YMCA Christmas Parade and captured a fine trophy which is on display at the squadron, The Color Guard consisted of: C/SSgt. David Eisenbeisz, C/Sgl. leanette Marquez, CI Amn David Mosher, CIA 1C Anthony Scott and ClAmn Chari Kroeplin. Congratulations! Composite Squadron 68 Headquarters Inland Empire Group 18, CAP, was tasked with assisting both the Norton AFB open house on 3 November and the George AFB open house on 4 November. A radioztele-


type request went out to all units in the area for assistance. We had assisted in 1983 and this year the following Squadron 68 personnel made the trip to help in whatever way they would be able to: 151 Lt. Bill Sabatine, 2nd U. Dick Hilde, FO Glenn Moffet, FO Mike Petran, ClMSgt John Svalina, C/Sgt. Sean Connery, CI Amn Bill Connery, C/Amn Brad Fortenbaugh, CI Amn Ben Beardslee and Cadet Amanda Marsh. The squadron wishes to thank Mr. Henry Fortenbaugh for his assistance in transporting the troops, 150th Air Rescue Squadron Congratulations to John Viney, who is now a mission pilot trainee; Dwayne Terry who passed his Level Two; Robert Barton who obtained his multi-engine rating: and Nancy Metcalf who is the new reports control officer. CAP Senior Pilot ratings were awarded to Don Lilienthal, Bernie Kindrick, and Don Bunker. Joe Ray was awarded his captain's bars and Don Bantz and Pat Murach were each awarded the rank of second lieutenant. Rex Milhouse was awarded the "40 Plus" for his many hours spent in CAP search activities.


Billy Mitchell Award Presented
Congressman "Chip" Pashayan of California recently presented the General Billy Mitchell award to Cadet Robert Banuelos at ceremonies held at the Visalia National Guard Armory. Banuelos, son of Erasmo and Rose Banuelos, has been a member of the local Alta Squadron 16, Civil Air Patrol, for over three and one-half years. He has served in several positions and is currently the cadet commander. Maj. 'ames Nelson, Commander of Group 12, California Wing, assisted in the presentation, as did Squadron Commander Maj. Della De Arman. It. Col. David Chapman, Squadron 16, observed this was the first Mitchell Award for a member of the local unit In almost seven years and Congressman Pashayan congratulated Banuelos for his achievement and performance. Banuelos received a nomination earlier this year from the congressman for an Air Force Academy appointment. 0




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by Lt. Col. Fred Beelby A few years ago, a business associate and fri nd made a statement to a group of us at lunch that "everyone does the very best he can at any given time." Naturally, he got a lot of flak, becau e we all could cite hundreds of examples of stupidity, gold-bricking, ignorance, and other causes for people to do dumb things. Those of you who have worked arch missions know full well that in mo t of th cases, Ihe target airplane was lost because the pilot flew into condition beyond his or the aircraft's capability. 0, how could he have done his very t at that given moment? A private pilot with no instrument qualifications tried to take a 152 over the High ierra with three people on board during a blizzard. How much poorer could his d cision have been? The answer is simple and I confess that although I wa among the loudest to try to refute my friend's reasoning. I am now in complete ac ord with him. The reason we all do our very best at any given moment is that we are alway at choice. We are binary computers constantly an wering each moment with "yes" or "no." Our answers are ba ed upon what w beli ve. at that time, will provide the best results. The e moments are filled from ur individual point of view with gigantic as w II as seemingly insignificant questions or problem, The questions can range in impact from a choice between orange juice and for breakfast La quitting the present job, taking the kids out of chool. elling the house and furniture, moving to the east coast. and going to work or that new company that may payoff big In a few year , In every aspect of our liv we are de lslon-rnaking beings. W respond knowingly, we react automatically. The ratio between response and reaction i ba don self-di ipline and kn wi dge. elf-dis iplin and knowledg determine our job perf rman e: getting the j b done is more than just meeting the job criteria We all know people who figure that if they simply do what is pelled out in the job de crlption they hould be rewarded with promotion, higher pay, and an "outstanding" performance rating. These people may just be worth a " ati fa ory.' This kind of individual does only what h I paid to do and in no way demonstrat s the lead rship needed to am a promotion. In hort, thrs kmd of satisfactory per-

Professionalism Is An Inside -lob
formance is the essence of mediocrity. What, then, goes into "outstanding" performance? Fir t. attitude - the way we approach a job. Is it lust a chore, or i it a challenge to meet heroically. You know, we are constantly meeting dragons - of all sizes that must be slain or eventually they'll eat u up. The most fearsome, perhaps, i nam d Procrastination - and he can really overwhelm us. He's my worst enemy, but next week, I'm going to stop procrastinating. How do w procrastinate in our approa h to a job? By not gelling fully prepar d By not engaging fully In required as well as extra edu arion so that w will possess all available knowledge about the intricacie of the job 0 that w will e prepared to do it better than it's ever been don b fore. I say "education" rather than "training" because people are educated, elephants are train d. A ch erful approach to the education proces coupled with an expectancy of success will go a long way toward giving u. what we want from the exercise. Education IS the result of learning from experien - ours and other's. We learn mostly from what we lea h our elves. This is why it's such a good idea to mentally rehearse the job before actually lavmg on hands. Can ider als the effect on other people oi how we do our job It's an

interesting statistic that over 70 percent of the people who are fired from their jobs are let go because of their poor attitudes - their poor human relations IQ Think about your associates. Think about the skillful, yet abrasive, haracter you avoid In favor of the less skilled, but warmer, more cooperative person who eagerly trie to do a good job. This does not include the clown who, afraid h 's not going to be noticed, disrupts activities with his loud, distracting ways. But, for your own peace of mind, don't condemn him too quickly. He, too, has his problems. So. we approa h the job heerfully. with an attitude of success, and we are educated in the details of the job. We give more than 100 percent. Now, this last is tri kyo You've probably heard it said that wh n two people agree to meet each other half-way, they usually fail because one of them is near-sighted. If we try to do the job better this time than la t. we come do to giving 100 percent - and in our Air Force Auxiliary (Civil Air Patrol) bu iness, too much hangs on each person doing his best, afely and I gall, for anyone to even think about doing less than better than last time. But if we don't do better this time than last, we aren't doing our best. In California Wing, we are profes· ionals and proud f it. Not the pride that arrogantly regards another as less skilled, less knowledgeable or less fortunate in any gift; but ours is the pride that humbly recognizes the skill, the knowledg and the motivation to do the job well. 0 w II, that we discover how we can do even better. That i professionalism.



SURPRISE DELIGHTFUU Brooke Knapp expresses Just that 8S she Is presented a commendation and honorary membership In the Civil Air Patrol. Doing the honors (right) Is the CAWG's commander's representative, Lt. Col. Lee White, deputy commander. This award, by San Fernando Airport Senior Squadron 35, was made during the return to Whiteman Airport Ground Breaking Ceremony. (photo by Maj. AI Meryman)


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by 2nd Lt. Ginger Cartwright and Capt. Mark Cartwright It was nearly three year ago when they were last seen. One was last seen only two years ago. They have endured the cold, winter weather and the hot, steamy summer. They have enjoyed the rigor of hard work, physical torture and long stints away from home. Doe this sound familiar? No, they are not at encampment. They happen to be cadet at the U.S. Air Force Academy and all former cadets of the Beach Gties Cadet quadran 107 Cadet nd Class (junior) Susan D. Harvey plans to enter undergraduate pilot training upon graduation. A hemistry major, she is a member of the academy Falconer's Club. During the halftime break in home athletic events, she and ther lub members demonstrate the ancient sport of falconry. he also participates as a soaring instructor, sings in the choir, and is a member of the "Civil Air Patrol Training Unit." During her time a a CAP cadet. she participated in the California Wing 1978, '1979, and '1980 encampments as well as the Hawaii Wing glider encampment. Cadet 2nd Class (junior) Scott D. McClean desires to enter undergraduate navigator training after graduating. He has a large head-start by serving as a cadet navigation instructor last summer in a T-43. Cadet McClean also serves as the cadet navigation instructor with the A ademy' -Oth Airmanship Training qua.dron. Cadet 2nd Class (junior) icholas A. Yarmovych is planning to enter undergraduate pilot training after graduation. He is currently on leave from the academy and slated to retum in June 1985. Cadet 4th Class (freshman) Marcus A. Boyd also plans to attend undergraduate flight training after graduation. He plans to pursue an astronaut's position and is majoring in Astronautical Engineering. When not in the classroom, Cadet Boyd i playing half-back on the Junior varsity football team. He hopes to play on the varsity Leam next year. All members of Beach Cities Cadet quad ron 107 are proud to have four currently enrolled USAFA cadets call their quadron "home." There are several other cadets in Squadron 107 that are eligible to be appointed to the academy. Who knows, maybe in 10 or so years, ther will be a Squadron 107 Shuttle M~i ~ 0

Cadet 2nd Class (Junior) Susan D. Harvey. (U.S. Air Force Academy photo)

Cadet 2nd Class (Junior) Scott D. McClean. (U.S. Air Force Academy photo)

NOON ME.ALFORMATION - Each weekday, the 4,400 member Cadet Wing marches to lunch on the terrazzo, a favorite sight for vlBltors who line the Cadet Chapel Wall. The wing Is organized Into 40 cadet squadrons of approximately 110 cadets each. Only upperclassmen hold cadet officer rank and carry 8abr88. (U. S. Air Force Academy photo)

Cadet 4th Cla8s (Freshman) Marcus A. Boyd. (U.s. Air Force Academy photo)


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Weekend Bivouac
by Cadet Capt. Edgar Acosta About 35 cadets from the Centinela Composite Squadron 43. Burbank Angel Cadet quadron 6 and Gill Robb Wilson Cadet Squadron participated in a weekend bivouac held at Vasquez Rocks County Park. Agua Dulce. Some of the classe taught were field aferv, field hygiene. camp set-up. backpacking. rock climbing. food and water procurement and compass navigation. All classes included a practical exercise performed by cadets under the dose supervision of cadet officers and senior members. Also there were popular activities such as a four-mile hike; quick. camp breakdown (to test mobility in case of an emergency); search and rescue exercises; first aid; guard duty and fire drills. All cadets were responsible for bringing their own food - carry it and cook it. A uggested food list was di tributed before the activity. Cadets followed this list; which was a well balanced nutritional meal. Cadets were divided equally into two flights: Alpha. and Bravo. The most popular activity at this bivouac was "bug out." Bug out or quick. camp break-down was performed thr e time and every time was done faster. After the command to "bug out" from the cadet commander, cadets would rush to their camp sites and pack their backpacks and tent to be ready to be transported to a new location; or to transport themselves, as in hiking for several miles and etting amp once again. Th cadet taff for this activity included: C/Lt. Col. George Demirjian (advisor), C/Capt. John Sowter (Project Off!c r), C/1st Lt. Edgar Acosta (Logistics). Cl1st Lt. Rick Estrada (Planning/lnstructor), C/SSgl. Mark Wagstaff (First Sergeant). CIMsgt. Kevin Reynolds ("AU Flight Commander), C/Sgt. Dawn Kovner ("B" Flight Commander). CIA Scott limpus ("A" Flight ergeant), CIA Mike Faretla ("B" Flight ergeant). This activity was planned and condu ted by members of Burbank Angel Cadet Squadron. Cadets Demirjian. Acosta and Estrada attended the Parares ue Orientation Cour e (PJoq in New Mexico during the summer 1984. Their knowledge was well put to use at the bivouac making it Informative. safe and overall fun. enior memb rs in attendance included: Capt. Mike Liebman, Capt. Jenny Fung. 1st Lt. R. Schirra, _nd Lt. Steven Eizenb rg and Flight Officer Douglas Matthews. 0


Cadets trying to decide the safest route to hike In a rocky mountain at Vasquez County Park. (photo by C/2 Lt. Edgar Acosta)

Cadets stop for a break on a dry stream bed during a hike at Vasquez County Park. The hike was about four miles long. (photo by C 12 Lt. Edgar Acosta)

"Outstanding Senior Award"
During ceremonies held in Sto kton, Maj. Franklin L. Obenhaus, representing Stockton Senior quadran 72. accepted the Civil Air Patrol "Outstanding Senior Award" on behalf of Yosemite Group 16. u. Col. Helen May, Group 16 commander. praised Maj. Obenhaus for his dedi ation, outstanding a cornpllshrnent on behalf of quad ron 72 and his sincerity for self-improvement by estabIi hing leadership for other members to follow. Obenhau is a graduate of Squadron Officers chool and corporate learning classes. uch as ECI 7C. wing, regional and national conferences. He has attended Regional Staff College. National Staff College and the National Congress on Aerospace Education. benhaus holds a command pilot and cadet orientation pilot rating. He owns a Beechcraft Bonanza and has flown many search and rescue missions. He also transports dog teams and regularly attends flight clinics, search and rescue clinics and has participated in high altitude flying in the Sierra Mountains. He is a past commander of Squadron 72 at rockton Metropolitan Airport. He has recruited many new members for Civil Air Patrol and is considered to be a "Guiding Light" as his enthusiasm and dedication inspires a continuation of loyally and progress. 0


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Flights Against Tilne For Life and Health
by Robert Burgess Don Hind, Civil Air Patrol captain and Lockheed engin er, vowe to make C P-LOT work. Boy, did he! - Five lives saved, 503 others va tly better. CAP-l T land for Civil Air Patrol Live Organ Transport. It air-express bl d amples, x-ray . human ti u and am organs that make transplants possible. It' unique to CAP' California Wing, headquartered in Oakland, and is condary only to the wing' main mi ion of arch and re cu in Northern California. CAP-LOT missions are of two kinds, "lifesaving," which lead 10 life aving organ transplants, and "life-lmprovlng.' which carry ti ue for implants uch a one or cornea which enhance health. Four lives were aved after three "Ilfe aving" flights. The e flights ped chest x-rays and blood amples from di tant Northern California donors so that surgeons in the an Francisco area could match donors with recipients. The first u h round trip. La Modesto in November 1 83, re ulted in a heart transplant at Stanford University Medical Center. The econd. to Marysville in March 1984, ma epa ible a heart-lung tran plant for a 33-year-old mother who today is home armg for her three children. The third. to Fresno last October, saved two patients - one patient received the donor's heart and the other his liver; his kidneys were used in "life improving" transplants for two other patients. Prior to CAP-LOT, x-ray and blood samples from distant donors were carri d by bus, arriving sometimes too late to save would-be recipients or to keep donors' organs functioning. The fourth "lifesaving" flight. last November, wa the first time CAP-LOT carried usable vital organs, the kidneys from a Modesto donor. One kidney saved the life of a 25-year-old mother. The second kidney, while not strictly a "lifesaver," let a 57-year-old lawyer discontinue hi seven years of dialysis. CAP-LOT can ferry vital livers and pancreases. Donors for heart and heartlung transplants still go by road or air ambulances because the small CAP-LOT aircraft can't carry the support apparatus. The "life-improving" category includes skeletal bones, skin and dura mater (cranial membrane). The inaugu-


raj CAP-L T flight on ept. 26, 1 83, wa "life-improver." All told. tis ues arri d by CAP-LOT have been Implanted in 503 non-terminal patients, or have be n "banked" r r future use. About half of the 54 AP-L T mi ions s far have been flown by CAP quadron 80, ba ed at Reid' Hillview Airport, San jose, with a quarter of the quadran's 60 members participating. Based on a few sporadi CAP-LOTtype flights on the East Coast, the California Wing a ked its units to consider formalizing a program. Essentially. quadron 80 became the CAP-LOT pioneer on October 11, 1982. That's when Squadron 80 ommander Jess Ceniceros, a Unit d Airlines pilot, asked his staff: Can we ferry live tissues and rgan in our squadron Cessna? Hinds said ye • give me the job. He got great help from Capt. Fred elson of Squadron 80, hIS San jose neighbor and a-worker at Lockheed Mi iles & Space Co., unnyvale. Hinds, 56, i a senior research engineer. Nelson, 61, was a program planner with 30 years at LM C until his retirement in Deember 1984; today he's the CAP wing's new director of safety. Months of telephone calls and meetings showed Nelson and Hinds that doctors and officials at universities, laboratories and hospitals knew very little about airlifting human organs and tissues. How ver, perseverance led them to the orthern California Transplant Bank ( CTB) at the Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco. Hinds described the NCTB as "the most comprehensive transplant bank in the nation in the procurement, processing and national distribution of 14 different organs and tissues." "When Don Hinds called and introduced the C."P-LOT idea, it was like manna from heaven," according to Alexandra Gillespie, then director of operations for NCTB who now is a medical student at the University of California, Davis. Medical handling procedures had to be melded WIth aircraft capabilities and limitations. Hinds said, "We had to get Alexandra to 'speak airplane: She had to get us to 'speak transplant bank." Enthusiasm overcame diHiculties. In fact, NCTB technician Mike Dazey got so enthused he joined the CAP, conquered his fear of fiying, and won his

CAP commission. Captains Hind and Nelson were transferred from Squadron 80 to run CAP-L T at wing headquarters. Other CAP units have asked about instituting CAP-LOT, but none yet has the ess ntiallink with a transplant bank like NCTB. One major challeng r mains: Money. By law. the Air Force funds only lifesaving CAP missions, such as search and rescue. Hinds and Nelon convinced the AIr Force also to pay fuel and maintenance for "life aving' CAP-LOT flights. Mi s Gille pie iIIu trated the e ence of the program: "The heart-lung donor i the most exceptional and fragile of donors. Three La four hours can change what seems like an ex ellent donor to a 'no-go' .. I cannot imagine a greater tragedy in thi day and age of fa t travel than that someone had to die because of money and a distance, say, of 300 miles. _,A young woman, mother of three, received her heart-lung and is going to live. She never would have received that transplant had It not been for the CAP-LOT's humanitarian commitment." Fuel and maintenance for all SO lifeimproving flights have been reimbursed by private donations, except for some "donated" by CAP pilots. At the outset, Hinds got $200 from the Willow Glen Kiwanis Club in San jose, $1,000 for his church, Immanuel Lutheran, and $4,500 from the Lockheed Bucks-of-the-Month Club which employees support. All donations go to the Northern California Transplant Bank which, at an average of $88 per flight, then pays maintenance and fuel costs of life-improving CAPLOT missions. The need is burgeoning for these "life-improving" flights. The coffers are low. A most telling endorsement came from Marguerite Brown, transplant coordinator at Stanford Medical School, citing a "life-improving" flight which carries eye corneas: , Imagine being blind one day and two weeks later you can see. Thousands of people in California many of them children, are waiting for eye tissue, and it's crucial that the tissues get to the centers which can use them." Miss Gillespie agreed: "This is altering people's lives in such a positive way that it really is life-giving." 0


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The New Look In Ground Operations
David A. Rudawilz The traditional method of running ground operations in CAP has been to assemble, dispatch and control ground teams from the search base. Search bases are generally established on the basis of aircraft support requirements as opposed to ground operation needs. When the search base is in the immediate area of the search, this method is effe live for ground operations. However, when the search area is some dislance from the search base. this type of ground operations control causes considerable delay in ground team response. It can also create a situation where in utricienl control of the ground teams can result. The New Year's weekend Big Bear by


REDCAP provided an opportunity for the newly organized California Wing Ground Operations Section to demonstrate the feasibility of remote ground operations during a major, geographically-dispersed SAR effort. During the initial stages of the search, it. became apparent that the ground operations portion of the mission would be centered around the Big Bear Airport. Due to aircraft operationallimltations, the search base was first established at Hesperia Airport and then later at Rialto Airport. A forward ground operations base or Incident Command Post (ICP) was at the airport. Lt. Col. John Abbott. a rated Ground Operations officer and MC was assigned as the CAP "on-scene commander" (OSC)

Observers Program Update
by Capt. Carl F. Johns The lag time between development and introduction of new programs can cause some confusion and misunderstanding. The observer corps is not immune to this problem. Following is an update that hopefully will answer many of your questions. 1. The new standard observer's requirements (revised 1-S5) were recently mailed to all units. Contact your training officer if there are any questions, or you desire a copy. 2. A "form Sa" has also been distributed to all units and training officers. This form is a "check list" for observer night examiners to use when qualifying standard observers. It is analogous to "form 5" used for qualifying mis ion pilots. 3. There is now an annual "Observer of the Year" award. It is presented at the CAWG Conference. The first recipient was Capt. Robert Pentzke of Squadron 150. This award will help give observers the recognition they deserve. 4. We have just completed the scanner portion of a manual for observers. This manual offers a quick practical reference to basics a standard observer should know when on a mission, forms he should use and how and who to contact for required documents. ECI Courses and ratings. We anticipate this manual will be available after 4-1-85. Contact your group training office if you have 'further questions. 5. Staff is being recruited to train cadets as standard observers. Sixteen and 17-year-old cadets can earn the observer aeronautical rating. Eighteen through 20-year-olds can earn ES observer rating and participate on SARCAPs in the same manner as senior members. 6. An ongoing program to train observer training officers. and observer flight examiners is being developed. 7. Patches for scanners, and flight examiners have been designed, approved and are now ready for distribution. S. We are now working on a syllabus for the observer's ground school. It will be several months before this is released as a great deal of time is required for developing the courses and the production of cassette films and slides. Capt. Paul Groff, chief training officer for Northern California, has run several scanner clinics for various county sheriff's departments. They have been extremely well received. This helps establish compatibility in method and helps create good will with our brother services. Also, Maj. J. W. Balzer, chief training officer of Southern California, has been very active conducting clinics and helping to develop the observer program. This experience has given the California Wing training staff an opportunity to hear your suggestions and evaluations, experiment with new ideas and put together an effective standardized training program for scanners. Two very Important meetings were held in March. We met with the Northern and Southern California training officers to turn over the newly developed materials and explain the training program to them. Groups will now be responsible for running the ground and flight clinics under the auspices of Wing.

to supervise the ground operations from the ICP. Ground team personnel were sent directly from their home stations to the ICP to check in and receive search assignments. For the ground team personnel, the ICP is the search base. They must sign in and produce credentials just like at the primary mission search base. The only difference is that a Ground Operations officer is assigned to supervise the ICP and only ground operations are dispatched from there. The ICP has radio capability similar to the search base. The ICP primarily must communicate with the search base and the ground team's aircraft may also be assigned in direct upport to the ground operations portion of the mission. This is why the iep must also have 123.1 MHz capability. The iCP is generally located with the local sheriff's department Incident Commander (iC). ICP radio communications must also be able to monitor other agency communications and provide inter-agency communications liaison as requested. The ICP method of ground operations control proved to be very effe tive in this search effort. The ground teams were able to conduct more sorties with a greatly reduced amount of radio traffic, phone calls, and wasted driving between the search base and the search area. Ground search operations may be conducted in any type of weather conditions. The ICP method is the most effective way on insuring adequate, responsive control of ground resources during adverse weather conditions. The rcp method i the only effective way of conducting ground operations during geographically-dispersed, SAR missions. The ICP method will be used more frequently in future REDCAP missions.

Over 40 ground team members from throughout Southern California gathered at AFRC los Alamitos for the new California Ground Team Training Program seminar. Instructors were It. Col. Pat Robinson, Capt. Bruce Cobb, Capt. Jim Hardy, Capt. Mark Cartwright, 1st l.t. Chris Muir, 1st Lt. Ion Wordsworth. tst Lt. Dana Arbeit, 1st Lt. Rick De Castro and Cadet LI. Col. George Demirjian. These seminar sessions will be followed up with extensive field work in ELl IDF and land navigation. Ground team seminars will be held in various parts of the wing in upcoming months.




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$500 Flight Scholarship
by Maj. Rick Gale Civil Air Patrol C/Ll. Col. Dan Ybarra has soloed in an airplane thanks to a flight scholarship from the Air Force A5sedation's San Bernardino chapter. The $500 scholarship was awarded earlier this year to Civil Air Patrol Group 18. Cadet Ybarra was selected after close competition among the eligible cadets within the group. "It was really interesting when they announced me as the winner of the scholarship!" he exclaimed. "I didn't even know they had one available! When they presented it, I was blown away! "The other cadets were called to the podium to receive bonds for their Mitchell and Earhart Awards, my name was not mentioned. I wondered what was going on. I had no idea I would receive a flight scholarship. It was totally unexpected. No one told me I had even been considered!" The scholarship enabled Cadet Ybarra to solo in fixed wing aircraft. He already had soloed in gliders, through the Civil Air Patrol glider flight program at Twenty-nine Palms. Ybarra joined the March Air Force Base aero club and flew the Piper Warrior, in the Hemet and Riverside areas. "My instructor was Dennis Hicks," Cadet Ybarra said and, "It took 6.2 hours to solo. The last 20 minutes of the scholarship was solo time." The AFA commended his progress. They are trying for additional funds to carry his flying time through 10 hours. He only flew three times, averaging two hours each flight. Ybarra would like to get his private pilot license. He is thinking of going into the Army as a helicopter pilot. If accepted into the advanced flight training program, a license would be beneficial to him. "I hope to get additional flight funding through the AFA or Civil Air Patrol," he added, "which will get me that much closer to a license." Ybarra is a member of Civil Air Patrol's Corona Cadet Squadron 29. He has been an active member of the pro' gram and participated in many cadet activities and several emergency services search missions. He is a former cadet commander of Squadron 29. 0

Safety Tips
by Maj. Bill fullerton Slipping and sliding front seats on Cessna aircraft have resulted in several fatal accidents when the pilot found himself unable to reach the controls because the seat slipped backward. A recent article in the AOPA Pilot emphasized the need for checking the security of the seat position in Cessna aircraft as part of the pre-takeoff checklist. The corporate aircraft assigned to our Group 11 has a prominent sign on the instrument panel warning of this hazard. A Cessna customer care advisory mailed this month advises: "The pilot and copilot seat stops have been relocated on production aircraft to provide an additional security measure to ensure the seats are maintained in a forward position. The seat stops on your aircraft should also be relocated to provide this additional security measure." "Please contact your Cessna dealer and arrange to have the seat stops relocated during the next '100 hours or annual inspection." 'The seat stop relocation can be accomplished at minimal additional cost when done during a routine inspection interval." Pilots should refresh their memory in cold weather operations. Pilots should assure themselves that they have obtained adequate cold weather knowledge appropriate to the aircraft used and the geographical and weather environment. Winter flying is not particularly hazardous if the pilot will use a little extra caution and exercise good judgement in analyzing weather situations. During winter months, pilots and passengers should never go on a flight away from the airport traffic area unless they have proper clothing and warm coat or jacket with you. Remember that survival equipment should always be on board your plane. Check your cabin heater - manyaircraft are equipped with cabin heater shrouds which enclose the muffler or portions of the exhaust system. It is imperative that a thorough inspection of the heater system be made to eliminate the possibility of carbon monoxide entering the cockpit or cabin area. Each year, accident investigations have revealed that carbon monoxide has been a probable cause in accidents that have occurred in cold weather operations.

Computerized Form Generation
by Maj. David A. Rudawitz
EI Toro Composite Squadron 88 has been a leader in using personal computers to support CAP administrative and SAR operations. Starting in 1979, members of the unit have developed a number of computer applications to reduce the amount of paperwork needed to run a CAP unit. The latest developments from the computer wizards at SQ88 are two programs to computer-generate Emergency Services trainee card requests (CAPF 2a) and requisitions for material (CAPF 37). They were selected for computerization because of their extensive use in CAP. The ES 2a program was specifically developed to be highly "transportable" between personal computers. Although written in Microsoft BASIC for the Radio Shack Model 4 computer with an Epson MX80 printer, the program uses standard university available BASIC commands. With the extensive inline documentation provided, the program can be easily adapted to any personal computer with most any type of printer (including a daisy wheel type), The Form 37 program also is written for the Radio Shack Model 4 computer. Although not as generic as the ES 2a program. the Form 37 program also can be adapted to most any personal computer available today. Both of these programs can greatly reduce the time needed to generate CAP paperwork at the squadron level. If you have a personal computer available, these programs can make CAP paperwork fun (well almost). You do not have to have a degree in computer science to write useful programs for a personal computer. These two programs were written by Lt. Col. Robert Wood who is a self-admitted computer novice. The important thing is to understand what you want the computer to do for you. But. it is also good to have a computer professional to calion when the computer does not want to do what you want it to do. If you would like a listing of these programs, send a stamped. self-addressed envelope to SQ 88, ADEN: BYTE, P.O. Box 6299, Santa Ana, CA 92706. You can also write if you just want some h~p. 0


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Loran C the IIExtra Edge"
by Maj. Hal Stoner Civil Air Patrol Squadron 192 has recently added Loran C equipment to its Piper PA-28 Dakota to give them that "extra edge" in tracking down missing aircraft and the location of errant ELls. Loran C is a navigationaldevice used for years in maritime fields and now available as airborne equipment for general aviation aircraft. With it you can get a continuous digital readout of your present geographical position expressed in degrees and minutes of latitude and longitude; or, you can use it to present a bearing, distance and ground speed between any two points selected by the pilot. Squadron 192 mission pilots now have the capability to enhance their navigation and conduct their missions in a far more effective and economical mode than before. Ways in which Loran is useful include: • Direct flights (rom home base to Search Base thereby avoiding the sometimes circuitous and heavily trafficked airways. • When searching in a specified grid, Loran keeps you from drifting out of the boundaries of your specified latitude and longitude limits. • The various coordinates of signals emanating from real or inadvertent activation of an ELTare picked up by Russian satellite and relayed to the USAF at Scott AFB. CAP aircraft equipped with Loran can now be dispatched directly to these geographic positions for positive identification of the source. • The precise location of a crashed aircraft can be determined instantly while cirding the site. This information, relayed to the Search Base, could expedite the dispatch of paramedics and ground rescue teams to the location thereby possibly saving lives by quick action. Loran C, coupled with D/F (Direction Finding) equipment and air-to-ground radio provide the tools which make CAP pilots more effective in carrying out search and rescue missions. They are hoping to outfit both of its aircraft with such capability as soon as possible. 0

California Wing Forms 36A and

Flight Clinic Program
by Capt. Steve Ladis The Flight Clinic program has come a long way in a few short years. It wasn't so long ago that we only needed a few clinics a year to meet the training requirements set forth by National Headquarters. However, like everything else, changes have taken place. The operation of todav's missions require greater professionalism, both in appearance and in execution, Th CAPR 50-11 has established the minimum requirements for flight dinics. The clinics are designed to be informative, with a strong emphasis on safety and professionali m. To help meet the needs of the current requirements for mission pilots. we have scheduled 12 flight clinics for 1985, as compared 10 six clinics just a few years ago. In response to the need for night operations, we have started an experimental night night clinic. We are now being reimbursed for clinics that were held in June, 1983. If you attended a flight clini in June, 1983. you should be receiving a check for about $20.00. As a reminder, both portion of the clinic (Saturday and Sunday) must be completed to be eligible for a r fund. The Form 108 need not be submitted for reimbursement. All that must be done is to be sure to sign in on both days, and the paperwork should be forwarded to the wing director of operation. 0


Unit commanders are requested to insure that all new members who join the Air Force Auxiliary (Civil Air Patrol) complete California Wing Forms 36A and 36B and forward them to the Emergency Services Documentation Officer at wing headquarters. These forms, copies of which have been distributed to all units for local reproduction, are essential if the Emergency Services Directorate Is to maintain up-to-date and complete records of all aircraft and vehicles available to perform search and rescue and disaster reo lief missions. The same forms should be completed by current members whenever the availability or identification of available aircraft/vehlcles is changed. "As the Air Force and the California Office of Emergency Services increase their dependence on us to perform an increasing variety of missions," Lt. Col. Betty Decker, director of Emergency Services. points out, "we must demonstrate that we have a better grasp on our resources to perform those missions. It is not enough to be able to pinpoint the location and availability of corporate resour es, we must also be able to know what member-owned reo sour es we have at our disposal and where they are." The forms are 10 be forwarded (through channels) to wing headquarters, "Attention: 1st Lt. Ken Cochrane, DESA. 0

A friend of Clara Barton. founder of the Red Cross, once 'reminded her of an especially cruel thing that had been done to her yean before. But Miss Barton seemed not to recall it. "Don't you. remember it?" her friend asked. "No," came the reply. 0'([ distinctly remember forgetting it."

David Watt (center), Director of San Fernando City Parks and Recreation Department, receives a check for $300.00 from MaJ,Thomas Wilson (left), Commander of Squadron 35, as Major Arthur Nichols, fund raising chairman, looks on. The money is earmarked tor youth program activities at the park department


Construction Co., Inc.
Specializing In Commercial Building

• Cranes to 15 tons • Backhoes • Stale Certified Welders • Roustabout Crew • Lease Operations STATE #149865


591 Redwood Way (415) 381-2620/ Mill Valley
"Contributing to the economy of the Golden State by Producing Beef Cattle "




Complete Custom

Design and Installation
Kitchen - Bal~room Cornrnarclal


. ...

• = -. .:



412 Elm Avenue (714) 845·1011 Beaumont

Alternators - Starters


Phillips Land & Cattle Co.
(707) 983-6203


24 Hour Towing Call: (619) 872-2141 Auto Repair - (619) 873-6385 Auto Parts Foreign - Domestic - Truck


GeneraLOrs- Water Pumps 255 Dirlsadero .:~
(209 442-U20 FRESNO .


Angel's Construction Company
General Contractors
15622 Valley Blvd.

1238 North Main (Main at the Y)


Aerial Specialists in Seeding Fertilizing Dusting Spraying Darrel Frey, Mgr.

(209) 992-.3111




Boute 1

"Fun In The Sun"

Dixon "Y" Machine Inc.
• Welding - All Type • Fabrication

Box 4460

Repair & ervicc Pedrick Road and Tremont Road (9Ui1678-2375 DIXON

378-2387 WELDON


Banquet Room - Restauranl Pool - Motel - Tennis Courts Horseback Riding

Residential Commercial
J?/doOT & Oil/door



- HostsLocated Next To Ruth Airport Ruth (707) 574-6227

Hi-Desert Casino & Inn
Open 24 Hours Corner of U .. Hwy 39and Air Base Rd.



2958 Cold Springs Road (916 622-3798 I Placerville

Beaumont Laundry and Linen Supply



6(9) 246·8624

Hardwood Products
Manufacturing Quality Lumber Products Open Mon-Fri: 8-5

Complete Laundry and Linen Service
540 Euclid Avenue (71.4) 845-1831/ Beaumont 313 Daniels Lane (805) 22-3039

-';".~ 4""'""~

:7~ .,.,
~.=''''.~~.... -,

(707) 984-6181



lACE Visit To Israel
by C/Lt. Col Jeffrey M. Wong (Editors Note: The 19851ntemational Cadet Exchange will get underway shortly. Here is a first person account of the adventure told by one of last year's participants.) Thi past summer, I participated in the 1984 International Air Cadet Exchange to Israel. The purpose of the lACE is to promote goodwill and friendship among the world's youth through a common interest in aviation. Last year's participants included Austria, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, orwav. Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. A CAP participant must be at least 17 years of age and have received the Amelia Earhart Award. During my three weeks with the exchange, from 22 July to 10 August, I visIted more places than I had ever dreamed of. The first phase of the exchange Was in Washington, D.C., where all the participants met. Before going overseas, we were able to tour the White House, the Smithsonian. the Pentagon and the downtowns of Washington, D.C. and Arlington, Virginia. Then it was off to Rhein-Main AB, Frankfurt. West Germany. From here. we split up and were transferred to our host countries. The Israeli Air Force flew our delegation to Ben-Gurian Airport on board a Boeing 707 transport. During our stay in Israel. we lived with host families in lhe city of Ramat-Gan. a suburb of Tel-Aviv. In a span of fourteen days, we went on a marathon tour of every major city, cultural and historical site and military installation. Highlights of our trip included Jerusalem, where we visited the Knesset; the Old Cit y and the Holocaust Memorial; Masada, the famous fortress overlooking the Dead Sea; and the IAF Te hnical School, their equivalent to our Air For e Academy. We also visited the occupied West Bank. during which we had an escort of special anti-terrorist police. While not touring or attending numerous banquets, including one with the O.c. of the Israel Air Force, we had plenty of time to shop for souvenirs rugs, handcrafts. t-shirts, and jewelry. We also got to work on a great tan at the bea h in Tel-Aviv. Then it was back to Rhein-Main where we spent the night and went on a spending spree at the Base Exchange. We also had good old "AF food" at the cafeteria. On the flight back to Washington. we had so many stories to tell of our experiences in the lACE countries. We were also so tired. After a night of recuperation in the Nation's Capital, it was off to California and home. So cadets. go for that Earhart Award and pass the California Wing Special Activities Review Board. The friendship and memories of the lACE will last a lifetime. 0

Glider Orientation
by C/Sgt. Tom Francis C/MSgt. Kevin Mayne and I attended a glider encampment at Twenty-Nine Palms. Altogether there were about 10 cadets attending from the southern section of California Wing. We arrived at the Marine Corps base, where we would be staying during the encampment, at about 2015 hours. Unfortunately the guards at the entrance did not know that CAP personnel would be staying on base. But. finally we found someone who knew we were expected and we were able to check in. We watched Magnum Force for an hour before the others attending arrived and then fell in 1.0 our barracks and hit the sack. Early the next morning we arose early (with heart-burn from the pizza we had devoured the night before) and set out for the glider airport. The cadets were split into two groups, one flying in gliders and the other attending ground school. After each group finished that part of their assignment they switched assignments. There were two gliders and one tow plane in use and an abundance of instructors. After everyone had received their flights for the day we boarded the bus to return to our barracks. where we washed up to go to dinner at the Officer's Club. I got very little sleep that night because of my anxiety over what was in store for me. The second day was much like the first - except there was no ground school. By the end of the day every cadet had received six flights and had developed a much stronger interest in gliding. Before the encampment ended, an awards ceremony was held and each student received a Certificate of Completion. It was a totally new experience for me and I encourage all cadets, who have an interest in flying, to attend as many of these activities as possible. A great feature of this activity is the low cost only $50. Nowhere else could you obtain such training for such a low price.


Toys For Tots


Squadron 192, Coyote Point, recently Installed a new communlcaUon center which makes It a viable backup for county support In the event of major civil disasters. The center also boasts two a1r-t~round trancelvers, ELT monitors on the distress frequency 121.5, a generam coverage "ham" radio and tone paging In all CAP codes, plus auxiliary and back-up battery power operation for all radios.

Members of Los Angeles Cadet Squadron 138 gave up several of their weekly training meetings last fall to assist the local Marine Corps Reserve detachment in the annual Toys for Tots program. The CAP officers and cadets helped sort through a virtual mountain of donated toys. and selected toys to fill specific requests from local charitable organizations and needy individuals. "We found it very rewarding to find this community service project for our (Continued ... )


Weibert Meats


- SINCE 1965 Farm Slaughtering Beef - Hogs - Lamb Deer Processing 13600 East Belmont (209)875-2103

The Decorating Studio
"For Thal Extra Special Touch" Donna Brunetti - Owner (916) 836-0493 / Blairsden

Open Mon. thru Sal. 8 a.m. - 8p.rn. Sundays & Holidays 9 a.rn. - 6 p.m. 405 Warm Springs Road
Kenwood (707) 833-4971

Country Store


Homes - Ranches - Business Property "Traditionally Growing In The Great Northwest" 867 Redwood Dr. I Garberville (707) 923·2119 I Res: 923-3827

R MAR-VISTA Wholesale Florists
OPEN 7 a.m. - 4 p.m. Monday thru Friday 762 HYGEIA AVENUE ENCINATUS (619) 942-1791

Great Accommodations

Whole Family At Reasonable 425 Be 11
(805) 344-2493

For The Rates


Almar Realty
"Helping People On tb« MIY'Jc"
Multiple Listing Service Home- Ranche - Land- Income Properly

A-Plus Electric
ReSidential & Commercial Experl Workmanship

Complete Truck Transportation 1267 Highway 99 East (916) 846-3657 GRIDLEY

40 Ash Street (916) 257-2090
(916) -44-5015


4225 B. Coronado St. (209) 464-7606 Stockton

Casa Linda Motel
4085 Pine Blvd. S. La rc Tahoe


Little Bear Lodge

Poplart Laurel

. Lake Tah e

AI. 6, Box ~~25 (916) 533-9343 OROVILLE



Homewood Ski Area
Certified Ski School Restaurant- Cocktail Lounge Highway 89 J?16) 525-7256 Homewood

Plumbing Supply'
Complete Line Of Plumbing Supplies & Pipe Fittings


Hi-Grade Cleaners
2-Hour Service Delivery Service Corner of San Joaquin & Market (209) 465-4980 tockton

Cbl.,'s nylng SIu,,'ce
Air Taxi - Charter Flight Instruction

Highway 36 I P.O. Box 1159 Chester (916) 258-2136

1515 Marguerite Avenue (916) 824-4284 / Corning

Professional Dog Grooming Schnauzer & Poodle Specialists 44220 Florida Ayenue Hemet (714) 927-2579

Red's Repair and Dunsmuir Towing
700 Crag View Drive (916) 235-4555 Dunsmuir

Bouldin Farming Co. Inc.
Raising Top Quality Wheat and Corn

(916) 777-6091 Bouldin Island • Isleton

Randy's Trucking
Heavy Equipment Hauling
Full Roustabout Crew

FOR RESERVATJONS CALL TOLL FREE: 800-822-5922 (9]6) 544-7031 South Lake Tahoe

West Coast Plating
Copper - Nickel and Chrome Plating 33 Commerce Buellton / (805) 688-8207

(805) 768-4402

Bob Hinkle Roofing
All Types Of Roofing New & Re-roofing



A II Appliance Service

(916) 385-1153 GERBER

7373 N. Pacific Avenue (209) 394-2733

Refrigerators, Washers, Dryers "Our Reputation Is Built On Quality Service" 405 East Lathum


Complete Line Of Uniforms Shoes & Coslume Rental Lancaster

Arteaga Chiropractic Center
Specializing In Difficult And Chronic Cases 2003 South Miller (805) 925-86311 Santa Maria

Garman Roofing Co.
"We'll Fix A Hole fn Your Roof Or Your Whole Root" Specializing In Asphalt Roofs Of All Kinds (916) 628-4166/ Hayfork

44749 North Sierra Highway (805) 948-6114


(Continued ... )
squadron," said Capt. Ralph L. Landry, squadron commander, "all of our cadets and officers left with a feeling of warmth." Landry is particularly proud that the squadron was able to direct the Marine Corps Reserve to a local orphanage, where 92 children were able to have a more meaningful Christmas. "We, as a tenant unit, became spontaneously involved," explained Landry. The squadron has met at the Pica Rivera Marine Corps Reserve Training Center for over two years, but had not previously participated in the Toys for Tots program. According to GySgt. Allen W. StallIngs, program coordinator for "B" Battery, 1st Battalion, 14th Marines in Pica Rivera, the campaign receives diverse private and commercial support. Stallings cited local donations from Mattei Toys, Sears and Roebuck. the Downey Moose Lodge, Cas a Grande Apartments. Century 21 Realtors, Midas Muffler and many private families and individuals. The U.s. Marine Corps Reserve Toys for Tots program is designed to provide Christmas joy for needy children through the collection of new, unwrapped toys. Founded in 1947, the program has grown from an annual Los Angeles area project to a national campaign replete with benefit concerts, sporting events, corporate involvement and massive celebrity support. 0





AVIAnON FAIR 1984 - Van Nuys Airport. Los Angelas Group 1 presenta rara SAR Corporate aircraft display. Shown from left of CA ANG 115lh Tactical Squadron's (60th Annlveralty) Lockheed C-13OE Hercules: Civil Air Patrol 35 T-41B, 128 T-34A and sa 35 O-1A (Cenna 305A) Bird Dog. (photo by Maj. AI Maryman)



SARCAPand Field Training Mission
by 2nd Lt. Dick Hilde Saddleback Composite Squadron 68 recently held a simultaneous SARCAP and field training mission near Hi Desert Airport. owned and operated by Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Ferm, in the Joshua Tree area. Valuable logistical support was provided by the 336th Aviation Company, U.S. Army Reserve (Los Alamitos) and the 22nd Mobile Communication Squadron. California Air National Guard (Costa Mesa). The 222nd provided personnel. trucks, generators, tents, etc. They transported personnel and equipment from Costa Mesa to the mission sites. The 336th provided three fullycrewed HU·1 (Huey) Helicopters to airlift the main contingent of SAR and FTX personnel from Squadron 68. Lt. Col. Jim Seggins, Pacific Region staff, was SAR mission coordinator; Maj. Rick Gale, Group 18, was his assistant. Members of Squadron 150, Los Alamitos, lent a hand with the remainder of the SAR base, manned by unit personnel. Air support for the mission was proAs with all members of the CAP, Sandaker's efforts and contributions of time, money and skill are voluntary. In addition to air search and rescue/emergency services, Civil Air Patrol missions include aerospace education of the public and development of tomorrow's airmen and aerospace leaders through a military cadet program. 0

Lt. Col. Sandaker Accepts Award
In ceremonies held recently during a Senior Member Squadron 57 staff meeting at Gillespie Field, Lt. Col. Orville K. (Sandy) Sandaker accepted a 4-year clasp for his Civil Air Patrol service ribbon. This award was presented in recognition of over four decades of voluntary service to the Air Force Auxiliary. Sandaker presently is assigned as Squadron 57 Civil Defense officer and additionally as Protocol officer. Prior to these duties he served for six years as the squadron commander. When asked to recount his most memorable experience, Sandaker recalled his involvement as a staff member of Group 3, to the pioneering development and implementation of present procedures established to search for and locate ELTs. When activated by a crash or other violent movement the ELT transmits a distinctive. readily identifiable radio signal on a prescribed frequency. Such a signal is used by search leams in the air and on the ground as an aid in locating the crash site,

vided by 1st Lt. Dick Fritz and his venerable 180. The project officer for both the FTX and SARCAP was 1st Lt. Geno Landrum, without whose efforts neither of these exercises would have happened. Geno proved once again thai if you make the effort you can make things happen. Lt. Chris Muir. commander of Squadron B8. and several of his cadet members gave able assistance during the FTX. Despite the usual 'glitches: both exercises were deemed successful and we are already planning another such event to be scheduled in 1985. One note of interest: One of the helicopters was piloted by CW2 Chuck Carrillo, a young man who had earned his Spaatz Award while a cadet member of Squadron 73. It was commanded at the time by our mission coordinator Lt. Col. Jim Beggins. The following unit members participaled: Capt. Lynn Baldwin, Capt. Bill C1eminshaw, Capt. Jim Peterson, 1st Lt. Bill Sabatine, 1st Lt. Susan Wiley, 1st Lt. Geno Landrum. 2nd Lt. "Skip" Shaffer, 2nd Lt. Dick Hilde, 2nd u. George Thunstrom, 1st Lt. Dick Fritz, FO Glenn Moffett, FO Mike Petran, 2nd Lt. Greg Frazier. and Cl2nd Lt. Ian Fusselman. After the SARCAP was officially closed, Fritz flew several cadets on orientation flights. Cadets participating in the FTX were: M/Sgt. John Svalina. M/SgL Kevin Wayne, Sgt. Tom Francis, A/1C Daniel Isabell, A/1C Chuck Cline, [r., AMN Jeff Borowiec, AMN Bill Connery, AM Jim Whiting, AMN Ben Beardslee, AMN Jim Amann, CIB Brian Eichler and CIS Kathy Ward. 0


Multimatic Screw Co.
ACME RA6-5 Equipped To Economically and Accurately Mass Produce Aircraft and Commercial Products (714) 658-4955 t-EMET

Gaukel Electric Building Contractors
• New Construction • Alterations

Complete Auto Body
and Paint Service

5791 West Ramsey Banning (714) B4~5272

1765 South Main (707) 263-5088 Lakeport

Signs By DelMar
- Since 1959One Owner

13601 DelMar Road (619) 247-4745 Apple Valley

We Are Proud To Saluie CA.P. 22930 Twain Harte Drive (209) 586-3221 Twain Harte


Willow View ManoT Convalescent Hospital
Licensed Nurse On Duty 24 Hours 320 North Crawford (916) 934-2834 / Willows

Catalina Airport
Salutes The Civil Air Patrol.
Buffalo Springs (213) 510-0143 AVALON

Joe Cabezul Real Estale
Residential - Commercial P.O. Box 217 (707) 984-6621

Complete Auto Body Repairs Painting & Glass Installation 1000 18th Street (80S) 324-4708 I Bakersfield



R. I. HAWOR ...H Building Contractor

Refuse Disposal, Inc.
7110 Alexander (408) 842-3358

P.o. Box



PHONE 947·3358


(916) 367-2181

21766 22nd Avenue

The Little Green House
Serving Big Bear Since 1974 563 Pine Knot Big Bear Lake (714) 866-5352


Dean Plumbing & Heating Contractors
Remodeling - New Construction - Free Estimates 192 East Line Bishop (619) 873-3774

Tom Martin Logging and Trucking P.o. Box 265
(209) 532-9098


Dorsey's Auto Repair and Body Shop
24 Hour Towing 1211 N. State Street

Oilfield Services, Inc.
• Roustabout Crews -Hydra Cranes • Backhoes. Welding Construction & Maintenance 140 East Norris Road (805) 393·6678 Olldale


Pure Gro Company
- Fertilizers Serving All Merced County (209) 392-2166 DOS PALOS


Repair & Towing



Tae Kwon Do Academy
Sell De/erne, Sell Con/idetlCil
Physicol Fitness


Hiatt Sand & Gravel
Ready·Mixed Concrete - Our Specialty 906 East Line PLANT / 3590 Brookside Drive 872-6781 Bishop

The Body And Mind

576 Alcosta Mall (415)828-3466/ San Ramon

Feed For All Types Of Animals 1789 E. 21st Street (209) 383-2811 MERCED


Sanitation Service
SERVING COLUSA COUNTY Garbage Service· Toitet Rentals Colusa (916)458-4659


Eureka Oxygen Co.
Oxygen & Acetylene Complete Welding Supplies and Equipment 2010 - 1st Street (707) 443-6394 Eureka

Packing Co., Inc.
Specializing In Kiwi
1145E. Fireball, Exeter 19581Avenue 344, Woodlake (209) 592-2821 564·3847


Boldt's Satellite TV Service
Sales - Service - Accessories
9153 Briceland Thorne Rd. (707) 986-7427 BRICELAND

Merced Hardware
- One Stop Shopping -

(209) 722-3567 520 W. Main Merced


Proposed Changes Span Globe
WASHINGTON (A~ 5) - Air Force has announced proposed tactical, airlift and training fore structure changes that will affect units worldwide. Changes within the Tactical Air Command include the transfer of an F-16 squadron to Homestead AFB, Fla. The squadron, currently at Hill AFB, Utah. is 10 move In the fall of next year. Hill AFB will receive two tactical air control system radar units from Europe late next year. Also. a forward air control post radar unit is to be moved from Europe to the Tidewater area of Virginia. Twelve F-15 fighters are to be added to Tyndall AFB, Fla.. late this year. while a squadron of F-4E fighter-bombers at Seymour-Johnson AFB, N.C., is to be transferred to the Air National Guard this fall. Overseas units will also see some changes. Osan AB, Korea, will convert from 12 OA-37 aircraft to 16 OV-lO Broncos beginning later this year. Four

of the OV-l0s will be taken from Wheeler AFB, Hawaii, while the remainder will come from flyable storage at George AFB, Calif. Keflavik AB, Iceland, will convert from 12 F-4Es to 18 F-15C and D Eagles starting late this year. The F-4s are to be placed in the backup reserve inventory. Howard AB, Panama, Is to get five A- 37 jets beginning this fall. Airlift changes include the transfer of four C-141 transports each from Charleston AFB, s.c.. McCuire AFB, N.J.; and Norton AFB. Calif.; and two each from McChord AFB, Wash., and Travis AFB, calif. The 16 aircraft will be transferred to the air reserve forces beginning in the fall of 1986. Travis AFB is to receive 22 new C-SBs while keeping 13 of the older C-5s, changing plans announced last February in which the base was to have a net increase of 10 C-5s. Military Airlift Command will also make change in its helicopter force. Three HH-1H helicopters are to be withdrawn from McConnell AFB, Kan., as the Titan II missiles there are dismantled. The rescue unit at Ellsworth AFR, S.D., will convert from its present five aircraft

to four HH-1H helicopters. The older choppers will be taken to the aircraft storage center at Davis-Monthan AFB, Ariz. Other helicopter actions include transfer of four UH-1Ns from Hurlburt Field, Fla., 10 Homestead AFB, Fla., and adding one UH-60A to support combat rescue requirements at Eglin AFB, Fla. The final MAC proposal will move the 6th Weather Squadron at Tinker AFB, Okla., to Hurlburt Field beginning later this year. Air Training Command plans to convert Laughlin AFB, Texas, (rom 81 T- 37B trainers to 79 new T-46A aircraft beginning in mid-1986. The first T-46 is scheduled to roll out this month. Air Force officials noted that environmental impact analyses are being prepared for each proposed action. Final decisions on the proposals will not be made until the analyses are completed.


Satellite Search and Rescue System Saves Wreck Victim
Scott AFB, III. (AF 5) - A young Belgian race car driver owes his life to space age technology. Serge Goriely, a 21-year-old driver from Brussels, suffered a fractured skull when his four-wheel-drive Citroen crashed in a remote area of Somalia, Africa, Dec. 12. Approximately 45 minutes after the crash, Conely's co-driver, Philippe Raymakers of Antwerp, activated an advanced, experimental radio beacon that was in the car. The signal was picked up two minutes later by a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration weather satellite, NOAA 9, launched last year from Vandenberg AFB, Calif. The alert was forwarded to the Air Force Mission Control Center at Scott AFB. French search and rescue authorities in Toulouse, France, were notified of the distress signal just one hour and '9 minutes after the beacon had been activated. The Goriely rescue marks the first time the still-experimental search and rescue equipment on NOAA 9 has been credited with saving a life. Since the program began in 1982, more than 344 lives have been saved by United States and Soviet satellites. With the new 406 millihertz system, which can transmit more detailed information, the distress signal is recorded by the satellite, stored and dumped when it passes over a station. The system allows worldwide coverage compared to regional coverage with the older system.

Chaplain Curt Smith Captain, CAP Group 7 Chaplain

It doesn't matter who you are, Or what you have, or do. If you give of your very best The best returns to you. A law of compensation works, We get just what we earn, If we love others with our hearts, We get love in return. The little things we sometimes do For others day by day, Return quite unexpectedly In some peculiar way.



1640 South Highway 99 (209) 394-8961 / Livingston

Inland Crop Dusters, Inc.
MINTER FIELD (805) 399-6564 / Bakersfield (805) 746-2727 / Shafter

Watson Distributing,


Fertlllzing - Seeding - Defoliating Helicopter and Aircraft

4563 E. Kings Canyon Rd. (209) 252·8286 Fresno

Ed Brauer Enterprises, Incorpora ted
CAMARlL L50 WOOD R0A'tD 0 ( 05) 482-0701

Boyd's Auto Parts
275 South Main (619) 873-5804 Bishop



Excavating - Dirt Moving and Land Clearing 1717Lee Road (916) 283~2879 / Quincy

Co., Inc.

Bissett Construction
Roy Bissen - Owner
(209) 683-7564 / Oakhurst

4745th St. I GusDne I (209) 854-6445 1120 E. Paige Ave. f Tulare / (209) 688-5368

137 MARILLA (213'510·0454 AVE. AVALON

789 North Home (619) 873-7515 400 South M Street (209) 685-6800

Les Abbott Realty
Homes- Ranche
Investments Licensed Real Estate Broker 1342 Elgin (High~'ay 33) Dos Palos (209) 392~2171


175 E. South Street, Bishop (619) 873·5217 or 873-7435

Dairyman's Co-op

(209) 539-2351

Janitorial Service


P.O. Box 209 (916) 629-3104 / Willow Creek


The Chlmney Tree
Avenue of the Giants (707) 923-2265 Phillipsville

Floor SIripping & Waxing and Carpel Shampooing

40396 Highway 41 Oakhurst I (209J 683-6144

J. D. Andreas & Sons
Route 1• Box 855 (805) 849-2791 Delano


Circle G Ranch, Inc.
Route 1· Box 908 (916) 666-0979

Mountain Movers, Inc. & Thornton & Son Construction
(209) 855-8811 Auberry

Free Satellite Movie Channels 24 Hour Restaurant Next Door 2785 Main Susanville I (916) 257-4123


4z-1CRESCENT (213) 510-0151 AVALON

Electrical Contractors Residential· Commercial· Industrial 505 Martha (209) 239-3720 I Manteca

(209) 683'5229


The Deli-Rouse
666 Linden Avenue Carpinteria I (805) 684-3818

55696 Starlite Mesa (619) 364-2401 Yucca Valley


Tahoe Donner Ski Area
Quality Ski Experience AI A Reasollable Price For Free Brochure Write: P.O. &x TDR-45 Truckee, CA 95734/ (916) 587-6046

Caracoustics, Inc.
730 Camden (408) 866-1250 Campbell

Boat House Bar
126 Summer Avenue (213) 510-0258 DODD'S Saw Shop 13819 W. Vinewood Ave. Livingston (209) 3947944

7736 EAST SPRINGFIELD (209,834-2511 SELMA


Franks Equipment Co.
Ray Franks - Bob Franks Sherri Philpot 19810 South Highway 99 (209) 686-9800 or 686-4663

P. o. Box 1260 (209) 945-2513


CLARKSBURG WALNUT GROVE (916) 744-1748 (916) 776-1745

24 Hour AAA Service Bud Miller - Owner

Walt's TiI'e It Auto
26100 Highway 189 (714) 3374673 / Twin Peaks

Beaurivage Restaurant
26025 W. PaciJic Coast Hwy. (213) 456·5733 Malibu

Ryan's Electrical Service
Commercial- Residential-Industrial (707) 425·1850 Fairfield

(707) 274-8869



Air Reserve Modernization To Continue
WASHINGTON (AFNS) - Modernization of the nation's air reserve forces is to continue. Tactical force structure changes proposed for the Air National Guard will see a number of units converting to newer aircraft. The 162nd Tactical fighter Group at Tucson. Ariz .• is to begin training in F-16s in fiscal year 1986. The unit will start with six aircraft, gradually increasing to 24 planes. The 141st Tactical Fighter Squadron at McGuire AFB, N.J., is to convert from 18 F-4D jets to 24 newer F-4Es in fiscal 1986. while the 110th TFSat SI. Loui will swap 8 F-4Cs for _4 F-4Esthis year. AI a wapping F-4s are the 163rd TFS. Fort Wayne, Ind., converting from 18 F-4Cs to 24 F-4Esin fiscal 1986, and the 128th TFS, Dobbins AFB, Ga., converting from 24 F-4Ds to 24 F-15 Eagles in fiscal 1987. Other F-4 actions will occur at the 196th TFS, March AFB, Calif.. where 24 F-4Cs will be traded for an equal number of F-4Ds. In addition. the 189th Tactical Re onnai san e Training Flight at Boise, Idaho. will receive six additional RF-4Cs in fiscal 1986. Two interceptor units will be swapping F-l06s for F-16s in fiscal year 1987. The units are the totsr fighter-Interceptor Squadron, Otis, ANGB, Mass., and the ·t59th FIS, Jack enville. Fla. Each squadron will receive 18 of the singleengine jets.

The Air Force Reserve's J37th Tactical Airlift Squadron. Westover AFB, Mass .. will convert from 16 C-130E transports to eight C-5s and be redesignated the 337th Military Airlift Squadron in fiscal year 1988. A portion of the maintenance responsibility for Strategic Air Command KC-10 units at March AFB, Calll.: Barksdale AFB. La., and Seymour Johnson AFB. N.C., will be transferred from the active force to new Reserve associate maintenance units. At Luke AFB, Ariz.. the 302nd special operation quadron will convert from two CH-3E and four HH-3E helicopters to 24 new F-16C/D fighters beginning in fiscal year 1987. New AFRES civil engineering squadrons are plann d at Davis-Monthan MB. Ariz.; Elmendorf AFB, Alaska; Chanute AFB, III.; Holloman AFB. N.M.; Griffiss AFB, _Y.; Kirtland AFB. N.M.; McConnell AFB, Kan.; Offutt AFB, Neb.; Pope AFB, .c.; and Seymour John on AFB. N.C. In addition, tactical airlift quadrons around the ountry will be re eiving more aircraft and. in some cases, conv rting to newer models. quadrons affe ted are the 57th lAS. Maxwell AFB, Ala. converting from eight C-1JOEs to eight C-130Hs in fiscal 1987; the 328th lAS, Niagara Falls. N.Y., onverting from eight C-130As to eight C-'I OEs in fiscal 1986; and the 181st lAS, Dalla, conv rting fr m eight C-UOBs to eight C-130Hs in fiscal 1987. Increasing from eight C-UOBs to 12 in fi al '1987 are the 156th TAS, Charlotte, N.C., and the 167th TAS, Martinsburg, W. Va.

Patriotic Rebirth Hits America
By MSgt. Jeff Simpson
VANDENBERG AFB, Calif. (AFNS) Some years after World War II, there seemed to be a significant decline in respect for our government, our country and in patriotism. It probably began sometime during the Korean conflict and extended through the Vietnam era. The nation was frustrated. We didn't like sending our men to foreign soil when there was no obvious threat at home. It had always been so dear before. America fought for freedom. But many thought we were meddling in another country's business. And for this, our boys were dying. The media 'filmed our failures and blasted them into our living rooms every night. The children we'd encouraged to speak out began to do so, The college campuses erupted in protest and the ashes of discontent covered every age group. Bv the time we withdrew from Vietnam, patriotism had suffered a serious blow. Recently, the spirit of patriotism seems to have been reborn. In preparation for the Summer Olympics, people from all walks of life across the nation paid large sums of money to sponsor the flaming torch's dash across th nation. People lined the streets and highways to cheer on the runners and wave the Am rican flag. We seemed to be united In a ommon cause. We wanted to how the world that this was still the greatest country on Earth. For the first time. children felt a pride that went outside the home and family. They and the re l of the cheering crowd had tears in their eyes as the torch went by. The opening ceremonies for the Olympics had the largest television audience in history. We watched our athletes walk with pride and we experienced ev ry bit. of it with them. And wh n they reached out and held hands with athletes from other countries, we felt we were reaching out, too. Once again, a proud America was extending its hand in friendship. "Old Glory" appeared everywhere. But most importantly in places it counted rno t. in the hearts and minds of our ountrymen. Now that this spirit has been reborn. let us nurture it. Let il continue to grow and leave no doubt as to the answer to the question posed by Sir Walter Scali: "Breathes there a man with soul so dead who never to himself hath said, 'This is my own, my native land'?" 0

READY. __for orientation flight Is Glendale sa 27 cadet Kris Propps. Pilot: Capt. Gary Johnson. Aircraft: Cessna 305A (O-1A) Bird Dog. Locale: San Fernando Airport Senior Squadron 35's new base at Whiteman Airport, Pacolma, (photo by Maj. AI Meryman)


d'ArteDay's Hay Service
Bonded Hay & Straw Dealer (209) 935-2031 Coalinga

Skilled Care - Intermediate Care Residential Care Nursing - Convalescent 1665 M Street Fresno (209) 268-5361

P & M Cedar Products Inc.
P.o. Box 127 (209) 295-4291 / Pioneer


Weaverville Realty
P.o. Box 136 Weaverville (916) 623-3356

40 MISSION JUAN BAUTISTA I (408) 623·2457

King Salmon Charters
(707) 442-3474
King Salmon ResorL Eureka

Heavy Hauling 850 S. Railroad Ave.

4375 N. VENTURA AVENUE VENTURA (805) 648-5931

GILROY'S Bait & Minnow Farm


(707) 459-4363

805 E. Hardin Way (209) 465-58.34 / Stockton

1695 Filbert Avenue (916) 345-9409 / Chico

4121 B Power Inn Rd. (916) 455-2677 Sacramento

Ge~eral E~gi~eering • Concrete Structures Storm Drain - Sewer Systems

705-900 Travis Lane (916) 2S7·4991


Lehr Bros. Inc.

(805) 366-3244


The Pony Shop
(714) 659-3241
Clothing & Footwear Idyllwild

Brundage Lane West of Weedpatch Highway (805) 366-6031 Bakersfield

Boarding - Obedience Training - Grooming-


L. W. Construction
Concrete Contractor (619) 375-4753 Ridgecrest

Feather River Park Resort & GoH Course
HIGHWAY 89 (916) 836-2328 BLAIRSDEN

Kamprath Seed Co.
South H Street Near White Lane Bakersfield (805) 831·3456

Ervin Lane Co., Inc.
Insulation Contractors 13570 Sargeant Ave. (209) 745-1104

Bar· Restaurant - Molel 34950 Highway 88 Pioneer (209) 295-4810


COLUMBIA & Avionics
107U Airport Road Columb;'


Hitching Post Saloon
.Pool - Wine - Beer Good Friends • Good Food

Lassen Electric
515 North (916) 257-3520 Susanville


Marty's Auto Service
19441 Village Drive (209) 532-3233 Sonora

(209) 683-7917 AHWAHNEE

Loren Craner Co., Inc.
General Building ConI ract rs (916) 776-1663 or 665-11)80 P.O. BOl< 33 / Walnul Grme

R. E. HaveDs, Inc.
- SHELL JOBBER 336 South E (209) 764-3017 I Porterville

Valley Independent Bank
Imperial Valley's Only
Locally Owned Bank

Lassen Beverage, Inc.
Commercial Way South (916) 257-9103 Johnstonville


EI Centro

1448 Main (619) 352-5000






Pembers Cabinet Shop
Auburn 130 Elm Avenue (916) 885-1812

Catto Aircraft, Inc.
Aircraft Equipment (209) 754-1949 Parts & Supplies San Andreas

Residential Slate Conlr. Lie. #298305 (805) 325-]603/ 805) 832-7563 Bakersfield ]009 35th St.

531 (9161662-8654


Sierra Steel Fabricators, Inc.

Fine & Sons Auto Wrecking
HWY.88 (209) 223-1070 MARTELL

Bakersfield Truck Cenler
7th Standard Road & Hwy. 99 (805) 393-6950 / Bakersfield

& Residential 11040 I Avenue (619) 244-0415 HESPERIA

127 KERN (805) 765-7935 TAfT


SAC Shifts To lIIake Room For 8-18

Highway Fatalities
These thoughts 0 curred to me one day as I weaved through noon-hour traffic. My left hand clutched a container of sweet-and-sour sauce and the steering wheel. In my right hand I held a piece of chicken and the gear shift. A real two-fisted diner/driver. Sober? Yes. Safe! No. That reminded me of other drivers with questionable driving habits. My friend, the animal lover, buckles up religiously and then lets her poodle jump all over the car while she tools down the highway at 55 plus. The teenager down the block whose windshield is covered with decals and obscured by hanging Interior decorations can barely see the treet in front of him. My sister wouldn't dream 01 driving, even after only one martini. But she routinely turns her head toward the back seat to yell at the kids - without stopping the car. Ever notice the glamour gal who watches the rearview mirror intently as she drives - because she's applying her lipstick? Let's not forget the young lovers wrapped around each other like romanlic squids. They leave no room to react in an emergency. Also rating a mention are the drivers who keep the morning paper beside them and glance at it while the car is moving. Add to that, too, those breakfast-time drivers who try to balance a steaming cup of coffee on the dash. By now you've got the message. Highway fatalities aren't always drunks or their victims. Sometimes sober citizens - you and me - are at fault. Not leering lushes, but ordinary people who forget driving is a skill demanding every bit of a motorist's attention. So like Sgt. Phil Esterhaus used to say on "Hill Street Blues," "Let's be careful out there." 0

Women To Join lIIinuteman Crew
OFFun AFB, eb. (AFNS) - Women officers can now become operational crew members in the Minuteman missile system. A SAC spokesman said eligible women will be able to apply for Minuteman training classes slated to begin later this year at Vandenberg AFB, Calif, Women will also be trained to join Peacekeeper ICBM missile crews. according to the SAC announcement. The Peacekeeper, also known as the MX, is to become operational at F. E. Warren AFB, Wyo., next year. The spokesman noted thai women have served on Titan II missile crews since 1978. The decision to allow woman into the Minuteman launch capsules was made following a special Air Force study on the use of women, the spokesman said. As a participant in that study, SAC again evaluated the issue and decided to incorporate women into its remaining ICBM operational crews. Both Minuteman and Peacekeeper require two-officer crews. The spokesman said women will serve only with women due to the lack of adequate facilities for mixed crews in the small launch capsules. SAC currently has approximately 1,280 men on Minuteman crew duty in 100 launch control centers. They control 1,000 Minuteman missiles. Standard tour of duty in the launch capsules is 24 hours, the spokesman said. There are currently 65 women officers serving on Titan launch crews. The spokesman said some women Title II crew members are expected to move to the Minuteman and Peacekeeper missile systems as the Titan force is dismantled. The spokesman said a missile crew member must pass a physical exam, possess normal color vision, obtain a favorable background investigation and meet the requirements of the Personal Reliability Program. The program ensures crew members are emotionally stable and completely reliable. Minuteman missiles are located at Malmstrom AFB, Mont.; Ellsworth AFB. S.D.; F. E. Warren AFB; Grand Forks and Minot AFBs, N.D., and Whiteman AFB, Mo. SAC officials expect the first women crews to be in Minuteman launch capsules in the spring of next year. The spokesman said no decision has been made yet as to which base would be the first to get women launch crews. Officials said base personnel offices will receive inlormation about the application process in the near future. 0

rrategic Air Command has proposed
shifting a number of B-52 bombers and KC-135 tanker to improve force capabilities and accommodate deploym nt of the new B-1Bbomber beginning later thi year. Fairchild AFB, Wash., is to convert from the B-52G bomber to the newer B-S2H later this year. The total number of bombers at the base is to increase by three, LO 19 Six KC-1J5 tankers will be moved to other bases. A second air refueling squadron is to be activated at K. I. Sawyer AFB, Mich .. bringing the total number of tankers at the base to 25. A SAC spokesman said the additional tankers will increase air refueling capability in the northern United States. Barksdale AFB, La., is to receive 16 B-52G . Also, Loring AFB, Maine, and Mather AFB. Calil., will each receive four additional B-52G bombers. Three B-S2Gs will be shifted to Wurtsmith AFB, Mich., and two of the bombers will move to Blytheville AFB, Ark. Griffiss AFB, N.Y., is to receive three B-52Gs and three KC-135s. The movement of B-52G aircraft, the spokesman said, is to allow for the Introduction of the B-1B bomber at Ellsworth AFB, S.D .. and Grand Forks AFB, N.D. Ellsworth is slated to begin receiving the new bomber late in 1986, while Grand Forks deliveries are to begin in the summer 01 1987. McConnell AFB, Kan., also scheduled to begin receiving the B-1B bomber, is to increase its KC-135 fleet by one, to 26 aircraft. Ten of the tankers, the spokesman said, are to be relocated when the new bombers start to arrive at the base in late 1987. In other proposed actions, the airlaunched cruise missile is to be introduced at Minot AFB, .D., in the fall of 1988. Beale AFB is to get four TR-1A highaltitude reconnaissance jets, with the first aircraft due to arrive early this year. The aircraft are designed to provide battlefield surveillance. accurate radar location and weapon guidance for allweather day and night attacks. A Strategic Training Range Complex site is to be located at Belle Fourche, S.D. Construction is to begin in late 1987 and will Include military lamily housing. The site at Fort Drum, N.Y., is to be deactivated in late 1986. The spokesman said changes in the range complex are to improve training realism for SAC's aircrews.


Good judgment comes from experience and experience comes from bad judgment.'


Ted"s Sports Car Service
One block east of Sonora, Hwy. 108 (209)532-2524 Sonora

Coopers Honey Co.

HESPERIA 106119TH AVENUE (619)244-7597

(lOt)) 56_- 3365


Fehrman Mortuary

J H Dalena Ranch
4470 North Hayes (209) 275-9383 Fresno


INN MOTEL Lake Tahoe

(619) 873-5509



230 Desert Shores Dr. (619) 395-5114 Desert Shores

2410 Rickenbacker Way 916-823-3495 Auburn


Free-ar Trailer Park
630 Evans Road

Dreamboat Lodge
13955 Lakeshore Drive Clearlake (707) 994-6114

Hallanson Construelion
585 Iowa Avenue Riverside (714) 682--9020 DON & SONS BODY & PAINT SHOP (805) 483-1356 660 Mountain View Oxnard

(619) 376-2588 /



Harris Yacht Harbor
100 Trojan

R. B. Plumbing Co.
26484 (714) 337-8688 Apache Trail Rim Forest


(415) 687-8400

Prima Donna Cake Box
135 E Leland Road Pittsburg - (415) 432·4385

21041 SHAWS FLAT ROAD (209) 532-1791 SONORA


Langslet Mobile Sales
25 Fair Drive (915) 257-4115 Susanville

Argosy Oil Company
805·325·6478 1801 Oak Bakersfield
- CONSTRUCTION 11001 Ophir Road

Oakhurst Lodge Motel
Open Year Round _i209) 683-4417

High Sierra Properties
(619) 934-



In Sherwin


Mammoth Lakes


Simpson, Inc.
(916) 885-4354

J. Frank Martin
(209) 642- J6 1 Bas lake

(916) 367-2327

Amusement Machine Operators of Kern County 710 Brundage Lane (80S) 327 -0221 Bakersfield

Yuki Trails Guest Home
230UO Henderson Lane

Benicia Equipment
Repair Co. 707-745-0801 Benicia


Petro-Resources, Inc.
4200 Easton 805-323·6922 GREVIE Dr., Unit


Lawrence Tractor Co.


707 -462-4527

(209) 734-7406
362 (61t;) H72-7HlI



Big A Auto Parts
(805) 688-3713

(916) 458·7691

Brooks Floor Covering


Abar Refrigeration



1420 West 10Ib

N. Waterman
San Bernardino

Driftwood Lodge Close - Convenient
(916) 541-7400 S. Lake

(415) 757-1014

(714) 885-3094


Jay's Safety Lane
160 So. 1st Street

The Perfection Connection
1612-U Shop (916) 541-1250
Street S. Lake Tahoe

Buschert Machine Co.
25027 Hemet Palm Avenue (714) 658-5128



15764 Sierra Highway (805) 824-9945 Mojave

1450 S. Oxnard Blvd. 805-483·9738 Oxnard
Corwin Welding & Machine
105 North Ash (619) 922-2355 Blythe

Sal's Mexican Inn

Cardinal Auto Wl'ecking
(619) 246·8616


The Foundation For Research Engineering & Education
(714) 845-3986 Cherry Valley

Olympic MufDer Service
707 S. Cherokee LODI Lane (209) 369-3624


S-I-G-N-A-L Spells Rescue
By SSgt./ohn Mullen
As more people pack their hunting and camping gear and venture into the wilds, chances are some of them will become lost.

The ability to use different signaling devices to attract attention can mean the difference between a speedy rescue, a prolonged survival emergency or possibly death. Signal mirrors have been responsible for more rescues than any other signaling device, and can be used even on cloudy days.

How Much Does Our Flag Cost?
During our many American Flag campaigns, there is always one question that seems to be outstanding: "How much doe our flag cost?" I have always answered that question in terms of dollar and cents, but that. never reflects the real price so many Americans have paid for our flag. If we want the real an wer to that question, we have to go back to the many wars and bloodstained battlefi ld . We ould ask the weary, hungry, frost-bitten oldier. We could a k the generals, who constantly saw the everpresent death and de truction. I am sure they could tell us how mu h our flag cost. Would probably find the answer in the numerous veterans' hospitals. We could ask the thousands of di abled veterans, but I don't think we would have to, for we would surely see the price th y paid for our flag. We might be able to find the answer right in our own hometown, perhaps on the street wh re we IIv . We could a k

the mothers, wives and children who have lost their sons, husbands and fathers. I am sure they would say they paid for our flag with lone lines . heartaches and tears. Each Lime you see our flag waving, look at it and try to realize just what it symbolizes. The white and red stripes symbolize the purity and purpose for which our comrades shed their blood. The white stars on a field of blue symbolize the heights pure democracy can reach. Our flag could b made from a flimsy piece of cI th, or it could be made into a banner of the most beautiful silk. The intrin i value could be very small, or large. But its real value is the precious symbol we all work, live and perhap someday may die for. It is th symbol of a fre nation dedicated to the principles of justice, fr edom and democracy. We must hope that the men and wom n now serving in the Armed Forces tationed all over the world will do everything they can to keep it that way. And forever in our hearts, let us p y tribute to tho e brave comrades, who paid for our flag with their lives. 0

Mirrors from vehicles may be used, as well as any reflective surface, including polished metal, coins, aluminum foil or glass. It is important to be able to direct the reflection 360 degrees so that no matter which direction search aircraft approach, the signal will be seen. If stranded in a vehicle, you can also use the hom or citizens band radio to draw attention. The effectiveness of using a car as a signal can be increased by draping brightly colored material over it. Road flares are also excellent signaling devices. Commercial signal flares may be purchased at most camping outfitters. Many stores also carry rifle and pistol cartridges specially loaded with materials designed to act as flares. Three shots from a firearm or three blasts of a whistle are considered distress signals. Ground-to-air signals are effective in open areas. An area that can be totally seen from the air is essential for groundto-air signaling. The signal should contrast sharply with the surroundings, and should appear man-made. The letters "50S" may be tramped out in an open snow-covered field, or fashioned from tree boughs, brush or logs. The signal should be made as large as time and materials will allow. A good rule is to have signal letters at lea t three ( et wide and 18 feel long. Anoth r signal would be an arrow on the ground indicating the direction to the person in distress. Other signals that are recognized internationally as distress signals are: X, requires medical assistance; V, requires assistance; Y, yes and ,no. Fire and smoke are also good signals. Three fires at night set in a triangle, or smoke during the day, can be used. White make - caused by burning evergreen boughs, moist vegetation or w t punky wood - is most effective when ther is no snow. Black smoke produced by burning tires. petroleum products or Ioarn car seat - should be used when there is snow. Hunter and campers should learn the rules for survival, and should tell family members or friends where they will be and when they will return. Then, if something happens, rescuers will know where to look. 0

TOO MANY NEWSPAPERS AT YOUR HOUSE? Leave this one in a public place as a recruiting aidl





Otto Luhdorff Electric
1021 North Divisadero (209) 734-7160 Visalia

Lancer Airways
]900 Joe Crosson Dr. (619) 562-3063 El Cajon

Massey Sand & Rock Co.
Grading & Paving Contractors Indio (619) 347-8535

COMMERCIAL [916) 458-7888


123 BSTlEET (9l&) 756-7890 DAVIS


954 E. Hanford-Armona Rd. (209) 582-0224 Hanford

2290 W. ADAMS (209) 486·0860


Glenn - West Company
Starters/ ALternators/Generators Belmont (415) 592-5304


Sprague Electric Co.
26899 South Mooney Blvd. (209) 732-4585 Visalia

Porterville Aviation
Porterville Airport (209) 784-9460 Porterville

Meadow Lark Aviation
Flight Instruction (714) 597-1718 Chino Airport

Sierra Boat Company, Inc.
Shops - Marina - Storage (916) 546-2552 N. Lake Tahoe

P.O. BOX 28 (209) 686-2853


ALe Diesel - Electric
706-720 Highway 395 East (916) 257-7713 Susanville

Endura Steel Inc.
17621 Bear Valley Road Hesperia (619) 244-5456

Coarsegold Hardware
Higbway41 (209) 683-4440 Coarsegold

BILL JOHNSON Instrument Service, Inc.
(818) 988.5708

Adin Supply Company
-CROCERS(916) 299-3249

Mariposa Floor Covering
5008 Fairgrounds Drive (209) 966-5414 Mariposa


Doan House Movers
1519 CaJLe Artigas

ATC Flight Simulator Center
1330 Galaxy Way, Suite 0 (415) 827-9300 Concord

Barbi's Broiler
2123 Pacheco St. (415) 682-2272 Concord

Thousand Oaks I (805) 485-2947


Poncho's Dive & Tackle BASKIN-ROBBINS
ICE CREAM STORE (707) 428-9662

351 PROWL CREEK ROAD (7071923-2933 G!\RDERVIL.LE


401 NORlH 1st AVEf\lJE (616) 445-6725

Westwood 212 3rd Street (916) 256-3877

Colusa Liquor Store
661 Main (916) 458-2062 Colusa

Miiwood Florist & Nursery
(916) 257-2515 or 257-9194 Susanville 2020 Main


lorth Tc n


F. L. Green Trucking
2858 West Almond Dos Palos (209) 392-2302

309 w. Col umbero (916) 964-2300 McCloud

Park Motor Hotel

TORRANCE 2428 WEST CARSON (213) 328·4831

John & Catherine Southard
Salute The Civil Air Patrol Dixon, California

(916) 5U-IB95

(619) 446-3122


'he Forks Cocktail Lounge
(916) 629-9641

The Barber Shop Stylist
49165 Road 426 (209) 683-2350 Oakhurst


Mid Valley Electric
649 West Elkhorn Rio Linda (916) 991-0088


145 John Glenn Drive Concord (415) 676-2100

,.he Double U Ranch
(916) 335-4749 I 335-3006 Burney, CA and Sprigg, OR

(916) 259-4801
244 MAIN


Coldwell Banker & Hauserman Real Estate

Klink Citrus Association
32921 Road 159 (209) 798-1108 Ivanhoe


Silverado Avionics
Napa County Airport (707) 255-5588 NAPA

(916) 583-5581


Knure Rockne was one of the mosl innovati ve men to ever coach football. His ideas put a completely new face on the game, and remain even today. He was famous at Notre Dame for his spirited half-time pep talks that brought the

Fighting Irish to victory time after time. But in 1931, a tragic airplane crash cut short his career. He was just 43. Knute Rockne. As long as sports exist, he'll be remembered as having the true "Spirit of 76. "

Hitachi Sales Corporation of America

The Spirit of Dedication to Others As Expressed In The Fine Work of California Civil Air Patrol Is What Makes Our Nation Great We take this Opportunity to Thank Civil Air Patrol

401 W. ARTESIA BOU LEVARD COMPTON, CA 90220 (213) 537-8383 BEAR FACTS (213) 774-5151

California Wing, Civil Air Patrol Journal
1255 Post Street • Suite 625 San Francisco, California 94109

Non·Profit Organ. U. S. POSTAGE PAID Boise. 1083708 Permit No. 409

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