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An Overview Of The Harmonic Distortion Specification Of Wireless Loudspeakers Are you looking to choose a pair of wireless speakers?

You may be bewildered by all of the technical language utilized by makers to describe the performance of their products. I will highlight one commonly used term that, nonetheless, ist often misunderstood: "total harmonic distortion" or "THD". It is often complicated to pick a suitable set of wireless surround sound speaker models given the great amount of products. Aside from looks, you will often be faced with having to study a few of the technical specs. Several of these are possibly pretty simple to comprehend just like "output power" or "frequency response". Still, a term that is not as easily understood is the specification regarding how much distortion the loudspeaker has. THD is expressed either in percent or in decibel and shows how much the signal that the loudspeaker outputs deviates from the audio signal that is input into the loudspeaker. The percentage shown as THD shows which amount of energy that is radiated by the speaker are higher harmonics versus the original signal. 10% would mean that one tenth is distortion. 1% would mean one hundredth etc. 10% is equal to -20 dB while 1% is equal to -40 dB. On the other hand, be careful because there are in reality a few elements which cause harmonic distortion. Cordless speakers and also any type of active speaker or active subwoofer all have built-in power amplifiers in order to drive the speaker element. Generally the bigger the amp is driven the larger the level of amplifier distortion. For this reason, various manufacturers will state amplifier distortion based on amp power. Distortion ratings for various power levels are normally given for several output power levels or as a chart showing distortion versus output power. Both of these techniques allow to better evaluate the quality of the amplifier.Besides, please note that distortion usually is measured for a specific test tone frequency. Usually a 1 kHz sine wave tone is used during the measurement. Distortion, however, is normally dependent on the audio frequency. Many amps are going to have increasing distortion with increasing frequency. In particular digital class-D amps will have rather large distortion at frequencies above 5 kHz. Distortion is additionally created by the speaker driver itself. The majority of speakers use a driver which carries a coil. This voicecoil is placed in a magnetic field. The magnetic field is excited by the music signal. The variation in magnetic flux, though, is not perfectly in sync with the audio signal resulting from core losses as well as other factors. Also, the kind of suspension of the diaphragm will create nonlinear movement. As such there is going to be speaker element distortion that also is dependent on the amount of output power with which the loudspeaker is driven. The total distortion of the speaker thus is the sum total of the amplifier distortion and the speaker element distortion. Furthermore, there are different contributing factors. Depending on the material used to manufacture the loudspeaker housing, there will be vibrations or enclosure resonances. Those generally depend on the sound pressure level, the enclosure shape, the enclosure fabric in addition to audio frequency. Therefore additional sound distortion is going to be brought on by the enclosure itself. Total distortion is best determined through measurement. A signal generator is used that provides a highly linear sine tone to the speaker. The sound is recorded by a measurement microphone. The microphone signal is then analyzed by an audio analyzer. The audio analyzer will calculate the level of higher harmonics or distortion. Intermodulation distortion analysis is a further technique that gives a better picture of the loudspeaker distortion performance with real-world signals by utilizing a test signal with 2 harmonics and measuring how many harmonics at different frequencies are generated by the loudspeaker. Also, please understand that most wireless speakers are going to experience signal distortion during the audio transmission itself. This is for the most part the case for transmitters which use analog or FM type transmission. More advanced types make use of digital audio transmission. Normally these transmitters operate at 2.4 GHz or 5.8 GHz.