You are on page 1of 118

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PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION

. ..

I
December, 19{J2

.Tabl,

' . 1 .

Thisisslie of TIP, No.4 is de:'orod 10 slandard dala which all Engine~rs'of


".~
ECC require fOl ref e"~nc8. Ther' are, in all, 93'Iabl8s divided inlo.14 s8cl/ons.
"
The lobles given und", various soclion. should come handy al the time of
r""dor/ng, planning and scheduling, pr"pnratioll of measuremonls and bill. and
IIIMOlo!. should po u$oful to tho fng/poors III the olfice 0$ Well os construction
~It.s. Wo.lnNo dolih.\olply .Iolt au! llios. t~hl.s. and relarence dala thai .r.,
exclusively used 'bY o"i;./gf/ linglneers . It IS' our intane/on '10 bring out 0" ','
'i
separDle Issue 10r'lhe bonelll 01 Ibo'se Engineer. enflegad In design ... :".':' '.
'.' ,
W. are haPPy,to .c~nowle.d[J8 Ill. voluable support I! arT? many En{{/oe.rs ,
In compiling Ihe standarddala and in parl/cular We thank Mr. A. Emmanuel, ...
'Mr,'K.U. Wairiar and Mr. O. Gnanasekaran.' 'We cannol nalurally'-clalm that".:
Ihls I. Dn.exhausllvi dala book. - We requosilho readers 10 lal<e '1M. a. Ii' firSt.'.
at tempI : and on receiving suggestions flom the users We can impro~8 th8,
contents, clossilJcat/on and presentalion in a revised issue, altef say, 8 laps. of .
about 2 years. Honce we welcomo Iilo readers 10 unhesilatlngly give their
valuable sugrIeslions lor' any addillons, modil/cBlions or cOffections 'Ior .
Possible Inclusio,) In liIo lulure rovisioni .
.,
We Irom thy (fllorlol team, trust that fCC-lies will lind IIIIs usefut':
In llitilt day (0 diiy wurk. We wish Ihd readers 8 HAPPY AND PflOSpr.1I0US
NeW YEAH,

WI TOR
CC-TIP\
"".

EDITO'RIAL TEAM'
A. flAMAXIlISffNA B. JAYARAM

!:

S. SUBRAMANIA/, S. DfflLiPARAJAN

":

---_ _._-----1;

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(

EDITOR'S NOTE

i[
r;

I
1
I

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.1
Docember, 19M

I
f

The 'first edition of TIP No.4, 'Standard Data for Engineers' has had
8 good reception and all tho coplcs have been issuod.
As there have been
repeat requests lor more copies, it has been dDcided to reprint this edition:

,\ ' .

01

. Wn hOI';' Inken Ihls opportunity 10 levl.lo somo


tilo lohlos and upelalo
tho informot/ol/, Wo 110.(10 thl,l rovlsod odllion will PfC)VO to be os lIs,,:.11
8S lis prod.oessol,
our {!fDloful ncknowlodgemenl to Mr, K. U. Warrior
for helping liS updote this.

Editor

ECC-TlP

Editolio" leam :

. A. RAMAKRISHNA,

S. SUBRAMANIAN,

KINGSLEY ERNEST

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,I

CONTENTS
Table No.

Dosed ption

Pa~;(

>'-10.

Section 1-Convorsion Tablas

1.
2.

Conversion factors
.
.Fractional sUb-division of an inch to decimals of an inch and to
'millimetres

Section 2-Weight of bui/ding Materials

3.
4.
5.

Weight of BUilding materials


Weight of Building parts or components
Weight of Metals and Alloys

";0
12

Soctlon 3-Reinforcinu bars


6.
7.
8.
9.

. 'Standard dimensions iJnd weight of round iJnd squaro bnrs


Area of steel bars for various spacing
Range of correct weight of TOR steel
TOR steol equivalent to mild steel

13 .........

14
15
15

.Sectlon 4-Rolled. Structural Steel Soctions

to.

,," .

11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.

Dimensions & Proportios 01 Rollod stoel soctions :


(a) I-booms
(bl Channels
.(c) Equal anglos
(d) Unequal angles
(0) Too bOTS
Weight and Soctionol proportie. of rails
Weight of mild stool flnts
Weight of mild steel strips
Weight of mild stool sheots Et pfatos
Weight of metal bars or platos in Ibs.iaq.ft.
Weight of choquorcd plates.

18

18
19
21

23
24
;'5

2G
27

28

29

Section 5-Sheets and Accossorios


17.
Weight of GI sheots
18.
. Weight of lead and copper sheets
19.
Weight of A. C. sheets
20.
I Weight 01 A. C. roofing Beeossorios
21. . Weight 01 A. C. gutters
22,
Comparision of weights 01 sheots of different met~ls
23.
.Salt-Glazed stone ware pipes and fittings

29
30
30
31
32
32
33

.. Section a-Pipes & Tubes


24. ..' Weight of C.l. rain wator pipes
25.
Weight of Black tubos (M. S. tubes)
26.
'Nelght 01 A. C. pipos
. 27.
Weight of can crate pipes
28.
Weight 01 matoriols requlrod POt joint fat jainlno C. I. plpos
Economic di~lmotor of plJmplng moln.
.
.
29.

....

34
34
35
35
37
~8

Soctlon 7 Wlrne, & Mosh


30.

Diomotor ond wUlght of stool wlro.

38

"A, '

pag~irul;
-" ..,---_._----------...:...._-,
Description

31,
32.

33,
34.
35.
36.
37.
~8,

39.

Weight at 1 00 It. 01 wire 01 dittoront metals


Weight ilnd dimt3nsions of welded wire fubrics
(D) Oblong mesh
(b) Squaw mush
Sile end weiQht 01 exponded metDI sheets
Weight Dnd strength 01 stcel wires
Wcioht of Gnlv~ni~.ad fencinn strand
Woight of Galvan;,od e/w;1I links ,(lor IOlleinu)
GI.IIVil/lisod fOflcinu wiro
Go/vanisod $t"ol barbed fencing wi,e
Wei0ht of'prcstr<!SHinU willis nnd stronds

39

40
41

42'
48 i
43,

441.
44;'44 i'
45:

i:
45',
i

43.

44.
45,
l1(i.
4/,
40.

9-,,~n()pC's,

t.

Chuins, Bolts & Nails

Stlengttl of Will': I(!pes


Stren~Jth 01 m!lnila ropes
Strefluttl of ClallO ropes
Sll(Hl{Jlh lind v,eioln of cllains
Hoop irOIl- Dil1lf.'I1!lj n l1!J ond wciOhl in Ibl;,'lt.rllfl.

W"ivlit in Ius 01 ,! '.Inrd bolts nnd lIuls


Approxinww CI)l!Id ul roultd mild Slc!?1 wire Il.,ils

49
GO

50.

51

56
57
57
58

Requirernent of materials per cu m of concroto


Requirement of materials per b[Jg of cel11r::nl

RlJduction in $tlcnglh 01 ccrnfJnt vue to storage

!J1.

60.
57.

Av"ilnble SilO 01 Plywoou b01llds for for1l1 wa,l<


Size of' timber fQ! lorm \.(,ork
(a) Timbor ,ll1d plywuod requirement for footings'
(b) Timbor and plywood ,equiren)r)"1 for columns
(c) Timbe, nnd plywood ,oquirement for beolr1s
(d) Timber ond plywood requironlOnt fo' slobs
Weight of plywood bonrds
Covering COp<lCily of snowcern
WeiOht of fto", or;dings
Sufa bellring(,:a~,;)cjty of !wifs

58,

Permissible

53.

54,

55.

lciOd3

on

II1.1S0flfY

58
56
55

......

60
61
6l

6l':
5t
CI

~ipe S"hr~d'JJe

59.

A.S.A

60.

Snacing of j) fJe :;upports


Details of rllilerud bends
Safe workirlg 10ild of Dsh<.1ckles

62.

7:
7:

ae

8;
8:;
84
85

87
88
8,9,
90'

' !il

92,
93:
94.

61
6; .
95:

Section 12-"Pjpin~ & Erection

61.

,7

86

Suction 11 . Timbor ofld Mjscollaneous


52,

7-

81

Cement consumption statement


(a) Wllter (lS!iessment for buildil1g works
(b)
(c)

I;
47
47' ' 7t
48, 7: ,
7l
48
71
48

Soction 10,-Cclllont
49.

40'

cOf!SlrLJClioli

42.

;i

Weight of billlnlen lollS


QuonOty of 1110lerial; ruqui,ed per 100 sq. It of bituminous

Soctlon

I'i' '0

Scctloll U-OitlJlIIlJn & llitul1wlI Folts

40.
41,

Iii

71
T

7;

~ ..ri

--~----------------------~----

96.

I
.
'1

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'1
I
Page No

Table No.

Doscription

t _ ._ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

39
40

Section. 13-Mensuratlon
63.

Areas and Volumes

41
42.

74

Soction14-Electrical Works

43

'43
44
44

44
45

. 64.

Electrical units-their equivalent and formulae


General symbo.ls relating to supply systems and connections
Weight & current carrying capacities of busbars (copper)
Weight & current'carrylng cepacltles of busbars (Aluminium).
Approximate slzos 01 luse elemonts 01 tinnod copper wire or
aluminium wire for use in soml onclosed fuse
Currorit ratings of Induction motors
Selection table for startwirelayifuse/cable for DOL motors used
on 3 phase, 415 V. 50 Hz systems
Selection table for .,tarter;relay;fusejcablo for .tor delta motors
used on 3 phase, 4 t 5 V. 50 Hz systems

66.
66.
67.

68.
69.
70.

45
71.

46

72.

Recommendod capacitor ratings

73.

Requirement of capacitors for .improvemont of P,F.

74.

47

47
48
48

48

75..
76.

77.
78,
79.

-~9

"liO

'r

51

5G
57
57.

58

58

513
59
60
61

63
- 53
64

64
66

67

(i8

-70
71

73

Current Ratings-delinitions
Current rating. construction details of 11 KV PILC cables
Current raling. construction details 01 22 KV PILe cables
Current rating. construction dotails 01 33 KV PILC cables
Grouping factors and rating factors lor temperature
. _Current Rafing & construction details of PVC insulated
unarmourod single core power cablos 1.1 kV

80.

79
79

82
83

84
85

86
~I
88
89
90
91
9;.'
9.~'

94
96

Current Roting & construction dotDils of PVC InsulCl10d rumourod

twin and mu!til..ore power cables with Aluminium Conductor


Type AYWY ('I AYFY1.1 kV
81.
Current Rating & construction details of PVC insulated armoured
control cables with copper conductor type YWY & YFY-1.1 kV
82.
Rating factors for grol'ps of twin and multi core cables
83.
Rating factors for. variation in ambiant.air ground tomperature
84.
CUrront ratings of singlo core coppor conductor welding cablos
.tvlaximum number of 250 V grade single core cables that can bo
85.
drawn through rigid steol conduits
86.
tvlaximum number of 250 V grade single core cables that can be
drawn through rigid nonmettalic conduits
87.
Technical particulars of conduits
88.
Aluminium conductors steel reinforced details
AIIAluminium stranded conductor details
89.
90.
Characteristics 01 conductor materials
91.
Conductor sizos for various Iines;ACSRjAAC
92.
Fluorescont lamp data
93.
{Earthing roady rockoner
94.
. Ught output from electric lamps
. (0) Tungston filamentGoneral service electric lamps
(b) Eloctric discharge lamps (specilied)
(c) Decorative all covered fixtures
95. (e) !.\pproxima10 Power consumption of common electrical appliances ....
(b) Approximate connocted loads of same important household
appliances
96.
Relay idontification numbers

i
I
I

98

99
100
101
101
102
103
104
105
'::'6
107
1C3
108
109
"

110
110
111
111
110-

114

'---~----"------'""I

rabin 1

Conversion Factors
Multiply

by

To convert

To

Inches

Centimetres
Centimelres
Metres
Motres
Metres

A. length
2,54

30.48
Foot
0.9144
Yards
1609.30',
Miles
1853.27
Nautical Miles
'1 mil _ 1d-,' inches = 2.54 x 10-" em.
1 micron .10-' mm = 0.0000394 inch

....

B. Area',

i}'

6.4516

Sq, inch

0.0929

c: .. foot

0.8361
4046.86
2.590

1.10-'

Sq, yard

Acres
Sq. mile
Sq. m

C.' Volume 8. Capacity


16.3871
Cu. inch

0.0283
0.7645
1000.0
4.546,
. , 28.3161
.. 6.2288

D.' Wolght
.0.0848
28.3496
0.4536
0.001
0.0508
1.0161
,.-.;

O.39j7
0.0328
1.0936
0.000621
0,000539

Cu, foo.
Cu, yard
, Cu, m

G"llons (Imp)
Cu, foet
Cu, leet

Grain (AYoir)
Ounco (AYoir) .
Pound (Avolr)
Kilog ram
. Hundred weight
(Cwt. Br,)

Sq, em.
Sq, m
Sq, m
Sq. m
Sq, km

0:155
10.7639
1.1 ,,6O
0,000247
0,3861
10.000,0

Hectares
Cu, em.
Cu. m
Cu, n1

0,06t
35315
1.308
O,QOl
0.22
0,03532
0,1605

litres'
Utres
Litrcs
Gallons (Imp.)

Grams
Grams
Kilograms
Metric tannos
Metric tannes

15.4324

0.0353
22045
1.000,0.,
19,684
"

Tons

Metric tonnos

Lb Cu, 11.
Lb Gallon (imp)
Lt:iCu. inch

kg Cu.m
kg Litre
Grcms. ell.tiI

Lb!FoO\

kg'm

[' ':'342

.. , !'.\ ,

E., Density
16.0185
"0.0998
. 27.6799

0.0624
10,0221
0.0361

':, Linear Density


1,.lIS82

0.6720
__

From
"

0 _ _ _ _ _ - -

__

Mult'rdy by

.'-

.; .

Multiply by
....

F.

To convert
-.... _.- _-------..."

Force
0.4536
0.0141
1.02x 1O-tl
U.f)067
4.4482

G.

11.lb

Stress

e,

in.lb

ky.O\
kg. em

kg. m

N.m

IbjSq. in
Ib/Sq. It.
kgjSq. em
I/Sq. m

kg/Sq.cm
kg. Sq.m
N/Sq.mm
kN;'Sq. m
kg,:Sq. em

.Atmosphore
Atmo.sphoro
Atlnosptleru

mercury ut a

temperature

7.2330
0.8680
0.1020

Ib/Sq. in

14.2233
0'2048
10.1972
0.1020
0.9678
0.0680
0.0968
32.8093

.~ :

'""..

. ft. Ibis

kU,. rn,'s

kg. m;'s
H.P:

WailS
kg. mrs

flY.
I t. Iii, !,;

1.0138

H.P.

k. W
W

~..

C. V. (Chevel Vapier
Metric horse power)

,.,

!'

."

II. lb.
H.P. hr.
It. lb.

Jou les
kg. m

Calories

.0.7376
3.653xl0-'
3.0864

'''~

:,.

.;

-.-.- .... _'.._--

.....

7.2330
0.1020
0.0132
1.3410
737.5020
0.98tJ3

Dod Enuroy

6Thu
BThu/Sq.ll.hr.
BThu:,Sq.lt.hr.

251.996
0.000075
2.7125

O.

J.l

K. Heat "

'.

of Q'C.

0.7457
0.001 'JoG

V'/or~

N;

~:

f, ;,'.'

1.3558
2.7374xl0'
0.324

. 'i'

k'\

;>t)WlH

0.1383
9.80C7
76.0AQ2

J.

M.

Pressure

10.332 n
Mt:llJeS of water
0,0300'
Head 01 water in leet
kg. Sq.cm
One Atmosphere is II,. unit 01 pIGssure 01 760 nun

1.

. ,,
'J.

14.G9S9

ur

2.2046
70.9220
9.805xl0'
0.1020
0.2248

Momont

0.0703
4.8824
0.0981
9.8067
1.0332

"

Mul
.L

kgl
kgl
kgl
NeWlon.
Newlon

Pound lorce
Poundal
Dyne
kgl
Ibl

0.1383
1.1522
9.8067

H.

To

-----

..

..

..

.....
To oblain

-,.---.--~----

-.~~-.---~-.---

~-

Calorie
Cal/Sq.cm.s
k.Cal,Sq.m.hr.
"

....

--_._------------.
From

..

,.
0.00397
13,272.1
,
0.3687

Multiply by

2.

,.
"

, I

.: \ti.: i .

!~~i;
I:" :

H:~~:',i'-'

I"

,i

,.

:1

Multiply by

.. T0 convert

To

L. Temperature
5/9 ('F-32)
273.15+'C

'F
"C

M. Thermal Conductivity
BThu/Sq, It. hr
1~.1338 x 10-'
(dog, Flit)
,[
BTI1UjSq. ft. hr
1.4882
(dog. Flit)
, : ; r- ~
0,3445 x 10-'
BThu!Sq. ft. hr
(dop. F/in)
BThu{Sq, ft,hr
0,1240
(deg, F/ln)

'C

9:5 rIC-';"'32

K'

K"-273.15

CaI/Sn,em"
(deg. Clem)
k.Cnl/Sq.m.hr
(dog. C/m)
Cal/Sq,cm.s
(dog. Clem)
k.Cal/Sq,m.hr
(deg.Clm)
(,.

'.'

,-.,.,

".

; ;

,.

I.

','

N. illumination
10.7639
,,,i).001076
.~.~:;t},:;;:
0; Velocity
'0.3048
, 1.0973,
" . '0.447
" ., :;;: . 1'.6093 '
" '. ;'1.8540
0.6818
P. Consumption
272.7575
0.3540
2.8247
0.0174

....

Foot candle
Foot candia

0.6720
2902,91

'

lux
phot

0.0929
929.0304

mls

3.2808
0.9113
2.2369
0.6214
0.6395

km/hr
mila,hr
mile!hr
Nauticnl mile:hr (1 Knot)
(t./s

mrs
kmjhr
km!ht
mlleihr

1,.4667

Litre/hr
km/Litre
, Litre/km
Radian

Gallon'minute

mile! Gallon(lmp)
Gallon (Imp);mile
Degree (Angle)

8.0636

' .. :)0366
2.8247
0.3540
57.2958

';,

"

""

'.

"

From

To obtain
3

Mult,ply by

,i

.I

,"

Ii-. '"
Inches

Inches

.
i'

1[16

, /04

1/32

0.03125

3/64
5/64

2/32

0.015625

7/64

0.046875'
0:0625-0.078125
0.09376 ..
0.109375

Millimetre,

I .0.3969

0.7938
1. 1906
1.5875
1.9844 .
2.3812

2.'1.

0.; 25'

1/8
9/64

5/32
11/64
3/16.
13/64
7/32

15;64

. 0.140625
0.15625
0.171875
0.1875
0.203125
0.21875
0.234375

I
!
I,

Inches

33,64
17/32
35/64
9/16
37/64

0.546875
0.5625
0.578125

0.59375
. 0.609376

19/32

..

3.175

39,64

0.625

518

3.5719

41/64
21/32
43]64
11! 1 6
45,'64
23{32
47,64 I

,i 3.9688
4.3656
4.7625
5.1594
5.5562
5.9531

,
13.0969
13.4938
13.8906
14.2875
14.6844
15.0812
16.4781

0.515625
0.53125

15.875

..

0,640625
0.65625
0.671875
0.6875
0.703125 .
0.71875
0.734375

16.2719
16.6688
17.0656
17.4625
17.8594
18.2562
18.6531

1/4

0.25

17;64
9/32
1 9 /64

5/16
21/64
11 ;32
. nj64

1~,

2G/G<1

32

2"1 04

7/1 G

29;64
15. 32
31/64
1,2

'0.265625
0.28125
0.296875
0.3125
' . 0.. 32812G
0.34375

6.35
6.7469
7.1438
7.5406

0.359375

7.9375
8.3344
8.7312'
9.1281

0,375

9.525

0.390625
0,40G2~

0.421875
0,4375
0.453125
0.46875
0.484375
0.5

'J.921 0
10.3188
10.7156
11.1125

I,

J.

12.3031

25,32
13 / 16

I
I
I

I
II
I

11.5094

11.90G2

49,64

3,'4

27j32

19.05

! 0.765625

19.4469
19.8438 .
20.2406
20.6375

0.73125

51/64

0.796876
0.8125

53,'64: I
I

29,32
1 5{ I 6
31 :32

0.828125
0.84375

21.0344

'21.4312
21.8281

55,64 ; 0.859375

7j8

I 0.75

67 iU~

0.875
0.890026

0.90625 .

5964
.
61/64

63:64

0,921875
0,9375
0,953125
0.96875
0.984375

: 22.225
22.0210
23.0188
23.4156
23.8125
24.2004
24.6062

25.0031
,

~.'

1'12.7

1.0
.

25.4

".'

Table 3

Unit Weights of Building Materials

'~',,-

(IS:

19111967)

Nominal Size
6r thickness
cc

Material

Woight

- - - .iiini . =--~----~k-g-.==:':':"pe-r-.-

lot1res

1.

Acoustical Materials:
10
10

G!?SS fibre

Q69

Mineral wool
Cork

, 9?'-

%.

0.388
0.781 to 1.949

240

SQ.

m.

. Cu.

m.

875

.34.4
312

'2.

Aggregate. Coarse:
Broken stone ballast
Dry. wellshaken
Perfectly wet
Shingles. 3mm to 38mm

781

75
719

688
656

1600 to 1870
1920 to 2240.
14i;0

Broken bricks:
Fine
Coarse
Foamslag. foundry pumice

625
594
562
531

1450
1010
700

3. AggroQalo, fino 6'and :

5.

1540 to 1600

Dry. clean
RIver
Wei
Brickdust (surkhi)

469
438

406
375
3"

"
"

..
:'

Asbestos:

4.

3
2.81

lB40
.. 17W to 2000
1010

"

10

Folt

1.5

Sq. rn.

SBO

Cu. m.

:2
3040
600 to 900

Cu.'m.

Flbra, : .

25

Prollsed
.... ,.;.'. Sprayed
.:' Netural
.Raw

'" .

. 2-19
'188
. 15{;

. i

10

\ 25

004
062

6.

031

1040

Bitumen

Sq. m.
"

'; Bo'erda :
Cork boards:
.. Compressed
"., . Ordinary
, . ' Fibre hard board

"

.......
"

10
10

I" "m.I ,.

,,=,.,,"' {

2
2.4010 3,60
3.20.to 4.80
4.00 to 6.00
4.80 to 7.20
7.20.to 10.80

.:

; ;.,

.,;

5
.,
"

,I

'.

Sq. m.

Materiol

,.

NOlT\in~1 Size
or lhic~.ness

----.,....-_..

mm.

.
8.

Circular (HD)
Circuli'; (MD)

. ,i

1600 to 1920
2160
1760. to 1840
1760 to 2000
1840
2080
500
560
500
560
500
5DO

Rcctan(}ular (M D)
Roctan\luli" (LD)
.Sillule so:J1
Doublo seal

9.

118
140
118
140
58
64
80

."
Cu.
;,

..
"

"
"
Co.

23
29

Cnst iron, manhole frames:


DOe,.J Triangular (HD)
Circular (H D)

500
560
500
550

"

P(

- ..

Bricks;
Common burnt clay bricks
En(Jirw'''in(j l)ri<:k.s
,
Pr(:~$Cd lmci<.s
Rofrncto,'Y bricks
Sand rernont bricks
Sr.nd li~,e brick.s
C<lst irol\, rl1Pnhole covers;
Double Triangular (HD)

kg; .
.......

."

7.

Weight

500
560

Circular livID),

,.

r.ectild(Juliif (MO)
Hectot1\lul"r (LD)

111
115
111
115
58
64
64

fr,

15
23

Si!lcJie 5(:;.11
DOllh\~ ,:"t~~d

1O. Comont :
Ordinary lind Aluminous
Rapid hardening

1440
1280

11 . Coment concrete, plaIn:


At;lotcd
No fines, '"ith hoavy nggrcgate
No fines, with ligllt agyrngato
With sand .]nd ,)lavel or crUShed naturel

760
1600 to 1920
880 to 1280

s~one uU~i(JIJate

2240 to 2400
,-I'

1 2., (;illnont C'lI1Creto, rfJin(()rCT!d


With se,,'(j and gravel
with 1:, steel
with 2~~, 5tcel
with 5~~ :~\ee\

Or

Clu5i1ed ,,"tutili stonG aggrcgutG

2370
2420
258U

,.

i"

I!

Material

Nominal Sizo
_-.-::oc.rc.tc.h:.::ic:~k:.:n.::.os:::s,-_ _-,--_ _ _ _ _..:W.oig~: __

mm,

I.:(~.

per.

----~------------------~~----~---- --~~
13. Cement concrele,
prestressed
2400
Cu. m.

14. Cement mortar

2080

15. Gins. :

Glass bricks. window


glass and looking glass
2.0
2.5

3.0

Glass shoot

4.0
6.0
5.5

6.5
16. Iron
Pig
Gray. Cast
White, Cast
Wrought

2480 \02720
0.0
6.3

7.5

"

10.0

12.5 .
13.8
16.3

72CO

Cu. m.

7030 \0 7130
7580 to 7720

7700

"

17. Lime

\-:1 , .

Lime concrete with burnt clay aggregate


Ums mortar
Lime stone in lumps, uncnlcinoo
Ume unslaked .
Lime, slaked. fresh
1B. Mnsonry stOM
Cest
DIY rubble
Granite ashlar

1920
171)0
1280 to 1440
880 \0 1040
5.80 to 640

23()l)

..

"

2080
2&40
2400
2560
2700
2240

,roo

"

';.,

10

20130
1760
8

SQ. m.

1760

Cu. rn.

0.7
$60

Sq. m.

m.
Cu. m.

SQ.

. Ncminal Size

or thkkness

Weight -

-kg:--per:-

._ .. _._-_._--_._----_._-------_ _-...;,:;;...::......_-fIllll,

23. Soils a.nd grovels ..


1 GOO

. t,!uvial \Jround. undisturbed


Clay:
China, Compoc!

2240

Clay fills:
Dry lumps
Dry, Compact
D,,,np, Compact
Wet, Compact
Uhdisturbcd

1040
1440
17GO
2080.
1920
2080

Undisturbed, qravcliv

tllrth;
DIy, loose
Dry, Compue!

Cu. Ill

"'.

..

:'

1280
1550

' ..16i!1t, !oo~o

1440

. I.\oi't, COnlf,,)Cl

to

1600

1760\01840

Olilvol :
l.lJO~t'

, ~!. 'i ~rj(lwd

I no

\0

1600
2160

{JHtrti ~

Dry. laosu

1200

[)'.

1600

Comp.1C!

\\\'1. CornpJc[

1920

Loess. dry
"}'1ud. ri'f"e(. we (

1760

\0

1440
1920

Peat:
Or~

S~I'Hjy.

560 to 640
800
1360

Compact

\\'f! COIn(lDct

! ...

SJnd'
(:>1"-"

~~l!;rn

1540 to 1600
1840
1760 to 2000

niVl"

Wet'
Sand line
t)ry
, t'i.Jratf..'d
;~I,I,

1600
2080
1760 to 1920

Wet

.
."

Nomi",,1 SilO
-,--,o:;:.:r...:thick ness

Malarial

-"mn1---------'---"k-ri:----- _... "

-------------_...- ..._------._ .... _..__ ..- _..


. 24." StonO'l

. Waight

-'

.... _-, ... - --_.._.... _- .-,. '--""

2850 to 2.'l6fl '

Basalt

por.

.......

_-.-

Cu. m.

Gravel:

,.

.
.

",'

or
or

,,;.-

,.

1600
192D
'2400 to 26:30
, 2640 to ;1800
2240 to 2400
2080 to 2400
2400 to 2640

Modorolaly rammod
dry
Gneiss
Granito
Gypsum
Leterite
Lime stone
Marbla
Pumice
Quartz rock
Sand stano
Slate
Soap stono

2720

. :800 10 1120

2640
2240 to 2400'.
2P.Q()
2700

25. Terra cotta (solid)

.'

1810 to 2370

,\

..

',,(

26. Tcrrozo
Paving
Cosillarlition'

10

24

40

.9~

Sq. ,m.

27: Tiles
. iMangalofQ patte in
'Polystyrene wall.!il""

99x 99

,148,5

x 148,5

':2 10 '3
1.05

tne
Sq.rn.

1.35

'(."

"

'::':28. ,Timber
. "Eucalyptus

l'lGO

,835

Roso wood (black wood)


'Sandal wood
i

915
S40
720

Teak

White cedar

Cu, m.

,.
"

',29 . Water
1000 i
1025

Frash
Salt
10

30. ' Woodwool building slabs

Sq. m.

"

",'

'::,

Weigh)Of

____

bUildi~':b~:~~ or compononts

..

~~ ..

\,

~;,

I;.'

~~__________________~.~(I~S~'~1~91~1-.~1~96~7~)--------------~~~-------r
Norninal SilO
Wel~ht
or thickness
_~rn~l~n________________~,_k~g~.________~p~e~r.~.

MQteriol

----'----------._-_.t.

CeilingPla,ter on tilo or concreto


Plaster Oil wood lath
Su;;pended rnetallath and cement plaster
Suspendud rnetol lath and gypsurn plaster

2,

26 ',':: Sq. rn, .


40.1
75
"
50 .

"

r.iitlcliir1\i

};
I,I~r.ter:
,

! Acoustic

Fibrous
Gypsum or lime
Hydraulic lime Or cement
.Plaster c'(siHng on wire notting

r 100

I 125

, 150
\ 175 '
. 200
l230

necessary for c'o.nstructior!nl

purposes.
Floors, wood:
Hard' wood

'Solt wood

{
;'}/C'

9
19
23
27

10

HOllow concrete units,


including any concreto topping

thicknessos

10
10

10

3 .. Floorinu

~~~otnA!I

10

22

28
22

28

"
"

."

"

",

16
20.5
11
13.5

"

"
"
"

fjnishod 1hicknosses.

Asphalt flooring

10

Weight of mastic used in


. luyillY wood block flooring

. Floor finishes clay floor trios


Parquet flooring

12.5 to 25.4

J 3.2
4.8
T.rracot1a, filled 'as laid'

Terr-aZlQ paving 'as Inid'

4.

170
200
220
240
270
320

"
"
"
"

5.4

10

22
1.5
1 0 to 20
8 to 12
4.9 to 6.3
7.1 to 9.5
9.5 to 13.2
670 to 720

i4

"
".
"
"
"

"
Cu. rn.
Sq. rn.

Roofing
COUlltfy tile' (singlo) with battens
Counlry tiles (double) wilh battens
Miu)lJiJlnrc tiles- wit II titlttt:.'(IS

70
1~O

65

10

.-----.-_.. _------

_._--._-_._-----------

"
"
"

....--_._.-

....

:i
.t1

"
i'

; :

Nominal Size
, or thickness

Material

_____-.-:.__________-_-_-_._"',,;:-------------' 'lii-:':

. por.

Mangatore tiles bedded in mortar


oYer flat lilos
Mangalore liles with flat liles
Copper shoet roofing including
laps and rolls

.: I

Weiohl

, __",pe-,~._
Sq,m.

110
{

80
7.75 'to 8,25

0,56
0, 72

9.75 to 10,25

6.4

19.5

6,4

26 to 29
36 to 60

. ,Tazed roofing

. J, 'Glazing with aluminium alloy


, " bars for spans up to 3 m.
Glazing with lead.covered
: steel bars at 0,6 m, contres '
, 91alos on batten
ihatch wilh battens

'!

",'

.'

"

.1'

~~,:-, ','
~}fj)i'

I~'r,l,:"

/'jf'," ;

,.

.
"

..

roofing
,.' .,Glass. silk,q'uilted

Lead sheet

',: Mortar scrcoding

"
"

OJl
5,5

88
21

i~::'I.'IW81I1no

\''';'' . ":'."

jt.,~'[..'"
':v.
1.-1",;4.' ,

:'.1

'

,Brick wall, '

,I"

Cindor concrete
Galvanized iron sheet

100

Hollow glass block (bricks) ,

~F .. .HO~~~~s~I~~~~~/l.:oncrOlo
;f{ '.,'
'A' ,

;~!/~.

.~~.

195
'115
15
:90

100
75

20.5
20.S
22,5

20
20

Clay
Clinkor concrolo
Coke brezlO concreto

20

18
S.5
14

20
20

Diatomaceous earth

20
20
20
20

Gypsum
.
Pumice concrete

'Slag concrete. aircooled


Slag concrete. foamed
Lath and plaster

"
H

18
...:: ;

"'/:

19
40

..

46

..

"

"

CU;m.
Sq. m.

20'

30,S

20
20
20

225

22.5
25.5
95

40

100

11

,.

Solid blocks:

20

..

22

10
10
0.5
0,8
10

~elt

I ,.gi~"1

.'

"
"
'n'

"

",~,~~;>,

...

10 6~

~oof finishes:

1 BHumen macadam

..
.
,

35

"
"
"

II,

,j
:',

',1'

Tobie 5 .,

Unit weight of metals and alloys


,(IS:

1911 1967)

.Weight

Maletial

..

kg.

-'->---;;.--.-----~---.-

1.

-----------------------~------

Aluminium

Cnnt
Vb ought

Shoot

2.

por.

p~r

mOl thickness

2580 to 2710
2640 \0 2800

Cu; m.

2.8

Sq. m..

Coppor

..

''':

:, "

!.

8790 \Q8940
8840 to 8940
8.G9 .'

Cust
W,ought
Slw;lI p~r O1m thicknas.s

:. . f . Cu~ ~~ .

..

:.': ,.. ,

r"

Sq. m.
'{-

3.

'-:i.

Gold
Cast
Wrought

19250 to 19330
19330

Cu. m.
.'1

4.

I.ead
Cast
Uquid
, WlouGht
Sh.,:u\ P(tt cHIn Ihicknu!is

11340
10710
11360
11

Sq.

Cu. m.

111.

'Co .

5,

Mercury

13600

6,

Tungst"n

19200 .

7,

BrorllU
rn.;t~1 (Cappo. SO)'.. Till 201.)
Gun metnl (Copper gar.. Tin lOr.)

8730

6.

Cadmium ft Tin

7690

9.

Leed & Tin

(JOII

.
..

8780

:;'

Laad 87.S,." Tin 12.5,~

lQ590

Lead 30,51.. Tin 69,5;'.

8270

r",

.
10, Ste.1
(;.lS I

7850
7830
7.9

12

..

'1hougll t mild
Block plato por mm thickness

a;;: x:

Sq. m .

"

"

.~

3 -.3

. '--

I~I

---'---'-----------~---.-~--~-

r_

=;::;;~~;:;~t~:c~';~~~~PC4f~t;"')!fH!::1~

'"=~-...:

-, ..

,.

-.-'-

,----

Table 6 .

Standard Dimensions & Weight of Round and Square Bars


IS;

431~1966

(Part -!)

Round bars

Sectional

Diameter

area

Weight
Perimeter

.per

Width

m<!tre

Sq. em

mm

Kgim

em

rnm

------.---~----'--~--

5.0
6.0
B.O
lU.O

12.0

16.0

.2!lJl."'~:

22.0
25.0
28.032.0
'35.0
~O.O

0~19S

0.283
"0.503
.
0.785:
1.13
2.01
3.' 4
3.80
4.9.1
6.16
. 8.04
10.18
I 12.57

t
I
:

0.154
1.57
1.88,
0.222
2.51
I1 0.395
3.14
.1
0.617
3.77
1 0.888
5.03
I
1.58
6.28'
2.47
6.911 - 2.98
7.85
j
3.85
8.80
1
4.83
10.05
6.31
11.31
j
1.99
12.57!
9.86

1
~

area

Sq. em

5.0
6.0
8.0
.10.0
12.0
16.0
20.0
22.0
25.0
. 28.0
32.0
36.0
40.0

Perimeter

I
I

'1

per
metre

. em

kg/m

.
0.25

I
!

Weight

Sectional

2.0
0.36
2,4
.0.64
3.2
1.00.
4.0
1.44
. .t.8
2.566.4
4.00
8.0
4.84
8.8
6.25 "
10.0
7.84
11.2,
.10.24
12.8
12.9S
14,4
16.00
16.0

\.
'I'

I
0.196
0.283
.0.502
0.785
1.13
2.01
3.14
3.80
4.91
6.15
8.04
10.17
12.55

'>,'~"

... i

Tnblll 7

Arons of stool bars for various spacings

~-

._-",,---_._------------------------
Aro;l ill ~q. em. per rnelre width of slab for b3r diameter of:
'.

18rnm

j 20mf1l

42.41
39.15
36.35
33.93
31.81'
29.94

52.36
63.36 :
48.33 .58.48
54.30 .
44.88
41.89. 50.68
47.51
39.27
44.72 .
36.96

22rnm.j

--

lii I
11.0

11.;

12_0
1 Vj
13.0,
13,t";
1: .0
14.S

15.0
15.5
16.0
1 G.5

17.0

17.5

3.14
2.98
2.83
2.69

5.69
5.29
5.03 .
4.79

12.57
11.90
11.31
10.77

17.10
16.20
, 5.39
, 4.66

22.34
21.17
20.11
19.15

28.:?B
26.79
25.45
24.24

34.90
42..24
33.06 . 40.01
31.41
38.01
29.91.: 36.20

2.57
2.46
7W
Z,'_/..t5

4.57
4.37
<1.19
4.02

7.14
. 6.83
6 54

10.23
9.84

fj .2U

9.0S

13.99
13.39
12.83
12.32

18.28
17.48
1G.7iJ
15.09

23.13
22.13
21.21
20.36

28.55
27.31
26.17
25.13

.34.56
33.05
31.G8
30.4 r

2.17.

3.87
3.72
3.59
3.'17
3.35

6.04
5.82
5.Gl
b.42
5.24

8.70
8.38
8.08

15.47
14.90
14.3G
13.8'7 .
13.41

19.58
18.85
18.18

7.54

11.84
11.40
11.00
10.62
10.20

16.97

24.16
23.27
22.44
21.66
20.94

29.24 ..
28.16
,
27 .15
26.21 _ ,

1.82
1.77

3.24

1.71 .

3.05
2.96
2.87

5.07
4.91
4.76
4.62
4.49

7.30
7.07
- G.85
6.65
6.46

9.93
9.62
9.33
9.05
8.80

12.97
12.57
12.19
11.83
11.49

16,42
15.90
15.42
14.97
14.54

20.27
19.63
19.04
18.48
17.95

24.52
23.76
23.04
22.36
21.72

4.36
4.25
'1.1 3
4_03
3.93
3.14
2.02

6.28
0.11
,I 5.95
,I 5.80
-I
5.05
~ .52

8.55
8.32
8.10
7.89
7.70
6.16
5.13

11 .1 7
10.87
10.58
10.31
10.05
8.01.
6:10

i 4.14
13.70
13.39
13.05
12:72
10.18
8.48

17.45
16.98
16.54
16.11
15.71
12.57

21.12
20.55
20.01 ~ .
19.49
19.01
15.21
12.67

208

2.02
1.95
1.89

1.66
1.62

18.0
18.5
18.0
19.5

1.57
1,;3
l.-4B
1,45
1 ..4 1

'! r .

1.13

2(1-0

3.14

2.79
2.72
2.65

2.58
2.51
2.01
1.GB

:lO.O ..L
i __
0 .______
94
,-__
_

8.73
8.27

7.85
7.48

-~,

9,42

7.eo

3.'1'1

-----~

1 '1.55

10047

:
i

2~).34

--

'.

I,

il
Tobia 8
R8111l0

of Corroct Wolght of Tor Stool

Diameter
mm

0.20G

0,367
0,574

1,0

,I

il.

1185
667
417

tn
to
to

1073

2725

2364
1515

.. ~.- .,.- ., ... .j-, .. - - - - .

.0,932
1.658
2,541

22

2,896

346

to

326,

25

3.739
4.691

3,074
3.971
4,981

267
212

to

252
202

6,506

163'
129
104

-----_._---_._-_

'2

4202

1742

to
to
to

48E4

0.843
1,500
2.393

12
18
20

18
30
38
i1

0,238
0.423
0,660

28

..

_-_.,--_ .. __.

602
394

to

!01
)1

32,

11
'0

36
40

6,127
7.754
9,572

8,234
10.165

154
122
99,

10

to
to

,6
15

Tablo 9

il

Tor stoel equ.ivalent to mild steel

,4
',6
5

Th. 'following diameters may be used instead 01 the mild steel bars for tension Md
compression (ejnfD~ccmenl to givo tho same strol1g1h.

1
4

For Tension Roinforcoment

2
Mild Steel
'diameter (mml

10

12

16

'10

1 2'

,20

22

'25

28

32

36

40

16

18

20

22

25

28

32

2
2
5
1
9
1
1

.7

Tor St091 (TOR 40)


di~mo\Qr (mm)

("

Orlglnol spncino ,110111,1 bo radue'od by 1 O~.


For Compression Reinforcement

Mild Stoel
diameter (mm)

12

16

20

Tor Slool (TOR 40)


diamaler (mm)

10

14

2x12

22

28

25

18

20

32

36

2x18

40
2x20,

Ribbed torstoel can bo used without end 1100ks.


When Jhe abovo substitution loblcs mo used, no extra IDP or anchorage
SilOS of plain round bar is required.
.
/>:i~;~!

th'oso necoss<try for the equivalent

15

32

,1,

Tobia 10 (n)

Dimonsions Dnd proporties of rollod stool booms

rr

if y

Whfrn second rn'orncnts of area art} known corresponding moduli


of sections can be calculated by Iho following relations

<:::1'

. !.

X
Zxx .

Ixx
?

and Zyy =

-x

f'. f

11
h t.

Sectional

hxb
rnm

Weight

Flango

nrca

pcr metre

tl1icknE!ss

If

._~q. C~'I.

~'~-.~-.---.!~!.- -

1".J13

150
1 7!;
200

150XGO
175X50
200XGO

9.01
10:!3
12. [;1

1~)J8

22!j

225X~~O

ISLB

75

1~';LU

100

75x50
100X50

.10)1

ISL8
ISL9

125

125X76
1 GOX8U

B.O

! ".12
1B.ne

175X90

21.30

:!OOX I 00

25.7.1
29.92

11.9
14.2
16.7
19.8

15.m
I~JU

Wob
thickness

Second moments
of orca

nt;l __L ...dr;,~


I

~.G

3.0

fl.1

4.8

3.2

G.O
5.0

3.7

1308.5

3.1

72.7
168.0
406.8
688.2
1096.2
1696.6
2501.9
3717.8
5375.3
7332.9
9874.6
13158.3
19306.3
27536.1
3857B.0
53161.6
72867.6

9.9
12.3

7.11

6.1

3,4

322.1
. 479.3

7~fJ.7

99;27
17.3
40.5

ISLB

ISL13
ISLB
ISI.S
ISLE
ISI.8

150
175

200
22!;
250

225Xl00
I 2S0X125

27!:i

3o.~)3

27.9

275X110

~Z.02

330

300XI50.

4D.08

325X165

54.90
G3.01
72 ..13
83.14

37.7
43.1
495

ISL~.

300
325
350

151.8

4(;0

40 f)X1 f,JS

iS1.1l

~1

ISLn

~;()O

I SLG
ISl n

bGO
GOO

"50X 171.1
'jOOXl eo
550X190
600X2'10

ISMB

100

ISMtJ

12~

ISM8
:SMB

150X80
175X90
200Xl00

ISr~~B

150
175
200
225

15MB

2ljO

47,55
78.40

J:::, ::':

ISMU

GO

I
!

:l50X 165

100X75
125X75

22GX110

;" .,' Q

300

I .. ,:)

:~:;O

250X125
300X 140
:l50X 140

I S I. i E!

1U:J

.:100/,' 4()

/.3.5

9~;.~W

10'9.97
126.69
1460
16.60
19.00
24.62
37.33
39.72
5b.16
GG.! I

[jG.9 .
O~).3

13.4

I ti.O
8'5.3
99.Q

4,0
4.4

4.8
5.1
5.4
5.8
6.1
6.4
6.7
7.0
7.4
8.0

8.G

10.0
12.7
43.4
55.2
79.G

115.4112.7
193.4
287.0
376.2
510.8
631.9
716.4
853.0
1063.9
1335.1
1821.9

14.1
15.0

~J. ~)

15.5

10'5

11.5

7.2

13.0

7.6

4.0
4.4
4.8
5.5

1272.0

5.7

40.8
43.7
52.6
85.0

2235.4

150'0

6.5
6.9
7.5
8'1
8.9

3441.8

14.9
19.3.

7.6
8.G
10.8
11.8
12.5
12.4
14.2

25.4

31.2
37:3
4 '1.2
57..<1
0'/.13
1

16.0

9.:!

257.5
449.0
726.4

5131 .. 6
8603.6
13630.3
20458.4

I.

Iri
l
'.

!
,

622.1

II

Ii
I'

I
I
I
- ,t

. I

I
I
I
1
1

I
f
J

I
I
!
I

I
I.

I
I
I
I

IG

I
I
I

.!

.218.3
334.5
.....
453.9 ,..
537.7

~.

"

5.0
6..1
0.5
6.8
6.9
7.3
8.6
8.2
8.8
9.4
9.8
11 .4
12.5

~,

_L_~L f: .

7.1

~i.:~3

~'.
fl'

,'''''''

Siio

I
I

Lb 'r , .

Iyy

tJ72
I

( .

IS
. IS
IS

r '

Tabla 10 {a)-Con/d,

---"7""---,-----..,.....--..,........ . __
Sizo

Designation

hxb

Soc lio nol


. oroa

mm

a
-----7--~-_1-s~--"q em

15MB ,450
ISMB,i 500
ISMS'l SliO
ISMa' 000
'I

ISWa': 150
ISWB,i 175
ISWB ,200
ISWB22S
Iswr 250
ISWB 300'
ISWB 350
ISWB 400
'ISWB 450
ISWB 500
ISWB 550
ISWB 600
ISWB 600

ISHB 150
ISHB

150

ISHB .150

ISHB '200
I.SHB 1200
ISHB '225

ISHB . 225
ISH6 250
ISHB 250
ISHB 300
ISHB : 300
ISH8 1350
(SHB 1350
ISH8 400
ISHB 400
ISH8 450
ISHB . 450

.
I

'1
ISJB
'ISLB

15MB
ISWB
ISHB

450x150
500xlBO
550x190
600x210

92,27
110.74
132,11
156.21

160x100
175<125
200x140
225<150
250x200
300x200
350x200
400,200
450x200
500x250
550x250
600x250
600x250

21.07
28.11
36,71
43,24
52,05
61.33
72.50
85.!11 I
101.15 I

150x150
150x150
150x150
200x200
200x200
225x225

225x225

250'250

250~250

300,250
300,250
350x250
350x250
400,250
400x250'
450x250
450x250

WoiU111

.....,..~.o_w_.~.,1""'
..

f'lnngo

iiflc.,

nll!Il!:~

i:.:.;",:.:..:

72.4
86.9
103.7
122.0

17.4
17.2
19.3
20.S

17.0
22.1
28.8

7.0
7.4

184.BB

34.48
38.98
44.08
47.54
50.94
54.94
59.66
64.96
G9.71
74.S5
80.25
85.91
92.21
98.66
104.66
111.14

27.1
30'.6
34.6
37.3
40.0
43.1
46.8
61.0
54.7
58.8
63.0
67.4
72.4
77.4
82.2
87.2
92.5

9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.1
9.1
9.7
9.7
10.6
10.6
11.6
11.6
12.7
12.7
13.7
13.7

33.Q

40.9
48.1
56.9
66.7
79.4
96.2
112.5

/'

(Indian Stan1ard Junior Beams)


i(lndian Standard Ught Weight Beams)
,lIndian Stand,ad Medium Weight Beams)
(Indian Siandard Wide Flange Ba3ms)
:(lndian Standard Column Scetions-H Beams)

9..4

30390.8. 834.0
45218.3 1369.8
64893.'6 1833.8
91813.0 2651.0

10.2
11.2

12.0
5.4

6.8

9.0

133.7
145.1

117.89

01

"1~r 0 __\_h.c: :.: t~."-n_o"_3'--7-tl_\ O_"- ;-~ _-_-~_~,_x,_- '-I'-_'"~_-~_y\_,

9.9
9.0
10.0
11.4
13.0
15.4
14.7
17.6.
21.3
23.6

121.22
143.34
170.38

-=.=.'="7""~--

!::ivnOlld

Wail

6.1
6.4
6.7
7.4
8.0

8.6

9.2

9.8
10.5
. 11.2
11.8
5.4
8.4
11.8
6.1
7.8

6.5

8.6
6.9
B.8

7.6
9.4
8.3
10.1
9.1
10.6
9.8

11.3

839.1
1509.4
2624.0
3920.5
5943.1
9821.6
15521.7
23426.7
35057.6

94.8
188.6
328.8
448.6
857.5
990.1
1175.9
1388.0
1706.7

74900.1
100198.5
115626.6

3740.5
4702.5
5298.3

52290.~ . :'DfJ7.8

1455.6

431.7
460.3
1635.6' 494.9
3608.4
967.1
3721.8 994.6
5279.5 1353.8
5478.8 1396.6
7738.5 1961.3
7983.9 2011.7
12545.2 2193.6
12950.2 2246.7
19159.7 ' 2451.4
19802.8 2510.5
1 28083.5 2728.3
28823.5 2783.0
39210.8 2985.2
40349.9 3045.0
1540.0

,i

-17

TablO 10 (b)

:',';:

Dil11onsi6ns and properties of rolle,d

.. "

steelcliannElI$';~""~:'

. n,l(iius 01 gyrntion ~ -,../Ila em."


V/lf('rl

;(~(,ol1d

'1loduli 01

nHlrllUnts of Meo orc

s,cclio!15

I..
11:2

lxx---:.and

ktlo~'~n,

corro!iJ)ondifHJ

ca(1 be colculi1lcJ by the: relations

Iyy

Z~y ~;:-'-c
u-

yy

'M--------~------~~--~~~~~~--~~~~~~~_.C~~~~~~~
Sec-, Weight Flange Web
Centre
..;)econo IlltHllent:;o
SIlO
tio-rwl
pOt
thickthick.of
of 8ma

Ilxu

nun

BreD

Ilwtre

... ____.___ .,_.~~~_:.~.:_ ..


100
. 125
1'))1;; 1 ~;(j
W..JC 1'10
ISJC 200
I;~.JC

l\'LJ(~

ISLt
ISLC
I~LC

ISLe
ISLe
ISl.e

75
100
125
150
.175

200

1 00X4 5
125X~O

7.41
10.01

9,~

a,6

14.24
17.77

1 1.2
13.9

75X40
100X50
125:":65
HOX 75
175)05
200X75

7.26
10.02
13.[;]
18,3!;
22.<10
20.22

5.7

6.0

7.9
10.7
14.4
17.6
20.6
74.Q
7iHl
3J. i
:J!J .11
4~. 7

6,4

~~n)

:~2~X\Jf)

:> :~CI;"<'1 00

1~:'Lr..:

~oO

3U.bJ
3ti.U5

,r'IJI.ItJU
4UIJXIOO

.1!J .117
5B.1.5

',nox 1{)(j

t12.1"1

75X40
8.G7
100XSO 11.70
IS~N' .120
1 ~Sr,l.i5 1 G. 19
Isr.':-:
.150X'fS 20.88
175X75 24.33
\SMC
;~}:",c ~O? 1 200X'J5 28.21
! ~.HlC 22.-.. I 2:!5XtO 33.01
ISI,\e 2;0 I 2GOX8U 38.67
I 51...,iC 300 I 300Y,90 40.64
.ISMC 350 I 350Y,100 53,f)6
IS!'AC 400 I ,IOOX 100 . 62.93 ..

5.1

115X60
200X70

2!j!j

ml

5.8
7.9

6,9
6.9
7.1

grDvity

"

,Ixx

-1-----Iyy

cm4

__, ____

12.G~,

I~:U:

1:,I,IC . 75
ISMC 100

~_~~L_. ,.

ness'

tf
tw.
Cyy
em'.
_~T.~!;~ _ _
,n~~ __~-+-+

15,)X55

l~it.C

1"';:1 t:: ~F',u


I:":LC 4UO

flOSS

I,

3.7
4.0

6.6

4.4

].8
9.S
10.8

4.8
S,1
5.S
5.8
6.1
6.7

10,2

. 10.7
11.6
17.,5
.14.0

6.8

o 'J
['.
~.

7.3
7.5

12.'1

8,1

19.1
22.1
25.9
:l0.4
35.8
42.1
' 49.4

9.0
10.2
11.4
12,<\
14.1
13.6
13.5
15.3

'\ 6.4- /

3.0
3:0
.3.6
:J.6
4.1

,i

I
i

1.35
1.62
2.04
2.38

697,2
1148.4
1725.5
2547.9
3687.9
6047.9
UJ 12.6
13989.&

2AG

1.31
1.53
1.9.1

!,
,i
I

2.22
2,20
2,17
2.30
2.30
_.36 .
2,44.
2.42

11,5
24.8
57,'2
1 ()3.2
126.5
146,9
209.5
298.4
346.0 .

356.~

2.J ()
2.55
2.41
2.:lO

123.8
14.9
270.0
26.7
471.1 . , 37.9
719.9 " 50.5
11 G1.2
84.2
66.1
164,7

2.35 .

B.O

8.G

2Ao

7.,1

4,4
4.7
5.0
5.4
5.7
6.1
6.4
) .1
7.6
8.1

1,40
1.54
1.65
1.15
1.97

3 !}4 IJ
400.'1

75.0
186,7
4 16.4
779.4
1223:3
1819.3
2694.6
3816,8
6362,6
10008.0
15082.8

12.6
2.5.9
59.U

102.3
121.0
140.4
187.2
219.1
310.8
430.6
504.B'

ISJC 1 lidi<111 St<lndl:lfd Junior Challnels)


ISLe (IndLm StlJndatd Light Channels)
ISr~iC (Indi1J1l Sttlfld':lId r. .l0diurn Chilnni::ls)

18

.--

..~....

\.

.1
:~

".~

l~

I(

~ I~

U
I:
, I
'1
I

I
I
I

-.-.. ----.---~------,------

~p-~-----"

I
11

Tabla 10 (c)

Dimensions and properties of equal angles


Radius of gyration -

Na em.

DI,tance, of extreme fibres axx and eyy can be obtai nod when
Ihe pOlltlons of centres of oravity Cxx and Cyy are known.
When IhalD dilla.nces aro known corresponding moduli of sections
can be calculalo.d
by Iho,rolations
,

I: '

". Zxx-~and Zyy


. exx

Size

O"lgnatlon

Iyy
cyy

iHOll

Weight
por
motro

kg

See-

tiona I

AxBx!

mo,

sq. em

",,,,, +

1 ,12
ISA 2020
.20x20x4
1. .45
ISA 2020
25x25x3
1 .41
ISA 2525
1,84
25x25x4
ISA 2525
25x25x5
2,25
ISA 2525
30x30x3
1.73
ISA 3030
2,26
30x30x4
ISA 3030
30x30x5
2.77
ISA 3030
35x35x3
ISA 3535
2.03
2,66
35x35x4 .
ISA 3535
3,27
35x35x5
ISA 3535
3,86
35x35x6
ISA 3535
40x40x3
ISA 4040
2.34
3,07
40x40x4
ISA 4040
3,78
40x40x5
ISA 4040
ISA '4040
40x40x6
4.47
ISA . 4545
45x45x3
2.64
3.47
ISA 4545 . 45x45x4
4,28
45x45x5
ISA 4545
ISA ,4545,
45x45x6
5.07
ISA' 5050
50x50x3
2.95
3,88
50x50x4
ISA 5050.
50x50x5
ISA, .50S0
4.79
ISA"5050' , 50x5Ox6
5,68
ISA '5555
55xS5x5
5.27
65x55x6
6,26
ISA 5:355
65x55x8
8.18
ISA 5555
55x55xl0 10,02
ISA 6555
60x60xS
ISA 6060
5,75
60x60x6
6,84 .
ISA 6060
60x60x8
ISA 60S0
8,96
ISA 6060
60~60xl0 111,00 .
'.

I
I

IV

Moduli
' of

Centro 50cond momonts. of Dr03


of
gravity
en; "Cry !xx ". Iyy 1111
Ivv
em,
em l
ern'
cm 4

------T--r'-----

~ec,tion

Zu ... zrr
em'

_._----------

0,59
0.4
0.63
0.5
0.71
0,8
0,75
1,0
0,79
1,2
0,83
1.4
0,87
1,8
0.92
2.1
0,95
2,3
1.00
2.9
1.04
3,5
1.08
4.1
1,08. I. 3.4
4;5
1.12
1.1.6
5.4
6,3
1.20
1.20
5.0
6,5
1.25
1,29
7.9
1.33
9.2
6,9
1.32
1,37
9.1
11.0
1.41
1.45
12.9
14.7
1.53
17,3
1.57

O,g

1 .1
1 ,1
1.4
1.8
1.4
1,8
2.2
1.6
2,1
2,6
3,0
1.8
2.4
3,0
3,5

:2.1

2.7
3.4
4,0
2.3
3.0
3.8.
4;S.
'4,1 .
4,9
6.4
7,9
4,S
5.4
7,0
8.6

, ,65

1.72
1,65
. 1.69
1.77
1.85

0,6
0,8
1,2
1,6
1,8

2.2

2,8
3,4
3,6
4,7
5.6
6.5
5,5
7.1
8.6 ..
10,0 .
8.0
10.4
12,6
14:6
11.1
14.5
17.6
20.6
23.5
27.5
22,0
34,9
41,5
26,3
19,2 . 30.6
36.0
22.6
46.0
29.0
34,8 : 54.9.

0.2
0.2
0.3
0.4
0,5
0,6
0,7
O,g
O,g
1,2.
1.5
1.7
1.4
1.8
2,2
2,6

0,3
0.4
0..40.6
0.7
0.6
0.8
1.0
0,9
1,2
1.4
1.7
1.2
.1.6

2.0

2.6
3.2
3.8
2,8

I~:i
1.5

I 2.0
' . 2.5
, 2.9
1.9
2.S
3.1
3.6
3.7

3.6
4.S
,5.3
6.9
7,0
9.1
11.2
7,7
9.1
11.9
14,6

4.4
S.7
7.0
4.4
5.2
6,8
8.4

, .

, 19
'

nod/u, of OY

------------,--;--;:------iT---r-----,.----,+-SHC,
W\,i~Jh!
I,M()\lull'
S;lll

U . . siUrl.Jliofl

Ax8xt

"Ull

j' i

lIollu]
tl~NI

fnfJ[ro

por

11

sq, ern'

kg

C(1lJtfO
of
umvity'

So<:ond hlOlllOl\lS of <IJon ,J., of


.
. MIction

----"/"----1'---

C.u ... Crr/xx.~/n


ern.

crn l

/11/1'

em'

Iv",:

Distances of
tho pOisi1~on~

I'~I\

fuLl1I

I~,I\

G5G5
ISA 7070
ISA ;070
ISA 7010
I:;" '/070
IS)\ 7!i75
ISA 7575
ISA 7575
I,A 7575
IsA 80BO
13/\ 8080
ISA 8080
Isr. ;.s0
Isr, 9090
I,A 9090
ISA 9090
ISA 9090
ISA 10,0100
ISA 100100
ISA :100100
ISA 100100
ISA1101.10
ISA'110110
ISA 110110
ISA 110110
ISA 130130
IS;, 130130
I~;;\ 130130
ISA 13013<)
IS:, 150HiQ
I:;A 150150
I~:;A lL01!;f]

ISA
ISA
ISA
ISA
ISA

1601bIJ
200200
200200
200200
200200

rl/;~!)

fl.:!!)

'I.n

1.4<1

bJ.l

9.76
65)(10 12.00
70,5
6.77
70'6 '8.06
70x8 10.58
70x 70xl0 13.02
75x 75x5
7.27
75x 75x6
B.5ti
75x 75x8 11.38
75x 75xl0 14.02
80x 80X6
9.29
80x 80X8 12.21
SOx 80xl0 J 5.05
80x 80x12 17.81
90x 90x6 10.47
90x 90,8, 13.79
90x 90'10 17.03
90x 90x12 20.19
100xl00x6 11.67
100xl00,8 15.39
100,100xl0 19.03
100,100x12 22.59
110xl10x8
17.02
l1Cxl10xl0 21.C6
11;O,110X12 25.02
110xll0,15 30.81
13e ... 1 30xO. 20,~~2
130,130xl0 25.0G
130.<l30xI2 29.82
130x130.,,5 36.81
150,150xl0 29.03
150xl'jtlxl2 3,1.59
150;dSUi(,iU :~~')B

<r"""").7
9.4
5.3
6.3
8.3
10,2
5.7

lifj . .
lith.OtixU

65x 65<8

G!ix
70x
70x
70x

160x150x18
200x200xl2
200x200x15
200x200xl8
200x200x25

!,(),7!J
4G.51
57.80
58.81
93.80

G,8

8.9
1'.tl
7.3
9.6
11.8

H.O
8.2
10.8
13:4
15.8
9.2
'12.1
14.9
17.7
13.4
16.5
19.G
24.2
15.9
19.7
23.4
"8.iI

n.8

7.7.2

:n.o

3'J.!J
36.6
45A
54.0
73.6

1.'11
"1.01

1.89
1.97
1.89
1.94
2.02
2.10
2.02
2,06
2.14
2.22
2.18
2.27
2.34
2.42
2.42
2.51
2;59
2.66
2.67
2.76
2.84
2.92
3.00
3.08
3.16
3.27
3.50
3.58
3.66
3.78
4.06
4.14
4.2G
4.38
5.36
5.49
5.61
5.88

211.'1
29.1

:J!IA
4G.!.i

!J.!j

11.7

tj,2
6,2

Zxx-

37.4
59.5
15.3
8.1
45.0
71.3
18.8. '
9.9
31.1
'19.8
12.5
6.1
36.858.8
14.8
7.3
47.4
'75.5
19.3
9.5
57.2
90.7
23.7
11.7
3'8.7
61,9
15.G
7.1
45.7
73.1
18.4
8.4
59.0
94.1
24.0
11.0
71.4
113.3
29.4
13.5
56.0
,89.6
22.5
9.6
72.5 115.6
29.4
,12.6'
87.7 139.5
36.0
15.5 '
101.9 161.4
42.4
18.3
80.1
128.1
32.0
12.2
104.2 166.4
42.0
16.0
126.7 201.9
51.6
19.8
147.9 234.9
60.9
23:3
111.3 178.1
44.5
15.2
145.1
231.8
58.4
20.0'
177.0 282.2
71.8
24.7
207.0 329.3
84.7
29.2
195.0 311.778.2
24.4
238.4
380.5
96.3
30.1
279.6 4"5.3 113.8
35.7
337.4 535.4 139.3
43.7
328.3 525.1 .131.4
34.5
402.7 643.4 162.1
. 42.7
473.8 "55.9 191.8
50.7
674.6 814.2 235.0
52.3
622.4 995.4
249.4
'6G.9
735.4 117.1.0 2%.0
67.7
896.8 1429.7 3G3.8
83,5
1048.9 HH38.2 429.5
~18.7
1788.9 20&2.0 715,0
122.2
2197.7 3511;8 8837
151.4
2588.7 4130.8 1046.5
179.9
13436.5 5460.9 1411.6
243.3

HxIXX

exx

i.

. Dosignatfon

ISA 3020
ISA 3020
ISA 3020
ISA 4025
ISA 4026
ISA 4026
ISA 4025
ISA 4530'
ISA j530
ISA .530
ISA.4630ISA' 6030
ISA 6030
/SA 8030
ISA' 6030
ISA 5040
ISA, 6040
ISA 6040
ISA 5"45
ISA 6645
ISA 0645ISA 7046
ISA 7046
ISA 7045ISA 7045'
ISA 7550
ISA 7550
ISA 7550
,ISA 7550
ISA 8050
ISA 8050
ISA 8050
ISA 8050

/.
i

.i

20

cOIn bo ca/cu'

em'

""-',---'-----'--'--"---' ,----_.----..,- "-"--- ------- i---'-ISA uBUU


ISA G5U~

1tw~o

Whon

,1H ... Zrr

COlI.

Tobie 10 (d)

Dimensions and properties of unequal anglos


Radius of gyration ~

JT/ii

em.

Distances of extremo fibres exx and oYY can be obtainod when


the positions of centres of gravity Cxx and Cyy are known.
When 11hese distances are known corresponding moduli of sections

c'n be calculated by the relations


I

'1 Ixx
Ix. - :t:::;:;-and lyy
:, exx

I'IY

~--

eyy

i.: .

SecSize

. Designation

tional
aroa

Axbxt

mm

sq em

------

'SA 3020
'SA 3020
'SA 3020
ISA 4025
'SA 4026
ISA 4026
ISA 4025
'SA 4530
ISA 530
ISA 530
ISA. 4530
ISA 6030
ISA 5030
ISA 5030
'SA' 5030
ISA 6040
'SA 6040
'SA' 8040
'SA 6">46
ISA 6545
ISA 6545 .
ISA 7045
ISA 7045
ISA 7045
ISA 7045
ISA 7550
ISA 7550
ISA 7550
ISA 7550
ISA 8050
ISA 8050
'SA 8050
ISA 8050

<
I

1.41

i .84

30x20x5
40x26x3
40x2Ex4
40x25x5
40x25x6
45x30x4

45x30x5
46x30x6
60x30x3
60x30x4
60x30x5
60x30x6

BOx40xG

GO,: Ox6

2.25
1.88
2.46
3.02
3,56
2.18
2.86
3.52
4.1 G

2,34
3.07
3,78
4,47
4.76
5,65

60x40x8
7.37
65x45x5
5.26
65x45x6
6.25
65x45x8
8.17
70x45x5
5.52
70x45x6
6,56
70x45x8
B.58
70x45xl0 10.52
75x50x5

6.02
7.16
75x50x8
9,38
75x50xl0 11.52
80x50x5
6.27
80x50x6
7.46
80x50x8
9.78
80x50xl0 12,02

75x50x6

gravity

metre

Cxx

w
kg

em

1.1
1.4
1.8
1,5
1.9
2.4

2.8
'1.7
2,2
2.8
3.3

1.S
2.4

3.0
3.5
3.7
4.4
5.8
4,1

4.9
6.4

. 4.3

5.2
6.7
8.3
4.7
5.6
7.4
9.0
4.9
5.9
7.7 .
9.4

Second moment of area

Centre"of

Cyy

Ixx

Iyy

II

luu

Ivy

em

em'

em'

em'

em'

30x20x3
30x20x4

45x30x3

Weight
per

0.98
1,02
1.06
1 ,';J
1.35
1.39
1.43
1.42
1.47
1.61
1.65

1.63
1.68
1.72
1.76
1.95
1.99
2.07
2.07
2.1 1
2.19
2.27
2.32
2.40
2.48
2.39
2.44
2.52
2.60
2.60
2.64
2.73
2.81

0.49
0.53
0.57
0.57
0.62
0:66
0.69
0.69
0.73
0.77
0.91
0.6fi
0.70
0,74
0.78
0.96
1.00
1.08
1.08
1.12
1.20
1.04
1.09
1.16
1.24
1.16
1.20
1.28
1,36
1.12
1.16
1.24
1.32

1.2

1.5

. 1.9
' 3.0
3.8
4.6
5.4
4.4
5.7
6.9

8.0

5.9
7.7

9.3

10.0
16.9
19.9
. 25.4
22,'
26.0
33.2
27.2
32.0
41.0
49.3
34.1
40.3
51.8
62.3
40.6
48.0
61.9
74.7

' 0.4
0.5

0.6
0.9
1.1
1.4
1.6
1.5
. 2.0'
2.4

2.6
1.6
2.1
2.5
2.9

6.0

7.0
8,0
8.6
10.1
12.8
8.8
10.3
13.1
15.6
12.2
14.3
18.3
21.8
, 2.3
14.4
18.5
22.1
.

21

1.4
1.8
2.1
3.3
4.3
5.1'
5.9
5.0
6.5
7.9
Q,2

6.5

8.B

10,3
11.0
19.5
22.8
. 29.0
25.9
30.4
. 38.7
30.!l
36.3
46,3

I
I
I

'

0.2
0.3
0.. 4
0.5
0.7
0.8
1.0
0.9
1 .1
1.4
1.7

1.0
1.2
1,5

1.8
3.4
4.0
5.2
4.8
5.7
7.4
5,1
6.0
7,8
9.5
55'04
6.9
33.4
45.4
8.2
59.4 10.6
71.2 12.9
45.7
7.2
8.5
53 1
69.3 . 11.0
13,5
83.3

I,dll" 10dd)
, . conld.

I.)'

- ' - ,._.....:..:,;..-..:r~-~-:-:--:--:--:::---:.,.--.-..-:...-------.,- (

!'.

Dos'gIlQl.on

Sec-

Size

~~~:f, .

tiUlIiJ

Ol'H}

"

yVeight
Centle of
por
~_~_.Q!_~yity__

motro
w

Cxx

Cyy

Seco~d.. rnomeflt of -area .

-;x~

sq, em
kg
em.
em.
COl'
-----;----.... --:-=-+---.-,---;--

:~---~oGI)I:~x

60t6
8.65
9060 90x GOx8 11.3'1
90GO 90x 60xl0 14.01
9060 90., 60x12 16.57
I~A
10005 lOOt G5x6
9.55
1:;1, 10005 IUOx G5xC' 12.")
ISA 1000B 100x 65xl0 15.51
1:;/\ .10071100< 75<6 10.14
ISA I()Olb 100x 75x8 13.:Hj
1St, 1007f'I'00X 75,10 16.50
lSI. 10.07".' I. (iVX. 75x12 19.56
IS/\ 1:Hi75125)(75)(6 11.68
1M 11$/[' .2,.< '76.8 15.38
1[;/,11;;15 125)( 75<10 Hi.O;!
Is(, '11:,% 1:15< 95xO 12.86
1M .12595! 25x 95x8 1 6.98
1M 12ti% 1 ZGx 95.<10 21.02
I:;A 125fJ~: 125x 95x12 24.98
1St, 1".'()l~'1'150X 75<8 17A2
ISA 15075 150x 75.<10 21.5G
ISA 150751150)( 75x12 25.62
ISA 150115100)(\15X8 20.58
!C;A 150115 150x115xl0 25.51
I!i/. Hi()115 IGOXI15XI213().J8
I'... A lGU11!; lGax11G.l~ :i/.!;l
I~':/',

;~()Oj()() 7.0')x10f}xlO

1';1\ 2DU1!JU ;>()C, .. I<)(J<12


1':/, 20(1100 <UU'.100.<1!1 1
1:;/. LI)/)!!'~ 2Go,15')AiO
lSI, 200150 200,150x12
IS,; 2",)150 200;;150x15
ISA 200150 200x150x18

yy
. em'

23.8
29.5

2.87
1.39
2.96
1.48
3.04
1.55
3.12
1.63
3.19
1.47
3.28
1.55
3.37
1.63
3.01
1.78
3.10
1.87
3.19
1.95
3.272.03
4.05
1.59
4.15
1'68
4.24
1.76
3.10
2.22
3.80
2.31
3.88
2.39
3.96
2.47
5.23
153
5.32
1:61
5.41
1.69
4A6
2.73
4.55
2.82
4.64
2.90
UG
3.02

2:.11)]

?2,3

(';.9G

:l,Ui9

2'1.2
33.6
:>6.7
31.8
39.4
46.9

7.0S
2.10 1431.7 246.2
1.'18
2.22 1750.5 298,1
5.99
3.51 1377.9 669.6
6.083.60 1634.9 793.2
6.20
3.722005.6 969.9
6.33
3.84 2359.4 1136.9

ISA
ISA
ISA

~2.J;J

34.0(]
4(1.';5
50.25
59.76

6.8
8.9
11.0
13.0
7.5
9.9
12.2

It

3.0!

10.5
1:;,
E.~
9.2
i2.1
14.(1
10.1

13.~

16.5
19.6
13,7
16.9
20.1
16.2
20.0

2.0)

70.6'
. 91.5
110.9..
129.1
96.7
125'.9
153.2
lCO.9
131.6

203.2
266.0
325.8
382.6
407.2
499.1
587.0
465.7
573.3
67G.5
Un.5

25.2
32.4
39.1
45.2
32.4
41.9
50.7
48.7
63.3
76.9
89.5
51.6
67.2
81.6
102.1
133.3
162.7
190.4
70.2
85.3
99.5
238.9
293.4
345.3
"18.6

121(),Q

20!3.2

160.4

187.5
187.8
245.5

300.3

. !'
~;

I tu:~-'-j--;;; 1:
'Ii

em'"

em'

'>t.;.

81.5
105.3
127.3
147.5
110,G
143.6
174;2
124.0
161.3
196.1
228.4
208,9
272.8
332.9
252.3
329'.7
402,9
472.0
4328
529:8
622.2
581.2
714.3
841.4
1020.~J

14.3
18.6. .,
22.8
26.8';
18.6
24.2
29,7 I.
25.6':
33.6' ~
4 1..26 '.'.. (
,
48
30.5 \'
40.0,' t
49.1 V. .
52 9 ~
69:6 '
85.6 [I;'
101.0 ~
44.5 t;,
5 44 . 6 ' ~r;.'..:
6 3 ,
123.3 ."
152.4'"
180.4 to'
221 .. 2 'I..

12<10.7

132.5

f:

i\J

[I

1521.0 156.8"
1856.7 191.9 t",.
16911j .350.8 :',
2010.8 417.2 '"
2461.9 513.6 11.
2889.5 606.9 ~

,.
l.t

.;

,~

22

!/
Tnblo 10 (el

Dimensions and propertlos


Radius of gyration"

0'1

rollod G.loo1 too

hUi'Q

.;Tio cm.
.

'~

When second ",aments of DrCa nro known. ~"'w;PQO(linu


moduli of sections CDn be calciJinlcd by th" {clations

Ixx

Zxx-h~and

fJ-"XX

IIY
Zyy .,-'-b:'2

Su\;

Designation

hxb
mm

ISNT 20
ISNT 30
ISNT40
ISNT 60
ISNT 60
ISNT 80
ISNT 100
ISNT 150

, Soctional
aren

n
I sq em

Weight Flange
per
thick
motrc

ness

(I

kU

nlfll

20x20
30x30
40x40
60x50
60x60
80x80
1 OOxl 00
160.160

1.13
1.75
4.48
5.70
6.90
12,26
10.10
29.0a

22.8

1(l,0

75
100
125
150

:75x150
100x200
125x250
150x250

19.49
25.47
. 34.85
37.42

15.3
20.0
27.4.
29.4

9.0
9.0
9.7
10.6

ISST 100
. ISST 150
ISST200
ISST 250
,--

100x50
. 150x75
200x165
250x180

10.37
19.96
36.22
47.75

B.l
15.7 .
28.4
37.5.

ISL 75
ISLt 100

50x50
75x80
100xl00

5.11
9.04
16.16
4.50
5.14
G.32
B.14

ISHT
ISHT
'. ISHT
ISH!
'.

I:
ISL~ 60

,',~

ISJt
ISJT
tSJT
ISJT

75
87.5
100
112.5

75x50
87.5x50
100x60
112.5x80

W"b. Centro
of
thick
ness
fl'avity
(w
ex<
mOl

em

Socond momon IS

of area
----------

em'

Iyy
ern'

0.2
0.6
3.0
5.9
10.1
32.3
79.9
207.&

Ixx

0.9
1.4
3.5
4'."r.

3.0
3.0
6.0
6.0

3.0
3.0
6.0
6.0

0.60
0.83
1.20
1.44

0,6

a.o

6.0'
.10,0
10,0

2.23

2.70
3,St>

0.4
1.4
6.3
12.7
22;6
71.:1 .
173.8
CD3.'e

8.4
7.8
B.a
7.6

1.62
1.91
2.37
2:66

96 .
193.8
415.4
537.'1

230.2
497.3
1005.3
1096.B

10.0
11.6
12.5
14.1

6.8
8.0
8.0

9.2

3.03
4.75
4.78
6.40

99.0
450.2
1267.8
2774.4

96
37.0
358.2
582.Cl

4.0
7.1
12.7

6.4
6.8
10.8

4.0
4.8
5.7

1.19
1.72
2.13

41.9
116.6

3.5
4.0
5.0
6.4

4.6
4.8
5.0
5.0

3.0
3.2
3.4
3.7

2.00
2.50
.2.81
3.01

24.8
39.0
63.5
101.6

B.O

6.4

10,0

16,0

23

0.0

1.07

9.9 .

6.4
27.6
75.0
4.6
4.8
8.6

20.2

Tabla 11

Weight'-atid soctional properties of rails


pf()pl~lti\J~; 01 Flrd hottom mil' 1H.~ld on Indian r.~lJways.

,.
Bottom
width

Weight of
I\oilln Ibs
per yard,

inches

inches

---

, --.--

100 FF
90 R
90 [lSSFF
B7 FF
84 BH
86 BH
780H
75 R

5,000

5.3;][,

(i.:M

5.000
2,375
2,500
2.400
4,812

4,812

4,312
4,312
4.000
3.875
3.937
3 SOO
3.!>OO
3,i~50

3.105
3.000

._--

2.B7
2,94
2,72
2.61

46,70
38.45
34.51
29.72
27,27
30.70
27.47
25,36

2.49
2,50
2,52
2.44

9,23
8,63
. B,1 G
7,46

2.80
2.59

5.77

50 'BSS

2,13
2,20
1.97

50 FF
40 OSS
35.[lSS
35 FF
30 ass

2.00
1.75
1.62
1.G7
1,50

6,57
[i,56
5.13
FI,03
3,74
3,04
3.06
2.39

13.99
12,22
10,10
10,06
G.55
4,94
5,09
2,59

2.56

2.91
2,(;0

04 Dil
82 FF
00 H
60 ass

l.J' '.

GO FF
58! FF

1.86
7.63

1.32
G,91

Radius of
GYrIltion

Total
, dopth'

about X-X
inches"

}nches

/.k.'., .

15.40
13.05
12.33
11.50
9,50
10.46
10,09
9,72

3,03
2.95

2,25

688ft
i

".-.--.'

inch'

1,04

2,125

about X-X
Cllinch

Moment of
Inertia
nboutX-X

2,31

,LOM
2.437

75 BSSFF
750H
74 FF
'/0 FF
680H

2.250

. i} .

Section
modulus

22,97
22.46
20.56
18.21
19,66
22.19
18.30
10,03
16.26
12,98

1,275
4.000

4.01J1)

Distance'
from lop of
Rail to N.A.

2,18
2.09
1.98
1.86
1.85
1.91
1.92
1,86'

6,000
5.625
5.375
5,lDO
5.469
5,550
' 6.437
5.062

1.77
1.73
1.67
1.65
1.71
1.81
1.73

4,612
5.1 B7
4.750
4.562
5.000
5.343
5,000.
4,500

1.60
1.48

4.500 '

1.54
1.46
1.44
1.43
1.29
1.20
1.21
1 .11

4.250
4,312
3.937
4,000
3.500
3.250
3.307
3.000

1.62

4,312

For old roils tho momont of inertia and section modulus should be reduced by 121 percent,
on'hero they aw Plop4~tid. to uo u!)cd As bettlns. Min. wdius 01 gyration a"t right -angles to
r. x is ~bout I to ~
.
.

,,,

j"

I
24

-~'.;\).

r _?.:;:J"c:.q6;Jt.,;)o

~o oF,

NOOCWQ,'NO-...lN

. . _ : / '.'

'

'._

"'-;'0,",0";"'0-:_1

-----.

'" .'\ '~I

~;}H~ EK=

-~~~-~~.L.!,,--

:rebl.. 12

'Weight of mild stael flats


--======-.----

Thickness
mm

3.0

4.0

5.0

8.0

6_0

W~~~h

'"
'"

10
15
20
25
30
-35
40
45
50
55
60.
65
70
75
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
200
250
300
400

10

I'

12

16

18

20

5.0
5.6

5.5
6.3
7.1
7.8
8.5
9.4
10.2
11.0
11.8
12.6
14.1
15.7
17.3
18.8
20A
22.0
23.6
31.4
39."
4 7 .1
62.B

25

32

40

Weight in k9:r.n

II

'

0.2
0.4
. 0.5
\ 0.6
i 0.7
1 O.B
I 0.9
! 1.1
1 1.2
1.3
1.4

0.3
0.5
0.6
O.B
0.9
1.1
1.3
1.4
1.6
1.7
1.9

0.4
0.6
0.8,
1.0!
1.2' i
1.4 j
1.6 1
1.8
2.0
2.2
2,4
i

0.5
0-7
0.9
1.2
1A
Hi
1.9
':>.1
:>.4
"2.5
2.8
3.'
i 3.3
'j 3.5
. 3.B
4.2
4.7
. ~.~
. ".6

0.9
1.3
1.6
1.9
2.2
2.5
2.B
3.1
s.4
3.8
4.1
4.4
4.7
5.0
5.6
6.3

Ij
i

I
I
i

6.~

7.0
8.2
8.8
9,4

:
;

I:

i
!

;
.'

- '-.. i

1.0
:>.0

74

2.B
3.1
3.5
3.9
4.3
'-.7
5.1
5.5
5.9
6.3
7.1
7.8

~.6

_A
10.2
11.0
11.8
15.7
19.6

2.4
2.8
3.3
3.B
4.2
4.7
5.2
5.6
6.1
6.6
7.1
7.5
8.5
9.4
10.4.
11.3
12.2
13.2
14.1
18.e
23.6
(28.3

I '.-

3.8
4.4
5,0
5.6
6,3
6.9
7.5
B.2
8.~

9.4
10.0
11.3'
12.6

13~8

15.1
16.3
17.6
18.8
25.1
31.4
37.7
50.2

6,4

7.1
7.8
8.5
9.2
9.9
10.6
11.3
12.7
14.1
15.5
17.0
18.4
19.8
21.2
28.3
35.3
42.'"
56.5

9.B
10.8
11.B
12.8
13.7
14.7
15.7
17.7
19.6.

15.1
16.3
17.r,
18.8
20.1
22.6
25.1
27.6
_3.6
30.1
25.5
32.7
27.5
35.2
29.4
37.7
39.2
50.2
49.1
62 S
5B.9
75:4
78.5": 100.5

;1.6

-------

20A
22.0
23.6
25.1
23.3
31.11
34.5
37.7
40.. 3 .
4".0
47.1
62.8.
735
94:"
i 1 ~5.';

-----------

,
'

II

I
.

'-1'
,

. ._--_

.... ,

. Table 13

\Veight of mild steel strips

100
125
~ 60
LOO
250
320
400
500
650

~~O
_~O

1,.3

i ~.6 I

! . 0

2.5
3.1
4.0'
1 5.0
! 0.3
8.2
1,0.0

I -

1,.6.
! I;A
~.~ i
II ;.~ I ~.8 I

1.4
1.3 I
2.3
. 2.8
3.5
4.5
5.6 I
7"'1
9.2
11.3
13.4!
-

.1050
,. 50
I
1250
1300
-,
1450
i
. ' 5 5 0 - :... _ ... _.:::

1.8
2.2

1'2.0

I
I
_.1
I
5
3.9
4.4.
5.0
5.6
6.3
7.0
7.8
8.8
10.2 I 11.4
12.6. 1,4'1
14.9
16.1
16.5 i 18.5
20.2

I -

i-I -

::.1

~.9

4.9
6.3
7.8
9.8
12.8
15.7
18.6
20.6
22.5
24.5
-

--

2.2.

2.~

~."
-.4

5.5
7.0
8.8
11.0
1 <:.3

17.6
LO.9

23.1
25.3
27,5
28.6

--

2.5
3.1.
4.0
4.9
6.2
7.9
9.9
12.4
16.1
19.8
23.5
26.0
28.4
30.9
32.1
35.8
38.3

2.8

~.5

-.5
5.6
7.0
8.9
11.1
13.9
, 3.1

~2.3

L6.5

29.3
32.0
34.8
35.2
40.4
43.2

3.5 Ii
4.4
5.~
5.6!
.~
7.1 'I
7.8
8.8
10.0
11.:'12.6
14.1
15.7
17.7
20A
23.0
25.128.3' I
29.8
33.6
33.0! 37.1
36.1
40."
39.2 l 44.2
40.8; 45.9
45.5
. 51.2
48.7
54.7
3.1
3.9

3.9
4.9
6:3
7.B
9.8
12.6
15.7
19.6
25.5
31.4
37.3
41.2
45.1
49.1
51.0
56.S
60.8

4.7
5.9

I
I

6.3
7:3
~.5
10.0
_.4 I 12.6
11.3' 15.7
15.1
20.1
18.8
25.1
23.6
31.4
30.6
40.8
37.7
50.2
44.7
59.7
49.5
65.9
54.2
72.2
58.9
78.5
61.2
Bl.6
68.3'
91.1
73.0
97.3

7.3.
9.B
12.6
15.7
19.6
25.1
31.4
39.2
51.0
62.8
74.6
82.4
90.3
98.1
102.e
113.E
121.7

Sirmingham Gi!uge

0-::'

~;~-m:?~.~~m:5f!~~,~;!$;'t?-i.tge~t..~~ .~JJ~$~J~*~~!;~~Er~~f*;;~f~~'.~.~f?~~~4'"5:~!$4#WW?:i

. -- --"""fY,,

. Tublo
!

14

Weight of M.S. Sheets nnd PIntos

.'

,...

27

:j

Table 1S

Weights of Metal Bars or P!ates in Lbs./Sq. ft.


SWG.
Iron
S.r-d
Brass
Copper
L"od
Zinc

,",o,'"!
S.W.G.

:~i~13,i61~15;i6: .3;8

7i'6: ;;2 19,'16) 5;6 ;11f161 3;4 j13;16j 1;8 115i16: 1 in.

i 25 5.0 \ 7.5' 10.0 1,2.5 15.0


; 2.55 i5.,O, 7.65 '0.20\,2.75 15.30
i 2.78: 5.50 8.33 '1.10 13.88 16.65
i 2.86 i 5.72 I 8.58 1,.441,4.30,17.16
: 3.71 ' 7.42 i11.13'1114.84 8.55! 22.27 I

121.5

17.5 [20.0
;25.0 \27.5 \30.0
n.85!20AO 22.95125.50 28.05130.60
19,4322.20 2"58;27.75!30.53 33.30
20.02,27..825.73: 2 8' 59 13 1.45134.31
25.98 i 29.69133.40) 37.11 i 40.83' 44.53

32.535.0 37.5 \40.0


33.15 35.70 38.25,4080
36.08 38.85 41.6314440
37.17 40.03 42.89145:75
4c 24 151 95155.66 59.38
; 2.37: 4.75 17.12' 9AS 11.,s7:i4.24i 'H3.f.3~ ;n?~9,2!.3S~23.7::!26.11 ~28.48 3(',85,33.23 35.60 3718
2.90 ' 5.100 ! 8.70 111.60.14.:0! 17 .45 ! 20.2(1! 23.40 126.15.: 29.25132.15 ! 35.10 132..101 4 0.95 i 43,90 146'"0

!'

'

~!

',-,-'i-2-i7t-4-i"-"~-:-6-!--7-":"8

, . '

'"
c"

iron
: 12.00 il.361,o.36 9,52\8.80 i 8.12 1 7.:0 i 6.50 5.92 5,20
S.eel
: 12.2411.59 10.57 9.71 8.98: 8.28 7,34 1 6,73 6.04: 5.3.
Srass
,13.3212.61111.50 10.59Ig,77 /9.01
7,99,7.33 6.5715.95
Copper
13.73:12.991".85 10.8910.0719.29 8.2417,556.77! 7,13
Lead
:17.81 '16.86 15.38 14,1313.06,12.05 10.69,9.80 8.79. 7.96
Zinc
'11.39 10.781 9.84 9.04 8.36 i 7.71
6.27 5.62 I 5.09
Mocel.
. '7.?2'~.94 ,:.781~.88 9.95 8.98 8.2417.50 6.7~ 16.00
Alumlmum
~.. ", ~.84 i ~.51
0.08 2.81 : 2.54
2.34,2.12 1.9,
1.70
I
I
~.
I .
,
I~

S.W.G.
Iron
Steel
. Erass
Copper
Lead
2inc
Monel
":.".-

'"

iO i 111121,3114115/10

1 9

- - . _ 1 - 1- - , -

17

18

19 1-20

2.32 \,.96
2.37' i 2.00
2.58! 2.18
2.65: 2.24
3.44 i 2.91
2.20: 1.86
2.66: 2.26
0.73 . 0.64

1,68
1.71
1.86
1.92
2.49
1.59
1.93
0,56'

1.04
1,43
1.55
1-,61
2.08
1.33
1.69
0,48

6.84!

4.80! 4.36
4.90 4.44
5.32,4.84
5.4914.99
7.131 6,47
4.56! 4,14
5.41! 4,~8
1.54, 1.~8

T-;-In -;;-1" 24125i-;-~-i-;-:

'--,--,--"

--;--.

1.28! 1.12
1.31' 1.14
,.421,,24
1.46 1,.28
1.90 I 1.66
1.22 1.06
1.48 1.31
0.42! 0,37

1.00 0.88
1.02 0.90
1,11 10.98
1.14 1.01
1,48' 1.31
0,95 I 0.84
1.16\1.03
0.33,0.29

0.80
0.82
0.89
0.92
1.19
0.76
0.94
026

.-'

0,72
0.73
0.1,0
0.&7
1.(./'

0.G8
0.84
0.24

0.64
0.65
0.71
0.73
0.95
0.61
0.741
0.21

28
0,56
0.57
0.62
0.64
0.83
0.53
0.65
0.18

3.80
3.88
4.22
4,35
5.64
3,61
4.:;6
',~2

I 29
0.52
0.53
0.58
0.59
0.77
0.49
0.61
0.17

3.32
3.39
3.68
3.80
4.93
3.15

~.74

,.06

2.881
2.94\
3.20
3,29
4.28
2.73
3.26,
0.95,

1 30 1 31

0048 0040
0,49 -0,41
0.53 0,44
0.55 0.48
0.71 0,59
0.46 0.38
0.56 0.49
0.16 0,14

2.60
2,65
2,89
2,'37
3.86
2A7
3.00
0.85
32

0.36
0.37
OAO

0,45
0.53
0.34
0,47
0.13

--_._-------------------:----_.

Tabla 16

Weight of Chequered Plates


WeiUht

Pcr Sq~-;~----I---P:-r-S-(~-:----

Thickness

_-:---'-_________--,-!-_-c..-==.:..Ib_----:---3/16. inch

k9. _ _-,-I_____
kO____ _

42.721

"

5/16 "

'13,50

6.123

65.912

3/8 "

16.25

7.371

79.339

1/2 "

21.25

0.630

103.751

1/4

3.969
5.216 .

8.75
11.50

ii'

.56.148

mm

61.1 00

10

mOl

84.600

12

mm

100.300

Tabla 17

Weight of Plilln und CorrugatedG. l. Sheots

'.'
r

Table 18 '

Woight of loud und

Coppor shoots

'~Load .ShOets

Copper Sheots

._-----,--'-Thickness
mm

Weight

3,2
3,5
~,O

4.5

9.0
10,0

12.0
14.0
1G. ()

0,64
0.68

22.7
28.3
36.2
39.7
45.4
51.0

2.0
2. ti

5.0
5,5
6,0
7,0
0,0

0,60

5.7
11.3

1,0

mm

kg.jSq. <11,

0,5

Thickness

0,72

0,76
0,80
0,84
0,88
0,92
1.00
1,08
1,20
1.36
1.44
1.60
1.80
2,00
2.20
2.40
2.80
3.20
3.60

50,7

62.1
68.0
79.1

90.7
102.0
113.0
130.0
lSD.O
181.0

, Weight in
kg, of sheet
of size
1250x 1250 mm
8,5

9,0
9,5
10,0
10,5

11.0
11.5
12,0
13;0
14,'0
15,0

16,5
19,0

20',0

4.,10

22,5
25.0
28.0
30,5
33.5
39,0
44.5
50.0 .
55.5
G1.0

4.80
5.30

67,0
72,5

4.00

T&ble 19

Woight of A. C. roof(ng shoets

--_ .._._---

tm1uth of

\Vei{]ht per

ApproxirilillC

sheut"

sheet

No. of shc(::s

k\)

per Tonne

n1
A. C, cUflu{jutnd
.Sheflt~ 1.0!Jm widex6 nil'll

thickGLCY

,.

1.
2.0
2,5
~

3,0
__
..---_._------_ ...... "-"--'--A. C.
1.5

_.....

.-

~;(;'rniCorllj-uDtlJU

ShOul5 1,09rn widnx6mrn

2.0

thic\".t3rcy

2.:;;

3.0

- -~ i 6-i ~.--.-.- '---~il-- --.


28.098
35.123
42.147
19.718
26.290
32.863
39.435

36
29
24'
-~--51---

38
31
26

30

I!
i,

Tobk?l

Woighto!l. C. Gutters
Description

""o;':Jllt par
Lon,lIh
m

Plain cnoed '


[ave, a. Boundry
Woll DUnu.s

Plcin endc'd
Villley uuttars

~-'-

..-----

Sizo

Picco

mill

kg

1.83
1.83
1.83
1.83

279.4XI27.0XI77.8
304.8XI52.4X228.6
457.2X152.4X304.8
508.0X 152.4X254.0

14.968
23.587
29.484
29.484

1.83
1.83
. 1.83
1.83

406.4X127.0X254.0
609.61. 152.4X728.6
914.41.203.21.228.6
457.2X127.0X1S2.4

24.494
29.484
45.360
24.948

._------_._-_ ..... - ..

-.-

..

-.-.---.~--

... --.-.----..

-'~""----"-

Hall round
gutters ,vi th

1.83
1.83
1.83

SocKet

,",

t"
.',

'l'}

34

41

34

':- ~'\
~

,;,'

22
41

'.

._------------,

8.61 B
'14.061
15.966

152.4
228.6
304.8

t,

67
43
34

f.
\;

117
72
63

.,,-....-.-

Tablo 22

Comparison of weights of shoets of different mota Is


f6. 16 BG ODeD" (1.588 mnl thicknoss) in kU,sq.m.

Aluminium

4.26

Lund

18.10

Brass

1:U7

StC(!!

12,55

Cast Iron

11.47

vVrought

Coppor

13.08

Zlr.c

IlOfl

12.20

.\
.'

11.42

,l
,I

"f
i

.1

32

, !

,
'.

II

.,
f'

Toulo 24

Waight of cast iron rainwater pipes


IS: 191JI961
IS, ll.:lO '968
Iptcrn,al
diametflr

lOrl(Jth

.-. -----,....
'.8

'1\

with

..
"
.

Weight

Thickness

(!-Iorninal Bote)

mOl

nun

Socko

50

4.0

3.0

"
"

.'

-_

pipe

kg./pipo

~."-.

~,tJd.ot

75
100
12G

'50
5()

.'

75
100

125
150

,'

...

'1.0
3.0

7.5
11.0
14.0
20.0
20.0
6.5
9.5
12.5
17.5

"

4.0

23.0

.'

."

.._-[,

"

. Tablo 25

t:-

NOllljnal weight of mild steel tubes

(j

8
iO

,,

1G

20
~~ 5

'\ :

10

50

05
00

no

100
12S
150

0.361
0.517
0.6701
O.95~~

OA07
0.(;50

0.::;52
1.:!2

1 .111
201

L.H

2.58

0.493
0.769
1.02

0.364
0.52',
0.G80
0.9Gl

1,\5

0.4 1'0
0.654
0.858
1.23
1.59

2.03

2.46

3.1 J1

1.90
2.97
:J fJ 4

;!.Gl

:.L7!..i
4.11

:I.! I I

4.43

:u~

!).1 U

6.17

4.10

5.80

G.s1
8.'17

7.90

5,92
6.98

3.17
3.65
5.17
6.63
8.04

6.81
8.74
9.6~

I.:)/)

9.'12
12.10
lti. ~:O
\ 5! .:.!C)

10.10
11.60
14.40 .
11.80
~1.20

1.42

8.92
10.;10

UA96

0.773
1.03
1.46
1.91
2.99

:3. fJ 7
4.4'1

9.90

12.40
16.70
19.8.0

!'

ldur;ldir.:otlc)i"I r;!:dli~n Ui!rld


LI'J1il II-d;!.!!.> f3rc);;t\; M~:~.l;'JI!l tl!b(:~" nluCl; Ihu!':y tLJlH.~S--H(!u
G;d,',milf3d ldb(;~ llid'{ bu t);~. 1i'.!')''';I:: U::I!I bbdi lube::;

34

,.
",

. , '<' ..

'

0.24
8.02
10.30
11.BO
14.70
18.30
21.80

--------,.---~---'-

..

":

Tobia 26

Woloht of A,C, Dulldil10 Plpos


Length

Diameter
mm

1.00

'

Approximate

kg.

No, of pipes per tonno

----

50.8
76.2
101,6
162.4
.--... -- ....... '---50,8
76,2
101.6
152.4

---_._-----._._
'-1.50

Weight per pipe

-,--. -.....

162.4

-----------,--2,00
50,8

,~--

76,2

101.6
152.4

"

.\

, 3.00
);f.:

I!

286
19:
148
98

5.030
7.545
14.649

199
133
103
69

5,792
8,708
11,278
) 6,825

115
89
60

9.781

50,8
76,2
101,0

1.75

3.504
5.219
6.785
10.295

i:

-------------------. 153

6.555
9,871
12,776
19.002

102 .

79
5~

9,606

76,710l.O

1 ~.623

O~

18,767,

152,4

27.709

54
31

_.'

I'

173

50.B

, I,

105

lVy

Tobia 27

96

Wolght of Concroto Plpos'

73_
3:

os:

G '.
1

19111967)

Material

9
7
'1

4.

2)
)
)

.,

Class NP 1 (Unreinforced
non-prossure pipes)

l
I

. !l)

35

Interrial
diametor
mm

Weight
Kg.

Per

80
100
150
250
300
3[;0

19
22
31
41
70
86

m.

400

97

450

110

,"

"
"

"
"

;:'0

'

. . . . . . . . . . . -.. . --.. . -.--:------.. . .-.----..

------~----"""""-I

'I

I,
"

!I
T.blo 27-Contd.
,....

'I"_i,.~l\;:

Matorial
--..-"'~

I
I

6.

Cldss P 2 (Reinforced
cotcroto prossure pipes
.of for 4.0 kg., sq. COl.
pressure tests)
,

,;

,
I
I

concrete pressure pipes

':, ~

rnm
~,-----

......

-".~

80
100
150
250
300
350
400
450
500
600

K(j,

f'ol

20
24

400

208

"

33
63
103
134
170
188
230
326

350

lOS ts)

-i

safe for 6.0 kg,isq:cm.

""

"Or'

20
24
33
75
117
158

Class P 3 (Reinforced
pressure

j '-

80
100
150
250
300

(
6.

.'

I nlulnDI
Wei~hl
(jl~m~~~=~~~==_ '

'.

"

'.

.'....
'.

Tablo 28

Weight of materials required per joint for 'joining C.1. pipps


Nominal SilO
mm

Lead{joint
kg,

80
100
125

2.2
2.6

1.8

0.20 '
0.20

50
6,1

300
350
400
460
500

72
8.4
g,o
14,0
11i,Q
Hl,O

0.48
0.60
0.75

21\.0
31.5
41.0
'45,0

1.46
1.53
1.88
2.05

GO,O

7.40

66.5

2.60

3.4

n.o

37

0.10
0.1 a

250

600
900
1000
1 100
1200

r;)'1

kg.

150
200

000
'700
150

. '1. .

Spun yarnijoin!

0,30
0,35

o,nu
1.00
1.20
'1.35

j
I

.'\ '

TuLlio 29

Ecbnomic ciiarlloter of pumping mains


54

I 163 !, 215
i

109

225

295

._----_.._---,

I 250

4451 590

300i 350 ~ 400 . 500 f 600

I 900

700

,.
Tobia 30

Dinlllotor
Di3metcr

(j:l U ','j (~

S ,,<It!.

"

Inch.

(J

0.,1:32
0.400
O.:n2
0 318
0.:321.1

1
2

0 ~!jD
0.276

,.

[.\ 0
4,0

:1 c,.,

2 0

:<

'l~

.'G

7
3
9
10
1I
12
13
'1 !~
15
1G
17

fJ .H4

410.8
3GB.l
323.0

') ....
?"\
t,

:~20.0

I,
I

5493

480.7
416.7
357.2

(} ::52

GAO
5.B'3

109.311
1,13.56
11 '.',88

252.1
213.6
178.6
14G.3

(Ui2

:3.~n

() 192
U. i lG

4 .e.~

32

4.11 }
4.VI.)

t/.. G2

0.128

0.116
0.104

0.092
0.{)80

0.072
0.064
0.056

LunU!!l per

lb.

7408
635.2

0.:-'2.2

(Hj 3:?
o (j2B
0.018
().':.H 8

..........

';~J7 .8

302.4

0.160
(r 144

I
-

------_.-

I .. 1
"---

kg.

-.---.~-~

"

I;,,"

10.'.17
10.16
9.45

3,GU

3.25
2.95
2 c:
2.34
2.03
1.in
1.G3
1.42
1.22
1 .O;~

0.91
081
0.'11
O.tJ;

O.4G

.- .... " ...

"

.,-----_._--

....

203.1 f~

0./)10
O.O:3G

~'i

I
II

nUll,

~40.0

, (J

:W

po,
I -- - Woight
_._------I 1000 It. I 1000,11.

'/ . Ij :.~

. ().()'lf~

21
:~ :?

~'.,--.".-

\','oight of Sleol "'viros

7 (] 1

IR

20

. .-

~rHj

US.2S1
55.307
43.700

35.890
28.849

12.5 i' 5
17.0'10
13.827

1(J.'!?;;
8.3U4
G.lH)

4.267
3.;;~; 7
2.731
2.100
1.300
0.90(;

I.

1 :13.0
101.1i
82.30
G5.03
53.4 1
43.01
33_59
25.40
20.58
16.25
12.45
9.14
6.35
5.1o.l.

4.01;
:3.12
1.93
1.34

__.._-...:.-- ._-

2.009
2.343
2.709
3.096
3.572
4.166
4.922
5.904
6.%6
8.342
10.170
12.104
14.650
18.080
22.880
27.86
34.66
41.30
58.58
72.40
91.53
119.6
162.7
234.3
28.9.3
3G'.:;.1

476.2
769.2
1 I 11.1

1.350
1.5 74
1.820
2.080
2.400
: 2.eUO

3.308
3.%7
4.G81
5.606
6.e34
8.1 ;J4
9.845
12.150
15.37S
18.72
23.25
29.77
39.37
48.65
61.51
80.37
109.3
157.4
'194.4
. 246.0
320.5
518.1
7.16.3
i

-._-_._.._--_ ..... _-".._---_._----------'

Table 31

Weight of 100 ft. of Wire of Differe'nt Metals

Iron

S:eel

Copper

Brass

S.w.G.

S.w.G.

Ib

p.6

66,7
57.3
49.7
42.7
36.9
32.3
28
24
20.1
16.8
14.3
11.9
9.7
8.2
6.8

5.3

5.4

7jO
6jO
5JO

'"

4{O
3{O

2;0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

23.4
19.6
16.4
13.8
11.6
9.5
8

7
8
9

Ib

Ib

10

25.7
21.6
18.1
15.2
12.7
10.5
8.8
7.3
5.8

23.3
19.3
16.4
13.7
11.tS
!L42
7.8.1)
6.30

.
-~-

27.4

..

II
I
,j
I

I
I

I,

I
j

II

,
76
65
57
48.7 .
42
. 36.S
32

10
11
12
13

14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26

II

Iron

Ib

4.23
3.46
2.80
2.16
1.66
1.33
,1.06
.80
.60

I
I
I

.40
.33

I
I

I
I

Steel

Ib

!
I

Brass

Copper
--'--

Ib

Ib
-'

4.34
3.55
2.87
2.22
1.70
1.36
1.03
.82

.62
.41
.34
.273
.209
.154
.129
.107
.086

II

4.65
3.80
3.08
2.37
1.83
1.46
1.16
.88
.66
.44
.36

5.07
4.10
3.30
25-8

1.94
1.58
L2-!

.70
4-'!37

.395
.312
.238
.175
.148"
.121
.098

i,!.
I

0-

.~"

Dimcnsions

(11)(J

. Tabla 32 tal
!
.
.
1
.,.
i
woight of standard oblong 1"I105h

-----~-~-----:----~-----I

tOllgl\udinal wiro$

y;;;;'-'Oi;--I
S".'jG L incll
~

...,_ .. _-_.-.'-"'"

~;O

.~-

!
i .'Ii O."lill

4;0 ,I ! 0400
.

...

Mesh
inch

'~;:I~ire

SQ!lIjff'.'1
...... -

---.---'3
'3

Transverse wiros

'Oi. [.MeSh , A",'


SWG _.,.I ____
inch .___
inch._.__
' $q.II'I.FT:
___ '. l

-_._--

0.50]
0.503

" \Voight,

-'b-s'-l
Sq.ft.

kg.,
Sq.m
._ _

"~M'

0.232
0.232

12
16

O.O'!2
0.032

1.85
. 1.82

9.03
8.89

:J

0.4:l5

/~~

.OA3S

0.232
0.232

12
16

0.042
0.032

1.62
1.58

7.91
7.71

0.310
. O.34t3

3
'3

0.380
0.380

6
6

0.192
0.192

12
16

0.0<9
0.022

1.39
1.36

6.79
6.64

(}

0.324
O.:L~tl

3
3

0.330
0.330

6
6

\ 0.192

I 0.192

12
16

0.029
0.022

1.22
1.. 19

5.96

()

12
Hi

OU24

0.018

0.89
0.81

4.34
4.25

12
16

0.020
0.Q15

0.75

0.73

3.66
3.56

12
16
12
16

0.Q16
0.012
0.013
0.Q10

0.63
0.61
0.62
0.61

3.08
2.98

\ 0.128

12
16

0.013
I v.Ol0

0.52
0.51

2.54
2.49

0.43
0.42

2.10

'.1;0

0.3n

.:~ : (i

() J

t,r)

'2:0.

,."

:{

..

.}

:l

,1

4
4

O.~7: ]i}

0.2'39

i 0.176.

(1.2) ij

O.2J'j

0.:".,

o 7f.!L.

:l
:J

0: 1 ~:J iJ
O. ,,1:l

8
8

i 0.160

O./.3:~

:1

9
9
. 10
10

! g:111

0.1 CCi
O. ~ f.J~:}
0.169
0.169

I 0.232
0.232

~. 0.2:1?

:l
:3

0.176

; 0.1 GO

0.128
0.128

,,

I 0212

3
3

0.141
0.141

10
10

0.11 G

'3

0.11 G

10
10

I 0.128

I 0.192
\ 0.1 'J2

0.128

12
10

0.013
0.010

7'
7

!J
I, 0.17
O.ln

3
3

0.031
0.0'l7

10
10

0.128
U.128

12
16

0.38
0.013
0.010 . '. 0.37

3
3

Q,()C()

O.Of30

'3
3

O.CbU
O.Uf.iO

10
10
12
12

0.128
0.128
0.104

12
16
12
16

0.013
0.010
0.009
O.OOG

0.31
0.30
0.29

o"ii; !_~

1 :1,
12

0.104

\2

I 0009

0.25

0.000

0.24

12
12

0.104

0.009
0.006

0.21
.0.20

B
8

8
8

, 02,12

II o.Hi')

0.100
0.1<,0
0,11,(/
~.\

:J

0.].\4

O.O!,i ~j

10
10

0.128
0.128

3
3

0.052

0.1

0.052

! 0.128

0.104
0.104

16

0.10~

12
16

5.86

3.03 .
2.98

2.05
"

0.32

1.85
1.81
1.56 ,
1.51 ,
1.47
1.42

1.22
1.17
1.03
0.98

---~-~ ...- - ' : ' - - - - - t ' - ' - -

40

- .. "--<-- ... - . -'- .. - ' . -..-.-----.--.----.-~.......-

...- -...- - - -_ _..~,~TC_ _ """"""

- .. _.....

....

_------_.__ .

i
i'

['
Tabla 32 (b)

Dimensions and weight of standard square mesh


Longitudinal wires

Transverse wires

Weight
kg.;

I inch
Dia , Mesh I A,,, 'lli0' I
inch ---1
Sq.lt. )- Sq.rn
--;---,..-'- -1-------,__--------.. . -......................
.
il. 0,176 2 II 0.146
7 10176:
2 I
7
0.146
0.99
4.83
Wire.

swq

6
8
10

2
3
4
6
6
7
8.
S:

10

o
I

2
,3
4

"

" 7

,if
I
2

3
4

B
. 6
.'

g
10

'"

Dia

inch!

0,192
0,160
0,128
0,276
0,2521
0,232
0,212
0,192
0,176
0.160
0.144
0,128
0,324
0,300
0,276
0.252
0.232
0,212
0.192
0,176
0,160
0,144
0,128
0,300
0,276
0,252
0,232
0,212
0,192
0.176
0,160
0.144
0.128

Mesh
inch"

3
3
3
4
4

.1

4
4
4
4
4
4
6
6
6
6
G
0
6
6
6
6
6
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

1 .,,;-, Wire'
Sq.ln:nw

0.116
' 0 .080
0,051
0.180
0.150
0.127
0,106
0,087
0.073
0:060
0.049
0.039
0.165
0.141
0,120
0,100
O,OB'~

0.071
0,058
0.049
0.040
0.033
0.026
0.106
0.090 \.
0.075
0.063
0,053
0.043
0.036
0.030
0.024
0.019

SWG

SQ ,lt',JFT\\

6 I' 0.192
8
0.160
10 10.128
2 10.276
3 iO.252
4 10.232
5 10212
6 ' 0192
7 '0.'76
8 ; 0 160
9 101.14
10; 0.128
0 : 0.324
1 : 0.300
2 ' 0.276
3
0.262
4
0.232
5
0.212
8
0.192
7
0,176
8
0.160
9
0.144
10
0.128
1
0.300
2
0.276
3 . 0.252
4
0,232
6 10.212
6 [0.182
7,0.176
80.160
9
0.144
10
0.128

41

3
3
3
4
4.
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

0.116
0.080
0.051
0.180
0.150
0.127
0.106
0.087
0.073
0.060
0049
0.039
0.165
0.141
0.120
0,100
0,084
0,071
O~S8

0.049
0,040
0.033
0.026
0,106
0,090
0.075
0,063
0,053
0,0,13
0.036
0.030
0.024
'0.019

1.18
0.55
0.35
1.22
1.02
0.86
0.72
0.59
0.49
0.41
033
0.26
1.12
0.96
0.81
0,68

0,57
0.46
0,39
0,33
0.27
0.22
0.17
0.72
0.61
0.51
0.43
0,36
0.29
0.25
0.20'
0.17
0.13

5.76
2.69
1.71
5.95

4.98
4.20
3.51
2.88
2.39
2.00
: 1.61

1.27
5.47
4.69
3.96
3.32

2.18

2.24

1,90

1 61
1,32
1.07
0.83
3.. 51
2.98
2.49
2,10

1.76
1,42
1.22
0.98
0.83
0.64

Taula 33

Si1.o "Ilel Weioilt of Expallded (Xpm) Metnl shoots

--_.. _--_.

__._--_ __.__ _------,------,--------..

...

Si/L!...f MI.'~ll . .__ ____l:!J~.l.~~HI:,i(ll~?_.~~~.~,~.f.~~~~!?,_~ __ ~_v~,~.~.\J.111


Width
Thicknuss
LIVM

kg/Sq,rn,

Illnl

:1\111

film

IlHT1

100

250
:)GO

6.28
5.00
3 .. U

3.15
3.15

100

100

75
75

250
200
200

75
40
40

200

40

75
75

40
.1!j
,~U
,~O

40

115

115

i 15
75

, 1G
"15

75
25
25
2&

20
20
21l

75
75

~!I'

315

6.50

3.15
3.15
3.15

0.50
5.00
5.00
3.20

3.15
3.15

3 ....'Jt:;)
3.2G

3. I r;

3.1.0

3.1 G
1.00

3.25

1,GO

4.007
4.007
2.039
2.039

3.25

3.15

6.423
4.564
3.262
2.548

3.'5
:I ,24

3.2G

2.2;

1.60

75

60

3.2[1

:L 1 ~

GO

3.2[,

3.1l;

GO

3.25
3.25

2.24
2.24
1.60

GO

3.082
2.4 70
1.599
4.282
3.294
2.141
8.023
6.172
6,172
2.854

5.00
3.25

3.25
3.25

50

3.2~

~i/o uf r,ht!ut
J;oJ"13l1y stockod
m

1.75

I
I

!
I

\
J

I
)

1,25 X 3,75

GO
50

2.50

12,5

;;0
40

1 .CO

6.525
6,575

1.60

5.019

J
")

12.S

to

12.5
12.5

bO
40

2.50
2.50

1,25
1.:!5

12.5

bO
40

2.50
2.50

1.00
1.00

3,921
3.821
3.137
3.137

10
10
10
ti

40
40
40

3.25
2.50

I.GO

8.156

1.25
1 .IJO

7.S

2,5U
3. 2 ~j

4.901
"- 3.921
13.591

25

I.GO

2.50

1.25

1.5

8.164

2.[10

1.IJO

G.S33

20

1.00

15

:!.. ~;(;
1 50

7.843
7.843

12.5

1,00

1.25 X 3.75

2,50 X 3.75

20
<'0

1.00

.,

nnd

3.25
2.50

3.25
3.25
2.50

2.50 X 3.75

'1

50'

12.0

alld

1.25 X 3,75

2.50X3.75

20

I.GO
1.25
1.?5

2,50 X 3.i!i

2.50 X 2.75

8.023
8.023
5.709
5.709
".07 fJ
4.078
2.447
2.447

2.50 X 3.75

U1Il.l

")

I,
I

["

2,50 X 2,75
and
1,25 X ;. i 5

, I

I
1
I

J
}

2.50 X 1.75
iJfld

25 X 1.75

2.50 X 1,25

42

.. '--.-.... ".~-. . . ,.". .--..."';,.----.. . .""-."'. . ,. . ~----....~,-~"_.. ~~""___~J

./

I
.1
Tobia 34

Woioht onci Strol1[Jtl1 of Stool Wll'oo


.S

.. I

OJ

"Er:)"

-5

5
~~-E ~

.--,8,>
'"
~]o

2.0.0.11
172.33
149.37

A10

128 ..07

8
9

c:: .-

(0;\

O' ... O~Ou

0.

R7~

" .>.i

11 5
133
155

183
220
260
311
380

452
646
57!)

16.59
13.12
1.0.80

854
104.0

"2"'

C'l

'"

~ ~
.cOl>

..:::
~

",,,-

'0

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

10095
9469
8208
7035
6086
5326
4616
3958
3350
2792
23G6
1977
1621
1362'
112[;
011
72.0
592

65
75

20.45

10
11

Cl. CD

56

3/0 11.0.8.0
96.63
21.0
84 ..03
.0
1
72.04
2
60.97
3
5.0.85
43.07
4
5
35.97
6
29.43
7
24.77

'.,

"::>'"
(;J
"

" '">- " I ctI..J_I-Vl

...J

;>-~

7/.0
61.0
5,0

0>
j() G;
1 ~.s ,S N 0~'~~'O~VlC

8.63
6.76
5.11
4.15
3.29
2.5.0
1.83
1.27
1.03
.819

24 i .387
.320
25
2(; I . 2("a
27 I .215
.175
28
.148
29
3.0 \ .123

c: .-

0. OJ ~

O' .... OVlOo"

<l;CO-l:9I-Vl

1293
1653
2186
2699
3416
4462
6.073
8745
10796
13663
17B4 G I
242:10 I
28808 i
34978 I,
43184

.G28

...

... ~'Or5Vl~

...J

, .461

23

" '">- '""-

;>.0
;>-.,

g'-e :::

III

U")

~..=C"J ~

52021
63877

75646
909,96

.475
373
281
227
18.0
138
101
70
57
45
34.4
25.2

I
I

21.2
17.6
J 4.2
11.8

, .' 0.6
8.1
6.8

Table 35

Woioht ClIGolvDl1lsod FOl1cll1(J Strolld

..

.'

.'~- ;':
g>

ttl"5 .

~-(I)

.0
1
2

3.
4:

5
6
7

8
9.

10

'0

d1

'0:2.

V)

"0..:2

III

'. .

_ ,_ _ _ _ _ _ _

o~

Vl

01

(f'I

~1~~ ~ il! ~~.~~ ~ il~ ~H~ ~ ~j ~~~~I ~ il~


8

179

9\

8.~

180

198

10j

231

9\
1.0
11

12
12\
131
14
15
16

246
28.0
34.0.
423
476
580
717

884
1120

11

12
12\
131
14
14\
15
1G
17

255
318
356
434
537
593
743
8aG

1.095

II

I
I

184
22G
253
324
372
428
53.0
670
788
87G

11l
13
1 3,

14

it
17

'.B

....

12 i

205

13
13\
14

15
16
16\

171

18
18\
19
I 20

43

162

11'

1194

Tho sJos in mos1 gonor,11 uso aro Nos. 4, 5 and 6 in 7 nly wire.
:',

_ _ _ _

......

__r _ _ _ _ _ _ _

...

- - - '

ce!0

----~-----3~1)-IY~-----~-----'-I-P~~'-'-----w-----b-f-JI~Y----~~--7-,-PI-Y----

232
266
323
379
481
56.0
675
853

1011
\. '1230
152.0
\

Tnble 36

Woights of GBlvllnised Chain Links (for Fencing)


W<liIJ"1 ill pound; pllt roll of 25 yords,
.---,-------:-----.,--------~---

..I

3' ..-0'

4' -0'

5' __ 0'

'6'-0"

-----;-------r ---:--:----Glluge

"2)

'I

"
""

~.l'

10
12
11
10
12
11
13

71
59

12
11

84
105

10
13

1 :~9

90

72
87

93

_,""-_ ...1.___'2_ _ _.

81
102
122
91
117
87
106
1.43
170
126
150

I .

122
145
147
119
138

175
:117

178

178
. 129
'170
210
257
187
227

T"blo 37
GOIVillli~(Jd

Fencing Wiro
10

11

85~

1040
.0.108

0.131

12
1295
0.085

T,1blo 38

Galvi,nisud Stool Gar b Foncing Wire

------------_. ._._------------........,.-100Ib yd I 100111

__

-------:-~~~':------

Weighl 01

Description
.

_12 S. W:G, lillO Wiro


2 foitlt Ordin.MY.: "Sorbs rounel onowito only, 5" OPi!1t
Gil ap.]!,
2 POlrH. ThieJ.:sf!t : Borhs round rJ/IU WiH! ()J1IV, 2\" ;q)illt
6" Dpart
3" aparl

19
18.5
21
20
25
20
25

3" npart
6" apart

1G
13

4 POIIH Ordim)(y: Biilbs round Olle wiru orlty. 6" lIpall


4 Point Thickset: B.1rb's round ano wire only, 3" nrart

4 Poine Ordinary: galbs round bOlh wir~s,


4 Poine Thic!:see : Borbs round iJ'lth wires,

'4 S. \V. (3. Uno Wire


,~ Point 7/11.:.L~et : Barbs round L:oth

._---------

Wif!~:;,

kg.

rll

94:1

10002
10890

9.18
10.42

u.n

Leflylh

pcr 101llltl

9,94

12.40
9,92
12.40

100110
8064
10080
8064

7.94
6.45

. 12tiOO
15516

..'

Toblo 39

Weight of pre-stressing wiros and strands


sheothing

Weight 01
Cable

mm

k~l; rn

12 rios. 5mm wire

30

1.850

12 nos. 7mm wire

39

3.625

12 koso Smm wire

42

4.735

lntcronl dinmutor of

Coble sizo

13 mm strend

0.735

Tnble 40

Minimul11 wolal,t of Bitumen-felts


Ollllmon fOils ilra "vailablo In wi(II1t5 01 DO ern. and 100 ern. Lonoth (ll tho
roll ,hall ho ilcioquilto to covor iln B!Oil spocilio(j in tho lablo bolow. tilkillf] ;
Into

{lCC{Hlnt

the nr.ccss(lIY oyorlflps.

A;~. covored

. Typo of lolt

$'1.m
-~---.~,.

pe;7t;'ii

k(!.'

' < -. .~~--.- . ~-~.~-"-.-~-, .-------,------~-- . . . .- . - . _ - _. . . . . . .

Flbf:o bo,o
, Typo 1 un<lnrloy
, Typo 2 sellfinisheu folt. Grade

40

Type 2 sell'finished Iclt. Grode 2


~ypo 2 selllinished felt. Grede 3
Hassian base
.Type 3 sell-finished lelt. Grade 1
"<'~Typo 3 selffinished felt, Grado 2

20

27.2
35.0

20

44.4

10

31.8

20

45.4
37.2

10'

.1

I
I

Weight

45

,.

Ouanlitio5 of mnterials roquired por 100 sq. ft. for difforent typo
of bituminous construction
f..1clhoJ or cons tn.

Bitumen

AU(lrog"to

---_ _-_.
...

(I)

(2)

Sir.:;!e ('VJt .sur/aCt;


d, os", IflU

cost

Two

For b!ind,19u 5 eft .

surf ace

do

1 ~t cOill

6 cit.

2rld C-OJt

31..

I.~ u I {, I

2". Grvuriny

13linu,j{jc fot Qrout


B finda9!J for sOill
I

(4)

3"

Glouring

( r;)

3~ SJifJIrnncJdl~m

2"

SI/(~h(l.!t(J

20 cit.
0

"

31.

COd [

I', Metul

I,
(!' )

1 st coat
2nd coat

For blindil!)" of

dross;":,!

(.J)

40lbs

l3lint/,lUu ror urDlI!


Blintl~ue ror stli

30 cit.
6 cit.

31 "

MOlal
BlinrJage 101
sealcoJt

30 cit.

Meti!!
Stand for shclcrr.to
Stand "(or ::i/jillcoat

16 eft,
8,.

I,
II

251bs.

45

Grout

1iOloS.

30

SOuleo"1

i
"

.[

Grout

Se,,1

165 Ibs.
30 .,

Stone
Sealeoa!

105 Ibs,

Slono
Sand
Sealeou!
Painting

5G Ius,

32

64
10

curbs

(/)

2 ~" S.llelcrete

Motal
$[,111'.1 li~r .!!ldcretiJ
~;t,Jnc1

(Ii)

1" S/Jil/S/10<J{

for sC<J!CO[J(

'" P((!m;x chlfJping

StO{l(~

2"

5!

S tonC! chip!)

Sand

(9)

20 cl t.
to"

5\

ellips

cit.

..

10 cit,

C<i{ pel

(; OJ

1 ~ .. F'u'mix chl}}{u?fj
cdrpet

Stone chirJs

15 cit.

--

,.
!

I.,'

"

.
"

Stolle

70 Ibs.

Si.iI1U

80

SCQ[CULI[

16

P<Jinlinu
curbs

Chips
S<Hnj

"

19.25 Ibs.

44

"
"

Tackcont

20

Chips
TiicKcont

401bs.

Chips
So"lco,,!

601bs,

15

20
i

4G

.1

2 ..

"

I.

Tobie 42
Strenothn of Wiro

po
"

"

Doscrintlon

Ropos
Waln"l
Ib/lt

LDia
inch

Ut~lil'kllltj t-~i1(i
IlJti
Iron
Cast sreol

.-

, Hoisiing rope 6 strands


of ~9 wires each about
s hempcoro
,

5!8
3:4
7/8
1

I"

.!' .

;
)

Stranding ropo 6 strands


of 7 wiros each

4800

.125
.15
.22
,30
,39
,50
,62

5,B

,B9

3,4

7;B

1.20
1.58

9600
13000
16800

7800

1.20
1,58

9/32
5/16
3'8
7',16
112
9 16

--------

5800

.30
.39
.50
.62
.89

7/18
li2
9,'16

"

.22

3/8

9400

20000

12000
17000
23600
29000

23000
33000
46000
60000

2400
3400
4400
5200
7400
9600
12006
17600
24000
30000

5000
7000
9200
11000
15400
20000
26000
37200

4BOOO

62000

,Working LO"d to bo 1/6th 01 brOOking load,

Tablo 43
Stronr.Jth of Manilla Ropoa
(Moniln Hemp Plain Laid)
Circum.
leronce
inch

11

11
1~
2
21
'2\

21

31

Dio
inch
.24
.32
.40
.48
, .5'6
,6,:

.72

,80

,B7

,95
1,03

I
---c

Woight
Ib,lt
.02
.03
,05
.08
.10
,14
.17
,21
,26
,31
,30

Breaking
Load

I Circum
loronco
inch

Lbs

3\

700
1000
1800
2500
3000
4000
5000
5500
6600
7800
9200

3~

4\

5
5\
6
7

8
9
10

Dia
inch

1.16
1,19
1.27
1.43
1.59
1.75
'1.90
2,22
2,54
2,87
3,14

Breaking
Weight
Load
Ib/it
Lbs
\

.42
.47
.54
.67
.83
1.00
1.21
1,63
2,17
2.70
3,33

10500
12200
13700
17400
21800
27700
31000
36200
47300 '
60000
74200

Working Load ~ c X Breaking load for new ropos, C ~ .14 for spoods 50 to 100 It/min:
c -: .056 lor spoeds 150 to 300 fllm;'n! c - ,028 for speods 400 to 800 frimin.
l

ji

i,

, I

47

Tabla 44

,Stronuth of .Crollo Rope

---------~--------~~------------~-------------i
i
.
Silu of

(:::~~~~~~1'

1".'I,mee)

Actual breaking load (Tons)

I'WI. 0110 11.1

Dia. of

\', ire

jl~il~~5

le~l~5th 1-"~80-90 '-I-gO- --100-'1'-

.100-110 1 110 --'-120


.--,,-- ......-.--.----.----.-'-------;-------,-----7-.,,--'-

6.:1
8.1
9.8

5'8

11/16

21

13{1 U'

2~

...
3

1
1
1
1
1
1 ~i:8
1 i j2
1 9; 16
1 5:8
1 11 JIG

3}
3\
~~

"

14.1
. 18.5
21.8

22.2
26.8
30.5
36

24.6
29.7

32.5

20

24

1 G.!i
19

27,3

25

4~

:l2,3
31.1

28

54

67
74
82

43
47
51
55

88
9G

34

37

39.9
46

43.6
50.4

tiD
66
72
81
90
100

60

60

'66

83
90
98

82
91
99
107

lOG

11 6

67
75

/jO

27

53

41.5
48

49
53

32
35
39

I 13.16

13

16.8
20

13.9

22

34

11.7

15.2
18

16.2

11.8

7/8
15 116
1/1 6
118
3/1 G
1"4
5/16

"};J

10.5
13.7

74

108
117
1 ~'7

1'81>1045

Stnl!lot/I flllt! Weioht of Chains

-"'._---.---..._----""-"----.'''.....---.......'''----;------------

B
. I SIze.o I
V'/cight.
_n~[1 k'-Ing ...S IIO 0 I
\'Veight I",
urea,;lOg
Ib'lt
Lo,t!
Chair(
Ib It
Load
Challl
'.
Lbs.
Irldll~$ I
'.
I,
Lbs.
Inctll.:!S
._..--.....--.- ,.--,..---_.-.. _-_ ......._- ...
._,-----

S ;iC..o I

'I

I
Inche~:
Clwln

...

,I

_----_. __

O.7f.i

3804

1.&

, B372
154 bb

2.5
1.1
0.2

-r or wOlkirJO

Weight 1 Hwoking
Ib;1I
Load
Lbs .

23328
34776

7.8

8,4

1,8

10.!;

44968!
59130!

1 1,2
1 58

13.0

75152

1 3.4

'\/11

i 0.0
19.2

3,8

_.

23
i 138056
28! 148764
i
1 G4G4 0
35
1188729.
.40
1215040

31,

92400 I 1 7,8
1111496[ 2

.:-::----'-----'---.....:.-_-'---..

L.U;)d usa a lilctor 01 sii/e!y of 6

Tabla 46

Hoop Iron--Dirnol1!lio.l1s nnt! Weig'!1t in Ibs.jft. run.

[\lfl~~I~h ~.;-"~ 7i8

21.I ;WT-19
I
I
-.-.--._
-------.----- ... \';;;.Ti'tl.%G6\087si121GI-1l'3U\
U. W.
G"e ,I"

,IB

......~

~_11_ L~L_i

17

Il

~--.-

r-;

G 'I

,21

2::

1 . 15 :I 15'1~-r-~-;--I-;t-112
I.
--r . 1. 38 1.36
r-G34i714F

.-.------.---~----.

-.---- . -----..............-----....

11

27

.......--.-....
1'.1

'

'--'-,--

\".484

....---..:....-....................

I
~

..

~---- -~-'.

:I

.'

d
Table 47

.,.

"

Woight in Llls.of Standard Bolts und Nuts


(Hexauonal Hoad ilfld Nut)
I

E ....

3:

~ ~
..... Eo~.c:
.co .... _ t )
'Ol:::"-o O.S

eo]

~oroEc:

\1).a

-'

01

.c

0 ,-

.i
1 .

1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2

,3
3
3

Diameter of Bolts in inches


)Il
I'

1[4

3:8
I
------ __ --.----.--....

1/8
1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8, '
3/4
7/8
2 '
1/4
1/2
3/4
3
1/4
1/2
3/~

4
4 1{4
4 1/2
4 3/4:'
5
6 1/4
.5 1/2
5 3/4
6

.042
.044
.045
.047
.049
.050
.052
.054
.056
,059
,063
.065
.068
,071
,075
.070

.082
.085

.OWI
,00:',

.09G
,099
.103
.106
.110

-----.'.-,
WolOhl In
Ibs. of ono

.0134

112
..

.106
.. 11 0
.114
.118
.122
.126
.130
,134
,138
.145
.153
.1 61
.160
.177

.-._----------_ ..

.185

.452-

,463
.484
.506
.528
.540
.671

.4 31

,445

.459
,472

,988

1.01 n
1.050
1.081
1.113
1.144
1.175
1.207
1,238

.7B~

.486
.500

.810

"" ..".--" ._._......._. ".......

- ".

'.O'J57

,0345

.92[,
.956

,Gn~

.G15
.637
,GliB
,G80
,702
.724
.745
.767

.403
.417

,263

.612
.fl28
.643 .
.659
.675
.690
.706
.722
.737
.769
.BOO
.831
.802
.891

.376
.387
.398
,408
.419
,430
,441

.1594

-,

...

... --- --" ...

.944
.965
.. 986
1.008
1.029
1.050
1.072
1.114
1.157
1.199
1.242
1.284
1.327
1.369
1.412
1.455
U07
1.540
. 1.582
. 1.625
1.667

Weight in
Ibs. of '

Shnnk pbr
Inch of
length.

I'

.0139

.0313

I .0557

.0869

2,005

2.061
2.116
2.172
2.228
2,283
2,:33(1
2.3D4

1.740

"'~~'-'----'--'--'--~---'~.

.2164

1.394
1.421
1".449
'1.477
1,505
~ .561
1.(.,16
1.672
1.727
1.783
1.838
1.893
1.950

1.7[;3

.3203

Nut

-.-- .....1'--- u , _ , ............ .


I

7(8

3.4

--.--~.----.

.222
.229
.236
.243 ,
,250
.257
.264
.271
.278
.292
.305
.319
.333
,347
,361
.375
.389

.102
,200
.208
,216
.224
.232
,240
,247
.755

~l~-

58

...- - . - - -

.4611

1-_.... ..--_
.1252

.2225

.1703

49
,

Tubl" 4B

I\pproxlmato COUllt of Hound Mild Stool Wiro Nulls


- .... -~-" -.-----"~"'''-'''-''''-''--r-- ,~~~,,---.
r 'P'i

L HI' o}

.}

.)1 no";

rnr:'

O!<1 ~lr
Illl ~,j t'u,.1, tl I
I, ::..t:.iII~ Ii d'4in,do:! 1"1'1"""
N.Il1

I,

-,--.~~---~.--- ~-

Pl:tin Iw:' I
! 1,11':.

H0

2UlI .

U, IJ

II.i ()
11;.0
1I.. fj
12,6
11,2
11,2 .
10,0
10,0

17~

[j,3

6,3
'5,6

100

4;5

~l,O

100
100
90
90
90

4,0

8,0
2.0

100

,0

90

8,0

105
110
120
140
150

5.6
5,0
~l.O

3,b'::.i
4.5
4,0

eo
,to

3,55 ,

'1 'J

"'.\.-, 1
~ (,7, I

355

2. t)

i
2241

1. r: I) I
3.1 :) :
2.B, r

1 )4 1
3, i Ij
:1. P-

2 !)

50
50
50

I\t.i

2,2,'
2,0
2.5

'15

2,:~<1

~H)

40

",1

2G

~1I

50 Clout, State
GO ur Fult Noils

1.1

:190
1~50

r~

\80

G.:t
S,n

230

Ex tea

350

t.?::~<:!"

~) ,I;

5.i')

~,

,e

hcad
Felt llellS

II

15
12

25

,1'\0

Roolin9
Ilails (~or1VU!:!

550
GOO

point)

GGO
COO

50

Punci pins

~BQ

5.6

2,8
2,5
2,24
2,8

20
15
12
80
70

440

1,1
C.3

30
30
30
25
20
20

5.0
'j, 1

2,5
2.24

25

lYO

()

40
40

45

290

h',O(l,O";""1

GO
50

2.0

5,6

800

2.5

640
700

;0
30
30
2"

1,0

l.G

L~~'

L:.i

} Jl

'-"--""---.- ..

5.G
!J.O
~) . f)

25

4 ,UI-

I
i,

~~ .4

15
1S
12
12
La!h IlJils

40

!)O'JO
391,0

6.3

80

5/)

150

ii

~4

"

20
20

lnO

4,0
2110
.,1 'J i 2710
:l I 3740

It.U
!

."

'l40

1000
~).O , 1050
50 , '170
fl, f:- i 1>110
G,O j 11,30

r,

~;. ()
'

,
,I

200
/. .~' (J

,~OO
.;.~-:.-~,----.----

11.0
10.4
10.4
IDA
8,2

7.4
9.2
-:'.2 .

2.8
2,5
2,24
2,0

1 !). 1
1 5,1
134
13.4

2,8
2.G
2.2
2,2
2,0
2,2
2,0
2,0

1.8

1.8

1.25
1,0
1,25
1,0

20

2.0

20

1.8

40

4,5

2:0

~.O

.. ----.-.--~---

1030 '
1 \ OO!
1

.~,

2,0
1,8
1,5
1.6
1.4
1,6
1.4
1.4
1,25

1.8

..
7.4

11.0
11.0
11.0
1 \.(1 I

2.8

25

900

6,0

6,3
6,3
5,6
5,6

25

9uO

9.2
8.2

2.8
2,8
2,8

1.4

l.B

1.4

II

I
\
I

230
285
330
385
570
700
660
825

7.4

I
9,2

2.5

2,0
2,0
/. ,0

30

/{'cdl (~11 i I $

3.. 55

40

Nili1S

PIIII.U,'

3.1
1.!;
2,2
2,0
1.8

1.4

3.15
3.15
3,15

Nu.ol

:1.1

2,24

1.25

-'"
A;,;,,,,,

II""
1ll!l1

2.2,1

2[,;

dl"llllt!tll

mm

20
12
50
50

0,3
:).0

Slunk

1.11
1 ,13

40

I 4.C

'-'-,

50
40

650

I 1 U{J
8(;
:L:-5
\ ",II} \ :'1. i ~'I
, 'I' ) ~~

---

I
G.O I

~ )J_~ I

f.~ (;

[J,O

8.0
H.O

5.6

7(;
.'

8.0

5.G

1 ' ,;,
1/1

!nm

80
90

:;.0

I
t."') 1

25'

I, I,
I

.oj

2,:? 11
':U
,\0
2 I) ,
35 I 2.24 ,
]!;
7.0
JO
7,0
:JO i Ui
2~.l I Z,O

'

if;

? ::'

Fi''">
,( I':
"
:.)

II

""'-

r';

3.55 I
40.1

fj ~.i

rui!

'I
10
\ ~!
L2
30
35
40

150
150
125
125
100

Sf;

T,!,';Jtt 01

-..-.---,--

..

:, :' ~ i .

U0

----,,--,Oio ul

Lcn{},l\

1.1(;/ ,,(1

20.0

70
70

,I,!.:

' S

10,0

'10

L,

111(1\

250

81)

1".,"
, ",-1

l,ifH

5, ()
5,5
5.G
G,O

5,6
5,0
9.0
B.0

8\0

.---------'------~---

...

Tollia .1D

COl1lont Conslimption Statemont


i

1'~-' ~ o~;o

1 .-

of wod.

n:;,,:rl.lr

k(l,

1- : 1 (1 cernollt : 1 :,dlld)

Cll. TTl,

.'

1:2
1:3
1:4
1:5
1:6

",

QUilntity of cemant
per unit quantity

U oi t

Description

.'
.'

1020
680
510
380
310

250

2, Coment lima mortnr

I)
)

3.

)
)

25q
220
190
1 ;'0
130

"

"

"

,)

4.

r,10

DOnrC():ltn)

'.

1 :11 : 3
1 : I. : 4
1 : 3 :' 6
1:4:8
1 : 5 : 10
1 : G : 12

Cament ConcrC!to

1 : 1 : 2 (1 cement: 1 Gilnd: 2 OfMicd

) ,

410

1 : 1 : 6.
1:1:7
1:1:8
1:2:9
1 : 3 : 12

)
}

1 : 1 :.3 (1 cernont : 1 limu putly : 3 $,lnd)

4(}(}

320

220
170
130
11 Q

Damp proof COIH$e

with cement concrete 1 :,2: 4


Sq. m.

25 mm thick,
40 mm thick
,6Ci mm thick

8
'13
16

6.

~rlck

Work
!n CQlllont mOltol
I

1 : 3 (' coment : 3 sand)


Cu, m,

with modulor brick.


with FPS bricks
.In cement mortar 1 : 4 with

,,i

modular bricks
; FPS bricks

"

) 12
128
84
. .95

... , : hi cement mal tnr 1 : 5 wilh


68
78

modular bricks
FPS bricks

51

('"1

---------_._--_.-. --------

Quantity of CUlllen!

Unit

Doscription
-

------------_.- --- ---------------------------_.

por ullit qutJrl1ity


of wOfk
-----------...,----

ky.

in cenwl,t mQrtar 1 : 6 with


Cu, m.

m(;du!:H bricks
FPS Llicks

in cenH'.l1t lime mortar 1

,-: 6 with

rnodulnr bricks
FPS Inieks

in

"

Cf'rnl~l1t

55

"
"

lime rnort,H 1

62

7 with

rl'1or.hl1:H briey.s

48

FPS bricks

55

"'1;'1l~"rd liulClllort<lf

J:

8 with

:!lo,'uial brid.s

42

HJE;

48

1;1

ich

in cenV~~1t !irl!'~ 11l0JtiH 1


rno,!:.d,1f bricks

2:

n \,1/ith

in \;I:n;uflt IinlB mortnr 1 : ;1 ; 12 with


iH:d,,:d!
t=P::-~

37

I:PS LriJ.:r-s

li.

55
62

42

..

l.Jd~k3

:i9
38

brid.s

- Hall b,ick wOIk


ill {;Qf!:!.nt mOl 1m 1 ; 3 with or .....,itlludt

Sq.

1100'f' ;(OIl-;-Modul;Jr b!icks


FP~'; bricks

Ill.

12_75
14.2B

"

in Ci.'P)I:i:t rt\~)rtJr 1 :.4 '.'Ji!h

lliodu!iJ:

i_,~:~:~

<:;

F PS brick
iIi r:Of!":.int limo !TIur!Jr 1 : \ : G

rnodulJI

t.)li'~k:,

6.25

"

7.00

FPS brick:;

7,

Rand,~;n

rubble masonry

In fouwJJ-tion and plinth 5uper structure


irlcludi,IIU levt:llinU up . :111 c!JnllHlt concrete
1 : 6 : 12 (20 Inm iJ]o(elj<lte) ilt p1if~th level,
windo'b' sills, ceiling level ;;iih
cement IllOrtar 1 : G
cement tim!:. mortar 1 : 1 : 8
j

Cll.

nl.

85
-, 55

111.fc:u:!JJtiolt <J1~d plilltll.;.t.q;l!f "itructiJ(lj /.. ith


cr~lnt:nt IIwnct.1

1G

C:8nh:nt lim!? rnort,lr 1

75

"

57

52

,
(,

"

!:

~.

,.,

..,
'

Teble

J9 Condt.
Quantity of cemont

~--------.---,

..

. per unit quantity

Unit

Description

of work

----

"

kg,

g, Ashlar masonry

Ih

plain ashlar punched (ordinary) in


sLperstructure in c. m. 1 : 6 including

~ointing

with G. m. 1 : 2 with an admixture

o.f pigment matching the stone shade

Cu.m

, ih

plain ashlar in arches, domeS, punched


::' '(brdinary) in supor structure in c, m, 1 : 3
"'including pointing with white c. m. 1 : 2
with an admixture. of pigmant matGhing
the stone shado
10.

"

107

Sq; m.

12.2
17.0
20.?
28.2

Comont Conr.rota flooring

Flooring in cement concrete 1 : 2 : 4 finished


with a floating coat of noal coment including
camont slurry, rounding of edgos and strips
etc;, but axcluding co,t of nosing of steps
ate., completa
.',-

25 mm thick with 12.5 mm stone aggregate


40 mm thick with. 20mm
50 n;m
"
75 mm
"

"

11. Cement plaster


12 mm.1 : 3 (1 cement: 3 sand)
1,2 mm 1 : 4
112 rnrn 1 :6
12 mm 1 : 6
]6 mm 1 : 3
1;5 mm 1 : 4
15 mm 1 : 5
'16 mm 1 : 6
20 mm 1 ; 3
20 mm 1 : 4
, 20 mrn 1 : 5
';20 mm 1 : G

.,
~

,.,

"
"

"
"

"
"
"
'.
"

Cumon! plastor with a floating coat of noat coment

, ,12 mm 1 : 4
1 B mm' 1 ; 3
1'6 mm 1 : 4

"

"

20 mm 1 : 3
20 mm 1 : 4
I

;
-I

"

53

4'.40\

3.60
8.77
6.54
5.33
4.30
11.42
8.51
6.94
5.60
i

Sq. m.

12 mm 1 : 3

7,~4

6047

9.51
7.67
10.117

8,74
1" 02
10.71,

:
I

"

QUlIntity of CUItHlIl(

D\J"~~ripli~J/l

..,._1:t,

-----~-

Unit

.._----, _._.. -- ..-.- ..... "--,, ...

-.----~,-~

... _-

- ... -_.. -.'

por unit qllllfltity


of work
-~".-

....

---~

.. '"

CI'rtlt'lll pl,l!itnr ill two ('rI;ll ..

111 111111 tllkl, Lr'jlIIJlIi plrl-.II, ill 1-.','11 C/l'U5.

urlth!1 byer 01 12 nllll thick C(:l7ltJllt p[;)stcr

1 : 5 lif1i!>hud with il top lJyel 6 flll1l-thick

cement plaster 1 : 6

Sq.m

6.26

, 8 l1un t/lick cernunt pl,l~;tl)r in two CO,1IS,


(Jltr.lt'r I;rycr of 12 nUll thid. ((:f/lent pLl~~tt!r
1 : 5 ;JIlt! top layer 6 mr11 thitl, with
~J!n1f:ril plti~.t~r

12

HUll

1 : 3

8.13
9,79
11.70
15.23

c~r'neflt plaster 1 : 2. (1 cf.!rnent:,2 stoncdust)

15 mlfl Cf:rn"Hlt plaster 1 ': 2


~!rj lTun cement pl~lster 1 ; 2

'\11.

6 mOi Cl:/Ilent plas(Cr

10 ceilil1G witll 1 : 3 (1 Ce'ri"'rt : 3 50cd)


10 cf;ilill!j with 1 : 4
(\ nill; c;;rnullt pl;J_st(~1 1 13 fllJi!;tH!d

3.67

2.74

.. nth 'I !Iooling coat uf rieilt c.:urnl!tll

15.

Cem~:nt

5.87

lime plaster

12 nllf11 : 1 : 6 (1 U'IIH'1I1: 1 lipl(~P"1t'(: G s""nd)


121111111:1:7
1 2 min 1 : 1 , 8

:l.LO
'.

12 rnm 1 : 2 : 9
.1 Grill)) 1
15

nH/I

1: 0

1 '; 1 : 7

~1~rnrn1:1:8

1 to fnln 1 :.2 : 9
18 film IfJir;k !WC] (;Oal3, lIPdt'r JH'r'I~1 01 12 mm
Lj~m(~ld plaitvr 1 :' 5 fll!i~~I-:(Jd With {) 111m eomont

liliie'

pli~5tur

1: 1: 6

1, : 7

1, 1: 8
16,

3,17
2.74
2.45
4.30
3.78
3.27
2.92

..
"

'.

6.26
6.04
5.83

Rcu9!1 Cdst plar.ter

Rouqh cast plaster with a mixture 0/ SiJnd .1nd


ql<!vel IJr (.;u:~hl:d stOflu It~/1f1 2.:W IIItrl io' 12,5
/lIDl 110H)inaj SilO d.)shccJ 01/>.)[ <1II(J including
the frt~,:.;h p!ilster in t ....... o 'Jy~rS, top I,Jyer 01 10
rmll CI~mp.rH pIJ::.[(;( 1 : 3 mixc:u '~\litl) 10'~
finely ground hydratou lime by \'oluI'IIC of
cement and under layer of 12rnl1l cement piaster

1 : 4 with o"rdinary cement finish or

11.59

cement and pigment finish

54

I'
I

.[

,.-~-

J~

Table

contd.

Q\./antity Qj"coment

Description

~ : 5 with ordinary cement finish or


1'/

pur unit quantity


01 work

Unit

Sq.1)l

cer',"nt and pigment finish

Kg.
10.58

17, Pr.bblo dash plaster

Pebble dash pl<lster with n mixture of wa5h


",' ed pebble or crushed stono omm to 12.50101
nominal sizo dash Over and Including fresh
pi astor In two layors, top layer 10mm
coment plostor 1 : 3, mix with 10j; finely
ground hydrated limo Dnd u,,,lor layer
12 mm cemont plaster

1; 4
1;5

10.58
9.72

"

1 ;6

18.

11.S:)

Pointing on Brickwork
Flush or ruled or cut or weathered pointing on
brickwork with cement mortar 1 : 3
Ralsod and cUl.lJointinn on brickwork
with con"lnt mortn! 1 : 3
Flu~h or wind or cut Or wootflorau pointing on
brickwork Wilh corMnl !low mOrliJr 1 ; 1 : 3
Flush or IIlled poinling on brick flcarino witll

1.53

"
"

Comont mortar 1 : 2
Cement mortor 1 : 4

"

Cemont mortar 1 : 6

19.

2.3.5

1.23
1.36
0.76
0.60

Pointing on tile brickwork


Flush or rulod or cut Or weathered pointing on

, ,1,' 1110 brickwork with comont mortor 1 : 3


I

'\ I

"

Flush or :uled or cut or weathorod pointing on


1110 brickWork with cement limo morlar 1 : 1 : 3

1.89

'-.~W~:,It;" Flush or ruled

or cut or weathered pointing


on tilo brickwork with a mixture of white
cement lime marble dust and stone dust in
proportion I :' 1 ; 1 : 1 (l white cement;
1 marble dust: 1 stone dust: 1 limo putty)

.1

..

2.35

0.74
(whito cement)

"

. 20., POinting on stone work

.,'

Flush or rulod painting on stone work with

:.; '.: cement mortar 1 : 3

Raised and. cut pointing on stone work with


cement moitar'l : 3

55

'.

1.17

'.

1.94

i,'

i-

-.----.--------.-------~-=--:-~--

Unil

D!scriptioll

_._.._-----,,--------------------

Quantity of C~mont
: per unit qu,ntily
of wOII,
.

-------------------

kg.:'"

Rnisod 3nd cut pointing

011

slone work with

'whitf} Cnr11ent mortar 1 : 3

Sq.m

1.94
(Whito cornont)

~tiJb(:u .Hld cut pointinu on stone work with


white cumcnt lime mortar i : 1 : 1 : 1

O.G1
(whilO cemenl)

Flusl1 or rulod po'illtlnu on white stortU s!Jb

0.24

P.:JV(;!lit;nt Y,'itll whitn Ct'fnL'llt lilllo

rnol t':11

I :1 :1 :1

(while cemonl)

Flu';h or ruled pointitlo on stono Slilbs


eellillU wittl cement llIo/tor 1 : 2

NOlO:

1.02

Ccllwnt cOrlsumpti,6n fOt pointing is sarna for FPS and me jular bricks.
{The above tub!a is bnsuu Oil til/} Ct'/~;Cf1t consu!11plioil st.:-:tl.;lrlont givon in the
'Schedule 01 Hales' buok by CPWD .. -Dolhi)
.

rabl. 43 (!I)

Wat(H AS"(j~~rnallt fot Building Works


2250 jitresicu,m.
PIJteling Wad,:.s

85 litles/sq. m.

POirltillU Works

60

Whitt! washjnG

111](

coat

.'

3
130lilleslcu.IlL

(W.JtL'1 requiTed

fOT

cwing' 13 1f"IClud(id in the abovo table)

,"

5G

.-~

..

Tadle 49 (b)

. CONCRETE MIXES ~ REQUIREMENT OF MATERIALS PER CU M OF CONCRETE

Grade

Cement in
bags of 50 kg.

10 mm max. size

Sand

Water

1.120

7.80

M15
Ml0

6.20
4-.40

M7.5
1.15

3.40
2.70

20 mm max. size

Coarse Agg. Water

Work-

40 mm maXI size

Sand

Coarse Agg.

Water

Sand

ability
Coarse Agg.

litres

cum

cum

fines

cu m

cu m

litms

cum

cu m

211

0.55

0 ..51

187.50

0.46.

0.66

164

0.38

0.79

186
167.50

0.50
0-.41

0.66
0.82

161.50 0.43
145.50 0.38

0.79
0.90

146.50 0.41
146
0.43

0.90
0.90.

Slump

mm
Stilt
plastic

-doVery
stiff
-do-do--

3080
3080

Note
Correction for bulking of sand and moisture cont~nt not done.
The. quantities of cement indic.ated t3b-Ove are approximale .requirements subject to v.1riations as per exigencies at site and quality and glraai!rrng
of fine and coarse aggregates (necessity: - Exigency)
. Table 49 (c)

CONCRETE MIXES - REQUIREMENT OF MATERIALS IN KG's PER BAG OF CEMENT (50 KG)
Grade

Cement by
wt.

10 rom max. size

Water

Sand

kg

litres

kg

kg

Jitre5

kg

M20

50

27

113 .

104

24

94

M15.
1'.110

50
50

30

129
150.

M7.5
M5

50
50

Coarse Agg. Water

33

Sand

Fineness modu Ius of sand - 2.70;

SP. gravity of cement _ 3.05, CA _

Sand

litres

kg

kg

135

21

78

161

.169
29S

26
33

110
139

203
327

43
54

193
254

424
533

kg .

2.6~

ability
Coarse Agg.

Water

Coo,s<> Agg.

Assumptions
Bulk density of C. A. & sand ... 1600 kgjcu m; cement -- 1450 kg;'cu m
Note: Correction for moistl.!re Content not done .

VVork-

40 mm max. size

20 mm max. size

"",) sand - 2.69

$1.._ .

."",p
lIilrIlIm

Stilt 3TI'...9TI!
plastic
-do- 3:ID-!f<ll
Very
stiff
-do-do

Roduction instrongth of cement due to storago


lids table shows the tlPPfoximatc reduction in tl10 28-diTf strength

cOllcreto due to stora'go of cement


After storage of 3 months
Aft"r SlOIJ\lU uf 6 monlhs

'

of 1 year'
Aller .WrOU" of 2 yearS
f.t{)lO{ll:!

I\f ItH

'

20~.

minimum

30,..

minimum

40r..

mini"(!,urn

50~~

IJlinimUIlI

of
'

Tnbla 51

AVDilable sizes of plywood bonrds forlorm work .


IS:

tIn

errl

elll

... __ .-,.. -..... - .--' , ..

1.40 ~ 120 or 8'


;10 x 90 '" 8'
1.10 x 120
210 x 9J
180 x 120
: Sf)

,,9<}U' 1969

7' x 4'
7' x 3'
6' x 4'
6' x 3'

"

x 90

"

e'll
or

150 x 120
150 x 90
120 x 120

4'

, 3'
"

~.-----.

120 x

90

120 x
90 x

60

"

"
"
"

90

5' x 4'
5'
4'
4'
4'
3'

x 3'
x 4'
x 3',
x 2'
x 3'

Tublo 52
f,ilQ

--_

of TI1111Jor for FOfrnwork

_._...........,._ -Pilrt of Forrnwol~.


.. _--,"._,...,..--,-------,--,-----Tirnue, Thi\;;kfi0.:iS or
.. ...
------- __ 'I
25 to GO mm

.--~---.-

---,-.~,.--'

S.;!

"

---_.

-'.--~.-

...

S!IOt!ting

BerlIn and column <;id(l:;

25 1050

I:h~;!rij Ur)ttolTl!l

50 rnlll .

nllTl

50x100 mn1 \0 75x200 nlln


Lcdocrs

GO,t; 100 rnm \0 75x200 111m

Post.:;

75x1 00 rnm \0 150x150 mill

Column Yokes

50x 100 m,,1 to 1 OOx 100 mOl


50x 100 rnn1 10 150x150 mrn

58

"

."

,....

'",.,iJ<u and PIY'vvood roqlli(OI1"",t for columt1s (fig, 2)'


; U,';il.~ .';~;! ~'I)r iu'.'\ !t;I\Utll (Ul) O:dH) kngth at column}',

:'!'::;!;:~;;-,'--i'---;;:\:i:".~~:0'~;~~''~~""'r~'--p-I\-"."'v;)~:~:--l--~~

I
~.

"

'~~"?'t~--~, ".~-.

ltill \ !:.q,

i' .

,
~

f1(:f!IiI!:;:f,

H!., In

U.en

v. v::; c...J

3.575-

1.U~()

O.C,G9
Ii 11 1

: '. : .~
.' l!..i

i ~"f

"

~, ' C) : l

.~~

"

10

" ,: a

,
.........

, ~ ..
.;'J\, -". ~ ...

~. j

,. BI
~

4:;;'~:;'L'::1U

.. I' I

~>

I,
.1

4.675
5.7"15
6.1 27
!L 125
.~ ,{i 7 [}

0.062'\.}'06G I
! ,,! ."\(1~'

.]

..

~'.;.~{ '

"
...ti,Gl:i :; I
0.081(l
,~,,'

1.425

3x2 illdp..1s

fIt

! :)60
1 .iiljfl

,.

"1.267

ts,:.!~ti

1.~:.:t
t .GU3

.6.B75

2.0~l;

';;.:.1 iilclws

f'

f:. :..'i';' ~ :;~"\)

plV\\UOU

plywoI)t!

;;.~... c.'.f;.; ,~.,)

!.~O!,) ;d; '~"::'

', .. ' .H)

"

\ .'.' ~ 1j

.JUl.),;'} Lv

~:'

JlJo .... t;'):)

"

JOC:.~II()O

"

~.' J;}

~ .: "'2 A
1l., I H

1 .'

"J!)O "i."7 uP

ItL~4!. d

1:,.<!0

J}fj).~ . ()U

1!.. .Z4

3'/ 5~ (J(;O

"

"

tr;(l,.(;r."'l)

; ',):".; ~ .,' :.1 ".1

,
I

..,... "' .....

... ';

.:.;.;U:. i.l\.;')

. :; u

. 5,':C'>, 7ti':

~-,-

..... __ ...... _. ,r..,.,." " ........., ... _.,,,,,

.
." a+t/~t-1,625,
.-.... ,-.-.-'2..---.1' 0.367
cu.ft.,ft .
I

.'.'",

.,' ; b' .!

1 [i'I '.;

\.1

,. .':,/ CV.fL/fl.

"

( 1.1. i,

.. .
. ,.',.

".

",-<

.~;~~

Table 53' (8)

..

.)~i~t~~~:ntil; in in:~~~iCkIS:. f~.~.~i:~:S~:rC:.nt:iO:fls::OOd


-

o.
DePth

FO~!no

300 mm

,It

.1~.'26

2x 2m

tt.44

\saCl(ing\SUPfH -.
Timbor

Ply_

limb"r; wood

3.61

1.5 x 2m

3.33

1.10 3.17

1.20

1.12 2.54

1.1,/

2.92

1.1010.12210.11711.2010.11310.109

3.42 '1 1.1013.33

3.33

1.0513.53

3.20

1.20 13.09

3.47

1.21

1.0513.36

3.14

2.93

0.12110.119
3.31

3.25

1.21

j'

1.1012.60

2.62

1.15 3.31 i 3.83 : 1.06

1.06 ! 2.73 12.57

2.95

, . 08 0.,2410.1211':32'
1
.
-

1.0B i 3.55

1.'012.~2

1.08 3.39

.. t-lg;';Te~ arc 111 nh:trtc Ur1it~

1.05 0.129:009511.27 0.124 1 0.136 ,. 1.16 0.136i0.126 1.06


1
1.16 3.72 \3.44 1.06
1.05 3.53 12.60 I 1.27 3.39 13.72

1.18 13.33

3.31

::::0 i

3.50 11.16 .3.36 \3.28

3.31 IJ1.15

..

2.98

i331

1,.32' -

Loa 10 .. 07 0.105

1.07 0.139,0.106,1.3010.134,0.45

1.08 2.92

1.07 3.80

2.87

!: 2.90 1i 1.30 13.66

l.laI0.123~O.132, 1.08
1.18 13.36 i 3.611.(;a

13.96

1.07 0.1030.099

1.06 0.134'0.091[1.2910.129:0.136

3.22

i.07 2.82

1.06 3.66 .. 2A9 I\ 1.2913.53 \3.72

2.71

I
I

...:

0.1180.113
3.09

i/

1.0612.90 12.84 1 1.05 f 3.74 12.87 I 1.27 3.63 14.18

1.1010.107 0.109

I I

ii

1.15 0.121 0.140 1 .06

1.0810.130 10.1331 1.18 10.12210.125

.1.063.44

1.34

1.0610.10610.10411.0510 ..13710.10511.2710.13310.153

3.12

1.23 13.17

1.0610.126 0.12111.15

3.0 x 3.5", O~i3510.129

2.62

1.13

1.07 f 3.58

3.72

1.12 f 2.71

1.,512.7612.90

3.63

I\

wOOlj

-----1-------- --

1.13

3.53

':

1.121 0.0991 0~0961 1.10 10.09510.0961 1.34

1.0610.1001.094

1.0710.13110.1281 1.16 IO.1~3

2.5 x 3.5m 0.140,0.130

1._.__-.-_.-_1:

1.,510.,0'10.,06

1.1313.42

3.8313.85 -

2.57

0.11410.108

1.1310.12510.12911.2310.11610.121

3.74

PIY_IB-~~in{l.I)~'UPP~J-~-;;.-IB3C~i~[~~\llo;:I---;;
TiTI'rb()r.. "t~mbtH l WOod
T'IT.!Jet:!1Imhcr

1.0510.12310.1151 1.21

3.33

3.69 .\3.53

2.92

600 mm

550mm

500 mm

1.11

3.12

Plywood quantity in sqJt./sq.ft.-- figures. in sq.m/sq.m

____.. i.,

1.12 0.0930.094

2.0 x 2.5m" 0.140 I 0.141

'3.33

1.20 0.107 0.107

0.13510.137
13.72

._. "od-=~

G:i.c.\l..i,r.1Q;Sl:Ptl::-ftl
: Ir.mtte'r! T;m:J~r i wood

Tlmb-a-r

1.10\0;1.,6 0.114

3.5 x 3.5ml 0.1321 0.122


:.':::

0.122

3.0x3.0mlp.13710.1221 1.0510.12910.12711.21
'3.74

450 mm

la~::.kinglsuPPort
Ply- IB.!IC~;ng:suPPOftlj Ply11mb!!r 1 Timbsr : wood
Timb.er
WOOO<!

2.S.x ?-5mI6.13210.125
1:3.60

400 mm

350 mm

3i:Cl:.inglls~pPOrfl
PlyT_mhor TImber wood

Sin of
Foolino

.-~;

requirement for:.footings tf!~

1.1710.11S.0.124 1.07
!

1.17 13.22

3.39 . 1.07

\
\
f

I
\

.;..

",

IT,

oi/

"'!:.

'"

'_"""'-

Table

timber and plyvvood requirement for beam (fig. 3)


Units
are for foot (or) metre run of beam"
- .--

51. No.

9<12
9<15
9x16
9x18
12x12
12<15
12x16
12x18
15x15
15,,16

5
6
7
8
9

'"

10
11
12
13

15x18

14

15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

23
24
25
26
2"1
28
29
30

15x20
15x24
15<27
16<16
16x18
1 (jx20
16x24
16x27
16x30
16x33
18x18
18<20
18x24
18x27
18x30.
1 Bx33

20x27
20x30
20x33

,
t

mm

230<300
230x375
230<400
230<450
300<300
300x375
300x400
300x450
375x375
375x"00
375x450
375<500
375<600
375<575
400x400
400x450
400x500
400x600
400x675
400x750
400x825
450x450
450x500
450x600
450x675
45Cx 750
450x825
500x675
500x750
500x825

cu,lt;lt

0,736
0.736
0.736
0.736
0.785
0.785
0.785
0.785
0.833
0.833
0.833
0.833
0.833
0.833
0.849
0.849
0.849
0.849
0.849
0.849
0.849
0.882
0E82

0.882
0.882
0.882
O.83~
O.~;15

0.9 1 5
0.91~;

I
I
I
I

Sq. frift

cu.ffijm

0.0774

0.0774
0.0774
0.0774 I
i! 0.0774 '
0.0789
0.0789
0.0789
0.0789
0.0789
0.0789
0.0789
I 0.0819 ,
!, 0.0819 I
: 0.0819 1
0.0819'1
0.0819
0.081~. I
~
0.0850
0.0 850 .
0.0350 :
!

.l!AQ,

I Sq, m;m

cu.ft'lt

I
I

I
i

0,825
0,825
0'825
0.825
1.100
1.100
1.100
1.100
1'375
1'375
1.375
1.375
1.3~5

"375
1.463
1.463
1.463
1'463
1.463
1.4&3
1 463
1.650
1.650
1.650
1.650
1.650
1.6::0
2.02':
2.0"2.1
2.02l

OA21
0.444

0.251
0,251
0.251
0.251
0.335
0.335
0.335
0.335

. OA74

OA19

D,C.57

, . 0.419
I 0.419
0.419

0.::05
CJk:O

,I

I
I
I

O..!52

0,467
0.428
GA51
0.458

0.615
n.E55
'0.:386
O.H)7

0.4';9
0.419

0.446
0.446
0.445

(1 A'S 2.

0.618
0.658
0:638

0.4~6

0.445
0.446
0.446
0.503
0.503
0.503
0.503
.0.503
0.503
0.617
0.617
0.617

cu.m;m

sq, ft'll

---------

,I
0,0684
0,0684
0.0684
0.0684
0.0729
0.0729
0.0729
0.0729
0.0774

Plywood

Timber

Plywood

Timber
"

inches

1
2
3

Sides

Bottom
Beam rib size

0.719

0.,50
0.487

'0.522
0.S12.
0.F,93
D.723
(; 75.1

1
I

D:,:~97

0.:"2H
.,,~

:'::::.

Ii

0,0391
0.0412
0.0420
0.0434
, 00398
0.0419
0.0425
0.0440
,1f 0.0425
0.0432
0.0446
00571
0.0609
0.0637
,I 0.0434
0.0448
0.0074
0.0611
0.0639
0.0668
0.0697
0.0452
0.0578
0.0615
0.064.1
0.C672
0.0700
0.0647
0.0676
0.0704

I
I
I

sq.

-,

Olim
.. -

iI

2,75
3.30
3.48
3.85
2.75
3.30
3.48
3.85
3.30
3A3
3.85
4.22
4.95
5.50
3.48
3.85
4.22
4.95
5.50
6.05
6.60
3.85

I
I
'
!

!
,

!
i

,
i

i'
!

4.22

4.95
5.50
6.05
6.60
5,50
6.05
6.60

,
'

I1

0,838
1.006
1.061
1.174
0.838
1.006
1.061
1.174
1.006
1.061
1'.174
1.286
1.509
1.677
1.061
1.174
1.286
1.509
1.677
1.844
2.012
1.174
1.286
1'.509
1.677
1.844
2.01 ~l
1.67"7
1 .84-!

2.012

ii

._.~~~~1m
Xk-ilkdWM.~~.~-:i$~~t~
~I_'
~. ~~ .L:' "'~':"L ,.~~=-\\\\ft'iJ
. _-

....

...

Sl,

Ne.
Fig, 1

,1

Fig, 2

'J

Fig, 3

Fig, 4 (8)

."" ";-'-':=~11"'"
9
..... "....

Fig. 4 (b)

'_!!':.~.&....-!~...J~AJ .. '''-' ~

"

62

, ,

Table 53

(d)

Timber and Plywood requiromont for slabs (fig, 4)

Timber lor
:
Timber for
bottom
support
Plywood panel
__
_ _-:-____
' _______

No,

0.065

0,020

0.091

0.028:

panels

For steel

~_,_---_

sq.m.sq.m

........ -_...

---'-i-'-'~-'---

F,or plywood

:
iI _ _ f' Plywc',d

I
Icu.1t sq.lt i cU.m sq.m, cu It sq.l! iCU,n11Sq m, sq,lt}sq,I!:

SI.

r.

1.10

1.10

'/

0,095

0,029

sheets

Table 54

Weight of Plywood boards In Kg m'for various thIcknesses

Weight
Kg 1m'

3,90

6.90

13

8,50

19

, 2,40

25

16,30

-~--------

Nota:

.. - - - - - - .

When in wet condition the weight milY incrcilsO up to 30% or ,1bovo

tl3

..'

Tuble 55

Covering c<lpacity of snowcem


This varies oecording to tho porosity and texlures of tho surfaco 'also
whether appliod by brush or spray. Whon mixed to normal conRistotlcy. thn
approximalo covorlng capacity 01 '"p"r .rwwcorn fUI t.wo coot brush work
I,ppllud 011 diflelollt surfaces is as lallows:

Suitable brickworks
In.situ concrete

Cemont/Sand renderings
Cement;Lime i Sand re~delings
Wall and libre boards
Roughcasl and Pebbleda5h
Concroto blocks
CoI'r'l

"

::ill' .~~

laa. .. ''',

",

. .. ..'.

"

Sq. ft.;lb.

Sq. rn;Kg

8 ~ 14
14 - 18

1.65 - 2.9
2.9 - 3.7

10 - 14

2.0 - 2.9

12 - 20
5- 8
8 - 14

2.5 -

4.1
1.0 - 1.6
1.6 - 2.7

~- ','

T'abla 5'S

Weight of floor gratings


For explanatory figurSs see page 65 (Fig. 5)
Weight in kgi sq.m

Bearing bar

------.
RR4

size

mm

'{

R4

R-3

RR3

ZZ4

ZZ3

25 x 3

. 20.65

23'50

' 26.40

29.30

27.82

37.10

2G r. fj

32.21

35,20

41,50

44.40

39.50

52.20

:\0 .3

24.89

27.82

29.77

34.20

31.70

41.00

30 x 5

38.10

41.00

49.77

52.70

' 46.85

59.10

35 ?' 3

28.25

29.30

33.67

37.10

33_70

44'90

35 x 5

43.92

47.34

57.10

60.00

51.24

68.33

x3

32.70

3900

42.00

48.80

44.90

50.00

40 x 5

51.24

54.12

62,90

67.80

61.00

81.50

45 5

56.10

61.00

73.20,

82.50

68.30

92.20

50 x 5

62.50

67.40

80.52

85.40

74.20

98.50

40

. ,' .

'.

"

!,

..

64

'r,
.I

'

'

" j", ..

rOil d""fMipfli jnrnm.

j----.!OO

~n

R-4

,.

._------_ ...

""' 3::;)i

t-~

---

--

-:';

...

I--.,y--..-....,-J
0

$:~:"

E-~~

I"-~--i

~: :::1:=\::1: ~
1--190.......-1

.<~{: ~i:~l
~

,
Z z 4

1-- 100 -...+1

~~
Fig_.5

65

Z 2-)

Table 57

Maximum safe bearing capacity of soils


Maximum .

sse
..... _ ........_._.... _.. - .. _. __._... __ ._._.. _ - - - - - - - - -

Types of Rocks and soils

51. No.
........

_.............._.-

....

, tonnesjsq,m

HOCKS
1.

Hard rock without lamination and defects e.g. granite, trap and diorite

2.

Lorninatod rocks in s?uml condition e. g. SDfld stone and lime stone

3,

Hc~iduol

I;,

depositS 01 sli;)ttuted

and

broken

bed

rock

330
165

"

and hard

sh[]le, cemented material.

90

Golt rock

45

I<ONCOHESIVE SOIL,S
5.

Gravel, sand and gravel, comPact and offoring high resistanco to


penetration when excavated by. tools.

6,

Coarse sand compact and dry

7,

Medium sand, compact and dry

8,

f illo sand, silt (dry Itlmrs oasily pulverised by the lingers)

9.,

Loose grovel or sand gitlvel mix.ture; loose coarse to medium :lund. dry'

10, Fino sand, loose and dry


11. Kankar
12. Sand w.ith clay

45
45
25
15
25
10
32
20

!
1

,~

r
1.~:
I

COHESIVE SOILS
12.,

S(,lt stlUle, hard or stiff cloy in doep bod, dry,

4.5

14.

Medium cloy. roadily indellted with a thumb nail

25

1.5. 'Moist clay and sand clay mixture which can be indonted with
strong thumb pressure,
16,

Soft clLlY indented with moderate 'thumb pressure.

17.

Very soft clLlY which can be p~nctrnt(;d severLiI inches with

15
10

ttlC

tlwrnb

,1 B..

""

BlaCK colton soil or other shrinkable soil or expansive clay in dry


cOfldition (507.. saturation)

10

19,

Redoarlh

20.

Alluvii:ll soil

:":1.

Allu'Jiallo<lrn

9 to 17

22,

PeOI

5 to nil

.:>3,

FrIIs or mode up ground (consolidoted)

30
3 to 9

5
66

"

"

1;,:

SI. No.

Permlssiblo
IODd in

Typo of construction

tlJnncsjsq,m
-_._---_..._ _---...

1. Brick work in .:ement mortar

2.

I:

3.

1:3

"00

do

1 :4

90

do

1 :6

55

4. 'Brick work in lime mortar

45

5. Brick work in mud mortor

27

6,

Brick work in lime mortar Wittl country burnt bricks

35

7.

Bric.k work in mud

8.

Stone masonry; ashlar in cement mortar

9.

do

10 .

do

. 11.

Couraod rubblo

12.

do

13.

do

mort~H

with country burnt bricks

do

do

16;

do

1:3

175

1:0

90
80

in lime mortM
nlD!iOnry

In comont morlnr

:4

110

do

:6

55

50

in lime mortar

14. Random rubble masonry in cement mortar.


15.

16

do

1 :4

90

1 :6

45
35

in lime mOrtar

Block masonry in 1 : 3 cement mortar, average crushing strength


: of block not less than:
i

Ii,

35 kg/sq. em.

27

70 kg/sq. cm.

65

.140 kgJsq. ~m .

105

. 18. Solid cemont concrete block masonry in cement mortar

67

, :3

165

d~_--

T3bf~

59

i,<.S.A. Pipe Schedules


V~lall U.icknc5s in mm; Weight in

!,

sile

mm
Wall

'Wall

WI

Schedule

Double
Extra SHong

Extra
Strong

Standard

Nomina!
.
pipe I O. D.
inches

kn/m

-r----.-.--- ;.-.\-\It

V!t

r \Vdll

\V.11{

10

Schedule
20

l '

en

co

P.
2
2'.
3'

3f.
4
~

6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24

21.341
26.67 ;
33.40 :
42.16 :
48.26,
60.32
73.02
88.9 i
101.6
114.3
141.3
168.3
219.1

273.0
323.8
355.6
406.4
457.2
508.0
609.6

I!

13.06

3.73
3.91
4.55
4.85
5.08
5.54
7.01
7.62

8.08

9.52

. 16.06
8.,,6
21.761 9.52
:'8.23 11.0
,2.49 [ ',,2.7
60~24
12 7
73.76 12.7
81.21 /12.7
93.12/12.7
.105.05 12.7

9.52

116.97 112.7

7.11
8.18

" 9.27
9.52

1.26
1.68
2.50
3.38
4.05
5,43
8.62
11.28

2.77
2.87
3.38
3.56
3.68
3.91
5.16
5.49
5.74
6.02
6.55

9.52

9.52

/ 140 .81
I 9.52 1

12.7

1.621 7.47
7.19! 7.32
3.23 i 9.09
':.46 i 9.70
5.40 110.2
7.47 ! 11.1
nAO J 14.0
15.25 ; 15.2
18.62' 16.15
22.29 17.1
30.92 19.0
42.53 21.9
(;4.57 22.2
81.46
97.36
107.28
123.18
139.07 '
154. 97 1

186.75

30

.--(-,-.. ---1-----_------ -1-'- .-WI

I Waif

Wt
I

2.
1
3.63
5.45 .
7.75
9.54 I
13.44 I
20,39/
27.65
34.00
40.99
57.37
79.11
107.78

W.iI!

----T-

WI

I
54

Schedule

I
i

35
6.
6.35
.
6.35
6.35
6.35
6.35
6.35
6.55

54.63
62.58

70.53
78.47
94.37

7.92

33.28
41.73
49.68
67.98

7.92
7.92

77.92
87.85

9.52

116.97
140.81

9.52

7.04
7.80

8.38.
9.52
9.52
11.1
12.7
14.3

36.76
50.96
'65.14
81.21
93.13
122.12
154.97
209.54

-::"';

-'

Tabla ,59 Contd: .

_:-!1:":

Wall thickness in

"1

schedul ...
'_:;'-'Si:ti;'dUle:"~~I_'-": _Schedule'
4 0 , ;./';60 - i ;,:':/,' 80., . Wall

:
i

--- .1:
1!
2

-2i
3

31

4
5
'-' 6-

-10

f2

14
16
18
20
24

w,

w~n

,. W,' Wall'

15.1
17.4

I.v

WI

2.77
2.87
3.38
3.56
- 3.68
3.91
5.16
5.49
5.74
6.02
6.55
7.11
8.18
9.27
10.3
11.1
12.7

14.3

:;.-:1

Wt --

"

I Wall

14U,"

Schedule
.~~_L

WI

\~::.:.

"1
12.7

310.91
441.30

,14.3
'75.79 .18.2
.4114.59
159.67 25.4
194.64_ 27.8
245.34 30.9
309.55 34.9
381.20 38.1
545.84 46.0

160

Wall

WI

4.75
. 5.54
.. 6.35
6.35
7.14
8.71
9.52
11.1

1.95
2.89
4.23
5_60
7.23
11.10
14.90
21.30

13.5
15.9
18.2
23.0
28.6

I,"",,-?o

186.
. 224.36

253.32

286.33
363.33
441.06639.18

332.72
408.21
507.63
719.16

35.7
40.5
45.2
50.0
59.5

33.51
49_04
67.47
111.18
172.11
238.60
281.49
364.94
459.18
564.24
806.74

Spocing of Pipe StJpDorts

Details 01' Mitered Bends .

TYPE I

FLANGED I-IITRD 90 L SOW'


(tyP. 1 ~nJ

TYPE II

) P-;..e. ~ mhH'9d
[l ........t<hl

slipon
omit wri1

~/~~~

!"Zi- Ooj

.....

.....

O!l:

01-..

",

m,n110n t. id,nt;ca!

'

''.

5 11'".

J '
\"

, PL (mm)
Flat 01 Ralsod 1
F3ceGroOve! RingJoinl
"F,m,l. I

- -'
~
- -

Cl

, -,--.

wtld:X: _.

6"
8"

10"
12"
14"
16
13"
20"
22'
24"
26"
28"
30"
32"
34"
36"

IT&.
O~g~o
'

! Ibs. I Ibs. ! Ibs. ! Ibs. ; Ibs. ! Ibs.


3181327\324 335 324
406 416 413 424 413
48314991 4B9 506 489
572 587 578 595 57B
1
660 676, 667 684 667
737' 756i 743 764 743
1 826 1. B45\ 832 853 832
1 907: 924! 913 934 913
! 987,1003: 994 1014 994
;1067,1083;1073 106B 1073
,I
i
"

I'

i
,

- -' -,
__ r - -

-'~

"'V1/u'i
J', "I,

-I

-t .J
-.. ro v-Tt
I- '
1

~ '"
--.....,"..'~
-

~.

~.1"

I ,
I

-I

..,'"':

-,---' -

I t'

.':....

-_+---

333
422
504
594
683
762
B51
930
1010
10B9

R .
Idenlical lor
All

"

~.....--

- ,..""
'"' ~" I

I -'"

I
I

X;

Typ",
mm

TYPE
' i

"

TYPE II
TYPE III
----,c--,--.,.---I---~-'----

I ' I

COl

A
B;
mm mm 1 m~

I:

B:

~~ I ~~~l_n.2.m._ i

C:

mm

I'

~_.~_r.~ _~

I'
ci

B
mm

mm!

229 I 130
95! 60 134
84
62
39 167 62
461 29
305' 172 127 i 81 17B 111
81
52 224 83
61 I 39
381: 214 1571101 224 133 102
65 279 103
76
49
457, 25B 190: 123 267 165 122
79 335 124
91
59
533: 295 221' 148 312 191 143
951390 142 106
71
610;337252:168 35B 21Bj'64 109 4461'62121
81
686" 379 284' 189 402 245 1841122,502 182 137
91
762: 422 316 211 1446 273 205 137 557 202 152 102
83B '464 3t8, 232 490 300 225 150, 613 223 167 111
914, ; 505 :LJ; 252 535 327 245 I 1li4 I 669 2~3 182 121
991,548]410,,173531354;265)176[7262':11971,,132'
1067: 589 447' 295 620 3B1j2861'91; 781
212 141
1143 : 632\474 \316 669 409! 307 , 205 836, 3031227 152
1219 : 673 I 505 I. 337 714 435" 327 1 218 I 8921 324 ! 243 1162
1295 ! 716 I 537 I 357 758 4641348'1 232 I 947 i 343i 257 , 172
1372; 757156B 1379 8041491 ~ 368124511004130" '.2731'83

, I!

~be

!
'I
"

l-----B

150T30'6-11501300115Uj3UU
Illches

mittUd

(I, Wf"Ids)

. /
I~
"", / ,
v/ il

,~"'--~

for lyp .. l,U,lll .. loO'o'ts

Pipe

'- "\/"
. {..

'

'1~~~il~t~C;

I :

pi

....

~iO

TYPE III
9D~

I B i~

-r

.. ~rl ~I ~~<
/ / \:; li L " I ~g' g~o
,~ '~ . ~ ro ;;.r
. 'l?\e c 1
;....
,,,,
_~_ 'I. "I. "'i.org
~
I
,9,'

s P;i>Ct

"pitct '30' rThl('rt-d I!'loo"'"


() w"tl!s)
.x.

",bow

,I

'

I'

2,"'

"

;0;

Pille

S'l<)

m!:2....l J~~~~.:~
lE3
244
305
366
427
489
549
610
671
732
79~

855
916
976
1038
1099

6
8

10
12
14
16
18
20

22
24
26
28
30
32
3-1

36

'

:;~{i;.~):~~~"',~~
" "" , , ..... "~ _.
i .. , ...'"

:'I:Olt!'

1.

~1;tf"f!d.

:'" ........~ ....

!!,

l'!os __ than;lO

d",lIf(.:ion

IlMy

1)1" .-dopled

~U~~l t(,t!' '.!ele.'~

!""'"" .... ".

A t .....o

pie(~ lon~

weid) 45' OlitJ"f!lt .. ~\t .... '.-'

IVlle I. A :t,rf'e ~uecr. ilwn wt'I.~s) 45' Oli:('ted elbc"",' would t:.~ ~.""l'i;n 10 ;.;w tIt,~ ~f1'( C45e. H',e "~lll.!lled dimension!' lef ./.. ..

l,p

'\'Iml.lr to

e.c

D. 11

'R' [.hoot!! t>,. main!.,!",,,".'


All .iIll1t'"'Isiuns

Toll'!'

in rnm. 'cair.:ulill.If"ll"d f('unded on 10 Ihe nt"a,,""st t mm.

D'n't'o}!C'n 'l' ,.o~;b,nf'~ elhow dlmpnsion -R' WI'l'. lenpth o! w\,ldnlt.'" t1",.--ce~ f'sttt:::I<~"ed by ANSI B 1ii.5 expecl ~rll' "J)"
'.;":h,,'/' l('nQlh I'll
...... "h1nef~ t1ant''' i.:' n lie corclance wilh MS$$P44. t(U silt~~ ;6" :t.ld 1.1rf;t:f, dlmconsicn 'l' :,hculd be tlSH'9 ttle ICIlBtti 01 I\;" .... eidnl'(:1-: flange.

,.
"

\.... dd .)(.
Wh~n

~h.1I

.... ~!d 'X'

he ornilted e).cepl whf'n fining

!" a

o~ flllri\lf:S

are

IUt:d

10 Iha m.teu:d elbow or if lh!! joint mu}1 be field weldl"l.

lirld wcldl"cI ioint. (hit end of th(! miteled elbo .... sh,,11 t",

t:~\I<c!ec

by $hop.

D-SHACKlES (Ref. Table 61)

'"

-~/

!-w-l
Fig ..G

-----------_.._---

"-"-"

"

.~------

\'

Table 64

Electrical units-their equivalents & formulae


1 H.P. = 746 watts

0.746 k.W.' 33.000 ft. Ibs. per minute


1014 Metric H.P.
(H.P. X 33.000) + (R.P.M. X 2)

Torque (ft. Ibs)


Watt',
Motor output in H.P.
k.V.A.!
Power factor

Volts,x current )..: power factor.

(kilowall input X efficiency) + 0.746


(vo\\5 X "mps) + 1000
Ratio of truo powor/Apparent power
kilowall.,. k. V.A.

True power in 3 phase circuit


kilowatt
Single-phase motor amperes
Two-phase motor amperes
1 electrical unit
1 kilowatt hour (kWh)

1.73 X volts X amps X P.F . ..;. 1000


(H.P, X 746);- (E.fticiency X volts X P.F.)
(H,P. X 746) + (Efficiency X volts X P.F. X 1.73)
1 kilowatt hour
3413 a.Th.U. ~ 860 calories

Table 65

General oymbol9 relating to fiUPP Iy 5ystemfi, lind corllloctlona


Symbol

Namo

Oiro'cl current

Alternatihg current. general symbol

f"'J

Alternating current. three phase. 50 Hz

3 f"'J 50HZ

Diagram of Winding. three phase. mesh or delta connected (Letter 0 or 6)

Diagram of winding. three phase, Star or Yconnected (Letlor Y)

'y

Diagram of winding. throe phasn. Star or Y connected with noutral


."
brought out.
Earlh connection. general symbol
Variqbility without interruption 01 service (irrespective of the means of
variation) general symbol.

Movable
. contacl~ general symbol.

Cond~ris6r or cnp~cilor. genoral symbol.


!

Cnpaoilof variable without interruplio!' of service (irro5PE)ClivG


of variation)
79

0; means

;#
I

Symbol

Nanw
Hl.!sist'unce, inducti . . e ur non inductive (gcnorJII~ non~inductiYc)

ViJliilble resistance roguliltedby movnblo contact.


Re'Sistance, pr,1ctically nOl1 inductive
Invoriilblc inductor, ganerill symbol, -<lnd inductor without iron core,

$V.-I:'_

'l,

general symbol, and air-break switch

E
Hand switch, general symbol, and air-break switch, !louble-pole (coupled)

s
L

Oil irnlrwrstxf switch, general symbol.

F
~,;p;lfk'UilP di!>ch,H~lor

or liglltf1inU <westcr, single pole

'C'

o
o

Ordinary tr,'lnsformcr- (wittl two !;CP,ll.3tl.? l,'/imliilg systems) genera! 'symbol

C"rrerH transformer, general symbol'

Primnry cell or accumulator (the long thin line represents the positive pole,
ilnd the ShOft thick ,line tile ncg<Jtive pole.
'

~~,'

Buttery of fl!.:.curnulators Or pdrnury celis

~!'It~
,-

Battery of or.cumulatofs" v~ith sinqlo cnd,cl;dl'switctJ.

-+-\

11\ I t--

'0

Volt Meter

AllIn:c:ter

\VDH Meter
PO'/,t( factor meter

RO

fi)

,', La'
I

pi
FI'

:M

1,."

I
101

:1
Tab!e 65 Conld,

}}-

}/

)r:-

Name

Symbol

uen:1 Y o:cter

Fre Q

Circuit breaker
I'

Air gap ,I ..
Mako contact (No)
Broak contact (NC)
Slonal lamp
Undorground cablo

Isolating fuso switch


flexible conductor,
Fire alarm indicator
Plug and socket (malo & lemalo)
Closed link
Opon link

Ovorheadlino Gonoral symbol

Fault
Distribution fuse board with switches
Socket outlet. 5A
Socket outlet, 15A
Lamp orautlet for

IJn1p

, Lamp mounted on a wall or light bracket'

I .

..,.'

,Lamp mounted
on a ceiling ,
,
Fluorescent lamp

ex,::

. Flood light
Mocllllnlcul,lntoriock,

HI

Table
!3usba~s

Cor.structional det,;i!s an,d current r;Hrying capClcity at 35"'C Ambient temperature

find 30' C temperatuI6 risco

(Copper)

Cross
sectional
area
sq. mm

Size
mm

66

Cc.r.tinuous

;\ppro.~:.

Weight

!-:u .)In

cur:~nt

carrying capacity in

~.c.--N-o-.-O-f-B-u-se-s-----

A. C. No, bf Buses
II'

I'

Iii"

~jmp(!((~5.

1:501;'--

I'

/I'

-I-I-II~--'-'-I-II

' I
--r------.!......-------, ---~---,--I

12,. 2

15x 2
1 :Jx 3

0'
,-

20x 2
20x 3
20x 5
25x 3
25x 5
30x 3
30x 5
40x 3
40x 5
40xl0
50x 5
50x10
60x 5

60xl0
. 80x 5
80xl0
100x 5

1 OOxl 0
120x10
,16.ox10

200xl0

"---'-

I
I
i
I

,
,

,
:

i
I
I
I
,

iI

I,
I

23.5
29.5
44.5
39.5
59.5
99.1
74.5
124.0
89.5
149.0
119.0
199.0
399.0
249.0
499.0
299.0
'599.0
399.0
799.0
499.0
999.0
1200.0
1600.0
2000.0

!
I

0.209
0.262

I,

0.396
0.351

i
I

I
!

I
I'

I
I

i
I

I
I

0,579
0.882
0.6G3
1.11
0.796
1.33
1.06
1.77
3.55
2.2,2
4.44
2.66
5.33
3.55
7.11
4.44
8.89
10.70
14.20
17.80

110
140
170
185
220

295
270
350
315
400
420
520
760
630
920
760
1 ("

J(J

970
1380
1200
1700
2000
2500
3000

200
200
300
315
380
500
460
600
540
700
710
900
1350
1100
1600
1250
1900
1700
2300
2050
2800
3100
3900
4750

1850
1650
2250
1760
2600
2300
3100
2850
3650
4100
5300
6350

2500
2100
3000
2400
3500
3000
4200
3500
5000
5700
7300
8800

115
145
175
190 ,
275 "
300 ;
275 ,i
355
320
410
430
530
770
650,
960,
780 I
1100
1000
1450
1250
1800
2150
2800
3400

205
245
305
,325
390
510
'470
610
560
720
740
930
1400
1150
1700
1300
2000
1800
2600
2250
3200
3700
4800
6000

,_
i
j'

2000
1750
2500
1900
2800
2500
3700
3150
4500
5200
6900
8500

25
36
.3'2

48
40
58
67
90
100

Table

. Busbars

(Aluminium)

67

Constructional details and current carrying capacity at 35C Ambient temperature

an~ 30C temperature-rlse:- ,- -

---:-:-====---

Continuous currant carrying capacity in amperes .


Size

mm

12x 2
15x 2
15x 3
20x 2
20x 3
20x 5
25x 3
25x 5
30x 3
30x 5
40x 3
40x 5
40xl0
50x 5
50xl0
60x 5
60xl0
80x 5
80xl0
_10.ox 5
1 OOxl 0
100x15
120xl0 120x15

160xl0
160x15
200xl0

200x15

Cross

Approx,

sectional
area
sq.mm

Weight

23.5
29.5
44.5
39.5
59.5
99.1
74.5
124,0
89.5
149
119
199
399
249
499
299
599
399
799
499
999
1500
1200

1800

16(,,(J
2.::,)0

2000
3000

,
".

kg,/m

0.0633
0.0795
0.120
0,107
0.161
0,268
0.201
0.335
0,242
0.403
0,323
0_538
1.08
0.673
1.35
0.808
1.62
1.08
2.16
1.35
2,70
4,04
3.24
4.86
4,32
-6.47
5.40
8,09

Q. C, No. of Buses

A. C. No. of Buses
l'

80
95
115
120
145
195
180
230
205
VO
280
350
515
425
625
500
730
680
940
820
1150
1450
1350
1650
1750
2100
2150
2550

II'
III"
115011'
---- ------------

140
170
210
220
270':"'"
350
330
-430
385
~O

500,
650 i
975!
780
1150
900
1330
1170 II
1700.
1440 1
2050
2500,
2400!
2900'
3000
3600
_
3650
4200

I
I

1350
1120
1600
1300
1900
1650
2360
2000
1800
3350
3250
3900
4150
4850
4950
5600

1800
1500
2160
1730
2500
2230
3150
2600
3700
4400
4300
5000
5300
-3250
6400
7300

I'

I -----;;-;--r-I-IP
1111 '
. - - - - - - . -------I _ 145
175
I

80
95
115
125
150
200
185
235
220
V5
285
350
540
445
655
530
770
700
985
855
1200
1500
1420
1750
1850
2300:.
2300
2850

220
225
280
370
340
440
400
5W
525
660
1000
815
1220
960
1430
1260
1840
1550
2240
2750
2700
3250
3450
4800
4300
5250

1420
1220
1730
1420
2030
1850
2640
2220
3200
4000
3900
4800
5000
6200
6200
7650

1850
2600
2400
3400
2900
4200
5200
5100
6300
6:::;00

810C
8100
10100

-------

I UUIU

00

A'pproximota sizo of fuso-oloments of Tinned Copper wire or

AlullliniulIl wirl'l for uso in semi-onclosod fusa


Current

Approximato

---l-"

_:a1~~~.:~._.f.:Sjni~~rren~.._.~WG__
I

1.5
2.5
I
3.0'
4.0
II
5.0
5.5
6.0

7.0
8.0
8.5
9.5
10.0

3
4
5
6
.8
9
1-0
11
12
13
18

13.0
13.5
:.; u
15.0
17.0 .
18.0
200

20
25

~!

24
25
29
30
31
37.5
38
40.5
43 "
43.5

45
~G

(j2
05

j~Che._S_-,:-'~~~~-m_-m--\----w_j..:.re_~.;..~_~_m_e_te_r

.__

40
39'
38
37
:35
34
33
32
31
30

0.0048
0.0052
0.0060
0.0068
0.0084
0.0092
0.0100
0.0108
0.011 'J
0.0124

0.12
0.13
0.15
0.17
0.21
0.23
0.25
. 0.27
0.29
0.31

29'
28

0.0136
0.0148

0.35
0.38

0.195

0.307

. 00400

28

30
33
35
38

26
25
24

0.018
0.020
0.022

0.46
0.51
0.56

23

0.024

0.61

10
lIS

48
50
58

. GO
70
80
81
90
S8
100
106
120
130
'3~

66
69
73

140
150

7!1
'/ :i

.1 "IS

eu

Alumii1ium

1.5

16

12.0

2:.!.

Tinned Copper wire


:'::":'o-'-ja:':m:":e'--t-o,--

1(iG

197

102

:.!OO
;'30

13ll

2U5

22

0.028

0.71

21

0.032

0.81

20

0.036

0.91

19

0.040

1.02

00475
0.560

0.630
0.710

0:/5
0.85
0.90
1.00
1.22
1.25
1.32

I
. 1B

0.0,18

17

0.056

1.22

1AO
1.60
1.70

1.42

Hj

0.064

1.G3

lb

0.072

1.83

0.080
0.092

2.03
2.34

1.80
1.85
2.00
2.24

ThQ abovo figures are all approximtlIe gui(le only and ttlO CurrC'nt ill which tho fuse will
ulow o\"pt:l1d ujJOI1 the type ;md cO/l~lructiOf1 of the fllse hold!!r 111 \vllich the wire is used.

84

I,,'

Tabla 69

Current for A. C. motor$


This table gives approximate amp. per phase taken by modern induction
motors, allowing reasonable efficioncies and power factors.

Single-phase

B. H. P.
of .
motor

Two-phase

Threc~ phase"

----_._---_.-...,-,- .-_ ....

---400V

230V

-:---:- --_.-_..-_.-

200V

400V

340V

--..-.---_.. --.

400V

-~"--I--'---:-~-

......._-_.

--

500V

440V

---'.-----.:...

---~--

....

0.125
0,25
0,50
0.75
1.0
1.25
1.50
1.75
2.0
2.50
3.0
4.0
5.0
7.5
10.0 .
12.5
15.0
20.0
30;0
40.0
50.0
:

..

1.0
1.8
3,5
<\,8
6.2
7.4
8,7
10.0
11,8
14.0
17.5
20.0
24.0
36.0
47.0
59,0
70.0
91.0
135,0
183.0
227 n

0.6
1.1

2,0
3.0
4.0
4.8
5.7
6.3
7,0
8.2
!).5
12.0
14.0
21.0
27.0
34.0
40.0

53.0
78.0
105.0
! 130.0

0,6
1,3
2,5
3.3
4,0
4.8
5,5,
6.3
7.0

B.5

0.3
0.7
1.2
1.5
.2.0 .
2.5
3.0
3.2
3,5
4.3

10.0
5.0
12.0
6.6
7.0 .
14.0
21.0
10.0
20.0
13.0
32.0 . 15.0
1 g,O
38.0
51.0
.25.0
75.0
38.0
100.0
50.0
120.0
HO.O

0.4
0,8
1.5
1.9
2,2
2.7
3,0
3,5 .
4.0
5.0
6.0
7.5
9.0
13.0
17.0
21.0
25.0
. 33.0
48.0
63.0
79.0

0.3
0.7
1.2
1.7
2.0
2,5
2.8
3.2

3.5
4.3
5.0
6.5
8.0
12.0
15.0
10.0

22.0
29.0
42.0
56.0
710

i\

3.6

4.5

.41.2
5.5

G.O

7.5
7.0
11 .0
10.0
14.0
13.0
1 f).0
18.0
, 19.0
21.0
25.0
28.0.
39.0
36.0
53.0.
47.0
58.0
66.0

I
II
I

85

0.3
0.6
1.0
1.3
1.5
1.9
i.2
2.5

2.8

4,0

'.

II

03
0.6
1,0
1.&
. 1,7
2.2
2.5
2.8
3.2

,.

I (lUlU

IV

Selection table for StarterjRelayjFusejCable for DOL Motors


Used on 3 phaso, 415V, 50Hz system
.

ApproximiJ Ie

H'P

DOL starter;
CQutractor
LTiLK make

lull load

kW

current

amps

0.50 ..
0.75 I
;
1:00 ,
I
1.5
i
2.0
I
3.0
I
4.0

5.0

0.0
i
7.5 . I
10.0

II

12,5

15.0

17.5

20
25
30
35
40
45
50
60
75
90

.J

1 CI(~"

1.5

2.25
3.0
3.75

':

amps'

11
14
18
21
24
28
35
40

7.5
8.3
11
13
15
18.5
22

30
33.5
37.5
45
56
67.5
112
150
170

Elf

100
120
135
200
275
300

..
....
.

..

I
I

47

55
60
66

1-1.6 !
1.5-2.6 :
1.5-2.5
2.5-4.0
2.5-4.0
.
4.0-6.5
I
"
I
4.0-6.5
"
6.0-10
"
6--10
9-14
.'
'ML 1
10-16
ML2
13-21
ML2
20-32
ML2
20-32
20-32
ML.2
I
ML3
28-42
ML:1
2842
MK3.ML4
45-70
45-70
.'
j 45--70
ML8
60-100
ML8
60-100
ML8
60-100
ML8
90.-150
ML 12
120-200
ML12
180-300
ML 12
180-300
ML 12
180-300
MKLMLO

1.0
1.5
2.0
2.6
3.5
5.0
6.2
7.5

4,5

..

I,

b.

BG

..

Typical ba'ck
up Hf1C fuse

_._------

Typical
caole size.

AI
sq. mm

5.5

.75

"

150
200
225

Relay scale

0.40
0.55
0.75
1 .1

, 26

II

II

6
6
10
10
15
20
20
25
25
25
35
50
50
63
63
80
100
125
125
.160
160
160
200
250

250
350
500
600

1.51 2.5

"
"
""i'.

.2.5
2.5
4.0
4.0
6.0
6.0
10.0
10.0
16
,
25
25
25
35
35
50
70
95
95
185
300/400
300/400

Ii

'Tubla 71

Selection table for Starter/Relay/Fuse/C,able for star delta motors


Used

E-g c .,; I

H.P.'

kW

_ _.L;,_ _ _ _

011

3 philse. 41 5V. 50Hz system

Phase

"g 0 "t: EI current


c.. :; B ~ amps.

Star Delta

~~____ I~f~__

starter
contractor
L1. LK make

___ ...._. .

2.25
3
3.75
5
5.5
7.5
7.5
10.0
12.5 . 9,3
11
15
20 :
15
25 .
18.5
22
30 ,
26
35 :
40 ;
30.
46
33.5
60
37
60
45
48.5
65
70
52
75
56
67.5
90
75
100
90'
125
112
150
132
175
200
150
175
240
187.5
260
275
204
300
225
400
300

5
7.5
11
14
18
21
28
35
40
47
55
60
66
80
87
94
100
': 20
135
165
200
230
275
320
323
360
385
500

MVl
..

2.88
4.32
6.34
8.10
10,02
12.10
1600
20:20
23.00
27.00
30.30
34.6
35.0
46
50
54
07.5
69
78
95
1.15
133
159
184.5
185
206
I 222
i 390

I
---'-----"-------.. _.....--_.

Relay
Scale

MK1/MLl
MLl
MLl
ML2
..
M'l.3
.'
..
MK3/ML4
..
rviL8
"
"
.'
M'L 12
..
..
"
..
..

__

....

I
,

Typical
Typical cable
Backup
size sq.mm
HRC. ---,.-~fuse ~: SLJPP.IY ,t.-totar
(amps)

------1--------\-

2.5-4 \
4-6 I
6-10
6-10
9-14
.10--160
I 10-16
i 20-32 I
20-32 i
20-32 I
28-42 i
28-42
28-42
30-45
45-70
45-70
45-70
60-100
60-100
'60-100
90-150
90-150
120-200
120-200
120-200
180-300
180-300
180-300

sid.;

;Ide

10 11.5,2.5. 1.5 '2.5


20
1.52.5 1.52.5
25'
2.5 1.5/2.5
25
4
1.5;2.5
35
4
. 2.5
50
6
2.5
63
10
4
63 ! 16
6
100
16
6
100
25
10
100
25
16
125
35
16
125
35
16
125
50
25
160
70
35
160
70
35
160
70
35
200
.95
50
.200
95
50
250
120
70
250
185
70
300
225
120
350
300:400 150
400
300;'400 185
400
400
185
400
600
185
500
600
225
700
625 )00;400

---_ ..-. -..... ----- ... __.. _.._----_.............. _...-

, 87

Tabl.72

Recommended capaoitor ratings


For direct connection to induction motors
.,

"

to improve power foctor to 0.95 or better at all loads


kVAr rating when motor speed is

Motor'

H.P.

.2.5
5

7.5
10
15
20
25

30
40
50

60
70
80
90

100
110
120
130
140

145
150
155
160
165

170
., r
.. 0

'80
J 85
190
200
21)0

3000 rpm
1
2
2.5
3
4

5
6
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
38
40
45

1500 rpm
1
2
3
4
G

.,

8
10
12.5
14.5
16.5
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
J8

39
40
40
42
50

1000 rpm
1.5
2.5
3.5
4.5
6
7
9
10
13
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
43
45

55

750 rpm

I
I,,
i

2
3.5
4.5
55

7:5
9

10.5
12
15
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45

45
.17
60

500 rpm
2.5
4

5.5
6.5
9

12
14.5
17
21
25
28

31
34
37
40
43
46
49
52
54
55
56
57
59
60
61
62
63
65
67
70

r,;---;----------,----------------"-~---

,'.
Tabla 73

Sizes of capacitors in I<V Ar required for given degreo of pow or


factor correction per kW of load
Correction to

Initial power
factor

085

090

095

098

-.....,----.,------~-~.'-~

1.112
. 1.066
1.024
0.980
0.939
0.899
0.860
0.822
0.,85
0.748
0.714
0.678

0.50
0.51
0.52
0.53
0.54
0.55
0.56
0.57
0.58
0.59
0.60
0.61
0.62
0.63
0.64
0.65
0.66
0.67
0.68
0.69
0'.70
0.71
0.72
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.75
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.80
0.81
0.82
0.83
0,84
. 0.85
0.86
0.87
0.88
q.S9
0.90

~:~1
.93

..

,
.

.94.
0.95
0.96 '.,
0.97

O.sa-..

0.99.' .

;.,!

1.248
1.202
. 1.160
1.116
1.075
1.035
0.996
0.958
0.921
0.884 .
0.849
0.815
0.781
0.749
0.716
0685
0.G64

0.645

0.613
0.580
0.549

. 0.518
0.488
0.459

0.624

0.429
0.400
0.372
0.343
0.316
0.289
0.262
0.2.35
0.209
0.183
0.156
0.130
0.104
0.078
'0.052
. 0.026

-_.
-

.
i

0595
0.565
0.636
0.608
0.479
0.452
0.425
0.398
0.371
0.345
0.319
0.292
0.266
0.240
0. 214
0.188
0.162
0.136
0.109
0.083
"0.054
0.028

----

1.403
1.357
. 1.315
1.271
. 1.230
1.190
1.151
1.113
1.076
1.039
1.005
0.970
0.936
0.904
0.871
0.840
0.809
0.779
0.750
0. 720
0.691
0.663
0.634
0.607
0.680
0.553
0.526
0.500
0.473
0.447
0.421
0.395
0.369
0.343
0.317
0.291
0.264
0.238
0.209
0.183
0.155
0.124
0.097
0.066
0.034

--

.-

'-

1.529
1.483
1.441
1.397
1.356
1.316
1.277
1.:<39
1.202
1.165
1.131
1.096
1.062 .
1.030
0.997
0.966
0.935
0.905
0.876
0.840
0.811
0.783
0.754
0.727
0.700
0.673
0.652
0.620
. 0.594
0.567
0.541
0.515
0.489
0.463
0.437
0.417
0.390
0.364
0.335
0.309
0.281
0.250
0.223
0.192
0.160
0.126
0.089
0.047

I
.

0
. ..1-.-.-'--

1.732
1.685
1.644
1.600
1.559
1.519 .
.1.486
1.442
1.405
1.368
1.334
1.259
1.2[,5
'1.233
1.~OO

1.169
1.138
j.108
1.079
1.049
1.020
0.992
0.963
0.936

D.DOI)
0.S3?
0.855
0.829
0.803
0.776
0.7bO
0.724
0.698
0.672
0.645
0.620
0.593
0.567
0.538
0.512
0.484
0.453.
0.426
0.395
0.363
0.329
0.292
0.250
0.203
0.143

sa

,
I

10 lind the co!lJcitor rn1inu requirod to correct a IOiJd of 97 kWat 0.67 !lower

faclor to 0:95 'power lac tor.


Hequired kV Ar por kW (Vide table) = 0,779
Total capacitor rating ~ 0.779X97 ~ 75.65 (or) 76 kVAr.
Tobie 74

Current ratings
For selection of proper size of paper insulated cables the recommended current
rJtings ':He b;)!';.c:d on specific conditions of installation (normal conditions) as follows:

(a)
. (b)

(c)

,.

Max. Conductor temperature;


Ground temperature:

70'

30' C

;'.mbient air temperature;

40"C

150' C cmiw

(d)

Thermal resistivity of soil:

( e)

Max. conductor temp"rature for 11 kV. 22kV and '33kV:

.( f)

Standard depth of laying to highest point of cables laid dilOct in grourd for11 kV: 90cm
for 22 and 33 kV: 105 ern

65' C
I,

'

(1)

(2)

Screened construction (H) type: insulation and screen.

in which ene

core has its own

Screened SL Construction (HSL typo) which in addition to possossing its

.own insulation & Screen, also hlls a separate lead shcJth for each core

as against a common lead sheDth in the other two types.


Br:!1ed C,lble

Concentric Cable

A two. three or four COrO or multicore cable 'In which pi'lrt of tho
insulntion is Jpplied to each conuuctor individuully nnd tho
remainder is applied ovor th(~ assembled cores.
A caule containing two or more separJte conductors, .arranged

concentrically with insulation between them. Unless othorwiso


qU::lliliud lilt] ll~rr.Tl dUllotcs CI cable consisting of two COllductOlS

01111'.

ContrOl Cable

An auxiliary cuble used for meDsuring, control,' protection and


communication circuits.

Flexible Trailing Coble

Cable intended for use wilh hand-held portable machines such

as drills and pricks for application in" rnines.


Pilot Cable

Auxiliary cDble used for


communication circuits.

Sere.'

-,as usea for ElectricDl Supply): A cable in which the insulation


of each conductors is separately enclosed in D conducting layer
in order to ensure a radial electric field surrounding the conductor
II,

,Cabl"

rneDsurcment, control,

Sflort firing Cable

Cables used in firing explosive charges e!ectricf:llly,

cl>.1loing

A plaited protectj'/e coveting of

<l

protection

c'lule . .

90

,!

I:
I

or

,','.-

Table 79

CurreiH Rating & Constructional Details of .-.


PVC !:--:sulatcd PVC Shealhc..c uni:Hrnol!red single core power cable 650,11COV M!gd. to IS 1554 Part I (1976)

of

Cores

Conductor (AI)

nnd cross
.section .. l

nt\!"!lmum

AC

ThIck-

Thick-

f\~ax.

ness of

ness of

0.0.

PVC
Insu-

PVC
outer

lalian
(Nom.)

sheath

..",,-j-res
Sq.mm

No.

mm

mm

mm

kg.jkm

ohmfkm

ohmjkm

1 X4

1
1

1.3.

1 .8.
1.B

9.0

X6

9.5

1 X 10

1.8

10.5

89
100
120

7.39
4.91
2.94

8.879
5.899
3.532

1 ): 16
1 X 25

1.3

1.5

1.8
1.8

12.0
13.5

1 GO
210

1 X 35

6
6

1.5

1.8

14.5

255

1.87
1.18
0.851

1 X 50
1 X 70
1 X 95

6
15
15

1.5
1.5
1.6

1.8
1.8
1.8

15.5
17.5

305
385
495

0.628
0.435
0.313

No.

arc-a

, .....

f~u.

of

Approx.
net wt.

Max

D.C.

res is-

of

resistance

tance

Approx.
reactance

at ope.,.

at 50 Hz

Ccbfe

at 20"C'

(NO;-R}

rating
tef\1p,

70'C

'"'"'

1.3
1.3

~.

'.

;4,

19:5

Current rating

Direct in
ground
amp

In air

amp

cables

caoJes

cables

0.145
0.135
0.; 26

36
44
59

31
39
'51

32
41

2.247
1.418
1.022

0.122
0.102
0.099

75
97
120

86

0.755
0.523
0.376

0.094
0.088
0.088

145
170
205

ohm/km

66

c,

56
72

100

99
120

1(

120
140
175

150
185'
215

1
1
1

Current Rating & Constructional Dotails of


22kV Paper lilSliluted Cables Typo ARLSTSI.S 692-1973
No. 01 cores
and crosssectional
area

Min. No. of
wires
per Condo
( AI.)

over
all

No.

mm

sq. mm

Max.

Min.
bending
radius

Dia.
cm

Approx.. .l

nell
weight
of cable

!
<

Currant Rating in

(
)
amp . C.
Direct in
ground
In Air

!.

amp

k9. km

amp

... -------.--..-.-- -----.--------.. - - - - - 7 - - - 12.7 Z2 kv (E)

HSL TYPE
3 X
3 X
3 X
r

25 rm'v
35 rrll v
50 rm v

3 X 7,) rm v

3 X

~'6,Hll v

3X120rmv
3 X 150 rm v

3X1C5rmv
3 X 225 rm;v
~)

~~

.~

X ?ft()
f

:W(j

';' .'t:
.~ -'~
..: 7<,

(I

'

;: .~;

64

15
15
15

68

76

15
30

83

30

87

72
79

89

. 94

30
53

(i

102

I
I
.!

; '.' "

!J(!

Tn,

3X '70'rrnv
3 X ;",5 ~r.l
3X120sr11

15
15
15

3 X 150 '; n1
~!

58
61

30

(Iii v
/,'Ii'!J

X ;,1<)' (fif

6
6

X 1:'.~(:.

15

;:r:\-

30

<':1"1

30

3 X 2"40 sm
3 X 300 srn
3 X 400 sm

30
30
53

:.3 X 2:.::::

6430
7160
7710

102
108
114

8740
9970
10880

119
1.25
131

11630
12950
14120

190
220
240

134
141
j 53

14850
163,,0
18980

250

105

72
88
105
'.

72

88
105

130
155
170

130
160
180

210
245

275

275

285
320

310

380

72
88

72

~) (j

8.1

50
62

89
93

6580
7260
8010

65

98
99
104

8980
9110
10260

130
155
170

130

108
i 13
119

11040
12140
13370

190
220

210

240

275

120
128 .
137

14020
15620
18020

250
275
310

320
. 380

66
69

87
92
96

72
75

79

II

80

85

I,

91

88
, 105

160
180

245
285

I'
~.---.-.~--.--.--.------.----...:------...:..-'---

92

II

IIII
"

,
".

"

'

Table 77

Current Rating & Constructional Dotails of


33 kv Paper Insulated Cables Type APLSTS-IS 592-1973
No_ 01 cores
and crosssectional
area.

Min, No. 01 :
wrres:
per Condo I:
(AI,)

. sci! mm

---+1

N0,

~-------,--,-

Ii

19'33 kV (E)
HSL TYPE

70 rm, v
3 X 95 rm!v
3 X 120 rm;v

Max.
over-

all

Min.
bending
radius

Approx.
nett
weight
of cable

em

kgjkm

Dia.
mm

Current Rating in
_ _..::"!I'P (?.~)_ _ _
Direct in
, In Air
ground

/1'

,
15
15
15

3 X

I
156
1 60
168

11070
11 670
12990

130!
1 55
170

85
89
94

170
178
188

13320
14320
15920

190
220
240

275

53

95
100
108

190
200
216

16310
18330
21070

245
270
310

, 285
320
380

3 X 70 rmv
3 X ,95 Gm
3 X 120 sm

15
15
15

75
74
77

150
148
154

11770
,11490,
12540

130
165
170

135
160
180

3 X 150 Sm
3 X 185 sm
3 X 225 Sm

30
30

15

78
81
85

166
162
170

12850 '
14030
16340.

190
220
240

210
240
275

30
30

87
91
97

174
182
194

16040
17470
19990

,245
270
'310

285
320
380

'
I

3 X 150' rmiv
3 X 185 rm!v
3 X 225 rm}v

30

3 X 240 rmiv
3 X 300 rm/v
3 X 400 rmiv

30
30

15
30

3
80
84

amp

Iii'

amp

..- ..-.------ -------'--_ _,.-_________ _

135
, . 50
i80
210
. '.J

19:33 kV (E)
H TYPE

3 X 240 sm

3 X 300 sm
3 X ,:JO sm

53

I
.

','
.,-

93

Table 78

Grouping Factors and Rating Factors for Temperature


Rating Factors for
Ground
T mperi'llure' C

Ratinn

Vari~Ition

zo

in Ground Temperature

25

30

1.'3. 1.07

1.00

1'5

35

40

Rating Factors for Variation in Ambient Air Temperature


Air Temperatur~ 'C

45

~;;ctor

(11kV.22"V

1.20

25

30

35

4()

1.30

1.21

1,10

1.00

Rating factor

0.93 0.85 0.76

(11 kV; 22 kV and 33 kV)

ilnd 33 kV)

<:

0.:

G:uL:P Rating Factors for Cnbles laid direct in Ground in Horizo:ltal Formation

."'"

33 kV

11 kV and 22 kV
No. of cables
ill group

TOUChing
.

!; 15 em.
'

'-.-.--~------

Spac(~ .:11

30cm.

45 em.

60 em.

Touching

Space at

15 em.

30 em.

45 em.

0.86
0.76
0.72
0.68
0.65
0.63
0.62
0.60
0.59
' 0.58
0.57

0.88
0.80
0.76
0.72
0.70
0.68
0.67
0,66
0.65
0.65
0.64

60 en

1
2
3
4

5
6
7
8
9

0.79
0.69
0.62
0.58
0.54

0.52
0.50

OA7

to

0.46

i1.
12

0.45

0.44

0.82
0.75
0.6~

O.Ge

0.61
0.59
0.57
0.55
0.54
0.53
0.52

0.87
0.79
0.74
0.72
0.69
0.68
0.66
0.64
0.63
0.63
0.62

0.90
0.33
0.79
.0.76
0.15

0.73
0.72
0.71
0.70
0.69
0.68

0.91
0.86

0.90
0.69
0.63
0.58
0.55
0.52
0.50
0.48
0.46
0.45
044

.0.82

0.80
0.78
0.77
0.76
. 0.75
0.74
0.74
0.73

;
I

0.83
0.72
0.66
0.62
0.59
0.55
0.54
0.52
0.51
0.50
0.49

0.90
0.83
0.79
0.76
0.74
0.73
. 0.72
0.71
0.70
0.70
0.69
..

"

,f." .

. -: ;-"
~

..

'

Toble.79 (Conld.)

No. of

Max
D.C.

Condu
ctor (AI)

Thick

Thick

Max.

Approx.

ness of

ness of

0.0.

net wt.

PVC

PVC

of

resis-

tance

sectional

Minimum

outer

No,'of
wires

Cable

area

lnsulation

sheath

tance
at 20"C

(Nom.)

(Nom.)

at operating
temp.

mm

mm

ohm/km

ohm]km

0.248
0.202
. 0.1'61

0.299
0.243
0.195

0.085
0.085
0.083

230
265
300

Cores

and cross

AC

Approx.

res is-

reactance

at 50 .Hz

70"C
No. :

..Sq.mm

mm

kg.Jkm

ohmtkm

Current rating

Direct in
ground

tn air

amp

amp

2
cables

.3
cables

2
cables

cables

195
220
240

240
270
305

210
250
290

325
335
370

260
270
295

340
350
395

325
335
380

.3

'.

1 X120
1 X 150
. ~, .. - 1 X 185

15
15
30

1.6
1.8
2.0

2.0
2.0
2.0

21.5
23.5
25.5

600
720

1 X 225
1 X 240
1 X 300

30
30
30

2.2
2.2
2-4

2.0
2.0
2.2

28.0
28.5
32.0

1040
1090
1350

0.131

0.159

0.122

0.149

0.0976

0.120

0.082
0.082
0.080

1 X 400
1 X 500.
1 X 630

53
53
91

2.6
3.0
3.4

2.2
2.2.
2.4

36.0
40.0
46.0

1690
2090
2730

0.0763
'0.0605
0.0469

0.0946
0.0767
0.0613

0.079
0.079
0.079

410
435
485

325
345
390

455
490
560

435
480
550

1 X 800
1 X 1000

91
91

3.4
3.4

2.6
2.8

51.0
57.0

3370
4110

0.0367
0.0291

0.050
0.042

0.077
0.075

530
580

440
490

6<10
740

600
720

860

'i_~

.~

_~,~

C.lLeL

.~};!

iiSiIliHlE<';e<Ot

t.. hZ

c.

_~.""".n:_

.......................

____

~T_~~ _ _

Curront rating & constructional details of PVC insulated PVC


sheathed armoured twin and multicore power cable with
Aluminium conductor type AYWY and AYFY 650j1100V (AI)

'.J

T,pe

N" of cOles
.1

d (;toss

s'~c!;:~1"1 ar'JlI

Conductor;
(AI)
,Max O.D
Minimum!
No. of I

App/ox

nett
01

WI.

c a bl"

Max,

D.C.

resistanc~

at 20"'C

.-- Sq,mrn
_.<..>.

"'l

AYWY

/\ y FY

I ;)
"

2x2.5
2x4 .
2x6
2xl0

"0.

2.. 25
::;.,:.W
2x50

3xT'5--AYWY

3x2.5
3x4
3'x6

jxlU-
3.16
3<25
31.35
3x50
3x70
3x95
3x120
3x150
3x,: 85

3x225
AYFY

"~'

,1."{'/IY

,t. . lF"(

3x240
3x3CO
: ~400
".: ~.-.:2r) Hi
3.1>3516
3i xsO,25
3.\x70 35
" ,95 50
3}x120 70
3jx150'iO
3j,18595
3lx225 120
31,240120
3 ;x300 1,,0
3!.40,1185

1
1
1

7
6
6

6
15
15
15
15
30
3.0
30
30'
53
G
G

15
15
15
15
30.
30
30
30
53

4xT~~r--'"--

4x2.5
4x4
4:-6----4r.l J
4xlG
4x25
4x3!3
4x50

1
1
1
1
7
6
6
6

t.!lnC8 (It

cpeialinu, reaCtanco
temp.
i al 50 Hz.
ohm:km

mm

1
1
1
1
.1

1 ApptOx.~
APPIOX'I Capaci.

AC tosis

70';C!

WHes

15.0

1f3.O

17.5
18.5
20.5

100
460

530
600
730

20.0
12.0
7.54
5.01
3.00
1.91
1.20
0.868

24.0
14.4
9.06
6.02
360

; ohm 'km

UflCO

0.239
0.229
0.223
0.207
0.198

pO'

phase
F 'km

18
25
32
40
55

0.165
0.18
0.20
0.22
0.25

-rO

O. ,76
0.173
1170
0.173
1,190
-425I -0-:-'-'-9
14.4
490 I 12.0
, 0.115
0.112
9.06
580 i 7.54
0.104
650 , 5.01
_6~Q.2~
0:495'-3.003.6u
50
0.090 0.56
2.29
870
1.91
0.088 0.62
1.44
840
1.20
23.5
0.086 0.66
1.04
990
25.5
0.868
0.086 0.70
0.770
1230
0.641
29.0
0.083 0.73
1560
0,443.
0.532
33.0
0.083 0.76
2000 i 0.320.
0.384
37.0
0.082 0.78
0.306
2280
0.253
40.0.
0.082 0.795
44.0
2750
0.249
0.206
0.082 0.81
0.199
49.0
3320
0:164
3980
0.163 . 0.082 0.815
540
0.134
0.152 . 0.079 I 0.82
56,0
4190
0.125
62.0
5080
0'100
0.123
0.0791 0.825
0.098 . 0.079 0.83
68.0
6280
0.078
0.094 ; 0.62
1 .4.\
%0
1.20
2'3.0
U.OQ3 I O.GG
1.04
28:5
1150 i 0.868
32.0
1430
0.641
0.770
0.0931 0.70
35.0
1760
0.443
0.532 ; 0.090 0.73
40.0
2250
0.384
0.320
O.O~O 0.?6
00:.8, 0.78
43.0
2700 ! 0.253
0.305
48.0
3170
0.249
0.200
0.083 0.795 .
3790
0.164 . ' 0.199
0.088 .0.81
52.0
4600
0.134
0.163
0.088 0815
58.0
4880
0.152 ! 0.085 0.82
0.125
61.0
0.123 . .0.085 0.825
5860 I 0.100
66.0
7270 ; 0.078
0.098
0.085 0.88

17.5
19.5
21.5
28:5
26.0
28.5
33.0

--'4-tl6-""["20.0-/24:0

o.

550 I 12.0
114.4
640 I 7.54"/ 9.0G
"6OO-j-5,C')l- 6.02
730 I 3.00
3.60
990 i 1.91
2.29
1,44
1010 I 1.20
1210
1,04
0.8G8
1650
0.641
0.770

0.123

:i
!,

i'

90
110
135

60
76
92
110
135
165
185
210
235
265
275
305
335
76
92
110
135
165
185
210
235
265
275
305
335

-'

."

.
~.

Table 81

Current Rating & Constructional Details of PVC Insulated Sheathed


Armoured Control Cables with Copper Conductor, Type YWY and
YFY 650/1100V

.!
TYPli i

No. of Cores
end

,i ..

CtOSlI

Approx
nB11 WI.

MilJl:,

0,0.

sectional

01

afC a

cable

rnnl

kg,/km.

mm

YWY

2Xl.5
15.0
3Xl.5
15.5
4Xl.5
16.5
5Xl.5
17.0
6Xl.5
18.0
_ _ _ I ___7_XL_5_~18.0

YWY

10Xl.5
20.5
12X1.519.5
14Xl.5
.21.0
16X1.5
21.5
19X1.5
22.5
24Xl.5
26.5
27Xl.5
26.0
30X1.5
27.0
37X1.5
29.0
44Xl.5
33.0
62X1.5
34.0

I.

ohm{k>ll

41512.1
450.12.1
495
12.1
560
12.1
620
12.1
.630
12.1

I
AC

710
640
730
780
880
1060'
1160
1230
1.420
1670
1920

12.1
12.1
12.1
12 ..1
12.1
12.1
12.1
12.1
12.1
12.1
12.1

640
610
680
780

7.28
7.28
7.28
7.28

fatjng

17.0
17.5
19.0
'20.5

12X2.5
14X2.5
16X2.5
19X2.5
24X2.5
27X2.5
30X2.5
37X2.5

22.5
23.5
24.5
25.5
29.5

APprox,!

CUftf!nl

50Hz

Icmr.
70' C

,two

adJacont
r.oros

ot1m!~rn

oh", 'I.m

. F I~m

14.50.2390.1
14.5
0.239
0.1
14.5
0.239
0.1
14.5
0,239
0.1
14.5
0.239
0.1
_14._5_,_0_.2_3~
_
0.1

14.50.239
14.5
0.239
14.5
0'.239
14.5' 0.239
14.5
0.239
14.5
0.239
14.5
0.2391
14.5
0.239 I
14.5
0.239
14.5
0.239 I
14.5
0.239 I

6::::: ~::: 2::: :~~: 1::~1


3X2.5
4X2.5
5X2.5
6X2.5

Appro)!

fe8.Slz~ca :r~$;s[anco reaClllnce


Capeci.
'''[11'19
at 20', C ! ill ope
ill
. lanco for , ___ ..._ .. __

I
Sq

YFY

i
MlI,x D.C,]

8.71
8.71
8.71
8.71

:::::
0.229
0.229
0.229

0.1
0.1
0'1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

I :::

I D~reci
In

"fl~()'"

.""1>

M'lp

23
21
21.
16 .
1.5'
_..1~ __ .

20
17
17
14
13
13..

12 1 11
12
10
11110
11
9
10. 9
9 I
8
9
8
9
7
8 I 7
7 1 6
7 '. ,
6

i,'

'-;;-1-2;'

0.1 1
0.1 '\
0.1
0.1,

0.229

o.

In air

27
27
23
21

24
24
\' 19
. 18

--~, -,-~Qt;--- ~;~~"':~C-.I_":;~~~~~_I_:";';:~~~~-I--,;~j+- -Zj}} -g:~ I-~~;n


YFY

30.0

32.0

34.0
44X2.53B.O

52X2.5
61 X2.5

39 ..0

42 ..0

8707.28
970
7.28
10507.28
118.0
7.28
1460
7.28
1560
7.28
1720
7.2B
2.010
7.28
2360
7.28
2670
7.28
3040
7.28

'.

. I

99

8.710.229

17
14
16
13
15
13
14
12
13
11
0.1
12" 10
0.1
12 i 10
0.1 111
9
0.1
10
9
0.1
10
8
0.1'
9
8
0.1

8.71
0.229
0.1
8.710.2290.1
8.710.229
0.1
8.71
0.229
0.1
B.71
B.71
B.71

8.71
8.71
8.71

0.229

0.2291
.0.229
0.229
0.229 'j
.0.229

I
II

,,

Rating Facto,. for Groups of Twin and Multicore Cables laid in


"
Ground .in Horizontal. Formation
No. 01 Cables

-------

t_____....

TouChin g "/

--.. -

2
3
4
6
8

0.79
0.69
0.62
. 0.54
0.50

Rating Factor for Axial Spacing


15 ern

30 cm

0.82
0.75
0.69
0.61
0.57

0.87
0.79
0.74
0.69
0.66

45 cm--;-I.--6-0-c-m--0.91
0.86
0.82
078
0.76

0.90
0.83
0.79
0.75
0.72

Rating Factor. for Groups of Twin and Multicore Cables laid


Diroct in Ground in Tire Formation

Rating Factor Axial Spacing


No. of Cables

-----~----~~----~-----~.---

Touching

0.60
0.51
0.45

15 cm

30 cm

45 cm

60 cm

.-.---..-.... -----+-----'--+-------c--'.----!-----r---4

6
8

0.67
0.57
0.51

0.73
0.63
0.57

0.76
0.67
0.59

0.78
0.69
0.61

Group Hating Factor. lor Circuits of Two Single Core Cables. Side by Side and
Touching. Horizontal Formation; laid Direct in Ground
No. of Circuits

2
3
4

6
8

Spacing (Between Centres of Circuits)

1_,

Touching

15 em

30 em

45 cln

60 crn

0.79
0.69
0.64

0.86
0.78
0.73
0.G7
0.65

0.91
0.84
0.81
0.77
0.75

0.93
0.88
0.86
0.83
0.82

0.95
0.91
0.88 .
0.87
0.86

0.56

0.51

Ground Rating Factors for Circuits 01 Three Single Core Cables in Trefoil and
Touching, Horizontal Formation, laid Direct in Ground

Spacing (Between Centres of Circuits)


No. of Circuits

- ...

2
3
4
6
8

Touching

15 cm

0.78
0.68
0.61
0.53
0.48

0.71
0.65
0.58'
0.54

30 em

lfT~I
.

0.77
0.72
0.66
0.62

45 crn
0.88
0.81
0.76
0.71
0.67

60 cm

.1

0.90
0.83
0.79
0.76
0'72
- .-

100

'.

Table 83

Rating Factors for Variation in Ambient Air/Ground Temperature


Ambient Air/
Ground
Temperature

25

30

35

40

45

1.26

1.16

1.09

1.00

0.09

1.06

1.00

0.9.4

0.87

0.70

20

15

"]
,II

Air'

Ground

1.12

1.17

NOTE:
The curient ratings given In the tables 82 end 83 are based on the normal conditions of
installation dascribed below. For other conditions. the corresponding rating facio.s are to
bo applied:
Maximum conductor temparature

70'C

Ambient air temperatura

40'C

. Gro'und temperatura

:' 30'C

Depth of laying (for ceblos laid


direct in ground)

75 em (1.1 kV.)
90 em (3.3,6.6 kV.)

Thermal resistivity of soil

150'C em/watt

Thermal resistivity of the Cable

650"C em/watt

Table 84

Ratings: & Constructions of


Single Core Copper Conductor Welding Cables
,'Nominal Hand
Welding

Nominal Area

No. '& Dia of


Wires

OVBfall
Dia

509/0.2
796/0.2
1114/0.2
, .1691/0.2
2228/0.2

10.0
11.2
12.5
14.0
15.8
18.7

ApprO)(.
Wt. I
k k

sq. mm
-+____________
T-____m_m__~--7_,----m-m------T_--~g!~-.--

______
ur_re_n_t__

16
25
35
50
70
, 95

"",,,'f."

I'>
m

-' 1344/0.3
101

2;'8

3~5

432
588
791

1089 .

I.

Table 85
Maxiri'1Um permissible number of 250 V grude sinr;la-core 'cables that can he
drawn into. rigid steel canduita

sftCtional area

Number and
diameter in mm

sq.mm

of will:;s

Noimnal CrOss

1.5

Size of conduit in mm '

'16 (5/8") 119(3'4") 125.4 (1") 131.8(1:") 138. (11") 151 (2") 163,5 (

>5

5 113

10

20' 14'

.c.,

1}1.40

"112,

10

20

-.

~O

,1/2.24

,
J .}
l 7;0.85'

(7,1.06

lj3.55~

10

',"

I 6

I,

2 1 6

51

10

..

41

25

7/2.24

,-

35

7/2.50

S:.~

W.

"-.to

~. I

I 3

1<- --

19;1.80

I '

7/1.70

50

'I

I -

'

16

7!3.00~

I !, II

7/1.40'

,,r" .....

'./"

10

'50

S?:!

':

'

14

'I

i 10 i 8 18. 12! --, -! i "


" i
"
,I
I i
~!!'
i
3
2 I' 4
,j', 7 i
6
12' 1O! -! -..
3

1;280

I SIB I 5 I 8 I S 1- 8 I S I

\,~.

S, I B- I SIB

'1

i /U 2'
1 J.C
\\
2
. 5 ,
.. '
{
3 ,06 I

tv

I B

-I - - - ! -

--

1- - - - -

- -- -

--

--- -

' 31
4"
2

71-- - I - - I 8 6 I --- -- 5

5,

--

81

'

--

7. 5

,5

4' 6

.. ~'.j :.

.'

Table~85

Conrd.

For copper conductors only;

+ For

aluminium conductors only.

The table shows tho maximum cnpacityof condpits fpr !lig' sim,lltanPIll! !lr!!\'!.
Ingin of cablcs. The table applies 10 250-yoll grade cablos. The columns
headed '5' apply to runs of conduit which have distaco not exceeding 4.25m
between draw-In-box,es, and which do not deflect from tho .lr8Igh! by an nnolo
of moro thnn 15'.. Th8 columns headed 'B' apply to run,s of condlilt which
deflect from the .Imlght by an anille of more than 15'.

Note: 1.

;i
ji

~, In caso an inspection typo draw-in-box has boon provided and if

.hO cablo is
first drawn through one straight conduit, thon through the drawlnbox, and
then through the second straight conduit, such systems may be considered as
that of a straight conduit even if the conduit deflects thiough the straight by

more than 15.

Table 86

..~,

Maximum permissible number of 250 V grade Single-core cables


that may be drawn into rigid non-metallic conduits
Nominel

,~

Numbor and diameter


in mm of wires

CtOSS SOC~

tlonal"r ..
sq.mm.

25

13

1.5'

1/1.40

10

1
3;1,06' j

fi

(7/1.40'

16

7!1,70

25
35 .

7/2.50

'

50

".',

-.

713.00t,

50

,,

1911.80

20

14

,-,

51

..

10

, -

14

,i

11

,i

--

"

-.
-

-.
-

"

I
-

__ I

12

2'

For Copper conductors only;

I
!

..

7/2,24

38

11 /3.55t }

..

14

10

Y
7/1.06' J

32

{1/280

2 24
.
}
7.'0.85"

.;

1111.80

10

'.

19
7

; ; .

16

1/1.12'

l
..;'

1.0

2.5

"

Size of Conduit in mm

t For Aluminium conductors only.


103

"

Int)lo~1

Conduit~

Tocl1nical Pilrticulars of

Screwed typo rigid Steel Conduit


5:"1 SOBW throads
bldck sto'.'o enamellediHot dirfled galval1iscd.

Typo
Till nod
Prot(::ctivG cOillin~J

---'_.
NO()1!/lal
sizt:

-----Outside oia

__
TtVe"d. details
! thickness
Longth of i
Pitch
, f"l:.lximum r. . 1illirflurn
scttJW I/lr~ads!

,",.,'

16,0
19.0
19.0
25.4
:!5..4
31.8
3Ltl
38.0
51.0

IS.900
19.075
19.075
25.425
25.425
31.775
31.775
38.125
50.82.S

G'J ,S

G3.G2G

70.275
10UJ50!

70.0
100.0

Wall

I
I

nlm

nun

nlill

mm

fllm!

film

I.G-~:~-r-l-~-~';;'

15.1306
18.763
18.763
25.113
25.113
31.463
31.'163
:37. 795
50.495
G3.1%
75.775
101.1S0

1.6
2.0
1.6
2,0
1.6
2.0
2.0
2.0

Weight

--'-"-"::':58"-0-='-'--1-7"'0'-0696
1330
870
1100
9601000
1200
800
1210
800
1 51 2
650
1815
550
2710
360
3420
290
3900
250
5800
170

2.0

1 he (""Utlil, will be weluc'd. :;od,cted at one end iJncl in Icnuth of 2.3


~;l:rc\.',p,! (,.po flVid :jtCtll (:!lfldlll(

Col) U;.U. Screw lhrCilLl; l'il,h-1.5 rnrn


Black stove enamelled HOI dipped galvaniscd.

i
:M

Outsidt:

(jj:,

a-; In',:, ;;,1 Mi r;;"';J;',;


I,
,

rnJll

1 f)

20
:>0

20
20

1 ') 7

.25

2b

L5

32

32
32
40
50
63

~o

50
63

Approximate
IErngth per
tonne.

W~iDllt

gram:rnctre

Illfll

....~.,,-

1(;

.~

Length of
screwed
threads

Willi
thickness

Inll),

1111J1

._ 0

to 4.0 til

1" III!

F'rotective canting

')(

111

'f

hfl!~c.:l

grams/Jliotro

14.5! 1.588
14,5
11.588
17:5
1.588
17,5
1.588
19.0
1.588
19 0
1 .588
21.01.814
24
1.814
27
1 .81 ~
27
1.814
30
1.814

2.0
2.0

A~flroxi
: mate
iength par
tonne.

1 C' 'I

I,U
~~',~.li

lli
2. ()
1 . (j

24.0
31.1;

2.5

1 .0
2.0
2.0
2.0
'2.0

3t 6

39.6

49.5
"

f.i~
~.::>

sao

12.5
15.0
15.0
1 9.0
19.0
19.0
19.0
19.0
22.0
22.0

(j

m
---'----(

1700
1310
1080
1020
830
800.
G50
500
370

735
916
935
1170
1215
1520
1910
2660
3340

)
"

295

---_.--_._Nole:

In case the wall tllickness diflers from the Table above, ,118 weight will be different,
tile same may be calculi3ted from the following formula:
I.lleight of the Conduit specified

,.... -.- .....---,......

ill

Colurnn 6

.. --,- ..... -- .... _--X ActuiJl wall thickness of Co d 't

VYo[[ thIckness of CondUit Sf.!C'cJfJ~U 111 Column 4

The Conduits will be weldecl. sockt,'ted at one end ilnd ill lengtl, of 2.3m to

104

n Ul

~.O til.

*!llUlll!l9il~f.!H:l))lliffi'l""

!I

Ii

II

Tobl.9a

Aluminium Concluctors Steol Roll1forcod IlHlludltl(j


Standard Sizes BS 215 Part 2 : 1070

Code Name

mm
. :~} MolQi
Squirrel
Gopher
Weasfl
Fox'
Ferret
Rabbit
Mink
Skunk
Bonvor
Horse
Racoon
Oltor
Cot
Hare
Dog :.
Hyena

- Leopard
Coyote
Cougar
Tiger
'Wolf
Lynx
J_
Panther
Lion
_ Bear
Goat
Sheep
An 101 opo
ljiBon

Deer
2ebra
Elk
Camel
. Mooso

Stranding & wire dig


Stool

Aluminium

6/1.50
6/2.11
6/2.36
6/2.59
6/2.79
6/3.00
.6/3.35
6/3.66
12/2.59
6/3.00
. 12/2.79
6/4.10
6/4.22
6/4.60
6/4.72
6/4.72
7/4.39
6/5.28
26/2.54.
18/3.05
30/2.36
30/2.59
18/3.35
30/2.79
18/3.61
30/3.00
30/3.18
30/3.35
30/3.71
30/3.99
64/2.97
64/3.00
18/3.86
. 30/427
64/3.18
30/4.60
54/3.35
64/3.53 .

." mm

1/1.60
1/2.11
1/2.36
1/2.59
1)2.79
1/3.00
1/3.35
1/3.66
7/2.69
1/3.09 .
7/2.70
1/4.10
1/4.22
1./4.60
1/4:72
7/1.57
7/1.93
7/1.75
7/1.91
1/3.05
7/2.36
7/2.69
1/3.36
7/2.79
1/3.61
7/3.00
7/3.18
7/3.35
7/3.71
7/3.99
7/2.97
7/3.00
. "1/3.86
7/4.27
7/3.18
7/4.50'
7/3.34
7/3.53

Current rating

Weight
kg:km

1 emperato

Tropiclli

arnp

amp

43
85
106
128
149
172
214
255
465
302
538

67
109
126
134
147
161
185
174
246
193
266
231
240
248
273
278
287
316
311
314
323

320

339
386
425
394
450
492
522
419
602
726
506
842
587
974
1095
1213
1489
1718
1 411
1444
671
1971
1621
2190
1797
1999

55
69

77
84
93
98
112
103
139
110
148
131
137
145
151
153
155
167
164
168
164
162
179

355

349
386
383
421
448
481
542
592
588

178

205
191
195
198
200
197
208

208
197
186
202
165
192
176

595

415

639

635
679

677
763

iho ratings aro based on the following conditions:

1emperate

iropical
Total Area =

Wind Speed
Ambient
(cross wind)
temperaturo
0.447 m/s
20C
. 36C
'0.441 m/s
0.78'04 X d' X No. of Strands.
105

Intensity cif

Temperature

solar radiation

iis~

850 W/m'
1200 W/m'

3j:)"C
20C

r.

,.

I1 All Aluminium Stranded Conductors' Including Stiuidar<L'., ..


.
1 ! 1970.:
,
ISI'os from as 216. Part
'.
.
" ..
' .. ' i
Sl!alldillU

wi~o

(j

di.:aTlO(Ol
mill

. Woight

Approxjmate

OVOfill1 dill

mrn

'Cullont rallng
1ompofiitB---:T':':ro:":p!Tl:!lcO"-'I--

ku{km

amp

64
73
73
86
101
117
145
174
202
215
230
262
290
293
:lG 1
432
434
512
587
652
731
888
1027
1029
1179
1145
1342
1460
1733
2191

114
139
124
147
144
159
181
199
219
227
238
256
271
274
308
342

amp
.; I :",

Midge
rqihis
G'ni.ll

Weovil
Mosquito
Ladybird
. Anl
Fly
81uobotlle
F,iHwlg
(Tt(jsShUr)~H}'r

el~Hjv

V1il'>t:l

fhnJf-iq

/J btl
Crl~t;!:t

Horrwi

Cntarr ill ,,,


Chaler
Spider

Coc:uoach
Butterlly
Moth
Drone
l.oeUSl
Centipede
Maybug
ScOrpjrf
Cicada
TilfulltlJl.J

7/2.06
3/3.35
7,2.21
3/3.66
7{2.59
7{2.79
7{3.1 0
7{3.40 '.
7}3.66
7{3.78
713.91
7/4.11
1/4.39
1912.07
7{4.00
7;5.36
19;3.25
1 \)'3.5.3
1913.78
19,3.99
19.'4.22
1914.65
19{5,OO
)7;3,58
19{5.36
37{3.78
37/4.09
37(4.27
3714.65
37i 5.23

6.2
7.2
6.6
7.9
7.8
8.4
9.3
10.2
11.0
11.4
11 .7
12.5
13.2
13.4
14.7
1 6.1
16.3
17.7
18.9
20.0
21.1
23.3
25.0
25.1
26.8
26.5
28.6
29.9

32.6
36.6

3~6

380
414
439
470
528
572
572
626
619
676
710
784
899

72.

\i~:/.~"'

8,7

7'f3
Q5
93
101
11.2
124
132
136
.141
150
168
172
175
189
190
204
. 215
224
.232
247
.256
257
263
262
268
269
266
241

1 he f<'ltinIS iJre basod on the followi~lg conditions:

_.-

Wind. Speed
(cross wind)

Arnbj~nt .
ternpeta_ture

Intensity of
solar radiation

Tomperature
rise
. i'

Tem:Jcr,atc
Trop1cal

0.447 mis
0.447 m,s

20C
35 C

850 W;m'
120 W'm'!

30'C
20'C
',1

Towl Area" 0.7854 X d' X No. of Srro;'c!s.

106

".1

,.

I' "

J;. '

:1

['~-----'-'----,","",~,l~~\\1'\1$IIlI~ml'_l\l,jj_M"

,
:1

~~

:1

- .;
"

Tabla 90

,I

;1"j

Characteristics of conductor materials

"

Annaalad
Coppor

D~scription

:
,I

condJ,tiVlty
pertbnt

vo'~rrib resistivity at

-1,

20'Q,ohm-sq.mm/m
I

Micro nhmcu.inch

Mass iosistlvity
at 20rc ohmglm,
. ohmlblmllo

Cadmium
Copper

Hard drawn
Cop par

100

97
(avoraoo)

0.017241'
(standard)

0.01771"
(average)

0.67879

0.69712

. Aluminium
hard drawn

Steel
(Go'ivailised)

--~,

79.2
(minimum)

61
(minimum)

0.021769
(maximum)

0.028264
(maximum)

0.85705

1.1128

..

"-

0.15328
876.20

0,16741
608.83

0.'10472

111 I .9

0.078308
436.23

---

Resistance ilt lO"C


ohm-sq.inch/mi 10
.ohm-sq,lnchll 000 It
ohm sq.mm/km '

0.043008
0.0081456
17.242

0.04417
0.0083655
17.71

0.054302
0.010285
2 t .769

0.070504
,0.013353
28.264

--

Don81ty ot 20'C
o/cll.c01,

8.80

' 8.88

8.046

2:703

Weight
Ib/sq.inch/1000 ft
g/sq.mm/km

3854.1
8.89

. 3854.1
8.89

3877 .9
8.945

1171.8
2.703

.7,78

3308.3
7,84
c

Tompori1tLJro co.
ulfh;Jullt of luuln-

tanc," at 20"C por'C

0.00393

0.00381

0'0031

17X10-'
9.44Xl0- 0

17X10-"
9.44X10-1)

17X10-"
9,44X1 Qc"

0.00403

----

Co-efficient of linear
expansion at 20C o
per C

per'F

..; ..

Ultimate tensile stress


(appro.ximately) ,
Ib/sq. Inch
kg/sq. mm

36.0
25.3

60.0
, 42.2
,

90.0
63.3

23X10-"
12.7-8X1 0""

23.5
16.5

"

.' For calculation;. this value' has b'een,extended to 0.017241379


. ... : Assumed average ultimate
. . I

tens'il~ Sirenglh: 27

For conductors of covered cables this is the assumed standard value

I
!j

,
i

. .. .... .

I
,

,.

;r

tons/sq. inch

I ~~ . '

i. 107

11.5X10--"
6.4X1 0""

194.0
136.0

Conductor sizes for various lines


(Aluminium Conductor Steel Reinforced \11 Aluminium Conductor)'; Conductor size Range
(Equivalent area of Copper) -

Lino Voltage

Sq, inService Lines


Lines cthr~r than Servico
. I Linos

lOWiVoltoue lines
lines up_to 33 k, V,
line, upto 66 k, V,
Unes upto 132 k, V.
lilies upto220 k, V,

Sq, mm

Min,

- 0,01287

Min.

- 0.02011

0.025
0.04
0.05
0.125
0_04

- 0.2
- 0.25
- 0.25
-0.'1-- 0.25

S.

--

:1

. 1.1

7,6
16 25 30 80 -

160 -

13 130 '
160
160
260
260

Rec

Table 9Z
Fluoroscont Lnmp Data (E,L,M,A,)

__

I 80 VI -_._-_.
I 40 W ._---_.---._-----,..
I 40 W I 30 W
20W -I loW
- - - - ---.----------- -. ---------1--'
-60
48
24 I
23
36
18
1.50
1,50
1.50
1.50
I
I
200,250 200,250 100 130:200!250 200/240 100/13 o
12 i - ;2
20
12
12
12

Lenqth, inches

DI~,rllcter,

inches
Supo1y voltage (A. C.), V.
Loss.

ill

control

gOtH,

W.

LUIHen output:

Nt.r 100 hours

3,600

.Life aVIJwge

3,040

2560
0:5
0.85

Final

P.F, of IJrnp and ballast


wilh carJ.1citol
CapClcitol. value,
A\'..:rD~J!: lift! hr

uF

7,5

3,000

2.000
1,720
1.440
4.5
0.85
3.25
2.500

760
620
540
0.5
0.85
3.L5

2,500

! bi-pin
I

b. c.

~------.---"'.~""'

I'

1,320
,380
1,160 ! 1,200
1,000
1,050
0.5
0,5
0.85
0,85
7.5
3.25
2,500
2,500

, , -I - - -

....~~.,~......

108

:j

510
420
375
0.5
0,85
3.25
2,500

r--------;-JJJ1I,~~!ii,

1.

ii

Tobin 93

Earthing Ready Reckonsr

S.

N~'I

Weight of Conductor kgjm

Description

,"
2;,

No,
No.

12

3!:

No.

No.
6
No, . 4
No,
2

1;

5
6
7
8
9'
10'
11
"

"j

I,

I'
f

14

SWG

0,028
0,049

Wiro

"

"
"

0,1155

"
"
"

"

"
"

0,1668
0,243
0,344 '

,,

./1,

0,670
1.715
2,680
19,30
38,60

25X3 mOl f Iat


32X6
",
50X6
600X600X6 mOl thick plate
GOOX600X12 n1m thick piate

0,0254
' 0,043

0,0162
(6 sq, mm)
0,0270
(10 sq,rrim)

0,102
,
0.1465
0,224
0,300

0,0945
(35 sq: mm)
0,202
0,518
0.810
5,83
11,66

0,590
1,510
2,360
170
34,0

Recommended Eorth Ccnductors for Motors


1
2

.3
4

upto161-1,P,
from 20 to 30 1-1, p,
from 35 to 50 1-1. P.

12SWG
8SWG
4SWG

10 sq. mOl
35 sq. mm

Abovo 50 1-1, p,

25X3 mm
f Int

25X6 mm
flo)

6 sq. mm

8SWG
4SWG
25X3 mm
f1.1t
32X6 mOl
Ii at

:f
Galvallised oorth'ing details

1
.,.,1
j

G. i. Cond,
'Sizo

114 SWG
,12 SWG

10 SWG
8 SWG
6SWG
4SWG
25X3 mOl flot ,
32X6 mOl flat
50X6 mm flat'

Area

sq. mm

3,24
5,48
8,35
12,97
18,68
27,27
75,00
192,0
300.0

Non)inil!
dia. mm

2,03
2,64
3,26
4,06
4,88
5,89

Approx
Weight
kg/m

Approx

resistance
ohml m

0,026
0,044
0,067
0,104
0.150
0.218
0.600
0,536
2.400

0,0433
0,02565
0.0162
0,0106
0,00733
0.00505
0,0017
0,0007
0,00033

'\

1i
,
:

109

"

I
I ulJlo

:;'I~

\U)

Light.output from olectric lamps Tungston-filament


GOTlond Sorvico oloctric Inmps-(:;;)ocifiod in BSS 161)
Nominal H<11ing

Illitiul Out put

AvorlllJO flux

Quiput through
lifo of lamp (Iurnons)

v() I'

110

230

40
11.8 (12.4)
470 (495)
449 (465)
60
13.2 (13.8)
790 (830)
759 (775)'
75
14.1 (14.7)
1060 (1100)
1000 (1025)
I O~....... _1-".:?_(~:~ _ _ _ .......:1.::.50::.cO'---'-'(1:..:4.::9.::.0)'--I_...:..:15:::0o.::0:......:(c.:..:146:::5~)_ _
10

GO
75

\ 00
150
200
300

600
750
1()OO
1GOO
Tile

11\):':".'<;

8.5
10.0
10.8
12.0
j 3.9
14.4
15.6
16.8
18.0
18.9

(10.~)

340
600
810
1200
2090
2880
4690
9410
13500
18900
30100

(11.7)
(12.4)
(13.4)

20.1

(415)
(700)
(930)
(1340~

330

(3C9)

584

(GGG)
(883)

785
1160
1970
2725
4430
7930
12740
17800
28360

i,'

-':

~.

','\

(1270)
I,

in hrllckets reler to Illmp.'> with coiledcoil lilJfllCnb

Tobin 94 (b)

Li(Jht output (rom Eloctric LnrJlP~


Eloc:tric Dischargo LUnlps (Spocifiod)
Averill/t! nux Oll(
pul throuUh lifo
of lump(Lurnons)

wutlagu

eo

125
250
,400
4Ci)

F!uorf,'scent

38
42
36
45

4G

125

38
42

40U

38

45
6U

65

80

55.5

30-lQ
5250
9COO
18000
18000

3040

2240

37[;0
2000

3120

71.5
100

4 GO

11 7. '"

47000

'j

I
I

121tJO

2500

250

136CJO

5250
15200
3900
6080
25000

85

2240

3750
7250
13600

4850

I,
(

110

- I.

Tobie 94 (c)

Light output from Elootrlc Lomps For !)ocorBtlvo All Covored FixtLII"8S
'I

Form of
Distribution CUfve

._---!

\'

0.28
0.34

,II.
.
28~.

up

H
G

14~

down

F
I

E
D

C
B

! A

0,38

0.42
0.44
0.48
0.52
0.54
0,57
0.58

0.24
0.31
0.35
0.39
0.41
0.45
0.48
0.51
0.53
0.55

0.22
0.29
0.33
0.36
0.38
0.42
0.46
0.48
0.52
0.53

0.25 ! 0.23
. 0.31 i 0.28
0.34
0.32
0.37
0,35
0,39
0.37
0.43
0.40
0.46
0.43
0.47
0.45
0.49
0.47
0.51
0.49

-,,--

-"'~.~.'""">'~

''''.

...

-.~

0.21 i 0.21
0.19
0.27 I 0.26
0.25
I
'0.30
0.29
0.28
0.33
0.32
0.31
0.35
0.34
0.32
0.38
0,36
0.35
0.41
0.39
0.38
0.43
0.40
0.39
0.46
0,42
0.41
0.47
0.42 \ 0;42

('

Table 95 (a)

Approximate Powor Consumption of Electrical Appliances


Ketllcs'

028 Litro 275 W


.
0.57
300-400 W
1,13 " 450-660W
1.7
" 80 O.c.. 1 000 W
2,3 to 3.4 '
1000,.1400 W

CircuJ8tin9 walor hC[Jt.r.rs-:

26 kW
Chollf11l dish:

1.7 Litres 500 W


0.28 Litre 275 W
0.57 '" 400 W
1,13 " 550W

Jugs

4.5 Lltro
9
"
13.6
"
18-27 "

Urns

1000 W
1400 W
1500-1750 W
2000-2500 W

Hot pinto, :

12.7 em Din 400 W


,,900 1000 W
1 7. B
20.3
,,1300-1400 W
33-36 em. sq,
1600 W
Simrncring plates:

Immersion heaters:
15,2 em Long 250-500 W
17,8"
" 600-750 W

25.4"

"

40,6"

,,1600-... 2000 W

760-1000 W

20.3 X 30.5 em 550-700 IN


61 X 30.5 " 1000-1200 W

Dish nnd food wmnorl :


30.5 X 30.5 em 160-170 vV
50.8 X 30,5 ern 250-300 W
76 X 38
,,400-500 W

Goysers:

109
145
182
273
363

Litrcs/h 01 38'C 3.0 kW


4.0 P.V
5.0 kW
"
7.5 kW
"
10.0 kW
"

Toasters:

1 Slice 350-550 W
3 Slices 1750W
5 Slices 2500 W
111

I""h' rI.t;

(d)

Conrd.

Vacuum cleaner:

. Grills'
20.3X15.2cm 750-1000W
4G X 30.5 " 3000-4500 W

Usual Domestic
High. Power
Blowur:
Hair Drier:
Glue Pots:

Ovcns :
36 X 30 X 31 em insido' 1.5 kIN
30X30X41
,.1.5kIN
JoX3!.iX41
.
2kW

"

O./'
0.5
0.7
0.9
1.3

Irons (lilun;II,' 8 (<1iloriI'lO) :


kg

250 W
280-300 IN

2.27
2.72

..
..

350-,,:iO W

1:

Small mo.tors :
Drilling 14

400--500 W
500 (jao W

'r

.'

GOO- 7 GO ltV
cWO 1:50 W

9.1

GOO W
l--JkW

E!e:cllic clcl!i(:s washer:.


2

BI:.iLr.i::t Size

. 80ilinq

tin1~

in rninu.tes

~2S0

'I/y

mm

22
25
38

'.

Small Bowl
Medium & large

200 W
300-600 W

0.57 Litro
1-.13
"
2.3

Soldl?f,inU irons

1.36
1 .81

Grindirig:
15.2 X 1.9 em
20.3 X 1.9
25.4 X 1.9
Tube cleaning:

.
..

51
101

rnrn

1
4-~

Tubes

kg
kg
"

,,
Hole

..
.."

wheel

160 W
550 W
100 W
400 W
650 W
60
. 120
200
275
450

200-250
350--400
750
1500

W
W

W
W
W
W

750 W
1250 W
2250 W
750 W
1750 W

1
:r

'.

"

-,..

,/

r. -,

rI
~

L il roS X 6800
'.... J (l t ( ~j

",

'. . ,,.!. :1

.'

;1

'12

!.!
I

i,

Table 95 (b)

00
00
60
50
)0
)0
50
\.

Approximate Connected Loads


Of some important household appliances
W
W
W
W
W
W
W

J"W

!O
10
'5
;0

W
,.
W
W

:0 W
,'0 W
OW
OW

'Electrlo Iron

400 -1000 W

Immersion hoater
'Rapid action cooker
Electric heater
!Hair dryer

500 -1000 W

i'

700 -1200 W
1000 -- 3000 W
500 W

60 W

Heater pad
Vncuum cleaner

150 -

Cooker

1200 --1500 W

Oven
Sma!"1 kitchen range
Large kitchen range
Water heater

" 700 --.1500 W

2200 - 3500 W
3700 -7300 W
.1200 - 6000 W
300 W

~ashing machino

Washing maclline with hoating


OW
PW
a VI

300 W

6000 W

,Rofrlgerator
rndl o

tOO

200 W

bO

100 W

OW
)W

.,
I
C

113

......... ,

..... V I l I , . I I I .....

~/,.IUIi

I~UIIHHHS

ASA DEVICE NUMBERS 'AND FUNCTIONS


Dovico No.

Function and Dofillilioll

'.

1.

M'lStor Elomont

2.

Time delay starting or Glosing Relay

3.

Checking or intorlocking rclay

4.

Master Contractor

o.

Stopping Device

6.

Siurting Circuit Breaker

7.

Anode Circuit Breaker,

O.

CUlllfOr Powor Di5connccting Dovice

9.

Hevtlrsing Dovice

1(),

UnIt SQquenco Switch

11.

n~sorved

12.

Over speod Ooyico

13.
14.

Synchronous spuod Dovlcc

15.

Speod or Frequency Ma Iching Dovico:

10.

Hu\,[j(\"'od (or ItlturtJ 1IppJiCdlir)(1

17.

Shunting or Discharge swilch

18.

Acco!erating or DeceI8(Jlifl(J Devico .

19.

Sturtin(JMtorunning TUlI1sition CUfltJctor

20.

Elr:ctrically operated valve

ror futuro application

Under speed del/leo

21.

Dlst.1f1ce rel.::Jy

:!7.

Equ;tlilOf Circlli!

~:i,

TC'/!lpU/i:J{ure

24.

He,orved for fuluro ilpplleDlivn

25.

Sync.l1(Onol.fllg or synchronism ctH.!ck device

20.

.A.ppa'iltus fhurfrlal Dl.''Iit..:o

27.

UndLJrvoJtagu relJY'

28.

RI.!sl)lvr~d for future i.lbplic(ltioll

nfl'llknl

canllal

dJ;',icfl

2S

/sc.dJting COntJCIor

30.

Annunciator Relay

31.

SepJrale E~ciWlion Oevice

32.

DlT,fJctional Power RelilY

33.

Position Switc,h

1t 4

,II'

,ii

,i

Table 96 Conrd.

34.

Motor-operated sequence switch

35.

Brushoperating or slip ring shor! circuiting device.

36.

Polarity Device

37.

Undercurrent or under power rclay

38.

Bearing Protective Dovice

39.

Rusorvud for future application

40.

Field ReiDY

41.

Field

42.

43.

Circ~it

Breaker

Rut'!llinO Circuit BrolJkor

,MDl1lwl Trnnsfor or Seloctor DovicD


.e~lJenco

starting relay

44.

Unit

45.

Reserved for future application

46.

Reservephase or phase balance current relay

47.

Phase sequence volta(le relay

48.

Incomplete sequenco relay

49.

Machine ortransformer thermal rolay

60.

InstnnlnnOol1s ovor-curront or Roto of riga rolay

51.

AC Time Overcurrent Rolay

52.

AC C"Cl.lit Broekor

53.

Exciter or DC Generator Relay

54.

High speed DC Circuit Breaker

55.

Power Factor Relay

56.
57.

Field Application Relay


. Short.circuiting -Of Grounqing Dovice

58.

Power Rectifier Misfire Relay

59.

Overvoltage Relay

60.

Voltage Balance Relay

61.

Current Balance Relay

62.

Time delay Stopping or Opening Relay,

63.

Liquid or Gas Pressure. Level, or Flow Relay

64.

Ground Protoction RaIny

65.

Govornor

, 1.5

-, '

.'

."., .
_ _ _ ._.... _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ""'R _ _ _ _ __

Glj.

Notching or joggin(1 devico

li 7.

t~C directional Overcurrant Belay

Ga.
69.

Blocking Relay
Permissivo ContlOl Oovico

70.

Electrica!!y ol-'t:latf.:d tlhwstat

7l.

Reserved (or (uture applicalion

72.

DC Circuit Breaker

73.

LOud Resistor contractor

74.

Alarm Relay

75.

Posliion Changing Mechanism

'i(i,

DC Overcunent Rolay

I
.

78.

, ....
., ..

tive Raluy

79.
P'-5.

At R;;(iotir\(l H6hiy
He-:;e(ved for future Dpplication
fiGqu(fncy nclay

i:/.

D(~ F(\'.~!{):\iflO

f.3,

/w(ofriiltk: SJ,!!llctj'liJ C0:<ltr"o!

(;1,.

Opernling Mochanism

E~).

C,~HH':"f

{)f

Ralay

or Transfer Relay

f';)I~t .;.v{(c n~ci:i"ll Oel<)'1

(Ji(.Y,jlilJCHlt f(jlilY

B7.

Differential protective re!ay

H8.

AuxiliilfY motor Of motor generator

J3~.

Linn switch

90.

nl..'\llJlali"c O('vico

91.

VlJ!W~le

92,

Vo(toge and Powvr Din3ctionuJ Relay

93.

Fi\!~d

94.

Tripping or t(ip~free Belay

directionnl Re!ay

changing cOr)tact9t

:.
[:

95 to G9 Used only for specific app!icJtiGo on individual insta!lations whore none.of the assigned.
nurnbering functions from 1 to 94 are 5uitDbJe

116

...

PulSo transrnitttH
I
,
PhaseAngle Moosurrng Ot Oulpl-stop Protec-

77.

Ii