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Eva Salinas FOR 442: HW1 Due: 9-8-2011
Introduction -The Hackensack River Watershed is located in the northeastern-most corner of the state of New Jersey, USA. It is approximately 80.5 kilometers long and is accessible to nearly 20 million people living nearby. The Hackensack River drains into Newark Bay along with the Pascack River in New Jersey. -The Hackensack river and is managed within a delineated watershed management area by the NJ DEP (along with parts of the Hudson River and Pascack Brook) to encompass about 43,000 square kilometers. The Hudson River empties into the -Approximately 50% of the land within the Hackensack River watershed is undeveloped land (mainly the protected tidal marshlands in the southern end of the watershed), more than 30% is residential and the remaining land is industrial. Geology -The Hackensack River Watershed is bounded, naturally by the cliffs of the Palisades in the east, the High Tor Mountains in the north, the Wachung foothills in the west, and Newark Bay in the south. -The watershed is most notable for its present-day estuary and wetland area known as the Hackensack Meadowlands, in the lower end of the river. The Meadowlands is home to hundreds of unique plant and animal species, and serves as an important stopping point for migratory birds. History and Management -The first documented people to settle around the Hackensack River were the Lenape Native Americans in the 17th century, and by the late 1600s European settlers forced the members of this tribe to eventually leave the Hackensack River Watershed. The first management problem to face the watershed was the fast influx of people settling in the area and improper waste disposal into the river itself, subsequently causing waterborne diseases.
Current Management Projects -The current goal for the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJ DEP) is to restore and protect various identified areas of the Hackensack River. A water treatment facility was built in 1989 to deal with polluted water entering the local reservoirs. -Currently over 1 million people are provided water from the river’s upland watershed. the Oradell Resevoir. mercury.gov/dep/watershedmgt/wma5_info.nj.htm . and raw sewage had been dumped from factories into the river and therefore polluting Newark Bay. chromium.-Due to drinking water demands by the late 1800s a water company was founded in order to supply local residents with clean drinking water from the Hackensack River. Private companies have built filtration facilities in the upland areas of the watershed. -Not as much progress has been made for the lower reaches of the river where major pollutants such as PCBs. and three other reservoirs soon after. -Proper utilization of the freshwater entering the Hackensack River Watershed is the major concern for the state of NJ. Some active projects include: 1)Demarest Park Shoreline Restoration and Stormwater BMP Project Organization Town of Demarest 2)Tenakill Brook Watershed Restoration and Protection Plan Organization Rutgers University 3) Musquapink Brook Watershed Restoration and Protection Plan OrganizationRutgers University For more information on the current restoration and protection plans visit: http://www. By the early 1900s the growing amount of people settling in the surrounding area caused the creation of the Oradell Dam. but restoring the lower reaches of the river along with Newark Bay has been the undertaking of the NJ DEP.