PDF generated using the open source mwlib toolkit. See for more information. PDF generated at: Sun, 11 Sep 2011 07:56:19 UTC

Android (operating system) 1 Android (operating system) Android Home screen displayed by Samsung Nexus S with Google. Open Handset Alliance Programmed in Working state Source model Initial release Latest stable release Package manager Supported platforms Kernel type C (core).2 (Honeycomb) APK ARM. MIPS. Current Mixed (free and open source software and proprietary software) 21 October 2008 Tablets: 3. running Android 2.6 (Gingerbread) / 2 September 2011 [4] [2] [3] [1] Java (UI). [5] x86 [6] [4] Phones: 2.3.3 "Gingerbread" Company / developer Google Inc. C++ Linux kernel (monolithic) .

000 apps available for Android. a free software license.[11] The unveiling of the Android distribution on 5 November 2007 was announced with the founding of the Open Handset Alliance.[26] and Chris White (headed design and interface development at WebTV)[27] to develop.[19] There are currently more than 250. making Android Inc. operated secretively.1 and 3. Developers write primarily in a customized version of Java. closed source for 3.[24] Rich Miner (co-founder of Wildfire Communications.).[25] Not much was known about Android Inc. Rich Miner and Chris White.Android (operating system) 2 Default user interface Graphical License Official website Apache License 2. It is developed by the Open Handset Alliance led by Google. but many assumed that Google was planning to enter the mobile phone market with this move.[29] Acquisition by Google Google acquired Android Inc. including Andy Rubin.0..[18] Android has a large community of developers writing applications ("apps") that extend the functionality of the devices. libraries and APIs written in C and application software running on an application framework which includes Java-compatible libraries based on Apache Harmony. in Rubin's words ". at the time of the acquisition.. software. Inc.[28] Despite the obvious past accomplishments of the founders and early employees. Rubin ran out of cash. the app store run by Google. stayed at the company after the acquisition. Key employees of Android Inc. revealing only that it was working on software for mobile phones.[16] The Android Open Source Project (AOSP) is tasked with the maintenance and further development of Android.[20] [21] Apps can be downloaded from third-party sites or through online stores such as Android Market..smarter mobile devices that are more aware of its owner's location and preferences". and telecommunication companies devoted to advancing open standards for mobile devices.000 in cash in an envelope and refused a stake in the company.. a consortium of 84 hardware.2: Linux kernel patches under GNU GPL v2 android.[28] That same year. United States in October. . Android Inc. 3. in August 2005.[22] [23] History Foundation Android.[9] [10] Google purchased the initial developer of the software.[25] Nick Sears (once VP at T-Mobile).0 before [8] [7] Android is an operating system for mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. California. Android Inc. Inc. Android was listed as the best-selling smartphone platform worldwide in Q4 2010 by Canalys. with middleware. in 2005.[17] Android consists of a kernel based on the Linux kernel. Android uses the Dalvik virtual machine with just-in-time compilation to run compiled Java code. 2003 by Andy Rubin (co-founder of Danger). was founded in Palo Alto.0.[12] [13] [14] [15] Google released most of the Android code under the Apache License. a wholly owned subsidiary of Google Inc. Steve Perlman brought him $10.

2007. The goal of the Open Handset Alliance is to develop open standards for mobile devices. Google had lined up a series of hardware component and software partners and signaled to carriers that it was open to various degrees of cooperation on their part. saying that Google had not closed off the possibility of accepting a revised version of Skyhook's XPS service. Marvell Technology Group. 2008 until March 2011. upgradable system. Our vision is that the powerful platform we're unveiling will power thousands of different phone models. according to Andy Rubin in an official Android blog post. device manufacturers cannot use Google's Android trademark unless Google certifies that the device complies with their Compatibility Definition Document (CDD). HTC. PacketVideo. the Open Handset Alliance. Garmin Ltd.[39] Google published the entire source code (including network and telephony stacks)[40] under an Apache License. a mobile device platform built on the Linux kernel version 2. Eric Schmidt. Asustek Computer Inc. Android.[45] In early 2011.Android (operating system) 3 Post-acquisition development At Google. T-Mobile and Texas Instruments unveiled itself. Google.[33] Reports from the BBC and The Wall Street Journal noted that Google wanted its search and applications on mobile phones and it was working hard to deliver that. creating a controversy over Google's commitment to open source with Android.[14] On December 9. including ARM Holdings. the Open Handset Alliance also unveiled their first product. Sprint Nextel. which would have violated Motorola's obligations to Google and its carriers. Softbank. Huawei Technologies.[39] The reason. Skyhook Wireless filed a lawsuit against Google in which they alleged that Google had used the compatibility document to block Skyhook's mobile positioning service (XPS) from Motorola's Android mobile devices.[44] In December 2010 a judge denied Skyhook's motion for preliminary injunction. and Vodafone Group Plc. Devices must also meet this definition to be eligible to license Google's closed-source applications. Android has been available under a free and open source software license since October 21. Qualcomm.[37] [38] Licensing With the exception of brief update periods. Motorola.[14] On the same day. it was showing prototypes to cell phone manufacturers and network operators. Google chose to withhold the Android source code to the tablet-only Honeycomb release.[43] In September 2010. including the Android Market. a consortium of several companies which include Broadcom Corporation. Samsung Electronics. In September 2007. the team led by Rubin developed a mobile device platform powered by the Linux kernel. Nvidia.[34] Some speculated that as Google was defining technical specifications. Intel. Toshiba Corp. InformationWeek covered an Evalueserve study reporting that Google had filed several patent applications in the area of mobile telephony.[46] and they did not want third parties creating a "really bad user experience" by attempting to put onto smartphones a version of Android intended for tablets. Atheros Communications. former Google Chairman/CEO [14] On November 5. LG. 14 new members joined.[42] Even though the software is open source.6. Google marketed the platform to handset makers and carriers on the premise of providing a flexible.[35] [36] Open Handset Alliance Today's announcement is more ambitious than any single 'Google Phone' that the press has been speculating about over the past few weeks.[41] Google also keeps the reviewed issues list publicly open for anyone to see and comment. Sony Ericsson.[47] Google later confirmed that the Honeycomb source code would not be released until . and that Motorola had terminated their contract with Skyhook because Skyhook wanted to disable Google's location data collection functions on Motorola's devices. was because Honeycomb was rushed for production of the Motorola Xoom. Print and online media outlets soon reported rumors that Google was developing a Google-branded handset. 2008.[30] [31] [32] Speculation about Google's intention to enter the mobile communications market continued to build through December 2006.

These updates to the base operating system typically fix bugs and add new features. and improved functionality in the Email and Phonebook apps.[48] 4 Version history Android has seen a number of updates since its original release. Google contributed code to the Linux kernel as part of their Android effort. Generally.[49] • 2. providing developers with more precise control over the UI. Gingerbread.1 (Eclair) included support for voice controls throughout the entire OS. but it will probably not be for four to five years. but certain features. went on sale in February 2011. The code names are in alphabetical order (Cupcake. and supports multicore processors and hardware acceleration for graphics.[67] [68] In 2011 Linus Torvalds said that "eventually Android and Linux would come back to a common kernel. the current Linux kernel maintainer for the -stable branch. and added support for Near Field Communication[52] • 3.[56] The Honeycomb SDK has been released and the first device featuring this version. and added Wi-Fi hotspot tethering and Adobe Flash support[51] • 2. notably a power management feature called wakelocks. color effects.To allow honeycomb devices to directly transfer content from USB devices[58] • 3.[70] Greg Kroah-Hartman. flash. Below is a list of the most recent versions.1 (Honeycomb) was announced at the 2011 Google I/O on 10 May 2011. . It also included an enhanced camera app with features like digital zoom. Highlights include optimization for a broader range of screen sizes. but that Android's opportunistic suspend features should not be included in the mainline kernel.[57] • 3.[64] [65] [66] In September 2010 Linux developer Rafael J. and the upcoming Ice Cream Sandwich)."[69] Google announced in April 2010 that they would hire two employees to work with the Linux kernel community. so the Android kernel is now a separate version or fork of the Linux kernel. and an extended screen support API.0 (Honeycomb) was a tablet-oriented[53] [54] [55] release which supports larger screen devices and introduces many new user interface features. the Motorola Xoom tablet. It also included a new launcher.3 (Gingerbread) refined the user interface.[61] In September 2011.0 (Ice Cream Sandwich)[60] is said to be a combination of Gingerbread and Honeycomb into a "cohesive whole". Wysocki added a patch that improved the mainline Linux wakeup events framework. It also included a new weather app. and more. with 5 homescreens instead of 3. and a button to open the menu (instead of a slider). each new version of the Android operating system is developed under a code name based on a dessert item. said in December 2010 that he was . with a new user interface and support for HTML5 and the W3C Geolocation API. improved the soft keyboard and copy/paste features. and what they include: • 2. new "zoom-to-fill" screen compatibility mode.2 (Froyo) introduced speed improvements with JIT optimization and the Chrome V8 JavaScript engine. animated backgrounds. capability to load media files directly from the SD card. Past updates included Cupcake and Donut.[59] Future releases that have been announced include: • 4. Eric Schmidt stated that Ice Cream Sandwich "is being released in October/November.0 (Eclair) included a new web browser. were rejected by mainline kernel developers. Eclair.2 (Honeycomb) is "an incremental release that adds several new capabilities for users and developers". He said that Android device drivers that use wakelocks can now be easily merged into mainline Linux. Donut.Android (operating system) after it was merged with the Gingerbread release in Ice Cream Sandwich."[62] [63] Design Linux Android's kernel is derived from the Linux kernel. Honeycomb.[50] • 2. Froyo.

Android (operating system) concerned that Google was no longer trying to get their code changes included in mainstream Linux. BMP. MP3. J2ME support can be provided via third-party applications.0 specifications. because they were a small team and had more urgent work to do on Android. Java classes are compiled into Dalvik executables and Architecture diagram run on Dalvik. LTE. a specialized virtual machine designed specifically for Android and optimized for battery-powered mobile devices with limited memory and CPU. is used for data storage purposes. AMR-WB (in 3GP container). MPEG-4 SP.[75] The Android Emulator default home screen (v1.5) . there is no Java Virtual Machine in the platform and Java byte code is not executed. Wi-Fi. 2D graphics library.263. The number of languages more than doubled for the platform 2. JPEG.3 Gingerbread. Java support While most Android applications are written in Java. coupled with Chrome's V8 JavaScript engine. The browser scores a 93/100 on the Acid3 Test. Multiple language support Android supports multiple human languages. GIF. Media support Android supports the following audio/video/still media formats: WebM. Bluetooth. UMTS. a lightweight relational database. Connectivity Android supports connectivity technologies including GSM/EDGE. CDMA.[65] Some Google Android developers hinted that "the Android team was getting fed up with the process". NFC and WiMAX.[72] 5 Features Current features and specifications:[73] [74] [75] Handset layouts The platform is adaptable to larger. IDEN. HE-AAC (in MP4 or 3GP container). PNG. including threaded text messaging and now Android Cloud To Device Messaging Framework(C2DM) is also a part of Android Push Messaging service. Web browser The web browser available in Android is based on the open-source WebKit layout engine.[71] Android does not have a native X Window System nor does it support the full set of standard GNU libraries. Messaging SMS and MMS are available forms of messaging. Storage SQLite.264 (in 3GP or MP4 container). and traditional smartphone layouts. MIDI. Ogg Vorbis. VGA. 3D graphics library based on OpenGL ES 2. AMR. AAC. H. WAV. H. FLAC. and this makes it difficult to port existing Linux applications or libraries to Android. EV-DO.

Skype 2. Multitasking Multitasking of applications is available.3. navigation. accelerometers.[78] Google has since released an update for the Nexus One and the Motorola Droid which enables multi-touch natively. ISMA). including front camera support. accessing the phone book (PBAP). Keyboard. Before Android 2.[83] Tethering Android supports tethering. proximity and pressure sensors.[85] 6 .4 and later. This is supported by manufacturer and third-party customizations. sending files (OPP). accelerated 2D bit blits (with hardware orientation.2 this was supported by third-party applications or manufacturer customizations. magnetometers. voice dialing and sending contacts between phones. etc. Gingerbread allows Nexus S to place Internet calls with a SIP account.1 offers video calling in Android 2. HTML progressive download (HTML5 <video> tag). Adobe Flash Streaming (RTMP) and HTTP Dynamic Streaming are supported by the Flash plugin. Video calling through Google Talk is available in Android 2. mouse and joystick (HID) support is available in Android 3. AVRCP. dedicated gaming controls.[82] Voice actions for calling.0 (Honeycomb). pixel format conversion) and accelerated 3D graphics. and in earlier versions through manufacturer customizations and third-party applications.[56] Additional hardware support Android can use video/still cameras. are supported on Android 2. which allows a phone to be used as a wireless/wired Wi-Fi hotspot. gyroscopes. scaling. GPS.[79] Bluetooth Supports A2DP. Multi-touch Android has native support for multi-touch which was initially made available in handsets such as the HTC Hero.[77] and by the operating system in Android 3. This allows for enhanced VoIP dialing to other SIP accounts and even phone numbers. but some handsets have a customized version of the operating system that supports it.Android (operating system) Streaming media support RTP/RTSP streaming (3GPP PSS.[80] Video calling Android does not support native video calling.[81] Voice based features Google search through voice has been available since initial release.2 onwards. thermometers. Screen Capture is available through a PC connection using the DDMS developer's tool. texting.3. either via the UMTS network (like the Samsung Galaxy S) or over IP.[84] Screen capture Android does not support screenshot capture as of 2011. The feature was originally disabled at the kernel level (possibly to avoid infringing Apple's patents on touch-screen technology at the time).[76] Apple HTTP Live Streaming is supported by RealPlayer for Mobile.1+. touchscreens.

a jogging application.[91] [92] Applications Applications are usually developed in the Java language using the Android Software Development Kit.[98] which allows users to search. Google launched "Voice Actions for Android". but other development tools are available. users can install apps from third party app stores such as the Amazon Appstore.3. As of December 2010 there were about 200. a visual environment for novice programmers. tablet computers. Android Market Android Market is the online software store developed by Google for Android devices. netbooks. Sky Map for watching stars. iOS and Android 2.000 games.[89] In early 2010 Google collaborated with HTC to launch its flagship[90] Android device. This was followed later in 2010 with the Samsung-made Nexus S. released on 22 October 2008. including a Native Development Kit for applications or extensions in C or C++. Google Shopper. and developers may restrict their applications to particular carriers or countries for business reasons. Gesture Search for using finger-written letters and numbers to search the contents of the phone.[96] The Market filters the list of applications presented by the Market app to those that are compatible with the user's device. and other devices.[93] In April 2011 Google said there had been more than 3 billion Android apps installed[94] and at end of June 2011 there are 6 billion apps installs from the Android market. Google Goggles that searches by image. The operating system itself is installed on 130 million total devices.[86] [87] The main hardware platform for Android is the ARM architecture. Google TV. The first commercially available phone to run Android was the HTC Dream. the Nexus One.3 'Gingerbread' may be set up to dual boot on a jailbroken iPhone or iPod Touch with the help of OpeniBoot and iDroid. In August 2010.[95] Only devices that comply with Google's compatibility requirements are allowed to preinstall Google's closed-source Android Market app and access the Market. An application program ("app") called "Market" is preinstalled on most Android devices and allows users to browse and download apps published by third-party developers. write messages. including Google Voice for the Google Voice service. Places Directory for their Local Search.[99] or directly onto the device if they have the application's APK file. Maps Editor for their MyMaps service. [97] Google has participated in the Android Market by offering several applications themselves. applications and widgets available on the Android Market. and initiate calls by voice. Finance for their finance service. Alternatively.Android (operating system) 7 Uses The Android operating system is used on smartphones. and Google App Inventor. Listen for podcasts and My Tracks. There is support for x86 from the Android-x86 project. Google Translate. hosted on Android Market. .[88] and Google TV uses a special x86 version of Android.

[112] Usage share Distribution 3.S.[106] Furthermore.3% 1. according to security firm Kaspersky Lab.000 activations per day back in December 2010. once installed sends out SMS text messages without the user's knowledge or consent. Apple's iOS was up by 11%. This estimate includes the Tapas and OMS variants of Android.8% share of worldwide smartphone shipments.S.[100] Android Green is the color of the Android Robot that represents the Android operating system. Android achieved 25% smartphone sales in the US market.4 percent per week.Android (operating system) 8 Marketing The Android logo was designed along with the Droid font family made by Ascender Corporation.S.000 Android devices are now activated by Google each day with growth 4.000 per day two months earlier in May 2011. becoming the top-selling smartphone platform. It is only used in the text logo.[102] Market share Research company Canalys estimated in Q2 2009 that Android had a 2.4% 31. According to a report by the NPD group.[101] The custom typeface of Android is called Norad. 2011 550. and more than 100 million devices have been activated.[20] Android hit 300. multi-carrier OS.[108] [109] As of June 2011 Google said that 550.x Honeycomb API level 11-13 1.FakePlayer.4 percent.S.[104] By the end of Q3 2010 Android's U. the trojan.AndroidOS.1 Eclair 1. up 8% from the December quarter.x Gingerbread 9-10 2. For now.3.8% 1. In the second quarter.[22] In February 2010 ComScore said the Android platform had 9. analysts pointed to advantages that Android has as a multi-channel.3% 51.000 new Android devices were being activated every day[110] —up from 400. but the outbreak is currently regional.a infected a number of mobile devices.2% in November 2009.[111] On the 1st of August 2011 Canalys estimates Android has about 48% of the smartphone market share. market share had grown to 21. smartphone market. as measured by current mobile subscribers. sales surpassed that of the rival iPhone platform. as specified by the Android Brand Guidelines. In July 14.[105] In May 2010. only Russian Android users can actually lose money after installing the .5 Cupcake 8 7 4 3 Criticism Malware and security In August 2010.[103] By Q4 2010 this had grown to 33% of the market. which allowed it to duplicate the quick success of Microsoft's Windows Mobile. Android's first quarter U. and 46% of the total installed user base of iOS in Europe. and still has to compete with heavy consumer demand for new competitor offerings. an exact number of devices infected is not available at present. an SMS Trojan called Trojan-SMS. According to Denis Maslennikov.0% 2.2% 13.[107] In Q4 2010 Android had 59% of the total installed user base of Apple's iOS in the U. indicating that Android is taking market share mainly from RIM. Disguised as a harmless media player application.6 Donut 1.0% of the U. This figure was up from an earlier estimate of 5. The print color is PMS 376C and the RGB color value in hexadecimal is #A4C639.x. Senior Malware Researcher at Kaspersky Lab.2 Froyo 2.

[123] One design issue is that average users have no feasible ability to monitor how downloaded applications access and use private and sensitive data (e.Android (operating system) Trojan.[125] Users can also be notified of an application's behavior via a license agreement that is usually (not always. the security firm Lookout estimated that between half a million to one million Android users have been affected by malicious software in the first half of 2011. Even during installation. The report stated that Android has become the new "malware hotspot" largely due to the operating system's rise in popularity.000 devices. reflashing the ROM. Lookout also reported that there was an increase of applications infected with malware. McAfee. The exploit also allowed the apps to download additional code that could be run on the device. but anyone can be infected. Google remotely wiped the apps from infected users and rolled out an update that would negate the exploits that allowed the apps to view information.[120] Qihoo 360. The Android Security Team responded and developed a fix on February 5.2. In August 2011. noted in a report that Android is the second largest mobile OS (behind Symbian) to be infected with malware within China.[121] In August 2011. the popular anti-virus maker reported that Android was the most targeted mobile platform for malware during the second quarter of the year. These databases form electronic maps to locate smartphones. as well as personal information. leaving users vulnerable. To identify how such information may be exfiltrated there is a need for third party monitoring software. a Chinese internet security firm. up from 12 Android-specific threats in 2010. such as TaintDroid[124] (an academic research-funded project).2.[118] Within days. Google pulled 58 malicious apps from the Android Market.[113] Android users were advised not to use the Android web browser until Google issues a security patch. . due to lack of enforcement). In March 2011.g.[115] The malware (called DroidDream) exploited a bug which was present in versions of Android older than 2. They also announced that they would be resolving the issue to ensure that events like this did not occur again. from 80 to 400 in the first six months of 2011.[114] These apps were malicious applications in the Android Market which contained trojans hidden in pirated versions of legitimate apps. permission checks do not often indicate to the user how critical services and data will be used or misused. and voids the warranty. Installing such low-level monitoring tools requires programming skills.[117] Google said the exploit allowed the apps to gather device specific information. but not before the 58 apps were downloaded to around 260.[119] Security firms such as AVG Technologies and Symantec have released "antivirus" software for Android devices. and that there were 968 pieces of new malware and trojans targeting Android during the first half of 2011. 2011 and patched Open Source Android two days later. displayed on first use of the application but it is generally accepted that majority of the users do not read or understand the legal fine print in license agreements and often just skip and accept them.[122] 9 Privacy Android smartphones have the ability to report the location of Wi-Fi access points it encounters as phone users move around to build vast databases containing physical locations of hundreds of millions of such access points.[116] Android device manufacturers and carriers work in tandem to distribute Android based updates and had not uniformly issued patches to their customers for the DroidDream exploit. location and hardware ID numbers). allowing them to run apps like Foursquare and companies like Google to deliver location-based ads.

android. Retrieved 2010-06-10. which GPL license provides some protection against patents. google. They said that Android is based on Apache Harmony. and US 6910205 [128] "Interpreting functions utilizing a hybrid of virtual and native machine instructions". html). Archived from the original (http:/ / code. html). htm).com. . Retrieved 2011-02-23. that Oracle's patents were invalid. Tom's Guide. Retrieved 2011-08-08. [7] "Licenses" (http:/ / source. . [10] "Philosophy and Goals" (http:/ / www. html) on 2011-02-23. Google Inc. Retrieved[126] Specifically. html). com/ us/ google-android-android-honeycomb-tablet-motorola-xoom. Retrieved 27 March 2011. from April to August. Open Handset Alliance. [6] "Porting Android to x86" (http:/ / www. [11] "Google Buys Android for Its Mobile Arsenal" (http:/ / www. android-x86. com/ technology/ content/ aug2005/ tc20050817_0949_tc024. the FSF also criticized Google. . . instead of implementing it independently under the Apache License. [3] Ashlee Vance. source. openhandsetalliance. htm). modify. . Retrieved 2010-06-10. Eetimes. and an independently developed virtual machine called Dalvik. android. .[129] It also references US RE38. com/ technology/ content/ mar2011/ share. lextrait. [12] "Open Handset Alliance" (http:/ / www. On 12 August 2010. "Google Holds Honeycomb Tight" (http:/ / www. [13] Jackson. org/ ). . . Archived from the original (http:/ / source. Retrieved 2010-01-05. Retrieved 2010-10-29. Press Retrieved 2011-08-08.[136] However. 2011. directly and repeatedly infringed Oracle's Java-related intellectual property". Rob (10 December 2008). "Sony Ericsson. html). Retrieved 2008-09-23. Android Phone Fans.[131] [132] In response.[137] References [1] Lextrait. . counterclaiming that Android did not infringe on Oracle's patents or copyright.0" (http:/ / www. Android Open Source Project. com/ [9] "Google Projects for Android" (http:/ / www. openhandsetalliance. and Build Numbers | Android Open Source" (http:/ / source. org/ 5wiy036ap). com/ source/ licenses. com/ 2008/ 12/ 10/ sony-ericsson-htc-androids-set-for-summer-2009/ ). Tags. Retrieved 2011-02-23.[130] and was a Google employee in 2011. com/ android_overview. [8] http:/ / www. com/ press_110507. 2005-08-17. saying that Google could have avoided the suit by building Android atop IcedTea. and several other defenses. html). . [5] "MIPS gets sweet with Honeycomb" (http:/ / www. businessweek. "Google Releases Android 3. businessweek.0" (http:/ / www. Google submitted multiple lines of defense. v10.Android (operating system) 10 IP infringement claims In April 2009. com/ about/ philosophy. Google knowingly. eetimes. Press release. android. Oracle acquired Sun Microsystems and its programming language Java. Retrieved 2010-11-15. Retrieved 2007-11-05. tomsguide. openhandsetalliance. com/ electronics-news/ 4215490/ MIPS-gets-sweet-with-Honeycomb). .google. 2010-06-24.104 ("the '104 patent") “Method and apparatus for resolving data references in generated code” authored by James Gosling. Retrieved 2011-04-28. and redistribute software". . 2011. claiming that the operating system infringes on several patents owned by Vincent (January 2010). Businessweek. In 2010. android. html). Source. Microsoft began demanding licensing fees from hardware manufacturers shipping Android. . Brad Stone (24 March 2011). webcitation. Bloomberg Businessweek. openhandsetalliance. . best known as creator of the programming language Java. the patent infringement claim references seven United States patents including US 5966702 [127] "Method and apparatus for pre-processing and packaging class files". Open Handset Alliance. HTC Androids Set For Summer 2009" (http:/ / phandroid. Oracle sued Google over claimed infringement of copyrights and patents. com/ oha_faq. [15] Open Handset Alliance. com/ ). The FSF wrote "It's sad to see that Google apparently shunned those protections in order to make proprietary software development easier on Android" and remarked that Google had not taken any clear position or action against software patents. [14] Open Handset Alliance (2007-11-05). code. [16] "Android Overview" (http:/ / www. html).[133] [134] [135] The Free Software Foundation has called this suit a "clear attack against someone's freedom to use. a clean room implementation of the Java class libraries. [2] "Codenames. Google Inc. . "Industry Leaders Announce Open Platform for Mobile Devices" (http:/ / www. com/ android/ ) on 2011-02-23. Open Handset Alliance. com/ source/ build-numbers. Retrieved 2011-08-08. "FAQ" (http:/ / www. Microsoft signed deals with HTC Corporation and others. com/ Vincent/ implementations. "In developing Android. "The Programming Languages Beacon. org/ 5wiw1JXa2). android. Taimur (28 April 2011). The lawsuit claims that. . [4] Asad. and filed patent infringement lawsuits against Barnes & Noble and Motorola.

[36] Pearce. org/ ongoing/ When/ 201x/ 2010/ 11/ 14/ What-Android-Is). ZDNet.”). html?_r=2& hp=& pagewanted=all). businessweek. "Introducing the Google Phone" (http:/ / web. The Boston Globe. com/ article/ newsOne/ idUSN0928595620081210). Retrieved 2008-12-13. [24] Markoff. source. Thomas (2007-09-19).. com/ faqs. conducted solely by Google employees with ultimate authority to interpret the scope and meaning of the CDD as they see fit. feature or function 'non-compatible' with the CDD. Reuters. org/ 5wk7sIvVb). com/ about/ index. eweek. Olga (2008-12-09). . [20] Barra. Inc (15 September 2010) (“This entirely subjective review. "I. businessweek. android. html). [19] Shankland. Press release. "Android is now available as open source" (http:/ / source. Retrieved 2009-04-05. Retrieved 2007-11-06. blogspot. "And don't hold your breath. Amol. Elise (2007-08-30). businessweek. [23] "Google's Android becomes the world's leading smart phone platform (Canalys research release: r2011013)" (http:/ / www. news. canalys. htm). . mobile and more at Google I/O" (http:/ / googleblog. "Google topples Symbian from smartphones top spot" (http:/ / uk. Retrieved 1 February 2011. Kevin J. linuxinsider. . . Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Clint (21 October 2008). vs Google. engadget. . James Quintana (2007-09-20).Android (operating system) [17] "About the Android Open Source Project" (http:/ / source. [28] Elgin. by Ashlee Vance. com/ news/ showArticle. html). "Google Buys Android for Its Mobile Arsenal" (http:/ / www. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. [25] Kirsner. . moconews. InformationWeek. Retrieved 2007-11-07. aspx). Retrieved 2009-09-03. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. html). html). Hugo (10 May 2011). com/ appstats. pdf) 11 . . Reuters (Thomson Reuters).P. effectively gives Google the ability to arbitrarily deem any software. org/ OnlineNews/ Google_admits_to_mobile_phone_plan_18094880. Retrieved 3 March 2011. . Ben (17 August 2005). [27] Elgin. Ben (2005-08-17). Ryan (2007-08-28). Linksys introduces versatile line for cordless service". Android Open Source Project. 2011-03-24. and it's due out shortly" (http:/ / www. com/ business/ technology/ articles/ 2007/ 09/ 02/ introducing_the_google_phone/ ) on January 4. "What Android Is" (http:/ / www. [22] Tarmo Virki and Sinead Carew (2011-01-31). zdnet. com/ blog/ google/ google-android-30-honeycomb-open-source-no-more/ 2845). androlib. 2010.. . [44] Skyhook Wireless. Retrieved 2011-08-08. Code. . . but the same cell phone-obsessed tech watchers say it won't be long before Google jumps headfirst into the phone biz. Retrieved 1 February 2011. Google (GOOG) has quietly acquired startup Android Inc. com/ 2007/ 11/ 04/ technology/ 04google. "T-Mobile Brings Unlimited Multiplayer Gaming to US Market with First Launch of Nokia N-Gage Game Deck" (http:/ / www. 3 Mar 2011. com/ business/ technology/ articles/ 2007/ 09/ 02/ introducing_the_google_phone/ ). com/ a/ android. "Google is working on a mobile OS. [35] Claburn. net/ / misc/ 2010/ 09/ Skyhook-Google Complaint and Jury Demand. [30] Block. "Google's Android Gains More Powerful Followers" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2007-11-06. directtraffic. "Android: momentum. Retrieved 2008-12-13. [26] Nokia (23 September 2003). Martha (21 December 2006). Text (http:/ / daringfireball. eWeek. com/ article/ 2011/ 01/ 31/ oukin-uk-google-nokia-idUKTRE70U1YT20110131). "In what could be a key move in its nascent wireless strategy. Scott (2007-09-02). com/ technology/ content/ aug2005/ tc20050817_0949_tc024. The Record (Bergen County): p. CNET News. August 1-August 7. Retrieved 2009-09-03. com/ rsstory/ 59115. com/ posts/ opensource).0 "Honeycomb": Open source no more" (http:/ / www. anyone?" [34] Ackerman.. "Blogosphere Aflutter With Linux-Based phone Rumors" (http:/ / www. google. com/ pr/ 2011/ r2011013. jhtml?articleID=201807587& cid=nl_IWK_daily). . [38] Kharif. BusinessWeek. Google News. Retrieved 13 March 2011. .net. com/ article_email/ SB118602176520985718-lMyQjAxMDE3ODA2MjAwMjIxWj. com/ the_thread/ techbeat/ archives/ 2008/ 12/ googles_android_2. [31] Sharma. "Can iPhone become your phone?. . Retrieved 2010-11-15. . "Google Pushes Tailored Phones To Win Lucrative Ad Market" (http:/ / online. Retrieved 10 May 2011. nokia. com/ 2011/ 05/ android-momentum-mobile-and-more-at. .. 31 January 2011. "Google's Secret Patent Portfolio Predicts gPhone" (http:/ / www. businessweek. [43] "Android Open Source Project Frequently Asked Questions: Compatibility" (http:/ / source. wsj. Retrieved 2007-11-06. nytimes. "Google's Android parts ways with Java industry group" (http:/ / www. . org/ web/ 20100104054533/ http:/ / www. com/ opensource/ posts/ opensource). html). (2007-08-02). John (2007-11-04). reuters. Engadget. [32] "Google admits to mobile phone plan" (http:/ / www. tbray. com/ 8301-13580_3-9815495-39. Dave (21 October 2008). Retrieved 2011-07-10. net/ entry/ 419-googles-strong-mobile-related-patent-portfolio/ ). Retrieved 2007-11-06. android. L9. . boston. htm) on 2011-02-24. com/ 2007/ 08/ 28/ google-is-working-on-a-mobile-os-and-its-due-out-shortly/ ). com/ p/ android/ issues/ list?q=status:Reviewed). html). Bloomberg L. [33] McKay. Linux Insider. . Retrieved 2008-10-14. Retrieved 2009-04-23. McGraw-Hill. Stephen (12 November 2007). BusinessWeek. [41] Bort. Retrieved 2011-02-24. The Wall Street Journal. [40] Boulton. Robot: The Man Behind the Google Phone" (http:/ / www. directtraffic. html). . reuters. "Google Buys Android for Its Mobile Arsenal" (http:/ / www. google. The New York Times. ongoing by Tim Bray. com/ technology/ content/ aug2005/ tc20050817_0949_tc024. com/ A4136002?newsid=918410). [42] "Android issues reviewed" (http:/ / code. Retrieved 2008-10-24. . Delaney. "Google Open-Sources Android on Eve of G1 Launch" (http:/ / www. html). [21] "Android Stats" (http:/ / www. The Official Google Blog. boston. "Corrected: Update 2: More mobile phone makers back Google's Android" (http:/ / www. . Retrieved 9 August 2011. 2011. ." [29] A Thousand Times Yes. Mirror link (https:/ / sites. . . com/ c/ a/ Mobile-and-Wireless/ Google-Open-Sources-Android-on-Eve-of-G1-Launch/ ). 2007-03-20. html#compatibility). archive. Retrieved 2007-11-07. Phone. [37] [18] Tim Bray (24 November 2010). Jennifer (2008-12-10). [39] "Google Android 3. Inc. "Google's Strong Mobile-Related Patent Portfolio" (http:/ / www.

Retrieved 7 September com/ google-not-open-sourcing-honeycomb-says-bloomberg). com/ eric-schmidt-confirms-android-ice-cream-sandwich-for-october-or-november-07177778/ ). . It’s Ice Cream SANDWICH" (http:/ / techcrunch. "I confirmed this with Google. 2010-02-02. com/ 2011/ 01/ 11/ android-ice-cream-sandwich/ ). zdnet. com/ slip. "Technical Background of the Android Suspend Blockers Controversy" (http:/ / lwn. net/ Articles/ 416690/ ). Retrieved 7 September 2011. Jason (12 January 2011). . Retrieved 8 September Kevin (7 September. "Motorola Atrix 4G and Xoom tablet launching at the end of February. . [63] Liu. 3-highlights. "From I/O 2011 – Confirmed: Honeycomb source will never exist on its own" (http:/ / www. . 0-highlights. 26 January 2011. engadget. . android. [65] Greg Kroah-Hartman (2010-02-02). android. [52] "Android 2. December 2010. "Android 3. will not be coming to non-tablet devices. [55] "Android Platform Highlights" (http:/ / developer. Engadget. . Retrieved 2010-02-03. "Linus Torvalds on Android. Vaughan-Nichols (18 August 2011). geek. . . android.the most controversial parts of the Android's opportunistic suspend infrastructure are not really necessary and therefore they should not be included into the mainline kernel. ". JR. [60] Kincaid. "Next version of Android will combine Gingerbread and Honeycomb. Honeycomb. 6 December 2010. . Wysocki (12 November 2010). "Will Android Honeycomb come to smartphones?" (http:/ / blogs. [46] Bray. Russel. html). SlashGear. computerworld. [53] Mithun Chandrasekhar (2 February 2011). knowyourmobile. com/ 17642/ android_honeycomb_smartphones). [59] Crothers. 2010-09-07.blogspot. com/ articles/ mobile/ from-io-2011-confirmed-honeycomb-source-will-never-exist-on-its-own-20110510/ ). [56] "Android 3.. html). . net/ images/ pdf/ suspend_blockers. "The Future Version Of Android Isn’t Called Ice Cream. com/ 2100-9595_22-389733. com/ sdk/ android-3. . Phandroid. com/ 2011/ 05/ android-31-platform-new-sdk-tools. Retrieved 24 February 2011. [67] Rafael J. [47] Honeycomb won't be open-sourced? Say it ain't so! (2011-03-24). Retrieved 2011-01-26. [61] Patel. Engadget. . com/ blog/ open-source/ linus-torvalds-on-android-the-linux-fork/ 9426). com/ news/ embedded-mobile/ mobile-linux/ 344486-garretta-linuxcon-talk-emphasizes-lessons-learned-from-androidkernel-saga). anandtech. Inc. "Android 3. html)." [54] Rapheal. arrive on a six-month cycle" (http:/ / www. ZDNet. socialaw. cnet. [51] "Android 2. "An alternative to suspend blockers" (http:/ / lwn. com/ sdk/ android-2. . 2011). Android Developers. Retrieved 2010-07-15. . the Linux fork" (http:/ / www. com/ show/ 4150/ googles-android-event-analysis/ 2). Social Law Library Research Portal. . html). com/ 2011/ 02/ 15/ next-version-of-android-will-combine-gingerbread-and-honeycomb/ ). . . html). [57] Nilay Patel (26 January 2011).. com/ 2011/ 01/ 26/ motorola-atrix-4g-and-xoom-tablet-launching-at-the-end-of-februa/ ). Retrieved 2010-05-23. 20 May 2010. . Google. AnandTech.cnet. Retrieved 2010-12-07. "Android Developers Blog: I think I’m having a Gene Amdahl moment" (http:/ / android-developers. "Google's Android Event Analysis" (http:/ / www. [50] "10 reasons why Android 2. Android Developers. zdnet. Google. htm?cid=20416& sid=121).1 Platform. Computerworld.0" (http:/ / www. vs. 12 . [48] Holly. com/ 16900/ android_linux_kernel_fight_continues). Android Developers Blog.Android (operating system) [45] "Skyhook Wireless. "Android and the Linux kernel community" (http:/ / www. linux. . New SDK tools" (http:/ / android-developers. zdnet. Brooke (2011-07-17). blogspot. 2011-08-10." (http:/ / www. "Eric Schmidt confirms Android Ice Cream Sandwich for October or November" (http:/ / www. 2-official-coming-to-a-tablet-near-you/ ). 2-highlights. . com/ blog/ burnette/ whats-new-in-android-20-part-1-user-features/ 1436). Xavier (10 May 2011). .1 kicks ass" (http:/ / www. Android-developers. com/ open-source/ ?p=6274). kroah. com/ sdk/ android-2. .com. Retrieved 5 February 2011. Retrieved 2010-04-29. . Retrieved 2011-01-02. com/ 8301-13924_3-20080221-64/ android-3. [66] "Garrett's LinuxCon Talk Emphasizes Lessons Learned from Android/Kernel Saga" (http:/ / www. Nilay (15 February 2011). html). com/ 2011/ 09/ 07/ eric-schmidt-confirms-octobernovember-release-of-ice-cream-sandwich/ ). at least in the current form.2 Platform Highlights" (http:/ / developer. [70] "DiBona: Google will hire two Android coders to work with kernel. Retrieved 11 May 2011. Techcrunch. Retrieved 2011-08-08. zdnet. coming to a tablet near you" (http:/ / news.2" (http:/ / blogs. html). Retrieved 10 May 2011. [62] Krause. . . computerworld. [64] "Linux developer explains Android kernel code removal" (http:/ / news.. com/ 2011/ 04/ i-think-im-having-gene-amdahl-moment. [49] "What's new in Android 2. Retrieved 2010-02-03. Retrieved 24 February 2011. com/ sdk/ android-3. it should be possible to convert the vast majority of the Android device drivers using wakelocks to the mainline kernel code base. Retrieved 2011-08-08. Retrieved News. Tim (2011-04-06). slashgear. engadget. [58] Ducrohet. "Eric Schmidt Confirms October/November Release of Ice Cream Sandwich" (http:/ / phandroid. pdf). Retrieved 2011-08-08. zdnet. Retrieved 13 March 2011. Androidcentral. [68] Rafael J.0 Platform Highlights" (http:/ / developer. html).3 Platform Highlights" (http:/ / developer. Wysocki (24 November 2010). "Honeycomb won't be open-sourced? Say it ain't so!" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 5 February 2011. com/ features/ 393141/ 10_reasons_why_android_21_kicks_ass. [71] "Android/Linux kernel fight continues" (http:/ / blogs. com/ log/ linux/ android-kernel-problems. Rue (8 September 2011).zdnet. . html). Computerworld. www. blogspot." [69] Steven J. 15 April 2010. lwn. . Android Developers. Retrieved 2010-07-15. androidcentral. Droid Bionic and LTE Xoom in Q2" (http:/ / www. Linux.

2010).1 for Android 2. appleinsider. com/ pressroom/ releases/ 2010/ RealPlayer-for-Mobile-Delivers-HTTP-Live-Content-to-Android. Retrieved 2010-04-10. Chris (2 February 2010). com/ mobile/ voice-actions/ ). android. Wired News. [95] posted on Thursday. Android Developers. html). html). . . Steven (11 February 2009). "Androids Unite: How Ice Cream Sandwich Will End the OS Schism" (http:/ / mashable. 13 . 23 March 2009. html). ars). com/ article/ 196595/ how_to_install_android_on_your_iphone. 1-highlights. html). "Report: Apple nixed Android's multitouch" (http:/ / news. Retrieved 13 May 2011. wired. Retrieved 2009-03-07. Retrieved 28 June 2011. com/ mobile/ voice-actions/ index. [83] "Voice Actions for Android" (http:/ / www. . [78] Musil. androlib. html). 21 July Idroidproject. android. [91] David Wang (19 May 2010). html). Retrieved 31 December 2010. [84] JR Raphael (6 May 2010). html). Retrieved 27 January 2011. . AT&T's first device to run the Android OS was the Motorola Backflip. "Independent App Stores Take On Google’s Android Market" (http:/ / www. html). [74] Topolsky. [97] "Android Compatibility" (http:/ / developer. . android. androidsim. engadget. "Taking Screen Shots On The Android" (http:/ / www. com/ www/ press. Retrieved 2009-05-19. Engadget. htc. Techcrunch. "Multitasking the Android Way" (http:/ / android-developers. "Google's Android OS early look SDK now available" (http:/ / www. co. . Retrieved 3 November 2010. uk/ technology/ 2010/ mar/ 14/ google-mobile-phone-launch-delay). Tim (28 April 2010). google. Retrieved 9 June 2011. PCWorld. com/ guide/ basics/ what-is-android. com/ Android Developers. [100] Woyke. com/ 2010/ 09/ 06/ toshiba-ac100-android-smartbook-hits-the-united-kingdom/ ). html). adobe. Android Developers. google. Mashable. . pcworld. . . html). idroidproject. html). "Use Your Android Phone as a Wireless Modem" (http:/ / www. com/ compatibility/ index. android. [73] "What is Android?" (http:/ / developer. Retrieved 2009-09-03. com/ branding. com/ cps/ 860/ cpsid_86018. [89] "T-Mobile Unveils the T-Mobile G1 . com/ 2008/ 09/ 25/ font-android-g1-tech-wire-cx_ew_0926font. "Google: 3 Billion Android Apps Installed. . Retrieved 2011-02-02. Android. . CNET News. AndroidSim. Retrieved 2011-08-08. [103] "Canalys: iPhone outsold all Windows Mobile phones in Q2 2009" (http:/ / www. aspx). Ars Technica. Engadget. [77] "RealNetworks Gives Handset and Tablet OEMs Ability to Deliver HTTP Live Content to Android Users" (http:/ / www. "Toshiba AC100 Android smartbook hits the United Kingdom" (http:/ / www. 21 August 2009. html#UserFeatures). "How to Install Android on Your iPhone" (http:/ / www. aspx). 10 September 2010. . com/ sdk/ android-3. com/ gadgetlab/ 2010/ 06/ independent-app-stores-take-on-googles-android-market/ ). Engadget. . . Retrieved 27 January 2011. realnetworks. html). . com/ appstats. "Nexus One gets a software update.Porting Android to x86" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-11-03. [93] "Android App Stats" (http:/ /" (http:/ / www. cnet. . [88] "Android-x86 . Retrieved 2007-11-12.Android (operating system) [72] Paul. . TechCrunch. . [98] "Voice Actions for Android" (http:/ / www. Ryan (23 February 2009). com/ guide/ appendix/ media-formats. With 6B App Downloads" (http:/ / techcrunch. [94] Leena Rao (14 April 2011).com. . google. . Forbes. html). enables multitouch" (http:/ / www.the First Phone Powered by Android" (http:/ / www. Google. android. org/ ). 2011 (2011-07-14). [82] "Speech Input for Google Search" (http:/ / developer.2 Release Notes" (http:/ / kb2. . Elizabeth (26 September 2008). html). realnetworks. Retrieved 2009-05-01. [102] "Android Brand Guidelines" (http:/ / www. pcworld. [99] Ganapati. [86] Jolie O'Dell (12 May 2011). Joshua (2007-11-12). Retrieved 27 January 2011. Android Developers. aspx?id=66338& lang=1033). [79] Ziegler. . "Dream(sheep++): A developer's introduction to Google Android" (http:/ / arstechnica. HTC. Retrieved 9 June 2011.1 Platform Highlights" (http:/ / developer. com/ open-source/ reviews/ 2009/ 02/ an-introduction-to-google-android-for-developers. [80] "Android 3. "Android's Very Own Font" (http:/ / www. . Retrieved 2011-08-08. "Google forced to delay British launch of Nexus phone" (http:/ / www. AppleInsider. Retrieved 2010-02-02. guardian. [87] Laura June (6 September 2010). Android Developers. [76] "Flash Flayer 10. .org. forbes. Android Developers. Downloads Up 50 Percent From Last Quarter" (http:/ / techcrunch. android. Le (27 June 2011). Retrieved 3 November 2010. [81] Bray. com/ 2007/ 11/ 12/ googles-android-os-early-look-sdk-now-available/ ). . Retrieved 2009-09-21. [85] T. London: guardian. . engadget. com/ 2011/ 07/ 14/ google-android-now-on-130-million-total-devices/ ?utm_source=feedburner& utm_medium=feed& utm_campaign=Feed:+ Techcrunch+ (TechCrunch)). Retrieved 31 December 2010. . com/ articles/ 09/ 08/ 21/ canalys_iphone_outsold_all_windows_mobile_phones_in_q2_2009. com/ branding. Retrieved 2009-09-03. [90] Richard Wray (14 March 2010). com/ guide/ practices/ compatibility. com/ article/ 190265/ use_your_android_phone_as_a_wireless_modem. com/ 2011/ 04/ 14/ google-3-billion-android-apps-installed-up-50-percent-from-last-quarter/ ).com. 23 March 2009. [75] "Android Supported Media Formats" (http:/ / developer. net/ 2011/ 06/ how-to-25-taking-screen-shots-on. Retrieved 2009-10-30. [101] "Brand Guidelines" (http:/ / www. . . html). Adobe Knowledgebase. com/ 2010/ 02/ 02/ nexus-one-gets-a-software-update-enables-multitouch/ ). Android. .com. html). [92] "Idroidproject. com/ 2011/ 05/ 12/ ice-cream-sandwich/ ). com/ resources/ articles/ speech-input. Retrieved 26 August 2011. Priya (June 11. . engadget. "Google Android Now On 130M Total Devices. Android Open Source Project. . blogspot. [96] "Android Compatibility" (http:/ / source. org/ ). android-x86. Retrieved 31 December 2010. android. com/ 2010/ 04/ multitasking-android-way. July 14th. pcworld. Retrieved 2011-08-08.

ars). 2008-05-30. 3 November [114] "Google Responds To Android Malware.1%. com/ business/ ci_17960065?). Owners Warned Not to Use Phone's Web Browser: Updated" (http:/ / www. Palm. com/ 8301-1035_3-20012627-94. 28 June 2011. Retrieved 2010-08-13. com/ Press_Events/ Press_Releases/ 2011/ 4/ ). . com/ 2011/ 04/ 28/ the-truth-about-android-vs-iphone-market-share/ ). "Google emails highlight value of location data" (http:/ / www. Real Time Privacy Monitoring on Smartphones" (http:/ / appanalysis. . [107] Greg Sandoval (2010-08-02). "Update: Oracle sues Google over Java use in Android" (http:/ / www. [117] "Google still scrambling to recover from DroidDream Android attack" (http:/ / news.S. loopinsight. html). news.4%. . International Data Group Inc. 2011). March 9. 5. Retrieved 2010-08-04. March 6. . CSA. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 2011. News. [113] readwriteweb. php). August 2011.1%. . zdnet. cnet. com/ 2011/ 07/ 14/ android-now-seeing-550000-activations-per-day/ ). . Retrieved 2010-08-04. 42. no/ cw/ art. 2011. Tech Crunch. comScore.4%. androidpolice. Nate (July 5. . com/ gadgets/ news/ 2011/ 03/ google-using-remote-kill-switch-to-swat-android-malware-apps. 2011. . CBS Interactive. . "Google using remote kill switch to swat Android malware apps" (http:/ / arstechnica. Ryan (2011-03-06). Google (Android). Retrieved 2011-08-05. . com/ textdoc?DB=EPODOC& IDX=US5966702 [128] http:/ / v3. 19 April 2011. "Is Rooting Your Device The Right Choice?" (http:/ / www. net/ Press_Events/ Press_Releases/ 2010/ 4/ comScore_Reports_February_2010_U. com/ archives/ android_vulnerability_so_dangerous_shouldnt_use_web_browser. "Oracle uses James Gosling patent to attack Google and Android developers" (http:/ / www. com/ 2011/ 08/ 24/ research-finds-android-unsafe-while-ios-the-safest/ [123] Mike Swift (2011-04-29). Retrieved 2011-06-01. com/ _downloads/ lookout-mobile-threat-report-2011. Comscore. iPhone market share" (http:/ / www. Computerworld. com/ 2011/ 03/ 05/ android-malware-rootkit-google-response/ ). "More signs iPhone under Android attack" (http:/ / news. Retrieved 2011-08-23. [122] http:/ / alphadigits. _Mobile_Subscriber_Market_Share). Sarah (2009-02-12). espacenet. [116] Paul. . espacenet. computerworld.Android (operating system) [104] "comScore Reports February 2010 U. . August 2011. com/ 2011/ 03/ 01/ the-mother-of-all-android-malware-has-arrived-stolen-apps-released-to-the-market-that-root-your-phone-steal-your-data-and-open-backdoor/ ). zdnetasia. [126] Niccolai. [106] "Android hits top spot in U. "Android Vulnerability So Dangerous. comscore. "The truth about Android vs. smartphone market" (http:/ / news. yahoo. Reviews. March 6. zdnetasia. everythingandroid. others. Removing Exploit. _Mobile_Subscriber_Market_Share). [111] Kumparak. . com/ doc/ 35811761/ Oracle-s-complaint-against-Google-for-Java-patent-infringement).com. Retrieved 2011-08-08. mycomscore. com/ 8301-13579_3-20012418-37. androidpolice.000 Android devices a day. Apple.S. [118] "Google Tool Cleans Up Mobile Malware ‘Dream’" (http:/ / www. "RIM. . Symbian top malware platforms in China" (http:/ / www. scribd. Android Police. org/ is-rooting-your-device-the-right-choice/ 2011/ 07/ 05/ ). Ed (12 August 2010). cfm?id=1A027DCB-1A64-6A71-CE9D9C2D6D3115FE). [124] "AppAnalysis. [115] "The Mother Of All Android Malware Has Arrived" (http:/ / www. Yahoo News. com/ s/ digitaltrends/ 20110628/ tc_digitaltrends/ googleactivates500000androiddevicesadaymayreach1millionbyoctober). S. James (12 August 2010). [121] "Android. [120] "Lookout Mobile Threat Report" (https:/ / www. Retrieved 22 July 2011. . Games. Retrieved 20 August 2010.000 Activations Per Day" (http:/ / techcrunch. com/ 2011/ 03/ 06/ google-acknowledges-droiddream-remotely-wiping-apps-removing-exploit-making-changes-to-prevent-it-from-happening-again/ ). Tablets and Other Connected Media Devices" (http:/ / Apps. mylookout. com/ blog/ burnette/ oracle-uses-james-gosling-patent-to-attack-google-and-android-developers/ 2035). com/ s/ article/ 9180678/ Update_Oracle_sues_Google_over_Java_use_in_Android). com/ android-symbian-top-malware-platforms-in-china-62301695. htm?m=full). 5 April 2010. [130] Burnette. com/ Press_Events/ Press_Releases/ 2010/ 11/ comScore_Reports_September_2010_U. mylookout. . 9. [119] "[Updated] Google Acknowledges DroidDream: Remotely Wiping Apps. . P" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2011-08-04.0%. computersecurityarticles. Retrieved 24 December 2010. scribd. [108] "Apple iOS Platform Outreaches Android by 59 Percent in U.S. Greg (14 July 2011). cnet. 2010-08-04. info/ antivirus/ mcafee/ google-tool-cleans-up-mobile-malware-‘dream’/ ). Mobile Subscriber Market Share" (http:/ / www. 25. everythingandroid. Retrieved 2011-08-08. html). "Android Now Seeing 550. Will Fix Infected Devices And ‘Remote Kill’ Malicious Apps" (http:/ / techcrunch. 1 August 2011. [125] Rios. canalys. [127] http:/ / v3. Readwriteweb. Jim (28 April 2011). S. Retrieved 2011-08-08. Mobile Subscriber Market Share" (http:/ / www. com/ newsroom/ android-takes-almost-50-share-worldwide-smart-phone-market). .no. . comscore. 15.idg. [109] Dalrymple. Retrieved 2010-11-03. . [112] "Android takes almost 50% share of worldwide smart phone market" (http:/ / www. Comscore. com/ textdoc?DB=EPODOC& IDX=US6910205 [129] "Oracle's complaint against Google for Java patent infringement" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 24 December 2010. pdf). . may reach 1 million in October" (http:/ / old. Techcrunch. . 14 .0%" [105] "comScore Reports September 2010 U. ZD Net. [110] "Google activates 500. org/ faq. mercurynews. . When Accounting for Mobile Phones. html). Microsoft. San Jose Mercury News. Making Changes To Prevent It From Happening Again | Android News.

updated 2Xs" (http:/ / groklaw. 2010). net/ on YouTube • Android: Building a Mobile Platform to Change the Industry (http://www. [134] "Google Answers Oracle. Brett (September 8. . . James.html): lecture given by Google Mobile Platforms Manager. [137] Charles Arthur (2011-07-07).makelinux. . com/ epicenter/ 2010/ 10/ google-oracle-android/ ). wired. Wired News. businessinsider.asx)) • Android Internals: Fragment of a course detailing the architecture of Android and interaction of its components ( guardian. "FSF responds to Oracle v. Google and the threat of software patents Foundation" (http:/ / www. com/ google-snags-java-inventor-james-gosling-2011-3). org/ news/ oracle-v-google/ ?searchterm=Oracle). co. Condé Nast. . net/ article. Business Insider. Retrieved 7 August 2011. php?story=20101005114201136). Ryan (5 October 2010). Counterclaims.dmoz. 5 October 2010. Retrieved 2011-08-08. uk/ technology/ 2011/ jul/ 07/ windows-phone-android-patent-seeking). com/ roller/ jag/ entry/ i_ve_moved_again). "I've moved again" (http:/ / nighthacks. 15 External links • Official website (http://www. "Calling Oracle Hypocritical. 11 November 2010. Retrieved 26 December 2010. Guardian News and Media Ltd. . [135] "Google Files Sizzling Answer to Oracle's Amended Complaint and its Opposition to Motion to Dismiss.stanford. [133] Singel. and Moves to Dismiss Copyright Infringement Claim" (http:/ / at the Open Directory Project • Sergey Brin introduces the Android platform (http://www. Richard Miner at Stanford University ( video archive (http://ee380. Google Denies Patent Infringement" (http:/ / www. Matt (2011-03-28).android.php?target=071128-ee380-300. Groklaw. "Google Snags Java Inventor and Oracle Critic James Gosling" (http:/ / www. "What if patent fees for Android cost as much as licensing Windows Phone?" (http:/ / Pamela Jones. Groklaw. . [136] php?story=20101111114933605). Free Software. Retrieved 26 December 071128. . The . Retrieved 2011-08-08.pdf) • Diagram of Android internals (http://www. Retrieved 26 December 2010. [132] Gosling.stanford.Android (operating system) [131] Rosoff. Retrieved 2010-11-03. • Android (operating system) (http://www. Business Insider. Inc. fsf.

org/w/ org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3.png  Source: http://en.png  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike  Contributors: Alvaro Fuentes Vasquez (Kronox) License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.php?title=File:Android. 0/ .com/index.Article Sources and Contributors 16 Article Sources and Contributors Android (operating system)  Source:  Source: http://en.wikipedia.php?oldid=449655398  Contributors: - Image Sources.png  License: GNU General Public License  Contributors: Unamed102 File:Diagram android.0  Contributors: Google File:Android.svg  License: Creative Commons Attribution  License: GNU General Public License  Contributors: Android Developers http://developer.php?title=File:Diagram_android.html File:Android home.php?title=File:Android_home.png  Source: http://en.0 Unported http:/ / creativecommons.svg  Source:  Source: Licenses and Contributors File:Android robot.svg  License: Trademarked  Contributors: Android File:Android screenshot.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful