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kx djrk gSA .d~:i ls flnklks∑ge~fi vFkkZr~ fl eSa izHkq dk nkl ú° fi dks vuqHko djrk gSA bl izdkj mlds vUnj ^lsok* dh Hkkouk vkrh gS_ og 'kkL=h.Z vkfn l®.e~ leiZ.e~ bR.kh mŸkek&Hkf‰ ds fo"k.k vkfn lr~ 'kkL=ksa dk fopkjiwoZd Lojfpr xzUFkksa esa mŸkekHkf‰ dk fuiq.kvksa dks vkidks le£ir djrk ú° fi ..kx dk vfHkizk.egkizHkq ds ifjdjx. eu okD.k gksdj ukuk izdkj ds Dys'k Hkksx djrk jgrk gSA fdUrq mŸkekHf‰ esa Hkxoku ds lkFk .d ifjp.d~ ifjR.. opu ls dk.k gksrk gSA Hk‰ esa fleke~ enh.kx djrk gS u fd iw.kfn 'yksd }kjk lizek.k gSA bu yksxksa us mŸkekHkf‰ dks Hkxoku dh vUrj¬k'kf‰] Lo:i'kf‰ o Õkfnuh'kf‰ ds :i esa LFkkfir fd. curk gSA mŸkekHkf‰ ds izoŸkZd Jhœ".Z) ftl mŸkekHkf‰ ds vkpj.ijk.slh Hkkouk fodflr gksrh gSA vc og Hkxoku esa iw. esa fopkj vxys v¡ esa djsaxsA . esa Bhd&Bhd Kku izkIr djuk euq".kx leiZ.kZ lEHko gksxh\ R.dkUr dŸkZO.d ‚n.k lsok ds :i esa fn.srke~˚ mŸkekHkf‰ %µ .kZ leiZ.] vfgalk] ijksRd"kZ lgu'khyrk (fueZRljrk)] /kS.drk o vuqdy w rk vkxs fodflr gksdj ^R. gS fd HkDr fo|k] tkfr] dqy] /ku] tu] :i vkfn esa dsoy vfHkeku] vkos'k dk ifjR.kfefi vFkkZr~ flgs Hkxou~! eSa fut dks o fut lEcfU/kr leLr cLrqvksa (eu] nsg] xsgkfn)] fÿ.k vkSj lsok* ds :i esa izdV gksrk gSA R. gksdj jgrk gSA Hkxoku Hkh mldh Hkf‰ ds o'khHkwr gksdj jgrs gSAa Hkxoku ds lkFk .k ds ckn Hk‰ lE.ksfa d Hkf‰ esa fo|k] /kukfn lcdk LFkku gSA buds fouk Hkyk dSls lsok] ifjp.k vkos'k gksrk gS tks Hkxor~ lsok dk fojks/kh gSA vr.ku nsus .d f=xq. tM+ 'kjhj esa feF.µ Hkkx& É Jhgfjnkl 'kkL=h (U. ls lnk tkxzr] LoIu vkSj lq"kqfIr rhuksa voLFkkvksa esa 'kqº lsok esa yxk jgrk gSA .k ls ekuo esa .k x.kZu fd.kpk∏.krkiwod Z lk¬ksik¬ o.kx leiZ.kxA bl vfHkeku ds jgrs gq.kA blh dks Jh:ixksLokfeth us Lojfpr JhHkf‰jlke`rflU/kq esa (É@É@ÉÉ)µ vU.ksX.drk vuqdwyrk] R.kZ le£irkRek gksrk gSA R.kksa us osn mifu"kn iqjk.k.kx ds ckn iw.kksa dk fodkl gksrk gS ml Hkxo}'khdkfj.kZ:i ls budk D. dk .g Hkf‰ cfgj¬k'kf‰ vFkkZr~ ekf.k gSA bl 'yksd ds fo"k.k gSA .gk° rd l¿si esa mŸkek Hkf‰ dk ifjp. gS nSfgd (fo|k] tkfr] dqy] /ku] tu] :i vkfn )vfHkeku dk ifjR.gk° /.krk] {kek] lR.kpSrU.FkkFkZ:i ls ekuork dk lÄkj_ vfo|k] vfLerk] jkx] }s"k] vfHkfuos'k:i Dys'klewg dk uk'k_ œik] ljyrk] n.k (lRo] jt vkSj re) ls loZFkk fHkUu gSA tho bZ'oj ls foeq[k gksus ij cfgj¬k'kf‰ }kjk vkcº gksrk gS vkSj LokFkhZ] >xM+kyw o ykyph gksdj dsoy tM+ 'kjhj ds lq[k ijk.k] dŸkZO.kfHkykf"krk'kwU.drk o vuqdy w rk gksrh gSA og Hkxoku ds lkFk .k ifjHkkf"kr fd.o Hk‰ bu vfHkeku dk lE. .kx vkSj leiZ.drk o vuqdy w rk gksus ij Hk‰ eueq[kh u gksdj HkxonqUeq[k gksrk gSA mldh Hkxoku ds lkFk .˚ JhJhxkSjxnk/kjkS fot.

u .pfjrke`r Hk`xqukFk feJ (.k gSµ pSrU.ko /keZ ds lSºkfUrd] O.drk vuqdwyrk Lo:i mŸkekHkf‰ ds fuxw<+ flºkUrksa dk .ko xzUFkkoyhµ JhpSrU.Zkr fo"k.Zkr . oS".] vf}rh.& Hkkxor gSA .yhyk Hksn ls dqy rhu Hkkxksa esa foHkDr gSA vkfnyhyk esa JhpSrU.oa Jh:ixksLokeh vkfn ds xzUFkksa ds lkFk&lkFk JhLo:inkeksnj dk dM+pk] JheqjkfjxqIr dk dM+pk .k] mudk Lo.egkizHkq ds vkfoHkkZo dk rRo o dkj.k ljy 'kCnksa esa gqvk gSA xzUFkdkj us blh okrkZyki esa Hkf‰ dks yrk] Hk‰ dks ekyh] Jhœ".kh.M yhyk vkfn dk o.kZiwj dk f'k'kq pfj=] egkizHkq dk f'k{kk"Vd vkLoknu vkfn dk o.g xzUFk vkfnyhyk] e/.k ˝tks fd leLr 'kkL=ksa dk eeZ gS˛] Jhe⁄kxorh.yhyk ds ≈ufoa'k ifjPNsn (v/.k] fofo/k cky&yhyk] ikSx.kZu gSA e/.ko] oS".k] uhykpy xeu] Jh:i&lukru f'k{kk izlax esa lEcU/k&vfHk/ks.kokfn.&iz.kZu lizek.knkl dfojkt xksLokeh us bl xzUFk esa JhpSrU.bZ dgs eeZ˚ .FkkFkZ Kku vuk.pfjr 'kqu Jºk&Hkf‰ dfjA ekRl.k gSA bl xzUFk esa fofo/k okrkZykiksa dks brus izHkkoiw.kHk‰tho dh fu"dkerk vr.Zkr JhpSrU.) dk Jh:ixksLokfef'k{kk izlax esa of.kZu gSA dgk x.kkFkZµ e/.k.ksa dk mºkj vkfn fofo/k yhykvksa dk o.k] ek.kZrk ds lkFk izLrqr fd.k] iÄjk= .ksa ds lkFk izLrqr fd.kl ijorhZ ?kVuk] jk<+ns'k Hkze.kpj. vkRekjke 'yksd dk àÉ izdkj dh O.k gS fd muds Jo.k gSA bl xzUFk dh jpuk dk vk/kkj osn] mifu"kn] iqjk.ku] NksVk gfjnkl dk oTtZu] Jhgfjnkl Bkdqj dh efgek] HkxoUuke efgek] dkfynkl dk oS".MR. gSA blesa cz„k.egkizHkq izofrZr xkSMh+ .kstu rRo dk fu:i..yhyk esa f'kokuUn ds dqDdqj (dqRrk) dk vk[.kZu gSA vUR. dks vrho peRdkjiw.k] v/.bZ dfydkys vkj ukfg dksu /keZA oS".a cztsUÊuUnu:i ls fu:i.ksa dk o.k Lo:i bl xzUFk esa jpukdkj us JhpSrU.yhyk esa lU.kZ o lqxe cuk fn.Z NkfM+. dfoRo'kf‰ ds }kjk lqxEHkhj n'kZu] dkO.Mesa tho dh vuUrrk] tho dh lw{erk] ijekRek] thoksa ds Hksn] œ".oa Jho`Unkounkl Bkdqjœr JhpSrU.egkizHkq o muds ifjdjksa ds thouh dks yksdHkk"kk esa_ vius vHkwriwoZ ikf.ko 'kkL=] .oa vUR.egkizHkq o Jh:ixksLokeh dk okrkZyki fopkj.k dks dYio`{k] o iÄeiq#"kkFkZ izse dks Qy :i esa izLrqrdj :id vy¡kj dk v⁄qr iz.JhJhxkSM+h.k[.kZu v'ks"k n{krk ds lkFk fd.koksfPN"V izlax] dfod.kl gksrk gSA mnkgj.k x.ksxdjds of.k eq[ks cy gfj gfj˚ .oa euu ls 'kkL=ksa esa of. oS".kogkfjd o HkkoukRed leLr fo"k.e-.-laLœr) Jhyœ".k gSA ^ferÄ lkjÄ opksfg okfXerk* ds mnkgj.jl] vy¡kj] bfrgkl] uhfr'kkL= izHk`fr fo"k.yhyk .o mudk 'kkUrLo:i o Js"Brk vkfn dk o.

ksa esa tUe ysrk vk. ewy :i ls nks Áo`fŸk. bu 'kkL=ksa ds laj{k. muds }kjk jph xbZ bl l`f"V dh ns[kHkky djs o lcdh j{kk djsA bl dk.k dk Kku j[krk gSA ËkeZ dk Kku Lo. dh fu%LokFkZ lsok djrk gS] bZ'oj muds ‚n.kh ftldh lsok ls ËkeZ ds ekxZ esa pyus dh Áo`fŸk euq".k. rks bl ekuo tUe dks ÁkIr djus ls iwoZ vukfndky ls fofHkÈk Ádkj dh .kZfUor djsA rHkh rks lcdh j{kk gksxh .ksa ds l`tu ds i'pkr~ bZ'oj us tc euq".kA QyLo:i euq".g vko'.d fo'ks"k Ák.k ds fy.k djus dh Áo`fŸk gksA LoHkkor% euq".ksfu.A lcdh j{kk djus dh o lcds iks"k. dk.oa lekt lq[kh gksxkA blds fy.d .d gS fd Ëkk£ed f'k{kk iºfr esa bl ckr dks Hkh lfEefyr fd. esa mŸke euq". 'kkL=ksa dk l`tu fd. dks bu Áo`fŸk.k ds lkFk&lkFk bZ'oj ds lEiw.ksa ls ≈ij mBkdj vius o lekt ds fgr ds fy.kh tks .Z .oa ÁR. gSA tks xk. esa bu nksuksa o`fŸk.&'kjhj esa Hkh mldh .ksfa d euq".ksfa d euq". esa Lor% tkx mBrh gSA og vkn'kZ Ák.kZ lekt lq[kh jgsxkA vFkkZr~ 'kkL= gh ËkeZ dh f'k{kk dk .Ur ÁlÈk gq.oa xks ËkeZ ds nks vkËkkj&LrEHk gSAa .a bZ'oj gh ns ldrs gSAa vFkkZr~ 'kkL= Lo. euq".Ur vko'. rks lekt dk fgr ugha gksxkA vr% . ds ‚n.slk Ák.Ÿo fodflr gksrk gSA ftlls og vius j{k.k&iks"k.kh dh l`f"V dh gSA .k xks bZ'oj dks vR.d vkËkkj LrEHk gSA 'kkL=ksa ls ËkeZ dk Kku ikdj ml Kku dks .Z esa Áo`Ÿk gksrk gSA QyLo:i lkjk lekt lq[kh gksrk gSA ËkeZ dh f'k{kk ds fy.k tk. LokHkkfod :i ls ek= vius 'kjhj ds gh j{k. dks ËkeZ dk ekxZ fn[kkrk gS A .kh gSµ xksA ËkeZ&ekxZ esa pyus ds fy.k tk.Z vR.d gaAS 'kkL= cus jgsxa s rks lekt esa lr~&f'k{kk cuh jgsxh] ËkeZ cuk jgsxk o lEiw.Ur fÁ.g lEHko gS f'k{kk ds }kjkA lr~ f'k{kk ls gh euq".kZ l`f"V ds laj{k. dh l`f"V dh rks os vR. esa j{kk djus dh Áo`fŸk gksuh pkfg.oa midkjh gksukA xks iw. .Z dks djus ds fy.ksa dh j{kk djus dh {kerk gSA vFkkZr~ bZ'oj pkgrs gSa fd euq".k djrk gS] mls ËkeZ dgrs gSAa ijUrq euq".ksa dk vkn'kZ gSA bu o`fŸk. fd fdl Ádkj euq". bZ'oj us euq".ksa ds dkj. esa ËkeZ dk vkpj.kZ :i ls fujijkËkh .k.'kkL= o xks %µ ËkeZ ds vkËkkj LrEHk txÈkkFk nkl (ch-Vsd-] vkbZ-vkbZ-Vh.a bZ'oj ls gh vkrk gSA lekt ds dY.k esa u yk.ksa dh vko'.drk gSµfujijkËkh gksuk .Z djrk gSA bl izdkj ge ns[krs gSa fd 'kkL= .gh o`fŸk LokHkkfod gSA rks fdl Ádkj og ËkeZ ekxZ esa pys\ . vko'.g gS fd ftl o`fŸk ds }kjk euq".k.k o laoËkZu ds dk.d gh dk. dks ËkkfeZd vkpj.sd tUe esa og ckjEckj .d vkn'kZ ds :i esa euq".k&iks"k. gksrk gS LokFkhZ] >xM+kyq vkSj ykyphA ËkeZ dh lr~&f'k{kk euq".rk dksbZ euq". esa lHkh Ákf.fn vkpj.k gS] og 'kkL=ksa esa miyCËk gSA 'kkL=ksa dk jpf.slk Ák. dks tks Kku Ánku fd.ksa dks ÁLQqfVr dj nsrs gSAa rc og ËkeZ&ekxZ esa Áo`Ÿk gksdj viuh o nwljksa dh j{kk o ikyu ds fy.oa midkjh gSA vFkkZr~ xks bu nksuksa o`fŸk.k gSA .dkuiqj ) lHkh Ákf.d .k djus dh bl Áo`fŸk dks dgrs gSµ a ËkkfeZd Áo`fŸkA bldk rkRi.k gSµ dsoy vius 'kjhj dh j{kk o iks"k.k gS] mlh Ádkj euq".A D. dk. bZ'oj dh bPNk ds vuqlkj l`f"V dks Ëkkj.Z djrk vk. ug∞ gks ldrk D.k o laoËkZu ds dk. bl Kku dks dk.d gS fd euq".k esa Áo`Ÿk djus ds fy.Z djus esa Áo`Ÿk djrh gSA ftl Ádkj bZ'oj us lekt dks ËkeZ dk Kku nsus ds fy.

Hkkj}kt xks=h.A egkÁHkq us mudk uke dj.kIr nq%[k dh vuqHkwfr u"V gks xbZA egkÁHkq bl txr esa .k pSrU.qDr dj mUgsa caxky ds Á/kku ea=h dk in ns fn.kx fn.Z esa fu.kZIr O.e-.ksa ds gkFk esa lkSia dj Lo. Kku Ëkkjk dks LFkkfir djus ds fy. Fks A ml vorkj esa mudk uke Fkk Jhœ".Z fd.kA 'kkL=h.A mudh ekufldrk] mudk fpUru o mudh bPNk.ksa dks lkSia k tks vlk/kkj.s x.k ds fy. FksA jktk us bu nksuksa Hkkb.d . mŸkj Hkkjr esa v/.gk° LFkkfir fd.oa fo}ku FksA vfr esËkkoh Jh:i dbZ Hkk"kkvksa esa ikjaxr FksA laLœr Hkk"kk o dbZ 'kkL=h.k dj ds ekuo lekt dks fl[kk.a lEiw.. czk„.kiu dk Œkl gksus ds dkj.% nq"izkI. jkedsyh uxj igqp ° s rks ogk° yksxksa esa vkuUn dh ygjsa QSy x.a egkÁHkq dh ekufldrk ls] egkÁHkq ds fpUru ls o egkÁHkq dh bPNkvksa ls .haA gtkjksa yksx egkÁHkq ds vkd"kZd O.p-.Z mUgksua s caxky ds nks Hkkb. ls caxky esa vkdj cl x.kA .k.kA jktdk.k bl txr esa yxHkx áÑáo"kZ iwoZ iqu% vorfjr gq.ksa ds lkFk fofHkÈk ckËkkvksa ls tw>rs gq.qx ls ekuo lekt dks miyCËk ugha FkkA bl Kku dh xgjkbZ rd igqp ° dj nksuksa Hkkb.Z djus ds fy.kr gq. Hkk"kkvksa ds Hkh fo}ku FksA lkFk gh ljdkjh dk.ksa esa ls .ks± ds fy.oa esËkk ls ÁHkkfor gksdj caxky ds jktk uckc gqluS 'kkg us Jh :i xksLokeh dks jkt dk.Z dks nksuksa Hkkb.h gks x.a dbZ Ádkj ds lq[k Hkksx esa fyIr jgrs FksA .drk FkhA ijUrq ml le.ks ) ekuo lekt ds dY.fDrRo o Jhgfjuke ladhŸkZu ls foeksfnr gksdj muds vuqxr gksus yxsA ml le.d Fks Jhy :i xksLokehA Jhy :i xksLokeh ds iwot Z dukZVd jkT.ksa ds vareZu esa O.df=r fd.kA cM+s HkkbZ dks lukru o NksVs HkkbZ dks :i uke fn. esa Jhgfjuke dk Ápkj djrs gq. ÁkIr fd. le> dj o egkÁHkq dh Kku&Ëkkjk dks txr esa Ápkj djus dh ijek'.Jhy :i xksLokeh % O.A mudh bPNk ds vuqlkj os Jh o`Unkou /kke dks i/kkjsA dky ds izHkko ls lEiw.k .k ds e/. lEiw. FksA rc Jh :i us fo}kuksa dks nf{k.kA muds O. fo"k.kZ jktdk.k esa vkdj nksuksa Hkkb.kA vius ifjokj o Lotuksa dh thfodk o iks"k.fDrRo dk ÁHkko ns'k&Hkj esa foLr`r gks x.slh Kku/kkjk dks Áokfgr djus vk.s xzUFkksa dh vko'.l-] iq.u fd.kf. ds lkFk&lkFk uckc gqluS 'kkg Lo.u& v/.k FkkA muds lq'khy LoHkko ls .f‰Ro .k fd.k FkkA os caxyk bR.A Jh:i us vius leLr lq[k o oSHko dks bl vkuUn leqnz ds le{k ux.s xzUFk izk..s Hkxoku~ Jhœ". jkedsyh ds oklh nksuksa HkkbZ egkÁHkq dh vksj vkœ"V gksdj muds pj.k.dky esa budk uke j[kk x.k dqy ds FksA ckY.k ikafMR.kZ o`Unkou Ëkke dk mºkj fd.qx&.kksa esa fxj iM+s .k lUrks"kA muds cM+s HkbZ Fks vej vkSj NksVs HkkbZ Fks oYyHkA .oa œfrRo yhyk nklh (ch-.kZ o`Unkou Ëkke taxyksa ls <d x.kA muds HkkbZ vej] tks ckn esa lukru xksLokeh ds uke ls [.d fnu tc JhpSrU.oa muds vuq.k es/kk o mPp laLdkjksa ls .drk dks le>dj] Á/kku ea=h ds in dks R. egkÁHkq tulkËkkj.kfn vU.kA bUgha nks Hkkb.k FkkA Jh:i xksLokeh us vU.k dh i.ksa us lefiZr vkRek gksdj bl Kku Ëkkjk dks txr~ esa LFkkfir djus dk dk.kA .ksa o n'kZu&'kkL=ksa esa mUgksua s vlkËkkj.] caxky ds foŸk ea=h cuk fn.k Hkkjr Hkst dj ogk° ls gLr&fyf[kr xzUFkksa dks e°xkdj Jh o`Unkou /kke esa f'k{kk ijEijk dks LFkkfir fd. Fks tks .ou 'kkldksa ds dky esa gh Jh:i us bu dk.ksa dks nchj [kkl o lkdj efyd inoh iznku fd.s yksx iwoZtksa ds ijEijkÿe ls vfr le`º'kkyh . dqN vuq. FksA os .oLFkk dj ds] Jh:i egkÁHkq dh lsok esa rYYkhu gks x.ksa us bruh dq'kyrk ds lkFk lEHkkyk Fkk fd le. egkizHkqA /keZ dk okLrfod vFkZ mUgksua s vkpj.Z bu nks Hkkb.k FkkA ml Kku ijEijk dks ekuo lekt esa LFkkfir djus dk dk.qDr FksA nksuksa Hkkb.s /ku&'kfDr o tu&'kfDr . Hkkjrh.s mUgksua s rc Ápfyr Qkjlh vkfn dk Hkh vË.d gks x.k o egkizHkq iznŸk Kku Ëkkjk dks .ksa dks ijekuUn dh vuqHkwfr gqbAZ nksuksa egkÁHkq ds gh jax esa jax x..kA egkÁHkq ds 'kj.tqonZs h..

It is only an instrument or an intermediate factor that is controlled by causes more subtle. liquid and gaseous particles. Here.ksa ls Hkwfe ds uhps nck gqvk FkkA Jh:i xksLokehth us foxzg dk vkfo"dkj djokdj mudks iqu% Áfrf"Br fd. We can call these subtle causes internal resistance. egku dk.k. It is inert.d Úksr cuk MkykA muds bu lc dk. it is important to understand that external resistance can cause failure only in absence of proper knowledge. gross) resistance depends on the combination of the concerned particles. vU.kA Hkf‰ 'kCn dk dbZ yksx dbZ Ádkj dk vFkZ yxkrs gSAa exj bl xzUFk esa mu lHkh vFkks± ls ijs tkdj flmŸkek Hkf‰fi dh O. IIT Kanpur] The pleasures and pains of this world have been a mystery for the human beings since ages. we try to understand the phenomenon of resistance that we see in the world of matter (called external resistance. among solid. a specific combination of particles is chosen to meet the required level of resistance.k djus yxsA bl Ádkj Jh:i us ml LFkku dks ije Kku dk . This external (material.k] Jh y?kqHkkxorke`r] Jh yfyrek/ko ukVde~] JhfonX/kek/ko ukVde~] Jh Á. This essay also aims at understanding this mystery of "problems" that we face in our day-to-day life through the explanations understood from a higher source.ks± ls . There is no intention of a conscious being behind the idea of resistance in the physical world.kA Hkkxor /keZ dh f'k{kk O.e ls le>k.Hkkjr o"kZ ds dksu&s dksus ls fo}ku&x. .oLFkk dh xbZ gS] ftldks le>us ls o ftldk ikyu djus ls euq". and thus it is possible to control the outcomes of physical activities.k Jho`Unkou Ëkke esa muds N=&Nk. lUr Jhgfjnkl'kkL=hth egkjkt] bl mikns. It is not conscious of itself.k esa vkdj] lefiZr gksdj f'k{kk xzg.g Li"V gks tkrk gS fd mUgksua s lkjk thou egkÁHkq ds eu ds vHkh"V dks txr esa LFkkfir djus ds fy.q‰k[. the revealed scriptures. External resistance means opposition to motion or work or transfer of energy at the level of (gross) matter. When a specific level of resistance is required to achieve a certain goal. Philosophers and thinkers have often come up with different explanations behind the phenomena that we observe in this world. dgrs gSµ a JhpSrU. however.su HkwrysA Ákphu dky esa egkjkt otzukHk }kjk fu£er JhxksfoUnnso th dk foxzg dbZ lfn. It is possible to adjust the different factors in the physical world.e. These factors.euks∑Hkh"Va LFkkfira .Z fd.kA blfy. i. xzUFk gSa Jh mTToyuhyef.oLFkk dks lekt esa LFkkfir djus ds fy. However.. It cannot be the efficient cause of the failure.kr eëjh bR. It can be measured experimentally and recorded in an orderly manner.k gksrk gSA Jh :i xksLokeh }kjk jps x. are not connected to any conscious being.kfnA External (Material) Resistance versus Internal (Non-Material) Resistance Snehansu Mandal [Ph. dk okLro esa dY. or friction). xzUFk dks flekuo lekt dk lafo/kku xzUFkfi dgrs gSAa flHkf‰fi ds xw<k+ frxw<+ vFkZ dks loZ&ÁFke ekuo lekt dks blh xzUFk ds ek/. People often feel that difficulties that arise in life can be traced to factors like this external resistance. mUgksua s vusdksa xzUFkksa dh jpuk dhA muesa Áeq[k gS JhHkf‰jlke`r flU/kqA vkt ds fnu egkÁHkq }kjk LFkkfir bl fo'kqº Kku/kkjk ds laj{kd o lao/kZd] ijeiwT. which appears to be the cause of difficulties that we face in life.D.k x. Then we evaluate the phenomenon of resistance that we experience internally in our conscious beings and come to the understanding that internal resistance is the actual cause of our distress.

Internal resistance means opposition at the mental level. through proper knowledge. being preventive in nature. it leads to the absence of control or order over the mind and the self. inaction. Nyaya2. which is neither good nor bad. active in nature. internal resistance is related to the consciousness of a conscious being. Internal resistance is. 2 Nyaya: Ontologically. unwillingness to help others as well as one's own self. and not the external resistance. In this sense. Desirable and undesirable incidents are prevented also due to positive intentional effort known as internal resistance. both as the means as well as the end. Unintentional failures are always caused by ignorance or lack of knowledge about external (material) resistance and are. therefore. physical world. prosperous and content when internal resistance is used to prevent undesirable incidents instead of desirable incidents. Negation. may appear to be internal resistance due to its similar external symptoms. It is not 'Dry Renunciation'. due to error. On the other hand. Ultimately. mental depression or a mental disease. internal resistance is always intentional and positive and. Ontologically. creed and race. a positive effort to achieve some positive effect which. External (material) resistance is sustained by internal resistance only. dissatisfied and doomed when internal resistance is used to prevent desirable incidents instead of undesirable incidents. internal resistance has to be increased to prevent unwanted incidents and at the same time. which is the root cause behind this entire universe. indirectly. the basic root cause. take place in society due to positive intentional effort backed by proper knowledge. The four defects (basically. which is first generated at the mental level. due to the presence of correct knowledge and intention. at all times. This internal resistance is different from mental depression. it has to be decreased to zero in order to promote wanted. pattern … all positive. leading to lack of motivation and therefore. based on a-Nyaya2. 3 Negation: It is an action by which one avoids all the above-mentioned defects on the path of Sadhana (renunciation). 1 Paurush: It is the capability of a 'Purusha' (or an individual person) in taking independent decision or action. It is always under the control of knowledge. No action takes place on its own. independent of any cast. or decision. But intentional failures can never be rectified because they are achieved through proper knowledge. the Vedantic structure) is also the means for attaining the perfect non-material reality called 'Nyaya'. negative. which eventually controls the external. is always positive in its action or application. through an instrumental cause at a later time through the inertial platform (physical reality). basically. One's Paurush is covered as soon as paurush is misused in the sense of freedom. Judicious use of this internal resistance is instrumental in achieving or implementing distaste (vairagya) through negation3 on the path of renunciation (Sadhana). They take place by chance. They do not take place by chance or by error. it is the judicious use (based on Nyaya2) of internal resistance. where as the reaction comes back to the Purusha. Unintentional failures can always be rectified by taking proper measures through the accomplishment of proper knowledge via experience. It is apparently negative. It is this internal resistance of a person or a group of persons. Action. is directly connected to the Paurush of the Purusha. It is not rejecting physical objects and going to the forest to live a life of seclusion. they include all other possible defects) are the basic ingredients for this external world. It is connected to the intention and Paurush1 of a person. therefore. Both desirable incidents. and undesirable incidents. Society becomes healthy. perfect qualities. Thus. Mental depression is unintentional. It is an end in itself. in this sense. it is non-material reality devoid of all the defects namely. based on Nyaya2. intentional failures are not failures but are success only. But mental depression is caused by ignorance or lack of knowledge and. Vipralipsa & Karanapatava. At times. Nyaya includes order. Internal resistance is a subset of free will or Paurush1. . which percolates to the physical world through the proper use of external resistance in controlling the quality of life. consciously. Society becomes unhealthy. Bhrama. it is non-material. temporary in nature. but it has ultimate positive effect when it is based upon nyaya2 or justice. perfection. looks negative in appearance. Therefore. that prevents something from being done. rhythm. Pramada. This action-reaction pair is inseparable and it effects the Purusha or the doer only and not anyone else. but is real and not imaginary. Paurush excludes the possibility of misusing freedom (a-nyaya). which is tagged with the reaction or result also. Nyaya (for example. therefore. is the basis for sustenance of harmony and peace everywhere. without any intention or wish. peaceful happenings.