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Ejercicios del present perfect y del present perfect continuous

1. Using the Present Perfect tense, fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs shown in brackets. For example: We ____________ the contest. (to enter) We have entered the contest. He ____________ the work. (to finish) He has finished the work. 1. They have ordered a pizza. (to order) 2. It has started to rain. (to start) 3. You have answered the question. (to answer) 4. I have cooked the eggs. (to cook) 5. We have hearted the sauce. (to heat) 6. He have cleaned the room. (to clean) 7. She has started the car. (to start) 8. Theyhave knocks on the door. (to knock) 9. You have turned on the lights. (to turn) 10. She has asked them to come. (to ask) Answers 2. Rewrite the following sentences, using the contracted form of the auxiliary to have. For example: It has started. Its started. We have telephoned. Weve telephoned. 1. I have agreed. Ive agreed 2. You have moved. Youve moved 3. He has looked. Hes looked 4. We have argued. Weve argued 5. They have explained. Theyve explained 6. You have waited. Youve waited 7. She has answered. Shes answered 8. We have finished. Weve finished 9. It has cooled. Its cooled 10. I have ordered. Ive ordered Answers 3. Paying attention to the spelling of the past participles, fill in the blanks using the Present Perfect tense of the regular verbs shown in brackets. For example: She _________ hard. (to try) She has tried hard.

He ___________ his friend. (to annoy) He has annoyed his friend. 1. We have envied them. (to envy) 2. She has played the clarinet for five years. (to play) 3. You have applied for the job. (to apply) 4. We have fried the eggs. (to fry) 5. They have employed six people. (to employ) 6. He has sprayed_ the wall with paint. (to spray) 7. I have hurried home. (to hurry) 8. They have displayed unusual intelligence. (to display) 9. It has destroyed our chances. (to destroy) 10. You have relied on your bicycle. (to rely) Answers 4. Paying attention to the spelling of the past participles, fill in the blanks using the Present Perfect tense of the regular verbs shown in brackets. For example: He __________ the child. (to scare) He has scared the child. They ____________ the hillside. (to scar) They have scarred the hillside. 1. She has apologized (to apologize) 2. I have stirred the soup. (to stir) 3. It has stopped (to stop) 4. We have explained what happened. (to explain) 5. They have planned a concert. (to plan) 6. You have wiped the table. (to wipe) 7. We have pined our hopes on you. (to pin) 8. She has joined_ the choir. (to join) 9. They have spotted an eagle. (to spot) 10. It has rained every day. (to rain) 11. You have whipped the cream. (to whip) 12. She has arranged everything. (to arrange) Answers 5. Keeping in mind that the ending ed forms a separate syllable only when it follows the letter d or t, indicate the number of syllables in each of the following past participles. Read each of the the past participles aloud. For example: __ pained 1 pained __ painted 2 painted

1. ___ waited 2. ___ wailed 3. ___ pinned 4. ___ printed 5. ___ acted 6. ___ added 7. ___ wanted 8. ___ warned 9. ___ raced 10. ___ rated 11. ___ joined 12. ___ jumped 13. ___ folded 14. ___ frowned 15. ___ passed 16. ___ patted 17. ___ raided 18. ___ rained 19. ___ stared 20. ___ started Answers 6. Referring to the table of irregular verbs if necessary, fill in the blanks with the Present Perfect tense of the irregular verbs shown in brackets. For example: They _________ tall. (to grow) They have grown tall. He __________ it. (to choose) He has chosen it. 1. We have eaten lunch. (to eat) 2. I have swept the floor. (to sweep) 3. She has sing in a choir. (to sing) 4. They have gone to work. (to go) 5. You have to loosen your way. (to lose) 6. He has to rise earlier than usual. (to rise) 7. We have to speak to everyone. (to speak) 8. I have to see the kingfisher. (to see) 9. They have to knew each other a long time. (to know) 10. She has to fly here from France. (to fly) 11. He has to been very helpful. (to be) 12. I have to cut the blue cloth. (to cut) 13. We have to write two letters. (to write) 14. They have to win the competition. (to win) 15. She has to tell no one. (to tell) 16. It has to take a long time. (to take) 17. You have to forget to do it. (to forget)

18. I have to hear it. (to hear) 19. They have to leaved town. (to leave) 20. He has to understand the problem. (to understand) Answers 7. Following the model of the examples, rewrite the following affirmative statements as questions, negative statements, negative questions without contractions, negative questions with contractions, and affirmative statements followed by negative tag questions. For example: I have read this book. Have I read this book? I have not read this book. Have I not read this book? Havent I read this book? I have read this book, havent I? He has found the answer. Has he found the answer? He has not found the answer. Has he not found the answer? Hasnt he found the answer? He has found the answer, hasnt he? 1. They have eaten the cookies. Have you eaten the cookies? 2. She has told the truth. Has she told the truth? 3. He has run fast. Has he run fast? 4. We have watered the plants. Have we watered the plants? 5. You have hurried. Have you hurried Answers 8. Paying attention to the spelling of the present participles, fill in the blanks using the correct forms of the verbs shown in brackets. For example: I ________________ all night. (to work) I have been working all night. She ___________________ the trumpet. (to practise) She has been practising the trumpet. 1. We have been practicing for you. (to wait) 2. They have been running a race. (to run) 3. He has been reading a book. (to read) 4. You have been writing a letter. (to write) 5. I have been setting the table. (to set) 6. It has been raining for hours. (to rain) 7. We have been living here for three years. (to live) 8. She has been speakin to us. (to speak) 9. You have been buying presents. (to buy)

10. They have been planning a trip. (to plan) Answers 9. Following the model of the example, rewrite the following two affirmative statements as questions, negative statements, negative questions without contractions, negative questions with contractions, and affirmative statements followed by negative tag questions. For example: They have been enjoying themselves. Have they been enjoying themselves? They have not been enjoying themselves. Have they not been enjoying themselves? Havent they been enjoying themselves? They have been enjoying themselves, havent they? 1. It has been snowing. Has it been snowing 2. You have been visiting your friends. Have you been visiting your friends Answers ANSWERS TO THE EXERCISES for Chapter 4 Answers to Exercise 1: 1. have ordered 2. has started 3. have answered 4. have cooked 5. have heated 6. has cleaned 7. has started 8. have knocked 9. have turned 10. has asked Answers to Exercise 2: 1. Ive agreed. 2. Youve moved. 3. Hes looked. 4. Weve argued. 5. Theyve explained. 6. Youve waited. 7. Shes answered. 8. Weve finished. 9. Its cooled. 10. Ive ordered. Answers to Exercise 3: 1. have envied 2. has played 3. have applied 4. have fried 5. have employed 6. has sprayed 7. have hurried 8. have displayed 9. has destroyed 10. have relied Answers to Exercise 4: 1. has apologized 2. have stirred 3. has stopped 4. have explained 5. have planned 6. have wiped 7. have pinned 8. has joined 9. have spotted 10. has rained 11. have whipped 12. has arranged Answers to Exercise 5: 1. 2 2. 1 3. 1 4. 2 5. 2 6. 2 7. 2 8. 1 9. 1 10. 2 11. 1 12. 1 13. 2 14. 1 15. 1 16. 2 17. 2 18. 1 19. 1 20. 2 Answers to Exercise 6: 1. have eaten 2. have swept 3. has sung 4. have gone 5. have lost 6. has risen 7. have spoken 8. have seen 9. have known 10. has flown 11. has been 12. have cut 13. have written 14. have won 15. has told 16. has taken 17. have forgotten 18. have heard 19. have left 20. has understood

Answers to Exercise 7: 1. Have they eaten the cookies? They have not eaten the cookies. Have they not eaten the cookies? Havent they eaten the cookies? They have eaten the cookies, havent they? 2. Has she told the truth? She has not told the truth. Has she not told the truth? Hasnt she told the truth? She has told the truth, hasnt she? 3. Has he run fast? He has not run fast. Has he not run fast? Hasnt he run fast? He has run fast, hasnt he? 4. Have we watered the plants? We have not watered the plants. Have we not watered the plants? Havent we watered the plants? We have watered the plants, havent we? 5. Have you hurried? You have not hurried. Have you not hurried? Havent you hurried? You have hurried, havent you? Answers to Exercise 8: 1. have been waiting 2. have been running 3. has been reading 4. have been writing 5. have been setting 6. has been raining 7. have been living 8. has been speaking 9. have been buying 10. have been planning Answers to Exercise 9: 1. Has it been snowing? It has not been snowing. Has it not been snowing? Hasnt it been snowing? It has been snowing, hasnt it? 2. Have you been visiting your friends? You have not been visiting your friends. Have you not been visiting your friends? Havent you been visiting your friends? You have been visiting your friends, havent you?