Football Cheat Sheet

Objective of the Game

Each team has an end zone that it attempts to protect, and points are awarded for the team that successfully reaches its opponent's end zone. The completion of that task is known as a touchdown, which awards the scoring team six points. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins.

Game Layout

A football game is divided into four quarters. Lengths of quarters vary based on the level of play. Between the second and third quarters is a short break, known as halftime. During that time, both teams usually retreat to the locker rooms to rejuvenate and discuss strategies.

     Touchdown Six points awarded to a team that crosses their opponent’s goal line with the football. Field Goal - A three-point play made by place kicking (or drop kicking) the ball between the opponent's goalposts above the crossbar. Extra Point - After a touchdown, the scoring team is allowed to add another point by kicking the ball through the uprights of the goalpost. Two-point conversion - Instead of kicking an extra point, a team tries to add two bonus points by running or completing a pass in the end zone from the opponent’s two-yard line. Safety - A play in which a member of the offensive team downs the ball in his own end zone, resulting in the defensive team being awarded two points.

Field Dimensions

A football field is 100 yards long with two 10-yard end zones at either end. Width-wise, a field measures 53 yards across. Every yard on a football field is marked with a small yard-marker on the horizontal boundaries of the field. Every five yards there is a horizontal line that extends from sideline to sideline. Typically, every 10 yards is visually displayed on the field with the corresponding number. Thus, the numbers on a field would read 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 40, 30, 20, 10 from one end of the field to the other.

The process of knocking that player down or pulling him down to the ground is known as a tackle. elbow or any part of the body other than his feet and hands. a team may choose to go for the first down. kick a field goal for three points or punt the ball. On fourth down. If the quarterback throws the ball and it is not caught. As the referee announces the penalty. the ball returns to the same spot it had been on the previous down. he simultaneously performs a gesture that is associated with the infraction. It is often a violent collision which brings about the need for helmets and pads for protection.Downs  A team is given four downs to obtain a first down. Each down is started with the snap of the ball from what is called the line of scrimmage. 10 yards or 15 yards. If a player is tackled while holding the ball. the next play starts from that yard-marker. Punting means kicking the ball to the other team to avoid turning it over after four downs. If a player with the ball hits the ground with his knees. Penalty values are typically given as 5 yards. A failed fourth down attempt results in the defending team taking over possession at the spot of the failed attempt. This ritual came about prior to the invention of microphones and loudspeakers . Penalties are assessed by moving the ball backward a certain number of yards. he is down at that spot. He announces penalties. The snap is the process by which the center passes the ball through his legs to the quarterback. There are numerous penalties in the game of football. The head official is the referee. which is located 10 yards from the initial first-down spot. Tackling  A tackle is the action that causes a play to end. each signified when an official throws a yellow flag onto the field. Referees and Penalties  The men wearing the zebra-striped uniforms are known as officials.


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