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The Calling of the Health Care Provider

A nurse is highly esteemed among those in the medical profession, well- known throughout the world for his/her contribution to medicine, and greatly admired for the dedication of his/her life to the sick and afflicted, confided the inspiration of his/her life. Nursing is a vocation just like priesthood and the teaching profession, because the person who embraces the profession of a nurse responds to the call of Christs charity: I am ill and you comforted me... I assure you, as often as you did it for one of my least brothers, you did it for me (Matthew 25:36;40)

What is Health Care Profession?


HEALTH CARE PROFESSION is an occupation requiring advanced, specialized and systematic study and training in the knowledge of health care designed to provide services to society in that particular field

Who is a Health Care Practitioner?


HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONAL or PRACTITIONER is a person who has acquired an advanced, specialized and systematic training and experience in the knowledge of health care along with its various specific scientific specializations and techniques including those of medical doctors, nurses, midwives, medical technologists and the like.

The Client
the term most often used as a synonym for a patient who receives health care in an ambulatory care setting, especially when health maintenance rather than illness care is the primary service provided. Sometimes this term is preferred to denote a collaborative relationship rather than a hierarchical one. the one receiving the therapy has a health problem or need which must be accurately identified through diagnostic procedures so that due health care may be given

A patient is any recipient of medical attention, care, or treatment. The patient is most often ill or injured and in need of treatment by a physician, veterinarian or other health care professional, although one who attends a physician's visit for a routine check-up may also be viewed as a patient. The word patient originally meant 'one who suffers'. This English noun comes from the Latin word patiens, Outpatient - is a patient who is not hospitalized for 24 hours or more but who visits a hospital, clinic, or associated facility for diagnosis or treatment. Treatment provided in this fashion is called ambulatory care. Outpatient surgery eliminates inpatient hospital admission, reduces the amount of medication prescribed, and uses the physician's time more efficiently.

Inpatient - on the other hand is "admitted" to the hospital and stays overnight or for an indeterminate time, usually several days or weeks (though some cases, like coma patients, have been in hospitals for years). Treatment provided in this fashion is called inpatient care. The admission to the hospital involves the production of an admission note. The leaving of the hospital is officially termed discharge, and involves a corresponding discharge note.

The Health Care Provider


A health care provider is an individual or an institution that provides preventive, curative, promotional or rehabilitative health care services in a systematic way to individuals, families or communities. An individual health care provider (also known as a health worker) may be a health care professional, an allied health professional, a community health worker, or another person trained and knowledgeable in medicine, nursing or other allied health professions, or public/community health. Institutions (also known as health facilities) include hospitals, clinics, primary care centres and other service delivery points. The practice of health professionals and operation of health care institutions is typically regulated by national or state/provincial authorities through appropriate regulatory bodies for purposes of quality assurance. Together, they form part of an overall health care system.

Institutions
Hospital - A hospital is an institution for health care typically providing specialized treatment for inpatient (or overnight) stays. Some hospitals primarily admit patients suffering from a specific disease or affection, or are reserved for the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting a specific age group. Others have a mandate that expands beyond offering dominantly curative and rehabilitative care services to include promotional, preventive and educational roles as part of a primary health care approach. Health care centre - Health care centres, including clinics and ambulatory surgery centers, serve as first point of contact with a health professional and provide outpatient medical, nursing, dental and other types of care services. Like hospitals, they may be governed and funded by government, parastatal organizations, or private or religious organizations (for profit or not-for-profit). Medical nursing home - Medical nursing homes, including residential treatment centers and geriatric care facilities, are health care institutions which have accommodation facilities and which engage in providing short-term or long-term medical treatment of a general or specialized nature not performed by hospitals to inpatients with any of a wide variety of medical conditions.

Pharmacies and drug stores - Pharmacies and drug stores comprise establishments engaged in retailing prescription or nonprescription drugs and medicines, and other types of medical and orthopaedic goods. Regulated pharmacies may be based in a hospital or clinic or they may be privately operated, and are usually staffed by pharmacists, pharmacy technicians and pharmacy aides. Medical laboratory and research - A medical laboratory or clinical laboratory is a laboratory where tests are done on biological specimens in order to get information about the health of a patient. Such laboratories may be divided into categorical departments such as microbiology, hematology, clinical biochemistry, immunology, serology, histology, cytology, cytogenetics, or virology. Microbiology is the study of microorganisms, which are microscopic, unicellular, and cell-cluster organisms. Hematology study of blood Clinical Biochemistry is the area of pathology that is generally concerned with analysis of Body fluid/bodily fluids. Immunology study of all aspects of the immune system in all organisms Serology is the scientific study of blood serum and other bodily fluids. Histology is the study of the microscopic anatomy of cells and tissues of plants and animals. Cytology deals with the study of cells in terms of structure, function and chemistry. Cytogenetics is a branch of genetics that is concerned with the study of the structure and function of the cell, especially the chromosomes.

Practitioners and Professionals


Health care practitioners are commonly grouped into key fields of: Medical Nursing Dentistry Pharmacy Physical therapy Allied health professions

Mental health practitioners - A mental health practitioner is a health worker who offers services for the purpose of improving an individual's mental health or treating mental illness. These include psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, clinical social workers, mental health nurse practitioners, marriage and family therapists, as well as other health professionals and allied health professions. Maternal and newborn health practitioners A maternal and newborn health practitioner is a health worker who deals with the care of women and their children before, during and after pregnancy and childbirth. These include obstetricians, obstetrical nurses, midwives (including nurse midwives), and others.

Geriatric care practitioners - A geriatric care practitioner plans and coordinates the care of the elderly and/or disabled to promote their health, improve their quality of life, and maintain their independence for as long as possible. They include geriatricians, geriatric nurses, geriatric care managers, geriatric aides, and others who focus on the health and psychological care needs of older adults. Surgical practitioners - A surgical practitioner is a health worker who specializes in the planning and delivery of a patient's perioperative care, including during the anaesthetic, surgical and recovery stages. They may include general and specialist surgeons, anesthesiologists, nurse anesthetists, surgical nurses, clinical officers, operating department practitioners, anaesthetic technicians, surgical technologists, and others. Rehabilitation care practitioners - A rehabilitation care practitioner is a health worker who provides care and treatment which aims to enhance and restore functional ability and quality of life to those with physical impairments or disabilities. These include physiatrists, physiotherapists, orthotists, prosthetists, occupational therapists, recreational therapists, audiologists, speech and language pathologists, respiratory therapists, rehabilitation counsellors, physiotherapy technicians, orthotic technicians, prosthetic technicians, personal care assistants, and others. Dental care practitioners - A dental care practitioner is a health worker who provides care and treatment to promote and restore oral health. These include dentists and dental surgeons, dental assistants, dental auxiliaries, dental hygienists, dental nurses, dental technicians, dental therapists and related professional titles. Foot care practitioners - Care and treatment for the foot, ankle, and lower leg may be delivered by podiatrists, pedorthists, foot health practitioners and others.

Public health practitioners - A public health practitioner focuses on prevention rather than treatment of diseases through surveillance of cases and the promotion of healthy behaviors. They include community and preventive medicine specialists, public health nurses, dietitians, environmental health officers, epidemiologists, health inspectors, and others. Traditional and complementary medicine practitioners - In many societies, practitioners of traditional medicine or alternative medicine are an important primary health care provider, either as integrated within or remaining outside of the formal health care system. These include practitioners in acupuncture, Ayurveda, herbalism, homeopathy, naturopathy, Siddha medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, traditional Korean medicine, Unani, and other medical practices all over the globe.

Health Care Provider Client Relationship


Since the HCP-client relationship is therapeutic, the interaction must also be therapeutic. This interaction is processive in nature and character. It may develop even at a more meaningful level transcending what is merely mechanical into commitment and accountability with love, trust, concern and care for each other. The importance of the health care provider/client relationship in promoting therapeutic outcomes is well recognized, as is the need for health care providers to work with rather than on the client to support self-management. The World Health Organization has outlined a core set of competencies for health care providers to enable them to work effectively in chronic disease prevention and care. Included in the competencies are: the ability to adopt a client-centred approach. This implies a whole range of skills including effective interviewing techniques, effective communication styles, the ability to assist behavioural change and techniques to support self-management. the communication skills associated with collaborating with patients, families, carers, other service providers and communities.

University of Perpetual Help System Dalta - Calamba Campus Brgy. Paciano Rizal Calamba City, Laguna

BIOETHICS
Submitted by Group 1:
Edeza, Robin M. Castrillo, Ariene Jerald Gatdula, Ronniel Mioza, Maria Rosalie Cagalawan, Sydney Creola, Gumpal Caying, Lailanie

Submitted to:
Mrs. Gloria B. Coronado RN, MAN