Compiled by Taronyu (Richard Littauer) www.LearnNavi.org Last updated: June 6th , 2010
This is the definitive dictionary for Na’vi, the language created by Dr. Paul Frommer for the film Avatar. The words within come directly from, or are derived from, Frommer. Thanks are certainly to be given to the following people for their monumental efforts: Dr. Frommer, Karyu Amawey, all the people in the change log, and everyone on IRC, Skype, and the Learn Na’vi site. Where appropriate, extra notes have been included for the entries below. Compound noninflected words and loan words from English have been noted.The traditional Na’vi transcription in use by Frommer has been maintained throughout: the IPA transcription is given as well. Some lenited words have been included if in the official corpus. Some inflected words are included here, if their inclusion is deemed particularly useful. I have on several occasions derived non-attested words: these are marked by a *, and are marked as root forms. Note that adpositions are free if before their modifier, but are bound as a suffix if situated after it. Bold indicates Na’vi word. Italics indicate English definition." indicates where Frommer has given us stress information for polysyllabic words: the following syllable is stressed. Plain text indicates grammatical categorisation: parentheses indicate further notes. <x> represents an infix, where t<pre-first><1>ar<2>on are the positions: I have included periods in the IPA to mark where infixes are to be placed, as in t.ar.on - this is not standard IPA, but I deem it useful. Proper nouns have been capitalised. Knowledge of lenition processes, including vowel reduction and ellision, will be assumed. Note also that allomorphs, where specified, are subject only to personal preference, and not syntactic or morphological rules. There are several useful appendices that hold further information.

Abbreviations: – = morpheme boundary + = leniting morpheme boundary <> = infix morpheme adj. = adjective adp. = adposition adv. = adverb conj. = conjunction c.w. = compound word dem. = demonstrative intj. = interjection inter. = interrogative lit. = literally n. = noun num. = number part. = particle pn. = pronoun prop. n. = proper noun v. = verb φ = illegal phonotactics

An English - Na’vi dictionary, and a Dictionary Categorised by Parts of Speech are provided, and may be helpful when searching fails. Translations are also available in Dutch, German, Russian, Português, Hungarian, Estonian, and Polish. 1

I have sourced every word as best as I could. This sourcing is placed in a subscript after the IPA transcription, and tells where I, or the source from which I received a word, initially got their word from Frommer. In early March, Frommer sent us a list of words which he had: these are the definitive source now, and not the ASG. Some words are not present in this list, and so, in order of validity, from most to least: • • • • • • • • • PF = Frommer’s Canon (Including approved entries by: JC, Prr and RL) F = Frommer himself M = The Movie S = The Survival Guide main text (flora, songs, and vocab list) G = the Avatar Games C = Cameron himself (not legalised by Frommer) T = Taronyu D = Words not derived by Taronyu ASG = The Survival Guide main text (flora, songs, and vocab list)

The Activists Survival Guide contains a list of words, with some errors. Words not in this list but still within the Guide are all illegal phonetically, and are to be regarded as noncanonical. I have attached the φ character to each such word, and put them in their own section in the appendix. However, the plant names and songs are distinctly Frommerian, and are thus included in the dictionary proper. James Cameron himself made up many words, which Frommer then legalised. Frommer did not legalise some pronounciation errors made during filming: these, like oìsss, are now canon regardless. Finally, Frommer has deigned some constructions made by learners as good words, and so, occasionally there are extra sources, as P RR and RL. These are to be treated as Frommerian, if included here, although not if they are attached to words whose part of speech is root, as those have been derived. I have edited this dictionary too many times not to assume that it will have errors. Please, if you note any, let me know here, and I will change them. As for version number, I’ll change the first digit when there is a big change. I’ll update .0x0 when I make a significant, but not large change. Finally, I’ll edit the .00x number when I’ve made tiny edits. Refer to the Change Log for explanation. Many, many thanks are to be given to Tuiq, who took the time and had the skill to put this dictionary into an online database, to help other translators and make the process of changing this dictionary much easier.


ready alìm: [a"lIm] P F adv. far away. young ’ewll: ["PEwl] P F n. conclude ’ia: ["P.o] P F v. move (something) ’e’al: ["PEPal] P F adj. omen awnga: [aw"Na] F pn. lose oneself (spiritual sense) ’it: ["Pit^] P F n.oN] P F v. respond ’i’a: ["P. we (inclusive)(ayoenga– base for suffixes) ’eoio: ["PEoio] P F adj. what (thing) (c. beat (rhythmic) ’em: [P. from sim near.Ef. bit. light atokirina’: [atoki"RinaP^] JC n. touch ’ango: ["PaNo] P F adj. from ’aw one and teng same. thing (object.w. abstraction) ’uo: ["Puo] P F pn.EjN] P F v.w. marker) ’upxare: [Pu"p’aRE] P F n. which.i] M v.) ayoe: [aj"oE] P F pn.I"P. something ’upe: ["PupE] P F inter. sign. together (c. large asim: [a"sim] P F adv. that alaksi: [a"laksi] P F adj. perceive ’efu ohakx: ["PEfu o"hak’] P F phrase be hungry (c. they aylaru: [aj"laRu] P F pn.Em] P F v. worst ’efu: ["P.u] P F v. one ’awkx: [Pawk’] P F n. blossom ’opin: ["Popin] P F n. level A –a–: [a] F adjectival attributive marker a: [a] P F pn. you (pl. seeds of the great tree (c.amp.æR. request au: ["au] JC n.Ek. colour ’ora: ["PoRa] P F n. below E ätxäle: [æ"t’ælE] P F n. unfold. at close range (c. fact. son ’ite: ["PitE] JC.w. ceremonious ’eveng: ["PEvEN] P F n. we derived from ayoeng we ayfo: [aj"fo] or ["ajfo] or [fo]] P F pn. from ’awsiteng together and yem put) ’awve: ["PawvE] P F adj. attack ’ekong: ["PEkoN] P F n. spiral ’ok: [Pok^] P F n.P F n. sense. remembrance ’ong: [P. color. from ’u thing and pe inter. feel.w. camp ’awpo: ["Pawpo] P F pn. friend ’eyng: [P. once ’awm: [Pawm] P F n.awn] P F v. nearby. vision (spiritual) äo–: ["æo] P F adp.a] P F v. child ’evi: ["PEvi] P F n. a small amount ’itan: ["Pitan] JC. daughter ’ì’awn: [P. we (exclusive) ayoeng: [aj"wEN] P F pn. drum (made of skin) aungia: [a"uNia] P F n. stay ’ìheyu: [PI"hEju] P F n. cliff ’awlie: [Paw"liE] P F adv.iP. plant " ’eylan: ["PEjlan] P F n.Em] P F v. message 3 . land Ä äie: [æ"iE] P F n.w.w. from rina’ seed) atxkxe: [at’"k’E] P F n.Ip^] P F v. complete ’ärìp: ["P. first ’änsyem: [Pæn"sjEm] P F adj. soft (of a sound) ’aw: [Paw] P F num. answer. remain.P F n. be near) atan: [a"tan] JC n. kid (affectionate form of ’eveng child) ’ewan: ["PEwan] P F adj.i. end. to the others (contraction of ay+lahe–ru) aynga: [aj"Na] P F pn. at a distance apxa: [a"p’a] P F adj. one individual ’awsiteng: [Pawsi"tEN] P F adv. request ätxäle si: [æ"t’ælE s. once (in the past) ’awlo: ["Pawlo] P F adv.a] P F v.P ’ampi: ["P. from ’efu feel and ohakx hungry) ’eko: ["P. lake ’u: [Pu] P F n. equal) ’awstengyem: [PawstEN"j.i] P F v. join (two things together) (c. you all. cook ’engeng: ["PENEN] P F adj.

kind. happiness fpomtokx: [fpom"tok’] P F n. much) fìtxon: [fI"t’on] P F adv. from em over and za’u come) F fa–: [fa] P F adp. something to report fmetok: ["fm. pass (a test). in front of (place) etrìp: ["EtRIp^] P F adj. from fpom well-being and tokx body) fpxäkìm: ["fp’. by means of fahew: [fa"hEw] P F n. obstruction eltu: ["Eltu] P F n. try.aN] P F v.P F intj.w. tonight (c.ean: ["Ean] P F adj. peel fkay: [fkaj] P F adj. with. from fte so that and ke not) ftem: [ft. visit " frrtu: ["frtu] P F n.i] P F v. green ekxan: [e"k’an] P F n.æ] P F v. visitor " ftang: [ft. everything frakrr: ["fRakr] P F adv. before. everywhere (c. everyone (c. send fpeio: [fpE"io] P F n. news. throat fmal: [fm. succeed flew: [flEw] P F n. health (physical) (c. all the time (c. from po he/she) frato: ["fRato] P F superlative marker than all fratrr: [fRa"tr] P F adv.æk. this place fìtxan: [fI"t’an] P F adv.u] P F v.w. daily.Em] P F v. up among fko: [fko] P F pn. metal fnu: [fn.Im] P F v. leader Eywa ngahu: ["Ejwa "Nahu] JC. suspend action fpe’: [fp. way of thinking (c. hateful fkew: [fkEw] P F adj.w. type fnepe: ["fnEpE] P F inter.al] P F v. chase fì–: [fI] F prefix this derived from fìpo this one and fì’u this thing fì’u: [fI"Pu] P F pn. thought pattern. one. this one (person or thing) fìtrr: [fI"tr] P F adv. bite frrfen: ["f. for the benefit of fpìl: [fp. past (c. from fnel kind.ak^] P F v.ok^] P F v. pass by (something) . which kind allomorph of pefnel 4 eo–: ["Eo] P F adp. quiet. from tseng place) frìp: [fr.w. sustain fmawn: [fmawn] P F n. top fewi: ["f. type) fnel: [fnEl] P F n. favourable.aP.Ejk^] JC. it (unspecified agent) fkxake: ["fk’. well-being. overcome (c. so that fteke: ["ftEkE] P F conj. from fay this "plural and vrrtep demon)T fäpa: ["fæpa] P F n. they derived from ay+ deleted plural leniting morpheme and po he/she fpak: [fp. correct.ak. from fì this and ay+ plural) fayvrrtep: [fajvrtEp^] F n. itch fkxen: [fk’En] P F n. brain eltu lefngap: ["Eltu le"fNap^] P rr n.w. smell fay+: [faj] D prefix these (c. barricade. attempt fne-: [fnE-] P F prefix kind.w.Ew. lest (c. test fmi: [fm. guest.aR. like this fìkem: [fI"kEm] P F pn. think fpìlfya: ["fpIlfja] P F n.Et. this (action) fìpo: ["fIpo] P F pn. these demons (c.w. computer eltu si: ["Eltu s. quit goofing off emza’u: [Em"z. mighty fkip–: [fkip^] P F adp.w. every day (c.en] P F v. Eywa (be) with you fngap: [fNap^] P F n. type (c. for the sake of. " from ft<awn>em pass by (passive participle form) and krr time) ftär: [ftæR] P F adj. so that not.w. hold off. blue.u] P F v. enter fra’u: ["fRaPu] P F pn. today " fìtseng(e): [fI" EN(E)] P F adv. stop ftawnemkrr: [ftaw"nemkr] P F n.rf. left (not right) fte: [ftE] P F conj. from fì– this and txan great.w. right eyk: [. from txon night) fkarut: ["fk.w.i] P F v. to such an extent (c. always. so.P F v.Il] P F v. challenge (ceremonial) fpi+: [fpI] P F adp.i] P F v. be quiet fo: [fo] P F pn. from fpìl think and fya’o path) fpom: [fpom] P F n. auspicious eyawr: [Ej"awR] P F adj. this way.E] P F v. " from krr time) frapo: ["fRapo] P F pn.w.Ip^] P F v. vegetable (food) flä: [fl. favorable.EP^] P F v.w. peace. this (thing) fìfya: [fI"fja] P F adv. from trr day) " fratseng: ["fRa EN] P F adv. pay attention.ut^] P F v. here. lead eyktan: ["Ejktan] JC n.w. goodbye.

via. see..ftia: [ft.E] P F v. see into. how allomorph of pefya fyawìntxu: [fjaw. path. how much allomorph of pìmtxan hìmtxan: [hIm"t’an] P F n.aw] P F v. amount hol: [hol] P F adj.um] P F v. seek. broken fwew: [fw. by. thank you.u] P F v.fuke: [ft’Ej fu"kE] P F conj. how many (c. strange hì’ang: ["hIPaN] P F n. intj. passionate ftxey: [ft’. beast irayo: [i"Rajo] JC n. from hol few and pxay many) holpxaype: [hol"p’ajpE] P F inter. leave. although hufwe: [hu"fwE] P F n. search fya’o: ["fjaPo] P F n. look for. from fì’u-t this (accusative) and a that) fwa: [fwa] P F conj. in that case hahaw: ["h. simple ftxavang: ["ft’avaN] P F adj. valid kalin: [ka"lin] P F adj. tongue ftxozä: [ft’o"zæ] P F n. choose ftxey. manner fyape: ["fjapE] P F inter.Ejn] P F v. few holpxay: [hol"p’aj] P F n. understand.an] P F v. war cry kame: ["k.. prepare hawng: [hawN] P F n. overabundance hawnu: ["h. smart. or furia: ["fuRia] P F conj.. that (subordinate clause marker) (c.In"t’. from holpxay number and pe how) hrrap: ["hrap^] P F n. from fì’uri this (topical) and a relative clause marker) H ha: [ha] P F adv. little (in size) hìm: [hIm] P F adj. laugh hapxì: [ha"p’I] P F n.or not ftxì: [ft’I] P F n. stringed instrument io–: ["Io] P F adp.w. soft (of an object) heyn: [h.Ew] P F v. part hapxìtu: [ha"p’Itu] P F n. intelligent (for a perkaltxì: [kal"t’I] P F intj. blind (c. celebration.w. number (c. across . shelter hewne: ["hEwnE] P F adj.awn.w. animal. from *fya path and wìntxu show) hì’i: ["hIPi] P F adj. whether.Ej] P F v. hello son) 5 ka–: [ka] P F adp. wind hum: [h. guide (c. danger hu–: [hu] "P F adp. above Ì ìlä+: ["Ilæ] or [I"læ] P F adp. sleep hangham: ["h.i.. funny. from (direction) ftue: ["ftuE] P F adj. mantis fwel: [fwEl] P F adj. happy occasion fu: [fu] P F conj.w. so.. from hapxì part) hasey: [ha"sEj] P F adj.am. sit hiyìk: ["hijIk^] P F adj. protect. picture) kangay: [ka"Naj] P F adj. following K futa: ["futa] P F conj. way. with (accompaniment) hufwa: [hu"fwa] P F conj.. thanks ìley: [I"lej] P F intj.w. done. that (subordinate clause marker) (c."a] P F v. from fì’u this (nominative) and a relative clause marker) fwäkì: ["fwækI] P F n. depart ioang: [i"oaN] P F n. finished hawl: [h. small (in quantity) hìmtxampe: [hIm"t’ampE] P F inter. sweet kanu: ["kanu] P F adj. study ftu–: [ftu] P F adp. small. insect (c.ah.w. member (c. aim image.awl] P F v. know (spiritual sense) kakrel: [kak"REl] P F adj. that (subordinate clause marker) (c.u] P F v. from rel kan: [k.aNh.w. from hì’i small and ioang animal) I i’en: ["iPEn] JC n.w.am] P F v. easy.w.

bottom " [kl"p’Iltu] kllpxìltu: P F n. solid) kilvan: [kil"van] P F n. from ke not and tsun possible) kem: [kEm] P F n. not ke–: [kE] T prefix no. aged (for living things) kop: [kop^] P F adv. spin kìng: [kIN] P F n.En. take/consume time (c. upset.Ip^] P F v.. gunship) kurakx: [k. nothing at all. from kefya not the way and srak question marker) kehe: ["kEhE] P F adv.w. unhealthy (c. betray (c. seven kip–: [kip^] P F adp. unhappy. from krr " time) kawng: [kawN] T adj. deed kemlì’u: ["kEmlIPu] P F n.w.w.w. not at all (see ke. house kelku si: ["kElku s. from kä go and makto ride) käpxì: [kæ"p’I] P F n. what (action) keng: [kEN] P F adv. good-bye. go kä’ärìp: [kæ"P. from kem action and lì’u word) kempe: ["kEmpE] P F inter. from kä go and ’ärìp move) kämakto: [kæ"m. equal) ketuwong: ["kEtuwoN] P F n. from ke not and teng same.. teacher kato: ["kato] P F n.at^] P F v.w. torn apart. rear (part or section) (c.. also koren: [ko"REn] P F n. different (c. rule.akt. teach karyu: ["kaRju] P F n. be responsible " kllkä: [kl"k. dwell keltsun: [kEl" un] P F adj.Em] P F v.. thread kìte’e: [kItE"PE] P F n.oN] P F v. dig up " kllkxem: [kl"k’. not at all (c. from ke not and kaw’it at all) kelfpomtokx: [kEl"fpomtok’] P F adj. infix)) keteng: ["kEtEN] P F adj.w. face keye’ung: [kE"jEPuN] P F n.w. right? (c. need kinam: [ki"nam] P F n. home. intj. never (c. divided. out there (c. verb (c..æR.kar: [k. among kì’ong: [kI"PoN] P F adj. from ke not and ’u thing) kea: ["kEa] P F adj.w. leg kinamtil: [ki"namtil] P F n.w. old. alien key: [kEj] P F n. too.i] P F v.æ] P F v. thing (action). evil kawtu: ["kawtu] P F pn. from kll " ground and tseng place) ko: [ko] P F part. alien kewong: ["kEwoN] P F adj. solicit agreement koak: ["koak^] P F adj. isn’t it?. insanity kifkey: [kif"fkEj] P F n. bad. from kavuk treachery and si make) kaw’it: [kaw"Pit^] P F adv. no-one kä: [k.at all) kawkrr: ["kawkr] P F adv. dead (c.w.. push (c. represent. see you again soon (c.. ride out (c.w.aR] P F v. world (physical. guideline krr: [kr] P F n.o] P F v. from kame see and <ìyev> future subjunctive infix) kllfro’: [kl"fR.in] P F v. river kin: [k.æ] P F v. gunship (loaned from Eng. territory " n.E] P F intj. impossible (c.w. no ke.w.Ek’] P F v. strife-ridden (c. from ke not and ’aw one) ke’u: ["kEPu] P F pn. model. ground kllte: ["kltE] P F " klltseng: ["kl EN] P F n.ul. nothing.w. ’How sad!’ kefyak: [kE"fjak^] P F part. drive out 6 ..oP^] P F v. from ke not and fpomtokx health) kelku: ["kElku] P F n. at all.Im] P F v.kaw’it not.w. live. adv. when " kunsìp: ["kunsIp^] P F n. descend kllkulat:" [kl"k. position (c. from kä go and tseng place) ke: [kE] P F adv. slow kìm: [k. from kä go and hapxì part) käsatseng: [kæ"sa EN] P F adv. stand " kllpa: ["klpa] P F n.u"R.w..w. treachery kavuk si: [ka"vuk^ s. exemplify (c. from ke not and nong follow after) kerusey: ["kERusEj] P F adj. from ke not and r<us>ey live (adj. rhythm kavuk: [ka"vuk^] P F n. from krr" time and nekx consume) krrpe: ["krpE] P F inter.w. no (before a noun) keftxo: [kE"ft’o] P F adj.kaw’it: [kE kaw"Pit^] P F phrase not. time " krrnekx: [kr"n.i] P F v.at all (c. not ke’aw: [kE"Paw] P F adj.w.. knee kinä: ["kinæ] P F num. service kìyevame: [kIjE"vam. even kenong: ["k.ak’] P F v.

clear. am. peaceful. other one (person or thing) (c. important (c. certain layon: [la"jon] P F adj.w. place in the middle (c. forbidden kxawm: [k’awm] P F adv. be far lok: [l.i] P F v.u] P F "v. smoke kxetse: ["k’E E] P F n. from kin need) lekye’ung: [lEk"jEPuN] P F adj. from kxu harm and ke not) kxutu: ["k’utu] P F n. from tam suffice) letrr: [lE"tr] RL. approach lok–: [lok^] P F adp. is. cover. safe (c.w. reason kxener: ["k’EnER] P F n. colleague lesar: [le"saR] F adj. having to do with the Na’vi.w. beautiful. daily " letrrtrr: [lE"trtr] P F adj. crazy lemweypey: [lEm"wEjpEj] P F adj. boom (onomatopoeia) kxanì: ["k’anI] P F adj.a" .u] P F v.En] P F v. why allomorph of pelun lun: [lun] P F n. cover (c. happen.w. from kxam center and tseng place) kxangangang: ["k’aNaNaN] P F intj. enemy (c. happy. language (c. word lì’upe: [lI"PupE] P F inter. release. let go lor: [loR] P F adj. pleasant to the senses (non-human) lrrtok: ["lrtok^] P F n.Em] P F v.w. running attack " kxll si: [k’l s.w. joyous (not for people) lefpomtokx: [lEfpom"tok’] P F adj. mistake kxitx: [k’it’] P F n.w. middle. patient (c. close to lonu: [l.w.i] P F v. from fpomtokx health) lehawng: [lE"hawN] P F adj. excessive (c. maybe kxayl: [k’ajl] P F adj. the people lerìk: [lE"RIk] P F adj. ordinary " " letsranten: [lE" RantEn] P F adj. from tsun be able and slu become) lew: [lEw] P F n. healthy (c. smile lrrtok si: "["lrtok s.w. through (via the middle of) kxamtseng: ["k’am EN] P F n. sufficient (c. midpoint kxamlä–: ["k’amlæ] P F adp. from kxll char" ge and si make) kxu: [k’u] P F n. heed. tail kxeyey: ["k’EjEj] P F n.ok^] P F v. charge (c. useful letam: [lE"tam] P F adj. smile lu: [l. high L lahe: ["lahE] P F adj. from lew cover) lì’fya: ["lIPfja] P F n. change latsi: [l. far. metallic lefpom: [lE"fpom] P F adj. without lumpe: ["lumpE] P F inter. appear lapo: ["lapo] P F pn. from po he/she) laro: ["laRo] P F adj. existential verb) luke–: ["lukE] P F adp. from hawng overabundance) lek: [l. from tsranten matter) letsunslu: [lE" unslu] P F adj. from lì’u word and *fya way) lì’u: ["lIPu] P F n.Im] P F v.w. keep up with someone law: [law] P F adj. necessary (c.Kx kxa: [k’a] P F n. charge. utterance) allomorph of pelì’u lìm: [l.w. seem.o"n. from maweypey be patient) len: [l.am] P F v.i] P F v. from kxu harm) 7 . mouth kxam: [k’am] P F n.w. insane. other lam: [l. obey lekin: [lE"kin] P F adj.Ek^] P F v.i] M v. center. be.w. death kxll: [k’l] P F n. leafy lertu: ["lERtu] P F n. what (word. error. occur lena’vi: [lE"naPvi] F adj. harm kxuke: ["k’ukE] P F adj. are (predicative copula. perhaps. possible (c.at.P F adj. clean latem: ["l. black le–: [lE] F adjective deriving affix lefngap: [lE"fNap^] P F adj. lid lew si: [lEw s.w.

Ek’] P F v. away (position) derived from *to away mllte: [m. weak mi: [mi] P F adv. harmony. alone (as one person) nì’awve: [nIP"awvE] P F adv.w. as is known (c. those two (c. drink ne–: [nE] P F adp. too. agree " moe: ["moE] P F pn.uN. as na’rìng: ["naPRIN] P F n. encouragement nari: ["naRi] P F n. get down (c.i] P F v. towards (direction) ne’ìm: [nE"PIm] P F adv. in answer (c. enjoyable mrr: [mr] P F num.In] P F v. still.akt. from ’it bit.E] P F v. voice mowan: [mo"wan] P F adj. yet. want niä: [n. calm maweypey: [ma"wEjp.w. from ne towards and mì in) neto: [nE"to] P F adv. in response.w. as you know. exclamation. two munge: ["m. between mìn: [m. turn mìso: [mI"so] P F adv. in. fair.w. burn. except muntxa: [mun"t’a] P" F adj. five " muiä: [mu"iæ] P F adj.w. from kanu smart) mì+: [mI] P F adp. grab nikre: ["nikRE] P F n. from " ne to and kllte the ground) nekx: [n.i] P F v. ceremoniously nì’eyng: [nI"PejN] P F adv. first nì’eoio: [nI"PEoio] P F adv. from hawng overabundance) nìkanu: [nI"kanu] P F adv. inside mìkam–: [mI"kam] P F adp. from nawm great) näk: [n. great person (c. as we do nìftue: [nI"ftuE] P F adv.w. from <awn> passive particple infix and omum know) nìayoeng: [naj"wEN] P F adv. be patient (c. take. on mìfa: ["mIfa] or [mI"fa] P F n.i] P F v.w. new N na–: [na] P F adp. watch out. in a smart way (c. be careful nawm: [nawm] P F adj. after (time) mawey: [ma"wEj] P F adj. twice menari: [mE"naRi] P F n. surprise. noble nawmtu: ["nawmtu] P F n.E] P F v. down (direction) " ne kllte: [nE "kltE] P F intj. bring mungwrr–: [muN"wr] P F adp. they. to.Ej] P F v. like us. up (direction) nekll: [nE"kl] P F adv. passionately. consume nemfa–: ["nEmfa] P F adp. adv. from me+ dual marker and po he/she) mekre: ["mEkRE] P F n. inside (c. back (direction) nefä: [ne"fæ] P F adv. proper.w. as before mikyun: ["mikjun] JC n.w. from ’eyng answer) nì’it: [nI"Pit^] P F adv. harmonious mefo: ["mEfo] P F pn.æk^] P F v. a bit.w. forest nang: [naN] P F part. back. into.i. we two (exclusive) (c. ear mip: [mip^] P F adj. in a manner nìhawng: [nI"hawN] P F adv. cut mune: ["munE] P F num.l"t. a small amount (abstract) (c. great.w. ride maw–: [maw] P F adp.Ew] P F v. living at one with nature meuia: [mE"uia] P F n. hair 8 nitram: [nit"Ram] P F adj. from mawey calm and pey wait) me’em: [mE"PEm] P F adj.un"P. supplies melo: ["mElo] P F adv. happy (of people) nì–: [nI] F adverbial deriving affix nì’aw: [nI"Paw] P F adv. only nì’awtu: [nIP"awtu] P F adv. more nìawnomum: [nIaw"nomum] P F adv. like. honor (honour) meyp: [mEjp^] P F adj. mate (with someone) . a small amount) nì’ul: [nIPul] P F adv. easily nìftxavang: [nI"ft’avaN] P F adv. from me+ dual and oe I) mokri: ["mokRi] P F n.o] P F v."æ] P F v. pleasing. intelligently.M ma: [ma] P F part. eye nari si: ["naRi s.w. right.. from me+ dual and nari eye) meoauniaea: ["mEoaunia"Ea] P F n. away (direction) derived from ne to and *to away new: [n. mated muntxa si: [mun"t’a s. O (vocative marker) makto: ["m. excessively (c. eyes (two) (c. with all heart nìfya’o: [nI"fjaPo] P F adv. justified mun’i: [m.

in toto. I.w. long (physical length) ngaytxoa: [Naj"t’oa] P F intj. from swey best) Ng nìtam: [nI"tam] P F adv.ngop: [N. ngäng: [NæN] P F n. angrily (c. incessantly.E] P F v. continually nìtxan: [nI"t’an] P F adv. like the Na’vi. stomach from way song) O oe: ["oE] P F pn. all (of). explain (why) derifrom olo’ clan and eyktan leader) ved from oeyk cause and tìng give omum: [. from teng same. from nume learn and tseng place) ngenga: [NE"Na] P F pn. you P 9 . create es (acknowledgment of guilt and regret) (c. clan leader (c.w. from pxi sharp) nìpxim: [nI"p’im] P F adv.um.op^] P F v. ’watch it!’ and I olo’: [o"loP^] P F n. school (c. truly nìpxi: [nI"p’i] P F adv."om. also.um] P F v. very (c. again nìmweypey: [nIm"wEjpEj] P F adv. angry snarl. hungry nga: [Na] P F pn. wish (contrary to fact) nìsti: [nI"sti] P F adv. optimally. sorry. you (honorific (honourific) form) ngawng: [NawN] P F n. you oìsss: [oI"s:] P F intj. however ngay: [Naj] P F adj.Ew] P F v. nose ohakx: [o"hak’] P F adj. likewise (c.oN] P F v. too. best (c. root from ngeyä your and txoa forgiveness) nguway:"["Nuwaj] P F n.w. fast nìwotx: [nI"wot’] P F adv. from maweypey be patient) nìn: [n. patiently (c. I (deferential or ceremonial form) oeng: ["wEN] P F pn. Na’vi-ly nìngay: [nI"Naj] P F adv. equal) nìtut: [nI"tut^] P F adv. from nume learn) numtseng: ["num EN] P F n. sadly (c. learn numeyu: ["numEju] P F n. clearly (c. proceed after nulkrr: [nul"kr] P F adv. me ohe: ["ohE] P F pn. well nìmun: [nI"mun] P F adv. ngrr: [ngr] P F n. know ontu: ["ontu] P F n. worm ngian: [Ni"an] P F adv. enough (after an adjective) nìteng: [nI"tEN] P F adv.w. rightly nìrangal: [nI"RaNal] P F adv.IN] P F v.w. unambiguously (c. erectly.w. oeyktìng: [o"Ejkt. look at nìna’vi: [nI"naPvi] F adv. true ngim: [Nim] P F adj. viperwolf cry (c. prefer nume: ["n. without stopping (c.w.w. completely nìzawnong: [nI"zawnoN] P F adv.w. continuously. from luke without and ftang stop) nìltsan: [nIl" an] P F adv. student (c. from txan much) nìwin: [nI"win] P F adv. we two (dual inclusive).w. from <awn> passive particple infix and zong safe) nong: [n.nìkeftxo: [nIkE"ftx’o] P F adv. cause olo’eyktan: [olo"PEjktan] P F n. safely (c. unfortunately. howl. pointedly. follow. from sti angry) nìswey: [nI"swEJ] P F adv.w. as well. much (abstract). especially.w. clan oeyk: [o"Ejk] P F n. my apologi.w.In] P F v. longer (time) " nulnew: [nul"n.w. from keftxo unhappy) nìlaw: [nI"law] P F adv.w. from law clear) nìlkeftang: [nIlkE"ftaN] P F adv.

i] P F v. around pxawpa: ["p’awpa] P F n. sharp pelì’u: [pE"lIPu] P F inter. in just a second from now (c. appealing as food pxaw–: [p’aw] P F adp. stream (c. she polpxay: [pol"p’aj] P F inter.w. ancestor pìmtxan: [pIm"t’an] P F inter. upright pximaw–: [p’i"maw] P F adp. promise pänutìng: ["pænut. arrive pängkxo: [p. from pay water and fya’o way) payoang: [paj"oaN] P F n.w.Em] P F v. right before (c.om] P F v. neck pey: [p. right now (c. as pxey: [p’Ej] P F num. he poe: [po"E] P F pn. moss " puk: [puk^] P"F n.w. promise (a thing to someone) (c. music (c. bud (c. baby prrnesyul: "["prnEsjul] P F n. many pxel–: [p’El] P F adp. open pizayu: ["pizaju] P F n. wait. who allomorph of tupe peu: [pE"u] P F inter. speak " po: [po] P F pn.æh. six pxim: [p’im] P F adj. from holpxay number and pe how) pom: [p. lawyer pänu: [pænu] P F n. erect.w. circumference.w. marker pe’un: ["p. book) pukap: ["pukap^] P F num. from prr" nen baby and syulang flower) prrte’: ["prtEP^] P F adj. what (word. infant. get to a place.EP. fresh. writing pamrel si: [pam"REl s. from swaw moment and 10 . how many (c. liquid payfya: ["pajfja] P F n.w. from swaw moment and –am past) pxiswaway: [p’iswaw"aj] P F adv.w. ask pay: [paj] P F n. have a conversation pängkxoyu lekoren: [pæN"k’oju lEko"rEn] P F n.EN] P F v. from sre before (time)) pxiswawam: [p’iswaw"am] P F adv. sound pamrel: [pam"REl] P F n. decide pefnel: [pE"fnEl] P F inter.w. party (c. how allomorph of fyape pehem: [pE"hEm] P F inter. she poan: [po"an] P F pn. side pak: [pak^] P F part. like. worthy pxasìk: ["p’asIk^] P F intj. border (c. no way! (vulgar) pxasul: ["p’asul] P F adj. how much allomorph of hìmtxampe plltxe: [p. converse. from pxaw around and pa’o side) pxay: [p’aj] P F adj.pa’o: ["paPo] P F n. book (loaned from Eng. when allomorph of krr" pe Px pxan: [p’an] P F adj. from po he/she) prrnen: ["prnEn] P F n. tell peseng: [pE"sEN] P F inter.w. badge pe+: [pE] P F affix inter. arrive pawm: [p. he. what (action) allomorph of kempe pehrr: [pE"hr] P F inter. write pamtseo: ["pam Eo] P F n.Ej] P F v.awm] P F v.w. three pxi: [p’i] P F adj. for disparagement pam: [pam] P F n. from pam sound and tseo art) pate: ["p.E] P F v. water. from pay water and ioang animal) pähem: ["p.at.IN] P F v. from pänu promist and tìng give) pätsì: ["pæ I] P F n. kiss pongu: ["poNu] P F n.w. why allomorph of lumpe peng: [p. utterance) allomorph of lì’upe pelun: [pE"lun] P F inter.æN"k’. where allomorph of tsengpe pesu: [pE"su] P F inter.l"t’. right after (c.i] P F v. open piak si: [pi"ak^ s. wait for piak: [pi"ak^] P F adj. perimeter.o] P F v. from set now) pxisre+: [p’i"sRE] P F adp.un] P F v. chat. which kind allomorph of fnepe pefya: [pE"fja] P F inter. group of people.w. pleasurable (of an activi" ty) prrwll: ["prwl] P rr n. from maw after (time)) pxiset: [p’i"sEt] P F adv.w. just a moment ago (c. what (thing) allomorph of ’upe pewn: [pEwn] P F n. fish (c.E] P F v. screw that!.

wish rawke: ["RawkE] P F intj.w. good sìn–: [sIn] P F adp. n. sing ronsem: ["RonsEm] P F n. destroy skepek: ["skEpEk^] M adj. from ye’rìn soon) pxuntil: ["p’until] P F n. artist (c. be near sì: [sI] P F conj. from rel image and tseo art) reltseotu: ["REl Eotu] P F n.al] P F v. head rel: [REl] P F n. postpositional nonbound verb do. instruction sänumvi: [sæ"numvi] P F n.w. elbow pxìm: [p’Im] P F adv.w. now sevin: [sE"vin] P F adj. from rey live and <us> active participle infix) rutxe: [Ru"t’E] P F intj. seed rìk: [RIk] P F n. from sänume teachings) säspxin: [sæ"sp’in] P F n.w. teaching.w. clever.w. find. quote sar: [s. disease.w. on. please 11 . move. lip si: [si] P F auxiliary verb.ol] P F v. make deriving affix sim: [s. explode ay future marker) pxiye’rìn: [p’i"jEPIn] P F adv. often R ral: [Ral] P F n. use sau: [sa"u] P F intj.aR] P F v.w. alive.im] P F v. discover rusey: [Ru"sEj] P F adj. from ral meaning and peng tell) ramunong: [ra"munoN] P F n. probably skxawng: [sk’awN] P F n. unquote sìlpey: [sIl"p. onto ska’a: [sk.a] P F v.. right (not left) skxakep: ["sk’akEp^] P F adj. do not (for negative imperatives) re’o: ["rEPo] P F n. from set now and krr "time) sempu: ["sEmpu] P F n. present (c.ik’] P F v. go san: [san] P F adv. hope sìlronsem: [sIl"RonsEm] P F adj.Ej] P F v. living thing (c. mum. shift position rim: [Rim] P F adj. leaf ro+: [Ro] P F adp. lesson (c.w. smart (thing) (c. ball run: [R. moron. immediately (not as pxun: [p’un] P F n. arm soon as pxiswaway) (c. from reltseo art) renu: ["REnu] P F n. image.w.. mommy (affectionate form of sa’nok mother) saa: ["sa:] P F intj. the Balance of Life (c. and (connects two things. near. meaning ralpeng: [Ral"p. daddy (affectionate form of sempul father) sempul: ["sEmpul] P F n. from rey life and pay water) rikx: [R. idea sänume: [sæ"numE] P F n.w.Ew] P F v.oR] P F v. living. proceed. picture reltseo: ["REl Eo] P F n. father set: [sEt^] P F adv. probable.Ej] P F v. interpret (c.pxor: [p’. well rangal: ["R. from rey life) reypay: ["REjpaj] P F n. idiot rey’eng: [rEj"PEN] P F n. pretty (of people) seyri: ["sEjRi] JC n. formal skien: ["skiEn] P F adj. urgh sä–: [sæ] F prefix instrumental noun derived from sänume teaching and säspxin disease säfpìl: [sæ"fpIl] P F n. alarm cry. adv. can be attached as –sì: for clauses use ulte and) sìk: [sIk^] P F adv. exclamation upon exertion. threatening cry salew: [s.a"l. live S sa’nok: ["saPnok^] P F n. at (locative) rol: [R.EN] P F v.un] P F v. visual art (c. mind rum: [Rum] P F n. from sìltsan good and ronsem mind) sìltsan: [sIl" an] P F adj.aN. call to defense rä’ä: [Ræ"Pæ] P F part. sickness (c. from spxin sick) sekrr: ["sEkr] P F adv. pattern rey: [R. saying. yellow rina’: [Ri"naP^] P F n. mother(from sa’atenuk C) sa’nu: ["saPnu] P F n.a"P. blood (c.

apparently (c.E"P.ut’] P F v.uN] P F v. be content. unknown sung: [s.w. track.awm] P F v.i] M v. bitter syen: [sjEn] P F adj. from (various uses) ta’em: [ta"PEm] P F adv. fate syä’ä: ["sjæPæ] P F adj. strike talun(a): [ta"lun(a)] P F conj.Ep^] P F v. sting sngä’i: ["sN. but sleyku: [slEj"k. former spxam: [sp’am] P F n. capture spe’etu: [spE"PEtu] P F n.Ew] P F v. old (not for people). garbage. call syay: [sjaj] P F n.w. be angry sto: [st. believe spä: ["sp. hear stä’nì: ["st. from slu become and <eyk> causative infix) slu: [sl. beginning. restore spule: ["sp.ul. prophetize. hunter (c.. dim (of a person) soaia: [so"aia] P F n. flower syuve: ["sjuvE] P F n. prophesize. tooth srese’a: [sREs..w. because. rubbish sngeltseng: ["sNEl EN] P F n. begin.u] P F v.w. trunk (of a tree) tanhì: [tan"hI] P F n. refuse (to do something) stum: [stum] P F adv. from taron hunt and –yu agent suffix) tatep: ["t.ak. skin tafkip–: [ta"fkip^] P F adp.w. painful T ta–: [ta] P F adp. hunt taronyu: ["taRonju] P F n. produce (c. inter. add sutx: [s.Ep^] P F v. follow.E] P F v. best swirä: [swi"Ræ] P F n. intj.skxom: [sk’om] P F n. anger. trash.aw] P F v. prophesy (c. help stawm: [st. therefore. yes (colloquial) srane: ["sRanE] P F adv.E"P. trap syulang: [sjulaN] P F n.w.w.T intj. star. from sngä’i begin and krr time) sngel: [sNEl] P F n. chance.aR.i] P F v. food tam tam: [tam tam] M. there there tangek: ["taNEk^] P F n. starting " time (c. marker for yes or no questions sran: [sRan] P F adv. final syep: [sj. travel spaw: [sp.aw] P F v..i] P F v. mushroom.at. almost stxong: [st’oN] P F adj. from spe’e capture and tu person) speng: [sp.w. lock up swaw: [swaw] P F n. suffice. propel spuwin: ["spuwin] P F adj.E] P F v.w.op^] P F v. last. sick srak(e): ["sRak(E)] P F part.I] P F v. garbage dump (c. fungus spxin: [sp’in] P F adj.i] P F v. before (time) sre’: [sREP] P F n. check steyki: [stEj"k. make someone angry (c. rubbish place. recent som: [som] P F adj. calm. unfamiliar.æ] P F v.E"ft’. become sngap: [sN. do".u] P F v. arrow swok: [swok^] P F adj. family sok: [sok^] P F adj.a] P F v. OK sre+: [sRE] P F adp. because of that takip: [ta"kip^] P F adp.ap^] P F v. examine. bioluminescent freckle taron: ["t.æPn. from sngel garbage and tseng place) snumìna: ["snumIna] P F adj. from ta from and kip– among) takuk: ["t. from above ta’leng: ["taPlEN] P F n. strange. yes sraw: [sRaw] P F adj. from lam seem) taw: [taw] P F n. from among (c. creature swizaw: [swi"zaw] P F n.o] P F v. captive (c.uk^] P F v. from the reason tam: [t. from sti anger and <eyk> causative infix) sti: [st. sacred swotu: ["swotu] P F n. start (intransitive) sngä’ikrr: ["sNæPikr] P F n. lose track. catch steftxaw: [st. jump spe’e: [sp.w.on] P F v. sacred place syaw: [s. hot sop: [s. help. lose awareness of something tatlam: [tat"lam] P F adv. assistance srung si: [sRuN s.EN] P F v. dance srung: [sRuN] P F n. from up among (c.jaw] P F v.æP. sky 12 . moment swey: [swEj] P F adj.am] P F v. angry. from sre+ before and tse’a see)D srew: [sR. intj. opportunity slä: [slæ] P F conj. from ta from and fkip– up among) tafral: [ta"fRal] P F adv. intj.

taweyk(a): [ta"wEjk(a)] P F conj. mess up. target (c. test tìfnu: [tI"fnu] P F n. spirit path (c.æ"ft’. equal tengfya: ["tENfja] P F conj.ERk. from teng same.w. from teng same.w. duck. because.æN"k’. individuality (negative connotation). mating.w. full teyr: [tEjR] P F adj. expression of surprise and pleasure teya: [tE"ja] P F adj. from tirea spirit and pängkxo chat) tì–: [tI] W noun. from hawl prepare) tìhawnu: [tI"hawnu] P F n. receive telem: [tE"lEm] P F n. from ’awm camp and si make) tì’awpo: [tI"Pawpo] P F n. aim.w. stopping derived from ftang stop tìftxey: [tI"ft’Ej] P F n. from tì’efu feeling and oeyä my) tì’eylan: [tI"PEjlan] P F n. camp (c. difference derived from ke not and teng same tìkin: [tI"kin] P F n. concerning terkup: ["t. equal and fya’o path) tengkrr: [tEN"kr] P F conj. from tìkxey incorrectness and si make) tìlam: [tI"lam] P F n.u] P F v.w.aw] P F v.w. plain tel: [t. dive tawsìp: ["tawsIp^] P F n. based on the cause tawng: [t. work tìkanu: [tI"kanu] P F n. from kanu smart) tìkawng: [tI"kawN] P F n.w. preparations.w. from kxeyey mistake) tìkxey ngaru: [tI"k’Ej "NaRu] P F phrase you’re wrong (c. wow. purpose. selfishness (c. choice (c. cord tem: [t. die teswotìng: [tE"swot.w. silence (c. until the end of time (c. example (c. from ’awm camp) tì’awm si: [tI"Pawm s. marriage (c. answer.w. from tìkxey incorrectness and ngaru to you) tìkxey si: [tI"k’Ej s. from fnu quiet) tìftang: [tI"ftaN] P F n.El] P F v. white til: [til] P F n.w. from kan aim) tìkangkem: [tI"kaNkEm] P F n.w. from täftxu weave and –yu agent suffix) tätxaw: [t. from muntxa mated) 13 .up^] P F v.w.w.w. sky-ship (loaned from Eng. foul.abstract noun prefix and kenong model) tìketeng: [tI"kEtEN] P F n. response derived from ’eyng answer tì’i’avay: [tI"PiPavaj] P F adv.w. from ’awpo one individual) tì’efu: [tI"PEfu] P F n. quiet.w. same way as (c.w. from ’eylan friend) tì’eyng: [tI"PEjN] P F n. dull (as a blade) tewti: ["tEwti] P F intj. evil tìkenong: [tI"kEnoN] P F n. ship) täftxu: [t. protection tìkan: [tI"kan] P F n. hinge tirea: [ti"REa] P F n. weaver (c.w. work tìkangkem si: [tI"kaNkEm s.w. from tìng give) tete: ["tEtE] P F adj. from tirea spirit and fya’o path) tireaioang: [ti"REai oaN] P F n. from tì’i’avay until the end and krr time) tìfmetok: [tI"fmEtok^] P F n. plan (c. commune (c. mistakeness (c.w. need tìkxey: [tI"k’Ej] P F n. from ’efu feel) tì’efumì oeyä: [tI"PEfumI "oEjæ] P F phrase in my opinion (c. same.IN] P F v.i] P F v. return (intransitive) te: [tE(P)] JC part. incorrectness. camping (c.w. feeling (c.awN] P F v. harmony (general sense) tìmuntxa: [tImun"t’a] P F n. until the end (c. intelligence (c.w.o] P F v. same time as " (c. spirit tireafya’o: [ti"REa"fjaPo] P F n. while. from lam seem) tìlor: [tI"loR] P F n. from ’i’a end and vay until) tì’i’avay krrä: [tI"PiPavaj "kræ] P F phrase fore" ver.Em] P F v. appearance (c. equal and krr time) teri–: [tE"RI] P F adp.w. grant (c. weave täftxuyu: [tæ"ft’uju] P F n. joint. from ftxey choose) tìfyawìntxu: [tIfjawIn"t’u] P F n. spirit animal (c. do wrong (c. goal. about.æ"t’. from tì.w.i] P F v. as.w. guidance tìhawl: [tI"hawl] P F n. deriving affix tì’awm: [tI"Pawm] P F n. from tirea spirit and ioang animal) tireapängkxo: [ti"REap.i] P F v. friendship (c. beauty tìm: [tIm] P F adj. used in full names tei: [tEi] G n. shoot (intransitive) teng: [tEN] P F adj. low tìme’em: [tI"mEPEm] P F n.

discussion (c. rain toruk makto: [toRuk makto] JC n. from " " trr day and mrrve fifth) trrmuve: [tr"muvE] trr n.w.up^] P F v.w. arrival (c. from " trr day and pxeyve third) trrtsìve: [tr" IvE] P F n. from tìsraw pain and si + <eyk> make (causative)) tìsraw si: [tI"sRaw s.w. intelligence (c. hurt.w. power derived from txur strong tìvawm: [tI"vawm] P F n. Monday " trrpeve: [tr"pEvE] P F inter. drop (c. life tìrol: [tI"Rol] P F n.w.IN EN] P F v. occupy a space (transitive) toktor: ["toktoR] P F n.uN] P F v. the state of being ill.w. from pe’un decide) tìprrte’: [tI"prtEP^] P F n.w. love (c. from trr day and" kive seventh) trrmrrve: [tr"mrvE] P F n. conversation. patience (c. Saturday (c. anger (c. shoot (transitive) tompa: ["tompa] P F n. from txula build) tìtxur: [tI"t’uR] P F n. doctor) tokx: ["tok’] P F n. from tìsraw pain and si make) tìsrese’a: [tI"sREsEPa] P F n.w. explanation (c. from pawm ask) tìpähem: [tI"pæhEm] P F n. from trr day and "puve sixth) trrpxeyve: [tr"p’EjvE] P F n.w.w.Em] P F v. from vawm dark) tìyawn: [tI"jawn] P F n. spear tul: [t. tomorrow (c. listen. from ska’a destroy) tìsop: [tI"sop^] P F n.w. allow tungzup: [tuN"z. sickness (c. from srese’a prophetize) tìsti: [tI"sti] P F n. toruk rider (c. walk tìrey: [tI"REj] P F n.w. strength.w. from sti angry) tìtakuk: [tI"takuk^] G n. hurt (someone or something) (c. hunger (c. creation (c. pleasure (c. as in spe’etu captive T tukru: [tuk"Ru] P F n. truth tìng mikyun: [t. look. from toruk leonopteryx and makto ride) trr: [tr] P F n.w. lit. from " trr day and tsìve fourth) –tu: [tu] direct object noun deriving affix. Sunday (c.w. from yawne beloved) tìyawr: [tI"jawR] P F n. be at. be painful (c. Tuesday (c.IN] P F v. yesterday " trray: [tr"aj] P F adv. constructed thing (c.w. construction. from pängkxo chat) tìpe’un: [tI"pEPun] P F n.tìmweypey: [tIm"wEjpEj] P F v. prophecy (c. song tìska’a: [tIska"Pa] P F n.w. decision (c. from sop travel) tìspxin: [tI"sp’in] P F n.w. pain (c. run tung: [t.ul] P F v.w.ol"t. from tung allow and zup fall) 14 . Thursday (c. greed (c.w. strike tìtslam: [tI" lam] P F n.w.w. correctness (c. give an ear tìng nari: [t. doctor (loaned from Eng. give tìngay: [tI"Naj] P F n. from sraw painful) tìsraw seyki: [tI"sRaw sEj"k.w. from <eyk> cause (root)) tìohakx: [tIo"hak’] P F n. from pähem arrive) tìpängkxo: [tIpæN"k’o] P F n.w.w. lit.i] P F v.w. Friday (c. from " trr day and ’awve first) trram: [tr"am] P F adv. from trr day " and <ay> future infix) trrkive: [tr"kivE] P F n. from tìyawr correctness and ngaru to you) to: [to] P F comparative marker than tok: [t. destruction (c. journey (c. darkness (c. lit.an] P F v. understanding. give eye tìngop: [tI"Nop^] P F n. from txanew greedy) tìtxula: [tI"t’ula] P F n. body toltem: [t. from tslam understand) tìtxanew: [tI"t’anEw] P F n.i] P F v. from spxin sick) tìsraw: [tI"sRaw] P F n.w. from prr" te’ pleasurable) tìran: [t.w.w.ok^] P F v.Im "mikjun] P F v. back down.w.I"R. from eyawr correct) tìyawr ngaru: [tI"jawR "NaRu] P F phrase you’re right (c. give place tìoeyktìng: [tI"wejktIN] F n.In "naRi] P F v. Wednesday (c. from ngop create) tìng tseng: [t. from " trr day and peve which of the week) trrpuve: [tr"puvE] P F n.w.w. day " trr’awve: [tr"PawvE] P F n. question (c. which day (c.w. from ohakx hungry) tìpawm: [tI"pawm] P F n.w. from maweypey be patient) tìng: [t.

a] P F v.w. war tsampongu: [" ampoNu] P F n. there.w.w. from tsa that and ’u thing) tsa-hey: [ a-"hEj] P F intj. apologise tsatseng: [ a" EN] or [" a EN] P F dem. female (person) tuteo: ["tutEo] P F pn.w.w. it (same as tsa’u) tsawke: [" awkE] P F n. until then.æP^] P F v. closed.. brother tsmuke: [" mukE] P F n. warrior (c. male (person) Ts tsa–: [ a] P F prefix that tsa’u: [" aPu] P F dem. war party (c. instead of. source tsìng: [ IN] P F num.ant.w. noun (c. grow (c. sibling tsmukan: [" mukan] P F n.w. big (in size). exercise tslam: [ l. I understand derived from tslam understand and <ol> perfect aspect infix tsmuk: [ muk^] P F n. stone tskxekeng: [" k’EkEN] P F n.aj.u] P F v. forget tswayon: [" w. somebody. bond (neural connection) tsakem: [" akEm] or [ a"kEm] P F dem.En] P F v. in the " meantime (c. somewhere tsengpe: [" ENpE] P F inter.unsl. meat tsngawvìk: [" N. be possible (c. from tsa that and tseng place) tsatu: [" atu] P F dem. dirty tsim: [ im] P F n. tall tsawl slu: [ awl sl. brave tstu: [ tu] P F n. understand tsleng: [ lEN] P F adj. that place (c.i] P F v. kill tsranten: [" R. even so tsam: [ am] P F n. name tstxolì’u: [" t’olIPu] P F n. sibling(allomorph of tsmuk sibling) T tsngal: [ Nal] P F n.Ik^] P F v. continuation marker tutan: [tu"tan] P F n.u"R. from tsaheylu bond and si make) tsaheylu: [ a"hEjlu] P F n. rather than tupe: ["tupE] P F inter.w. from tsam si make war and –yu agent suffix) tsap’alute: [ ap"PalutE] P F n. squirt tse: [ E] P F part. rest tswa’: [ w. person tute: [tu"tE] P F n. get it. that (action) tsakrr: [ a"kr] P F dem.u] P F v. chin tsun: [ . can. bond with.w. cry. nevertheless. apology tsap’alute si: [ ap"PalutE s. that (thing) (c. that. from tsakrr that time and vay up to) tsalsungay: [ alsu"Naj] P F adv. expression of warning or frustration. sun tsawl: [ awl] P F adj.aP] P F v. from tsa that and tu person) tsaw: [ aw] P F dem.i] P F v. matter. cup tsngan: [ Nan] P F n. four tskalep: [" kalEp^] P F n. where allomorph of peseng tseo: [" Eo] P F n. hell!’ tsaheyl si: [ a"hEjl s.awv.ok’] P F v. shut tstu si: [ tu s. village tsre’i: [" R. see (physical sense) tseng(e): [" EN(E)] P F n. throw tstal: [ tal] P F n. sister tsmuktu: [" muktu] P F n. that (function word) tsopì: [" opI] P F n. from tsun be able and slu become) tsurokx: [ .E"P. lung tspang: [ p. fly 15 .on] P F v. then. be able tsunslu: [" . weep tsnì: [ nI] P F conj.aN] P F v. false tslolam: [ lo"lam] P F intj. from tstxo name and lì’u word) tsuksìm: [" uksIm] P F n.tup: [tup^] P F conj. from tsam war and pongu party) tsamsiyu: [" amsiju] P F n. from tsawl big and slu become) tsä’: [ . close tstxo: [ t’o] P F n. ’crap!’. training.am] P F v. knife tstew: [ tEw] P F adj. establish a neural connection (c. rock.i] P F v.i] P F v.un] P F v.on] P F v. bow (weapon) tsko swizaw: [ ko swi"zaw] P F n.w. ’ah. someone tuvon: ["t. bow and arrow tskxe: [ k’E] P F n.EP. art tute: ["tutE] P F n. well (conversation starter) tse’a: [ .uv. may. crossbow tsko: [ ko] P F n. place tsengo: [" ENo] P F pn. who allomorph of pesu tut: [tut^] P F part. lean tsewtx: [ Ewt’] P F adj. be of import tsray: [ Raj] P F n. pn. at that time " tsakrrvay: [ a"krvaj] P F adv. that person (c.

w. streamers ukxo: [u"k’o] P F adj. tree uvan: [u"van] P F n. evening.w. or else. leave.ul. spread. spark txewk: [t’Ewk^] P F n. butt. until (c. hero (c. demon " 16 . from txan much) txan: [t’an] P F adj. construct txum: [t’um] P F n.tsyal: [ jal] P F n.i"R.w. strong unil: ["unil] P F n. be afraid txula: ["t’. dark tsyokx: [ jok’] P F n. great. from txon night and <ay> future infix) txopu: ["t’opu] P F n. fear txopu si: [t’opu s. ocean (c.w. play (a game) venzek: ["vEnzEk] P F n. avatar. no. most.a] P F v. from venu foot and zekwä finger) vay–: [vaj] P F adp. poison txur: [t’uR] P F adj. excellent txantslusam: ["t’an lusam] P F adj. dreamwalker uo–: ["uo] P F adp. club (weapon) txey: [t’. game uvan si: [u"van s. otherwise (c. eight venu: ["vEnu] P F n. field. awake U u’imi: [uPimi] S n. dreamwalker body uniltìranyu: [unitI"Ranju] P F n. last night (c.w. back (of the body) txampay: [t’am"paj] P F n. ass txìng: [t’. rear end.i] P F v. wise (c. up to vey: [vEj] P F n. heart txele: ["t’ElE] P F n. from txan much and txur power) txayo: ["t’ajo] P F n.i hu] P F v. from txo-ke-fya-aw if not one path) txon: [t’on] P F n. meet by chance ultxa si hu: [ul"t’a s. dream uniltìrantokx: [uniltI"Rantok’] JC. from tsyo flour and syuve food) txep: [t’Ep^] P F n.vitra: [vit"Ra] P F n. if txoa: ["t’oa] P F n.w. from txan great and pay water) txampxì: [t’am"p’I] P F n. build. majority. sea. greedy (c. foot vrrtep: ["vrtEp^] P F n.w. abandon txo: [t’o] P F conj. matter (subject) txen: [t’En] P F adj.IN] P F v. hard txal: [t’al] F n. soul isome T vol: [vol] P F num. from txan much and tsl<us>am understand) txantstew: ["t’an tEw] P F n. food made from animal origin.un] P F v. food made from flour (c. many (in quantity) txanew: ["t’anEw] P F adj. behind utral: ["utRal] P F n. large part (c. fire txepvi: ["t’Epvi] P F n. tomorrow night (c.Ej] P F v. toe (c.P F n. halt txìm: [t’Im] P F n. unpleasant to the senses. wing tsyo: [ jo] P F n. night txon’ong: [t’on"PoN] P rr n. from vay– flesh " up to and krr time) virä: [v.i] M v. open terrain txe’lan: [t’EP"lan] P F n. if not. encounter. forgiveness txokefyaw: ["t’okEfjaw] P F conj.w. meet with someone intentionally V vawm: [vawm] P F adj. vaykrr: [vay"kr] P F conj. from txan very and tstew brave) txantur: ["t’antuR] P F adj. much. from txan much and new want) txantsan: ["t’antsan] P F adj. meeting ultxarun: [ul"t’aR. dry ulte: ["ultE] P F conj. from txon night and <am> past infix) txonay: [t’o"naj] P F adv. hand tsyosyu: [" josju] P F n. flour Tx txa’: [t’aP] P F adj. proliferate vä’: [væP^] P F adj.w.æ] P F v.w. and (clausal conjunction) ultxa: [ul"t’a] P F n.w. powerful (c.w. twilight txonam: [t’o"nam] P F adv.

loved one (c.w. from *za come and hapxì part) zawng: [z. save. from yawne beloved) yayo: ["jajo] P F n. finger zene: ["z. squad.i] P F v. scream zekwä: ["zEkwæ] P F n. year zong: [z. insult zup: [z. loved one (c. beloved yawnetu: ["jawnEtu] P F n. short (of time) yom: [j. outside " wutso: ["wu o] P F n.Ip^] P F v. sixty four zamunge: [za"m. bind yol: [jol] P F adj. from yawne beloved) yawntu: ["jawntu] P F n.In"t’. show wok: [wok^] P F adj.awN] P F v.up^] P F v.oN] P F v. place Z za’ärìp: [za"P. future (c.om] P F v.Em] P F v. as in taron-yu hunter yur: [j.w. air yawne: ["jawnE] P F adj. hurry (c. draw.w.E] P F v. pull za’u: ["z. safe place. whole wrrpa: ["wrpa] P F n. from ya air and ioang animal)D yän: [j.vul: [vul] P F n. make something fast (c. from zene must and ke not) zerok: ["z. rush something.u] P F v. military clan. eat yomtìng: ["jomt. fall zusawkrr: [zu"sawkr] P F n.IN] P F v. fast Y ya: [ja] P F n. refuge (c. loud wotx: [wot’] P F n. story vurvi: ["vuRvi] P F n. summary.ER. dinner. must zenke: ["z. straight yìm: [j. cold weyn: [w. song waytelem: ["wajtElEm] P F n. feed (c.u] P F v.w.aP. served meal 17 .uR] P F v.w. dip into liquid yey: [jEj] P F adj. illustrate win: [win] P F adj.Im] P F v. bring derived from munge bring zapxì: [za"p’I] P F n. branch (of a tree) vur: [vuR] P F n.w.uN. from win fast and si do) wiya: ["wiya] P F intj. from " z<us>a’u coming and krr time) yemfpay: [jEm"fpaj] P F n. battle party (c.æR. put. remember zìsìt: ["zIsIt^] P F n.w.Em] P F v.w. from wem fight and pongu group) wew: [wew] P F adj.w. offence.. adv. from win fast and si + <äp> do (reflexive)) win si: [win s. front (part or section) (c. tie down ye’rìn: ["jEPRIn] P F adv. immersion (into liquid) yemfpay si: [jEm"fpaj s. from vur story) W way: [waj] P F n. expression of warning or frustration. song chord wä+: [wæ] P F adp. defend zongtseng: ["zoN EN] P F n. must not (root sense) (c. fasten. soon yem: [j. from yom eat and tìng give) –yu: [ju] W nominative agent noun deriving affix.i] P F v.w.w.w. synopsis (c. dipping.i] P F v.ok^] P F v.E] P F v. wash win säpi: [win sæ"p.ENkE] P F v. fight wempongu: ["wEmpoNu] P F n. bird (c. totality.ejn] P F v.æn] P F v. ’damn!’ wìntxu: [w. from zong save and tseng place) zoplo: [zop"lo] P F n. come zam: [zam] P F num.En. against (as in: fight against) wem: [w.

Note that it is not a decimal. The following are charts of Na’vi numbers.A The Number System. Na’vi Numbers: 0 – 39 1 2 3 vol mevol pxevol volaw mevolaw pxevolaw vomun mevomun pxevomun vopey mevopey pxevopey vosìng mevosìng pxevosìng vomrr mevomrr pxevomrr vofu mevofu pxevofu vohin mevohin pxevohin Na’vi Numbers: 40 – 63 5 6 7 mrrvol puvol kivol mrrvolaw puvolaw kivolaw mrrvomun puvomun kivomun mrrvopey puvopey kivopey mrrvosìng puvosìng kivosìng mrrvomrr puvomrr kivomrr mrrvofu puvofu kivofu mrrvohin puvohin kivohin 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 ’aw mune pxey tsìng mrr pukap kinä 4 tsìvol tsìvolaw tsìvomun tsìvopey tsìvosìng tsìvomrr tsìvofu tsìvohin 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 x1 ’aw mune pxey tsìng mrr pukap kinä combining -aw -mun -pey -sìng -mrr -fu -hin More Na’vi Numbers: x8 x64 x512 vol zam vozam mevol mezam mevozam pxevol pxezam pxevozam tsìvol tsìzam tsìvozam mrrvol mrrzam mrrvozam puvol puzam puvozam kivol kizam kivozam x4096 zazam mezazam pxezazam tsìzazam mrrzazam puzazam kizazam 18 . but an octal system. Underlining indicates where the stress ought to fall.

n a Na’vi name Flora *atoki: [atoki] T n. exploding seed (c. blue flower somtìlor: [somtIloR] S n.M prop.w.n Na’vi name Silwanin: [silwanin] JC prop. sky tree (c.n. from peng tell and hrrap danger) pxiut: [p’iut^] S n.n. good singer Nok: [nok^] G prop. sky cup (c.w. Stairway to Heaven.n name Ralu: ["Ralu] S prop.n clan name Lompo: [lompo] G prop. hot beauty (c.n. Earth) Amhul: [amhul] S prop.n. from som hot and tìlor beauty) tautral: [tautRal] S n.n. daughter of Mo’at derived from Mo’at a woman and ’ite daughter Na’vi: ["naPvi] JC. from taw sky and tute person) Tipnai: [tipnai] G prop.n clan name Seyvaro: [sEjvaRo] G prop. binary sunshine. from Eywa Gaia and ’eveng child) Iknimaya: ["ikni"maja] JC prop. beautiful spiral (c. music " plant paywll: [pajwl] S n. from swotu sacred place) Tasun: [tasun] G prop.n.n. popsicle. Earth (loaned from " Eng.n. Gaia (derived from Proto-Indo-European *aiw) T Eywa’eveng: [Ejwa"PEvEN] P F prop. indigenous Pandoran sentient race Nera’nak: [nERaPnak^] G prop. woman’s name. water plant. a seed-bearing plant φ awaiei: [awaiEi] S n. name Änsìt: ["ænsIt^] S prop.w.n. Dream Hunt ’Ìnglìsì: ["PINlIsI] P F n. clan name φ Uniltaron: ["unil"taRon] P F prop. sacred tree derived from atokirina’ seeds of the great tree ar’lek: [arPlEk^] G n. child’s name Rongloa: [RoNloa] JC prop.n.n.n Well of Souls (c.n. woman’s name Mo’at’ite: [moPatPitE] JC prop. from taw sky and tsngal cup) 19 . razor palm. sharp tree pxorna’: [p’oRnaP^] S n.n. dapophet " penghrrap: [pENhrap^] S n. panopyra.w. name Anurai: [anuRai] G prop.n. banshee of paradise eyaye: [EjajE] S n.n name Rai’uk: [RaiPuk^] G prop. warbonnet fngapsutxwll: [fNapsut’wl] S n.n. world spirit.w. from taw sky and kame see) Tawtute: ["tawtutE] P F prop. Hometree loreyu: [loREju] S n. matriarch.F prop. Sky-person.n a Na’vi name Peyral: [pEjRal] JC prop. the People. son of Ateyo derived from Ateyo male name and ’itan son Ayvitrayä Ramunong: [ajvit"Rajæ Ra"munoN] JC prop.n.w.w.w. tribe name Tsu’tey: [ uP"tEj] JC prop.S prop.n. the rite of passage for young Na’vi li’Ona: [liPona] G.n.w. clan name Tsahìk: [" ahIk^] P F prop.n. metal-following " plant Kelutral: ["kElutRal] S.n.n.n man’s name Omatikaya: [omati"kaja] JC. helicoradium spirale. high priestess. Blue Flute Clan Onantu: [onantu] G prop.n. from lor beautiful and ’ìheyu spiral)T pamtseowll: [pam Eowl] S n.n. human (c.P F prop.n clan name (c. Neytiri’s sister Swotulu: ["swotulu] P F prop. from taw sky and utral tree)T tawtsngal: [taw Nal] S n.n name Tawkami: [tawkami] G prop. cat ear. " fringed lamp (c.B Na’vi Proper Nouns Neytiri: [nEjtiRi] JC prop. ball tree seze: ["sEzE] P F n. from rina’ seed and pxor explode) rumut: [Rumut^] S n. episoth. Pandora (c. English) ’Rrta: ["Prta] P F prop.n. man’s name Eywa: ["Ejwa] JC prop.n. English language (loaned from Eng.n.n man’s name Omati: [omati] G prop.w. woman’s name Ninat: [ninat^] JC prop.n a Na’vi name Mo’at: ["moPat^] JC prop. clan name Ateyitan: [atEjitan] JC prop.n man’s name Malimi: [malimi] G prop. from vitra soul and ramunong well) Eytukan: ["Ejtukan] JC prop.w. sacred river (c. interpreter Tskaha: [ kaha] JC prop. man’s name U’imi huyuticaya: [uPimi hujutikaja] ASG prop.

great leonopteryx. push fruit tree utu mauti: [utu mauti] S n. last shadow arachnid lenay’ga: [lEnajPga] ASG n.w. from txum poison and paywll water plant) txumtsä’wll: [t’um æPwl] S n. reclining flask. flour seed " plant (c. thanator riti: ["Riti] P F n. sturmbeest (c. slinger.w. dakteron derived from yom eat and lonataya: [lonataja] ASG n.w. great leonopteryx fungus tsawlapxangrr: [ awlap’aNr] S n. viperwolf Caniferratus costatus. scorpion thistle.n Tree of Souls (c. medusa ikran: ["ikRan] JC n. from vitra soul and utral tree) yomioang: [jomi"oaN] S n.torukspxam: [toRuksp’am] S n.w. predatory yerik: ["jERik^] P F n.P F n. tsawlapx) tsyorina’wll: [ joRinaPwl] S n.w. " lit. octoshroom. direhorse palulukan: ["palu"lukan] JC n. " Fauna poison-squirting plant (c. from ngrr root)(for short. species of poisonous toruk: ["toRuk^] JC n. hexapede yomhì’ang: [jomhIPaN] S n. from rina’ seed and ’ewll plant)T txll’u: [t’lPu] P F n. " poison water plant (c.w. from ioang animal) teylu: ["tEjlu] P F n. chalice plant (c. push fruit Vitrautral: [vit"RautRal] P F prop. hammerhead eltungawng: ["EltuNawN] P F n. brainworm (c. banana fruit. small animal/insect animal φ eater.w. from eltu brain and ngawng worm) fpxafaw: ["fp’afaw] P F n. banshee ikranay: ["ikRanaj] ASG n. hellfire wasp ’angtsìk: ["PaN Ik^] P F n. cycad. tall large root (c. stingbat talioang: ["tal"ioaN] P F n. from yom eat and ioang animal T ) pa’li: ["paPli] P F n. striped armored wolf zize’: [zi"zEP] P F n. medusa hì’ang insect nantang: ["nantaN] JC. hookagourd " txumpaywll: [t’umpajwl] S n. from tsä’ squirt and ’ewll plant) Utral Aymokriyä: ["utRal aj"mokRijæ] P F prop. unidelta tree.w. forest banshee(non-F) 20 .n. Tree of Voices(from utraya mokri C ) utral utu mauti: [utRal utu mauti] S n. beetle larva T kali’weya: [kaliPwEja] S n.

or their roots. or many branches together are strong φ ulu’tah inib’sey mulsi: [uluPtah inibPsEy mulsi] ASG n. fire pitφ na’hla buk’ne: [naPhla bukPnE] ASG n. or digraphs: ’h [Ph]. from Eywa cradles everyone φ Eywa s’ilivi mas’kit nivi: [Eywa sPilivi masPkit^nivi] ASG Ewya’s wisdom is revealed to all of us φ Eywa te’ _ tan’sey mak’ta: [Ejwa tEP tanPsEJ makPta] ASG n. lit. c [k]. The following words. ch [tS]. leaf plateφ 21 . bladder lantern. stone jarφ chey: [tSEj] ASG n. shuttle)φ su’shiri t’acto sa: [suPshiri tPacto sa] or [suPshiri tPacto sa] ASG n. but they are not to be regarded as Na’vi words. pendulum drumφ tmi nat’sey: [tmi natPsEj] ASG n. group sleepφ Kyuna: [kjuna] G prop. direhorse lead. shuttle (loaned from Eng. Jake Sully)φ k’sey nivi: [kPsEj nivi] ASG n. moron. blue flute P’ah s’ivil chey: [pPah sPivil tSEy] SAG n. h’ [hP]. bola. face pull φ nikt’chey: [niktP hEj] or [niktPtSEj] ASG n. possesions rack derived from P’ah s’ivil chey rackφ Eywa k’sey nivi’bri’sta: [Ejwa kPsEj niviPbriPsta] ASG hammock. ikran queue harness. shieldφ malmoks: [malmoks] G n.n girl’s nameφ m’resh’tuyu: [mPRESPtuju] or [mPREshPtuju] ASG n. from food here φ ulivi mari’tsey mak’dini’to: [Ulivi mariP Ej makPdiniPto] ASG loom. spellings. either break syllable rules that Frommer set forth. leaf plateφ sumin’sey hulleh: [suminPsEj hulEh] ASG slee" ping outside of the groupφ t’riti so jahmka: [tPRiti so Zahmka] ASG n. nothing to see φ mreki u’lito: [mREki uPlito] ASG n. uu [u:] chan’tu gor’ek nuuto: [tSanPtu gorPEk^nuuto] ASG n. toruk mak" toyu (loaned from Eng. j [Z].C Illegal Words These are illegal words that are not from Frommer: I have included them as they are in the corpus. baby slingφ jakesully: [ZEjk’su:li] M n. branches of the tree look to each other for strength. lit. sh [S]. hammock (informal). d [d]. toy ikranφ sumin jiit’luy: [sumin ZiitPluy] ASG n. packed lunchφ nivi: [nivi] ASG n. small bit of food. us derived from Eywa k’sey nivi’bri’sta Ewya cradles everyone φ omati s’ampta: [omati sPampta] ASG n. the love of Eywa’s embrace is gifted to (personal name) φ feru m’predu’k: [fEru mPpREduPk^] ASG n. g [g]. lit. douchebag φ shah-tell: [SahtEl] ASG n. personal belongings rackφ pxtxawng: [p’t’awN] C n. rings of stone mas’kit nivi sa’nok: [masPkit^nivi saPnok^] ASG mother loomφ meresh’ti cau’pla: [mERESPti kauPpla] or [meReshPti kauPpla] ASG n. b [b]. lit. or have at least one of the following illegal sounds. basket φ iveh k’nivi s’dir: [ivEh kPnivi sPdir] ASG n. banshee catcher. ii [i:].

<asy>: [asj] P F future tense with determination verbal infix in position 1: Oel tspasyang palulukanit. <irv>: [iRv] F E present imperfective subjunctive verbal infix in position 1: Oe new tslirvam. <äp>: [æp^] F E reflexive verbal infix in position 0: Oe täparon. <ay>: [aj] W future tense verbal infix in position 1: Oe tayaron. I will definately kill the thanator soon. You want this thing: for me to hunt <ìy>: [Ij] W immediate future tense verbal infix in position 1: Oe tìyaron. derived from am + er: Oe tarmaron. I want to understand. I caused him to hunt. I will see you soon. <ìm>: [Im] W recent past verbal infix in position 1: Oe tìmaron. <ìrm>: [IRm] W imperfective recent past tense verbal infix in position 1: Oe tìrmaron. I just hunted. I want to be understanding. <us>: [us] W active participle verbal infix in position 0: Oe tusarona tute lu.D Inflections Verb Infixes <am>: [am] W past tense verbal infix in position 1: Oe tamaron. I am about to hunt. <ats>: [a ] F E inferential. <eyk>: [Ejk] F E causative verbal infix in position 0: Oel teykaron pot. I was just hunting. I will see you soon. 22 . I am a hunted person. <ìsy>: [Isj] P F immediate future tense with determination verbal infix in position 1: Oel tspìsyang palulukanit. I will hunt. I hunted. I am a hunting person. <imv>: [imv] F E past subjunctive verbal infix in position 1: Oe namew tslimvam I wanted to understand. I killed him (I think. I hunt (hooray!). <ilv>: [ilv] F E present perfective subjunctive verbal infix in position 1: Oe new tslilvam. I hunted (finished action). I hunt (ugh!). <arm>: [aRm] W imperfective past tense verbal infix in position 1. l<uy>u hapxì. I was hunting. <ei>: [Ei] W laudative affect verbal infix in position 2: Oe tareion. I am hunting. <iyev>: [ijEv] F E future subjunctive verbal infix in position 1: Oel kiyevame ngati. <ol>: [ol] F perfective aspect verbal infix in position 1: Oe tolaron. <äng>: [æN] W pejorative affect verbal infix in position 2: Oe tarängon. <uy>: [uj] F honorific (honourific) or ceremonial verbal infix in position 2: Na’viyä. I will definately kill the thanator.) <awn>: [awn] P F passive participle verbal infix in position 0: Oe tawnarona tute lu. You are part of The People. <ìyev>: [IjEv] F E future subjunctive verbal infix in position 1: Oel kìyevame ngati. I hunt myself. <iv>: [iv] W subjunctive mood verbal infix in position 1: Ngal new futa oe tivaron. indicating uncertainty or indirect knowledge verbal infix in position 2: Oel tspatsang poanit. <er>: [ER] D imperfective aspect verbal infix in position 1: Oe teraron.

and so ellision occurs) Other –a–: [a] F adjectival attributive marker: Oel ikranit a–ean tswayon. –ru: [Ru] W dative suffix for nouns ending in a vowel (allomorph of –ur): Oel sìlpeyit nga–ru tìng. I eat the ikran’s yerik. nì–: [nI] W adverbial deriving affix Oe nì–Na’vi plltxe. le–: [lE] F adjective deriving affix Poan le–hrrap lu. He is dangerous. pe+: [pE] W affix inter. I fly the blue ikran. (Causes vowel fronting of a in pronouns: may look like –eyä) –ya: [ya] P F. –ri: [Ri] F topical adp. What time will you hunt? pxe+: [p’E] F trial adp. –am: [--am] P F past reference marker for nouns. I speak na’vi-ly. –l: [l] W ergative case adp. –vi: [--vi] P F dimunitive relationship marker (not very productive): –yu: [ju] W nominative agent noun deriving affix Oe ska’a–yu ke lu. –ti: [ti] W accusative adp. The ikran hunts a yerik. I am not a destroyer.) sä–: [sæ] F instrumental noun deriving affix Oel sä–numet nume. or pseudo-vowel (allomorph of t. The toruk hunts you. The ikran hunts the yerik. me+: [mE] W dual adp. I am not a girl –ìl: [Il] F ergative case suffix for nouns ending in a consonant. Once I sang. and ì (allomorph of yä): Oel yom ikran–ä yerikit. –ve: [vE] P F ordinal suffix for numbers (used mostly in the days of the week. –e: [E] F feminine suffix for certain nouns: Oe tut–e ke lu. To my friends. –ur: [uR] F dative suffix for nouns ending in a consonant. for pronouns and nouns: Nga–ti taron torukìl. –an: [an] W masculine suffix for certain nouns: Oe tut–an lu. –t: [t^] W accusative suffix for nouns ending in a vowel (allomorph of it. I see you. (Like a Na’vi. or pseudo-vowel (allomorph of –ru): Ayeylan-ur oeyä. for pronouns ending in a or e: Ngey toruk sìltsan lu. –ìri: [IRi] F topical suffix for nouns ending in a consonant. I killed someone. –yä: [jæ] W genitive suffix for nouns ending in a a.Noun Inflections –ä: [æ] F genitive suffix for nouns ending in a everything but a. I want eyes. –ng: [N] W clusivity adp. e. I am prey. marker what: pe+hrr nga tayaron. –it: [it^] F accusative suffix for nouns ending in a consonant. I am a male dude. for nouns: Oel new me+narit. or pseudo-vowel (allomorph of ri): Ikran–ìri taron yerikit. ti): Oel taron yerik–it. I hunt the yerik. I eat Neytiri’s yerik. ä. for nouns and pronouns: Ayoeng Pxe+veng lu.M vocative suffix for collective nouns: ay+: [aj] F plural adp. We are three children. We all hunt. We hunt. for nouns ending in a vowel: Oe–l taron yerikit. adverbs (not entirely productive): –ay: [--aj] P F future reference marker for nouns.(Note that e + e cannot be together. dipthong. I hunt the yerik. I give hope to you. not entirely productive): Fìtrr lu trrpeve? Which day is it today? –y: [--j] P F genitive adp. ä. I hunt the yerik. ti): Oel nga–t kame. si: [si] W postpositional verb deriving affix Oe 23 . for pronouns: Ayoe–ng taron. e. –o: [o] P F indefinite suffix: Oel tspamang tute–o–t. adverbs (not entirely productive): –tu: [tu] T direct object noun deriving affix Oe taron–tu lu. dipthong. and ì (allomorph of ä): Oel yom Neytiri-yä yerikit. dipthong. I learn the teaching. dipthong. for nouns: Ay+oe taron. or pseudo-vowel (allomorph of l): Ikran–ìl taron yerikit. for nouns ending in a vowel: Oe–ri taron yerikit. –lo: [lo] P F multiplicative number suffix: ’Aw–lo oe ramol. Your toruk is good.

I live in Hometree. The truth is good.kelku si mì kelutral. (lit.) lu. tì–: [tI] W noun deriving affix Tì–ngay sìltsan I home make in Hometree. 24 .

W nominalizer (noun-er) deriving affix. or pseudo-vowel (allomorph of ri) TOP: –ri. W perfective aspect verbal infix in position 1 1. W pejorative verbal infix in position 2 2. W nominative agent noun deriving affix. e. W past tense verbal infix in position 1 1. NMLZ: tì–.: –a–. CAUS: <eyk>. ä. FUT: <ìy>. W imperfective recent past tense verbal infix in position 1 1. F genitive suffix for nouns ending in a everything but a. F accusative suffix for nouns ending in a consonant. REFL: <äp>. OBJ: –tu. PAST: <ìrm>. F laudative affect verbal infix in position 2 2. PLU: ay+. T direct object noun deriving affix. F topical suffix for nouns ending in a consonant. FUT: <ay>. PAST: <ìm>. 25 . LAUD: <ei>.E English Short-Hand Terms for Trilinear Glosses Here is a list of the short-hand notation often used in trilinear glosses on the Forums. with some common morphemes. F ergative case suffix for nouns ending in a consonant. or pseudo-vowel (allomorph of ti) ACC: –t. GEN: –ä. PEJ: <äng>. for nouns ending in a vowel. TOP: –ìri. F plural adp. for pronouns. AGENT N: –yu. T instrumental noun deriving affix. W affix inter. W dative adp. ADV: nì–. W genitive suffix for nouns ending in a a. F E reflexive verbal infix in position 0 0. GEN: –yä. dipthong. DUAL: me+. T ordinal suffix for numbers. W future tense verbal infix in position 1 1. F adjective deriving affix. IMPF: <er>. for nouns. MASC: –an. W adverbial deriving affix. SUBJ: <iv>. D imperfective aspect verbal infix in position 1 1. W ergative case adp. and ì (allomorph of yä) GEN: –y. ORD: –ve. marker what. ADJ M. ERG: –ìl. F topical adp. PAST: <arm>. F E causative verbal infix in position 0 0. W subjunctive mood verbal infix in position 1 1. W accusative suffix for nouns ending in a vowel (allomorph of ti) ACC: –ti. REC. V: si. W immediate future tense verbal infix in position 1 1. DAT: –ru. F adjectival attributive marker. INST: sä–. W dual adp. W masculine suffix for certain nouns. ADJ: le–. W imperfective past tense verbal infix in position 1 1. e. REC. dipthong. for nouns ending in a vowel. CLU: –ng. for nouns. W accusative adp. F feminine suffix for certain nouns. INTER: pe+. IMPF. FEM: –e. IMPF. PERF: <ol>. for nouns. dipthong. for nouns. ä. for pronouns ending in a or e. W postpositional verb deriving affix. PAST: <am>. ACC: –it. W recent past verbal infix in position 1 1. W clusivity adp. and ì (allomorph of ä) IMM. or pseudovowel (allomorph of –l) ERG: –l. P F genitive adp.

fixed a ton. what number. added pänu promise. Added nìsti. added –j to endings for genitive pronouns ending in a or e. Deleted two extraneous entries. teyr black. edited tatep. tìvawm. ke’aw angrily. darkness. who should contact Tuiq. polpxay dark. Edited vaykrr. Added layon. who would presumably like to know what I’ve done.F The Changelog This is the changelog. Added vawm.015 Added a ton. white. 26 . not for translators. and one wrong one (’awlie with the wrong stress). but for the reader. deleted all roots as being mostly useless. divided. • 10. Fixed IPA issues. I’ve kept it in.