darkroom chemistry

an introduction to

sink

sink

developer

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developer

sink

stop bath

developer

sink

stop bath

developer

sink

fixer

stop bath

developer

sink

fixer

stop bath

developer

sink

water

fixer

stop bath

developer

sink

water

fixer

stop bath

developer

sink

water
what do I do?

fixer

stop bath

developer

sink

water
what do I do?

fixer

stop bath

developer
develops the paper (oxidizes silver)
(pH 11 or 12 = base)

sink

water
what do I do?

fixer

stop bath
stops the developing
(low pH = acid, neutralizes the developer)

developer
develops the paper (oxidizes silver)
(pH 11 or 12 = base)

sink

water
what do I do?

fixer
stabilizes the image

stop bath
stops the developing
(low pH = acid, neutralizes the developer)

developer
develops the paper (oxidizes silver)
(pH 11 or 12 = base)

(removes unexposed silver from the paper)

sink

water
what do I do? cleans the print
(washes off all the chemicals)

fixer
stabilizes the image

stop bath
stops the developing
(low pH = acid, neutralizes the developer)

developer
develops the paper (oxidizes silver)
(pH 11 or 12 = base)

(removes unexposed silver from the paper)

sink

water
what do I do? cleans the print
(washes off all the chemicals)

fixer
stabilizes the image

stop bath
stops the developing
(low pH = acid, neutralizes the developer)

developer
develops the paper (oxidizes silver)
(pH 11 or 12 = base)

(removes unexposed silver from the paper)

how long?

sink

water
what do I do? cleans the print
(washes off all the chemicals)

fixer
stabilizes the image

stop bath
stops the developing
(low pH = acid, neutralizes the developer)

developer
develops the paper (oxidizes silver)
(pH 11 or 12 = base)

(removes unexposed silver from the paper)

how long?

1 1/2 minutes (90 sec)

sink

water
what do I do? cleans the print
(washes off all the chemicals)

fixer
stabilizes the image

stop bath
stops the developing
(low pH = acid, neutralizes the developer)

developer
develops the paper (oxidizes silver)
(pH 11 or 12 = base)

(removes unexposed silver from the paper)

how long?

30 sec

1 1/2 minutes (90 sec)

sink

water
what do I do? cleans the print
(washes off all the chemicals)

fixer
stabilizes the image

stop bath
stops the developing
(low pH = acid, neutralizes the developer)

developer
develops the paper (oxidizes silver)
(pH 11 or 12 = base)

(removes unexposed silver from the paper)

how long?

5 minutes

30 sec

1 1/2 minutes (90 sec)

sink

water
what do I do? cleans the print
(washes off all the chemicals)

fixer
stabilizes the image

stop bath
stops the developing
(low pH = acid, neutralizes the developer)

developer
develops the paper (oxidizes silver)
(pH 11 or 12 = base)

(removes unexposed silver from the paper)

how long?

5 minutes

5 minutes

30 sec

1 1/2 minutes (90 sec)

sink

water
what do I do? cleans the print
(washes off all the chemicals)

fixer
stabilizes the image

stop bath
stops the developing
(low pH = acid, neutralizes the developer)

developer
develops the paper (oxidizes silver)
(pH 11 or 12 = base)

(removes unexposed silver from the paper)

how long? I should be replaced when...

5 minutes

5 minutes

30 sec

1 1/2 minutes (90 sec)

sink

water
what do I do? cleans the print
(washes off all the chemicals)

fixer
stabilizes the image

stop bath
stops the developing
(low pH = acid, neutralizes the developer)

developer
develops the paper (oxidizes silver)
(pH 11 or 12 = base)

(removes unexposed silver from the paper)

how long? I should be replaced when...

5 minutes

5 minutes

30 sec

1 1/2 minutes (90 sec)
if I am a brown color

sink

water
what do I do? cleans the print
(washes off all the chemicals)

fixer
stabilizes the image

stop bath
stops the developing
(low pH = acid, neutralizes the developer)

developer
develops the paper (oxidizes silver)
(pH 11 or 12 = base)

(removes unexposed silver from the paper)

how long? I should be replaced when...

5 minutes

5 minutes

30 sec
if I am a dark purple color

1 1/2 minutes (90 sec)
if I am a brown color

sink

water
what do I do? cleans the print
(washes off all the chemicals)

fixer
stabilizes the image

stop bath
stops the developing
(low pH = acid, neutralizes the developer)

developer
develops the paper (oxidizes silver)
(pH 11 or 12 = base)

(removes unexposed silver from the paper)

how long? I should be replaced when...

5 minutes

5 minutes
if I get cloudy when you drip hypo check in

30 sec
if I am a dark purple color

1 1/2 minutes (90 sec)
if I am a brown color

sink

water
what do I do? cleans the print
(washes off all the chemicals)

fixer
stabilizes the image

stop bath
stops the developing
(low pH = acid, neutralizes the developer)

developer
develops the paper (oxidizes silver)
(pH 11 or 12 = base)

(removes unexposed silver from the paper)

how long? I should be replaced when...

5 minutes N/A

5 minutes
if I get cloudy when you drip hypo check in

30 sec
if I am a dark purple color

1 1/2 minutes (90 sec)
if I am a brown color

sink

hooray !