General Chemistry Questions

Electronic Structure and Periodic Table 1. What value or values of ml are allowable for an orbital with l = 2? a. b. c. d. e. 0 2 -1 none of the above all of the above

2. According to Bohr Theory, which of the following transitions in the hydrogen atom will give rise to the least energetic photon? Use the equation: En = (-2.18 x 10-18 J)(1/n2) a. b. c. d. e. n = 5 to n = 3 n = 6 to n = 1 n = 4 to n = 3 n = 5 to n = 4 n = 6 to n = 5

3. Consider a 3dxz orbital. Which of the following statements is incorrect? a. The xz plane is a nodal surface. b. The xz plane divides the electron probability distribution into two identical mirror-image halves. c. The xy plane divides the electron probability distribution into two identical mirror-image halves. d. The yz plane divides the electron probability distribution into two identical mirror-image halves. e. The nucleus is located at a node. 4. The electronic configuration of the element whose atomic number is 26 is: a. b. c. d. e. 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s0 3d8 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d6 4s2 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d6 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d4 4p2 none of the above

5. Which of the following has the largest radius? a. b. c. d. e. F N C O Ne

6. Which of the following elements has the largest ionization energy? a. b. c. d. e. Na Ne F K Rb

7. Which of the following has the greatest electron affinity (most negative value)? a. b. c. d. e. Cl K He Na Rb

8. Which of the following species is not isolectronic with any of the others? a. b. c. d. e. V3+ Ca2+ Ar ClS2-

9. In Bohr's model of the hydrogen atom, the radius of an orbit a. b. c. d. e. is proportional to n2. is smallest for the highest energy state. increases when a photon of light is emitted from an excited atom. can have any value that is larger than the ground-state radius. none of the above

10. Which of the following atoms is not a one-electron system? a. b. c. d. e. H He+ Li2+ Be2+ O7+

11. Which of the following statements about periodic properties is incorrect? a. b. c. d. e. Both electron affinity and ionization energy decrease down a group. Atomic size increases to the right across a period. Ionization energy increases to the right across a period. Atomic size increases down a group. Electron affinity increases to the right across a period.

Which one of the following is most likely to be an ionic compound? a. N≡N. d. N-N a. b. N=N. b. Which of the following compounds has the greatest bond polarity? a. d. N-N N≡N.Bonding 1. N≡N. N-N. c. N=N N-N. c. N≡N N=N. N=N. c. Cl2(g) + 2K(s) → 2KCl(s) KCl(s) → K+(aq) + Cl-(aq) KCl(s) → K+(g) + Cl-(g) KCl(s) → K(s) + Cl-(g) KCl(s) → K(s) + Cl(g) 3. Order the following by increasing bond strength: N≡N. b. c. BCl3 ClF3 PCl3 XeF4 C2H4 . d. N=N. In which of the following processes does the enthalpy change (ΔH) directly represent the magnitude of the lattice energy of KCl(s)? a. e. b. N-N. HNF2 H2CO N2H4 CaCl2 CH3Cl 2. b. PH3 NH3 HF H2S CH4 5. e. c. e. e. N≡N N=N. d. d. e. N-N 4. Which of the following is not planar? a.

e. b.6. b.) a. c. b. In the molecular orbital description of bonding in benzene (C6H6). two 2s orbitals overlapping two 2p orbitals overlapping two sp orbitals overlapping. how many electrons occupy delocalized MOs? a. c. Use VSEPR theory to predict the ideal bond angles around the two carbon atoms in acetaldehyde. e. CH3CHO. and a double bond to O. c. d. 109° 109°. CH4 SF4 PCl4+ SO2 NH3 . In a carbon-carbon triple bond. the second carbon has single bonds to C and H. d. two 2py overlapping and two 2pz overlapping an sp and sp2 overlapping and 2p orbitals overlapping an sp2 and sp2 overlapping and 2p orbitals overlapping 8. 109° 120°. e. b. In which of the following species is the octet rule violated by the central atom? a. (The first carbon has single bonds to three H atoms and one C atom. 109°. 120° 120°. d. 105° 7. e. Which of the following molecules has sp3 hybridization and a dipole moment? a. d. c. e. what is the nature of the bonding between the carbons? a. SiH4 BF3 NH3 BrF3 PCl5 9. b. d. c. 90° 105°. 2 3 4 5 6 10.

7 atm 0.04 mol CO. b. c. number of electrons needed to fill the outermost p orbital. e. Calculate the pressure of 0. The mixture is analyzed and is found to contain 1. 2. high temperatures and high pressures high temperatures and low pressures low temperatures and high pressures low temperatures and low pressures high volumes and low temperatures 4. A steel tank contains carbon dioxide at 34 °C and is at a pressure of 13. b. and 1. 238 mm Hg 302 mm Hg 356 mm Hg 1753 mm Hg 8018 mm Hg . c.0 atm. e. d. c. What is the partial pressure of Ar? a. The number of electron dots in the Lewis symbol for an element equals the a. e.7 atm 9. b. 3.6 atm 7. Determine the internal gas pressure when the tank and its contents are heated to 100 °C. period number that contains the element.8 atm 3. using the ideal gas law. d. number of outermost s and p electrons. b. e.5 atm 3.00 L vessel at 25 °C. d. d. number of outermost s electrons.4 atm 38. c. d. c. a.9 atm 15. Phases and Phase Equilibria 1.2 atm 1.27 mol CO2. number of outermost p electrons. b. Deviations from the ideal gas law are less at: a.11. A mixture of three gases has a pressure of 1380 mmHg at at 298 K. e.5 atm 6.55 mol of NH3 gas in a 2.4 atm 2.50 mol Ar. 10. a.

the relationship between the boiling point. The main forces responsible for the structure of DNA are a. Water has such a high specific heat because a. melting point and vapor pressure of a substance. b.T) coordinate of a point on a phase diagram. The triple point is a. d. e. it is rather dense. c. e. c. d. Which of the following exhibits the most hydrogen bonding? a. covalent bonds and dipole-dipole interactions. Which of the following is not likely to exhibit hydrogen bonding? a. covalent bonds and ionic bonds. b. an end to the liquid-gas line in a phase diagram. b. d. e. 10. it has such a low molecular weight. CH3CH2OH CH3NH2 H2O NH2OH (CH3) 3N . c. e. the (P. the three pieces of data needed to solve the Clausius-Clapeyron equation. d. LiH CH4 NH3 H2S CH2F2 6. 8. CF4 CCl4 CBr4 CI4 CH4 7. ionic bonds and covalent bonds. b. c. e. and gas are in equilibrium. c. 9. it dissolves both ionic and covalent compounds. the point on a phase diagram where solid. Which of the following carbon compounds has the highest melting point? a. covalent bonds and hydrogen bonds. the O-H single bond has a high bond energy. liquid. c. d. e. hydrogen bonds and dipole-dipole interactions. b. d.V.5. it has many relatively strong hydrogen bonds. b.

c. 5816 mol 7.1. A compound with a composition of 87. e. e. d. d. 0.3.783 mol 3. e. c.9 g 1476 g 0. Determine the number of moles of aluminum in 2.02 x 1023 mol 4.3 1. g none of the above 2. d. b. respectively a. 1.5 % N and 12. e.5 % H was recently discovered. c. What is the empirical formula for this compound? a.3. d.1.17 g 10. c. b.32 g 4.154 x 10-1 kg of Al.35 g 0.2.Stoichiometry 1.984 mol 6.3 2. NH2 N2H3 NH N2H2 N2H 5. e.3. the coefficients are. d. b. C9H8O4? a. b. b.1. 29 g 108 g 196 g 180. How many grams of zinc are there in 22. c.1.7 g of ZnCl2? a. a. What is the mass of one mole of acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin).3 none of the above .1 1. This equation is unbalanced: PCl3 + H2O → H3PO3 + HCl When it is correctly balanced.801 mol 8.

c.1 0.6 g 17 g 28 g 8. b. the number of moles of carbon required to convert 23 g of Fe3O4 to products is a. d. which one would be limiting in the following reaction? 4Au + 8NaCN + O2 + 2H2O → 4NaAu(CN)2 + 4NaOH a. e.8 mol . How many grams of silicon must be reacted with excess chlorine in order to obtain 17 g SiCl4? a. e.8 g 5. 1. b.4 mol aluminum? Equation: 4Al + 3O2 → 2Al2O3 a. b. Au NaCN O2 H2O There is no limiting reactant.4 9. d. 0.0 mL sample of an element with a density of 3.0 g/mL contains 4 x 1023 atoms. d. c.4 g 2.24 mol 0. d.42 mol 4. b. Given 6 mol of each reactant. How many moles of oxygen gas will react with 12.3 mol 16.8 mol 9. b. %. In the direct reaction of silicon with Cl2 the yield of SiCl4 is 50. What is the atomic weight of this element? a. e.2 0. c.6. 7. A 20. 300 40 60 90 none of the above 10. e. c. In the reaction of Fe3O4 with carbon to form carbon dioxide and iron. c. d. 0. e.05 0.3 0.

Reaction: CH4(g) + 2O2(g) → CO2(g) + 2H2O(l) a.5 x 103 kJ 2. Balance the following redox equation occurring in aqueous solution: KMnO4 + KCl + H2SO4 → MnSO4 + K2SO4 + H2O + Cl2 What is the stoichiometric coefficient for chlorine (Cl2) when the equation is balanced with smallest whole number coefficients? a. -74. b. Reaction (1) is exothermic. b. c. Data: ΔH°f values: CH4(g). e. ΔH for the reaction: H2O(l) → H2O(g) is + 44 kJ/mol. 1 3 5 8 10 Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry 1. calculate ΔH°rxn for the reaction below. c.2 kJ 890.5 kg of water from 12.5 kJ. d. d.5 °C to 84 °C? a.8 kJ On the basis of the above data. c. Data: (1) H2(g) + ½O2(g) → H2O(g) ΔH = -241.5 x 106 kJ 25 kJ 3. b. d. Reaction (2) is the formation reaction for H2O(l). c. d.0 x 103 kJ 36 J 2. e. Using the ΔH°f data above. H2O(l).11. 2. e.3 kJ -997. which of the following statements is false? a. -393. CO2(g).7 kJ -890. What is the amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of 8.8 kJ. 3. e. -604. The energy content of H2O(g) is lower than H2O(l). The reverse of reaction (2) is endothermic.3 kJ none of the above . -285.8 kJ.8 kJ (2) H2(g) + ½O2(g) → H2O(l) ΔH = -285. b.

ΔG° < 0 ΔH° > 0. ΔS° > 0.0 kJ -284. d. ΔE = 0 ΔH = 0 ΔE < 0 w=0 q=0 7. Two solutions (the system). causing the temperature to drop to 20.5 kJ Given the data above.0 mL.5 kJ 269. d. the temperature is again 25.0 kJ Ba(s) + CO2(g) + ½O2(g) → BaCO3(s) ΔH° = -822. -1929. ΔH° > 0. and ΔG° for the vaporization of liquid water at 150°C.0 mL volume and at 25. ΔS° > 0. ΔE ΔH q P V 6.0 kJ 537 kJ 5.0 °C. No gases are involved in the reaction. d. e. ΔS°. ΔS° < 0. e. d. e. Reaction: BaCO3(s) → BaO(s) + CO2(g) a. d. ΔG° > 0 ΔH° > 0. ΔG° < 0 none of the above . A reaction occurs between them. H2(l) → H2(g) CO2(s) → CO2(g) H2O(g) → H2O(l) 16CO2(g) + 18H2O(l) → 2C8H18(l) + 25O2(g) H2(g) → 2H(g) 8.4. e. e. are mixed in a beaker. c. ΔG° > 0 ΔH° < 0. Predict the signs of ΔH°. After the products have equilibrated with the surroundings. b. Which one of the following processes is exothermic? a. b.0 °C) is correct? a.5 kJ -1376.0 °C and the total volume is 50. c. c. Which of the following is not a state function? a. a. Data: 2Ba(s) + O2(g) → 2BaO(s) ΔH° = -1107. Which one of the following relationships concerning the change from initial to final states (both at 25. ΔS° < 0. c.0 °C. b. each of 25. b. calculate ΔH° for the reaction below. c. b.

ΔH > 0. the rate of appearance of C given by Δ[C]/Δt is the same as a. d. b. . b. Which of the following substances has the lowest standard molar entropy (S°) at 25°C? a.9 kJ and ΔS° = 321 J/K. d. When crystalline solid barium hydroxide octahydrate and crystalline solid ammonium nitrate are mixed in a beaker at room temperature. b. b. ΔH < 0.9.Δ S < 0 11.1º C none of the above Rate Processes in Chemical Reactions—Kinetics and Equilibrium 1. c. ΔH < 0. c.6º C 33. d. Sodium carbonate can be made by heating sodium hydrogen carbonate: 2NaHCO3(s) → Na2CO3(s) + CO2(g) + H2O(g) For this reaction. The temperature of the beaker contents rapidly falls to below 0º C.Δ S > 0 exothermic.6 K 401.Δ S < 0 endothermic. e. e. ΔH > 0. Use this information to decide whether the reaction is exothermic or endothermic and what the signs of ΔH and ΔS are. d.Δ S > 0 endothermic. c. CH3OH(l) CO(g) MgO(s) H2O(l) CaCO3(s) 10. At approximately what temperature will K = 1? a.1 K 33. e. For the overall hypothetical reaction A + 5B → 4C. a. 401. a spontaneous reaction occurs. e. ΔH° = 128. Δ[A]/Δt -(5/4)(Δ[B]/Δt) -(4/5)(Δ[B]/Δt) -(1/4)(Δ[A]/Δt) none of the above. ΔH < 0. endothermic.Δ S > 0 exothermic. c.

Consider the reaction A → products. providing a new reaction pathway for molecules. The initial rate of the reaction PCl5 → PCl3 + Cl2 is increased a factor of four when the concentration of PCl5 is doubled. increasing the activation energy for the reaction.7 x 10-2 s-1 2. the rate a. c. d. What is the value of the rate constant at 170°C? a. b. d. e. is fourth order with respect to PCl5. [A] plotted against time gives a horizontal. straight line. .2. e. c. b. ClO-(aq) + ClO-( aq)→ ClO2-(aq) + Cl-( aq) (slow) ClO2-(aq) + ClO-(aq) → ClO3-(aq) + Cl-(aq) (fast) Which rate law is consistent with this mechanism? a. is first order with respect to PCl3.0 x 10-2 s-1 none of the above 5. and the activation energy is 71 kJ/mol. 3. increasing the temperature of the molecules in the reaction. In [A] plotted against time gives a straight line of negative slope. c. A catalyst speeds up a reaction by a. 9. Which of the following plots is consistent with a zero-order reaction? a. is first order with respect to PCl5. rate = k[ClO-] rate = k [ClO-]3 rate = k [ClO2-][ClO-] rate = k [ClO-]2 rate = k [Cl-][ClO-]2 6. c. d. decreasing in magnitude as time increases 4.68 x 10-2 s-1 at 150°C. e. b. d.2 x 10-2 s-1 3. e. 1/[A] plotted against time gives a straight line of positive slope.49 s-1 4. is second order with respect to PCl5. depends on the concentrations of PCl3 and Cl2. increasing the number of high-energy molecules. The rate constant of a first-order reaction is 3. b. e. Therefore. [A] plotted against time gives a curved line of negative slope. b. [A] plotted against time gives a straight line of negative slope. d. increasing the number of collisions between molecules. The reaction 3ClO-(aq) → ClO3-(aq) + 2Cl-(aq) has been proposed to occur by the following mechanism. c.

[ClO3-] = 0. calculate the partial pressure of ammonia when equilibrium is reached. The system is at equilibrium. in mmHg? a.132 for the reaction: PCl5(g) ↔ PCl3(g) + Cl2(g) At equilibrium. the equilibrium constant Kc is 4. d.and Cl. Starting with equimolar quantities of H2 and I2 and no HI. when equilibrium was established. b. If 150 g of ammonium iodide is placed into a 3.88 atm 1.215.concentrations are not in the stoichiometric ratio. b. mmHg 300.32 mol/L. the partial pressures of both PCl5 and PCl3 are 100. How much H2 was used to start the reaction? a. c. Kp = 0. 0. . 0.0.23 mol 0.0 mol Need to know the volume of the reaction vessel. b.46 atm 0.2 atm 10.00-L vessel and heated to 400º C. c. Consider the equilibrium reaction: 3CIO-(aq) ↔ CIO3-(aq) + 2CI-(aq) The equilibrium constant Kc = 3. reaction will proceed right to left. c. e.50 mol/L. mmHg.24 mol/L. What is the total pressure of the equilibrium system. mmHg 332 mmHg 9. c.7. 8. e. in which direction will reaction proceed? a. d. Is the mixture at equilibrium and. if not. mmHg 200. mmHg 400. b. At a certain temperature the equilibrium constant Kp = 0. 0.20 moles of HI was present.11 atm 0. The system is not at equilibrium. e. d.22 atm 0. There is not enough information to tell. The system cannot reach equilibrium since the ClO3. Ammonium iodide dissociates reversibly to ammonia and hydrogen iodide: NH4I(s) ↔ NH3(g) + HI(g) At 400ºC.10 mol 0. The following concentrations are present: [Cl-] = 0. e. a. [ClO-] = 0.20 mol 4. d. reaction will proceed left to right.2 X 103. Consider the following gas-phase equilibrium: H2(g) + I2(g) ↔ 2HI(g) At a certain temperature. 100. The system is not at equilibrium.

c. the results will depend on what the amounts of each are. Consider the following reaction in the gas phase: H2 + I2 ↔ 2HI If the pressure increased by reducing the the volume of the flask. b. more HI will be produced. sodium iodide sodium(I) iodide sodium monoiodide sodious iodide sodium iodine 4. What is the name of NaI? a.11. c. a. Which of the following pairs of elements would be most likely to form an ionic compound? a. d. Which of the following combinations of names and formulas is incorrect? a. d. the equilibrium constant will change. P and Br Zn and K C and O Al and Rb F and Ca 3. b. e. d. b. e. b. b. the amount of HI will remain the same. c. c. Which of the following ions has an incorrect charge? a. N3Al3+ S2ClMg2- 2. e. e. d. more H2 and I2 will be produced. Solution Chemistry 1. d. c. e. H3PO4 phosphoric acid HNO3 nitric acid NaHCO3 sodium carbonate H2CO3 carbonic acid KOH potassium hydroxide .

1 x 10-12 M 2.1 x 10-6 mol 2. In qualitative analysis. e.4 x 10-8 M 2. Calculate the pH of a solution necessary to just begin the precipitation of Mg(OH)2 when [Mg2+] = 0. [Pb2+] = 8. What will the concentrations of Ag+ and Pb2+ be at equilibrium? (Ksp for AgCl = 1.7 x 10-4 M [Ag+] = 1. c.8 x 10-6 M 1.4 x 10-6 M 1. due to the formation of the complex ion Ag(NH3)2+.9 x 10-4 mol 0.8 x 10-11 M. b. How many moles of AgCl will dissolve in 1.0 x 10-5 mol/L 6.concentration is 0. b. c.001 M. Ksp for PbCl2 = 1.0 M sodium carbonate solution.2 x 10-5 mol/L 2. the metals of Ion Group 1 can be separated from other ions by precipitating them as chloride salts.5 x 10-6 M 9. [Pb2+] = 1. (Ksp for Ca3(PO4)2 = 1.3 x 10-6 mol/L 6.8 x 10-9 M. 8.10 M.00 L of solution containing 6.1 x 10-12) a. e. A solution initially contains Ag+ and Pb2+ at a concentration of 0. (Ksp for Ag2CO3 = 8. d. e.8 x 10-9 M.6 x 10-6 mol/L 7.084 mol 0.8 x 10-6 mol/L 8. b. Calculate the concentration of calcium ions in a saturated calcium phosphate solution.7 x 107) a.5 x 10-5 M [Ag+] = 1. Calculate the molar solubility of silver carbonate in 1.5.33 mol . d.0 x 10-4 M 7. [Pb2+] = 8. Aqueous HCl is added to this solution until the Cl. c.7 x 10-3 M [Ag+] = 1. 1.7 x 10-6 M [Ag+] = 1. 11 10 9 8 4 8. e.8 x 10-10) but it is soluble in aqueous ammonia. [Pb2+] = 1. c.0091 mol 0.3 X 10-26) a. [Pb2+] = 1.8 x 10-7 M. b.8 x 10-11 M.7 x 10-5) a. c.10 M.2 x 10-11) a. e. [Ag+] = 1. d.0 moles of free NH3? (Kf for Ag(NH3)2+ = 1. Silver chloride is relatively insoluble in water (Ksp for AgCl = 1. 9.8 x 10-10. (Ksp for Mg(OH)2 = 1. d. b. d.

00 g of a compound of molar mass 125 g/mol in 45.0 °C/m. Find the freezing point of a solution containing 3. 174. e. d. and its molal freezing-point constant. e. 9. d.08 x 10-7 mol/L 9. c.5%.1 x 10-3 7.1 °C 157. weaker acid + weaker base → stronger acid + stronger base weaker acid + stronger base → stronger acid + weaker base stronger acid + weaker base → weaker acid + stronger base stronger acid + stronger base → weaker acid + weaker base None of the above statements is always correct.4 °C.02 g 5.100 M HF solution. 0.6 x 10-4 9.5 x 10-2 1.10.00 x 10-14 mol/L 4. e.81 g 5.92 x 10-7 mol/L 2. b. a.181 g 1.389. d. c. Calculate the Ka for HF based on this data. c. the percent dissociation is determined to be 9. b. e. d.1 °C 135. 1. c.0 g of camphor. The freezing point of pure camphor is 178.0880 M solution? a. What is the mass of C12H22O11 in 60.28 g none of the above 11.0 mL of 0. In a 0. Calculate the hydroxide ion concentration of a solution if its pH is 6. d. a. c.4 °C 11. 3.2 °C 140. b. Kf is 40. b. Which of the following is a correct description of the natural direction of a BrønstedLowry acid-base reaction? a.0 x 10-3 3. a. b.5 x 10-4 . e.6 °C Acids and Bases 1.45 x 10-8 mol/L none of the above 2.

12 2. Which statement is correct? a. d. Water serves as a Lewis acid in the forward reaction and methylammonium ion serves as a Lewis base in the reverse reaction. Water serves as a Lewis base in the forward reaction and the hydroxide ion serves as a Lewis base in the reverse reaction. Select the correct description of this reaction in terms of Lewis acid-base theory.67 8. 8. c. Methylamine serves as a Lewis acid in the forward reaction and methylammonium ion serves as a Lewis base in the reverse reaction. b. H2O is a stronger acid than HF. e. HCl and H+ HSO4. H2SO4 is a stronger acid than H2SeO4.→ Al(OH)2O. Methylamine serves as a Lewis base in the forward reaction and hydroxide ion serves as a Lewis base in the reverse reaction. c.→ Al(OH)3 6. e. HClO2 is a stronger acid than HClO4. What is the pH of a solution prepared from 0. Methylamine serves as a Lewis base in the forward reaction and hydroxide ion serves as a Lewis acid in the reverse reaction.92 11. b. .250 mol of NH3 dissolved in sufficient water to make 1.8 x 10-5) a. d. c.4. Consider the reaction CH3NH2 + H2O → CH3NH3+ + OHwhere CH3NH2 is methylamine and CH3NH3+ is the methylammonium ion. d. e.is a stronger acid than H2S. e.33 13. Consider each of the following pairs of acids. HS. Which of the following reactions illustrate Al(OH)3 acting as a Lewis acid? a. b. d. a. 2. c.00 L of solution? (Kb = 1.+ H2O Al(OH)3 + OH. d.40 5. Al(OH)3 → Al3+ + 3OHAl(OH)3 + OH.and SO42H2SO4 and HSO4H2O and OHNH3 and NH2- 7. b. c.→ Al(OH)4Al(OH)3 + 3H+ → Al3+ + 3H2O Al3+ + 3OH. b. Which of the following pairs of species is not a conjugate acid-base pair? a. H2S is a stronger acid than H2Se. e.

The pH at the midpoint of the buffer region is 4. c. d. What is the pH of a buffer prepared by adding 180 mL of 0. b.5. What is the Ka of the acid? a.0 4.1000 M KOH.0 11. 3.74 5. Which of the following statements is incorrect? a.2 x 10-10 1. e. d. a.00 mL of HBr. 2.0 x 10-7 4. Aluminum metal would form at the cathode during the electrolysis of molten AlBr3. e. is titrated with NaOH solution. d. c. d. HA. Fe3+ (1M)lPt What is the balanced equation for the cell reaction? a.100 M acetic acid? (Ka for CH3COOH = 1.04 5. b. Consider the following notation for an electrochemical cell ZnlZn2+ (1M)llFe2+ (1M).0 7. e. Electrons flow from the anode to the cathode in all electrochemical cells. e.9. b. b. Zn(s) + 2Fe3+(aq) → 2Fe2+(aq) + Zn2+(aq) Zn2+(aq) + 2Fe2+(aq) → Zn(s) + 2Fe3+(aq) Zn(s) + 2Fe2+(aq) → 2Fe3+(aq) + Zn2+(aq) Zn(s) + Fe3+(aq) → Fe2+(aq) + Zn2+(aq) Zn(s) + Fe2+(aq) → Fe(s) + Zn2+(aq) .70 10. d.0 3. c. The cathode is labeled "+" in a voltaic cell.8 x 10-5) a. In an electrolytic cell. Consider the titration of 50. b.00 mL of the base has been added to the 50. Oxidation occurs at the anode in a voltaic cell.34 4. e. 3. Calculate the pH after 49. An aqueous solution of a weak acid.8 x 10-3 7. c.0 6.100 M NaOH to 200 mL of 0.00 mL of 0. 2.2 x 10-5 3. c.5 Electrochemistry 1.79 4.1000 M HBr with 0. reduction occurs at the anode.

25 V Cr+3(aq) + 3e. 2Al+3(aq) + 3Cd+2(aq) → 2Al(s) + 3Cd(s) E°cell = 2. Consider the following half-reactions and select the strongest oxidizing agent present: Sr2+(aq) + 2e. d. c. c.31 g 5.→ Cd(s) E° = -0. and calculate the standard cell potential.→ Ni(s) E° = -0.→ Co(s) E° = -0.→ Cr(s) E° = -0.3. e. b. b.00 A for 2. E°cell. e. E°cell = 0. Anions in solution will migrate toward the Ni+2/Ni electrode.395 g 0. Consider the following two electrode reactions and their standard electrode potentials: Al+3(aq) + 3e.913 V Co2+(aq) + 2e.99 V 6.26 V 2Al+3(aq) + 3Cd(s) → 2Al(s) + 3Cd+2(aq) E°cell = 2. e.26 V 2Al(s) + 3Cd+2(aq) → 2Al+3(aq) + 3Cd(s) E°cell = 3. The direction of electron flow through the external wire is from the Ni to the Cr electrode.→ Sr(s) E° = -2. a. a.78V 2Al+3(aq) + 3Cd(s) → 2Al(s) + 3Cd+2(aq) E°cell = 1. c. c.40 V Write the cell reaction for a voltaic cell based on these two electrodes.→ Al (s) E° = -1. Cr serves as the cathode. how many grams of Cu could be plated out of a CuSO4 solution at a current of 5.89 V Cr2+(aq) + 2e.66 V Cd+2(aq) + 2e. In an electrolytic cell. d. A voltaic cell is based on the following two half-reactions: Ni+2(aq) + 2e.74 V Sketch the cell and then select the correct statement about it. b.00 min? (F = 96500 C/mol) a.198 g 5. b. d. Cr2+(aq) Sr2+(aq) Co2+(aq) Sr(s) Co(s) 4. d.28 V a.10 V 2Al(s) + 3Cd+2(aq) → 2Al+3(aq) + 3Cd(s) E°cell = 1.329 x 10-3 g 0.10 V . The net cell reaction is 3Ni+2(aq) + 2Cr(s) → 3Ni(s) + 2Cr+3(aq) e.→ Cr(s) E° = -0. 318 g 0.

d. linked by a KCl salt bridge: (a) an Fe electrode in 1.00 min. c.0 M Ni(NO3)2 solution Use the table of standard electrode potentials in your textbook to decide which one of the following statements is correct. H2. H+ Cu. b.48 A 9. the cathode increased in mass by 2.→ 2H2O(l) E° = +1. Zn + Cd2+ → Cd + Zn2+ Al + 3/2Br2 → Al3+ + 3Br2Al3+ + 3Fe → 2Al + 3Fe2+ H2 + I2 → 2H+ + 2I2H2 + O2 → 2H2O .→ Au(s) + 4Cl-(aq) a. What was the current in amperes? (F = 96500 C/mol) Cathode half-reaction: AuCl4-(aq) + 3e. rather than a voltaic cell? a. b.→ Cu(s) E° = +0. A constant current was passed through a solution of KAuCl4 between gold electrodes.23 V Cu2+(aq) + 2e.→ H2(g) E° = 0. The iron electrode will gain mass when current flows. Electrons flow from the iron electrode to the nickel electrode.664 g. a. e. H2O H2SO3. d.52 A 3. O2. H2 H2.→ H2SO3(aq) + H2O(l) E° = 0.00 V a. The iron electrode is positively charged. d. d. H2SO3. H2O.26 A 2.7. e. c. H+ Cu. H+ 8. The Ni electrode is the anode. O2(g) + 4H+(aq) + 4e. O2.20 V 2H+(aq) + 2e. b. The salt bridge conducts electrons through solution. c. Over a period of 20.17 A 6.34 V SO42-(aq) + 4H+(aq) + 2e. Which one of the following reactions must be carried out in an electrolytic cell. e. 10. b.08 A 3. 1. e. A voltaic cell is constructed from the following half-cells.0 M FeCl2 solution (b) a Ni electrode in 1. c. O2. Use the following standard electrode potentials to predict the species formed at the electrodes in the electrolysis of aqueous CuSO4.

54 minutes 23. c.800 g of silver metal onto a serving tray from an aqueous solution of AgNO3 at a current of 2.11. d.77 minutes 9.8 minutes .50 A? (F = 96500 C/mol) a.38 minutes 4. How many minutes does it take to plate 0. < 2 minutes 2. e. b.

(c) 5. (c) 5. (c) 4. (a) 4. (c) 3. (b) 7. (c) 9. (d) 11. (c) 6. (b) Bonding 1. (e) 2. (e) 3.General Chemistry Answers Electronic Structure and Periodic Table 1. (c) 8. (d) 2. (a) 9. (c) 6. (e) . (a) 8. (a) 10. (b) 7.

(c) 8. (b) 3. (e) 2. (c) 5. (d) 8. (d) 7.10. (b) 11. (c) 4. (d) 10. (c) 6. (b) 2. (d) Phases and Phase Equilibria 1. (e) 3. (b) 7. (c) 6. (a) 5. (c) 9. (b) 4. (c) 9. (d) . (e) Stoichiometry 1.

(b) . (d) 11. (d) 9. (d) 2. (c) 9. (d) 6. (e) 7. (a) Rate Processes in Chemical Reactions—Kinetics and Equilibrium 1. (a) 11. (c) 8. (c) Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry 1.10. (c) 3. (c) 6. (d) 7. (c) 2. (c) 3. (a) 5. (c) 10. (d) 4. (c) 8. (d) 5. (d) 4.

(a) 4. (e) 2. (b) Acids and Bases 1. (e) 10. (c) 7. (d) 9. (e) . (c) 6. (b) 11. (b) 8. (d) 2.10. (e) 9. (b) 11. (d) Solution Chemistry 1. (c) 5. (d) 3. (a) 7. (d) 5. (e) 3. (b) 8. (d) 6. (b) 4.

(b) 8. (b) 9. (c) 4. (c) . (a) 3.10. (d) 5. (b) 10. (b) 11. (c) 11. (b) 7. (d) 6. (a) Electrochemistry 1. (a) 2.