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Electronic Structure and Periodic Table 1. What value or values of ml are allowable for an orbital with l = 2? a. b. c. d. e. 0 2 -1 none of the above all of the above
2. According to Bohr Theory, which of the following transitions in the hydrogen atom will give rise to the least energetic photon? Use the equation: En = (-2.18 x 10-18 J)(1/n2) a. b. c. d. e. n = 5 to n = 3 n = 6 to n = 1 n = 4 to n = 3 n = 5 to n = 4 n = 6 to n = 5
3. Consider a 3dxz orbital. Which of the following statements is incorrect? a. The xz plane is a nodal surface. b. The xz plane divides the electron probability distribution into two identical mirror-image halves. c. The xy plane divides the electron probability distribution into two identical mirror-image halves. d. The yz plane divides the electron probability distribution into two identical mirror-image halves. e. The nucleus is located at a node. 4. The electronic configuration of the element whose atomic number is 26 is: a. b. c. d. e. 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s0 3d8 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d6 4s2 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d6 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d4 4p2 none of the above
5. Which of the following has the largest radius? a. b. c. d. e. F N C O Ne
6. Which of the following elements has the largest ionization energy? a. b. c. d. e. Na Ne F K Rb
7. Which of the following has the greatest electron affinity (most negative value)? a. b. c. d. e. Cl K He Na Rb
8. Which of the following species is not isolectronic with any of the others? a. b. c. d. e. V3+ Ca2+ Ar ClS2-
9. In Bohr's model of the hydrogen atom, the radius of an orbit a. b. c. d. e. is proportional to n2. is smallest for the highest energy state. increases when a photon of light is emitted from an excited atom. can have any value that is larger than the ground-state radius. none of the above
10. Which of the following atoms is not a one-electron system? a. b. c. d. e. H He+ Li2+ Be2+ O7+
11. Which of the following statements about periodic properties is incorrect? a. b. c. d. e. Both electron affinity and ionization energy decrease down a group. Atomic size increases to the right across a period. Ionization energy increases to the right across a period. Atomic size increases down a group. Electron affinity increases to the right across a period.
In which of the following processes does the enthalpy change (ΔH) directly represent the magnitude of the lattice energy of KCl(s)? a. c. e. Order the following by increasing bond strength: N≡N. Which of the following is not planar? a. N≡N. d. N≡N N=N. PH3 NH3 HF H2S CH4 5. Which one of the following is most likely to be an ionic compound? a. b. d. d. c. c. e. N=N. N=N. N-N a. Which of the following compounds has the greatest bond polarity? a. b. N-N 4. e. e. c. e. BCl3 ClF3 PCl3 XeF4 C2H4 . b. N=N. N-N. N-N. b. HNF2 H2CO N2H4 CaCl2 CH3Cl 2. N≡N N=N. c. N-N N≡N. d. N≡N. Cl2(g) + 2K(s) → 2KCl(s) KCl(s) → K+(aq) + Cl-(aq) KCl(s) → K+(g) + Cl-(g) KCl(s) → K(s) + Cl-(g) KCl(s) → K(s) + Cl(g) 3. d.Bonding 1. b. N=N N-N.
109° 109°. how many electrons occupy delocalized MOs? a. In the molecular orbital description of bonding in benzene (C6H6). b. In a carbon-carbon triple bond. d. two 2py overlapping and two 2pz overlapping an sp and sp2 overlapping and 2p orbitals overlapping an sp2 and sp2 overlapping and 2p orbitals overlapping 8. d. d. c. e. Use VSEPR theory to predict the ideal bond angles around the two carbon atoms in acetaldehyde.) a. c. the second carbon has single bonds to C and H. CH3CHO. 109° 120°. 109°. 105° 7. In which of the following species is the octet rule violated by the central atom? a. e. c. and a double bond to O. what is the nature of the bonding between the carbons? a. b. SiH4 BF3 NH3 BrF3 PCl5 9. CH4 SF4 PCl4+ SO2 NH3 . 120° 120°. c.6. Which of the following molecules has sp3 hybridization and a dipole moment? a. c. d. e. 2 3 4 5 6 10. b. b. e. two 2s orbitals overlapping two 2p orbitals overlapping two sp orbitals overlapping. e. d. (The first carbon has single bonds to three H atoms and one C atom. b. 90° 105°.
7 atm 9.4 atm 38. 2.27 mol CO2. c. d. Determine the internal gas pressure when the tank and its contents are heated to 100 °C. high temperatures and high pressures high temperatures and low pressures low temperatures and high pressures low temperatures and low pressures high volumes and low temperatures 4.04 mol CO. e. e. b.2 atm 1. c.7 atm 0. Phases and Phase Equilibria 1. a. 3.50 mol Ar. What is the partial pressure of Ar? a. a.00 L vessel at 25 °C. The number of electron dots in the Lewis symbol for an element equals the a.6 atm 7. d. c. 238 mm Hg 302 mm Hg 356 mm Hg 1753 mm Hg 8018 mm Hg . e. b.11.5 atm 3. number of electrons needed to fill the outermost p orbital. A steel tank contains carbon dioxide at 34 °C and is at a pressure of 13. A mixture of three gases has a pressure of 1380 mmHg at at 298 K. and 1.55 mol of NH3 gas in a 2. d. Deviations from the ideal gas law are less at: a. number of outermost s electrons. number of outermost s and p electrons. b. 10. Calculate the pressure of 0. e.8 atm 3.9 atm 15. b.5 atm 6.0 atm.4 atm 2. e. period number that contains the element. d. c. d. b. c. The mixture is analyzed and is found to contain 1. using the ideal gas law. number of outermost p electrons.
Which of the following carbon compounds has the highest melting point? a. ionic bonds and covalent bonds. d. c. c. e. the relationship between the boiling point. 10. e. it is rather dense. covalent bonds and hydrogen bonds. Which of the following exhibits the most hydrogen bonding? a. b. e. 9.5. the point on a phase diagram where solid. d. CH3CH2OH CH3NH2 H2O NH2OH (CH3) 3N . an end to the liquid-gas line in a phase diagram. c. d. The triple point is a. c. liquid. the O-H single bond has a high bond energy. b. Which of the following is not likely to exhibit hydrogen bonding? a.V. it has many relatively strong hydrogen bonds. the (P. b. e. e. c. b. it has such a low molecular weight. covalent bonds and dipole-dipole interactions. LiH CH4 NH3 H2S CH2F2 6. covalent bonds and ionic bonds. melting point and vapor pressure of a substance. and gas are in equilibrium. b. it dissolves both ionic and covalent compounds. Water has such a high specific heat because a. b. c. 8. d. d. d. e. hydrogen bonds and dipole-dipole interactions.T) coordinate of a point on a phase diagram. CF4 CCl4 CBr4 CI4 CH4 7. The main forces responsible for the structure of DNA are a. the three pieces of data needed to solve the Clausius-Clapeyron equation.
d.7 g of ZnCl2? a. C9H8O4? a. b. This equation is unbalanced: PCl3 + H2O → H3PO3 + HCl When it is correctly balanced. b. c.3 none of the above . c.02 x 1023 mol 4.Stoichiometry 1. b. Determine the number of moles of aluminum in 2.1.35 g 0.1. e. A compound with a composition of 87.1. the coefficients are. b. a.783 mol 3. e.3. NH2 N2H3 NH N2H2 N2H 5.17 g 10.1. What is the mass of one mole of acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin).2.801 mol 8. 1. 5816 mol 7. c.32 g 4. 29 g 108 g 196 g 180.3 1. c. g none of the above 2. What is the empirical formula for this compound? a.3 2. respectively a. b. d.5 % H was recently discovered.154 x 10-1 kg of Al. e. d.3. d.5 % N and 12. How many grams of zinc are there in 22.984 mol 6.9 g 1476 g 0.3. 0. e. d. c.1 1. e.
Au NaCN O2 H2O There is no limiting reactant.0 mL sample of an element with a density of 3. d.05 0. 0.2 0. %. Given 6 mol of each reactant. 300 40 60 90 none of the above 10. e.42 mol 4. b.3 0. c.0 g/mL contains 4 x 1023 atoms.1 0. e. In the direct reaction of silicon with Cl2 the yield of SiCl4 is 50.6. b.4 9.3 mol 16. b. d. e.8 mol 9. b. d. d. d. c. What is the atomic weight of this element? a. b.4 g 2. c. 1. In the reaction of Fe3O4 with carbon to form carbon dioxide and iron.6 g 17 g 28 g 8.4 mol aluminum? Equation: 4Al + 3O2 → 2Al2O3 a. 7. e. e.8 g 5.24 mol 0. How many grams of silicon must be reacted with excess chlorine in order to obtain 17 g SiCl4? a. c. How many moles of oxygen gas will react with 12. the number of moles of carbon required to convert 23 g of Fe3O4 to products is a. which one would be limiting in the following reaction? 4Au + 8NaCN + O2 + 2H2O → 4NaAu(CN)2 + 4NaOH a. c. 0. A 20.8 mol .
Reaction (1) is exothermic. 2.3 kJ none of the above . b. -74. b. -393. Balance the following redox equation occurring in aqueous solution: KMnO4 + KCl + H2SO4 → MnSO4 + K2SO4 + H2O + Cl2 What is the stoichiometric coefficient for chlorine (Cl2) when the equation is balanced with smallest whole number coefficients? a. ΔH for the reaction: H2O(l) → H2O(g) is + 44 kJ/mol. c. H2O(l). c.5 °C to 84 °C? a. What is the amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of 8.2 kJ 890. CO2(g). b.0 x 103 kJ 36 J 2. Using the ΔH°f data above. The energy content of H2O(g) is lower than H2O(l). Reaction (2) is the formation reaction for H2O(l).5 x 106 kJ 25 kJ 3.8 kJ. d.11. 3. c. b. 1 3 5 8 10 Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry 1.5 kg of water from 12. Data: (1) H2(g) + ½O2(g) → H2O(g) ΔH = -241. calculate ΔH°rxn for the reaction below.5 kJ.5 x 103 kJ 2. Reaction: CH4(g) + 2O2(g) → CO2(g) + 2H2O(l) a.8 kJ.3 kJ -997. e. d. which of the following statements is false? a. e. -604. e. The reverse of reaction (2) is endothermic. d. d. c. Data: ΔH°f values: CH4(g).7 kJ -890.8 kJ (2) H2(g) + ½O2(g) → H2O(l) ΔH = -285.8 kJ On the basis of the above data. e. -285.
the temperature is again 25. ΔH° > 0. No gases are involved in the reaction.0 kJ -284. c. ΔS° > 0. A reaction occurs between them.0 mL. d. ΔG° > 0 ΔH° > 0.4. Which of the following is not a state function? a. d. e. Data: 2Ba(s) + O2(g) → 2BaO(s) ΔH° = -1107. d. d. e. c.0 °C.0 kJ 537 kJ 5. ΔE = 0 ΔH = 0 ΔE < 0 w=0 q=0 7. ΔG° < 0 ΔH° > 0.0 kJ Ba(s) + CO2(g) + ½O2(g) → BaCO3(s) ΔH° = -822. e. causing the temperature to drop to 20. Predict the signs of ΔH°.0 °C and the total volume is 50. c. a.5 kJ 269. Which one of the following relationships concerning the change from initial to final states (both at 25. ΔS°. Reaction: BaCO3(s) → BaO(s) + CO2(g) a. Two solutions (the system). calculate ΔH° for the reaction below. ΔS° > 0. ΔG° < 0 none of the above . ΔS° < 0. ΔS° < 0. d. b. After the products have equilibrated with the surroundings. e. b. ΔE ΔH q P V 6.5 kJ Given the data above. -1929. are mixed in a beaker. ΔG° > 0 ΔH° < 0. e.0 mL volume and at 25. c.5 kJ -1376. b. and ΔG° for the vaporization of liquid water at 150°C. H2(l) → H2(g) CO2(s) → CO2(g) H2O(g) → H2O(l) 16CO2(g) + 18H2O(l) → 2C8H18(l) + 25O2(g) H2(g) → 2H(g) 8. Which one of the following processes is exothermic? a.0 °C. c.0 °C) is correct? a. b. each of 25. b.
. a spontaneous reaction occurs. b. e. ΔH < 0.9 kJ and ΔS° = 321 J/K. ΔH > 0. e. The temperature of the beaker contents rapidly falls to below 0º C. Δ[A]/Δt -(5/4)(Δ[B]/Δt) -(4/5)(Δ[B]/Δt) -(1/4)(Δ[A]/Δt) none of the above.1 K 33. ΔH > 0. When crystalline solid barium hydroxide octahydrate and crystalline solid ammonium nitrate are mixed in a beaker at room temperature. ΔH < 0. b. a. Sodium carbonate can be made by heating sodium hydrogen carbonate: 2NaHCO3(s) → Na2CO3(s) + CO2(g) + H2O(g) For this reaction.Δ S > 0 endothermic. d.1º C none of the above Rate Processes in Chemical Reactions—Kinetics and Equilibrium 1. c. Use this information to decide whether the reaction is exothermic or endothermic and what the signs of ΔH and ΔS are. d.6º C 33. b. b. d. Which of the following substances has the lowest standard molar entropy (S°) at 25°C? a.9. CH3OH(l) CO(g) MgO(s) H2O(l) CaCO3(s) 10. For the overall hypothetical reaction A + 5B → 4C. ΔH° = 128. e. e. c.Δ S < 0 endothermic. endothermic. c. the rate of appearance of C given by Δ[C]/Δt is the same as a. 401.Δ S > 0 exothermic.Δ S > 0 exothermic.6 K 401. c. At approximately what temperature will K = 1? a. ΔH < 0. d.Δ S < 0 11.
increasing the temperature of the molecules in the reaction. rate = k[ClO-] rate = k [ClO-]3 rate = k [ClO2-][ClO-] rate = k [ClO-]2 rate = k [Cl-][ClO-]2 6. The rate constant of a first-order reaction is 3. c. the rate a. c.68 x 10-2 s-1 at 150°C. is second order with respect to PCl5. b.49 s-1 4. is first order with respect to PCl3. decreasing in magnitude as time increases 4. 1/[A] plotted against time gives a straight line of positive slope. straight line. increasing the number of collisions between molecules. c. c. b. d. providing a new reaction pathway for molecules. 9.2. A catalyst speeds up a reaction by a. Therefore.7 x 10-2 s-1 2. d. [A] plotted against time gives a curved line of negative slope. increasing the activation energy for the reaction. c. d. increasing the number of high-energy molecules. is first order with respect to PCl5. b. b. e. d. e. is fourth order with respect to PCl5. Which of the following plots is consistent with a zero-order reaction? a. e. . In [A] plotted against time gives a straight line of negative slope. depends on the concentrations of PCl3 and Cl2. ClO-(aq) + ClO-( aq)→ ClO2-(aq) + Cl-( aq) (slow) ClO2-(aq) + ClO-(aq) → ClO3-(aq) + Cl-(aq) (fast) Which rate law is consistent with this mechanism? a.2 x 10-2 s-1 3. The reaction 3ClO-(aq) → ClO3-(aq) + 2Cl-(aq) has been proposed to occur by the following mechanism. What is the value of the rate constant at 170°C? a. [A] plotted against time gives a straight line of negative slope. and the activation energy is 71 kJ/mol. d. 3. The initial rate of the reaction PCl5 → PCl3 + Cl2 is increased a factor of four when the concentration of PCl5 is doubled. e. e.0 x 10-2 s-1 none of the above 5. b. Consider the reaction A → products. [A] plotted against time gives a horizontal.
c. What is the total pressure of the equilibrium system. b. e. Ammonium iodide dissociates reversibly to ammonia and hydrogen iodide: NH4I(s) ↔ NH3(g) + HI(g) At 400ºC.215. the equilibrium constant Kc is 4. The system is at equilibrium. At a certain temperature the equilibrium constant Kp = 0. The system cannot reach equilibrium since the ClO3. b. calculate the partial pressure of ammonia when equilibrium is reached. e. in mmHg? a. b. 100. in which direction will reaction proceed? a. [ClO3-] = 0. If 150 g of ammonium iodide is placed into a 3.46 atm 0. reaction will proceed left to right.50 mol/L.88 atm 1.20 mol 4.32 mol/L. d. c. Is the mixture at equilibrium and. e. Kp = 0.0. 0. mmHg 200. There is not enough information to tell. . d.132 for the reaction: PCl5(g) ↔ PCl3(g) + Cl2(g) At equilibrium. 0. The following concentrations are present: [Cl-] = 0. mmHg 332 mmHg 9.23 mol 0. The system is not at equilibrium. Consider the equilibrium reaction: 3CIO-(aq) ↔ CIO3-(aq) + 2CI-(aq) The equilibrium constant Kc = 3. Consider the following gas-phase equilibrium: H2(g) + I2(g) ↔ 2HI(g) At a certain temperature.0 mol Need to know the volume of the reaction vessel. a. b. mmHg. e. if not. The system is not at equilibrium. d.concentrations are not in the stoichiometric ratio.and Cl. d.11 atm 0.10 mol 0. reaction will proceed right to left. 0. the partial pressures of both PCl5 and PCl3 are 100.20 moles of HI was present. 8.7.22 atm 0. mmHg 400.00-L vessel and heated to 400º C. c. c.2 X 103. [ClO-] = 0. mmHg 300.24 mol/L.2 atm 10. Starting with equimolar quantities of H2 and I2 and no HI. when equilibrium was established. How much H2 was used to start the reaction? a.
d. What is the name of NaI? a. e. P and Br Zn and K C and O Al and Rb F and Ca 3. Which of the following combinations of names and formulas is incorrect? a. d. c. b. d. b. b. the equilibrium constant will change. e. c. Which of the following pairs of elements would be most likely to form an ionic compound? a. c. Which of the following ions has an incorrect charge? a. H3PO4 phosphoric acid HNO3 nitric acid NaHCO3 sodium carbonate H2CO3 carbonic acid KOH potassium hydroxide . e. the results will depend on what the amounts of each are.11. b. c. a. N3Al3+ S2ClMg2- 2. e. more H2 and I2 will be produced. sodium iodide sodium(I) iodide sodium monoiodide sodious iodide sodium iodine 4. c. e. d. the amount of HI will remain the same. b. more HI will be produced. Solution Chemistry 1. Consider the following reaction in the gas phase: H2 + I2 ↔ 2HI If the pressure increased by reducing the the volume of the flask. d.
(Ksp for Ag2CO3 = 8. 8.5.0091 mol 0.2 x 10-11) a. b.9 x 10-4 mol 0. e.8 x 10-9 M. (Ksp for Ca3(PO4)2 = 1. [Pb2+] = 1. 9. b.00 L of solution containing 6. 11 10 9 8 4 8.8 x 10-9 M. [Pb2+] = 1.5 x 10-5 M [Ag+] = 1.concentration is 0.1 x 10-12) a. d. b. c.5 x 10-6 M 9.1 x 10-6 mol 2. e.6 x 10-6 mol/L 7.4 x 10-8 M 2. Calculate the pH of a solution necessary to just begin the precipitation of Mg(OH)2 when [Mg2+] = 0. e. Ksp for PbCl2 = 1.2 x 10-5 mol/L 2.8 x 10-6 mol/L 8. d. b. d.8 x 10-6 M 1.0 x 10-4 M 7. Calculate the concentration of calcium ions in a saturated calcium phosphate solution. c. d.0 moles of free NH3? (Kf for Ag(NH3)2+ = 1. c.0 M sodium carbonate solution.7 x 10-5) a.1 x 10-12 M 2. the metals of Ion Group 1 can be separated from other ions by precipitating them as chloride salts. Calculate the molar solubility of silver carbonate in 1. e. A solution initially contains Ag+ and Pb2+ at a concentration of 0.8 x 10-11 M.8 x 10-10) but it is soluble in aqueous ammonia.7 x 10-6 M [Ag+] = 1. 1.001 M.4 x 10-6 M 1. How many moles of AgCl will dissolve in 1.084 mol 0.7 x 107) a.10 M.10 M. e. (Ksp for Mg(OH)2 = 1.3 X 10-26) a. Aqueous HCl is added to this solution until the Cl.33 mol . due to the formation of the complex ion Ag(NH3)2+. In qualitative analysis. [Pb2+] = 1.7 x 10-3 M [Ag+] = 1. Silver chloride is relatively insoluble in water (Ksp for AgCl = 1. d.7 x 10-4 M [Ag+] = 1. b. c. [Pb2+] = 8. What will the concentrations of Ag+ and Pb2+ be at equilibrium? (Ksp for AgCl = 1. c. [Pb2+] = 8.8 x 10-11 M.0 x 10-5 mol/L 6.8 x 10-7 M. [Ag+] = 1.8 x 10-10.3 x 10-6 mol/L 6.
b.181 g 1. b.4 °C 11.92 x 10-7 mol/L 2. e. weaker acid + weaker base → stronger acid + stronger base weaker acid + stronger base → stronger acid + weaker base stronger acid + weaker base → weaker acid + stronger base stronger acid + stronger base → weaker acid + weaker base None of the above statements is always correct.4 °C.1 x 10-3 7. Calculate the Ka for HF based on this data.0 x 10-3 3. e. 174. In a 0.45 x 10-8 mol/L none of the above 2.6 x 10-4 9. 1. Which of the following is a correct description of the natural direction of a BrønstedLowry acid-base reaction? a.10. c. d. e. 3. What is the mass of C12H22O11 in 60. b.1 °C 135.02 g 5. Kf is 40. e. 9. and its molal freezing-point constant.5 x 10-4 . c. e. Find the freezing point of a solution containing 3. c. c. c.0 mL of 0.00 g of a compound of molar mass 125 g/mol in 45.0880 M solution? a.0 °C/m.389.28 g none of the above 11.1 °C 157. The freezing point of pure camphor is 178. d. a.81 g 5.5 x 10-2 1. a. d.6 °C Acids and Bases 1. d. a. Calculate the hydroxide ion concentration of a solution if its pH is 6. 0.00 x 10-14 mol/L 4. b. the percent dissociation is determined to be 9. b.5%.100 M HF solution. d.08 x 10-7 mol/L 9.0 g of camphor.2 °C 140.
33 13. b. e. c. Methylamine serves as a Lewis acid in the forward reaction and methylammonium ion serves as a Lewis base in the reverse reaction. 8.is a stronger acid than H2S.4.250 mol of NH3 dissolved in sufficient water to make 1.→ Al(OH)3 6. b. Consider each of the following pairs of acids. d. e. HCl and H+ HSO4. H2S is a stronger acid than H2Se.00 L of solution? (Kb = 1. d.12 2.92 11.8 x 10-5) a. Methylamine serves as a Lewis base in the forward reaction and hydroxide ion serves as a Lewis acid in the reverse reaction. b.67 8. b. What is the pH of a solution prepared from 0. H2SO4 is a stronger acid than H2SeO4.and SO42H2SO4 and HSO4H2O and OHNH3 and NH2- 7. Al(OH)3 → Al3+ + 3OHAl(OH)3 + OH.→ Al(OH)4Al(OH)3 + 3H+ → Al3+ + 3H2O Al3+ + 3OH. e. Water serves as a Lewis base in the forward reaction and the hydroxide ion serves as a Lewis base in the reverse reaction.+ H2O Al(OH)3 + OH. 2. Which of the following reactions illustrate Al(OH)3 acting as a Lewis acid? a. H2O is a stronger acid than HF. e. HS. Water serves as a Lewis acid in the forward reaction and methylammonium ion serves as a Lewis base in the reverse reaction. . d. a. Methylamine serves as a Lewis base in the forward reaction and hydroxide ion serves as a Lewis base in the reverse reaction. c. Select the correct description of this reaction in terms of Lewis acid-base theory. c. c. b. c.→ Al(OH)2O. d. Which of the following pairs of species is not a conjugate acid-base pair? a.40 5. d. Which statement is correct? a. e. Consider the reaction CH3NH2 + H2O → CH3NH3+ + OHwhere CH3NH2 is methylamine and CH3NH3+ is the methylammonium ion. HClO2 is a stronger acid than HClO4.
b. HA. c. The pH at the midpoint of the buffer region is 4. Zn(s) + 2Fe3+(aq) → 2Fe2+(aq) + Zn2+(aq) Zn2+(aq) + 2Fe2+(aq) → Zn(s) + 2Fe3+(aq) Zn(s) + 2Fe2+(aq) → 2Fe3+(aq) + Zn2+(aq) Zn(s) + Fe3+(aq) → Fe2+(aq) + Zn2+(aq) Zn(s) + Fe2+(aq) → Fe(s) + Zn2+(aq) . Fe3+ (1M)lPt What is the balanced equation for the cell reaction? a. Consider the titration of 50. What is the Ka of the acid? a.04 5. d. e. Which of the following statements is incorrect? a. Oxidation occurs at the anode in a voltaic cell. e. Calculate the pH after 49.100 M NaOH to 200 mL of 0.00 mL of the base has been added to the 50.0 3.9.100 M acetic acid? (Ka for CH3COOH = 1.2 x 10-10 1. e. In an electrolytic cell.70 10. e.00 mL of HBr.5. d. a. b. Aluminum metal would form at the cathode during the electrolysis of molten AlBr3.34 4.0 11.5 Electrochemistry 1. What is the pH of a buffer prepared by adding 180 mL of 0. is titrated with NaOH solution.1000 M KOH. e.8 x 10-5) a. 2.79 4. c. b. c. Electrons flow from the anode to the cathode in all electrochemical cells. 3.0 4.0 6. Consider the following notation for an electrochemical cell ZnlZn2+ (1M)llFe2+ (1M).2 x 10-5 3.0 7.0 x 10-7 4. The cathode is labeled "+" in a voltaic cell. d. d. b.8 x 10-3 7. 3.1000 M HBr with 0. An aqueous solution of a weak acid. reduction occurs at the anode.00 mL of 0. c. b. d. c.74 5. 2.
25 V Cr+3(aq) + 3e. c.89 V Cr2+(aq) + 2e. and calculate the standard cell potential.→ Al (s) E° = -1.→ Sr(s) E° = -2.00 A for 2. The net cell reaction is 3Ni+2(aq) + 2Cr(s) → 3Ni(s) + 2Cr+3(aq) e.26 V 2Al(s) + 3Cd+2(aq) → 2Al+3(aq) + 3Cd(s) E°cell = 3. d. b. Cr serves as the cathode.10 V .74 V Sketch the cell and then select the correct statement about it. Consider the following half-reactions and select the strongest oxidizing agent present: Sr2+(aq) + 2e.78V 2Al+3(aq) + 3Cd(s) → 2Al(s) + 3Cd+2(aq) E°cell = 1.3. c. 318 g 0. a. c.→ Cr(s) E° = -0.→ Co(s) E° = -0.26 V 2Al+3(aq) + 3Cd(s) → 2Al(s) + 3Cd+2(aq) E°cell = 2. E°cell = 0. b. how many grams of Cu could be plated out of a CuSO4 solution at a current of 5. d.395 g 0. b. b. e. Anions in solution will migrate toward the Ni+2/Ni electrode.329 x 10-3 g 0.198 g 5. Cr2+(aq) Sr2+(aq) Co2+(aq) Sr(s) Co(s) 4.28 V a. a. Consider the following two electrode reactions and their standard electrode potentials: Al+3(aq) + 3e. In an electrolytic cell. A voltaic cell is based on the following two half-reactions: Ni+2(aq) + 2e. d.10 V 2Al(s) + 3Cd+2(aq) → 2Al+3(aq) + 3Cd(s) E°cell = 1.→ Ni(s) E° = -0. d.66 V Cd+2(aq) + 2e. c.00 min? (F = 96500 C/mol) a.913 V Co2+(aq) + 2e.99 V 6. e.40 V Write the cell reaction for a voltaic cell based on these two electrodes. The direction of electron flow through the external wire is from the Ni to the Cr electrode.31 g 5. E°cell. e.→ Cr(s) E° = -0. 2Al+3(aq) + 3Cd+2(aq) → 2Al(s) + 3Cd(s) E°cell = 2.→ Cd(s) E° = -0.
A constant current was passed through a solution of KAuCl4 between gold electrodes. 1. The iron electrode will gain mass when current flows. b. O2. Electrons flow from the iron electrode to the nickel electrode. e. b. e.00 V a. What was the current in amperes? (F = 96500 C/mol) Cathode half-reaction: AuCl4-(aq) + 3e.00 min. a.26 A 2.→ Cu(s) E° = +0.20 V 2H+(aq) + 2e. H+ Cu. The Ni electrode is the anode. Use the following standard electrode potentials to predict the species formed at the electrodes in the electrolysis of aqueous CuSO4. H2O. the cathode increased in mass by 2. H2 H2. H2.23 V Cu2+(aq) + 2e. d.08 A 3.→ 2H2O(l) E° = +1.34 V SO42-(aq) + 4H+(aq) + 2e. The iron electrode is positively charged. Zn + Cd2+ → Cd + Zn2+ Al + 3/2Br2 → Al3+ + 3Br2Al3+ + 3Fe → 2Al + 3Fe2+ H2 + I2 → 2H+ + 2I2H2 + O2 → 2H2O . rather than a voltaic cell? a. H2O H2SO3.→ H2(g) E° = 0. H+ Cu. e. O2(g) + 4H+(aq) + 4e.17 A 6. c. linked by a KCl salt bridge: (a) an Fe electrode in 1.52 A 3. e.→ H2SO3(aq) + H2O(l) E° = 0. b.7. b. c. c. Which one of the following reactions must be carried out in an electrolytic cell. H+ 8. A voltaic cell is constructed from the following half-cells.0 M Ni(NO3)2 solution Use the table of standard electrode potentials in your textbook to decide which one of the following statements is correct. H2SO3.→ Au(s) + 4Cl-(aq) a.48 A 9. d. The salt bridge conducts electrons through solution. O2. Over a period of 20. O2. d. 10.0 M FeCl2 solution (b) a Ni electrode in 1. c. d.664 g.
77 minutes 9.50 A? (F = 96500 C/mol) a. How many minutes does it take to plate 0. c.54 minutes 23. < 2 minutes 2. b.38 minutes 4.8 minutes . e.800 g of silver metal onto a serving tray from an aqueous solution of AgNO3 at a current of 2. d.11.
(b) 7. (a) 4. (d) 11. (c) 4. (c) 6. (d) 2. (c) 6. (e) 3.General Chemistry Answers Electronic Structure and Periodic Table 1. (c) 5. (e) 2. (c) 9. (a) 10. (b) 7. (e) . (a) 8. (c) 8. (c) 3. (b) Bonding 1. (c) 5. (a) 9.
(b) 4. (c) 6. (e) Stoichiometry 1. (c) 9. (b) 7. (d) .10. (d) 8. (c) 4. (d) 10. (c) 6. (e) 3. (d) Phases and Phase Equilibria 1. (c) 9. (b) 3. (b) 11. (e) 2. (d) 7. (c) 8. (c) 5. (a) 5. (b) 2.
(b) . (a) Rate Processes in Chemical Reactions—Kinetics and Equilibrium 1. (d) 5. (c) Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry 1. (c) 6. (e) 7. (a) 11. (c) 8. (c) 3. (d) 11. (d) 4. (d) 7. (a) 5. (c) 3. (c) 8. (d) 4. (c) 9. (c) 10.10. (d) 9. (d) 6. (d) 2. (c) 2.
(b) 11. (b) 11. (b) 4. (d) 5.10. (d) 2. (a) 4. (e) . (c) 7. (c) 6. (c) 5. (e) 2. (e) 3. (b) Acids and Bases 1. (d) 9. (e) 10. (e) 9. (d) Solution Chemistry 1. (b) 8. (d) 3. (d) 6. (b) 8. (a) 7.
(b) 9. (c) 11. (c) . (a) 3. (c) 4. (a) 2. (b) 11. (b) 7. (d) 6.10. (b) 10. (b) 8. (d) 5. (a) Electrochemistry 1.