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Module PMR

CHAPTER 10 : SCALE DRAWING

1.

A scale drawing is a drawing that represents the actual object according to a particular scale.

2. 3.

Scale =

Size of drawing size of actual object

Scale is usually written in the form 1 : n or where n = size of actual object

** If n = 1, the size of the drawing is equal to the object. ** If n > 1, the size of the drawing is smaller than size of object. ** If n < 1, the size of drawing is larger than size of object.

Examples * Scale 1 : 1 means the size of the drawing is the same as object. * Scale 1 : 3 means size of drawing is 3 times smaller than the size of object. * Scale 1 : means size of drawing is 2 times larger than the size of object.

Example 1 Redraw the following diagrams on a blank paper according to the scales given a) scale : 1 :3 6cm 9cm In the drawing : 9cm is represented by 6cm is represented by Scale drawing : 3cm (scale drawing is 3 times smaller than the original diagram ) 2cm
9cm = 3cm 3 6cm = 2cm 3

( diagram 1)

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b) scale : 1 :

1 3

3 cm 2cm (Diagram 2)

In the drawing : 3cm is represented by 3cm x 3 = 9cm 2cm is represented by 2cm x 3 = 6cm 9cm Scale drawing : 6cm

( scale drawing is 3 times bigger than the original diagram)

Example 2 : a) Redraw diagram 3 on a square grid of side 1cm using scale 1 : 4 4cm 6 cm ( Diagram 3)

12cm

In the drawing : 12cm is represented by 6cm is represented by

12 cm = 3cm 4

6 cm = 1.5cm 4 4 cm = 1cm 4

4cm is represented by Scale drawing :

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b) Redraw diagram A on the square grid using scale : 1 :

1 2

Scale drawing

B is the scale drawing of A Diagram A Diagram B 3 squares 6 squares 2 squares 4 squares 1 square 2 squares (B is 2 times bigger than A)

Exercise : 1. On the grid in the answer space, draw Diagram 4 using scale 1 :
1 ,The grid has 2

equal squares with sides of 1cm . ( 3marks)

2cm 1cm 1cm 1cm 1cm 1cm

Diagram 4

2. Diagram 5 shows a polygon drawn on a square grid with sides of 1 unit. On the 1 grid in the answer space, redraw polygon P using the scale 1 : , The grid has 3 equal squares with sides of 1 unit.

Diagram 5
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3. Diagram 6 shows a polygon PQRST on a square grid. In the diagram, draw PQRST based on a scale 1 :
R T S P Q

1 , 2

( 3 marks )

Diagram 6

4. Diagram 7 shows a polygon JKLMN drawn on a square grid of equal squares. On the grid in the answer space, redraw the polygon JKLMN using the scale 1 : 2 ( 3 marks )
N

Diagram 7

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Answer.

Questions based on PMR Format Example : 1 Diagram 8 shows a trapezium. On the square grid with sides of 1 unit provided in

the answer space, draw the trapezium using the scale 1 : 300. ( 3 marks )
12m

9m

18m
Diagram 8

Scale

1 : 300

1 cm : 300 cm

In the drawing : 9m = 900cm is represented by


900 cm = 3cm 300 1200 cm = 4cm 300

12m = 1200cm is represented by 18m = 1800cm is presented by

1800 cm = 6cm 300

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Scale drawing :

2 Diagram 9 shows a pentagon ABCDE. On the grid in the answer space, draw diagram 9 using the scale 1 : 300. The grid has equal squares with sides of 1 cm. ( 3 marks )

21M

24M Diagram 9

Scale

1 : 300

1 cm : 300 cm

In the drawing : 21m = 2100cm is represented by 12m = 1200cm is represented by 18m = 1800cm is presented by
2100 cm = 7cm 300 1200 cm = 4cm 300

1800 cm = 6cm 300 2400 cm = 8cm 300

24m = 2400cm is represented by

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Scale drawing :

Common Errors

No 1

Errors Draw figure A according to the scale 1:2

Correct Steps Draw figure A according to the scale 1:2

Scale drawing Scale drawing The size of the drawing is 2 times smaller than A The size of the drawing is 2 times bigger than A

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Draw figure B according to the scale 1 :

Draw figure B according to the scale 1 :

Drawing not drawn according to scale given

drawing with right scale

Draw figure C according to scale 1: 50

Draw figure C according to scale 1: 50

2m
C

2m

sketch drawing

s cale dr aw ing w ith st raight lines

Lines not straight, connections are not proper (rough sketch)

Proper drawing with correct scale

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Questions based on PMR Format 1. Diagram 1 shows a diagram ABCDE


A 16cm B

6m 12m E 12m D

Diagram 1
C

On the gird in the answer space, draw diagram ABCDE using scale 1 : 400,the grid has equal squares with sides of 1cm

2,

Diagram 2 shows a trapezium PQRS. On the square grid with sides of 1 cm in the answer space, draw the trapezium using the scale 1 : 200. ( 3 marks )
16m
P S

Diagram 2
Q

12m

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3. Diagram 3 shows a composite shape , On the square grid with sides of 1 cm in the answer space, draw the shape using the scale 1 : 150. ( 3 marks) 9m 1.5m 1.5m 7.5m 6m Answer : 3m Diagram 3

4. Diagram 4 shows polygon R drawn on a grid of equal squares with sides of 1 unit. Redraw polygon R with scale 1 :
1 on the grid in the answer space. The grid has 3

equal squares with sides of 1 unit

(3 marks)

Diagram 4

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5. Diagram 5 shows an alphabet F, on the gird in the answer space, redraw the alphabet F using scale 1: 2. The grid has equal squares with sides of 1 unit. Diagram 5 Answer :

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PMR past year questions 2005

1. Diagram 5 shows a trapezium. On the grid in the answer space, draw Diagram 5 using the scale 1 : 200. The grid has equal squares with sides of 1 cm. ( 3 marks )

16m 6m
Answer.

10m

2006 2. Diagram 6 shows polygon S drawn on a grid of equal squares with sides of 1 unit.

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On the grid in the answer space, redraw polygon S using the scale 1 : . The grid has equal squares with sides of 1 unit. ( 2 marks )

2008 3. Diagram 9 shows a polygon.

45m

20m

10m

35m Diagram 9

On the grid in the answer space, redraw the polygon using the scale 1 : 500. The Grid has equal squares with sides of 1 cm. ( 3marks)

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CHAPTER 7 :SCALE DRAWING ANSWERS Exercise 1. Questions based on PMR Format 1

D C

2.

2.

3.
R

3.

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4.

4.

N M J K L

5.

PMR Past Years Questions 2005 1. 2006 2.

. 3.

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