Script Fundamentals of Modern Optics, FSU Jena, Prof. S.

Skupin, FoMO_Script_2010

3

0. Introduction
 'optique' (Greek)  lore of light  'what is light'?  wave or particle (Photon) ?

D.J. Lovell, Optical Anecdotes

 origin and requirement for life  photosynthesis  90 % of all information we get are visual

~10kW CW (world record) . monochromatic Fiber laser: Limpert. FoMO_Script_2010 4 a) Origin of light  atomic system  properties of light (statistics. Prof.. focused. duration  1958 laser  very important development  Fiber-communication. S. IAP Jena. Tünnermann.. directed. surgery. . FSU Jena. DVD.  artificial light source new and unmatched properties  coherent. line width)  intensity. frequency. material processing.Script Fundamentals of Modern Optics. Skupin.

Skupin. FSU Jena. FoMO_Script_2010 5 b) Propagation of light (vacuum + matter)  light-matter interaction dispersion diffraction absorption scattering frequency spectrum central frequency spatial frequency spectrum wavelength  matter is the medium  the properties of the medium (natural or artificial) determine the propagation of light  study the matter (spectroscopy)  measurement methods (interferometer)  design media with desired properties: photonic crystals. Prof.Script Fundamentals of Modern Optics. meta-materials . S.

Prof.Script Fundamentals of Modern Optics. Skupin. chemical and biological processes  lithography. material processing  modification of biological objects (bio-photonics) IAP Jena . FoMO_Script_2010 6 c) light can change the matter  physical. FSU Jena. S.

Prof. FoMO_Script_2010 7 d) Optics in our daily life .Script Fundamentals of Modern Optics. S. Skupin. FSU Jena.

Prof. S.Script Fundamentals of Modern Optics. FoMO_Script_2010 8 e) Telecommunications transmitting data (Terabit/s in one fiber) over transatlantic distances 1000 m fiber/s . FSU Jena. Skupin.

Script Fundamentals of Modern Optics. Skupin. FSU Jena. S. life sciences . Prof. FoMO_Script_2010 9 f) medicine.

Script Fundamentals of Modern Optics. light sources  new light sources to reduce energy consumption  new projection techniques Deutscher Zukunftspreis 2008 . FSU Jena. Skupin.IOF Jena + OSRAM . S. Prof. FoMO_Script_2010 10 g) sensors.

FoMO_Script_2010 11 h) Micro. Prof.Script Fundamentals of Modern Optics. S.and Nano-optics  ultra small camera IOF Jena . FSU Jena. Skupin.

Prof. Skupin. FSU Jena. S. FoMO_Script_2010 12 i) Relativistic optics .Script Fundamentals of Modern Optics.

Rudolph. Menzel.Script Fundamentals of Modern Optics. 'Integrierte Optik'. Silvast. S. Springer. 'Classical Optics and its Applications'. Wolf. 'Light and Matter'. FoMO_Script_2010 13 k) Literature: Fundamentals: 1. Yariv. Love. Agrawal. 'Photonics'. Wiley 3. 'Optik'. Prof. Teich. 'Fundamenals of Photonics'. Snyder. Wiley. Band. Diels. Skupin. Hecht. Oxford 6. Lipson. 2. 1997 6. 1992 2. Karthe. 'Optical Waveguide Theory'. 'Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena'. Saleh. Pergamon 7. Oldenbourg. Tannhäuser. FSU Jena. 'Principles of Optics'. 2006 3. Born. Cambridge. Academic 5. Wiley. 'Optical Electronics in odern Communications'. Müller. Teubner 4. Mansuripur. W. Sommerfeld. 'Laser Fundamentals'. 2002 3. 'Optik' Advanced: 1. 2000 5. 'Fiber-Optic Communication Systems'. 'Optik'. 2001 4. Chapman&Hall . Lipson. Springer.

0.3 x 1014 .105 10 .01 3 x 109 .105 3 .7 x 10-5 10 7 x 10-5 . coherence Spectrum of Electromagnetic Radiation Region Wavelength (nanometers) Radio > 1088 Wavelength (centimeters) > 10 Frequency (Hz) < 3 x 109 Energy (eV) < 10-5 10-5 Microwave 108 . FSU Jena.10-9 3 x 1017 . Skupin.4 x Visible 700 .01 10-7 .01 3 x 1012 .01 Rays < 10-9 > 3 x 1019 > 105 1 .0.700 0.10-7 1017 X-Rays Gamma < 0. FoMO_Script_2010 14 l) What is light?  electromagnetic wave.5 x 1014 .Script Fundamentals of Modern Optics.1 4 x 10-5 . S.01 .4.2 4.01 . c= 3*108 m/s  amplitude and phase  complex description  polarization.103 .7.3 x Ultraviolet 400 .3 x Infrared 105 .3 x 1012 0.3 x 1019 103 .5 x 2-3 10 14 7. Prof.400 10 -5 14 0.

S. FoMO_Script_2010 15 . Skupin. Prof.Script Fundamentals of Modern Optics. FSU Jena.

optics wave optics geometrical optics geometrical optics   << size of objects  daily experiences optical instruments. Prof. photons . FSU Jena. photons wave optics    size of objects  interference. direction. holography.Script Fundamentals of Modern Optics. S. coherence. resolution. phase. coherence. direction. phase. Skupin. FoMO_Script_2010 16 m) Schematic of optics quantum optics electromag. pulse propagation intensity. diffraction. polarization. polarization. dispersion. optical imaging intensity. coherence  laser.

polarization. light-matter interaction intensity. Prof. FoMO_Script_2010 17 electromagnetic optics  reflection. intensity. coherence. integrated optics. phase. photonic crystals.geometrical optics . Skupin.Script Fundamentals of Modern Optics. fluctuations. phase. polarization.. photons quantum optics  small number of photons. coherence. resonators  laser. direction. transmission.. FSU Jena. S. direction. Bragg mirrors . photons in this lecture .no quantum optics  advanced lecture . guided waves.electromagnetic optics and wave optics .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful