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Automobile Air-Conditioning System 2.0

Project Leader :
Abhishek Kr. Kushwaha B. Tech. (2008-12), Mech. Engineering, Mob: +91 9997110772 E-mail:

Team Members

Priyanshu B. Aggarwal B. Tech. (2008-12), Mech. Engineering, Mob: +91 9536303850 E-mail: Rajat Chauhan B. Tech. (2008-12), Mech. Engineering, Mob: +91 9536391007 E-mail: Sagar Gurwara B. Tech. (2008-12), Mech. Engineering, Mob: +91 9758182487 E-mail:

This project aims at developing a highly cost effective Automobile Air-Conditioning Unit which provides effective cooling as well as better relative humidity required for human comfort during travel. The current system being used in vehicles is very expensive to run and hence, it is not catering the need of the society as a whole. The project uses the available heat energy in the automobile engine and runs more efficiently than the existing system. The ideas feasibility has been tested theoretically and we want to develop a working prototype that can prove the idea.

Technical Details:
The underlying principle is the Practical Vapour Absorption System that uses a Generator, instead of compressor (i.e used in vapour compression system). This Generator requires a Heat Source to generate Ammonia vapours from Aqueous Ammonia Solution from Absorber. The above heat requirement is served by the exhaust (and cooling system, if required) of heat engine being used in automobiles. Some power is also required to run the Pump, which is used to raise the pressure of Aqueous Ammonia Solution as well as to transmit it from Absorber to Generator. As the pump consumes very less amount of power in comparison to Compressor, it is quiet comfortable to drive it from battery power or directly from crank-shaft. The third important element which lies under the system is the Cooling Water. This cooling water can be obtained from the radiator, which is already serving the automobile engine. Using the above setup, we can relieve the crank-shaft from excess load of compressor; this will help in decreasing the fuel requirement of engine. Thus, increases the fuel efficiency. So, without using any other equipment or source of energy besides the vehicle itself, it is possible to introduce this air-conditioning system in existing automobiles/vehicles. Also it uses Ammonia as refrigerant, which do not affect the ozone layer as well as it does not contribute to the greenhouse effect, and its LCCP (Life-Cycle Climate Performance) is also highly favorable.

From above details, it is possible to make an Automobile Air-Conditioning System that utilizes the heat exhausted by the automobile engine for the purpose of air-conditioning inside vehicle. Thus, by transforming the heat energy, which was being radiated as bi-product in environment, we can prevent our environment from green-house effect too.