Diatomaceous Earth Antiblock Agents for Polyolefin Films

Distributor Meeting, September 2007

Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM, LLC

What is an “Antiblock”?

Antiblocks (AB) are typically minerals that are used to prevent “blocking” in plastic film. Blocking is when film sheets adhere to one another, due to static charge and other factors. Antiblock additives reduce the tendency for sheets to block by interrupting the smooth film surface and reducing the filmto-film contact surface area.
1 mil (25 μm)

Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM, LLC

LLC .Primary Polyolefin Films • • • Linear Low Polyethylene (LLDPE) Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) Polypropylene (PP) Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM.

LLC . AB) into the resin and makes a “Masterbatch”. who blends additives (slip.000+ tons Huntsman – 400 tons • – Compounders Producers sometimes elect to have companies “compound” or make a “Masterbatch” concentrate of their resin.Types of Customers • – – – – – – Plastic resin producers Exxon – 3.000+ tons (antiblock usage) Nova – 700 tons Equistar – 750 tons Dow – 750 tons Westlake Polymer – 1. anti-oxidants. The producer provides their resin to the compounder. Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM.

Important Parameters • Anti-blocking efficiency (One of 2 most important) • Haze (One of 2 most important) – Related to refractive index – Quantity of additive required to achieve desired result • Color – Yellow (Yi) is the worst • COF – Coefficient of friction • Clarity – Similar to haze. LLC . but not as important Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM.

LLC .Types of Antiblocks • Synthetic (Precipitated) Silica • Talc • Nepheline Syenite • Diatomaceous Earth (DE) • Talc Blends Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM.

America due to high optical quality – Grace (Sylobloc). LLC . Eneos (Gasil) and Unimin (Sipernat) are major producers Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM. Asia.$4.Types of Antiblocks • Synthetic (Precipitated) Silica – Expensive: $1. America – High optical quality • Used extensively in PP and high clarity LLDPE and LDPE films – Common in SE Asia and S.500 . and S.000 per metric ton – Non-crystalline silica – Predominantly used in Europe.

$700 Good Color Antiblocking properties suspect at high temperatures Crystalline silica Trade name: • Optibloc 10 • Optibloc 25 Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM. (SMI) Priced comparably to DE antiblocks: $600 .Types of Antiblocks • Talc – – – – – – Produced by Specialty Minerals Inc. LLC .

LLC .Types of Antiblocks • Nepheline Syenite – – – – Produced by Silbeco Good haze Poor antiblocking efficiency Only one major domestic customer (Westlake) • More prevalent in Europe – Trade name: • Minex • Minbloc Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM.

refractive index very similar to LDPE – EP Competitor: World Minerals (Celite) • Super Floss • Micro-Ken 801 • SuperFine SuperFloss (SFSF) • White Mist – SFSF and White Mist are rare due to high price. ranging from yellow to gray Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM. LLC . • Differentiation of Celite products based on median particle size.Types of Antiblocks • Diatomaceous Earth (DE) – Chemically inert – Excellent dimensional stability – Good dispersion – Good color. • Kenite is extremely variable in color.

noticeably better than Kenite Celabrite and CelaBloc are at least equal to SuperFloss in all parameters Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM. LLC . COF and Haze • CelaBloc median particle size: 6-7 microns – Similar to White Mist or SFSF – Superior to SuperFloss and Micro-Ken 801 for Yi and Haze • Especially superior in LDPE resin – Equal or better than some synthetic silicas (Sylobloc) in LLDPE resins – Not commercially available • Expect to re-launch in 2008 after Vale expansion Phase 2 • • All three have better color than SF. SFSF.Celatom DE Antiblocks • MW-25 median particle size: 11-12 microns – Suitable for medium to thick films – Excellent color and consistency – Lower price • Celabrite median particle size: 9-10 microns – Similar to Super Floss – Equal to Super Floss for antiblocking. White Mist.

Celatom DE Antiblocks • • • • • High Brightness Low Yi in PE Film Low Impurities Consistent Quality High Performance Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM. LLC .

Comparison Test Results Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM. LLC .

50 6.00 1 8.9 Haze % 9.50 10.2 7.00 9.00 7.00 6.50 9.4 9.50 8.5 mil 2 MI LDPE film (2MI)at 4000 ppm 10.50 7. LLC .00 8.Celabrite® and CelaBloc® have lower Haze than Superfloss® Haze % in 1.7 LDPE Control Celabrite 4000 ppm CelaBloc 4000 ppm Superfloss 4000 ppm Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM.

00 Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM.00 0.00 -4.75 1 -0.Celabrite® and CelaBloc® have better color (lower Yi) than Superfloss® Yellowness Index-LDPE 2 MI Pellets with 4000 ppm Antiblock 1.00 -4.67 13-0 LDPE Control 13 Celabrite 4000 ppm 14 CelaBloc 4000 ppm 15 Superfloss 4000 ppm -3.00 -5.94 Yellowness Index -1.06 0. LLC .00 -2.00 MORE YELLOW -0.

Celabrite® and CelaBloc® have comparable anti-blocking performance vs.5 mil LDPE film (2MI) at 4000 ppm 140 Blocking Force. grams 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 116 LDPE Control Celabrite 4000 ppm CelaBloc 4000 ppm Superfloss 4000 ppm 52.4 53.8 1 Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM. Superfloss® Induced Blocking at 60 deg C and 1. LLC .2 kPa in 1.5 45.

5 67.0 70.0 67.5 68.5 70.0 69.0 70.5 69.5 69. LLC 13-0 LDPE Control 13 Celabrite 4000 ppm 14 CelaBloc 4000 ppm 15 Superfloss 4000 ppm 68.Celabrite® and CelaBloc® have superior Gloss vs.5 mil LDPE film (2MI) at 4000 ppm Gloss at 45 deg 71.3 1 .0 68.0 Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM. Superfloss® Gloss in 1.6 70.

Celabrite® and CelaBloc® are comparable to Superfloss ® in slip performance Kinetic COF in 1. LLC Kinetic COF 13 Celabrite 4000 ppm 14 CelaBloc 4000 ppm 15 Superfloss 4000 ppm 0.80 0.52 0.70 0.50 0.30 0.10 0.51 0.00 0.90 0.49 .60 0.00 Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM.5 mil LDPE film (2MI)at 4000 ppm 1.20 0.40 0.

000 4.00 CelaBloc Sylobloc 47 Imsil A10 -10.00 2.00 4.000 PPM Antiblock Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM.00 0.CelaBloc® has better color (lower Yi) than Sylobloc® or Imsil® Yellowness Index per inch.000 5.00 -8.00 Yello w n ess In d ex 6.00 0 1. LLC .00 -4.000 2.00 -6.00 8.000 3.000 6. Octene LLDPE Film 10.00 -2.000 7.

000 6.0 Haze % per mil thickness 10.0 7.000 2.000 7.000 PPM Antiblock Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM.0 5.000 3.2 mil 11.0 0 1.000 4.0 CelaBloc Sylobloc 47 Imsil A10 6.CelaBloc® has better haze than Sylobloc®.0 8.0 9. LLC .000 5. equal to Imsil® Haze in Octene LLDPE Film-1.

Induced Blocking at 60 C and 6.000 4.000 3.000 PPM Antiblock Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM. LLC .0 100.0 0.0 80.000 2.0 0 1.CelaBloc® has better anti-blocking effectiveness than Imsil®.0 60.2 mil film.8 kPa 160.0 20. grams 120.0 140.000 6.000 7. equal to Sylobloc® 1.0 CelaBloc Sylobloc 47 Imsil A10 Mean Load.0 40.000 5.

LLC .Summary of LLDPE Performance Summary of Experimental Study-octene LLDPE • CelaBloc® exhibits better (lower) film Yellowness (YI) compared to Sylobloc® and Imsil A10® • CelaBloc® shows better antiblocking than Imsil A10® and equal to Sylobloc® • CelaBloc® exhibits equivalent haze to Imsil A10®. but much better than Sylobloc® Confidential and proprietary information © 2007 EPM.

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