NETRA™ X4200 M2 SERVER

ARCHITECTURE
White Paper March 2007

Abstract
This white paper describes the architectural features and benefits of the Netra X4200 M2 server.

Sun Microsystems, Inc.

Table of Contents
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Key Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 The Netra X4200 Server Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 The AMD Opteron Processor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 x64 Architecture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 AMD Direct Connect Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Memory Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Networking and I/O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 NVIDIA nForce Professional 2200 MCP and 2050 I/O Companion Chips . . . . . . . 13 AMD-8132 HyperTransport PCI-X 2.0 Tunnel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 LSI SAS1064 SAS Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Intel 82546GB Dual Port Gigabit Ethernet Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Intel 41210 Serial to Parallel PCI Bridge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 ATI Rage XL Video. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Motorola MPC8248 Service Processor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 I/O Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 PCI-X Expansion Slots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 PCIe Slot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Internal Storage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Ethernet Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Power and Thermal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Power Supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Enclosure and Rackmount. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Server Locator Indicator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 System Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Lights Out Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Out-of-Band Systems Management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 WebGUI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Remote Console Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 In-Band System Management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 IPMI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 SNMP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 ILOM Alerts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 LDAP and RADIUS Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Sun N1 System Manager Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Hybrid User Interface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Operating Systems and High Availability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Solaris 10 OS on x64 Platforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Sun and AMD — A Unique Partnership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Built-in Business Value. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

Sun Microsystems, Inc.

Sun Java Enterprise System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Solaris OS Licensing and Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Linux Environments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Microsoft Windows Environments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Interoperability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Interoperability With Java Technology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Interoperability With Linux . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Interoperability With Microsoft Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Common Free and Open Source Software and Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Single Point of Contact Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Netra High Availability Suite. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 For More Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

Sun Microsystems, Inc. 1

Introduction

Chapter 1

Introduction
Deregulation and privatization has created intense competition in the worldwide telecommunications market over the past few years. The marketplace continues to evolve as voice and data solutions become more integrated and next-generation wireless, video, and messaging technologies emerge. Growing demand for scalable and available services coupled with modern economic realities are re-shaping the design of the telecommunications infrastructure. Now more than ever, availability of key services can dictate success or failure, with stringent service-level agreements (SLAs) increasingly common. At the same time, today's challenging economic climate forces successful organizations to consider issues such as total cost of ownership (TCO) and investment protection to make sure their decisions make long-term business sense. For harsh environments that demand optimum horizontal scalability, continuous availability, and easy management, Sun builds Netra™ rack and blade servers that are certified to meet Network Equipment Building Specification (NEBS) Level 3 requirements. NEBS Level 3 certification (not merely compliance) requires servers to pass tests showing they can operate under demanding conditions. Numerous architectural features, such as redundancy and serviceability, enable Netra servers to deliver outstanding levels of availability and reliability to drive continuous system operation and a low TCO. The Netra X4200 M2 server is Sun’s first Netra server to incorporate the Second Generation AMD Opteron™ dual-core processors. Second Generation AMD Opteron processors now support DDR2 memory and come with hardware-assisted AMD Virtualization. In addition, the Second Generation AMD Opteron processors offer a seamless upgrade path to Quad-Core AMD Opteron processors with the same consistent socket design. The Netra X4200 M2 server, shown in Figure 1, delivers dramatic performance and flexibility along with space and power efficiency to meet the increasing demands of the network infrastructure.

and European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) compliant server making it ideal for the most demanding applications in the toughest environments. Additionally. highbandwidth networking. Inc. It runs both 32-bit and 64-bit applications on multiple operating systems and offers the choice of four internal hard drives. the Netra X4200 server also compatible with Linux and Windows operating systems offering customers unmatched agility. less than 20-inch deep 2 RU enclosure. ruggedized NEBS Level 3 certified. providing the kind of reliability and serviceability features that global telecommunication companies. 2 Introduction Figure 1. The Netra X4200 M2 server also integrates four gigabit Ethernet ports to provide connectivity for high-speed.Sun Microsystems. the Netra X4200 M2 server comes with Integrated Lights Out Management (ILOM) enabling simple remote monitoring and management from anywhere on the network. military installations. The Second Generation AMD Opteron processor leverages the same proven Direct Connect Architecture and CMP (Chip-level Multi-Processing) design features of the Single. while its high compute density and low power consumption address constraints related to space. System uptime is enhanced by redundant hot-swappable AC/DC power supplies and hot-pluggable hard disk drives. In addition to supporting the Solaris™ Operating System (Solaris OS). and cooling. Netra X4200 M2 server — two drive with DVD/RW and four drive configurations The Netra X4200 M2 carrier-grade server offers flexibility and choice in a rack-optimized. power. As with other Netra servers. and governments demand. . the Netra X4200 M2 server achieves extreme performance. Powered by up to two dual core Second Generation AMD Opteron HE-Embedded class processors. and investment protection. the Netra X4200 M2 is a reliable. efficiency. maximizing storage capacity in a 2 RU form factor.and Dual-Core AMD Opteron (formerly known as Rev E) processors.

delivering extreme performance and flexibility with optimum power and space efficiency. is ideal for the following applications: • Media gateway controller • Operations and maintenance for telecommunications network • Signaling gateway • Intelligent network • MMS (multimedia messaging services) /SMS (short messaging services). In the Netra X4200 M2 server. and AMD Virtualization technology. eliminating performance bottlenecks found in traditional front-side bus architectures. • HyperTransport Technology — provides a high-speed connection between processors and core logic. • Integrated DDR2 memory controller — pools memory resources onto a single coherent space. AMD Direct Connect Architecture. Nearly doubles computing resources without increasing power and cooling. unified messaging • Defense / military / intelligence applications include shipboard command and control. and manageability for delivering key services: • Up to two Second Generation Dual-Core AMD Opteron processors — with a common socket design for Second Generation and Quad-Core AMD Opteron processors. semiconductor test equipment and network imaging systems • Application server • Web server • Content caching. availability. . this memory runs at the fastest speed allowed by AMD Opteron for any commercial product. mobile weapons control and remote intelligence access servers • Embedded original equipment manufacturers (OEM) applications such as industrial process control. Inc.Sun Microsystems. The Netra X4200 M2 server supports full HyperTransport Technology speeds. Embedded class parts have a longer lifecycle and endure more stringent NEBS environmental conditions while consuming less power than commercial versions. network proxy • Home/visitor location registries (HLR/VLR) • Base station controller (BSC) • Content distribution networks • DNS services • Firewall for virtual private network/virtual private network/IP security (VPN/IPSEC) • IP traffic management • Security • Streaming media Key Features The Netra X4200 M2 server provides features intended to improve performance. 3 Introduction The Netra X4200 M2 server. reducing memory bandwidth latency and power requirements.

or other electrical hazards. Remote keyboard. • Hot-pluggable internal disk drives — available in two configurations. • Three peripheral component interconnect (extended) PCI-X slots (2x full-length. resist/retard fire. providing data redundancy and increased performance at no additional cost. • Dry contact alarms — four programmable alarms enable operators to use a relay to signal fault conditions to a rack. mouse. Ethernet ports — for exceptional I/O performance and increased network reliable through redundancy. and redundant disk drives — increases availability and helps ensure uptime of critical applications. Inc. • Hardware RAID support — the on-board disk controller supports RAID 1 or RAID 0. • Sun N1™ Systems Manager software — optional software provides complete hardware lifecycle management for Sun systems from a central console. • Rack-optimized system — with support for most industry standard two.Sun Microsystems. • Four on-board 10/100/1000 Mb/sec. control room panel. fullheight and 1x half-length. and the other with four drives. Netra based servers . preracked. • DVD/RW — standard with the two internal drive configuration. Not available with the four internal drive configuration. full-height) and one PCI-Express (PCIe) slot — for external connection to additional storage and support for legacy telecommunications cards. Innovation and technology leadership combine within the Netra server family to deliver some of the most flexible. • SunSM Customer Ready System program — for optional. one with DVD/RW and two drives. high performance systems ever created. factory-configured. for flexibility in storage options. provides the ability to store data on a removable media access device without external storage or hard drives. or other air contaminants such as dust. • Support for the Solaris 10 OS and compatibility with Linux and Windows — enables IT to run applications on industry standard platforms with a choice of operating systems. or alarm monitoring system. • NEBS Level-3 certification — enables continuous operation in earthquake Zone 4 environments and complies with regulations for deployment in central office environments. vibration. 4 Introduction • Up to 32 GB of energy-efficient DDR2/667 memory with error correcting codes (ECC) —DDR2 memory requires less power than DDR1 and FBDIMM memory. pollutants. • Ruggedized enclosure — provides high levels of protection from temperature fluctuations. ECC helps reduce the chances of system downtime caused by memory failures. • Redundant AC/DC power supplies with separate power cords.and four-post racks enables easy integration and deployment into existing environments. humidity. video. custom Netra X4200 servers simplifies and speeds system deployment. and virtual storage (CDROM and floppy) are supported. • Lights-out remote management — Sun’s Integrated Lights Out Manager (ILOM) is a core part of the system and easily integrates into existing management environments by supporting industry standards.

metropolitan area networks. form. the Netra X4200 M2 server reaffirms Sun’s commitment to enterprises that have invested in the Netra product line by offering a product that delivers enhanced performance and throughput with consistent fit.Sun Microsystems. and enterprise service provider infrastructures. With the ability to run 32-bit and 64-bit applications on a single high speed platform. 5 Introduction are used around the globe in a variety of locations including telecommunications central offices and wireless base stations. post office protocols (POPs). Inc. and function for those customers standardizing on a x64 platform infrastructure. . Internet data centers.

memory architecture. and rackmount designs are discussed. • A high performance. The AMD Opteron processor. Overview The Netra X4200 M2 server includes the major components listed below. and up to two AMD Opteron 2214 HE-Embedded class processors • Up to 32 GB of DDR2 SDRAM memory in eight available memory slots • Four on-board gigabit Ethernet ports • Three PCI-X (2x full-height. full-length and 1x full-height. 6 The Netra X4200 Server Architecture Chapter 2 The Netra X4200 Server Architecture The following pages describe the architecture of the Netra X4200 server in detail. serial. common socket design for Second Generation and Quad-Core AMD Opteron processors.Sun Microsystems. power and cooling. I/O expansion. half-length) slots and one PCIe MD2 low profile slot • Up to two serial attached SCSI (SAS) disk drives with a tray-load DVD/RW or four SAS disk drives with no DVD/RW • Video. networking. Inc. and universal serial bus (USB) ports for management • Redundant AC/DC power supplies with separate power cords . Figure 2 shows a block diagram of the entire system. enclosure. Ethernet.

2 GHz AMD Opteron 2214 HE-Embedded processor in the Netra X4200 M2 servers include: • x64 architecture (64-bit extensions) with AMD Direct Connect Architecture using HyperTransport Technology. Features of the Second Generation 2. 2-way. AMD Opteron processors with DDR2 memory feature a Common Core Architecture that is consistent across 1-way.Sun Microsystems. Figure 3 illustrates the block diagram for the processor. helping minimize the cost of transition and maximize past investments in software optimization. Inc. and energy-efficient DDR2 memory. • Three HyperTransport links supporting up to 24 GB/sec. and 8-way systems and is also consistent with previous AMD Opteron processors. . Netra X4200 M2 server block diagram The AMD Opteron Processor Second-Generation AMD Opteron processors with Direct Connect Architecture introduce several new features including quad-core upgradeability. 4-way. AMD Virtualization. peak bandwidth per processor. 7 The Netra X4200 Server Architecture Figure 2.

selectively intercepting information destined for guest OSs. • Individual L1 instruction cache per core. Efficient heat dissipation reduces cooling requirements. power supplies. • Low power usage and cooling requirements — AMD Opteron processor Model 2214 HE-Embedded running at 68W offers the same performance as a standard wattage (95W) AMD Opteron processor Model 2214. multiple-data (SIMD) instruction useful for high-performance media and scientific applications that operate on blocks of data. In addition. Although it runs at a slightly lower clock rate than standard models. • Individual 1 MB L2 cache per core. if servers run cooler. These features also enable AMD to offer a longer lifecyle on these parts. running guest OSs unmodified. which is especially important for carrier-grade servers. • 3DNow! Professional technology and SSE2/SSE3 instructions provide outstanding performance for digital content. The maximum temperature of the AMD Opteron 2214 HE-Embedded processor is fixed. increasing isolation of host and guest OSs. • NEBS certified. other parts such as drives. • Hardware-enabled AMD Virtualization is designed to improve aspects of x86-based virtualization by adding instructions to the hardware. 8 The Netra X4200 Server Architecture • Integrated 128-bit wide DDR memory controller that reduces latency and increases performance. Servers run cooler and more efficiently. enabling more servers to operate in the same amount of space. supporting telecommunications industry requirements for reliability. and decreasing costs associated with thermal control and power consumption. . enabling it to run at higher temperatures for NEBS certification. within existing power and thermal envelopes for significantly better performance-per-watt. • Individual L1 data cache per core. providing significant performance for applications that hold large data sets in memory. and switching between hypervisor and guest OSs through a tagged translation look-aside buffer (TLB) memory architecture. • DDR2-based platforms can upgrade to Quad-Core AMD Opteron processors when they are available.Sun Microsystems. and fans tend to have a lower mean-time-between-failure (MTBF). Inc. • 256 TB of memory address space. • AMD PowerNow! technology with Optimized Power Management can deliver performance on demand while minimizing power consumption (this feature is disabled by default on the Netra X4200 M2 server). it is possible to saturate the CPU in more stringent environments due to its lower power consumption and thermal requirements. SSE2 and SSE3 are 128-bit streaming singleinstructions. • Socket F 1207-pin.

@ DDR2-667 HyperTransport technology links provide up to 24 GB/sec. larger addressable memory. data warehouse applications for solutions in customer relationship management (CRM). while providing a 64-bit migration path. Inc. The x64 ISA is designed for applications that: • Need large memory addressing to handle datasets larger then 3 GB per process (financial and scientific modeling applications). or improvements in computational accuracy. such as large-scale. thin-client solutions. large databases. Many applications encounter architectural barriers that prevent efficient performance scaling. Peak bandwidth per processor Figure 3. • Must manage a large number of concurrent users or application threads.7 GB/sec. The x64 ISA is designed to allow continued performance scaling for applications that demand multiprocessor scalability. The x64 Instruction Set Architecture (ISA) extends the existing x86 ISA and natively executes 32-bit code with no emulation mode to degrade performance. For 32-bit software that does not require immediate 64-bit implementations.Sun Microsystems. AMD Opteron 2214 HE-Embedded processor block diagram x64 Architecture The x64 architecture is an x86-compatible architecture that enables simultaneous 32-and 64-bit computing. It allows end users to run their existing installed base of 32-bit applications and operating systems at peak performance. better multimedia performance. 9 The Netra X4200 Server Architecture Core 1 64 KB 1-Cache 64 KB 0-Cache Core 2 64 KB 1-Cache 64 KB 0-Cache 1 MB L2 Cache 1 MB L2 Cache System Request Interface Crossbar Switch Integrated Memory Controller 72 bit HyperTransport technology Link 1 Link 2 Link 3 10. supply chain management . It is designed to support 64-bit computing while remaining compatible with x86 software infrastructures. x64 processor-based systems are designed to provide full application performance while continuing to improve with x64 platform performance enhancements.

imaging/video/signal processing. including many highperformance computing (HPC) cluster applications. memory controller. Major enhancements over legacy x86 include: • Sixteen 64-bit general-purpose integer registers that quadruple the general purpose register space available to applications and device drivers as compared to x86 systems • Sixteen 128-bit XMM (floating point SIMD multimedia) registers for enhanced multimedia performance to double the register space of any current SSE/SSE2 implementation • Full 64-bit virtual address space with 40 bits of physical memory addressing that can support systems with up to 4 petabytes of physical memory—65. telecommunications. In addition. statistics and financial analysis. • Require large. computer-aided manufacturing (CAM).Sun Microsystems. transparent. physics. Inc. simulation. medical research. and real-time collaboration. • Require x86 compatibility or the economies of scale of x86 as well as the large memory addressing capabilities of 64-bit computing. and I/O to the CPU to enable overall system performance and efficiency. encryption. I/O directly connected to a CPU provides more balanced throughput and performance. digital video. and computer-aided engineering (CAE). Dual-core processors extend the benefits of the AMD Direct Connect Architecture by connecting two CPU cores to each other on one die to reduce latencies between those cores. and voice recognition. With the x64 ISA. including computer games. A memory controller directly connected to a CPU optimizes memory performance. • Require real-time encryption and decryption for enhanced security.535 times the amount of RAM supported by 32-bit x86 systems • 64 -bit operating systems to provide full. Direct Connect Architecture . including modeling. 10 The Netra X4200 Server Architecture (SCM). symmetrical multiprocessing. document and content management. searching and indexing. • Require maximum performance for realistic and cinematic consumer experiences. increasing the resources available to hardware and software. enterprise resource planning (ERP). • Require mathematical precision and floating-point performance. and digital rights management (DRM) systems. and real-time media streaming solutions. and simultaneous 32-bit and 64-bit platform application multitasking AMD Direct Connect Architecture AMD Direct Connect Architecture helps eliminate the bottlenecks inherent in a frontside bus by directly connecting the processors. • Provide digital content creation capabilities such as computer-aided design (CAD). Directly connected CPUs provide more linear. including e-commerce and protection of private or classified data. and compression. including decision support. high-power database performance. digital music production and video editing. relevant instructions and encodings support 64-bits.

HyperTransport Technology also directly connects the I/O to the processors at a rate of 4. workstation. HyperTransport Technology HyperTransport Technology is a high-speed. coupled with the additional increase in memory bandwidth available directly to the processor (resulting from the optimized design of this platform architecture). increasing bandwidth and speed. to 1 GB/sec. I/O subsystems. high-performance. The Second Generation AMD Opteron processors with HyperTransport Technology continue to use a scalable direct connection between processors. HyperTransport Technology helps reduce the number of buses in a system. providing sufficient bandwidth for supporting new interconnects.Sun Microsystems. processors share a memory controller and are not directly connected to one another. Inc. and other future platforms require a more robust interface with the bandwidth . Chip-to-Chip Interconnect Current interface schemes offer throughput performance on the order of 266 MB/sec. and other chip sets. The memory controller offers available memory bandwidth of up to 10. which allows for more linear. Latency continues to drop as the processor frequency scales. Memory Interface In traditional x86 Northbridge/Southbridge architectures. aggregate bandwidth per link. 11 The Netra X4200 Server Architecture requires fewer chips on the motherboard. In a Direct Connect Architecture. further increasing the reliability of the system. bandwidth per link at 16x16 bits.8 GB/sec. This presents a bottleneck at the frontside bus that greatly reduces productivity and performance potential. Memory transactions must propagate through the Northbridge chip fabric. such as PCIe. hardware and software memory pre-fetching mechanisms can further reduce the effective memory latency seen by the processor. is critical as it greatly enhances system performance across all application segments. symmetrical multiprocessing and optimized memory performance. which can reduce system bottlenecks and enable today's faster microprocessors to use system memory more efficiently in high-end multiprocessor systems. 1 GHz operation. and reducing latency of processors. Additionally.7 GB/sec. HyperTransport Technology: • Helps increase overall system performance by removing I/O bottlenecks typically found in front-side bus architectures and efficiently integrating with legacy buses. (with DDR2-667) per processor. point-to-point link for directly connecting integrated circuits. Although these rates may be sufficient for desktop platforms. per processor. each CPU has its own integrated memory controller. Reduced memory latency. enabling a peak bandwidth of 24 GB/sec. • Provides up to 8 GB/sec. server. This direct connection to the memory controller significantly reduces the memory latency seen by the processor.

Memory capacity scales with the number of processors. LED fault indicators controlled by the ILOM Service Processor provide the ability to easily identify failed DIMM modules. Memory Architecture The Netra X4200 M2 server supports 1 GB. @ DDR400 • Under 80 nanoseconds latency • Registered ECC DDR2-667 (PC2-5300) supported • 256 MB to 2 GB low profile (1. 12 The Netra X4200 Server Architecture to simultaneously integrate high-speed technologies (such as Gigabit Ethernet.4 GB/sec. Each CPU includes a low-latency. and supports DDR2 667 (PC5300) registered DDR SDRAM modules. White is assigned to slots 0 and 1 and should be populated first. high-bandwidth. memory attached to an unpopulated processor slot is unaddressable. Direct Connect Architecture using HyperTransport Technology provides a high-speed.4W) Networking and I/O Networking and I/O are provided by the following chips: • NVidia nForce Professional 2200 MCP and 2050 I/O companion chips .Sun Microsystems. Inc.2 inch/3. Systems with an odd number of DIMMs are supported. a single processor system can support a maximum of four DIMMs. Up to four ECC Registered DDR2-667 memory modules per CPU are supported. for up to 32 GB of memory. For optimal performance. Therefore. and 4 GB registered DDR2-667 memory. memory DIMMs need to be installed in pairs so the processor is able to run in 128-bit ECC mode. As a result. The AMD Opteron processor's memory controller works in 144-bit mode ECC operation. integrated memory controller that reduces latencies during memory access over traditional front-side bus-based memory controllers.50 VDC) • Standard serial presence detect SPD (VCC-SPD=3. but the processor then runs in 64-bit ECC mode. reducing performance.4W) vs. PCI-X. chip.to-chip interconnect that virtually eliminates the I/O performance bottleneck while providing ample performance headroom for future growth.3V) • Lower power requirements (4. 2 GB. DDR1 DIMMs (5. Black is assigned to slots 2 and 3. The controller supports 1 bit per byte ECC. and the InfiniBand Architecture).05 centimeter) DIMM support • Up t0 16 GB per CPU with 4 GB DIMMs in 4 DIMM slots per CPU • Single supply (2. running at a clock rate of 333 MHz. Features of the Netra X4200 M2 server’s memory architecture include: • Dedicated on-die 128-bit wide DDR memory controller • Memory bandwidth up to 6. A dual CPU server supports a maximum of eight DIMMS or 32 GB (8 x 4 GB) of memory. The Netra X4200 M2 server contains 4 DDR DIMM slots per CPU that are color-coded white and black to indicate population order.

It does. This dramatically lowers CPU utilization when processing network traffic at gigabit speeds. The NVIDIA nForce Professional 2200 MCP combines PCI Express.. but without USB 2. . gigabit Ethernet. PCIe lanes have virtual channels enabled. 13 The Netra X4200 Server Architecture • AMD-8132 HyperTransport PCI-X 2.Sun Microsystems. In the Netra X4200 M2 server. NVIDIA's fifth-generation HyperTransport design integrates tightly with the AMD Opteron Direct Connect Architecture to deliver 32-bit and 64-bit performance.0 support. for I/O to the Service Processor. and legacy I/O on a single chip. and for PCI connection to the ATI Rage XL Video chip. • TCP/IP acceleration — TCP/IP hardware acceleration capability is built into the gigabit Ethernet controller. the two MCPs are combined to create a single solution that can support up to four AMD Opteron processors and up to 40 configurable PCI Express lanes.0 ports. SATA 3 Gb/sec. • Integrated support for PCI Express. • Support for 20 configurable PCI lanes via four controllers. scalable architecture with a low power design and low footprint optimized for power-constrained rack and blade servers. one gigabit Ethernet port. providing guaranteed bandwidth and latency for time-sensitive traffic. Inc.0. the PCIe x8 slot. Additional features include: • Support for 10 USB 2. x2.0 Tunnel • LSI SAS1064 SAS controller • Intel 82546GB Dual Port Gigabit Ethernet controller • Two Intel 41210 Serial to Parallel PCI Bridge chips • ATI Rage XL Video • Motorola MPC8248 Service Processor NVIDIA nForce Professional 2200 MCP and 2050 I/O Companion Chips NVIDIA nForce Professional media and communications processors (MCPs) are based on a high-performance. IDE CD/DVD connection. • Two full 16x PCIe lanes for dual graphics cards. It uses the fifth generation of HyperTransport link to connect to the CPU. SATA. NVIDIA nForce Professional 2200 MCP The Netra X4200 M2 server uses one Nividia nForce Professional 2200 MCP for two USB external ports. gigabit Ethernet. and x1 configurations. USB 2. and remote management capabilities. x4. enabling support for x8. The NVIDIA nForce Professional 2050 MCP is very similar to the 2200 MCP. however reduce the number of 16x PCIe lanes for graphics from two to one. NVIDIA nForce Professional 2050 MCP The Netra X4200 server utilizes the NVIDIA nForce Professional 2050 MCP chip for one PCI-X slot and one gigabit Ethernet port.

Sun Microsystems. SAS features of the LSI SAS1064 include: • Four fully independent phys. The LSI SAS1064 is a versatile controller that provides four SAS ports capable of 3 Gb/sec. SAS data transfers for each phys.0 Tunnel block diagram LSI SAS1064 SAS Controller Netra X4200 M2 servers include an integrated LSI SAS1064 4-port 3 Gb/sec. which is sufficient for internal storage and dual gigabit Ethernet throughput. The block diagram for the chip is depicted in Figure 4. The SAS phys interface performs serial-to-parallel conversion of received data and parallel-to-serial conversion to transmit data.0 Tunnel The Netra X4200 M2 server utilizes an AMD-8132 HyperTransport PCI-X 2. SAS hardware RAID disk controller. 66. and 1. 33. serial. enterprise-level storage interface.0 Tunnel chip. bridges support transfer rates of 66. • Simplified cabling between devices. The LSI SAS1064 features a performance-based message passing protocol that off loads the CPU by managing all I/Os and minimizes buss overhead by uniting interrupts. point-to-point. Features of the AMD-8132 HyperTransport PCI-X 2. Inc. Figure 5 shows the block diagram. 100. for a total maximum bandwidth of 12 Gb/sec.5 Gb/sec. data transfers for each phys. and 50 MHz • In PCI mode. bridges support transfer rates of 133. • 133 MHz 64-bit PCI-X interface (shared bus with PCI-X 0 100 MHz slot). 50. and 25 MHz • Independent transfer rates and operational modes for each bridge Host AMD-8132 Tunnel HyperTransport Side 0 Side 1 Link Downstream Tunnel Device 16 bits Upstream 16 bits Upstream and Downstream and Downstream PCI-X PCI-X Slots Slots Bridge A Bridge B HyperTransport Link Figure 4.0 Tunnel include: • 16-bit HyperTransport interfaces (Side 0 and 1) offering a maximum aggregate bandwidth up to 8 GB/sec. • Data transfers using SCSI information units. . 14 The Netra X4200 Server Architecture AMD-8132 HyperTransport PCI-X 2. The PCI-X bus connects to the Intel 82546GB Dual Port Gigabit Ethernet controller MAC/phys device and the LSI SAS1064 SAS controller. The single bus for both I/O devices runs at 100 MHz. AMD-8132 HyperTransport PCI-X 2. each side • Two PCI-X bridges: Bridge A and Bridge B • Each bridge supports a 64-bit data bus • Each bridge supports Mode 1 PCI-X and conventional PCI protocol and is designed to support Mode 2 operation • In PCI-X Mode 1. • Support for 3 Gb/sec. • High-performance.

15 The Netra X4200 Server Architecture • Integrated RAID solution provides Integrated Mirroring technology. – Integrated Mirroring Enhanced supports mirroring of three to eight drives. The controller block diagram is shown in Figure 6. Two 64 KB on-chip packet buffers maintain performance as available PCI bandwidth changes. The controller's architecture includes independent transmit and receive queues to limit PCI bus traffic. Integrated Mirroring Enhanced. Rx SAS Device TX. – Integrated Striping technology enables data striping across up to eight drives. Although the LSI SAS1064 controller is capable of supporting both SAS and serial ATA (SATA) drive types. In addition. It is capable of transmitting and receiving two channels of data at 10/100/1000 MB/sec. Rx SAS Device TX. with half or full duplex capability. LSI SAS1064 controller block diagram Intel 82546GB Dual Port Gigabit Ethernet Controller The Netra X4200 M2 server is equipped with one Intel 82546GB Dual Port Gigabit Ethernet controller that provides two gigabit Ethernet interfaces to the system for network interface controllers (NIC)s 2 and 3. plus a hot spare drive. such TCP/UDP/IP checksum calculations and TCP segmentation. TX. the controller also offloads tasks from the CPU. 133 MHz PCI-X Controller I2C Interface 32-bit Memory Address/Data Bus Flash ROM/ PSBRAM/ VMSRAM IC 2 PCI/PCI-X Interface Figure 5. Rx SAS Device TX. using hardware acceleration. first-out (FIFOs) per port — FIFO size is tunable to the application .Sun Microsystems. plus a hot spare drive. the Netra X4200 M2 servers only support SAS hard disk drives. Other features include: • 100 MHz PCI-X bus — allows wire-speed performance of two gigabit Ethernet connections • 64 KB configurable receive and transmit packet first-in. Rx SAS Device LSI SAS1064 64-bit. It incorporates two full gigabit Ethernet media access control (MAC) and physical (PHY) layer functions and Serializer/ Deserializer (SerDes) on a single chip. and a PCI interface that maximizes the use of bursts for efficient bus usage. Inc. and Integrated Striping technology: – Integrated Mirroring technology provides mirroring of two drives.

down to 10 or 100 Mb/sec.1Q virtual local area network (VLAN) support with VLAN tag insertion and stripping.3ab auto-negotiation for speed. cross-talk. in standby • Manageability and system health monitoring with advanced streaming format (ASF) 1.3x compliant flow control support with software controllable thresholds — reduces frame loss due to receive FIFO overrun • Jumbo frame support up to 16 KB — provides high throughput for large data transfers on networks supporting jumbo frames • IEEE 802.0 — provides alerting and remotecontrol capabilities and enables Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) • Ability to automatically detect polarity and cable length and medium dependent interface (MDI) versus MDI-crossover (MDI-X) cable at all speeds • Pre-execution environment (PXE) boot is enabled MDI Interface A MDI Interface B 1000 Base-T PHY Interface Design for Test Interface External TBI Interface 10/100/1000 PHY GMII/MII MDIO Device Function #0 MAC/Controller (LAN A) 10/100/1000 PHY GMII/MII MDIO Device Function #1 MAC/Controller (LAN B) SM Bus Interface EEPROM Interface Flash Interface LEDs S/W Defined Pins LEDs S/W Defined Pins PCI (64-bit. and flow control • Automatic link speed switching from 1000 Mb/sec.0 and system management bus (SMbus) 2. 16 The Netra X4200 Server Architecture • Institute of Electronics and Electrical Engineers (IEEE) 802. and baseline wander cancellation — provides robust gigabit performance in noisy environments or environments with cable installation problems • Advanced packet filtering — 16 exact matched (unicast or multicast) and promiscuous (unicast/multicast) transfer mode • IEEE 802.Sun Microsystems. as well as packet filtering for up to 4096 VLAN tags • Digital adaptive equalization. echo. 33/66 MHz PCI-x (133 MHz) Figure 6. Intel 82546GB Ethernet controller block diagram Intel 41210 Serial to Parallel PCI Bridge The Netra X4200 M2 server utilizes two Intel 41210 Serial to Parallel PCI Bridge chips to support three PCI-X slots. Inc. One Intel 41210 chip is connected to the Nvidia 2050 chip and supports one PCI-X slot. . The block diagrams for this chip are illustrated in Figure 7. duplex.

each) downstream for attaching legacy PCI and/or newer. 17 The Netra X4200 Server Architecture The second Intel 41210 chip is connected to the Nvidia 2200 chip and supports two PCI-X slots.0a) Figure 7. The Intel 41210 can be configured with a x4 or x8 lane upstream port connection to host PCI Express slots.0a) PCI-X 133 MHz (v 1. 100 MHz. Inc.7M maximum color depth • 1024 x 768 TMDS . and provides two 133 MHz PCI-X bus segments (1 GB/sec. and VESA plug and display interface • Support for 24-bit TTL • 1600 x 1200 maximum resolution • 16. Intel 41210 Serial to Parallel PCI Bridge block diagram ATI Rage XL Video The Netra X4200 M2 servers use the ATI Rage XL graphics controller to deliver 2D and 3D graphics acceleration. as well as PCI 66 MHz and 33 MHz for mixed PCI/PCI-X modes and frequency bus/device operation PCIe x4 Intel 41210 PCI-X 133 MHz (v 1. digital flat panel (DFP). and 66 MHz. higher data throughput PCI-X devices mounted on add-in cards or host bus adapters (HBAs). The digital video port (DVI) port is connected to the service processor for remote graphics redirection.Sun Microsystems. Additional features include: • Direct write/read transfer between PCI/PCI-X bus segments • Arbiter support for six masters per PCI-X bus segment allows ample device attach capability for high-density HBA or add-in card applications • PCI Express hot-plug capable • Backward compatibility supports 64-bit PCI-X 133 MHz. The chip has the following features: • 64-bit 125 MHz memory clock • 8 MB memory • 64-bit SDR: synchronous dynamic random access memory/synchronous graphics random access memory (SDRAM/SGRAM) memory path • 64-bit accelerated graphics port (AGP)/PCI bus • Integrated transmission minimized differential signals (TMDS): DVI.

The I/O sub-system consists of the following components: • Three PCI-X expansion slots • One PCIe expansion slot • Four SAS ports connected to the SAS RAID controller on the LSI SAS1064 chip providing a total SAS bandwidth of 12 Gb/sec. triple DES (3DES). secure hash algorithm (SHA-1). and alleged RC-4 (ARC-4) encryption algorithms. message-digest algorithm 5 (MD-5). Short. all I/O device ports are accessible from the rear of the system. as illustrated in Figure 8. I/O Components With the exception of the hard disk drives and/or DVD/RW.Sun Microsystems. It offers integrated hardware security. making it well suited for networking equipment requiring encryption capabilities. Advanced Decryption Standard (AES). Netra X4200 M2 server rear view . Ethernet port (RJ-45) for network management • Four gigabit Ethernet ports (RJ-45) provide exceptional I/O performance and increased network reliability through redundancy • One serial management port (RJ-45) connected to the ILOM service processor • One VGA video port (HD-15) connected to the ATI Rage XL chip • One telco alarm output port (DB-15) connected to the service processor PCI-X slots 10/100 Base-T Ethernet Mgmt Port (RJ-45) Telco Alarm Output (DB-15) PCIe Slot. Inc. 18 The Netra X4200 Server Architecture Motorola MPC8248 Service Processor The Netra X4200 M2 server utilizes the Motorola MPC8248 PowerQUICC II processor as the system service processor on the GRASP daughter card (Graphical Redirection and Service Processor). The processors also offer a Public Key accelerator and on-chip Random Number Generator. Low Profile Power Supplies AC or DC Quad Gigabit VGA Video Serial Management Dual USB Port (RJ-45) Ports Ethernet Ports Port (RJ-45) (RJ-45) Telcom GND Lugs Figure 8. It features a security engine that supports Data Encryption Standard (DES). • Two external USB 2.0 ports • One 10/100 MB/sec.

one with four SAS drives. providing data redundancy and increased performance at no additional cost. hot-swappable.3V PCI-X 133 MHz. 3. replacing the aging PCI bus.5 GHz and supports x1. PCIe operates at 2. and 66 MHz. and x8 in the Netra X4200 M2 server. as well as PCI 66 MHz and 33 MHz. It is designed as the next-generation system bus interconnect. Both PCIe signals are x4 lanes. half-length) located below PCI-X Slot 1 on the rear of the system. Most cards. PCIe is a high speed. full-length cards. The controller provides either twodisk RAID 1 volumes (Integrated Mirror) or two-. and Slot 3 supports full-height.5 inch SAS hard drives. 19 The Netra X4200 Server Architecture PCI-X Expansion Slots The Netra X4200 M2 server has three PCI-X expansion slots. point-to-point dual simplex chip interconnect. currently do not require more than a x4 slot for full bandwidth operation. and x8 lanes low profile (MD2) PCIe cards. The drives are 100 percent duty cycle small form factor server-grade drives and are NEBS certified. Two cables carry PCIe signals from the PCIe slot on the motherboard to the PCI tray board. 146 GB 10K RPM. Internal Storage The Netra X4200 server supports two storage configurations. When viewing the server from the rear. This slot operates at 2. x4. three-. the PCI slots are present in numeric order from left to right and numbered from one to three. x4. x2. The optional DVD/RW device (standard with the two drive configuration and not available with the four drive configuration) provides the ability to read and write to a . Slots 1 and 2 support full-height. half-length cards. These larger slots are usually provided specifically for graphics cards in high-end 3D visualization-oriented workstations. 2. Graphics cards are the only currently available devices that can come close to requiring the full x16 operation that PCIe can offer. including InfiniBand cards.. 3 Gb/sec. The x8 PCIe lanes are directly connected from the motherboard through a cable and are located under the PCI tray. 100 MHz.Sun Microsystems. Slots 1 through 3 support 64-bit.5 GHz and supports lane widths of x1. Inc. PCIe Slot The system also incudes one PCIe x8 slot (low profile. The Netra X4200 servers supports up to four internal. Hardware RAID is enabled by the on-board disk controller. The three PCI-X slots are converted from PCIe busses to PCI-X busses through the two Intel 41210 bridge chips on the PCI tray. and other with two SAS drives and one DVD/RW device. Full-height PCI-X slots increase investment protection by providing support for legacy telecommunications cards. or four-disk RAID 0 volumes (Integrated Stripes).

The power supplies are rated at 550 watts each and can auto-detect between 120/240V and 50/50 Hz. the systems can be run on DC power. Ethernet Ports The Netra X4200 M2 server features four gigabit Ethernet ports (RJ-45) located at the rear of the server. reducing heat. and flow control. redundant. Inc. eliminating the cost. and increasing server reliability.and half-duplex operation. These ports support NIC teaming and failover. full. as well as PXE boot. IEEE 802. The top two ports (NIC 2 and NIC 3) are connected to the Intel 82546GB Dual Port Gigabit Ethernet controller. however for maximum protection against power supply failures. complexity. 50-60 Hz – Maximum input current: 6. Sun recommends that both power supplies be installed in the system at all times. hotswappable AC/DC power supplies with separate power cords. 3.3ab auto negotiation for speed.7A at -48 VDC. -40 VDC to -75 VDC (range) – Maximum input current: 12. To further reduce power requirements and to meet NEBS certification.Sun Microsystems. 10. Power and Thermal Typical heat dissipation and power consumption metrics for a Netra X4200 M2 server equipped with two Dual-Core AMD Opteron processors and 4 GB RAM are as follows: • AC power: 100-240 VAC. enabling users to store data without external storage or hard drive requirements. 20 The Netra X4200 Server Architecture removable media access device. One power supply is sufficient to run a fully populated server. Using DC power can reduce overall operating costs by lowering energy use.2A at 200 to 240 VAC – Maximum heat dissipation: 2150 BTU/hour • DC power: -48 VDC or -60 VDC (nominal). In normal operation. duplex. NIC 0 is connected to the NVidia nForce Professional 2200 MPC chip and NIC 1 is connected to the NVidia nForce Professional MPC 2050 chip.2A at -60 VDC – Maximum heat dissipation: 2085 BTU/hour Power Supplies The Netra X4200 M2 server is equipped with two highly-efficient. In addition. the virtual storage feature of the ILOM service processor allows host access to networked CDROM ISO images as if they are locally attached USB CDROM devices. and need for a separate optical disk drive for each server. .5A at 100 to 120 VAC. All ports support 10/ 100/1000 Mb/sec. the power supplies share the power demands of the system equally between the pair.

2 RU.44 inches / 87. RAM) and PCI trays. 23 inch 2-post. The other chamber provides air flow for the hard drives. as well as 19 inch 4-post slide rackmount.73 inches / 424 millimeters (without bezel) • Depth — 19. and 600 millimeter x 600 millimeter hard rackmount. rack-optimized chassis with the following dimensions: • Height — 3. and one housing two disk drives and a DVD/RW device. Both areas are front-to-back cooled. Figure 9. 21 The Netra X4200 Server Architecture Cooling The chassis of the Netra X4200 M2 sever is segregated by an air divider into two distinct air flow chambers. The motherboard/PCI chamber is cooled by a row of fans mounted in front of the server behind the bezel. Fan failures are indicated in the front chassis Service Required amber LED. 20. Cooling — air flow Enclosure and Rackmount The Netra X4200 M2 server is enclosed in a ruggedized. The power supply/storage chamber is cooled by individual fans on the back of each power supply. Inc. One chamber draws air flow for the motherboard (CPUs.Sun Microsystems. .4 inches / 442 millimeters (including bezel). 16.0 inches / 508 millimeters (maximum depth) Two chassis are available — one housing four disk drives and no DVD/RW device. Optional kits are available for 19 inch 2-post.0 inches / 484 millimeters (bezel to rear I/O0. The server ships with a hard rackmount 19 inch 4-post kit. and power supplies. DVD/RW device (if present). as illustrated in Figure 9.4 millimeters • Width — 17.

22 The Netra X4200 Server Architecture Server Locator Indicator The Netra X4200 M2 server includes a pair of small lights that can be turned on to help identify a specific server among many in a data center. Inc.Sun Microsystems. and the other light is on the back of the server in the upper-center section . One light is positioned on the front of the server in the upper-left corner.

• Command Line Interface (CLI) — A dedicated software application that allows the user to operate the ILOM using keyboard commands. which allows remote access to the server’s console. and on-going monitoring and management. A terminal or emulator can be directly attached to the system serial port. The serial port provides access to the CLI and to the system console. Lights Out Management The service processor and Integrated Lights Out Manager (ILOM) in the Netra X4200 M2 server are implemented by the integrated GRASP daughter card (Graphical Redirection and Service Processor. maintenance. No other hardware or software is necessary to begin managing the Netra X4200 M2 server. yet easy-to-use browser interface that allows the user to log in to the SP and perform system management.Sun Microsystems. mouse. featuring Integrated Lights Out Management (ILOM) for individual system management. ILOM enables multiple inband and out-of-band management solutions. Sun systems can also be managed from a central console throughout their lifecycle with N1 System Manager software. military. or the ILOM can be accessed over the Ethernet using a Secure Shell (SSH). and video screen. 23 System Management Chapter 3 System Management The ability to easily manage system from remote locations is an absolute requirement for telco. The Netra X4200 M2 server is specifically designed with this in mind. monitoring. Inc. and Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) tasks. Out-of-Band Systems Management Out-of-band management is enabled through the serial port or dedicated Ethernet port. However. ILOM also supports IPMI and Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). It redirects the keyboard. ILOM includes the following components: • Service Processor (SP) — A dedicated processor board that communicates through the system serial port and a dedicated Ethernet port. IPMI terminal mode and PPP mode are not available on the serial port. • WebGUI —The WebGUI provides a powerful. The command-line interface is used to send commands to the ILOM. and government environments. It provides full local or remote access to the system for setup. • Remote Console/Java Client (JavaRConsole) — The Java™ Client supports the Remote Console functionality. . and can redirect input and output from the local system’s DVD/RW device.

diskette images (. and keyboard functionality allows the operator to use the operating system and other GUI-based programs. Using a standard Internet browser. using the screen. it is possible to configure the remote system's keyboard and mouse to act as the server's mouse and keyboard. allows the server’s operating system to be controlled remotely. and other features • Manage user accounts remotely • Power on.iso) can be redirected for remote access. 24 System Management The full functionality of the IlOM can be accessed by connecting a LAN to the Ethernet port. the WebGUI can be up and running in less than five minutes. One of the most powerful features of ILOM is the ability to redirect the server's graphical console to a remote workstation or laptop system. host Media Access Control (MAC) addresses.Sun Microsystems. dynamic random access memory (DRAM) configuration. power off. and reset the system remotely • Administer user accounts Remote Console Application The remote console application which is started using the WebGUI. . ILOM supports Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) and static IP addressing. and to redirect local CD and diskette (floppy) drives as if they were connected directly to the server. system serial numbers. mouse.img) and CD-ROM images (. Some of the common tasks that can be performed using the WebGUI include: • Redirect the system's graphical console to a remote client browser • Connect a remote diskette drive or diskette image to the system as a virtual diskette drive • Connect a remote CD-ROM drive or CD-ROM image to the system as a virtual CD-ROM drive • Monitor system fans. instead of restricting the operator to the command-line-based utilities provided by terminals and emulators. and voltages remotely • Monitor BIOS power-on self-test (POST) progress log entries remotely • View IPMI log entries. temperatures. WebGUI The WebGUI provides the ability to monitor and manage local and remote systems. When the host console is redirected. which the operating system can write • Examine component information. In addition. • The ability to redirect CD and diskette drives allows software to be downloaded and uploaded to and from the server as if it were accessing its own CD and diskette drives. power cycle. Inc. The diskette drive or CDROM drive on the remote system can also be configured as a device virtually connected to the Sun server. mouse and keyboard. including CPU information. • The screen.

The Service Processor is powered by the power supply stand-by voltage and functions even when the server is powered down or the operating system is malfunctioning. Typical sensor-related events are out-of-range temperature or voltage and fan failure. it is noted in the system event log and made available to the management software. IPMI functionality can be accessed through the command line with the IPMItool utility either in-band or out-ofband. 25 System Management In-Band System Management In-band management through the host operating system is enabled by the Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) and Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) agents that are resident in the operating system. and second. IPMItool provides the ability to read the sensor data repository and print sensor values. This allows platform status to be obtained and recovery initiated under situations in which in-band delivery mechanisms are unavailable. many system administrators and developers rely on command-line tools that can be scripted and systems that can be micro-managed. IPMItool takes a different approach by providing a completely command-line oriented tool.Sun Microsystems. this configuration allows for out-of-band server management. which is included in the Solaris 10 OS. However. IPMItool IPMItool is a simple command-line interface to systems that support the IPMI v2. it is not designed to replace the OpenIPMI . an IPMI-specific trap can be generated from the Web interface. The ILOM on the Netra X4200 M2 server is IPMI 2. IPMI information is exchanged though baseboard management controllers (BMCs). When an event occurs. IPMI IPMI is an open-standard hardware management interface specification that defines a specific way for embedded management subsystems to communicate.0 specification. and perform remote chassis power control. Therefore. display the content of the system event log. print field-replaceable unit (FRU) information. which are located on IPMI-compliant hardware components.0 compliant.5 or v2. Inc. read and set LAN configuration parameters. or the server's IPMI functions can be managed from any external management solution that is IPMI v1. IPMItool was originally written to take advantage of IPMI-overLAN interfaces but is also capable of using the system interface as provided by a Linux kernel device driver such as OpenIPMI or a Solaris driver called BMC. Additionally. IPMItool is available under a BSD-compatible license. Using low-level hardware intelligence instead of the operating system has two main benefits: first.0 compliant. System management software is generally complex and makes platform management only part of a much larger management picture. the operating system is not burdened with transporting system status data.

and other things. SNMP v1. SNMP is a network management protocol used almost exclusively in TCP/IP networks. A MIB is a text file that describes a managed node’s available information and where it is stored. v1 and v2c are disabled by default.Sun Microsystems. For example. if an alert is configured for critical thresholds. An IPMI-specific trap. Tivoli. called a Platform Event Trap. It is designed to run quick commandresponse functions that can be as simple as turning the system on or off or as complex as reading in the sensor data records and extracting and printing detailed sensor information for each record. temperatures. An alert is an IPMI Platform Event Trap (PET) generated when a sensor crosses the specified threshold. Some of these readings are also used to perform actions such as adjusting fan speeds. performance. The Solaris 10 OS provides SNMP Management Information Bases (MIBs) to manage and monitor the Netra X4200 M2 server using any SNMP-capable network management system. When a management station requests information from a managed node. and security on a network. such as HP OpenView Network Node Manager. 26 System Management library. ILOM polls the sensors and posts an event in the system event log (SEL) when they cross a threshold. Inc. The ILOM has a preinstalled SNMP agent that supports trap delivery to an SNMP management application. Where possible. can also be generated. The Sun server supports the following SNMP classes MIB files: • The system group and SNMP group from the RFC1213 MIB • SNMP-FRAMEWORK-MIB • SNMP-USER-BASED-SM-MIB • SNMP-MPD-MIB • ENTITY-MIB • SUN-PLATFORM-MIB ILOM Alerts The system is equipped with a number of sensors that measure voltages. illuminating LEDs and powering off the chassis. The system can be configured to send alerts to IP addresses. the . SNMP sets can be enabled and disabled and are disabled by default. v3 is enabled by default. the agent receives the request and retrieves the appropriate information from the MIBs. v2c. CA Unicenter. or PET. IPMItool supports printing comma-separated values for output to facilitate parsing by other scripts or programs. and v3 are supported. and to manage configurations. or IBM Director. SNMP SNMP management provides remote access by SNMP-compliant entities to monitor and control network devices. statistics collection.

provision. based on the RFC 2058 and RFC 2059. • Manage system boot commands and options — remote boot control via IPMI and remote mapping of boot devices and boot options. or move from a staging environment into production. All alerts are IPMI PET traps. LDAP and RADIUS Support The ILOM supports lightweight directory access protocol (LDAP) authentication for users. Managing each step of the infrastructure life cycle is challenging for even the most sophisticated IT organizations.Sun Microsystems. Remote upgrades can be performed to firmware on ILOMs. deploy. as defined in IPMI v2. • Manage power remotely — power off. power on. N1 System Manager provides an alternative to ILOM. the complexities of managing a system infrastructure through its life cycle become increasingly apparent. Linux. The software is installed on a dedicated server and allows one or more remote management clients to perform the following tasks on multiple managed servers: • Manage multiple servers — configure. Sun N1 System Manager Software As the number of systems in an organization grows. A server could be reprovisioned many times in its lifetime to support business needs. providing better security and easier administration. monitor. and platform CPU and memory information.0. A directory service is a centralized database for distributed applications designed to manage the entries in a directory. IT operators must continuously monitor and manage them to ensure that they perform at desired levels. patch. power reset. RADIUS is an authentication protocol that facilitates centralized user administration. • Monitor system information —system manufacturer. model. 27 System Management ILOM sends an IPMI trap to the specified destination when any sensor crosses the upper or lower critical (CT) threshold. ILOM supports Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) authentication for users. management MAC addresses. Thus. and update from one to thousands of Sun servers. Inc. maintain. LDAP is a general-purpose directory service. serial number. . and provision multiple Solaris OS. and power status. disk information. manage. RADIUS allows many servers to share access to user data in a central database. This software suite provides advanced virtualization features that enable IT operators to monitor. based on the OpenLDAP software. and Microsoft Windows servers in the data center. For example. and status. enabling all of the servers in the data center to be managed as one resource. expansion slot information. • Manage ILOMs and BIOS — information about system ILOM firmware. multiple applications can share a single database. its role could change from application host to database server. make. And once the systems are provisioned. version.

This enables administrators to maintain visibility of all management functions that are executed. operators can easily switch between the GUI and CLI. With this hybrid user interface. This makes it difficult for IT organizations to track and analyze actions performed in their environments. . choosing whichever is most effective for performing a specific task. monitor. and patch both the Solaris and Linux operating systems. Operations performed in the GUI are simultaneously reflected in the CLI. N1 System Manager takes a unique and innovative approach to address this problem. this enables the software to capture server information easily with no human intervention. that integrates both the GUI and CLI into a single console. Often. Hybrid User Interface Most system management products offer separate graphical user interfaces (GUIs) and CLIs to execute management tasks. Inc. 28 System Management • Manage remote system health checks— information about the status of a server. others are more comfortable with CLIs. This approach offers IT organizations maximum flexibility and productivity. tasks executed in one tool are not visible in the other. • Manage operating systems — deploy. offering a hybrid user interface.Sun Microsystems. accessible from the Web. • Perform bare-metal discovery — automatically discover bare metal compute nodes based on a given subnet address or IP range. and vice versa. While some administrators prefer to use GUIs.

Microsoft Windows. Solaris 10 on x64 platforms. and compatibility with Linux and Windows. Sun harnesses its existing expertise to provide this support to AMD Opteron processor- . or Linux software on Sun x64 servers and workstations allows enterprises to use a single vendor to meet a wide range of requirements. The Solaris 10 OS continuously sets world records. Sun Java Enterprise System 2005Q4. Sun and AMD software engineers work jointly on a range of co-development efforts including future development of HyperTransport Technology. fault management. Sun tunes and optimizes the Solaris 10 OS for the AMD Opteron platform to deliver exceptional performance and near-linear scalability. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.Sun Microsystems. This helps reduce the cost and complexity required to support and manage multiple vendors. employing various industry-standard benchmarks or workload scenarios on AMD Opteron systems. and VMware ESX Server operating systems can be ordered from Sun.0. For enterprises with demanding compute. AMD Opteron processor-powered servers. Solaris 10 OS on x64 Platforms The Netra X4200 M2 ships with the Solaris 10 OS on x64 platforms. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3. Support contracts are also available for these operating systems as well as Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Enterprise/Advanced Server Editions 32/64-bit from Sun. helping increase return on investment while reducing risk. and Web applications. compiler performance. and Sun™ Studio 11 pre-installed. Inc. and other ways Solaris can take advantage of the AMD Opteron architecture. The Netra X4200 M2 servers support multiple 32-bit and 64-bit operating systems. network. • Memory placement optimization (MPO) — With memory placement optimization originally implemented in 1998 for UltraSPARC® processor-based servers. the combination of the Solaris 10 OS and AMD Opteron processor-based systems is often an ideal fit. Sun and AMD — A Unique Partnership Leveraging more than 20 years of Symmetric Multiprocessing (SMP) expertise. Because of Sun’s support for multiple operating systems across its multi-core. Dozens of performance and price/performance world record benchmarks demonstrate this exceptional combination.0. organizations can deploy their choice of operating system without having to change hardware platforms when their requirements change. including the Solaris 10 OS. virtualization. SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 9. 29 Operating Systems and High Availability Chapter 4 Operating Systems and High Availability The ability to run the Solaris OS.

the Solaris 10 Operating System is the ideal cross-platform choice. and developers can use dynamic instrumentation and tracing capabilities to really see what the system is doing. Solaris Containers can allow for fine-grain resource management at the core level. improving overall system performance on systems with multiple dual-core CPUs. experiencing a seamless. As a result. security is further ensured. enabling faster data-driven fixes and an opportunity to unleash the full potential of the powerful AMD Opteron processor. By isolating applications and faults. high availability. • Multicore platform support — Solaris 10 features are not just fully supported. As customers choose to move from 32-bit to 64-bit applications. Solaris Predictive Self Healing automatically diagnoses. DTrace can be utilized on production systems without modification to applications. Solaris Containers offer efficient application consolidation that helps reduce system administration complexity. • Built to scale — Today. even software misconfiguration problems. Sun works closely with AMD. Additionally. 30 Operating Systems and High Availability based systems. Built-in Business Value For customers facing business and technical issues such as lowering costs and simplifying system administration while keeping service levels high. and advanced security technologies to meet these stringent requirements—all at a great price. without taking the entire CPU off line or affecting application availability. • Solaris Predictive Self Healing — An innovative capability in the Solaris 10 OS. With the inherent performance of AMD Opteron systems. To deliver fault management support for AMD Opteron processor-based systems. The Solaris 10 OS has the built-in virtualization. business-critical applications and essential system services can continue uninterrupted in the event of software failures and major hardware component failures. the Solaris Predictive Self Healing functionality can automatically detect failing cores and take them off line. Baseline data gathering reduces the time for diagnosing problems from days and weeks to minutes and hours. they are specifically engineered for multicore systems.Sun Microsystems. . they can immediately deploy the two in the same environment. for both the kernel and user processes. and recovers from many hardware and application faults. 32-bit applications can experience increased performance by accessing maximum memory space on AMD Opteron platforms. while benefiting from independent control over allocated resources. even those running in a Java Virtual Machine. • Virtualization on x64 — Building on a solid foundation of resource management functionality. isolates. integrators. IT can use Solaris Containers to consolidate multiple applications into a single system. This unique. For example. • Solaris Dynamic Tracing (DTrace) —System administrators. Inc. powerful tool gives a true system-level view of application and kernel activities. risk-free growth path to 64-bit computing.

it's an ongoing discipline. • Great Price. tried to grow or shrink a file system. Solaris Fault Manager continuously monitors data relating to hardware and software errors. such as Voice over IP (VoIP) and unified messaging. for free. And Solaris Trusted Extensions offers military-grade level security. • Solaris ZFS — Solaris ZFS (zettabyte file system) is designed from the ground up to deliver a general-purpose file system that spans from the desktop to the datacenter. or if they are interrupted by an underlying hardware problem.Sun Microsystems. User and Process Rights Management work in conjunction with Solaris Containers to enable secure hosting of thousands of applications and multiple customers on the same system. Anyone who has ever lost important files. Sun understands this and continues its 20-year commitment to enhancing security in the Solaris OS with the release of the Solaris 10 OS. It automatically and silently detects and diagnoses the underlying problem and can automatically take the faulty component off-line on both SPARC and AMD Opteron processor-based systems. • Application Compatibility— With the Solaris Application Guarantee. • Security — Security is more than a mix of technologies. or experienced data corruption knows that there is room for improvement in file systems and volume managers. Sun guarantees Solaris binary compatibility from release to release and source compatibility between SPARC® and x64/x86 processors. • Solaris Fault Manager and Solaris Service Manager — Both part of Solaris Predictive Self Healing. spent weekends adding new storage to servers. . (It's Free) — The Solaris 10 OS can be used commercially. run out of space on a partition. Easy-to-understand diagnostic messages link to articles in Sun's knowledge base that clearly guide administrators through corrective tasks requiring human intervention. in production. Inc. Sun’s most security enabled OS yet. 31 Operating Systems and High Availability • Great product — $500 million R&D investment in the Solaris 10 OS has produced what Sun considers to be the most advanced operating system on the planet. Solaris ZFS addresses these shortcomings efficiently and with minimal manual intervention. Solaris Service Manager creates a standardized control mechanism for application services by turning them into first-class objects that administrators can observe and manage in a uniform way. And Solaris OS support is 20 percent to 40 percent less than equivalent support from Red Hat. if they are aborted as the result of a software programming error. administrators can minimize and harden the Solaris OS even more. Solaris 10 security features enable organizations to: – Verify a system's integrity by employing Solaris Secure Execution and file verification features. These services can automatically be restarted if they are accidentally terminated by an administrator. – Reduce risk by granting only the privileges needed for users and processes. being the target of hacking attempts. To implement a secure foundation for deploying services. This greatly reduces the chances of key network applications.

pretested. Best of all. in-kernel support for Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) and bundled Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) server elements make Solaris 10 an ideal development and deployment platform for VoIP and other telephony applications. instant messaging. Sun is working with the PostgreSQL community to take advantage of advanced technologies in the Solaris 10 OS.Sun Microsystems. It is an integrated software system. In addition. services. high availability. the Solaris 10 OS supports current IPv6 specifications. calendaring. The Solaris 10 OS speeds application performance via the Network Layer 7 Cache and enhanced TCP/IP and UDP/IP stacks. This also includes support for certified NEBS level 3 hardware and Advanced Telecom Computing Architecture (ATCA) platforms. Solaris Containers. such as Solaris Predictive Self Healing. – Secure a system using dynamic service profiles. Inc. Sun offers the Java Enterprise System. portal. • Platform choice for telecommunications — Services can be deployed on a broad range of platforms including SPARC. and Intel® Xeon. such as 10 Gb Ethernet. and applications is generating a critical need for increased network performance. Web. AMD Opteron. The Java Enterprise System is preintegrated. Sun N1 Systems Manager software. streaming. identity. This virtually eliminates versioning problems and inconsistencies typical when combining point products from multiple vendors. and Sun developer tools available at no cost for both development . and application server components. • PostgreSQL for Solaris — The PostgreSQL open source database is integrated into the Solaris 10 OS. it incorporates a revolutionary business model. and hardware off-loading are all supported out of the box. clustering. The latest networking technologies. and DTrace. Sun meets future networking challenges by radically improving network performance without requiring changes to existing applications. with messaging. – Control access to data based on its sensitivity level by using the labeled security technology in Solaris Trusted Extensions. and VoIP networking through extended routing and protocol support — meeting the carriergrade needs of a growing customer base. including a built-in. Sun Java Enterprise System The Sun Java Enterprise System provides the core services needed to support a company’s operations and business-critical applications. 32 Operating Systems and High Availability – Simplify administration and increase privacy and performance by using the standards based Solaris Cryptographic Framework. directory. and shipped as a single system with a regular release schedule. • Networking — Exponential growth in Web connectivity. Additionally. With the Solaris 10 OS. and Sun provides worldwide 24 x 7 support for customers looking to develop and deploy open source database solutions into their enterprise environments. reducedexposure network services profile. Additionally.

Refer to http://www. Features of the Solaris OS license include the following: • No distinction between desktop and server licenses • Free-of-charge binary (runtime) license for all systems with eight or fewer CPUs for users who accept the terms of the Solaris 10 OS Binary Code License and the Free Solaris Binary License Program • Solaris 10 OS software is provided via the Solaris 10 Media Kit available for purchase at http://www.com/solaris/binaries • Single Solaris Media Kit for installing multiple systems • Solaris Media Kit contains additional bundled software • Solaris Supplemental CD of bundled user and system management tools • Oracle® 8i Enterprise Edition (with development license) • StarOffice 8. Once the system is booted from the media or image. Additionally.sun. 33 Operating Systems and High Availability and deployment and further. Inc. Linux distributions do not contain support for non-platform drivers such as the Service Processor. Typically.Sun Microsystems. Sun Installation Assistant is a Linux installation utility that reduces the complexity of installing supported Linux distributions on new hardware. There are no fees for the right to use the software on computers with a capacity of eight or fewer processors. A complete Linux installation on a Netra X4200 M2 server can be easily performed using the Sun Installation Assistant CD either locally or remotely using the remote features provided by ILOM and the JavaRConsole. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4. Upon recognition that the server is a supported platform. the result is that an IT operator is required to generate driver disks for each of the supported Linux distributions that they plan to install. a boot kernel is loaded and probes the platform configuration. and SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 9.sun. Solaris OS Licensing and Usage Under the Free SolarisSM Binary License Program.com/ software/solaris for current licensing details. The CD provides a set of Sun supported drivers that are tested for quality assurance. Sun offers the binary (runtime) version of its Solaris 10 OS available to anyone who accepts the terms of the Solaris OS Binary Code License (BCL) and the Free Solaris Binary License Program. There is a small charge for the media kit. The Sun Installation Assistant works well with Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3. is reaffirming its commitment to open source this software over time. It detects the hardware configuration and automatically installs device drivers. a .0 productivity suite • Solaris Software Companion CD of popular freeware Linux Environments A newly released platform seldom has a certified set of drivers already in a current Linux distribution.

and improve reliability.Sun Microsystems. Linux. 34 Operating Systems and High Availability list of the currently supported Linux distributions is displayed and the user is prompted to insert Disk 1 of the supported Linux distribution of their choice.sun. as well as most of Sun’s storage products. The Sun Installation Assistant manages the software installation of: • Supported Linux operating systems • Platform-specific software • Diagnostic and fault management software • Add-on components such as the Java Enterprise System middleware stack Microsoft Windows Environments Sun’s x64 servers and workstations. and continue to help optimize performance of Microsoft Exchange Server and Microsoft SQL Server. reduce costs. Inc. • Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS). Common Internet File System (CIFS). which helps increase system availability levels and performance through load balancing and interoperability with third-party storage devices. a new standard for snapshots. Sun storage products can flexibly support multiple operating systems. This technology is key for effective backup and restore of Microsoft Exchange Server. For convenience. and Microsoft Windows.xml/. Sun’s storage certifications improve support for clustering. on the same enterprise class systems — helping to increase efficiency. the certified platform and device drivers are installed and the complete installation is completed without necessitating cumbersome driver installation procedures. These Sun systems have earned the Designed for Windows certification. Disk 1 can be either a physical CD-ROM disk or a JavaRConsole redirected iso disk image. all available Microsoft Windows drivers for both Sun x64 systems and option cards can be downloaded from http://www.com/software/windows/ get. including: • Multipath Input/Output (MPIO). After the installation completes. These storage solutions are built through a network of best-in-class partners to operate in multi-vendor environments using open standards including Fibre Channel. pass Microsoft’s stringent compatibility testing suite and are listed in the Windows Server Catalog. Sun StorageTek™ products support heterogeneous environments for managing data at work. The Linux distribution installation continues as usual until completion. and Internet Small Computer Systems Interface (iSCSI). For years. NFS. data in motion. coordinates multivendor data copy management. Sun delivered Windows Catalog certified storage systems and storage management software. demonstrating Sun’s commitment to meeting the needs of diverse enterprises. . including the Solaris OS. and data at rest. IBM AIX.

Sun Microsystems. Inc. Interoperability Today. as organizations evolve their computing environments with an eye toward improving cost-effectiveness and TCO. the Solaris OS and Linux are complementary and a natural fit to work together in most any environment. Enterprise Edition (J2EE™ platform)-compliant application servers — the Sun Java System Application Server and the open source Tomcat server. Interoperability With Linux Sun's commitment to open systems stretches back over two decades. The Solaris 10 OS provides a rich set of features for Java technology-based development and deployment.sun. and Tcl/Tk • Scripting and shell utilities such as Perl. and bash • Common user and administrative interfaces such as GNOME. Interoperability With Java Technology The Java technology revolution has changed how people think about interoperability by no longer tying application design to a specific platform. KDE. from interoperability with both Linux and Microsoft Windows through support for a wide range of open standards and open source applications. geographically dispersed computing infrastructures that often consist of hundreds of heterogeneous hardware and software platforms from a wide variety of vendors. organizations must be able to rely on interoperable products that work well together. operating systems. which provides standardized disk management. Storage certifications with Microsoft Windows can be viewed at http://www. and dependence on specific hardware or software vendors must be avoided. The Solaris 10 Operating System meets these challenges through a number of different ways. Running on every major hardware platform and supported by virtually every software vendor. Python. 35 Operating Systems and High Availability • Virtual Disk Service (VDS). tcsh. At the same time. businesses rely on complex. Java technology enables business applications to be developed and operated independent of operating systems. As Linux interfaces continue to evolve. the Solaris OS maintains source-level compatibility. helping to ensure that applications developed for Solaris or Linux software compile and run on both platforms. Since the Linux operating system comes from the same roots. including two Java 2 Platform.pdf/.com/ software/windows/storage_cert. and applications must be protected. This includes the addition in the Solaris OS of libraries such as: • Glib. and Webmin . If these environments are to remain manageable. zsh. heavy investments in servers. zlib. giving system and storage administrators a single user interface from which to manage storage resources in a multi-vendor environment.

including: • Apache. test. Red Hat. JPEG. Features including up to 24 x 7 telephone and online . compile. Today. Authentication interoperability can be achieved through the Kerberos protocol using the Sun Enterprise Authentication Mechanism software built right into the Solaris 10 OS. PNG. 36 Operating Systems and High Availability In addition. and Python tools for software development • IP Filter. XML. Inc. which can be used across Solaris and Linux platforms. and integrate the tools they need. Single Point of Contact Support Sun’s x64 platform support extends well beyond providing certified servers and storage. The StarOffice™ office suite provides interoperability with Microsoft Office file formats. TIFF. and Evolution software for desktop usability These free software components are either integrated directly into the Solaris 10 OS distribution or are included on the Solaris Software Companion CD. allows Sun clients and servers to access file and print services in a Microsoft Windows network. Samba. This new level of interoperability is intended give users access to the applications they prefer while at the same time enabling them to reap the benefits of Solaris 10 functionality. which is integrated into the Solaris OS. also popular on Linux platforms. Sun System Service Plans for Windows OS provide a spectrum of four service offerings. Microsoft Windows. customers who deploy the latest Sun x64 servers and workstations can enjoy a single point of contact for both hardware and software support for their Solaris. and Secure Shell utilities for security • GNOME. F/OSS tools integrated into the Solaris 10 OS include the standard GNU development utilities. Tcl/Tk. ranging from noncritical to mission-critical support. GTK. They no longer have to download. unmodified Linux binaries and run them on the Solaris platform. The Solaris 10 OS includes 187 software products from the F/OSS community. Tomcat. Common Free and Open Source Software and Tools In addition to contributing software to the open source community. TCP Wrappers. Additionally. Sun also helps users leverage the power of free and open source software (F/OSS) by providing it up front with the Solaris 10 OS. the Solaris Linux Application Environment is expected to allow users on x86 systems to take existing. and SUSE Linux environments. LDAP authentication can also be used to access a Microsoft Active Directory server from a Solaris client. and zlib. in a future update to the Solaris 10 OS. Perl. Separately. Interoperability With Microsoft Windows The Solaris OS offers a variety of different features for interoperability with Microsoft Windows. The Solaris OS also supports open standards and interfaces that make it easier to interoperate with Microsoft Windows systems. and multiple Zebra routing protocols for network and Web services • Bison. Library support includes UNIX standard functions as well as the most popular F/OSS libraries such as Glib. Mozilla.Sun Microsystems. GCC.

Sun’s Netra High Availability (HA) Suite Foundation Services provide a reliable and scalable platform on which developers and system integrators can rapidly develop and deploy highly available applications. increasing overall availability. In addition. Netra HA Suite Foundation Services offer customers enhanced reliability for system services. . Using Netra HA Suite Foundation Services. Netra High Availability Suite Today’s competitive telecom industry is facing pressure to reduce CAPEX and OPEX while at the same time accelerate time to market. and online system administration allow customers to run their applications with confidence on Sun x64 servers and workstations. which provides access to dedicated engineering support at Microsoft. Network equipment providers (NEPs) and OEMs must provide highly available and scalable systems to carriers so services are always available with minimal downtime. And if there is ever a problem that stumps the experts. carriergrade HA solutions for network infrastructures.com/software/ netrahasuite/. For more information see: http://www. blade computing. Inc. access to tools and remedial software.sun. hardware service coverage.Sun Microsystems. Sun is covered by a Microsoft Premier Support Services agreement. and embedded environments. customers can build cost-effective. 37 Operating Systems and High Availability technical support.

Additionally.Sun Microsystems. and serviceability features that global telecommunication companies. It runs both 32-bit and 64-bit applications on multiple operating systems and offers the choice of four internal hard drives maximizing storage capacity in a 2 RU form factor. as well as industry leading x8 PCIe makes it easier to migrate from other systems to the Netra X4200 M2 server without requiring a total infrastructure upgrade. the Netra X4200 M2 server is certified to meet NEBS Level 3 requirements. and governments demand.inch deep 2 RU enclosure.com/. specifications.sun. Inc. . Product documentation is available at: http//docs. and white papers on its Web site page at: http://www. military installations. The Netra X4200 M2 carrier-grade server offers flexibility and choice in a rack-optimized less than 20. The legacy I/O support of full-height. and easy management. For More Information Sun Microsystems posts product information in the form of data sheets. System uptime is enhanced by redundant hot-swappable AC/DC power supplies and hot-pluggable hard disk drives. high-bandwidth networking. The Netra X4200 M2 server also integrates four gigabit Ethernet ports to provide connectivity for high-speed.sun. the Netra X4200 M2 server comes with Integrated Lights Out Management enabling simple remote monitoring and management from anywhere on the network. providing the kind of performance. fulllength PCI-X cards. continuous availability. reliability.com/. 38 Summary Chapter 5 Summary For harsh environments that demand optimum horizontal scalability.

Java. in the United States and other countries. Solaris. Inc. Information subject to change without notice. Sun N1. Inc. Printed in USA 03/07 . the AMD Opteron logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Advanced Micro Devices. INTEL is a trademark or registered trademark of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. 4150 Network Circle. in the US and other countries.Netra X4200 M2 Server Architecture On the Web sun. Netra. the AMD logo. StarOffice.com Sun Microsystems. Sun. Products bearing SPARC trademarks are based upon an architecture developed by Sun Microsystems.com © 2007 Sun Microsystems. Inc. Opteron. Santa Clara. Inc. CA 95054 USA Phone 1-650-960-1300 or 1-800-555-9SUN (9786) Web sun. and Sun StorageTek are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sun Microsystems. Inc. All SPARC trademarks are used under license and are trademarks or registered trademarks of SPARC International. the Sun logo. Sun Microsystems. AMD. J2EE. All rights reserved.

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