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# Common Unit Conversions

To convert from the conventional unit to the 51 unit, multiply by conversion factor To convert from the Sl unit to the conventional unit, divide by conversion factor Conventional Unit ACTH Albumin Bilirubin Calcium Cholesterol Cortisol Creatinine Creatinine clearance Ethanol Ferritin Glucose HbA1C Hemaglobin HDL cholesterol Iron, total Lactate (lactic acid) LDL cholesterol Leukocytes Magnesium MCV Platelets Reticulocytes Salicylate Testosterone Thyroxine (T4 ) Total Iron Binding Capacity Triiodothyronine (T3 ) Triglycerides Urea nitrogen Uric acid Celsius Fahrenheit Celsius Pounds Pounds Ounces Inches Ounces Grams Centimetres mg/dl ml/mon mg/dl ng/mL mg/dl pg/ml g/dl mg/dl mg/dl mg/dl Convenion Factor 0.22 10 17.1 0.25 0.0259 27.59 88.4 0.0167 0.217 2.247 0.0555 0.01 10 0.0259 0.179 0.111 0.0259 0.411 Sl Unit pmoi/L giL fLmOI/L mmoi/L mmoi!L nmoi/L ILmoi/L ml/s mmoi/L pmoi/L mmoi/L proportion of 1.0 giL mmoi/L ILmoi/L mmoi!L mmoi!L x 109 cells/L mmoi/L fL cells/mm 3 0.01 0.00724 0.0347 12.87 0.179 0.0154 0.0113 0.357 59.48 x 109 cells/L proportion of 1.0 mmoi/L nmoi/L pmoi/L fLmoi/L pmoi/L mmoi!L mmoi/L J.lmoi/L

%
g/dl mg/dl fLQ/dL mg/dl mg/dl x 103 cells/mm 3 mg/dl 1Lm3 x 103 mg/L ng/dL ngldL J4g/dl pg/dL mg/dl mg/dl mg/dl F

% ofRBCs

## = (C x 1.8) +32 C = (F- 32) X 0.5555

1 kg= 2.21bs

= 16 oz 1 oz = 28.3 g
1 lb 1 in= 2.54 em

## Commonly Measured Laboratory Values

Test
Arterial Blood Gases pH Pc02 P02 Serum Electrolytes Bicarbonate Calcium Chloride Magnesium Phosphate Potassium Sodium Serum Noneler:trolytes Albumin ALP ALT Amylase AST Bilirubin (direct) Bilirubin (total) BUN Cholesterol Creatinine (female) Creatinine (male) Creatine Kinase- MB fraction Ferritin (female) Ferritin (male) Glucose (fasting) HbA1C LDH Osmolality Serum Hormones ACTH (0800h) Cortisol (0800h) Prolactin Testosterone (male,free) Thyroxine (T4) Triiodothyronine (T3 ) TSH Hemtltologic V11/ues ESR (female) ESR (male) Hemoglobin (female) Hemoglobin (male) Hematocrit (female) Hematocrit (male) INR Leukocytes MCV Platelets PT PTI Reticu Iocytes

Conventional Units
7.35-7.45 35-45 mmHg 80-105 mmHg

51 Units
7.35-7.45 4.7-6.0 kPa 10.6-14 kPa

22-28 mEq/L 8.4-10.2 mgldL 95-106 mEq/L 1.3-2.1 mEq/L 2.7-4.5 mg/dL 3.5-5.0 mEq/L 136-145 mEq/L

22-28 mmoi/L 2.1-2.5 mmoi/L 95-106 mmoi/L 0.65-1.05 mmoi/L 0.87-1.45 mmoi/L 3.5-5.0 mmoi/L 136-145 mmoi/L

3.5-5.0 g/dL 35-100 U/L 8-20 U/L 25-125 U/L 8-20 U/L 0-0.3 mg/dL 0.1-1.0 mg/dL 7-18 mg/dL <200 mg/dL 10-70 U/L 25-90 U/L 0-12 U/L 12-150 ng/mL 15-200 ng/mL 70-110 mg/dL <6% 100-250 U/L 275-300 mOsm/kg

35-50 g/L 35-100 U/L 8-20 U/L 25-125 U/L 8-20 U/L 0-5 l'moi/L 2-17 IJ.mOI/L 1.2-3.0 mmoi/L <5.2 mmoi/L 10-70 U/L 25-90 U/L 0-12 U/L 12-150 !J.9/L 15-200 llQ/L 3.8-6.1 mmoi/L <0.06 100-250 U/L 275-300 mOsm/kg

<60 pglmL 5-23 JAQ/dL <20 ng/mL 9-30 ng/dL 5-12 ng/dL 115-190 ng/dL 0.5-5 !J.U/ml

<13.2 pmoi/L 138-635 nmoi/L <20 ng/mL 0.31-1 pmoi/L 64-155 nmoi/L 1.8-2.9 nmoi/L 0.5-5 JAU/mL

0-20 mm/h 0-15 mm/h 12.3-15.7 g/dl 13.5-17.5 g/dl 36-46% 41-53% 1.0-1.1 4.5-11 x 103 cells/mm 3 88-100 llm3 150-400 x 103/mm3 11-15 s 25-35 s 0.5-1.5% of RBC

0-20 mm/h 0-15 mm/h 123-157 g/L 140-174 g/L 36-46% 41-53% 1.0-1.1 4.5-11 x 109 cells/L 88-100 fL 150-400 X 109/L 11-15s 25-35 s 20-84 X 109/L

## Toronto Notes 2011

Abbreviations
micromoles unconjugated estriol 1,25{DHl2-vit D 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D 111-ln DTPA 111-in diethylene triamine penta acetic acid 17-KS 17-katosteroids 17-DH prog 17-hydroxyprogestarone 1BFDG 1B-fluorodeoxyglucose 2-PAM pralidoxime 5-ASA 5-aminosalicylic acid 5-HT serotonin tJITlOI

J,U:3

AFib

AlE

AAN
AAT Ab ABCs ABG ABI ABL ABP ABPA ABR ABVD
Abx ac AC AC AC AC AC ACA ACAS

ACC ACD ACD ACE ACEI ACh AChE ACI ACG ACL ACLA ACLS ACR ACR ACS

atrial fibrillation air entry Alcoholics Anonymous alveolar arterial abdominal aortic aneurysm arterial-alveolar oxygen diffusion gradient American Academy of Neurology activity as tolerated antibody airway, breathing, and circulation arterial blood gases ankle-brachial index acceptable blood loss arterial blood prassura allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis auditory brainstem response adriamycin, bleomycin, vincristine, decarbazine antibiotics before meals acromioclavicular abdominal circumference activated charcoal air conduction anterior chamber anterior cerebral artery asymptomatic cartic atherosclerosis study American College of Cardiology allergic contact dermatitis anemia of chronic disease angiotensin converting enzyme angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors acetylcholine acetylcholinesterase autologous chondrocyte implantation angle closura glaucoma anterior cruciate ligament anticardiolipin antibody advanced cardiac life support active cora rewarming albumin to creatinine ratio acute coronary syndrome

asymptomatic carotid surgery trial activated clotting time actinomycin D adrenocorticotropic hormone assist-control ventilation Alzheimer's disease atopic dermatitis autosomal dominant right ear apparent diffusion coefficient antidiuretic hormone attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder activities of daily living abductor digiti minimi absorption, distribution, metabolism and elimination abductor pollicis adenosine diphosphate adverse drug raaction adverse drug raactions adverse event active external rewarming amniotic fluid acid-fast bacillus atrial fibrillation acute fatty liver of pregnancy alpha-fatoprotain amniotic fluid volume anion gap antigen appropriate for gestational age advanced glycosylated endproducts atypical glandular cells of undetermined significance American Heart Association apnea hypopnea index acute hemolytic transfusion reactions anterior internal carotid artery anterior inferior cerebellar artery acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy acquired immune deficiency syndrome autoimmune hemolytic anemia angiotensin II acute interstitial nephritis allergic interstitial nephritis anterior interosseous nerve acute ischemic optic neuropathy arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy androgen insensitivity syndrome abdominal jugular reflex actinic keratosis also known as acute kidney injury acute lymphoblastic leukemia axillary lymph node dissection alkaline phosphatase amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

All AM AMA AMAN AMI AMI AML AMM AMP AM SAN AN AN ANA ANC ANCA AN OVA ANS Anti-GBM Anti-LKM Anti-Sm AD ADM AoV AP APB APB APC APCKD APH APL APLA APLAS APML APO ApoA ApoB APR APS APTT APUD AR AR AR ARB ARBC ARDS ARF ARI ARMD ARR ART ART

alanine aminotransferase morning anti-mitochondrial antibodies acute motor axonal neuropathy acute myocardial infarction acute myocardial ischemia acute myeloid leukemia agnogenic myeloid metaplasia adenosine monophosphate acute motor-sensory axonal neurophathy acoustic neuroma anorexia nervosa antinuclear antibody absolute neutrophil count anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody analysis of variance autonomic nervous system anti-glomerular basement membrane anti-liver kidney microsome anti-Smith antibodies aortic root acute otitis media aortic valve anterior-posterior atrial prematura beat abductor pollicis brevis activated protein C adult polycystic kidney disease antepartum hemorrhage abductor pollicis longus anti phospholipid antibody anti phospholipid antibody syndrome acute promyelocytic myeloid leukemia apolipoprotain apolipoprotein A-1 apolipoprotein B abdominal perineal resection antiphospholipid antibody syndrome activated partial thromboplastin time amine precursor uptake and decarboxylation aortic regurgitation attributable risk autosomal recessive angiotansin raceptor blocker anti-ribonuclear protein compies acute respiratory distrass syndrome acute renal failure absolute risk increase age-related macular degeneration absolute risk reduction advanced reproductive technologies assisted reproductive technologies

## Toronto Notes 2011

Abbreviations 1

2 Abbreviations
ARV AS AS AS ASA ASA ASA ASC-H ASCUS ASD ASIL ASIS ASO ASOT ASPD anti-retroviral aortic stenosis ankylosing spondylitis left ear above sternal angle acetylsalicylic acid American Society of Anesthesiology atypical squamous cells, cannot exclude HSIL atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance atrial septal defect anal squamous intraapithalial lesion anterior superior iliac spine anti-streptolysin 0 anti-streptolysin 0 titers antisocial personality disorder aspartate transaminase aspartate amino-transferase angiotensin advanced trauma life support acute tubular necrosis adenosine triphosphate all-trans-retinoic acid each ear American Urological Association abnormal uterine bleeding atrioventricular arteriovenous aortic valve area arterio-venous fistula arteriovenous malformation atrioventricular node avascular necrosis atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia alert, verbal, pain, unresponsive atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia abdominal x-ray azidothymidine bid BiPAP BI-RADS11 BK BM BM BM BMD BMD BMI BMR BMT BN BNP BOOP BP BP BPD BPD BPD BPH BPH BPP BPPV BPV BRAO BRBPR BRVO BS BSA BSE BSO BSS BT BTE BUN BUT BV BVH BW BZ

c
Ca0 2 CAP CAP CAP CAS CAVHD CBC CBD CBF CBGD CBI CBT cc C-C

## Toronto Notes 2011

arterial 0 2 content Canada Assistance Plan community acquired pneumonia prostatic carcinoma Children's Aid Society continuous arterial-venous hemodialysis complete blood count common bile duct cerebral blood flow cortical basal ganglionic degeneration continuous bladder irrigation cognitive behavioural therapy with meals carotid-cavernous coracoclavicular ligament chief complaint calcium channel blocker Consent and Capacity Board congenital cyanotic heart disease cholecystokinin complate cytogenetic response chronic pelvic pain Canadian Cardiovascular Society central corneal thickness coronary care unit conduct disorder Crohn's disease Canter for Disease Control childhood disintegrative disorder congenital dislocation of the hip congenital dysplasia of the hip carcinoembryonic antigen cost effectiveness analysis conjugated equine estrogen control group evant rate counting fingers cystic fibrosis chlorofluorocarbons Collage of Family Physicians of Canada chronic fatigue syndrome cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductama regulator colony forming units chronic granulocytic leukemia cyclic guanine monophosphata Canada Health Act congenital heart disease congestive heart failure conductive hearing loss carbohydrate contraindications cardiac index cervical incompetence confidence interval clean intermittent catheterization chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy cervical intraepithelial neoplasia carcinoma in situ Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease creatine kinase chronic kidney disease creatine kinase-MB

AST AST
AT II ATLS ATN ATP ATRA AU AUA AUB AV AV AVA AVF AVM AVN AVN AVNRT AVPU AVRT AXR AZT

two times a day bilevel positive airway pressure breast imaging reporting and data system balowknea basement membrana bowel movement bone marrow Becker muscular dystrophy bone mineral density body mass index basal matabolic rata bona marrow transplant bulimia nervosa brain namuretic peptide bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia blood pressure bullous pamphius biparietal diameter bronchopulmonary dysplasia borderline personality disorder benign prostatic hyperplasia benign prostatic hypertrophy biophysical profile benign paroxysmal positional vertigo benign positional vertigo branch retinal artery occulsion bright red blood per rectum branch retinal vein occlusion blood sugar body surface area bovina spongiform encephalopathy bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy balanced salt solution bleeding time behind the ear blood urea nitrogen break-up time bacterial vaginosis bilateral ventricular hypertrophy body weight banzodiazapine

cc cc

## CCB CCB CCHD CCK CCR CCP

CD CD CDC COD CDH CDH CEA CEA CEE CER CF CF CFCs CFPC CFS CFTR CFU CGL CGMP CHA CHD CHF CHL CHO

BIZ BAC BAD BAEP BAL BBB BBB BC BCC BCG BCP BCS BE BE BG

BHL

vitamin 812 bronchioalvelolar cancer bipolar affective disorder brainstem auditory evoked potentials bronchoalveolar lavage bundle branch block blood-brain barrier bona conduction basal cell carcinoma bacille Calmatte-Guarin birth control pill breast conserving surgery barium enema Barratt's esophagus blood glucose beta-human chorionic gonadotropin bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy

C&S

CIS CIT
CA Ca CA CA-125 CABG CAD CAH CaVd CAM cAMP c-ANCA Ca02

culture and sensitivity Caesarean section cardiothoracic ratio coracoacromial ligament calcium cancer cancer antigen 125 coronary artery bypass graft coronary artery disease congenital adrenal hyperplasia calories/day complementary alternative medicine cyclic adenosine monophosphate cytoplasmic antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody combined arterial 0 2

C/1
Cl Cl Cl CIC ClOP CIN CIS CJD CK CKD CK-MB

## Toronto Notes 2011

Cl Cl Cl Cl CIWA CL Cl Cll CM CMA CMC CME CMF CMG CML CMPA CMT CMV CN CN CNH CNS cardiac index cervical incompetence chloride confidence interval Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment clearance corpus luteum chronic lymphocytic leukemia cardiomyopathy Canadian Medical Association carpo-metacarpal joint continuing medical education cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil cystometrogram chronic myeloid leukemia Canadian Medical Protective Association Charcot Marie Tooth Disease cytomegalovirus cranial nerva cyanide central neurogenic hyperventilation central nervous system carbon monoxide cardiac output carbon dioxide catechol-0-methyl transferase chronic obstructive pulmonary disease cyclo oxygenase cyclo oxygenase-2 cerebral palsy chest pain cerebellar pontine angle continuous positive airway pressure cardiopulmonary bypass cephalopelvic disproportion creatine phosphokinase central pontine myelinolysis continous passive motion chest pain on exertion cerebral perfusion pressure chronic pelvic pain calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate chronic pelvic pain syndrome cardiopulmonary resuscitation Collage of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario continuous quality improvement creatinine central retinal artery occlusion colorectal cancer creatinine clearance cardiac risk factor chronic renal failure corticotropin releasing hormone contralateral routing of signals C-reactive protein complex regional pain syndrome congenital rubella syndrome central retinal vain occlusion completed stroke CSA CSF CSM C-spine CSR CT CT CTA CTD CTEV CTG CTLA-4 CTO CTS CUP

D
DHE DHEA DHEAS DHP DHP-CCB DHT Dl DIC DID DIEP DIP DKA DM DM DM1 DM2 DMARD DMC DMD DMSA DMSO DMT DMY DNA DNCB DNET DNR DNSI DPD DPG DPL DR DRD ORE DRUJ DS OS DSA DSD DSM DST DT DTaP DTPA DTR DU DUB DVT DWI Ox DXM DZ

Abbreviations 3
dihydroergotamine dihydroepiandrosterone dihydroepiandrosterone sulfate dihydropyridine dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker dihydrotestosterone diabetes insipidus disseminated intravascular coagulation dissociative identity disorder deep inferior epigastric perforator distal interphalangeal joint diabetic ketoacidosis dermatomyositis diabetes mellitus type 1 diabetes type 2 diabetes disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs dilated cardiomyopathy Duchenna muscular dystrophy dimercaptosuccinic acid dimethylsulfamelhoxazole disease-modifying therapy dermatomyositis deoxyribonucleic acid dinitrochlorobenzene dsyembryoplastic neuroeptheral tumour do not resuscitate deep neck space infections distalphalangaal depth diphosphoglycerate diagnostic peritoneal lavage diabetic retinopathy dopamine responsive dystonia digital rectal exam distal radioulnar joint double strength Down syndrome digital subtraction angiography detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders dexamethasone suppression test delirium tremens diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis diathylana triaminapantacetic acid deep tendon reflexes duodenal ulcer dysfunctional uterine bleeding deep vain thrombosis diffusion-weighted image diagnosis dexamethasone dizygotic

cv

cvs cvs

co co

## COz COMT COPD

central sleep apnea cerebrospinal fluid central steady and maintained cervical spine Chayne-Stokas respiration cognitive therapy computed tomography CT angiogram connective tissue disease congenital talipes equinovarus cardiotocography !fetal) cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated protein 4 community treatment order carpal tunnel syndrome central venous pressure cardiovascular cerebrovascular accident costovertebral angle cardiovascular disease cerebrovascular disease collagan vascular disaasa central vanous pressure chorionic villus sampling cardiovascular system continuous venous venous hemodialysis coal worker's pneumoconiosis chest x-ray cytochrome p-45D

cox
COX-2 CP CP CPA CPAP CPB CPO CPK CPM CPM CPDE CPP CPP CPPD CPPS CPR CPSO COl Cr CRAO CRC CrCI CRF CRF CRH CROS CRP CRPS CRS CRVO

D D&C D/f D5W DA DALY DASH dB dBP D&C D/C DC DC IS DCM Dco OCR DCT DDAVP DDH DDT DDx DES DES DES DEXA OF DFA DH

cs

diopter dilatation and curettage due to 5% dextrose in water dopamine disability adjusted life year dietary approaches to stop hypertension decibal diastolic blood pressure dilatation and curettage discontinue direct currant ductal carcinoma in situ dilated cardiomyopathy diffusing capacity of carbon monoxide dacryocystorhinostomy distal convoluted tubule 1-dasamino-8-d-arginine vasopressin developmental dysplasia of hip dichloradiphanyl trichloroathana differential diagnosis diethylstilbestrol diffuse esophageal spasm drug eluting stant dual-anergy x-ray absorptiometry dissociative fugue direct fluorescent antibody dannatitis harpetifonnis

4 Abbreviations

## Toronto Notes 2011

FESS FET FEV1 FF FFA FFP FHF FHR FHx FIGO Fi02 FISH Fl FLAIR Flu FN FNA FNHTR FOBT FOOSH FP FPB FPG FPL FRC FRCPC FRCSC FSGS FSH FT41 FTA-ABS FTS FTSG FU FUO FVC functional endoscopic sinus surgery forced expired time forced expiratory volume in 1 second filtration fraction fraa fatty acid fresh frozen plasma fulminant hepatic failure fetal heart rata family history International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics fraction of oxygen in inspired air fluorescence in situ hybridization femur length fluid-attenuated inversion recover influenza false negative fine naadla aspiration febrile nonhamolytic transfusion reactions fecal occult blood test fall on outstretched hand false positive flexor pollicis brevis fasting plasma glucose flexor pollicis longus functional residual capacity Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Canada Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of Canada focal segmental glomerular sclerosis follicular stimulating hormone free thyroxine index fluorescent traponamal antibodyabsorption first trimester screen full thickness skin graft failure to thrive fluorouracil fever of unknown origin forced vital capacity

E EAF EBL EBM EBV EBV EBW EC EC5o ECASA ECC ECD ECDR ECF ECFV ECFV ECG ECHO ECM ECMO ECRB ECRL ECT ECU ED ED ED ED50 ED+C EDC EDC EDD EDM EDS EEG EER EF EFM EFW e.g. EGO EHEC EHL EIA EIC EIEC EIP ELISA EM EM EMA EMA EMA-CO E .... EMD EMDR EMG EMLA

estrogen extra-articular features estimated blood loss evidence basad medicine Epstein-Barr virus estimated blood volume estimated birth weight emergency contraception effective concentration of a drug enteric coated aspirin endocervical curettage endocardial cushion dafact extracorporeal drug removal extracellular fluid extracellular fluid volume effective circulating fluid volume electrocardiogram achocanliogram erythema chronicum migrans extracorporee.l membrane oxygenation extensor carpi radialis brevis extensor carpi radialis longus electroconvulsive therapy extensor carpi ulnaris electrodessication emergency department erectile dysfunction affactiva dose - 50% electrodesiccation and curettage estimated date of confinement extensor digitorum communis electron dense deposits extensor digiti minimi alactrodiagnostic studies alactroancaphalogram experimental group event rate ejection fraction alatronic fatal monitoring estimated fetal weight example antarohamorrhagic E. coli extensor hallucis longus enzyme immunoassay extensive in-situ component entero invasive E. coli extensor indicis proprius enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay electron microscopy erytherma multiforme anti-endomysia! antibody emergency medical attendant etoposide, MlX, ACT-O, cyclophosphamide, vincristine maximal response that a drug can elicit electromechanical dissociation eye movement desensitization and reprocessing electromyography eutectic mixture of local anasthatic

EMS eNaC ENG ENT EOM EOM EPB EPC EPF EPL EPO EPS EPS EPS ER ER ERCP ERV ES ESR ESRD ESWL ET ETC02 ETEC EtCH ETT EUA EVAR EVL EVLT

esophageal motility study epithelial sodium channel electronystagmogram ear, nose, throat extraocular movement extraocular muscle extensor pollicis brevis emergency postcoital contraception Established Programs Financing extensor pollicis longus erythropoietin alactrophysiological studies expressed prostatic secretions extrapyramidal side effects emergency room estrogen receptor endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancraatography expiratory rasarva volume external sphincter erythrocyte sedimentation rate and-stage renal disease extracorporaal shockwave lithotripsy essential thrombocythemia and-tidal carbon dioxide enterotoxigenic E. coli ethanoValcohol endotracheal tube examination under anesthesia endovascular aneurysm repair endoscopic variceal ligation andovanouslasartharapy

F
F FlU FA FA FAB FAB FAE FAP FAS FASD FAST FB FBG FBS FCR FCU FDM FOP FOPs FDS FEF FEF FEF25-75 FENA FEP female follow-up folinic acid fluorescein angiography fragment antigen binding French-American-British fetal alcohol effects familial adenomatous polyposis fetal alcohol syndrome fetal alcohol spectrum disorder focused abdominal sonogram for trauma foreign body fasting blood glucose fasting blood sugar flexor carpi radialis flexor carpi ulnaris flexor digiti minimi flexor digitorum profundus fibrinogen degradation products flexor digitorum superficialis forced expiratory flow rata frontal aye field forced expiratory flow at 25-75% of maximum flow rate fractional excretion of sodium free erythrocyte protoporphyrin

G/U
G6PD GA GA GABA GABHS GAD GAF GAS GAT GB GBM GBM GBS

gram(s) genitourinary glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase general anesthetic gestational age gamma aminobutyric acid group A Streptococcus generalized anxiety disorder global assessment of functioning group A Streptococcus goldmann applanation tonometry gallbladder glioblastoma multiforme glomerular basement membrane group BStreptococcus

## Toronto Notes 2011

GBS GC GCA GCS G-CSF GCT GDM GOP GE GERD GFR GGT GH GHB GHRH Gl GIFT GIT GIT GIST GJ GM GMC GM-CSF GMN GMO GN GN GNB GNG GNP GnRH GPC GPe GPi GSW GT GTN GTPAL Guillain-BarB syndrome Neisseria gono"hes/gonococcns giant cell arteritis Glasgow coma scale granulocyte - colony stimulating factor glucose challenge test gestational diabetes mellitus gross domestic product gastroesophageal gastroesophageal reflux disease glomerular filtration rate gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase growth hormone gamma hydroxybutyrate growth hormone-releasing hormone gastrointestinal gamete intra fallopian transfer gamete-immediate transfer gatrointestinal tract gastrointestinal stromal tumour gatrojejunal germinal matrix general medical condition granulocyte macrophage - colony stimulating factor glomerulonephritis genetically modified organism glomerulonephritis Gram negative Gram negative bacilli gluconeogenesis gross national product gonadotropin-releasing hormone giant papillary conjunctivitis globus pallidus pars extema globus pallidus pars interna gunshot wound glucose tolerance gestational trophoblastic neoplasia gravidity, term infants, parity, abortions, living children drops genito-urinary graft versus host disease HCCA hCG HCI HCM HC03 HCP Hct HCTZ HCV HO HO HDL HDL-C

I
HSIL HSP HSV KT KTLV KTN HUS HVA

Abbreviations 5
high grade squamous intraepitheliallesion Henoct.-Schiinlein Purpura herpes simplex virus height human T-cellleukemia,llymphoma virus hypertension hemolytic uremic syndrome homovanillic acid history herpes zoster herpes zoster virus

gtt GU GVHO

## h H HIA HA HA HMRT HAV Hb HbA1C HBig HBsAg HBV HC HCC

hour hydrogen headache hemagglutinin hemolytic anemia highly active antiretroviral treatment hepatitis A virus hemoglobin glycosylated hemoglobin hepatitis B immune globulin hepatitis B surface antigen hepatitis B virus head circumference hepatocellular carcinoma

Health Care Consent Act human chorionic gonadotropin hydrochloric acid hypertrophic cardiomyopathy bicarbonate hydrocephalus hematocrit hydrochlorothiazide hepatitis Cvirus heart disease Huntington's disease high density lipoprotein high density lipoprotein cholesterol HDV hepatitis Dvirus HE hypaque enema HELiP hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets hepatitis Evirus HEV HF heart failure HHT hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia HHV human herpes virus HI head injury Hib Haemophilus influeiiZJJe b HIDAscan hepatobiliary iminodiacatic acid scan Hospital Insurance and Diagnostic HIDS Services Act HIE hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy HIFU high intensity focused ultrasound HIT heparin induced thrombocytopenia human immunodeficiency virus HIV HJR hepatojugular reflex HL hearing loss HLA human leukocyte antigen HLHS hypoplastic left heart syndrome HM hand motion HMO hyaline membrane disease HMG-CoA hydroxymethylglutamyl coenzyme A HMO Health Maintenance Organization HMPAO hexamethylpropene aminooxime HMSN hereditary motor-sensory neuropathy hereditary non-polyposis HNPCC colorectal cancer heterotopic ossification HO HDCM hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy HONK hyperglycemic hyparosnnolar nonketotic coma HP hydrostatic pressure human platelet antigen HPA hypothalamic pituitary adrenal HPA histrionic personality disorder HPD HPF high power field HPI history of present illness HPL human placenta lactogen HPO high frequency oscillation hepatopulmonary syndrome HPS human papilloma virus HPV HR heart rate HRCT high resolution CT scan HRT hormone replacement therapy hysterosalpingography HSG

Hx HZ
HZV

I
I 1&0 1&0 lA IABP IAOL lBO IBM IBM IBS IBW IC IC IC lCD lCD ICF ICH ICH ICP ICS ICSI ICU ID ID IDL IOM IE IEM IF IF IF IFA IFG lg lgA IGF-1 lgG lgM IGT IHO ll IL-1 ll-6 ILD ILR iodide incision and drainage irrigation and debridement intra-arterial intra-aortic balloon pump instrumental activities of daily living inflammatory bowel disease inclusion body myositis intermenstrual bleeding irritable bowel syndrome ideal body weight ileocecal immune complex inspiratory capacity implantable cardioverter defibrillator irritant contact dermatitis intracellular fluid intracerebral hemorrhage intracranial hemorrhage intracranial pressure inhaled corticosteroid intracytoplasmic sperm injection intensive care unit identifying data internal diameter intermediate density lipoprotein infant of diabetic mother infactive endocarditis inborn errors of metabolism immunofluorescence internal fixation intrinsic factor immunofluorescence assay impaired fasting glucose immunoglobulin immunoglobulin A insulin-like growth factor immunoglobulin G immunoglobulin M impaired glucose tolerance ischemic heart disease interleukins intarleukin-1 interleukin-6 interstitial lung disease implantable loop recorder

6 Abbreviations

L
LDso L-dopa LDH LDL LDL-C LE LEEP LEMS LES LFT LGA LGI LH LHF LHRH

## Toronto Notes 2011

lethal dose- 50% levodopa lactate dehydrogenase low density lipoprotein low density lipoprotein cholesterol lower extremities loop electrosurgical excision procedure Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome lower esophageal sphincter liver function test large for gestational age lower gastrointestinal luteinizing hormone left heart failure luteinizing hormone releasing hormone lithium left intercostal space left internal mammary arteJY left internal thoracic artery liver kidney microsome left lateral decubitus left lateral decubitus position left lower lobe left lower quadrant left lower sternal border light microscope laryngeal mask airway Licentiate of the MCC lower motor nerve lower motor neuron lower motor neuron lesion last menstrual period low molecular weight low molecular weight heparin lymph node last normal menstrual period level of conciousness light perception lumbar puncture left posterior fascicular block lipoprotein lipase lipopolysaccharide likelihood ratio leukotriene receptor antagonist lower raspiratory tract infection left sternal border lichen simplex chronicus lysergic acid diethylamide low grade squamous intraepitheliallesion L-thyroxina,lavothyroxina laryngotrachaoplasty leukotriena raceptor antagonist left uterine displacement left upper lobe left upper quadrant lower urinary tract symptoms left ventricle left ventricular assist device left ventricular end diastolic left ventricular end diastolic pressura

IM IM IMA 1MB IMF IMF IMR IMV INCS INF INH INO INR 10 IOC IOL IOL lOP IP IP IPAA IPAH IPD IPF IPMN IPS IPV 10 IR IRMA IS ISA ISO ITE ITP IU IUD IUD IUFO IUGR lUI IV IVC IVDU IVF IVH IVIG IVM IVP IVU

intramedullaJY intramuscular inferior mesenteric arteJY intermenstrual bleeding idiopathic myelofibrosis intarmaxillaJY fixation infant mortality rate intermittent mandatory ventilation intranasal corticosteroids interferon interferon-a isoniazid internuclear ophthalmoplegia international normalized ratio intraosseous intra-operative cholangiography induction of labour intraocular lens intraocular pressure interphalangeal intraperitoneal ileal pouch-anal anastomosis idiopathic pulmonaJY arterial hypertension interphalangeal depth idiopathic pulmonaJY fibrosis intraductal papillaJY mucinous neoplasm integrated prenatal screen injected polio vaccine intelligence quotient immediate release intra retinal microvascular abnormalities internal sphincter intrinsic sympathomimetic action intrinsic sphincter deficiency in the ear immune thrombocytopenic purpura international units intrauterine death intrauterine device intrauterine fetal demise intrauterine growth restriction intrauterine insemination intra venous inferior vena cava intravenous drug usa in-vitro fertilization intraventricular hemorrhage intravenous immunoglobulin in-vitro maturation intravenous pyelogram intravenous urography

## J JA JC JGA JIA JNA JRA JVP

jaeger juvenile arthritis Jakob-Creutzfeldt juxtaglomerular apparatus juvenile idiopathic arthritis juvenile nasophaJVngeal angiofibroma juvenile rheumatoid arthritis jugular venous pulsation

## K KCI kg KOH KRP

KS
KUB

potassium postassium chloride kilogram potassium hydroxide Kolmer Reiter protein Kaposi's sarcoma kidney, ureter, bladder

L l

LIS
LA LA LA LABA LAC LAD LAD LAD LAE LAFB LAH LAP LAP LAR LAR LASIK LBB LBBB LBO LBO LPB LBW LCA LCA LCAT LCCN LCD LCDC LCIS LCL LCx LD

litre live births lecithin/sphingomyelin left atrium local anesthetic long-acting long-acting beta-agonist lupus anticoagulant left anterior descending left axis deviation lymphadenopathy left atrial enlargement left anterior fascicular block left atrial hypertrophy left atrial pressure leukocyte alkaline phosphatase lower abdominal resection lower anterior resection laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis left bundle branch left bundle branch block Lewy body disease large bowel obstruction lower back pain low birth weight left circumflex artery left coronary lecithin-cholesterol acyltransfarase light chain cast nephropathy liquor carbonis datargens Laboratory Center for Disease Control lobular carcinoma in situ lateral collateral ligament left circumflex arteJY loading dose

l..i LICS LIMA LITA LKM LLD LLDP LLL LLQ LLSB LM LMA LMCC LMN LMN LMNL LMP LMW LMWH LN LNMP LOC LP LP LPFB LPL LPS LR LRA LRTI LSB LSC LSD LSIL
l-T4 LTP LTRA WD Wl

wa

## Toronto Notes 2011

LVEF LVES LVF LVF LVFP LVH LVI LVOT LVP left ventricular ejection fraction left ventricular end systolic left ventricular failure left ventricular function left ventricle filling pressure left ventricular hypertrophy lymphovascular space invasion left ventricular outflow tract left ventricular pressure MEl ME LAS

N
MSE MSG MSH MSK MSM MSS MSSA MSU MT

Abbreviations 7
mental status examination monsodium glutamate melanocyte-stimulating hormone musculoskeletal man who have sax with man maternal serum screen methicillin sensitive S. aureus mid-stream urine metatarsal medullary thyroid cancer metatarso phalangeal joint methotrexate methotrexate-folinic acid manipulation under anesthesia multiple gated acquisition scan mala urethral suppository for erection mitral valve mitral valva area motor vehicle accident motor vehicle collision myocardial 02 consumption mitral valve prolapse molecular weight monozygotic

MELD MEN Men-C MF mg Mg MG MGUS MH MHA MHA-TP MHC Ml MIBG MIDD min MLF MM MM MM MMF MMFR MMFR MMI MMLE MMR MMR MMSE MOA MOCA MODS MODY MOSF MP MPA MPGN MPI MPTP MPV MR MR MR MR MRA MRC MRCP MRI MRM MRN MRSA MS MS MSA MSA MSAFP MSDS

M M MABP MAC MAC MAHA MAl MALT MAO MAO I MAO Is MAP MAP MAS MAST MAT MC MCA MCC MCCQE MCD MCH MCHC MCI MCL MCN MCP MCT MCTD MCV MCV MD MD MD MDAC MDCT MDD MDE MDI MDI MDMA MDR MDS MEA MEE

male Muscarinic mean arterial blood pressure minimum alveolar concentration Mycobacterium avium complex microangiopathic hemolytic anemia mycobacterium aviumintracellulara mucosal associated lymphomatous tissue lymphoma monoamine oxidase monoamine oxidase inhibitor monoamine oxidase inhibitors magnesium ammonium phosphate mean arterial pressure meconium aspiration syndrome military anti-shock trousers multifocal atrial tachycardia metacarpal middle cerebral artery Medical Council of Canada Medical Council of Canada qualifying exam minimal change diesease mean corpuscular hemoglobin mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration mild cognitive impairment medial collateral ligament mucinous cystic neoplasm metacarpal phalangeal joint medium chain triglycerides mixed connective tissue disease mean corpuscular volume molluscum contagiosum virus maintenance dose medical doctor muscular dystrophy multidose activated charcoal miltidetector computed tomography major depressive disorder major depressive episode metered dose inhaler multiple daily injections 3,4-methlenedioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy) multi-drug resistance myelodysplastic syndrome microwave endometrial ablation middle ear affusion

middle ear inflammation mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic-acidosis and stroke like episodes modal for and stage liver disease multiple endocrine neoplasia meningococcal conjugate vaccine mycosis fungoidas milligram magnesium myasthenia gravis monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance malignant hyperthermia Mental Health Act microhemoglutination test for Ab to T. psllidium major histocompatibility complex myocardial infarction meta-iodo-benzoguanide monoclonallg deposition disease minutes medial longitudinal fasciculus malignant melanoma millimeters multiple myeloma mycophenolsta mofstil maximal mid-expiratory flow rate mid maximal flow rate methimazole mini-mental status exam maternal mortality rate measles/mumps/rubella mini mental status examination mechanism of action Montreal cognitive assessment multiple organ dysfunction syndrome maturity-onset diabetes of the young multi-organ system failure mercaptopurine medroxyprogesterone acetate membranous proliferative glomerulonephritis myocardial perfusion imaging methylpheyl tetra hydropindine mean platelet volume mitral regurgitation magnetic resonance mental retardation mitral regurgitation magnetic resonance angiogram Medical Research Council magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography magnetic resonance imaging modified radical mastectomy medical record number methicillin-resistent S. aureus mitral stenosis multiple sclerosis mixed sleep apnea multiple system atrophy maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein material safaty data sheets

MTC
MTP MTX MTX-FA MUA MUGA MUSE MV MVA MVA MVC MV02 MVP MW MZ

N Na N/A N20 NA NA NAC NAFLD NAION NAIT NASH NASSA NATP NBUVB NBUVC NC NCEP NCN NCS NCV NDRI Nd:YAG NE NEC NERD NF NF-1 NF-2 NG

normal sodium not applicable nitrous oxide neuraminidase noradrenaline n-acetyt non-alcoholic fatty liver disease nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy neonatal alloimmuna thrombocytopenia nonalcoholic steatohepatitis noradranargic and specific serotonin antagonists neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia purpura narrow band ultraviolet B narrow band untraviolet C neurogenic claudication National Cholesterol Education Program neocellular nevus nerve conduction studies nerve conduction velocity norepinephrine and dopamine reuptake inhibitors neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet norepinephrine necrotizing enterocolitis non-erosive reflux disease neurofibromatosis neurofibromatosis type 1 neurofibromatosis type 2 nasogastric

8 Abbreviations

## Toronto Notes 2011

PACG PACU PAD PAG PAH PAHO PAl-l PAN p-ANCA Pa02 PA02 PAP PAP PAPP-a PAS PAS PASP PAT Patm PB PBC PBD pc PC PCA PCA PCB PCD PCI PCKD PCL PCNSL PCO PC02 PCOD PCOS PCP PCP PCR PCT PCT PCV PCWP PO PO PO PDA POD POE PDPHA PDR PE PEEP PEF PEl PER PERLA primary angle closure glaucoma post-anesthetic care unit phlegmasia alba dolens plasma anion gap para-aminohippuric acid Pan American Health Organization plasminogen activator inhibitor polyarteritis nodosa perinuclear anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody arterial oxygen pressure partial pressure of oxygen in alveolar gas Papanicolaou pulmonary arterial pressure pregnancy-associated plasma protein periodic acid-schiff reaction peripheral anterior synechiae pulmonary artery systolic pressure paroxysmal atrial tachycardia atmospheric pressure protein bound primary biliary cirrhosis percutaneous biliary drainage after meals peak concentration patient controlled analgesia posterior cerebral artery polychlorinated biphenyls phlegmasia cerulea dolens percutaneous coronary intervention polycystic kidney disease posterior cruciate ligament primary central nervous system lymphoma posterior capsular opacification partial pressure of carbon dioxide polycystic ovarian disease polycystic ovarian syndrome pneumocystis carinii pneumonia phenylcyclidine polymerase chain reaction porphyria cutanea tarda proximal convoluted tubule pressure control ventilation pulmonary capillary wedge pressure Parkinson's disease personality disorder posterior descending Iartery) patent ductus arteriosus pervasive developmental disorder phosphodiesterase postdural puncture headache proliferative diabetic retinopathy pulmonary embolism positive end expiratory pressure peak expiratory flow Prince Edward Island passive external rewarming pupils equal and reactive to light and accomodation

NG-tube NHL NHP NICU NIPPV NIV NK NLD NLE NLP NMDA NMJ NMR NMS NMSC NNH NNSGRC NNT NO NOS NP NPC NPH NPO NPV NREM NRFHR NRT NS NS NS NSAIDs NSCLC NSR NST NSTEMI NT NTD NTG NTT NTUS

NN NN/D
NVI NVS NWB NYD NYHA

nasogastric tube non-Hodgkin's lymphoma natural health product neonatal intensive care unit noninvasive positive pressure ventilation noninvasive ventilation natural killer nasolacrimal duct neonatal lupus erythematosus no light perception N-methyi-D-aspartic acid neuromuscular junction neonatal mortality rate neuroleptic malignant syndrome nonmelanoma skin cancers number needed to harm National Newborn Screening and Genetics Resource Center number needed to treat nitric oxide not otherwise specified nasopharyngeal nasopharyngeal carcinoma normal pressure hydrocephalus nothing by mouth, nil per os nagative pradictive value non-REM non-reassuring fetal heart rate nicotine replacement therapy nasogastric tube nephrotic syndrome normal saline nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs non-small cell lung cancer normal sinus rhythm non-stress test non ST elevation myocardial infarction nuchal translucency neural tube defects nitroglycerin nasotracheal tube nuchal translucency ultrasound nausea and vomiting nausea/vomiting and diarrhea neurovascular intact neurovascular status non-weightbearing not yet diagnosed New York Heart Association

O&P

DIE
02 OA OA OAF OCD OCP OCPD OD OD OD OD ODB ODD ODM OE OECD OGCT OGD OGTT OHA OHIP OHL OM OME ONTO OP

oc

## OP OPC OPCA OPCAB OPLL OPV OR OR OR IF OS OSA OT OT

ore
ou ou

ova and parasites on examination oxygen occiput anterior osteoarthritis osteoclast activating factor obsessive compulsive disorder oral contraceptive pill obsessive-compulsive personality disorder oculus dexter once a day overdose right eye Ontario Drug Benefit oppositional defiant disorder opponens digiti minimi otitis externa Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development oral glucose challenge test oesophagogastro-duodenoscopy oral glucose tolerance test oral hypoglycemic agent Ontario Health Insurance Plan oral hairy leukoplakia otitis media otitis media with effusion open neural tube datact occiput posterior oncotic pressure opponens pollicis oral contraceptive pill olivopontocerebellar atrophy off-pump coronary artery bypass ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament oral polio vaccine odds ratio operating room open reduction internal fixation oculus sinister; left eye obstructive sleep apnea occiput transverse occupational therapy over the counter oculus uterque each eye

p
p p

## PIE PA PA PAB PABA PAC

PaCOz
PACs

progesterone psoralens physical exam posteroanterior pulmonary artery premature atrial beat para-aminobenzoic acid premature atrial contraction arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide premature atrial contractions

## Toronto Notes 2011

PET PET PF PF PFO PFT PG PG PGE, PGE2 Pgp PH20 PHACES PHE PHH PHIPA PHPV PICA PICC PID PIE PIH PIN PIP PIPEDA PIV PK PKU Pl PLT PM PM PMC PMDD PMH PMI PML PMN PMNs PMR PMS PMY PND PND PNET PNH PNS PNS PO pOz P04 POA POAG POD POD POMC positron emission tomography scan preeclampsia patellofemoral joint plain films patent foramen ovala pulmonary function tests plasma glucose prosmglandin pros1llglandin E 1 prosmglandin E 2 p-glycoprotein partial pressure of water posterior fossa, hemangioma, arterial anomalies, cardiac, eye periodic health examination posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus Ontario Personal Health Information Protection Act persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous posterior inferior cerebral artery peripherally inserted central cathater pelvic inflammatory disease pulmonary infilitration with eosinophilia pregnancy-induced hypertension posterior interosseous nerve proximal interphalangeal joint Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act posterior interventricular artery pyruvate kinase phenylketonuria palmaris longus platelets evening polymyositis pontine micturition center premenstrual dysphoric disorder past medical history point of maximal impulse progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy polymorphonuclear neutrophils polymorphonuclear cells proportional mortality rate premenstrual syndrome polymyositis paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea post nasal drip primitive neuroectodermal tumour paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria parasympathetic nervous system peripheral nervous system par os, oral, by mouth partial pressure of oxygen phosphate power of attorney primary open angle glaucoma post-operative day post obstructive diuresis pro-opiomelanocortin PONV PPD PPD PPH PPH PPHN PPI PPRF PPROM PPS PPV PPV PR PR PR PRBCs PRK PRL PRN PROM PRSA PRSP PRUJ PRV PS PSA PSA

R
PUVA PV PVB PVCs PVD PVD PVL PVR PVR PYLL

Abbreviations 9
psoralens and long wave ultraviolet radiaton pulmonary valve premature ventricular beat premature ventricular contractions peripheral vascular disease posterior vitreous detachment periventricular leukomalacia peripheral venous return pulmonary vascular resistance potential years of life lost

PsA
PSC PSD PSGN PSIS PSP PSS PSSA PSV PSVT PT PT PTA PTA PTC PTCA PTCI PTFE PTH PTHrP PTL PTSD PTT PTU PUD PUPPP PUV

post-operative nausea and vomiting post-partum depression purified protein derivative postpartum hemorrhage primary pulmonary hypertension persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn proton pump inhibitor paramedian pontine reticular formation preterm premature rupture of membranes progressive systemic sclerosis positive predictive value positive pressure ventilation per rectum progesterone receptor pulmonary ragurgimtion packed red blood calls photorefractive keratectomy prolactin pro re nata, as needed premature rupture of membranes penicillin-resistant S. aureus penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pnaumoniaa proximal radio ulnar joint polycythemia rubra vera pulmonary stenosis progressive supranuclear palsy prostate specific antigen psoriatic arthritis primary sclerosing cholangitis Parkinson plus syndrome poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis posterior superior iliac spine progressive supranuclear palsy progressive systemic sclerosis penicillin sensitive S. aureus pressure support ventilation paroxysmal supraventricular tachyarrythmia physiotherapy prothrombin time percutaneous transluminal angioplasty pure tone audiometry percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty percutaneous transluminal coronary interventional polytetra fluroethylene parathyroid hormone PTH-related peptides pratarm labor post-traumatic stress disorder partial thromboplastin time propylthiouracil peptic ulcer disease pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy posterior urathral valva

Q
q 0 DALY OD qhs OlD OOL OST each, avery perfusion quality adjusted life year once a day every night at bedtime four times a day quality of life quantitative sensory testing

R&M

RIO
RA RA RAAS RAD RAE RAIU RAP RAP RAPD RAS RAS RBB RBBB RBC RBF RCA RCC RCM RCPSC RCT RD RDS ROT ROW ReA REM RES RIND RF RF RF RFT

routine and microscopy rule out rheumatoid arthritis right atrium ranin-angiomnsin-aldostarone system right axis deviation right atrial enlargement radioactive iodine uptake recurrent abdominal pain right atrial pressure relative afferent pupillary defect renal artery stenosis reticular activating system right bundle branch right bundle branch block red blood cell renal blood flow right coronary artery renal cell carcinoma restrictive cardiomyopathy Royal College of Physicians/ Surgeons of Canada randomized controlled trial retinal detachment respiratory distress syndrome rapid antigen dataction tast red blood cell distribution width reactive arthritis rapid aye movement reticuloendothelial system reversible ischemic neurological deficit radiofrequency rheumatoid factor risk factor renal function tests

10 Abbreviation

## Toronto Notes 2011

SIADH SIDS SIL SIMV SIRS SJS SL SLE SLED SLP SLR SMA SMA SMV SMX SNB SND SNHL SNpc SNRI SNS SNS SOB SOBOE SOF SOGC SPAK SPECT SPEP SPF SPK SR SRS SRT SSA SSB SSD SSPE SSRI syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone sudden infant death syndrome squamous intraepitheliallesion synchronous intermittent mandatory ventilation systemic inflammatory response syndrome Stevens-Johnson Syndrome sublingual systemic lupus erythematosis sustained low efficiency dialysis speech language pathologist straight leg raise smooth muscle antibody superior mesenteric artery superior mesenteric vein sulfamethoxazole sentinel node biopsy striatonigral degeneration sensorineural hearing loss substantia nigra pars compacta serotonin and norepinephrine rauptake inhibitors striatonigral degeneration sympathetic nervous system shortness of bnaath shortness of breath on exertion superior orbital fissure Society of Obstatricians and Gynecologists of Canada spreading pigmented actinic keratosis single photon emission computed tomography serum protein electrophoresis sun protection factor superficial punctate keratitis sinus rhythm stereotactic radiosurgery spaech raception threshold Sjogren's syndrome A Sjiigrerfs syndrome B Silver Sulphadiazene subacute sclerosing panencephalitis selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor sick sinus syndrome staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome sora throat arthritis, rash sexually transmitted diseases ST elevation myocardial infarction soluble transferrin recaptor sexually transmitted infactions subthalamic nucleus sodium thiopental Stavans-Johnson Syndrome split thickness skin graft sensitive thyroid-stimulating hormone stress urinary incontinence stroke volume stroke volume index superior vena cava

Rh RHF RIA RICS RIMA RIMA RIND RITA RL Rll RLQ RLSB RML RNA RNA RNAO RNC RNI ROM ROM ROP RP RPE RPF RPGN RPR RPS RQ RR RR RRR RRT RSD RSI RSV RT rT3 RTA RTI rt-PA RUL RUQ RV RV RVAD RVEDP RVF RVH RVOT RVOTO RVP RVSP RVSP Rx

Rhesus right heart failure radio-immune assay right intercostal space reversible inhibitor of MAO-A right internal mammary artery reversible ischemic neurological deficit right internal thoracic artery Ringer's lactate right lower lobe right lower quadrant right lataral sternal border right middle lobe radionucleotide angiography ritonucleic acid Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario radionuclide cystography recommended nutrient intake range of motion rupture of membranes retinopathy of prematurity retinitis pigmentosa retinal pigment epithelium renal plasma flow rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis rapid plasma reagin rapid primary survey respiratory quotient relative risk respiratory rata relative risk reduction renal replacement therapy reflex sympathetic dystrophy rapid sequence induction respiratory syncytial virus radiation therapy revarsa triiodothyronine renal tubular acidosis respiratory tract infection recombinant tissue plasminogen activator right upper lobe right upper quadrant residual volume right ventricle right ventricular assist device right ventricular end-diastolic pressure right ventricular failure right ventricular hypertrophy right ventricular outflow tract right ventricular outflow tract obstruction right ventricular pressure right ventricular strain pattern right vantricular systolic pressure treatment

sc sc

sec

signs and symptoms side effects semen analysis sinoatrial sinus arrhythmia spontaneous abortion short-acting beta-agonist subacute combined degeneration subarachnoid hemorrhage sinoatrial note hemoglobin oxygen percent saturation SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome spontaneous bacterial SBE endocarditis SBO small bowel obstruction SBP spontaneous bacterial peritonitis sBP systolic blood pressure sternoclavicular subcutaneous spinocanaballar ataxia SCA SCA superior cerebellar artery squamous cell carcinoma SCD sickle call disease SCD sudden cardiac death short chain fatty acids SCFA slipped capital femoral epiphysis SCFE succinylcholine SCh spinal cord injury SCI SCID severe combined immunodsficiancy SCIWARA spinal cord injury without radiologic abnormality small call lung cancer SCLC SCM sternocleidomastoid SCORTEN severity of illness score for toxic epidermal necrolysis SCr serum creatinine Scv02 central venous oxygen saturation SD standard deviation single dose activated charcoal SDAC SDM substitute decision maker SDRI selective dopamine re-uptake inhibitor SE status apilepticus SDS Shy-Drager syndrome Seb. K seborrheic keratosis systolic ejection murmur SEM supependymal nodules SEN SERM selective estrogen receptor modulator SERMs selective estrogen receptor modifiers SES sick euthyroid syndrome SES social economic status SF synovial fluid SFH symphysis fundal height SG specific gravity SGA small for gestational age SH sex hormones sex hormone binding globulin SHBG sonohysterography SHG Sl sacroiliac S&S S/E SA SA SA SA SABA SACD SAH SAN Sa02

sss ssss
STAR STDs STEM I STfR STis STN STP STS STSG STSH SUI

sv

svc

SVI

## Toronto Notes 2011

SVG SVR SVRI SVT saphenous vain graft systemic vascular resistance systemic vascular resistance index supraventricular tachycardia septic work-up

s
TG TGA THA Tl TIA TIBC tid TIG TIN TIPS

u
TUMT TUNA TURBT TURP TV TVOT TVT TVUS TXA2 TZ TZD

Abbreviations 11
transurethral microwave therapy transurethral needle ablation transurethral resection of bladder tumour transurethral resection of the prostate tricuspid valve tension-free vaginal obturator tape tension-free vaginal tapa trans-vaginal ultrasound thromboxane 2 transformation zone thiazolidinedione

swu

T1

first trimester T2 second trimester T3 trird trimester half-life tl/2 triiodothyronine T3 T3resin uptake T3RU thyroxine T4 therapeutic abortion TA thoracic aortic aneurysm TAA TACE transcateter arterial chemoembolization TAH total abdominal hysterectomy TAH/BSO total abdominal hysterectomy+ bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy TB tuberculosis transbronchial biopsy TBB TBG thyroid binding globulin TBI traumatic brain injury TBSA total body surface area TBUT tear break up time TBW total body water TC total cholesterol TC transcobalamin Tc99m-DMSA technetium-99m dimercaptosuccinic acid Tc99m-DTPA technetium-99m diethylene triamine pentaacetate Tc99m-ECD tachnetium-99m ethyl cysteinata dimer Tc99m-MIBI technetium-99m methoxyisobatyl-isonitrile TCA trichloroacetic acid TCA tricyclic antidepressant transitional cell carcinoma TCC tracheoesophageal fistula TCF TCM traditional chinesa medicine tetanus diphteria- adult type Td formation vaccine toxic dose- 50% TDso TDEE total daily energy expenditure TOM therapeutic drug monitoring TdP tetanus, diphtheria, polio tracheoesophageal TE TED thromboembolic disease TEE transesophageal echocardiography TEF tracheoesophageal fistula TEN total enteral nutrition TEN toxic epidermal necrolysis TENS transcutaneous electrical neuro stimulation TET tubal embryo transfer TFCC triangular fibrocartilage complex

triglyceride transposition of the great arteries total hip arthroplasty therapeutic index transient ischemic attack total iron binding capacity three times a day tetanus immune globulin tubulointarstitial nephritis transjugular intrahepatic portasystemic shunt TIVA total intravenous anesthesia total knee arthroplasty TKA TICVO to keep vein open TLC total lung capacity TLE temporal lobe epilepsy TM tympanic membrane TMB transient monocular blindness TMJ temporomandibular joint trimethoprim TMP TMPISMX. trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole Tn troponin TN true negative TNF tumour necrosis factor TN Fa tumour necrosis factor alpha tenecteplase TNK TNM tumour/node/metastasis staging TOF tetralogy of Fallot TOF train of four TORCH toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, hepatitis TOT tension-free obturator tape t-PA tissue plasminogen activator true positive TP tympanic membrane TP TPE tropical pulmonary eosinophilia TPI traponemal pallidum immobilization TPN total parenteral nutrition thyroid peroxidase TPO total peripheral resistance TPR tricuspid regurgitation TR TRALI transfusion related acute lung injury TRAM transverse rectus abdominus myocutaneous TRH thyrotropin releasing hormone TRUS transractal ultrasound TS tricuspid stenosis TSAb thyroid stimulating antibodies TSH thyroid stimulating hormone TSI thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin tsp teaspoon T-spine thoracic spine toxic shock syndrome TSS TT thrombin time TTB transthoracic biopsy TTE transthoracic echocardiography TTG tissue transglutaminasa transtubular potassium gradient m<G transient tachypnea of the TTN newborn thrombotic thrombocytopenic TTP purpura TUIP transurethral incision of the prostate

u
U/A ud U/0 UIS UA UAE

uc

UCL UE UES UFH UGI UGIB UIP ULSB UMN UMN UMNL ung Uosm UPEP UPJ UPPP UPV URI URTI UTI UUTS

uv

## UVA UVA UVB

uvc

UVJ UVR

unit urinalysis as directed urine output ultrasound unstable angina uterine artery embolization ulcerative colitis ulnar collateral ligament upper extremity upper esophageal sphincter unfractionated heparin upper gastrointestinal upper gastrointestinal (Gil bleed usual interstitial pneumonitis upper left sternal border upper motor nerve upper motor neuron upper motor neuron lesion ointment urine osmolality urine protein electrophoresis ureteropelvic junction uvolopaletopharyngoplasty UV protection factor upper respiratory infaction upper respiratory tract infaction urinary tract infaction upper urinary tract symptoms ultraviolet ultraviolet radiation ultraviolet wavelength A ultraviolet wavelength B ultraviolet wavelength C ureterovesical junction ultraviolet radiation

12 Abbreviations

z
WHI WHMIS WHO WNV WPW WSIB

## Toronto Notes 2011

Women's Health Institute Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System World Health Organization Wast Nile virus Wolff-Parkinson-White Workplace Safety and Insurance Board weight

Vfib VA VA Vd VAC VADs Var VAIN VBAC VBI VC VCUG Vd VORL VFib VF VHL VIN VIP Vit.A VIU VLDL VMA VOR

ventricular fibrillation ventilation ventriculo-artrial visual acuity volume of distribution vacuum assisted closure ventricular assist devices Varicella vaccine vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia vaginal birth after Caesarean section vartabrobasilar insufficiency vital capacity voiding cystourathrogram volume of distribution venereal disease research laboratory vantricular fibrillation visual field von Hippel Lindau syndrome vulvar intraapithalial neoplasia vasoactive intestinal peptide vitamin A visual internal urethrotomy vary low density lipoprotein vanillyl mandellic acid vestibula-ocular reflex

## VP VP VPB VPI VPL VPL

V/0
VRE VSD VSR VT VT VTE VUR

we
Vl)J

## vWD vWF VZIG

vasopressin ventriculoperitoneal ventricular premature beat velopharyngeal insufficiency ventral posterolateral ventral posteromedial ventilation-to-perfusion vancomycirl-rasistant Enterococci ventricular septal defect vital signs routine ventricular tachycardia tidal volume venous thromboembolism vesicoureteral reflux wlvovaginal candidiasis von Willebrand's disease von Willebrand's factor Varicella-Zoster immunoglobulin Varicella-Zoster virus

WT

XRT

WBC WBRT

we

WCB WHI

white blood cell whole brain radiation therapy waist circunferance Workers' Compansation Board Women's Health Initiative

## Zollinger-EIIison zygote intrafallopian transfer zygote-transfer zinc protoporphyrin

Index
4:2: 1 rule; A13 5-a reductase inhibitor; U7 a-adrenergic antagonists; U7 Advanced Reproductive Technologies (ART); ELOAM14 Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs); CP1 0 Aesthetic Procedures; PL32 Afferent Loop Syndrome; GS19 Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMDI; OP26 Agnosia; N16 Agoraphobia; PS 13 Agranulocytosis; H10 AIDS; ID29, OP34 Air Contrast Barium Enema (ACBEI; GS34 Airway Management; A7 Airway Obstruction; OT44 Airway Problems in Children; OT43 Alcohol; FM 10, PS20 Intoxication; ER48 Withdrawal; ER49, PS21 Alcoholic Liver Disease; G38 Alkaline Reflux Gastritis; GS19 Allen's test; OR21 Allergic Rhinitis; FM1 1, OT24 Alopecia; D36 Altered Level of Consciousness; NS35 Alternate Cover Test; OP39 Alzheimer's Dementia; PS18 Alzheimer's Disease; N12 Amaurosis Fugax; OP37 Amblyopia; OP40 Amenorrhea; FM12 Approach to; GY12 Aminoglycosides; OT21 Amniocentesis; OB9 Amphetamines; PS23 AMPLE history; ORS Amputations; PL22 Amyloidosis; NP26 Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis; N29 Anal Fissures; GS38 Analgesics; A18, GS59 Anal Margin; GS41 Anal Neoplasms; GS41 Anaphylactic Shock; A 12 Anaphylaxis; ER30 Anatomical Triangles of the Neck; OT4 Androgen Dihydrotastosterone (DHT); U7 Anemia Approach to; H5 Chronic Disease; H14 Pediatric Chronic Disease; P49 Physiologic, Neonatal; P48 Anesthesia; A2 Epidural; A19 Local; A21 Obstetrical; A22 Pediatric; A23 Regional; A19 Spinal; A19 Topical; A22 Anesthetics; OP44 Aneurysms, Brain; NS20 Angina; C23 Angiodysplasia; GS36 Angioedema; 041 Angiography; DM27 Angiomyolipoma; U19 Angle Closure Glaucoma; OP30 Anion Gap; NP17 Anisocoria; OP31 Anisometropia; OP9, OP40 Ankle-brachial Index; C47 Ankle Fracture; OR34 Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS); RH19 Anorectal Abscess; GS39 Anorectum; GS38 Anorexia Nervosa; PS29 Anosmia; N17 Antenatal Hydronephrosis; U36 Antepartum Non-Stress Test; 086 Anterior Chamber Depth; OP6 Anterior Cord Lesion; NS28 Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy; N21 Anterior Triangle; OT4 Antiarrhythmics; C55 Antibiotics; GS59, ID49 Anticholinergics, Overdose; ER53 Anticoagulant Therapy; H55 Anticonvulsant Medications; N9 Antidepressants; PS45 Antidiarrheals; GS59 Antidiuretic Honnone; E18 Antiemetics; GS58 Antifungals; ID53 Antimalarials (Quinine); OT21 Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome (APS); RH10 Antiplatalet Therapy; H54 Antipsychotics; PS41 Antivirals; ID53 Anxiety; FM13, PS12 Anxiolytics; PS49 Aortic Aneurysm; C50 Aortic Dissection; C48 Aortic Regurgitation; C41 Aortic Stenosis; C4 1 Apgar Score; P64 Aphasia; N15 Aphonia; OT28 Aplastic Anemia; H16 Apolipoprotein B (apo8); ES Apparent Life-Threatening Events (ALlEs); P11 Appendectomy; GS28 Appendicitis; GS27 Appendix; GS27 Tumours; GS28 Apprehension Tests; OR 11, OR 12 Apraxia; N16 Arcus Senilis; OP20 Argyii-Robertson Pupil; OP31, OP33

Index 1

2 Index

## Toronto Notes 2011

Anhythmias; C12 Arterial Blood Gases; R5 Arterial Ulear; 043, Pl13 Arteriovenous Malfonnations (AVMs); Ns22 Arthrodesis; OR28 Arthroplasty; OR28 Articular Cartilage Defects; QR44 Ascending Cholangitis; G47 Ascites; G43 Aspergar's Disorder; PS36 Aspiration; A 17 Asthma; ER31, FM14, P93, R7 Astigmatism; OP9 Astrocytoma; NS11 Grading System; NS1 1 Atelectasis; OMS, GS9 Atheroembolic Renal Disease; NP32 Atopic Dennatitis; D14 Atrial Fibrillation (AF); C17 Atrial Flutter; C16 Atrial Septal Defect (ASD); P21 Atrophic Vaginitis; GY25 Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder PS37 ' Audiometry; OT1 0 Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR ); on 2 Aural Rehabilitation; OT12 Autism; PS36 Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia H21 Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease; 'orzo Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation (ACI) OR44 ' Autologous RBCs; A15 Autonomic Dysreflaxia; U9 Autonomic Nervous System; CP12 Avascular Necrosis; OR6 AV Conduction Blocks; C1 5, ER31 AV Nodal Ra-Entrant Tachycardia (AVNRT) C1B AV. Re-Entrant Tachycardia (AVRT); C19 Pattem Flaps (Arterialized); Pl11 Axillary Lymph Node Dissection (ALND) GS57 I Azotemia; NP4
I

Back Pain; FM39, NS24, OR23-25 RH20 Bacterial Tracheitis; ER58, P91 ' Bacteriology; ID2 Ban kart lesion; OR 12 Bariatric Surgery; GS18 Barium Swallow; GS14 Barlow's Test; OR39 Barrett's Esophagus; G7 Bartholinitis; GY29 Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC); 033 Basal Ganglia; N25 Basal Skull Fracture; Pl27 Basic Surgical Techniques; Pl5 Becker's Nevus; 09 Behaviour Change; PH7 Motivational Strategies; FM3 Bell's Palsy; OT23 Bence-Janas Protein; H4 7 Benign Intracranial Hypertension NS9 Benign Paroxysmal Positional (BPPV); OT13 Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH); FM15 U7 Medications; U43 ' Benzodiazepines; A25, PS49 Beta-hCG; OB3 Bias; PH9 Biliary Atresia; P72 Biliary Colic; GS45 Biliary Sepsis; G47 Biliary Tract; GS44, GS48 Bilirubin levels; GS& Billroth; GS17 Biophysical Profile (BPP); OB7 Bipolar Disorder; PS 11 Bishop Score; OB36 Bisphosphonates; E53 Bites; ER47 Bladder; UB Carcinoma; U21 TNM Classification; U22 Catheterization; U40 Hemorrhage; U3 Innervation; U6 Trauma; U33 Bleeding Disorders, Neonatal; P72 Bleeding in Pregnancy; OB20 Blepharitis; OP1 1, OP14 Blapharoplasty; Pl32 Blind-loop Syndrome; GS 19 Blood Count; H2 Blood Film; H3 Blood Pressure; A12 Blood Products; A15, H50 Blood Transfusion Reactions; H52 Blow-Out Fracture; PL30 Ocular; OP43 Body Dysmorphic Disorder; PS27 Boerhaave's; GS 13 Boils; D26 Bone Marrow Aspiration; H4

Bone Tumours Benign; OR42 Malignant; OR43 Bosniak Classification; U18 Botulinum Toxin; GS38 Bouchard's Nodes; OR21, RH5 Bouvarllt'S Syndrome; GS48 Bowel Obstruction; GS23 BP cuff; A5 Brachial Plexus; Pl26 Bradyarrhythmias; C14, ER31 Bradycardia, Intraoperative; A 11 Brain Injury; NS31 Late Complications; NS32 Brain Tumours Metastatic; NS 11 Pediatric; NS39 Branchial Cleft Cysts; OT33 Branchial Fistula; OT33 Branchial Sinus; OT33 Branch Retinal Artery Occlusion (BRAD); op24 Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion (BRVO) OP24 Breaking Bad News; ELOAM1 0 ' Breast; GS52 Abscess; GS54 Augmantation; Pl32 Benign lesions; GS53 Atypical Hyperplasias; GS53 Ductal Hyperplasia; GS53 Fibroadenoma; GS53 Intraductal Papilloma; GS53 Cancer; GS54 Male; GS56 Staging; GS55 Treatment; GS56 Fat Necrosis; GS53 Reconstruction; Pl31 Reduction; PL32 Tissue Expanders; Pl31 Breast-conserving Surgery (BCS); Gss7 Breastfeeding; P6 Breath-Holding Spells; P14 Breech Presentation; OB40 Brochardt's Triad; GS36 Bronchiectasis; R10 Bronchiolitis; P92 Bronchitis; FM 16 Bronchoscopy; GS14 Brow lift; Pl32 Brown-Sequard lesion; NS2B Brudzinski's Sign; ID6 Buck's Traction; OR7 Bulimia Nervosa; PS30 Bullous Pemphigoid; D20 Bunions; OR37 Bums; Pl15 Acute Care; Pl17 Chemical; Pl19 Electrical; Pl19 Wound Healing; PL18 Burst Spine FracbJra; NS34

## Toronto Notes 2011

c
Chest Pain; C4, ERZZ, FM17, R2 Chest wall; GS15 Cheyne-Stokes Breathing; RZ Chiari Malformations; NS38 Child Abuse; ER60, PIS Child Psychiatry; PS33 Child-Pugh Score; G40, GS44 Chlamydia; GY26 Cholangiocarcinoma; GS49 Cholangitis, Acute; GS47 Cholecystectomy; GS46 Cholecystitis Acalculous; GS47 Acute; GS46 Choledochal Cysts; GS42 Choledocholithiasis; GS4 7 Cholelithiasis; GS44 Cholestatic Disease; GS44 Cholesteatoma; OTIS Cholesterol Stones; GS44 Cholinergics, Overdose; ER53 Chondromalacia Patellae; OR33 Chondrosarcoma; OR43 Chorea; N26 Chorioamnionitis; OB45 Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS); OB9 Choroiditis; OP21 Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS); FM32 Chronic Kidney Disease; NP21 Chronic lymphocytic leukemia; H46 Chronic Myeloid Leukemia; H3B Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD); ER32, FM14, RB Chronic Pain; NS41 Chronic Venous Insufficiency; C53 Churg-Strauss Triad; RH15 Chvostek Sign; E40 , E42 Circadian Abnormalities; N43 Circulation Monitoring; AS Circumcision; U39 Cirrhosis; G39 CIWA Protocol for Alcohol; PS21 Claudication; OR25 Neurogenic, Vascular; OR25 Clavicular Fracture; OR14 Clay Shoveler's Fracture; NS34 Cleft Palate; PL33 Clubbing; R3 Club Foot; OR41 Coarctation of the Aorta; P20, P22 Cobb Angle; OR4 1 Cocaine; PS22 Cockcroft-Gault Formula; CPS, NP7 Cadman's Triangle; OR42 Cognitive Behaviour Therapy; PS40 Cohort Study; PHI3 Cold; FMIB Collateral Ligament Stress Test; OR29 Collateral Ligament Tears; OR30 Calles' Fracture; ER1 6, OR1 9 Colloid Infusion; A 14 Colonoscopy; GS34

Index 3
Colorectal Carcinoma (CRC); GS34 Staging; GS35 Neoplasms; GS32 Polyps; GS32 Screening Guidelines; GS32 Colostomy; GS37 Colour Vision; OP6 Colposcopy; GY9 Coma; NS35 Community Medicine; PHZ Community Treatment Order (CTO); PS51 Compartment Syndrome; ER 16, OR9 Competence; ElOAM6 Complementary and Altamative Medicine (CAM); FM49 Complete Blood Count H2 Complax Regional Pain Syndromes; N38, NS29 Compression Spine Fracture; NS34 Computed Tomography (CT); DMZ Concussion; NS31 Conduct Disorder (CD); PS38 Conductive Hearing Loss; OT9 Confidentiality; ELOAM5, ELOAMB Confusion and Agitation Post-Operative; A 17 Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH); P32 Congenital Dysplasia of the Hip; OR39 Congenital Glaucoma; OP42 Congenital Heart Disease (CHD); P1 9 Congenital Hypothyroidism; P30 Congenital Sensorineural Hearing Loss; OTI9 Congenital Talipes Equinovarus; OR41 Congestive Heart Failure (CHF); C32, ER33 Pediatric; P24 Conjunctivitis; OP1 5 Allergic; OP1 5 Bacterial; OP16 Chlamydia!; OP16 Viral; OP16 Connective Tissue Disorders; OP37 Consent; ELOAM3, ELOAMB Exceptions; ElOAM2 Under the law; ElOAMZ Constipation; G25 Pediatric; P4D Constricted Pupil; OP33 Contact Dermatitis; DIS Continuous Quality Improvement (COl); PHIS Contraception; FM 19, GYIB Contre-coup; NS31 Conus Madullaris Syndrome; NS26 Conversion Disorder; PS26 Coombs' Test; H17 Coordination Exam; N4 Corneal Abrasion; OP1 8 Corneal Erosions; OP1 8 Corneal Ulcer; OP18 Coronary Artery Bypass Graft; C30 Coroner; ELOAM20 Cortical Cataracts; OPZI Cost Analysis; PHI 9

C1 Vertebral Fracture; NS34 C2 Vertebral Fracture; NS34 Caesarean Delivery; OB47 CAGE questionnaire; PS20 Calcaneal Fracture; OR36 Calcium Stone; U17 Calf augmentation; PL32 Caloric Reflexes; N2 Canada Health Act; ElOAM16 Canadian C-spine Rule; ER10, OR23 Candida; D31,1D37 CanMEDS Competencies; ElOAM13 Cannabis; PS23 Capacity; ELOAM9 Capillary Hemangioma; D11 Carbuncles; D26 Cardiac Catheterization; C11 Cardiac Cycle; C2 Cardiac Enzymes; C9 Cardiac Transplantation; C35 Cardiogenic Shock; A12 Cardiovascular System Pediatric; A23 Carotid Stenosis; NS21 Carpal Bones; ORZO Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS); PL25 Case-Control Study; PH1 2 Cataracts; OP21 Cat Scratch Disease; ID28 Cauda Equina; NS24 Cauda Equina Syndrome; NS26, NS27 Cavernous Malformations; NS23 Celiac Disease; G18, P39 Cellulitis; D26, Pl 12 Central Cord Lesion; NS28 Central Retinal Artery Occlusion (CRAO); OP24 Central Retinal Vein Occlusion; OP24 Central Tentorial (Axiall Herniation Syndrome; NS6 Central Venous Catheter; DM1 0 Cerebellar Ectopia; NS38 Cerebral Abscess; NS14 Cerebral Blood Flow (CBF); NS5 Cerebral Edema; NS5 Cerebral Palsy (CP); PB5 Cerumen Impaction; OT16 Cervical Cancer; GY41 Cervical Radiculopathy/Neuropathy; OR23 Cervical Spine Fractures; NS34 Cervical Spondylosis; NS25 Cervical Stenosis; NS25 CHADS2 Score; Cl7 Chalazion; OPI4 Charcot's Triad; GS47 CHARGE Syndrome; P46 Chemical Burns; PU 9 Ocular; OP43 Chemical Peel; PL32 Chemotherapy; H57 Cherry Angioma; Dl1

4 Index

## Toronto Notes 2011

Cough; R3 Coup; NS31 Courvoisiar's Sign; GS49 Cover Test; OP38 Covar-Uncovar Test OP39 Coxa Plana; OR40 Cranial Narva Ill Palsy; OP31 Cranial Narva Injury; NS31 Cranial Nerves; N2 Craniofacial Anomalies; PL33 Craniofacial Injuries; PL26 Craniosynostosis; NS39 Craniotomy; NS20 Creatinine Clearance; NP& Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease; N14 Crigler-Najjar Syndrome; G45 Crohn's Disease; G20, GS29 Cross-Sectional Study; PH 12 Crouch Compression Test OR30 Croup; ER58, OT44, P91 Cruciate Ligament Tears; OR30 Cryoglobulinemia; NP27 Cryptorchidism; U38 Crystalloid Infusion; A14 C-spine Injury; ER9 Cushing's Syndrome; E31 Cyanosis, Neonatal; PS5 Cyclothymia; PS 12 Cystadenocarcinoma; GS42 Cystadenoma; GS42 Cystic Echinococcosis; GS42 Cystic Fibrosis; R11 Cystic Hygroma; OT34 Cystic lesions; OR42 Cystine Stone; U17 Cystitis Common Pathogens; u o 1 Interstitial; U11 Recurrent/Chronic; U11 Cystoscopy; U40 Cysts Skin; 06 Cytochrome P450; CP5 Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Retinitis; OP35

Dacrocystorhinostomy (OCR); OP43 Dacryoadenitis; OP12 Dacryocystitis; OP12 Dandy-Walker Malformation; NS38 Danis-Wabar Classification; OR34, OR3S Data Analysis; PH 15 Deep Neck. Space Infection; OT46 Deep Palmar Space Infections; PL21 Deep Tendon Reflexes; N3 Deep Venous Thrombosis IDVT); ER34 H3 1

DVT Prophylaxis; GS59 Degenerative Disc Disease; OR24 Dehydration; A14 Dejerine Roussy Syndrome; N38 Delirium; N1 0, PS17 Delirium Tremens; PS21 Delusional Disorder; PS& Delusions; PS3 Dementia; FM20, PS 18 Dennis Classification; NS34 Depression; FM20, PSB Deprivation Amblyopia; OP40 De Ouervain's Tenosynovitis; PL22 De Ouervain's Thyroiditis; E24 Dermabrasion; PL32 Dermatitis; 0 14 Seborrheic; 017 Dermatofibroma; 06 Dermatomes; NS24 Dermatomyositis; RH13 Dermatophytoses; D26 Dermoid Cyst; D& Determinants of Health; PH4 Detrusor Overactivity; U5 Detumescence; U30 Developmental Delay; P26 Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip; OR39 Developmental Milestones; P3 Diabetes Insipidus; E18, NP13 Diabetes Mellitus (DM); E6, FM21, NP34 OP35, P29 I Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA); ER35 Diabetic Nephropathy; E13 Diabetic Retinopathy; E12, OP35 Diabetic Ulcers; 043, PL13 Diagnostic Peritoneal Lavage; ER13 Dialysis; NP22 Diaper Dermatitis; P15 Diarrhea; FM25, G14, 1016 Pediatric; P37 Difficult Airway; A9 Digitalis Effect; CB Digital Rectal Exam (ORE); GS34

D!latation and Curettage (D&C); GY9 D1lated Cardiomyopathy IDCM) C37 Dilated Pupil; OP32 ' mnner Fork. Deformity; OR19 Diplopia; N22, OP4 Disc Disease; OR24 Disease Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs (DMARDs); RHB, RH27 Disease Prevention; PH5 Disease Screening; PH5 Dislocated Lens; OP22 Disseminated Choroiditis; OP35 Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC); H30 Pregnancy; 0842 Distal Femoral Fracture; OR28 Distal Phalanx Fractures; PL23 Diverticular Disease; GS30 D!x-Hallpike Positional Testing; OT13 D1zzinass; FM25, OT6 Doctor-Patient Relationship; ELOAM 12 Doctor-Patient Relationship under the Law ELOAM2 ' Domestic Violence; FM26 Dose-Response Curve; CPB Down Syndrome; P44 Drawer Test; OR29, OR34 Drassings; PL9 Driving Reporting Requirements; GM9 Drug Administration, Routes; CP2 Drug Ototoxicity; OT21 Dry Eye Syndrome; OP1 1 Duchenne-Erb Palsy; PL26 Ductal Carcinoma; GS56 Duke Criteria for Infective Endocarditis 1015 Dumping Syndrome; GS 19 ' Duodenal Ulcers; GS16 Dupuytren's Disease; PL24 Duty to Protect/Warn; ELOAM5 Dysarthria; N19 Dyslipidemia; FM& Dysmenorrhea; GY&, GY1 4 Dysmorphisms; P43 Dyspareunia; GYB Dyspepsia; FM28, G& Dysphagia; G& Dysphonia; OT28 Dysplasia; OT34 Dyspnea; C4, ER27, FM28, R2 Post-Operative; GS9 Dysthymia; PS10 Dystocia; 0842 Dystonia; N26, N28, NS40 Dysuria; FM28, U4

## Toronto Notes 2011

Index 5
Femoral Stretch Test:; OR23 Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder; P28 Fetal Circulation; OB2 Fetal Heart Rate (FHR) Monitoring; OB33 Fetal Movements; OB6 Fever; FM32 Pediatric; P52 Post-Operative; GS7 Fever of Unknown Origin (FUO); ID46 Fibreoptic Monitor; NS5 Fibroids; GY16 Fibromyalgia; RH26 Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA); GS55 Finklestein's Test; OR21 Fisher Grade; NS17 Fistula; GS37 Fistula-In-Ana; GS39 Fistulotomy; GS40 Fistulous Tract; GS39 Flail Chest; ER12 Flaps; Pl11 Flashes of light; OP4 Flexible Sigmoidoscope; GS33 Flexion Distraction Spine Injury; NS34 Flexor Tendon Deformities; Pl23 Flexor Tendon Sheath Infection; Pl21 Floaters; OP4 Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalance; NS32 Fluid Balance; A13 Fluorescein Dye; OP44 Folate Deficiency; H23 Follicle Stimulating Hormone; E18 Folliculitis Superficial; D26 Foreign Body (Cornea); OP1 7 Fovea; OP23 Fracture Blister; OR6 Complications; OR6 Description; OR5 Healing; DRS Pattern; OR5 Management; DRS Type; OR5 Fracture-Dislocation of Spine; NS34 Fragile X Syndrome; P45 Frailty; GM4 Freckles (Ephelides); 09 Frontotemporal Dementia; N14 Frostbite; ER45 Fromn Shoulder; OR15 Fulminant Hepatic Failure (FHF); G34 Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery; OT25 Fundoscopy; OPB Furuncles; 026 Fusiform Aneurysm; NS20

Echocardiography; C9 Ecological Study; PH 12 Ectopia lentis; OP22 Ectopic Pregnancy; OB21 Ectopic Testes; U38 Ectropion; OP13 Eczema; D14 Edwards Syndrome; P44 Elbow Dislocation; OR 17 Elbow Terrible Triad; OR17 Elder Abuse; FM27 Electrical Burns; Pl19 Electrocardiogram (ECG) Approach to; C5 Electroconvulsive Therapy; PS50 Emission; U30 Emmetropia; OP9 Empty Sella Syndrome; E1 9 Empyema; R23 Encephalitis; ID7 Enchondroma; OR42 Encopresis; P13 End of life Care; GM 11 Endolymphatic Hydrops; OT14 Endometrial Carcinoma; GY36 Endometriosis; GY15 Endophthalmitis; OP23 Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP); GS45 Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS); GS14 Enophthalmos; OP10 Enteropathic Arthritis (EA); RH21 Entropion; OP13 Enuresis; P12 Epicondylitis; OR 18 Epidemic Curves; PH21 Epidermal Cyst; 06 Epididymitis; U13, U27 Epidural Abscess; NS14 Epidural Anesthesia; A19 Contraindications; A20 Epidural Hematoma; NS 15 Epigastric Hernia; GS22 Epiglottitis; ER58, OT45, P91 Epilepsy Neurosurgical Treatment; NS41 Epiphora; OP12 Episcleritis; OP16 Episiotomy; OB47 Epispadias-Exstrophy Complex; U38 Epistaxis; ER24, FM29, OT27 Epley Maneuver; OT13 Erectile Dysfunction (ED); FM30, U30 Medications; U43 Erysipelas; D26, Pl12 Erythema lnfectiosum; P60 Erythema Multiforme (EM); D23

Erythema Nodosum; D42 Erythrocyte; H3 Erythroplakia; OT34 Esophageal Carcinoma; GS14 Esophageal Perforation; GS13 Esophagea1Varices;G27 Esophagitis Eosinophilic; GB Infectious; G1 0 Esophagoscopy; GS14 Esotropia; OP40 Essential Thrombocythemia; H40 Ethics Principles; ELOAM7 ETT;AB Euthanasia; ELOAM14 Ewing's Sarcoma; OR43 Excessive Tearing; OP12 Excisional Biopsy; GS55 Exercise; FM7 Exophthalmos; OP1 0 Exostoses; OR37, OT16 External Validity; PH16 External Ventricular Drain; NS5 Extracorporeal Shock Wave lithotripsy (ESWL); U42 Extradural Hematoma; NS15 Extradural lesions; NS24 Extra Ocular Muscle (EOM) Palsy; OP36 Extraocular Muscles; OP6 Extrapyramidal Symptoms (EPS); PS44 Extubation Complications; A17 Ex Vacuo Hydrocephalus; NS7

Facial Injuries; Pl27 Facial Nerve; N18 Paralysis; OT22 Factor V leiden; H33 Failure to Store; U5 Failure to Thrive Elderly; GM4 Pediatric; PB Failure to Void; U6 Falls; GM5 Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP); G30, GS33 Familial Colon Cancer Syndromes; GS33 Fasting Guidelines; A3 FAST Ultrasound; ER 13 Fatigue; FM31 Febrile Neutropenia; ID44 Febrile Seizures; P82 Fecal Incontinence; GM6 Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT); GS34 Femoral Diaphysis Fracture; OR28 Femoral Hernia; GS23

6 Index

## Toronto Notes 2011

G6PD Deficiency; H22, PSO Gait; N4 Disturbances; N36 Galeazzi Fracture: OR 19 Galemi's Sign; OR39 Gallbladder Carcinoma; GS48 Gallstone; GS44 Gallstone Ileus; GS48 Gallstone Pancreatitis; GS49 Ganglion Cyst; D6, PL22 Garden Classification; OR27 Gastric Carcinoma; GS 17 Adenocarcinoma; GS18 Lymphoma; GS18 Staging; GS18 Gastric Outlet Obstruction; GS16 Gastric Sarcoma; GS 18 Gastric Complications; GS19 Gastric !Jeers; GS 16 Gastritis; G10 Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease IGERD); G6 GastrointBstinal Bleeding Differential Diagnosis; GS5 Lower Gl Bleed; G28 Surgical Management; GS5 Upper Gl Bleed; G26 Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumour fGIST); GS18 Gastrojejunostomy; GS17 General Anesthesia; A2 Generalized Anxiety Disorder IGAD); PS13 Genetic Testing; ELOAM15 Genioplasty; PL32 Geriatric Pharmacology; GM12 Gestational Diabetes Mel itus (GDM); 0812 Gestational Trophoblastic Disease; GY48 Giant Cell Arteritis (GCAI; OP38, RH17 Giant Cell Tumours; OR43 Giant Papillary Conjunctivitis (GPC); OP15 Gilbert's Syndrome; G45 Gl Tract Blood Supply; GS3 Venous Drainage; GS3 Glasgow Coma Scale; ER4, NS35 Glaucoma; OP27 Congenital; OP42 Medications; OP45 Globe Displacement; OP 1D Globe Rupture; OP42 Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR); NP3, NP6 Glomerulonephritis; NP25 Pediatric; P79 Glomerulus; NP3 Glossopharyngeal Nerve; N19 Glucose Maintenance Pediatric; A23 Gononhea; D32, GY27 Goodpasture's Disease; NP26 Goodsell's Rule; GS39 Gout; RH23 Graves' Disease; E23, OP37 Graves' Ophthalmopathy; OP37

Greenstick Fracture; OR38 Groin Hernia; GS22, GS23 Growth Honnone (GH); E17 Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS); N31 Gustilo Classification; ORB Gynecomastia; ESO

H1N11nfluenza; ID12 H:rreceptor Antagonists; G53 Hair Transplants; PL32 Hallucinogens; PS23 Hal ux Valgus; OR37 Hand Anomalies, Congenital; Pl34 Complaints; OR21 Dislocations; Pl24 Fractures and Dislocations; Pl23 Infections; Pl21 Trauma; PL20 Hartmann Procedure; GS31 Hashimoto's Thyroiditis; E27 Hawkins-Kennedy Test; OR 13 Hay Fever; OT24 HbA1C;E8 Hb02 Saturation Curve; A10 Headache; ER24, FM34, N39 Cluster; N41 Episodic Tension-Type; N41 Migraine; N40 Pediatric; PB3 Tension-Type; N41 Head and Neck Malignancies; OT35 Diagnosis and Treatment OT36 Head Injury; NS30, NS31 Late Complications; NS32 Health Care Expenditure and Delivery in Canada; ELOAM17 Health Promotion Strategies; PHS Hearing Impairment; FM35 Hearing Loss; OT7, OT9 Heart Murmurs Pediatric; P18 Heart Rate; A11 Heat Exhaustion; ER44 Heat Stroke; ER44 Heberden's Nodes; RH5, OR21 Heel Spur Syndrome; OR36 HELLP Syndrome; OB17 Hemangiomas; D10 Hematochezia Approach to; G29 Hematoma Blocks; A22 Hematuria; NPS, U3 Hemianopsia; N21 Hemochromatosis; G37 Hemoglobin Dissociation Curve; RS Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS); H28, P78 Hemophilia; H29

Hemoptysis; R3 Hemorrhagic Retinopathy; OP25 Hemorrhoids; GS38, GS40 Hemostasis; H24 Hemothorax; ER 11 Henoch-SchOnlein Purpura (HSP); NP26, P9B Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia (HIT); H27 Hepatic Encephalopathy; G42 Hepatitis; G32, ID18 A; G32, G35 B; G32, G35, ID19 C; G33, G35, ID20 D; G33, G35 E;G35 Hereditary Non-Polyposis Colorectal Cancer (HNPCC); G31 , GS33 Hereditary Spherocytosis; P50 Hernia; GS13, GS21 C lassification; GS22 Complications; GS22 Groin; GS23 Herniation Syndromes; NS6 Herpes Simplex Encephalitis; DM20, ID7 Herpes Simplex Keratitis; OP19 Herpes Simplex Virus; D2B, GY28 Herpes Zoster; D29, OP19 Herpes Zoster Oticus; OT23 Herpetic Whitlow; PL21 Heterophoria; OP39 Heterotopic Ossification; OR6 Heterotropia; OP38 Hiatus Hernia SlidilliJ (Type I); GS12 Paraesophageal Hiatus Hernia (Type II); GS13 Mixed Hiatus Hernia (Type Ill); GS13 HIDA scan (hepatobiliary imino-diacetic acid scan); GS45 High Flow Systems; AID Highly Active Antiretroviral Treatment (HAART); ID31 Hill-Sachs Lesion; OR12 Hinchey Staging; GS31 Hip Arthritis; OR27 Hip Dislocation; OR10 Hip Dislocation after THA; OR28 Hip Fracture; OR26 Hirschberg Test; OP38 Hirschsprung's Disease; P40 HIV; 1029, OP34 Pediatric; P61 HIV-Associatad Renal Disease; NP26 HIV retinopathy; OP35 HodiJkin's Lymphoma; H43 Hollenhorst Plaques; OP37 Holler Test; OP40 Holter Monitor; C9 Hordeolum; OP14 Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT); GY33 Homer's Syndrome; N24, OP30, OP31 , OP33

## Toronto Notes 2011

Index 7

House-8rackmann Facial Nerve Grading System; OT22 HPV Vaccine; GY42 H. pylori; G12 Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA); RH2 Human Papillomavirus (HPV); GY27, GY42 Humeral Shaft Fracture; OR 16 Hunt and Hess Grade; NS 17 Huntington's Disease; N27 Hutchinson's Sign; N1 8 Hydatidiform Mole; GY48 Hydatid Liver Cysts; GS42 Hydrocele; U27. U28 Hydrocephalus; NS7 Pediatric; NS37 Hyperandrogenism; E33 Hyperbilirubinema Neonatal; P70 Hypercalcemia; ER36, E38 Hypercapnia; R26 Hypercarbia; NS32 Hypercholesterolemia; E3, ES Hypercoagulability; H33 Hyperemesis Gravidarum; 0816 Hyperkalemia; ER36, NP1S ECG Changes; CB Hyperlipidemia; E4 Hypermagnesemia; E42 Hypematremia; ER36, NP12 Hyperopia; OP9, OP29 Hyperphosphatemia; E41 Hyperpyrexia; NS32 Hypertension; FM3S, NP32 Intraoperative; A13 Pediatric; PBO Pregnancy; OB14 Hypertensive Emergencies; ER37 Hypertensive Nephrosclerosis; NP33 Hypertensive Retinopathy; OP36, OP37 Hypertriglyceridemia; E4. ES Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM); C38 Hypertrophic Scar; PL7 Hyperviscosity; H49 Hyphema; OP42 Hypocalcemia; ER36, E40 Hypochondriasis; PS27 Hypoglossal Nerve; N20 Hypogonadism; E48 Hypokalemia; ER36, NP14 ECG Changes; CS Hypomagnesemia; E42 Hypomanic Episode; PSB Hyponatremia; ER36, NP10 Hypophosphatemia; E42 Hypopituitarism; E19 Hypospadias; U37

Hypotension; A12, NS32 Hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular Axis (HPTA); U34 Hypothermia; ER4S Hypothyroidism; E26 Congenital; P30 Hypotonia Pediatric; P84 Hypoxemia; NS32, R6, R25 Hysterectomy; GY1 1 Hysteroscopy; GY1 0

IADL.s; GM4 Ichthyosis Vulgaris; D24 ICP-Volume Curve; NS4 Idiopathic Myelofibrosis; H40 Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis; R13 lleoconduit; GS37 Ileostomy; GS37 Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP); H26 Immune Transfusion Reactions; A16 Immunization Schedule; P4 Immunosuppression; A 1S Impedance Audiometry; OT1 1 Impingement; OR13 Impotence; U31 Inborn Errors; GS44 lncidentaloma; GSSB lncisional Hernia; GS22 Incontinence Urinary; GY36, US Indirect Inguinal Mass; U27 Induction Agents; A6, A2S Infantile Hemangioma; D11 Infective Endocarditis (IE); C40,1014, NP27 Inferior Vena Cava Filter; DM28 Infertility Female Factors; GY21 Male Factors; U34 Workup; U3S Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD); G19, GS28 Inflammatory Breast Carcinoma; GSS6 Influenza; ID1 1 Inguinal Hernia; GS23, U28 Injectable fillers; PL32 Injury Prevention Pediatrics; P11 Insomnia; N42 Instructional Advance Directives; ELOAM4 Insulin; E9

Internal Validity; PH16 Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia; N22 Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD); DM7, R12 Interventions; PH17 Intestinal Ischemia; GS27 Intra-abdominal Abscess; GS11 Intracerebral Hemorrhage (ICH); NS1S, NS 19 Intracranial Aneurysms; NS20 Intracranial Hemorrhage; NS 17 Intracranial Mass Lesions; NS4 Intracranial Pathology; NS4 Intracranial Pressure (ICP); NS4 Elevated; NSS Measurement; NSS Intracranial Space-occupying Lesion; NSS Intracranial Tumours; NS 10 Intradural Intramedullary Lesions; NS28 Intraocular Pressure; OP28 Intraoperative Bradycardia; A11 Hypertension; A13 Hypotension/Shock; A12 Management; A10 Tachycardia; A11 Intrauterine Device (IUD); GY20 Intrauterine Fetal Death; 0841 Intrauterine Growth Resbiction (IUGR); OB27 Intraventricular Catheter; NSS Intrinsic Sphincter Deficiency (ISO); US Intubation; AS Complications; A9 Intussusception; P41 Iritis; OP2D, OP33 Iron Deficiency Anemia; H13 Pediatric; P48 Iron Metabolism; H12 Irritable Bowel Syndrome(I8S); G24 Ischemic Cerebral Infarction; NS1 7 Ischemic Colitis; GS22 Ischemic Retinopathy; OP2S IV Fluids; A 14

Jakarta Declaration on Health Promotion; PH6 Jaundice; G44, GS6 Neonatal; P70 Jobe's Test; OR13 Joint Pain; ER2S, FM33, OR4 Approach to; RH3 JVP Waveform; C2

8 Index

## Toronto Notes 2011

Kawasaki Disease; P98 Kayser-Fleischer Ring; G37, OP20 KEEPS Organisms; GS48 Kegel Exercises; GY32 Keloid Scar; PL7 Keratoacanthoma; DB Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca; OP1 1 Keratoconus; OP19 Keratopathy; OP20 Kernig's Sign; ID6 Katamine; A25 Klinefelter's Syndrome; P45 Klumpke's Palsy; PL26 Knee Complaints; OR29 Dislocation; OR31 Ligament Tears; OR30 Kussmaul's Breathing; R2

Labour; OB31 Analgesia; A22 Induction of; OB35 Labyrinthitis; OT15 Lachmann test; OR29 Lacrimal Apparatus; OP1 1 Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome; N33 Laparoscopy; GY1 0 Large Bowel Obstruction (LBO); GS25 Laryngeal Papillomas; OT30 Laryngitis; OT28, OT29 Laryngomalacia; OT46 Laryngoscopy; AS Complications; A9 Laryngospasm; A17 Laryngotracheobronchitis; pg 1 Lasegue Maneuver; OR23 Laser Resurfacing; PL32 LASIK (Laser-assisted in-situ Keratomileusis); OP43 Lateral Ligament Complex; OR35 Lateral Tentorial (Uncal) Herniation Syndrome; NS6 Lauge-Hansen Classification; OR34 Laxatives; GS59 Lead Poisoning; H1 5 Left Atrial Enlargement (LAE); C6 Left Bundle Branch Block (LBBB); C6 Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (LVH); C6 Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease; OR40 Legislation and Public Health in Canada; PH3

Leiomyomata; GY1 6 Lens; OP21 Leopold's Maneuvers; OB6 Leukemia; H38, H4 1, H46 Leukocoria; OP40 Leukoplakia; D33, OT34 Level af Consciousness; NS35 Altered; ER21 Lewy Body Disease; N13 Lice; D28 Lichen Planus; D18 Lid Carcinoma; OP34 Lid Swelling; OP1 3 Lift-off Test; OR 13 Likelihood Ratio (LR); PH10 Lip Augmentation; PL32 Lipoproteins; E2 Liposuction; PL32 Liver Abscesses; GS42 Liver Anatomy; GS41 Liver Cysts; GS4 1 Liver Disease Clinical Features; G41 Liver Mass; GS43 Liver Neoplasms; GS42 Benign Adenoma; GS43 Focal Nodular Hyperplasia; GS43 Hemangioma; GS42 Malignant; GS43 Liver Spot; D9 Liver Transplantation; GS44 Lobular Carcinoma; GS56 Local Anesthesia; A2, A21, A28 Local Infiltration; A22 Lou Gehrig's disease; N29 Low Anterior Resection (LAR); GS35 Low Back Pain; FM39 Lower Limb Ulcers; PL13 Low Flow Systems; A10 Ludwig's angina; OT46 Lumbar Disc Herniation; OR25 Lumbar Disc Syndrome; NS26 Lumbar Puncture; N7, NS5 Lumbar Radiculopathy/Neuropathy; OR23 Lumbar Spinal Stenosis; NS27 Lund-Browder Diagram; PL 16 Lung Cancer; R30 Luteinizing Hormone; E18 Lyme Disease; ID27 Lymphadenopathy Approach to; H1 0 Lymphedema; C53 Lymphocytopenia; H9 Lymphocytosis; H9

MAC (Minimum Alveolar Concentration); A6 Macrosomia; OB28 Macula; OP23 Macular Edema; OP20 Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI); DM3 Maintenance Electrolytes; A13 Maisonneuve Fracture; OR35 Major Depressive Disorder (MDD); NS40, PSB Major Depressive Episode; PS7 Major Histocompatibility Complex; RH2 Malabsorption; G16 Malaria; ID40 Maldigestion; G16 Malignant Hyperthermia (MH); A24 Malignant Melanoma of Anal Canal; GS41 Malignant Melanoma, Ocular; OP34 Malignant Melanoma, Skin; D34 Malignant (Necrotizing) Otitis Externa; OT17 Mallampati Classification; A3 Mallory-Weiss Tear; G28, GS13 Malnutrition; GM7 Mammary Duct Ectasia; GS54 Mammography; DM29, GS54 Mandibular Fractures; PL27 Manic Episode; PSS Marcus Gunn Pupil; OP33 See also, Relative Afferent Pupillary Defect (RAPDI Marrow Stimulation Techniques; OR44 Mastectomy; GS57 Mastitis; OB50 Mastoiditis; OT1 8 Mastopexy; PL32 Maternal-Fetal Conflict af Rights; ELOAM 14 Maxillary Fractures; PL28 McBurney's Sign; GS27 McMurray's Test; OR30 MCP Dislocations; PL24 Measles; P59 Mechanical Ventilation; R27 Meckel's Diverticulum; GS20 Meconium; OB42 Medial Ligament Complex; OR35 Mediastinal Mass; DM9, R21 Mediastinum; GS15 Medical Error; ELOAM1 0 Medical Records Privacy of; ELOAM5 Medullary Sponge Kidney; NP37, U18 Meniilre's Disease; OT14 Meningioma; NS12 Meningitis; IDS Pediatric; P53 Meningocele (Spina Bifida Aperta); NS36

## Toronto Notes 2011

Index 9
Normal Pressure Glaucoma; OP29 Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH); NS7 Nosocomial Infections; ID46 NSAIDs;A1S Nuclear Sclerosis Cataracts; OP21 Number Needed to Treat (NNTJ; PH 17 Nutrition; FM4 Enteral; G5 1 Parenteral; G52

Meniscal Tears; OR30 Menopause; FM41, GY32 Menstrual Cycle; GY4 Mental Status Exam (MSE); PS2 Mercedes-Benz Sign; OR 12 Meta-Analysis; PH14 Metabolic Acidosis; NP17 Metabolic Alkalosis; NP1S Metabolic Disease Pediatric; P47 Metabolic Syndrome; E1 S Metacarpal Fractures; PL23 Metastases (Intraocular); OP34 Metatarsal Fracture; OR37 Microangiopathic Hemolytic Anemia; H21 Migraine Headaches; N40 Milium; DB Milk Caries; P1 0 Milk Protein Allergy; P40 Miosis; OP33 Mitral Regurgitation; C41 Mitral Stenosis; C41 Mitral Valve Prolapse; C42 Mixed Hearing Loss; OT9 Mixed Incontinence; US Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD); GS44 Molluscum Contagiosum; D30 Mongolian Spot; D9 Monoclonal Gammopathy of Unknown Significance (MGUS); H49 Mononucleosis; P57 Monro-Kellie Hypothesis; NS4 Monteggia Fracture; ORIS Montgomery Tubercle; GS54 Mood Stabilizers; PS47 Movement Disorders; NS40 MRC Muscle Strength Scale; N3 MRCP (Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography); GS45 Mucous fistula; GS37 Multiaxial Assessment Psychiatric; PS4 Multiple Endocrine Neoplasm (MEN); E36 Multiple Gestation; OB26 Multiple Myeloma; H47, NP34, OR43 Multiple Sclerosis (MS); DM1 9, N49, OP37 Muscle Relaxants; A7, A27, A2S Muscular Dystrophy; P46 Myasthenia Gravis; N32 Mycology; IDS Mycotic Aneurysms; NS20 Mydriasis; OP31, OP32 Mydriatics; OP45 Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDSJ; H36 Myelomeningocele; NS37 Myelopathy; OR22 Myocardial Infarction (MI); C25, GS1 1 Myocarditis; C36 Myopia; OP9 Myotomes; NS24 Myringotomy Tubas; OT39 Myxedema Coma; E27

Narcolepsy; N43, PS2S Nasal Canula (prong); A 10 Nasal Discharge; OT24 Nasal Fractures; PL29 Nasal Obstruction; OTS Nasal Sprays; OT47 Nasogastric Tube (NG Tube); DM1 0 Nasolacrimal System Defects; OP41 Nasa-orbital Ethmoid (NOEl Fractures; PL29 Neck Mass; OT9, 0132 Necrotizing Enterocolitis; P73 Necrotizing Fasciitis; PL 13 Necrotizing Retinitis; OP35 Needle Aspiration; GSSS Neer Classification; OR 15 Near's Test; OR13 Negligence; ELOAM6 Neonatology; P62 Nephritic Syndrome; NP23 Pediatric; P79 Nephroblastoma; U3S Nephron; NP2 Nephrotic Syndrome; NP24 Pediatric; P79 Nerve Entrapment; GS22 Neural Tube Defects; OB5 Neuroblastoma; PS9 Neurofibromatosis; D24, PS6 Neurogenic Bladder; US Neurogenic Claudication; NS27 Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS); PS44 Neurologic Voiding Dysfunction Classification; U9 Neuropathic Pain; N37, NS29 Neuropathy; N30 Neuropsychiatric Disorders; NS40 Neurosensory Retina; OP23 Neurotrauma; NS29 Neuro-Urologic Evaluation; U9 Neurysmal Bone Cyst; OR43 Neutropenia; HS, ID44 Neutrophilia; HS Nevomelanocytic Nevi (NMNJ; D9 NG decompression; GS17, GS26 Nightstick Fracture; OR19 Noise-Induced Sensorineural Hearing Loss;

OT21
Non-Accommodative Esotropia; OP40 Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD); G39 Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma; H44 Nonimmune Transfusions Reactions; A15 Non-Ischemic Retinopathy; OP24 Non-Obstructive (Communicating) Hydrocephalus; NS7 Non-Paralytic Strabismus; OP39 Non ST Elevation Ml; C25 Non-Stress Test (NST) Fetal; 086 Noonan Syndrome; P45

Obesity; FMS Pediatric; P9 Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD); NS40, PS15 Obstetrical Anesthesia; A22 Obstructive Jaundice; GS49 Obstructive (Non-Communicating) Hydrocephalus; NS7 Obstructive Shock; A 12 Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA); FM46 Occupational Hazards; PH26 Ocular Diagnostic Drugs; OP44 Ocular Discharge; OP15 Ocular Drug Toxicity; OP44 Ocular Emergencies; OP5 Ocular Examination; OP5 Ocular Manifestations of Systemic Disease; OP34 Ocular Pain; OP4 Ocular Therapeutic Drugs; OP46 Ocular Trauma; OP42 Oculomotor Nerve; N1 7 Odds Ratio (OR); PHI 0 Odontoid Process Fracture; NS34 Ogilvie's Syndrome; GS26 Olecranon Fracture; OR 17 Oligohydramnios; 0829 Omental (Graham) Patch; GS16 Ongoing Losses; A14 Open Fractures; OR7 Open Reduction Indications; OR5, OR6 Complications; OR6 Ophthalmia Neonatorum; OP4 1 Ophthalmoscopy; OPS Opioids; A1S, A26, CP1 4 Opioid Equivalent Doses; CP14, GM12 Opioid Abuse; PS22 Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD); PS3S Optic Disc; OP23 Optic Disc Edema; N21 Optic Nerve; N17 Optic Neuritis; N21 Optic Neuropathy; OP36 Optics; OPS Oral Contraceptive Pill (OCP); GY1S Ora Sarrata; OP23 Orbit; OP1 0 Orbital Apex Syndrome; PL30

10 Index

## Toronto Notes 2011

Orbital Cellulitis; OP1 0 Omital Floor Fractures; PL30 Orchitis; U13, U27 Organization of Health Care in Canada; ELOAM16 Orthopaedic Emergencies; OR7 Ortolani's Test; OR39 Osgood-Schlatter Disease; OR40 Osmolar Diuresis; NS7 Osmolar Gap; NP17 Osteoarthritis (OAI; FM41, RH4 Osteoblastoma; OR43 Osteochondral Grafts; OR44 Osteochondroma; OR42 Osteoid Osteoma; OR42 Osteomalacia; DM24, E4S Osteomyelitis; DM23, ORB Osteoporosis; DM23, E43, FM42 Osteosarcoma; OR43 Osteotomy; OR28 Ostial Obstruction; OT2S Ostomies; GS37 Otalgia; ER26, OT6 Otic Drops; OT47 Otitis Externa (OE); OT16 Otitis Madia with Effusion; OT17, OT39 Otoacoustic Emissions; OT12 Otoplasty; PL32 Otosclerosis; OT1 9 Ottawa Ankle Rules; ER17, OR34 Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion; PH& Ottawa Knee Rules; ER17 Outerbridge Classification; OR44 Outflow Obstruction; U6 Ovarian Ablation; GSS7 Ovarian Cancer; GY38 OverHow Incontinence; US Oversew Ulcer; GS16 Oxygenation Monitoring; A5 Oxygen Therapy; A10

p
Pacemaker; C21 Paget's Disease; E47, GS56 Pain Acute; A17 Management; A17 Pharmacological; A 18 Pain Disorder; PS27 Painful Arc Test; OR13 Painful Bladder Syndrome; U11 Palliative Care; ELOAM20, GM11 Palpitations; C4 Pancraas; GS49 Pancreatic Cancer; GS50 Pancreatitis Acute; G48, GS49 Chronic; G50, GSSD Pancytopenia; H7 Panic Disorder; PS 13

Pap Test; GY43 Paralytic Ileus; GS23, GS26 Paralytic Strabismus; OP39 Paraneoplastic Syndromes; N32, R31 Parapharyngeal Space Infection; OT42 Paraphilias; PS28 Paraphimosis; U30 Parasitology; ID5 Parasomnias; N43 Parasympathetic Nervous System (PNSI; CP13 Parasympathetic Pathway; N6 Parasympathetic Understimulation; OP32 Parathyroid Hormone (PTH); E38 Paranchymal Disease; GS44 Parkinson's Disease; N27, NS40 Paronychia; PL21 Parotid Gland Neoplasms; OT31 Patellar Dislocation; OR32 Patellar Fracture; OR32 Patellar Tendon Rupture; OR31 Patellofemoral Syndrome; OR33 Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA); P20, P21 Pelvic Fracture; OR 10 Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID); GY29 Pelvic Mass, Approach to; GY7 Pelvic Pain; ER20 Approach to; GY7 Pelvic Pain Syndrome, Chronic; U13 Pemphigus Vulgaris; D21 Penile Complaints; U29 Penile Tumours; U26 Peptic Stricture; G9 Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD); G11, G27, GS 16 Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI); C30 Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy; U16 Perforated Ulcer; GS16 Periana1Abscesses;GS39 Pericardia! Effusion; C44 Pericarditis; C44 Peripheral Arterial Disease; C46 Peripheral Nerve Blocks; A21 Contraindications; A21 Peripheral Nerve Lesions; NS4 Peripheral Nerves; NS29 Peripheral Neuropathies; N30 Peritonsillar Abscess; OT42 Persistent Vegetative State; NS36 Personality Disorders; PS31 Pertussis; P58 Peyronie's Disease; U29 P-glycoprotein (Pgp); CP4 Phacoemulsification; OP22, OP43 Pharyngitis; FM47 Pediatric; P56 Phenylketonuria; P47 Pheochromocytoma; E35 Phimosis; U30 Phobic Disorder; PS 14 Photophobia; OP4 Photopsia; OP4 Physician-Assisted Suicide; ELOAM14

Physician-Industry Relations; ELOAM12 Pigment Stones; GS44 Pilar Cyst; D6 Pilonidal Disease; GS40 Pinguecula; OP15 PIP and DIP Dislocations; PL24 Pituitary Adenoma; E19, NS13 Pituitary Apoplexy; E19 Pituitary Gland; E16 Pivot Shift Sign; OR29 Placenta Previa; 0823 Plantar Fasciitis; OR36 Plastic Surgery Pediatric; PL33 Pleomorphic Adenoma; OT31 Pleura; GS15 Pleural Effusion; DM8, R22 Pneumatic Ratinopexy; OP43 Pneumocystis jiroveci; ID36 Pneumonia; ID9 Fine Criteria; ID 10 Pediatric; P91 Pneumothorax; DM8, ER11, R24 Polyarteritis Nodosa (PAN); RH17 Polycystic Kidney Disease; NP36, U18 Polycystic Liver Disease; GS41 Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS); GY23 Polycythemia; H5 Polycythemia Rubra Vera (PRV); H38 Polyhydramnios; 0829 Polymyalgia Rheumatica; RH25 Polymyositis; RH 13 Polypharmacy; GM13 Polyuria; U9 Ponseti Technique; OR41 Population Health; PH2 Porphyria Cutanea Tarda; D22 Portal Hypertension; G41 Posterior Cord Lesion; NS28 Posterior-cuff Test; OR 13 Posterior Sag Sign; OR29 Posterior Subcapsular Cataracts; OP21 Posterior Triangle; OTS Posterior Urethral Valves (PUV); U36 Posterior Vitreous Detachment (PVD); OP22 Postherpetic Neuralgia; N37 Post Obstructive Diuresis (POD); U9 Post-Operative Confusion and Agitation; A17 Postoperative Fever; GS7 Post-Operative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV); A17 Postpartum Depression (PPD); 0851, PS 10 Postpartum Hemorrhage (PPH); OB48 Postpartum Thyroiditis; E24 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD); PS 15 Postvagotomy Diarrhea; GS 19 Power of Attorney (POA); ELOAM4 Pre and Post-Op Orders; GS6 Pre-Anesthetic Checklist; AS Precocious Puberty; P33 Preeclampsia; 0814

## Toronto Notes 2011

Pregnancy Labour; 0831 Physiologic Changes; A22 Prolonged; 0841 Termination of; 0811 Prehn's Sign; U14 Premature Ejaculation; U32 Premature Rupture of Membranes (PROM); 0839 Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD); PS11 Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS); GYS Prenatal Care; 084 Prenatal Screening; 087 Pre-Operative Assessment; A2 Investigations; A3 Medications; A4 Optimization; A4 Presbycusis; OT20 Presbyopia; OP9 Preseptal Cellulitis; OP1 0 Pressure Ulcers; PL14 Pretsrm Labour (PTL); 0837 Prevalence Study; PH12 Priapism; U29 Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma; OP29 Primary Biliary Cirrhosis (PBC); G46 Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (POAG); OP28 Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis; G45 Primary Survey; ER2 Primitive Reflexes; N3, P4 Prolactin (PRLI: E18 Prolapse, Pelvic; GV34 Propoful; A25 Proptosis; OP1 0 Prostatectomy; U7 Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA); U24 Prostatic Carcinoma (CaP); U22 Medications; U43 Staging; U23 Prostatitis; U13 Proteinuria; NPS Pediatric; P78 Proton Pump Inhibitors; G53 Proximal and Middle Phalanx Fractures; Pl23 Proximal Humeral Fracture; OR 15 Pruritus; D42 Pseudo dementia of Depression; PS 19 Pseudogout; RH24 Pseudo-Obstruction; GS25 Pseudotumour Cerebri; NS9 Psoriasis; D18 Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA); RH21 Psychiatry Pediatric; PS33 Psychogenic Polydipsia; NP1 0 Psychosis; PS4 PTC (Percutaneous Transhepatic Cholangiography); GS45 Pterygium; OP15 Ptosis; OP13 Public Health; PH2

Index 11
Renal Cysts; U1B Renal Failure; NP19 Renal Hamartoma; U19 Renal Mass: U18 Renal Neoplasms Benign; U18 Malignant; U19 Renal Oncocytoma; U19 Renal Osteodystrophy; E46 Renal Pelvis Carcinoma; U20 Renal Stone Approach to; U16 Classification; U17 Renal Transplantation; NP23 Renal Trauma; U32 Renal Tubules; NP3 Renal Vein Thrombosis; NP31 Reportable Diseases; PH27 Reporting Requirements; ELOAMS Research Ethics; ELOAM 12 Reservoir Systems; A 10 Resource Allocation; ELOAM11 Respiratory Acidosis; R5 Respiratory Alkalosis; RS Respiratory Distress in the Newborn; P66 Respiratory Distress Signs and Symptoms; OT44 Respiratory Failure; R25 Respiratory System Pediatric; A23 Restrictive Cardiomyopathy (RCM); C39 Resuscitation; A 13 Retina; OP23 Retinal Detachment (RD); OP25 Retinitis Pigmentosa; OP26 Retinoblastoma; OP41 Retinopathy; OP24 Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP); OP41, P75 Retroperitoneum; DM11 Retrospective Study; PH 12 Reverse Calles' Fracture; OR20 Raye Syndrome; P61 Reynolds' Pentad; GS47 Rheumatic Fever; P57 Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA); RH6 Rheumatoid Hand; Pl25 Rhinitis; FM11, FM18, OT23 Rhinitis Madicamentosa; OT23 Rhinoplasty; PL32 Rhinorrhea; FM43 Rhinoscopy; OT26 Rhytidectomy; PL32 Rickets; E45 Right Atrial Enlargement (RAE); C6 Right Bundle Branch Block (RBBB); C6 Right Ventricular Hypertrophy (RVH); C6 Ring Enhancing lesion; NS9 Ring Principle; OR35 Rinne Test; OT9 Risk Reduction Strategies; PH7 Rochester Method; OR 10 Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever; ID28 Romberg Test; N4

Pulmonary Edema; C34 Pulmonary Embolism; DMB, ER34, RIB Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs); R3 Pulmonary Hypertension; R16 Pulmonary Nodule; DM7 Approach to; R28 Pulmonary Stenosis, Pediatric; P22 Pulse Oximeter; AS Pupil Abnormalities; OP31 Pupil Denervation Hypersensitivity; OP31 Pupillary Light Reflex; OP31 Pupils; OP6, OP30 Pure Tone Audiometry; OT1 0 Puritan Mask; A10 Pus, Cerebral; NS14 Pyelonephritis; ID21, U15 Acute; U12 Pyloric Stenosis; P36

Q
Q-angle; OR32 Qualitative Studies; PH 14 Quinsy; OT42

Rabies; IDS Radial Head Fracture; OR17 Radical Prostatectomy; U41 Radiculopathy; OR22 Radioactive Iodine Uptake; DM25 Radius Fracture; OR1 B Ramsay-Hunt Syndrome; OT23 Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT); PH13 Ranson's Criteria; GS49 Rapidly Progressive Glomerulonephritis; NP25 Rapid Sequence Induction (RSI); A9 Raynaud's Phenomenon; RH10 Reactive Arthritis (ReA); RH22 Reconstruction; PL9 Rectal Prolapse; GS40 Red Eye; OP3 Reflexes; NS35 Refractive Eye Surgery; OP9 Regional Anesthesia; A2, A 19 Relative Afferent Pupillary Defect (RAPD); N23,0P33 Relative Risk Reduction (RRR); PH17 Relative Risk (RR); PH1 0 Reliability; PH16 Relocation Test; OR11 REM Sleep Behaviour Disorder; N43 Renal Adenocarcinoma; U19 Renal Adenoma; U19 Renal Artary Occlusion; NP30 Renal Artary Stenosis; NP31 Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC); U19 Renal Colic; ER41, U15

12 Index

## Toronto Notes 2011

Root Compression; NS24 Rosacea; 013 Rose Bengal Stain; OP44 Roseola; P59 Rotator Cuff Disease; OR13 Rubella; P60 Rule of 9's for Total Body Surface Area (TBSA); Pl16

Saccular (beny) Aneurysm; NS20 Salicylates; OT21 Salivary Gland Neoplasms; OT31 Salter-Harris Classification; OR38 Sarcoidosis; OP38, R14 Scabies; D27 Scalp Injury; NS31 Scaphoid Fracture; OR20 Scarlet Faver; P56 Schatzker Classification; OR33 Schatzki's Ring; G10 Schilling Test; G17 Schistosomiasis; ID41 Schizophrenia; PS4 Schwachman-Diamond Syndrome; P40 Sclera; OP16 Scleral Buckle; OP43 Scleritis; OP17 Scleroderma; G8, RH11 Sclerotherapy; PL32 Scoliosis; OR41 Scrotal Hematoma; GS22 Scrotal Mass; U27 Benign; U28 Scrotal Tumour; U27 Seborrheic Dermatitis; 017 Seborrheic Keratosis; 07 Secondary Angle Closura Glaucoma; OP30 Secondary Open Angle Glaucoma; OP29 Secondary Survey; ER5 Sedation; A2 Sedatives; GS59 Seizures; ER26, NS Pediatric; P81 Semenalysis; U35 Sensitivity; PH 10 Sensorineural Hearing loss; OT9 Sentinel Hemorrhage; NS21 Sentinel lymph Node Biopsy (SlNB); GS57 Separation Anxiety; PS35 Sepsis; ID24, R35 Septal Hematomas; Pl29 Septic Arthritis; 1022 Septic Joint; ORB Septic Shock; A12 Seroma; GS8 Serotonin Syndrome; ER54, PS47 Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS); ID13 Ssxual Differentiation Disorders; U39

Ssxuality; PS28 Ssxually Transmitted Infections; FM43 Shaken Baby Syndrome; OP42 Sheahan's syndrome; E19 Shingles; D29 Shock; A 12, ER3, R34 Short Stature; P34 Shoulder Dislocation; OR 11 Shoulder Dystocia; 0844 Shoulder Joints; OR 11 Shunt Complications; NS8 Shunt Nephritis; NP27 Sialadenitis; OT30 Sialolithiasis; OT31 Sick Euthyroid Syndrome; E27 Sickle Cell Disease; H19, P49 Sick Sinus Syndrome (SSS); C14 Sideroblastic Anemia; H15 Sigmoidoscopy; GS34 Sinusitis; FM45, OT25 Chronic; OT26 Sipple's Syndrome; E36 Sjogren's Syndrome (SS); RH14 Skin Anatomy; D2 Function; D2 Grafts; Pl9 Phototypes; D3 Tags; 07 Skull Base Osteomyelitis; OT17 Skull Fractures; NS31 Sleep Apnea; R32 Sleep-Disorders Breathing in Children; OT41 Sleep Disorders; FM45, N42 Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis; OR39 Slit-Lamp; OP7 Small Bowel Obstruction (SBO); GS24 Small Intestine; GS20 Tumours; GS20 Adenocarcinoma; GS20 Carcinoid; GS21 Lymphoma; GS21 Smith's Fracture; OR20 Smoking Cessation; FMS Snuff Box; OR20 Soft Tissue Infections; Pl12 Solar Lentigo; D9 Somatization Disorder; PS26 Specificity; PHI 0 Speech Audiometry; OT11 Spermatic Cord; GS23 Spermatocele; U27, U28 Spetzler-Martin AVM Grading Scale; NS22 Spherocytosis; H21, P50 Spider Angioma; 011 Spina Bifida Occulta; NS36 Spinal Anesthesia; A 19 Contraindications; A20 Spinal Cord Injury (SCI); NS28, NS33 Spinal Cord lesion; NS28 Spinal Dysraphism; NS36 Spinal/Neurogenic Shock; A 12 Spinal Stenosis; OR24

Spine CT; NS30 Spine Disorders; NS4 Spine Fractures; NS34, OR22 Spleen; GS52 Trauma; GS52 Splenectomy; GS52 Splenomegaly Approach to; H11 Spondyloarthropathies; RH 19 Spondylolisthesis; OR26 Spondylolysis; OR26 Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis (SBP); G43 Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) of Anal Canal; GS41 Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Skin; D35 Standard of Care; ElOAM6 Status Epilepticus; ER27, N9 Steady State; CP7 Stenosing Tenosynovitis; Pl23 Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS); D23 Stomach and Duodenum; GS 16 Stone Disease; U15 Strabismus; OP38, OP40 Straight leg Raise Test; OR23 Strangulating Bowel Obstruction; GS24 Stress Fracturas; OR38 Stress Incontinence; US Stress Testing; C1 0 Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI); U5 Stridor; OT44 Stroke; N44 Treatment; N46 Struvite Stone; U17 Stye; OP14 Subacute Thyroiditis; E24 Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH); NS15, NS17 Subconjunctival Hemorrhage; OP15 Subdural Empyema; NS 14 Subdural Hematoma; NS 15, NS 16 Subfalcine Herniation Syndrome; NSS Subglottic Stenosis; OT45 Substance Abuse; PS20 Dependence;PS20 Substitute Decision Makers (SDMs); ELOAM3 Succinylcholine; A27 Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS); P1 1 Sudden Sensorineural Hearing loss; OT20 Suicide; PS24 Sunburn; D43 Superficial Thrombophlebitis; C51 Superior Orbital Fissure (SOF) Syndrome; Pl30 Suppurative Sinusitis; OT26 Supracondylar Fracture; OR16 Supraventricular Tachyarrhythmias; C16 Surgical Complications; GS7 Cardiac; GS 11 Renal; GS9 Respiratory; GS9 Urinary; GS9

## Toronto Notes 2011

U
Trimalleolar Fractures; OR35 Trismus; OT41 Trisomy; P44 Trochlear Nerve; N18 Trousseau sign; E42 Truth Telling; ELOAM1 0 Tuberculosis; ID24 Tube Thoracostomy; GS 15 Tubulointerstitial Nephritis Acute; NP27 Chronic; NP28 Tumour Lysis Syndrome; H50 Tuning Folk Tests; OT10 Turner Syndrome; P45 Tympanogram; OT11 Tympanostomy Tubes; OT39

Index 13

Surgical Endocrinology; GS58 Surgical Ophthalmology; OP43 Swimmer's View; OR23 Sympathetic NeiVous System (SNS); CP13 Sympathetic Pathway; N6 Sympathetic Stimulation; OP32 Symphisis Fundal Height (SFH); OB5 Syncope; C4, ER28 Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion (SIADH); E19, NP1 0, NP12 Synechiae; OP20, OP31 Synovial Fluid Analysis; RH24 Syphilis; D32, ID26, GY28 Syringomyelia; NS28 Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS); R35 Systemic Lupus Erythematosus ISLE); NP26, RH9 Systemic Toxicity; A21

Tachycardia, Intraoperative; A11 Talar Fracture; OR35 Talar Tilt Test; OR34 Tall Stature; P35 Tamoxifen; GS57 Tamponade, Cardiac; C45, ER12 Tanner Staging; P17 TB Skin Test; P5 Telemetry; A5 Temperature; A11 Monitoring; A5 Temperature Regulation Pediatric; A23 Temporal Arteritis; OP38, RH17 Temporal Bone Fractures; OT22, OT23 Tendonitis; OR 13 Testicular Appendix Torsion; U28 Testicular Cancer, Management; U26 Testicular Torsion; U28 Testicular Tumours; U25 Tetanus; IDS Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF); P20, P23 Thalamic Pain; N38 Thalassemia; H18 Therapeutic Drug Monitoring ITDM); CP1 0 Therapeutic Index ITil: CP1 0 Thiopental; A25 Thoracic OuUet Syndrome; GS 15 Thoracic Surgery; GS 12 Thrombocytopenia; H6 Thrombocytosis; H7 Thrombolysis; N46 Thrombophlebitis; C51

Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP); H28 Thyroglossal Duct Cysts; OT34 Thyroid Carcinoma; OT37 Thyroid Hormones; E20 Thyroid Nodule; E28, OT37 Thyroid Storm; E25 Thyrotoxicosis; E22 TIA !Transient Ischemic Attack); OP37 Tibial Plateau Fracture; OR33 Tibial Shaft Fracture; OR34 Tic Disorders; N28 Tics; N26 Tile Classification; OR 11 TIMI Risk Score; C25 Tinnitus; OT7, OT15 Tocolysis; OB38 Toilet Training; P12 Tonometry; OPS Tonsillar Herniation Syndrome; NS6 Tonsillectomy; OT43 Tonsillitis; OT41 Topical Anesthetics; A22 Topical Steroids; D44 Torsades de Pointes; C20 Torsion; U27 Torus Fracture; OR38 Total Body Water Distribution; CP4 Tourette's Syndrome; N29, NS40 Toxic Adenoma; E25 Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis ITEN); 023 Toxic Megacolon; GS25 Toxic Multinodular Goitre; E25 Toxic Shock Syndrome; ID27 Toxoplasmosis; OP35 Trabeculectomy; OP43 Tracheal Intubation; AB Tracheoesophageal Fistula; P36 Trachoma; OP16 Transfusion; A16 Transfusion Reactions; A15 Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury (THALl); H52 Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA); OP37 Transposition of the Great Arteries (TGA); P20, P23 Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP); U7, U41 Traveller's Diarrhea; ID18 Travel Medicine; ID47 Tremor; N26, NS40 Trichiasis; OP13 Trichomonas vaginalis; ID39 Trigeminal Distribution; OP19 Trigeminal NeiVe; N18 Trigeminal Neuralgia Surgical Therapy; NS42

Ulcerative Colitis (UC); G22, GS29 Ulcers, Skin; 043, PL 13 Ulna Fracture; OR 18 Ulnar Collateral Ligament (UCL) Injury; Pl24 Ultrasound; DM2 Umbilical Cord Prolapse; OB43 Unstable Angina; C25 UPJ Obstruction; U36 Upward Herniation Syndrome; NS6 Ureter Carcinoma; U20 Urethral Dilatation; UB Urethral Hypermobility; U5 Urethral Injuries; U33 Urethral Stricture; UB Urethral Syndrome; U14 Urethritis; U14 Urge Incontinence; U5 Urgent Operation Indications; GS5 Uric Acid Stone; U17 Urinalysis; NP7 Urinary Incontinence; GM9, U5 Urinary Obstruction; U15 Urinary Retention; U6 Urinary Tract Infections (UTI); U10 Pediatric; P55 Urine Electrolytes; NP9 Urine Microscopy; NPB Urine Storage Phase; U5 Urine Voiding Phase; U5 Urological Neoplasms; U1 8 Urticaria; D41 US Health Care System; ELOAM18 Uterine Rupture; 0844 Uterine Sarcoma; GY37 Uveitis; OP20

14 Index

## Toronto Notes 2011

VACTERL;P47 Vaginal Discharge; GY6 Vagotomy; GS 17 Vagus Nerve; N1 9 Validity; PH16 Varicella; P58 Varicocele; U27. U28 Varicose Veins; C52 Vasa Previa; 0825 Vascular Claudication; NS27 Vascular Malformations; NS22 Skin; 011 Vasculitis; RH15 Vasomotor Rhinitis; OT24 Venous Stasis Retinopathy; OP24 Venous Ulcers; D43, PL13 Ventilation; A10 Ventilation Monitoring; AS Ventricular Fibrillation (VFibl; C21 Ventricular Septal Defect (VSDI; P21 Ventricular Tachycardia (VTI: C20 Ventriculostomy; NS5 Venturi Mask; A10 Vernal Conjunctivitis; OP16 Vertigo; OT12 Vesicoureteral Reflux (VURI: U37 Vestibular Neuronitis; OT14 Vestibular Schwannoma; NS12, OT15 Vestibulocochlear Nerve; N19 Virchow's Triad; H31, R18 Virilization; E33 Virology; 103 Virtual Colonoscopy (CT colonographyl; GS34

Visual Acuity; OP5 Visual Fields; OP6 Visual Internal Urethrotomy (VIUI; US Visual Loss; N20 Vitamin 812 Deficiency; H22 Vitiligo; D25 Vitrectomy; OP43 Vitreous; OP22 Vitreous Hemorrhage; OP23 Vitritis; OP23 Vocal Cord Nodules; OT29 Paralysis; OT28 Polyps; OT29 Volatile lnhalational Agents; A6, A26 Volvulus; GS36 Vomiting. pediatric; P36 von Hippel-l..indau Syndrome; U1 B von Willebrand Disease (vWDI; H28, P51 V/Q Scan; DM25 Vulnerable Populations; PHS Vulvar Cancer; GY45 Vulvovaginitis; GY24

Warmer's Syndrome; E36 Wernicks-Korsakoff Syndrome; PS21 West Nile Virus; ER47,1D2B Whipple Procedure; GS51 Whipple's Triad; E15 Whitman's Sign; OR39 Wilm's Tumour; PBB, U38 Wilson's Disease; G37 Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPWI Syndrome; C19 Women's Health Initiative (WHII; GY34 Wound; GS7 Chronic; PL7 Closure: PL7 Complications; GS7 Contaminated; PLB Dehiscence; GSB Healing; PL6 Abnormal; PL7 Hemorrhage/Hematoma; GSB Infection; GS7 Management; ER 17 Wrist Fractures, Complications; OR20

Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia; H49 Warfarin Overdose; ER54 Warts; D30 Water Deficit NP13 Weber Test; OT9 Wegener's Granulomatosis; NP26, R20, RH16 Weiss' Ring; OP22