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4541/3
Chemistry
Paper 3
September
2008
1½ hours

MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA
SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
TRIAL EXAMINATION
2008
CHEMISTRY
Paper 3
One hour and thirty minutes

DO NOT OPEN THIS QUESTION BOOKLET UNTIL BEING TOLD TO DO SO

For Examiner’s Use
1.

Write down your name and class in
the space provided
Tuliskan nama dan kelas anda pada ruang
yang disediakan.

2.

The question booklet is bilingual.

Question

Full
Mark

1

33

2

17

Total

50

Mark

Buku soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa.

3.

Candidates are required to read the
information at the back page of the
question booklet.
Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di
halaman belakang kertas soalan ini.

This question booklet contains 10 printed pages including the front page.
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1

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An experiment was conducted to determine the position of different metals in
Electrochemical Series.
Diagram 1.1 shows the set-up of apparatus used and copper is the positive
terminal in all experiment.
Satu eksperimen dijalankan untuk menentukan kedudukan logam berbeza dalam Siri
Elektrokimia.
Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan susunan radas yang digunakan dan kuprum adalah terminal positif
dalam semua eksperimen.

Porous pot

0.5 mol dm-3
copper(II) sulphate

Pasu berliang

kuprum sulfat

Magnesium
0.5 mol dm-3
magnesium sulphate

Copper
Kuprum

magnesium sulfat

Diagram 1.1
Rajah 1.1

Experiment is repeated using different pairs of metals.
Diagram 1.2 shows the voltmeter reading for all experiments.
Eksperimen diulangi menggunakan pasangan logam berbeza.
Rajah 1.2 menunjukkan bacaan voltmeter bagi semua eksperimen.

Mg / Cu

Fe / Cu

Reading:.......................... V

Reading:.......................... V

Bacaan:

Bacaan:

Zn / Cu

Pb / Cu

1(a)
Reading:.......................... V

Reading:.......................... V

Bacaan:

Bacaan:

Diagram 1.2
Rajah 1.2

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(a)

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Record the voltmeter readings in the spaces provided.
Catatkan bacaan voltmeter pada ruang yang disediakan.

(b)

Construct a table and record the potential difference for each experiment.
Bina sebuah jadual untuk menunjukkan beza keupayaan bagi setiap eksperimen .

1(b)

(c)

Complete the Table 1.1 based on the experiment
Lengkapkan Jadual 1.1 berdasarkan eksperimen itu.

The way to manipulate
variable:
Cara mengubah
pembolehubah
dimanipulasikan:

What to observe in the
responding variable:
Apa yang diperhatikan dalam
pembolehubah bergerakbalas

The way to maintain the
controlled variable:

1(c)

Cara menetapkan
pembolehubah dimalar.

Table 1.1
Jadual 1.1

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(d)

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State the hypothesis for this experiment.
Nyatakan hipotesis bagi eksperimen ini

........................................................................................................................

1(d)

........................................................................................................................
(e)

Cell in Diagram 1.1 is left for 5 minutes.
Complete the following Table by stating the observations and related
inferences in the experiment.
Sel dalam Rajah 1.1 dibiarkan selama 5 minit.
Lengkapkan Jadual berikut dengan menyatakan pemerhatian dan inferens yang
berkaitan dalam eksperimen tersebut.

Observations

Inferences

Pemerhatian

Inferens

1(e)

(f)

Based on the observations, arrange all the metals in ascending order of their
electropositivity
Berdasarkan pemerhatian, susun kesemua logam itu mengikut tertib menaik
keelektropositifan

1(f)

........................................................................................................................
(g)

Based on the cell in Diagram 1.1, classify the ions present in both
solutions into cations and anions.
Berdasarkan sel dalam Rajah 1.1 kelaskan ion-ion yang terdapat dalam kedua-dua
larutan kepada kation dan anion.

1(g)

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(h)

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State the operational definition of a chemical cell.
Nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi sel kimia

........................................................................................................................

1(h)

........................................................................................................................
(i)

A potential difference of 1.5 V is observed when the experiment is
repeated by using an unknown metal, R and copper.
Predict the position of metal R in the Electrochemical Series.
Beza keupayaan sebanyak 1.5 V dihasilkan apabila eksperimen diulangi menggunakan
suatu logam yang tidak diketahui , R dan kuprum.
Ramalkan kedudukan logam R dalam Siri Elektrokimia.

1(i)
........................................................................................................................
(j)

If cell using Zn/Cu is left for 2 hours, state the colour change of copper(II)
sulphate solution.
Sekiranya sel menggunakan Zn/Cu dibiarkan selama 2 jam, nyatakan perubahan warna
larutan kuprum(II) sulfat.

........................................................................................................................

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1(j)

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Diagram 2.1 shows two types of bonfire using sticks and logs.
Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan 2 jenis unggun api menggunakan ranting kayu dan batang kayu.

During camping, a group of students discovered that it is easier to start a bonfire
using sticks rather than logs. This is due to the differences in the size
Semasa berkhemah, sekumpulan pelajar telah mendapati bahawa lebih senang untuk
menghidupkan unggun api menggunakan ranting kayu berbanding batang kayu. Ini disebabkan
oleh perbezaan saiz.

Bonfire using logs

Bonfire using sticks

Unggun api menggunakan batang kayu

Unggun api menggunakan ranting

Diagram 2.1
Rajah 2.1

Referring to the above situation, plan a laboratory experiment to investigate the
effect of size of reactant on the rate of reaction between calcium carbonate and an
acid.
Merujuk kepada situasi di atas, rancangkan satu eksperimen dalam makmal untuk mengkaji
kesan saiz bahan tindak balas terhadap kadar tindak balas antara kalsium karbonat dengan asid.

Your planning should include the following:
Perancangan anda haruslah mengandungi perkara-perkara berikut :

(i)

Statement of Problem
Pernyataan masalah

(ii)

All the variables
Semua pembolehubah

(iii)

Statement of hypothesis
Pernyataan hipotesis

(iv)

List of substances and apparatus
Senarai bahan dan alat radas

(v)

Procedure of the experiment
Prosedur eksperimen

(vi)

Tabulation of data
Penjadualan data

[17 marks]
END OF QUESTION PAPER
[Kertas Soalan Tamat]

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4541/3
INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES
MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON

1.

This question paper consists of two questions. Answer all questions.
Kertas soalan ini mengandungi dua soalan. Jawab semua soalan

2.

Write your answers for Question 1 in the spaces provided in the question paper.
Tuliskan jawapan bagi Soalan 1 dalam ruang yang disediakan dalam kertas soalan.

3.

Write your answers for Question 2 on the lined pages at the end of the question
paper in detail.
Tuliskan jawapan bagi Soalan 2 pada halaman bergaris di bahagian akhir kertas soalan ini
dengan terperinci

4.

Show your working, it may help you to get marks.
Tunjukkan cara mengira kerana ia boleh membantu anda mendapatkan markah.

5.

If you wish to cancel any answer, neatly cross out the answer.
Sekiranya anda hendak membatalkan sesuatu jawapan, buat garisan di atas jawapan itu.

6.

The diagrams in the questions are not drawn to scale unless stated.
Rajah yang terdapat dalam soalan tidak dilukis mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan sebaliknya

7.

Marks allocated for each question or part of the question are shown in brackets.
Markah yang diperuntukkan bagi setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan dalam kurungan.

8.

The time suggested to complete Question 1 is 45 minutes and Question 2 is 45
minutes.
Masa yang dicadangkan untuk menjawab Soalan 1 ialah 45 minit dan Soalan 2 ialah 45 minit.

9.

You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.
Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak diprogramkan.

10.

Hand in all your answer sheets at the end of the examination.
Serahkan semua kertas jawapan anda di akhir peperiksaan.

Marks awarded
Pemberian markah

Score
Skor
3

Description
Penerangan
Excellent : The best response

2

Satisfactory : An average response

1

Weak : An inaccurate response

0

No response or wrong response

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Cemerlang : Respons yang paling baik
Memuaskan

: Respons yang sederhana

Lemah : Respons yang kurang tepat
Tiada respons atau respons yang salah

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