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Math 4

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UNIT 4

SUBTRACTING FRACTIONS

MULTIPLYING FRACTIONS

DIVIDING FRACTIONS

FRACTIONS AND DECIMALS

ORDER OF OPERATIONS

SUBTRACTING FRACTIONS

When the denominators of the

_ fractions are the same, simply

= subtract one numerator from the

other and place your answer over

the original denominator.

_ same, you will have to find a common

denominator before you can begin

= subtraction.

you need to find the lowest common multiple for 5 and 3

The lowest common multiple of 5 and 3 is

15

Look at the relationship between the

original denominators of the fractions

_ and the new common denominator.

= What number would you have to

multiply the old denominator by to get

the new one?

old numerator by it as well and place

_ your answer over the new common

= denominator. Do this for both fractions.

first and put your answer over the new

denominator.

Multiply the two Numerators

X =

MULTIPLYING FRACTIONS

The Simplest of the Operations

DIVIDING FRACTIONS

DIVIDED BY =

second fraction to its reciprocal, change the

operation sign to multiplication, then follow the rules

for multiplying fractions.

Reciprocal

A reciprocal of a fraction is obtained by flipping the

original fraction over so that the original numerator

becomes the new denominator and the original

denominator becomes the new numerator

the reciprocal of the other

INVERT AND MULTIPLY

DIVIDED BY =

RECIPROCAL

BECOMES

X =

CHANGE OPERATION SIGN TO

MULTIPLICATION

LOWEST TERMS

Sometimes fractions can be broken down into equivalent

fractions with the smallest possible numerators and

denominators. This is called reducing to lowest terms.

the greatest common factor for both the numerator

and denominator. You then divide both the top and

bottom by the greatest common factor.

Divide both top and bottom

by 2. Its the largest

6 divided by 2 = 3 Lowest Terms

number that will divide 8 divided by 2 = 4

evenly into 6 and 8

FRACTIONS TO DECIMALS

As indicated before, the line dividing

the numerator and the denominator is

a division line. This fraction can be

read “5 divided by 8”

Tenths

Hundredths

Thousandths

Mixed Numbers to Decimals

Two and five sixths

fraction. Place the decimal point between the whole

6 number and the decimal you get after doing the division.

5 divided by 6 = 0.83333

the whole number from the fractional

number.

Another Way...

5 Turn the mixed number into an

6 improper fraction.

6

= 6 by the bottom number.

17 divided by 6 = 2.8333

ORDER OF OPERATIONS

BEDMAS APPLIES TO FRACTIONS TOO!

P Brackets

P Exponents

P Division In the order of appearance

P Multiplication from left to right

P Addition

In the order of appearance

P Subtraction from left to right

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