Fluidised Bed Fixed Bed

Objectives The objectives of this experiment are to monitor the behaviour of particles in a bed with upward air flow and to study the correlation between bed height, bed pressure drop, bed temperature, particles size and upward velocity through a bed of granular material. Apparatus Description


Increasing velocity

Figure 2– Fluidized Bed Apparatus(Saptoro 2011)

1. Digital Indicator • To show the measurements

2. Manometer • To measure the pressure drop

3. Air Flowmeter (Low flow) • To measure the rate of low flow

4. Air Flowmeter (High flow) • To measure the rate of the high flow

5. Air Regulator

• To regulate and control the air flow rate 6.Bed Temperature Sensor. Flow Control Valves • To control the fluid flow 7. Filter • To filter the air flowing into the fluidized bed 9.Air Inlet • A section where air flows into the fluidization chamber Experimental Procedures Changing Bed Material First. the thermocouple probe.Air Inlet temperature sensor. heating element and pressure probe were levered to the highest part of the bed chamber. Pressure Probe • To measure the pressure drop in the fluidised bed 8. T1 • To detect the bed temperature across the bed 11. one hand was used to carry the bed chamber for support and the six nuts from the chamber supporting screws which pass through the mounting bracket were dismantled. Chamber • Where fluidization occurs 10. The bed chamber was extracted cautiously and the loose filter should be taken care of.Heater • To supply heat energy to the air flowing into the fluidization chamber 12. Then. A required amount of granular material usually to a depth of 20 to 30 mm was transferred into the .Air Distribution Chamber • A section for air distribution 13. T2 • To detect the temperature of the inlet air flow 14.

Keeping the air flow rate. constant. bed pressure drop. are measured. record the initial pressure reading. the air inlet temperature. (Saptoro 2011) . The procedure above was repeated and observations were done. The air flow rate was decreased in small intervals and the previous step was repeated. the axis of the chamber was placed vertically. particle sizes and upward air velocity through a bed of granular material Before starting the experiment. the experiment was repeated by transferring a new set of chosen granular material. Finally. T1. The behaviour of the bed at all stages was observed. the velocity of the air through the bed. The air flow control was rotated anti-clockwise to ensure the highest indicated air flow and the bed was left to blend evenly for about two to three minutes.120grit size into the bed chamber and the experiment was extended further for various bed temperature and other sizes of particles of the same material density. Investigations of the relationship between bed height. The air flow rate was lowered until zero. bed material temperature. by using the correlation below. the heater was lifted to the uppermost position. Then. The probes and element were lowered to the bottom of the chamber. Finally. the unit was rebuilt in backwards order and the filter was ensured to be perfectly placed in its location.chamber. The chosen granular material of 80grit size was transferred into the bed chamber and all the components were reconstructed. After conducting the experiment. T2. Next. the pressure drop across the bed. the bed height. the heater control was switched to zero and the temperature probe was descended into the bed. Then the bed chamber wall was tapped with flat hand until the bed achieves a minimum height. bed temperature. all apparatus were cleaned and materials used were placed back at its origin.

ChE 381 Process Laboratory Projects. 3rd Edition. Laboratory Manual. .References Saptoro. 2011. A.

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