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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem V900R008

Power Control

Issue Date INTERNAL

02 2008-06-30

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem Power Control

Contents

Contents
1 Power Control.............................................................................................................................1-1
1.1 Overview.........................................................................................................................................................1-2 1.2 Availability......................................................................................................................................................1-3 1.3 Technical Description.....................................................................................................................................1-4 1.3.1 Classification..........................................................................................................................................1-4 1.3.2 Procedure for Power Control..................................................................................................................1-6 1.3.3 Huawei II Power Control Algorithm......................................................................................................1-7 1.3.4 Huawei III Power Control Algorithm..................................................................................................1-13 1.4 Capabilities....................................................................................................................................................1-16 1.5 Implementation..............................................................................................................................................1-16 1.5.1 Activating Power Control.....................................................................................................................1-16 1.5.2 Configuring Power Control..................................................................................................................1-18 1.6 Maintenance Information..............................................................................................................................1-21 1.7 References.....................................................................................................................................................1-23

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem Power Control

Figures

Figures
Figure 1-1 Procedure for Power Control..............................................................................................................1-7 Figure 1-2 Procedure for Huawei II Power Control Algorithm...........................................................................1-8 Figure 1-3 Procedure for Huawei III power control algorithm..........................................................................1-14 Figure 1-4 Set Cell Attributes dialog box..........................................................................................................1-17 Figure 1-5 Set Other Parameter dialog box........................................................................................................1-18 Figure 1-6 Set Cell Attributes dialog box..........................................................................................................1-19 Figure 1-7 Set Power Control Parameter dialog box.........................................................................................1-20 Figure 1-8 Setting Huawei II power control parameters....................................................................................1-21 Figure 1-9 Setting Huawei power control parameters...................................................................................1-21

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem Power Control

Tables

Tables
Table 1-1 NEs involved in power control............................................................................................................1-3 Table 1-2 GBSS products and software versions.................................................................................................1-3 Table 1-3 Static power level.................................................................................................................................1-6 Table 1-4 Dynamic power level...........................................................................................................................1-6 Table 1-5 Comprehensive power control decision table......................................................................................1-9 Table 1-6 Counters related to power control......................................................................................................1-22

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About This Chapter

Power Control

1.1 Overview This describes the definition and purposes of the power control. Power control is used to control the transmit power on radio links to improve transmission quality and reduce channel interference. 1.2 Availability This lists the NEs and software required for the implementation of power control. 1.3 Technical Description This describes the technical aspects of the power control, such as classification, procedure, and algorithm of the power control. 1.4 Capabilities None 1.5 Implementation This describes how to activate and configure the power control. 1.6 Maintenance Information This describes the counters related to power control. 1.7 References

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1.1 Overview
This describes the definition and purposes of the power control. Power control is used to control the transmit power on radio links to improve transmission quality and reduce channel interference.

Definition
Power control is an important method for radio link control. The BSC decides whether the transmit power required by the MS and the BTS should be adjusted, based on the expected value, measurement reports on uplink/downlink receive level and receive quality sent by the BTS. The principles of power control are as follows:
l

If receive level or receive quality is higher than the expected value, the power is reduced to some extent. If receive level or receive quality is lower than the expected value, the power is increased to some extent. Improve the accuracy and effectiveness of the power control on the overall basis of receive level and receive quality.

Purposes
Power control is used to control the transmit power required by MS or BTS while maintaining the quality of the radio links. When the transmit power levels of the MS or BTS are minimized, interference to co-channel users is reduced.

Terms
Terms Call connection Definition Completes the establishment and release of various call services, including speech calls, short messages, VGCS/ VBS, CS data services, and GPRS/EDGE services. Implements BSSMAP and RR procedure, including system information, paging, immediate assignment, assignment, handover, location update, and A interface circuit management. Maximum transmit power

Pn

Acronyms and Abbreviations


Acronyms and Abbreviations MS BSC
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Full Spelling Mobile Station Base Station Controller

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Acronyms and Abbreviations MR BTS CIR FS HS

Full Spelling Measure report Base Transceiver Station Carrier to Interference Ratio Full-rate Speech Half-rate Speech

1.2 Availability
This lists the NEs and software required for the implementation of power control.

NEs Involved
Table 1-1 lists the NEs involved power control. Table 1-1 NEs involved in power control MS
NOTE
l -: not involved l : involved

BTS

BSC

MSC

MGW

SGSN

GGSN

HLR

Software Releases
Table 1-2 lists the versions of GBSS products that support power control. Table 1-2 GBSS products and software versions Product BSC BTS BSC6000 BTS3012 DTRU QTRU BTS3012AE DTRU QTRU BTS3006C
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Version V900R008C01 and later releases BTS3000V100R001C01 and later releases BTS3000V100R008C01 and later releases BTS3000V100R001C04 and later releases BTS3000V100R008C01 and later releases BTS3000V100R002C01 and later releases
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Product BTS3002E DBS3900 GSM BTS3900 GSM BTS3900A GSM

Version BTS3000V100R002C01 and later releases BTS3000V100R008C01 and later releases BTS3000V100R008C02 and later releases BTS3000V100R008C02 and later releases

Miscellaneous
None

1.3 Technical Description


This describes the technical aspects of the power control, such as classification, procedure, and algorithm of the power control. 1.3.1 Classification This describes the classification of power control. The power control is classified into uplink power control and downlink power control, namely, MS power control and BTS power control. 1.3.2 Procedure for Power Control This topic describes the procedure of power control. The procedure consists of three measurement report periods. In the first period, the BTS sends the MS a power control command message. In the second period, the MS performs the power adjustment. In the third period, the MS notifies the BTS of the adjusted power. 1.3.3 Huawei II Power Control Algorithm This describes the procedure and features of Huawei II power control algorithm. 1.3.4 Huawei III Power Control Algorithm This describes the procedure and features of Huawei power control algorithm.

1.3.1 Classification
This describes the classification of power control. The power control is classified into uplink power control and downlink power control, namely, MS power control and BTS power control. 1.3.1.1 Power Control for MS This describes the power control for the MS. If the transmit power of the MS is controlled properly, the BTS can maintain stable receive levels and the co-channel interference is minimized. 1.3.1.2 Power Control for BTS This describes the power control for the BTS. If the transmit power of the BTS is controlled properly, the MS can maintain stable receive levels, the co-channel interference is minimized, and the power consumption of the BTS is reduced.

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Power Control for MS


This describes the power control for the MS. If the transmit power of the MS is controlled properly, the BTS can maintain stable receive levels and the co-channel interference is minimized. The MS power control is performed at two phases: initial adjustment phase and stable adjustment phase. The differences of power control between the initial adjustment phase and the stable adjustment phase lie in the expected uplink receive level and receive quality, and filter length. Moreover, only downward power adjustment is performed at the initial adjustment phase. 1. Initial adjustment phase Initial adjustment takes place when a call connection is established. When a call connection occurs, the MS accesses to the network at the power set by MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH. If the MS does not support a power level, it transmits at the proximate supported power level. As the BTS supports multiple calls simultaneously, it must minimize the receive level of a new call to ensure the quality of other calls. In addition, the strong interference from one cell has impacts on the QoS of the calls in other cells. For the classmark 3 MS that supports DCS1800, the MS accesses to the network with the power set by MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH and Power Deviation when a call connection occurs. If the filtered level is lower than the expected level, power control is not performed. If the filtered level is not lower than the expected level, power control is performed according to the following regulations:
l

Power to be decreased = (initial power expected initial power) x compensation factor of UL path loss Power after adjustment = current power power to be decreased

The purpose of power adjustment in the initial phase is to decrease the transmit power of the MS as soon as possible until measurement reports on stable transmit power are obtained. Then, the MS can adjust its transmit power based on the power control algorithms for stable power adjustment. 2. Stable adjustment phase After the MS accesses to the network and the call lasts for a certain duration, and after the BTS receives a certain number of UL measurement reports, the BTS performs interpolation and filtering to obtain the actual UL receive level and receive quality, which are compared with the standard UL receive level and receive quality. According to the power control algorithms, the BTS calculates the power level that the MS should adjust. If the calculated power level is different from the transmit power of the MS and meets application restrictions (such as the step restrictions of power adjustment, the restrictions of the transmit power range for the MS), the BTS sends a power control command to the MS. The UL power adjustment enables the actual UL receive level and receive quality to be close to the standard UL receive level and receive quality. The purpose of interpolation and filtering is to handle the lost measurement reports and to ensure the stability of power control algorithms.

Power Control for BTS


This describes the power control for the BTS. If the transmit power of the BTS is controlled properly, the MS can maintain stable receive levels, the co-channel interference is minimized, and the power consumption of the BTS is reduced.
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The power control for BTS is optional. The principle of the power control for BTS is similar to that of the power control for MS. The power control for BTS, however, is performed at only one phase: stable adjustment phase. When the received measurement reports are insufficient for filtering, power control is not performed. Only when sufficient measurement reports are received, the power control for BTS is performed. The power control for the BTS consists of static power control and dynamic power control.
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Static power control The static power has 11 levels numbered from 0 to 10. The difference between two adjacent static power levels is 2 dBm. For example, the maximum transmit power of the BTS is 46 dBm, and the power values corresponding to the static power levels are listed as Table 1-3. Table 1-3 Static power level Static Power Level Power (dBm) 0 46 1 44 2 42 3 40 4 38 5 36 6 34 7 32 8 30 9 28 10 26

NOTE

You can set the static power level by setting the Power Level.
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Dynamic power control Dynamic power control refers to the fine tuning on power based on static power control. Based on a certain static power (Pn) as the maximum value, the dynamic power has 15 levels with the step 2 dBm by tuning the static power value downwards. Table 1-4 lists the dynamic power values in case that Pn is equal to 42. Table 1-4 Dynamic power level Dynam ic Power Level Power (dBm)

0 4 2

1 4 0

2 3 8

3 3 6

4 3 4

5 3 2

6 3 0

7 2 8

8 2 6

9 2 4

1 0 2 2

1 1 2 0

1 2 1 8

1 3 1 6

1 4 1 4

1 5 1 2

NOTE

When the maximum dynamic power cannot meet the requirements, the static power level should be accordingly adjusted to increase the maximum dynamic power Pn.

1.3.2 Procedure for Power Control


This topic describes the procedure of power control. The procedure consists of three measurement report periods. In the first period, the BTS sends the MS a power control command
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message. In the second period, the MS performs the power adjustment. In the third period, the MS notifies the BTS of the adjusted power. Figure 1-1 shows the procedure for the power control. Figure 1-1 Procedure for Power Control
SACCH is sent in the 12th frame of the 26 multiframe SA 0 SACCH MR period: 4x26=104 frames (480 ms) SA 3 SA 0 SA 1 SA2 SA 3

SA 1 SA 2 SA 3 SA 0 SA 1 SA 2 MS starts to use new power and TA

BTS sends power control and TA command in the header of SACCH

MS starts to send the MR in previous multiframe

MS receives SACCH message block

MS starts to construct the header of new SACCH to report the new TA and power control information

BTS receives the MR

1.

The first measurement report period The BTS sends a power adjustment and TA command in the SACCH header. On receiving the command, the MS starts to perform power control in the second measurement report period.

2.

The second measurement report period The MS starts to perform power control as follows:
l

If the adjustment step is set to 16 dB, 104 frames (480 ms, a measurement report period) are required for the power adjustment. If the step is set to 32 dB, two measurement report periods are required for the power adjustment.
NOTE

The MS changes to the new level at a maximum rate of one nominal 2 dB power control step every 13 frames (60 ms).

3.

The third measurement report period The current transmit power (actually used by the MS for the last burst of the previous SACCH period) is saved and is reported to the BTS in the next SACCH uplink measurement report.

1.3.3 Huawei II Power Control Algorithm


This describes the procedure and features of Huawei II power control algorithm. 1.3.3.1 Procedure for Huawei II Power Control Algorithm This describes the procedure for Huawei II power control algorithm, including MR compensation, prediction filtering, adjusting the power step based on the receive level/quality, and power control performance.
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1.3.3.2 Features of Huawei II Power Control Algorithm This describes the features of Huawei II power control algorithm. The features include MR compensation, prediction filtering, dual-threshold power control algorithm, variable step power control, adaptive power control, bad quality signal strength upper threshold adjustment, and detachment of uplink and downlink power control.

Procedure for Huawei II Power Control Algorithm


This describes the procedure for Huawei II power control algorithm, including MR compensation, prediction filtering, adjusting the power step based on the receive level/quality, and power control performance. Figure 1-2 shows the procedure for Huawei II power control algorithm. Figure 1-2 Procedure for Huawei II Power Control Algorithm

Start

Compensate MRs (Compensate level)

MR prediction filtering

Calculate power adjustment step based on receive level Calculate power adjustment step based on receive quality Calculate power adjustment step based on both receive level and receive quality

Perform power control

End

1.
1-8

Power control based on the receive level


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If UL/DL RX_LEV Upper Threshold < UL/DL receive level < UL/DL RX_LEV Lower Threshold, power control is not required. If the condition is not met, power control is required.
l

If the receive level is less than UL/DL RX_LEV Lower Threshold, the power needs to be increased. Power increment = (upper threshold + lower threshold)/2 receive level. If the value exceeds the value of MAX Up Adj. PC Value by RX_LEV, take the value of MAX Up Adj. PC Value by RX_LEV instead.

If the receive level is greater than UL/DL RX_LEV Upper Threshold, the power needs to be decreased. Power decrement = receive level (upper threshold + lower threshold)/2. This value must be within the maximum power control range of the corresponding quality zone. If the value exceeds the range, take the maximum value instead.

2.

Power control based on the receive quality If UL/DL Qual Upper Threshold < UL/DL receive quality < UL/DL Qual Lower Threshold, power control is not required. If the condition is not met, power control is required.
l

If the receive quality is equal to or greater than UL/DL Qual Lower Threshold, the power needs to be increased. Power increment = MAX Up Adj. PC Value by Qual If the receive quality is less than UL/DL Qual.Upper Threshold, the power needs to be decreased. Power decrement = MAX Down Adj. PC Value by Qual
NOTE

The level adjusted on the basis of the receive quality is a definite value, while the level adjusted on the basis of the receive level is calculated using a formula.

3.

Comprehensive power control decision Table 1-5 describes the comprehensive power control decision. Table 1-5 Comprehensive power control decision table Level and Quality Good level and good quality Good level and poor quality Good level and normal quality Poor level and good quality Poor level and poor quality Power Control Based on Receive Level AdjStep_Lev Power Control Based on Receive Quality AdjStep_Qul Comprehensive Power Control MAX (AdjStep_Lev,AdjStep _Qul) No action AdjStep_Lev AdjStep_Lev MAX(AdjStep_Lev, AdjStep_Qul)
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AdjStep_Lev AdjStep_Lev AdjStep_Lev AdjStep_Lev

AdjStep_Qul No action AdjStep_Qul AdjStep_Qul

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Level and Quality Poor level and normal quality Normal level and good quality Normal level and poor quality Normal level and normal quality

Power Control Based on Receive Level AdjStep_Lev No action No action No action

Power Control Based on Receive Quality No action AdjStep_Qul AdjStep_Qul No action

Comprehensive Power Control AdjStep_Lev AdjStep_A AdjStep_B No action

The parameters in the table are described as follows:


l

AdjStep_Lev Adjusting the receive level AdjStep_Qul Adjusting the receive quality No action No adjustment AdjStep_A

When Uplink (Downlink) receive level AdjStep_Qul < UL/DL RX_LEV Lower Threshold, AdjStep_A = 0. Power control is not required. When Uplink (Downlink) receive level AdjStep_Qul UL/DL RX_LEV Upper Threshold, AdjStep_A = AdjStep_Qul.

The purpose is to avoid unnecessary power control in case of normal level and good quality. If the power is adjusted in case of normal level and good quality, the level becomes poor and another power control procedure is required. Thus, power control is performed frequently.
l

AdjStep_B

When AdjStep_Qul + Uplink (Downlink) receive level > UL/DL RX_LEV Upper Threshold, AdjStep_B = UL/DL RX_LEV Upper Threshold UL/DL receive level. Thus, the adjusted level does not exceed the level upper threshold. When AdjStep_Qul + UL/DL receive level UL/DL RX_LEV Lower Threshold, AdjStep_B = AdjStep_Qul.

The purpose is to avoid unnecessary power control in case of normal level and poor quality. If the power is adjusted in case of normal level and poor quality, the level becomes good and another power control procedure is performed. Thus, power control is performed frequently.
NOTE

In Table 1-5, indicates increasing power, and indicates decreasing power.

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Features of Huawei II Power Control Algorithm


This describes the features of Huawei II power control algorithm. The features include MR compensation, prediction filtering, dual-threshold power control algorithm, variable step power control, adaptive power control, bad quality signal strength upper threshold adjustment, and detachment of uplink and downlink power control.

MR Compensation
During power control decision, the BSC performs weighted filtering on the values of the received level and of the received quality in several history measurement reports. The measurement reports may be obtained by the BTS/MS at different transmit power. To ensure the accuracy of the values for filtering, the values in the history measurement reports that are obtained at a different transmit power from the current power must be compensated. If the currently interpolated MRs and the compensated MRs are filtered together, the power control decision can be more effective. You can set the MR.Compensation Allowed to determine whether measurement report compensation is performed. The measurement report compensation is calculated as follows:
l

If the reported power level of the MS (BTS) is greater than last time (that is, power level decreases), the uplink (downlink) receive level in all the MR is subtracted from the variation value of the power of the MS (BTS) (variation of power level x 2 dBm). If the reported power level of the MS (BTS) is lower than last time (that is, power level increases), the uplink (downlink) receive levels in all the MRs are added by the variation value of the power of the MS (BTS) (added power level x 2 dBm).
NOTE

The measurement report compensation is for level instead of quality.

Prediction Filtering
The power control decision is performed based on the average filter value in history measurement reports. That is, the average filter value is used as a reference for the current receive level. There is an interval between power control decision and power adjustment, which delays the power adjustment. Therefore, prediction filtering is added. The principle of prediction filtering is that the variation of receive level and receive quality maintains continuity in a short period of time. Prediction filtering samples N MRs, applies weighting filter to them, and gives prediction on 03 MRs from the current time onwards. Generally, the interval between power control decision and power adjustment is three MRs (about 1.5s). Prediction filtering can ensure the accuracy of prediction. Power control decision is implemented by filtering the predicted MR along with the interpolated MR or compensated MR. Prediction filtering enables the MR that power control decision is based on to accurately reflect the radio environment when power adjustment occurs. Thus, the hysteresis for power adjustment can be minimized.
NOTE

Power control algorithm is applied only to the receive level. If the filter length is less than 5 or the number of predicted MRs is 0, the mean value filtering is applied.

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Dual-Threshold Power Control Algorithm


Power control is used for the purpose of achieving good speech quality with low receive level. Because of the radio link instability and external interference, the transmit power cannot be too low. Therefore, Huawei adopts the strategy of dual-threshold power control algorithm. Dualthreshold power control algorithm adopts the following strategies:
l

Adjusting the power step based on the receive level The threshold of the receive level is set to a dual threshold. Variable step for power control is used for fast and accurate power control. The current receive quality is also considered for determining power adjustment step.

Adjusting the power step based on the receive quality The changing of receive quality is related to interference. The major interference in GSM is the co-channel interference during frequency reuse. When the power of a call is increased, co-channel interference is exerted on another call. The following case should be avoided: If the power of the first call is increased, the interference in a second call is enhanced so that the receive quality of the second call gets poor. To get a better quality, the transmit power of the second call may be increased. By analogy, the group effect may occur. The threshold of the receive quality is also set to a dual threshold. If the receive quality is within the threshold band, adjusting the transmit power is not required. If the receive quality is beyond the threshold band, adjusting the transmit power is required. For the power adjustment caused by quality-related reasons, use a fixed step to avoid oscillation.

Adjusting the power control based on the receive level and receive quality The effect on power control of both level and quality is considered. On one hand, the requirements of both level and quality are met to the maximum extent. On the other hand, in case difference or opposite requirements for level and quality, the stability of the algorithm should be fully considered to prevent an unstable adjustment procedure.

Variable Step Power Control


Variable step power control is achieved according to the following regulations:
l

When the difference between the current level and quality and the expected level and quality is big, adjust power with long step. When the difference between the current level and quality and the expected level and quality is small, adjust power with short step.

Adaptive Power Control


Adaptive power control changes the power control strategy based on the communication environment, making the power control effective and stable. The adaptive power control consists of the following two elements:
l

Automatically changing the maximum variable step of the power control based on the communication environment. Adopting corresponding power control strategy based on the communication environment.

Bad Quality Signal Strength Upper Threshold Adjustment


When you use the dual-threshold power control algorithm, do as follows:
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When the receive quality is higher than the UL/DL QUAL.Bad Trig Threshold, increase the UL/DL RX_LEV Upper Threshold value and add UL/DL Qual.Bad UpLEVDiff. When the receive quality is good, set the UL/DL RX_LEV Upper Threshold to a small value to reduce the transmit power of the BTS and MS. When the receive quality is bad, set the UL/DL RX_LEV Upper Threshold to a great value to improve the speech quality.

Detachment of Uplink and Downlink Power Control


The detached configuration of power control step in upward and downward directions enables flexible and fast power control based on the actual situation on the network. When the uplink (downlink) signal quality or the receive quality becomes poor immediately, the upward power control can be performed quickly. Thus call drop can be avoided.

1.3.4 Huawei III Power Control Algorithm


This describes the procedure and features of Huawei power control algorithm. 1.3.4.1 Procedure for Huawei III Power Control Algorithm This describes the procedure for Huawei III power control algorithm, including processing lost measurement reports, filtering, calculating FH gain, calculating power adjustment step based on the FH gain, and performing power control. 1.3.4.2 Features of Huawei III Power Control Algorithm This describes the features of Huawei III power control algorithm. Based on Huawei power control algorithm, Huawei III power control algorithm has the following enhancements: exponential filtering, interpolation optimization, comprehensive decision, different thresholds, and FH gain.

Procedure for Huawei III Power Control Algorithm


This describes the procedure for Huawei III power control algorithm, including processing lost measurement reports, filtering, calculating FH gain, calculating power adjustment step based on the FH gain, and performing power control. Figure 1-3 shows the procedure for Huawei power control algorithm.

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Figure 1-3 Procedure for Huawei III power control algorithm

Start

Process lost MRs (Interpolation optimization) Process MR filtering (Exponential filtering and slide window filtering)

Calculate FH gain

Calculate power adjustment step based on FH gain

Perform power control

End

1.

Power control decision In Huawei power control algorithm, the power control decision is based on signal level and signal quality. The conditions for power control decision are as follows:
l

Whether the UL/DL receive level ranges from HWIII UL/DL RexLev Upper Threshold and HWIII UL/DL RexLev Lower Threshold. Whether the sum of UL/DL receive quality and HWIII MA FreqHop Gain ranges from HWIII UL/DL FS/HS/AFS/AHS Rex Qual.Upper Threshold and HWIII UL/ DL FS/HS/AFS/AHS Rex Qual. Lower Threshold.

If both the receive level and the receive quality range from the upper thresholds and the lower thresholds, the power control is not required and the power control step remains unchanged.

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NOTE

1 Power Control

l l

The power control decision on the BTS and the power control decision on the MS are implemented simultaneously. You can obtain the HWIII MA FreqHop Gain from the frequency hopping gain table based on the number of MA frequencies. If there are more than eight MA frequencies, obtain the receive quality gain when the number of MA frequencies equals eight. The step of Huawei power control algorithm indicates the offset value between the transmit power of the BTS or MS and the maximum transmit power, instead of the actual value of the offset to be adjusted. This is where the difference between the Huawei power control algorithm and the Huawei power control algorithm lies.

2.

BTS/MS power control performance The power control adjustment step is generated based on receive quality and receive level in each HWIII Up Link/Down Link Power Control Adjust Period. The step range needs to be restricted as follows to prevent excessive adjustment:
l l

The adjustment step must not exceed the HWIII UL MAX UpStep/DownStep. If the generated step does not equal the last step, the BSC sends to the BTS/MS a power control command to adjust the power level of the BTS/MS.

Features of Huawei III Power Control Algorithm


This describes the features of Huawei III power control algorithm. Based on Huawei power control algorithm, Huawei III power control algorithm has the following enhancements: exponential filtering, interpolation optimization, comprehensive decision, different thresholds, and FH gain.

Exponential Filtering
Exponential filtering accelerates the processing rate for the filtering based on the MRs. To calculate the filtered signal level (quality), the exponential filtering applies the weighted average method to the signal level (quality) in the MR of this time with the signal level (quality) in the last MR. The weighted coefficient is calculated based on HWIII UL/DL Rex Qual. Exponent Filter Length and HWIII UL/DL RexLev Exponent Filter Length.

Interpolation Optimization
Interpolation optimization is used for the lost values in the MR. Interpolation optimization uses the signal levels in the last MR for the lost signal levels and uses a constant value 7 for the lost signal quality values.
NOTE

If the number of continuously lost MRs is greater than HWIII Number of lost MRs allowed, the BSC stops the power control procedure until it receives an MR.

Comprehensive Decision
Different power control algorithms use different methods for the comprehensive decision based on the receive level and quality. Huawei power control algorithm uses the dual-threshold (level and quality) method and divides the coverage area into smaller areas for separate comprehensive decisions. Huawei power control algorithm uses an universal decision formula that comprehends the receive level and quality. Thus, the rate of the power control decision is accelerated.
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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem Power Control

Different Thresholds
Huawei power control algorithm uses different quality thresholds for different rates. Different rate coding schemes have different requirements for CIR. When half-rate channels are seized, half-rate quality threshold is used; when full-rate SDCCHs are seized, full-rate quality threshold is used. At present, only the speech services are considered. The quality threshold for CS data services uses either the full-rate or half-rate threshold based on the type of the occupied channel.

FH Gain
With the FH gain, the BTS can detects the frame error rate (FER) of the speech coding. Therefore, the speech quality is significantly improved.

1.4 Capabilities
None

1.5 Implementation
This describes how to activate and configure the power control. 1.5.1 Activating Power Control This describes how to activate the power control on the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal. 1.5.2 Configuring Power Control This describes how to configure the power control on the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal.

1.5.1 Activating Power Control


This describes how to activate the power control on the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal.

Procedure
Step 1 On the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal, right-click a cell on the Management Tree tab page. Then, choose Configure Cell Attributes. Step 2 In the displayed dialog box, double-click the target cell in the Cell view list box to add it to the Selected cells list box. Then, click Next. Step 3 In the Cells to be set list box, select the target cell, and then click Set Cell Properties. A dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 1-4.

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Figure 1-4 Set Cell Attributes dialog box

Step 4 Click Other Attributes. A dialog box is displayed. Click Advanced, and then select the Public Channel Control tab, as shown in Figure 1-5. Set the PWRC to Yes.

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Figure 1-5 Set Other Parameter dialog box

Step 5 Click OK to return to the upper-level menu until the configuration is complete. ----End

1.5.2 Configuring Power Control


This describes how to configure the power control on the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal.

Procedure
Step 1 On the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal, right-click a cell on the Management Tree tab page. Then, choose Configure Cell Attributes. Step 2 In the displayed dialog box, double-click the target cell in the Cell view list box to add it to the Selected cells list box. Then, click Next. Step 3 In the Cells to be set list box, select the target cell, and then click Set Cell Properties. A dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 1-6.

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Figure 1-6 Set Cell Attributes dialog box

Step 4 Click Power Control. A dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 1-7. Set the Power Control Algorithm Switch to Huawei Power Contrl or Huawei Power Contrl.

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Figure 1-7 Set Power Control Parameter dialog box

Step 5 Click Advanced. The dialog box for setting the advanced power control parameters is displayed. To set the parameters, do as follows:
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If the Power Control Algorithm Switch is set to Huawei Power Contrl, set the parameters by referring to HW II Power Control, as shown in Figure 1-8.

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Figure 1-8 Setting Huawei II power control parameters

If the Power Control Algorithm Switch is set to Huawei Power Contrl, set the parameters by referring to HW III Power Control, as shown in Figure 1-9.

Figure 1-9 Setting Huawei power control parameters

Step 6 Click OK to return to the upper-level menu until the configuration is complete. ----End

1.6 Maintenance Information


This describes the counters related to power control.
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Alarms
None

Counters
Table 1-6 lists the counters related to the power control. Table 1-6 Counters related to power control Counter S3230A S3230B S3231A S3231B S3240 S3241 AS3240 AS3241 H330D H330C AS325B AS325A H330B H330A AS326B AS326A S327B S327A RS327B RS327A Description Number of Power Control Increase Messages Sent to MS Number of Power Control Decrease Messages Sent to MS Number of Power Control Increase Messages Sent to BTS Number of Power Control Decrease Messages Sent to BTS MS Power Rank BTS Power Rank Mean Power Rank of MS Mean Power Rank of BTS Downlink Signal Strength Uplink Signal Strength Mean Strength of Downlink Signals Mean Strength of Uplink Signals Downlink Signal Quality Uplink Signal Quality Mean Quality of Downlink Signals Mean Quality of Uplink Signals Number of Times (Maximum Downlink Transmit Power) Number of Times (Maximum Uplink Transmit Power) Ratio of Maximum Downlink Power Duration (%) Ratio of Maximum Uplink Power Duration (%)
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Counter TS327B TS327A S3280 S3281 S329 AS3280

Description Duration of Maximum Downlink Power Duration of Maximum Uplink Power Distance Between MS and BTS Maximum Distance Between MS and BTS Number of Power Control Messages Mean Distance Between MS and BTS

1.7 References
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GSM 04.08 Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification

GSM 05.08 (prETS 300 578) Radio subsystem link control

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