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Esq. THK REVISED IMPRESSION. HARTFORD PRINTED BY HUDSON 1809. FOR THE USE OF SCHOOLS IK THE UNITED STATES. COXTAINING.THE AMERICAN SPELLING BOOK. e^* GOODWIN. Br A'OJB WEBSTER. . IHE RUDIMENTS OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE.

C/^r. Chakles Defison. contaming the Rudiments of the English Language.'* in conformity to the Act of the Con- gress of the United States. /f57<f . " An Act for the encouragement oflearning-i hij securing the copies of Maps. of said District^ esquire^ hath deposited in this office^ the Title of a Book^ the right whereof he claims as Author. to the Authors and Proprietors of such copies.^' . in the wordsfollowing:. intitled. for the iise of Schools in the United States. Jzm. during the times therein me?ition€d" CHARLES DENISON.. Charts and Books. viz* "The American Spelling Book.Distriat of Connecticut^ m. Test. J A true copy of Record. ss. BE it rememhered^that on the in the truenty-eigJith year \^th day of March ^ of the Independence of the United States of America^ Noaii Web step. District Clerk's Office. Clerk qf the District of CoTiiiecticut "1 District of Connecticut.

and other authors. In ninelenths of the words in cur language. It however maintained its ground. and a direction for placing the accent. since its first publjto more than two millions of copies. more effectually tiian the penalties of tlie lav/. mutilations and subdivisions. of the American Spelling Booh. numerous and per- plexing. it is much used lu and its annual sales the middle and southern States Its merit is indicate a large and increasing demand. but by a remark. or no alteration . with littlt. In most instances.PREFACE American Spelling Book. it is the only book of the kind used . \rhich few new publications have sustained with success. and the public sentiment has protected the original work. One great advantage experienced in using this \v ork is the simplicity of the scheme of pronunciation/ which exhibits the sounds of the letters. ditions. In a great part of the northern States. The muldtude of characters in PeiTy's scheme tender it far too complex and perplexing to be useful to children.* . that. as in Walker. with sufficient accuracy. ihan by a minute and endless repetkioji cf char* sales * The cation. THE able fact. Nor is there the least necessity for a figure over each vowel. a correct pronunciation is better taught by a natural division of the syllables. confusing the eye. this species of Injustice has been discountenanced by the citizens of the United States. encountered an opposition. . the compilers have all constructed their ^yorks on a similar plan some of them have most unwarrantably and illegally copied a considerable part of the tables. or First Part of a Grammatical Institute of the English language. by ad. evinced not only by this general use. amount actors. Sheridan. and they are annually increasing. in many attempts made to rival it. without a mark over each vowel.. and its reputation has been gradually extended and established. without enlightening the understanding. when first published. until it has become the principal elementary book in the United States. and others have altered them.

adjective. are z\\(^. to revise the work. tended to exhibit the manner in which derivative words. or positive degree. having stood the test of experience. variations of nouns. they are therefore omitted. chieily consist Some of them are ingreat number of new tables. wlio may be v. cal tables are thro^vn into a different form . It is beiixived to be more iisefiii to confine this work to its proper objects. are considered as susceptible of little improvement or amendment ^A few alterations are made. ajid iiave suggested. Gratitude to the public. PREFACE. perfect standard of pronunciation. — A — T]. nion of many judicious persons concurs M'ith my own.ie improvenents made in this work. Geography and Grammar are sciences tliat require distinct treatises. spelling and reading. probably a thousand words. care has bsen taken to preserve the scheme of pronunciaiioni and the substaixe of the foi^mer work Most of the tables. ell acquainted v/ith a word in tlie singular number. is not to be e5tpected . may be peqilexed when they see it in the plural number. and when the best English Dictionaries differ. the teaching of the first elements of the ianOn tlrls subject. in a living language. The examples of this sort cannot fail to be very useful. the formed. and schools are furnished witli them in almndance. where are we to seek for undisputed rules ? and how can we arrive at perfect uniformity ? The rules respecting accent.iy. with a view to accommodate the work to the most accurate i-ules of pronunciation. the opii^uage. many teacliers. are found to be too lengthy and complex.^ and verbs. and most general usage of speaking . from each other. and give it all the improvement which tlie experience of my own observations and reflectiorre In the execution of tliis design. in several hundred. will acin a . has induced me to embi'ace the oppovtimity when the first patent expires. The examples of derivation. or comparative form. as also to correct sonxe errors which had crept into the work. to aiiswer any valuable purpose in a work intended for The geograplitchildren . as children. as well as a desire to furni&h schools with a more complete and wtll digested system of elements. and the abridgment of grammar is omitted. prefixed to the former work.

v/itli the familiarity of objects. Many of these names still retain tlie French orthography. according to the analogies of our language. I have always sought for this. The importance of correctness and luiiformity.FREFACE. tound in the . The orLliograpliy of Indian names has not. Where popular practice has softened and abridged words of this kind. usefid truth and practical principles. the change has been made in conformity with the genius of our language. my information may not be correct. fi'oni one radical Avord. is that w^hich prevails in and near the place.dge. ri\ ers. in the several impressions of a book of sucU genera] use. It has however been my endeavor to give the true i^ronunciation. niountainj. has suggested the projiriety of adopting efiectual measilves A 2 .xhibit tlieir just orthography mid pronunciation. writings of the first discoverers or early travellers . which are introduced into this work. which is accommodated to a civilized people and Che orthography ought to be conformed to the practice of speaking. and the manner in which syllables aro added or predxed to vary tlie sense of ^vords. care has been laken to express ideas in plain. bu-. and the common usages of the country. branches spring which various and thus lead In the familiar lessons ibr reading. lalvcs. been well adjusted by American authors. that. but am apprehensive. oidsconsin or ouaba^chc^ in this French dress ? ^Vollld he suspect tlie pronunciation to be Wisconsin and Waubosh i Ocir citizens ought not to be thus perplexed with an orthography to which they are strangers. How does an unlettered American know the pronunciation of the names. Nor ought the iiarsh guttural sounds of the natives to be retained in such words as ShaMangunk. ousiom youth llieir V in lo observe the manner. — m glish characters. In a copious list of names of places. in every instance. in the appropriate. no labor lias been spared tj<. minds to some knowledge of the formation of the langu. some instances. and many others.En. but not in vulgar language and to combine. The true pronunciation of the namxcofaplace. Sec. the practice of vrriting such words in the French manner ought to be discoimtenanced.

. perplexed with various differing systems and standards. for they occasion uncertainty and inconvenience. and it is believed thftt such measures are taken. to insure tsliese desirable objects morals and domestic economy.. is not probably attainable in any living language. some just idea. Oil this disposition however.in connecting and improving the system. as will render all tiie future impressions of this work. as little as possible. W. In the progress of society and improvement. As the first part of the Institute met with the general approbation of my fellow citizens. and corresponding alterations in elementary books of instruction. . among individuals. New-HavSn. some gradual changes must be expected in a living language .r arrangement of a few classes of words. i PREFACE. And although perfect uniformity in speaking. it is presumed the lalx>r bestowed upon this work. well exe-^ cutcd. should not be indulged to an unlimited extent. can impose restraint. respecting a few particular words. and perfectly correct.. uniforni in the pages. or the partlcul-. with the first rudin^ents of the language. and enabling teachere to instil inlo their minds. Whatever may be the difference of opmion. become indispensable : but it is desirable that these alterations should be as few as possible. that the. youth of our country may be. the general interest of education requires. by facilitating the education of youth. 1861 .. yet it is to be wished.s of religion. will render it still more acceptable to the public. N. the public sentiment alone. that a disposition to multiply books and systems for teaching the language of the country.

e. or single characters and for want of others. 7/. 0. The letters used in writing. y. t. q. every simple sound would be ex-^ pressed by a distmct character and no character would have m. The letters v/hich represent these sounds are six Qy e. . and the first ek ipents o^TJiitten language.- ANALYSIS IN OF THE SOUNDS jEJVGLISH LJA'GUJGE: in its more limited sense. o. in these respects. vowels and consonaiita. th. . . formed without the help of another letter. ^"' human The letters g-> or single characters are. as mfiidon^ cziire. sh. v. and begun and completed with the same position of the organs as. p. e. in pronouncing letters. Articulate sounds aic those vr. . in such a tnamier as to be unde^ LANGUAGE. . ral sense.hich are formed by the voice. e. In a perfect lang. which is addressed to the ear. which sound might be represented by zh. y. But languages are not thus perfect and the En. is also a distinct sound expressed and another by s or z. vowel is a simple articulate sound. is the exr In a more genedrcssion of i-cleas by articulate sounds. extremely irregular. when arranged in a certain qustomary order. b. certain simple sounds are represented by two letters united. which is presented to the cys. ch. z. c. The English Alphabet consists of twenty six letters. s. Letters are the marks of sounds. But each I of these characters is used to expi'ess two or mor-e sounds There . i^y '^Si u. w. f. is. Letters are of two kinds. in particular. stood by their own species. The compound are. ^s in long A . d. /. characters representing distinct sounds n.ore than one sound. compose what is called an Alphabet.uage. h> h jj k? m. o. 1) a. by opening the mouth in a particular manner.glish Language. the word denotes all sounds by which animalexpress their feelings. x. r. syllables and Mord^j and constitute the sfiokcn language.

and two distinct sounds fiom one to the other js so rapid. of 0. ' ' ' ) ^ ^ IS expressed m . To these may be added the sounds of sh. of i. in find. This circumstance proves the sameness of the sound or vowel. interrupt the voice by closing the organs . or an imThe consoperfect one. The consonants which do not entirely interrupt all sound by closing the organs. which are culled mutc^ . t. without the help of a vov/el. <• «. eg. move.. The following Language—of c. that the distinction is scarcely. met. m.ool. 1. p. IP . late. eih. of I/. I by by z. Zj which are all half vowels or semi-vowels. in pull c. not. ep. i^ y m pl-ly and a in n 09. Sc oo in v. e2di. and ng. . hat. pit. m. et. and the sound is thei*efore considered Dipthongal sounds are sometimes cfas compound. in esh.perceived. zh. in fit. ' '. ball. in feet. 7 An Easy Standard of Pronunciation. C when shortened. by«. ed. v. crent letters. That the sounds of a hi late and e in let are only a modification of the same vov/el. in pool. are the voAyel sounds in the Encjliyi as in late. ^ ec. A . ? ^ * ' > by <r. d. k. as in eb. n. . Avhat. . in the two \rords. . \ji^ m hall. th. both words. The two sounds do not for there are two different positions of rArictiy form one but the transition tht organs. and the difterent quantities are represented by difThus. r. as ni let. as b. ing. but. in mete. g hard.ay be easily understood by attenduig to the manner of forming the sounds . dipthongis the union of two simple sounds uttered one breivtli or articulation. . s. . though differing in time or qu^mtity. bush. nants which are entirely silent. in holly wallow. ek. are f.^iy . ask. the aperture of tlie mouth and the configuration of the organs are the same. pity. of w. of c. in note. The vowels have a long and a short sound. v/hich our language has no Gingle char- A — racters lo e:{press. consonant is a letter which has no sound. in truth. or quai. for n. in chyle.

I is is H a vowel. Thus. grashus. it is At the end of words always hard like k. be represented by dzh. as silent. . as in is bite. But these varieties are incapable of being reduced to any general rule. It is silent before k^ L h[isbut one sound. ku. the syllable slides into the sound of «//. ko. but it denotes an aspiration or impulse of breath. J the mark of a compound sound. which modifies the sound of the following vowel. and in others.An Easy Standard of Pronunciation. cu. before a. before a^ o artd i and y. graciou^^. o. as in defy . B has but one sound. co. and a dictionary. ka. social. in which the sounds are designated. if prolonged. in the latter word. and is rea-lly dipthongal. but it may be questioned whether in any English word. as in cetaceous. he. and w has always its hard sound. — like I'. or a consonant as in bullion. terminates in c. ^ D* presented by two letters. gun. as in life. joy. we pronounce three vowels in a single articulation. as in voice. cy. as in K ways has but one sound. or the toft g. bold. the sound o-f z/. ci. observation. as in dress. the sound ofy. may of sounds. In the woixl adieu. as in fit . si. as in in king . as in hcail. where G can liardly be said to have any sound. as in gave. ce. heave. and are to be learnt only by practice. soshal. sy. A tripthong is a union of tliree vowels in a syllable . its it F has o\vn proper sound. ca. and sometimes by one. go. as in walk. fever. the three vovvcis are not distinctly sounded. as mjiiU' followed by i or e before a vowel. s u —and C always sounded like k or like a before <?. / and y it has the same hard sound in some words. as in lame. except i^i has the sound of v. When D o/] has only one sound. and before n is al- know. Before <?.or union which jelly. which are pronounced cetashus. se.

as in well. they have sound of . the sound of A:. C. as in voice. freeze. In all terminations in tioiiy and ^m/.t <\^«' . as in rose— and the syllable has S has the sound of c. never silent V and i:» W has X has ist. as in has the power of A-. of z when followed by z preceding a vowel. has uniformly one sound. will. sound of ka^ as in wax and in other v/ords. as in zeal. as in machine and some ^vords of Greek in — sound of of English origin. as in mission . sound of/. Xentlie . t'-:e power of a vowel.h have in light. as in nation. Y is a vowel.sA. as in not. question. as in man . U has the properties of a consonant on. cs. as in young. tsh in v»^ords Ch the liave the as in chip some words of Trench oririnal. R has one sound only. except when preceded by s or x. and vowel. has but one sound. as tl\e in cJiorus. imanimity. m unilive. as in turn^ at the beginning of words and end of syllables. as in so . as in exfollowed l)y an accented syllable beginning with a vowel. have the sound of «/?. Z has its ^ a dipthong. has one uniform sound. as in barrel. in which cases they have the sound of ch^ as in question. nuptial. or of 5*2:. when ojjhon. as. Q ifi and is always followed by u^ as. as or are siltr. or a conso- nant. ^z. in laugh.10 An Easy Standard of Praniinciation. as in osier T has its proper sound. it has the sound of r. mixtion. — origin. and is silent after hymn. &c. as in vanity a consonant. and is never silent. In the bcginnkig of Greek names. has- M N ^3 in but one sound. as in dwell . in defy . P pit. or r//. as in Xerxes.^ own sound usually. the seund of*//.

and words form sentences. r. syllables fonii words. it prolongs tlie sound. wliich can A word of one syllable of two syllables of tliKee syllaliles of many syllables is called a monosyllable. ci^ and cious. r. as in Philosophy Stephen. distuiguishing it from others in the si\me word. stronger. sci. Ng have a Sh has one sound only. and the kst syllable is sounded as if written bng-ger. gra- Th has two sounds. science. z. j/. as in those. nounced. a polysyllable. like soft as in scene. In the words. aspirate and vocal- think. the preceding vowel is shoit. wliich compose a discourse. bathe. si. scribble sea. as in motion. Formation of Words and Sentences. that Lhe stress of voice fialls on that syllable of a word. a forcible stress or impulse of voice on a letter or syllable. as in habit. youngei^ the sound of the g is doubled. When it falls on a vowel. se.An Easy Ph have Standard of Pronunciation* . longer. wiiere the sound is that of t^. but its use is often . sco. scytliiaA. except in nasal sound. &c. a dissyllable. as in glory . but when <? follows the hitter takes the sound of y. before a vowel. or 5. syllable is a letter or a union of be uttered at one impulse of voice. o. ska. cetaceous. as in sing . as in vocal. sceptic. Of Accent is Accenty Emphasis^ and Cadence. 11 the sound of /. u and sculpture. that. sku. A letters. and . sito. when it falls on a consonant. Thus proa. bath — —aspirate. scu. as in range. scy. are pronoujiced hke sk^ as in : before f. which renders the articulation most easy to the speaiter. is. Letters forni syllables . see. supplied by ti. a trissyliable. Se before scale scoff. as in shell cc. sy. The general rule by which accent is regulated.

the parts of which are important words of themselves. most agreeable to the hearer— By this rule has theaecentofniost Avords been imperceptibly established by long aiid univers-:d consent. tlie best rule to be observed. is a particular force of utterance given to a particular word in a sentence. as grace. In foi-ming tables fcr learners. Words art simple or compound. without destroying . A simple word cannot be divided. and some termination ov additional syllable . guide tlie is. In many compound words. as superfluity. of less forcible utterance than the primary^ but clearly distinguishable from the pronimcialion of unaccented s^vjiablcs . church-yard. Spelling is the art or practice of writing or reading the proper letters of a word. calle\:l also orthography. primitive or derivative. Primitive words are such as are not derived. is A compound word formed by tM'O or more words . faith. to divide them as they are divided in a just pronunciation. house. charm-ing. hope-ful. charm. as grace-less^. to divide the syllables in such a manner as to learner by the sound of the letters. on account of its impor- When the ' tance. there is very little distinction of accent. to the sound of the words. Derivative %vords are those which are formed of a primitive. as ink-stand. but constitute a ladical stock from which others are formed . that is. lui-welcomc. child. a word consists of three or more syllables ease of speaking requires usually a secondary accent. as chimney-piece. literary. book-bmder. the sense as man. Emphasis. especially at the end of a sentence. charity.g. Ca(fencc is a fall or modulation of the voice in reading or speakin. hope. .1 12 An Easy Standard of P renunciation.

c 10 i Lo7zg 9 there. u 8 i man. u tun. B . Oo 7 oo Short. Oo proper. Short u. bush. father. pin. and y . 7 7 book. numlyjr 5. stands as the invariable representative of a ceruiii sounci. a. represents the sound of u short. atw. a. repreyenls tht sound of a. but o e 9 come. as in not^ what . v. stood.nd.An Easy Standard of Prormnciatim. time. the short swincl of the same characters . bird. number 3. marKS the soimd of broad a. 4 part. number 2. «. love. i liijte. full. e. number 7. loud. let. fort. as in hall . o. Broad a or 3 3 baldj cost. 9 vem. f. '^^^ 4Ji)th*>ng 4 ask. dtfy. joy. represents the short souml of oo in rooty bwih . e tw ee here. Short. futlgz^. 5 1 1 5 a name. feet. A figure m number 8. ^^ r dipthong. Key Long. nunfibev 4. new. represents the short sound of broad a. represents the sound of o in movc^ commonly expressed oo . 8 8 sir. o nought. i. o or oo move. EXPLANATION of tee KEY. 6 6 ixx)ni. made by e. 2 a e i 3 2 hat. aw law. men. a what. voice. o 6 5 was. The Sgure I represents the long sound of the lettci's. not. Flat a. Egypt. pit. dry. e. o uwrewiuiie. now. 1 IS to thefoUovnng Work Short aio. 3 tall. 7 glory. a Long 10 futigz^. from. number 6. lb i^kme. or eiv. her. lute. .

goal. tables. number . except in table 39.e^ a^v^ ewj ooy are so well known to express certain soui\£ls. Standard of Pronunciatien* come^ pronounced hur^ burd cum j represents the first sound of a made by e. N. bwild. or to soften g^ as in homage . gives it its first sound. 6". . it is primed in a Roman character. as in her^ bird.. Ck and 55 ai'e alyr^e also printed in Roman characters. the Italic letters have no sound. as in tfidr^udriy pronounced thare^ vane . B. and are placed before the words where they occur in the aiid 0. is almost always silent en a forego) Hi^ vowel. except in numeral adjec: Italic. which is the same as e long.that it was judged best to print both letters in Roman characters. In the following work. when e final lengthens the fore: going vowel. though one would be sufficient to express the sound. when printed in like z. and that of (?7y nearly the same as u long. to soften c. The sounds of the dipthongs oi and ou are not represented by figures these have one invariable scimd. I'he sound of cw is invariably that of broad a. . but pronounced pronounced devize. repreGents tli£ French sound of z. clutrm .14 An Easy 9. as in fate . except in the Ch have the English sound. . is not silent. that is. as in bid^ bide.. people. in head. number 10. or to change the sound of th from the first to the second. Although one character is siimcient to express a simple sound. as in bath^ bathe. Silent letters are printed in Italic characters. ^lle sounds of th in this and thou. yet the combinations e. as in notice. Thus. as 38th and 39th tables. but in all other cases it is printed in Itahc. are all distinguished in the 12th and 37tli tables. %ht. as in devise^ Tlie letter e at but serves often to lengthone. the end of words of more syllables than ^ m tives.

An Easy Standard of PronunciatiGn. IS .

oc .

figure placed over the first word. .. IVords of one syllable. Cl6g flog glut frog grog bllb shut drab smut crab shn scab chub damp bump b§nd club camp lamp dmb jump lend lump mend grub vamp pump B2 send. marks the soimd of the vowel In all that follow in that colunin. until contrailicted by Lesson Bag big fag I.top Lesson IIL but cut let hut met nut yet put : gilt hilt melt felt bind blld hand bred land fled milt jilt- brSg cl6d drag plod flag shod stag • brftd clad glad pelt sand shed trod shad Lesson IV. Lesson XII. dig fig b6g dog fog cag bug dug hug ^^^S den hen cap gap lap ^^*^P bit cit men P^^ ten hit dot got hot i^^ lot %^Z hag rag %^% pig ^^§ jog log P^^ sit mug tug wig f6b job wen Lesson IL bid fed led red" rap tap fop wit bet get not Min can pan ran btd had lad bid did lid hop lop ^. Note.An Easy spla Standard of Pronunciation. mob rob sob i^ mad sad ' hid mop van Bgit wed rid. spli 17 sple splo splu sply spra stra spre stre spri stri spro stro spru stru spry stiy swa swe swi swo IL swu swy TABLE A another iigure.

bile pile vile fore came name rare tare tore bone cone hone tone no^e daye hojero^e wore III. Bind b6ld find cill fall bin fill hold fold bent dent lent best lest mind kind lyind gall hall tall . cope hope wipe rope type pope pipe ripe Gale pale sale cape rape tape dire hire fire date hate fate drive five hive rive vale ape file wire grate Dote mote note vote Lesson VIIL dame fare bore fame mare . hill nest jest brim grim skim sold kill sent swim trim dine fine gold mill went pest Lesson bide ride side VL cage page rage Lace dice fade mace mice lade trace bake cake nice rice pace made make pine wade wide wage wake wine Lesson VII. Lesson V. TABLE Blink fiank blfish flush frank prank plush crush bliss Bind grand stand strand dress press stress .18 An Easy Standard of Pronuuciati&n.

lamps slave. camp. Lesson JII. An Easy Standard of Pronunciation. snake glaze craze prate slate pact plant wave quake stage sang fang clank crank shank plank cllmp champ cramp spasm splash crash match patch fetch shape sire raHg strife fife clump thump vetch strive Lesson VL brick Mine spine vine gripe snipe stripe quire spire bride chide trite gKde kick chick click lick spike splice strike mire smite spite quite ^*ride squire vice spike trice ride stick wide Lesson VIL E^XLmjilea of the formation of the filural from the singular^ and of other derivatives. Us rich less ha^ hast hath ink aim fact aid held gift duke mess mule rule life wife safe apt ell kiss fan left ice ale dull till miss time tush male save here ebb ^gg end Glade grade chave add elf tune self ace els<? will ape pen tract well hush mute desk maze robe biSck crack Lesson V. Brake drake fiake 19 gl^'e brive crave grave slave henc*? minc^ sinc^ bleed spake share snare spare fenc^ penc<? sens<? breed speed. names dame.. slaves brave. stave> braves gales stav^ . camps clamp. dames gale. name. clamps kmp. steed prince rins^ And act fll age Lesson IV.

- . .20.

and pronounce the unaccented syllables with more ase and rapidhy When any of these terininations are accented. 3a ker 3ri ii glory er der ra 3ri zy er el ru lial ii et in ty iy er ira per fatal fe ver 5 nal 3a gi-ajit 3u ent fo ciis firii gal foei . raral rurvX^ et .This is ///et///it. The ngures are placed over the vowels of the accented syllables .llaWe. z^cofnpel. that in unaccented terminating syllables. and onsequently with naore ease than the other vow elis in these termilating syllables.nd one 6gure marks all the words thai follow. it. deprfss. 15 some of them are. with less excrtimis of the organs. 8ic.. 21 figwesareplacedoverthe vowels in unaccented syllables. ronn this cause. the general rule in the language. ahnost all vowels are pronounced Thus. however. for in order to pronounce them right. till it is cont»adicteid J another figure. ament. It must be observed. because they are short. An Easy STo Standard of Pronundatton. that short . originating doubtless i and u are pronounced with a less aperure or opening of the mouth. like i and u sliort. nothing nore is requisite than to lay a proper stress of the voice on the ao{5nted S). the vowel retains its own sound. al is pronounced ul.

grant cut ler ham let mut ter .22 va va ry An Easy Standard of Pronundatwn-.

shep /zerd shil ling 23 .An Easy Standard of Prominclation.

24 An Easy Standard of PronunciaUim. be hold .

neg lect re press un bend re voIv<? eb struct re tract un fit re volt oc cur re trench un hing^ de spond of ienc^ ro bust un hurt un lock o mit ro manc(? un man con cert op press se dan de bar de fer per mit por tend pre tend pre diet -pro ject se lect de part ^is subject sub mit sub tract sus pensd" trans act trans arm di vert in verse in vert dis card em ba/m em bark huz za un arm un bar ab iior per vert per verse re fer pro tect pro test re cant en chant cend en larg^ trans gress con fer de ter infer in ter in tend refit •re trans plant tre lax pan apt re mit un TABLE Easy voords VI. Cru ci fix cru el ty de cen cy di a dem di a lect drapery droll e ry du flu i i ti fill en cy ro ny vory ness bra ry si mon y ad a mant no ta YY stu pi ly am i ty nu mer al tu te lar am iies X^j' nu trim ent ^^a can cy ar ro gant overplus va gran cy bai' ris ter po et ry ab do men but ter y pri ma cy al le gro ben e fit pri ina ry ad mi ral big a my pu ri ty al co ran big ot ry re gen (^ an iiTi al but ter fly rudim ent an nu al cal. of three syllables. the first .i CO iu na cy la zi 11 se ere cy ac cid al eii scrutiny im ent cal.t All Easy Standard of Pronufu latian.en dac cab in et . the full accent on and a ^voeak accent on the third.

:26 An Easy en ep Standard of Prommciation.ed ic al rib aid ry .dif fid ent gun ner y rev er end differ ent hap pi ness mel o dy dif fi cult her aid ry mem o ry rit u al imple ment mes sen ger riv u let dig ni ty im pu dent mil lin er sac ra ment dil i gent sal a ry div id end in ere ment mirt er al min is ter sat is fy dul cim er in di go in dus tr)^ mus cu lar sec u lar ec sta cy mys te ry sed im ait in fan cy ed it or sen a tor nat u ral in fant ry ef fi gy pan o ply sen ti ment in fi del el em ent instrument par a dox sen tin el el c gy em biis sy in te ger par a gon sev er al parallax -sillabub intellect ebony em bry o in ter est i>ar al lei sim il ar €m e raid in ter Val par a pet sin gu lar sin is ter em pe ror in va lid par 1 ty slip pe ry pat ri ot jus J fy en e my ped ant xy sub si df leg a cy -en mi ty clem en cy ^ pub lie an punc tu al pun gen cy cler ic al . ti i can is ter can ni bal can o py cap i tal chast cin cit i ty gram len i ty lep ro sy lev i es cu lent ev e ry fac ul ty ty ped i gree pen al ty pen u ry pes ti Jib er al lib er ty lent i ty pil lo ry namon zni i fac tor y Jig a lit ment prac ny tic al fam fel i ly lin e al prin cip al clar fy o ny a clas sical fes tiv al fin ic al fish er lit er al lit ur Jux u ry pyr a mid y cur ren cy gal lant ly man i fest rad ic al man i fold rar i ty cyl in der gal le ry den i zen gar ri sow man ner ly reg u lar mar in er rem e dy det rim ent gen e ral m.

lure ri ment ap pa rent ar val de CO rum de ni al de cri d de port ment de po nent die ta tor di plo ma im pm dent oc ta vo op po nent ^ poma mm pri me val re ci tal " a maze ment at one ment CO e qua! con fine ment re li anc^ en rol ment entice ment e qua tor he ro ic il re qui tal re vi val spec ta tor coil trg| Icr de ci pher k gal sub scri bcr survivor .y ' : Ah Easy Standard of Pronunciation. sum ma ry ur gen cy hos pi tal prod gd i ^ supplementwag gon er lot te ry prod i gy sym me try wil der ness tarn a rind har bin ger men u ment prom in ent nom in al prop er ty pros o dy prot est ant quad ru ped qual i tf quan ti ty quan da ry cir ti tapestry harmony ocular tem po ral harpsichord oc cu py of fr cer ten den cy cod i cil or a tor ten e ment col o ny com e dy or i gin ter ri fy or na ment ic al con ju gal or re ry con tin ent otto man typ ic al contraband pol i cy tyr an ny vag a bond con tra ry pol i tic van i ty doc u ment pop u lar tes ta tit > ment com u lar fy mer cu ry vic tor vil la y ny di"op sic al glob u lar per fi dy per ju ry per ma nent pov er ty per tin ent pon der ous reg u late i vin e gar gloss a ry prob ty tcr ma gant TABLE A bdse ment a gree ment al li ance al VIi: JEasy words of three syllables actcnted on the second.

es tic dra mat ic e jcct ment re mem ber re plen ish re plev in em bar rass em bel lish em pan nel en camp ment e<]uip ment er rat ic es tab lish pug nant pub lish romantic re re se ques ter ap j>ar el ap pend ix as cend ant as sas sin spe cif ic sur ren der to bac CO trans cend ent trans gress or tri hys in in in ter ic in ces sant as at at tach sem blv ment clem ent umph ant cum bent hab it tend ant be gin ning be wil der CO hab it col lect or con sid er con tin gent in sip id in trin sic brelja a bol ish ac com plish- um in val id ma lig nant mo nas tic noc tur nal pa cif ic pe dant ic ad mon ish as ton ish de moi ish di^ ^olv ent con tract or de cant er de lin quent de liv er de mer it de tach ment di lem ma po lem ic im mod est im mor tal im pos tor im prop er in pre cept or pre tend er pro hib it prolific- con stant in sol vent im mor al un god ly .28 An Easy Standard of Prominciation. ban don ac cus torn af feet ed ag gress or a mend ment dog mat ic do m. di tcs ta tor tes ta trix ti'ans la tor min ish pro tect or dis sent er pu re is sant trans pa rent tri dis tern per dis tin guish dimd ant re fresh ment relinquish re luct ant bu nal di ur nal ver ba tim vol ca no ui#e qual un mindful a.

. An Easy AL a mode tee o ver taive in cor rect dev o dis a gree dis es teem rec on cile ref u gee in ter mix run o \'er dom neer imr ma ture i su per sede su per scribe vol un teer un der mhie ap pre hend o ver turn rec oi lect rec om mend im por tune in com mode in t'er cede in tro duce mis ap plymis be have con de scend con tra diet dis pos sess in di rect rep re hend su per add un der stand un der sell dis dis con cern' con nect TABLE Easy njdords IX. offour the firsts and the full accent on the half accent on the third. cy in vent o ry man da to ry mo ny alle go rycer e mo ny cus tom a ry del i ca cy dif fi cult y mat ri mo ny mer ce na ry mis mil pat eel la i u ta ry sane tu a ry sec re ta ry sed en ta ry Stat u a ry sump tu a ry ter ri to ry sal .is sa ry ig no min y in ti ma cy in tri ca. syllables^ Lumi na ry mo ment a ry nu ga to ry bre vi a ry lo cu ra cy »c cri mo ny ad mi ral ty ad ver sa ry al i dil a to ry preb end a ry pref a to ry pur ga to ry ep i lep sy em. 2^ Standard of Pronunciation TABLE VIII. Easy ivords of three syllables^ accented on the frst and third. ny ny - tes ti mo ny ta ta ry trib u ry ri mo per emp to ry > plan et a ry sub lu naxy> C2 .

pat-ri-ot-wm. de prav i ty di cri te ri on e le gi ac fu tu ri ty ad min is ter ad vers i ty a dul te ry an af fin i ty a nal o gy a nat o my an tag o nist gram ma gra tu his to Xi i ri ty am e ter i i n ri bra an an dis par di vin ty ty ma te ri al ma tu ri ty me mo ri al ar til le ry a vid i ty bar bar i ty brutal Lty mer cu ri al ©Ut rage diss ly ea lam i ty effect u al e lee trie al em p}T c al c pis CO pal e pit o me . sep-tu-a-gint.^ J An Easj te ry Standard of Pronunciatwn. aud the half accent on the TABLE Easy waras ofJour second. is na cy so ry vol iin ta ry ob du ra cy con tu ma cy con tu me ly drom e da ry com ment a ry com mis sa ry to ry The words het-e'ro~dox.lin-e-a-ment. syllables accented on the A ar e ri al i ob scu al ri ty cap an nu cen tu ty mo ri ri on ob tain a h\e pro pri e ty se cu ri ty tiv 1 ty ce lib a cy ci vil i ty cli mac ter ic so bri e ty col le gi al nic ant va cu i ty com ni ty va ri e ty com CO in cid ent col lat e ral mu mu con gru i ty con nu bi al cor po re ere al ab surd i ty du li ty ac tiv 1 ty ac cess a ry ac cess o ry cam par is on com pet it or com pui so ry conjee tur al con spir a cy con stit u ent de cliv i ty de Iin quen cj. have the full accent on the first syllable. c6n tro ver sy prom on men as ob sti prom last. X.

An Easy qulv a lent quiv o cal e van gel ist e vent u al e e Standard of Pronunciation. um ver bos i ty ad vir si ty di ver si ty e ter ni ty hy per bo le pro verb i al sub serv i ent TABLE XI. the thirds and the half accent on thefirsts An tc ce dent com ment a tor ap par ra tus me di a tor . Easy words of/our syllables. 31 ho nil bil i ty ic al ve nal VI cin i mer 1 ty ty om fa tal fer fes tiv fi i ty nip o tent par tic II lar per pet u al a p6l o gy a pos ta cy as trol o as tron o bi til i i ty ty ty po lit ic al po lyg a my pos-ter i ^ my i og ra phy ty for mal i tv pre cip it ant fru gal i ty pre die a ment gram mat ic al pro fund i ty ha bit u al pros per i ty hos til i ty ra pid i ty re cip ro cal hu mani ty re pub lie an hu mil ity sab bat ic al i den ti ty im mens i ty sa tan ic al im ped im ent scur ril i ty ju rid ic al se ver i ty sig nif ic ant le vit ic al se ren i ty Ion gev i ty ma lev o lent sin cer i ty so lem ni ty ma lig ni ty m'l len ni su prem a cy mo ral i ty ter res tri al mu nif i cent tran quil li ty na tiv i ty ty ran nic al ne ces si ty va lid i ty del i com mod ty con com it ant de moc ra cy de spond en cy e con o my ri ge om e try hy poc sy ma jar i ty me trop o lis mi nor i ty in ate mo pre nop o \y dom i pri or ty tau tol o gy . the full accent 07i.

S1 sa cer sii An Easy Standard of Pronunciation^ do tal - mem o ri per vi ^or ac ci dent al ar cal o mat i ic man co ment al o ran dum^ ent al or iia rnent aL pan e gyr ic pred e ces sor sri det ri en ti£ ic en er get ic fun da ment in nu en do al sys tern at ic cor res pond ent hor i zon tal mal e mar^ i at fac tor fest o ic mos pher u ni ver sal un der stand ing o ver whelm ing 0^ Having proceeded througk tables. composed of easy woids from one to four syllables. If the instructor should think it useful to let his pupils read some lessons. of the easy otber. In these the child will be much assisted by a knowledge of the figures and the use of the Italics. he may divide their studies let them spell one part of tlie day. and read the — . before they have finished spelling. let the learner begin the following tables^ which consist of more difficult words.

tray- 33 .An Easy Standard of Pronunciation.

34 sheaf An Easy Standard oj Pronunciation^ .

An Easy I Standard of Pronunciation. 3f .

56 Jf .

Jn .

38 An .

%^ .An Easy spool Standard of Pronunciation.

49 Jn Easy Standard of Pronunciation. clomi^ .

The following have the first sound in thick. as Throw . thin.An Easy Standard of Pronunciation. of th^ viz. 4 MONOSYLLABLES i^TH.

bath. path. and other derivatives. and the second m the pluval. both heads. as in thou. oath. haiie the second sound The following ThAne of th. The same is observable of twuth and to trwutb. Tlxis is the reason why these words are found under The words m^Mh. svoath. moth. bhthe wreath writhe sythe seethe bre^^the tlifs that The noun \tet\ has the first sound of th. cloth. have * ^ Tlie first sound of f^ in the singular number. and the verb to tteth its 5:cond sound. lath. . Examples of the formation ofplurals.42 An Easy Standard of Promnciamn.

1 light. do no ill.An Easy Standard of Pronunciation. I 45 toes I buy. bows glow glows flow. teach children to read^ and to know their duty. . post. See not my sin. door. nor do hurt. foes I bowl. wives snow. : Lesson NO man may put My O the law of God joy is in his law all the day. My You must son. sights lives blow. host. off* . All men go out of the way. sky. rogue. foal. doors floors knife. toast. Who . pit. flight. knives foals' oar. sigh. and let me not go to the IV. : My son do as you ai'e bid you are bid. floor. skies toe. coasts wife. not tell a lie. hold fast the law that is good. blows coast. life. oars TABLE Lessons of easy words ^ to XIII. may I not go in the way of sin ! Let me not go in the way of ill men. I. lights flows sight. and mind his word. . bowls rogues posts hosts toasts bow. IL A bad man is a foe to the law joy to do ill. buys sigh^ flights foe. IIL The way But if of man is ill. We must let no man hurt us. can say he has no sin ? It is his . snows hoes hoe. Rest in the Lord.

This life is not long no end. VI. VIII. I will walk with the just and do good. can. but the. Do you Mark the man that doth well. . VII. . Let your sins past put you in mind to m^nd. V. and be kind. In time to come we must do no IX. He doth live ill that doth not mend. life to come has We must pray for them that hate us. that I may not be cast off with them. as well as and do no harm.44 An Easy Standard of Pronunciation. ill. Sin will lead us to pain and woe. I will not walk with bad men. Hate no man. No man X. There is none that doth good no not onej If I have done harm. I will love the law and keep it. We must l©ve them that love not us. A bad life will make a bad end. He must live well that will die well. and do so too. can say that he has done no ilL For all men have gone out of the way. We must do as we to be done tOa likfe . A Love that which is good and shun vice. I must do it no more. Help such as want help. but love both friends and foes* bad man can take no rest^ day nor night .

he will do good. and make haste to school. when he gets up he will wash liis haixds and face clean. . xn. use no ill words at Play not with bad boys play spend your time well live in peace. nor steal. . swear. and walk in world. nor cheat. he will not play by the way. be good at home. good child mind your book. as bad boys do. will —He xm. and ask to read his book. . .An Easy Standard of Pronunctation. he will comb his hair. and strive to learn. and save your soui from pain and woe. will wash us from sin . and try to learn to spell and not play in the time of . in the for they are sin. and not lie. I will be glad in his name. schooL and girls are at school. Love not the world . and in praise his name. This is the way to make good men love you. nor steaL XIV. A good child will not He. nor the things that arc the way of life. shun ail strife. I will not fear v/hat flesh can do to me : . he will from vice . When good boys will mind their and read well. nor swear. 45 XL He who came all A flee to save us. . Tell no tales call no ill names you must a . good boy will do all that is just . they books. love your scliool. for my trust is He Be is him who made the world nigh to them that pray to him.

4S" An Easy . As for those boys and girls that mind not and love not the church and school. tell lies. will read some good book. . and must be whipt till they mend thei# ways. XV. Standard of Pronunciation. W^en they are at church. their books. they will sit. curse. kneel^ or stand still and wh(«»n they are at home. but play with such as tell tales. they will come to some bad end. swear and steal. that God may bless them.

e glis ten lunch - <fon quick en mad am mal ic^ ram rat bl^ rap id tldf d£im ask 5el man mas g\e tiff grand rar reb el . 47 mel on grav el blud geon dam ^on grum bl<? mer it dan gl<? bel lows bis Quit brit \\c dac tyl gz/in e2i min mis mis gi<? de/7t or gud geon hand ful habit has soc hav oc tress chid-f buck ram bus He dim pk dis tanc^ cam el dcub \e cap ric^ eap tarn ceii-sur^ driv ea chap el chas ten cher ish dud geon heif er nev er dun ge^n he^v y deunk ard hin dranc^ nim h\e hu^ baiid pad lock dust y ec logw^ en gine musk et mu^ lin mus ter mar ri^ge hum bk husk y pamph pen j)es ter let chim xi€j anctf 'car ry car Yiage cis tern cit en si^ en trails er ror fash ion im in ist ag(f in stanc(? ward phren zy pis mire y clam or clean ly fam ish fas set fat ten cred it crev ice crick et crust y crys tal cup hoard. cus torn -crib fes ter plan et ple^5 ant ]owc nal pe^5 ant judg^ ment pin cher^ prat tie i^nuck \e je^^l oxis mus fer Yiage fid die ^nap sack Jan guag^ Ian gtior pun puz pic ish tXc chasff flag fi'ec on kl^ tur<? land lord lev el pur frus trate prac tice phxh'is ic bag^ cul tur^ coMs cut kiss fur lough fran chis^ lim it lus ter punch m e^ dam dam ao-i^ ges tur^ gant let gin p.An Easy Standard of Pronunciation.

48 rig or ri^ ^n riv er riv et An Easy Standard of Pronunciation. dsiugh ter a?/ rel ish tav ern ttmpt er tumn y ten ant till ag^ tip pl^ fa?^lt mark et mas ter mar quis par c^l for tress for tune gaf/ par don par lor part ner pas tur^ ps?ilvci ist ruffle rts in tres pass dy sam pl^ geor gic twink ling gorg^ ous troub le sa/m on satch el trans port law rel scab bard SC'lS SOYS se^^n ni^At vint ag^ trim cheon lord ship hatfgk ty ven om ing ven tur(? scar let slan der al al mom so step ter spec ter scrib b\e scuf ^e sin way morr gag^ bon lire nmigh ty cob ler Yis ag^ clo5 et saw yer Yict uals col league veiig^ ance tor ment mor tal VIS it ew pl^ sim sin vin<? venf son yard conid? wa ter gk wel saw cy saw cer com et com mde con qwer cock swain con duit cop y con trite cof fin step tic wed lock smug gle span gk spig ot spit tl<? wick ed luran litres an barb er s=ii>er gk tk wrap per lurist brac^ let cart er cham ber craft spin die band y doc ilor tr in sup pk suk le star gean we^p on wid gean ze^^l char coal flask et id di(? fon for^ ot sur geon tal ent tal zeal ous zepli yr slaz/fA ter on tan gk tat tie bor der COT ner gar land gAast ly gar ment harlot har vest jawn dic-^ htad frol ic fal chfon gTog ram gos lin hogs hejd .

. and loves to live in peace.Jn Easy horn 2Lge hon est 45 Standard of Pronunciation. and will meet witli foes let him go where he will . that strives to is He laext him. all THE time will come when we must Keep thy tongue from guile. and thy lips from Let thy words be plain and true to the tnoughts of tiie heart. but he that is kind. will make friends of all that knoAv him. el shov coop er spoil dee squir rel cuck oo wan der wail ton /ion or ^Mowl ed^e ^vwc rant squan der hal lo^ yon der lodg er ver mill ver diet ver juce vir tu^ vir gin wor ship won ou der nhigh bor gloom y mod est mod em wo man mon Straus boo by nov nov el kern el con jur^ cov er cir cuit wool len JDusli el coun cil coun er coun ty dou^-^ ty di«ow sj ic^ prof fer prog ress prom is^ bo som bush y worst ed cush ion bul let bul lock bully bul wark firkin com pass com dirt fort bor Gugh mount am show er fiov/ pros pect pros per y gov ern lion ev quad rant quad rate squad ron stop pag^ bow pow oy er er er sov^ refill stir rup voy age butch er skir mish TABLE XV. )C ill. I. Lesson laid in the dust. vex or hurt those tliat sit a bad boy.

but he that is A\'ell bred. . and lie. but he speaks truth. and gain much love and good will. make no noise. I '. seat. that tells lies. the rest.-I 50 An Easy Standard of Pronunciamn. and strive to make iiim as bad as themselves. will do both. Play no tricks on them tliat sitnext you . Slight no man. shall is lies in bed when he should go to not wise. will not be heard when he tlie ' 1 fault.j love or He that does no harm shall gain the whole school but he that strives to hurt ^e . v»^hen you grow to be a man. and mind your book . for you know not how Soon you may stand in need of his help. A clown will not make a bow. but he that shalces off sleep have praise. own your for he that tells a lie to hide it. shall gain their ill will. He that school. If you have done ^vrong. nor thank you give him what he wants . When you but keep your . makes it He that tells the truth is a wise child. or speaks bad words. and swear. II. when you Shun the boy that tells lies. HI. He is a fool that does not choose the best for bad boys will boys when he goes to play cheat. for %vhat you learn will do you good. He that speaks loud in school will not learn his own book well. for he would soon bring thee to shame. for are at school. worse. nor let the rest learn theirs but those that make no noise will soon be wise.

Be kind to all as far as you can . TABLE \.z XVI. Love him that loves his book. If you w^ant to be good. you do. that hey lie in bed v/ben they should go to school )ut a boy that vvants to be wise will chrive sleep ar from him. and hurt not thyself. but hoX would choose to play with toys^ the IV. A wise child loves to learn his book. and waste not too much of your ime in bed. a stra_y IVords oftmio syUahks^ accented on the second. He that nurts you at the same time that I-^e . . Be kind to all men. and speaks For such a ^ood Vv'ords. is worse than a snake in the ^rass. quire base affair ap pro^ch ar « buje dzVu af fri^At a gainst rai^ a ri^e as a vail a wake a a mu^e si^ way . but do n your spare hours iot swear .^f 51 An Easy Standard of Pronunciation. good boys will shun you as they would I dog that they knew would bite them.alls you xiis friend. and does no harm riend may do thee good all tlie days of thy life. you kao^7 and he lot how soon you may want their help hat has the good will of all that know^ him shall lot want a friend in time of need. keeps such a hold of some boys. Slctfh : . ead w ith care such books as have been made >y vv^ise and good men think of wiiat you read be brisk at play. . wise and strong.

52 ally An Easy Standard of Profwnciaiion. .

press-es lodge. charg-e& surge. slight. frost-y chill. trace. II. lengthpith. pui:s-es horse. pa-ces tra-ces sli-ces box. formed from the singular of OEe syUaUe. BS rejoice- compound propound con found sur mount al low de vour ac count a bound pro >iiounc^ an nounce? re nounc^ ca xqmsc em broil sub join dis joint en joy de stroy de coy pur loin ou a mount a bout TABLE^VII. fish-es voice. nois-e^ curse. rain-y rust-y leaf-y grass. box-es tiep-ces spice. stick-y pith-y length. church. sens. Rain. storm. dress-esjwatch. grass-y froth. fog. chiU-y snov/. down-y gloss. spi-ces cage. gra-ces verse. Prim. Deriv. watch-es^ rose. giass-y ice. ca-ges grace. vers-es pa-ges press. page.corps-es»sense. nose. slight-y drouth. curs-es iish. vv^orth. hous-es price. fog-g>' down. leaf. lodo:-es no-ses dress. face. glass.es slice. voic-es purse. tierce. E:4amples of words derived from their roots or primiti'ces. wocd-y room. pace.eg E^2^ . drouth-y si-zy frost. chalk-y i-cy size. storm-y Plural nouns of wood. pri-ces church. Derim. la-ces fa-ces brush. bnish-esjhouse. Ihfw. hors-es charge. ma-zes noise. room-y gloss- w^or-thy Example two syllable. rust. ro-ses maze. froth-y stick. Example Prim. Prhn. surg-esi corpse. snow-y chalk. lace.An Easy avoid Standard of Pronunciation. I.

near-er. glance. great-est wise. gi-eat. grav. am Superlative. IV.est near. caiis-es frmge. chees-es ridge. near-est chaste. rich. kind-est ripe. solv-ing tri-fiing ri -fling im-i-tate. chast-er. which e final is change.warm«€"rwarni-est|vile. rich-est grave . brav-er. The manner of adding ' expressing degrees of comparison in qualities. far-ces Example Wca-ds formed by adding ing call.chast-es cold. arch-es cheese. loss-es cause. Comparative. glim-mer-ing omitted in the dei-ivative. to verbs.54 loss. com-plain-ing al-low. Superl. beat. Comp Fos. al-low-ins: fin-ish. grav. con-vmce op-e-rate. bold. dis.est brave.solve. vil-er. call-ing al-lay. er and ~ est. frin-ges arch. brav-est wanii. prac-tice. ri^vest kind.est rare. ex-chang-ing dis-pose con-verse. fin-ish-ing see.fling re-ceiv-ing per-ceiv-ing prac-tic-ing Example. bold-er. cold. rar-est bold. air-ing faint-ing feel-ing faint. wis-er. al-lay-ing air. feel.er. re-ceive. hedge. vil-est . gen-e-rat-ing grace. Camp. rich-cr. b] or r and st. AfiEasy Siajidard ofPronimciation. cours-es dance. give. kind-er. lav-ish-ing glim-mer. per-ceive. wis-est np-er. Pos. corn-plain. see-ing beat-ing Words in lav-ish. hedg-ing styl-ing con-vinc-ing op-e-ra-ting dis-solv-ing im-i-tat-ing solve. ridg-es course. rar-er. style. tri-flc. dis-pos-ing con-vers-iiig gen-er-ate. praPxCe. dan-ces III. ri-fle. cold-er. and called Participlss. called Positive. shuf-fle shuf. farce. Superl. great-er. chang-ing glanc-ing pranc-ing grac-ing giv-ing ex-change.

. red-dest browR-ish. C grant ^ they grant it grants. green-ish. ) they loved TABLE XVIII. 12 you Present Time. an ox lows a bull a bird chirps and sings bellows . 3 ^^ grants. brown. yel-low-est Example Formation of verbs in the Sin^lar number.An Easy Words ending red-dish. thou lovedst 1 he loved. ^ \ I grant. I loved. / 2 ye or you love she loves l 3 they love ') We it loves. thou lovest iove. a horse neighs . he loveth ^ 1 love 3 ^^ loves. black. red-der. . . brown-er. I love. black-est biu-er. a lion roars . green-est black-er. Plural. blu-ish. whi-ter. black-ish. Past Time. f ye or you she grants. yel-low-ish. bki-est yel-low-er. We graixt you grant. Familiar Lessons. 55 Examples V. ^ it We loved you loved. whi-tish. brown-est white. . in tsb. red. 3 VL thi ee persons. yel-low. bkie. whit-est green-er. . green. 5 she loved > ye or you loved loved. Dog growls and barks a cat mev/s and purrs a cock crows a hen clucks and cackjes. an ass A . ex^jressing a degree of quality less than the positive. Standard of Pronunciation. ^ he granteth. thou grantest.

and light and build by nests on the trees. and tear them in pieces But see the gentle cow and ox. imals are made for man. Birds fly in the air by the help of wings. those which live in and about water have webfish. and timid fheep these useful anthey have no claws. like the robin. . the cow returns the field. All animals are fitted for certain modes of living. the under jaw. and a hooked bill to tear the flesh in pieces . to seize little animals. that is. fishes swim in ^vater. like the Fowls which delight heron and fish liawk. what sharp claws and pointed teeth they have. fitted to crop the grass of the they feed in quiet. the cat.56 An Easy Standard of Fronunciation. by means of fins beasts have feet. — . < strait bill. have mostly a short . have strong claws. or draw the cart home at eveningj to fill the farmer's pails with ! — — — — . the lion. wolf. and come at the call field: Oxen submit to the yoke. or long bills for seizing and holding their prey. Those which live have long legs for wading. with hoofs or claws. such is the vulture and the hawk. their toes united by a film or skin. chiefly to fly in the air. to walk or run on land. on bed for feet. The birds which feed on flesh. and plow of man. brays . to catch and hold small animals. so that their feet serve as oars or paddles swimming. Fowls which feed on insects and grain. tlie panther and catamount . the * See the dog. have their toes divided which they cling to the branches and twigs . they have only blunt teeth in nor sharp teeth. a whale spouts. snakes crawl on the earth without feet .

Monday. A?i 57 tlie — sheep yields her yearly warm garments. being How many hours devoted to religious duties. fleece. Tim^e is measured by clocks and — — The light of the watches. June. Charles. September. Friday. and the shade of the earth makes the night. sun makes the day. Then people express to each other their good wishes. the wholesome food of men. and rolls round firom west to east once in twenty four The day time is for labor. Three hundred and sixty five. to furnish uswitli Heniy. Tuesday Wednesday. How many weeks in a year? Fifty two. and called the Lord's day. Saturday Sunday is the Sabbath. November. — — — . and milk. The eai'th is round. Children shouki night for sleep and repose. July. minutes in an hour ? Sixty. how is the year divided? Into months and seasons. INIay. February.Easy Standard of Pronunciation. August. What is the lunar month ? It is the time from one change of the moon to — . tell me the number of days in ayear. April. ai-id sixty seconds in a minute. Sunday. and the first day of that month little is called New Year's day. Mai'ch. and boys and girls expect gifts of liitle bocks. October. How many days What are they called ? in a week ? Seven. December. and tlie hours. dials and glasses. and nearly thirteen lunar months What are the names of the calendar months? January. go to bed early. : or day of rest. How many are the months? Twelve calendar months. toys and plums. Thursday. How many are there in a day? Tvv^entyfour. January begins the year.

ber. and John. when the sun pours his heating rays on the earth. The spring is so called from the springing or first shooting of the plants: when they put forth leaves and blossoms. and perfumed The spring months are with fragrant odors. which are also called/^//. and winter. what are the seasons? Spring. study to be useful rather than diverting . Prefer solid sense to vaiii wit . October and Novem. and nature Then comes is stripped of her verdant robes. with her white mantle. the beasts stand shivering in the stall : and men croud around the fire-side. the trees are clothed with leaves and fruit. an nature is decked with bloom. commend and respect nothing so muck as true pietjr and virtue —Let no jestintrude to vio- late ijood maimers j n^ever utter what may offend the chastest ear. and the ground is covered with herbage. about twenty nine days. March. January and Februar}^. is anotlier. April and May. notes. enwraps the earth. ADVICE. July and August. . no birds fill the air with the music of their . and fall from the trees. autumn or fall. prepare to meet the chilling blast. or wrap. from th^fall of the leaves. The summer months ar£ June. An Easy which Standard of Pronunciation.SS a half. the verdure of the the leaves of the forest turn red plants decays or yellow. frost binds the earth in chains. The autumnal months are September. ped in wool and fur. Now the fruits are gathered. summer. In December. and spreads an icy bridge over rivers and lakes: the snow. dreary winter.

In the former case. In half accented terminations. juvenil. ide. ug€. the vowd has generally its second sound. or pronounced notis. as notice. the final e is in Roman. 59 TABLE XIX. ise. in Italic. ize. Di a phra^-in du pli cate di a lo^ue aid de camp € go ti^m fa vor it^ for ci h\e fre quen cy fQa glo fu gi tiv^ SI h\e ri ri sy qui et ude rhew ma ti^m ru mnl ate scni pu bus se ri OMS spu ri ons su i cide suit a h\e pku am or ovis an ec dote an ti quate ap ti tude an o d}Tie ap er ture as y lum bev e rage va ri (?us ous i. — in the latter case. relativ. fTords of three syllablesy the full accent on the firsts and the half accent on the third. ofe.An Easy Standard of Pronunciation. Note.?m u ni form he ro u ^u ry id jec tiv^ ag gi'a A^ate an a pest an im ate ap pe tite al ti tude ab die ate ac cu rate ad e quate ac tu ate ag o nize al ge bra ju bi lee ju ve nik live li blun der buss cat a \ogue cal cu late can did ate can die stick car a way eel e brate cri't i hood lu bri cate lu era tiv^ ci^m tar cim e lu die rous lu mill ous ni^At in gale court e sy cul tiv ate dec alogatf nu mer ons o di ous dec o rate ded ic ate def in del it^ pre vi ous pa gan i^ra ^ gate . ©nly softens c . and upon so cented syllables. or pronounced with so much force a^ in the full acBut in the terminations ice. ure. ude. ule. the vowel has its tirst so«nd generally. He. juveiule. thoug^h not dwelt long. relative. and the final e is superfluous. ute. ive.

An Easy Standard ofPr onunciatton* 60 dem on strate im pi ous pen te coet der des des des des o gate o late po ti tism.ym par ri cide rev er enc<? rev er end r/zap so dy rAet o ric rid i cule sac ri fice sac ri leg^ sal iv ate sas sa fras sat ir ize scav en ger . pe rate tute a gog«^ ep aw lette ep i lo^ue el dem in fa TCions in stig ate in sti tute in tim ate je^I d?us y je(?p ar per qui^ ite phy^ ic al jes lat dy samin^ tude tude plen i tude pres byt er pre^ id ent pri^ on er priv i leg(? las &i i o quench el e ^^ate lib er tin^ lit em pha sis em u lows en ter prize en vi ous ep i cure es tim at-e ig ate el mack er mag ni tude man u script mas sa cr^ i ex fab feb eel lenc^ med cin^ med it ate mis chfev ous quer u bus par a sol ral le ry ran cor ons rap tur ons rav en ous rec ti tude rel a txve ren o vate re qui^ it^ ren dez vous rep ro bate re5 i denc^ re^ ret i i fas cin ate u bus ri met a phor fuge mus^ mel on ment ped a gogw^ novLT ish flue tu ate fur be low gen er o\xs du^ nu^ pal gen ^Qii tl<? man ate li ate pal pa bb u in^ pd pit ate gi'ad u gran a ry sphere hes it ate hand ker clil^f hur ri cane hyp o crit^ im ag^ ry hem i par a bb par a dise par a di^m par a phra^<i par a si^e par ent age par ox i.

prob a bk pop u bus poj i live pot en tate prof li gate ness gi^m ny tan ta lize tan ta tel mount mar gin al mas quer ade par par al al ti proph e cy quar an tin pros e cute por rin ger pros per o\i& pros ti tute sol e ci^-m e scope Sim ten a bl^ tim o YOMS tre<2ch er o\x^ trip lie ate phar ma cy r}'- lia ment rasp ber der man tur pi tude vas sal age vin die ate bil let ma nac bot a ny col lo sol i tude i's fniz/d doux u lent quy com pli ment plai ^anc^ soph vol a try tile com roq zie laur cor di al cor po ral for feit ure for ti tude for tu nate con sti tute con tem plate com pen sate con fis cate cor o ner torn a hawk per se cute per son age prin ci pl^ serv i tude F .An Easy sens i bl^ Sep a rate ser a phim staf/t hold er stim u late stip Standard of Pronunciation. crock e ry la/^ da bidhor i zon pla// ^i bk Ion gi tude por phy ry nom-in ate arch i tect ar ar ar 61 u late gu ment ma ment ti fic^ stren u ous sub ju gate sub se quent sub sti tute s}^n a gogue bay o net bcir ba ri^m bar ba rous car din al ob lig ate ob lo quy ob sta ck ob stin ate ob vi ons om in or ^us sim seep i le car pen ter op e rate op po site i cism syn CO pe ti sur ro gate syc o phant syl lo chan eel lor chan ce ry g7/ar di an g/zast lar ce ii fic^ ^ .

light is upon the saints that are in the earth. Follow peace but be content with thy fortune. her right hand. refrain thy feet son. and lead tc life . but they v/ho hate wisdom. make j IL not wise in thine own eyes but be humble. love death. Let truth only proceed from thy m&uth. Despise not the poor. when thou dost embrace her. She is the man that findeth wisdom. . Happy is "She shall bring thee to honor. Walk not in the way vrith them . Be — III. If sinners entice thee to sin. for their feet run to evil. ther All my ^e safety and glory will be thy reward. and let w^isdom direct thy steps.62 ter -dn Easy ate Starirlard of Pronunciation* roy alty cu min €om pa ny Com^ ness gov ern or li firm a ment mir a ck circular cir cir governess ' cum Gum stance oi coim sel lor counterfeit coun te nance spect poig nan cy boun ti ful TABLE XX. I. Exalt her and she shall promote thee : are peace. Length of days is in of more value than rubies. of virtue are pleas-ant. and all her pathg honor. riches and Her ways are pleasant. The ways . IF.upon such as excel in virtue. aiic . and in her left hand. consent thou not. hear the counsel of thy father. There fore pursue the paths of virtue and peace. Envy not the rich. and haste to shed blood. MY Lesson from their path. but honor him who is honest and just. because he is poor . and iorsake not the law of thy mother. with all men.

so no reus mus ke to/? cheq 2/er es cutch ton ho ^an na il i pos tur. accented on the second ' chihv meiit con jec tur^ quaint anc^ con vuls ive ac de ben tur^ ap pr^i^ er de feet iv^ a-r rear age dis conr ag^ bias phe mer dis par ag<. 63 TABLE XXL Words of three syllables.^e ius trate am bus em re in cen tiv^ bar go a pos lie in cul cate in dent ur^ mon al strate sub teni in jus tic^ in vec tiy<? ap pren tic<? au turn nal bis sex tik lieu ten ant ac cou^ ter ma neu ver al t^rn ate mo ment oiis of fens ive op press ive de ter min com cur pul siv^ mud gef?n re he^rs al sub vers ive .? per form vcace re cord er mis for tune ad van tage a part ment dc part ment Qis as ter a brfdgd" ment ac /^noiyl edg^ ad ven tur^ af fran chi^e g grand ize dis fran chi.An Easy Standard of Pronunciation. con ta g/on di^ ^em bk oon ta g/ous cf ful gent cor ro siv(? en tan gk c^ur age ous ex cul pate de ce/t ful gym nas tic de ci siv^ dif fu sivf in qui ry e gre gmis A mis ^vis ion pneii mat ics pre ^ump tiv€' pro due tiv<? pro gres sivc re pills ive re ten tive* re veng(? f^ r/ieii stu mat ic pend ows sub mis sivc ab or ef feet ive me ment rjice em bez zk en d^av or ex cess ive in dorsf? im port ini en li^At en o bei sanc<? out rage ous pro ce dur^ po ta to^ ex ex ex ex pens iv^ press iv^ tens iv^ .

64

jin

Easy Standard of Pronunciatioju

TJie follovi'mg are accented on the first
syllables,

and third

Ap

per tain
ti^e

con nois

sc^ur

em

ad ver

dis ap per7r

2& cer tain

con tra vene

can nonadc

en ter tain gaz et teer deb o nair

bra ^ure ac qui est^f co a les^^
mai^ con tent

coun

ter

mdnd

TABLE
Words not exceeding three Lessqn

XXII.
syllables^ divided*
I.

wick-ed flee when no man pur-su-eth; but tile right-e-ous are as bold as a li-on. Vir-tue ex-alt-eth a na-tion; but sin is a reproach to a-ny peo-ple. The law of the wise is a foun-tain af Kfe to de-

THE

from the snares of death. Wealth got-ten by de-ceit, is soon wast-ed ; but he that gath-er-eth by ia-bor, shall in-crease in
part
rich-es.
//.

I-dle-ness will bring thee to pov-er-ty ; but by m-dus-try and pru-dence fhou shalt be fill-ed with

bread.
are for-got-ten

Wealth rnak-eth ma-ny friends by their neigh-bors.

;

but the poor

pru-dent man fore-seeth the e-vil, and hid-eth him-self ; but the thought-less pass on and are punished.
III.

A

Train up a child in the way he should go, and when he is old he will not de-part from it. Where there is no wood the fire go-eth out, and where there is no tat-ler the strife ceas-eth.

A word

'

fit-ly

spok-en

is like

ap-ples of gold

in

pic-tures of sit-ver.

An Easy SlarJard of Pronunciation
He
find mer-cy.

.

6

that cov-e.r-eth his sins shall not prqs-per, but he that con-fess-eth'and for-sak-eth them shall

IV.

but a child ; him-self bring-eth his pa-rents to shanie. Cor-rect thy son, and he will give thee rest ; yea ke will give thee de-light to thy soul. man's pride sliali bring him low ; but hon-or shall up-hold the hum-ble i>n spir-it. The eye that mock-eth at his fath-er, and scorneth to o-bey his moth-er, the ra-vens of the val-ley shall pick it out, and the young ea-gles shall eat it.
left to

The rod and re-proof give wis-dom

A

V.

the bless-ing of the up-right, the city is exalt-ed, but it is o-ver-thro\\Ti by the mouth of the

By

wick-ed

Where no coun-sel is, the peo-ple fall ; but in the midst of coun-sel-lors there is safe-t)'. The wis-dom of the prudent is to un-der-stand his way, but the fol-ly of fools is de-ceit. wise man fear-eth and de^pait-tth from e-vil j but the fool rag-eth and is con-fi-dent. Be nottiast-y in thy spir-it to be angry; for aj>ger rest-eth in the bo-som of fools^

A

'

TABLE^XIIL
Words
2
offoursyllahlt'S^ acccraed on thejlr<:\

des pi ca

Ad
am

mi

ra

bk

el

i

gi
pli

ac cu rate ly * i ca b\e ap pli ca bl^ ar ro gant ly

ex

cred it a bl? erim in ai ly

a tiv^ a bl^ pref er a bl^ fig u ra tiv^ ref er a b.^ lam ent a bb rev o ca bl^ lit er a ture mar ri^g^ a hie sump tu ous ly
es
ti

bk bh ma bLf

mij^ er a

bit-

nav
pal
pit
i

i

ga

bk

li

ca the

F 2

66

An Easy

spec u la tiv^ suf fer a bk tern per a ture
val

u a h\e

Standard of Pronnnciation* com mon al ty a mi a bk. nom in a twc ju di ca tare op er a tiv^ va ri a h\e prof it a bk hos pit a h\e
for

veil cr a h\e

mid

a h\e

tol er a h\e

vul ner a

bk

^n swer a

bk

cop u

la tiv^

The foUoivmg have
2

the half accent on the third
syllable,

\
arch
par
i

Ag ri
ail ti

cul turf tab er ha
trail sit
at/ dit

ck

tect ur^

qua ry ap o plex y

o ry o ry

ar bi tra ry
si

mo ny

TABLE XXIV.
fFbrds of four syllables; the full accent on the. second^ and half accent on the fourth. Note. The terminations fy, ry, and ly^ have very little accent.

Ad

vi 5a

bk
late

iiii

me

di ate

vie to

ri f?us

ac cu

mu

ap pro pri ate an ni hi late a me na bk ab bre vi ate
al le vi ate

im pe ri (?us im pla cabk
in tu
ia
i

vo

lu

min
ri

<?us

ux o

ous

tiv^

bo

ri

ous

me

lo di (?us te ri f?us

mys

cen so

no to ri ous cus com mo di cus ob se qui ous com mu ni cate op pro bri cois con cu pis cenc<f pe nu ri ous com pa ra bk pre ca ri (?us sa lu bri o\x% de plo ra bk spon ta ne ous dis pu ta bk ter ra que ous er ro ne (7us \m HK) ni eus vi ca ri ous
ri

as par a gus ac eel er ate ad mis si bk ad venturous, a dul ter ate ac cept a bk

aggrandizement
disfranchisement anf big u ous

am

phib i (?us a nal y sis
ar tic

u

late

as sas sin gte

at i tude ni ate late lum i ca pit cer tif u Standard of Pronunciation. and old age. infancy. The litde boy c-huses some plaything that will make a noise. or a whip. The infant is helpless . he begins to eat bread. ehildhoodj youth. THERE are five states of human life. he is nourished with milk^when he has teeth. The little girl . a stick. and is very fond of cakes and plums. manhood.An Easy ^e ZB. meat. 67 e nor mi ty im pet u ons sub or din ate industri ons a bom in ate in gen u oms in qui^ in vid i i cate tive ca tas tro phe ons CO ag u late in vin ci h\e i com bus ti h\e in vi^ h\e com mem o rateper iid o\\% com mis er ate per spic u ous com par a tiv^ pre die a ment de nom in ate com pat h\e per plex ty de mon stra hie com pend ons pro mis cu ons de pop u late i ac com mo date a non y mous a poc a lyps^ a poc ry pha a pos tro phe cor rob o rate i i i con grat u late pa rish on er con spic u ous re cep ta oXe con templative-ri die u bus con tempt i h\e si mil i tude con tig u QMS sus cep ti bk de fin i tiv^ tem pest u ons de lib er ate tu mult u ous de riv a tiv^ vi cis si tude vo cif er ons di min u tiv^ e phem e risvo iup tu ons e piph a ny u nan im ons fa cil it ate de baz/ch e ry fa nat i ci^m con form i ty il lus tri ons de form i ty dis con so late pre pos ter ous pre rog a tiv^ re spons i bl^ ad m!s si bl^ con vers a h\c re vers i bk su per fiu ons su per la tiv^ pre serv a tivtf ac com pa ny dis cov er y oi em.broi<l er y TABLE XXV. and fruit. a hammer.

66

An Easy

Standard of Pronunciation.

She chuses a. loves her doll andlearns to dress.it. closet for her baby-house, where she sets her doll in a little chair, by the side of a table, furnished with tea-cups as big as a thimble. As soon as boys are large enough, they run away from home, grow fond of play, climb trees to rob birds' nests, tear their clothes, and when they come hov/ home, their parents often chastise them* the rod makes their legs smart. -These are naught}' cruel boys, who love play better than their books boys, who rob the birds of their eggs, ^poor little birds which do no harm, which fill the air with the sweet melody of their notes, and do much good by devouring the worms, and other insects, which destroy the fruits and herbage. Chai'les, how many barley corns make an inch I How many inches are in u foot ? Twelve. Three.

—O — —

i

—How

'

many feet in a yard ? Thret:.— How many yards in a rod, perch, or pole ? Five and a half.— How many rods in a mile ? Three hundred and twenty. -7— Ho v/ many rods in a furlong ? Forty.^ How many furlongs in a mile? Eight. How many How many lines in a^n miles in a league ? Three. inch ? Tweive.^ What is a cubit ? The length of the arm frt^m the eibo\v to the end of the longest fathom finger, which is about eighteen inches. is the distance of the ends of a man's fingers, when, the arms are extended, which is about six feet. Henry, tell me the gills in a pint. Fouro

A

a quart, four quarts make a gallon. cf various sizes ; some contain no more than twenty seven gallons, some thirty, or hogshead conthirty two, others diirty six. but we usually call pun» tains sixty three gallons cl^eons by the name of hogsheads, and these hold pipe conabout one hundred and ten gallons* tains two hogsheads, or four barrels, or ^out one ^.undred and twenty galloiis.

Two pints make
Barrels
are

A

;

A

An Easy

Standard of Pronunciation.

69

TABLE XXVI.
JVords ofJive syllables
;

the full accent

on the

second.

Co

tem_ po ra ry

de clam a to ly de fam a to ry dis pens a to ry € lee tu a ry e pis to la ry ex clam a to ry ex plaa a to ry

ex tem po ra ry be red it a ry in cen di a ry
in fiam ma to ry pre lim i na ry com mu ni ca bl<? com mu ni ca tiv^ in vi

pre par a to ry pi'o hib it o ry re jid u a ry tu mult u a ry VG cab u la ry vo lup tu a ry con sol a to ry de po5 it G ry de rog a to ry in vol un ta ry re po^ it o ry ob ^erv a to ry de lib er a tivf ef fem in a cy in suf fer a h\e.
in dis so lu
in vet er a
bl<?

o la bk per spi ra to ry de gen er a cy con fed er a cy eon sid er a bl^

in vul ner a

bltf

cy

in ter
in

min a \Ae tem per ate ly

TABLE XXVIL
WILLIAM,
cent
?

cents a dime l Ten.— Tell me the other coins of the United States. Ten dimes make a dollar, ten dollars an eagle, which is a gold coin, and the largest which is coined in the

Ten.

— How

tell

me how many

mills

make a

many

United

States.

Gents are copper coins.

Dimes and dollars are silver coins. These are new species of

70
coin

^n Easy

—What
?

is

the ancient

Standard of Pronunciation. manner of reckoning mO"shillings,

ney

By pbunds,

pence and farthings.

Four farthings make a penny, tAvelve pence a shilling, and twenty shillings a pound. William loves fruit. See him picking strawberb4-ing him a basket ^lethim put the berries in ries and cany them to his mamma and sisa basket ters. Little boys should be kind and generous— they should always carry some fruit home for their

Observe the cherry trees see, how .they begin to redden in a few da}'s, the cherries will be ripe, the honey-hearts, the black-hearts, and oxhearts, how sweet they are. You must not eat too many, and make yourself sick. Fill your basket with cherries and give them to your little friends. Now see the pears. The harvest pear, how yellow* The sugar pear, It is ripe, let me pick and eat it. how plump and soft it is ; and what a beautiful red covers one side of it. See the Catherine pear, and thevergaloo, how rich, jucy, and delicious. But the peach ^how it exceeds all fruit in its delicious flavor; what can equal its fragi*ance, and how it melts upon the tongue. The nutmeg, the rare-ripe with its blushing cheek, the whit'=i cling-stone with its cri^n son tints and the lemon cllng-stone with its golden hue, and all the varieties of the free stones." Such are the rich bounties of nature, bestowed on man to please his taste, preserve his health, and draw his grateful heart towards the 'Author of his happiness.
friends.

REMARKS.
not so much the present pleasure and advantage of a measure, as its future consequences. Sudden asid violent passions are seldom durable.

A wise man will consider,

An Easy fFords Standard of Pronunciation. 71 TABLE ofJi*i)e syllables XXVIII. accented on thefivst and third. Am bi gu con con ep i i ty reg u ti gu i ty tra ri e ty die ta to ri al cu re an ni ty im por til no to ri e ty op por tu ni ty per pe tu i ty per spi cu i ty pres By te ri an pri mo ge ni al su per flu i ty tes ti lar i ty rep re hen si hie rep re sen ta tiv^ sat is fac to ry sen si bil i ty sen su al i ty sim i lar i ty i ty a ry cir cum am bi ent com pre hen si h\e con san guin i ty sin gii lar tes ta ment con cred di a tra diet i o ry mo bil i ni al ic al bii i ty ac a af fa al dem ty pha bet ic lyt ic al e le al met ric al ment a ry ep i dem ic al an a ar gu ment o syl a tiv<? e van gel ic al fal li bil i ty mon la h\e plau s'\ bil i ty pol y syl la hie pop ular i ty gen e al o gy hos pi tal i ty le git im im per cep il ate ti bk pos pri si bil i ty i i i in tel lect in tro ir u i al mo gen ci pal turc ty due i to ry prin in tre pid re ^ist ty prob a bil prod i gcJ i ty ty ty (?us bi^ mag punc tu j)u sil al i na nim i ty met a phy^ ic al lau im an a torn ic al .

nor for your body. and all these things shall be ad- ded ye to you. these. for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of these things. what or what ye shall drink ye shall put on. Love your enemies bless them that curse you . . Lesson BE not anxious for your life. yet your heavenly Father feecleth them. Consider the lilies of the (ieicl. do good unto them that hate you and pray for diem that scornfully use you and persecute }ou. /. how they grow . . : . IT. Therefore be not anxious for the good thin^ of this life. in ter rog a tiv^ ty apos tol ic al ar is toe ra cy met a phor pe ri od ic phy^ phy^^ i ic al al as tro nom ic al cat e gor ic al phi lo soph ic al cu €t ri OS i ty ' og no my i ol o gy di a bol ic al trig y mol o gy gen e ros i ty e qui pen der ant in dis soiv a h\e u u ni o nom c try form i ty i ni vers ty ic al em blem at ic al ge o graph TABLE XXIX. Ask and shall find : . neither do they reap. it : Seek and shall be given unto 3rou Knock. neither do they spin mon in all his glory. but seek first the kingdom of heaven and its righteousness. Behold the fowls of the uir For they sow not. nor gather into bams . and it shall be opened.72 ail i An Easy mos i Standard of Pronunciation. was not airayed like one of . and yet Solothey toil not. what ye shall eat.

•C(\i/rtier fustian Ms tion mix in all tion tiai t is oom bus tion di ges tion ad mix preceded by $ Christ ian ce lis tiosi And tion. where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt. things which you would have you. are pronounced mosbun.ced sbal.. tial and tier. ttpition. that they may be seen of men : But when thou prayest. and in the streets. and where thieves break through and steal but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven. : Our Savior^s Golden Rule. and thy Father who seeth in secret shall reward thee openly. coeribun^ baisbun. for this and the prophets. and when thou hast shut thy door. there will your heart be also.An Easy When who Standard of Pronunciation. be not as the h\i-)ocrites. pray to thy Father who is in secret. Words oft'CDo syllables accented on thefirst. In the following words tior. mansion. not up for yourselves treasures on earth. cbur. ^ Thus. 73 thou prayest. do ye the same to them . and v/here thieves do not break through and steal For v/here your treasure is. tian. where moth and rust doth corrupt. halcyon. words where or x. Lay . ALL men do is t© th« law TABLE XXX. Mo tion na tion ou tion por tion sta tion po tion ra tion Jc tion die tion G . IF. In all other w ords tion is pronounced simn . cbal. as are also aV//}. III. inamhun. are prontimced cbun. coercion. enter into thy closet. c-"an. love to pray standing in the synagogues. Cial is pron-uur.

com mis sion pro tec tion Ces sa tion com mo tion de vo tion plant a tion pol lu tion pro por tion com pres sion pre re con fes sion con sump tion con ven ti©n con vie tion cor rec tion emp demp tion tion re flee tion sub jec tion sue ces sion sus pen sion as per sion as ser tion a ver sion re la tion sal va tion £ du ciai de cep tion de scrip tion di rec tion dis tine tion ad mis sion ^ af fee tion flic tion as cen sion as sumj& tioii at ten tion col lee tion ex cep tion ex pres sion in fiic con ver sion de ^er tion dis per sion re ver sion tioa ob jec tion pro fes sion sub ver sion sub Stan tial IFords of four syllables third. the half Ac cept a tion ac cu ^a tion ad mi ra tion ad o ra tion ag gra va tion ap pro ba tion :av o ca tioai cal cu la tion ^ con dem na tion con gre ga tion con sti tu tion coai tem ti pla tion cul va tion decla ration . ses sion men tion tion tion He fraction fric tion mis sion passion pen sion sane tion ten sion unction hic tion fimc tion mansion section 6^ tion version Words ofthi -ee syllables accented on the second. the full accent on the accent on the first. and .74 fac An Easy Standard of Pronundaiim.

As'sas-sin-a-tion. re^ o lu tion rev e la tion rev o lu tion sep a ra tion sup pli ca tion trib vi 75 ed u ca tion cl o cu tion em II la tion ex pect a tion hab it a tion in clin a tion in sti tu tion med it a tion mod era tion nav i ga tion 'ob strw a tion per se cu tion u it la tio» o la tion vi^ a tion ap pre hin sion com pre hen sion con de s/:en sion con tra die tion ju ris die tion re^ ur rec tion sat is fac tion ar/g pre^ erv a tion proc la ma tion pub lie a tion ref orm a tion Werds office ment al ter a tion a tion syllables ^ accented on the first and - fourth. third and fifth syllables. fyr-sub'Stan'ti-a-tion. AM pHfi cation qual i fi ca tion ed i fi ca tion as so ci a tion mul rat ti pli cation ' con tin u a tion sane cir eir ca tion ca tion sig ni fi ca tion i fi ti fi con fed e ra tion con grat u la tion con so ci a tion or gan i za tion CO op e ra tion glo ri fi ca ti on pro nun ci a tion pro pi ti a tion re gen e ra tion re nun ci a tion re tal i a tion ar gu ment a tion illw traw cum lo cu tion cum val la tion com mem mo ra tion Note. de'ter-min-a-ticn.Jn Easy des o la tion Standard of Pronunciation. de-nom-in-a-tion. nun-a-tiont have the second sub-staii'ti-a-tion. follows the same rule. and fourth syllables accented. and has an accent on the first. .

Familiar Lessons. see the cat. now spell bird. how quiet she lies by the fire. keep your seat. she darts forward. Charles comb your hair. while puss is ^one. cheerful. They make nests too. three. the sun has risen. Can you spell easy words t Hold up your head speak loud and plain. Puss catches mice. let me hear you read. Now the little mouse will do no more mis- — : ! chief. and seizes the little victim by th« neck.it? I'ly. can you coui. in their How warm . seven^ eight. nor laugh nor play. nine. : George. and lay eggs . Take them in your hands. One. Look on your book. See the quiet they little helpless kittens. then sit on their eggs. Get up. Lay them down softly. Did you ever see puss v/atching for mice? How still and sly She creeps along. and it See the sun. John. nor kill their young it is cruel. don't hurt them they They will not bite are harndesa. Moses. two. and hatch young birds. dispels the darkness of night. and let them go to sleep.76 An Easy Standard of Pronunciation TABLE XXXI. and makes all nature gay and wash your hands. As soon as she gets near enough. Keep your book clean do not tear it. learn your letters. Come here. how it shines . study your lesson. and get ready for breakfast. HENRY is a good boy. four. ten. lie nor scratch. and bed. how they sing and play. five. and sit still. How the birds sing and hop from branch to branch among the trees. Charles. You must not rob their nests. B-i-r-d. You must . Weil said. What are we to have for breakfast? Bread and milk-to rise. is tima for you it . six. Dear little birds. and do no hurt. Henry. fixing her eyes steady on the place where the mouse lies. j not say a word.

That J ulia to lately A plenifful moisture encumber*d the flow'r. when decked with modesty. the jonquils. and limbs along the mar.Ari Easy Standard of Frcmmciatvn. Do not eat fast hungry boys are apt to eat fast. d^-essing ijie them with gayet\'. Flour is wet with water or milk and with a little yeast or leaven. hold the knife in your right hand. then it is thrashed out of the ears. and the artemisia. G 2 . and put in the barn. Never waste your bread j bread is gained by the sweat of the brow. Now it 5 in bloom. how it winds about the column. when it is ripe. How the tuHps adorn the bor- ders of the alleys. it is raised. when robed in innocence . how sweet he perfume. and the bolter separates the bran from the flour. Such are the cha^-ms of outh. James. Take cai'e of the s wee tBrilliams. Soon sweet pinks will deck the beds. like the pigs. The Rose. Come. and makes bread. and the fragrant •OSes perfume the air. and made light. look at the flowers in the garden. this is called dough: dough is baked in an oven. hold your spoon in your right handj and if you use a knife and fork. let me hear your song. and toast.grn of the windows. such is the bloom f life. after a gentle shower. or pan. The rose had been \7ash'd. Sometimes we have coffee or tea. and sent to a mill the mill grinds it. " Sometimes we ha^^ cakes. See the loney-suckle. it is cut. And wei^h'd down its beautiful head. and a sweet temcr. What charming sight. : The a Sisters. Your father plants or sows comj com grows in the held. howfragrant the air around it. or amidst tlie oft dews of the evening. Emma convey'd wash'd in a skow'r. 11 This is the best food for little boys. Emily. my child.

Now which shaded or robbtd their roots of mois weeds ture. . Cherish the goodness. and the plants will thrive.t greviT seizM it. Bruig a little water to refresli shrivel and droop. and produce their natural them Le happiness. And seeni'd. meekness. at a fanciful view. to the ground. let me hear your song. and the leaves were it all wet. with a little address. behold pass'd. For a nosegay. The flowers fade. th< them. olast. how agreeable to the they are for yov task to feed them." " S ome ** 1 exclaimed. modesty. weeds^ ders of the flowerbeds. care. pull up the noxious See how the plants wither water the thirsty roots. " Regardless of wringing and breaking a heart Already to sorrow resign'd. Doe." dress the borr Julia. the leaves for want of rain. " act by the delicate the pitiless part m ind . and joys serene through life. unfit as it was alas. kindness. as you would hurtful plant sions from t\i<i virtuesfrom among the flowers. plaj Look to the gende lambs. love. so dripping and drown'd And *' shaking it 1 snapt — it rudely. «* Might have bloom' d with the owner a while •• ** And the tear that is wip'd. fruit. the noxious pas^ the heart want culture? Weed out heart. pur thrive. to In pity she it tumM How shivet'd fell all Then and shrunk from the merciew benumb'd with the cold. as Emily A young feeble Lamb. ful. " This beautiful rose. To weep with regret. the' plants look green and fresh. The Lamb. how grateful JuUa. May be follow'd perhaps with a smile. for the buds On the fiourishhig bush where I hastil)'- hadieft^ i. hov/ imiocent and how pleasant th sight. is it fell And such.r 8 An Easy Standard of ProniinciaUoni The cop was all filled. had 1 shaken it less.— too rudely. are removed. rise in the morning betimes.

And shall I Your little ones to force away No. ear 1 strikes distrest ? my Ah yes. Flies round is it I to seek their nest. How can you freedom then obtain! What note of sorrow Is it their mother thus and round. What book have you? Let of poems. then so cruel prove? Full well I know. little nest.An Easy She rais'd Standard of Pronunciation. Your little wings are unfledg'd still. as you vvitH Ah! simplerebels. let me he^r you read. the rude shock to sustain. She's lost." And deni'd Harriet. and touch'd with form to her bosom she But the tender relief was afforded too late. and flutter. The moralist then. the innocent*s fate. no. 79 its soft it. and when pity and kindness are vain-. together live and ove. I've w atch'd you long. Too " «« « tender. And little birds. To break her heart. one. who cause their moan ? sweet \ I. Chirp. I pray . 'tis in vain. tvvo. See bers tlicy are. a little volume can you repeat? Let me me The Bird*s Nch-u Yes. rour. bring your book. How many hear my dear Harriet speak one. And and see. see. three. to die. to sink. «' To the tempest of fortune betray'd. as the corse she resigned springilow'rs o'er it laid. prest. S ome w icked wretch should make me fly. the relief which would save. like tkee.—take them. And weepjng. Beneath yon oak have laid me down To listen to their songs so If from my tender mother's side. you'll 'scape no more. who so aft in summer's heat. *« Thus we dress the poor suHerer's grave. cry. It bleated. their father dear . Thus mus'd. 'tw ould her betide. and died on her breast. you're mine at last Poor little things. " So it fares with the delicate mind. I'll hold you fast.

let me hear you repeat some verses. my girl. what a charming little sonnet your sister Harriet has repeated. for all my woes. But stop. let : me see your work. handy with a needle. To yonder oak I will repair. More cruelty could none express. I My My drink the morning dew. You shall hem and mark soon you all your papa's handkerchiefs. Time was when I was free as air. Thanks. and starv'd In dyingsighs. hear. Come. Your little fingers are very Very pretty indeed. strains for ever new. For caught and cag*d. were all in vain. Mary. little to deatfej Miss. you must let me hear what you can say. And listen to your songs so sweet. gende birds go free as air While oft again in summer's heat. and very shall work a muslin frock for yourself. And thanks for this effectual close. - And I. strain. . On a Goldfinch starved in his Cage. > Teach them ia yonder wood to fly. pretty work. my little breath Soon pass'd he wiry grate. sprightly And form genteel. Go. The thistle*s downy seed my fiire. Now. my plumage gay. perch'd at will on every spray. And ciHfe of eVry ill. my sweet girl. And let them your sweet v/ai-biing own wings can soar as high. And their own notes may sound as clear.to An Easy Till their Standard of Pronunciation. . My But gaudy plumage. if you had shown me less?' Had been your pris*iier still. And of a transient date. form genteel. very \Vliat small stitches.

81 ART thou for life? a young man. till a long acqaintance and a steady. united with sweetness of temper. seeking for a partner useful Obey the ardinance of God. his hepj't is false. lead. and let thy choice be directed by wisdom.en. ^id sulFer not thy heart to be ensnared by thy fancy. modest deportment. is he a scoffer at religion?— Banish such a man from thy presence.An Easy Standard of Pronunciation. and her eyes rove with boldness on the faces of men turn thy feet from her. an accomplished mind and peligion. and double the joys of thy life. . Precepts concerning the social relations. Is thy suitor addicted to low vices? is he profane? is he a gambler? a tipler? a spendthrift? a haunter of taverns? has he lived in idleness and pleasure? has he acquired a contempt for thy sex in vile company ? and above all. But when thou findest sensibilit}^ of heart joined with softness of manners. But be not in haste to marry. she is worthy to be thy nearest friend. Listen to no soft persuasion. and a love of domestic life Such is the woman who will divide the sorrows. and become a member of society. Take her to thyself. the wife of thy bosom. wishing to know thy — — ' cautious in listening to the advrith smiles and |flattering words ? Remember that man often smiles and flatte-rs most. or an admirer of her own beauty? Is she given to much talking and loud laughter? If her feet abide not at home. Art thou pleased views of thy lover. thy companion. thee to wretchedness and his hand would and ruin. when he would betray thee. respectful conduct have given thee proof of the pure attachment and honorable fiittu-e destiny? Be fdresses of m. Is a woman devoted to dress and amusement? Is she delighted with her own praise. Art thou a young woman.

.. Art thou a brother or a sister? Honor thy charac* ter by living in the bonds of affection with thy breth> . ren. by western gales. Art thou a wife? Respect thy husband. study to make him respectable. Hear the words of thy father for they are spoken for thy good: give ear to th( admonitions of thy mother. them science. occupations. if thy sister is in distress^ administer to her necessities and alleviate her cares* Art thou a son or a daughter? Be grateful to thy father. and thou shalt be blest with peace and concord. . Art thou a parent? Teach thy children obedience teach them temperance. give up thy heart to her and alleviate her cares. shaJj repay thy piety with filial love and dmy. am support them in the evening of life: and thini ov/n children. and devote thy time to the care and' education of the dear pledges of thy love. be condescending. for they proceed fron her tenderest love. as v/ell for thine ©wn sake. teach them thei and fortify thy precepts by thine owni example: above all teach them religion. in reverence of thy example.ce. assist him . but yield thy will to his. Be kind. as for his hide his faults be constant in thy love. Honor their gray hairs.An Easy Standard of Pronunciation. from a fielc of Arabian spices. Sciencej and virtue will make them respectable in this lifereligion and piety alone can secure to them happi» ness in the life to come. Art thou a husband? Treat thy wife with tender-ness and respect.^: 82 be faithful to her in love . wafted. oppose him not unreasonbly. yea more delicioui than odors. reprove her faults with gentleness. teach social virtues. Is thy brothel in adversit}'. diligence in useful in confiden. 1 . er than the incense of Persia. justice. for he gave thee life : and to thy mother Piety in a child is sweet* for she sustained thee.

Well. to think the old Man should pretend to beat him down from tlie tree with grass stealing Apples. only. then I will fetch you down.An Easy Standard of Pronunciati&n. said the old Man. but this only made the Youngster laugh. that stole Apples. grass.-:' '- "^ = _ ' Will " /\ I. well. I if neither words nor try what virtue there is in Stones. but the young Sauce-box told him plainly be would not. must MORAL. 83 •^ wmsm^ FABLE Of the Boy 'i^:?'*^K '"'i^sS^L^*^' --:^. and threw at him. AN old man found ts-ees a rude boy upon one of his and desired him to come down. Ifgood words and gentle meaJis will not reclaim must be dealt with in a more severe manner^ the wickedy they . so the old man pelted hini heartily with stones. Won^t you? said the old Man. which soon made the young Chap hasten down from the tree and beg the old Man's pardon. will do. so he pulled up some txifts of Grass.

nounced confu-zbun . pLeaS'ure. In words ending in c^io unaccented.84 An Easy Standard of Pronunciation. follcfvo is called y^/Zer. bra-tier . Sec. sonfusion is porthe following words^ si sound like zb. Bra\yier cro ^ier gla zier con fu ^yion o zier ^ier ra sure ho sei zur^ fu ^ion am bro ^ial ad he ^ion al lu ^ion -co he ^ion col lu ^ion Gon clu ^ion . In this and the following table. Uote. pleazb-nr. Many of these words^re corrupted in vulgar pronunciation . without any other direction. TABLE XXXII. for which reason the words of all this class are collected in the following table. BSr row bel low bil gal lows nar row hoi low bel lows low bur row har row cal shad shal ow low low win dow win now yel low bor row fol cl fel bow low low mallo'^us spar tal row low mar row fal 'far meadow mel low low whit low o'lU mor row sor row fur row row wicl min now wil low wal low s^v^^al low TABLE XXXIIL Jn Thus. o-zier. the figures show the accented syllables. -w is silent. o-zbur. and o has its first sound. dra-zhur. vi-sitnt vizb-un.

An Easy Standard of Pronunciation. b'lndrcd and lifu.e Maid walking very deliherately fell in« 'With a pail of milk upon her heaa. will enable me to encrease my slock of egg. will prodi'. The compounds and derivatives follow the FABLE IL The country Maid and her Milk pail. they frequently sustain real losses. H .3 to dire e hundred. WHEN men bv their inattention to v/as thc^.chickens. and what !n'\v be dest!-oyed bv vei mia. v/ith tlic prospect of distant and uncertain improvements of their condition.&e affairs Acoiinrf}' to tb. con tie 85 QAs ion di \\s ion ci^ ri^ de ion ion e lij ion e lyo ian pre ci^ ion pro vi^ ion in ci^ ion al li^* ion re ci^ ion clr cum ci^ ion same rule. These eggs^ allovvlnjr for \vhac may prove addle. The chickens wil^ . when she following train of-refiections : The money for which I shall sell this milk. suiTer their imagination to amuse them.ce at least 1-.

partial. without dis- ckf ti3-igu:shirig the silent letters.\ip tial ex cru Pronounced . captious. she could not forbear acting with her head what thus passed in her imagination. Words in which sic. — — TABLE XXXI V. tia^ndcia. Gre clan gra cious pa tient tran sient Ills cioiis ex pa fa tiate quo tient spa cious spe cious spe cies'^'^" so cial sa tiate caw tious par tial con science ce tious fal la cious fe ro cious in gra tiate lo con scions ap pre ciate as so ciate qua cious an cient cap ticus fac tiaus iic aw da cious ca pa cious ne go ciate pro ca cious ra pa cious sa ga cious se te con so e ciate qua cious na cious va cious dis so ciate tious ma ciate crate speshiz. shis. vex a tious vi .S6 An Easy Standard of PronimciatiGn. In this dress I will go to the fair. and with an air of disdain toss from them. chase a new gown.' cions and tious. so that by May day I cannot fail of having money enough to purGreen -let me consider yes. and fte are pronounced ^Ac . when poultry always bears a good price. pa-rshal. ancient. capMkvs. when d-own came the pail of milk. sla . and green it shall be. Transported with this triumphant thought. anshcnt. Thus. are pronounced. . where all the young fellows will strive to have me for a partner. green become^ my complexion best. be fit to carry to market about Christmas. This rule will be sufficient to dirt-ct the learner to aright pronunciation. and v/ith it all her imaginary happiness. but I shall perhaps refuse every one of them.

ARISTOTLE informs us.Q}A tial con sci en tious con ten tious sen ten tious con se quen tial ere den tials sub stan tiate con li den tial c nun ciate com mSr cial pen i ten tlal es sen tial contuma ciousj pes ti len tial in fee tious ef fi ca cicus prov i den tial li cen tiate rev e ren ti-al os ten ta tious om nis cienci' per spi ca cious re. plundering the commcn'. t The compounds and derivatives follow the same rult^. A . that the following fa- was spoken by Esop to the Samians. 87^ pro vin cial cir cum stSn tial pru <}i.jin Easy Standard of Pronunciation. who were accused of Fox swimming acr<-ss a river. on a debate wpon changing their ministers.? i den tia ry po ten tial per ti na cious e qui ncc tial vo ra cious an n'an ciate . ths SuvaUoTV. happened to be entangled in ssome weeds that grew near the bank.yealth.: FABLE The Fox and ble III. ^^^^ fi&^. Th^ words of four syllables have the half accent on the frst.

a sv/allow. eji<Unt. for if thesi:-. which are already sulBcient\y gorgrd.endtd with th%^ consonant 5/6. .^-^nt. addU^h-on. ncrept practitioiitr. PrS cious spe cial Ti cious vi tiute ef fi cis^nt es pe cial fla gi tioiis fru i tion iu di cial lo gi cian per di ticn per ni cious pe pro ti fi tion cient - ad d! tion am bi az/s ticn phy ^i ciaj] po SI tion pro pi tion se di tion se di tious sol sti tial pi clous ca pri cious ma gi clan ma ii clous mi nu no of li CO mi tial con di tion cog ni tion con tri tion de fi cient de li cious dis ere tion dis cu tient e di tion * The words of tia mu ^i tri fi cian tion vi ciate ciate cial suf fi cient sus pi cious trans i tion of fi of fi clous vo li tion ab o If tion* ac qui s\ pa tri cian par ti tion tion^" tion ad rno ni four syllables have a half acccn! on rhe fi»»t. ojcade^niciar.spe$b'iil. p.2sh'US. fnUU-b-a. Thus..88 An Easy Staridard #/ Fronundation.7'£ili(ius have the half f rent on the second.'j tw.. . lo^ishThess wcvdo will s^rve as examrle. d^vA -iniiibtmaiidan gx\ th& first. adiii'thn. from which he was unal^le to extricate himseir. should be <:hased a-yay.o. Arithmetician and sw/»j!. A« he lay thus exposed to whole swarms of flies. which were galling him and sucking his hiood. and thr ?xcc-n^ ed syllable must ly* prGnounce4 uS thotigh ir. Ibj- the following tilile. ipe-ci<U. obs*irving his distrr-ss. h^i-ci:t7ii jyii/itin. TABLE XXXV. kindh' olTered to drive tliem away.^. tl-ve . In folbwing woyds the vo\vel5 a?s shoj't. pre-cious. By no means. said the Fox. anodier more hungiy swarm rtouldisucceedj and I should be robbed of e^ery remaining drop of blood in my vein. efH-s. are yfonou need.

3 ^i tion u di tion ex hi bi tion ex po ^i tion im po ^i tion op po ^i tion su per sti ticn prac ti uon er sup po si tion a rith vojt tf cian sur rep ti tioiis ac a de mi cian av a ri cicus cial ben e ii suppo^ ti tious math ema ti cian t-he The compounds and derivatives fc41ovv same rule In the following words. the consonant.^ terminates a syllable but perhaps the ease of the learner may reader a diilerent division. it will strengthen the body.An Easy ad ven ti Standard of Pronunciation. Every man therefore should be busy in some employment. labor will procure you food and clothj ing if you ai-e rich. prej 85 tious u i ti di cial co a ii tion am mu ap pa ar ri m tion tion ti fl cial ad s^i ti tious ap po ^i tion eb ui ii tion er clan prop o ^i tion prep o ii tion pro hi bi tion r/zet o ri cian pol com pe ti tion com po ^i tion def i ni ticn dem dis o Ii tion dep o s\ tion su per 11 cial po . Never speak of a man's faults behmd is tery which virtues to his face. aixi slander which is criminaL his back . If you are poor. and keep you from vice. — — H2 . invigorate the mind. nor of his thus you will equally avoid flatdisgusting. : 2 qui ty e qui ta bk Ii quid Ii Ii Ii qz/or an in E que fy qui date la qz/ey qui ty qui ty in i qui t<9as ob ii q^d ty ti i SELECT SENTENCES.

and ver^^ fev^^^ had the fortune to make good This artifice having succeeded so well. that if affairs remained in their present situation. she was encouraged to tiy the event of a second. Accordingly she whitened her coat all over.so An Easy Standard of Proniinctation. she must be totally unsupplied with provision. as soon as a suftiei-ent number were collected together. their retreat. FABLE The Cat and oc IV. by rolling herself in a heap of flour. quitting her hold. After mature deliberation therefore. The Rats and Mice as they peeped from their holes observing her. Puss. A CERTAIN Cat had made such unmercifai havamong the vermm of her neighborhood. dropped into the midst of them . and with great joy . she suspended herself from a hook with her head downwards. pretending to be dead. in this dangling attitude^ concluded she was hanging for some misdemeanor. that nota single Rat or Mouse dared venture to appear abroad. she resolved to have recourse to stratagem. and in this disguise lay^ . Fuss was soon convinced. the Rat. For this purpose. \ immediately sallied foith in quest of their prey.

i befcre a vowel sounds like^ at the begmnmg cf words. . I am sure. said he. altogether as cunning as his adversar}-. follow ing table. .An Easy Standard of Frormn:iatioTu yi concealed in the bottom of a meal tub. is the at a proper distance parent of safety. . for caution. Hal. was not so easily ensnarI don t much like. But an old experienced Rat. but it may likewise be something that I should not relish quite There can be no harm at least in keeping so well. 'Tis true it may be meal. wmch are pronouuccd junyur^ filycU. This stratagem was executed in general with the same effect as the former. der: Something whispers me there is mischief concealed under it. \ Pronounced ank-shus. as \n junior. that %vhite heap yoned. dGmijiicn. dom^iyon trie TABLE XXXVL f mill ion min ion pill ion pin ion trill ion trmm ion Fol io ran ior sol dier^ sav ior ions ion ci vil ian com pan ion in gen tal bat se^n ior un ion al con nex ion de flux ion ien val iant^ cull ion do min ion fa gen ial ^cn ius anx iousf ^dell ninn ion scull ion mil iar o pin ion pa vil ion post ill ium bull ion coll ier ion io bii ions bill iards bill punc till ions brill iant pon iard on ion be hav iour ras cal ion re bell ion se ra^l io ba^ io filial fiex ion fiUX ion • ion ver mil ion af/x il ia ry par hel ion min ia ture pe cul iar con ven ient pe ciin ia ry . com mun Pronouicsd sol-scr.

'. but soon found that if he attempted to stir. he forbore to complain. FABLE The Fox and V. that good and and evil are mixed. These Briars. However. he was wounded by thorns a?id prickles on every side. was veiy happy. though they v/ound my flesh. preserve my life from danger. each bitter has its sweet. took shelter under the covert of a Bramble. closely pursued by a pack of Dogs. making a virtue of necessit}.92 An Easy Standard of Pronunciation . He rejoiced in this asylum. indeed. and comforted himself with no bliss is perfect. the Bramble. and ilow from the same fountain. said he. For the sake of the good then let me bear the evil with patience. FOX. and for a while. yet they keep off the dogs. reflecting that A . and these Brambles. v/ill tear my skin a little.

An Easy Standard of Pronunciation. hith er le<3. a^ in thaii. 93- TABLE XXXVI The 1 Rrst sound olth.th we^th cr with er om cr he^ then doth ier fet^th er far ther wheth er nether . csin thir-h E tlier ja cinth the sis zenith thfln the o rem the a ter hy a cinth cath o lie ca th^T tic en thu ii a^m an tip a tliy pa ieiith e sis a rith ep lab i th. me rath er fath tlieg lin Second sound <^1th.et me tic der meth od an them tijp thong eth ics y rinth leth ar gy ry sym pa thy am a ranth pletli an tith e sis pan tl>er am e thyst sab bath tliis thim bLtk thong an a thy can tlie itis math e sis tliurj cuiy trip syn the sis pan the on e tl:ie ri en tlirai al ris mis an thro py pbi Ian thro ::y can thari d^:'^ the 6c ra cy the ol o g}' the od o lite ther mom e tir an thor i ty ca thcl i con my thol o gy or thog ra ]3hy \\^ Tioth e sis ath wart I5t troth thir tv can tha thor ough thir teen ou thou ^and d the i^m the o ry \l ther nef ther ca the cTal u re thra au thSn tic pa thet ic syn thet ic a canth us ath let ic thog ra phy ihot o my a poth e ca ry ap o th^ o sis li li poly the ijra biblioihical ich thy6l ogy or ni thol o gy . gath er breth ren .

throv/ing himself fiat on the ground. iTiUtually promised to assist each other. ney. sctx^n^ out together upor. TYV'O Fricr. which led through a dr. remembering to have heard it asserted. but one of them. sprung up into a tree. being very active. burthen Si?iith farthing ern far ih. There were no hopes in flight.ngerous forest.r' er i-nioth er i to ^eth er log a rithm^ teth er thith er p6th er broth el The de:'.dG. They had not proceeded far. or thy incti'i be que<^th an 6lh er . if thej^ should hap-^ pen to be assaulted. held his breath and pretended to be dead. The Bear and the Tvjo Friends. The bear came . that this creature will not prey upon a dead carcase. wiiitpi \yeth er er prith ee fa ther broth ei V. upon which the other. a jour-.t' er nirzth n^verthelc^ '^^% '^i Jil FABLE VI..r:.94 An Easy Standard of Frommcmuon. before they perceived a Bear makbig towards them with great rage.

v/ho in the hour of dan- — ger. lie did so. v/hat said the bear ? he seemed to whisper you very closely. left him. . never to associate with a wretch. and gave me this good piece of advice. When he was fairly out of sight and hearing. will desert his friend. the hero from the tree called out Weil. and went on. and after smeUing to him some time. W TABLE XXXVHI.A71 Easy Standard of Frominciatiofiy 9B up. replied die other. my friend.

and if it would be no interruption. poor Tray was most cruelly treated. accepted the prcpoial. vcr)' civilly accosted him. akbough a^n entire stranger to Tiger. In the midst of their conversation. he ' '• should be glad to bear him company on Tiger. and they veiy amicably pursued their journey togetlier. diey arrived at the next village. vrho happened not to be altogetiitr in so grov/ling a mood as usual. good-natured Spaniel OA^ertook a surly IMas^ •tlfl". for no o ' panyc .96 An Easy Standard ef Pronuncmtion. depends upon the Ghoice lie ma. to recctie their respeotive favorites. FABLE The Tzi'O VII. ?s he Vvas travelling upan the high road. every riian'3 good or ill fortune. and much HASTY oi ?ind inconsiderate connections are gen-^^ errJiy attended v^^ith great disadvantages.et.kes of his friends. n. Tray. Dogs. I'he villagers immediate-lv sallied forth with great A * -^ indignation. without distinction or mercy. where Tiger began to display his malignant disposition^ by an unurovoked attack upon every dog he m. and railing upon our two friends.

which ch sound lil^e 97 TABLE XXXIX. original. and i ac • cented. Chake . i long. in like sb.Jn Easy ^fWords of French ' Standard ef Pronunciation.

that alters the case: I — the must inquire Farmer i. tinued he".id had just hapj^ened. The Partial Judge. expressing great. and I should be glad to know how I am to Thou art a very honest miil^e you reparation. has been gored by an unhicky Bull of riiine. but what did I say? It is your Bull that has killed one of nnj Oxen. and if —And // / said the business I find if. Indeed! says the Lawyer.^ — into the affair . came to a neighboring Lawyer. fellov/.concern for an accident which he One of your Oxen. . as to would have been had ycu been as ready to exact it from them.1: 8 jin Easy Standard cf Profiunciatim* FABLE A FARMER VIII. coacUided without an justice to others. con£p. replied the Lav/yer. It is no more than justice. quoth the FarmI mistake er. to be sure. and wilt not think it unreasonaljle that I expect one of thy Oxen in return.

Q:haT . which ^ is hard before e. and jr.An Easy Standard of Pronuncicmon. 09 TABLE Words in XL. i.

g-ave him more joy than all the nests in the world. Jack got up.sive cheerful man hears the lark in the morning j the man hears the nightingale in the evening.her eggs. he could ftnd no nest.100 All Easy Standard of Promncmicn. jter. TABLE XL I. When he came there. for the sake of £. but grew a good boy and a wise young man. and with much ado he got up to it. The — . and that state is hasteninc^ to ruin. and put on his clothes. than his book. This man was so Now kind as to chase down from av/cly the bird. He who desires no virtue in a coinijanion. flew at him. and from that time forth he would not loiter from school.— Then he tried to get down. it was that the sight of a man at the foot of the tree. for the piu'pose of learning to talk study for the sake of science . for he thought more of a bird's nest.nuTS«m£nt. in which no diifercnce is made between good and bad men. and had the praise and good will of all that knew liim. OBSERVATIONS. but one that was on the top of a tree. that would make him wise and great. Some men read for the purpose of learning to write . but a branch of the tree found a hole in the skirt of his coat. tlie latter. and was like . At this time' he would have been glad to be at school for the bird in a rage at the loss of. and held him f?:st. has no virt\5e iiiinself . and help hina the tree . he thought if he could get to the wood he should be quite well. The Boy that Nests ^ went t@ the Wood to lo$k for Birds' when he should have gone to School. the fonner ethers. WHEN to pick out his eyes.. and robbed it of the eggs.

but in the following table they are soft. and ^ are hard at the eAd of words. 101 TABLE It is a rule in the language.An Easy Standard of Pronunciation. The figures show that the vowels of the accented syllables are att short. im e li pli cit tri pli ci ty cit • * ver ti ci ty g I 2 . tnayic.nd^' at t)-je end of the accented Thus. tiiat c XLII. a-cid. acidj are proxiour. ac-id. and syllable. However. as children acquire a habit of pronouncing c and g hard at the end of syllables. It is a matter disputed by teachers which is the most eligible division viag-ic. but have joined these consonants to the la^t syllable. or ma-gic. and they commx>nly are so at the end of s) llables. ac-id. like* 2. ought to be divided niag-ic. asid. Ma gic tra gic a gik a cid pa ci iy pa gCc^nt ry pa gin al re gi cide re gim en ex so pli cit li cit im re li ti a gin li gion gic^us digit VI gil fa c\le re gim ent re gis ter fra fri gik ri gid gid pla cid pi g^on si gil spe ci fy spe cim en ma cer ate ma cii ent pro di g/c»us au da ci ty ca pa ci ty ga ci ty qua ci ty men da ci ty fii lo ma gis trate men du fe di ci ty ta cit a git ate ag ger fla ate-* le gi h\e ne ces sary tra ge dy vi cin age ve get ate ve get ant 16 gic di la cer ate pli ci li ty ci ty mu an par ni ci pal ci pate ci ]3ate ti ti gel et pre ce dent pre ci pic<? re ci pe pro cess CO git ate pro ge ny illicit ^ sim pli ci ty me so di Cmi al ci tilde 01 ty li de cim al de cim ate la cer ate per Hi ^ soft.ced juajic. I choose not to break the practice.

S. tvjcn. hooen. though written after it. is Whire whole wh6 whom whoop who^e . compounds and derivatives. kwisptr hooat. ge o lo gic al a! e lee tri ci ty ped a go gic du o de ab o li ci mo al gin bel li ger cut ec cen tri ci ty or i gin al niu cila gin ous ar miger(?us mul ti pli ci Xy The ccmpo irJs and derivatives follow phi lolo gic al tau to log ic al the o lo gic al re ci pro ci ty le ger de r " the same rale. da ci ty ex 8. hooispar. that is TABLE XLIII. Wwds In wliicli b Thus. The compounds and derivatives follow follow inj.102 t: An £u ver re le ti i of Frommciatwn. f^-er ate iiior da ci ty nu ga ci ty o pa ci ty ru pa ci ty sa ga ci ty se qua ci ty vi va ci ty te na ci ty vc ra ci ty a da gi o om ni gm ous fri gin ous ger ate gis ia tion re cit a tion sa cii ol( a le gm glows ^us ci ty an a au then e las ti ti 16 eic al as tro lo gic al ci ty . per spi ca ci ty per ti na ci ty a tro ci ty fe ro ci ty ve lo ci ty rAi no ce ros . ixkaiy ^ix'hispcr. v/ith their the same rule. is 'what. pronouliced binat. Whale whejl \vne<5t v/Iieel whit wnen whence %\'het whiz vvhurr wner r}^ wheth er whif ?Le wheezivhile which whiff whis: wharf what ' whim sey whin ny v/his per whirl whilst v/liinc whim whin whip wliisk white whey whee di(? whi ting whi tish whir ret whis tl^ whith er v/hit Xo'iu why ' whelk whelp In the whist whit ster whit tl^ whim per silent. are proiiounced before ty. hh.

and the fish of the sea. is the the sea. ilfc. small that live and move. all to him their the things he had made wese good. and tree. and gave him rule overall that he had made.An Easy Standard of Frommciation. exact is pronounced egzact. The history of the Creation of the IVorld. of which he made a . and breathed into him the breath of life. ail the birds that ily in the air. the world. things. w TABLE XLV. And the man gave names to all the beasts of the field. IN that are in God mkde He made — AH world. But there \Tas not found an help meet for man j that And God saw so God brought on toek from his side a ^ him a deep rib. He made and the Moon to give light by night •all the beasts that walk on the earth. and all things the Sun to shine by day. In the following. and plant. life. the fowls of the air. iOS TABLE XLIV. to him do owe their birth. is prs- Ex act ex ist ex empt ex ult ex am in ex am jAe ex em plar ^x ec u tor In most or all ex ex ex ex ex ex ex ex em an pli fy i mate as pe rate ude a men u ber anc^ haust y^ort ex or bit ant ex or di um ex alt ex ot ic ex on er rate ex eit ex er cent exnie other words. with rheir compounds and derivatives. except at the beginning of Greek xiames. both great and work of his hands. here it sounds like z. x nouuced like ^z . sleep. and then wife. and breathe in this v/ide six days it. x is pronounced like ks. and all the fish that swim in Each herb. But as yet there was not a man to till the ground : so God made man of the dust of the earth.

ter dis pose. he hears our w^ords. act. and no darkIf we play the night can hide our works from him. dis-sent. lead. in-striict-or lead-er deal-er blas-pheme. cool. deal.. no door can shut him from us. he marks our steps and when we go in. or if by alms we help their wants : If in our breast we pine at the rich. Example L Words in which jRrim. yet doth his eye look dov/n upon us in this lower world. Ail the day AVTien we pray. While we are by ourselves. cr or er are added to denote an agent. he marks the fraud. cheat. Prim. : TABLE XL VI. All things are known to God though his throne . he knows all our vain thoughts. Act. long he minds how we spend our time. Examples of the formation of dcrhathes and.or hi-struct. and her name was Eve—*< And from these two came ali the sons of men. and the ends we aim at. and gave her to the man. blas-phe-mcF cor-rect. and bC. and see all the ways of the sons of men. If we go out. dis-po-ser op-press-or cool-er re-deem. feeip. re-deem- t help-er dis-sent-e« . and views the good or harm we do to them. hate. or to ourselves. he notes our zeal. Deriv. and hears the least word of a false tongue. He know s all that we do . op-press. Deriv. we where we will. gain-er ha. he is sure to be with us. And when we talk to friend or foe. cor-rect-or gain. 104 An Easy of state is far on high. He sees if our hearts are hard to the poor.Standard oj Prominciation. compound words. or if we are w^ell pleased with our own state.

fu-ther-ly gal-lant-Iy ^ year-ly new. em-bas-sa-dress shep-herd-ess ben-e-fac-tress gov-em-or. formed these which repress males. pro-tect-ress cx-ec-u-tor. tii-tor.ess priest-ess bar-on. is Example by ly a conti-aciion of Hie J used to denois or shew the manner of action. heir. po-et. prin-cess po-et-ess song-stress li-on-ess trait-or. dea-con. count. ex-act. new-ly se-date. proph-et-es3 mis-ti*ess mas-ter. or the mascviline gender. or degree of quality. to express females.sor-cer-ess a-dul-ter-er. mar-quis. 105 frem Example. count-ess dea-con-ess duch-ess song-ster li-on. gcod-iy ligli. gal-lant. or the feminine gender. seam-ster. ex-cess-ive. heir -ess proph-et. seam-stress a-dul-ter-ess em-bas-sa-dor. em-press test-ta-tcr. weak. dark-ly l^ood. em-pe-ror. pro-tect-or. bar-on-ess tu-tor-ess trait-re:is prince. (which bad-ly bad. act-ress peer. brave. ex-ec-u-trix ad-min-is-tra-trix III. priest. ab--sti'use-iv cow-ard.An Easy Words Standard of Pronunciation. se-date-}y . ben-e-fac-tor. shep-herd. cow-ard-l)' crook-ed-Iy ex-act-Iy dark. brave-Iy chief. ex-cess-ive-iy fa-ther. ad-min-is-tra-tor Words formed a quality-. duke. chief-ly ab-struse. peer. ef-iect-u-al-ly high-ly . ef-fect-n-al. weak-ly year. II. crook-ed. act-or. gowerh-ess mar-chi-o-nes. test-a-trix sor-ce-rer.

re.ess. rough. slirevd. de-cejt-ful re.<: V. prof-it. . denctijig abundance. care. .verse. great-ness rash-ness bald-ness bald. ad -vise. dii-ti-f\ii X AMPLE Woi'ds fonper: '^y . cii-ra-ble pay. re-spi-ra-bie per-spi-3'a-ble sale-?.fur Wovds formed hyfuU. pay-a-ble sale. come-li-ncss mis-er-a-ble-ness for-mi-da-ble-ness gra-cious-r. man-an:e-a-b!e cred-it-a-ble prof-it-a-ble tax. dc ' ' i .fu 1 venge. fa-vor-a-ble-ness of-fen-sive-ness . man -age. di>'-trubt4\]l care-iUi dii-tv. mou youth. ! ght-. tanie-a-ble Example VL Words formed by v. good. tax-a-bie ra-ta-ble tame. hopc-f\i dis-grace-iul de . sound -ness rougli-ness self-ish-ness come-ly. vend. hoarse.1 awe. re-veiige-fiil-trust.-ble per-spire. plain-ness bjund. good -ness. shrewd-ness plain. great.blood-i-ness rash. i-mi re-spcct >.te cr condition.i -:. ad-vi-sa-ble re-vers-i-ble test-a-ble tast-a-ble taste.spec c. fa-vor-a-ble.-mend. for-iTii-da-ble. mer-cy. seif-ish. as-sail-a-b!e cure. de -light .106 A?! Easy Standard of Pronunciation. ability.IiS'£p-ace. ^ ir. _ Example IV.spire. hoarse-ness felood-y . rare.ess mis-er-a-ble.co<n-meiKl-a-bie as-sail. veiid-i-ble test. of-^fen-^ye. cred-it. gra-cious. re. or iblej denoting power or GOir. mer-ei~fiil de-ceit.

denoting quality or a small degree of ape. VII. it. 107 Example Words fovmed by ji.j. .An Easy Standard of Frominciation.

re-mit-tance ac-com-plish. do-nee' bail-ee' j cog-ni-zor' cog-ni-zee' in-dors'-er. to wliom an act is done. &c. &Ct | in-firm. XIII. ' Example Words ending in ity. an<i the latter the person. con-form. ac-convplish-ment at-tain.103 An Easy Stcuidard of Pronunciatkn. condi= at-tain-ment de-pend. denoting performed. the former noting the agent. pat-ron-age per. ob-li-gee' as-£ign-or. par-ent-age pat-ron. V/oxds formed by age^ ment. de-pend-ence oc-cur. les-see' ap-pel-ior'. state. mort-ga-gec' pay-ee' pay^or. | mor-tnl. chris tian. sin-gu-hr-i-ty fea-si-bii-i-ty com-pat-i-ble ini-pen-e-tra-ble. oc-cur-rence mar-rj^. cr action and awe.son. pa-rent. fea-si-]:>Ie. pos-si-ble. com-mand-ment XII. mor-tal-i-tj pos-si-bil-i-t}^.as-sign-ee' mort'-ga-ger. bail-or'. car-riage aom-mand. Example XI. aice. le-gal-i-ty denoting power. in or over and ee. pop-u-lar-i-ty sin-gu-lar. mar-riage re-pent. per. a-bil-i-ty le-gal.son. in-dors-ee' ob-li-gor'. re-pent-ance re-mit. Example Words ending les-sor'. per-form-ance ful-iil. capacity. tion. • con-form-i-ty chris-tian-i-ty pop-ii-lar. | ap-pel-lee' do'-nor. com-pat-i-bil-i-ty im-Xien-e-ti*a-bil-i-tr .age per-form. state. m-irrm-i-ty a-ble. ful-fil-ment car-ry.

de-com-pose act. o-ver-look o=ver-rim O'Vertake o-ver-tliTow o-ver. Ap-pear. meth-od-ize |har-nio-ny. Verbs or affirmations. dis-ai-low o-bey. mor-al-ize jour-nal-iz€ tyr-an-ny. dis-o-bey dis-o-blige run. mislX'-have in-foi-m. le-gal.see num-ber.gj^c pre • c gage ma-ture. t}T-ran-nize au-thcr. beJnve. (strait.weave .tem.iee-ble coni^pose. fee -bie. formed by the terminations ize and m^ Gen-er-al.gen-er-al-ize fmo-ral. can-on-ize strait-en meth-od. xi'iis in-forrii re-ad-mit a. en-no. re-en-force add.har-mo-nize au-thor-ize bas-tard-ize Kvide. take. en. lOf Example XIV. bas-tai'd. pre-ina-tiire hee.force. length-en Example XV. Sight. wi'-den. es-teeni. o^r syllabiei. sys-tem-ize civ-il-ize wid-en 'length. o-ver»grow look.sSi dis-pos-scss mi^>ap-ph' aij-ply. Words in which the sense is changed by prefixmg. no-bic.re-em-bai'k ad-mit.er ate en . im-dc-ccivt work} . dis-ap-pear al"iow. in-ter. un-der-work i : • Gp^e-rate-^i-op. turn. re-as-siime em -bai k . can-on. or S3^s.s-sniae. fore.tiirn dis-es-tcem pos-se. foresight tiuins-piant out-run e a.ble coun-ter-act K .An Easy Standard of Pronunciation. ihrow. o-blige. out-num-ber rua. le-gal-izc jour-nal. sii-per-add a -bound bu -per-a-bouni w eave. pkjit. a syllable. dc-cclve. eiv-il.

length strong. widfe. con-form-i-ty. art-less-ness. com-press-i-ble. beauti-ful-ness. de-press-ion.. art-ful-ness. impress-ive. At-tciul. Names formed from qualities by change of termination. beau-te-ous-ly. at-ten-tive-iy. de-press.-\or-a-i>le-ness. boun* te-ous-ness. boun-te-ous.ist. strength Examples of various deep. griev-ous. boun-ti-ful^ boun-ti-ful-ly. beaute-ous-ness. corn-press. confcrm-a-bly. Comprcss-m-e. im-press-ion. beau-ti-ful-ly. Inccni-press-i-bil-i-ty. Grief. Long. drouth width word. at-ten-tion. beau-ti-fy. com-press-i-bil-i-ty. fa-vor-it-ism. beau-ti-iril. at-tend-ant. aggrieve. con-form. com-press-ion. from ©ne root. fo-vor-ite. in-com-press-i-ble. un-fa-vor-aun-fa-vor-a-bly. ai-ten-tive. derivatives depth liighth dry. at-ten-tive-ness.tlO An Eas^ Standard of Pronunciatlen* Example XVI. con-form-a-ble-ness. 3eau-ty. Art. ble. beau-te-ous. Press. art-fui. hjgh. fii-vor-a-bie. at-tend-ance. griev-ance. . or radical Boiin-ty. bounti-ful-ness. sup-press-ion. im-press-ive-ly. art-ful-]}'. Fa-vor.a-ble. f . art-less-ly. sup-prebs. giiev-ous-ly. con-form. con-form-a-tion. art-less. fa-vor-a-bly. Con-form. press-m-e. boun-te-ous4y. im-press. uivfa-vor-a-ble-i4ess.

than those who are most apt to be gjiilty of follies and faults. few would be poor. Persian writer finely obsen'ts^ that " a gentle hand leads the elephant liiniself by a hair. No persons are more apt to ridicule or censure otliers. and be less a p-ood man.** seldom lives frugally. none can be rich.e in easy vices. others praise virtue. . and with it. are more willing to induic. than the friend of goodness* Without frugality. necessary part of learnmg is. borne talk of «ibjects which' they do not understand. v. ho do not practice it. liian to practice laborious Wrtues. Compound Words. to imleaj'n aur Small parties make up in diligence what they want in numbers.Ah Easy Standard of Pronunciation. who lives by chance. man may mistake tlie love of virtue for the practicc©f it. He Most men A A The most errors. often effect v/hat cannot be done by force. Modei-iition and mildness. Hi Ale house ap pie tree bed fel: low bed chain ber bee hive cop per plate day light di ning room Charles town gin ger bread grand child New hft vcn New york ink stand ju ry man land tax lap book sell er George town dress ing room drip ping pan earth quake el bow chair fer ry man fire but ter milk can die stick chain shot cher ry tree ches nut tree dog ^ shins pa per mill moon ti tie arms shov el cop y book fire page Yale col lege OBSERVATIONS.

ia Written. Ap bel ro pos ap pro pa ks let tres bel let ter bu si ness flam beau die vaux de frisc en ten dre port man teau right €Ous The compoumlsand biz ness flam bo shev o de freeze en taim der port ri derivatives man ten rule. for a vicious man can neither love long. TABLE XL VII.1 1^ An Easy Standard of Pronmciation. Seek a virtuous . More persons seek to li?c long. Irregular ivordsy not comprised in the foregoing tables. Pronouneed. chus foHow the same OBSERVATIONS. Written. ile ile A ny bat teau en ny bat to isle isl and and beau beaux been bo boze bin ma ny o cean says said men ny o shun sez sed bu reau bu ry bu sy CO lo nel iwiut bu ro berry biz sy cur nel soo sous shoog ar su gar vis count vi count boy ho boy wo men wim Pronounced. nor be long beloved-. man for your friend. though long life is not in their power. Written. Pronounced.— The friendships of the "wicked are conspiracies against morality and social happiness. than to live wfcHj though a good life defends cm tlfeir own vriiW.

one ton.An Easy Standard o/Fronunciaticn. forty stjuare rods make a rood or one quarter of an acre. one pound. it is eight shillings in New Jersey. the quantit-y of gold and silver. five 1 13 USEFUL LESSONS. one quarter of a yard— thirty six inches or three feet make a yard—three quiirtei s of a yard make an ell Flemish and five quarters. feet high. and all heavy goods and metals. In cloth measure. but the value of a pound. The dollar is one hundred cents. four feet w^ide. sugar. in different States. Let us exaniin the weights used in our own country. is different. English money is called SterlingOne dollarisfourshillingsand sixpence sterling in New England and Virginia. one ounce pound. jewehyj and ihe imgs sold by the druggist and apothecary. coifee. tv/o inches and a fifth m?Jve anail. K . What is troy weight? It is that by which is estimated. make an English ell. are sold hay. one tAventy pennyweights. one quarter of a ces. PennsyhTinia^elaware and Maryland. In solids. twelve oimces. it is seven skUilngr? 2 — — — — — . shilling and penny. one pound hundred four quarters. hundred and twenty eight solid feet th^t is. One team will plow an acre in a day sometimes more. make a ton. four nails. forty feet of round timber. or one hundredandtwelvepuunds make a hundred and twenty hundreds. — — — — — — — By this weight. and one hundred and sixty square rods make an acre. But the apothecary uses ?i different division. tv/enty grains make a scruple eight dram"). it is six shillings in New York and North Carolina. In troy weight. How are heavy goods weighed ? By avordupois weight sixteen ounin which sixteen drams make an ounce tv/cnty eight pounds. Three feet make a yard yards and a half make a rod or percli . except gold aixl silver. and in his weight. ov iifty feet of cord of wood contains one he-Avn timber. and m England. one omice— three scruples one dram and. an acre. a pile four — A . twenty four grains make a -penny Aveight— and twelve ounces. and eight feet long. JOHN can tell how many square rods of gi'ound make Let me hear him. These are the divisions used by the silversmith and jeweller.

00» Massachusetts 575. New Hampshire i 83. . and the bad worse. 000 Maryland 322. of duty. Be very cautious in believing ill of your neigWb^r . except by h^^ own choice. 000 Virginia 886.— money will be reckoned in dollars and cents. Some people are lost for want of good advice but B^ore f&r want ©f giving heed to it. 000 ^ . is always the path of safety. but more cautious in reporting it. it is four. 000 South Carolina 345. It requires but little discernment to discover the imperfections of others . 000 Delaware 64. 009 Kentucky 220. ^^ JnhabitanU of the United States according to thcr^ census of 1^00. and will soon be laid aside as useless. 000 New Jersey 211. not to catch the diseascj but to cure it. it should be for the same i-eascn as a physician visits the sick.000 Rhode Island 70. OBSERVATIONS and MAXIMS. Many evils incident to human life apeunavoidable .114 anci six An Easy Standard of Prominciiition^ pence—in South Carolina and Georgia. 000 Pennsylvania 604. Eut tl>ese differences give great trouble. 00© Georgia 162.000 North Carolina 478.000 Vermont 154. but much humility to acknowledge our own. 000 Tennessee 1 37. but no man is vicious. THE path — . If the good ever associate Avith evil mea. Avoid vicious company^ where the good are often made bad. shillings and eight pence. 000 New York 586. 000 Connecticut 251 .

An Easy Standard of Pronunciation* TABLE XLVIIL . 115 The most usual Names of MeUy .

116 An Easy .

Re bee' ca Ma ri' a Kath' a rine Lore 1 17 .Ah Eaxy Standard of Pronunciation.

Eng' land. gi'ers 1 Brit' ain. Aus' ^' can. Pameft of the principal Covntries on the FMstem of the adjective belon^-ing to each^ the namt the People^ and the chief Town or City-^ accented Country. Scotch. Eng' Brit' ons.. Chief Cities. AP ri cans. Scots.. per' nic us. Chal de' an Cy re' Gil' e ni an ad iie Her' od Ish' He el ro' di ans it€ ma i Ish' ma i i el ite Mid' Tyre an Mid' Tyr' an an TABLE tinenty XLIX. iee. Peohle. Sad du Phar' i Ma horn' e Piaton'ic Pla' to nist cee'. Pla' to nhm Chal de' a. iMec' Al t ' ca AI gie'rs. Af ri Aus' tri a. an Ep Ga' cu' rus. see. ri'ne. A' sia.118 An Easy Standard of Pronuncmtion A Go lex an' dri a. rreln. Hi ber' ni an. f A ''' ^"^' Tab's. A siat' ic. ans. Adjective.d.Hi ber' ni ans J j Dub' lb. Vi J en' na A ra' bi a. lish. Cy re' ne Gil' e ad. Al ge AI ge rines. tri A "^^ siat' ics. \\^Z. A f ' ^^=' '? T» hi an. Con-.rrish. Af ri ca.. Co per' nic an Ep r cu' re an Gal li le' li an tan Ma horn' et. . Sad du ce' an Phar i sa' ic Pla'to. ^ Engaish. an. Brit' ish. 5 ^^^ ^^^ Ed' inburgli Scot' land. i A lex an' dri an Ci" ce ro' ni Ci" ce ro. H4 be/ni a. Ans' or tri .

Da' nish. f> French^ French. Den' mark. Ba fe' vi Hun' ga TV. Cor' cans. Gen' too. gyp' tian. Hin' doos.• Copenha'gea ' Er gypt. gi an. ^ Eu' rope. VIo roc' CO. / Danes. a. Eu ro pe' ans.An Easy St atidard of Pronunciation. if' I I tai' i ans. Ba ta' vi an. Ui laa e'se. Flem' ish. Jap an e'se. J g^.Franco'nians. Vi en' na ' Ba r > va' ri a. Hoi' land. t Hin' doo. Chief Cities* ans. Bo he' mi ' Prague Pe' kin Bas' tia or 4 pt^v^^ ^ \ Chi ne'se. •' ' Hun ga'ri an.' Gen' o > Ba va' ri an. 1 Bel gi ans. Mu'nich Gen o e'se. Ba va' ri ans. J Fran co'ni a. ' ri an. Bo he' mi Chi' na. . ' 3 ['ce land. . [t' a ly. Mi Ian' d a' p!eG. Welch' men. ^ ' Ger man • . a. Hin'dus. Fla^' ders. land ers. Cor' 17 E si can. In' di an. ^ Am sterdam Hague Hoi landers V ans. V Del' hi Xi du' Stan.Hun ga' ri ans ^"q { J"Jf 5 ] *^i. Cal cut' ta Ma drass Mi Ian e'se. lie. rsel ro. > ^ -r Li gu ri a Greece. In' «li ic. ^^ France. i Ca'i^^ | ^^j Eu ro pe' an. J Gen' o . Mi Ian e'se. Greeks. Rome ^1 tai ic. ' > Par' is \ ' can. . Bloor' ish. gi um. Wales Welch. Moors. - . dl a Ice land' fin di an. 1? E gyp' tians. ' S- ri ans. li Ger'many. }• ic J Ger' mans. / -. Gen o e'se. Country* Adjective. Bel Gal' r- Fltra' ings. a pan'. .Na' j)ks . . Gre' cian. Fran co'ni an. Gdvv ^ >-. or *) Gaul. 1 In I'ce 'n' jHin'du. ^ Gauls.. Li gu . Fez Ne a poi"i tan jlS^e a pol'i taas. ' j^i gu . J Ba ta' vi a. ^j'-^'f^^' Ath' ens } Dutch. Bo he' mi an. II9 People. J Gen' toos. si Cor' si ca. Wiirts'burg . Jap an e'se.

Po' lish. Sar din' i an. ish. Nor' way. Si cil' i ans. ^^'"^ ^ ^ . Nor we'gians. Swa' Turk' bi an. Si' am. A m«r' i cam Slates.^ta'ri an / ^^'^^ 1 Tbi' Tu' bet nis Tu nis» Tu nis' ian. ^ *^^ } ^^^. Swiss Sax' ons. Rus' sian Rus' sians.Augs'burg Dx'es' Tur'key. Por' tu g?^ese. Span' iarcls.120 An Easy Standard of Pronunciation. Adjective. Por' tu gwese. New Hamp' shire. A met' i en.Bcr'gea Per' sians.Tougtoo' Ven' ice. an. Si am c'se.. 1 ar ta ly Turks. Swe'dish. Vent'tiai^. Tus^ cans. Swa' hi den ans. Tu rin' I ^i^^tZl \ Por' tu gal. Stock' holm Ma Swit'zer laud. 1 Bos' ton rBcn ning Bos ton.. Vi^d mon te'se. Ve ne' dauSj Venice In America. Po'rts mtouth f Fo'rt land F(^o/iie. CagliaVi Swedes. A mer' i can. Si aKi* Ton' quin. Ton quin e's€. Country. Flor* ence Si am e'&e. drid' Sardin'ians. pa hau' Vitd mont'. Swiss Sax' o ny Sax' on. Tus' cans. Chief Cities. Si a. Nor we' gi Per' sian. Po' land. Lis' bon Prus' sia. Tu nis'ians. Is P/eaf mon te'se. iWiiid' sor > Ver mont' c» } . Peo^e. Ton qui Ac'se. Prus' sians. Per' sia. Pe'tersburg Si" ci ly. Swe' den. cil' i War' saw an. "I to' ni ans Ver monl' 4 Hut' land. in sa chu' setts Chief Tonms. Tus' ca ny. Prus' sian. Palermo Spain Sar din' i Span' ish. Ber' lin Rus' sia. j R i' Swa' hi a. Mas Bfnine.

Flor' i da da. r Sa van' na. r Lon' don Xev/ York and ") lAl'bany r Tren' ton. No' va Sco' tia New ' Que Ca na' di acf St. nes see'.An Easy States. j Charles' ton. Con nee' ti cut Nsivv'port r Hart' lord. 121 Rhode i's land.r Ne^York'er* \ f E liz' a beth town Prince' toii.Amerua* Less ^ People. O Ken tuck' i ans Ten nes se' ans an* hi' o.£. co' tlia Lou is New Or' leans. Hal' i hjL All gus ti'ne Fioir' i Pen sa co' la L . Frovinct.u CIuefToKxxm. New Jer' sey \ Vir ^ [Nor' folk ew oem. Klch' mond. North Car o li'na. lAagus'taj Lex' ing ton. Ge or' g! a. indNew' ark Penn svl va' ni '' r i'hil a del phi a. ?*Can'ada. \ J Vir gin' 1 asi i p Car o lin' i ans Co lum' hi a 1 J . Brons' wick. Wil' niiag ton i^ Do' ver {I5al' ti more and ) Ma' ry landMa' ry land An nap' o Hs ers j rnicn mond. Chil li ^'^ ^"^ S^ ^*^ Ken Ten tuck' y. W.^ . Nash' viilf. People. X Nev^ ven \W LNew Xew York. \ Wii' ming to J:£'d^nton. Standard of Pronunciation. bee'. . j Del' a ware. -j A "J I ex an' dri a. . gm 1 a. Chief Townti. j -^t y. South Car o li'na. Joiins p. ") Penn syi va'ni ans \ Lan' cas ter. {Prov' i dence ^ £if 1 j Rhode X'^landeM. ian' a. Lou is ia' ni Brilhh^ Spaniah I- am Portutr' -.

c-es Ha' lys Jen i see' Kur. Qui' Par a gua'y.122 Jn Easy Standard of ProHuneiatim. Mex' Pe ru' i CO. Dan' ube Loir^ Scheldt'-^ Don. to. St. Bra zir. or Bo rist' he nes Nie' men N?e' ster 0' dtr Tay Ta'gus T/zames Ti' ber Vis' tu la We' ser Wol' ga or Vol' ga Ga ro'nn^ Gua' del quiv Pe ne' Vks Po R/zone R/^lne Pronounced Shelt. cr Ho ang' h« . O'by Ox'UB Pegu' A rax' es A'va Ir' lis Cu ban' Eu phra' Gan' . Ja'go. cr Smd Me au' der Me non' Me c>>n' y el low. People. Mex' Chil' Chi'ii. Chief Rivers on the Eastern CoJitinent. Provinces. In EUROPE. Mex' St. or tea Cy' rus RAa Ti' gris Ir/ dus. Buen' os ayres. i co. Pe cans ans ru' vi ans i i Qui' to. or Ta na'is Med' way Maes ^vlo sell'e? Sev' em Shan' non Drave Du' ro Dwi' n-a E'bro Elb^ Seme Soone Eu ro' tas ier N/e' per. Gua di an' Hum' ber a * In ASIA. aal vado're. Li' ina. Chief Toiims. Bra zil' i ans TABLE L.

or ger' Standard of Projmnciation. At Ian' tic Pa cif ic Seas» In' di an Bal' tic Eu'x ine Me o' tis. A clri at' ic Bai" fins Cal i for' ni a Ches' o peak Fun' dy Hud' sons Bis' cay Botli' ni a Cha leu'r Mex' Ri ga' i c» Fin' land Lakes in Europe and Asia* As Co' plial' tis Ge ne' va Lu ga' na Bai' kal mo stance' ' Con Gar' da Is' CO La do' ga iji Mag gi o'rc O ne' ga Wi nan' Iloiintains Europe^ Africa and Asia* Alps . Or' ange Me Nile da e gal' Ni' ger.An Easy Ba gra' da. In 12S AFRICA. ne an A' zoph 9r Cas' pi an Med i ter ra' Bays and GulJSi. or Jol i ba' Sen Gau rit'z Oceans.

124

An Easy
a zon, or a non

Standard of Pronunciation.

ChieJ Rivers in America,

Am'
Mar'

Ja ne'/ rp James, or

Pe

dee'

Ai' ba ny

Pow hat
y
i

tan'

Ap

a lach'
lach'

Roan o'ke Rap pa han' roc
Rar'
i

Ap' a

co' la

Ar' kan saw Al ta ma haw'

Kan ha' wajr Ken tac' ky Ken ne htd
. '"Jl^ La mod

ton

An dros
.

cog' gin

^ r,. Bnf'falo
Cum' her land
Chat
ta ho'

chy

Mis Mis

, ^.

.

.

,

.

si

sip

pi

so nej

g^ ^^^ ^^ San tee' Sa lu' da Sa til' la S'us que han' Schuyi kill
g^. ^, ^^
g^,^/

na:

Clar' en don, or

Musk

Cape Fear

Mi

ing"iim am' i

^^

Chow

an'

Mo bill'
i^Ioose

Con nee' ti cut Mia slsk' o Co lum' bi a, or Mer' ri mac

g^^^/ ^^^ c John
g^^

j^|^

Ta

co'

Chau
Del'

di

chy eVe

Ma ken
Nuse
Nei' son

zis

g J^/ ^^ g^^g ^^ ^^aw' g^ ^^^^

m

Sagunau'
Tennessee' Tu'gulo

aware

E

dis'to

Elk
Flint

O O hi' o O gee/

ro no'ke

Tom big'
chy

hf

On' ion

Un

ji

ga

Hack' en sac Hou sa ton' uc

U ta was'
bosh ^ au^f ^f
lYf^^

Hock hock' Hud' son
Ilknois'
I'

ing

Par a gua'y, or Plate

Pa

to'

mac

Pecrl Pascal' a way

York

^

ro quois, or

Pe
Pas

nob' scot
sa' ic

Ya zoo

St.

Law' rence

Ati

Easy Standard of PrGnnnciatlon,
Lakes in America.

125

Cay u' ga Gan a dar' qua

Moose head

Su

pe' ri or

Cham
E'
rie

pla'in

Memfrema'gogTez cu' co Ot se' go Um' ba gog

O
gan'

ne-i'

da
ri

George Hu' ron

On ta' On an

o
go

Win' ni pis i Win' ni pic

o'

gy

da'

Wa' que
or

fa no'

Mish i

Sen' e ka

O'ka

fa

ga no'ke

TABLE
Names of Cities^ Towns
tainsy Lakes, Islands,
y

LI.

Counties ^ Rivers^ Mowi' Bays, ^c\ in America.
first syllable^

The

following have the accent on the

A
:Ab' er corn Ab ing don Ab ing t®n Ab se con Ac ton

Ad ams
Ac worth
Al ba ny Al bi on
Al ford Al lens town All burg
Al
lo

An do ver An ge lo An ge los An trim An rill Aq ue fort Arm strong
Ar ling ton Ar row sike Ar uba Ash bum ham
Ash by Ash field
Ash ford

Av

on Ayers toa

B
BaJrds town

Ba kers field Ba kers town
Ball toivn
ti more Ban gor

Bai

way

A.U saints

^/ms bu ry
'^l

stead

\.m boy V.m e lins

Ime

km

^

well herst

Ash ton Ash we lot As sa bet Athol At kin son At de bo rou^

Bar ba ra Bar nard Bar ne ve'lt Bar ne gat Bar net Barn sta bl^ Barn sted Bar re Bar rets toR. Barring ton
Bart
Bai*
let
teait:

Av

a Ion
ril

3ter

dam

A ve

L2

126

An Easy Standard

cf Pronunciation..

viXie Clav er ack Choc taws ton Cas tie town Cas well Clm ton Clineh Clos ter Cush ing Cus sens Cus si tall Cock burntf Cham bers burg Cock er mout Chap el hill Coey mans Ghaace ford Cokes bu ry Cato Cav en dish Cay mans Ge cil Cen ter D Dal ton Cob ham Co bles hill Dan bu ry Dan by Dan vei's Dan vill^^ D^hy . Cal ders burg Cal la o Cal vert Charles ton Ch:^rles 127 town Charle ton Col ches ter Cole brock Con cord Cam Cam bridge den bell Char Char Chsat lott^ lottos vill^ Con v/ay Coots towa Camp ham ham Cam po l>el lo Camp ton Ca naan Can dia Can ons burg Can so Can Can Car Car Car Car Car Car ter to?i Chtlms ford Chel ssa Chel ten Cor inth Cor nish Corn wail Cort iandt Cov en try Cov/ pens bu ry di gan ibs los Chesh ire Ches ter Ches ter field Ches ter town Chick o py Chi ches ter Chip pe ways Chil mark Chitt en den Cox hail Crab or char J Cran ber ry Cra ney Crans ton Cra ven mel mel o ne ro Craw ford Cams vill^ Car o line Gar ter Car ter et Car ters villf Car ver Cas CO C?vS tie Cross wicks Chris tians burg Cro ton Chris tian sted Crown point Chris to phers Croy den Church town Cul pep per Ci" ce ro Cum ber land Clar en don Cum ming ten Chirks burg Cus CO Clarke s town Cush e tunk Clarkes.AnEa^y Standard of Promincialmi.

en ling ton Dart m^uth Dux bo \Qugh Dux bu ry Dy ber ry Er vin Es qui maux Es sex Est her town Dau phin Da vid son Ded ham Deer field Deer ing E Eas ter ton Eus tace Ev ans ham Den nis Den ton Dept ford East ham East on East town Eves ham Ex Fa e ter Ea ton Ea ton town F bi us Derby Der ry Der ry field Dig by Yy'igh E den Edes ton Ed gar ton ton Dis mal Don ne gal Edg^ comb Edg# field Edgtf mont Dor ches ter Dor lach Dor set Dcug las Ef fing ham Egg har bar Eg mont Eg re mont Elbert El bert son Elk Elk horn Elk ridg^.128 Dar Dar An Easy i Standardof Pronunciathn. Flower town Floyd Flush ing Fol low field Ear rol: . Elk ton El ling ton Ellis Fair fax Fair field Fair lee Falk land Fal m(3uth Fals ing toa Fan net Fa quier Far ming ton Fay ett? ville^ Fays town Down Dra ings cut Fed er als burg Fells point Dres den Dro more Drum mond Dry den Duck creek Duck trap Fer ris burg Fin cas tlf Find ley Fish ers field Fish kill Fitch bui'g Flat land Flem ing ton Fletch er Flints ton El more Dud ley Dan cans burg Dun der burg Dun sta bl* Dur ham Duch ess Em mits burg E E no nos burg phig soaa En field Dum mer Dum mers town En glish to-wn Ep Ep .

129 .An Easy For est er ton Standard of Prominciaden.

Hav 130 An Easy Sta^idard of Pr onmiaatim* Hat te ras Hoi lis ton y er ford er straw Hols ton Ha ver hill Hav Ho mer Hon ey goe Hooks town Jack son Jack sons burg^ Jaf frey Haw Hawke Ja go Haw kins Haw ley Hay cock Hoo Hop Hop sac kin ton kins Hope well James James towa Jay Tef far son Heath Horn town Horse neck Hors ham Jekyl j enk in towit Jer e m/e Jer i C8 Jer sey Jolins bu ry John son John son burg. . He bron tor Hei die berg Hell gate Hec Horton Ho sac Hem lock Hemp field Hen ni ker Hen ri co Henry Her ke mer Hert ford ats town Hick mans Hi^^ gate bard ton ber ton Hu^^j" burg Hub Hub Hurn mels town Johns town Hi Hun ger ford Hun ter don Hun ters town Hun t'ijag don Huntington Hunts burg Hunts-vilU Johns ton Jones Jones burg Jop p?i Jore "R^gh land HiUs dale Hills burg Hill town Hur ley Hydfs park Ju diih Ju Han Ju li et Ju ni us A-" Hines burg I lb ber vill^ In gra ham In \^er nesi Hing ham Hins dale Hi ram Hit ton Ho bok Hoi den Hoi der ness Hoi land Hoi Us Kaats kill Keene Kei lys burg wich I ras burg I}>tt Ire dell Ir vin I^les Ken net Ken no mic Ken sing ton Kent burg Kep Ker lers is lalip son gar.

l town 5/OC Mar ble ton Mar ga reu vill^ M-ir got Pm arl i^o Lemus ter Len ox Le o gane Leom in stcr xQygb Luin 1 i. Ker shaw Kick a mmt Kil ling ly Kil ling ton Kil ling v/orth 131 Le on Leon ards tov/n Lur gan Lut ter lock lyy Lev er ett man Le vi Lyme Lynch burg Lynde burg Kim bac King less Kings bu ry Kings ton Lew is Lew is burg Lew is town Lex ing ton Li'y den Lib er lyLien te uau Lick ing Lyn den L}'iin Lynn field King Vr'ood Ly ons tra iCit te -^noti.An Easy Standard of Pronunciation.r ton Mar low Mcup!^ Lu con burg .] ry ton Lys KnoK Knotil ton ^nox v'llle Kort right er ick stone Lin co/n Lin co/n tOAvn Lind ley Lim 31 Lime Mac o keth Mac o pin Mad bu ly Mad son i Z Lab ra dor Lam pe ter Lam prey Lan cas ter Lang don Lanes bo rough Lan sing burg Litch field lAt tie burg Lit tie ton Maid stone Maine Liv er more Liv er pool Liv jng ston Lockdr Make field Mai a bar Mai den Mar o nee Lock arts bui'g Law renctf Lo gaai Lau Tens Lea c«ck Leb Lees burg a aon Leeds high ing to^ Logs town Lon don der ly Lon don grove Look out Lou don Loch a bar Man ca Man chac Man ches ter Man heim Man li us Man ning toa Man or Man sel Mans field Le Lef/rej ter Lem Lou Lou Lo}- is ville is ?.

T die berg «ile My ers town ridge woe ri ton North bo rough Nortl) bridge Nortli field North port burg: vie sex die ton Nan je my Nun ti coke Nan ti mill Nash Nash u a Nas .au Natch ea North wood M'^d die town Mkl way iin Mil lord Nor ton Nor walk Nor vray Nor wich Not ta V7ay Not ting liaia. Mil lers town Nau ga tuc Marsh field iMar tic Nave sink Mill stone Mar Mas tin ISIar tins burg villfT Mill town Mil ton Mfu* tins CO my Ma son jMas sac Min gun Min goes Min i sink Mis tic Naz a reth Ned dick Need ham Nel son Mas ti ^on Mat thews Mo hawk Monk ton Nes CO pec Nesh a noc Nev er sink May field Mead viil^ Meek len burg Mon m&uth Mon son Mon ta gue Mont mo rin Moore Moore field Moose head More land More Med field Med ford Med way M end ham Mer cer Mer cers burg Mere dith Mc^ meg M?r on Mero Mes sers burg i i New ark New burg New bu ry New bu ry port New found land New rng ton New Iin New market Nev.^ ton New tow.n Nit ta Mor gan Mor gan town Mor ris towm Mar ris v'lUf ny ton Nix on No IVTid Mid Mid Mc//1 ton berg Mul li cus an cy dhj bo rough die bu ry Mar frees burg burg None such Noot ka ble M Nor Nor die field M id die hook Mid Mid Mid Mid Mi. Mil field Na tick Nox an .152 An Easy Standard of Fi •onunciation.

Par tridge field Pat ter son Pinck ney Pinck ney Pis to let Pitt Pitts 133 ville Obcd Pan ca tuc O bi on O cri coc O g\e thorp O hi ope Old town Paw ling Pauls burg burg Paw let Pax ton Peach am Pea cock Pearl Pitts field Pitts ford Pitts town tow burg Ons low Or angf Plain field Plais Platts Or arigtf burg Or ang^ town Or ford Or le ans Or ring ton Or v/el Os ncr burg Os si pj Os ti CO Peeks Pel Pel kill ham i can Pern i gon Pern broke Plum sted Plym outh Plymp ton Po land Pen dk ton Pen guin Pen ning ton Penns burg Penns bu ly Pom Pomp Pomp Pop fret ton ey lin O Ot Ot tis field ta was out ter creek li Ou Ox Ovid ford Pack ers field Pac o let Pal a tine Pa/m er ti Pep in Pep per el Pep per ei burg Pe quot Per ki o my Per lie an Per son Pe ter bo rough Pe ters bm-g Pe ters ham Pev tons bui'^ ^ Phil ip Phil ips burg Pick ers viUe Por peas Por ter field Port land Poits m^^uth Pot Pot ters ters tov/n Potts grove Po?dt ney Pow Pow nai nal burg Pam CO Pan ton Pa ri a Par is Pax tang Par sons field Prai ry Pres cott Prcs ton Pros pect Pic o let Pi" geon Pike land Pi iot tov/n M Prov inc^ Prov inc^ town Pru denc^ Pur n.An Easy O Oak ham Standard of Pronunciation. 3 burg Put aey .

154 An Easy ker town Qua ^ Standard of PronuJiciation* Rln gos town Samp son Rob ert son San born ton Quee chy Queens bu ly Queens town Quib ble town Quin e bang Quin cy Quin e paug Rob e son Roch es ter Rock bridge Rock fish Rock ford Rock hiil Rock ing ham R Ra by Rad nor Ra \ft\gh Ran dolph Ran dom Ro" gers ville? Rom ney Rom o pac Rom u lus Rose way Ros sig nol Rat ter dam San CO ty Sand gate San dis field San down Sand wick San dy hook San dys ton Sand ford San ger field San ta cruse Sas sa fras Ra pha el Raph oc Rowe Raw don Row ley Sau con Sau kies Sav age Say brook Scar bo rough Scars dale Rah way Ray mond Rapi ham Rays town Rox burg Rox bu ry Roy al ton Rpy als ton Read Re«d field Rum Ru ney Sho dack Shen brun Scoo due Schay le-r Scip Scit i ing pert o ate Red ding Refifd ing town Rus sel Ruth er u ford Reeds burg Reel foot Reanos town Rutiis burg Scriv en S croon Rye Rye gate Re is S ters town Sa lem Reus se iaox Rens se l^er wick Sack viib Sad bu ry Rhine beck Sau ga tuc Rich field Sal ford Rich mond Riclg^ field Rkl ley Sal/s bu ry Rind^i? Sam burg Samp town Sea brook Sears burg Sedg wick See konk Se gum Sen e ka Sev em Se vi er Shafts bu ry Sham mo ny Sham o kia .

vn Steu ben Ste ven« Ste vens burg Ste ven to^vn Ste phen town Still Sur ly Sus sex Sut ton villff S warns cot Swans burg Sm)T na Snow hill Snow town So dus wa ter Stock bridg* Stock port Swan sey Swan ton Swan town Swedes burg .An Easy Shap \Q\gh Sha ron Sharks town Sharps burg Shaw ny Standard of Pronunciatien. Sole bu ry So Ion 13S Stod dard Stokes Stone ham. Ston ing ton Sto no Stou e nuck Som Som ers er set Shaw nees Sheep scut Shef field Shel bum Shel by Shen an do ah Skep herds field Shep herds town Span ish town Sher bum Spar ta Ship pands town Spar tan burg" Ship pens burg bpen cer Shir ley S}X)ts wood Shong um Spring field So«n ers worirh Son go South bo rough Soudi bu ry South field S^uth ing ton S^uth %02iYk South wick Stough ton Stow Straf ford Stras burg Strat ford Strat ham Strat ton Stums town Stur bridge Styx Steu ben Stis sick villc Shore ham Spur wing Sud Suf i:)u ry Shrews bu ry Shutes bu ry Sid ney Sims bu ry Sing sing Sin i ca Sin pink Squam Staais burg Stafford field Stam ford Stand ish Stan ford Stan wix St arks burg States burg Suffolk^ Suf frage Sul li van Su mans town Sum Sun Sun Sun Sun Skencs burg ner a py bu ry Skup per nong Skip ton Staun ton Ster ling cook der land Sku tock Slab towm Smith field Smith Smith to-'.

Wad me lawTrap town Syd ney T Tal bot Trent Tarn ma ny Tarn worth Xa ney town Ten saw Tar bo rough Tar ry town Tren ton Troy Wads worth Wad ham Waits field Trnro Try on Tuck Wa jo mic Wake field Tuf Tul er ton ton burg Wak a maw Wal den W^ald burg ly Taun ton Tun Teach es Tel li CO Tern pW Tern pU ton Tewks bu ry T/zames Tur Tur key Turn er Twig twees yngsburg bridge bet Wales Wal Wal Wal ling ford Wall kill Wall pack pole sing ham Thet ford T/iom as Thorn as town T/zomp son Thorn bu ry Thorn torn Tvr Tyr Uls ing rel ham Walt ham Wand o U ter Un der hill U ni on Thur man Tin i cum Tin mouth Tis bu ry Tiz on Tiv er ton Tol land U ni ty Up ton U ca U trecht ti Want age Wards burg Wards bridge Ware Ware ham 0x bridge V Vas sal Tomp burg Veal town son town Ver non War min ster Warn er War ren War ren ton War ring ton War saw War wick Wash ing ton r)^ Tops Tops ham Tor but Tor ring to» Tot te ry field Ver Vin shire Vic to ry cent Tow Trap Vir gil Vol un towa JV er hill Wa ter burg Wa ter bu Wa ter ford Wa ter town Wa ter vliet Waw a sink Wayne Towns end Wades burg Waynes burg .136 An Easy Standard of Fronunciasion.

e lock Whip pa ny White field Win chcs ter Wind ham Win hall Win lock Win ni pec Winns burg tlie r kin riiOutk Yonk York \ork ers to^vn The foHowing hive the accent on second syllable. Weare I 137 White marsh AVhit paine Wins low Weth ers field W^i sen berg Well fleet Wells Wen deU White plains Whites town Win Win Wol ter ham throp W^in ton cott Whi ting Wo bum Wolf burg Wen ham Went worth Wesel West bo rough Whit ting ham Wick ford Wil bra ham Wilks Ixir re Will iams burg Will iams port Will iam son Will iams town Wil lin burg Wo mel dorf Wood bridge Wood bu ry Wood creek Wood ford Wood stock Woods towft Wes Wes ter ly tern West field West fi^rd West ham West min ster West more West more land West on West port West town Wil Wil Wil ling ton lis lis Wool wich ton Wonrs ter Wor thing ton \\ Wills burg Wil man ton Wil rning ton '-ent ham flights burg ^rights tow^n Wey Wey mouth bridg/ ton Wil mot Wil son villff W^in chcn clon Wy W\ n Yad Yar an dots ton Wydie Whar Whate ly Wheel mg Wh<.An Easy Standard of Pronunciation. A bac' CO A bit bis i Al gon Al kan kins sas A ca di a A quae nac A las ka A A An An Ash til les to ni o An A ni a CO cus run del me me lia A pu ri ma A qmd nee cut i ney beib^ M2 As sin .

lo tm . Dum fr/es Dun bar toa - 7 Jac mel Je ru sa Icm . Che buc to Du page re li us Che mung Du plin ro ra Che raws ji7i tion B Bald ea gle Bal div i si Baleze Balk ham sted Bar thol o mew Bel laire Bell grove Bel pre Ber bice Chi a pa E E liz a beth E liz a beth tows Chop tank Chow Cler an mont Em maus Es cam Chic kau go Co do rus Eu phra ta bi a Co Co Co chel mus col i CO Eu sta tia E so pus che cho sa kie Ex u ma Cock Ber Ber mu da tie i Bil ler ca Bo q^aet Co hoc sink Co han zy Co has set Co hoze. D Daw fus De De fi H Ha van na Hel ky anc^ Ca Hen val lo troit Cay lo ma Cay enne Caz no vi a Din wid die Do min go na pen Hi was see e lo Hon du ras Cham Char blee Du anes burg.138 As sump Au Au Easy Standard of Pronunciation. Cole rain F Fair ha v«n Fay ette Fitz will iam Flat bush Flu van na Bos caw en Brook ha ven C Ca bar rus Co han sie Ca ho ki a Ca mil lus Co lum bi a Co ne sus Con hoe ton Co hos Coo saw Cor dil le ras G Ge ne va Ge rards towja Cam peach y Caer nar von Co nan i cut Ca rac as Ca ran gas Car li6le Cas tine Ca taw ba Com wal lis Coo dras Go naives Gwyn nedd Graves end Green bush Gwild hall Cow e tas Cu ma na.

jin Easy Standard of Pronunciation. 15 f^ K .

9le Pre sums cot Pro tect worth V Se wee Sha wan gimk* Ver genm s Ver saints Shav/ sheen Ve nan go She nan go She tuck et Sche nee ta dy Wa cho vi a Wa chu set Skip pac Wal hold ing South amp ton Wap pac a mO' South hold Wa tau ga Stra bane Wa keag Sw^an.140 An Easy Pa munk y Pa nu CO Pa rai ba Pas sump sic Pa taps CO Pa tuck et Pa tux et Pau tuck et Pau tux et Pe gun noc Pe jep scot Pe quon uc Per a mus Per cip a ny Per nam bu co Perth am boy Phi lop o lis Py an ke tunk Py an ke shaws Pier mont Pin chin a Pi o ri as Pla cen tia Po kon ca Po soom sue Port roy al Standard of Pronunciation. Re ho both Ri van na Rock on ca Ta doo sac Ta en sa Ros seau Ro siers ma Tar pau lin Ta wan dy Ta wixt wy Ti o ga Row an S Sag har bour Salt ash To mis ca ning pon to tu gas Ion Tor bay To San dus ky Sa rec to 3 a vil la Sa voy Sco har rie Scow he gan Se kon net Se ba go Se bas ti cook Se bas tian Tor Tou Tre coth ic Trux il lo Tunk han noc Ty Ty Ur bee rone U lys ses U Sem ban na Port penn Po to si sie Tough keep Pound ridg^ Presqwe i. na no pro ni us W Swa ta ra Web ham et T Tap paa Quam pea gan i? BLed hook Ta ba go Ta bas co Ta con net West chest er West hamp to» West In dies West point Wi «om i CO • Pronounced. . Shongnm.

rch i pel a go Chil ho wee Chil lis quae A. 14 mac o mac Wi nee "Win yaw Wis cas set iVin eask Wy o ming Con es te o Con es to go Con ga ree Coo sa hatch The following have the accent on tlie third syllable. be marl W Cagh ne wa ga Cal e do ni a Can a dar qua Can a wisk us Can i CO de c Car ib bee Car i coo Car i boo Car tha ge na Cat a ra qua Cat a wis sa Cat te hunk Chab a quid ] Co to pax i Cur ri tuc Cus CO wil la Cus se wa g® \1 le W va ra do \m \m a zo ni a o noo sue \in us keag mand D Dem Des e ra ra e a da ic ^n ah uac \n as ta sia \n ti cos ti A.p o quen e my Chick a horn i ny Chick a Kia ges Fron ti nac A. A Kh be \. que doch ton Chick a saw A.p po mat ox Freidenhuetteav A.p Es ca ta ri Es se que b© a lach i an Chic ca mog ga A.1 An Easy 'N\ Standard of Fronunctation. and most of them a secondary accent on the Erst.z viUe' a pul CO ^c CO mac ^g \g a men tic a mun tic a bam a ^1 a chu a W.p a lach es A.U gus tine Chim bo ra zo Gal li op o lis Chris ti an a Gen ne see B as ken ridg^ Gen e vieve Clar e mont Bel vi dere Cin cin na tiis Grad en huet tem Bag a duce Con a wa go / Beth a ba ra Con a wan go In di an a Bux a loons Con dus keag Con e dog we net C Kar a tunk Co ne mau^/a Cach i may o Kas ki nom pat Cock a la mus Char le mont Chat a ho chy Chat a nu ga Cher o kee Chet i ma chas E Eb En en e zer o ree F B K .

142 An Easy Standard of Pronunciation* ^ Kay da ros so raMus ko gee Port to bac co Ken ne bunk N Put a wat o mi| Kick a poo Kin der hook Na hun Nan se keag mond •t Kis ke man i tas Naii do wcs sy Kit ta ning Ni-c a ra gua Kit ta tin ny Nip e gon Quern a ho niii R Reg o lets L Lach a wan na Lech a wax en Let ter ken ny Lit tie comp ton Oc co chap po Oc CO neack y Mach a noy Oc co quan Niv er nois Nock a mix on Nol a chiic ky Riv er head Rock e mo ko S Sag a mond Sag a naum Sag en da go Sal va dore Sar a nac Sar a to ga Sax e go ths Scat e cook Seb a cook M Oc to ra ro Mag da le na Mag e gad a vie On a hish ka Ma gel Ian Ma gel la ni a Mar a cai bo Os sa baw Os we gach y Ot o gam ies Man a han Mar ble head Mar Mas ]Mar cus hook ga ret ta et ta P Pak a n@k Pan a ma Pan mar i Sem it i i nolcs Sin e pux ent bo Pas ca go la Pas quo tank Fas sy unk Pat a go ni a Mel a v/as ka Mem fre ma gog Pern a quid sa nu ten !RIau re pas Ma ri Scan e at e tesSoc an da ga Spot syl va ni SiAr i nam Mack 1 naw Pen Per Per Mi ro goane sin abe sa co la qui minr> ki Tal la see Tal a poo sy Tap pa han not Mis Mis o e men min The a kik i Mo Mo quash hon ton go non ga lia si Pitts syl va ni a Tib e ron Pluck Tow To To to a men sin Mont Mor ris re al se Po Po na ca hon tas CO moke Pont char train ne wan to wa a hoc Tuck Moy a men The sing Por to bel lo Tu cu man popular pronunciation of MishiUmackinac .

St. Pronounced. Islands of the JVest Indies. ur a so' lu'ba Mar' tins T^om' as >om * in i' i^ jlar tin cof coj St. Portoreko. Antega. Vin' cent Mont ser rat' | Domineke. (j .Christ'ophers St.nmekeo ^ Saint Luzee.An Easy Standard of Pronunciatwn. Guadaloop. Lu cia^ St. Can a jo har ry Can a se ra ga Can e de ra go Chick a Om pom pa noo sue i Mo non ga he la ma com co Pas sam a quod dy Pern i ge was set Cob bes e con ty Co hon go ron to Con e go cheag Dam Mish c ris cot ta al lee Eas tan Quin sig a mond Rip pa ca noe Sag a da hoc Sax a pa haw Ti con de ro ga Kish a CO quil il li las Wa nas pe tuck et mack a nac* Pronoimced. MackiHaw. ^ f-l<i. lH guil' la Per to ri' co§ m ti' gua* Eu Ore sta' tia To a ha' ma na' da er mu' da ar ba' does ar bu' da Gau da lou'peH Hay ti cr His pan i o' la Ja rna'i ca Ivlar i ga lant' Miq ue Ion' ba' go Trin i dad' Sant a Cruse St. ul pe 145 hock en W Wah Wil VvV que tank li us ca ro ra Wy a lux ing Wv o noke r Yu ca tan U "" man tic na dil la "Win ne ba go a lu sing i nal ha ven Yoh o ga ny The following are accented on the fourth syllable.

144 .

a male swine Bore. a branch cah of a long continuance i i Chron cle. to make a hole Chron Bow.ter. one who foretells sent. a shnib or staff Call. colou'i* Choi er. i-atc By.d Ber ry. wrath Col hu'. to Site. Bail. to purcha&e Cain. N a history . 145 TABLE AIL. a particle Buy. steepness. abetist Base. naked Ceil ing. for the neck Cord. to l)e troubled LIII. to examin Call vas. uncle's wife. an instiaimemt Al tar. brought up Bread. a large gun Can on. setting of a seal Cell. a puck of goods round substance Bawl. a sniai] fruit ry. for rabbits Bo rough. an instrument All gur. a hut Sell. in spelling Words of the same sound^ but different and signification. summon seeing situation Boar. plural of is or Heir. a As As cent. food Bur ro^v'. an herb can y the de?. of a wig or bowels Can non. to cry out an agreement Au ger. to Cen tu 7 J hundred years Cen tau ry. an element Are. did blow Blue. a pismirAi Aunt. a gay fellow am lired. to cry aloud Bare. a youiig shoot Si on. mountain Cite. surety Ball. AJe. a rule Can vass. of a room Seal ing. coarse cloth Bale. a man's name Cane. to slioot with Boau. malt liquor Ak'. a town coip®- Awl. a sin ail rope Cho"d. Bear to suffer to dispose of Bear. in music Ci c-n. a liquor Bier. a Siglit. in music Beer. to change Ant. to inter the Bu dead Beat. a root Blew. to strike Beet.An Easy Standai'd ef Pronunciation. to an estate All. vile Bass. to bend Bough. the -whole EoAv. for sacrifice Al. Caul..

witiiin Fair. with ^old Co\n sc. to cure cock Fain. to cut Flue. stream 3ecr. gl. to dissemble Faint. of I he foot Heal. a v. a femaie deer Doui^h. to cheat Conn cil. in to be actiUaintetJ No. not line Guilt. a bir4 Ftjurtli. a wild animal DccU*. a berry Current. performed Fane. 'sound. color Die. of a cL'Tirch Taint. nfc>t Old . comely Fare. from heaven Due. brown color Done. a criminal Flea. to hearken Dew. of civility Cous in> a relation Coz en.'ed Hew.^4^ An. customary duty. W. to color Doe. Easy Standard Oj Pronunciatlo-n.dly Feign. Inn. more high Heel. that man Dye. Hear. an insect Flee. numbe-r i'brcn. to expire Him. crime Com Com pie ment. not «o Knew." to salute. an animal Flair. passing. to sigh G rown increased I Tail.'eather Flymn. of great pi-ice or a Grate. healthy Hari:.iieel Knight. or frozen drops of rain Flale. the evening knov. to prosecute Kill. to run Kiln. a dishonest mas Nave. advice Cur rant. wages FFigh er. of away wheat field Flow er. to compose In diet. to slay Pel Ion. in this place . of the Knave. organ of sig. a false march In. nasty Fowl. a beast Heart. bread unbaked Dun. myself Eye. a tavern In dite. lare-c Groan. ov. an Island I. of brick Flour.t seal of life Hare.ht Isle. order or direction Coarse. a sacred song Hire. CCC. of the head Flere. food. weary lie. for coals Great. (lid know New. abroad Foui. a whitlow Fel on. an assembly Coun sei. of Gilt. a full iram- ber expression pii ment. of a v. by honor Night. .

a booty Prin ci pal. a falseiiood. armor. water drained through ashes Plait. fiihng water Rein. Lo. bad Noii^dit. a narro^r passage 1 4j7 Owe. strength gold or silver. ease to force Rice. an msect ^r. a harp Led. a shrub Read. ^Ict tie. finished Maid. as a horse Oar. alas Aji Not. Rigiu. to cut oiT Plain. a foreteller Prof it. to rule Reed. toix)W with Ore. did lie Lane. of a horse Male. fiesh Mete. a teller of lies Lyre. past time of 7tTn Leek.Easy Standard of Pronunciation. to implore Prey. jU5t . an unmarried woman Main. rest on a also to Pear. advantage Peace. &g. to sound Wring. humble Made. Pray. behold Low. no Neigh. the chief Mane. Rite. first mle Proph et. number Won. or level Plane. a sort of grain Met al. to run out sen. a flat bed make smooth piece of metal- Lye. torment Pane. wanting color Pail. did lead Lead. a sort of coni Rise. even. brisfcicss Nau'^iU. to Plate. a reading Lie. to diminish Li ar. a lordship Meet. tranquiUity Piece. denyixig Lade.n or. Knot. Les Les son. a fruit Pare. mode or custom M^. belonginp: Hour. chief Prin ci pie. to come toLjether Meat. a root Leak. to twist ceremony . to pcrvvse Rest. heavy metal Our. to dip water Laid. crooked Ring. lione Nay. upon the bclJs . Wrest. a square of glass Peel. of a bridle Reign. the outside Pe-d. placed Lain. origin Rye. a fold in a garment. measure Mite. a vessel Pain. or a packet Man ner. to be indebted in One.i^ht. the he kintl Mail. made bjr tying Oh. apart Rain. metal net separated Wry. sixty minutes Pale.

of a ship Sale. to go with young Their. to form letters with a pen Wright. belonging to thc-m There. for the blood Vane. merchandize Were. seven clay* Weak. a willing Suck er.. of a stage See. an ulcer Soar. dexterity Slight. was Yew. side of a river Shoar. a prop Smk. a screw Sum. of cattle or horses Teem. the end Tare. elder The. a workman Rode. t4^S An Easy Standa rd af Promindatsm Sole. to look earnestly Stair. twice one Tow. did ride Road. a lord Shore. likewise Two. a neckcloth Rough. to put on Ware. to drag after Toe. beheld Scene. a part Sun. help Week. not smooth Sail. ordered away Scent. in that place Sen ior. Steal. hard metal Weigh. the fountain of light Son. a young twig Sleight. the highway E®e. Wait. to go do\^Ti Cinque. the ocean Sent. to mount up Stare. sin Vise. a step Steel-. to spend Waist. a covering Seign or. to d©s]>ise You. a male child Sore. to behold Sea. past time plu. to take without lib- erty Si:c cor. of the foot Vale. thus Sow. the middle road to iwise Way. five So. to scatter- Vein. a particle Thee. small nail* Row. yourself Too. a valley Veil. to tarry Weight. a rank Ruff. to shew the cour&< of the wind Vice. to rend Team. the spirit Write. weight aliawed Tear. trees Would. the whole Some. a selling Seen. of the foot Soul. not strong Wood. a deer Tax.of am Waste. a rate Tacks. smell Tale. plural of thee tree . a story Tail. heaviness Wear.

. D. D. Chronicles lo. L. or Francis 1^ Manuscript Manuscripts Mat. Misi'^ess S. Honorable Hund. Mathd^v vS. Leviticus Lieut.s L. Bachelor of Divinity* Z. IS. George G. Lona. Fellow of ^le Royu^ Society Gal. the same L. Jacob Company Commissioner Credit Josh. Jac. Doctor of Divinity )r. Hundred of ihe world Baronet D. Chapter James ^hron. George the King lieb. In the year of our Lord \.' 149 TABLE A. Captain 3art. Hebrews Hon. or Exodus eb. Januiiiy Ja. or in tlie yeiMr Gen. Master Messrs. February France. Kpi»esiuns Isa. R. Joshuai >oni. Deuteronomy )6. Isaiah i. Gentleman Geo. LIV. Galatians Academy \. Ibidem. S the place of the Seal - ^ccl. Sirs Mi's. F. 'r. Knigiit . Humh'ed weight D. Enyhsh Esaias Iph. L. Canticles >hiq).^. Exumple. before noon. an hundred ^apt. In the same Isa. King •* Km. Lord or Lydy Lev. B. Ail Basy Standard of PHrmmiaiion."Sl. M. R. necticut \. Lieutetiurat )ec. K. e. r-GclesiaSless Epistle :n:^-. Doctor of Lav/. Dei>nty )eiil. Ip. Q/* Abbreviations. Marquis M. S. Doctor or Debtor Zwt. Kingdom Kt. Ix. B. M. FelloAv of the ConK. Fellow of the American Academy . G. Master of Alts.. tliat is yol. the same ^ ^ant. Colonel Id. or Cent. }.. Gentlemen. S. London M. Bachelor of Arts D. Bachelor of Physie M. pl-ace ibid. 5. Genesis Gent. or ditio. A. December )ep. N .S.for example L. Doctor of Physic Mr. Jan.

) six Ai A colon (. Parliament Per cent. shows when a letter is omitted. ^-. Psalra Q. Doctor of Divinity to wit. — raised tone of voice. A . Question. S. S. () A parenthesis includes a is pan of a sentence. or vide. and should be read. f\v\n a forcf^oing w©rd or sentence * Hyphen joins words or syllables.folly of iiinriei's ! sui'prise Th« pause of these tMo points is the same as a colon or a period. V.) four Ion (.. October South and Shilling St. September Scrj. Vv ilham . [] Brackets or Hooks. to cx«. Theo. Reyerfrsd Worsliip and &C. to wit. which not necessary to make sense. sea-^ater. Wp. D. Saint Sept.ISO An Easy Standard of FronunciatioTU Rt. as* What do ijou ate? An exclurafvtion point (!) is a mark o| A — —A A — wonder or as. and the sentence should usually be closed with a . as if he should say 4|. Register Rev. United States ot America EXPLANATION Of the Pauses and other Characters used in Vv^RlTING. (. take particular notice Nov. Afternoon P. Peter Fhil. include words that serve. namely- ss. . and so forth U. S. as 5«'i for used. Professor of vinity Di-. M. by tke hwidred Pet. Qut^en q d. New Stile Obj. Right Honorable-. see Viz.) is a pause of one syllable— semieo!. namely \\'m. Hon.. Postscript Ps. as much as you please Ecgr. Number N.Thoinas ThesSj Thessaionians- P. period (. Theophiius Tho. T. Philip Philom. Sergeant S. as. Old Stile Pari. Objection Oct. comma. November No.B.lathemaucs N. P. 1. S. * An ApoetropiK. S. A.! O. S5. O tht. S.) two interrogation point (?) shows v/hen a question is asked. a lover of learning T. . Math. quicker. and in a v»'«aker tone of voice. Revelation.

. I know a farmer by the name of Thrifty. hom«sees that his cnttle. kc. inchides a passage taken from some otiier author in his own words. The Section is used to divide chapters. wlule another spendn the firin" THERE A citial. while the other bechief and essential dilTerence in the ma-.^y* Tkc index. should^ begin with a capital. but a still greater di [Terence. nagement of property. book. DOMESTIC ECONOMY Or.^ tlipugh not so violently as to fatigup >md exhaust the. A l J»J: A Caret shows when a word . y^t one will prx)ve to be a poor man. tlje day When in the field. Two men may* in their power of using it to yidvantage. *tH An Asterisk. which are the names. looks to the condition of hia b7U3e. is 1) " A OF CAPITAL LETTERS. eomes rich. acquire the same amount of money.kmen takes care that breakfast is ready in due season. lakes. hmses and hogs arc lot and stock fed . is. places. or number of words aj©. examms the tools to see whetlier they are all in good order for the woi. in a given time.. of persons. points to some remarkable passage. bo-^ : — — — . h The Parai^raph begins a nev»' subject. Proper names. barn. that one man spends only the vUerest ©f bis money.. 7%<? History of The I rrr and UufHRiFTr. every line in poetry. is a grea-t difference among men. my omitted thi'ough mistake ^s^ this is A that quotation or double comma. A^i Eastf Standard of PrGnuticiatwn. Sentences sboukl beg-in with a capital letter— Also. rivers. in theirabiHty to gain property . mountains. point to a note in the margin or bottom of a page. wlio manages his affairs in this manner He rises early in themorning. and other references. Also the name of the SuprcBie^ Being. and begins work in the cool of.\S. he keeps steadily at work. ADDITIONAL Li:SSV.

.

152
dy.'

An Easy

Standard of Pi'onvmciatton^

tell or hear lonjj stories When the labor of the clay is past, lie takes refreshment, and goes to rest at an early hour In this manner he earns and gains money. When Thrifty has acquired a little pioperty, he docs not spend it or let it slip from him, without use or benefit. He pays his taxes and debts when due or called for, s-o th-dt he has no officers fees to pay, nor expenses of courts. He does not frequent the tavern and drink up, all his earmn^^s in liquor that does him no good. He puts his money to use, that is, he buys more laud, or stock, or lends his money at interest in short, he makes liis money produce some profit or income. These saving's and profits, though small by themsolvts, amount in a year to a considerable sum, and in a few years, they Thrifty becomes a wealthy farmer, SAveli to an estate v/ith several hundred acres of land, and a hundred head

—nor does he stop to

of cattle.

Very

different is the

management of Unthrifty:
morning

He
ses,

lies in

bed,

till

a late hoia^ in tlie

tlien ri-

and goes to the

for a glass of bitters breakfast, for a dram that makes He gets his breakfast late, day.
>v5ork

bottle for a

dram, or to tiie taveia Thus he spends six cents berorc

\\'hen he supposes he is ollhe day, he finds he has not the necessary tools, or some of them are out of order, the plow-share is to be Etait half a mile to a blacksni-ith to be mended ; a tooth or two in a rake or tlie handle of a hoe, is broke; or a Now, he is iii a great sytlie oi' an ax is to be ground. hurry, lie bustles about to make preparation for work— and what is done in a hurry is ill done— he loses a part ©f the day in getting ready and perhaps the time of his workmen. At ten or eleven o'clock- he is ready to go la work then comes a boy and teiis him, the sheep have or the cows have got amongcsca[>ed fi-om the pasture o*' the hogs into the garden He frets and kis corn storms, and runs to drive them out a half hour or more time is lost in driving the cattle from miscliief, and rea fence that answers no pairing a poor broken fence piW'pos. but to lull him into security, and teacli his horses, and cattle to be unruly— After all this feustle, the fs*.

him dull aiid iieavy all when he ought to be at ready to Ijegin the work
.

An Eisy Standard of Pronunciation*

153

is tigue of which is woi-se than common peady to begin a day's work at twelve o'clock.— Thus half his time is lost in supplying defects, Avhich proceed from want of foresight and good management. His small His crops are damaged or destroyed by unruly cattle. barn is open and leaky, and what little he gathei'S, is inHis house is in a iike^ conjured by tike ruin and snow. dition the shingles and clapboards fall off and let in bhe water, which causes the timber, floors and furniture to decay and exposed to inclemencies of weather, his wife and children fall sick their time is lost, and the mischief closes with a ruinous train of expenses for mediAfter dragging out some years cines and physicians. of disapi>ointment, misery and poverty, the la\7yer and the sheriff sweep away the scanty remains of his estate. This is the history of Ux thrifty his principal is spent—he has no interest. Not unlike this, is the history of the Grog-drinkeF. This man wonders why he does not thrive in the world ; he cannot see the reason why his neighbor Temfierance sliould be more prosperous than himself but in truth, h« makes no calculations. Ten cents a day for grog, is But a small sum, he thinks, which can hurt no man arithmetic is very useful for a let us make an estimate Bfian who ventures to spend small sums every cfey. Ten cents a day amount in a year to thirty-six dollars and a This half a sum sufficient to buy a good farm horse ! surely is no small sum for a fa-nner or mechanic—.But in ten years, this sum amounts to three imndred and sixty five dollars, besides interest in the mean time 1 \Vhat an amount is this for drams and bitters in ten years it is money enough to build a small house But look at the amount in thirty years '.—One thousand and ninety five dollars ! What a vast sum to run down one man's throat

labor, Unthrifty

— —

— —

1

I

I.

in liquor
tain a

a sum that will buy a farm sufficient to mainsmall family. Suppose a family to consume a Gfaart of spirits in a day, at twenty five cents a quart. The amount of this in a yeia> is ninety one dollars and a quarin ten years, nine hundred and twelve dollars and a ter half and in thirty years,two thousand, seven hundred an*.] great estate, may th-ns thirty seven dollars and a half I

— —

A

1

54

An Easy Standard of Pronunciation,

be consumed, in single quarts of What mischief is done by the love of spirituous liquors ! But, says the laboring man, " I cannot work withoiTt spirits I must have something to give me strength.'*' Then drink bometliing that will give dumble nourishment Of all the substances taken into the stomach, spirituous liquors contain the least nutriment, and add the least to bodily vigor. Malt liquors, melusscs and water, milk and water, contain nutriment, and even cyder is not
I

mm

^vholly destitut'e of it—-but distilled spirituous liquors coiitain
little

or none.

traveller, "spirituous Uthe stomach, and arc very useful in cold weather"— No, this is not correct. Spirits enliven the feelings for half an hour but leave the body more dull, languid and cold than it was. before. man will freeze the sooner for drinking spirits of any kind. If a man wishes to guard against cold, let him eat a biscuit, a bit of bread or a m^al of victuals. Four ounces of bread will give a more durable warmth to the body, than a gallon of spirits food is the natural stimulant or exciting power of the human body—it gives warmth and strength, and docs Rot leave th.e body, as spirit does,mo4'e feeble and languid. practice of drinking spirits i^ivcs a man red eye&j a bloated face, and an empty purse It injures the liver, produces dropsy, occasions a trembling of the joints and limbs, and closes life with a slow decay or palsy This is a short history of the drinker of distilled spirits, if a few drinking men are found to be exceptions to this account, still the remarks are tiiie, as they apply to most cases. Spirituous liquois shorten more lives than famin, pestrlence and the sword !

But says the laborer or the

qviors

warm

A

—The

ON FAMILIAR SUBJECTS. manlJnd live on the fruits of the earth the fir*i and most necessary employment therefore is the tillage,

LESSONS

ALL

©f the ground, called agriculture, husbandry, or farmThe farmer clears his land of trees, roots and istones he surrounds it with a fence of poles, posts and rails, stone-wall, hedge or diteh. He plows and hari-ows.or drags the soil, to break the clods or turf, and make it mel* low. aiid pliable -he manures it also, if nece&sary, wivh
ing.

he fin<ls and drives her horn'*. or w^atcii the nimble deer. and w ith a pitch fork. spread the thick swath. but he reaps the fruit of his labor in peace he fdls his i^ranary in summer. An Easy Stmidard Qf Pronunciation cayed \egetai)]e substances. sec the pans. See the dairy woman. — sweet. ! how clean an<l sweet. and pulls the flax.kemp. by consuming the massy piles of wood which he cannot remove Hear the howling wolf.ing their cudis by iicr side. The ears of maiz are picked by hand. or the stalks cut with a sickle or knife and the husks are stripped ofF. in search of sin-ubs aiiiai:g the trees and twigi. oats. he reaps or ci*adies his grain. With what joy does the farmer gather his crops. maple. in tiie gloomy forest led by the tmkiing ©i the bL. kills the weeds and draws the cartii round the hills to support and nourish the pkmts When the gi'am is ripe. A bow] of bread and milk. while the crackliw*.-s 155 stable chiiig. all in order. sea-shelLi. sov. lime. and fbrAi-sc Thi milk strained and put in a ^ooi plr. i-ye. Enter the miik-r-. and shake the grass about the meadovv ! How fragrant the smell of new made hay ho\y delightful th-e task to tend it ! Enter live fijrest of the wilderness See liere and there a rustic dwelling made of icgs a httle spot cleared and cultivated a thatched hovel to shelter a cow and her food the forest resounding with the ax-man's blows.. as he levels tlie siurdy beach. and the owner seeks her at eveviing. btdley. or hemlock. Set the mower.>om. strays from the cottage. of the fcnner and latttr harvest I He toils indeed. buckwheat.«r Uie miiU set for ekcese . pails is man — and tubs. plaster.cc —the ut cream hkimmscl oilier butter. ilax oi. or de- He plants maiz in rows. while slie fills her pails with new milk the gentle cows <]iiRtly chev. See the stripling follow his father or brother.two or tiiree times. as h-e bounds along The faithful cow. hov/ he swings his sythe ! The grass falls pi-ostrate before him the glory of tiie field is laid low tiie land is stripped of its verdant covering. ashes. Ke hoes the iiiaiz. and in autumn presents a thank-oueiing to God for his bounty. fire aicB his hands. furnishes him with liis frugal repast he retires weary to rest and the sleep of the laboring — — — — — — — — — — — — — — . in the evei-ing. or wheat. marl.ll.

And last of all comes the painter with his brush and oil-pots he mixes the oil and white lead. and then hews it with his Li oad-ax. and marks his work with a conipass. A MORAL CATECHISM. moral virtue ? Ans%\ er. aiid rafters uphold the roof. he scores or notches it first. ai>d with the help of a chisel forms a mortise for a tenon.tS^ An Eaty Standard of Pronunciation. and these support the beams. The sills support the posts. pins or spikes. contained all .the laths are nailed to the studs cu>d joists to support the plaster. with leanir. he squares a post or a beam . It is an honest upright conduct in all our dealmgs with men.hite plaster. inL:. WHA7' is duct ? in the bible. Q. Here is a carpenter. and gives to the apartments the color which the owner or his lady se^ —Here — — — — — fit to direct. Braces secure the frame of a building from swaying or Girders imd joists support tlie floors. and covers tlie buildi-ng— With his smw he cuts boards. He bores holes with an auger. is there a cheesea churn as white as ivory press forcing the ^ hey from the curd ! See the shelves \Mjat a noble sight I ^iil butter as filled with cheeses yellow as the pur tit gold I George. A.g the j^osts. Then comes the mason with his trowel. Is'ow comes the joiner with his chest of tools. joints the shingles. In almost every pa.-— with his chisel and gouge. has furnished necessary ruiet to direct our conduct. studs. first a reugh coat of coai-se mortar of lime and sand is laid on. and tliis is covered with a beautiful v. t but the mo:jrL important duties bet'vA ecu njcn are summed up in the begiimrUig of Mattiiew. What rules Juvue ivc tv direct us in our moral con. He measures with a scjuare or rule. support the wails. he makes holts for nails. God's word. Q. . He plains the boards. he makes moitises. Each timber is litled to its place. In ivhut fiarr of the bible are these rulc-fi to be found? A. with his gimolet or whimble. let us look into the work-shops among tlic mechanics.KisT's Sermon on the Mount.' QucniiGn.

nor does he repine when others grow rich. Is pride comineiulable ? A. oTid is never fretful and uneasy . proud man cannot be a happy man. and displeasure of our Maker. because A. Whut is the effect cffiridc on a man's Itafijuness ? A. peace and love. JVIiat are the advantages ofhumiUtij? A.an is r^ot disturbed with cross accidents. What effect . than he db* senes. every one pities hiirii and is disposed to alleviate his disti'esse*. llliat has Christ saidy respecting the virtue ofhu^ A miiity ? A. But we should not suffer our heiu Ls to be blo-vvn up Vr^ith pride. Of humility. people do not enTy him . Q. 1S7 Q. Q. Q. ^^ Blessed are the poor in spirit for the kingdom of heavea. and this treatment frets him. iiumillty is attended witli peace of mind and selfsatisfaction. If he is rich and prosparous. or than others are willing to pay him. modest.-ias hundlity u/iq71 our oivii minds ? A. man far O . He ib neglected. so that his own mind becomes a seat of torment. Pride exposes a man to numberless disappoint^' ments and mortifications. What is [lyidc 7 A. The proud man expects moi'C attention and respect v/ill be paid to him. self approving^ opinion of «ur own good deeds is very right it is natural it is ag'l eeable. and a spur to good actions. if he is poor and unfortunate. }aup. \i)h^ high mmded disposition. Tlifc huKible m. The advantages of humUity in this life arc very numerous and great. and this humble temper prepai'e* a heaven.** Poorness of spirit is humility . Q. Q. Q. He is contented. whatever great and good deeds we have done for pride brings upoa us the iil-vvjll of m-ankind. Every one loves him and is ready to do him good. By no means. The humble man has few or no enemies. v/here all is. H%at is humility ? lowly temper of mind.An Easy Standard of Pronunciation.lied at and despised. A A A — . — his mind 'is at ease. theirs He is has said.

or to reconcile those who are sepa^ rated by strife. Hgiv docs cructy shov) its effects ? A. hatred. More love. Q. Rulers of a merciful temper will make ihtixgood subjects happy. IVJiat is mercy ? It is tenderness of heart. tumults and wretchedness. All who endeavor to prevent quarrels and di«putes simong men . Cruelty to the brutes shows a man has a hard heart. will subsist among men. Q. and>if a man is unfeeling to a beast. for he shall obtain mercy. Parents and masters will Rot at)use their children and servants with harsh treatment. If a man treats his beast with cruelty. is it unla'uful to contend with others on any occasion? A. and of course society will be A. when it cmel husband abuis not necessary for public good. A cruel disposition is usually exercised upon those are under its who power. They ou^ht indeed. will be treated with tenderness and compassion himself.ws in a severe manner. he will not have much feeling for men. It is impossible to avoid some differences with . liappier. It s wrong to give needless pain even to a beast. and will not torment the bad^ with needless severity. quarrels. which injure the persons and properties of Cruel officers execute le. The exercise of it tends to diffuse happiness and lessen the evils of life. H»e will probably make a severe master and a cruel liusbaJid." He Avho shows mercy and tenderness to otliers. Of PEACE-MAKERS. Q. What are the advantages ofthis virtue ? A. cruelty are. beware of trusting yourself in his power. He says he is " blessed. The effects of rant over his apprentices and servants. Who are peace-makers ? A. Cruel rulers make severe laws their subjects. Should not beaats as well as men be treated Thercy ? laith A. Q. A A Q. A7i Easy Staiidard of Pronunciation* Of mercy.158 Q. cruel master acts the tyses his wife and children. more happhiess. more confidence. What does Christ say of the merciful man? A. Q.

What reward is premised to the Jmvs in hcari? A. we i. He shall be " blessed. and protect usr insults. and do or say Lhmgs which he will wards repent of. from further Q. and called the ciiild of God. to do kind offices to each other.ries done us by design. Q.An Easy Standard of Proiuinciatton. 1 59 mtn-y disputes should. perfect and glorious being. IVImt is the reward of the peace-maker ? A. And when we have real cause to be angry. still they should be friends.hould be certain that a jure or insult us. of HEART. to see and to make all men belter and happier—we This is benevolence. and injusuitable spirit of resentment. Most certainly. €Ohform to the divine will in all things. Of purity Q. Christ has declared " they shall see God. Q.*' The mild. in-sufTer ourselves to be angry. The man who keeps his temper afterwill not be rash. should rejoice at their prosperity. is a mark of a little mind to take every little trifli-ng dispute." pure heart is like God. peaceable. Wfiai is a pure heart ? heart free fro-m all bad desires. person means to affrom. is to be the best and men. A. fnendly man. A. Of ANGER. and those who possess it shall We A dwcVi in his presence antl enjoy his favor for ever. And though men should sometimes difThey shoukl be ready fer. la it right erjer to be angry? - certain cases that we should be angry .. Q. Actions cannot be called good^ unshould wiatu less thev proceed from good motives. that lovely. What an amiable character is this I To be iilte our heavenly Father. as v/hen gross affronts are offered to us. and inclined to A. who happiest of is the source of all good. be always conducted with temper and moderation. By vihat rule should anger be governed ? . w« should observe mode- . resembles God. Should a man*s intentions as nvell as Ms actions be A good ? A. Q. We should never be angry without cause we it it that is. fire at is mean. will obtain justice for us. It is right in A in such cases. before It is wrong.

or as heaven ia We — — — . ©ur ]^>ersons. laws hare made provision for doing. that he should seek a recompence. turn the other to lilm. What shall a mmi do to obtain justice nvhen he is iH' jured justice to every A." The man who does this is the blessed Savior of men. What is justice ? A. What A. Never. as well as wickedest vice in society. But a recompence is all he can demand. higher than hell. Q. In general. Is it al-ivays easy to hioiu ':v/:'vf i^ just ? and v/hure there A. It " Love your enemies bless thera is nobler to forgive. but should submit the mat* to judges appointed by authority. mean. Q. Of justice. O. is any dii!*- . Q. An Easy Standard of Pronunciathn. Then forgive him. you ill. in any possible case. It is g^enerally easy . great and good he is as much above the little. We should be cool even in anger 5 and be angry no longer fhan to obtain justice." O? REVENGE. Is this justifiable? A. It is giving to every man his dye. Revenge is perhaps the meanest. VevengefulTnan. and of that he . A passionate Bian is like a madman und is always inexcusable. property a>id families. Q. Q. when a man is injured. In short. But we have no rigVit to light and abuse people merely for revenge. We should never be in a passion. rather than strike hini^ Q. te-r should not be kis own judge. It is revenge ? to injure a man because he has injured is us>. as virtue is above vice.P •too ration." and let him repeat the abuse. man and it is right and honorable. do gcod to them that hate you— pray that curse you these are the commands of for them that use. Butifnve are in davger /rofn the bloW» of anotlt^r^ nay Wf '^lot defend oursrlve^ f have always a right to defend A. Most certainly. " If a man strikes you on one cheek. £ut suppose a man insults u9 in such a manner thai the law cannot give us redress ? A. we should " be angry and sin not.

ill- Somebody is alblood and enmity between the parties^ ways the worse for law-suits. It is for a man's interest to be generous. " — We inconveniences to oblige others. if he refuses to do justice. Q. is still better. what he could reasonably wish they should do to him. but to do more than justice. is well . he must be compelled. with a series of expenses. provided we can do it. Are we to perform this literally ? A." Q. To do justice. But in general we are to do raiore for others than they ask. and if we wi'U not help others. Q. This maybe a motive at all times . Ofivlmt advantage is generosity to ihc man w/w ex^ Seises it P A.'ill not always require this. Q. and what is worse. in the same circumstances. and the probability is. Is this a virtue ? A. or rather. ought cheerfully to suffer many sage. and may proceed from nobler motives. Wh(jt Jias Christ said reshecting generosity ? • A. but if it is the ck) principal metive. What is generosity ? A. O We ought to 3 . He has commanded us to be generous in this pas- Whosoever shall compel (or urge) you to go a mile^ go with him tivo. it is less honoi-able. Then follows a lawsuit. It is some act of kindness performed which strict justice does not demand. If a man does injustice. What are the ill cfTccts of injustice ? A. let a man consult th€ golden Ati 161' rul« . without essentially injuring ourselves. for anqth^i? Q.% Of generosity. that he will be repaid three fold. and of course society is Icaa happy. It is indeed a noble virtue. Ought vfe to do kind actions because it is for our iiu erest? A. The meaning of this command v. Every man on earth wants favors at some time or !)ther in his life . Q.culty Easy Standard of Pronunciatian* in determimng.'* Q. It lays others under obligations to the generous man ." To do to others. though we are not rs:juired to do ourselves any essential injury. others mUl not help us.

we have opportunity. for if we do good>. whether -VTC expect a reward or not. Is it a duty to be ikankfulfor fcroors ? d. is more inclined to perfonii kind offices. a better husband and a better friend. Q. It is a duty and a virtue. coloring to others. man who is sensible of favors and ready to acknowledge them. An Eaf-y Standard of Pronunciation. Q. Is it a duty to aiieak truth at all times ? A.ess of heart for favors received. It softens the heart towards the generous man. He ought to be shut out from the society of the good. a better neighbor. If we speak at all. others whick v/e had better not publish to tlie v/orld. What is gratitude. 2. 1 Q What is the effect of true kijidness ? A. and every thing which subdues the pride and other unsocial passions of the heart. Hts a man to be a better citizen. What It is is truth ? speaking and acting agreeable to fact.. ? - A. at all times and to all men. for a savage never forgets an act of kindness. A thankfulr. A. It is uot always necessay to tell what we knov»\ I'here are many things which concern ourselves and. What truth ? rules are there resjiecting. Op truth. A A «thers. ^. man who does not feel grateful for kind acts done for him by others. does not deserve favors of any kind. He is worse than a sa\ij| age. we should tell the truth. tlie publishing of we A. { 62 as sornebedy cnougli. with a view to favor one side more than the other. not only towards his benefactor. Of gratitude. 1. or to give a guise.j^-ood. but towards all . is to the highest degTee criminal. Q. Whsn we ioiow soipetbing of our neighbor which . is the happier for why we should do all it. This alone is reason the good in our poweu. Q. Whe^n we are called upon to testify in courtSi should speak the whole truth and that without disTo leave out small circumstances.

1 63 against his character. «nlcs8to-prevent his doing an injnry to another person. When we sell any thing to another. Falsehood and cheating destroy all confidence between man and man .An Easy is Standard $f Pronuncluthon . loses his re- No person will believe him. he is shunned as a pest to society. nor strictly honest to conceal even apparent faults. Q. to give such a man a meal of vicluals to keep him fi om starving. When and hciv Jxir is it our duty A. even when he speaks the truth . Besides. vicious man. give f vre Q. If there are faults in it wliich may easily be seen. and it is certainly right to feed his wife and family. When persons are reduced tc nvcr. When others really v/ant what out material injury to ourselves. the law of man does not require us to inform the buyer of these But it is not fiaults. In general. or to it is a favorable to the fiocr opinion of men and their actions.t by their own laziness andvicecy by drunker. they thus weaken the bands of society and destroy happiness. putation. he is a cheat and a downright knave. deceives or cheats. honorable nor generous. It signifies giAing to the poor.ness^ gambling and the likey is it a duty to relieve them ? A. Q. TJie man who gives money and provisions to a lazy. What is charity ? A. because he may see them himself. What are the ill effects of lying and deceiving ? A. we ought not to represent the article to be better tiian it really is. But when faults are out o/ sight. Ave may not publish it. Perhaps it may be riglit. 3. they raise jealousies and suspicions among men . cheatmg often strips people of their property. Q.ive . The man who lies. Q. it is not. not. and make them comfoitable. WhQ are tliejiropcr objects of charity ^ _ can spare withour duty to i}. Of charity and GIVING ALMS. becomes a partaker of his guilt. it is tliem something to relieve their wants. and makes them poor and wretched. If he does the seller ought to tell the buyer of them.

a iftiser. storms at sea or land. is wrapped up in selfishness. Persons who are reduced to want by sickness. It is hardly possible . drouth or accidents of other kinds. We should also take no pains to publish our charities. It is not . which crawl about and eat ftir some time to fill themselves^ then wind themselves up^ in separate cover* at^gsand die. What is avarice ? A. Of avarice. An excessive desire of possessing wealth. Hoiv can charity be exercised in our ofiitiions of others ? A. a niggard. It will not charge his conduct to bad views and motives. Q. By thinking favorably of them and their actions* Every man has his faults . Q. unless this appears very clear indeed. for we all liable our own interest to be charito misfortunes and may want Q. in giving alms. . we discover that we give from mean. for. Hke some worms. and table it is are charity ourselves. An avaricious man.An Easy Standard of Pronunciation* A. . In what manner should nve bestoiu favors ? A. /6' this commendable ? A. putting on no airs of pride and arrogance. but rather to conceal them . the lust of gain is alnMJStalways accompanied with a disposition to take mean and undue advantages of others. Q. What effect has avarice ufion the heart ? A. To such persons we are com164 Hiandedtogive. ua* avoidable losses by fire. for if we boast of our generosity. selfish motives. but charity will not put a> harsh construction on another's conduct. Can an arvaricious man be an honest man ? A. but one of tlie meanest of vicesQ. It contracts the heart narrows the sphere of be^ nevolerjce— blunts all the fine feelings of sensibility. Christ commands us. and — sours tte mind towards society. We should do it with gentleness and affection . Q. not to let our left hand know what our right hand doeth.

he wastes is money.^ in proportion as his estate arrows larger. In Kvkat pToJiortion does avarice do hzirt ? ^. . The poor are thus deprived of some business. who suffers his farming ut«n. tiiis Of frugality and economy. Q. and keeps it hoarded up. Standard of Pronun c iation. where it does no good. It is fiiigality in erp2n=es-^it is a prudent mangeraent of one's estate.ts? ? A. He injures hirLself. is 165 done by ca^arice to society ? A. Q. . If a man drinks a dram which is not necessary for im.nches. The miser's heart grows less. or buys a cane which he does not want. Q. some means of support the property gains nothing to . What it £C3:zzTn'j ? J. as much as if he had iro'^vn away hism^oney. What injury tlie community. Q. Who: ice ? is the dzstiuction between ^^rugaUiy i« cmd ava: A. Frugality leedless waste. To the saving of every thing which it is not necesiiy to spend for comfort and convenience and the eeping one's expenses v/ithin liis income or earnings. than the owner wants. Is not xvastf o/ttn occasioyied by mere negligence ? A. a prudent saving of property from Avarice gathers more and spends less han is necessary. The man who does not keep his 3use and barn well covered who does not keep good nces about liis fields . the m. Q. Avarice gathers together more property. The larger the tree and the mors spreading th-e bre. and the mere he grinds the ace of the poor. What is xi'asiefuir.An Easy Q. The more money he has.ore small plants are shaded and robbed of their nourishment. It disposes of property for 5eful purposes without w££te. Q. 110%) far dc€s true eccnoviy ejcterui ? A. and somebody is kss happy by means of hoarding of v/ealth. In an exact pix)portion to its power of doing good. Very often. It is the spending of money for what is not want'J. the mere he has people in his power.

or a spend waste manure in the high v/ay. by ma is Q. and scarcely kiiows lino. his cattli out in the rain or on tiie ground . It is a diligent attention to business in occupations. slovenly fieofile 'a)ork neat and orderhj ? ji." i) is his pa or his shop.about his field lose their heaitn for w: indolent first J. So the disorders and in tmie. iox the Q. A. have so much mamtaii men. vice deliverec the moral discourses ever bad eff^ect in checkhig the mankind. and oi without out a tasteless life of dullness. ^ o . . h^. He walks cheerful and wlu food. Imrder than th Q. is as much to the tipler and the gamester thrift as the tavern haunter.>66 sils to lie An Easy Standard of Pronunciation.in keeping order and peace. than to puU them up when abuse spring from the ground. What are the Our Crea estate. mg life Yf"^?^ their todies ^^^ of action-They turn pale. Do not careleiis. Of industry. it ? Q. Much harder. and Another good effect of industry is. our interest and happrnc. One effect is to procure an duty. But constant labor is the greatest of blessings. industry ? our^sev^r A. Hence such peoj^le work labor to destroy a growt fin slaves. What modern toilsome and painful. Q. Because they do not know the evils of men reli Labor keeps the body in health and makes " The . to keep men fi Not all ] ^onsof . bt wiiich grow out of a sloven's carelessness. The rich and . and to little effect. is sweet.s kindly united our and che same labor which makes us healthy fuk irivcs wealth. Is labor a curse or a blessing? Hard labor or drudgery is often a curse. ^^^r" a and sleep. they va > they lose their appetite for food pleasure. Why then do people complain of not labonr A. lil^ come almost incurable. / %ther good effects of industry . useless to the world. It is more tliey of sturdy weeds.Icep of the all their enjoyments.

can often mold. Q. Q." — Of cheerfulness. To iijake good subjects and good citizens. by which means their happiness is increased.An Ea6y Standard of Pronunciation. A. mmt are the effects is of cheerfulness on others ? communicated t© others. In general it depends much on ourselves. in some kind of business. Q.— can frequent company and other objects calculated To indulge an habitual to inspire us v/ith cheerfulness. Cheerfulness We Q. and do it better. as industry. Cheei-fuiness is a great preservative of health. and that parent or guardian \vho suffers his child or his ward to be bred in idleness. and naturally partake of Jthe joys and sorrows of others. Business is a source of health. Can ive be cheerful ivhtn %vej:lease ? ji. W/tat shall one do when ovenahelmed ivith grief? A. 167 ^moral virtue in society. Besides. of virtue aud obedience to law. What are the effects of cheerfulness on ourselves ? A. The best method of expelling grief from the mind. the first requisite is to educate every young person. Is cheerfulness a virtue ? A. of prosperity. and a moral duty to practice it. are all mSuenced by sympathy. Q. Q. — A . than a melancholy We We We •ne. our tempers into a cheerful frame. The possession of millions shcald not excuse a young man from application to Imsiness . It is as unnatural as perpetual darkness and frost. a cheerful «ian will do more business. and is worse than an infidel. It doubtless is. and prevents the exercise of the social passions. gloomiiiefs of mind is wsakn-ess and sin. readily J. What It effect has vielanchcly on the heart f hardens and benums it It chills the warm affections of love and friendship. over which it is our duty to watch with care. have no right to sacriiice our health by the indulgence of a gloomy state of mind. becomes accessary to tlie vices and disorders of society He is guilty of *' not providing for his household. melancholy person's life is all rught and winter.

is. They fill tlie mind with joy countenance of a tmly pious iind man cheerfulness . favor. lie expressly enjoins up^ on his follov/ers. Trde religion never has this effect.163 An Easy Stanaard of Pronunciation* 1 or of quieting its pains. FINIS. . requires that we perform to them the customary ofTices of life. and frequent cheerIt is our duty so to do. Has not rcligiGu a tendency to fill the mind ivitft ghOJH ? Superstition yl. and the should always wear a serene smile. a consciousness of ever having done well. grave . v/e can render them no further service. the o>ily true ground of perpetual cheerfulness. but even in their acts of humiliation to " anoint their heads and wash tlieir feet. is to change the objects that arc about us . and an assurance of divine. and not to pine away with uselsiss sorrow. We and false nollons of God. often make men gloomy . nor require a monkish sadness and gravity . tispecially when ful company. The use of grief But when our is to soiuen the heart and make us better. rational piety and religion have the contrary effect. and not suffer it to impair our health. grief sits heavy on the heart." Christ intended by this. tliat rehgion does Rot consist in. sliould therefore remembei!' our departed friends only to imitate their virtues . Our duty to them ends. /. IVhat has Chriat said concerning glcoiny Christians ? and comji. Q. to ride from place to place. on tJie other handj he intimates that such afi/:cara?ices of sanctity are gene: rally the marks of hypocrisy. It is certauily right. Indeed. but our duty to ourselves. Q. marks of cheerfulness. friends are dead. . when v/e commit them to the. or to grow into a settled melancholy. but we should endeavor to iTiodeiiite our grief. He has pronounced them hypocrites manded his followers not to copy their sad countenancea and disfigured faces .9 it not right to grieve for the loss of our friends ? A. our families and sur-j vi\ing friends. b'dt true. Q.

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