You are on page 1of 2

A guide to Greek Mythology

Acheron: A river in the Underworld. Achilles: Greek hero in the Trojan War. He was killed by Paris with an arrow to the heel, his only mortal spot. Actaeon: Punished by Artemia this Hunter was transformed into a stag and killed by his own hounds. Adonis: A beautiful youth loved by Aphrodite. Aeneas: A Trojan Prince whose wanderings after the fall of Troy are the basis of the tales of Virgils Aeneid. Aesculapus: God of Healing. Agememnon: Commander of the greek armies in the Trojan war. He was killed by his wife Clytemnestra as prophesied by Cassandra. Ajax: Fellow warrier and good friend of Achilles. Amazons: Mythical race of war-like females. Andromeda: Wife of the Trojan Prince, Hector. Aphrodite (Venus): Goddess of love and beauty. Apollo: Son of Zeus, God of music, medicine, the arts and prophesy and charriot driver to the Sun. Ares (Mars): Son of Zeus and a lover of Aphredite. Mars was the God of war. Argonaughts: As companions of Jason these Greek heroes sailed in the Argo in search of the Golden Fleece. Atalanta: She would only marry the man who could beat her in a running race. Hippomenes succeded with the help of Aphrodite and golden apples from the garden of Hesperides.
Atlas: After refusing to shelter Perseus he was turned into Atlas Mountain and condemned to support the heavens. Argos: King of Argos who had one hundred eyes of which only two slept at any time. Ariadne: The daughter of Minos, the King of Crete, who helped Theseus escape from the Minotaurs labyrinth with thread. Artemis (Diana): Twin sister of Apollo. She was the Goddess of the hunt, the moon (Selene) and magic (Hecate). Bacchantes: Wild dis he vele d w omen w ho were devotees of Bacchus. Bacchus (Dionysus): God of wine, mirth and revelry. Bellerophon: S lew the Chim ae ra a ide d by P a l la s A t he ne a nd ri di ng Pegasus. Calypso: Nymph on island of Ogygia who kept Odysseus prisoner for seven years. Cassandra: Prohhetess - maiden daughter of Priam who was taken as booty by Agamemnon. Centaurs: Half man, half horse that lived on Mount Pelion. Cerberus: Many headed dog that guarded the gateway to the Underground

. Charities (Graces): T he thre e a tt enda nt s of Aphrodite. Charon: Ferried the souls of the dead over the rivers of Hades. Chimaera: M ons t e r w i th a li ons he ad, goats body and dragons tail. Chiron: A Centaur and tutor of the Gods. Cronos (Saturn): The oldest of the Gods he devoured his sons at birth so as to retain his throne and was finally overthrown by Zeus. Cyclops: A giant with one eye in the middle of the forehead. Daedalus: A craftman who flew with wings made of wax. Dementer (Ceres): Goddess of the produce of the earth. Electra: A daughter of Agamemnon and sister of Orestes. Endymion: A beautiful youth who was loved by Selene who put him into a perpetual sleep. Eos: Goddess of the Dawn and daughter of Hyperion. Eris: Goddess of discord. Eros (Cupid): God of Love. Eumenides (Furies): Winged maidens, avenging deities. Europa: A beautiful Nymph who was carried by Zeus in the guise of a bull across the sea of Crete. Fates: Three sisters who controlled the destiny of man

A guide to Greek Mythology - 2

Ganymede: A morta l pri nce w ho bec ame Zeuss cup-bearer. Gorgons: Three winged sisters with snakes for hair. They were so ugly that w hoever look ed at the m w as turned to stone. Hades (Pluto): God of the Underworld who carried off Persephone, the daughter of Dementer. Also the name of the underworld itself. Harpies: Vultures with old womens heads who tormented men. Hector: Trojan hero and son of Priam who was killed by Achilles. Helen: Wife of Menelaus who was carried off, by Paris, to Troy and was the cause of the Trojan War. Hephaestus (Vulcan): God of fire and blacksmiths. Hera (Juno): Queen of Heaven and daughter of Cronos. Heracles (Hercules): A Greek hero who accomplished twelve labours with the help of Gods. Hermes (Mercury): G od of travel ers , merc hant s , shepherds and robbers as well as . mes s en ger an d hera ld of the Gods Hydra: Seven headed monster who was killed by Hercules. Hygieia: Goddess of health. Hymen: God of marriage. Hyperion: Father of Helios (Sun), Selene (Moon) and Eos (Dawn).

. Jason:
Sailed with the Argonauts on the A rgo in ques t of the G olde n Fleece. Leander: A Youth of Abydos who swam H elle s pont ea ch night to s ee Hero, priestess of Aphrodite. Medea: Daughter of Aeretes who helped Jason in his quest. Medusa: A G orgon that w as kill ed by Perseus. Menelaus: Married to Helen of Troy, He was the King of Spata. Mnemnosyne: Goddess of memory and mother of the nine Muses. Muses: Nine sisters presiding over the arts. Narcissus: He gazed into a stream and fell in love with his own image, Nymphs: Lesser female deities. Odysseus (Ulysses): The Greek leader of the Trojan war who invented the Trojan Horse. Oedipus: King of Thebes ans son of Laius . H e killed his father as w as prophesied at his birth Orestes: S on of A ge m e m non a nd Clytemnestra Orpheus: Tried to reclaim his wife from Hades with the aid of his lyre playing without success. Pallas Athene (Minerva): Goddess of wisdom and power. Pan (Faunus): God of shepherds, Pan was half man and half goat.

Pandora: The firs t w oman. Zeus a s ked Hephaestus to make her of clay. The ills of the world were released from her box. Paris: The son of Priam. He selected Aphrodite as the most beautiful Goddess and was rewarded with Helen. Parnassus: A mountain dedicated to Muses a nd also i nha bi t e d by Bacchantes. Pegasus: The winged horse. Perseus: With the assistance of the Gods he killed Gorgon Medusa. Poseidon (Neptune): Brother of Zeus and King of the sea. Priam: The last King of Troy. Prometheus: A titan who stole fire from Olympus and gave it to men. Psyche: A beautiful Nymph beloved by Eros. Satyrs: Spirits of the woods and fields and devotees of Baccus. Sirens: Nymphs whose beautiful voices lured people to their deaths. Styx:: The ma in river of the U nderworld. Themis: Goddess of law and justice. Titans: Older race of giant Gods. Zeus (Jupiter): Replaced his father, Cronos, as the King of Gods.